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Title:
HALF CABIN APPLICATION IN THE RECOVERY UNITS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/039556
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
This invention is the half cabin application that can be used in ram machines used in textile finishing processes; the wet fabric entering the machine from the half cabin in the absence of any heating system is partially dried with the heated air coming from the recovery unit. The fabric heated with hot oil or natural gas method enters the following cabins with less moisture. In this way, less energy is spent heating the ambient air required for drying.

Inventors:
HASBAY TAMER (TR)
Application Number:
PCT/TR2016/050274
Publication Date:
March 09, 2017
Filing Date:
August 05, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HAS GROUP MAKINA ENDUSTRI A S (TR)
International Classes:
F26B13/00
Foreign References:
TR200706478U2007-12-24
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BILEN PATENT (Osmangazi/Bursa, TR)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. The invention is this half cabin comprising of stands on the wall (1 1 ), the input sub-chassis (12), upper chassis (13), and fan upper cover on the side (14), folding cover on the other side (15), and inside an economizer line (20), air duct (30), snail (31 ) integrated in this air duct (30), inverter-controlled fan system (40), fabric transport system (50), high-capacity nozzle (60) and a nozzle set (63) in the flat and/or inclined positions.

2. It is a half cabin in accordance with the claim 1 , and is characterized in that it performs the pre-drying process in the ram machines.

3. It is a half cabin in accordance with the claim 1 , and is characterized in that it includes inverter-controlled fan system (40) and at least one fan system (40). 4. It is a half cabin in accordance with the claim 1 , and is characterized in that the pre-drying process is performed by transmitting the hot air from the economizer line (20) through the hot air duct (30) to inverter-controlled fan system (40) and then high capacity nozzles (60). 5. It is a half cabin in accordance with the claim 1 , and is characterized in that it is heated by the hot air from the economizer (20).

6. It is a half cabin in accordance with the claim 1 , and is characterized in that the movement of the fabric (70) entering the half cabin (20) on rails within the fabric transport system (50).

Description:
HALF CABIN APPLICATION IN THE RECOVERY UNITS

SPECIFICATIONS

Technical Field The invention relates to ram machines used in areas where there is application of textile finishing.

This invention particularly relates to increasing the heat recovery with half ram application designed to be used in the ram machines which have recovery units.

Prior Art

The textile products are subjected to a number of wet processing such as dyeing and require drying in the manufacturing process.

Ram machines are among the most widely used dryer machines in the textile industry for drying the product and not damaging its structure. This fabric is dried by spraying the heated air onto the fabric in the machine and the said warm air is discharged through chimneys.

The air needed in ram machines is heated in two ways; the air in contact with the battery as a result of passing through the hot oil heating batteries is heated in the first method, or the air is heated by natural gas burning in natural gas burners. Ram machines are the dryers where the fabric is secured by pins transversely in the machine, the movement of the fabric is provided with a chain and in the meantime the hot air is sprayed.

There are about 3 meters long divisions (cabins), the number of which can be determined depending on the product type in ram machines. The fabric is being moved anywhere in the divisions by just holding the edges without touching anywhere and compressed hot air is sprayed on the fabric surface from the nozzles. After being sprayed on the fabric, the air begins to contain a high proportion of water vapor and a portion of it is discharged from the drying section through the chimneys. Thus, the moisture content of the fabric is reduced at the outlet of the ram machine.

After being heated with high heating costs, the air is emitted relatively warm after drying and causes a very high loss of cost.

The chimney gas heat recovery system is a unit used with the aim to heat the ambient air needed in the cabins and to save energy by utilizing the temperature of the air ejected from the exhaust chimneys in the ram machines working at high temperatures.

The patent number 2007/06478 mentions the invention that "relates to the chimney waste gas heat recovery plant for fabric drying and ram machines used in the textile industry. The chimney waste gas heat recovery plant for fabric drying and ram machines subject to the invention saves a lot by the heat energy recovery of the waste gas of dyeing companies in the textile industry. Obtained by recycling, this energy will be used in the available system as used in the other parts of the companies and enables the increase of capacity without any additional energy requirement". The 2010/01097 numbered patent relates to "a chimney gas heat recovery system basically including a heat transfer exchanger, a filter equipment cleaning the waste air coming to the said exchanger, a clean air chimney input, cooled waste air chimney output to evacuate the waste air from the exchanger and a clean hot air feeding pipe connecting the heated clean air from the exchanger to at least one machine or drying-heating parts that save energy thanks to recovering the chimney waste hot air temperature evacuated by the textile dyeing ram (stretching and drying) machines, steam and hot water boilers, ceramic and vitrified furnaces, metals drying and heat treatment furnaces, transfer of this heat to the fresh air to be used, and also the use of the clean hot air obtained from ceramic and vitrified furnaces in the foundry".

The available inventions above do not mention any half-cabin unit and include the input cabin only.

While designing the drying process, the economics as well as not deteriorating the properties of the material to be dried should be considered. When the fabric is manufactured, the drying and finishing operations are contemplated according to the desired color, touch and test values. The temperature and heat are adjusted by the machine operator in the stenter to have the desired properties, while the flow of air circulating inside is adjusted by the blower and the chimney gas engine. The systems adjusting the air flow are automatically adjusted by the machine.

Therefore, this heat waste must be used in the most efficient way by improving heat recovery methods, using a variety of systems and equipment and taking capital and the raw materials and labor into account.

As a result, all the problems mentioned above made it necessary to make an innovation in the related art.

Brief Description of the Invention

The present invention is half cabin application increasing the energy gain and improving the production process to be used in ram machines having recovery units to eliminate the disadvantages mentioned above and to bring new benefits to the relevant technical field. The main object of the invention is to save energy, reduce fuel consumption and reduce the production time by allowing the use of waste heat energy effectively thanks to the half cabin added before the input cabin in the textile finishing enterprises. Another object of the invention is to ensure application of the pre-drying on the fabric entering the drying process.

Another object of the invention is to provide heated air directly onto the fabrics just as in the normal cabins.

Another object of the invention is to provide the control of fan speed. Another object of the invention is the formation of the heat curtains in order to utilize the cabin temperature efficiently.

Another object of the invention is to ensure that the orders are delivered within the determined preparation period by reducing the manufacturing time.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the heat recovery unit removes away many of the toxic chemicals passed on to the air from the fabric during drying and thus the damage caused by these toxic chemicals on the environment is eliminated. The elimination of the impurities such as textile fibers which are thrown in the chimney gas ensures more fresh air to the atmosphere.

This invention is a half cabin machine that can be used in the ram machines in textile finishing processes, and provides the partial drying of the wet fabric entering into the machine from the half cabin in the absence of any heating system by the heated air coming from the recovery unit. The fabric is heated with hot oil or natural gas and enters the next cabin with less moisture. In this way, less energy is spent heating the ambient air required for the drying. Passed through high-capacity exchanger, the exhaust chimney gas is purified from certain chemicals in the fibers, oils and waste air. The air input, output and waste air balances between the machine and the heat recovery unit are adjusted precisely thanks to the PLC-controlled automation system.

The half cabin application advantages in the machines with recovery units:

- The heated fresh air is provided directly onto the fabric as in a normal cabin.

- The fan speed control to be able to be done.

- The fabric which enters the drying cabin is pre-dried.

- It provides the formation of the heat curtains in order to benefit from the cabin heat efficiently.

In order to achieve all the objectives mentioned above and in the following detailed description, the present invention is a half cabin application added before the input cabins in the ram machines that have a recovery unit.

The structural and characteristic features and all advantages of the invention will be understood more clearly thanks to the figures below and detailed description written by making references to these figures. Therefore the evaluation should also be done considering these figures and the detailed description.

Brief Description of the Figures

The parts in the figures are individually numbered, and the corresponding numbers are given below.

Figure-1 It shows the location of the half cabin application in the ram machine. Figure-2 It is the front view of the half cabin application. Figure-3 It is the rear view of the half cabin application. Figure-4 It is the right lateral surface view of the half cabin application. Figure-5 It is the left lateral surface view of the half cabin application. Figure-6 It is the expanded and dismantled view of the exoskeleton and fan system of the half cabin application.

Figure-7 It is the air duct and snail view of the half cabin application.

Figure-8 It is the view of the nozzles of the half-cabin application. Figure-8 It is the view of the work flow of the half cabin application.

"The drawings subject to the pictures are representative in general and do not necessarily need to be scaled. Details not necessary to understand the present invention may have been neglected. Furthermore, the elements which are at least substantially identical or have at least substantially identical functions are indicated with the same number. "

Description of the Parts Reference

Our invention entitled "half cabin applications in the recovery units" is numbered as shown in the attached figures, and the part names corresponding to these numbers are as follows:

1 . Input Frame

2. Steaming

10. Half Cabin

1 1 Props

12 Input Lower Chassis

13 Upper Chassis

14 Fan Top Cover

15 Folding Cover

20. Economizer

30. Air Duct

31 . Snail

40. Fan System

41 . Left Fan

42. Right Fan

50. Fabric Transportation System 60. High Capacity Nozzle

61 . Nozzle Support Sheet

62. Nozzle End Sheet

63. Nozzle set

70. Fabric

Detailed Description of the Invention

This detailed description describes the "half cabin applications in the recovery units" subject to invention only for the better understanding of the subject and the way that does not create any limiting effect.

The half cabin (10) application subject to the invention is attached before the ram machine input cabin, and after input frame (1 ) operator platform and evaporative (2) unit.

This half cabin (10) unit comprises of economizer (20), air duct (30), fan system (40), fabric transport system (50), and high-capacity nozzle (60).

The said economizer (20) allows the fresh cold air entering the machine to be heated and pressed into the machine and the excretion of the waste hot air after being cooled.

Figure-2 gives the general appearance of the said half-cabin (10). The said half cabin (10) includes stands (1 1 ) on the wall, the input sub-chassis (12), upper chassis (13), and fan upper cover on the side (14), openable cover on the other side (15), and inside an economizer line (20), air duct (30), snail (31 ) integrated in this air duct (30), inverter-controlled fan system (40), fabric transport system (50), high-capacity nozzle (60). The said inverter controlled fan system (40) consists of at least one fan or two fans in the preferred embodiment including the left fan (41 ) and the right fan (42).

The said high-capacity nozzle (60) comprises of a nozzle support sheet supporting the position of the lower portion (61 ), nozzle end sheet (62), and a nozzle set (63) in the flat and/or inclined positions.

In an embodiment where the half cabin (10) length is preferred, it is from 1500 to 1750 mm. Its feature is heating this cabin with the hot air coming from the economizer (20) without applying the standard heating system (burners, hot oil or steam coil).

The pre-drying processing is performed by transmitting the hot air from the economizer line (20) through hot air duct (30) to inverter controlled fan system (40) and then the high-capacity nozzle (60). There is an integrated snail (31 ) to the top cover of the fan (14) of the half cabin (10) and air duct (30) at the bottom. The hot air entering these air channels (30) is pressed to the nozzle set (63) with the inverter controlled fan system; then hot air blowing on the fabric (70) within the fabric transport system (50) is supplied.

The transportation of the fabric (70) is provided through rails in the fabric transport system (50). While the fabric (70) passes through this way in the fabric transport system (50), the pre-drying process is ensured with the hot air blown out on the surface and the surface of the fabric (70) is heated before arriving at the cabin, the water blow process starts in the first cabin. Therefore, the machine can be run about 5m / minites faster than the normal.