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Title:
CONTAINER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/169400
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a container for shredding packaging materials, provided with a camera, a shredder with a funnel, a number of waste units and an identification system for recognizing recycling codes on plastic packaging materials and recycling logos on beverage cartons and metal packagings, such as tin and aluminium. The identification system is configured to perform the following steps of: a) scanning or making a recording of a recycling code or recycling logo on packaging material by means of the camera; b) recognizing the recycling code or the recycling logo; c) automatically placing a waste unit for the recognized recycling code or the recognized recycling logo under the funnel of the shredder.

Inventors:
ARIAS JOSE NEPTALY (NL)
Application Number:
PCT/NL2018/050164
Publication Date:
September 20, 2018
Filing Date:
March 15, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
ARIAS JOSE NEPTALY (NL)
International Classes:
B07C5/34; G07F7/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO2016024043A12016-02-18
Foreign References:
US20160001297A12016-01-07
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MINK-LINDENBURG, Charlotte Hildegard (7600 AB Almelo, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . Container for shredding packaging materials, provided with a camera, a shredder with a funnel, a number of waste units and an identification system for recognizing recycling codes on plastic packaging materials and recycling logos on beverage cartons and metal packagings, such as tin and aluminium, wherein the identification system is configured to perform the following steps of:

a) scanning or making a recording of a recycling code or recycling logo on

packaging material by means of the camera;

b) recognizing the recycling code or the recycling logo;

c) automatically placing a waste unit for the recognized recycling code or the

recognized recycling logo under the funnel of the shredder.

2. Container as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the identification system is configured to recognize the following plastic recycling codes: 1 PET, 2 HDPE or PE-HD, 4 LDPE and

5 PP.

3. Container as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein the container is further provided with a rotary platform for the waste units and wherein placing of the waste unit for the recognized recycling code or the recognized recycling logo takes place by rotating the rotary platform.

4. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, wherein the container is further provided with a waste unit for cardboard and paper and with a display for manual placing of the waste unit for cardboard and paper.

5. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, wherein the container is further provided with a waste unit for residual plastic waste and with a display for manual placing of the waste unit for residual plastic waste.

6. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, provided with eight waste units.

7. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, wherein the container is further provided with a loading flap with lock and wherein the identification system is further configured to open the lock of the loading flap.

8. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, wherein the container is further provided with a button for starting the shredder.

9. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims 1 -7, wherein the identification system is also configured to perform the following step of:

d) automatically starting the shredder.

10. Container as claimed in any of the foregoing claims, wherein the shredder is configured to shred the packaging material to waste in pieces of 1 mm to 30 mm.

Description:
CONTAINER

The PKP Container is an innovative, practical, automatic, sustainable, effective, efficient, intelligent and environmentally-friendly waste container. It shreds both domestic and commercial waste, such as plastic 1 PET, plastic 2 HDPE/PE-HD, plastic 4 LDPE/PE- LD, plastic 5 PP, residual plastic waste, cardboard, paper, beverage cartons, metal (tin) and aluminium packagings immediately after use and separates it for reuse. This container to be developed is easily placeable in any kitchen, utility room, garage, bar, canteen, restaurant, workplace and public spaces (built-in, freestanding and industrial). The container not only has the function of storing waste, but combines this with the functions of separating waste and shredding waste to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm in order to reduce the waste volume, whereby frequency of waste collection is reduced and the waste is collected in better separated form for reuse. This contributes toward a reduction of about 15% C02 emission for a better air quality, and so a better environment. The PKP Container is provided with 67 technical elements for automatically separating domestic and commercial waste.

The PKP Container shreds plastic, cardboard and paper in individual households and commercial premises. The PKP Container provides every household with the option of better separation of domestic waste for better recycling (reuse) with fewer operations and with less space being required. The PKP Container provides every company with the option of better separation of commercial waste for better recycling (reuse) with fewer operations.

The object of the PKP Container is to reduce the C02 emission by ± 15% for a better environment. This object can be realized by immediate, better separation of the domestic waste and the commercial waste in any kitchen and at any commercial premises, whereby collection of the waste can be reduced from 250 days a year to ± 43 days a year.

Problem definition:

a. The growing problem of packaging materials; b Mixed collection of domestic waste and commercial waste;

c. The present waste collection frequency is high (250 days a year);

d High energy consumption for separating domestic waste and commercial waste; e High water consumption for washing packaging materials, trucks and storage locations;

f. High gas consumption by municipalities and waste processing companies;

9 High fuel consumption due to the present frequency of domestic and commercial waste collection;

h High (± 37.5%) C02 emission by waste processors, water, gas and energy

utilities in the Netherlands.

Existing solutions:

Local authorities and waste processors opt for mixed collection of domestic waste and commercial waste. The present collection frequency amounts to 250 days a year. Waste processors opt to build large installations which consume large amounts of energy, water and gas in order to thus wash and sort the mixed collected waste and compress it to blocks of 500 kg to 1000 kg. These compressed blocks are then transported to producers of packaging materials and to incinerators. Solution according to the invention:

Better waste separation in individual households and commercial premises through the use of the PKP Container provided with an electric motor with reducer gearbox, variable frequency drives, infeed chute, mini-shredder to shred plastic, cardboard, paper, beverage cartons, metal (tin) and aluminium packagings to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm, and also provided with a unique Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes

Identification System (PRCLBI system) specially developed for the PKP Container and a rotary platform with eight built-in waste (recycle) units for automatic waste separation. Advantages of the use of the PKP Container compared to existing solutions:

a. Less storage of domestic and commercial waste. This result can be achieved because, via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System, the PKP Container separates and shreds the waste to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm better than existing waste containers. They are also placed directly in the (built-in) kitchen, utility room, shed/garage or workplace of individual households and company premises;

b. Less transport to municipalities and waste processing companies. This result can be achieved by reduction of the collection frequency. Reducing the collection frequency can be achieved through use of the PKP Container. The PKP

Container separates the waste via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System, and then shreds it to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm. c. Less water consumption by municipalities and waste processing companies. This result can be achieved in that there is no longer mixed collection of waste. The PKP Container separates the waste into different units via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System. Cleaning of mixed waste is hereby no longer necessary.

d. Less energy consumption by waste processing companies. This result can be achieved in that there is no longer mixed collection of waste. The PKP Container separates the waste into different units via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System. Sorting of mixed waste is hereby no longer necessary.

e. Less fuel consumption by municipalities and waste processing companies. This result can be achieved by reducing the present collection frequency. Reduction of the frequency of collection can be achieved through use of the PKP Container. The PKP Container separates the waste via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System and then shreds it to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm.

f. Less gas consumption by municipalities and waste processing companies. This result can be achieved by reducing the present collection frequency. Reducing the frequency of collection can be achieved through use of the PKP Container. The PKP Container separates the waste via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System and then shreds it to pieces of 1 mm to 30 mm.

Operation of the PKP Container:

The plastic packaging materials are provided with a plastic recycling code. The PKP Container is able to recognize these plastic recycling codes via the mini-camera by means of the unique software specially developed for the PKP Container: the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system). The PKP Container is provided with a camera which records the recycling codes/logos. During the recording a command is sent for recognition to the database of the recycling codes on the plastic packaging material, such as: 1 PET, 2 HDPE or PE-HD, 4 LDPE or PE-LD and 5 PP (this is plastic packaging material held in front of the mini-camera of the PKP Container). The plastic recycling code is recognized by the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system) of the PKP Container. After recording and recognition a command is sent to the lock of the loading flap so that the user can open the loading flap, and a command is sent simultaneously to the rotary platform to automatically place the recycling unit for the recognized plastic recycling code under the shredder funnel. Beverage cartons, metal (tin) and aluminium

packagings are provided with the PKP Container recycling logo. The PKP Container is able to recognize the PKP Container recycling logo by means of the unique Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system) specially developed for the PKP Container. The PKP Container is provided with a camera which scans the recycling codes/logos. During scanning of the recycling logo on the beverage cartons, metal (tin) and aluminium packagings (these are the beverage cartons, metal (tin) and aluminium packagings held in front of the display of the PKP Container), the recycling logo is recognized by the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system) of the PKP Container.

Following scanning and recognition a command is sent to the lock of the loading flap so that the user can open the loading flap. A command is sent simultaneously to the rotary platform to automatically place the recycling unit for the recognized recycling logo under the shredder funnel. The loading flap of the PKP Container then opens. The waste, directed downward to the infeed chute flap of the shredder, can then be deposited into the PKP Container. The loading flap can then be pressed shut again and finally the start button has to be pressed. Once the start button on the PKP Container has been pressed the shredder will begin with shredding the waste to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm. After a number of minutes the shredder will automatically stop shredding the waste and the shredded waste will be deposited automatically by the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system) into the built-in waste (recycle) unit intended therefor.

In addition to the options described under points 1 and 2 of this paragraph, the PKP Container also provides the option of recycling residual plastic waste. Adjacently of the display of the PKP Container is a 'residual plastic waste' button. This button can be pressed, and after it has been pressed the loading flap will open. The residual plastic waste can be deposited directed downward toward the infeed chute flap of the shredder. The loading flap can then be pressed shut again and finally the start button has to be pressed. Once the start button on the PKP Container has been pressed the shredder will begin shredding the waste to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm. After a number of minutes the shredder will automatically stop shredding the waste and the shredded waste will be deposited automatically via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes

Identification System (PRCLBI system) into the built-in waste (recycle) unit for residual plastic waste intended therefor.

In addition to the options described, the PKP Container also provides the option of recycling cardboard and paper. Adjacently of the display of the PKP Container is a button with the recycling logo for cardboard and paper thereon. This button can be pressed, and after it has been pressed the loading flap will open automatically. The waste, directed downward toward the infeed chute flap of the shredder, can be deposited into the PKP Container. The loading flap can then be pressed shut again and finally the start button has to be pressed. Once the start button on the PKP Container has been pressed the shredder will begin shredding the waste to pieces of 1 mm to 40 mm. After a number of minutes the shredder will automatically stop shredding the waste and the shredded waste will then be deposited automatically via the Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system) into the built-in waste (recycle) unit for cardboard and paper intended therefor.

The PKP Container is provided with eight built-in waste (recycle) units:

- one waste unit for plastic for reuse recycling code 1 PET

- one waste unit for plastic for reuse recycling code 2 HDPE or PE-HD

- one waste unit for plastic for reuse recycling code 4 LDPE or PE-LD

- one waste unit for plastic for reuse recycling code 5 PP

- one waste unit for beverage cartons for reuse with a capacity of 2.7 kg;

- one waste unit for residual plastic waste for incineration with a capacity of 2.7 kg;

- one waste unit for cardboard and paper for reuse with a capacity of 2.7 kg;

- one waste unit for metal (tin) and aluminium packagings for reuse.

Placed at each waste unit is a waste bag having thereon the logo corresponding to the waste unit. Once a waste bag is full, this is shown automatically in the display of the PKP Container. The full waste bag can be taken out of the unit by opening the flap of the recycle unit of the PKP Container. An empty/new waste bag can subsequently be placed in the waste unit and the door of the PKP Container can be closed again. The full waste bag can be deposited in the municipal waste container intended for the purpose.

The Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system) is unique and specially developed for the PKP Container for the purpose of recognizing the plastic recycling code on packaging materials and for recognizing the recycling logo on beverage cartons, metal (tin) and aluminium packagings.

Elucidation of the drawings of the PKP Container:

Figures 1 to 7 show schematic views of the container according to the invention;

Figures 8 to 10 show parts of the container according to the invention in more detail; Figure 1 1 shows a flow diagram illustrating the operation of the container according to the invention;

Figures 12 and 13 show examples of recycling codes and recycling logos on packaging material.

Figure 1 is provided with six (6) numerals, such as: numeral 1 black box with variable frequency drives, numeral 2 mini-shredder, numeral 3 electric motor 230/380 V, numeral 4 reducer gearbox, numeral 5 PKP Container frame and numeral 6 housing.

Figure 2 is provided with three (3) numerals, such as: numeral 7 infeed chute, numeral 8 waste units placing and numeral 9 sliding drawer/drive unit rotary platform.

Figure 3 is provided with five (5) numerals, such as: numeral 10 left side plate, numeral 1 1 back plate, numeral 12 upper plate, numeral 13 right side plate and numeral 14 front plate.

Figure 4 is provided with six (6) numerals, such as: numeral 15 support, numeral 16 mounting plate, numeral 17 upright, numeral 18 intermediate support, numeral 19 adjusting foot and numeral 20 pedestal.

Figure 5 is provided with three (3) numerals, such as: numeral 21 waste unit, numeral 22 control panel/display and numeral 23 safety sensor.

Figure 6 is provided with ten (10) numerals, such as: numeral 24 hinge, numeral 25 rotary platform, numeral 26 rotary platform door lock, numeral 27 door sensor, numeral 28 rotary platform door, numeral 29 funnel, numeral 30 loading flap, numeral 31 loading flap lock, numeral 32 infeed chute flap and numeral 33 infeed chute.

Figure 7 is provided with twelve (12) numerals, such as: numeral 34 rotary platform cross, numeral 35 rotary platform bearing, numeral 36 rotary platform belt pulley, numeral 37 screw belt pulley, numeral 38 belt for belt pulley, numeral 39 rotary platform motor 12/24 V, numeral 40 rotary platform sensor, numeral 41 rail, numeral 42 sliding drawer rotary platform, numeral 43 waste units sensor, numeral 44 display D1 -D2 and numeral 45 mini-camera.

Figure 8 is provided with eight (8) numerals, such as: numeral 46 AS 3, numeral 47 front separating rack, numeral 48 AS 1 , numeral 49 AS 2, numeral 50 rear separating rack, numeral 51 clamping piece AS, numeral 52 nut KM5, numeral 53 chain 06-B1 .

Figure 9 is provided with eight (8) numerals, such as: numeral 54 shredder frame, numeral 55 threaded rod M6, numeral 56 bearing set, numeral 57 toothed wheel 50 teeth AS 2, numeral 58 toothed wheel 25 teeth AS 1 , numeral 59 chain wheel 25 teeth AS 1 , numeral 60 chain wheel 25 teeth AS 3, numeral 61 bush.

Figure 10 is provided with five (5) numerals, such as: numeral 62 breaker separating racks, numeral 63 knife 10 teeth AS 2 and AS 1 , numeral 64 intermediate ring AS 1 , AS 2 and AS 3, numeral 65 knife 5 teeth AS 1 and numeral 66 taker 12 teeth AS 3.

Figure 1 1 is provided with nineteen (19) letters, such as: Letter A: recycling code, logo or barcode for recognizing the packaging material, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter B: if a known recycling code, logo or barcode is recognized, a command is then sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter C: the command is processed and, if the recycling code, logo or barcode is not recognized, the PRCLBI system sends a command to return to A. Letter D stands for: if a recycling code, logo or barcode is recognized, a command is then sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter E: the command is processed and the correct waste unit is selected and a command is sent simultaneously to the PRCLBI system. Letter F: the command is processed and the lock of the loading flap springs open and the loading flap opens and a command is sent simultaneously to the PRCLBI system. Letter G: the command is processed and the loading flap opens while a command is sent simultaneously to the PRCLBI system. Letter H: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system checks whether the loading flap is closed safely or unsafely and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter I: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects that the loading flap has not been safely closed; a command is then sent to the Raspberry Pi and the user is requested to close the loading flap and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter J: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects that the loading flap has been safely closed; a command is then sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter K: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system switches on the power of the variable frequency drives, electric motor, reducer gearbox and shredder unit and starts the process of shredding the packaging material (for a short period) and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter L: the command is processed and after a short period the PRCLBI system stops the shredding process and switches off the power of the variable frequency drives, electric motor, reducer gearbox and shredder unit and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter M: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects whether a waste unit is full and a command is sent. Letter N: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects that no waste unit is full, the process of shredding can continue and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter 0: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects that a waste unit is full; a command is then sent to the Raspberry Pi and an indication is given to the user that a waste unit is full and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter Q: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system switches on the power of the lock of the door of the rotary platform and the door of the rotary platform opens and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter R: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects whether the door of the rotary platform has been closed safely or unsafely and a command is sent to the PRCLBI system. Letter S: the command is processed and the PRCLBI system detects that the door of the rotary platform has been safely closed, the process of shredding can continue, or the PRCLBI system detects that the door of the rotary platform has not been safely closed and a command is sent to the Raspberry Pi and the user is requested to close the door of the rotary platform.

Figure 12 shows examples of recycling codes, such as

Recycling code 1 PET. The number 1 is indicated in a triangle of arrows and the letters PET directly below. The mini-camera takes a photo or makes a recording of the plastic recycling code and sends a command to the PRCLBI system, the command is processed and, if the plastic recycling code is recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter E to Letter S. And if the barcode is not recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter A to Letter D.

Recycling code 2 HDPE or PE-HD. The number 2 is indicated in a triangle of arrows and the letters HDPE or PE-HD directly below. The mini-camera takes a photo or makes a recording of the plastic recycling code and sends a command to the PRCLBI system, the command is processed and, if the plastic recycling code is recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter E to Letter S. And if the barcode is not recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter A to Letter D.

Recycling code 04 or 4. The number 04 or 4 is indicated in a triangle of arrows and the letters LDPE or PE-LD directly below. The mini-camera takes a photo or makes a recording of the plastic recycling code and sends a command to the PRCLBI system, the command is processed and, if the plastic recycling code is recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter E to Letter S. And if the barcode is not recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter A to Letter D.

Recycling code 05 or 5PP. The number 05 or 5 is indicated in a triangle of arrows and the letters PP directly below. The mini-camera takes a photo or makes a recording of the plastic recycling code and sends a command to the PRCLBI system, the command is processed and, if the plastic recycling code is recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter E to Letter S. And if the barcode is not recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter A to Letter D.

An example of a packaging material recycling logo has on the left a triangle of arrows, on the right a triangle of feet with the letters C02 therein and in the upper centre the letters PKP and Container there below. The mini-camera takes a photo or makes a recording of the recycling logo and sends a command to the PRCLBI system, the command is processed and, if the recycling logo is recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter E to Letter S. And if the recycling logo is not recognized, a command is sent to the PRCLBI system as described above from Letter A to Letter D.

Figure 13 shows more examples of recycling logos.

The dimensions of the PKP Container:

• height from 700 mm to 1450 mm;

· width from 500 mm to 1350 mm;

• depth from 400 mm to 1250 mm.

The PKP Container is provided with about 67 technical elements

1. Black box with variable frequency drives;

2. Mini-shredder; 3. Electric motor 230/380 V;

4. Reducer gearbox;

5. PKP Container frame;

6. Housing;

7. Infeed chute;

8. Waste units placing;

9. Sliding drawer/drive unit;

10. Left side plate;

1 1. Back plate;

12. Upper plate;

13. Right side plate;

14. Front plate;

15. Support;

16. Mounting plate;

17. Upright;

18. Intermediate support;

19. Adjusting foot;

20. Pedestal;

21. Waste unit;

22. Control panel/display;

23. Safety sensor;

24. Hinges;

25. Rotary platform;

26. Rotary platform door lock;

27. Door sensor;

28. Rotary platform door;

29. Funnel;

30. Loading flap;

31. Loading flap lock;

32. Infeed chute flap; 33. Infeed chute;

34. Rotary platform cross;

35. Rotary platform bearing;

36. Rotary platform belt pulley;

37. Screw belt pulley;

38. Belt for belt pulley;

39. Rotary platform motor 12/24 V;

40. Rotary platform sensor;

41. Rail;

42. Sliding drawer rotary platform;

43. Waste unit sensor;

44. Display 1 D-2D;

45. Mini-camera;

46. AS 3;

47. Front separating rack;

48. AS 1 ;

49. AS 2;

50. Rear separating rack;

51. Clamping piece AS;

52. Nut KM5,

53. Chain 06-B1 ;

54. Shredder frame;

55. Threaded rod M6;

56. Bearing set;

57. Toothed wheel 50 teeth AS 2;

58. Toothed wheel 25 teeth AS 1 ;

59. Chain wheel 25 teeth AS 1 ;

60. Chain wheel 25 teeth AS 3;

61. Bush;

62. Breaker separating racks; 63. Knife 10 teeth AS 2 and AS 1 ;

64. Intermediate ring AS , AS 2 and AS 3;

65. Knife 5 teeth AS 2;

66. Taker 12 teeth AS 3;

67. Plastic Recycling Codes Logos and Barcodes Identification System (PRCLBI system)