Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CLEAR AEROSOL HAIR SPRAY FORMULATIONS CONTAINING A SULFOPOLYESTER IN A HYDROALCOHOLIC LIQUID VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1995/033437
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
This invention relates to an aerosol hair spray formulation containing 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a water-dispersible or water-dissipatible, linear sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40 �C to 50 �C and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which contains repeat units from 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl-5-sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4-cyclohexaedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; and up to 60 weight percent of an alcohol. The aerosol hair spray formulations are clear, have improved dry time and curl retention, and exhibit less than 20 NTU's, which is a measure of turbidity, even at high concentrations of alcohol.

Inventors:
GEORGE SCOTT ELLERY
UNDERWOOD VICKI LYNN
GARBER DENNIS MICHAEL
SINGLETON ANDY HUGH
Application Number:
PCT/US1995/006269
Publication Date:
December 14, 1995
Filing Date:
May 17, 1995
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
EASTMAN CHEM CO (US)
International Classes:
A61K8/00; A61K8/02; A61K8/04; A61K8/31; A61K8/34; A61K8/36; A61K8/362; A61K8/368; A61K8/81; A61K8/85; A61Q5/00; A61Q5/06; (IPC1-7): A61K7/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO1995000105A11995-01-05
Foreign References:
US4300580A1981-11-17
US5158762A1992-10-27
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS
1. A clear aerosol hair spray formulation having improved dry time and curl retention comprising: (1) a sulfopolyeεter having a Tg of 40°C to 50°c and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which comprising of repeat units from (a) a dicarboxylic acid component consisting of 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl—5—sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; (b) a diol component compriεing of 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, baεed on 100 mole percent diol; (2) a water/alcohol liquid vehicle; and (3) 3 to 60 weight percent baεed on the weight of componentε (1) , (2) , and (3) of a propellant selected from the group consiεting of a C^ C4 aliphatic hydrocarbon, dimethyl ether, and mixtureε thereof, provided the sulfopolyester, component (1) , is preεent in an amount of 0.5 to 15 weight percent, baεed on the total weight of the aeroεol hair εpray formulation.
2. A clear aerosol hair spray formulation exhibiting lesε than 20 NTU'ε and having improved dry time and curl retention comprising: (1) 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a εulfopolyeεter having a Tg of 40°C to 50°C and an inherent viεcoεity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which conεiεtε eεεentially of repeat unitε from (a) a dicarboxylic acid component compriεing of 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl5εodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent iεophthalic acid, baεed on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; (b) a diol component comprising of 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; (2) a water/alcohol liquid vehicle; and (3).
3. to 60 weight percent based on the weight of components (1), (2) , and (3) of a propellant selected from the group consiεting of a j^C^ aliphatic hydrocarbon, dimethyl ether, and mixtureε thereof.
4. 3 A clear aeroεol hair εpray formulation exhibiting leεε than 20 NTU'ε and having improved dry time and curl retention compriεing: (1) 3 to 10 weight percent of a εulfopolyester having a Tg of 40°C to 50°C and an inherent viscoεity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which conεistε eεεentially of repeat unitε from (a) a dicarboxylic acid component compriεing of 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl5sodiosulfoiεophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent iεophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; (b) a diol component comprising of 10 to 30 mole percent 1, 4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; (2) a water/alcohol liquid vehicle; (3) 3 to 40 weight percent baεed on the weight of componentε (1) , (2) , and (3) of a propellant selected from the group consiεting of a C^C4 aliphatic hydrocarbon, dimethyl ether, and mixtureε thereof; and (4) 0.5 to 10 weight percent baεed on the weight of componentε (1), (2), (3), and (4) of a water—εoluble polymer which includeε a monomer εelected from the group conεiεting of a vinyl monomer and an acrylate monomer.
5. The aeroεol hair εpray formulation of Claim 3 wherein the water—soluble polymer is prepared from at least one vinyl or acrylate monomer selected from the group consiεting of alkyl vinyl ethers R—0—CH=CH„ alkyl acrylates CH2 ,==CCHH —— CCCO R vinyl eεterε CH2,==CCHH——OOCC——IR Nvinyl lactams alkyl acrylamides H2C:=CH—C—NH—R' half vinyl esterε/half amideε H2_C=CH 0 CC—RR''—CC NNHH—R1 half eεterε of maleic anhydride vinyl pyrrolidone acrylic acid H2C=CH—C—OH crotonic acid methacrylic acid wherein R iε a Cλ to C10 alkyl and R' is a Cj to C10 alkylene.
6. The aerosol hair spray formulation of Claim 4 wherein the water—soluble polymer, component (4) , is selected from the group conεiεting of polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polyvinyl caprolactam, polyvinyl acetate, polyacrylateε, methacrylates, and copolymers and terpolymers of such monomerε.
7. The aeroεol hair spray formulation of Claim 5 wherein the water—soluble polymer is a polyvinyl lactam polymer containing at leaεt 50 mole percent of reεidueε of N—vinyl lactamε of the formula )„n wherein n is 3 or 4 .
8. The aeroεol hair spray formulation of Claim 1 wherein the propellant, component (3) , is a C: C4 aliphatic hydrocarbon selected from the group consiεting of methane, ethane, trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorodifluoromethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane, monochlorodifluoromethane, trichlorotrifluoroethane, dimethyl ether, 1,1—difluoroethane, propane, n—butane, iεobutane, carbon dioxide, nitrouε oxide, nitrogen, helium, fluorinated oxetane, fluorinated oxepane, and mixtures thereof.
9. The aerosol hair εpray of Claim 7 wherein the propellant, component (4) , iε a mixture containing 80 to 86 weight percent iεobutane and 20 to 14 weight percent propane.
10. The aeroεol hair εpray formulation of Claim 1 wherein the propellant, component (3) , is dimethyl ether.
11. The aerosol hair spray formulation of Claim 1 wherein the propellant, component (3) , is 1,1difluoroethane.
12. The aeroεol hair εpray formulation of Claim 1 wherein the combination of alcohol and propellant is lesε than 60 weight percent baεed on the weight of the aeroεol hair spray formulation.
13. The aeroεol hair εpray formulation of Claim 11 wherein the combination of alcohol and propellant iε 30 to 60 weight percent baεed on the weight of the aeroεol hair εpray formulation.
14. The aeroεol hair εpray formulation of Claim 12 wherein the combination of alcohol and propellant is 35 to 55 weight percent baεed on the weight of the aeroεol hair spray formulation.
15. The aerosol hair spray formulation of Claim 13 wherein the combination of alcohol and propellant is 45 to 55 weight percent based on the weight of the aeroεol hair εpray formulation.
16. The aerosol hair spray formulation of Claim 1 wherein the alcohol is an aliphatic εtraight or branched chain monohydric alcohol having 2 to 4 carbon atomε.
17. The aerosol hair spray formulation of Claim 14 wherein the alcohol is selected from the group consiεting of iεopropanol and ethanol.
18. The aerosol hair spray formulation of Claim 15 wherein the alcohol is ethanol.
Description:
CLEAR AEROSOL HAIR SPRAY FORMULATIONS CONTAINING A SULFOPOLYESTER IN A HYDROALCOHOLIC LIQUID VEHICLE

FIELD OF THE INVENTION This invention relates to an aerosol hair spray formulation containing 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a water—dispersible or water—dissipatible, linear sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40°C to 50°C and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which contains repeat units from 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl-5-sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; and up to 60 weight percent of an alcohol. The aerosol hair spray formulations are clear, have improved dry time and curl retention, and exhibit less than 20 NTU's, which iε a measure of turbidity, even at high concentrations of alcohol.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Hair sprays provide human hair with a particular shape or configuration and function by applying a thin film of a resin or gum onto the hair to adhere adjacent hairs together so that they retain the particular shape or configuration at the time of application.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,164,177 discloses a hair spray formulation containing 2—40% of a linear polymer including at least one vinyl or aerylate monomer, a water-soluble electrolyte, 30-90% water, and 0-30% alcohol. The water—soluble electrolyte is added to lower the viscosity of the composition to achieve a higher percentage of polymer in the composition. Such formulations, however, have poor humidity resistance, hold and curl retention.

U.S. Pat. No. 4,300,580 discloses hair spray formulations containing a water—dispersible or water—dissipatible linear sulfo—polyester fixative in a water/alcohol mixture. The diol component of the sulfopolyester contains at least 20 mole percent poly(ethylene glycol) . Such formulations are fast drying and have good hair holding properties but possess the disadvantage of being very difficult to remove from the hair. For example, prolonged washing is required to completely remove the water—dispersible, linear polyester fixative to obtain hair with no tacky or sticky feel. U.S. Pat. No. 4,300,580 suggests adding other substances such as poly(alkylene ether) to increase the hardness and reduce the tackiness of the formulations. However, when such formulations containing a combination of the poly(alkylene glycol) and sulfopolyester are applied to hair and allowed to dry, the fixative causes a matting of the hair. Such matting hinders combing, brushing and styling of hair. U.S. Pat. No. 5,266,303 discloses hair spray formulations containing a water—dispersible sulfopolyester having a glass transition temperature of 36°C to 40°C, a water-soluble polyvinyl lactam polymer, and water. The performance characteristics of such formulations are good. However, the drying time is too long, and the addition of alcohol, which would improve dry time, causes the formulations to become cloudy. Thus, the use of alcohol is not an option for improving the dry time of such formulations. U.S. Pat. No. 5,158,762, discloses hair spray compositions containing a blend of a sulfopolyester and a water—soluble polymer in water. The sulfopolyester contains at least 40 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol. The performance characteristics of such formulations are good, however,

the drying time is too long, and the addition of alcohol, which would improve dry time, causes the formulations to become cloudy. Thus, the use of alcohol is not an option for improving the dry time of such formulations.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,266,308, discloses aqueous hair spray compositions which contain a sulfopolyester, a water—soluble polymeric resin and a homopolymer of polyvinylpyrrolidone. The performance characteristics of such formulations are good, however, the drying time is too long, and the addition of alcohol, which would improve dry time, causes the formulations to become cloudy. Thus, the use of alcohol is not an option for improving the dry time of such formulations. In contrast, the present inventors have unexpectedly determined that aerosol hair spray formulations which are clear and provide properties considered desirable for hair preparation such as fine spray patterns, fast drying times, prolonged curl retention under humid conditions, good holding power and resistance to build—up may be prepared with as much as 60 weight percent alcohol to facilitate rapid drying on the hair. The hair spray formulations of the present invention are clear and exhibit less than 20 NTU's which is a measure of turbidity. In the cosmetic field greater than 20 NTU's is characteristic of a cloudy mixture that is visible to the eye.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Accordingly, it is one object of the present invention to provide a clear aerosol hair spray formulation.

It is another object of the invention to provide a aerosol hair spray formulation which iε not tacky, has a faεt drying rate, acceptable body, consistency and

exhibits improved curl retention.

Another object of the invention iε to provide a aeroεol hair εpray formulation which iε clear and haε excellent storage εtability and which does not clog the exit port of a aerosol container.

Theεe and other objectε are accompliεhed herein by an aeroεol hair εpray formulation having improved dry time and curl retention and exhibiting leεε than 20 NTU's as a measure of clarity which comprises: (1) a sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40°C to 50°C and an inherent viscoεity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which conεiεtε eεεentially of repeat unitε from

(a) a dicarboxylic acid component compriεing of 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl—5—sodiosulfoiεophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent iεophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; (b) a diol component comprising of 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; (2) a water/alcohol liquid vehicle; and (3) 3 to 60 weight percent based on the weight of components (1) , (2) , and (3) of a propellant selected from the group conεiεting of a C^ C 4 aliphatic hydrocarbon, dimethyl ether, and mixtures thereof, provided the εulfopolyeεter, component (1) , iε preεent in an amount of 0.5 to 15 weight percent, baεed on the total weight of the aeroεol hair εpray formulation.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The aeroεol hair εprayε of the preεent invention exhibit less than 20 NTU'ε which is a meaεure of the

turbidity of a mixture. In the coεmetic field greater than 20 NTU'ε is characteriεtic of a cloudy mixture that iε viεible to the eye. The clear aeroεol hair εpray formulationε of thiε invention contain a εulfopolyeεter, component (1), in an amount of 0.5 to 15 weight percent, preferably 3 to 10 weight percent, and more preferably 5 to 8 weight percent, baεed on the total weight of the aeroεol hair εpray formulation.

The sulfopolyeεter, component (1) , has a glasε tranεition temperature of 40°C to 50°C and contains repeat units from a dicarboxylic acid, a diol and a difunctional sulfomonomer. The dicarboxylic acid component of the sulfopolyester contains 20 to 26 mole percent of dimethyl—5—sodiosulfoiεophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent iεophthalic acid, baεed on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid. The diol component of the sulfopolyester contains 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, baεed on 100 mole percent diol. The εulfopolyeεter has an inherent viscoεity (I.V.) of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g.

Component (2) of the aeroεol hair εpray iε a liquid vehicle. The liquid vehicle may be water or a water/alcohol mixture. Diεtilled or deionized water are the preferred sourceε of water εince tap water generally containε ionε which may precipitate the sulfopolyester, component (1) . If a water/alcohol mixture iε uεed, the amount of volatile organic componentε which include the alcohol and propellant cannot exceed 60% of the aerosol hair spray formulation. Therefore, at least 40% of the formulation is water and the remaining 60% is alcohol and propellant. Preferably a water/alcohol mixture iε uεed wherein the alcohol iε preεent in an amount of 20 to 30 weight percent baεed on the weight of the aerosol hair spray formulation. The alcohol provides faster

drying of the formulation on hair aε compared to formulations prepared with only water aε the liquid vehicle. The alcohol iε an aliphatic εtraight or branched chain monohydric alcohol having 2 to 4 carbon atomε. Iεopropanol and ethanol are the preferred alcoholε.

The aeroεol hair εpray formulationε of the preεent invention require a propellant, component (3) . The propellant can be any liquefiable gaε conventionally uεed for aeroεol containerε. Exampleε of materialε that are εuitable for uεe aε propellantε are trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorodifluoro ethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane, monochlorodifluoromethane, trichlorotrifluoroethane, dimethyl ether, methane, ethane, propane, n—butane and isobutane, used singly, or admixed. Water—εoluble gaεeε such aε dimethyl ether, carbon dioxide, and/or nitrouε oxide alεo can be used to obtain aerosolε having reduced flammability.

Other inεoluble, compreεεed gaεeε εuch aε nitrogen, helium and fully—fluorinated oxetanes and oxepanes alεo are uεeful to deliver the formulationε from aerosol containers. Other means of delivery of the above—described aqueouε styling aid formulations include, aerosol sprayers, all forms of bag—in—can devices, in εitu carbon dioxide (C0 2 ) generator syεtemε, co preεεorε, and the like.

Preferably, the propellant is either a — C 4 aliphatic hydrocarbon or dimethyl ether. A preferred aliphatic hydrocarbon propellant is a mixture containing 83 percent isobutane and 17 percent propane. The amount of the propellant iε governed by normal factors well known in the aerosol art. The level of propellant is generally from 3% to 60%, preferably from 5% to 45%, of the aerosol hair εpray formulation. In the caεe where a C 2 — C 4 aliphatic hydrocarbon is used aε the propellant,

generally 3 to 10 weight percent, preferably 4 to 7 weight percent, is employed. In the case where dimethyl ether iε used as the propellant, generally, 20 to 40 weight percent, preferably, 30 to 35 weight percent, is employed. If a propellant such aε dimethyl ether utilizeε a vapor preεεure εuppreεsant (e.g., trichloroethane or dichloromethane) , for weight percentage calculations, the amount of suppresεant iε included aε part of the propellant. The aerosol hair spray formulationε may optionally contain a water—soluble polymer or resin, component (4) . The water—soluble polymer must be soluble or diεperεible in liquid vehicle, component (2) . The term "water— oluble" refers to any material that has solubility of at least 1 gram per 100 grams of water, i.e. 1%, preferably a solubility of at least 5% by weight. Conversely, the term "water—insoluble" refers to substances that are insoluble at a level of less than 1 gram per 100 gramε of water, i.e., leεε than 1% by weight. Solubility or diεpersibility iε determined at ambient conditionε (e.g., a temperature of 25°C and atmoεpheric preεsure) .

Water—soluble polymerε useful in the formulationε of the preεent invention are homopolymerε or copolymerε that can be rendered diεpersible or soluble in aqueouε or water/alcohol mixtureε. The water—εoluble polymer iε a εynthetic, linear, homopolymer or random copolymer including at least one, and preferably two or more, vinyl or acrylate monomers of the following group:

Alkyl vinyl etherε R—0—CH=CH 2

Alkyl Acrylateε

CH 2 =CH—CO—

Vinyl esters

CH, ,=CH—OC—I

N—vinyl lactams

Alkyl acrylamideε

H 2 0:=CH—C- -NH-

Half vinyl esters/half amideε

H 2 C=CH C—R'—C—NH— -IR

Half eεterε of maleic anhydride

Vinyl pyrrolidone

Acrylic acid

H 2 0:=CH—C—OH

Crotonic Acid

CH —CH=CH—6 :—OH

Methacrylic acid

In the above formulas, R is a C to C 10 alkyl and R' is a C j to C 10 alkylene. Preferred monomers for use in the water—soluble polymers are acrylic acid, vinyl pyrrolidone, vinyl acetate, crotonic acid, methacrylic acid or a combination thereof. Examples of preferred copolymers are the mono ethyl, isopropyl or n—butyl esterε of poly(methyl vinyl ether/maleic acid); poly(vinyl pyrrolidone/vinyl acetate, poly(vinyl pyrrolidone/ethyl methacrylate/'methacrylic acid) , poly(ethyl aerylate/acrylic acid/N-t-butyl acrylamide) , and poly(vinyl acetate/crotonic acid) .

Other suitable clasεeε of polymerε include anionic, nonionic, amphoteric and cationic polymerε. Specific polymerε include polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) , copolymerε of PVP and methylmethacrylate, copolymers of PVP and vinyl acetate (VA) , polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) , copolymers of PVA and crotonic acid, copolymers of PVA and maleic anhydride, hydroxypropyl cellulose, hydroxypropyl guar gum, sodium polyεtyrene εulfonate, PVP/ethylmethacrylate/methacrylic acid terpolymer and octylacrylamide/acrylate/butylaminoethyl methacrylate copolymerε, and mixtureε. A preferred vinyl polymer or copolymer containε at leaεt 50 mole percent of the reεidueε of n—vinyl lactam monomer εuch aε N-vinylpyrrolidinone.

With certain of the acidic water—soluble polymerε, it may be neceεsary to neutralize some acidic groups to promote solubility/disperεibility, e.g., PVA/crotonic acid. Neutralization and increased εolubilization are accompliεhed with one or more inorganic baεeε εuch aε εodiu hydroxide, potaεεium hydroxide, ammonium hydroxide and/or ammonium carbonate. Among εtable organic baεeε are the water εoluble baεeε εuch aε monoethanolamine (MEA) , diethanola ine (DEA) , triethanolamine (TEA) , 2-methyl-2-amino-l-propanol

(AMP), monoamino glycols, and the like, which help solubilize the polymer in water solutions. The level of neutralization required for solubilization varieε for each polymer. All of the above—described acidic polymers become εoluble in water and hydroalcoholic εolutionε at 100% neutralization, and all deεcribed levels of water/alcohol/propellant solutionε. The pH of theεe εolutionε usually rangeε from 9 to 12. The loweεt neutralization level needed to render the polymer water εoluble or dispersible depends on the kind of polymer, and the amount of alcohol, water and propellant. For instance, for poly(methyl vinyl ether/maleic acid) in water the loweεt neutralization level iε 40% with εodium hydroxide and AMP; for poly(ethyl aerylate/acrylic acid/N—t—butyl acrylamide) the loweεt neutralization level iε 75% with AMP and 65% with εodium hydroxide. At theεe neutralization levelε, the pH of the εolutions range from 5 to 7. A slightly acidic or neutral pH such aε thiε iε preferred, however, the pH of the formulationε of the preεent invention can vary from 4 to 9. Saponification of the eεter linkageε may occur under alkaline conditions.

The water—εoluble polymerε may be prepared according to known procedureε wherein, for example, a N-vinyl lacta iε polymerized, optionally in the preεence of one or more other vinyl monomerε εuch aε thoεe deεcribed above. The N-vinylpyrrolidinone/vinyl acetate copolymers supplied by BASF under the trademark LUVISKOL VA are typical of the water-soluble polymers which may be used in the aerosol hair spray formulations of the present invention. The preferred water—soluble polymers comprise homopolymers of N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone and copolymers of N—vinyl-2—pyrrolidinone and up to 50 mole percent vinyl acetate having weight average molecular weights in the

range of 1000 to 100,000. The water—εoluble polymerε are uεed at a level of from 0.5% to 10% by weight, generally 1% to 5% by weight, and preferably from 2% to 4% by weight of the total formulation. The weight average molecular weight of the water—εoluble polymerε iε not critical but iε generally in the range from 1,000 to 2,000,000.

The aeroεol formulationε alεo can contain a variety of other noneεεential, optional componentε εuitable for rendering εuch formulationε more acceptable. Such conventional optional ingredientε are well known to thoεe εkilled in the art, e.g., other emulεifierε εuch aε anionicε (e.g., sodium alkyl sulfate) ; preεervativeε such as benzyl alcohol, methyl paraben, propyl paraben and imidazolidinylurea; cationic emulsifiers/conditionerε εuch aε cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride, εtearyl—dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, and di(partially—hydrogenated tallow) dimethylammonium chloride; thickenerε and viεcoεity modifierε εuch aε diethanolamide of a long chain fatty acid, fatty alcohols (i.e., cetearyl alcohol), sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, and ethyl alcohol; pH adjuεting agentε εuch aε citric acid, εuccinic acid, εodium hydroxide and triethanolamine; coloring agentε εuch aε any of the FD&C or D&C dyeε; hair oxidizing

(bleaching) agentε εuch aε hydrogen peroxide, perborate εaltε and perεulfate εaltε; hair reducing agents such as thioglycolates; perfume oilε; chelating agentε such aε ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid; and among many other agentε, polymer plasticizing agentε such as glycerin and propylene glycol. These optional materials are generally used individually at a level of from 0.001% to 19%, preferably from 0.01% to 5% by weight of the total formulation. It iε important to note that the uεe of cationic emulεifierε in amountε of greater than 1% may

precipitate the εulfopolyeεter, component (1) .

The aeroεol hair—εpray formulation of the present invention may also include from 0.01% to 10%, preferably, 0.1% to 2% by weight of a non—volatile silicone compound or other conditioning agent(ε), preferably a water—inεoluble, emulεifiable conditioning agent. The preferred non—volatile εilicone compound iε a polydimethylεiloxane compound, such as a mixture of a low molecular weight polydimethylsiloxane fluid and a higher molecular weight polydimethylsiloxane gum. The non—volatile polydimethylsiloxane compound iε added to the formulation of the preεent invention in an amount εufficient to provide improved combing and improved feel (εoftneεε) to the hair after εhampooing. Another particularly εuitable conditioning agent that can be included in the formulation of the present invention is a volatile hydrocarbon, such as a hydrocarbon including from 10 to 30 carbon atomε, that haε εufficient volatility to εlowly volatilize from the hair after application of the aeroεol hair εpray formulation. The volatile hydrocarbonε provide eεsentially the same benefits as the silicone conditioning agentε.

The preferred volatile hydrocarbon compound iε an aliphatic hydrocarbon including from 12 to 24 carbon atomε, and having a boiling point in the range of from 100° C to 300°C. Exemplary volatile hydrocarbons are depicted in general structural formula (I) , wherein n ranges from 2 to 5,

Examples of volatile hydrocarbons useful in the aerosol hair spray formulation of the present invention

are the commercially—available compounds PERMETHYL 99A and PERMETHYL 101A, corresponding to compoundε of general εtructure (I) wherein n is 2 and 3, reεpectively, available from Permethyl Corporation, Frazer, Pa. A volatile hydrocarbon compound iε uεeful in the formulation of the preεent invention either alone, in combination with another volatile hydrocarbon, or in combination with a volatile silicone.

Examples of other suitable water—insoluble conditioning agents that can be incorporated into the hair spray formulationε of the preεent invention include the following: polyεiloxane polyether copolymers; polysiloxane polydimethyl dimethylammonium acetate copolymerε; acetylated lanolin alcohols; lauryl dimethylamine oxide; a lanolin—derived extract of sterol on εterol eεterε; lanolin alcohol concentrate; an iεopropyl eεter of lanolin fatty acidε; εulfur rich amino acid concentrateε; iεopropyl ester of lanolin fatty acids; oleyl alcohol; stearyl alcohol; εtearamidopropyl dimethyl myriεtyl acetate; a polyol fatty acid; a fatty a ido amine; guar hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride; cetyl/εtearyl alcohol; keratin protein derivativeε; iεostearamidopropyl dimethylamine; stearamidopropyl dimethylamine; an aminofunctional silicone; isopropyl eεter of lanolic acids, ethoxylated (30) castor oil; acetylated lanolin alcohol, fatty alcohol fraction of lanolin, a mineral oil and lanolin alcohol mixture; high molecular weight esterε of lanolin; vinylpyrrolidone/dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate copolymer, 5 mole ethylene oxide adduct of soya sterol; 10 mole ethylene oxide adduct of soya sterol; stearic acid eεter of ethoxylated (20 mole) methyl glucoside; εodium salt of polyhydroxycarboxylic acid; hydroxylated lanolin; cocamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate;

cocamidopropyl dimethylamine propionate; cocamidopropyl morpholine lactate; iεoεtearamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate; iεostearamidopropyl morpholine lactate; oleamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate; linoleamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate; εtearamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate, ethylene glycol monoεtearate and propylene glycol mixture; εtearamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate; acetamide MEA; lactamide MEA; εtearamide MEA; behenalkoniu chloride; behenyl trimethyl ammonium methoεulfate and cetearyl alcohol mixture; cetearyl alcohol; tallow imidazolinum methoxulfate, εtearyl trimonium methoεulfate; mixed ethoxylated and propoxylated long chain alcohols; stearamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate, polonitomine oxide; oleamine oxide, εtearamide oxide; soya ethyldimonium ethosulfate; ricinolamidopropyl ethyldimonium ethosulfate; N—(3— iεoεtearamidopropyl)—N,N—dimethyl amino glycolate; N—(3— iεoεtearamidopropyl)—N,N—dimethyl amino gluconate; hydrolyzed animal keratin; ethyl hydrolyzed aminal keratin; εtearamidoethyl diethyla ine; cocamidopropyl dimethylamine; lauramidopropyl dimethylamine, oleamidopropyl dimethylamine; palmita idopropyl dimethylamine; εtearamidopropyl dimethylamine lactate; avocado oil; εweet almond oil, grape seed oil; jojoba oil; apricot kernel oil; seεame oil; hydrid εafflower oil; wheat germ oil; cocamidoamine lactate; ricinoleamido amine lactate; εtearamido amine lactate; εtearamido morpholine lactate; iεoεteara ido amine lactate; iεoεtearamido morpholine lactate; wheat germamido dimethylamine lactate; wheat germamidopropyl dimethylamine oxide; diεodium iεoεtearamido MEA εulfoεuccinate; diεodium oleamide PEG—2 sulfosuccinate; disodium oleamide MEA εulfoεuccinate; diεodium ricinoleyl MEA sulfosuccinate; disodium wheat germamido MEA sulfosuccinate; disodium wheat germamido PEG—2

sulfosuccinate; stearamido amine; εtearamido morpholine; iεostearamido amine; iεostearamido morpholine; polyethylene glycol (400) mono and distearateε; synthetic calcium silicate; isoεtearic alkanolamide; ethyl esters of hydrolyzed animal protein; blend of cetyl and stearyl alcoholε with ethoxylated cetyl or εtearyl alcoholε; amido amineε; polyamido amineε; propoxylated (1—20 moleε) lanolin alcoholε; iεoεtearamide DEA; and hydrolyzed collagen protein. Water—inεoluble cationic conditioning agentε in amountε of leεs than 1% may also be used. The use of water—insoluble cationic conditioning agents in amountε of greater than 1% may precipitate the sulfopolyester, component (1) . The aqueous formulations of the present invention also can contain the conventional hair spray adjuvants in amounts which generally range from 0.01 to 2% by weight and preferably 0.1% to 1% by weight. Among the additives which can be uεed are plaεticizers such as glycols, phthalate esters and glycerine; silicones; emollientε; lubricants and penetrants such as various lanolin compounds; protein hydrolyεateε and other protein derivativeε; ethylene adductε and polyoxyethylene cholesterol; dyeε, tintε and other colorantε; and perfumeε.

Other conventional additives such aε preεervativeε, fragranceε, antifoaming agentε, hair conditioners, plasticizers, etc. may be added in εuch quantitieε as desired, up to 5.0% by weight of the total formulation. Although the film—forming formulations deεcribed herein are particularly uεeful aε aeroεol hair sprays for the grooming of hair, it is possible that the formulations, with or without modification, may be uεed in other typeε of perεonal care productε. Suitable plasticizers include: Dimethicone Copolyol

(Dow Corning 190) at 0.01-0.02%, PEG—6 Capric/Caprylic Glyceride (Softigen 767) at 0.5-2.0%, Diacetin at 1.0-2.0, Lauramide DEA (Monamid 716) at 0.1-1.0%, Phenyl Trimethicone (Abil AV 20-1000) at 0.1-0.2%, propylene glycol at 1.0-5.0%, dipropylene glycol at 1.0-5.0%.

The materialε and teεting procedures used for the resultε εhown herein are as follows:

DYMEL A (CTFA Adopted Name: Dimethyl Ether) available from DuPont, is a dimethyl ether and is used aε a propellant.

LUVISKOL VA 73W PVP/VA (CTFA Adopted Name: PVP/VA Copolymer) , available from BASF, is a water—soluble vinyl copolymer of 70 mole percent of N—vinyl—2—pyrrolidinone and 30 mole percent of vinyl acetate (50% solid) .

SDA—40C is ethanol that has been diluted with ethyl acetate, and iε available from Eaεtman Chemical Company. Glaεε tranεition temperature waε determined uεing a differential εcanning calorimeter (DSC) . Inherent viεcoεity (I.V.) waε meaεured at 23°C uεing 0.50 gramε of polymer per 100 ml of a solvent consisting of 60% by weight phenol and 40% by weight tetrachloroethane.

Turbidity was measured in NTU'ε uεing a model DRT-100B Turbidi eter.

The invention will be further illuεtrated by a conεideration of the following examples, which are intended to be exemplary of the invention. All parts and percentageε in the exampleε are on a weight basis unless otherwise stated.

EXAMPLE I Preparation of water—dispersible Sulfopolyesters A—E. A round bottom flask equipped with ground—glaεε head, an agitator shaft, nitrogen inlet and a side arm

waε charged with isophthalic acid, dimethyl-5-sodioεulfoiεophthalate (SIP) , diethylene glycol (DEG) , and 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol (CHDM) , in the mole percentε aε εet forth below. For comparison purposes, Table I summarizes critical values for each εulfopolyeεter. A catalyεt waε added and the flaεk waε immersed in a Belmont bath at 200°C for one hour under a nitrogen sweep. The temperature of the bath was increaεed to 230°C for one hour. The temperature of the bath waε increaεed to 280°C and the flaεk waε heated for 45 minuteε under reduced preεεure of 0.5 to 0.1 mm of Hg. The flaεk waε allowed to cool to room temperature and the copolyeεter was removed from the flaεk. Each εulfopolyeεter waε extruded and pelletized. More εpecifically, the compoεition of each εulfopolyeεter waε aε follows:

Sulfopolyester A was prepared with 20.2 mole percent dimethyl-5—sodioεulfoisophthalate and 79.8 mole percent isophthalic acid, and 21.9 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedi ethanol and 78.1 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid and 100 mole percent diol. Sulfopolyester A has a Tg of 42°C and an I.V. of 0.33 dl/g. Sulfopolyester B was prepared with 22.0 mole percent dimethyl—5—sodioεulfoisophthalate and 78.0 mole percent iεophthalic acid, and 23.0 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 77.0 mole percent diethylene glycol, baεed on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid and 100 mole percent diol.

Sulfopolyeεter B haε a Tg of 47°C and an I.V. of 0.33 dl/g.

Sulfopolyeεter C waε prepared with 15.6 mole percent dimethyl—5—εodioεulfoiεophthalate and 84.4 mole percent iεophthalic acid, and 24.2 mole percent

1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 75.8 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid and 100 mole percent diol.

Sulfopolyeεter C haε a Tg of 39°C and an I.V. of 0.29 dl/g.

Sulfopolyester D was prepared with 11.0 mole percent dimethyl—5—εodiosulfoisophthalate and 89.0 mole percent isophthalic acid, and 22.0 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 78.0 mole percent diethylene glycol, baεed on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid and 100 mole percent diol.

Sulfopolyeεter D haε a Tg of 38°C and an I.V. of 0.36 dl/g.

Sulfopolyeεter E waε prepared with 18.0 mole percent dimethyl—5—εodioεulfoisophthalate and 82.0 mole percent isophthalic acid, and 46.0 mole percent 1,4—cyclohexanedimethanol and 54.0 mole percent diethylene glycol, baεed on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid and 100 mole percent diol. Sulfopolyeεter E has a Tg of 55°C and an I.V. of 0.33 dl/g.

TABLE I Summary of Sulfopolyester Compoεitionε: S Suullffooppoollvveeεεtteerr SSIIPP CHDM I.V. Tg

A 20.2 21.9 0.33 42°C

B 22.0 23.0 0.33 47°C

C 15.6 24.2 0.29 39°C

D 11.0 22.0 0.36 38°C E E 1 188..00 46.0 0.33 55°C

EXAMPLE II Preparation of aeroεol hair εpray formulationε uεing the εulfopolyeεterε of Example I. In εome exampleε, ten gra ε of the εulfopolyeεter

waε dispersed in 54.3 grams of distilled water by heating and εtirring until a temperature of 75° to 85°C waε reached. After cooling to 40°C any water loεt during heating waε replaced and in εome caεes a water—soluble polymer conεiεting of 70 mole percent of N—vinyl—2—pyrrolidinone and 30 mole percent of vinyl acetate (50% solids) was added. Ethanol, 35.7 grams as SDA 40C, was added. The mixtures were vacuum filtered through a coarse center glasε filter. A preεervative, 1—(hydroxymethyl)—5,5-dimethyl hydantoin, 0.2 gramε, waε added.

In some exampleε, ten gramε of the sulfopolyester was dispersed in 90 grams of distilled water by heating and stirring until a temperature of 75° to 85°C was reached. After cooling to 40°C any water loεt during heating was replaced and in some caseε a water—εoluble polymer conεiεting of 70 mole percent of N—vinyl—2—pyrrolidinone and 30 mole percent of vinyl acetate (50% εolidε) was added. The mixtures were vacuum filtered through a coarse center glasε filter. A preεervative, 1—(hydroxymethyl)—5,5—dimethyl hydantoin, 0.2 grams, waε added.

To 65 gramε of each of the mixtures waε added 42 milliliterε of dimethyl ether. The mixtureε were εprayed into a glass cuvette which was placed in the Turbidi eter. The turbidity resultε are liεted in Table II.

TABLE II

Turbidity Resultε (NTU'ε) Uεing Sulfopolyeεterε (A—E)

Example B C D

7% Sulfopoly

0% EtOH

30% DME 18.9 15.7 41.5 64.6 36.1

5% Sulfopoly

2% PVP VA

0% EtOH

30% DME 19.8 15.9 41.0 63.0 33.8

7% Sulfopoly

25% EtOH

30% DME 14.0 14.0 325 301 981

5% Sulfopoly

2% PVP/VA

25% EtOH

30% DME 13.0 13.0 238 205 1290

The reεultε in Table II clearly indicate that aeroεol hair sprayε prepared with Sulfopolyeεters A and B, which meet the criteria of the present invention, result in clear hair sprays even at 55% volatile organic solvent. The hair sprayε prepared with Sulfopolyeεterε A and B exhibit εignificantly leεε than 20 NTU's which is a measure of turbidity. Greater than 20 NTU's is characteristic of a cloudy mixture. Moreover, the preεence of a water—εoluble polymer in the formulationε of the preεent invention does not deleteriously effect the clarity of the aeroεol hair εpray formulationε. In contraεt, the addition of alcohol to hair εpray formulations prepared with Sulfopolyesterε C, D, or E result in extremely cloudy hair spray formulations with as little aε 30% volatile organic εolvent.

EXAMPLE III Curl Retention Evaluation of Aerosol Hair Sprays.

The aerosol hair spray prepared from Sulfopolyesters B and D of Example II and LUVISKOL VA 73W PVP/VA were sprayed on a tresε for ten seconds.

Testing was done on natural brown, European virgin hair tresses in which two grams of hair, root end, were glued to a 2" by 2" plastic tab. The tresses were cut so that the length of hair hanging below the tabε waε εix incheε. Prior to applying the aeroεol hair εpray, the treεseε had been waεhed with a nonconditioning εhampoo, placed in ethanol bath for 15 minutes, rinsed with deionized water, wrapped around a one inch diameter curler while wet, and placed in an oven at 45°C. to dry. The tresεes were removed from the oven and allowed to cool to room temperature.

The tresεeε were hung in a humidity chamber at 25°C and 80% relative humidity. The curl loεε or droop waε determined over a one hour period in ten minute intervals. The test results are listed in Table III.

TABLE III

Curl Retention Evaluation of Aeroεol Hair Sprays

Time (minutes) Polymer 0 10 20 30 40 50 60

Sulfo poly B 100 100 98.1 96.5 96.5 95.2 95.2

Sulfo poly D 100 91.4 88.9 84.3 84.3 84.3 84.3

PVP/VA 100 79.8 74.3 70.4 67.2 67.2 67.2

The teεt reεultε in Table III indicate that aeroεol hair εprayε prepared uεing the critical rangeε of the preεent invention clearly are superior in maintaining curl retention as compared to aerosol hair εprays that

fall outside the critical ranges. In addition, the data indicateε that the uεe of water—εoluble PVP/VA polymerε without the εulfopolyeεters of the preεent invention reεult in poor curl retention and poor humidity reεiεtance.

Many variationε will suggest themselveε to thoεe skilled in this art in light of the above detailed description. All such obvious modifications are within the full intended scope of the appended claims.