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Title:
DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING POWER THROUGH ROTATING MAGNETIC FIELDS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/064857
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention is a device for the transmission of power by means of rotating magnetic fields, comprising a drive shaft (2) with an external magnet (3), a pump shaft (4) with an internal magnet (5) suited to entrained by said external magnet (3), a rear tight chamber or containment body (1) for said pump shaft (4) and said internal magnet (5), said rear body (1) being positioned between said internal magnet (5) and external magnet (4). Said rear body (1) comprises at least a glass-shaped casing and one or more probes buried within the thickness of said glass-shaped casing.

Inventors:
MISCHIATTI ADRIANO (IT)
MISCHIATTI ANTONIO (IT)
MISCHIATTI MASSIMO (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2011/054821
Publication Date:
May 10, 2013
Filing Date:
October 31, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
PUMPS SRL M (IT)
MISCHIATTI ADRIANO (IT)
MISCHIATTI ANTONIO (IT)
MISCHIATTI MASSIMO (IT)
International Classes:
F04D13/02; F04D13/06; F04D15/02; F16D27/01; H02K49/10
Foreign References:
US6039827A2000-03-21
ITPD20100249A12012-02-04
DE4342649C11995-02-16
EP1091128A12001-04-11
EP0610562A11994-08-17
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ROCCHETTO, Elena (Via Sorio 116, Padova, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Device for the transmission of power by means of rotating magnetic fields, comprising

a drive shaft (2) and at least one external magnet (3) fitted on said drive shaft (2),

a pump shaft (4) and at least one internal magnet (5) fitted on said pump shaft (4) and suited to be entrained by said external magnet (3), a rear tight chamber or containment body (1) for said pump shaft (4) and said internal magnet (5), where said rear body (1) comprises a glass-shaped casing positioned between said internal magnet (5) and external magnet (4),

characterized in that said rear body (1) comprises also at least a temperature sensor (7) comprising in turn a miniaturized thermocouple (71) integrated into the thickness of said glass-shaped casing and located in the magnetic field between said external magnet (3) and said internal magnet (5).

2. Device according to claim 1, characterized in that said rear body (1) comprises a first tight glass-shaped casing, or external glass-shaped casing (61) having a structural function, and a second glass-shaped casing or internal glass-shaped casing (62) housed in said external glass-shaped casing (61) and suited to come directly into contact with the pumped fluid, and wherein said miniaturized thermocouple (71) and/or said sensors and probes are housed between said external glass-shaped casing (61) and said internal glass-shaped casing (62).

3* Device according to claims 1, 2, characterized in that said miniaturized thermocouple (71) and/or said sensors and probes are buried within the thickness of one or both of said internal glass-shaped casing (62) and external glass-shaped casing (61).

4. Device according to claims 2 or 3, characterized in that said thermocouple (71) is connected to at least one cable (72) inserted through a duct (73) obtained in said rear body (1).

5* Device according to claims 1, 2, 3 or 4, characterized in that it comprises one or more further sensors or probes suited to monitor the pump operative conditions postioned between said external glass-shaped casing and said internal glass-shaped casing.

6. Device according to claims 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, characterized in that said internal glass-shaped casing (62) is made of a metallic material, with or without other metallic and/or non metallic elements.

7. Device according to claims 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5, characterized in that said internal glass-shaped casing (62) is made of a non metallic material.

8. Device according to claims 6 or 7, characterized in that said internal glass-shaped casing (62) consists of at least one continuous layer covering the inner surface (611) of said external glass (61), deposited by means of a chemical and/or electrochemical process.

9. Device according to the preceding claims, characterized in that said external glass-shaped casing (61) is made of a non metallic, composite and/or thermoplastic and/or thermosetting and/or ceramic material, etc.

10. Device according to one or more of the precedine claims, characterized in that it is a magnetic pump, said pump shaft (4) being connected to one or more impellers.

Description:
DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING POWER THROUGH ROTATING

MAGNETIC FIELDS

DESCRIPTION

This patent relates to devices for the transmission of power by means of rotating magnetic fields and in particular relates to a new device for the transmission of power, such as magnetic pumps, agitators, mixers, blenders, high precision grinding machines, etc., by means of two coaxial magnets separated by a glass-shaped glass-shaped glass-shaped casing or cylindrical wall which determines a sealed chamber or rear body of the device. This glass-shaped glass-shaped casing or cylindrical wall is made of a multilayer material and possibly equipped with probes and/or monitoring sensors. Prior art includes magnetic pumps comprising a pump body to house the motor connected to a drive shaft, a hermetically sealed chamber or volute with an inlet and outlet for the liquid to circulate, inside of which at least one impeller coupled with a pump shaft rotates.

The drive of said pump shaft, and therefore of the impeller, is achieved through an internal magnet coupled to said drive shaft, said internal impeller being driven by a magnet of the drive shaft, or by an external magnet.

In magnetic pumps of the known type said volute or hydraulic component is partially constituted by a rear body firmly fixed to the pump body and partially by another portion constituted by a lid connectable to the pump body.

This rear body of magnetic pumps of a known type comprise a glass-shaped glass-shaped casing placed between said external magnet and said internal magnet.

The use of probes to monitor the pump's operating parameters is a known technique. In particular, the use of probes to monitor the temperature of said rear body is known, said probes being bound to said rear body in the area affected by the magnetic field.

The magnetic field generated by the external rotating magnet induces a current in the rear body, if made of metal material, which heats the rear body. Under normal operating conditions, the rear body is cooled when the pump is running.

Nonetheless the temperature must be constantly monitored because, in the case of malfunctions, sudden increases in temperature may occur that require timely maintenance and repair interventions.

These increases in temperature of pump parts may damage the pump or even cause fires or explosions, especially in the case where flammable fluids are pumped.

Patent EP 0 610 562 and EP 1 091 128 relate to magnetic pumps with a temperature sensor installed on the glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, and where said sensor comprises a thermocouple that has a conductor formed by the galss-shaped glass-shaped casing itself and the other conductor is attached to the surface of the glass-shaped glass-shaped casing.

This sensor may for example comprise a flat terminal located on the surface of the glass-shaped glass-shaped casing facing the external magnet.

Glass-shaped glass-shaped casings of the known type essentially have a structural function, being containers under pressure.

Glass-shaped glass-shaped casings made entirely of metal, which involve magnetic losses inside the magnetic field, or made entirely of non-metal material are already known. However, pumps with non-metal glass-shaped glass-shaped casings cannot be used in environments such as refineries and petrochemical plants where the fluids being pumped cannot come into contact with non-metal surfaces. Patents DE 4342649, US 4854823 and JP 63-257451 relate to magnetic pumps equipped with composite glass-shaped glass-shaped casings, that is, comprising an external wall made of a different material from the internal wall.

To overcome the aforementioned problems a new type of device for the transmission of power was studied and developed, like for example a magnetic pump, comprising a cylindrical wall or glass-shaped glass-shaped casing which determines a sealed chamber or rear body. Said wall or glass- shaped glass-shaped casing being equipped with probes or monitoring sensors integrated into the thickness of said glass-shaped glass-shaped casing.

The main purpose of the present invention is to monitor the temperature of the rear body immersed in the magnetic field, where the temperature sensors are integrated in the thickness of the glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, thereby allowing measurements with greater accuracy compared to systems of the known art.

Another purpose of the present invention is to ensure the hermetic seal of the device given that the glass-shaped glass-shaped casing is at least double- walled. In this way, the hermetic seal is guaranteed even in the case of a first breakage of the rear body which in that case would allow a timely repair intervention.

Another advantage of this invention is that it can be used in environments such as refineries or petrochemical plants where the fluid being pumped cannot come into contact with non-metal surfaces. Another advantage of this invention is that it can be used in applications where it is preferable to have no magnetic losses attributable to rear bodies made of metal materials.

These and other purposes, direct and complementary, are achieved by this new type of device for the transmission of power, such as a magnetic pump, comprising a cylindrical wall or glass-shaped glass-shaped casing determining a sealed chamber or rear body and where said cylindrical wall or glass-shaped glass-shaped casing is equipped with probes and/or monitoring sensors and said glass-shaped glass-shaped casing is preferably made of a multilayer structure.

In the event the invention is applied to a magnetic pump, the pump shall comprise in its main parts a body with a drive shaft and at least one external magnet keyed on said drive shaft, a pump shaft, at least one internal magnet keyed on said pump shaft suited to be driven by said external magnet, a rear body to house said internal magnet of said pump shaft and one or more impellers, said rear body being housed between said internal magnet and said external magnet.

Said rear body comprises one or more sensors or probes suited to monitor the operating conditions of the pump, said sensors or probes being integrated into the thickness of said glass-shaped glass-shaped casing.

In particular, it is expected that said rear body comprises at least one temperature sensor which in turn comprises a miniature thermocouple integrated into the glass-shaped glass-shaped casing thickness, preferably within the magnetic field between said external magnet and said internal magnet.

In the preferred embodiment, said rear body is determined by a substantially cylindrical wall or sealed glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, and where said cylindrical wall or glass-shaped glass-shaped casing in turn comprises a first external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, with a structural function, and a second glass-shaped glass-shaped casing or internal glass-shaped glass- shaped casing housed in said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, suited to be in direct contact with the pumped fluid.

In an alternative embodiment, said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing is preferably made of material other than metal, that is, composite and/or thermoplastic and/or thermosetting and/or ceramic, etc., so that it does not lead to any magnetic loss.

In contrast, said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing may be made of metal or non-metal material.

In particular, if the invention is to be used in environments such as refineries or petrochemical plants, where the pumped liquid must not come into contact with non-metal surfaces, said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing can be conveniently made of metal material.

According to a further possible embodiment, said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing is deposited in a continuous layer directly on the internal surface of said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing through a chemical and/or electrochemical process.

Said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing can also be made of metal with other metal and/or non-metal elements.

According to a further embodiment, said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing can be made of non-metal material.

Said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing acts as a first containment so that in the case of breakage, the hermetic seal of the rear body is guaranteed by the presence of the external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, leaving time for corrective actions. The invention also foresees that said one or more sensors or probes intended to monitor the pump operating conditions are particularly installed between said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing and said internal glass- shaped glass-shaped casing.

In particular, said temperature sensor is installed between said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing and said internal glass-shaped glass- shaped casing or embedded in the thickness of said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing and/or said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing. Said rear body may also comprise one or more additional sensors such as pressure and/or liquid sensors, suitable for the early identification of any broken glass-shaped glass-shaped casing of said internal and/or external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing.

The attached drawings show, by way of a non-limiting example, a practical embodiment of the invention applied to a magnetic pump.

Figure 1 shows a section of the rear body (1) of the pump, while Figure 2 shows a detail of the rear body (1) with a temperature sensor (7) installed. This is a new magnetic pump comprising a pump body with a drive shaft (2) and at least one external magnet (3) keyed on said drive shaft (2), a pump shaft (4), at least one internal magnet (5) keyed on said pump shaft (4) and suited to be driven by said external magnet (3), a containing rear body (1) of said pump shaft (4) of said internal magnet (5) and one or more impellers, said rear body (1) being positioned between said internal magnet (5) and said external magnet (4).

Said rear body (1) comprises a first hermetically sealed glass-shaped glass- shaped casing (61), or external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, having a structural function, and a second glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (62), or internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing, housed in said external glass- shaped glass-shaped casing (61) suited to be in direct contact with the pumped fluid.

Said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (62) may for example be made of at least one continuous layer covering the internal surface (611) of said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (61), that is, the surface facing said internal magnet (5).

Said continuous covering layer is preferably deposited by chemical and/or electrochemical processes.

As shown in figure 2, said rear body (1) comprises at least one temperature sensor (7), in turn comprising a miniature thermocouple (71) interposed between said external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (61) and said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (62) and installed within the range of the magnetic field, that is, preferably between said external magnet (3) and said internal magnet (5).

Said thermocouple (71) is connected to at least one cable (72) inserted through a duct (73) obtained in said rear body (1).

Alternatively, said thermocouple (71) may be embedded in the thickness of one or both of said internal glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (62) and external glass-shaped glass-shaped casing (61), preferably installed in the magnetic field, that is, between said external magnet (3) and said internal magnet (5).

Therefore, with reference to the preceding description and the attached drawings, the following claims are made.