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Title:
EMERGENCY AID VEST
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/081029
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The present invention is a cloth that analyzes the patient's fever, moisture, pulse, blood pressure, saturation, blood sugar, electrocardiography ECG, basic electro myography EMG, non-stress test NST, heart rhythm, heart rate, pulse rate, breathing sounds, provides clinical decision support, sends this data to the mobile phone tablet or computer of the health personnel online, performs cardiac massage with the pump mechanism on the patient's heart, provides electro shock, provides respiratory and oxygen support.

Inventors:
DOGANSAH YASIN (TR)
Application Number:
PCT/TR2019/050550
Publication Date:
April 23, 2020
Filing Date:
July 09, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
DOGANSAH YASIN (TR)
International Classes:
A61B5/00; A61M1/10; G16H40/63
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
AKKAS, Ahmet (TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An emergency aid vest with different sizes, dimensions and different models according to age and gender with wearable technology, characterized in that comprising;

• A rear face (1 ), a front face (2) with an elastic band (1.1 ) and an elastic side wings (1.2) on it,

• A pulse oximeter (3), which takes data from the carotid artery (neck, jaw), wrists and ankles and fingers and toes and measures the oxygen content and pulse rate in the blood,

• A digital stethoscope (4), with four headers positioned on the heart rib cage, around the heart and six headers from the T1 (lumber) to the L4-L5 on the back (trocal),

• A temperature and humidity sensor (5), located in both armpits, neck, back and chest cage, receiving temperature and humidity information of the person wearing the vest from these points and obtaining data on whether the patient is in an unusual condition (high fever, etc.),

• A multiple of electroshock pads (6) positioned on the chest, on the heart and on the right side of the heart, which transmit electro-shock loaded from the device to the heart entering the fibrillation and whose task is to apply electroshock to the heart,

• A six piece of ECG probes (7) placed on the front side of the vest (2) reflects the heartbeat, contraction, and rhythms on the screen by taking the heartbeat rhythms and converting them into a digital data graph, which can be moved by the user in order to get the best heart rhythms since the heart surface can change according to the body mass index of the users,

• A module input unit (8) which further comprises a module input connection (8.1 ), an ECG left arm cuff input (8.2), an EMG left-hand connection (8.3), an ECG left foot cuff input (8.4), an ECG right Arm cuff input (8.5), a pulse oximeter input (8.6), an ECG right foot cuff insertion (8.7), a glycerometer sensor (8.8) which displays the blood sugar rate to the device screen by dripping a drop of blood taken from finger to module strip, an AUX sound input (8.9) to transmit the stethoscope sounds and digital environment and external environment, a pulse sensor connection (8.10),

• A heart massage air pump module (9) which applies pressure to the heart via the air pump (18) placed on the heart, by pumping the air pumped from the device to the air pump (18) and releasing the pumped air in cycles, when the heart has stopped, in line with the data obtained from the pulse sensors and the ECG,

• a TAKO NST pregnant pain detection probe (10) for pregnant women, which detects birth pain around the navel and transfers it to the device as a numerical value by placing a TAKO module under the navel,

• A NST infant heart rate probe (11 ), which measures over the belly and detects the baby's heart rate as a numerical value,

• An multiple of emergency vest layers (12), which further comprises an inner structure of which comprises layers of conductive material (12.1 ), a heat and electrically insulating material (12.2), a soft filling material (12.3), a waterproof material (12.4),

• A wireless card or communication card (13),

• An antenna (14),

• A SIM card module (GPRS) (15),

· An adapter voltage amplifier or reducer (16),

• A sensor and probe modules (17)

• An ethernet input (19),

• A USB port (20),

• An AUX input (21 ),

· An EMG probe input (22),

• A Sphygmomanometer (23),

• A microprocessor.

2. The microprocessor of claim 1 , characterized in that comprising a software that analyzes the received data and makes a comparison with the reference values, allows the heart to be massaged (CPR) by compressing and releasing the heart, allowing it to swell and descend with the air from the air balloon module placed on the heart if a cardiac arrest is detected, applies electro shock in different joules according to the heart beat of the heart that vibrates after cardiac massage, measures the blood sugar, provides breathing support in case of respiratory arrest, provides the required amount of oxygen support and reflects to the screen by detecting whether the data it receives is normal and adjusting its aperture with the valve located in the vest input module according to the result of the value, provides oxygen support and provides oxygen support by analyzing the data received from the patient by the oxygen tube and mask in the device, analyzes the data received from the patient according to the data received from the vest wireless card or communication card (13) and transfers information to the previously defined equipment, provides clinical decision support (CCDS) guided by the physician performing the transfer and patient transfer, emergency ambulances and patient transport vehicles.

Description:
EMERGENCY AID VEST

TECHNICAL FIELD

Emergency aid vest is related to collecting the symptoms of the patients in need of emergency assistance or requiring follow-up, transferring the symptoms to the mobile phone, computer or tablet of the physician or specialist physician and intervening the patient according to the instant obtained values of the patient. BACKGROUND

In the health center emergency departments, the general practitioner examines the patients. General practitioners need the opinion of a specialist physician when needed. The specialist physician does not work in a hospital after working hours. Therefore, if necessary, a consultation is opened and the specialist physician is called to the hospital urgently. In patient transportation vehicles and 112 emergency vehicles patients are accompanied by health personnel. There are no physicians in the ambulances. Regarding the problems that may develop during the transport, the physician in the center is called by phone and the measured values of the patient are reported.

Patients who are examined in family doctor are directed to a specialist physician in case they need an expert opinion. In places with transportation problems and the elderly who cannot go to the hospitals cannot be examined by a physician. They cannot take the medications that the specialist physician should prescribe. It is hard to follow up the patient's immediate symptoms for the patient's relative and the physician in charge of the patients who require follow-up or bedridden. The emergency assistance vest analyzes the data received from the patient and transmits it to the patient's relative or physician instantly.

In emergency situations in public living areas, the response time to the patient is very long. It is important to intervene in seconds when a patient needs emergency intervention. In case of an emergency, the patient cannot analyze the symptoms correctly and an incorrect intervention causes the patient to die. In the health center, the patient's symptoms are detected by separate devices. This causes time loss. In case of need of a specialist physician, the symptoms of the patient are transmitted to the specialist physician by telephone. This situation does not include the patient's instant findings, thus a healthy decision is prevented.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The purpose of the emergency aid vest is to transfer the patient's symptoms to a physician or specialist physician in places where there is no physician or specialist physician support and to intervene according to the patient's symptoms.

The emergency aid vest ensures that the symptoms obtained from a patient are taken from a single hand instantaneously and not with separate devices. When the patient's symptoms are detected with separate devices, the values obtained from a single point may not be healthy. Data can be received from several points thanks to the sensors located at different points of the emergency aid vest.

Incorrect intervention to the patient is prevented and intervened according to the patient's symptoms thanks our invention. The emergency aid vest that is used to track the normal patients or bedridden patients provides instant follow-up.

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1. Emergency Aid Vest Opened View The equivalents of the numbers given in the figures are:

1. Rear Side

1.1. Elastic band (Velcro vest fixing)

1.2. Side wings with Rubber

2. Front Side

3. Pulse oximeter

4. Digital Stethoscope

5. Heat and humidity sensor

6. Electro Shock Pads

7. ECG probe

8. Module input unit

8.1.Module input connection

8.2. ECG left arm sleeve input

8.3. EMG left hand connection

8.4. ECG left foot sleeve input 8.5. ECG right arm sleeve input

8.6. The Input Pulse Oximeters

8.7. ECG right foot sleeve input

8.8. Sensor miles

8.9.AUX sound input

8.10. Pulse sensor connection

9. CPR air pump module

10. Taco NST pregnant pain detection probe

11. NST baby heartbeat probe

12. Layers of Emergency Aid Vest

12.1. Internal Structure of Gel-Based Conductive Material

12.2. Heat and electrical insulating material

12.3. Soft fill material

12.4. Waterproof material

13. Wireless Card or Communication Card

14. Antenna

15. SIM card module (GPRS))

16. Adapter Voltage Amplifier or Modifier

17. Sensor and Probe Modules

18. Air Pump

18.1. Oxygen Intake

18.2. Oxygen Output

18.3. Respiratory Support Air Intake

18.4. Respiratory Support Air Pump Output

19. Ethernet Input

20. USB input

21. Aux input

22.EMG probe input

23. A Sphygmomanometer

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Emergency aid vest has a liquid-impermeable design which is made of fabric or any material, designed to add electrical parts to it, easy to wear, with a soft filling material and different sizes according to the age, sex and physique of a patient and covered with an insulating material against heat and electricity.

Invention comprises;

• a rear side (1 ), which further comprises an elastic band (1.1 ) and a multiple of side wings with rubber (1.2),

• a front side (2),

• a Pulse Oximeter (3),

• a Digital Stethoscope (4),

• a Temperature and humidity sensor (5),

• an Electro shock pads (6),

• an ECG probe (7),

• a Module input unit (8),

• a Cardiac massage air pump module (9),

• a TAKO NST pregnant pain detection probe (10),

• a NST Baby Heartbeat Probe (11 ),

• a multiple of layers of the emergency aid vest (12) which further comprises, o an internal structure of gel based conductive material (12.1 ),

o a heat and electrical insulating material (12.2),

o a soft filling material (12.3),

o a waterproof material (12.4),

• a wireless card or communication card (13),

• an antenna (14),

• a sim card module (15),

• an adapter voltage amplifier or reducer (16),

• a sensor and probe module (17),

• a multiple of air pumps (18),

• an ethernet input (19),

• a USB port (20),

• an AUX input (21 ),

• an EMG Probe input (22),

• a sphygmomanometer (23). Inside the vest, there are sensors and probes that allow data to be received from the patient. The values provided by the sensors; heat (temperature), humidity, saturation (determination of the amount of oxygen in the blood), blood pressure, the amount of sugar in the blood, heart rate, breathing sounds. The data collected by the probes are 6-probe electrocardiography (ECG), electromyography EMG, NST (non- stress test) for pregnant patients and cardiac rhythm.

The invention includes a pulse oximeter (3) which measures the oxygen content and pulse rate in the blood receiving data from the carotid artery (neck, under the chin), wrists and ankles, and fingers and toes. The pulse oximeter (3) is connected to the device by cable. The vest detects whether the values are normal or not and displays the data it receives on the display with the software it contains. The display is placed on the vest. The same sensor is also available on the neck carotid artery. The only difference is that at least two sensors are intended to be used because the data obtained from a single sensor is unsafe and the second sensor is placed on the finger and wrist.

The digital stethoscope (4) operates by receiving data with the stethoscope heads and converting the received data into digital sound. The stethoscope heads that will receive the data are positioned on the heart rib cage, around the heart, and on the back (trocal) starting from T1 (lumber) to L4-L5 and 6 pieces.

The temperature and humidity sensor (5) is located in both armpits, neck, back, rib cage. From these points, temperature and humidity information of the person wearing the vest is obtained and data are obtained on whether the patient is in an unusual condition (high fever etc.).

The electro-shock pads (6) transmit the electro-shock charged from the device to the heart entering the vibration. The task is to apply electroshock to the heart, which is located on the chest, the heart and the right side of the heart. The device is the equipment to which the vest is connected, the power is supplied, the air pump (18), the power unit, the wireless adapter and the inputs, the screen on which is the input module for the input to the screen. On the vest, cardiac massage electroshock and so on equipment. However, due to its nature, it is not possible to mount a power adapter on the vest, but this equipment is located outside the vest in connection with the vest.

The ECG probe (7) takes the heartbeat rhythms and converts them to a digital data graph and displays the heartbeat, contraction and rhythms on the screen. 6 probes were placed on the front side of the vest (2) around the heart in order to obtain the best heart rhythms. Since the heart surface changes according to the body mass index of the users, the probes are movable by external intervention. The probes are made of gel-based material and can be displaced by sliding the gel-based material. In addition, on the vest, a multiple of paths are opened to the spots that the probes are placed, where the probes can move in millimeter proportions and movements are provided in millimeters within the path when necessary.

The module input unit (8) comprises a module input connection (8.1 ), an ECG left arm sleeve input (8.2), an EMG left-hand connection (8.3) comprises a multiple of probes as in ECG, which receives hand and arm data from the nervous system and processes in the vest card software then projects on the screen, an ECG left foot sleeve input (8.4), an ECG right arm cuff input (8.5), a pulse oximeter input (8.6), an ECG right foot cuff input (8.7), a blood glucose meter, a glucose meter sensor (8.8) displays the sugar rate in the blood by dripping a drop of blood taken from the finger to the module strip, an AUX audio input (8.9) takes the stethoscope sounds and give it to the digital and outer environment, a pulse sensor connection (8.10) units for receiving stethoscope sounds and transmitting to digital and external media. It compares these values with a software included in the vest and determines if there are normal values or not.

The heart massage air pump module (9) comprises the air pump (18) placed on the heart which pumps or releases air to the air pump (18) on the heart according to the data received from the pulse sensors and the ECG. In this way, heart massage is applied by applying pressure to the heart.

The TAKO NST pregnant pain detection probe (10) is placed to the TAKO module under the navel for pregnant women and it displays on the screen the birth pain by as a numerical value by detecting it around the belly button.

The NST baby heart rate probe (11 ) reflects the measured the baby's heart rate on the navel and displayes on the screen.

The emergency vest layers (12) comprise gel-based conductive material (12.1 ), both on the front face (2) and on the back face (1 ) of the vest.

The invention comprises ECG cuffs to be connected to both legs, wrists and body parts. These cuffs are connected to ECG probes. Since the wrist and foot sleeves serve as a chassis, these sleeves must be connected to the hardware. Although these parts do not have a function on their own, they are used to detect heartbeat rhythms with ECG probes. In addition, the sphygmomanometer (23) on the present invention is also connected to the vest. This part is adjacent to the left arm. With the air produced from the device, the cuff inflates and detects blood pressure and reflects on the screen.

In the light of the data obtained with the pulse oximeter (3), the ambu mask detects by the vest software if there is oxygen deficiency and by giving warning to the patient through the breathing support air inlet (18.3) and the Respiratory Support Air Pump Outlet (18.4) connected to the vest where necessary via the oxygen Inlet (18.1 ) and the oxygen outlet (18.2). Here, necessary means, detecting the amount of oxygen in the blood has fallen below normal values in the data received by the pulse oximeter (3) by software and providing the required amount of oxygen support by adjusting the opening of the vest inlet module with the valve according to the result of the determined value.

The invention analyzes the received data and makes a comparison with the reference values, allows the heart to be massaged (CPR) by compressing and releasing the heart, allowing it to swell and descend with the air from the air balloon module placed on the heart if a cardiac arrest is detected, applies electro shock in different joules according to the heart beat of the heart that vibrates after cardiac massage, measures the blood sugar, provides breathing support in case of respiratory arrest, provides the required amount of oxygen support and reflects to the screen by detecting whether the data it receives is normal and adjusting its aperture with the valve located in the vest input module according to the result of the value, provides oxygen support and provides oxygen support by analyzing the data received from the patient by the oxygen tube and mask in the device, analyzes the data received from the patient according to the data received from the vest wireless card or communication card (13) and transfers information to the previously defined equipment, provides clinical decision support (CCDS) guided by the physician performing the transfer and patient transfer, emergency ambulances and patient transport vehicles

The invention comprises a software that analyzes the received data and makes a comparison with the reference values, allows the heart to be massaged (CPR) by compressing and releasing the heart, allowing it to swell and descend with the air from the air balloon module placed on the heart if a cardiac arrest is detected, applies electro shock in different joules according to the heart beat of the heart that vibrates (shaking) after cardiac massage, measures the blood sugar, provides breathing support in case of respiratory arrest via oxygen tube and ambu mask, provides the required amount of oxygen support, analyzes the data received from the patient according to the data received from the vest wireless card or communication card (13) and transfers information to the previously defined equipment, provides clinical decision support (CCDS) guided by the physician performing the transfer and patient transfer, emergency ambulances and patient transport vehicles. Besides, the physician performing the transportation during the patient transportation, can monitor the patient data in the patient transport vehicles and the emergency ambulances from the center instantly. The received data can be transferred instantly to the computer and then online to android/ios software and it enables the evaluation of the patient's symptoms by receiving an emergency signal from the mobile phone, tablet, computer or any device and allows the patient to write opinion or drug and confirm with e-signature support.

With the clinical decision support systems installed in the emergency aid vest software, according to the values obtained from the emergency aid vest, the device produces a clinical decision support system and gives warnings to the health personnel in the case. The relevant health personnel monitor the patient from his / her home and there is a chance of intervention and early diagnosis when necessary. In addition, in case of emergency aid vests in public living areas and emergency stations, the chance to intervene by the wearing of the emergency aid vest to the patient or information is provided to the attending physician (family physician, workplace doctor).

As a result; By means of the invention, diseases which cannot be fully diagnosed due to the deficiencies mentioned in the prior art are identified and the patient is automatically intervened according to the data received from the patient and warnings can be given to the personnel at the case. All data is collected from a single source without loss of time and transferred to the online environment instantly and presented to the use of the physician or specialist physician with the android/ios application made in addition to the software. The opinion of the physician or specialist physician can be obtained and medication can be prescribed.