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Title:
HYDRAULIC BRAKING ARRANGEMENT FOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/007685
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Hydraulic braking arrangement (1) for controlling front brakes (2) and rear brakes (3) of an off-road vehicle, comprising a hydro- mechanical service brake system (10) fluidly connecting front and rear brakes (2, 3) to a first source (5) of fluid in pressure by means of a mechanical input which may be imparted by a driver of said off-road vehicle. According to the invention the arrangement (1) comprises an additional service brake system (20) fluidly connecting front and rear brakes (2, 3) to a second source (15) of fluid in pressure by means of an electro-hydraulic proportional valve (19) and a remote input (22).

Inventors:
DIGESU´ PASQUALE (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2019/067044
Publication Date:
January 09, 2020
Filing Date:
June 26, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CNH IND ITALIA SPA (IT)
CNH IND AMERICA LLC (US)
CNH CHINA MAN CO LTD (CN)
International Classes:
B60T7/16; B60T13/68
Foreign References:
US20110316327A12011-12-29
US20020175561A12002-11-28
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PREVITI, Gianluca (BE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1.- Hydraulic braking arrangement (1) for controlling rear brakes (3) of an off-road vehicle, said arrangement (1) comprising a hydro-mechanical service brake system (10) fluidly connecting said rear brakes (3) to a first source (5) of fluid in pressure in function of a mechanical input which may be imparted by a driver of said off-road vehicle, said hydraulic braking arrangement (1) being characterized by comprising a remote controlled service brake system (20) fluidly connecting said rear brakes (3) to a second source (15) of fluid in pressure in function of a remote input (22) .

2.- Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claim 1, wherein said hydraulic braking arrangement comprises shuttle valves (18) configured to fluidly connect together said hydro-mechanical service brake system (10) and said remote controlled service brake system (20) to said rear brakes (3), said shuttle valves (18) being configured to connect said rear brakes (3) to only one between said hydro mechanical service brake system (10) and said remote controlled service brake system (20) .

3. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claims 1 or 2, wherein said second source (15) is an accumulator and said remote controlled service brake system (20) comprises a valve (19) fluidly interposed between said accumulator (15) and said rear brakes (3), said valve (19) being configured to allow or deny the passage of fluid from first accumulator (15) to said rear brakes (3) in function of said remote input (22) .

4. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claim 3, wherein said valve (19) is a three ways- two positions valve.

5. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claim 3 or 4, wherein said valve (19) is proportional valve.

6. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to any of claims 3 to 5, wherein said first source (5) is a tank (5) and said valve (19) is further fluidly connected to said tank (5) .

7. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to any of claims 3 to 6, wherein said remote service brake system (20) further comprises a recharging module (16) configured to recharge said accumulator (15) when said level is under a preset threshold.

8. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said arrangement (1) further comprises a remote controlled park brake system (30) fluidly connecting said rear brakes (3) to a third source (23) of fluid in pressure in function of a remote input (25) .

9.- Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claim 8, wherein said third source (23) is an accumulator (23) and said remote controlled service park brake system (30) comprises a valve (24) fluidly interposed between said accumulator (23) and said rear brakes (3), said valve (24) being configured to allow or deny the passage of fluid from second accumulator (23) to said rear brakes (3) in function of said remote input (25) .

10. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claim 9, wherein said valve (24) is a three ways- two positions valve.

11. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claim 9 or 10, wherein said valve (24) is ON-OFF valve.

12. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to any of claims 8 to 11, wherein said remote controlled park brake system (30) is fluidly connected to said service brake system (20) so that when said service brake system (20) fluidly connects said first source (15) and said recharging module (16) of fluid in pressure to said rear brakes (3), said third source (23) of fluid is charged by this flow coming from first source (15) and said recharging module (16) .

13. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to claims 9 to 12, wherein said valve (19) is fluidly connected to said second accumulator (23) downstream with respect to said valve (24 ) .

14. Hydraulic braking arrangement according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said arrangement (1) is further configured for controlling front brakes (2) of said vehicles and comprises a fluidic connection (31) between said front brakes (2), said hydro-mechanical service brake system (10) and said remote controlled park and service braking systems (20, 30) so that when these systems (10, 20, 30) allows the fluidic connection of said sources (5, 15, 23) to rear brakes (3) , a portion of such fluid may flow to said front brakes (2) .

15.- Hydraulic braking arrangement according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said remote inputs (22, 25) are received from the outside of said vehicle and are configured to generate electrical inputs (22, 25) .

Description:
"HYDRAULIC BRAKING ARRANGEMENT FOR OFF-ROAD VEHICLES"

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention concerns a hydraulic braking arrangement for off-road vehicles, in particular an electro mechanical hydraulic arrangement for agricultural vehicles.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Autonomous driving vehicles are becoming more and more utilized thanks to the innovations in informatics and telecommunication fields.

Consequently, also off-road vehicles, such as agricultural vehicles, needs more and more implementations to allow these latter to be automatically/remotely controlled even by means of any wireless system.

Autonomous/remotely controlled vehicles are aimed to reduce the driver activity, and consequently its costs, and to improve safety of the driving.

Actual off-road vehicles, because of their weight and power, needs hydraulic braking circuits to guarantee an acceptable service braking of the vehicle.

Control of braking system could be realized in several different ways, for example using a SAHR (spring applied hydraulically released) system, or and ABS (Adaptive Braking Systems) system, or even more complex architectures.

Moreover, the aforementioned systems, in particular SAHR, have been developed for being "fail safe" system, i.e. intrinsically safe systems and not primarily for being controlled by remote. Such control may be implemented because SAHR comprises an electro-actuated valve which can be controlled by remote. Also ABS system has been primarily realized for different aims and may be used for remote control of brake by introducing a communication between the ABS control unit and a remote controller.

However all the above mentioned solutions are bulky and costly and therefore are not suitable for being implemented in off-road vehicles.

Park brake is usually a mechanical clutch which is manually or electrically operated and holds the gears of the transmission and consequently the vehicle driving axle.

Therefore, a further need is to allow a remote/on board control of parking braking system of off-road vehicles while containing costs.

An aim of the present invention is to satisfy the above mentioned needs.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The aforementioned aim is reached by a hydraulic braking arrangement as claimed in the appended set of claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

For a better understanding of the present invention, a preferred embodiment is described in the following, by way of a non-limiting example, with reference to the attached drawings wherein:

• Figure 1 is a hydraulic scheme of the hydraulic braking arrangement according a first embodiment of the invention in a first operative condition;

• Figure 2 is a hydraulic scheme of the hydraulic braking arrangement of figure 1 in a second operative condition; and

• Figure 3 is a hydraulic scheme of the hydraulic braking arrangement according a second embodiment of the invention

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In the following, the terms "first", "second" etc, are used merely to improve the clarity of the present description; i.e. the presence of a "first" element does not necessarily imply the presence of a "second" element.

Figure 1 discloses a hydraulic braking arrangement 1 for controlling front and rear braking systems 2, 3 of a vehicle. Front and rear braking systems 2, 3 each comprises a left

2a, 3a and a right 2b, 3b braking device, such as wet disk brakes or dry disk caliper brakes with or without springs, configured to impart a braking torque to wheels of the vehicle .

According to the present invention, as described hereunder in greater detail, arrangement 1 comprises a hydro- mechanical service brake system 10 fluidly connecting front and rear brakes 2, 3 to a first source of fluid in pressure generated by a mechanical input which may be imparted by a driver of the off-road vehicle and a remote controlled service brake system 20 fluidly connecting rear brakes 3 to a second source of fluid in pressure in function of a remote input; advantageously the arrangement 1 may further comprise a remote controlled park brake system 30 fluidly connecting rear brakes 3 to a third source of fluid in pressure in function of a remote input.

Hydraulic subsystem 10 is related to a on-board hydro mechanical control of the service brake of the vehicle and comprises a device configured to transform a mechanical pressure input, e.g. received by the pressure imparted by a user on a pedal, into a hydraulic pressure output; for instance such device may be at least a master cylinder 4, in the described configuration right and left master cylinders 4a, 4b. Master cylinders 4a, 4b are fed by an oil reservoir 5, e.g. an oil tank, configured to store the oil at a pre set pressure, fluidly connected to master cylinders 4a, 4b via respective first and second feeding conduits 6a, 6b.

Master cylinders 4a, 4b are fluidically connected via respective rear feeding conduits 9a, 9b to rear tractor brakes 3a, 3b as described in greater detail in the following . From respective connection points 11a, lib on rear feeding conduits 9a, 9b, front feeding conduits 7a, 7b depart to connect master cylinders 4a, 4b to front tractor brakes 2a, 2b. It is known to interpose a valve 8 on feeding conduits 7a, 7b between front tractor brakes 2a, 2b and master cylinders 4a, 4b.

Valve 8 may be a hydraulic piloted valve three way three positions controlled by the pressure signals detected on conduits 7a, 7b. This valve is a logic valve that is used for the front brake management during braking maneuver.

Hydraulic subsystem 10 may further comprise a valve 12 fluidically interposed between connection points 11a, lib; preferably valve 12 is a shuttle valve configured to send a hydraulic pilot signal to a trailer brake valve or other equivalent valves that work in combination with pedal brake system.

The hydraulic subsystem 20 related to a remote electro- hydraulic control of the service brake of the vehicle may comprise a first accumulator 15 configured to store fluid at a predefined pressure and a known recharging module 16 configured to keep the accumulator in wanted working conditions .

First accumulator 15 is fluidly connected to rear tractor brakes 3a, 3b via a first accumulator conduit 17; in greater detail, first accumulator conduit 17 fluidly connects accumulator 15 to valves 18 which fluidly connect first accumulator conduit 17 and feeding conduits 9a, 9b. Advantageously valves 18 are shuttle valves configured to isolate hydraulic subsystem 10 and hydraulic subsystem 20 by allowing the passage to rear brakes 3a, 3b of the greater fluid signal between the ones coming from accumulator 15 or from master cylinders 4a, 4b.

Hydraulic braking arrangement 1 further comprises a hydraulic valve 19 fluidly interposed on first accumulator conduit 17 and fluidly connected to tank 5 via a return circuit 21; preferably, valve 19 is an electrically actuated proportional three ways-two positions valve controlled by an electrical input signal 22. First accumulator conduit 17 therefore comprises two portions, a first portion 17a upstream with respect to valve 19 and a second portion 17b downstream with respect to valve 19.

In a first position of valve 19 fluid may pass from brakes 3 to tank 5, while in a second position of valve 19 fluid may pass from accumulator 15 to brakes 3.

Hydraulic braking arrangement 1 further comprises a hydraulic subsystem 30 related to a remote electro-hydraulic control of the parking brake of the vehicle; subsystem 30 may comprise a second accumulator 23 configured to store fluid at a predefined pressure and fluidly connected to brakes 3a, 3b. According to the described disposition, second accumulator 23 is fluidly connected to brakes 3a, 3b via a valve 24 fluidly interposed between accumulator 23 and conduit 17 upstream with respect to valves 18. In particular, said valve 24 is an electro actuated three ways - two positions ON-OFF valve controlled by an electrical input signal 25 and second accumulator 23 is fluidly connected to such valve 24 via a second and third accumulator conduits 26, 27. First accumulator conduit 17 therefore comprises a further portion 17c downstream with respect to valve 24, which bifurcates to join valves 18.

Electrical inputs 22 and 25 are generated by corresponding remote signals which are received by the outside of the vehicle, for example they can be received by by means of a wireless system.

Second accumulator conduit 26 is further fluidly connected to first accumulator 15, and consequently to the charging valve 16, through portions 17b and 17a by a connection point 28 and a check valve 29 is fluidically interposed on second accumulator conduit 26, placed downstream with respect second accumulator 23 but upstream connection point 28. Valve 29 aims to prevent discharging of the accumulator 23 when line 21 is connected by the valve 19 to point 28

In a first position of valve 24 (parking maneuver from remote control) fluid may flow from second accumulator 23 to brakes 3a, 3b via conduit 27 and in a second position of valve 24 (service brake maneuver) fluid may flow from valve 19 and its upstream conduits to brakes 3a, 3b; in this position of the valve 24 the second accumulator 23 via conduit 26 can be recharged via portions 17b, 17a and valve 19.

The operation of the hydraulic braking arrangement 1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention is the following.

The driver may be located on the vehicle and operates brakes in a hydro-mechanical way via subsystem 10. In particular, e.g. by pedals, it may operate master cylinders 4 to impart a signal on front brakes 2 via conduits 7a, 7b and valve 8 and to rear brakes 3 via conduits 9a and 9b. The partition of brake between rear and front brakes is modulated in known way. At the same time, thanks to shuttle valve 12 a pilot signal is sent to trailed brake system. Park brake may be activated, when needed, via a lever which, in known way, can act on transmission gears/shaft with clutches or similar devices to reduce vehicle speed to zero, several different known ways can be found in technical literature and therefore they are not described herein for sake of brevity .

Service brake may also be actuated remotely as described herein under thanks to subsystem 20. In a first operative condition, i.e. no service braking is imparted to rear brakes 3 as disclosed in figure 1, no electrical input 22 is sent to valve 19 which is positioned so that does not allow the passage of fluid from accumulator 15 to rear brakes via conduit 17.

When needed, a correspondent electrical input 22 is imparted to valve 19 which switches position (figure 2) and allows the discharge of accumulator 15 on rear brakes 3 via conduit 17. In the meanwhile, accumulator 15 is monitored, and if necessary charged by module 16. The presence of shuttle valve 18 isolates on board hydraulic subsystem 10 with respect to remote controlled hydraulic subsystem 20 so that they can be operated separately. In some peculiar conditions subsystems 10 and 20 may be operated together, in such case the higher pressure signal coming from such circuits will pass through valves 18 and actuate brakes 3a, 3b. During such phase, valve 24 is positioned so that accumulator 23 is fluidly connected to conduit 17. Therefore, when valve 19 allows the passage of fluid, accumulator 23 may be recharged via conduit 21 and check-valve 29.

Parking brake may also be actuated remotely as described herein under thanks to subsystem 30. In a first operative condition, i.e. no park brake is imparted to rear brakes 3, electrical input 25 is maintained on valve 24 which is therefore positioned so that does not allow the passage of fluid from accumulator 23 to rear brakes via conduit 27 and 17.

When needed, the correspondent electrical input 25 is removed to valve 24 which switches position and allows the discharge of accumulator 23 on rear brakes 3 via conduits 27 and portion 17c.

In the meanwhile valve 19 is positioned so that tank 5 is connected via conduit 21 to node 28 so as to allow drain of a residual pressure.

On board parking brake and remote parking brake may be actuated together, however, since they act on different devices, i.e. on board acts on a mechanical transmission path while remote acts hydraulically, no problems could arise .

As evolution only the hydraulic remote control system could be present, adding an on board electric actuation on valve 24.

In a second embodiment of the invention, disclosed in figure 3, the hydraulic braking arrangement 1 is different from the embodiment of figure 1 because it comprises an additional conduit 31 fluidically connecting an output conduit 32 of valve 8 to first accumulator conduit 17.

In particular, conduit 31 is fluidly connected to output conduit 32 via a valve 33, preferably a shuttle valve 33, configured to allow the passage of fluid to front brakes 2 to the greater between fluid coming from conduit 31 and output conduit 32. Conduit 31 is fluidly connected to first accumulator conduit 17 downstream with respect to valves 4-8 19 and to valve 24.

The operation of the hydraulic braking arrangement 1 according to the second embodiment of the present invention is the following.

The operation of the subsystems 20 and 30 is the same operation of the first embodiment, however part of the fluid passing from accumulators 15 or 23 may flow through conduit 31 to front brakes 2. This second embodiment allows autonomous operation also on front brakes, wherever it is a different front brakes control management, respect to embodiment 1.

In view of the foregoing, the advantages of a hydraulic braking arrangement 1 according to the invention are apparent .

Thanks to hydraulic braking arrangement 1 it is possible to provide a hydraulic braking arrangement configured to allow the braking on-board in a traditional way and remotely making the vehicle autonomous.

The hydraulic braking arrangement 1 may be implemented on existing vehicle comprising only hydro mechanical subsystem 10; indeed, it is possible to add subsystems 20 and 30 to the hydraulic braking arrangement 1 of a traditional vehicle to adding to these latter the possibility of a remote/autonomous driving.

The simultaneous presence of hydro-mechanical and electro-hydraulic circuits make hydraulic braking arrangement 1 safer because of the intrinsic redundancy of the arrangement; in fact, if hydro-mechanical subsystem 20 fails, subsystems 10 and 30 would allow the user to use service and parking brake. Moreover, such simultaneous presence increase the flexibility of the vehicle which may be used in on-board or remote way by the driver in function of its intentions.

Subsystems 10, 20 and 30 are moreover conceived so that they could use the same oil, i.e. driveline oil, thereby simplifying the layout of the circuit and making possible the integration of subsystems 20 and 30 on any typology of existing subsystem 10.

Further, the layout of subsystems 20 and 30 is realized in an economic way by using standard and common components which may be easily supplied in the market.

It is clear that modifications can be made to the described hydraulic braking system 1 which do not extend beyond the scope of protection defined by the claims.

For example, subsystems 10, 20 and 30 may comprise different hydraulic topologies and the described valves 8, 12, 18, 19, 24 may be realized in any known way, maintaining the same function. In a similar way, recharging module 16 may be of any typology.

Further, master cylinders 4 may be substituted by equivalent devices, such as a brake valve connected to a hydraulic pressure source.