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Title:
CIRCULAR SAW APPARATUS WITH INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE FILTRATION SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/168360
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Various dust collection apparatuses are disclosed. In a first example, a dust collection apparatus includes a vacuum source configured to provide a negative pressure, and a multistage filter configured to collect airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure. For this example, the dust collection apparatus includes a dust tray having a shared dust containment area in which the shared dust containment area is a single compartment configured to receive the airborne dust collected by the multistage filter directly from each of a plurality of stages of the multistage filter. In another example, a dust collection apparatus includes a filter, a filter housing configured to house the filter, and an inlet coupled to the filter housing. For this example, the inlet is configured to receive a flow of airborne dust drawn by a negative pressure, and is further configured to mitigate an impact of the airborne dust on the filter.

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Inventors:
GUTH PAUL (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2020/024437
Publication Date:
August 20, 2020
Filing Date:
March 24, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
JPL GLOBAL LLC (US)
International Classes:
B24B55/06; B01D46/26; B01D50/00; B27G3/00; B28D7/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2010063036A22010-06-03
Foreign References:
US4193779A1980-03-18
RU64556U12007-07-10
RU2056907C11996-03-27
SU889100A11981-12-15
RU2181616C12002-04-27
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CASTRO, Daniel, S. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A dust collection apparatus comprising:

a vacuum source configured to provide a negative pressure;

a multistage filter configured to collect airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure; and

a dust tray having a shared dust containment area, wherein the shared dust containment area is a single compartment configured to receive the airborne dust collected by the multistage filter directly from each of a plurality of stages of the multistage filter.

2. The dust collection apparatus of claim 1, wherein the multistage filter comprises at least one cyclonic filter.

3. The dust collection apparatus of claim 1, wherein the multistage filter comprises a rotatable filter.

4. The dust collection apparatus of claim 1, wherein the multistage filter comprises at least one stage configured to receive unfiltered airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure.

5. The dust collection apparatus of claim 1, wherein the shared dust containment area is configured to receive a first portion of the airborne dust directly from a first stage of the multistage filter comprising a rotatable filter, and wherein the shared dust containment area is configured to receive a second portion of the airborne dust directly from a second stage of the multistage filter comprising at least one cyclonic filter.

6. The dust collection apparatus of claim 1, wherein the shared dust containment area is configured to receive a first portion of the airborne dust directly from a first stage of the multistage filter comprising a filter, and wherein the shared dust containment area is configured to receive a second portion of the airborne dust directly from a second stage of the multistage filter configured to receive unfiltered airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure.

7. The dust collection apparatus of claim 1, wherein at least one stage of the multistage filter comprises a moveable barrier positioned between at least one stage of the multistage filter and the shared dust containment area.

8. The dust collection apparatus of claim 7, wherein the moveable barrier is configured to open while the vacuum is in an idle mode, and wherein the moveable barrier is configured to close while the vacuum is in an operating mode.

9. The dust collection apparatus of claim 8, wherein a presence of the negative pressure causes the moveable barrier to close while in the operating mode, and wherein an absence of the negative pressure causes the moveable barrier to open while in the idle mode.

10. The dust collection apparatus of claim 8, wherein a presence of a magnetic attraction between two halves of the moveable barrier causes the moveable barrier to close while in the operating mode, and wherein an absence of the magnetic attraction between the two halves of the moveable barrier causes the moveable barrier to open while in the idle mode.

11. The dust collection apparatus of claim 10, further comprising a power source coupled to the moveable barrier, wherein the power source is configured to create the magnetic attraction between the two halves of the moveable barrier while in the operating mode.

12. The dust collection apparatus of claim 7, wherein the at least one stage of the multistage filter comprises a rotatable filter.

13. A dust collection apparatus comprising:

a filter;

a filter housing configured to house the filter; and

an inlet coupled to the filter housing, wherein the inlet is configured to receive a flow of airborne dust drawn by a negative pressure, and wherein the inlet is further configured to mitigate an impact of the airborne dust on the filter.

14. The dust collection apparatus of claim 13, wherein the inlet is configured to direct the flow of airborne dust towards an inner portion of the filter housing.

15. The dust collection apparatus of claim 14, wherein each of the filter and the filter housing are substantially cylindrical, and wherein a positioning of the inlet relative to the filter housing causes the flow of airborne dust to travel around the filter.

16. The dust collection apparatus of claim 13, wherein the inlet comprises a mesh positioned between the filter and the flow of airborne dust, and wherein the mesh is configured to reduce a dust velocity of at least a portion of the airborne dust.

Description:
Title: CIRCULAR SAW APPARATUS WITH INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE

FILTRATION SYSTEM

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority to and the benefit of U.S. Patent Application

Serial No. 16/364,070, filed March 25, 2019, entitled“CIRCULAR SAW APPARATUS WITH INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE FILTRATION SYSTEM,” which is a continuation- in-part application of U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 16/273,058, filed February 11, 2019, entitled“CIRCULAR SAW APPARATUS WITH INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE

FILTRATION SYSTEM,” which is a divisional application of U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 15/253,865, filed August 31, 2016, entitled“CIRCULAR SAW APPARATUS WITH INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE FILTRATION SYSTEM,” which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 62/212,372, filed August 31, 2015, entitled “CIRCULAR SAW APPARATUS WITH INTEGRATED MULTISTAGE FILTRATION SYSTEM”. The entire contents of each of the above applications are incorporated herein by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The subject disclosure generally relates to dust collection, and more specifically to facilitating dust collection within a circular saw apparatus via a multistage filtration system.

BACKGROUND

[0003] When using conventional power saws, the release of airborne dust and particulate matter resulting from cutting a work piece is problematic. Health hazards associated with breathing in such dust is particularly problematic. Development of wet cutting devices is one solution to dust abatement, wherein water is applied at a blade cutting edge where dust is entrained to a fluid and directed to a holding area. While most wet cutting methods work relatively well, they create additional problems of waste water pollution and environmental concerns. Conventional masonry and tile saws, for instance, typically have a tub or pan of water with a pump that supplies water to the cutting head. While the saw is cutting, the water is sprayed and dispersed around the saw cutting area. Therefore, because this water can drip, spray, and potentially spill, the power saw cannot be placed in close proximity to where the actual masonry and or tile installation is taking place. The user thus spends a significant amount of time walking back and forth between the power saw and the installation area.

[0004] Accordingly, a dry operated power saw which prevents dust from escaping into the environment is desirable. To this end, it should be noted that the above-described deficiencies are merely intended to provide an overview of some of the problems of conventional systems, and are not intended to be exhaustive. Other problems with the state of the art and corresponding benefits of some of the various non-limiting embodiments may become further apparent upon review of the following detailed description.

SUMMARY

[0005] A simplified summary is provided herein to help enable a basic or general understanding of various aspects of exemplary, non-limiting embodiments that follow in the more detailed description and the accompanying drawings. This summary is not intended, however, as an extensive or exhaustive overview. Instead, the sole purpose of this summary is to present some concepts related to some exemplary non-limiting embodiments in a simplified form as a prelude to the more detailed description of the various embodiments that follow.

[0006] In accordance with one or more embodiments and corresponding disclosure, various non-limiting aspects are described in connection with a dust collection system. In one such aspect, an apparatus to facilitate dust collection is disclosed. Within such embodiment, the apparatus includes a vacuum source, a circular saw blade, and a worktable comprising a center slot axially aligned to the circular saw blade. Here, the center slot includes an air flow channel proximate to an anticipated point of contact between the circular saw blade and a workpiece. The vacuum source is then configured to provide a focused negative pressure beneath the worktable via the air flow channel.

[0007] In a further aspect, another apparatus to facilitate dust collection is disclosed.

For this embodiment, the apparatus includes a housing comprising a vacuum source and a multistage filter. The apparatus further includes a circular saw blade and a worktable comprising a center slot axially aligned to the circular saw blade. Here, the vacuum source is configured to provide a negative pressure beneath the worktable at the center slot, and the multistage filter is configured to collect airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure from an area proximate to the center slot.

[0008] In yet another aspect, an apparatus to facilitate dust collection is disclosed, which includes a vacuum source, a circular saw blade, and a worktable. For this embodiment, the worktable comprises a center slot axially aligned to the circular saw blade, and the vacuum source is configured to provide a first negative pressure beneath the worktable at the center slot. The vacuum source is then further configured to provide a second negative pressure via an auxiliary port.

[0009] In another aspect, a dust collection apparatus is disclosed, which includes a vacuum source configured to provide a negative pressure, and a multistage filter configured to collect airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure. For this embodiment, the dust collection apparatus includes a dust tray having a shared dust containment area in which the shared dust containment area is a single compartment configured to receive the airborne dust collected by the multistage filter directly from each of a plurality of stages of the multistage filter.

[0010] In a further aspect, a dust collection apparatus is disclosed, which includes a filter, a filter housing configured to house the filter, and an inlet coupled to the filter housing. For this example, the inlet is configured to receive a flow of airborne dust drawn by a negative pressure, and is further configured to mitigate an impact of the airborne dust on the filter.

[0011] Other embodiments and various non-limiting examples, scenarios and implementations are described in more detail below.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] Various non-limiting embodiments are further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:

[0013] Figure 1 is a block diagram of an exemplary apparatus that facilitates removing airborne dust via a multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0014] Figure 2 is a schematic first view of an exemplary apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0015] Figure 3 is a schematic second view of an exemplary apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0016] Figure 4 is a schematic first view of an exemplary apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system and blade guard vacuum inlet in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification; [0017] Figure 5 is a schematic second view of an exemplary apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system and blade guard vacuum inlet in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0018] Figure 6 is a schematic third view of an exemplary apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system and blade guard vacuum inlet in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0019] Figures 7-9 illustrate a time lapse of an exemplary usage of an apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0020] Figure 10 illustrates a first view of an exemplary dust path within an apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0021] Figure 11 illustrates a second view of an exemplary dust path within an apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0022] Figure 12 is a schematic first view of an exemplary apparatus with integrated extensions in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0023] Figure 13 is a schematic second view of an exemplary apparatus with integrated extensions in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0024] Figure 14 is a schematic first view of an exemplary chop saw configuration in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0025] Figure 15 is a schematic second view of an exemplary chop saw configuration in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0026] Figure 16 is a schematic first view of an exemplary table saw configuration in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification; and

[0027] Figure 17 is a schematic second view of an exemplary table saw configuration in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0028] Figure 18 is a side view of an exemplary apparatus that facilitates blade cooling in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0029] Figure 19 is a top view of an exemplary apparatus that facilitates blade cooling in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0030] Figure 20 is a side view of an exemplary apparatus with louvers that facilitates blade cooling in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification; [0031] Figure 21 illustrates various aspects of an exemplary louver insert in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0032] Figure 22 is a schematic of an exemplary blade stabilizer in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0033] Figure 23 is a schematic of an exemplary dust tray in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0034] Figure 24 is a schematic of an exemplary unclosed dust containment bag on a dust tray in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0035] Figure 25 is a side view of an exemplary unclosed dust containment bag on a dust tray in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0036] Figure 26 is a schematic of an exemplary closed dust containment bag on a dust tray in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0037] Figure 27 is a schematic of an exemplary removable dust tray with an unclosed dust containment bag inserted into an apparatus in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0038] Figure 28 is a schematic of an exemplary removable dust tray inserted in an apparatus with a closed dust containment bag in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0039] Figure 29 is a schematic of an exemplary removable dust tray removed from an apparatus in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0040] Figure 30 is a schematic of an exemplary diverted path of blade guard dust in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0041] Figure 31 is a block diagram of an exemplary apparatus that facilitates storing airborne dust collected by a multistage filtration system in a shared dust containment area in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0042] Figure 32 is a conceptual diagram of an exemplary multistage filtration system coupled to a shared dust containment area in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0043] Figure 33 is a conceptual diagram of an exemplary multistage filtration system with closed moveable barriers in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0044] Figure 34 is a conceptual diagram of an exemplary multistage filtration system with open moveable barriers in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0045] Figure 35 is a schematic of an exemplary dust tray with a shared dust compartment in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification; [0046] Figure 36 is a schematic of an exemplary apparatus coupled with a removable dust tray having a shared dust compartment during operation in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0047] Figure 37 is a schematic of an exemplary apparatus coupled with a removable dust tray having a shared dust compartment after operation in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification;

[0048] Figure 38 is a schematic of a first exemplary filter protection design in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification; and

[0049] Figure 39 is a schematic of a second exemplary filter protection design in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

OVERVIEW

[0050] The various embodiments disclosed herein are directed towards dust collection within a circular saw apparatus via a multistage filtration system. In Fig. 1, a block diagram is provided of an exemplary apparatus with an integrated multistage filtration system in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. As illustrated, apparatus 100 comprises a housing 110, a worktable 120, and a circular saw blade 130, wherein the housing 110 further comprises a vacuum source 112 and a multistage filter 114. As will be discussed in greater detail below with reference to the remaining figures, it is contemplated that the worktable 120 will comprise a center slot axially aligned to the circular saw blade 130.

During use, the vacuum source 112 is then configured to provide a negative pressure beneath the worktable 120 at the center slot, whereas the multistage filter 114 is configured to collect airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure from an area proximate to the center slot.

[0051] Various configurations of the apparatus 100 are contemplated and disclosed herein. For instance, in a first contemplated configuration, the worktable 120 is configured to slide above the housing 110. ( See e.g., Figs. 2-10). For this particular embodiment, in addition to providing negative pressure beneath the worktable 120 at the center slot, the vacuum source 112 also provides negative pressure in an area within a blade guard of the circular saw blade 130. Here, as illustrated, the multistage filter 114 is thus configured to collect airborne dust drawn from within the blade guard of the circular saw blade 130, in addition to dust proximate to the center slot of the worktable 120.

[0052] A chop saw configuration of the apparatus 100 is also contemplated. ( See e.g.,

Figs. 14-15). For this embodiment, the worktable 120 is stationary and the circular saw blade 130 is coupled to a rotatable arm. During use, the rotatable arm is lowered onto a work piece, wherein dust proximate to the center slot of the worktable 120 is again drawn towards the multistage filter 114 by the negative pressure provided by the vacuum source 112.

[0053] In another aspect of the disclosure, a table saw configuration is also contemplated. ( See e.g., Figs. 16-17). Within such embodiment, the circular saw blade 130 protrudes from the housing 110 and through the center slot of the worktable 120. During use, a work piece is pushed against the circular saw blade 130, wherein dust proximate to the center slot of the worktable 120 is again drawn towards the multistage filter 114 by the negative pressure provided by the vacuum source 112.

EXEMPLARY SLIDING TABLE EMBODIMENT

[0054] Exemplary embodiments for the disclosed saw apparatus in which the worktable is a sliding table are now discussed in further detail. In Figs. 2 and 3, for instance, first and second schematic views are respectively provided of such an apparatus in accordance with an aspect of the disclosure. As illustrated, the saw apparatus 200 comprises a housing 210 coupled to a worktable 220 and a circular saw blade 230, wherein the worktable 220 is configured to slide above the housing 210 via rails 222. For this embodiment, the worktable 220 is bisected by a plurality of louvers 224 strategically spaced from each other within a center slot 226 that is axially aligned with the circular saw blade 230, as shown. Furthermore, the circular saw blade 230 is powered by a saw motor 234, and firmly affixed to the housing 210 via an arm 236. For safety, a blade guard 232 may also be included.

[0055] With respect to the housing 210, it is contemplated that a multistage filter may be included. Here, for example, such multistage filter may include a rotatable filter 217 coupled to a cyclonic filter 216. A vacuum source 212 attached to the rotatable filter 217 is then configured to create an air flow through the rotatable filter 217 and the cyclonic filter 216. During use, as the worktable 220 slides over the housing 210, this air flow provides a negative pressure just below the center slot 226, wherein dust proximate to the center slot 226 is drawn through the louvers 224 towards the filters and subsequently collected into the dust container 213.

[0056] In an aspect of the disclosure, it is noted that the suction force below the center slot 226 may be diminished if the louvers 224 are obstructed. Indeed, if a substantial number of louvers 224 are obstructed (e.g., by a large work piece), such obstruction may result in an inadequate amount of suction force to collect dust. As a result, dust will undesirably remain above the worktable 220, rather than drawn below the center slot 226.

[0057] To circumvent this problem, the configuration in Figs. 4-6 is contemplated, wherein the air flow created by the vacuum source 212 is further extended to an area within the blade guard 232. In particular, one end of a conduit 235 is inserted into a vacuum inlet 233 on the blade guard 232, whereas the other end of the conduit 235 is connected to a vacuum port 218 on the housing 210. Within such embodiment, if there is an inadequate amount of suction force below the center slot 226, dust is then drawn up towards the vacuum inlet 233 from within the blade guard 232 where it then travels through the conduit 235 and subsequently through the filters within the housing 210.

[0058] Referring next to Figs. 7-9, a time lapse illustrating an exemplary usage of the apparatus 200 is provided in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. In particular, Fig. 7 shows a cross section of the apparatus 200 at t = to, Fig. 8 shows a cross section of the apparatus 200 at t = tj, and Fig. 9 shows a cross section of the apparatus 200 at t = t 2 , wherein t () < t / < t 2 . As illustrated, at t = to, a block 270 is placed on the worktable 220 away from the circular saw blade 230. At t = tj, the worktable 220 is moved towards the circular saw blade 230, which generates dust as the block 270 makes contact with the circular saw blade 230. Here, because the circular saw blade 230 is rotating in a counterclockwise direction, and since the vacuum source 212 (not shown) creates a negative pressure beneath the worktable 220, the trajectory of the dust is substantially downwards. As the worktable 220 continues to slide further towards the circular saw blade 230, dust is thus collected via the particular set of louvers 234 above the heavy debris chute 215 at that time. For instance, as illustrated, dust travels through a first set of louvers 234 at t = tj, whereas dust travels through a second set of louvers 234 at t = t 2 .

[0059] It should be noted that particular parameters of the apparatus 200 may be changed, as desired, to provide different performance characteristics and/or to cut different types of work pieces (e.g., different material, different dimensions, etc.). For instance, as illustrated, the heavy debris chute 215 and each of the louvers 234 are angled so as to avoid having dust particles“bounce” back up through the louvers 234. In a particular embodiment, however, the louvers 234 may be coupled to a lever that uniformly adjusts the louvers 234 to be angled between a particular range (e.g., between 30 degrees and 45 degrees). It is contemplated that various other parameters may also be adjusted including, for example, the spacing between each of the louvers 234, the rotations per minute (RPM) of the circular saw blade 230, and/or the suction force provided by the vacuum source 212. [0060] As previously stated, aspects disclosed herein provide a system in which dust may be collected via any of a plurality of filters. Here, for instance, an exemplary path traversed by dust drawn through the louvers 234 is provided in Figs. 8-11. As illustrated, heavy debris drawn through the louvers 234 falls through the heavy debris chute 215 and into the heavy debris compartment 240, whereas lighter dust particles are pulled towards the cyclonic filters 216. As these lighter dust particles travel above the cyclonic filters 216, some dust is pulled down into the cyclonic particle compartment 250, whereas finer dust particles continue towards the rotatable filter 217.

[0061] In a particular embodiment, rotatable filter 217 is a cylindrical filter media having a plurality of pleated segments about a cylindrical surface, as shown. The rotatable filter 217 further comprises a filter cleaning flap 218 secured to a lateral partitioning wall at an interior of the rotatable filter 217, wherein the filter cleaning flap 218 contacts the pleated segments when the filter cleaning knob is rotated. Moreover, as the rotatable filter 217 rotates, the filter cleaning flap 218 removes dust from the pleated segments, which falls into fine particle compartment 260.

[0062] As illustrated, dust may also be drawn via the vacuum inlet 233. As previously stated, a first end of a conduit 235 may be inserted into the vacuum inlet 233, whereas the other end of the conduit 235 is connected to a vacuum port 218 on the housing 210. Here, if there is an inadequate amount of suction force below the center slot 226, dust is drawn up towards the vacuum inlet 233 where it then travels through the conduit 235 and subsequently through the filters within the housing 210.

[0063] In another aspect of the disclosure, aspects for minimizing vacuum flow loss are contemplated. For instance, as illustrated in Figs. 12-13, the apparatus 200 may be further configured to include extensions 219 along the air flow path. Within such embodiment, the extensions 219 are placed on each end of the dust collection slot where they may communicate with the louvers 224. As the worktable 220 slides towards the circular saw blade 230, these extensions 219 plug off the preceding set of louvers 224 to minimize vacuum flow losses underneath the worktable 220.

EXEMPLARY CHOP SAW EMBODIMENT

[0064] Referring next to Figs. 14-15, schematic illustrations are provided of a chop saw configuration in accordance with aspects disclosed herein. As illustrated, a chop saw apparatus 300 comprises a housing 310 coupled to a worktable 320 and a circular saw blade 330, wherein the worktable 320 is configured as a stationary table above the housing 310. For this embodiment, similar to the worktable 220 of apparatus 200, the worktable 320 comprises a center slot 326 that is axially aligned with the circular saw blade 330, as shown. Here, however, the circular saw blade 330 is attached to a rotatable arm 336, wherein a handle 331 on the blade guard 332 is used to raise and lower the circular saw blade 330 during use.

[0065] With respect to the housing 310 of apparatus 300, it should be appreciated that the components therein are substantially similar to the corresponding components of the housing 210 of apparatus 200. For instance, housing 310 also includes a multistage filter, which comprises a rotatable filter 317 coupled to a cyclonic filter 316, wherein a vacuum source 312 attached to the rotatable filter 317 is again configured to create an air flow through the rotatable filter 317 and cyclonic filter 316. During use, this air flow provides a negative pressure just below the center slot 326 so that dust is drawn through the center slot 326 towards the filters and subsequently collected into the dust container 313. In particular, heavy debris drawn through the center slot 326 falls through the heavy debris chute 315 and into the dust container 313, whereas lighter dust particles are pulled towards the cyclonic filters 316. As these lighter dust particles travel above the cyclonic filters 316, some dust is pulled down into the dust container 313, whereas finer dust particles continue towards the rotatable filter 317.

[0066] In addition to pulling dust down through the center slot 326, however, the apparatus 300 is configured to pull dust back towards a scoop 323, as shown. Within such embodiment, vacuum source 312 thus provides a suction force both through the center slot 326 and through the scoop 323. To this end, dust drawn through the scoop 323 travels through the vacuum port 318 and towards the filters. Here, it should be appreciated that the scoop 323 may be comprised of brush or finger-like material. A fence 321 may also be included, as shown.

EXEMPLARY TABLE SAW EMBODIMENT

[0067] Referring next to Figs. 16-17, schematic illustrations are provided of a table saw configuration in accordance with aspects disclosed herein. As illustrated, a table saw apparatus 400 comprises a housing 410 coupled to a worktable 420 and a circular saw blade 430, wherein the worktable 420 is configured as a stationary table above the housing 410.

For this embodiment, similar to the worktable 220 of apparatus 200, the worktable 420 comprises a center slot 426 that is axially aligned with the circular saw blade 430, as shown. Here, however, the circular saw blade 430 protrudes through the center slot 426 of the worktable 420. Furthermore, the circular saw blade 430 and the saw motor 434 are housed within a blade housing 432 beneath the worktable 420, wherein the blade housing 432 is substantially within housing 410, as shown.

[0068] With respect to the remaining components of the housing 410, it should be appreciated that these components are substantially similar to the corresponding components of the housing 210 of apparatus 200. For instance, housing 410 also includes a multistage filter, which comprises a rotatable filter 417 coupled to a cyclonic filter 416, wherein a vacuum source 412 attached to the rotatable filter 417 is again configured to create an air flow through the rotatable filter 417 and cyclonic filter 416. During use, this air flow provides a negative pressure just below the center slot 426 so that dust is drawn through the center slot 426 towards the filters and subsequently collected into the dust container 413. In particular, heavy debris drawn through the center slot 426 falls through the heavy debris chute 415 and into the dust container 413, whereas lighter dust particles are pulled towards the cyclonic filters 416. As these lighter dust particles travel above the cyclonic filters 416, some dust is pulled down into the dust container 413, whereas finer dust particles continue towards the rotatable filter 417.

EXEMPLARY BLADE COOLING ASPECTS

[0069] Referring next to Figs. 18-22, illustrations are provided showing various blade cooling aspects disclosed herein. To this end, it should be appreciated that cooling a circular saw blade during“dry cut” use is particularly desirable to achieve optimal performance and to reduce the possibility of damage to the blade. Side and top views of an exemplary apparatus that facilitates blade cooling in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification are respectively provided in Figs. 18 and 19. Here, it should be appreciated that apparatus 500 is substantially similar to the aforementioned apparatuses 100, 200, 300, and 400, wherein individual components of apparatus 500 are also substantially similar to individual components of apparatuses 100, 200, 300, and 400. As illustrated, apparatus 500 includes a vacuum source 512, a circular saw blade 530, and a worktable 520 comprising a center slot 526 axially aligned to the circular saw blade 530. Here, the center slot 526 includes an air flow channel 527 proximate to an anticipated point of contact 532 between the circular saw blade 530 and a workpiece 570. The vacuum source 512 is then configured to provide a focused negative pressure 528 beneath the worktable 520 via the air flow channel 527. [0070] By properly aligning air flow channel 527 with the anticipated point of contact

532 between the circular saw blade 530 and a workpiece 570, it has been discovered that a significant cooling of the circular saw blade 530 is achieved. Namely, because the circular saw blade 530 can get very hot at the anticipated point of contact 532 during use, utilizing the focused negative pressure 528 to cool the circular saw blade 530 at the anticipated point of contact 532 is particularly desirable.

[0071] For embodiments where a sliding worktable is used, other configurations are contemplated. In Fig. 20, for instance, a side view of an exemplary apparatus with a sliding worktable that utilizes louvers to facilitate blade cooling is provided. Here, it should be appreciated that apparatus 600 is substantially similar to the aforementioned apparatus 200, wherein individual components of apparatus 600 are also substantially similar to individual components of apparatus 200. As illustrated, apparatus 600 includes a vacuum source 612, a circular saw blade 630, and a worktable 620 comprising a center slot 626 axially aligned to the circular saw blade 630. Here, the center slot 626 includes an air flow channel 627 proximate to an anticipated point of contact 632 between the circular saw blade 630 and a workpiece 670. The vacuum source 612 is then configured to provide a focused negative pressure 628 beneath the worktable 620 via the air flow channel 627.

[0072] For this particular embodiment, however, worktable 620 is configured to slide towards the circular saw blade 630, wherein the center slot 626 comprises a plurality of louvers 624 that individually form the air flow channel 627. Moreover, the air flow channel 627 sequentially varies according to which of the plurality of louvers 624 is proximate to the anticipated point of contact 632 as the worktable 620 slides towards the circular saw blade 630.

[0073] In an aspect of the disclosure, it has been discovered that the magnitude of the magnitude of the focused negative pressure 628 is inversely proportional to the aperture size of the air flow channel 627. Accordingly, by reducing the size of the gaps between individual louvers 624, the magnitude of the focused negative pressure 628 will increase. In order to toggle this magnitude, it is contemplated that removable louver inserts of various sizes may be used. Fig. 21, for instance, illustrates various aspects of an exemplary louver insert in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. As shown in illustration 700, by placing insert 680 on top of louvers 624, the gaps 625 between louvers 624 are reduced. Namely, the insert gap width is less than the louver gap width, as shown.

[0074] Illustrations 710 and 720 further demonstrate this reduction in gap size, wherein illustration 710 shows worktable 620 without insert 680, whereas illustration 720 shows worktable 620 with insert 680. As illustrated, in addition to the reduction in size of gaps 625, the particular gap corresponding to air channel 627 has also been reduced in size by using insert 680. Therefore, the focused negative pressure 628 at air channel 627 in illustration 720 is greater than the focused negative pressure 628 at air channel 627 in illustration 710.

[0075] In a further aspect of the disclosure, it has been discovered that circular saw blades are more likely to overheat when they are not stabilized. Accordingly, various aspects for stabilizing a circular saw blade to minimize wobbling during use are contemplated. In a particular contemplated aspect, blade stabilizing rollers are coupled to a circular saw blade, as shown in Fig. 22. Within such embodiment, circular saw blade 830 is housed within blade guard 832, and coupled to arbor shaft 830 and blade stabilizing rollers 835, as shown. During use, arbor shaft 830 begins to spin, which causes circular saw blade 830 to rotate. Once circular saw blade 830 makes contact with a workpiece, blade stabilizing rollers 835 firmly keeps circular saw blade 830 aligned while still allowing rotation. Therefore, because circular saw blade 830 is better stabilized and less susceptible to wobbling, circular saw blade 830 is less likely to overheat.

EXEMPLARY MULTISTAGE FILTER ASPECTS

[0076] As previously mentioned, various aspects directed towards utilizing a multistage filter are contemplated, such as aforementioned apparatus 200. In a particular embodiment, an apparatus is disclosed which includes a housing comprising a vacuum source and a multistage filter. The apparatus further includes a circular saw blade and a worktable comprising a center slot axially aligned to the circular saw blade. Here, the vacuum source is configured to provide a negative pressure beneath the worktable at the center slot, and the multistage filter is configured to collect airborne dust drawn by the negative pressure from an area proximate to the center slot.

[0077] For some countries, the actual removal of dust from the apparatus disclosed herein is problematic. Accordingly, various aspects for a specialized removable dust tray are contemplated, as illustrated in Figs. 23-26, and as further illustrated within apparatus 200 in Figs. 27-29. As shown, a removable dust tray 900 may be placed beneath the multistage filter, wherein the removable dust tray 900 comprises a plurality of separate compartments 910, 920, and 930, and wherein each stage of the multistage filter has a corresponding compartment (e.g., beneath fine particle compartment 260, cyclonic particle compartment 250, and heavy debris compartment 260) within the removable dust tray 900. The removable dust tray 900 can be further configured to accommodate at least one dust containment bag 1000, which comprises a drawstring 1010 and washer 1020, as shown. By pulling on the drawstring 1010 while the removable dust tray 900 is inserted in apparatus 200, a user can seal all collected dust before removing the removable dust tray 900 from the apparatus 200.

EXEMPLARY AUXILIARY PORT ASPECTS

[0078] As previously mentioned, various aspects directed towards utilizing an auxiliary port are contemplated, such as aforementioned apparatus 200. In a particular embodiment, an apparatus is disclosed, which includes a vacuum source, a circular saw blade, and a worktable. For this embodiment, the worktable comprises a center slot axially aligned to the circular saw blade, and the vacuum source is configured to provide a first negative pressure beneath the worktable at the center slot. The vacuum source is then further configured to provide a second negative pressure via an auxiliary port.

[0079] For some configurations, it may be desirable to divert dust via a different dust path. For instance, Fig. 30 provides a schematic of an exemplary diverted path of blade guard dust in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. Here, three cyclonic filters 1116 are dedicated to receiving dust collected at center slot 1126, whereas a fourth cyclonic filter 1117 is dedicated to collecting dust from the blade guard 1132 over the top through the support arm 1136. This allows us to have a constant supply of vacuum in this backside of the blade, if needed.

EXEMPLARY SHARED DUST TRAY EMBODIMENT

[0080] Various aspects disclosed herein are directed towards a portable electronic dust extractor configured for heavy duty dust extraction (e.g., capable of removing 50 lbs of dust in 30 seconds). In a first aspect, it is contemplated that the portable electronic dust extractor may be equipped with a multi-stage filter, wherein each of the respective filter chambers are coupled to a shared dust containment area. Accordingly, unlike conventional multi-stage filters in which a separate dust containment area is provided for each filter chamber, the dust extractor disclosed herein allows for the monitoring and cleaning of a single dust containment area.

[0081] In another aspect, a moveable barrier is placed between at least one multi stage filter chamber and the shared dust containment area. In a particular embodiment, it is contemplated that the moveable barrier is placed between the shared dust containment area and a filter chamber corresponding to a cylindrical filter. During operation of the dust extractor, the moveable barrier is closed to facilitate air flow, wherein the closed moveable barrier isolates the cylindrical filter from the shareable dust containment area. When operation has stopped, however, it is contemplated that the moveable barrier will function as a dump door for dust collected by the cylindrical filter. To this end, it is further contemplated that the dump door may be automated so that it automatically opens and closes according to whether the dust extractor is being operated.

[0082] In Fig. 31, a block diagram is provided of an exemplary apparatus that facilitates storing airborne dust collected by a multistage filtration system in a shared dust containment area in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. Here, it should be appreciated that the apparatus 1200 is substantially similar to the apparatus 100 illustrated in Fig. 1. As illustrated, the apparatus 1200 may comprise a housing 1210 and a work area 1250, wherein the housing 1210 further comprises a vacuum source 1220, a multistage filter 1230, and a shared dust tray 1240. During an exemplary use of the apparatus 1200, the vacuum source 1220 is configured to provide a negative pressure that pulls airborne dust from the work area 1250 towards the multistage filter 1230. For this embodiment, it is contemplated that the shared dust tray 1240 includes a shared dust containment area in which the shared dust containment area is a single compartment configured to receive the airborne dust collected by the multistage filter 1230 directly from each of a plurality of stages of the multistage filter 1230.

[0083] Referring next to Fig. 32, a conceptual diagram is provided of an exemplary multistage filtration system coupled to a shared dust containment area in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. As illustrated, a scenario 1300 is contemplated in which the multistage filter 1230 comprises a plurality of stages 1232, 1234, 1236, and 1238. For this example, dust particles are drawn towards each of the plurality of stages 1232, 1234, 1236, and 1238, wherein the shared dust containment area 1242 is configured to receive the airborne dust collected by the multistage filter 1230 directly from each of the plurality of stages 1232, 1234, 1236, and 1238, as shown.

[0084] It should be noted that, by utilizing a shared dust containment area 1242 rather than a compartmentalized dust tray (e.g., dust tray 900, which includes dust compartment 910, 920, and 930), more power is needed to generate the same air flow. Accordingly, in order to emulate a compartmentalized operation of the multistage filter 1230, it is contemplated that each of the plurality of stages 1232, 1234, 1236, and 1238 may include a barrier, as illustrated in Figs. 33-34. [0085] In Fig. 33, a conceptual diagram is provided of an exemplary multistage filtration system with closed moveable barriers in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. As illustrated, it is contemplated that each of the plurality of stages 1232,

1234, 1236, and 1238, has a corresponding moveable barrier 1233, 1235, 1237, and 1239. In this scenario 1400, while the vacuum source 1220 is in an“operating” mode, it is

contemplated that each of the moveable barriers 1233, 1235, 1237, and 1239, are closed, as shown. Because each of the moveable barriers 1233, 1235, 1237, and 1239, are closed, the air flow level can be maintained without requiring a substantial increase in power from the vacuum source 1220.

[0086] During operation, dust particles will also begin to collect at each of the moveable barriers 1233, 1235, 1237, and 1239, as shown. Once operation has ceased (i.e., when the vacuum source 1220 is in an“idle” mode), it is contemplated that each of the moveable barriers 1233, 1235, 1237, and 1239 will open so as to allow the accumulated dust to empty into the shared dust containment area 1242 below. An illustration of such scenario 1500 is provide in Fig. 34.

[0087] Referring next to Fig. 35, a schematic is provided of an exemplary dust tray with a shared dust compartment in accordance with an aspect of the subject specification. As illustrated, unlike the compartmentalized structure of dust tray 900, the shared dust tray 1300 illustrated in Fig. 35 includes a shared dust compartment 1310. Moreover, it is contemplated that the shared dust tray 1300 may be configured for use with the various multistage filter embodiments disclosed herein. For instance, the shared dust tray 1300 may be configured for use with the multistage filter apparatus illustrated in Figs. 36-37.

[0088] In Fig. 36, a schematic is provided of an exemplary multistage filter apparatus, which is substantially similar to the saw apparatus 200 illustrated in Figs. 2-13. For this scenario 1600, it is contemplated that the multiple stages of the multistage filter apparatus include a heavy debris chute 1315 configured to separate heavy debris 1340; at least one cyclonic filter 1316 configured to separate cyclonic particles 1350; and a rotatable filter 1317 configured to separate fine particles 1360. During operation, it is contemplated that each of heavy debris 1340 and cyclonic particles 1350 will accumulate in the shared dust

compartment 1310 of the shared dust tray 1300, as shown. For this particular embodiment, in order to facilitate air flow, a moveable barrier 1370 configured between the rotatable filter 1317 and the shared dust tray 1300 is in a closed position. Once operation has ceased, the moveable barrier 1370 opens, as indicated by scenario 1700 illustrated in Fig. 37, which allows fine particles 1360 to empty into the shared dust compartment 1310 below, as shown. Fine particles 1360 within the rotatable filter 1317 can also be removed by rotating the rotatable filter 1317 so as to have the flap 1318 (which is substantially similar to the filter cleaning flap 218) sequentially make contact with the pleated segments of the rotatable filter 1317. Moreover, as the rotatable filter 1317 rotates, the flap 1318 removes fine particles 1360 from the pleated segments, which fall into shared dust compartment 1310.

EXEMPLARY FILTER PROTECTION EMBODIMENT

[0089] In a further aspect, because embodiments disclosed herein may be configured for heavy duty dust extraction, various filter protecting mechanisms are contemplated. For instance, with respect to the aforementioned cylindrical filter (e.g., rotatable filter 1317), it is anticipated that the high-speed impact of dust with such filters would cause significant wear and tear.

[0090] In a first exemplary embodiment, rather than channeling air flow directly at the cylindrical filter, air flow is looped around an outer housing of the filter so as to protect the filter, as illustrated in Fig. 38. For this particular embodiment 1800, it is contemplated that a dust collection apparatus may include a rotatable filter 1417, a filter housing 1415 configured to house the filter 1417, and an inlet 1420 coupled to the filter housing 1415. As illustrated, the inlet 1420 may be configured to receive a flow of fine particles 1460 drawn by a negative pressure (e.g., via a vacuum source), wherein the inlet 1420 is further configured to mitigate the high-speed impact of the fine particles 1460 on the rotatable filter 1417.

Moreover, the inlet 1420 may be configured to direct the flow of fine particles 1460 towards an inner portion of the filter housing 1415, as shown.

[0091] Alternatively, or in addition to, a mesh (e.g., an aluminum mesh) may be placed upstream from the rotatable filter 1417 so as to slow down dust that approaches the rotatable filter 1417. In Fig. 39, a schematic is provided of an exemplary filter protection design that includes such a mesh. For this particular embodiment 1900, as illustrated, it is contemplated that the inlet 1420 comprises a mesh 1430 positioned between the rotatable filter 1417 and the flow of fine particles 1460, wherein the mesh 1430 is configured to reduce a dust velocity of at least a portion of the fine particles 1460.

[0092] The word“exemplary” is used herein to mean serving as an example, instance, or illustration. For the avoidance of doubt, the subject matter disclosed herein is not limited by such examples. In addition, any aspect or design described herein as“exemplary” is not necessarily to be construed as preferred or advantageous over other aspects or designs, nor is it meant to preclude equivalent exemplary structures and techniques known to those of ordinary skill in the art. Furthermore, to the extent that the terms“includes,”“has,” “contains,” and other similar words are used in either the detailed description or the claims, for the avoidance of doubt, such terms are intended to be inclusive in a manner similar to the term“comprising” as an open transition word without precluding any additional or other elements.

[0093] The aforementioned systems have been described with respect to interaction between several components. It can be appreciated that such systems and components can include those components or specified sub-components, some of the specified components or sub-components, and/or additional components, and according to various permutations and combinations of the foregoing. Sub-components can also be implemented as components coupled to other components rather than included within parent components (hierarchical). Additionally, it is noted that one or more components may be combined into a single component providing aggregate functionality or divided into several separate sub components, and any one or more middle layers may be provided to couple to such sub components in order to provide integrated functionality. Any components described herein may also interact with one or more other components not specifically described herein but generally known by those of skill in the art.

[0094] In view of the exemplary systems described supra, methodologies that may be implemented in accordance with the disclosed subject matter can be appreciated with reference to the various figures. While for purposes of simplicity of explanation, the methodologies are described as a series of steps, it is to be understood and appreciated that the disclosed subject matter is not limited by the order of the steps, as some steps may occur in different orders and/or concurrently with other steps from what is described herein.

Moreover, not all disclosed steps may be required to implement the methodologies described hereinafter.

[0095] While the various embodiments have been described in connection with the exemplary embodiments of the various figures, it is to be understood that other similar embodiments may be used or modifications and additions may be made to the described embodiment for performing the same function without deviating there from. Therefore, the present invention should not be limited to any single embodiment.