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Title:
HYDROKINETIC TORQUE COUPLING DEVICE WITH TORSIONAL VIBRATION DAMPER IN COMBINATION WITH TWO VIBRATION ABSORBERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/202807
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A hydrokinetic torque coupling device for coupling together driving and driven shafts, comprises a casing, impeller and turbine wheels, a torsional vibration damper, a turbine hub non-rotatably connected to the turbine wheel, and first and second vibration absorbers. Each of the first and second vibration absorbers is one of a dynamic absorber and a pendulum oscillator. The turbine hub is non-rotatably coupled to a driven member of the torsional vibration damper. The first vibration absorber is mounted to the turbine hub and the second vibration absorber is mounted to one of the turbine hub and the casing. The first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. The dynamic absorber includes an inertial member and a connecting plate coupled to the inertial member. The pendulum oscillator includes a support member and flyweights configured to oscillate relative to the support member.

Inventors:
DEPRAETE ALEXANDRE (US)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2017/062336
Publication Date:
November 30, 2017
Filing Date:
May 23, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
VALEO EMBRAYAGES (FR)
International Classes:
F16H45/02; F16F15/14
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015056733A12015-04-23
Foreign References:
DE102014207257A12015-10-15
EP2600030A22013-06-05
DE102012220278A12013-06-06
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CARDON, Nicolas (Sce Propriété Intellectuelle14 Avenue des BEGUINES, CERGY PONTOISE CEDEX, FR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A hydrokinetic torque coupling device for coupling together a driving shaft and a driven shaft, the torque coupling device comprising:

a hollow casing;

an impeller wheel coaxially aligned with a rotation axis;

a turbine wheel coaxially aligned with and drivable by the impeller wheel;

a torsional vibration damper;

a turbine hub non-rotatably connected to the turbine wheel; and

a first vibration absorber and a second vibration absorber, each of the first and second vibration absorbers being one of a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator;

the torsional vibration damper comprising:

a first retainer plate rotatable about the rotation axis;

a driven member rotatable relative to the first retainer plate coaxially with the rotation axis; and

a plurality of damper elastic members interposed between the first retainer plate and the driven member, the damper elastic members elastically coupling the first retainer plate to the driven member;

the turbine hub non-rotatably coupled to the driven member of the torsional vibration damper;

the first vibration absorber being mounted to the turbine hub and the second vibration absorber being mounted to one of the turbine hub and the casing;

the first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber tuned to damp different orders of vibrations;

the dynamic absorber includes an inertial member and a connecting plate coupled to the inertial member;

the centrifugal pendulum oscillator includes a support member and at least one pair of first and second flyweights configured to oscillate with respect to the support member in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis, the first and second flyweights being mounted on axially opposite sides of the support member and connected axially to one another.

2. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in claim 1 , wherein the torsional vibration damper and the first vibration absorber are disposed within the casing.

3. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in claims 1 or 2, wherein the second vibration absorber is disposed within the casing.

4. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in any of the preceding claims, wherein the first vibration absorber is the dynamic absorber, respectively the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, and the second vibration absorber is the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, respectively is the dynamic absorber, and wherein both the connecting plate of the dynamic absorber, respectively the support member of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, and the support member of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, respectively and the connecting plate of the dynamic absorber, are non- rotatably connected to the turbine hub.

5. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first vibration absorber is the dynamic absorber, respectively is the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, and the second vibration absorber is the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, respectively is the dynamic absorber, wherein the connecting plate of the first vibration absorber, respectively the support member of the first vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the turbine hub and the support member of the second vibration absorber, respectively the connecting plate of the second vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the casing.

6. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein both the first and second vibration absorbers are dynamic absorbers, respectively are centrifugal pendulum oscillators, and wherein the connecting platesof both the first and second vibration absorbers, respectively the support members of both the first and second vibration absorbers, are non-rotatably connected to the turbine hub.

7. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein both the first and second vibration absorbers are dynamic absorbers, respectively are centrifugal pendulum oscillators, wherein the connecting plate of the first vibration absorber, respectively the support member of the first vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the turbine hub and the connecting plate of the second vibration absorber, respectively the support member of the second vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the casing.

8. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in claims 1 or 2, wherein the second vibration absorber is disposed outside the casing.

9. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in any one of claims 1 , 2 and 8, wherein the first vibration absorber is the dynamic absorber, respectively is the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, and the second vibration absorber is the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, respectively is the dynamic absorber, wherein the connecting plate of the first vibration absorber, respectively the support member of the first vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the turbine hub and the support member of the second vibration absorber, respectively the connecting plate of the second vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the casing.

10. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device as defined in any one of claims 1 , 2 and 8, wherein both the first and second vibration absorbers are dynamic absorbers, respectively are centrifugal pendulum oscillators, wherein the connecting plate of the first vibration absorber, respectively the support member of the first vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the turbine hub and the connecting plate of the second vibration absorber, respectively the support member of the second vibration absorber, is non-rotatably connected to the casing.

1 1 . An internal combustion engine in combination with a hydrokinetic torque coupling device, the engine comprising:

a driving shaft rotatable about a rotation axis;

the torque coupling device configured for drivingly coupling together the driving shaft and a driven shaft, the torque coupling device comprising:

a hydrodynamic torque converter including a hollow casing non-rotatably coupled to the driving shaft, an impeller wheel coaxial with the rotation axis, and a turbine wheel coaxial with and drivable by the impeller wheel,

a torsional vibration damper,

a turbine hub non-rotatably connected to the turbine wheel, and

first and second vibration absorbers, each of the first and second vibration absorbers being one of a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator; the torsional vibration damper comprising:

a first retainer plate rotatable about the rotation axis,

a driven member rotatable relative to the first retainer plate coaxially with the rotation axis, and

a plurality of damper elastic members interposed between the first retainer plate and the driven member, the damper elastic members elastically coupling the first retainer plate to the driven member;

the turbine hub non-rotatably coupled to the driven member of the torsional vibration damper;

the turbine wheel, the turbine hub, the torsional vibration damper and the first vibration absorber disposed within the casing;

the first vibration absorber being mounted to the turbine hub and the second vibration absorber being mounted to one of the turbine hub, the casing and the driving shaft; the first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber tuned to damp different orders of vibrations;

the dynamic absorber includes an inertial member and a connecting plate coupled to the inertial member;

the centrifugal pendulum oscillator includes a support member and at least one pair of first and second flyweights configured to oscillate with respect to the support member in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis, the first and second flyweights being mounted axially on axially opposite sides of the support member and connected axially to one another.

12. The combination as defined in claim 1 1 , wherein the first vibration absorber is the dynamic absorber and the second vibration absorber is the centrifugal pendulum oscillator, wherein the connecting plate of the first vibration absorber is non-rotatably connected to the turbine hub and the support member of the second vibration absorber is non-rotatably attached to the driving shaft of the engine or non-rotatably connected to the casing.

13. A method for assembling a hydrokinetic torque coupling device for coupling together a driving shaft and a driven shaft, the method comprising the steps of:

providing a casing including a first casing shell and a second casing shell; providing a turbine wheel, an impeller wheel and a turbine hub;

providing a preassembled torsional vibration damper;

providing preassembled first and second vibration absorbers, each of the first and second vibration absorbers being one of a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator, the first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber tuned to address different orders of vibrations;

non-rotatably connecting the turbine hub to the turbine wheel;

mounting the first vibration absorber to the turbine hub;

mounting the second vibration absorber to one of the turbine hub and the second casing shell; and

fixedly securing the first casing shell to the second casing shell.

Description:
HYDROKINETIC TORQUE COUPLING DEVICE WITH TORSIONAL VIBRATION DAMPER IN COMBINATION WITH TWO VIBRATION ABSORBERS

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

[0001] The present invention generally relates to hydrokinetic torque coupling devices, and more particularly to hydrokinetic torque coupling devices with torsional vibration dampers and combinations with two vibration absorbers tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

2. Background of the Invention

[0002] An internal combustion engine exhibits irregularities (vibrations) due to the succession of combustion events in the engine cylinders. The vibrations preferably are damped before they enter the transmission and produce what may be considered unacceptably troublesome noise. To accomplish damping, it is known to interpose a torsion damping device between a drive shaft and a transmission (or driven) shaft. Torsion damping devices allow these irregularities to be filtered before the drive torque is transmitted to an automotive transmission. The torsion damping device is typically arranged in a hydrokinetic torque coupling device that allows temporary rotational connection of the drive shaft to the transmission shaft.

[0003] Normally, a hydrokinetic torque coupling device includes a hydrodynamic torque converter and a torsion damping device positioned between an axially oriented coaxial drive shaft and a driven shaft of the automotive transmission. A torque converter of this kind typically has a rotating casing that is capable of transmitting drive torque to the torsion damping device by means of a friction locking clutch, traditionally called a lock-up clutch. The torque converter also usually has a turbine wheel mounted rotatably inside the casing.

[0004] The torsion damping device includes a torque input element and a torque output element, and frequently circumferentially acting elastic members. The circumferentially acting elastic members are interposed between the torque input element and the torque output element. In so-called "long travel" damping devices, the elastic members are mounted, in groups of at least two elastic members, in series between the input element and output element.

[0005] For some applications, the torsion damping device may also include a dynamic absorber (or dynamic damper) having a heavy inertia member. A dynamic absorber having a heavy inertia member is arranged around the rotation axis of the engine shaft and is free to oscillate around an axis substantially parallel to the rotation axis of the engine shaft. The dynamic absorber is provided to lower a resonance frequency at low rotational speed of the engine and further improve the vibration damping performance. When, for example, a 3-cylinder engine goes to a deactivated cylinder mode (i.e., when one cylinder is deactivated), it generates a specific acyclic behavior. For a 3-cylinder engine, which is deactivated to 2 cylinders, the best solution is a dynamic damper without hysteresis. However, the dynamic damper requires a lot of space because of the needed inertia. Then, an outer damper of a torsion damping device (torsional vibration damper) has to be reduced in size or removed.

While hydrokinetic torque coupling devices and torsion damping devices or torsion damping devices with dynamic absorbers, including but not limited to those discussed above, have proven to be acceptable for vehicular driveline applications and conditions, improvements that may enhance their performance and cost are possible.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0006] According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a hydrokinetic torque coupling device for coupling together a driving shaft and a driven shaft. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device of the present invention comprises a hollow casing, an impeller wheel coaxially aligned with a rotation axis, a turbine wheel coaxially aligned with and drivable by the impeller wheel, a torsional vibration damper, a turbine hub non-rotatably connected to the turbine wheel, and first and second vibration absorbers. Each of the first and second vibration absorbers is one of a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator. The torsional vibration damper comprises a first retainer plate rotatable about the rotation axis, a driven member rotatable relative to the first retainer plate coaxially with the rotation axis, and a plurality of damper elastic members interposed between the first retainer plate and the driven member. The damper elastic members elastically couple the first retainer plate to the driven member. The turbine hub is non-rotatably coupled to the driven member of the torsional vibration damper. The first vibration absorber is mounted to the turbine hub and the second vibration absorber is mounted to one of the turbine hub and the casing. The first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. The dynamic absorber includes an inertial member and a connecting plate coupled to the inertial member. The centrifugal pendulum oscillator includes a support member and at least one pair of first and second flyweights configured to oscillate with respect to the support member in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis. The first and second flyweights are mounted on axially opposite sides of the support member and connected axially to one another.

[0007] According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided an internal combustion engine in combination with a hydrokinetic torque coupling device. The engine comprises a driving shaft rotatable about a rotation axis. The torque coupling device of the present invention is configured for drivingly coupling together the driving shaft and a driven shaft. The torque coupling device comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter including a hollow casing non-rotatably coupled to the driving shaft, an impeller wheel coaxial with the rotation axis and a turbine wheel coaxial with and drivable by the impeller wheel, a torsional vibration damper, a turbine hub non-rotatably connected to the turbine wheel, and first and second vibration absorbers. Each of the first and second vibration absorbers is one of a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator. The torsional vibration damper comprises a first retainer plate rotatable about the rotation axis, a driven member rotatable relative to the first retainer plate coaxially with the rotation axis, and a plurality of damper elastic members interposed between the first retainer plate and the driven member. The damper elastic members elastically couple the first retainer plate to the driven member. The turbine hub is non-rotatably coupled to the driven member of the torsional vibration damper. The turbine wheel, the turbine hub, the torsional vibration damper and the first vibration absorber are disposed within the casing. The first vibration absorber is mounted to the turbine hub and the second vibration absorber is mounted to one of the turbine hub, the casing and the driving shaft. The first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. The dynamic absorber includes an inertial member and a connecting plate coupled to the inertial member. The centrifugal pendulum oscillator includes a support member and at least one pair of first and second flyweights configured to oscillate with respect to the support member in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis. The first and second flyweights are mounted axially on axially opposite sides of the support member and connected axially to one another.

[0008] According to a third aspect of the invention, there is provided a method for assembling a hydrokinetic torque coupling device for coupling together a driving shaft and a driven shaft. The method of the present invention comprises the steps of providing a casing including a first casing shell and a second casing shell, providing a turbine wheel, an impeller wheel and a turbine hub, providing a preassembled torsional vibration damper, and providing preassembled first and second vibration absorbers. Each of the first and second vibration absorbers is one of a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator. The first vibration absorber and the second vibration absorber are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. The method of the present invention further comprises the steps of non-rotatably connecting the turbine hub to the turbine wheel, mounting the first vibration absorber to the turbine hub, mounting the second vibration absorber to one of the turbine hub and the second casing shell, and fixedly securing the first casing shell to the second casing shell.

Other aspects of the invention, including apparatus, devices, systems, converters, processes, and the like which constitute part of the invention, will become more apparent upon reading the following detailed description of the exemplary embodiments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE SEVERAL VIEWS OF THE DRAWING(S)

[0009] The accompanying drawings are incorporated in and constitute a part of the specification. The drawings, together with the general description given above and the detailed description of the exemplary embodiments and methods given below, serve to explain the principles of the invention. The objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from a study of the following specification when viewed in light of the accompanying drawings, in which like elements are given the same or analogous reference numerals and wherein:

[0010] Fig. 1 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a first exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0011] Fig. 2A is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper, a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0012] Fig. 2B is a partial fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of the torsional vibration damper, the dynamic absorber and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention shown without a locking piston of a lock-up clutch;

[0013] Fig. 3 is a front plan view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the torsional vibration damper assembly in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0014] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional half-view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator in accordance with the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention taken along the line 4-4 in Fig. 3;

[0015] Fig. 5 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a second exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0016] Fig. 6A is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper, a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0017] Fig. 6B is a partial fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of the torsional vibration damper, the dynamic absorber and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention shown without a locking piston of a lock-up clutch;

[0018] Fig. 6C is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of the torsional vibration damper and the dynamic absorber of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0019] Fig. 7 is a front plan view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the torsional vibration damper assembly in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0020] Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional half-view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator in accordance with the second exemplary embodiment of the present invention taken along the line 8-8 in Fig. 7;

[0021] Fig. 9 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a third exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0022] Fig. 10 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper, a dynamic absorber and a centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0023] Fig. 1 1 is a front plan view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the torsional vibration damper assembly in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional half-view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator in accordance with the third exemplary embodiment of the present invention taken along the line 12-12 in Fig. 1 1 ; [0025] Fig. 13 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a fourth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0026] Fig. 14 is a front plan view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the torsional vibration damper assembly in accordance with the fourth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0027] Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional half-view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator in accordance with the fourth exemplary embodiment of the present invention taken along the line 15-15 in Fig. 14;

[0028] Fig. 16 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a fifth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0029] Fig. 17 is a front plan view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator of the torsional vibration damper assembly in accordance with the fifth exemplary embodiment of the present invention; and

[0030] Fig. 18 is a cross-sectional half-view of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator in accordance with the fifth exemplary embodiment of the present invention taken along the line 18-18 in Fig. 17;

[0031] Fig. 19 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a sixth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0032] Fig. 20 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the sixth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0033] Fig. 21 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a seventh exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0034] Fig. 22 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the seventh exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0035] Fig. 23 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with an eighth exemplary embodiment of the present invention; [0036] Fig. 24 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration clamper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the eighth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0037] Fig. 25 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a ninth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0038] Fig. 26 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the ninth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0039] Fig. 27 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a tenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0040] Fig. 28 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the tenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0041] Fig. 29 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with an eleventh exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0042] Fig. 30 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the eleventh exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0043] Fig. 31 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a twelfth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0044] Fig. 32 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the twelfth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0045] Fig. 33 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a thirteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0046] Fig. 34 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the thirteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention; [0047] Fig. 35 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a fourteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0048] Fig. 36 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the fourteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0049] Fig. 37 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a fifteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0050] Fig. 38 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the fifteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0051] Fig. 39 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a sixteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0052] Fig. 40 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the sixteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0053] Fig. 41 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a seventeenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0054] Fig. 42 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the seventeenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0055] Fig. 43 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with an eighteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0056] Fig. 44 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the eighteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention; [0057] Fig. 45 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a nineteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0058] Fig. 46 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the nineteenth exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0059] Fig. 47 is a fragmented half-view in axial section of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with a twentieth exemplary embodiment of the present invention; and

[0060] Fig. 48 is a fragmentary cross-sectional half-view of a torsional vibration damper and first and second vibration absorbers of the hydrokinetic torque coupling device in accordance with the twentieth exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENT(S) AND EMBODIED METHOD(S) OF THE INVENTION

[0061] Reference will now be made in detail to exemplary embodiments and methods of the invention as illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which like reference characters designate like or corresponding parts throughout the drawings. It should be noted, however, that the invention in its broader aspects is not limited to the specific details, representative devices and methods, and illustrative examples shown and described in connection with the exemplary embodiments and methods.

[0062] This description of exemplary embodiments is intended to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings, which are to be considered part of the entire written description. In the description, relative terms such as "horizontal," "vertical," "up," "down," "upper", "lower", "right", "left", "top" and "bottom" as well as derivatives thereof (e.g., "horizontally," "downwardly," "upwardly," etc.) should be construed to refer to the orientation as then described or as shown in the drawing figure under discussion. These relative terms are for convenience of description and normally are not intended to require a particular orientation. Terms concerning attachments, coupling and the like, such as "connected" and "interconnected," refer to a relationship wherein structures are secured or attached to one another either directly or indirectly through intervening structures, as well as both movable or rigid attachments or relationships, unless expressly described otherwise. The term "operatively connected" is such an attachment, coupling or connection that allows the pertinent structures to operate as intended by virtue of that relationship. Additionally, the word "a" and "an" as used in the claims means "at least one" and the word "two" as used in the claims means "at least two".

[0063] A first exemplary embodiment of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device is generally represented in the accompanying drawings by reference numeral 10i , as best shown in the fragmentary sectional view in Fig. 1. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i is operable in known manner to fluidly couple a driving shaft 2 and a driven shaft 4 of a motor vehicle, such as of an automobile. In the typical case, the driving shaft 2 is an output shaft (or crankshaft) of an internal combustion engine 3 of the motor vehicle and the driven shaft 4 is connected to an automatic transmission of the motor vehicle. The internal combustion engine 3 also conventionally includes a flexplate 6 non-rotatably coupled (i.e., fixed) to the driving shaft 2. The term "flexplate" (or "flex plate") is known in the automotive art as a metal disk that connects the output from an engine to the input of a hydrokinetic torque coupling device in a vehicle equipped with an automatic transmission. It takes the place of the flywheel found in a conventional manual transmission setup. Like flywheels, flexplates normally may couple to a starter motor via teeth formed along an outer edge of the flexplate.

[0064] The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i comprises a sealed casing 12 filled with oil and rotatable about a rotation axis X. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i further comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a dynamic absorber 30 (also referred to herein as a dynamic damper) and a second vibration absorber in the form of a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i (also referred to herein as a pendulum oscillator), all disposed in the sealed casing 12. Each of the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i is mounted to the torque converter 14. Hereinafter the axial and radial orientations are considered with respect to the rotation axis X of the torque coupling device 10i .

[0065] According to the present invention, the first vibration absorber 30 and the second vibration absorber 401 are tuned to address different orders or frequency ranges of vibrations. It should be understood that the term "order of vibration" refers to a frequency that is a multiple of a reference rotational speed. In other words, an order is the normalization of the rotational speed. The first order is the rotational speed, a frequency equal to twice the rotational frequency corresponds to an order of two, and order n is n times the rotational speed. Order components thus are the harmonics of the rotational speed. [0066] The dynamic damper 30 filters a frequency and an order of vibration, while the pendulum oscillator 40i filters an order of vibration. According to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the pendulum oscillator 40i is tuned for an order 1 .5 (3 cylinder mode of a 3 cylinder engine), the dynamic damper 30 is specifically tuned for the order 0.75 or 0.5 by changing the weight of the oscillator when one cylinder (of the 3 cylinder engine) is deactivated (cylinder deactivation mode) and the 3 cylinder engine generates a specific acyclic behavior unique to a three cylinder engine. Other engines likewise have a unique acyclic behavior. The pendulum oscillator 40i compensates and filters the remaining vibration that the torsional vibration damper 20 is not able to filter. Thus, by selecting and/or tuning the pendulum oscillator 40i and the dynamic damper 30 for specific engine applications, the NVH (noise, vibration and harshness) characteristics of a particular engine can be significantly improved.

[0067] The sealed casing 12, the torque converter 14, the lock-up clutch 18, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i are all rotatable about the rotation axis X. The sealed casing 12 according to the present invention as illustrated in Fig. 1 includes a first casing shell 12i and a second casing shell 12 2 disposed coaxially with and axially opposite to the first casing shell 12i . The first and second casing shells 12i , 12 2 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) interconnected sealingly together, such as by weld 12w at their outer peripheries. The first casing shell 12i is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) connected to the driving shaft 2, more typically to the flexplate 6 that is non-rotatably fixed to the driving shaft 2, so that the casing 12 turns at the same speed at which the engine operates for transmitting torque. Specifically, in the illustrated embodiment of Fig. 1 the casing 12 is rotatably driven by the internal combustion engine 3 and is non- rotatably coupled to the flexplate 6 thereof with stud bolts 13. As best shown in Fig. 1 , the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i . Each of the first and second casing shells 12i , 12 2 may be made, for example, integrally by press-forming one-piece metal sheets.

[0068] The torque converter 14 comprises a turbine wheel 15, an impeller wheel 16, and a reactor (or stator) 17 interposed axially between the turbine wheel 15 and the impeller wheel 16. The turbine wheel 15 includes a substantially semi-toroidal turbine shell 15s, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The impeller wheel 16 includes a substantially semi-toroidal impeller shell 16s, as best shown in Fig. 1. As further shown in Fig. 1 , at least a portion of the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 forms and serves as the impeller shell 16s of the impeller wheel 16. Accordingly, the impeller shell 16s sometimes is referred to as part of the casing 12.

[0069] The torque converter 14 of the torque coupling device 10i also includes a substantially annular turbine (or output) hub 24 rotatable about the rotation axis X, which is arranged to non-rotatably couple together the driven shaft 4 and the turbine wheel 15. The turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 2, has an integrally formed and radially outwardly extending flange 24f.

[0070] The turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. The turbine hub 24 has internal splines and is non-rotatably coupled to the driven shaft 4, such as an input shaft of the automatic transmission of the motor vehicle, which is provided with complementary external splines. Alternatively, a weld or other connection may be used to fix (i.e., non-movably secure) the turbine hub 24 to the driven shaft 4. The turbine hub 24 is rotatable about the rotation axis X and is coaxial with the driven shaft 4 so as to center the turbine wheel 15 on the driven shaft 4. A sealing member 25 (shown in Fig. 1 ), mounted to a radially inner peripheral surface of the turbine hub 24, creates a seal at the interface of the transmission input shaft 4 and the turbine hub 24.

[0071] The lock-up clutch 18 is provided for selectively locking the driving and driven shafts 2 and 4, respectively. The lock-up clutch 18 is generally activated after starting of the motor vehicle and after hydraulic coupling of the driving and driven shafts 2 and 4, in order to avoid the loss of efficiency caused in particular by slip phenomena between the turbine wheel 15 and the impeller wheel 16. Specifically, the lock-up clutch 18 is provided to bypass the turbine wheel 15 when in a locked position. When the lock-up clutch 18 is in the locked (engaged) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper assembly 20.

[0072] The lock-up clutch 18 includes a substantially annular locking piston 28, including an annular friction liner 29 fixedly attached to an axially outer surface of the locking piston 28 that faces a substantially radial locking wall 12a of the casing 12 by appropriate means known in the art, such as by adhesive bonding. As best shown in Fig. 2, the friction liner 29 is fixedly attached to the axially outer surface of the locking piston 28 at a radially outer peripheral end thereof. The locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24 for axially reciprocating movement thereon. The locking piston 28 is axially displaceable toward (the locked (or engaged) position of the lock-up clutch 18) and away (an open (or disengaged) position of the lock-up clutch 18) from the locking wall 12a inside the casing 12. Moreover, the locking piston 28 is axially displaceable away from (the engaged (or locked) position of the lock-up clutch 18) and toward (the disengaged (or open) position of the lock-up clutch 18) the turbine hub 24. A radially outer surface of the turbine hub 24 includes an annular slot 26 for receiving a sealing member 27, such as an O-ring, as best shown in Fig. 2. The locking piston 28 is mounted to slidingly engage the turbine hub 24 (which is splined with or mounted on the driven shaft 4) with the sealing member 27 therebetween.

[0073] The torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i advantageously allow the impeller wheel 16 of the torque converter 14 to be coupled, with torque damping, to the turbine hub 24, and thus to the input shaft 4 of the automatic transmission. The torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i also allow damping of stresses between a first (or drive) shaft 2 and a second (or driven) shaft 4 that are coaxial with the rotation axis X, with torsion damping.

[0074] The torsional vibration damper 20, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2, is disposed between the turbine hub 24 that is fixedly (i.e., non-movably) connected with the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, and the locking piston 28 of the lock-up clutch 18. Moreover, the locking piston 28 of the lock-up clutch 1 8 is rotatably coupled to the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24 by the torsional vibration damper 20. The torsional vibration damper 20 is arranged on the turbine hub 24 in a limited, movable and centered manner. The turbine hub 24 forms an output part of the torsional vibration damper 20 and a driven side of the torque coupling device 10i , and is splined with the driven shaft 4. The locking piston 28, on the other hand, forms an input part of the torsional vibration damper 20.

[0075] The dynamic absorber 30, as best shown in Fig. 1 , is disposed between the turbine hub 24 that is fixedly (i.e., non-movably) connected with the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, and the torsional vibration damper 20. Moreover, the dynamic absorber 30, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2B, is disposed axially between the turbine shell 15s and the torsional vibration damper 20. Also, the torsional vibration damper 20, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2A, is disposed axially between the dynamic absorber 30 and the locking piston 28.

[0076] The centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i , as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2, is disposed between the turbine hub 24 and the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Also, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i , as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2, is disposed axially between the first casing shell 12i and the locking piston 28. [0077] During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i only, bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i .

[0078] As best shown in Figs. 1 and 2, each of the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the pendulum oscillator 40i is operatively coupled to the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14.

[0079] As best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B, the torsional vibration damper 20 comprises a substantially annular driven member 32 fixedly (i.e., non-movably) secured to the turbine hub 24, and a substantially annular intermediate member 34 mounted about the driven member 32 and rotatably moveable relative thereto. The driven member 32, as best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B, has an integrally formed and radially inwardly extending flange 33. The flange 33 of the driven member 32 is fixedly (i.e., non-movably) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by the rivets or welding. Thus, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15 is fixedly secured to both the turbine hub 24 and the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 by appropriate means, such as by the rivets or welding. The driven member 32 constitutes an output member of the torsional vibration damper 20.

[0080] The torsional vibration damper 20 further comprises a substantially annular first retainer plate 36A, a substantially annular second retainer plate 36B disposed axially opposite the first retainer plate 36A, and a plurality of circumferentially acting damper elastic members (or torque transmitting elements) 38 (also referred to herein as radially inner (or first) damper elastic members) disposed in series relative to each other between the driven member 32 and the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B, as best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B. The first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are mounted adjacent to axially opposite sides (surfaces) of the driven member 32 and the intermediate member 34 so as to be oriented parallel to each other and coaxially with the rotation axis X. The first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to one another by appropriate means, such as by fasteners or welding, so as to be rotatable relative to the driven member 32. Thus, the first and second damper retainer plates 36A, 36B are non-rotatable relative to one another, but rotatable relative to the driven member 32 and the intermediate member 34. Each of the damper elastic members 38 is disposed circumferentially in series between the driven member 32 and the first and second damper retainer plates 36A, 36B. Specifically, the damper elastic members 38 are interposed between the first and second damper retainer plates 36A, 36B and the intermediate member 34, and between the intermediate member 34 and the driven member 32 in series.

[0081] According to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the damper elastic members 38 are identical to each other. In non-limiting fashion, the torsional vibration damper 20 according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention has six damper elastic members 38. Further according to the present invention, each of the damper elastic members 38 is in the form of helical (or coil) spring having a principal axis oriented substantially circumferentially. Furthermore according to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each of the damper elastic members 38 includes only one coaxial helical spring. Alternatively, each of the damper elastic members 38 may include a pair of coaxial helical springs. Specifically, each of the damper elastic members 38 may include an external large- diameter spring and an internal small-diameter spring, arranged coaxially so that the internal spring is disposed within the external spring.

[0082] Moreover, the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are arranged axially on either side of the damper elastic members 38 and are operatively connected therewith. The first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to one another by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding, so as to be rotatable relative to the driven member 32. Thus, the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are non-rotatable relative to one another, but rotatable relative to the driven member 32 and the intermediate member 34. Each of the damper elastic members 38 is disposed circumferentially between the driven member 32 and the intermediate member 34.

[0083] According to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention as best illustrated in Fig. 2B, the first retainer plate 36A has a substantially annular outer mounting flange 39A provided with a plurality of circumferentially spaced holes. The second retainer plate 36B, on the other hand, has a substantially annular outer mounting flange 39B provided with a plurality of circumferentially spaced holes. The first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to one another so that the outer mounting flanges 39A, 39B of the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B engage axially opposite surfaces through rivets extending through the holes in the outer mounting flanges 39A, 39B of the first and second damper retainer plates 36A, 36B. Thus, the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are non-rotatable relative to one another, but rotatable relative to the driven member 32 and the intermediate member 34.

[0084] According to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, as best shown in Fig. 2B, each of the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B is preferably a stamped integral member of suitable metallic construction, e.g., made of a single or unitary component, but may be separate components fixedly connected together.

[0085] Each of the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B is provided with a plurality of circumferentially extending windows (or window-shaped openings) 42A, 42B, respectively, each of which is arranged in correspondence with a pair of the elastic damping members 38, as best depicted in Fig. 2B. The windows 42A, 42B are separated circumferentially from one another.

[0086] The torsional vibration damper 20 further comprises a substantially annular drive member 46 and a substantially annular connecting member 48 rotatably coupled to the drive member 46 (as best shown in Fig. 2A). The driven member 32 is rotatably moveable relative to both the drive member 46 and the connecting member 48. The drive member 46 constitutes an input member of the torsional vibration damper 20, while the driven member 32 constitutes an output member of the torsional vibration damper 20. As best shown in Figs. 1 and 2A, the drive member 46, the connecting member 48 and the annular driven member 32 are coaxial with each other and rotatable about the rotation axis X. The drive member 46 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the locking piston 28 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. The driven member 32 is operatively associated with the turbine wheel 15 and coaxial with the turbine hub 24. The turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15 is fixedly secured to both the turbine hub 24 and the driven member 32 by any appropriate means, such as by the rivets or welding.

[0087] The annular drive member 46 includes external (or peripheral), radially outwardly extending driving tabs (or abutment elements) 47 circumferentially equidistantly disposed about an outer periphery thereof, as best shown in Fig. 2A. The drive member 46 with the driving tabs 47 is preferably an integral part, e.g., made of a single or unitary component, but may be separate components fixedly connected together. Preferably, the driving tabs 47 are integrally press-formed on the drive member 46 so as to be equiangularly spaced from each other.

[0088] The connecting member 48 includes internal, radially inwardly extending tabs (or abutment elements) circumferentially equiangularly disposed about an inner periphery thereof. The connecting member 48 is preferably a stamped member of suitable metallic construction with the inwardly extending tabs preferably being an integral part, e.g., made of a single or unitary component, but may be separate components fixedly connected together. Preferably, the inwardly extending tabs are integrally press-formed on the connecting member 48 so as to be equiangularly spaced from each other.

[0089] The torsional vibration damper 20 further comprises a plurality of ancillary damper elastic members (or torque transmitting elements) 50 (also referred to herein as radially outer (or second) damper elastic members), such as coil springs (damper springs) disposed in series relative to each other between the drive member 46 and the connecting member 48, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 2A. As best shown in Figs. 1 and 2A, the ancillary damper elastic members (or outer damper elastic members) 50 are disposed radially outwardly of the damper elastic members (or inner damper elastic members) 38. The radially outer damper elastic members 50 include circumferentially acting elastic members, such as coil springs, disposed in series relative to each other between the drive member 46 and the connecting member 48, as best shown in Fig. 1 . The ancillary damper elastic members 50 are distributed circumferentially around the rotation axis X. As further illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2A, the radially inner and outer elastic damping members 38 and 50, respectively, are radially spaced from each other.

[0090] The connecting member 48 defines a substantially annular groove (or channel) that partially houses the ancillary damper elastic members 50, which are distributed about the circumference of the annular channel of the connecting member 48 so as to support the ancillary damper elastic members 50 against centrifugal force. Moreover, each of the ancillary damper elastic members 50 is disposed circumferentially between the driving tabs 47 of the drive member 46 and the internal tabs of the connecting member 48.

[0091] As best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B, the first retainer plate 36B further includes one or more peripheral abutment elements 52 extending axially outwardly from the outer mounting flange 39B of the second retainer plate 36B away from the first retainer plate 36A toward the drive member 46 and the locking piston 28. According to the first exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the abutment elements 52 are integrally press-formed with the second retainer plate 36B so as to be equiangularly spaced from each other. The abutment elements 52 have circumferentially opposite abutment surfaces on circumferential ends of the mutually facing abutment elements 52. The abutment elements 52 of the second damper retainer plate 36B engage the ancillary clamper elastic members 50. Thus, the second damper retainer plate 36B is operatively and rotatably connected to the drive member 46 through the ancillary damper elastic members 50.

[0092] The radially outer damper elastic members 50 are held in the interface between the internal tabs of the connecting member 48, the driving tabs 47 of the drive member 46 and the abutment elements 52 of the second damper retainer plate 36B so as to transmit damped rotational torque from the locking piston 28 to the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B through the radially outer damper elastic members 50 and the connecting member 48. As best shown in Figs. 1 and 2A, the driving tabs 47 of the drive member 46 and the abutment elements 52 of the second damper retainer plate 36B are circumferentially (or angularly) aligned with each other. In other words, the connecting member 48 is drivingly connected to the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B through the radially outer damper elastic members 50. In turn, the drive member 46 is drivingly connected to the connecting member 48 through the radially outer damper elastic members 50. Thus, the radially outer damper elastic members 50 are disposed and compressible between the driving tabs 47 of the drive member 46 and the internal tabs of the connecting member 48, and between the internal tabs of the connecting member 48 and the abutment elements 52 of the second damper retainer plate 36B.

[0093] During operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted from the impeller wheel 16 by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 to the turbine hub 24. When the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position (i.e., when the locking piston 28 is engaged (or locked) against the locking wall 12a of the casing 12 by action of the hydraulic pressure), the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20. Specifically, the drive member 46 is drivingly and elastically connected to the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B through the connecting member 48 and the radially outer damper elastic members 50. In turn, the first and second retainer plates 36A, 36B are drivingly and elastically connected to the driven member 32 through the intermediate member 34 and the inner damper elastic members 38.

[0094] The dynamic absorber 30 is operatively connected to the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24. The dynamic absorber 30 functions as a dynamic damper for further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14. [0095] The dynamic absorber 30 includes a substantially annular inertial member (or absorber mass) 54, a substantially annular connecting plate 56 rotatably connected to the inertial member 54 coaxially with the rotation axis X, and a plurality of circumferentially acting absorber elastic members 58 interposed between the inertial member 54 and the connecting plate 56, as best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B. The inertial member 54 is drivingly and elastically coupled to the connecting plate 56 through the absorber elastic members 58.

[0096] The inertial member 54 is a substantially annular heavy wheel (i.e., having a relatively large mass) for opposing and resisting by its inertia fluctuations in speed of the machinery, such as the hydrokinetic torque coupling device, with which it rotates. The inertial member 54 includes a substantially annular support (or connection) portion 54s and a substantially annular inertial portion 54i formed integrally with the support portion 54s, as best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B. The inertial member 54 with the support portion 54s and the inertial portion 54i is an integral part, e.g., made of a single-piece or unitary component, but may be separate components fixedly connected together. Preferably, the inertial member 54 is integrally made by stamping into an L-shape or by roll forming from a strip. Moreover, the inertial portion 54i of the inertial member 54 has a thickness and a mass substantially larger than the thickness and mass of the support portion 54s.

[0097] A radially inner end 57 of the connecting plate 56 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Further according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each of the absorber elastic members 58 is in the form of helical (or coil) spring having a principal axis oriented substantially circumferentially about the rotation axis X. Thus, the turbine hub 24 is operatively, elastically and rotatably connected to the inertial member 54 of the dynamic absorber 30 through the absorber elastic members 58. In other words, the inertial member 54 is rotatable relative to the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the torsional vibration damper 20, and the turbine hub 24 coaxially with the rotation axis X.

[0098] The connecting plate 56 has a substantially annular mounting flange 59 extending axially inwardly from the connecting plate 56 toward the first retainer plate 36A for radially mounting and supporting the inertial member 54 thereon. The connecting plate 56 is preferably made as a single or unitary component. Also preferably, the mounting flange 59 is integrally press-formed with the connecting plate 56 from a single sheet-metal blank. As best shown in Fig. 2B, a substantially annular radially inner end 55 of the inertial member 54 is rotationally slidingly supported in the radial direction by the mounting flange 59 of the connecting plate 56. In other words, the inertial member 54 is radially, rotationally guided and centered relative to the rotation axis X by the mounting flange 59 of the connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30. Thus, the relatively heavy inertia member 54 of the dynamic absorber 30 is centered and guided in order to not generate high imbalance and load in the components of the torque converter 14 of the torque coupling device

[0099] The inertial member 54 is elastically and rotatably coupled to the connecting plate 56 through the absorber elastic members 58 interposed circumferentially in series between the connecting plate 56 and the inertial member 54. The connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30 is rotationally guided and radially centered relative to the rotation axis X by a substantially cylindrical support surface 24s of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 2B.

[00100] The centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i is operatively connected to the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 2A. The pendulum oscillator 40i functions as a dynamic damper for filtering the vibrations caused by irregularities, and takes effect before engine torque is transmitted to the automotive transmission or gearbox, thus further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14.

[00101] The pendulum oscillator 40i includes a substantially annular support member 62i and at least one pair of flyweights; respectively a first flyweight 64i and a second flyweight 64 2 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 62i . The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 661 passing axially through an associated opening 681 in a radially outer end 63o of the support member 62i . As best shown in Fig. 3 and 4, the pendulum oscillator 40i includes three pairs of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 , and each pair of the first and second flyweights 641 and 64 2 is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66 passing axially through the associated openings 68 in the support member 62i . Advantageously, each of the connecting members 66 defines a spacer that determines an axial spacing between the flyweights 64i and 64 2 , and a clearance with respect to the support member 62i .

[00102] The pendulum oscillator 40i may include one, two, three, four, five, six, or more pairs of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 . In the illustrated embodiments of Fig. 3, the first and second flyweights 641 and 64 2 are substantially structurally and functionally similar. In view of the similarities of the illustrated first and second flyweights 641 and 64 2 , and in the interest of simplicity, the following discussion will occasionally use reference numeral 64 without a subscript number when generically referring to each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 rather than reciting all reference numerals with subscripts.

[00103] The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 62i in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed.

[00104] A radially inner end 63i of the support member 62i is non-moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by threaded fasteners 65i or, alternatively, by riveting, welding, press-fitting, gear spline connection with snap ring or interference, etc. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 1 -4, the threaded fasteners 65i axially extend through holes 66 in the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62i into the turbine hub 24, best shown in Figs. 2A, 2B and 4.

[00105] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i according to the embodiment of Figs. 1 -4 will now be explained. It should be understood that this exemplary method may be practiced in connection with the other embodiments described herein. This exemplary method is not the exclusive method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling devices described herein. While the method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling devices 1 -4 may be practiced by sequentially performing the steps as set forth below, it should be understood that the methods may involve performing the steps in different sequences.

[00106] The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30 and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non- movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 2A and 2B, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 is non- moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by the threaded fasteners 65i or welding. After that, the first casing shell 12i is sealingly fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 401 is sealed within the casing 12.

[00107] Various modifications, changes, and alterations may be practiced with the above-described embodiment, including but not limited to the additional embodiments shown in Figs. 5-30. In the interest of brevity, reference characters in Figs. 5-30 that are discussed above in connection with Figs. Figs. 1 -4 are not further elaborated upon below, except to the extent necessary or useful to explain the additional embodiments of Figs. 5-30. Modified components and parts are indicated by the addition of a hundred digits to the reference numerals of the components or parts.

[00108] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 2 of a second exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 5-8, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 2 of Figs. 5-8 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of Figs. 1 -4, and only the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00109] The centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 , as best shown in Figs. 5, 6A and 6B, is disposed within the casing 12 between the turbine hub 24 and the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Also, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 , as best shown in Figs. 5, 6A and 6B, is disposed axially between the first casing shell 12i and the locking piston 28.

[00110] During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the turbine wheel 1 5 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 only, bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 1 2 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration clamper 20, as well as through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 .

[00111] As best shown in Figs. 5, 6A and 6B, each of the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is operatively coupled to the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14, while the pendulum oscillator 40 2 is operatively coupled to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 1 2.

[00112] The pendulum oscillator 40 2 functions as a dynamic damper for filtering vibrations caused by engine irregularities, and takes effect before engine torque is transmitted to the automotive transmission or gearbox, thus further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 2 .

[00113] The pendulum oscillator 40 2 includes a substantially annular support member 162 and at least one pair of flyweights; respectively a first flyweight 64i and a second flyweight 64 2 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 162. The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 66 passing axially through an associated opening 68 in a radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 2 . As best shown in Fig. 7, each pair of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66 passing axially through the associated openings 68 in the support member 62 2 .

[00114] Advantageously, each of the connecting members 66 defines a spacer that determines an axial spacing between the flyweights 64i and 64 2 , and a clearance with respect to the support member 62 2 .

[00115] The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 162 in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed.

[00116] A radially inner end 163i of the support member 1 62 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 5-8, the radially inner end 163i of the support member 162 is welded to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by a weld 163w, best shown in Fig. 6A.

[00117] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 2 according to the embodiment of Figs. 5-8 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30 and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 6A-6C, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 163i of the support member 162 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by welding (see the weld 63w as best shown in Fig. 6A). After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30, and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 are sealed within the casing 12.

[00118] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 3 of a third exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 9-12, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 3 of Figs. 9-12 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 2 of Figs. 5-8, and only the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00119] The centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 , as shown in Figs. 9-12, is disposed outside a casing 12 between a first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and a flexplate 6 of the internal combustion engine 3. During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted only by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 , bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 .

[00120] As best shown in Figs. 9 and 10, each of the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is operatively coupled to the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14, while the pendulum oscillator 40 3 is operatively coupled to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 outside the casing 12.

[00121] The pendulum oscillator 40 3 functions as a dynamic damper for filtering the vibrations caused by the irregularities, and take effect before engine torque is transmitted to the automotive transmission or gearbox, thus further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 3 .

[00122] The pendulum oscillator 40 3 includes a substantially annular support member 62 3 and at least one pair of flyweights; respectively a first flyweight 64i and a second flyweight 64 2 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 62 3 . The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 66 passing axially through an associated opening 68 in a radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 3 . As best shown in Figs. 10 and 12, each pair of the first and second flyweights 641 and 64 2 is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66 passing axially through the associated openings 68 in the support member 62 3 .

[00123] Advantageously, each of the connecting members 66 defines a spacer that determines an axial spacing between the flyweights 64 and a clearance with respect to the support member 62 3 .

[00124] The first and second flyweights 64 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 62 3 in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64 shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 64 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 64 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed. [00125] A radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 3 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 9-12, the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 3 is fixed to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by rivets 65 3 , best shown in Fig. 10, extending through apertures 67 in the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 3 , best shown in Fig. 1 1 .

[00126] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 3 according to the embodiment of Figs. 9-12 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30 and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 9 and 10, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 3 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 outside the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by the rivers 65 3 extending through apertures 67 in the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 3 , as best shown in Fig. 10. After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is sealed within the casing 12, while the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 is disposed outside the casing 12.

[00127] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of a fourth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 13-15, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of Figs. 13-15 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of Figs. 1 -4, and only the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00128] The centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 , as shown in Figs. 13-15, is disposed outside a casing 12 between a first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and a flexplate 6 of the internal combustion engine 3. During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 only, bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 .

[00129] As best shown in Fig. 13, each of the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is operatively coupled to the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14, while the pendulum oscillator 40 is operatively coupled tocrankshaft 2 and the flexplate 6 of an internal combustion engine 3 outside the casing 12.

[00130] As illustrated in Fig. 13, the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably (i.e., fixedly) secured to both the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3 and the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 . In other words, the crankshaft 2 is non-rotatably coupled to the casing 12. Specifically, a radially inner end of the flexplate 6 is non- rotatably connected to the crankshaft 2 by one or more threaded fasteners 7, while a radially outer end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the casing 12 through the stud bolts 13, which are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i .

[00131] The pendulum oscillator 40 functions as a dynamic damper for filtering the vibrations caused by the irregularities, and takes effect before engine torque is transmitted to the automotive transmission or gearbox, thus further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 .

[00132] The pendulum oscillator 40 includes a substantially annular support member 62 4 and at least one pair of flyweights; respectively a first flyweight 64i and a second flyweight 64 2 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 62 4 . The first and second flyweights 64 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 66 passing axially through an associated opening 68 in a radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 4 . As best shown in Figs. 13 and 15, each pair of the first and second flyweights 64 is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66 passing axially through the associated openings 68 in the support member 62 4 . [00133] The first and second flyweights 64 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 62 4 in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64 shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 64 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 64 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed.

[00134] A radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 4 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 13-15, the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 4 is non-rotatably fixed to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the threaded fasteners 7, best shown in Fig. 13, extending through apertures 67 in the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 4 , best shown in Fig. 14. Accordingly, the support member 62 4 of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) coupled to the casing 12.

[00135] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 according to the embodiment of Figs. 13-15 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30 and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 13, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is sealed within the casing 12, while the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 is disposed outside the casing 12. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the support member 62 4 of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the threaded fasteners 7 extending through the apertures 67 in the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 4 . Then, the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 through the stud bolts 13.

[00136] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 5 of a fifth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 16-18, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 5 of Figs. 16-18 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of Figs. 1 -4, and only the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00137] The centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 , as shown in Figs. 16-18, is disposed outside casing 12 between a first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and a flexplate 6 of the internal combustion engine 3. During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted only by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 , bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 .

[00138] As best shown in Fig. 16, each of the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is operatively coupled to the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14, while the pendulum oscillator 40 5 is operatively coupled to a crankshaft 2 and the flexplate 6 of an internal combustion engine 3 outside the casing 12.

[00139] As illustrated in Fig. 16, the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably (i.e., fixedly) secured to both the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3 and the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 5 . In other words, the crankshaft 2 is non-rotatably coupled to the casing 12. Specifically, a radially inner end of the flexplate 6 is non- rotatably connected to the crankshaft 2 by one or more threaded fasteners 7, while a radially outer end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the casing 12 through stud bolts 13, which are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i . [00140] The pendulum oscillator 40 5 functions as a dynamic damper for filtering the vibrations caused by the irregularities, and takes effect before engine torque is transmitted to the automotive transmission or gearbox, thus further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 5 .

[00141] The pendulum oscillator 40 5 includes a substantially annular support member 62 5 and at least one pair of flyweights; respectively a first flyweight 64i and a second flyweight 64 2 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 62 5 . The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 66 passing axially through an associated opening 68 in a radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 5 . As best shown in Figs. 16 and 18, each pair of the first and second flyweights 641 and 64 2 is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66 passing axially through the associated openings 68 in the support member 62 5 .

[00142] The first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 62 5 in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 64i and 64 2 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 64 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed.

[00143] A radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 5 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the casing 12 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 16-18, the radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 5 is fixed to both the casing 12 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the stud bolts 13, which are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12, best shown in Fig. 16, so that the stud bolts 13 extend through apertures 67 in the radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 5 , best shown in Fig. 16. Accordingly, the support member 62 5 of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) coupled to the casing 12.

[00144] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 5 according to the embodiment of Figs. 16-18 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration clamper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56 of the dynamic absorber 30 and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 13, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is sealed within the casing 12, while the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 is disposed outside the casing 12. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the support member 62 5 of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 by the stud bolts 13 extending through the apertures 67 in the radially outer end 63o of the support member 62 5 . Then, the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the crankshaft 2 by the one or more threaded fasteners 7.

[00145] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 6 of a sixth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 19-20, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 is replaced by a dynamic absorber 30 2 i - The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 6 of Figs. 19-20 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i of Figs. 1 -4, and only the dynamic absorber 30 2 i , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00146] The torque coupling device 10 6 of the sixth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first dynamic absorber 30i and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second dynamic absorber 30 2 i - According to the present invention, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00147] The second dynamic absorber 30 2 i , as best shown in Figs. 19-20, is disposed between the turbine hub 24 and the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Also, the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i , as best shown in Figs. 19 and 20, is disposed axially between the first casing shell 12i and the locking piston 28. During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i only, bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i .

[00148] As disclosed above, a first inertial member 541 of the first dynamic absorber 30i is a substantially annular heavy wheel having a relatively large mass Mi for opposing and resisting by its inertia fluctuations in speed of the machinery, such as the hydrokinetic torque coupling device, with which it rotates. Moreover, the first inertial member 541 has an outer radius Ri as best shown in Fig. 20. A radially inner end 57i of a connecting plate 56i is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Thus, the turbine hub 24 is operatively, elastically and rotatably connected to the inertial member 54i of the first dynamic absorber 30i through the absorber elastic members 58i . In other words, the inertial member 541 is rotatable relative to the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the torsional vibration damper 20, and the turbine hub 24 coaxially with the rotation axis X.

[00149] The second dynamic absorber 30 2 i includes a substantially annular second inertial member (or absorber mass) 54 2 , a substantially annular connecting plate 56 2 i rotatably connected to the second inertial member 54 2 coaxially with the rotation axis X, and a plurality of circumferentially acting absorber elastic members 58 2 interposed between the second inertial member 54 2 and the connecting plate 56 2 i , as best shown in Fig. 20. The second inertial member 54 2 is drivingly and elastically coupled to the connecting plate 56 2 i through the absorber elastic members 58 2 .

[00150] The second inertial member 54 2 is a substantially annular heavy wheel having a relatively large mass M 2 for opposing and resisting by its inertia fluctuations in speed of the machinery, such as the hydrokinetic torque coupling device, with which it rotates. The second inertial member 54 2 is preferably an integral part, e.g., made of a single-piece or unitary component, but may be separate components fixedly connected together. Preferably, the second inertial member 54 2 is integrally made by stamping into an L-shape or by roll forming from a strip. Moreover, the second inertial member 564 has an outer radius R 2 , as best shown in Fig. 20. Furthermore, the mass Mi of the first inertial member 54i is substantially larger than the mass M 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , while the outer radius Ri of the first inertial member 54i is substantially greater than the outer radius R 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 20. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the first inertial member 54i is substantially greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the second inertial member 54 2 . Accordingly, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00151] A radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 i of the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i is non-moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by threaded fasteners 65i (as best shown in Fig. 20) or, alternatively, by riveting, welding, press-fitting, gear spline connection with snap ring or interference, etc. Further according to the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, each of the absorber elastic members 58 2 of the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i is in the form of helical (or coil) spring having a principal axis oriented substantially circumferentially about the rotation axis X. Thus, the turbine hub 24 is operatively, elastically and rotatably connected to the second inertial member 54 2 of the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i through the absorber elastic members 58 2 . In other words, the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i is rotatable relative to the turbine hub 24 (thus the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15) and the torsional vibration damper 20 coaxially with respect to the rotation axis X.

[00152] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 6 according to the embodiment of Figs. 19-20 will now be explained. The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 561 of the first dynamic absorber 30i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 20, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 i is non-moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by the threaded fasteners 65i or welding. After that, the first casing shell 12i is sealingly fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 i are sealed within the casing 12.

[00153] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 7 of a seventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 21 -22, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 is replaced by a dynamic absorber 30 22 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 7 of Figs. 21 -22 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 2 of Figs. 5-8, and only the dynamic absorber 30 22 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00154] The torque coupling device 10 7 of the seventh exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first dynamic absorber 30i and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second dynamic absorber 30 22 . According to the present invention, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 22 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00155] The second dynamic absorber 30 22 , as best shown in Figs. 21 -22, is disposed between the turbine hub 24 and the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Also, the second dynamic absorber 30 22 , as best shown in Figs. 21 and 22, is disposed axially between the first casing shell 12i and the locking piston 28 within the casing 12. During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, the engine torque is transmitted only by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 22 , bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 22 .

[00156] The second dynamic absorber 30 22 includes a substantially annular second inertial member (or absorber mass) 54 2 , a substantially annular connecting plate 56 22 rotatably connected to the second inertial member 54 2 coaxially with the rotation axis X, and a plurality of circumferentially acting absorber elastic members 58 2 interposed between the second inertial member 54 2 and the connecting plate 56 22 , as best shown in Fig. 22. The second inertial member 54 2 is drivingly and elastically coupled to the connecting plate 56 22 through the absorber elastic members 58 2 .

[00157] The second inertial member 54 2 is a substantially annular heavy wheel having a relatively large mass M 2 for opposing and resisting by its inertia fluctuations in speed of the machinery, such as the hydrokinetic torque coupling device, with which it rotates. Moreover, the second inertial member 54 2 has an outer radius R 2 , as best shown in Fig. 22. Furthermore, the mass Mi of the first inertial member 54i is substantially larger than the mass M 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , while the outer radius Ri of the first inertial member 54i is substantially greater than the outer radius R 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 22. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the first inertial member 541 is substantially greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the second inertial member 54 2 . Accordingly, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 22 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00158] A radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 22 of the second dynamic absorber 30 22 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 21 -22, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 22 is welded to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by a weld 63w, best shown in Fig. 22.

[00159] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 1 0 7 according to the embodiment of Figs. 21 -22 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 1 7, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 22 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56i of the dynamic absorber 30i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 22, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 1 6, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 22 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by welding (see the weld 63w as best shown in Fig. 22). After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i , and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 2 are sealed within the casing 12.

[00160] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 8 of an eighth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 23-24, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 is replaced by a dynamic absorber 30 23 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 8 of Figs. 23-24 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 1 0 3 of Figs. 5-8, and only the dynamic absorber 30 2 3, which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00161] The torque coupling device 10 8 of the eighth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first dynamic absorber 30i and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second dynamic absorber 30 23 . According to the present invention, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 23 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00162] The second dynamic absorber 30 23 , as best shown in Figs. 23-24, is disposed outside of a casing 1 2 between a first casing shell 12i of the casing 1 2 and flexplate 6 of the internal combustion engine 3. The second dynamic absorber 30 23 includes a substantially annular second inertial member (or absorber mass) 54 2 , a substantially annular connecting plate 56 23 rotatably connected to the second inertial member 54 2 coaxially with the rotation axis X, and a plurality of circumferentially acting absorber elastic members 58 2 interposed between the second inertial member 54 2 and the connecting plate 56 23 , as best shown in Fig. 24. The second inertial member 54 2 is drivingly and elastically coupled to the connecting plate 56 23 through the absorber elastic members 58 2 .

[00163] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the first inertial member 54i is substantially larger than the mass M 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , while the outer radius Ri of the first inertial member 54i is substantially greater than the outer radius R 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 24. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the first inertial member 541 is substantially greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the second inertial member 54 2 . Accordingly, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 23 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00164] A radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 23 of the second dynamic absorber 30 23 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 23-24, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 3 is fixed to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by rivets 65 3 , best shown in Fig. 24, extending through apertures in the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 3, best shown in Fig. 24.

[00165] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 8 according to the embodiment of Figs. 23-24 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 23 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56i of the first dynamic absorber 30i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 23 and 24, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 23 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 outside the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by the rivers 65 3 extending through apertures in the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 23 , as best shown in Fig. 24. After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i is sealed within the casing 12, while the second dynamic absorber 30 23 is disposed outside the casing 12.

[00166] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 9 of an ninth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 25-26, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 is replaced by a dynamic absorber 30 2 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 9 of Figs. 25-26 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 5 of Figs. 16-18, and only the dynamic absorber 30 2 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00167] The torque coupling device 10 9 of the ninth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first dynamic absorber 30i and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second dynamic absorber 30 2 . According to the present invention, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 24 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00168] The second dynamic absorber 10 9 , as shown in Figs. 25-26, is disposed outside of casing 12 between a first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and a flexplate 6 interconnecting the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10 9 and crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. The second dynamic absorber 30 24 includes a substantially annular second inertial member (or absorber mass) 54 2 , a substantially annular connecting plate 56 24 rotatably connected to the second inertial member 54 2 coaxially with the rotation axis X, and a plurality of circumferentially acting absorber elastic members 58 2 interposed between the second inertial member 54 2 and the connecting plate 56 2 , as best shown in Fig. 26. The second inertial member 54 2 is drivingly and elastically coupled to the connecting plate 56 2 through the absorber elastic members 58 2 .

[00169] Furthermore, a mass Mi of the first inertial member 54i is substantially larger than a mass M 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , while an outer radius Ri of the first inertial member 541 is substantially greater than an outer radius R 2 of the second inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 26. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the first inertial member 54i is substantially greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the second inertial member 54 2 . Accordingly, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00170] A radially outer end 57o 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 of the second dynamic absorber 30 2 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 25-26, the radially outer end 57o 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 is fixed to both the casing 12 and the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 by the stud bolts 13, which are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12, best shown in Fig. 26, so that the stud bolts 13 extend through apertures in the radially outer end 57o 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 . Accordingly, the connecting plate 56 2 of the second dynamic absorber 30 2 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) coupled to the casing 12.

[00171] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 9 according to the embodiment of Figs. 25-26 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 2 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the connecting plate 56i of the first dynamic absorber 30 and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 13, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i is sealed within the casing 12, while the second dynamic absorber 30 24 is disposed outside the casing 12. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the connecting plate 56 24 of the second dynamic absorber 30 24 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 by the stud bolts 13 extending through the apertures in the radially outer end 57o 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 . Then, the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the crankshaft 2 by the one or more threaded fasteners 7.

[00172] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 0 of a tenth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 27-28, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 340 is replaced by a dynamic absorber 30 25 . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 0 of Figs. 27-28 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of Figs. 13-15, and only the dynamic absorber 30 25 , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00173] The torque coupling device 10i 0 of the tenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first dynamic absorber 30i and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second dynamic absorber 30 25 . According to the present invention, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 25 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00174] The second dynamic absorber 30 25 , as shown in Figs. 27-28, is disposed outside of casing 12 between a first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and flexplate 6, interconnecting the casing 12 of the torque coupling device 10i 0 and crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. The second dynamic absorber 30 25 includes a substantially annular second inertial member (or absorber mass) 54 2 , a substantially annular second connecting plate 56 2 5 rotatably connected to the second inertial member 54 2 coaxially with the rotation axis X, and a plurality of circumferentially acting absorber elastic members 58 2 interposed between the second inertial member 54 2 and the connecting plate 56 25 , as best shown in Fig. 28. The second inertial member 54 2 is drivingly and elastically coupled to the second connecting plate 56 25 through the second absorber elastic members 58 2 .

[00175] Furthermore, mass Mi of the first inertial member 54i is substantially larger than mass M 2 of the second inertial member 30 25 , while an outer radius Ri of the first inertial member 541 is substantially greater than an outer radius R 2 of the second inertial member 30 25 , as best shown in Fig. 28. In other words, the radius of the center of gravity of the first inertial member 54i is substantially greater than the radius of a center of gravity of the second inertial member 54 2 . Accordingly, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 25 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00176] A radially inner end 57i 2 of the second connecting plate 56 25 is non- movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 27-28, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the second connecting plate 56 25 is non-rotatably fixed to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by threaded fasteners 7, best shown in Fig. 28, extending through apertures in the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 25 . Accordingly, the second connecting plate 56 25 of the second dynamic absorber 30 25 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) coupled to the casing 12.

[00177] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 0 according to the embodiment of Figs. 27-28 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first dynamic absorber 30i and the second dynamic absorber 30 25 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the first connecting plate 561 of the first dynamic absorber 30i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 28, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first dynamic absorber 30i is sealed within the casing 12, while the second dynamic absorber 30 2 s is disposed outside the casing 12. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the second connecting plate 56 2 5 of the second dynamic absorber 30 2 s is non- movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the threaded fasteners 7 extending through the apertures in the radially inner end 57i 2 of the second connecting plate 56 25 . Then, a radially outer end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 through the stud bolts 13.

[00178] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10n of an eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, the dynamic absorber 30 is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 1 0n of Figs. 29-30 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 1 0i of Figs. 1 -4, and only the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , which differs, will therefore be explained in detail below.

[00179] The torque coupling device 10n of the eleventh exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i . According to the present invention, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00180] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i according to the first exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 1 -4. The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially structurally identical to the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i but is geometrically (dimensionally) different.

[00181] The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , as best shown in Fig. 29, is disposed between the turbine hub 24 that is fixedly (i.e., non-movably) connected with the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, and the torsional vibration damper 20. Moreover, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, is disposed axially between the turbine shell 15s and the torsional vibration damper 20. Also, the torsional vibration damper 20, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, is disposed axially between the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the locking piston 28.

[00182] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i , as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, is disposed between the turbine hub 24 and the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Also, the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i is disposed axially between the first casing shell 12i and the locking piston 28.

[00183] During vehicle operation, when the lock-up clutch 18 is in the disengaged (open) position, engine torque is transmitted only by the turbine wheel 15 of the torque converter 14 from the impeller wheel 16 to the turbine hub 24 through the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i bypassing the torsional vibration damper 20. However, when the lockup clutch 18 is in the engaged (locked) position, the engine torque is transmitted by the casing 12 to the turbine hub 24 through the torsional vibration damper 20, as well as through the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i .

[00184] The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is operatively connected to the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15 and the turbine hub 24. The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n functions as a dynamic damper for filtering vibrations caused by irregularities, and takes effect before engine torque is transmitted to the automotive transmission or gearbox, thus further dampening the torsional vibration (variation in speed of rotation) transmitted to the turbine hub 24 of the torque converter 14.

[00185] The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n includes a substantially annular support member 62n and at least one pair of flyweights, respectively a first flyweight 64n and a second flyweight 64i 2 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 62n . In the illustrated embodiments, the first and second flyweights 64n and 64i 2 are substantially structurally and functionally identical. In view of the similarities of the illustrated first and second flyweights 64n and 64i 2 , and in the interest of simplicity, the following discussion will occasionally use a reference numeral 64i .

[00186] The first and second flyweights 641 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 66 1 passing axially through an associated opening 681 in a radially outer end 63iO of the support member 62n . The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n may include one, two, three, four, five, six, or more pairs of the first and second flyweights 64i . Preferably, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n includes three pairs of the first and second flyweights 64i , and each pair of the first and second flyweights 64i is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66n passing axially through associated openings 681 in the support member 62n . Advantageously, each of the connecting members 661 defines a spacer that determines an axial spacing between the flyweights 64i , and a clearance with respect to the support member 62n .

[00187] The first and second flyweights 641 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 62n in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64i shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 641 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 641 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed.

[00188] A radially inner end 63ii of the support member 62n is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Thus, the turbine hub 24 is operatively and rotatably connected to the first and second flyweights 641 of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n through the support member 62n . In other words, the first and second flyweights 64i are moveable relative to the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the torsional vibration damper 20, and the turbine hub 24 coaxially with the rotation axis X.

[00189] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i includes a substantially annular support member 62 2 i and at least one pair of flyweights, respectively a first flyweight 64 2 i and a second flyweight 64 22 , that are arranged (mounted) axially on axially opposite sides of the support member 62 2 i . In the illustrated embodiments, the first and second flyweights 64 2 i and 64 22 are substantially structurally and functionally identical. In view of the similarities of the illustrated first and second flyweights 64 21 and 64 22 , and in the interest of simplicity, the following discussion will occasionally use a reference numeral 64 2 .

[00190] The first and second flyweights 64 2 are connected axially to one another by at least one connecting member 66 2 passing axially through an associated opening 68 2 in a radially outer end 63 2 o of the support member 62 2 i . The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i may include one, two, three, four, five, six, or more pairs of the first and second flyweights 64 2 . Preferably, the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i includes three pairs of the first and second flyweights 64 2 , and each pair of the first and second flyweights 64 2 is connected axially to one another by two connecting members 66 2 passing axially through the associated openings 68 2 in the support member 62 2 i . Advantageously, each of the connecting members 66 2 defines a spacer that determines an axial spacing between the flyweights 64 2 , and a clearance with respect to the support member 62 2 i .

[00191] The first and second flyweights 64 2 are configured to oscillate with respect to the support member 62 2 i in a rotation plane orthogonal to the rotation axis X. Accordingly, in reaction to rotational irregularities of the internal combustion engine 3, each of the first and second flyweights 64 2 shifts so that a center of mass thereof oscillates in pendulum fashion. The oscillation frequency of each of the first and second flyweights 64 2 is proportional to the rotation speed of the crankshaft 2 of the internal combustion engine 3. This pendulum motion of the first and second flyweights 64 2 allows vibrations and rotational irregularities of the engine to be damped and absorbed.

[00192] A radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 2 i is non-moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by threaded fasteners 65i or, alternatively, by riveting, welding, press-fitting, gear spline connection with snap ring, or interference, etc. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 29-30, threaded fasteners 65i axially extend through holes in the radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 21 into the turbine hub 24, best shown in Fig. 30.

[00193] Each of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40ii has a mass Mi . Moreover, each of the flyweights 641 has an outer radius Ri , as best shown in Fig. 30. Similarly, each of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i has a mass M 2 . Each of the flyweights 64 2 has an outer radius R 2 , as best shown in Fig. 30. Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially different than the mass M 2 of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 641 is substantially greater than the outer radius R 2 of the flyweights 64 2 , as best shown in Fig. 30. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i . Accordingly, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00194] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10n according to the embodiment of Figs. 29-30 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration clamper 20, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the support member 62- \ - \ of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 2 i is non- moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by the threaded fasteners 65 or welding. After that, the first casing shell 12i is sealingly fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 i is sealed within the casing 1 2.

[00195] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 2 of a twelfth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 31 -32. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 2 of Figs. 31 -32 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 2 of Figs. 5-8, where the dynamic absorber 30 is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 10i 2 of the twelfth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 . According to the present invention, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00196] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 according to the second exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 5-8. The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially structurally identical to the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 but is geometrically (dimensionally) different. [00197] The mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 2, while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than the outer radius R 2 of the flyweights 64 2 , as best shown in Fig. 32. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 641 of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 . Accordingly, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00198] A radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 22 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 31 -32, the radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 22 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 is welded to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by a weld 63w, best shown in Fig. 32, inside of the casing 12.

[00199] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 2 according to the embodiment of Figs. 31 -32 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the first support member 62n of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 32, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 22 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by welding (see the weld 63w as best shown in Fig. 32). After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 22 are sealed within the casing 12. [00200] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 3 of a thirteenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 33-34. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 3 of Figs. 33-34 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 3 of Figs. 9-12, where the dynamic absorber 30 is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 10i 3 of the thirteenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 . According to the present invention, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00201] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 3 according to the third exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 9-12. The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially structurally identical to the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 but is geometrically (dimensionally) different.

[00202] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than the outer radius R 2 of the flyweights 64 2 , as best shown in Fig. 34. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 . Accordingly, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00203] A radially inner end 63 2 i of the second support member 62 23 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 31 -32, the radially inner end 63 2 i of the support member 62 23 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 is fixed to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by a rivet 65 3 , best shown in Fig. 34, outside of the casing 12.

[00204] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 3 according to the embodiment of Figs. 33-34 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the first connecting plate 62- \ - \ of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non- movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 34, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the radially inner end 63 2 i of the second support member 62 2 3 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 outside the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by the rivers 65 3 extending through apertures 67 in the radially inner end 63i of the support member 62 3 , as best shown in Fig. 34. After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the dynamic absorber 30 is sealed within the casing 12, while the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 23 is disposed outside the casing 12.

[00205] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i of a fourteenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 35-36. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i of Figs. 35-36 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 5 of Figs. 16-18, where the dynamic absorber 30 is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i . Thus, the torque coupling device 10i of the fourteenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 . According to the present invention, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00206] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 5 according to the fifth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 16-18. The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially structurally identical to the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 but is geometrically (dimensionally) different. [00207] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 24 , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an inner radius R 2 of the flyweights 64 2 , as best shown in Fig. 36. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 . Accordingly, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00208] A radially outer end 63 2 o of the support member 62 24 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the casing 1 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 16-18, the radially outer end 63 2 o of the support member 62 24 is fixed to both the casing 1 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by stud bolts 1 3, which are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12, best shown in Fig. 36, so that the stud bolts 13 extend through apertures in the radially outer end 63 2 o of the second support member 62 24 . Accordingly, the support member 62 24 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) coupled to the casing 12.

[00209] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i according to the embodiment of Figs. 35-36 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 2 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the first support member 62- \ - \ of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non- movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 36, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is sealed within the casing 12, while the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 24 is disposed outside the casing 1 2. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the second support member 62 24 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 24 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the first casing shell 12i of the casing 1 2 and the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 by the stud bolts 13 extending through the apertures in the radially outer end 63 2 o of the second support member 62 24 . Then, the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the crankshaft 2 by the one or more threaded fasteners 7.

[00210] In a hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 5 of a fifteenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 37-38. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 5 of Figs. 37-38 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 of Figs. 13-15, where the dynamic absorber 30 is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i 5 . Thus, the torque coupling device 1 0i 5 of the fifteenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 . According to the present invention, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00211] The second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 according to the fourth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 13-15. The first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially structurally identical to the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 but is geometrically (dimensionally) significantly different.

[00212] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an outer radius R 2 of the flyweights 64 2 , as best shown in Fig. 38. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64 2 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 . Accordingly, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. [00213] A radially inner end 63 2 i of the second support member 62 25 is non- movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by appropriate means, such as by fasteners, rivets or welding. In the exemplary embodiment of Figs. 37-38, the radially inner end 63 2 i of the second support member 62 2 5 is non-rotatably fixed to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the threaded fasteners 7, best shown in Fig. 38, extending through apertures in the radially inner end 63 2 i of the second support member 62 25 . Accordingly, the second support member 62 25 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) coupled to the casing 12.

[00214] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 5 according to the embodiment of Figs. 37-38 is as follows. First, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the first support member 62- \ - \ of the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non- movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Fig. 38, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Next, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the first centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is sealed within the casing 12, while the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 is disposed outside the casing 1 2. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the second support member 62 25 of the second centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40 25 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the threaded fasteners 7 extending through the apertures in the radially inner end 63 2 i of the second support member 62 25 . Then, the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 through the stud bolts 13. [00215] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 6 of a sixteenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 39-40. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 6 of Figs. 39-40 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 6 of Figs. 19-20, where the dynamic absorber 30i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 10i 6 of the sixteenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a dynamic absorber 30 2 i , described in detail in the sixth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 9-20. According to the present invention, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 2 i are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. In other words, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator according to the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, while the dynamic absorber 30 2 i is substantially identical to the second dynamic absorber according to the sixth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 19-20.

[00216] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 2 i , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an outer radius R 2 of the inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 40. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 2 i - Accordingly, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 2 i are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00217] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 6 according to the embodiment of Figs. 39-40 will now be explained. The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 2 i and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the support member 62- \ - \ of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 i of the dynamic absorber 30 2 i is non-moveably attached to the turbine hub 24 by appropriate means, such as by the threaded fasteners 65i or welding. After that, the first casing shell 12i is sealingly fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by the weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14, the torsional vibration damper 20, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 2 i are sealed within the casing 12.

[00218] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 7 of a seventeenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 41 -42. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 7 of Figs. 41 -42 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 7 of Figs. 21 -22, where the dynamic absorber 30i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 10i 7 of the seventeenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a dynamic absorber 30 22 , described in detail in the seventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 21 -22. According to the present invention, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 22 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. In other words, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator according to the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, while the dynamic absorber 30 22 is substantially identical to the second dynamic absorber according to the seventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 21 -22.

[00219] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 22 , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an outer radius R 2 of the inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 42. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 22 . Accordingly, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 22 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. [00220] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 7 according to the embodiment of Figs. 41 -42 will now be explained. The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 2 2 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the support member 62- \ - \ of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 2 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by welding (see the weld 63w as best shown in Fig. 22). After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12i of the casing 12 by the sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 2 2 are sealed within the casing 12.

[00221] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 8 of an eighteenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 43-44. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 8 of Figs. 43-44 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 8 of Figs. 23-24, where the dynamic absorber 30i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 1 0i 8 of the eighteenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a dynamic absorber 30 2 3, described in detail in the eighth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 23-24. According to the present invention, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 2 3 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. In other words, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator according to the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, while the dynamic absorber 30 2 3 is substantially identical to the second dynamic absorber according to the eighth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 23-24.

[00222] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 2 3, while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an outer radius R 2 of the inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 44. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 23 . Accordingly, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 23 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00223] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 8 according to the embodiment of Figs. 43-44 will now be explained. The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 23 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the support member 62- \ - \ of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Next, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. Then, the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 23 of the dynamic absorber 30 23 is non-moveably attached to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 outside the casing 12 by appropriate means, such as by the rivers 65 3 extending through apertures in the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 23 , as best shown in Fig. 44. After that, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is sealed within the casing 12, while the dynamic absorber 30 23 is disposed outside the casing 12.

[00224] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 9 of a nineteenth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 45-46. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 9 of Figs. 45-46 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 9 of Figs. 25-26, where the dynamic absorber 30i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 1 0i 9 of the nineteenth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a dynamic absorber 30 24 , described in detail in the ninth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 25-26. According to the present invention, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 24 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. In other words, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator according to the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, while the dynamic absorber 30 24 is substantially identical to the second dynamic absorber according to the ninth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 25-26.

[00225] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 2 , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an outer radius R 2 of the inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 46. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 2 . Accordingly, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 2 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations.

[00226] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10i 9 according to the embodiment of Figs. 45-46 will now be explained. The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 2 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the support member 62- \ - \ of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24. [00227] Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is sealed within the casing 12, while the dynamic absorber 30 24 is disposed outside the casing 12. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12. Next, the connecting plate 56 24 of the second dynamic absorber 30 24 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 and the radially outer end of the flexplate 6 by the stud bolts 13 extending through the apertures in the radially outer end 57o 2 of the connecting plate 56 2 . Then, the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the crankshaft 2 by the one or more threaded fasteners 7.

[00228] A hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 20 of a twentieth exemplary embodiment is illustrated in Figs. 47-48. The hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 20 of Figs. 47-48 corresponds substantially to the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10io of Figs. 27-28, where the dynamic absorber 30i is replaced by a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n . Thus, the torque coupling device 10 20 of the twentieth exemplary embodiment comprises a hydrodynamic torque converter 14, a lock-up clutch 18, a torsional vibration damper 20, a first vibration absorber in the form of a centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n , described in detail in the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, and a second vibration absorber in the form of a dynamic absorber 30 25 , described in detail in the ninth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 27-28. According to the present invention, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 25 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. In other words, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is substantially identical to the centrifugal pendulum oscillator according to the eleventh exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 29-30, while the dynamic absorber 30 25 is substantially identical to the second dynamic absorber according to the tenth exemplary embodiment illustrated in Figs. 27-28.

[00229] Furthermore, the mass Mi of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is different than the mass M 2 of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 25 , while the outer radius Ri of the flyweights 64i is greater than an outer radius R 2 of the inertial member 54 2 , as best shown in Fig. 48. In other words, a radius of a center of gravity of the flyweights 64i of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is greater than a radius of a center of gravity of the inertial member 54 2 of the dynamic absorber 30 25 . Accordingly, the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n and the dynamic absorber 30 25 are tuned to address different orders of vibrations. [00230] An exemplary method for assembling the hydrokinetic torque coupling device 10 20 according to the embodiment of Figs. 47-48 will now be explained. The torque converter 14 including the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16 and the stator 17, the torsional vibration damper 20, the dynamic absorber 30 2 5 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n may each be preassembled. The torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n are mounted to the turbine hub 24 and fixed to the turbine wheel 15. Specifically, the turbine shell 15s of the turbine wheel 15, the support member 62- \ - \ of the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40i i and the flange 33 of the driven member 32 of the torsional vibration damper 20 are non-movably (i.e., fixedly) secured to the flange 24f of the turbine hub 24, as best shown in Figs. 29 and 30, by appropriate means, such as by rivets or welding. Then, the turbine wheel 15, the impeller wheel 16, and the stator 17 are assembled together so as to form the torque converter 14. Then, the locking piston 28 is slidably mounted to the turbine hub 24.

[00231] Next, the first casing shell 12i is fixed to the second casing shell 12 2 of the casing 12 by sealing weld 12w at their outer peripheries so that the torque converter 14 with the torsional vibration damper 20 and the centrifugal pendulum oscillator 40n is sealed within the casing 12, while the dynamic absorber 30 2 s is disposed outside the casing 1 2. After that, the stud bolts 13 are fixedly secured, such as by welding, to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 1 2. Next, the connecting plate 56 25 of the dynamic absorber 30 25 is non-movably (i.e., fixedly) attached to both the crankshaft 2 and the radially inner end of the flexplate 6 by the threaded fasteners 7 extending through the apertures in the radially inner end 57i 2 of the connecting plate 56 25 . Then, a radially outer end of the flexplate 6 is non-rotatably connected to the first casing shell 12i of the casing 12 through the stud bolts 13.

[00232] The foregoing description of the exemplary embodiment(s) of the present invention has been presented for the purpose of illustration in accordance with the provisions of the Patent Statutes. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed. The embodiments disclosed hereinabove were chosen in order to best illustrate the principles of the present invention and its practical application to thereby enable those of ordinary skill in the art to best utilize the invention in various embodiments and with various modifications as suited to the particular use contemplated, as long as the principles described herein are followed. This application is therefore intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the invention using its general principles. Further, this application is intended to cover such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice in the art to which this invention pertains. Thus, changes can be made in the above-described invention without departing from the intent and scope thereof. It is also intended that the scope of the present invention be defined by the claims appended thereto.