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Title:
CARTRIDGE GROUP FOR FUEL FILTRATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/207450
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A cartridge group (1) of a filter assembly (500) of a fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system (900). The cartridge group (1) extends along an axis (X-X) and comprises : a filter septum (2) crossable in an axial direction by the fuel, wherein the filter septum (2) has an annular shape and defines at the axis (X-X) a central cavity (200); a water separation and support device (3) supporting the filter septum (2) comprising: i) a base element (32) supporting the filter septum (2) and presenting channels (321) and/or holes (322) through which the filtered fuel flows; ii) a tubular element (31) extending into the central cavity (200) presenting an outlet duct (310) having a substantially annular cross-section delimited by an outer circumferential wall (312) and an inner circumferential wall (311) delimiting along the axis (X-X) a through central passage (300); iii) a separator element (35) crossable by the filtered fuel to be separated from the water, wherein said separator element (35) is housed on the base element (32) and/or on the inner circumferential wall (311) of the tubular element (31).

Inventors:
GIRONDI GIORGIO (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2019/053276
Publication Date:
October 31, 2019
Filing Date:
April 19, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
UFI FILTERS SPA (IT)
International Classes:
B01D35/18; B01D29/03; B01D29/07; B01D29/96; B01D36/00; F02M37/24
Domestic Patent References:
WO2001034273A12001-05-17
Foreign References:
EP0655269A21995-05-31
US20140197090A12014-07-17
EP2181747A12010-05-05
EP1124056A22001-08-16
EP0702144A21996-03-20
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GAMBA, Alessandro et al. (IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A cartridge group (1) of a filter assembly (500) of a fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system (900) of solid particles and water, wherein the filtration system (900) comprises a head member (950) to which the filter assembly (500) is engageable and comprises a rod-shaped device (951), such as a purge rod and/or support rod for the water level sensor, wherein the cartridge group (1) is housed in a filter body (550) of the filter assembly (500) and wherein the cartridge group (1) extends along an axis (X-X) and comprises:

a filter septum (2) crossable in an axial direction by the fuel and extending in height parallel to the axis (X-X) between an upper end (21) and a lower end (22), wherein the filter septum (2) has an annular shape and defines at the axis (X-X) a central cavity (200);

a water separation and support device (3) supporting the filter septum (2) to the filter body (550) and engageable by the head member (950) comprising:

i) a base element (32) engaging the lower end (22) of the filter septum (2), wherein the base element (32) has a main extension substantially radial to the axis (X-X) and wherein the base element (32) has channels (321) and/or holes (322) through which the filtered fuel flows in output from the lower end (22); ii) a tubular element (31) extending into the central cavity (200) along the axis (X-X) from the base element (32), wherein the tubular element (31) has an outlet duct (310) with a substantially annular cross-section defined by an outer circumferential wall (312) which engages the inner wall of the filter septum (2) and by an inner circumferential wall (311) which defines along the axis (X-X) a through central passage (300), wherein in said through central passage (300) said rod-shaped device (951) is suitable to extend at the axis (X-X), wherein the outer circumferential wall (312) and the inner circumferential wall (311) respectively comprise at the top an outer sealing edge (312') and an inner sealing edge (311') sealingly engaging the head member (950);

iii) a separator element (35) crossable by the filtered fuel to be separated from the water, wherein said separator element (35) is housed on the base element (32) and/or on the inner circumferential wall (311) of the tubular element (31) so that in the outlet duct (310) flows the fuel filtered by the filter septum (2) and separated from the water by the separator element (35) .

2. The cartridge group (1) according to claim 1, wherein both the outer sealing edge (312') and the inner sealing edge (311') are positioned in a higher axial position than the upper end (21) of the filter septum (2) .

3. The cartridge group (1) according to claim 2, wherein the inner sealing edge (311') is located in a lower axial position than the outer sealing edge (312') .

4. The cartridge group (1) according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the inner sealing edge (311') comprises a circumferential lip suitable for engaging in a radial direction the rod-shaped device (951) .

5. The cartridge group (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the tubular element (31) has on the inner circumferential wall (311) a plurality of circumferential through openings (3110) in input to the outlet duct (310), wherein the separator element (35) has the form of a hydrophobic mesh positioned on said circumferential through openings (3110) .

6. The cartridge group (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the base element (32) has a plurality of axial through openings (3200) in input to the outlet duct (310), wherein the separator element (35) has the form of a hydrophobic mesh positioned on said axial through openings (3200) .

7. The cartridge group (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the base element (32) comprises a sealing device (325) suitable for sealingly engaging the walls of the filter body (550) .

8. The cartridge group (1) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the water separation and support device (3) is composed of a main component (3') and a secondary component (3") reciprocally sealingly engageable so as to define the outlet duct (310), wherein the main component (3') comprises the outer circumferential wall (312) and the secondary component (3") comprises the inner circumferential wall (311) .

9. The cartridge group (1) according to claim 8, wherein the main component (3') also comprises the base element (32) .

10. The cartridge group (1) according to claim 8, wherein the main component (3') and the secondary component (3") are mutually engaged in such a manner as to define the base element (32) in which the main component (3') comprises a main base portion (32') which engages the lower end (22) and the secondary component (3") comprises a secondary base portion (32") .

11. The cartridge group (1) according to any of the claims from 8 to 10, wherein the main component (3') and the secondary component (3") are mutually engaged with each other by mutual axial insertion and/or by roto- translational insertion.

12. A filter assembly (500) of a fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system (900) for the filtration of solid particles and water from diesel fuel, comprising: i) a filter body (550) which extends axially along the axis (X-X) and comprises:

a cup element (551) comprising a bottom wall (551a), side walls (551b) and a cup opening (5510) opposite the bottom wall (551a) and defined around the perimeter by said side walls (551b);

a lid element (552) closing the cup opening (5510) which comprises at the axis (X-X) a lid opening (5520) through which the fuel in output flows;

ii) a cartridge group (1) housed in said filter body

(550) according to any one of the preceding claims;

wherein the entire filter assembly (500) is removably fixed to a head member (950) comprised in the fuel filtration system (900) .

13. A fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system (900) for the filtration of solid particles and water from diesel fuel, comprising a head member (950) fluidically connected to a fuel circuit, wherein the cartridge group (1) is sealingly engaged to the head member (950) in such a way that the latter receives the filtered fuel separated from the water flowing into the outlet duct (310), wherein the head member (950) also comprises a rod-shaped device (951), for example a purge rod and/or support rod of the water level sensor, extending lengthwise along the axis (X-X) inside the central through passage (300) of the cartridge group (1) .

14. The fuel filtration system (900) according to claim 12, wherein the inner sealing edge (311') engages said rod-shaped device (951) .

15. The fuel filtration system (900) according to claims

13 or 14 and claim 12, wherein the head member (950) is sealingly engaged to the filter body (550) .

16. A fuel filtration system (900) according to any of the claims from 13 to 15, wherein the filter body (550) comprises in a proximal region to the bottom wall (551a) a water collection region (5500'), positioned below the base element (32), and the rod-shaped device (951) extends along the axis (X-X) as far as said water collection area, possibly engaging the bottom wall (551a) and a purge hole (551af) provided thereon.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

"CARTRIDGE GROUP FOR FUEL FILTRATION"

Field of application

[0001] The present invention relates to a cartridge group of a filter assembly of a fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system. In addition, the present invention also relates to the filter assembly comprising the cartridge group. Furthermore, the present invention also relates in turn to the filtration system comprising the cartridge group.

[0002] The context in which the cartridge group, the filter assembly and filtration system of the present invention lie is the automotive sector: being suitable to be fluidically connectable to the fuel circulation system wherein the fuel flows from the tank to the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine.

[0003] Furthermore, it should be emphasized how, in the present description, the generic term "filtration" means both the capacity of the cartridge assembly to separate the dirt from the fuel, i.e. by blocking any suspended solid particles, and the capacity of the cartridge assembly to separate the fuel from the water comprised therein .

[0004] In this regard, in the state of the art, solutions of cartridge groups and filter assemblies are known in which the fuel is first filtered from the solid particles and secondly is separated from the water.

[0005] In the known solutions to perform the aforesaid different operations the cartridge groups have specially designed components: a particle filtration device and a water separation device.

[0006] In this context, with the need, always present in the automotive sector, to limit the dimensions of the vehicle components without reducing the number of components installed therein, solutions of substantially annular shaped cartridge groups have proliferated in which the fuel passes in a radial direction firstly a device for solid filtration and secondly a device for the separation of the water.

[0007] However, it has been found that in the production of such solutions a compromise had to be made: operating in a radial direction, but having limited dimensions, it was decided to sacrifice the radial dimension of the device for the particle filtration so as to provide the device for separation from water. However, this design choice is also reflected on the filtering capacities of said devices, in particular on the storage capacity of the solid contaminant (i.e. solid particles) before clogging the particle filter.

[0008] One example of an embodiment of a cartridge group having such drawback is shown in the document

DE10123190A1.

Solution according to the invention

[0009] In the light of the above, the need is strongly felt to provide a cartridge group with improved fuel filtration while respecting the need to limit the dimensions to ensure the installation of ancillary components such as sensors and/or purging devices. In other words, the need is strongly felt to have a cartridge group with effective particle filtration and effective separation of the water from the fuel, while bearing in mind the need of the technical sector to limit the overall dimensions as much as possible.

[0010] The purpose of the present invention is to provide a cartridge group, a filter assembly and a fuel filtration system in which the aforesaid need is fully satisfied and which also responds efficiently and effectively to the needs of the specific sphere of application.

[0011] This is achieved by the cartridge group claimed in claim 1, by the filter assembly claimed in claim 12 and by the fuel filtration system according to claim 13. The dependent claims show preferred embodiment variants having further advantageous aspects.

Description of the drawings

[0012] Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will, in any case, be evident from the description given below of its preferred embodiments, made by way of a non-limiting example with reference to the appended drawings, wherein:

- figure 1 shows a perspective view of a filter assembly of the present invention, according to a preferred embodiment ;

- figure la shows a perspective view in separate parts of the filter assembly shown in figure 1;

- figure 2 shows a schematic, cross-section view of a fuel filtration system comprising the filter assembly in figure 1;

- figures 3' and 3" illustrate two cross-section views of a cartridge group according to the present invention, for example suitable to be part of a filter assembly according to figures 1 and la along two different axial cross-section planes;

- figure 3' ' ' shows a view from below of the cartridge group according to the present invention as in figures 3' and 3" ;

- figure 3a shows a perspective view in separate parts of the cartridge group in figure 3' , 3", 3' ' ' ;

- figure 4 shows a side view of a fuel filtration system comprising a filter assembly according to a preferred embodiment; figure 4a shows a cross-section view of the fuel filtration system in figure 4;

- figure 5 shows a cross-section view of a cartridge group according to the present invention, for example suitable to be part of a filter assembly according to figures 4 and 4a;

- figure 5a shows a perspective view in separate parts of the cartridge group in figure 5;

- figure 6 shows a schematic, cross-section view of a fuel filtration system comprising a filter assembly according to a further preferred embodiment.

Detailed description

[0013] In the attached drawings, reference numeral 1 denotes a cartridge group according to the present invention. The filter assembly which also comprises the cartridge group 1 is instead denoted by reference numeral 500. In addition, reference numeral 900 denotes a fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system which comprises the cartridge group 1 and the filter assembly 500.

[0014] As mentioned above, the fuel filtration system 900 is specifically suitable for being fluidically connected to the fuel circulation system. In particular, the system 900 comprises a filter assembly 500 placed fluidically upstream of the engine combustion chamber so that the fuel which reaches it is filtered of the solid particles and water allowing effective combustion and functioning of the engine to be achieved and an adequate protection of the components placed fluidically downstream of the cartridge group.

[0015] According to the present invention, the fuel filtration system 900 comprises a head member 950 specifically suitable to perform the fluidic connection with the circuit ducts and the cartridge group 1 (and the filter assembly 500 in which it is suitable to be positioned) . Specifically, the head member 950 has special fluidic connections in such a way as to receive dirty fuel and to release filtered and clean fuel.

[0016] There are a variety of embodiments of the head member 950 depending on its applications: for example, in some embodiments, the head member 950 comprises components for heating the incoming fuel. Or again, the head member 950 comprises a rod-shaped device 951 extending and lying at the axis X-X such as a purge rod and/or support rod of the water level measurement sensor.

[0017] The present invention also relates to a filter assembly 500 suitable to be part of the fuel filtration system 900. Such filter assembly 500 comprises a cartridge group 1 such as that amply described below.

[0018] According to some preferred embodiments, the cartridge group 1 is replaceable in maintenance operations .

[0019] In addition, the filter assembly 500 comprises a filter body 550 which defines within it a filtration chamber 5500 where filtration occurs and where the cartridge group 1 is positioned.

[0020] According to other preferred embodiments, it is the entire filter assembly 500 which is replaceable in maintenance operations being detachably fixed to the head member 950; in this case, the filter assembly 500 is replaced together with the cartridge group 1.

[0021] According to the present invention, said filter body 550 extends axially along the axis X-X and comprises a cup element 551 comprising a bottom wall 551a, side walls 551b and a cup opening 5510 opposite the bottom wall 551a and defined around its perimeter by said side walls 551b.

[0022] According to the present invention, near the bottom wall 551a, the filtration chamber 5500 has a water collection region 5500' .

[0023] According to a preferred embodiment, the bottom wall 551a has a purge hole 551a' positioned at the axis X-X, the opening of which allows drainage of the water collected in the water collection region 5500' .

[0024] In addition, the filter body 550 comprises a closing lid element 552 of the cup opening 5510.

[0025] Preferably, said lid element 552 comprises at the axis X-X a lid opening 5520 through which the filtered fuel flows. The unfiltered fuel coming from the tank enters from an opening provided on said lid element (not shown) .

[0026] According to a preferred embodiment, the cup element 551 and lid element 552 are made of metal and are crimped together so as to create a single filter body 550.

[0027] According to other embodiments, cup element 551 and lid element 552 are be mutually joinable by reciprocal screwing. In such embodiments, as example, cup element 551 and lid element 552 have the form of two semi-shells, preferably in plastic material.

[0028] According to the present invention, the cartridge group 1 extends along the axis X-X and comprises two distinct components: a filter septum 2 and a water separation and support device 3.

[0029] According to the present invention, the filter septum 2 is crossable in the axial direction by the fuel, extending in height parallel to the axis X-X.

[0030] The filter septum 2 extends axially between an upper end 21 and a lower end 22. The dirty fuel enters the filter septum 2 from the upper end 21 to exit filtered from solid particles from the lower end 22.

[0031] According to the present invention, the filter septum 2 does not have end plates, but has substantially open end walls both at the upper end and at the lower end .

[0032] According to the present invention, the filter septum 2 has an annular shape and defines at the axis X-X a central cavity 200.

[0033] According to the present invention, the filter septum 2 has radial dimensions substantially equal to the diameter defined by the inner wall of the filter body 550.

[0034] In addition, according to the present invention, the filter septum 2 comprises a filter medium wound in a roll. Preferably, the filter medium is composed of a cellulose and/or glass fibre and/or viscose and/or synthetic fibre such as nylon, polyester or a mixture thereof. According to a preferred embodiment, the filter medium is made of fibrous material able to retain and accumulate solid particles and cause a coalescence effect on the water droplets emulsified in the fuel.

[0035] According to the present invention, the water separation and support device 3 has the dual purpose of supporting the filter septum 2 and performing, on the fuel flowing out, exiting from the filter septum 2, the separation action from the water.

[0036] According to the present invention, the water separation and support device 3 supports the filter septum 2 to the filter body 550 and is sealingly engaged by the head member 950.

[0037] The water separation and support device 3 comprises in fact a base element 32 engaging the lower end 22 of the filter septum 2.

[0038] The base element 32 has channels 321 and/or holes 322 through which the filtered fuel in output from the lower end 22 flows.

[0039] According to a preferred embodiment, the base element 32 has a main extension substantially radial to the axis X-X.

[0040] According to other embodiments, the base element 32 has substantially a planar shape. In other embodiments, the base element 32 is substantially disc-shaped. In other embodiments the base element 32 is substantially cone-shaped. In other embodiments the base element 32 has an even more complex shape.

[0041] According to the present invention, the channels 321 and the holes 322 are positioned and shaped to make the fuel flow in output from the lower end 22 in a region radially distal to the axis X-X.

[0042] According to the present invention, the water separation and support device 3 further comprises a tubular member 31 extending into the central cavity 200 along the axis X-X starting from the base element 32. [0043] The tubular member 31 has a substantially annular cross-section outlet duct 310. In other words, the tubular element 31 surrounds said outlet duct. In particular, the outlet duct 310 is fluidically connected to the head member 950 to allow the flow of the filtered fuel .

[0044] The outlet duct 310 is defined by an outer circumferential wall 312 which engages the inner wall of the filter septum 2 and by an inner circumferential wall 311 that defines along the axis X-X a through central passage 300.

[0045] The outer circumferential wall 312 is suitable to support the inner wall of the filter septum 2 which defines the central cavity 200. Preferably, the outer circumferential wall 312 is non-perforated and prevents a radial flow of the fuel that is forced to cross the filter septum 2.

[0046] According to the present invention, moreover, the outer circumferential wall 312 and the inner circumferential wall 311 comprise at the top an outer sealing edge 312' and an inner sealing edge 311' sealingly engaging the head member 950.

[0047] In other words, the outer circumferential wall 312 and the inner circumferential wall 311 in a distal portion thereof from the base element 32 comprise the outer sealing edge 312' and the inner sealing edge 311' thanks to which the fluidic connection with the head member 950 is obtained to ensure the flow of filtered fuel to the motor.

[0048] According to a preferred embodiment, the outer sealing edge 312' and the inner sealing edge 311' house respective gaskets or O-rings for the sealed engagement with the head member 950.

[0049] According to a preferred embodiment the outer circumferential wall 312 and the inner circumferential wall 311 are made of plastic material. This way the outer sealing edge 312' and/or the inner sealing edge 311' may have a specific coupling profile that allows a hermetic seal to be achieved with the head member without the use of additional gaskets.

[0050] Preferably, said engagement is obtained by mutual insertion in the axial direction so that the seal between the components is subsequently obtained in a radial direction .

[0051] According to a preferred embodiment, both the outer sealing edge 312' and the inner sealing edge 311' are positioned in a higher axial position than the upper end 21 of the filter septum 2.

[0052] According to a preferred embodiment, said inner sealing edge 311' is located in a higher axial position than the outer sealing edge 312' .

[0053] According to said embodiment, said inner sealing edge 311' comprises a circumferential lip suitable to engage in a radial direction a sealing surface provided on the head member 950.

[0054] According to a preferred embodiment, the inner sealing edge 311' comprises a circumferential lip suitable for engaging in a radial direction a rod-shaped device 951 comprised in the head member 950. In particular, said circumferential lip extends in a radial direction in the central through passage 300 to engage the rod-shaped device 951 and perform with it a sealing action .

[0055] Preferably, in said preferred embodiment, the inner sealing edge 311' is located in a lower axial position than the outer sealing edge 312' .

[0056] In addition, according to the present invention, the water separation and support device 3 comprises a separator element 35 crossed by the filtered fuel to be separated from the water. In other words, thanks to the separator element 35, the desired effect of separating the water and any water-based crystals present in the fuel previously filtered by the filter septum 2 is achieved .

[0057] According to the present invention, said separator element 35 is located at the inlet side of the outlet duct 310. This way, the fuel filtered by the filter septum 2 and separated from the water by the separator element 35 flows into the outlet duct 310.

[0058] According to the present invention the separator element 35 is housed on the base element 32 and/or on the inner circumferential wall 311 of the tubular member 31.

[0059] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the tubular member 31 has on the inner circumferential wall 311 at least one through opening 3110 (i.e. the circumferential through opening extending along a circumferential portion and being crossed in a radial direction relative to the axis X-X) in input to the outlet duct 310, wherein the separator element 35 has the form of a hydrophobic mesh positioned on said circumferential through opening 3110.

[0060] Preferably, circumferentially there are a plurality of circumferential through openings 3110 through which the filtered fuel flows in a radial direction. Preferably, the circumferential through openings 3110 are angularly equally spaced from each other. Preferably, in the axial direction also there are a plurality of circumferential through openings 3110.

[0061] According to a preferred embodiment, the inner circumferential wall 311 has the form of a tubular frame (defining said circumferential through openings 3110) on which the separator element 35 is positioned.

[0062] According to a preferred embodiment, the base element 32 has at least one through opening 3200 (i.e. the axial through opening having a substantially planar extension relative to a planar plane orthogonal to the axis X-X and crossable in an axial direction parallel to the axis X-X) in input to the outlet duct 310, wherein the separator element 35 has the form of a hydrophobic mesh positioned on said through opening 3200.

[0063] Preferably, relative to the axis X-X, a plurality of axial through openings 3200 are positioned, through which the filtered fuel flows in an axial direction, parallel to the axis X-X. Preferably, the axial through openings 3200 are positioned angularly equally spaced from each other. Preferably, in the radial direction too there are a plurality of axial through openings 3200. In other words, the base element has a plurality of through openings through which the filtered fuel flows in an axial direction.

[0064] According to a preferred embodiment, the base element 32 has the form of a substantially planar frame (defining said circumferential through openings 3200) on which the separator element 35 is positioned.

[0065] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the base element 32 comprises a sealing device 325 suitable to sealingly engage the walls of the filter body 550, in particular the side walls 551b. In other words, the base element 32 engages the filter body 550 dividing the filtration chamber 5500 into two distinct parts (i.e. sub-chambers), the upper part where the solid filtration occurs and the lower part where the separation of the fuel from the water occurs (with the water which is blocked by the separator element, collecting in the water collection region 5500' ) . According to a preferred embodiment, the base element 32 comprises an external lateral wall that extends axially parallel to the axis X- X and that engages the external lateral surface of the filter septum 2.

[0066] According to a preferred embodiment, the sealing device 325 sealingly engages the filter body 550 in the radial direction.

[0067] According to the present invention, there are multiple modes in which the water separation and support device 3 having the above-described characteristics is composed .

[0068] According to a preferred embodiment, the water separation and support device 3 is composed of a main component 3' and a secondary component 3 engageable to each other so as to define the outlet duct 310. [0069] Preferably, the main component 3' comprises the outer circumferential wall 312 and the secondary component 3" comprises the inner circumferential wall 311.

[0070] According to a preferred embodiment, the main component 3' also comprises the base element 32.

[0071] According to an embodiment, the main component 3' and the secondary component 3" are mutually engaged in such a manner as to define the base element 32 in which the main component 3' comprises a main base portion 32' which engages the lower end 22 of the filter septum 2 and the secondary component 3" comprises a secondary base portion 32".

[0072] According to a preferred embodiment, the secondary base portion 32" is hermetically coupled and axially spaced from the bottom surface of the main base portion 32' to define a fluidic passage in communication with the outlet duct 310.

[0073] According to a preferred embodiment, the main component 3' and the secondary component 3" are reciprocally engaged by mutual axial insertion.

[0074] According to a preferred embodiment, the main component 3' and the secondary component 3" are mutually engaged to each other by insertion in roto-translation, such as mutual coupling by screwing or bayonet. [0075] In other preferred embodiments, the main component 3' and the secondary component 3 are mutually engaged by welding .

[0076] According to the above embodiments, solutions in which only the secondary component 3 houses the separator element 35 may be provided for. This way the design and contextual production is particularly simplified.

[0077] The present invention also relates to a fuel, preferably diesel, filtration system 900 of solid particles and water, comprising a head member 950 fluidically connected to a fuel circuit.

[0078] According to this embodiment, and as shown in the appended drawings, the cartridge group 1 is sealingly engaged to the head member 950 so that the latter receives the filtered fuel separated from the water which flows into the outlet duct 310. In addition, the head member 950 comprising a rod-shaped device 951, such as a purge rod and/or support rod of a water level sensor, installed along the axis X-X inside the central through passage 300 of the cartridge group 1.

[0079] Preferably, as described above, the inner sealing edge 311' of the cartridge group engages said head member 950 or said rod-shaped device 951. Preferably, as described above, the outer sealing edge 312' of the cartridge group engages the head member to define the annular outlet duct 310.

[0080] According to a preferred embodiment, the head member 950 is sealingly engaged to the filter body 550. Preferably, in fact, the head member 950 is sealingly engaged to the filter assembly 500.

[0081] In addition, according to a preferred embodiment in which the filter body 550 comprises, in a proximal region to the bottom wall 551a, a water collection region 5500' (i.e. positioned below the base element 32), said rod shaped device 951 extends along the axis X-X as far as said water collection area. In particular, the rod-shaped device 951 extends in length to engage the bottom wall 551a and a purge hole 551a' provided thereon. Preferably, in a preferred embodiment, the extraction of the filter assembly 500 from the head member 950 allows the extraction of the rod-shaped device 951 and the simultaneous discharge of the water collected in the water collection region 5500' . In a preferred embodiment it is possible to extract the rod-shaped device 951 while maintaining the filter assembly 500 engaged to the head member 950: preferably, therefore, the extraction of the rod-shaped device 951 and the simultaneous discharge of the water collected in the water collection region 5500' precedes the subsequent extraction of the filter assembly 500 from the head member 950.

[0082] According to some preferred embodiments, even in a configuration with the rod-shaped device 951 extracted, the sealed engagement between the outlet duct 310 and head member 950 is maintained (in particular with collars or collectors specifically provided) ; even in a configuration with the rod-shaped device 951 extracted, the dirty side and the clean side of the filter assembly do not merge but remain fluidically separated.

[0083] Innovatively, the cartridge group, the filter assembly and fuel filtration system described above amply fulfil the purpose of the present invention overcoming the drawbacks typical of the prior art.

[0084] Advantageously, in fact, the cartridge group is suitable to optimise fuel filtration operations while having reduced dimensions.

[0085] Advantageously, the cartridge group has an optimized solid particle filtration action of the fuel.

[0086] Advantageously, the filter septum has a larger filtering surface than the annular filter medium solutions (radially crossed) .

[0087] Advantageously, the cartridge group also optimizes the separation from the water, presenting a wide hydrophobic surface that must be crossed by the fuel before coming out of the filter cartridge through the outlet duct.

[0088] Advantageously, the cartridge group has a water separation and support device with a simple geometry and simple to be manufactured. In particular, the coupling between the support device and the separator element is advantageously made without additional gaskets, reducing the cost of the solution.

[0089] Advantageously, the cartridge group also uses the walls of the outlet duct to separate water from fuel.

[0090] Advantageously the positioning of an axial filter (i.e. the filter septum) upstream of a separator allows the water separation efficiency to be maximized as the filtered fuel undergoes a change of direction that improves the pre-separation of the heavier components dispersed in the fuel (such as water) before reaching the separator .

[0091] Advantageously, the relative arrangement of the filter septum and hydrophobic separator makes it possible to perform a simple and effective coupling of the cartridge group to the head member without affecting the possibility of installing auxiliary, through, rod-shaped components in the inner cavity of the filter (such as sensors or purging devices) needed for the operation of the filtering device.

[0092] Advantageously the cartridge group is installable in already existing filter assemblies to improve filtration and water separation performance.

[0093] Advantageously, the filter septum of the type in filtering material with coalescent properties facilitates (and in some cases performs, using gravitational action) the action of separating the water from the fuel.

[0094] It is clear that a person skilled in the art may make modifications to the cartridge group, filter assembly and fuel filtration system described above so as to satisfy contingent requirements, all contained within the scope of protection as defined by the following claims .

List of reference numbers:

1 cartridge group

2 filter septum

21 upper end

22 lower end

200 central cavity

3 water separation and support device

31 tubular element

310 outlet duct

311 inner circumferential wall

3110 circumferential through opening

311' inner sealing edge

312 outer circumferential wall 312' outer sealing edge 300 central through passage 32 base element

321 channels

322 holes

325 sealing device

3200 axial through openings 3' main component

32 main base portion

3 secondary component

32" secondary base portion 500 cartridge assembly

550 filter body

551 cup element

551a bottom wall

551a' purge hole

551b side walls

5510 cup opening

552 lid element

5520 lid opening

5500 filtration chamber 5500' water collection region 900 fuel filtration system 950 head member

951 rod-shaped device X-X axis