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Title:
EUV COLLECTOR MIRROR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/073813
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An EUV collector mirror has a reflecting surface (16) to reflect usable EUV light which impinges on the reflection surface (16) from a source region (17) to a subsequent EUV optics. The reflection surface (16) carries a pump light grating structure (19) being designed to retroreflect pump light (22) which impinges upon the pump light grating structure (19) from the source region (17) back to the source region (17). The pump light (22) has a wavelength deviating from the wavelength of the usable EUV light. Such EUV collector mirror enables a high conversion efficiency between the energy of pump light of a laser discharged produced plasma (LDPP) EUV light source on the one hand and the resulting usable EUV energy on the other.

Inventors:
VAN DE KERKHOF MARCUS (NL)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2020/075493
Publication Date:
April 22, 2021
Filing Date:
September 11, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ZEISS CARL SMT GMBH (DE)
ASML NETHERLANDS BV (NL)
International Classes:
G02B5/08; G02B5/18; H05G2/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2016131069A22016-08-18
Foreign References:
DE102017212417A12018-06-07
DE102016215235A12017-06-22
DE102019215829A2019-10-15
DE102013002064A12013-08-14
US20190094699A12019-03-28
US10101569B22018-10-16
DE102019200698A12019-12-05
DE102009045096A12010-10-07
DE102012202675A12013-01-31
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
RAU, SCHNECK & HÜBNER PATENTANWÄLTE RECHTSANWÄLTE PARTGMBB (DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Patent Claims

1. EUV collector mirror (15) having a reflection surface (16) to reflect usable EUV light (3) which impinges on the reflection surface (16) from a source region

(17) to a subsequent EUV optics (6, 7), wherein the reflection surface (16) carries a pump light grating structure (19) being designed to retroreflect pump light (22) which impinges upon the pump light grating structure (19) from the source region (17) back to the source region (17), the pump light

(22) having a wavelength ( PL) deviating from the wavelength of the usable EUV light (3), wherein a pitch of the pump light grating structure (19) varies over the reflective surface (16) of the EUV collector mirror (15).

2. EUV collector mirror according to claim 1, wherein the pump light grating structure (19) is designed for pump light (22) having a wave length ( PL) around 10 pm. 3. EUV collector mirror according to claim 1, wherein the pump light grating structure (19) is designed for pump light (22) having a wave length ( PL) around 1 pm.

4. EUV collector mirror according to one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that a grating pitch p(r) of the pump light grating structure (19) fol lows the following equation: p(r) = PL /2 sin (QG), wherein: p(r) denotes the pitch of the pump light grating structure (19) depend ent on the distance r between a respective impingement point on the re- felction surface (16) and a rotational axis (18) of symmetry of the re flection surface (16); lri_ denotes the wavelength of the pump light (19);

0r denotes the angle of incidence of a respective pump light ray (22r) on the reflection surface (16).

5. EUV collector mirror according to one of cl ims 1 to 4, wherein the pump light grating structure (19) has a reflectivity for the pump light (22) which is between 50 % and 90 %.

6. Source collector module (2) having a pump light source (23) to produce pump light (22), having an EUV collector mirror (15) according to one of claims 1 to 5.

7. Pump light source (23) as part of a source collector module (2) accord ing to claim 6.

8. Pump light source according to claim 7, producing pump light pulses having a pulse duration below 50 ns.

9. Pump light source according to claim 7 or 8, producing pump light pulses having a pulse rise time which is below 5 ns.

10. Illumination optics (15, 6) for an EUV projection exposure apparatus (1) including an EUV collector mirror (15) according to one of claims 1 to 5. 11. Projection exposure apparatus including an illumination optics (15, 6) according to claim 10 for guiding the usable EUV illumination light (3) from the EUV collector mirror (15) towards an object field (4) in an object plane (5), in which an object (10) to be imaged is arrangeable, a projection optical unit (7) for imaging the object field (4) into an image field (8) in which a substrate (11) is arrangeable, holders (10a, 12) for the object (10) to be imaged on the one hand and for the substrate (11) on the other.

12. A method for producing a structured component, including the follow ing method steps: providing a reticle (10) and a wafer (11), - projecting a structure on the reticle (10) onto a light-sensitive layer of the wafer (11) with the aid of the projection exposure apparatus as claimed in claim 11, producing a micro structure and/or nanostructure on the wafer (11). 13. A structured component, produced according to a method as claimed in claim 12.

Description:
EUV collector mirror

The content of German patent application DE 102019215 829.3 is incor porated by reference.

The invention relates to an EUV collector mirror for use in an EUV projec tion exposure apparatus.

An illumination optical unit with such a collector is known from DE 10 2013 002064 A1 and from US 2019/0094699 Al. A collector mirror is known from US 10,101,569 B2. Further EUV collector mirror embodi ments are known from DE 102019200 698 Al.

It is an object of the present invention to develop an EUV collector mirror enabling a higher conversion efficiency between the energy of pump light of a laser discharged produced plasma (LDPP) EUV light source on the one hand and the resulting usable EUV energy on the other.

According to the invention, this object is achieved by an EUV collector mirror comprising the features specified in claim 1.

According to the invention, it has been realized that a grating structure be ing designed to retroreflect pump light emanating from a source region of the LDPP source enables a high conversion efficiency from pump light energy into usable EUV light energy. The retroreflective pump light again is used in the source region for conversion to usable EUV light.

In particular, such retroreflecting pump light grating structure on the EUV collector mirror avoids the necessity of a Pre-Pulse/Main Pulse scheme of the pump light source as is known from prior art. This facilitates the con struction of the pump light laser source. In particular, it is not necessary to preshape a target of the LDPP source, e.g. a tin droplet, with a Pre-Pulse for increasing the conversion efficiency of the Main Pulse conversion into the usable EUV light. This leads to a cost reduction with respect to the con struction of a source collector module including the light source on the one hand and the EUV collector mirror on the other. The effectively used pump light energy as compared with conventional Pre-Pulse/Main Pulse schemes can be increased significantly, e.g. about a number of 50 % or even 100 %.

In particular, a spherical target can be used to be impinged upon the pump light without the need of specifically further shaping.

The pump light grating structure may be a blazed grating. A blaze angle may be optimized for a 0 th or for a +/- 1 st order of retroreflective diffraction of the pump light wavelength. A pitch of the pump light grating structure varies over the reflective surface of the EUV collector mirror in order to adapt the retroreflective properties to the angle of incidence condition of the pump light rays impinging upon the pump light grating structure.

In case of a reflection surface of the EUV collector mirror being rotational- ly symmetric with respect to a rotational symmetry axis, the pitch may in crease with increasing distance of the grating structures to such symmetry axis or, in another embodiment, the pitch may decrease with increasing distance. In a further embodiment, a dependency between the pitch and such distance of the grating structures to the symmetry axis may be non monotonic. The pump light grating structure may include two or more different height levels, i.e. may be realized as a two-step grating or as a multi-step grating.

Pump light wavelengths according to claim 2 and 3 have been proved to be particularly suitable for efficiently producing usable EUV illumination light.

A pitch, e.g. a grating period, according to claim 4 satisfies the retroreflect- ing conditions for the pump light wavelength. The pitch depends on the angle of incidence of the pump light on the reflection surface. Such angle of incidence depends upon the distance between the impingement point of the respective pump light ray on the reflection surface to an axis of rota tional symmetry. As a result, the pitch depends upon the distance of a re flection surface area carrying the pump light grating structure to such axis of symmetry. With increasing distance to the axis of symmetry, the pitch may decrease.

A typical dimension of the pitch may be in the range between 0.1 mm to 2 mm, in particular between 0.2 mm and 1.0 mm, more in particular between 0.5 mm and 0.9 mm.

Reflectivities according to claim 5 can be achieved by using a proper pump light grating structure. The reflection surface of the EUV collector mirror may carry a high reflective coating which of course mainly is optimized for high reflection of the usable EUV illumination light. Such reflective coat ing also may be optimized for high reflection of the pump light wave length. The advantages of a source collector module according to claim 6 are those explained above with respect to the EUV collector mirror.

The same holds for a pump light source according to claim 7.

A pulse duration according to claim 8 and/or a pulse rise time according to claim 9 proved to show a particularly high conversion efficiency.

The advantages of an illumination optics according to claim 10, of a pro jection exposure apparatus according to claim 11, of a production method according to claim 12 and of a micro- and/or nanostructured component according to claim 13 are those which previously were discussed with re spect to the EUV collector mirror, the source collector mirror module and the pump light source.

In particular, a semiconductor component, for example a memory chip, may be produced using the projection exposure apparatus.

An exemplary embodiment of the invention is explained in greater detail below with reference to the drawing. In said drawing shows:

Figure 1 schematically a projection exposure apparatus for EUV microlithography;

Figure 2 in a meridional section an EUV collector mirror including a light path of pump light coming from a pump light source; Figure 3 schematically a magnified section of a reflection surface showing a pump light grating structure being designed to retroreflect pump light impinging upon the pump light grating structure from a source region back to this source region, wherein a retroreflected pump light ray path for a +l st order of diffraction and also for a -1 st order of dif fraction is shown.

A projection exposure apparatus 1 for microlithography comprises a light source module 2 for EUV illumination light and/or imaging light 3, which will be explained in yet more detail below. Such light source module 2 also is denoted as a source collector module. A light source of the light source module 2 is an EUV light source, which produces light in a wavelength range of e.g. between 5 nm and 30 nm, in particular between 5 nm and 15 nm. The illumination light and/or imaging light 3 is also referred to as used EUV light below.

In particular, the EUV light source may be a light source with a used EUV wavelength of 13.5 nm or a light source with a used EUV wavelength of 6.9 nm or 7 nm. Other used EUV wavelengths are also possible. A beam path of the illumination light 3 is depicted very schematically in figure 1.

An illumination optical unit 6 serves to guide the illumination light 3 from the light source to an object field 4 in an object plane 5. Said illumination optical unit comprises a field facet mirror FF depicted very schematically in figure 1 and a pupil facet mirror PF disposed downstream in the beam path of the illumination light 3 and likewise depicted very schematically. A field-forming mirror 6b for grazing incidence (GI mirror; grazing incidence mirror) is arranged in the beam path of the illumination light 3 between the pupil facet mirror PF, which is arranged in a pupil plane 6a of the illumina tion optical unit, and the object field 4. Such a GI mirror 6b is not mandato ry.

Pupil facets (not depicted in any more detail) of the pupil facet mirror PF are part of a transfer optical unit, which transfer, and in particular image, field facets (likewise not depicted) of the field facet mirror FF into the ob ject field 4 in a manner superposed on one another. An embodiment known from the prior art may be used for the field facet mirror FF on the one hand and the pupil facet mirror PF on the other hand. By way of example, such an illumination optical unit is known from DE 102009 045 096 Al.

Using a projection optical unit or imaging optical unit 7, the object field 4 is imaged into an image field 8 in an image plane 9 with a predetermined reduction scale. Projection optical units which may be used to this end are known from e.g. DE 10 2012202 675 Al.

In order to facilitate the description of the projection exposure apparatus 1 and the various embodiments of the projection optical unit 7, a Cartesian xyz-coordinate system is indicated in the drawing, from which system the respective positional relationship of the components illustrated in the fig ures is evident. In Figure 1, the x-direction runs perpendicular to the plane of the drawing into the latter. The y-direction extends to the left in Figure 1 and the z-direction extends upward in Figure 1. The object plane 5 extends parallel to the xy-plane.

The object field 4 and the image field 8 are rectangular. Alternatively, it is also possible for the object field 4 and the image field 8 to have a bent or curved embodiment, that is to say, in particular, a partial ring shape. The object field 4 and the image field 8 have an x/y-aspect ratio of greater than 1. Therefore, the object field 4 has a longer object field dimension in the x- direction and a shorter object field dimension in the y-direction. These ob ject field dimensions extend along the field coordinates x and y.

One of the exemplary embodiments known from the prior art may be used for the projection optical unit 7. What is imaged in this case as an object is a portion of a reflection mask 10, also referred to as reticle, coinciding with the object field 4. The reticle 10 is carried by a reticle holder 10a. The reti cle holder 10a is displaced by a reticle displacement drive 10b.

The imaging by way of the projection optical unit 7 is implemented on the surface of a substrate 11 in the form of a wafer, which is carried by a sub strate holder 12. The substrate holder 12 is displaced by a wafer or sub strate displacement drive 12a.

Figure 1 schematically illustrates, between the reticle 10 and the projection optical unit 7, a ray beam 13 of the illumination light 3 that enters into said projection optical unit and, between the projection optical unit 7 and the substrate 11, a ray beam 14 of the illumination light 3 that emerges from the projection optical unit 7. An image field-side numerical aperture (NA) of the projection optical unit 7 is not reproduced to scale in Figure 1.

The projection exposure apparatus 1 is of the scanner type. Both the reticle 10 and the substrate 11 are scanned in the y-direction during the operation of the projection exposure apparatus 1. A stepper type of the projection exposure apparatus 1, in which a stepwise displacement of the reticle 10 and of the substrate 11 in the y-direction is effected between individual exposures of the substrate 11, is also possible. These displacements are effected synchronously to one another by an appropriate actuation of the displacement drives 10b and 12a.

Figure 2 shows a meridional section of an EUV collector mirror 15 which is part of the light source module 2, in a meridional section. A reflection surface 16 of the EUV collector mirror 15 serves to reflect the illumination light which is not shown in figure 2 impinging on the reflection surface 16 from a source region 17 to the subsequent EUV illumination optical unit 6. To this end, the reflection surface 16 has an ellipsoidal shape which is rota- tionally symmetric with respect to an optical axis 18. The source region 17 is arranged in one focal region of the ellipsoidal shape of the reflection sur face 16. An intermediate focus not shown in figure 2 which serves to dis criminate the usable EUV illumination light 3 from other wavelengths and also from debris is located at the other focal point of this ellipsoidal shape.

Figure 3 shows a magnified section of the reflection surface 16 of the EUV collector mirror 15. Schematically shown in this magnified view is a pump light grating structure 19 including periodically alternating positive struc tures 20 (“mountains”) and negative structures 21 (“valleys”). Such perio dicity of the grating structure 19 is characterized by a grating pitch p.

The pump light grating structure 19 is designed to retroreflect pump light 22 (compare also figure 2) impinging upon the pump light grating structure 19 from the source region 17 back to the source region.

The pump light 22 is emitted from a pump light source 23 as shown sche matically in figure 2. The pump light source 23 is a CO2 laser source pro ducing pump light having a wavelength around 10 pm, e.g. a pump light wavelength of 10.6 pm. Alternatively, the pump light source 23 may be a Nd based solid state laser source, e.g. a Nd: YAG laser producing a pump light wavelength around 1 pm, e.g. a pump light wavelength of 1.064 pm. The wavelength of the pump light 22 deviates from the wavelength of the illumination light 3, i.e. from the wavelength of the usable EUV light.

The pump light 22 is pulsed. The pump light source 23 is a MOPA (master oscillator power amplifier) laser source.

The collimated pump light 22 passes through a through hole 24 arranged in the reflection surface 16 of the EUV collector mirror 15 and impinges on a tin droplet 25 arranged in the source region 17 to produce the illumination light 3 not shown in figure 2. The light path of the pump light 22 from the pump light source 23 to the source region 17 is collinear with the optical axis 18 of the reflection surface 16 of the EUV collector mirror 15.

The tin droplet 25 has a spherical shape, i.e. has no pancake shape when being impinged upon by the pump light 22.

Part of the pump light 22 impinging upon the tin droplet 25 is absorbed by the tin droplet 25. Another part of the impinging pump light 22 is reflected from the tin droplet 25. Beam paths of such reflected pump light 22 are exemplified shown as pump light rays 22 r in figure 2. Due to the spherical shape of the tin droplet 25, the reflected pump light rays 22 r impinge upon the reflection surface 16 over a wide area thereof which carries the pump light grating structure 19 as schematically shown in figure 3.

Figure 3 also shows schematically the retroreflecting conditions of one ex emplified reflected pump light rays 22 r . Such pump light ray 22 r impinges upon the reflection surface 16 with an angle of incidence a which is also denoted as Q G . Such angle of incidence Q G depends upon the radial distance of an impingement point IP of the pump light ray 22 r on the reflection sur face 16 from the optical axis 18. Such distance between the impingement point IP and the optical axis 18 in figure 3 is denoted as r.

The pitch p of the pump light grating structure 19 varies over the reflection surface 16 depending on the distance r of the respective positive and nega tive structures 20/21 to the optical axis according to the following equation: p(r) = lri_ /2 sin (Q G )

Here p(r) denotes the pitch of the pump light grating structure 19 dependent on the distance r between the respective impingement point IP and the optical axis 18; lri_ denotes the wavelength of the pump light 19;

0 r denotes the angle of incidence of the respective pump light ray 22 r on the reflection surface 16, i.e. the angle between the incoming pump light ray 22 r on the one hand and a normal to a section of a main surface of the reflection surface 16 around the respective impingement point IP.

A small angle of incidence Q G according to the above equation leads to a larger pitch p and, vice versa, a large angle of incidence Q G leads to a smaller pitch p. Depending on the incidence geometry, i.e. depending on the arrangement of the reflection surface 16, its curvature and the position of the source region, this leads to the following variants regarding the de pendency of the pitch from the distance r of the respective rating structures 20/21 to the optical axis 18: The variation of the pitch p may be such that the pitch increases with increasing distance r; the variation of the pitch p may be such that the pitch decreases with increasing distance r; the pitch p may depend non-monotonically on the distance r.

The pitch of the pump light grating structure 19 satisfies for the +l st order of diffraction the retroreflecting condition for each of the pump light rays 22 r . Consequently, all of the pump light rays 22 r impinging on the pump light grating structure 19 on the reflection surface 16 of the EUV collector mirror 15 are retroreflected as shown in figures 2 and, exemplified for one of the pump light rays 22 r also in figure 3.

In addition, figure 3 also shows a diffracted beam of the -1 st order of dif fraction.

The pump light grating structure 19 is blazed for the +l st order of reflection of the pump light ray 22 r which is not shown in figure 3. Thus, the +l st or der of diffraction carries almost all of the energy of the incoming pump light ray 22 r .

The retroreflected pump light rays 22 r again impinge upon the tin droplet 25 increasing therefore the pumping efficiency of the light source module 2.

The individual pulses of the pump light 19 have a pulse duration (full width half max) below 50 ns, preferably below 40 ns, preferably below 30 ns, preferably below 20 ns, preferably below 10 ns, preferably below 8 ns, preferably below 5 ns.

In particular, a rise time of the pump light pulse between a low light level which is less than 10 % of the maximum pulse intensity and a high light level which is more than 80 % of the maximal pulse intensity is below 15 ns, below 10 ns, or even below 5 ns. Such short pulse duration and/or such small rise time leads to a good conversion efficiency from the pump light energy into the energy of the usable EUV illumination light 3.

The pump light grating structure 19 has a reflectivity for the pump light 22 which is larger than 50 %. In particular, such reflectivity is in the range between 50 % and 90 % and can be in the range between 60 % and 85 % or in the range between 65 % and 75 %.

By interaction of the pump light 19 with the tin droplet 25, the usable EUV illumination light 3 is produced having a wavelength of e.g. 6.5 nm or 13 nrn.

In order to produce a microstmctured or nanostmctured component, the projection exposure apparatus 1 is used as follows: First, the reflection mask 10 or the reticle and the substrate or the wafer 11 are provided. Sub sequently, a structure on the reticle 10 is projected onto a light-sensitive layer of the wafer 11 with the aid of the projection exposure apparatus 1. Then, a micro structure or nanostructure on the wafer 11, and hence the structured component, is produced by developing the light-sensitive layer.