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Title:
DYNAMIC QUANTITATIVE EXPLOITATION INDEX
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/201788
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to the dynamic exploitation index (DinEx or DX) adapted to any device, machine, structure or system containing parts operating under mechanical, thermal and / or chemical stress. In particular, the invention is related to the dynamic exploitation index that includes the steps of operation of quantification of histories of all systems operating under stress, whether mechanical, thermal, chemical, collection of these quantities with the data logger, transforming these quantities into an available and understandable numerical size in the light of the analytical and practical studies.

Inventors:
ÖZDEMİR SERHAN (TR)
SEVER OĞUZ (TR)
Application Number:
PCT/TR2020/050256
Publication Date:
October 07, 2021
Filing Date:
April 01, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
OEZDEMIR SERHAN (TR)
SEVER OGUZ (TR)
International Classes:
G07C5/08
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
REHBER MARKA PATENT DANISMANLIK HIZMETLERI LTD STI (TR)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1- The invention relates to the dynamic exploitation index adapted to any device, machine, structure or system containing parts operating under mechanical, thermal and / or chemical stress and its feature is being characterized by inclusion of the process steps of: the quantification of the histories of all systems operating under stress, whether mechanical, thermal and / or chemical, the acquisition of these quantities through the data logger, conversion of these quantities and findings in the light of analytical and practical studies into a publicly available and understandable numerical size,

2- It is the dynamic exploitation index in accordance with the Requirement 1 and its feature is characterized by the calculation of this value of a part operating under mechanical, thermal and chemical stress by the following formula:

3- It is the dynamic exploitation index in accordance with the Requirement 1 and its feature is characterized by the conversion of all stress on an operating part, chemical decomposition, if any, and thermal stress, if any, into a numerical magnitude increasing throughout its life slowly but continuously.

Description:
DYNAMIC QUANTITATIVE EXPLOITATION INDEX TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention relates to the dynamic quantitative exploitation index (DinEx or DX) adapted to any device, machine, structure or system containing parts operating under mechanical, thermal and / or chemical stress. In particular, the invention is related to the dynamic exploitation index that includes the steps of operation of quantification of histories of all systems operating under stress, whether mechanical, thermal, chemical, collection of these quantities with the data logger, transforming these quantities into an available and understandable numerical size in the light of the analytical and practical studies.

KNOWN STATE OF THE TECHNIQUE

The machine is called a whole set of mechanisms consisting of various machine elements such as gears, bearings and shafts to convert any type of energy into another energy, to perform a work or to create an effect by using a certain power. Electronic or organic devices that do not have any mechanical parts are also called as machine. Machines have been developed to assist or completely replace human or animal power in performing a particular work or performing a physical function. They cover a wide range of devices, from simple machines such as leverage, inclined plane, spinning wheel to very complex systems such as a modern car. Machines can operate by converting thermal, chemical, nuclear or electrical energy into mechanical energy, or vice versa, or simply serve to transfer or adapt forces and motion. All machines are equipped with an input and output equipment and adaptation or conversion and transfer equipment. Today, as the human population increases, the number of tools, machines and devices used in parallel increases rapidly. They include, in particular, motor vehicles including all land, sea and air vehicles.

Although there is "km" data in motor vehicles in the current technique, it does not provide any information about the quality or poor quality usage history drawn by this numerical size, which emerged about how much the vehicle was used. In addition, it is known that there is no similar exploitation index in devices, machines, structures or systems which are extended by the known technology. The absence of a similar index causes any person to be deprived of a series of advantages regarding use.

As a result, the need for a new economic, useful, dynamic quantitative exploitation index, adapted to any device, machine, structure or system, and the inadequacy of the existing solutions for the solution of the above mentioned problems in the present technique have made it necessary to make an improvement in the relevant technical field.

OBJECTIVE OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a dynamic quantitative exploitation index (DinEx or DX) adapted to any device, machine, structure or system containing parts that operate under mechanical, thermal and / or chemical stress, which is created by inspiring the current situations and aims to solve the above-mentioned drawbacks.

The most important aim of the invention is to provide information about the use of any device, machine, structure or system. This allows comparison to other devices, machines, structures or systems. For traumatic uses suffered, it allows to make a decision to hold a piece of that part or to eliminate that part. It also enables insurance companies to price their customers according to their usage style.

The structural and characteristic features and all the advantages of the innovation will be comprehended more clearly thanks to the following figures and the detailed description written by making reference to these figures and therefore, the evaluation must be performed considering these figures and detailed description.

FIGURES TO HELP UNDERSTAND THE INVENTION

FIGURE - 1; It is the drawing showing the form of the dynamic exploitation index subject to the invention added to an instrument dashboard.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

This detailed description relates to the dynamic quantitative exploitation index (DinEx or DX), subject to the invention, adapted to any device, machine, structure or system containing parts operating under mechanical, thermal and / or chemical stress.

Today, in general, all devices, machines, structures and similar systems are on the way to become more intelligent. The basic framework of the Industry IV initiative is essentially a declaration of this coming philosophy. Machines, devices, bridges, buildings seem to have shifted to this route as a whole.

For example, the automobiles have started to turn to computer systems on wheels gradually, considering their trends of the last 30-40 years. In the near future, it seems that there will be no components on which data is not acquired and not evaluated and life of which is not monitored over automobiles.

The data acquired from such systems will ultimately be used to make an assessment of the general course of that piece or parts, to identify the source of a problem that arises. It can even be said that after a few steps, upcoming defects will be shared with the user.

The main problem underlying this invention is: Again, based on the vehicles, suppose that a customer who wants to buy a second-hand car goes to a vehicle market. Suppose that two vehicles in front of this customer stand next to each other in the same km, age and model. Which of these two vehicles with the same general health should be chosen?

Whether it operates under mechanical, thermal or chemical stress, the mentioned invention enables a part, being critical for deactivation, to be evaluated over an index throughout its life. The present invention enables to generate an index that increases spontaneously, as long as it works with the data acquired on any part operating under the conditions listed above.

The said invention ensures conversion of all the stress, chemical deterioration, if any, and thermal stress, if any, on any part operating under the conditions mentioned above, into gradually but continuously increasing numerical magnitude throughout its lifetime.

Based on an automobile, the said invention provides for conversion of each moment of operating life of the part A on this vehicle to a numerical magnitude, its quality of use or exploitation.

The present invention aims at an aging (lifetime) both on the basis of the part and on the basis of the system that contains the part. It is obvious that this aging is and will be different from the calendar age of that part or system.

The present invention provides that the parts in use are represented by an index or a number. It aims at slightly increasing this numerical magnitude with this type of usage index under a usage which is recommended and may be considered as good, but highly increase it under use which can be counted at the level of exploitation.

Said invention aims at producing an index which can be called a kind of goodness of use or quality of use. This index is called "Dynamic Exploitation Index" or "DinEx" or "DX" in short. The Dynamic Exploitation Index ensures the quantification of the histories of all systems operating under mechanical, thermal and / or chemical stress. It ensures acquisition of this data through a data logger integrated in the machine or its parts. Any type of strain that can be measured with mechanical, thermal and / or chemical strain / stress gauge is taken into account for DinEx. This index transforms the findings in the light of analytical and practical studies into a publicly available and understandable numerical size. It is recommended that the DinEx index mentioned in the present invention be integrated into each component or system.

As can be seen in Figure - 1, if it is handled on a vehicle basis, it is considered to be given as an increasing numerical size in the vehicle instrument panel, just like a km counter. The DinEx is given on the vehicle dashboard, in addition to other information on the front panel of the vehicle. Thus, insurance companies, car rental companies or fleet managements will set prices and be able to rate their users based on this application. In addition, the DinEx index can be used to determine the period of part replacements.

The numerical magnitude of the DinEx index, mentioned in this invention, is expected to be lower on a vehicle with a single driver, at nominal speeds and spent its life on asphalt compared to a vehicle always spent its life with 5-6 persons on bad roads and at higher speeds again on a vehicle basis.

This index is determined by an equation specifically determined for the part, component, machine, device or structure and specific for the relevant component.

This index is based on chemical stress (corrosion), for example, on a part that is embedded in salt water but does not carry any load. Likewise, this index is similarly based only on thermal stress on components that experience only thermal stress. This index is based on mechanical stress only on parts operating under mechanical stress. This index takes into account all three under conditions where all three coercive factors are present. This index is not a life determination index using fatigue mechanics. This index forms the exploitation index based on fatigue mechanics and other analytical studies. This index transforms the findings in the light of analytical and practical studies into a publicly available and understandable numerical size.

An example equation for a component operating under mechanical, thermal and chemical stress can be given as follows:

"ki, k 2 , k 3 " can be given as mechanical, thermal and chemical coefficients specific to the component, "f" as the stress frequency, "a” as the stress, "t" as the time" "p, q and r" as the exponentials, "T" as the temperature, "M" as the chemical concentration.

The DinEx index mentioned in the present invention, penalizes low load slightly, high burden highly. converts the ambient temperature to a penalty point, according to the manufacturer's recommendation. taking into account the chemicals in the environment, for example, penalizes seaside equipment, machinery or systems more than those away from the seaside.

This index also takes into account the times during which parts expose to bad conditions. Systems are penalized in proportion to the length of the bad conditions they are exposed to. The DinEx index mentioned with the present invention,

- is a kind of aging method.

- It is a benchmark for vehicles, machines, devices or structures of the same type.

- For traumatic uses suffered, it is the criteria of a decision to hold a piece of that part or to eliminate that part.

- It is a method to warn users about the usage history of devices / machines / structures as a quantitative value that can be converted to quality.

- It is the method for insurance companies to price their customers according to their usage style.

- In personal device / machine / vehicle uses, it provides a feedback to the person.

- If used for buildings, it gives a quantitative "trauma" index related to earthquake history.

- In vehicles, this index is a good use or misuse index, it will be a determining factor in used vehicle sales.

- In aviation, risk determination and renewal periods can be determined on the basis of part,

- In steel buildings / bridges, risk management can be carried out, for example, on parts specifically.

The scope of protection of this application is set out in the Requirements section and cannot be limited to what is described above for illustrative purposes. It is obvious that a person specialized in the technique can present the innovation suggested in the invention making use of similar structures and/or can apply this structure to other similar fields used in the related technique. It is therefore clear that such structures will lack the criterion of overcoming the known state of the innovation and in particular of the technique.