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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CONSTRUCTION AND METHOD FOR GENERATING A CONSTRUCTION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/052823
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Construction, particularly wall and/or pillar structure, comprising a supporting portion and a covering portion for covering the supporting portion, the supporting portion being provided by solid material pieces and at least one string for jamming at least some of the solid material pieces, wherein the covering portion comprises at least one covering device and wherein the string and the covering device are attached to each other.

Inventors:
BRETT TOBIAS (DE)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2020/075125
Publication Date:
March 25, 2021
Filing Date:
September 08, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BRETT TOBIAS (DE)
International Classes:
E02D29/02; E02D5/18; E02D5/20
Domestic Patent References:
WO2008070913A12008-06-19
Foreign References:
EP2317013A12011-05-04
ITVI20090265A12011-04-30
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
WENZEL NEMETZADE WARTHMÜLLER PATENTANWÄLTE PART MBB (DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Construction (10), particularly wall and/or pillar structure, comprising a sup porting portion (12) and a covering portion (14) for covering the supporting portion (12), the supporting portion (12) being provided by solid material pieces (16) and at least one string (18) for jamming at least some of the sol id material pieces (16), wherein the covering portion (14) comprises at least one covering device (20) and wherein the string (18) and the covering de vice (20) are attached to each other.

2. Construction (10) according to claim 1, wherein the covering portion (14) is arranged around the supporting portion (12) and/or on a plurality of sides of the supporting portion (12), preferably vertically extending sides, and/or wherein the covering portion (14) provides a cast for the supporting portion (14), particularly a cast for a compound of the solid material pieces (16) and the string (18) of the supporting portion (14).

3. Construction (10) according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the at least one cover ing device (20) is made from a different material and/or has a different opti cal appearance than at least some of the solid material pieces (16) of the supporting structure (12) and/or wherein the at least one covering device (20) has a larger size than the average solid material piece (16) of the sup porting structure (12) and/or wherein the at least one covering device (20) has a higher surface quality and/or smoothness than the solid material pieces (16) of the supporting portion (12). 4. Construction (10) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the solid material pieces (16) are provided as crushed rocks, angular rocks, granular stone material and/or broken stones and/or glass material and/or glass gravel and/or glass chippings and/or wherein the solid material pieces (16) are jammed and/or stamped and/or compressed, preferably for increasing a jamming effect.

5. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the string (18) is at least section wise laid within and/or throughout the support ing portion (12) and/or between the solid material pieces (16) and/or loosely laid and/or at least section wise tightened, preferably for increasing a jam ming effect, and/or wherein the string (18) is arranged in a pattern alternat- ingly running between a central area (22) of the supporting portion (12) and different covering devices (20).

6. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the string (18) is at least section wise laid within and/or throughout the support ing portion (12) in a non-linear fashion and/or at least section wise in a curved fashion and/or bended or curved at least section wise around the solid material pieces (16).

7. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the string (18) is flexible and/or limp in a non-tensioned state and/or wherein the string (18) remains at least section wise curved and/or bended in a ten sioned state in order to provide a jamming effect.

8. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the covering portion (14) comprises a plurality of covering devices (20), prefer ably arranged adjacent to each other and/or along and/or adjacent to the supporting portion (12), and/or wherein the string (18) is attached to a plu- rality of covering devices (20), preferably to a plurality of covering devices (20) on different sides of the supporting portion (12).

9. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one covering device (20) is made of and/or comprises a stone and/or glass and/or metal material and/or wherein the at least one covering device (20) comprising a visible side (24) facing away from the supporting portion (12) and/or a functional side (26) facing the supporting portion (12), wherein the string (18) is attached to the covering device (20) at the func tional side (26).

10. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the solid material pieces (16) are compressed and/or stamped against the cov ering portion (14) and/or against the at least one covering device (20) and/or while being held and/or limited by the at least one covering device (20) and/or wherein the covering portion (14) allows shifting and/or move ments of the solid material pieces (16).

11. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the covering portion (14) and/or the at least one covering device (20) is fixed and/or held by the supporting portion (12), preferably by the compressed and/or stamped and/or jammed solid material pieces (16) and/or by the string (18) and/or by a compound made of the solid material pieces (16) and the string (18).

12. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the attachment between the string (18) and the at least one covering device (20) is provided via a form fit and/or non-positive connection and/or via an adhesive. 13. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one covering device (20) comprises at least one outer component (28) or a plurality of outer components (28) and at least an attachment ele ment (30; 60) and/or attachment portion for the attachment with the string (18), wherein the outer component preferably comprises a visible side (24) facing away from the supporting portion (12) and/or a functional side (26) facing the supporting portion (12), the attachment element (30) and/or at tachment portion being arranged on the functional side (26).

14. Construction (10) according to claim 13, wherein the attachment element (30) and/or attachment portion is configured as a hook and/or eye and/or notch, to which the string (18) is attached and/or hooked.

15. Construction (10) according to claim 13, wherein the attachment element (60) and/or attachment portion is configured as and/or comprises a screw (62), wherein the screw is preferably configured as a concrete screw.

16. Construction (10) according to claim 15, wherein the screw (62) is screwed into the outer component (28) and/or screwed into the outer component (28) free of any dowel or screw anchor.

17. Construction (10) according to claim 15 or 16, wherein the screw (62) com prises a shaft (64) and a screw head (66) attached to the shaft (64) and/or wherein the shaft (64) comprises a protrusion (68), particularly a radial pro trusion, being arranged at a distance from the screw head (66) in a longitu dinal direction of the shaft (64), wherein the shaft (64) and/or the protrusion (68) and/or the screw head (66) provide a gripping portion for a robot and/or gripping device. 18. Construction (10) according to claim 17, wherein the screw head (66) and/or the protrusion (68) is/are provided with insertion chamfers (70, 72) and/or rounded surfaces and/or wherein insertion chamfers (70, 72) and/or rounded surfaces (70, 72) of the protrusion (68) and the screw head (66) face each other in the longitudinal direction of the shaft (64) and/or wherein the insertion chamfers (70, 72) and/or rounded surfaces (70, 72) are pro vided for accurate and/or facilitated gripping and alignment of the covering device (20) by a robot or gripping device.

19. Construction (10) according to any one of claims 14 to 18, wherein the at tachment element (60) and/or attachment portion comprises a disc (74) for engagement by the string (18).

20. Construction (10) according to claim 19, wherein the disc (74) comprises a plurality of teeth (76) arranged on the outer circumference of the disc (74), wherein the teeth (76) are configured for engagement and/or locking and/or trapping engagement with the string (18).

21. Construction (10) according to claim 19 or 20, wherein the disc (74) is ar ranged on the shaft (64) of a screw (62), preferably at distance from the outer component (28) and/or between the outer component (28) and the screw head (66) and/or between the outer component (28) and the protru sion (68).

22. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least two outer components (28) are attached together via an interconnec tion (32), wherein the interconnection (32) preferably provides an attach ment element (30) and/or an attachment portion, to which the string (18) at tached and/or hooked. 23. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one covering device (20) comprises an identification device (34), preferably arranged on an attachment element (30) and/or attachment por tion, wherein the identification device (34) is preferably configured as flat platform and/or for detection by a sensor or visible for a human and/or con figured with a position and/or orientation marker and/or a data code or de vice ID.

24. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the at least one covering device (20) comprises a shielding portion and/or shielding element (36) arranged on a functional side (26) facing the support ing portion (12), wherein the shielding portion and/or shielding element (36) is configured for maintaining a distance between the solid material pieces (16) of the supporting portion (12) and an outer component (28) of the cov ering device (20) and/or wherein the shielding element (36) and/or shielding portion is arranged and/or fixed on the attachment element (30) and/or at tachment portion of the covering device (20).

25. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one illuminant (38), preferably a plurality of illuminants and/or a light chain, is arranged in a free space between the supporting portion (12) and a visible outer surface of the covering portion (20), preferably in a free space between the shielding portion or shielding element (36) and the outer com ponent (28) of the covering device (20) and/or in a free space between the disc (74) and the outer component (28) of the covering device (20), and/or wherein a plurality of illuminants are configured to show a light pattern.

26. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a plurality of covering devices (20) are arranged in a pattern, preferably a predefined and/or optical and/or colour and/or design and/or picture pattern, and/or in a pattern of different stone types, preferably with different aging and/or weathering characteristics and/or in a pattern with different transpar encies and/or translucencies.

27. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein two adjacent covering devices (20) are arranged at a distance from each other and/or wherein a gap is provided between two adjacent covering de vices (20).

28. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the covering portion (14) comprises a plurality of covering devices (20) and at least some of the covering devices (20) are arranged in an overhanging configuration and/or overhanging over at least one of the covering devices (20) below and/or wherein the centre of gravity of an overhanging covering device (20) is arranged for holding the overhanging covering device (20) in place, preferably also free of any connection to the string (18).

29. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a plurality of segments of the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering por tion (14) are provided, the segments being provided independently from each other and/or configured for independent disassembly.

30. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) comprise degrada ble objects, preferably organic material for the development of holes, chan nels, cavities and/or animal living space.

31. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) enclose and/or comprise at least one functional object, preferably a pipe, pipe segments, a cable, a rigid structure and/or steel bar.

32. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) enclose a structure connected and/or founded and/or embedded within the respective ground or soil and/or wherein the string (18) is connected to a structure connected and/or founded and/or embedded within the respective ground or soil.

33. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) comprise printed structures, preferably 3D-printed structures and/or watertight printed struc tures and/or printed water storages for plants and/or electrical devices and/or wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) comprises a watertight portion, preferably for the arrangement or positioning of plants and/or electrical devices.

34. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the covering portion (14) comprises a metal flange (40), preferably a metal flange (40) mounted to the supporting portion (12) and/or mounted to the supporting portion (12) subsequent to the building of the supporting portion (12) and/or mounted by at least one hook (42) being inserted into the sup porting portion (12).

35. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the covering portion (14) comprises a top cover portion (46) covering at least the supporting portion (12) from an upper side and/or being positioned on top of a vertically extending side cover portion (48) of the covering portion (14) and/or wherein the top cover portion (46) is a 3D printed structure and/or printed as a negative form of the upper surface of the supporting structure (12) and/or the upper surface of the side cover portion (48).

36. Construction (10) according to claim 35, wherein top cover portion (46) is configured to fix and/or receive solid material pieces (16) of the supporting portion (12) and/or covering devices (14) of a vertically extending side cover portion (48) of the covering portion (14) and/or wherein the top cover portion (46) is configured as a flat platform, preferably for installation of a roof and/or a light source (50) or illumination.

37. Construction (10) according to claim 35 or 36, wherein the top cover portion (46) is transparent, translucent and/or from a glass material and/or from frosted glass material and/or wherein a light source (50) or illumination is installed on top of the top cover portion (46) in order to illuminate the sup porting portion (12).

38. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a mirror (54) is installed on top of the supporting portion (12) and/or on top of the top cover portion (46) and/or on top of a light source (50) or illumination, preferably for reflecting light into the supporting portion (12) and/or wherein the mirror (54) has overhanging portions (56) and/or is wider than the total thickness of the supporting portion (12) and covering portion (14), prefera bly for reflecting light into the supporting portion (12) along an inner optical path (52) and/or for reflecting light onto the covering portion (14) from the outside, particularly along a light path (58) extending at least section wise outside the covering portion (14).

39. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a light source (50) or illumination source is attached on top of a post being at tached to and/or embedded within the ground or soil and/or wherein wires for the light source (50) or illumination source are connected to the post and/or wherein the light reflecting mirror (54) is attached to the post via at least a screw hole within the post.

40. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) enclose a fence (78), preferable a fence (78) comprising a double rod mat (80) attached by clamping elements to a solid pile arranged within the respective soil or ground.

41. Construction (10) according to claim 40, wherein horizontally extending supporting elements (82) are attached to the double rod mat (80), said sup porting elements (82) being configured for supporting solid material pieces (16) of the supporting portion (12) and transferring their weight load to the double rod mat (80) of the fence (78).

42. Construction (10) according to claim 41 , wherein horizontally extending supporting elements (82) are provided by a weatherproof upper portion and a dissolving or degradable lower portion, the dissolving or degradable lower portion being configured for the development of cavities below the support ing elements (82) for improved weight load transferral to the double rod mat.

43. Construction (10) according to any one of claims 40 to 42, wherein the dou ble rod mat (80) of the fence (78) is attached to the top cover portion (46) for transferring a weight load via the top cover portion (46) to the covering portion (14). 44. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) comprise basalt ma terial and/or dunite or olivine material.

45. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a plurality of solid material pieces (16) of the supporting portion (12) and/or covering devices (20) of the covering portion (14) are made of basalt rock and/or dunite or olivine material and/or covered by basalt material and/or dunite or olivine material and/or exposed to air and/or wherein the basalt material and/or dunite or olivine material is exposed to weathering and/or configured for weathering and removing carbon dioxide from the atmos phere.

46. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least some of the solid material pieces (16) and/or covering devices (20) of the covering portion (14) are covered with powder of basalt rock and/or dun ite or olivine material and/or microparticles of basalt rock and/or dunite or ol ivine material are exposed to the atmosphere for enhanced weathering.

47. Construction (10) according to any one of claims 44 to 46, wherein the bas alt powder and/or dunite or olivine powder may have a grain size of more than 5 micro meters, more than 10 micro meters, more than 15 micro me ters, more than 17,5 micro meters or more than 20 micro meters and/or a grain size of less than 50 micro meters, less than 40 micro meters, less than 30 micro meters, less than 25 micro meters or less than 22,5 micro meters, more preferably 20 micro meters or about 20 micro meters.

48. Construction (10) according to any one of claims 44 to 47, wherein the bas alt powder and/or dunite or olivine material may be attached to the solid ma- terial pieces (16) and/or the covering devices (20) of the covering portion (14) by a slurry and/or a gel and/or a glue material.

49. Construction (10) according to claim 48, wherein the slurry and/or gel and/or glue material is permeable for air and/or configured for dissolving, preferably for dissolving in a timeframe between 6 months and 18 months, preferably about 12 months.

50. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein a basalt powder or dunite or olivine powder material is formed to particles of a size of at least 0,5 mm, preferably more than 1 mm or more than 3 mm or more than 5 mm and/or less than 10 mm and these particles are arranged within the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14).

51. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) and/or the top cover portion (46) comprises at least one pipe, filling opening and/or tank for filling rock particles, preferably grinded rock particles, and/or a slurry and/or gel and/or glue material with rock material, more preferably for filling rock parti cles from basalt and/or dunite and/or olivine.

52. Construction (10) according to claim 51 , wherein the at least one pipe, filling opening and/or tank is/are configured for filling rock particles at an upper portion of the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) and/or the top cover portion (46) and/or for distributing the rock particles through out the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) by a stream of liquid, preferably water.

53. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) comprises a filter and/or removal opening for filtering and/or removing rock particles, particu larly weathered rock particles, in a lower portion of the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14), particularly for removing weathered rock particles from drainage water.

54. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, further comprising at least one sensors, which is preferably arranged within the supporting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14), said sensor being configured for detecting the weathering status of rock particles.

55. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein supporting portion (12) is at least section wise made from charcoal as solid material pieces and from a metal wire as a string and/or wherein the sup porting portion (12) and/or the covering portion (14) is at least section wise configured as a chimney and/or wherein a covering device (14) is config ured as a door, preferably a fire resistant door and/or being arranged at a distance from charcoal pieces.

56. Construction (10) according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein an intermediate layer is arranged between the supporting portion (12) and the covering portion (14), preferably an intermediate layer of stones and/or wherein the intermediate layer is provided by stones with size equal to or larger than a gap between two adjacent covering devices (20) and/or wherein stones of the intermediate layer have a round and/or rounded shape and/or wherein stones of the intermediate layer are visible through gaps between two adjacent covering devices (20).

57. Covering device (20), preferably for a construction (10) according to one of the preceding claims, comprising at least one outer component (28) or a plurality of outer components (28) and at least an attachment element (60) and/or attachment portion for the attachment with a string (18), the attach ment element (60) and/or attachment portion being configured as and/or comprising a screw (62), preferably a concrete screw, being screwed into the outer component (28), and wherein the attachment element (60) and/or attachment portion comprises a disc (74) for engagement by a string (18), wherein the disc (74) is arranged on the shaft (64) of the screw (62) and comprises a plurality of teeth (76) arranged on the outer circumference of the disc (74), wherein the teeth (76) are configured for engagement and/or locking and/or trapping engagement with a string (18).

58. Covering device (20) according to claim 57, wherein the screw (62) is screwed into the outer component (28) and/or screwed into the outer com ponent (28) free of any dowel or screw anchor.

59. Covering device (20) according to claim 57 or 58, wherein the screw (62) comprises a shaft (64) and a screw head (66) attached to the shaft (64) and/or wherein the shaft (64) comprises a protrusion (68), particularly a ra dial protrusion, being arranged at a distance from the screw head (66) in a longitudinal direction of the shaft (64), wherein the shaft (64) and/or the pro trusion (68) and/or the screw head (66) provide a gripping portion for a ro bot and/or gripping device.

60. Covering device (20) according to claim 59, wherein the screw head (66) and/or the protrusion (68) is/are provided with insertion chamfers (70, 72) and/or rounded surfaces and/or wherein insertion chamfers (70, 72) and/or rounded surfaces (70, 72) of the protrusion (68) and the screw head (66) face each other in the longitudinal direction of the shaft (64) and/or wherein the angled and/or rounded surfaces (70, 72) are provided for accurate and/or facilitated gripping and alignment of the covering device (20) by a robot or gripping device. 61 . Covering device (20) according to any one of claims 57 to 60, wherein the disc (74) is arranged on the shaft (64) of a screw (62) at distance from the outer component (28) and/or between the outer component (28) and the screw head (66) and/or between the outer component (28) and the protru sion (68).

62. Method for generating a construction (10), preferably a construction (10) according to one of the preceding claims 1 to 56, the method comprising the steps of:

- providing a covering portion (14) with at least one covering device (20),

- providing a supporting portion (12) by placing a compound of solid materi al pieces (16) and at least one string (18) adjacent to the at least one cover ing device, and

- attaching the string (18) to the at least one covering device (20).

63. Method according to claim 62, wherein at least two covering portions (14) and/or at least two covering devices (20) are arranged opposite to each other and/or wherein the supporting portion (12) is arranged between at least two opposite covering portions (14) and/or between at least two cover ing devices (20).

64. Method according to claim 62or 63, wherein the at least one covering por tion (14) provides a cast for the supporting portion (12) and/or for the com pound of solid material pieces (16) and at least one string (18).

65. Method according to any one of claims 62 to 64, wherein the solid material pieces (16) are jammed by the string (18) and/or by stamping and/or com pacting. 66. Method according to any one of claims 62 to 65, wherein the string (18) is at least section wise laid within and/or throughout the supporting portion (12) and/or between the solid material pieces (16) and/or loosely laid and/or at least section wise tightened, preferably for increasing a jamming effect.

67. Method according to any one of claims 62 to 66, wherein the string (18) is laid in a pattern alternatingly running between a central area (22) of the supporting portion (12) and different covering devices (20).

Description:
Construction and method for generating a construction

The present invention refers to a construction, particularly to a wall and/or pillar structure. The invention likewise refers to a covering device and to a method for generating a construction.

The concrete industry is responsible for a high amount of CO 2 emissions. Con structions, such as walls, for framing land or properties are often built with large amounts of concrete. Concrete constructions, particularly concrete walls, also re quire a solid foundation and cannot be built on normal soil ground. Accordingly, the building of concrete constructions is regularly associated with high costs. In addition to this, the components of such constructions cannot directly be reused as they need to be recycled. If natural stones are used, their value may be reduced after disassembly, as they are contaminated with concrete residues.

An alternative to conventional concrete constructions are so called "Jammed Ar chitectural Structures". Such constructions may be made of stone fractions or crushed stones being jammed together by pressure and vibration or shaking pro cess. The so called jamming effect may be increased by the use of a string, which may be unwound during the building process throughout the stone structure.

However, the use of a string may enhance the jamming effect only to a limited ex tent, and unintended deteriorations of such constructions may still not be prevent ed. Single stone pieces or also a plurality of stone pieces may break out or detach from the construction despite the use of a string. Further to this, such "Jammed Architectural Structures" may be recognized as having a rather low aesthetic ap- pearance, which may be further affected in case a string is used for enhancing the jamming effect.

In view of the above, it has been an object of the present invention to provide a construction, such as a wall and/or pillar structure, which has high mechanical properties and which at the same time may be provided and also disassembled with only little effort. It has also been an object of the present invention to provide a method for generating a construction.

With regard to the construction, the above objective has been solved with the sub ject matter of claim 1. A covering device is subject to claim 57, and a method ac cording to the present invention is subject to claim 62. Preferred embodiments are subject to the dependent claims, and will be discussed in the following.

A construction according to the present invention may particularly be a wall and/or pillar structure, but is not limited thereto. A construction according to the present invention may generally refer to different types, forms and sizes of architectural structures. Particularly, a construction according to the present invention may be an enclosure for the yard of a property, such as a front yard and/or back yard.

A construction according to the present invention comprises a supporting portion and a covering portion for covering the supporting portion, the supporting portion being provided by solid material pieces and at least one string for jamming at least some of the solid material pieces. According to the present invention, the covering portion comprises at least one covering device, wherein the string and the cover ing device are attached to each other.

The supporting portion itself may already provide a certain degree of mechanical stability due to the jamming effect, which may particularly be enhanced due to the use of a string. Now, by providing a covering portion with at least one covering device, the outer appearance of the construction may be improved. The string and/or the solid material pieces of the supporting portion may be suitably covered by the covering portion, and therefore less visible or entirely covered.

At the same time, the providing of the covering portion and the attachment of the at least one covering device to the string, allows to further improve the mechanical properties and durability of the construction. The covering portion with the at least one covering device may further enhance the jamming effect within the supporting structure, and particularly prevent single solid material pieces to break out or de tach out of the supporting portion. Accordingly, it may also be avoided that loose string portions would hang out of the construction. This reduces the risk of unin tended deteriorations or disassembly processes. Due to the attachment of the string with the at least one covering device, the covering device may be suitably held in place and also provide holding support for at least some of the solid mate rial pieces of the supporting structure.

According to the present invention, the term “string” is not limited to textile, syn thetic or metallic strings, but may refer to every kind of elongated flexible attach ment means. For example, a “string” within the meaning of the present invention may likewise refer to a flexible cable, chain, belt, and/or strap, synthetic fibre or carbon fibre strings, or the like.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the construction may be a dry construction, particularly a dry wall system or dry pillar system. The assembly or generation process may therewith be facilitated as no water adding and drying steps are required.

According to a further preferred embodiment, may be configured for disassembly, at least for part-disassembling, by pulling out the string of the supporting portion.

In particular, the construction may be configured for disassembly by reversing the assembly process. The quality and/or usability of the single construction compo nents may therefore be maintained also after disassembly. Furthermore, disas sembly may be favourable if cleaning the construction does not compensate aging effects, e.g. cleaning equipment does not reach into gaps or pores of solid material pieces or covering devices. Disassembly can then enable individual cleaning of each component until the aging effects are suitably removed.

According to a further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion and/or cover ing portion may be arranged and/or assembled on soil ground and/or grassland. Also, the supporting portion and/or covering portion may be configured for self restructuring, particularly in case of ground movements, such as movements due to frost and/or heavy rain. In case of large displacements with unfavourable optical effects, the respective construction segment may be disassembled and rebuild.

Furthermore, the supporting portion and/or covering portion may at least section wise be arranged and/or assembled within soil ground and/or below the ground surface and/or within a hole in soil ground, preferably below the frost line. There with, the construction may replace a basement or groundwork of an architectural structure, particularly in case of intense ground movements.

According to a further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion and/or cover ing portion may be configured for automated and/or manual generation, assembly and/or disassembly and/or for the generation, assembly and/or disassembly with robot equipment.

According to a further preferred embodiment, the covering portion is arranged around the supporting portion and/or on a plurality of sides of the supporting por tion. The covering portion may provide a cast for the supporting portion, particular ly a cast for a compound of the solid material pieces and the string of the support ing portion. The mechanical properties and durability of the construction as well as the outer appearance may thereby be further improved. By providing a cast, the building of the supporting structure may furthermore be facilitated.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the at least one covering device may be made from a different material and/or may have a different optical appear ance than at least some of the solid material pieces of the supporting structure.

The covering device may accordingly be chosen in view of appearance criteria.

The at least one covering device may have a larger size than the average solid material piece of the supporting structure. The at least one covering device may accordingly have an improved holding functionality or cast functionality for the sol id material pieces of the supporting portion.

Furthermore, the at least one covering device may have a rounded shape and/or be free of edges or sharp portions. The covering device may therefore also be made from a material and/or have a shape being unsuitable for jamming.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the solid material pieces may be provided as crushed rocks, angular rocks, granular stone material and/or broken stones. Such material may be provided with only little costs and has a high durabil ity. It is also possible that the solid material pieces may be provided as glass mate rial and/or glass gravel and/or glass chippings. This may prove beneficial for illu mination purposes.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the solid material pieces may be jammed and/or stamped and/or compressed, preferably for increasing a jamming effect. The stability of the supporting portion may thereby be further improved.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the string is at least section wise laid within and/or throughout the supporting portion and/or between the solid mate- rial pieces and/or loosely laid and/or at least section wise tightened, preferably for increasing a jamming effect. Thereby, the mechanical properties and durability of the supporting portion may further be enhanced.

It is furthermore possible that the string is arranged in a pattern alternatingly run ning between a central area of the supporting portion and different covering devic es. The contribution of the string to the jamming effect within the supporting por tion may thereby be further improved.

Preferably the string is at least section wise laid within and/or throughout the sup porting portion in a non-linear fashion and/or at least section wise in a curved fash ion and/or bended or curved at least section wise around the solid material pieces. Likewise it is possible that string is flexible and/or limp in a non-tensioned state and/or wherein the string remains at least section wise curved and/or bended in a tensioned state in order to provide and/or improve a jamming effect.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the covering portion may com prise a plurality of covering devices, preferably arranged adjacent to each other and/or along and/or adjacent to the supporting portion. A larger surface may thereby be covered and/or a larger cast for the supporting portion be provided.

The string may be attached to a plurality of covering devices, preferably to a plu rality of covering devices on different sides of the supporting portion. The overall stability of the construction may be further improved in this manner.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the at least one covering device may be made of and/or comprises a stone and/or glass and/or metal material.

Such materials may provide an aesthetic appearance, while at the same time al lowing a sufficient holding functionality for the supporting portion, particularly a stable cast for the supporting portion. According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the at least one covering device may comprise a visible side facing away from the supporting portion and/or a func tional side facing the supporting portion, wherein the string is attached to the cov ering device at the functional side. The functional side may therefore be specifical ly designed for the attachment of the string, and the visible side be designed or provided for an improved or high quality appearance.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the solid material pieces may be compressed and/or stamped against the covering portion and/or against the at least one covering device and/or while being held and/or limited by the at least one covering device. The degree of compression and/or the jamming effect may there by be further increased, and the string may accordingly be tightened thereby. The overall mechanical properties may thus be further improved.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the covering portion may allow shifting and/or movements of the solid material pieces. A mechanically stable ar rangement of the single solid material pieces may thereby be achieved.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the covering portion and/or the at least one covering device may be fixed and/or held by the supporting portion, preferably by the compressed and/or stamped and/or jammed solid material piec es and/or by the string and/or by a compound made of the solid material pieces and the string. A mechanically stable arrangement of the covering portion and/or the at least one covering device may thereby be achieved.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the attachment between the string and the at least one covering device is provided via a form fit and/or non positive connection and/or via an adhesive. Such attachment may provide a high degree of reliability and therewith further improve the long term stability of the con struction. According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the at least one covering device may comprise at least one outer component or a plurality of outer components and at least an attachment element and/or attachment portion for the attachment with the string. The outer component may preferably comprise a visible side facing away from the supporting portion and/or a functional side facing the supporting portion. The attachment element and/or attachment portion may be arranged on the functional side. Accordingly, the attachment element and/or attachment portion may not be visible from the outside or covered by the outer component of the cov ering device. The outer appearance of the construction may thereby be further improved.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the attachment element and/or attachment portion may be configured as a hook and/or eye and/or notch, to which the string is attached and/or hooked. Such an attachment element and/or attach ment portion may be provided with only little costs and may provide a secure and long-lasting attachment. Furthermore, an attachment between the string and such attachment element and/or attachment portion may be established with only little effort.

More preferably, the attachment element and/or attachment portion may be con figured as and/or comprise a screw, wherein the screw is preferably configured as a concrete screw. Such a screw may be provided at only little cost.

Furthermore, the screw may be screwed into the outer component and/or screwed into the outer component free of any dowel or screw anchor. This may be achieved with only little effort.

The screw may comprises a shaft and a screw head attached to the shaft. The shaft may comprise a protrusion, particularly a radial protrusion, being arranged at a distance from the screw head in a longitudinal direction of the shaft, wherein the shaft and/or the protrusion and/or the screw head may provide a gripping portion for a robot and/or gripping device. This allows facilitated handling operations.

More preferably the screw head and/or the protrusion may be provided with inser tion chamfers and/or rounded surfaces and/or wherein insertion chamfers and/or rounded surfaces of the protrusion and the screw head may face each other in the longitudinal direction of the shaft. The insertion chamfers and/or rounded surfaces may be provided for accurate and/or facilitated gripping and alignment of the cov ering device by a robot or gripping device. The risk of material crushed or high ma terial stresses due to automated gripping procedures may thereby be reduced.

Furthermore, the attachment element and/or attachment portion may comprise a disc for engagement by the string. The disc may comprise a plurality of teeth ar ranged on the outer circumference of the disc, wherein the teeth may be config ured for engagement and/or locking and/or trapping engagement with the string.

The disc may preferably arranged on the shaft of a screw, preferably at distance from the outer component and/or between the outer component and the screw head and/or between the outer component and the protrusion. The string may thus slide into a gap between the outer component and the disc, and when pulled due to a jamming procedure, may be engaged with teeth of the disc with sufficiently high probability.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, at least two surface components may be attached together via an interconnection, wherein the interconnection preferably provides an attachment element and/or an attachment portion, to which the string attached and/or hooked. The overall effort for generating the construc tion and/or providing the attachment between the string and the covering devices may be reduced in this way. It may further prove beneficial when the at least one covering device comprises an identification device, preferably arranged on an attachment element and/or at tachment portion. Such identification device may preferably be configured as flat platform and/or for detection by a sensor or visible for a human and/or configured with a position and/or orientation marker and/or a data code or device ID. This al lows an easy identification and also the possibility of tracking single covering de vices. This may facilitate the generation of the construction, for example, in order to ensure the correct location of single covering devices, and also replacements of single covering devices.

Preferably, the at least one covering device may comprise a shielding portion and/or shielding element arranged on a functional side facing the supporting por tion. The shielding portion and/or shielding element may be configured for main taining a distance between the solid material pieces of the supporting portion and an outer component of the covering device. Accordingly, a free space may be pro vided between the supporting portion and the outer component of the covering device.

The shielding element and/or shielding portion may be arranged and/or fixed on the attachment element and/or attachment portion of the covering device. Such arrangement or fixation of the element and/or shielding portion may reliably be provided with also only little effort.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, at least one ilium inant, preferably a plurality of illuminants and/or a light chain, may be arranged in a free space be tween the supporting portion and a visible outer surface of the covering portion, preferably in a free space between the shielding portion or shielding element and the outer component of the covering device. The construction may therewith be further improved in view of an aesthetic appearance and also provide an ilium ina- tion functionality for the surrounding of the construction, for example for a path or footway along the construction.

Preferably, a plurality of illuminants may be configured to show a light pattern. Such light patterns may be configured for continuous and/or periodic changes, which may further improve the outer appearance or illumination functionality.

Furthermore, a plurality of covering devices may be arranged in a pattern, prefera bly a predefined and/or optical and/or colour and/or design and/or picture pattern, and/or in a pattern of different stone types, preferably with different aging and/or weathering characteristics, and/or in a pattern with different transparencies and/or translucencies. The possibilities of achieving different design and appearance ef fects may thereby be further enhanced.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, two adjacent covering devices may be arranged at a distance from each other and/or a gap may be provided be tween two adjacent covering devices. Accordingly, a space between two adjacent covering devices and/or between an outer component of a covering device and a shielding component or shielding portion may be visible from the outside, which may be aesthetic, for example, in case of the arrangement of plants or the like within the construction. Also light may shine through such gaps between two adja cent covering devices.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the covering portion may com prise a plurality of covering devices and at least some of the covering devices may be arranged in an overhanging configuration and/or overhanging over at least one of the covering devices below. The centre of gravity of an overhanging covering device may be arranged for holding the overhanging covering device in place, preferably also free of any connection to the string. The placement of the over hanging covering device prior to the attachment to the string may thereby be facili- tated. Overhanging configurations may allow more complex geometrical overall designs of the construction, and therewith improve the functionality of the con struction.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, a plurality of segments of the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may be provided, the segments be ing provided independently from each other and/or configured for independent disassembly. It may therefore be possible to refurbish and/or replace selected por tions of the constructions, and to maintain different portions. The long term maintenance effort may therewith be reduced.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may comprise degradable objects, preferably organic material for the development of holes, channels, cavities and/or animal living space. The con struction may therewith be well integrated into a natural environment, and also have a positive effect on the surrounding natural environment.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may enclose and/or comprise at least one functional object, pref erably a pipe, pipe segments, a cable, a rigid structure and/or steel bar, which may allow to further improve the functionality and/or stability of the construction. For example, a pipe or cable may allow electrical installations or water installations in or close to the constructions. Steel bars may improve mechanical properties.

Furthermore, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may enclose a structure connected and/or founded and/or embedded within the respective ground or soil. The string may be connected to a structure connected and/or founded and/or embedded within the respective ground or soil. The mechanical overall properties may further be enhanced. Particularly, the construction may be secured against an unintended tilting relative to the ground or soil. According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may comprise printed structures, preferably 3D-printed structures and/or watertight printed structures and/or printed water storages for plants and/or electrical devices. The functionality of the construction may thereby be advanta geously extended, particularly in view of environmental improvements or electrical applications. In general, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may comprise a watertight portion, preferably for the arrangement or positioning of plants and/or electrical devices.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the covering portion may com prise a metal flange, preferably a metal flange mounted to the supporting portion and/or mounted to the supporting portion subsequent to the building of the sup porting portion. Such a metal flange may be mounted by at least one hook being inserted into the supporting portion. Such a metal flange may not be attached to the string or also attached to the string. In the region of such metal flange, the supporting portion may be build closer to the outside surface of the entire con struction.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the covering portion may com prises a top cover portion covering at least the supporting portion from an upper side and/or being positioned on top of a vertically extending side cover portion of the covering portion. The top cover portion may be a 3D printed structure and/or printed as a negative form of the upper surface of the supporting structure and/or the upper surface of the side cover portion. The stability of the construction may thereby be further improved and weathering effects reduced.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the top cover portion may be configured to fix and/or receive solid material pieces of the supporting portion and/or covering devices of a vertically extending side cover portion of the covering portion. The top cover portion may have recesses matching to the upper surface of the supporting portion and/or the upper surface of the vertical side cover portion. The top cover portion may be configured as a flat platform, preferably for installa tion of a roof and/or a light or illumination.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the top cover portion may be transparent, translucent and/or from a glass material and/or from frosted glass ma terial. A light source or illumination may be installed on top of the top cover portion in order to illuminate the supporting portion. The outer appearance of the construc tion may thus be improved, as reflected light may shine out of the supporting por tion.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, a mirror may be installed on top of the supporting portion and/or on top of the top cover portion and/or on top of a light source or illumination, preferably for reflecting light into the supporting portion. Furthermore, the mirror may have overhanging portions and/or may be wider than the total thickness of the supporting portion and covering portion, preferably for reflecting light into the supporting portion along an inner optical path and/or for reflecting light onto the covering portion from the outside, particularly along a light path extending at least section wise outside the covering portion. The overall light ing effect may further be improved in this manner.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, a light source or illumination source may be attached on top of a post being attached to and/or embedded with in the ground or soil and/or wherein wires for the light source or illumination source are connected to the post and/or wherein the light reflecting mirror is attached to the post via at least a screw hole within the post. Such a post may thus not only improve the overall stability of the construction, but at the same time provide at tachment functions for specific components of the construction. According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may enclose a fence, preferable a fence comprising a double rod mat attached by clamping elements to a solid pile arranged within the respective soil or ground. Such fences are commonly known and may therefore be enclosed by a supporting portion and/or covering portion with only little effort.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, vertically extending supporting elements are attached to the double rod mat. Said supporting elements may be configured for supporting solid material pieces of the supporting and transferring their weight load to the double rod mat of the fence. Thereby a specific load distri bution within the construction may be achieved.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the vertically extending support ing elements are provided by a weatherproof upper portion and a dissolving or degradable lower portion, the dissolving or degradable lower portion being config ured for the development of cavities below the supporting elements for improved weight load transferral to the double rod mat. The supporting portion may there with be reduced from high loads and at least a certain degree of loads may be transferred via different portions to the ground or respective soil.

Furthermore, the double rod mat of the fence may be attached to the top cover portion for transferring a weight load via the top cover portion to the covering por tion, in particular to the side portions of the covering portion.

Furthermore, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may comprise basalt material and/or dunite or olivine material. Such material may remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and therefore may have positive ecological effects.

Furthermore, a plurality of solid material pieces of the supporting portion and/or covering devices of the covering portion may be made of basalt rock and/or dunite or olivine material and/or covered by basalt material and/or dunite or olivine mate rial and/or exposed to air and/or wherein the basalt material and/or dunite or oli vine material is exposed to weathering and/or configured for weathering and re moving carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

Furthermore, at least some of the solid material pieces and/or covering devices of the covering portion may be covered with powder of basalt rock and/or dunite or olivine material and/or microparticles of basalt rock and/or dunite or olivine materi al are exposed to the atmosphere for enhanced weathering.

Furthermore, the basalt powder and/or dunite or olivine powder may have a grain size of more than 5 micro meters, more than 10 micro meters, more than 15 micro meters, more than 17,5 micro meters or more than 20 micro meters and/or a grain size of less than 50 micro meters, less than 40 micro meters, less than 30 micro meters, less than 25 micro meters or less than 22,5 micro meters, more preferably 20 micro meters or about 20 micro meters. The size may refer to the mean size of the powder material.

According to a further embodiment, the basalt powder and/or dunite or olivine ma terial may be attached to the solid material pieces and/or the covering devices of the covering portion by a slurry and/or a gel and/or a glue material.

Furthermore, the slurry and/or gel and/or glue material may be permeable for air and/or configured for dissolving, preferably for dissolving in a timeframe between 6 months and 18 months, preferably about 12 months.

According to a further preferred embodiment, a basalt powder or dunite or olivine powder material may be formed to particles of a size of at least 0,5 mm, preferably more than 1 mm or more than 3 mm or more than 5 mm and/or less than 10 mm and these particles may be arranged within the supporting portion and/or the cov ering portion.

It may furthermore be beneficial, if the supporting portion and/or the covering por tion and/or the top cover portion comprises at least one pipe, filling opening and/or tank for filling rock particles, preferably grinded rock particles, and/or a slurry and/or gel and/or glue material with rock material, more preferably for filling rock particles from basalt and/or dunite and/or olivine.

Furthermore, the at least one pipe, filling opening and/or tank may be configured for filling rock particles at an upper portion of the supporting portion and/or the covering portion and/or the top cover portion and/or for distributing the rock parti cles throughout the supporting portion and/or the covering portion by a stream of liquid, preferably water.

It may also be beneficial, when the supporting portion and/or the covering portion comprises a filter and/or removal opening for filtering and/or removing rock parti cles, particularly weathered rock particles, in a lower portion of the supporting por tion and/or the covering portion, particularly for removing weathered rock particles from drainage water.

According to a further preferred embodiment, at least one sensors may be provid ed, preferably arranged within the supporting portion and/or the covering portion, said sensor being configured for detecting the weathering status of rock particles.

Accordingly, grinded rock particles comprising basalt and/or dunite or olivine may be inserted on the upper side of the construction into the supporting portion and/or covering portion and then distributed throughout the supporting portion and/or covering portion by a stream of water from above. The particles may fill the spaces of the covering portion without blocking fresh air from passing through the covering portion.

During a certain time period, for example, one year or three years, the particles may start to dissolve, enable weathering of the basalt rock or dunite or olivine or other materials and all residues may be washed through the covering portion. After said time period, said particles may be removed by collecting them in the lower part of the construction by applying a filter which removes these particles from drainage water.

In a preferred solution, dissolution of the particles may be achieved or enhanced through application of charcoal. Charcoal and rock powder may be mixed, for ex ample in a relationship of 1 : 1 , and then compressed under pressure and heat into the final particle shape. Such particles may be arranged within the supporting por tion and/or covering portion.

In another preferred solution, dissolution of the particles may be achieved and/or maintained at a desired rate through application of wood pellets. Rock powder may be added to the wood during pellet production. Natural lining inside of the wood may glue the pellets together and prevent fast dissolution. The benefit for application of charcoal or wood inside of the particles may be that both are a natu ral source of carbon dioxide during their own weathering process. Thus, rock pow der may be enclosed by a natural emitter of carbon dioxide.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, the supporting portion may at least section wise be made from charcoal as solid material pieces and from a met al wire as a string. Furthermore, the supporting portion and/or the covering portion may at least section wise be configured as a chimney. The construction may, ac cordingly be used for outside heating purposes and/or for decorative purposes in outside events. Furthermore, a covering device may be configured as a door, preferably a fire resistant door and/or being arranged at a distance from charcoal pieces. Such door may be opened to more clearly view fire or glowing charcoal pieces and/or conduct adjustments of singe charcoal pieces.

According to a yet further preferred embodiment, an intermediate layer may be arranged between the supporting portion and the covering portion, preferably an intermediate layer of stones. The intermediate layer may be provided by stones or other sold material pieces with a size equal to or larger than a gap between two adjacent covering devices. Stones or material pieces of the intermediate layer may have a round and/or rounded shape. Stones or material pieces of the intermediate layer may be visible through gaps between two adjacent covering devices. Such intermediate layer may again be arranged for aesthetic or appearance reasons. A viewer from the outside may through this be able to see the covering portion as well as an intermediate layer between the covering portion and the supporting por tion. Two different types of material layers may thus be recognized.

A further aspect of the present invention refers to a construction, particularly to a wall and/or pillar structure, comprising solid material pieces and a string for jam ming said solid material pieces, wherein at least some of the solid material pieces are made from basalt and/or are at least section wise covered by basalt material and/or dunite and/or olivine material.

A further aspect of the present invention refers to a construction, particularly wall and/or pillar structure, comprising a supporting portion and a covering portion for covering the supporting portion, the supporting portion being provided by solid ma terial pieces and at least one string for jamming at least some of the solid material pieces, wherein the covering portion comprises at least one covering device and wherein the string and the covering device are attached to each other and wherein the supporting portion and/or the covering portion comprise basalt material and/or dunite and/or olivine material. A further aspect of the present invention refers to a method for servicing a con struction according to the above description, the method comprising the steps of frequently and/or periodically applying basalt material and/or dunite and/or olivine material to the solid material pieces and/or to covering devices of a covering por tion.

A further aspect of the present invention refers to a covering device, preferably for a construction according to the description above, comprising at least one outer component or a plurality of outer components and at least an attachment element and/or attachment portion for the attachment with a string, the attachment element and/or attachment portion being configured as and/or comprising a screw, prefer ably a concrete screw, being screwed into the outer component, and wherein the attachment element and/or attachment portion comprises a disc for engagement by a string, wherein the disc is arranged on the shaft of the screw and comprises a plurality of teeth arranged on the outer circumference of the disc, wherein the teeth are configured for engagement and/or locking and/or trapping engagement with a string.

The details and/or advantages described above with regard to the construction likewise apply to the covering device for a construction described above.

A further aspect of the present invention refers to a method for generating a con struction, preferably a construction according to the above description. The meth od may comprise the steps of providing a covering portion with at least one cover ing device, providing a supporting portion by placing a compound of solid material pieces and at least one string adjacent to the at least one covering device, and attaching the string to the at least one covering device. As mentioned above with regard to the construction, the supporting portion itself may provide a certain degree of mechanical stability due to the jamming effect, which may be enhanced due to the use of a string. By providing a covering portion with at least one covering device, the outer appearance of the construction may be improved. The string and/or the solid material pieces of the supporting portion may be suitably covered by the covering portion, and therefore less visible or entirely covered. Furthermore, the providing of the covering portion and the attachment of the at least one covering device to the string, allows to further improve the me chanical properties and durability of the construction. The covering portion with the at least one covering device may further enhance the jamming effect within the supporting structure, and particularly prevent single solid material pieces to break out or detach out of the supporting portion. It may therefore be avoided that loose string portions would hang out of the construction. The risk of unintended deterio rations or disassembly processes may be reduced. Due to the attachment of the string with the at least one covering device, the covering device may be suitably held in place and also provide holding support for at least some of the solid mate rial pieces of the supporting structure.

According to a preferred embodiment, at least two covering portions and/or at least two covering devices are arranged opposite to each other. The supporting portion may be arranged between at least two opposite covering portions and/or between at least two covering devices.

According to a preferred embodiment, the at least one covering portion may pro vide a cast for the supporting portion and/or for the compound of solid material pieces and at least one string.

Preferably, the solid material pieces may be jammed by the string and/or by stamping and/or compacting. The overall stability of the supporting portion may thereby be further enhanced. According to a yet preferred embodiment of the method, the string may at least section wise laid within and/or throughout the supporting portion and/or between the solid material pieces and/or loosely laid and/or at least section wise tightened, preferably for increasing a jamming effect.

According to a yet preferred embodiment of the method, the string is laid in a pat tern alternatingly running between a central area of the supporting portion and dif ferent covering devices. The jamming effect may thus be further enhanced, partic ularly ensuring a proper cast or holding functionality provided by the covering por tion.

The details and/or advantages described above with regard to the construction and the covering device likewise apply to the method for generating a construction described above.

The features and advantages of the various embodiments of the present invention will, in the following, be described with reference to the Figures.

Fig. 1 shows a schematic horizontal cross sectional view of a con struction according to an embodiment of the present inven tion,

Fig. 2 shows a side view of a covering device according to an em bodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 3 shows a schematic horizontal cross sectional view of a con struction according to a further embodiment of the present invention, Fig. 4 shows a schematic horizontal cross sectional view of a con struction according to a further embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 5 shows a schematic vertical cross sectional view of a con struction according to a further embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 6 shows a schematic vertical cross sectional view of a con struction according to a further embodiment of the present invention from the side,

Fig. 7 shows a schematic flow diagram of a method according to an embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 8 shows a schematic sectional view of a covering device ac cording to an embodiment of the present invention,

Fig. 9 shows a schematic perspective view of a disc of a covering device according to an embodiment of the present invention, and

Fig. 10 shows a schematic vertical cross sectional view of a con struction according to a further embodiment of the present invention from the side.

Fig. 1 shows a schematic horizontal cross sectional view of a construction 10 ac cording to an embodiment of the present invention. The construction 10 may par ticularly be a wall or pillar or any other type of architectural structure. The construction 10 comprises a supporting portion 12 and a covering portion 14 for covering the supporting portion 12. The supporting portion 12 may be provided by solid material pieces 16 and at least one string 18 for jamming at least some of the solid material pieces 16. The covering portion 14 comprises at least one cover ing device 20, preferably a plurality of covering devices 20. The string 18 and the covering devices 20 are attached to each other, which is described in more detail below.

The covering portion 14 is arranged around the supporting portion 12 on a plurality of sides of the supporting portion 12. In particular, the covering portion is arranged around the supporting portion 12 on vertically extending sides. The covering por tion 14 may provide a cast for the supporting portion 12, particularly a cast for a compound of the solid material pieces 16 and the string 18 of the supporting por tion 12.

It may be comprehended from figure 1 that the covering devices 20 are larger than the solid material pieces 16, and may also be made from a different material and/or have a different optical appearance than at least some of the solid material pieces 16 of the supporting structure 12. The solid material pieces 16 may particu larly be provided as crushed rocks, angular rocks, granular stone material and/or broken stones. It is also possible that the solid material pieces 16 are made from and/or contain glass material and/or glass gravel and/or glass chippings. The solid material pieces 16 may be jammed and/or stamped and/or compressed, preferably for increasing a jamming effect.

As may further be comprehended from figure 1 , the string 18 may be at least sec tion wise laid within and/or throughout the supporting portion 12 and/or between the solid material pieces 16 and/or loosely laid and/or at least section wise tight ened, preferably for increasing a jamming effect. The string 18 may be arranged in a pattern alternatingly running between a central area 22 of the supporting portion 12 and different covering devices 20.

The solid material pieces 16 of the supporting portion 12 may be compressed and/or stamped against the covering portion 14 and/or against the covering devic es 20 and/or while being held and/or limited by the covering devices 20. At the same time, the covering portion 14 may allow shifting and/or movements of the solid material pieces 16. Furthermore, the covering portion 14 and/or the covering devices 20 may be fixed and/or held by the supporting portion 12, preferably by the compressed and/or stamped and/or jammed solid material pieces 16 and/or by the string 18, particularly by a compound made of the solid material pieces 16 and the string 18.

The covering devices 20 may be made of and/or comprise a stone and/or glass and/or metal material. As may be comprehended in more detail from figure 2, the at least one covering device 20 may comprise a visible side 24 facing away from the supporting portion 12 and furthermore a functional side 26 facing the support ing portion 12. The string 18 is attached to the covering device 20 at the functional side 26.

The attachment between the string 18 and the at least one covering device 20 may be provided via a form fit and/or non-positive connection and/or via an adhe sive. In the example of figure 2, the covering device 20 comprises at least one outer component 28 and an attachment element 30 for the attachment with the string 18. The attachment element 30 may be provided on the functional side 26, whereas the visible side 24 faces away from the attachment element 30. The at tachment element 30 may be configured as a hook and/or eye and/or notch, to which the string 18 is attached and/or hooked. As indicated in figure 2, the outer element 28 is arranged substantially on the same level as the attachment element 30. But is also possible that the outer ele ment 28 is arranged below the attachment element 30 or the attachment level is arranged at least slightly or section wise above the outer element 28. Such ar rangement may facilitate the dewatering of the construction. The covering devices 20 may accordingly be arranged on top of each other in the manner of scales. The construction may thus provide a bucket for plants in a preferred embodiment.

In the embodiments of figures 3 and 4, at least one of the covering devices 20 comprises two or three outer components 28 being attached together via an inter connection 32. The interconnection may preferably provide an attachment element 30, to which the string 18 is attached and/or hooked. Accordingly, a covering de vice 20 may comprise several outer components 28, an interconnection 32 be tween the outer components 28 and an attachment element 30. Such covering device 20 may particularly be arranged in an edge position or form an edge or corner of the construction.

In case a covering device 20 for a corner or an edge comprises several outer components 28, the latter may be reduced in weight and/or size, for example, by cutting and/or by more than 20%, more than 30%, more than 40%, more than 50%, more than 60%, or more than 70% of their weight or size. In this way, such a covering device 20 with several outer components 28 may have the same weight as a covering device 20 with only one outer component 28.

As may furthermore be comprehended from figure 2, the at least one covering de vice 20 may comprise an identification device 34, preferably arranged on an at tachment element 30. The identification device 34 may be preferably configured as flat platform and/or for detection by a sensor or visible for a human and/or config ured with a position and/or orientation marker and/or a data code or device ID. Furthermore, the at least one covering device 20 may comprise a shielding ele ment 36 arranged on a functional side 26 facing the supporting portion 12. The shielding element 36 may be configured for maintaining a distance between the solid material pieces 16 of the supporting portion 12 and an outer component 28 of the covering device 20. The shielding element 36 may be arranged and/or fixed on the attachment element 30 of the covering device 20.

At least one illuminant 38, preferably a plurality of illuminants 38 and/or a light chain, may be arranged in a free space between the supporting portion 12 and a visible side 24 of the covering portion 14 , preferably in a free space between the shielding element 36 and the outer component 28 of the covering device 20. Two adjacent covering devices 20 may be arranged at a distance from each other and/or a gap may be provided between two adjacent covering devices, such that light from the illuminant 38 may shine through said gaps.

Now referring to the embodiment in figure 5, the covering portion 14 may further more comprises a metal flange 40, preferably a metal flange 40 mounted to the supporting portion 12 and/or mounted to the supporting portion 12 subsequent to the building of the supporting portion 12. The metal flange may be mounted by at least one hook 42 being inserted into the supporting portion 12.

It may furthermore be comprehended from figure 5 that the construction 10 may comprise a sink 44. Solid material pieces 16 breaking and/or detaching from the supporting structure may fall through gaps between two adjacent covering devices 20 and into said sink 44. The solid material pieces 16 may remain in the sink 44 for decorative purposes.

According to the embodiment in figure 6, the covering portion 14 may comprise a top cover portion 46 covering at least the supporting portion 12 from an upper side and/or being positioned on top of a vertically extending side cover portion 48 of the covering portion 14. The top cover portion 46 may be a 3D printed structure and/or printed as a negative form of the upper surface of the supporting structure 12 and/or the upper surface of the side cover portion 48. The top cover portion 46 may be configured as a flat platform, preferably for installation of a roof and/or a light source 50. The top cover portion 46 may be transparent, translucent and/or from a glass material and/or from frosted glass material.

As may be seen from figure 6, the light source 50 is installed on top of the top cover portion 46 in order to illuminate the supporting portion 12. The light path 52 may pass from the light source 50 into the supporting portion and out of the con struction 10 via the covering portion 14, particularly via a side cover portion 48.

A mirror 54 may be installed on top of the supporting portion 12 and/or on top of the top cover portion 46 and/or on top of a light source 50, preferably for reflecting light into the supporting portion 12. The mirror 54 may have overhanging portions 56, preferably for reflecting light into the supporting portion 12 along an inner opti cal path 52 and/or for reflecting light onto the covering portion 14 from the outside, particularly along a light path 58 extending at least section wise outside the cover ing portion 14.

Figure 7 shows a schematic flow diagram of a method according to an embodi ment of the present invention. In a first step 100, according to figure 7, a model of the construction may be sliced into horizontal layers, for example of 10 mm height or thickness. If a layer of the construction 10 is larger than the range of the human arm or possible robotic kinematics, it may also be sliced vertically into segments. A layer segment marks an intended layer area which shall be built, as shown in fig ures 1 , 3 and 4. The intended layer may be mapped to the real topology of the re spective land or soil or ground. According to step 200 in figure 7, the topology inside the intended layer area, that is, the area for the supporting portion 12, may be scanned. The topology may be appropriate, if the outer area of the intended layout area, that is, the area for the covering portion 14, is higher everywhere than the inner area. Thus, the inner area is having a cast surrounding. If this is not the case, the sections with lower outer area are identified and covering devices 20, such as large surface stones, for ex ample, with a weight of 1.5 kg to 1.8 kg, may be are loosely laid out in these sec tions according to step 300. In a preferred solution, the covering device 20 may be designed in accordance with figure 2.

In step 400 shown in the diagram of figure 7, a string 18 may be laid out. The lay ing pattern for the string 18 can be random. The process step 400 may be fin ished, when all covering devices 20 are connected to a string 18 of that layer. To connect a string 18 to covering devices 20, the string 18 may be first being laid out to the centre region 22 of the intended area. Then, it is moved indirectly with some random patterns towards covering device 20. The string is then connected to the covering device 20.

In a preferred solution, the respective string 18 may be hooked into the attachment element 30 shown in figure 2, and then laid back randomly to the centre region 22. This is repeated with the next covering device 20. In a preferred solution, it may be any other covering device 20, but not a covering device 20 directly adjacent to one that has been connected before. After all covering devices 20 are connected to the string 18, the string 18 is laid to the centre region 22. Preferably, the string 18 is not cut off, but held in a waiting position above the intended layer.

According to step 500, a layer of solid material pieces 16 is being placed above the string 18. In a preferred solution, stones with edges and size of 6 mm to 12 mm are filled in, until about 50% to 90%, preferably 80%, of the string 18 becomes hidden. Preferably, solid material pieces 16 are placed behind every covering de- vice 20, without pushing the string 18 straight downwards. Instead, the string 18 shall continue to be directed towards the centre region 22.

According to step 600, the compound of string 18 and solid material pieces 16 is stamped to reduce its packaging size and for the string 18 to be held tight by the solid material pieces. This stamping also increases the jamming effect. A hitting surface of an appropriate stamping tool may preferably be flat and the stamping force may be applied to the entire area to be stamped at the same time.

The applied stamping force might have displaced some of the covering devices 20. According to step 700, such covering devices 20 may be repositioned by push ing them back to the assigned position.

In step 800 it is checked whether or not the last layer has been generated, and if not, the procedure is being repeated for the next intended layer. In case the last layer has been generated the process is terminated in step 900.

In a preferred embodiment, step 400 is being extended by more sub-steps. Before the string 18 is laid out, a chain of lights may be laid out along the functional side 26 of the covering devices 20, see figure 2. Another sub-step could be that differ ent strings 18 are applied at different locations of an area. If an area is exposed to heat of fire, the respective string 18 needs to be designed as iron wire or other resistant material. If the user wishes a segment of the construction 10 to decom pose naturally, a decomposable rope should be applied as string 18. If a lasting construction 10 is requested by a user a recycled rope of long-lasting material should be applied as string 18. Also a string 18 made of carbon fibre and recycled rope would be possible. Natural rope would be useful as string 18, if an ecological construction 10 is intended which attracts a diversity of animals and/or plants. In a preferred solution, the covering devices 20 are sorted according to different parameters, such as the form. The form of neighbouring covering devices 20 may match in order to minimize the gap in between. However, gaps can also be applied as a design feature. For example, if illuminated, gaps can become a main design element. To control the form of the gap, it may be necessary to choose the right covering devices 20 from a pool of sorted and/or digitalized covering devices 20. As the covering devices 20 may create a grid of gaps, almost every shape could be illuminated if the right lights would be activated.

It would be a favourable to apply covering devices 20 with a certain degree of transparency or translucence, so they can become illuminated. In that case, the covering devices would need to be sorted according to their transparency or trans lucence and shining effects. The centre of mass of a covering device 20 may be another sorting criteria. As the covering devices 20 are laid out loosely on top of covering devices 20, there is a risk of dropping off. Spherical stones may have the highest probability to drop, whereas flat stones have a lower probability and long and flat stones have a much lower probability to drop. So, if it is intended to build a wall structure with overhanging wall segments then long and flat stones should be chosen for these segments. Thus, each layer would be slightly overhanging to wards the layer below and the surface stones could still be laid loosely, before connected to the string 18.

The jamming effect may stabilize against induced pressure from top, but not so much from force applied from sides. To secure the construction 10 against forces induced from a side it may be possible to integrate rigid and/or fixed elements - not shown here - to the construction 10. These could be already existing elements from an old wall or fence or it could be a pile or post which is tied to and/or em bedded in the ground or soil. In a preferred solution, such rigid and/or fixed ele ments may be equipped with connection areas for the string 18, for example hooks. The rigid and/or fixed element may then be enclosed by the supporting por- tion 12 during the build process. The string 18 may be laid around the rigid or fixed element from all sides is connected to the rigid or fixed element and therefore fixed. To make sure, that the jamming effect of the compound is not being im paired by rigid or fixed elements, the elements should be enclosed everywhere by the compound of the supporting portion 12 with a thickness of at least ten solid material pieces or stones of the compound.

In a preferred solution, a segment of the construction can be used as a fireplace. A typical disadvantage of fireplaces is that solid burning material is laid out mainly horizontally. But the users are sitting aside of the fireplace and therefore the larg est surface of the burning material not being presented to the user. While this might be of minor importance during a burning phase with high flames, it becomes relevant in the long lasting glowing phase of the burning material. To present the glowing material vertically to the user and to send out most of the heat radiation directly to the user, it is required to fix the burning material vertically. To achieve that, the compound material of the supporting portion may be provided not from stones but from charcoal and iron wire as a string. Through this, charcoal pieces can be fixed vertically. In a preferred solution, an iron frame which may comprise a door and a heat resistant window may be mounted in front of the charcoal. The glass may have a distance of 20mm to the charcoal. Through this, smoke may leave the space between coal and glass by the chimney effect to above and the glass becomes hot enough for smoke residues to dissolve and vanish.

Fig. 8 shows a schematic sectional view of a covering device 20 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The covering device 20 shown in Fig. 8 comprises an outer component 28 and an attachment element 60 and for the at tachment with the string 18. The attachment element 60 is configured as and/or comprises a screw 62, wherein the screw is preferably configured as a concrete screw. The screw 62 may be screwed into the outer component 28, preferably free of any dowel or screw anchor. The screw 62 may comprise a shaft 64 and a screw head 66 attached to the shaft 64. The shaft 64 may comprise a protrusion 68, particularly a radial protrusion, being arranged at a distance from the screw head 66 in a longitudinal direction of the shaft 64, wherein the shaft 64 and/or the protrusion 68 and/or the screw head 66 may provide a gripping portion for a robot and/or gripping device.

The screw head 66 may be provided with insertion chamfers 70 and/or the protru sion 68 may be provided with insertion chamfers 70, wherein insertion chamfers 70 and 72 face each other in the longitudinal direction of the shaft 64. The inser tion chamfers 70 and 72 may be provided for accurate and/or facilitated gripping and alignment of the covering device 20 by a robot or gripping device.

Furthermore, the attachment element 60 may comprise a disc 74 for engagement by the string 18. Fig. 9 shows a schematic perspective view of the disc 74.

As shown in Fig. 8 and 9, the disc 74 comprises a plurality of teeth 76 arranged on the outer circumference of the disc 74, wherein the teeth 76 are configured for en gagement and/or locking and/or trapping engagement with the string 18. Recesses 77 are provided between two adjacent teeth 76. In case of engagement of the string 18 with a tooth, the string may be arranged within one of the recesses 77.

The disc 74 may be arranged on the shaft 64 of a screw 62, preferably at distance from the outer component 28 and/or between the outer component 28 and the screw head 66 and/or between the outer component 28 and the protrusion 68. The string 18 may thus slide into a gap between the outer component 28 and the disc 74, and when pulled due to a jamming or compressing procedure, may be en gaged with teeth 76 of the disc 74 with sufficiently high probability. Fig. 10 shows a schematic vertical cross sectional view of a construction 10 ac cording to a further embodiment of the present invention from the side. According to Fig. 10, the supporting portion 12 and the covering portion 14 enclose a fence 78, preferable a fence 78 comprising a double rod mat 80 attached by clamping elements to a solid pile (not shown here in detail) arranged within the respective soil or ground. Florizontally extending supporting elements 82 are attached to the double rod mat 80. The supporting elements 82 may be configured for supporting solid material pieces 16 of the supporting portion 12 and transferring their weight load to the double rod mat 80 of the fence 78.

The horizontally extending supporting elements 82 may be provided by a weather proof upper portion and a dissolving or degradable lower portion, the dissolving or degradable lower portion being configured for the development of cavities below the supporting elements 82 for improved weight load transferral to the double rod mat 80.

The double rod mat 80 of the fence 78 may be attached to the top cover portion 46 for transferring a weight load via the top cover portion 46 to the covering portion 14, in particular to vertical sides of the cover portion 14.

For building a construction 10 according to the embodiment in Fig. 10, the clamp ing elements of the fence 78 are release and the double rod mat 80 of the fence 78 is being moved several centimetres higher, for example 5 cm.

To hold the double rod mat 80 in the new position, an additional, non-permanent device (not shown here) may be applied to lock the double rod mat 80 in its ele vated position. Such device can be any device which is suitable to unlock, after the construction is finalized, such as a cardboard base below the fence 78 or double rod mat 80, which dissolves when watered. The clamping elements of the fence 78 remain loose to not enable linear motion of the double rod mat 80 in the vertical direction, but still locking it to the respective pile in the horizontal directions. Horizontal supporting elements 82 are now being attached to the fence double rod mat 80. When the construction 10 is being built, a considerable part of the weight of the supporting portion 12, respectively the solid material pieces 16, is loaded on the horizontal supporting elements 82.

As mentioned above, the horizontally extending supporting elements 82 consist of a solid part on the upper side and a non-permanent part on the lower side. The non-permanent part may dissolve after the construction is finished. They may also consist of cardboard or other material, which dissolves entirely when watered. The function of the non-permanent material is to prevent the solid material pieces 16 to allocate the space on the lower side of horizontal supporting elements 82.

The function of the horizontal supporting elements 82 is to carry the weight load of the supporting portion 12 as soon as all non-permanent elements dissolve, or at least a high portion of that load, e.g. 50% or 70% or 80%. The force of that static load is then passed to the double rod mat 80. The double rod mat 80 is perma nently attached to the top cover portion 46. Consequently, top cover portion 46 is loaded with the weight and passes that weight directly to the outer covering portion 14, that is, the side part of the covering portion 14.

The covering devices 20 are thus being loaded at least with part of the weight of the supporting portion 12. Therefore, the covering devices 20 in the upper rows are locked by the weight load of the supporting portion 12, as soon as all non permanent elements or portions dissolve and the construction 10 settles to an en during and final solid state. In a preferred solution as also shown in Fig. 9, the outer covering portion 14 grounds on a furrow 84 which may be about 40 cm deep into the ground or which may have a depth of about 1/3 of the height of the construction 10. The furrow 84 may comprise stamped solid material pieces 86, and optionally also a solid foundation element 88. The solid foundation element 88 may be embedded in the solid material pieces 86 and may be provided as a curbside or a plastic ele ment. In order to prevent drainage water flowing through the solid material pieces 16 from entering the ground between the two furrows 84, a drip pan 90 may be ap plied below the supporting portion 12 for catching the water and other residues.