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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CONFIGURATION MODULE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/053284
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A brake control valve arrangement comprises an electro-pneumatic brake control valve block (8) having a hold valve and a vent valve, a main regulator valve and an emergency and a tare pressure regulator. The valve block has an inlet for a brake supply pressure and an outlet for a brake cylinder, wherein an inlet and a vent pneumatic opening is provided for the hold valve and vent valve. The arrangement further comprises a configuration module (14) in pneumatic connection with the brake supply pressure and providing a pneumatic path to the inlet, and a pneumatic path to the vent valve from the brake cylinder, the arrangement further comprising at least one choke (24,34) configured to control air flow in pneumatic paths to the inlet opening and vent opening.

Inventors:
HEMMINGS MARK (GB)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2019/074238
Publication Date:
March 19, 2020
Filing Date:
September 11, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KNORR BREMSE SYSTEME (DE)
International Classes:
B60T13/68; B60T8/32; B60T15/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2013144543A22013-10-03
WO2017021837A12017-02-09
WO1998009857A11998-03-12
Foreign References:
EP1588913A12005-10-26
US20180079396A12018-03-22
DE102016000760A12017-07-27
US20070216223A12007-09-20
EP0989040A22000-03-29
EP1588913A12005-10-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
JENSEN & SON (GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A brake control valve arrangement comprising an electro-pneumatic brake control valve block (8) comprising a hold valve and a vent valve, a main regulator valve and an emergency and a tare pressure regulator, the valve block having an inlet for a brake supply pressure and an outlet for a brake cylinder, wherein an inlet and a vent pneumatic opening is provided for the hold valve and vent valve, characterised in that the arrangement further comprises a configuration module (14) in pneumatic connection with the brake supply pressure and providing a pneumatic path to the inlet, and a pneumatic path to the vent valve from the brake cylinder, the arrangement further comprising at least one choke (24,34) configured to control air flow in pneumatic paths to the inlet opening and vent opening.

2. A brake control valve arrangement according to Claim 1 , wherein the choke or chokes (24,34) are configured to control air flow from the brake supply pressure to the hold valve and to the vent valve and to control flow of the brake cylinder pressure to the vent valve.

3. A brake control valve arrangement according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, wherein the configuration module is further provided with a height adjustment means (28,38) for configuring at least one of the crush and tare regulators

4. A brake control valve arrangement according to any one of Claims 1 to 3, wherein the outlet of the brake supply pressure on the pressure valve unit and the hold valve inlet are substantially co-planar.

5. A brake control valve arrangement according to Claim 4, wherein the vent valve inlet is substantially co-planar with the brake supply pressure outlet and hold valve inlet.

6. A brake control valve arrangement according to any one of Claims 1 to 5, wherein the pneumatic valve unit controls pressure into two brake cylinders by means of a pair of hold valves and vent valves.

7. A brake control valve arrangement according to Claim 6, wherein a link valve controls air flow between the respective hold and vent valve pairs.

8. A brake control valve arrangement according to any one of Claims 1 to 7, wherein the choke or chokes are provided in the form of a choke plate arranged between the pneumatic valve block and the configuration module (14).

9. brake control valve arrangement according to any one of Claims 1 to 7, wherein the choke or chokes are provided in the form of a screw in choke.

Description:
Configuration Module

The present invention relates to a configuration module for a valve for use in an electro-pneumatic rail brake system.

Rail brake systems are characterised by having a very long service life in comparison to other pneumatic brake systems with production in smaller volumes compared to other vehicles. As many customers for rail brake systems have national or local monopolies, there is often a high degree of individualisation of a brake system to meet specific customer requirements. Such individualisation causes increased costs, in particular if additional product testing is required.

EP1588913 discloses an electropneumatic brake system having a plate structure in which an intermediate plate acts as a configuration plate so that the valve functionality can be changed during a maintenance overhaul. The configurability permitted by this arrangement is limited and has not been commercially significant.

The present invention seeks to provide a brake control valve that is more easily configurable

According to the invention there is provided a brake control valve arrangement comprising an electro-pneumatic brake control valve block comprising a hold valve and a vent valve, a main regulator valve and an emergency and a tare pressure regulator, the valve block having an inlet for a brake supply pressure and an outlet for a brake cylinder, wherein an inlet and a vent pneumatic opening is provided for the hold valve and vent valve, the arrangement further comprising a configuration module in pneumatic connection with the brake supply pressure and providing a pneumatic path to the inlet, and a pneumatic path to the vent valve from the brake cylinder, the arrangement further comprising at least one choke configured to control air flow in pneumatic paths to the inlet opening and vent opening.

Preferably, the choke or chokes are configured to control air flow from the brake supply pressure to the hold valve inlet and to the vent valve. Preferably, the configuration module is further provided with a height adjustment means or spacers for configuring at least one of the crush and tare regulators. Preferably, the outlet of the brake supply pressure on the pneumatic valve unit and the hold valve inlet are substantially co-planar. Preferably, the vent valve inlet is substantially co-planar with the brake supply pressure outlet and hold valve inlet.

Preferably, the pneumatic valve unit controls pressure into two brake cylinders by means of a pair of hold valves and vent valves. Preferably, a link valve controls air flow between the respective hold and vent valve pairs.

The arrangement of the invention is advantageous in that the main parts of a number of valve designs become interchangeable, which enables earlier commissioning of modifications and also of subsequent changes to settings on an installed or existing valve. It also enables a reduction in the number of parts held in maintenance depots.

An exemplary embodiment of the invention will now be described in great detail with reference to the drawings in which:

Fig. 1 shows a pneumatic schematic of the brake valve arrangement;

Fig. 2 shows a cross section of a part of the brake valve arrangement;

Fig. 3 shows a cross-sectional view of an alternative to Fig. 2 and

Fig. 4 shows a cross-sectional view of the chokes

Fig. 1 shows a pneumatic schematic of the brake valve arrangement comprising a manifold 1 which receives the main brake supply pressure 2 and provides the pneumatic connection to brake cylinders 3, 4. The manifold provides further pneumatic connections from the load weigh connection 5 and the distributor valve 7.

The pneumatic valve unit 8 houses the main relay regulator 9, which receives an inlet pressure from the brake supply pressure 2. The outlet of the main relay regulator 9 is connected to the respective inlets 10, 1 1 of the control valves 12, 13 via the configuration module 14, described in greater detail below.

The main relay regulator 9 is piloted by pressures from the emergency regulator 15, which provides the tare back up setting level and the crush regulator 16. The tare back up setting is the minimum pressure available in an emergency in the event that the VLCP (variable load control pressure) pressure is less than the tare setting. The crush regulator setting level is the maximum pressure available to the VLCP control valves. The emergency regulator has an inlet from the main supply pressure 2 and an outlet connected to the emergency chamber of the main relay regulator via and emergency solenoid valve.

The crush regulator 16 has an inlet from the main supply pressure 2 and an outlet connected to the control chamber of the main relay regulator via an inlet, vent and remote release solenoid valve 17.

The control valves 12, 13 each comprise an inlet and vent membrane valve controlled by a respective solenoid and a further solenoid arranged to equalise the pressures between the vent membrane control chamber and inlet membrane outlet. The outlets of the control valves 12 and 13 is connected to a respective brake cylinder. A link valve 19 comprising a membrane valve and solenoid provides a pneumatic connection between the outlets of the respective control valves 12,13.

As described above, the outlet of the main relay regulator 9 is connected to the configuration module 14. The configuration module 14 is provided with a respective choke in the pneumatic path 20,21 from the main relay regulator 9 to the inlet of the respective inlet membrane. The outlet of the inlet membrane is pneumatically connected to the vent membrane via a respective choke 22,23 in the configuration plate 14. The vent membranes are then exhausted via the configuration module.

In use, the wheel slide application and vent time are determined by the size of the choke holes which enable the standard or desired application and release times to be achieved irrespective of the brake cylinder volume. This ensures a predictable wheel slide protection performance.

Figure 2 shows a cross section of a regulator valve in the pneumatic valve unit 8 with the choke plate 24 sandwiched between or mounted on the configuration module 14. The regulator valve is a plunger type design 26 in which the depression of the plunger alters the height of the compression spring 27, increasing the spring force, thereby determining the pressure regulation level. The height of the plunger can be altered by the use of a height setting disc 28. The height setting disc 28 is retained on the choke plate 24.

The configuration module enables a number of settings to be configurable. The wheel slide protection application and vent times, determined by choke holes 20-23 as the inlet and vent paths are ported into and back out of the configuration module. A choke pate is sandwiched between the pneumatic valve unit 8 and the configuration block to enable standard application and release times to be achieved irrespective of brake cylinder volume. This in turn ensures predictable wheel slide protection performance. The chokes are retained in or on the configuration module.

The configuration module also provides the emergency regulator and Tare back-up setting level - this is the minimum pressure available in Emergency in the event of a variable load control pressure measurement being below the Tare pressure.

The configuration module also provides the crush regulator setting level - this is the maximum pressure available to the VLCP control valves.

Both regulators are of plunger type design in which the depression of the plunger alters the height of a compression spring, increasing the spring force. This determines the pressure regulation level. The configuring or setting of both regulators can be modified using the addition of specific height setting spacers, which are retained on the choke plate or configuration module.

Figures 3 and 4 show an alternative to the embodiment of Figure 2. In the embodiment of Figures 3 and 4, hold and vent chokes 34 are screwed into the configuration module 14 rather than being part of a plate structure. The regulator valve is a plunger type design 26 in which the depression of the plunger alters the height of the compression spring 27, increasing the spring force, thereby determining the pressure regulation level. The height of the plunger can be altered by the use of a height setting disc 38. The height setting disc 38 is retained on the configuration module block.

In the embodiment of Figures 3 and 4, the chokes are individually selected to enable standard application and release times to be achieved irrespective of brake cylinder volume. This in turn ensures predictable wheel slide protection performance.