Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DRIVE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DRIVING A VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/003669
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention concerns a drive system and a method of driving a vehicle (1). The drive system comprises a combustion engine with output shaft (2a) which is connected to a first component (10) of a planetary gear, a gear box with an input shaft (3a) which is connected to a second component ( 12) of the planetary gear and an electric machine (9) which is connected to a third component (11) of the planetary gear. The drive system comprises a low voltage battery (21 ) with a rated voltage of at most 60 volt and an electric switch (23) with which the low voltage battery (21) is connectable to the electric machine (9) during at least a starting process of the vehicle (1)·

More Like This:
Inventors:
VAAGSTEDT NILS-GUNNAR (SE)
PETTERSSON NIKLAS (SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE2013/050788
Publication Date:
January 03, 2014
Filing Date:
June 26, 2013
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SCANIA CV AB (SE)
International Classes:
B60K6/48; H02K49/00; H02P15/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2010082893A12010-07-22
Foreign References:
US6428438B12002-08-06
DE10015912A12001-10-31
US20100173746A12010-07-08
Other References:
See also references of EP 2867050A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SCANIA CV AB (Södertälje, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1 . Drive system for a vehicle (1 ). wherein the drive system comprises a combustion engine (2) with an output shaft (2a), a gear box (3) with an input shaft (3a), an electric machine (9) which comprises a stator (9a) and a rotor (9b), and a planetary gear which comprises a sun wheel ( 10), a ring wheel ( 1 1 ) and a planet wheel holder (12). wherein the output shaft (2a) of the combustion engine is connected to a first of said components of the planetary gear such that a rotation of this shaft (2a) leads to a rotation of this component, wherein the input shaft (3a) of the gear box is connected to a second of said components of the planetary gear such that a rotation of this shaft leads to a rotation of this component and the rotor (9b) of the electric machine is connected to a third of said components of the planetary gear such that a rotation of the rotor (9b) leads to a rotation of this component, characterized in that the drive system comprises a low voltage battery (2 1) with a rated voltage of at most 60 volt and an electric switch (23) with which the low voltage battery (21) is connectable to the electric machine (9) during at least a starting process of the vehicle (1).

2. Drive system according to claim 1, characterized in that the drive system comprises a DC-DC transformer (22) which is adapted to transform electric energy which is led from the electric machine (9) to the low voltage battery (21).

3. Drive system according to claim 2. characterized in that the DC-DC transformer (22) is bidirectional such that it can also lead and transform electric energy which is led from the low voltage battery (21 ) to the electric machine (9).

4. Drive system according to claim 2 or 3. characterized in that the low voltage battery (21) is an existing 24 volt battery in the vehicle (1) which, inter alia, is used for starting the combustion engine ( 1 ). 5. Drive system according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the drive system comprises a control unit ( 18) which is adapted to control the amount of electric energy which is led from the electric machine (9) to the low voltage battery (21) with the help of control equipment (19) such that the vehicle (1) obtains a desired speed increase during the starting process.

6. Drive system according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the drive system comprises a control unit (18) which is adapted to control the electric machine (9) with the help of the low voltage battery (21 ) at operation occasions when gears are shifted in the vehicle ( 1 ).

7. Drive system according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the drive system comprises a hybrid energy storage (20) and that the low voltage battery (21 ) is connected to the electric machine (9) during a starting process of the vehicle and when the hybrid energy storage (20) is estimated to have an undesired function.

8. Drive system according to claim 7. characterized in that the drive system comprises a control unit ( 18) which is adapted to receive information concerning a parameter in order to estimate if the hybrid energy storage (20) has an undesired function. 9. Drive system according to claim 7 or 8, characterized in that the drive system comprises an indication member (25) which indicates when the hybrid energy storage (20) is estimated to be out of operation.

10. Drive system according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the output shaft (2a) of the combustion engine is connected to the sun wheel ( 10) of the planetary gear, that the input shaft (3a) of the gear box is connected to the planet wheel holder (12) of the planetary gear and that the rotor (9b) of the electric machine is connected to the ring wheel (1 1) of the planetary gear. 1 1. Method of driving a vehicle ( 1 ), wherein the vehicle ( 1 ) comprises a combustion engine (2) with an output shaft (2a), a gear box (3) with an input shaft (3a), an electric machine (9) which comprises a stator (9a) and a rotor (9b), and a planetary gear which comprises a sun wheel (10), a ring wheel ( 1 1) and a planet wheel holder (12), wherein the output shaft (2a) of the combustion engine is connected to a first of said components of the planetary gear such that a rotation of this shaft (2a) leads to a rotation of this component, wherein the input shaft (3a) of the gear box is connected to a second of said components of the planetary gear such that a rotation of this shaft leads to a rotation of this component and the rotor (9b) of the electric machine is connected to a third of said components of the planetary gear such that a rotation of the rotor leads to a rotation of this component, characterized by the step to connect the electric machine (9) to a low voltage battery (21 ) which has a rated voltage of at most 60 volt during at least a starting process of the vehicle (1 ).

12. Method according to claim 1 1 , characterized by the step to use a DC-DC transformer (22) for transforming electric energy which is led from the electric machine (9) to the low voltage battery (21).

13. Method according to claim 12, characterized by the step to use a DC-DC transformer (22) which is bidirectional such that it can also lead and transform electric energy which is led from the low voltage battery (21) to the electric machine (9).

14. Method according to claim 12 or 13, characterized by the step to use a low voltage battery in the form of an existing 24 volt battery (21 ) in the vehicle (1 ). 15. Method according to any of the preceding claims 1 1- 14, characterized by the step to control the amount of electric energy which is led from the electric machine (9) to the low voltage battery (21 ) with the help of control equipment (19) such that the vehicle obtains a desired speed increase during the starting process. 16. Method according to any of the preceding claims 1 1-15, characterized by the step to control the electric machine (9) with the help of the low voltage battery (21) at operation occasions when gears are shifted in the vehicle ( 1).

17. Method according to any of the preceding claims 1 1 -16, characterized by the step to connect the low voltage battery (21 ) to the electric machine (9) during a starting process of the vehicle and when a hybrid energy storage (20) in the vehicle is estimated to have an undesired function.

18. Method according to any of the preceding claims 1 1- 17, characterized by the steps to receive information concerning a parameter in order to determine if the hybrid energy storage (19) has an undesired function.

19. Method according to claim 17 or 18, characterized by the step to indicate to a driver of the vehicle when the hybrid energy storage ( 19) is estimated to be out of operation.

20. Method according to any of the preceding claims 1 1 - 19, characterized by the steps to connect the output shaft (2) of the combustion engine to the sun wheel (9) of the planetary gear, to connect the input shaft (3) of the gear box to the planet wheel holder (1 1 ) of the planetary gear and to connect the rotor (8) of the electric machine to the ring wheel ( 10) of the planetary gear.

21 . Computer program comprising computer program code for making a computer implement a method according to any of the claims 1 1-20 when the computer program code is executed in the computer.

22. Computer program product comprising a data storage medium which is readable by a computer, wherein the computer program code of a computer program according to claim 21 is stored on the data storage medium.

23. Vehicle comprising a drive system according to any of the claims 1-10.

Description:
Drive system and method of driving a vehicle

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION AND PRIOR ART The present invention concerns a drive system according to the preamble of claim 1 and a method of driving a vehicle according to the preamble of claim 1 1.

To use a conventional clutch mechanism which disconnects the input shaft of the gear box from the combustion engine during gear changing processes in the gear box involves disadvantages. When a stationary vehicle starts, the discs of the clutch mechanism slide against each other. Thereby heating of the discs is provided. This heating results in an increased fuel consumption and a wear of the clutch discs. A conventional clutch mechanism is also relatively heavy and expensive. It occupies also a relatively large space in the vehicle. To use a hydraulic moment converter also results in losses.

Hybrid vehicles can be driven by a primary motor which can be a combustion engine and a secondary motor which can be an electric machine. The electric machine is equipped with at least one energy storage for storing electric energy and control equipment for controlling the flow of electric energy between the energy storage and the electric machine. The electric machine can thereby alternately work as motor and generator in dependence on the operation state of the vehicle. When the vehicle is braked, the electric machine generates electric energy which is stored in the energy storage. The stored electric energy is used later, for example, for driving the vehicle and operating different auxiliary systems in the vehicle.

The Swedish patent application SE 105 1384-4, which has not been made public, shows a hybrid drive system with a planetary gear which comprises three components, namely a sun wheel, a planet wheel holder and a ring wheel. One of the three components of the planetary gear is connected to an output shaft of the combustion engine, a second component of the planetary gear is connected to an input shaft to the gear box and a third component of the planetary gear is connected to a rotor of an electric machine. The electric machine is connected to an energy storage such that it alternately can work as motor and generator. The rotation speed of electric machines can be controlled in a stepless manner. By controlling the rotation speed of the electric machine, the input shaft to the gear box can be given a desired rotation speed. With a hybrid system according to SE 1051384-4 no clutch mechanism needs to be used in the drive line of the vehicle.

With a hybrid system according to SE 1051384-4 no clutch mechanism needs to be used in the drive line of the vehicle. The hybrid drive system is however dependent on that the hybrid battery functions in order to make it possible to start the vehicle.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The object of the present invention is to provide a drive system for a vehicle of the initially mentioned kind, where it essentially always is possible to start the vehicle.

This object is achieved with a drive system of the initially mentioned kind, which is characterized by the features which are specified in the characterizing portion of claim 1. When the combustion engine is starting, a first of the components of the planetary gear rotates with the idle running rotation speed of the combustion engine. The second of the components of the planetary gear which is connected to the gear box is at rest as long as the vehicle is stationary. The third of the components of the planetary gear which is connected to the rotor of the electric machine rotates backwards with a negative rotation speed. In order for a driving moment to be transferred to the gear box, it is required that the rotor of the electric machine is braked. By connecting the low voltage battery to the electric machine, a braking moment can be created which counteracts the negative rotation of the rotor. Because of this, a driving moment can be transferred to the gear box such that the vehicle starts. A relatively small power is required in order to brake the rotor of the electric machine at the start of the vehicle. A low voltage battery can normally supply this power and carry out this task. At the starting process, the electric machine generates electric energy which is led to the low voltage battery. There is thus no risk that the low voltage battery is discharged at a start of the vehicle.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the drive system comprises a DC-DC transformer which is adapted to transform electric energy which is led from the electric machine to the low voltage battery. An electric machine in a hybrid vehicle is fed with and generates normally a relatively high voltage. In order to make it possible to transfer electric energy from the electric machine to the low voltage battery during the starting process, it is suitable to use a DC-DC transformer. According to an embodiment of the present invention, the DC-DC transformer is bidirectional such that it can also lead and transform electric energy which is led from the low voltage battery to the electric machine. During certain operation conditions, electric energy may be needed to be supplied from the low voltage battery to the electric machine. In order to enable the transfer of electric energy in this direction, it is suitable to use a bidirectional DC-DC transformer. Alternatively, two separate DC-DC transformers may be used where one DC-DC transformer leads electric energy in one of said directions and the other DC-DC transformer leads electric energy in the opposite direction.

According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the low voltage battery is an existing 24 volt battery in the vehicle which, inter alia, is used for starting the combustion engine. Heavier vehicles are normally equipped with a starting battery which has a high capacity. With the help of such a battery it is possible to brake the rotor of the electric machine and start the vehicle. Conventional 24 volt batteries in vehicles are relatively inexpensive. If the battery, contrary to expectation, cannot handle the stresses to which it is exposed when the vehicle starts, it can easily be exchanged and replaced by a new one.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the drive system comprises a control unit which is adapted to control the amount of electric energy which is led from the electric machine to the low voltage battery with the help of control equipment such that the vehicle obtains a desired speed increase during the starting process. With advantage, the vehicle can obtain a substantially constant speed increase during the starting process. The starting process of the vehicle may refer to the time it takes for the vehicle to accelerate from stationary to a speed at which a starting gear can be disengaged and replaced by a higher gear in the gear box. The starting process may alternatively refer to a time period in the order of I to 3 seconds or of another suitable length.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the drive system comprises an energy storage and that the low voltage battery is connected to the electric machine when the energy storage is estimated to have an undesired function. In this case, the vehicle is a hybrid vehicle which is driven by a primary motor in the form of a combustion engine and a secondary motor in the form of said electric machine. Except for the energy storage, the vehicle comprises control equipment in order to control the flow of electric energy between the energy storage and the electric machine. The electric machine has thereby, in addition to the function to enable the control of the rotation speed of the input shaft of the gear box, also the ability to alternately work as motor and generator in dependence on the operation state of the vehicle. With the help of the low voltage battery and an electric switch, it is possible to at least temporarily replace the energy storage when it has an undesired function. The vehicle may after the start with the low voltage battery be driven to a service place or the like where the energy storage can be repaired or replaced by a new one. The energy storage may comprise a battery and/or a capacitor.

According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the drive system comprises a control unit which is adapted to control the electric machine with the help of the low voltage battery at operation occasions when gears are shifted in the vehicle. If the low voltage battery has a sufficient capacity, it is possible to also use the low voltage battery for at least helping to create a momentless state in the gear box when an existing gear is to be disengaged of the gear box and a new gear is to be engaged. This control can be combined with a motor control function which controls the rotation speed of the combustion engine when gears are engaged and disengaged in the gear box. The same control unit or two separate control units can be used in the different cases.

According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the drive system comprises a control unit which is adapted to receive information concerning a parameter in order to determine if the energy storage has an undesired function. The control unit may, for example, receive information from an electric measurement instrument which measures a parameter which is related to the electric energy which is led between the regular energy storage and the electric machine. The electric measurement instrument may measure a parameter which concerns the current and/or voltage of the electric energy. If the energy storage does substantially not deliver or receive any electric energy during operation, it probably has an undesired function.

According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the drive system comprises an indication member which indicates when the energy storage has an undesired function. The indication member can be a warning lamp or a sound alarm which is activated if the energy storage does not function in the required manner. With the help of such an indication member, the driver becomes immediately informed when the energy storage does not function in a desired manner. That the hybrid storage has an undesired function may refer to the fact that the energy storage does not deliver electric energy in a desired manner or that it does not generate electric energy in a desired manner, that it cannot maintain a required charge level etcetera. A control unit may be adapted to automatically set the electric switch in a position such that the low voltage battery is connected to the electric machine at occasions when the energy storage is estimated to have an undesired function. Alternatively, the driver may manually set the electric switch with a button or the like when the indication member indicates that the energy storage is out of operation.

According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, the output shaft of the combustion engine is connected to the sun wheel of the planetary gear, the input shaft of the gear box is connected to the planet wheel holder of the planetary gear and the rotor of the electric machine is connected to the ring wheel of the planetary gear. With such a design, the included components may be given a compact construction. The sun wheel and the planet wheel holder may be connected to the output shaft of the combustion engine and the input shaft of the gear box, respectively, with the help of spline joints or the like. It is thereby guaranteed that the sun wheel rotates with the same rotation speed as the output shaft of the combustion engine and that the planet wheel holder rotates with the same rotation speed as the input shaft of the gear box. The rotor of the electric machine may be fixedly arranged on an external peripheral surface of the ring wheel. The internal peripheral surface of the ring wheel is normally provided with cogs. The external peripheral surface of the ring wheel is normally smooth and very well suited for carrying the rotor of the electric machine. The ring wheel and the rotor of the electric machine thereby form a rotatable unit. Alternatively, the rotor of the electric machine may be connected to the ring wheel via a

transmission. It is however possible to connect the output shaft of the combustion engine, the input shaft of the gear box and the rotor of the electric machine with any of the other components of the planetary gear.

The initially mentioned object is achieved also by the method according to claims 1 1- 20. SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following preferred embodiments of the invention are described, as examples, with reference to the annexed drawings, on which:

Fig. 1 shows a drive line of a vehicle with a drive system according to the present invention,

Fig. 2 shows the drive system in more detail,

Fig. 3 shows how the rotation speed of the different components in the planetary gear may vary at a starting process of the vehicle,

Fig. 4 shows how the moment of the different components in the planetary gear may vary at a starting process of the vehicle and

Fig. 5 shows an alternative embodiment of the drive system.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS OF THE INVENTION

Fig 1 shows a drive line for a heavy vehicle 1. The drive line comprises a combustion engine 2, a gear box 3, a number of drive shafts 4 and drive wheels 5. Between the combustion engine 2 and the gear box 3 the drive line comprises an intermediate part 6. Fig 2 shows the components in the intermediate part 6 in more detail. The combustion engine 2 is provided with an output shaft 2a and the gear box 3 with an input shaft 3a in the intermediate part 6. The output shaft 2a of the combustion engine is coaxially arranged in relation to the input shaft 3a of the gear box. The output shaft 2a of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3a of the gear box are rotatably arranged around a common axis of rotation 7. The intermediate part 6 comprises a housing 8 which encloses an electric machine 9 and a planetary gear. The electric machine 9 comprises in a customary manner a stator 9a and a rotor 9b. The stator 9a comprises a stator core which is attached in a suitable manner on the inside of the housing 8. The stator core comprises the windings of the stator. The electric machine 9 is adapted to during certain operation occasions use stored electric energy for supplying drive power to the input shaft 3a of the gear box and to during other operation occasions use the kinetic energy of the input shaft 3 of the gear box for extracting and storing electric energy. The planetary gear is arranged substantially radially inside of the stator 9a and rotor 9b of the electric machine. The planetary gear comprises in a customary manner a sun wheel 10, a ring wheel 1 1 and a planet wheel holder 12. The planet wheel holder 12 carries a number of cog wheels 13 which are rotatably arranged in a radial space between the cogs of the sun wheel 10 and the ring wheel 1 1. The sun wheel 10 is attached on a peripheral surface of the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine. The sun wheel 10 and the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine rotate as a unit with a first rotation speed m . The planet wheel holder 12 comprises an attachment portion 12a which is attached on a peripheral surface of the input shaft 3a of the gear box with the help of a spline joint 14. With the help of this joint, the planet wheel holder 12 and the input shaft 3a of the gear box can rotate as a unit with a second rotation speed n 2 . The ring wheel 1 1 comprises an external peripheral surface on which the rotor 9b is fixedly mounted. The rotor 9b and the ring wheel 1 1 constitute a rotatable unit which rotates with a third rotation speed n 3 .

The vehicle comprises a locking mechanism which is movable between a first open position in which the three components 10-12 of the planetary gear are allowed to rotate with different rotation speeds and a second locked position in which it locks together two of the components 10. 12 of the planetary gear such that the three components 10-12 of the planetary gear rotate with the same rotation speed. In this embodiment, the locking mechanism comprises a displaceable coupling member 15. The coupling member 15 is attached on the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine with the help of a spline joint 16. The coupling member 15 is in this case arranged, secured against turning, on the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine and displaceably arranged in an axial direction on the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine. The coupling member 15 comprises a coupling portion 15a which is connectable to a coupling portion 12b of the planet wheel holder 12. The locking mechanism comprises a schematically shown displacement member 17 is adapted to displace the coupling member 15 between the first free position Ii when the coupling portions 15a, 12b are not in engagement with each other and the second locked position h when the coupling portions 15a. 12b are in engagement with each other. In the first open position, the output shaft 2 of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3 of the gear box can rotate with different rotation speeds. When the coupling portions 15a, 12b are in engagement with each other, the output shaft 2 of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3 of the gear box will rotate with the same rotation speed. An electric control unit 18 is adapted to control the displacement member 17. The control unit 18 is also adapted to decide at which occasions the electric machine 9 is to work as motor and at which occasions it is to work as generator. In order to decide this, the control unit 18 can receive actual information from suitable operation parameters. The control unit 18 also controls a schematically shown control equipment 19 which controls the flow of electric energy between an energy storage 20 and the stator 9a of the electric machine. The control unit 18 can be a computer with a suitable software for this purpose. The control unit 1 8 can of course constitute one or more separate control units. At occasions when the electric machine 9 works as motor, stored electric energy from the energy storage 20 is supplied to the stator 9a. At occasions when the electric machine works as generator, electric energy from the stator 9a is supplied to the energy storage 20. The energy storage 20 delivers and stores electric energy with a voltage which is in the order of 200-800 Volt. Since the intermediate part 6 between the combustion engine 2 and the gear box 3 in a vehicle is limited, it is required that the electric machine 9 and the planetary gear constitute a compact unit. The components 10-12 of the planetary gear are here arranged substantially radially inside of the stator 9a of the electric machine. The rotor 9b of the electric machine, the ring wheel 1 1 of the planetary gear, the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3a of the gear box are here rotatably arranged around a common axis of rotation 5. With such a design, the electric machine 9 and the planetary gear occupy a relatively small space.

The vehicle comprises a 24 volt battery 21 for the start of the combustion engine 2 and the operation of other equipment in the vehicle 1. In heavy vehicles 1, 24 volt batteries 21 with a relatively high capacity are used. The 24 volt battery 21 is, via an electric line and an electric switch 23, connectable to the stator 9a of the electric machine. The electric line comprises a DC-DC transformer 22 between the 24 volt battery 21 and the electric switch 23. The DC-DC transformer 22 has a capacity to transform electric energy which is led from the stator 9a of the electric machine, which stator delivers electric energy with the same voltage level as the energy storage 20, to the voltage level which is the case in the 24 volt battery 21 . The DC-DC transformer 22 may with advantage be bidirectional. It can thereby also if required lead electric energy from the 24 volt battery 20 to the stator 7 of the electric machine. When electric energy is led in this direction, the DC-DC transformer 22 transforms electric energy with the voltage level 24 volt to the higher voltage level of the hybrid battery. In this case, may, alternatively, two separate DC-DC transformers be used which lead electric energy in one direction each of said directions.

During the operation of the electric machine 9, the control unit 18 receives information from an electric meter 24 which senses a parameter which is related to the electric energy which is transported to and from the energy storage 20. The electric meter may measure current and voltage. If the measured electric energy is below an expected value, the energy storage 20 does probably not function in the intended manner. If substantially no electric energy is transported to and from the energy storage 20 during the operation of the vehicle, it is estimated not to have a desired function. If the control unit 18 estimates that the energy storage 20 does not have a desired function, it activates an indication member 25 in the driver's cab. The indication member 25 may be a flashing lamp or a sound alarm or the like. The task of the indication member 25 is to make the driver aware that the energy storage 20 is out of operation. The control unit 18 may now automatically switch the electric switch 23 and connect the 24 volt battery 20 to the electric machine 9 in the manner which is shown in Fig. 2.

Alternatively, the driver may manually with a button or the like activate the connection between the 24 volt battery 20 and the electric machine. The vehicle 1 is equipped with a motor control function 26 with which the rotation speed m of the combustion engine can be controlled. The control unit 18 thereby has the possibility to activate the motor control function 25 when gears are engaged and disengaged in the gear box 3 in order to create a moment less state in the gear box 3.

Fig. 3 and 4 show an example of how the rotation speed n and the moment T may vary with time t for the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine, the rotor 9b of the electric machine and the input shaft 3a of the gear box at a starting process of the vehicle 1 when the energy storage 20 is out of operation. Rotation speed ni and moment Ti of the output shaft 2a of the combustion engine are shown with dashed lines, rotation speed n 2 and moment T 2 of the input shaft 3 of the gear box are shown with continuous lines and rotation speed n 3 and moment T3 of the electric machine 9 are shown with dotted lines. The relationship between the number of cogs zi of the sun wheel 9 and the number of cogs z 2 of the ring wheel 10 is in this example zi/z 2 = 0.7.

If the energy storage 20 is estimated to be out of operation, the control unit 18 sets the electric switch 23 in a position such that the 24 volt battery 21 is connected to the electric machine 9. The combustion engine 2 starts at t = 0. The combustion engine 2 runs initially idle with the rotation speed m = 500 rpm and the moment Ti = 200 Nm. The input shaft 3a of the gear box is at rest and has thus initially the rotation speed n 2 = 0 rpm. Since all the components in the planetary gear are connected to each other with a predetermined transmission ratio, the ring wheel 1 1 obtains an initial rotation speed n3 which is determined by the two other rotation speeds m, n 2 . With the above transmission ratio zi/z 2 = 0.7, the ring wheel obtains the rotation speed = -350 rpm. The ring wheel 1 1 will here rotate in an opposite direction in relation to the sun wheel 10. The control unit 18 controls thereafter the control mechanism 19 such that the electric machine 9 supplies a moment T3 which in this case is 300 Nm. Since the ring wheel 11 rotates in the opposite direction in relation to the sun wheel 10, the ring wheel is braked by the moment T3. Thereby, electric energy is generated which is led from the electric machine to the low voltage battery 21 via the DC-DC transformer 22. The input shaft 3a of the gear box here obtains the moment T 2 = 500 Nm which is the sum of the moment Ti of the combustion engine and the braking moment T2 of the electric machine. The moment T2 gets the input shaft 3a of the gear box going such that it starts to rotate, i.e. n 2 becomes larger than zero. The vehicle 1 thereby starts. At the time A, the rotation speed ni of the combustion engine is increased. Because of this, it is ensured that the ring wheel 1 1 can rotate with an opposite rotation speed ¾ of a suitable magnitude such that it also thereafter the ring wheel 1 1 can and ensure that the input shaft 3a of the gear box obtains an increasing rotation speed n 2 and the vehicle 1 a successively increasing speed during the starting process. The moments Ti, T 2 , T3 present constant values up to a time B. At the time B, the starting process is over. At the time B, the combustion engine 2 is braked with an exhaust brake, a controllable turbo or is retarded in another manner such that the rotation speed is reduced. The rotation speed of the combustion engine 2 sinks at the same time as the input shaft 3 a of the gear box maintains a constant rotation speed n 2 . The vehicle 1 is now driven with a constant speed. When the rotation speed m of the combustion engine 2 sinks at the same time as the rotation speed n 2 of the gear box is constant, the rotation speed m of the electric machine 9 increases. The rotation speed of the rotor changes from being a negative rotation speed to a positive. At the time C all components in the planetary gear rotate with the same rotation speed. The control unit 18 activates the displacement member 17 which displaces the coupling member 15 such that the coupling portions 15a, 12b get into engagement with each other. The output shaft 2 of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3 of the gear box are now locked in relation to each other and will thereby rotate with the same rotation speed. After that the components included in the planetary gear have been locked, only the combustion engine 2 is responsible for driving the vehicle 1. The moment T3 of the electric machine sinks here to 0. The electric machine 9 rotates with the same rotation speed n? as the output shaft 2 of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3 of the gear box.

At the continued journey, a higher gear needs to be engaged in the gear box 3. The control unit 18 activates the displacement member 17 which displaces the coupling member 15 to a disengaged position. The connection between the output shaft 2 of the combustion engine and the input shaft 3 of the gear box ceases. The control unit 18 calculates the rotation speed ni which the input shaft 2a of the combustion engine needs to be driven with in order to achieve a momentless state in the gear box 3. The control unit 18 activates the motor control function 26 which gives the combustion engine 2 the calculated rotation speed m , after which the gear is disengaged. After that the gear has been disengaged, a new gear is to be engaged. The control unit 18 calculates here the rotation speed which the output shaft 2 of the combustion engine needs to be driven with in order for it to rotate with the same rotation speed as the input shaft 3a of the gear box. The control unit 18 activates the motor control function 26 which gives the combustion engine 2 the calculated rotation speed m , after which the new gear is engaged. The control unit 18 thereafter activates the motor control function 26 again in order to control the rotation speed m such that all the components in the planetary gear obtain the same rotation speed m , n 2 . m. When all the components in the planetary gear rotate with the same rotation speed, the control unit 18 activates the displacement member 17 which displaces the coupling member 15 such that the coupling portions 15a, 12b get into engagement with each other. After locking the planetary gear, only the combustion engine 2 is responsible for driving the vehicle.

In this case, the 24 volt starting battery 21 is used instead of the energy storage 20 during a starting process of the vehicle 1 . The vehicle 1 can thereby be started and driven to a service place or the like where the energy storage 20 can be exchanged or repaired. During a starting process, the 24 volt battery 21 receives electric energy from the electric machine 9. It is however not excluded to also use the 24 volt battery 21 and the electric machine 9 for controlling the rotation speed of the ring wheel 1 1 in order to obtain the above mentioned state in the gear box 3 when disengaging and engaging gears. In this case, the 24 volt battery 21 must both be able to receive and deliver electric energy to the electric machine 9.

Fig. 5 shows a simplified embodiment of the drive system. In this case, the vehicle comprises no hybrid battery. Except for that, the drive systems comprises the same components as in the embodiment in Fig. 2. The planetary gear, the electric machine 9 and the 24 volt battery 21 here replace a conventional clutch mechanism. In this case, the vehicle 1 is always started with the help of the 24 volt battery 21, after which the motor control function 26 is used when gears are shifted in the vehicle.

The invention is in no way limited to the embodiment described on the drawings but can be varied freely within the scope of the claims. For example, a transmission with a gear ratio can be arranged between the rotor 9 and the ring wheel 1 1. The rotor 9 and the ring wheel 1 1 need thus not rotate with the same rotation speed.