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Title:
COMPOSITE MODULAR CONSTRUCTION BUILDING SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/209190
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention is pertinent to the eco-friendly composite modular construction building system enabling building load to reduce up to 50%; providing high thermal and acoustic insulation, and resistance to both horizontal and vertical loads; allowing building materials to be brought to the construction area with transporters and to be carried by fewer people owing to the lightness of building materials; bringing the speed of construction building to a high speed such as completion the building in a week; enabling the construction to be able to be completed without mold, providing architectural spaciousness brought by modularity; and the system consists overhead slab bracing profile-long (DUB-U), overhead slab bracing profile-short (DUB-K), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-wide (DYBP-UG), horizontal slab bracing profile- short-wide (DYBP-KG), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-narrow (DYBP-UD), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-narrow (DYBP-KD), corner terminal (KS), floor water tank unit (DK-BLOK-SD), floor air-conditioner unit (DK-BLOK-KLM), exit unit (CU), insulated bracket floor block-narrow (DK-BLOK-1), insulated bracket floor block-wide (DK-BLOK-2), insulated floor block-narrow (D-BLOK-1), insulated floor block-wide (D- BLOK-2), insulated wall unit-a (DUV-10), insulated wall unit-b (DUV-15), insulated wall unit-c (DUV-20), endcap narrow plan-3 (ENDD-3), endcap narrow plan-2 (ENDD-2), endcap narrow plan-1 (ENDD-1), endcap narrow short plan-1 (ENDDK-1), miter buttress (PAY-1), column/floor/column connection element (KBE-1), column (KOL-1), long transversal connection rod (CBK-U), short transversal connection rod (CBK-K), endcap wide plan-3 (ENDG-3), endcap wide plan-2 (ENDG-2), endcap wide plan-1 (ENDG-1), endcap wide short plan-1 (ENDGK-1), bracket plan-3 (KON-3), bracket plan-2 (KON-2), bracket plan-1 (KON-1), laying plan-3 (D-3), laying plan-2(D-2), laying plan-1 (D-1), foundation unit element-1 (T-1), foundation unit element-3 (T-3), foundation unit element-21 (T-21), foundation unit element-22 (T-22), connection girder-1 (BK-1), connection girder-2 (BK-2), and connection girder-3 (BK-3).

Inventors:
EVCIOGLU EROL (TR)
EVCIOGLU KAAN (TR)
Application Number:
PCT/TR2016/050196
Publication Date:
December 29, 2016
Filing Date:
June 24, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
EVCIOGLU EROL (TR)
EVCIOGLU KAAN (TR)
International Classes:
E04B1/24
Foreign References:
GB2405879A2005-03-16
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ACAR INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY SERVICES LTD. (Şişli/İstanbul, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. The invention is pertinent to the eco-friendly composite modular construction building system enabling building load to reduce; providing high thermal and acoustic insulation, and resistance to both horizontal and vertical loads; allowing building materials to be brought to the construction area with transporters and to be carried by fewer people owing to the lightness of building materials; expediting the construction building; enabling the construction to be able to be completed without mold, providing architectural spaciousness brought by modularity; wherein, overhead slab bracing profile-long (DUB-U), overhead slab bracing profile-short (DUB-K), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-wide (DYBP-UG), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-wide (DYBP-KG), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-narrow (DYBP-UD), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-narrow (DYBP-KD), corner terminal (KS), floor water tank unit (DK-BLOK-SD), floor air- conditioner unit (DK-BLOK-KLM), exit unit (CU), insulated bracket floor block- narrow (DK-BLOK-1 ), insulated bracket floor block-wide (DK-BLOK-2), insulated floor block-narrow (D-BLOK-1 ), insulated floor block-wide (D-BLOK-2), insulated wall unit-a (DUV-10), insulated wall unit-b (DUV-15), insulated wall unit-c (DUV- 20), endcap narrow plan-3 (ENDD-3), endcap narrow plan-2 (ENDD-2), endcap narrow plan-1 (ENDD-1 ), endcap narrow short plan-1 (ENDDK-1 ), miter buttress (PAY-1 ), column/floor/column connection element (KBE-1 ), column (KOL-1 ), long transversal connection rod (CBK-U), short transversal connection rod (CBK-K), endcap wide plan-3 (ENDG-3), endcap wide plan-2 (ENDG-2), endcap wide plan- 1 (ENDG-1 ), endcap wide short plan-1 (ENDGK-1 ), bracket plan-3 (KON-3), bracket plan-2 (KON-2), bracket plan-1 (KON-1 ), laying plan-3 (D-3), laying plan- 2(D-2), laying plan-1 (D-1 ), foundation unit element-1 (T-1 ), foundation unit element-3 (T-3), foundation unit element-21 (T-21 ), foundation unit element-22 (T-22), connection girder-1 (BK-1 ), connection girder-2 (BK-2), and connection girder-3 (BK-3) are included. Relates to the application method of the composite modular construction building system, wherein;

- Excavation and lean concrete pouring,

- Installing separate foundations on the concrete according to the project,

- Placing separate foundation modules where column (KOL-1 ) will be put,

- Selecting the connection girder which is preferred to be used from among the connection girder-1 (BK-1 ), connection girder-2 (BK-2), and connection girder- 3 (BK-3), and inserting the selected girder among foundations,

- Placing column/floor/column connection element (KBE-1 ) into foundation separate footing, and giving it upwards,

- Assembling flooring elements,

- Placing miter buttresses (PAY-1 ),

- Ensuring that placed column (KOL-1 ), miter buttresses (PAY-1 ), and flooring elements are clamped together,

- Selecting suitable long transversal connection rod (CBK-U) or short transversal connection rod (CBK-K) and making cross girders perpendicularly and horizontally in the corners,

- Repetition of all procedures according the number of floors required for adding upwards,

- When ascending up to required height, inserting block unit elements and cable installation and pouring concrete in them,

- Tightening the corner elements with nuts, ribbed rebars, wheeled screwdriver and suchlike reciprocating gear elements developed for the system, and fixing them with concrete

steps are included.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

COMPOSITE MODULAR CONSTRUCTION BUILDING SYSTEM

Technical Field The invention is pertinent to the eco-friendly composite modular construction building system enabling building load to reduce up to 50%; providing high thermal and acoustic insulation, and resistance to both horizontal and vertical loads; allowing building materials to be brought to the construction area with transporters and to be carried by fewer people owing to the lightness of building materials; bringing the speed of construction building to a high speed such as completion the building in a week; enabling the construction to be able to be completed without mold, providing architectural spaciousness brought by modularity.

Infrastructure of the Invention The establishments of land, underground and underwater formed through various building materials and building techniques in order to provide nutrition, sheltering and the other natural necessities of all organisms are called buildings. Invention item composite modular construction building system is the building technology conforming of the concrete reinforcement steel with the land construction system of the building elements.

With industrial revolution, especially after the 2 nd World War, industrialization, increment of the population, dense urbanization, emerging extensive housing demand and developments in technology gives prominence to the production of factory-made buildings. In this century, the opinion that future house should be mass-production and ready-made house has been begun to be defended already. A lot of designers have put emphasis on building of mass-production and industrial housing, and have studied in this direction. Purpose of the industrialization of the building methods is, by taking advantage of technical facilities, to produce buildings meeting all requirements with less labor, in a short time and with appropriate prices. In order to meet spatial requirements of fast evolving and developing societies, new dynamic architectural trends have appeared. The aim here is to create flexible and customizable spaces able to meet the user needs with their panel house and building components.

Flexibility concept categorized as "design flexibility" and "functional flexibility", has obtained various dimensions, and has put forth that revision is necessary for it again. As technology is developed and new life forms become widespread, replacement or renovation of entire space remains on the agenda.

In this sense, modular box systems have begun to be extremely efficient systems in forming flexible structures able to meet spatial requirements of fast evolving and developing societies with their panel house and building components enabling to create flexible and customizable spaces. At the present time, fast developments experienced in science and technology accelerate building technology as well, and parallel to this, it is tended towards using new technologies in building. In consequence of these developments, usage of industrialized building systems has become a current issue.

One of industrialized building systems, composite modular construction building system, brings about the advantages such as flexible planning, ability to create customizable spaces, fast mounting, high resistance, and minimize the material losses. In this way, the system serves to create qualified physical spaces with less labor.

Invention item composite modular construction building system is a system showing development in advanced level in industrialization of building construction, namely, having high industrialization level. The system includes three-dimensional spatial elements formed by wall panels and floor units coming together. In the system emerging subsequent to heavy or light panel system, it is tended towards the purpose of obtaining the product with a completion based on factory production. Construction elements are organized into three titles as bearing elements, supplementary elements, and installations. Bearing elements are foundations, floors, walls, columns, girders, stairs and roofs. Supplementary elements are door and window joinery, floor, wall, ceiling, stairs and roof coatings, stairs, balcony and terrace balustrades, water, humidity, sound and heat insulations, paint and whitewash. As to installations, they are clean and dirty hot and cold water installations, electricity installations, heating-central heating installation, ventilation installation, air-conditioning installation, elevator installation, and sewage installation.

Composite modular construction building system enables earthquake-resistant flexible buildings to be constructed practically without using iron joinery. Besides, the system provides thermal and acoustic insulation in high amounts. Heating, cooling, ventilation, electricity and water installations can be passed through the holes in the floor. Developing technology, concomitantly has caused some diversification in the life styles of the people. As in all fields of the life, now the factors such as speed, flexibility and functionality come into prominence in the constructions. For this reason, in order to meet the spatial requirements of evolving and developing societies, depending on the user necessities and demands, quick and easily producible new industrial construction methods are needed. With modular construction, a building constructed outside of the worksite in a shorter time, having better construction quality can be obtained. In the state of art, the patent numbered 1999 02779 and titled composite steel/concrete column, refers to a composite steel/concrete column forming a space having a definite half section surface area and in the shape of two reciprocal channels and it comprises a double parallel flange sheets and an H-shaped longitudinal steel mechanism having a net plate connecting these flange sheets to each other on the basis; a lot of separately placed transversal connection rods, each of which connects these flange sheets to each other, located on each side of the net plate and placed along the steel mechanism ; and including a mass of concrete filling the spaces shaped like channel; and characterized by the proportion of the half section surface area of the steel mechanism to the total surface area of the composite steel/concrete column as being less than 9%. The invention, numbered 201 1 01321 and titled composite column is obtained through developments made in columns used in buildings such as house and the like, and consists of composite column flat part, composite column u part, joining profile housing, passage housings, and a joining profile. As to the patent numbered 2013 1 1557 and titled concrete building units, it refers to a steel-reinforced concrete building construction having at least four perpendicular buttresses, each of which has a vertical column with a steel framework in its middle and a square horizontal precast panel centralized on the column in usage, that aforementioned panel has a stepped edge on each of four sides, that steel reinforcing moldings protrude from this edge, and that it's arranged in a way to join a horizontal slab to panels in order to produce a horizontal uninterrupted plane, that aforementioned reinforcing moldings are arranged into two groups, that every group consists of horizontal and vertical steel rods, and that direction of the rods in each group is perpendicular to the direction of the rods in the other group. The difference of the composite modular construction building system from the state of art is its containment of all construction elements within itself. Aforesaid inventions consist of bearing elements only.

Enabling building load to become lighter up to 50% is the primary advantage that invention item system provides. Using lighter materials allows labor productivity to increase at the high rate for the same activity.

Constructional and characteristic specifications and all advantages of the invention will be understood more clearly through the following figures and the detailed explanation written by referring these figures and for this reason, this evaluation should be made by taking these figures and detailed explanation into consideration.

Auxiliary Figures for the Disclosure of the Invention

Figure 1 : View of long profile and short profile overhead bracing of the slab

Figure 2: Front and side view of long and wide profile horizontal bracing of the slab Figure 3: Front and side view of short and wide profile horizontal bracing of the slab

Figure 4: Front and side view of long and narrow profile horizontal bracing of the slab

Figure 5: Front and side view of short and narrow profile horizontal bracing of the slab

Figure 6: Front and side view of corner terminal

Figure 7: Front and side view of water tank unit of the floor

Figure 8: Front and side view of the air- conditioner unit of the floor

Figure 9: Front, side and top view of the insulated narrow bracket laying block

Figure 10: Front, side and top view of the insulated wide bracket laying block

Figure 11 : Front, side and top view of the insulated narrow laying block

Figure 12: Front, side and top view of the insulated wide laying block

Figure 13: Front, side and top view of the 10 cm wide insulated wall unit

Figure 14: Front, side and top view of the 15 cm wide insulated wall unit

Figure 15: Front, side and top view of the 20 cm wide insulated wall unit having spaces and strips in

Figure 16: Front, side and top view of the ENDD-3 of the narrow Endcap plans

Figure 17: Front, side and top view of the ENDD-2 of the narrow Endcap plans

Figure 18: Front, side and top view of the ENDD-1 of the narrow Endcap plans

Figure 19: Front, side and top view of the ENDDK-1 of the narrow Endcap plans

Figure 20: Front, side and top view of the miter buttress, a piece of the column connection

Figure 21 : Front, side and top view of the column/floor/column connection element

Figure 22: Front and top view of the column

Figure 23: View of the long and short transversal connection girder Figure 24: View of the situation of long and short transversal connection girder mounted on the miter buttress

Figure 25: Front, side and top view of the ENDG-3 of the wide Endcap plans

Figure 26: Front, side and top view of the ENDG-2 of the wide Endcap plans

Figure 27: Front, side and top view of the ENDG-1 of the wide Endcap plans

Figure 28: Front, side and top view of the ENDGK-1 of the wide Endcap plans

Figure 29: Front, side and top view of the KON-1 of the bracket plans

Figure 30: Front, side and top view of the KON-2 of the bracket plans

Figure 31 : Front, side and top view of the KON-3 of the bracket plans

Figure 32: Front, side and top view of the D-3 of the floor plans

Figure 33: Front, side and top view of the D-2 of the floor plans

Figure 34: Front, side and top view of the D-1 of the floor plans

Figure 35: Front, side and top view of the T-21 and T-22 of the foundation unit

Figure 36: Front, side and top view of the T-1 of the foundation unit

Figure 37: Front, side and top view of the T-3 of the foundation unit

Figure 38: Front view of the situation that the foundation unit is mounted to each

Figure 38a: Top view of the situation of the foundation unit mounted to each other

Figure 38b: Side view of the situation of the foundation unit mounted to each other Figure 39: Front and side view of the long connection girder

Figure 40: Front and side view of the short connection girder

Figure 41 : Front and side view of the middle connection girder

Figure 42: View of the building constructed using composite modular construction building system elements Auxiliary Reference Numbers for the Disclosure of the Invention DUB-U. Overhead slab bracing profile-long

DUB-K. Overhead slab bracing profile-short

DYBP-UG. Horizontal slab bracing profile-long-wide

DYBP-KG. Horizontal slab bracing profile-short-wide

DYBP-UD. Horizontal slab bracing profile-long-narrow

DYBP-KD. Horizontal slab bracing profile-short-narrow

KS. Corner terminal

DK-BLOK-SD. Floor water tank unit

DK-BLOK-KLM. Floor air-conditioner unit

CU. Exit unit

DK-BLOK-1. Insulated bracket floor block-narrow

DK-BLOK-2. Insulated bracket floor block-wide

D-BLOK-1. Insulated floor block-narrow

D-BLOK-2. Insulated floor block-wide

DUV-10. Insulated wall unit-a

DUV-15. Insulated wall unit-b

DUV-20. Insulated wall unit-c

ENDD-3. Endcap narrow plan-3

ENDD-2. Endcap narrow plan-2

ENDD-1. Endcap narrow plan-1

ENDDK-1. Endcap narrow short plan-1

PAY-1. Miter buttress KBE-1. Column/floor/column connection element KOL-1. Column

CBK-U. Long transversal connection rod

CBK-K. Short transversal connection rod

ENDG-3. Endcap wide plan-3

ENDG-2. Endcap wide plan-2

ENDG-1. Endcap wide plan-1

ENDGK-1. Endcap wide short plan-1

KON-3. Bracket plan-3

KON-2. Bracket plan-2

KON-1. Bracket plan-1

D-3. Laying plan-3

D-2. Laying plan-2

D-1. Laying plan-1

T-1. Foundation unit element-1

T-3. Foundation unit element-3

T-21. Foundation unit element-21

T-22. Foundation unit element-22

BK-1. Connection girder-1

BK-2. Connection girder-2

BK-3. Connection girder-3 Disclosure of the Invention

The invention is pertinent to the eco-friendly composite modular construction building system enabling building load to reduce up to 50%; providing high thermal and acoustic insulation, and resistance to both horizontal and vertical loads; allowing building materials to be brought to the construction area with transporters and to be carried by fewer people owing to the lightness of building materials; bringing the speed of construction building to a high speed such as completion the building in a week; enabling the construction to be able to be completed without mold, providing architectural spaciousness brought by modularity. Modular construction building system consists of overhead slab bracing profile-long (DUB-U), overhead slab bracing profile- short (DUB-K), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-wide (DYBP-UG), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-wide (DYBP-KG), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-narrow (DYBP-UD), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-narrow (DYBP-KD), corner terminal (KS), floor water tank unit (DK-BLOK-SD), floor air-conditioner unit (DK-BLOK-KLM), exit unit (CU), insulated bracket floor block-narrow (DK-BLOK-1 ), insulated bracket floor block-wide (DK-BLOK-2), insulated floor block-narrow (D-BLOK-1 ), insulated floor block- wide (D-BLOK-2), insulated wall unit-a (DUV-10), insulated wall unit-b (DUV-15), insulated wall unit-c (DUV-20), endcap narrow plan-3 (ENDD-3), endcap narrow plan-2 (ENDD-2), endcap narrow plan-1 (ENDD-1 ), endcap narrow short plan-1 (ENDDK-1 ), miter buttress (PAY-1 ), column/floor/column connection element (KBE-1 ), column (KOL- 1 ), long transversal connection rod (CBK-U), short transversal connection rod (CBK-K), endcap wide plan-3 (ENDG-3), endcap wide plan-2 (ENDG-2), endcap wide plan-1 (ENDG-1 ), endcap wide short plan-1 (ENDGK-1 ), bracket plan-3 (KON-3), bracket plan- 2 (KON-2), bracket plan-1 (KON-1 ), laying plan-3 (D-3), laying plan-2(D-2), laying plan-1 (D-1 ), foundation unit element-1 (T-1 ), foundation unit element-3 (T-3), foundation unit element-21 (T-21 ), foundation unit element-22 (T-22), connection girder-1 (BK-1 ), connection girder-2 (BK-2), and connection girder-3 (BK-3).

Modular construction building system is a system comprising floor, carrier system, insulated blocks in wall and floor, cross tie system and footing and fastening systems conforming with international transportation measures. Convenience to be mounted to each other, integrability of water tank and air-conditioning system into the floor in this system, in brief, loading function to the floor slabs and utilizing these areas the space they cover has been disposed. Maintenance of these systems is made from bottom (ceiling), and easy reaching and repairing are obtained for floor air-conditioning unit (DK- BLOK-KLM) and floor water tank unit 8DK-BLOK-SD) with the service gates in the ceiling. Inlets-outlets of the appliances for ventilation, electricity, water and discharge are made through the holes in the floor slabs.

The main element of the carrying system, column (KOL-1 ) can be produced from the materials of black metal sheet, galvanized sheet, stainless sheet, basalt fiber, polyester fiber, polyamide, aluminum, copper and titanium.

The complementary materials, insulated narrow floor block (DBLOK-1 ) and wide floor block (DBLOK-2), can be from the materials of styrofoam, brick, gas concrete, perlite brick, pumice block, light concrete brick and clinker brick.

The elements forming modular construction building system can be produced on the factory floor and because sizes of their components are conformed with international transportation, they can be carried easily to the place where the building will be constructed.

Flooring elements consists of overhead slab bracing profile-long (DUB-U), overhead slab bracing profile-short (DUB-K), horizontal slab bracing profile-long-wide (DYBP-UG), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-wide (DYBP-KG), horizontal slab bracing profile- long-narrow (DYBP-UD), horizontal slab bracing profile-short-narrow (DYBP-KD), corner terminal (KS), floor water tank unit (DK-BLOK-SD), floor air-conditioner unit (DK-BLOK- KLM), exit unit (CU), laying plan-3 (D-3), laying plan-2(D-2), and a laying plan-1 (D-1 ).

Block unit is formed by floor water tank unit (DK-BLOK-SD), floor air-conditioner unit (DK-BLOK-KLM), insulated bracket floor block-narrow (DK-BLOK-1 ), insulated bracket floor block-wide (DK-BLOK-2), insulated floor block-narrow (D-BLOK-1 ), insulated floor block-wide (D-BLOK-2), insulated wall unit-a (DUV-10), insulated wall unit-b (DUV-15), and insulated wall unit-c (DUV-20). Insulated wall unit-a (DUV-10) is 10 cm-wide, insulated wall unit-b (DUV-15) is 15 cm-wide, and insulated wall unit-c (DUV-20) is 20 cm-wide.

Saving on the problems met in the construction systems such as time, cost, and load, developed in order to form an economic and eco-friendly building construction system, the modular construction building system is applied following below steps:

- Excavation and lean concrete pouring,

- Installing separate foundations on the concrete according to the project,

- Placing separate foundation modules where column (KOL-1 ) will be put,

- Selecting the connection girder which is preferred to be used from among the connection girder-1 (BK-1 ), connection girder-2 (BK-2), and connection girder-

3 (BK-3), and inserting the selected girder among foundations,

- Placing column/floor/column connection element (KBE-1 ) into foundation separate footing, and giving it upwards,

- Assembling flooring elements,

- Placing miter buttresses (PAY-1 ),

- Ensuring that placed column (KOL-1 ), miter buttresses (PAY-1 ), and flooring elements are clamped together,

- Selecting suitable long transversal connection rod (CBK-U) or short transversal connection rod (CBK-K) and making cross girders perpendicularly and horizontally in the corners,

- Repetition of all procedures according the number of floors required for adding upwards,

- When ascending up to required height, inserting block unit elements and cable installation and pouring concrete in them,

- Tightening the corner elements with nuts, ribbed rebars, wheeled screwdriver and suchlike reciprocating gear elements developed for the system, and fixing them with concrete.

Making cross girders perpendicularly and horizontally in the corners by selecting the suitable ones from long transversal connection rod (CBK-U) or short transversal connection rod (CBK-K), enables the earthquake to be absorbed during a potential earthquake.

In every claim, mentioned technical specifications are followed by a reference number and these reference numbers are used for making to understand the claims easier only, for this reason, it should not be considered that for the purpose of exemplification, these ever restrict the extent of any of the elements specified with these reference numbers. It is obvious that a competent person can present the innovation presented in an invention, using similar configuration as well, and/or he/she can apply this configuration to the other fields having the similar purposes used in relevant technique. Consequently, it is apparent that such configurations will be deprived of exceeding criterion of innovation and especially state of art.