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Title:
IMAGING LENS, CAMERA, AND MOBILE INFORMATION TERMINAL APPARATUS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/165739
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An imaging lens consists of: a first lens group having positive power, the first lens group including a positive lens closest to an object within the first lens group; an aperture stop; and a second lens group having positive power. The first lens group, the aperture stop, and the second lens group are disposed in that order from an object side toward an image side. Only two negative air lenses of a first biconvex air lens and a second biconvex air lens are provided within the imaging lens. The first lens group includes the first biconvex air lens, and the second lens group includes a second biconvex air lens.

Inventors:
OHASHI KAZUYASU (JP)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2020/061993
Publication Date:
August 26, 2021
Filing Date:
December 16, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
RICOH CO LTD (JP)
OHASHI KAZUYASU (JP)
International Classes:
G02B9/62; G02B9/64; G02B27/00
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SUZUKI, Yasushi (JP)
Download PDF:
Claims:
[CLAIMS]

[Claim 1]

An imaging lens consists of: a first lens group having positive power, the first lens group including a positive lens closest to an object within the first lens group; an aperture stop; and a second lens group having positive power; the first lens group, the aperture stop, and the second lens group being disposed in that order from an object side toward an image side, wherein only two negative air lenses of a first biconvex air lens and a second biconvex air lens are provided within the imaging lens, and wherein the first lens group includes the first biconvex air lens, and the second lens group includes a second biconvex air lens.

[Claim 2]

The imaging lens according to claim 1, wherein the first lens group consists of three to five lenses, and the second lens group consists of three to four lenses.

[Claim 3]

The imaging lens according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the imaging lens includes four or less air lenses including the only two negative air lenses.

[Claim 4]

The imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein conditional expressions (1) and (2) below are satisfied:

(1) -0.9 < (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) <-0.2

(2) -0.2 < (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) <0.9 where rlo denotes a radius of curvature of an object-side surface of the first biconvex air lens in the first lens group, rli denotes a radius of curvature of an image-side surface of the first biconvex air lens in the first lens group, r2o denotes a radius of curvature of an object-side surface of the second biconvex air lens in the second lens group, and r2i denotes a radius of curvature of an image-side surface of the second biconvex air lens in the second lens group.

[Claim 5]

The imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein conditional expression (3) below is satisfied:

(3) 1.0 < L/f <1.6 where

L denotes a distance between a surface closest to the object within the first lens group and an imaging plane when the imaging lens is focused on the object at infinity, and f denotes a focal length of the imaging lens focused on the object at infinity.

[Claim 6]

The imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein conditional expression (4) below is satisfied:

(4) 0.45 < DT/f <0.80 where

DT denotes a distance between a surface closest to the object within the first lens group and a surface closest to an image within the second lens group; and f denotes a focal length of the imaging lens focused on the object at infinity.

[Claim 7] The imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein an object-side surface of the positive lens closest to the object within the first lens group is a convex surface, and wherein conditional expression (5) below is satisfied:

(5) 0.25 < rlF/f <0.55 where rlF denotes a radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the positive lens; and f denotes a focal length of the imaging lens focused on the object at infinity.

[Claim 8]

The imaging lens according to claim 7, wherein conditional expression (6) below is satisfied:

(6) 0.8 < rlF/rlo <1.6 where rlF denotes a radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the positive lens; and rlo denotes the radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the first biconvex air lens in the first lens group.

[Claim 9]

The imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein a surface closest to an image within the first lens group and a surface closest to the object within the second lens group each are convex.

[Claim 10]

The imaging lens according to claim 9, wherein conditional expression (7) below is satisfied:

(7) -1.4 < r2s/rls <0.0 where rls denotes a radius of curvature of the surface closest to the image within the first lens group; and r2s denotes a radius of curvature of the surface closest to the object within the second lens group.

[Claim 11]

A camera comprising: the imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the imaging lens is an image-capturing optical system.

[Claim 12]

A mobile information terminal apparatus comprising: a camera function unit including the imaging lens according to any one of claims 1 to 10, wherein the imaging lens is an image-capturing optical system.

Description:
[DESCRIPTION]

[Title of Invention]

IMAGING LENS, CAMERA, AND MOBILE INFORMATION TERMINAL APPARATUS [Technical Field]

[0001]

Embodiments of the present disclosure relate to an imaging lens, a camera, and a mobile information terminal apparatus.

[Background Art]

[0002]

Digital cameras that form an image captured by an imaging lens onto an image sensor to perform image-capturing are widely used.

Among the digital cameras, there are strong requests for compact cameras with high image quality that use a relatively large image sensor having a diagonal length in a range of from about 20 to about 45 millimeters (mm) and that include a single-focus lens with high performance. For a further request, greater emphasis is placed on being excellent in portability, that is, being compact in addition to having high performance.

In recent years, a request increases for a compact imaging lens having an angle of view of so- called "semi-wide angle" having a half angle of view in a range of from about 25 to about 33 degrees. The semi-wide angle corresponds to a focal length in a range of from about 46 to about 33 mm in terms of a film camera having a size of 35 mm (so called Leica size).

[0003]

Moreover, a relatively large image sensor has no serious disadvantage even when ambient rays are incident on a sensor obliquely by a certain degree because of improvement or optimization of an on-chip microlens and development in image processing.

Specifically, even when the angle defined between a principal ray and the optical axis at the maximum image height is in a range of from about 30 to about 40 degrees, a system that sufficiently accommodates brightness shading or color shading in a sensor peripheral area can be constructed. Thus, a lens type more suitable for a decrease in size can be selected irrespective of the normal incidence of ambient rays unlike the existing type.

In this case, examples of a lens type suitable for a decrease in size in a semi-wide angle range include a substantially symmetrical type, and a telephoto type in which a lens group having negative refractive power is disposed on an image side. PTL 1 and PTL 2 disclose such imaging lenses.

[Citation List]

[Patent Literature]

[0004]

[PTL 1]

JP-07-270679-A

[0005]

[PTL 2]

JP-2013-195587-A [Technical Problem]

[0006]

However, an imaging lens disclosed in JP-7-270679-A is suitable for film cameras, but there is still room for improvement in imaging performance to be used as an imaging lens for a digital camera.

Moreover, an imaging lens disclosed in JP-2013-195587-A has a large lens total length (the distance from the surface disposed closest to an obj ect side of a lens system to an image surface) and a large lens total thickness (the distance from the surface closest to the object side to the surface closest to an image side of the lens system), thereby being disadvantageous in terms of a decrease in size.

[0007] An object of the present disclosure is to provide a high-performance imaging lens suitable for a compact and semi-wide-angle digital camera.

[Solution to Problem]

[0008]

An imaging lens consists of: a first lens group having positive power, the first lens group including a positive lens closest to an object within the first lens group; an aperture stop; and a second lens group having positive power. The first lens group, the aperture stop, and the second lens group are disposed in that order from an object side toward an image side. Only two negative air lenses of a first biconvex air lens and a second biconvex air lens are provided within the imaging lens. The first lens group includes the first biconvex air lens, and the second lens group includes a second biconvex air lens.

[Advantageous Effects of Invention]

[0009]

The embodiments of the present disclosure provide a high-performance imaging lens suitable for a compact and semi-wide-angle digital camera.

[Brief Description of Drawings]

[0010]

The accompanying drawings are intended to depict example embodiments of the present invention and should not be interpreted to limit the scope thereof. The accompanying drawings are not to be considered as drawn to scale unless explicitly noted. Also, identical or similar reference numerals designate identical or similar components throughout the several views.

[FIG. 1]

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a first numerical example.

[FIG. 2]

FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a second numerical example.

[FIG. 3]

FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a third numerical example.

[FIG. 4]

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a fourth numerical example.

[FIG. 5]

FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a fifth numerical example.

[FIG. 6]

FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a sixth numerical example.

[FIG. 7]

FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a seventh numerical example.

[FIG. 8]

FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to an eighth numerical example.

[FIG. 9]

FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a ninth numerical example.

[FIG. 10]

FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a configuration of an imaging lens according to a tenth numerical example. [FIG. 11]

FIG. 11 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the first numerical example.

[FIG. 12]

FIG. 12 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the second numerical example.

[FIG. 13]

FIG. 13 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the third numerical example.

[FIG. 14]

FIG. 14 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the fourth numerical example.

[FIG. 15]

FIG. 15 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the fifth numerical example.

[FIG. 16]

FIG. 16 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the sixth numerical example.

[FIG. 17]

FIG. 17 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the seventh numerical example.

[FIG. 18]

FIG. 18 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the eighth numerical example.

[FIG. 19]

FIG. 19 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the ninth numerical example.

[FIG. 20]

FIG. 20 is a collection of aberration curve diagrams of the imaging lens according to the tenth numerical example.

[FIG. 21 A]

FIG. 21A is an external view of a mobile information terminal apparatus according to an embodiment.

[FIG. 2 IB]

FIG. 2 IB is another external view of a mobile information terminal apparatus according to an embodiment.

[FIG. 21C]

FIG. 21C is another external view of a mobile information terminal apparatus according to an embodiment.

[FIG. 22]

FIG. 22 is a block diagram of a system configuration of the mobile information terminal apparatus of FIGs. 21A, 21B, 21C.

[Description of Embodiments]

[0011]

The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

In describing embodiments illustrated in the drawings, specific terminology is employed for the sake of clarity. However, the disclosure of this specification is not intended to be limited to the specific terminology so selected and it is to be understood that each specific element includes all technical equivalents that have a similar function, operate in a similar manner, and achieve a similar result.

An embodiment is described below referring to the drawings. Like reference signs are applied to identical or corresponding components throughout the drawings and redundant description thereof may be omitted.

[0012]

FIGs. 1 to 10 are diagrams of imaging lenses IL according to ten examples of an embodiment of the present disclosure. FIG. 1 to FIG. 10 correspond to the first numerical example to the tenth numerical example to be described below, respectively.

In FIGs. 1 to 10, the left is an object side, and the right of the drawing sheet is an image side. For the convenience of description, reference signs are commonly used in FIGs. 1 to 10.

In FIGs. 1 to 10, a first lens group I, a second lens group II, and an aperture stop S are illustrated. Further, a transparent parallel plate F is intended to be one of various kinds of filters, such as an optical low-pass filter and an infrared cut-off filter, and a cover glass (seal glass) for an image sensor, such as a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor. The transparent parallel plate is assumed to be optically equivalent to the intended component.

In FIGs. 1 to 10, an imaging plane Im corresponds to the photo-sensing surface of an image sensor when the image sensor is used.

In FIGs. 1 to 10, reference signs are assigned to lenses, respectively, in accordance with the following rules. For the lenses of the first lens group I, a j-th lens counted from a lens closest to an object in a direction to an image within the first lens group I is indicated by Llj . For the lenses of the second lens group II, a k-th lens counted from a lens closest to the aperture stop S in the direction to the image within the second group II is indicated by Lllk.

In the example of FIG. 1, j is one of 1 to 3, and k is one of 1 to 3.

The first lens group I includes an air lens ALI of a biconvex shape with negative power, and the second lens group II includes an air lens ALII of a biconvex shape with negative power. Hereinafter, the power is also referred to as refractive power.

The air lens of the present disclosure is described below.

An air lens is an air space between the surfaces of two lenses adjacent to each other, the surfaces facing each other. In other words, an air lens is an air space formed by two adjacent lens surfaces facing each other.

The imaging lens IL according to an embodiment of the present disclosure are designed to form an image of an object. In such an imaging lens IL, the air lens is formed between an image- side surface of an object-side lens and an object-side surface of an image-side lens adjacent to the object-side lens. In this case, the image-side surface and the object-side surface face each other. The image-side surface of the object-side lens is referred to as an object-side surface of the air lens, and the object-side surface of the image-side lens is referred to as an image-side surface of the air lens.

In the imaging lens IL according to an embodiment of the present disclosure, each of the first lens group I and the second lens group II includes an air lens of a biconvex shape with negative power. In other words, the lens system of the imaging lens IL includes two air lenses with negative power in total. One of the two air lenses with negative power is the air lens ALI of a biconvex shape with negative power in the first lens group I, and the other one is the air lens ALII of a biconvex shape with negative power in the second lens group II.

In each of the air lenses ALI and ALII, the object-side surface is a concave surface facing the image side, and the image-side surface is a concave surface facing the object side.

In the lens configuration illustrated in FIG. 1, the air lens ALI is formed between a lens LI1 and a lens LI2, and the air lens ALII is formed between the lens LII2 and the lens LIB.

As is clear from FIGs. 1 to 10, the imaging lens IL according to any one of the embodiments has the basic configuration as described below.

The imaging lens IL according to the embodiments consist of a positive first lens group I, an aperture stop S, and a positive second lens group II arranged in that order from the object side toward the image side. The imaging lens IL further includes only two air lenses ALI and ALII each having negative power within the whole system.

The two air lenses ALI and ALII each having negative power both have a biconvex shape. One is within the first lens group I, and the other is within the second lens group II.

The lens LI1 closest to an object within the first lens group I is a positive lens.

[0013]

The imaging lens IL according to any one of the embodiments of the present disclosure is a semi-wide angle lens having characteristics slightly closer than a substantially symmetrical type to a telephoto type. With such a proper lens configuration and power arrangement not found in related art, the imaging lens IL according to any one of the embodiments achieves a decrease in all the lens total length, lens total thickness, and lens diameter.

Each of the first lens group I with positive power and the second lens group II with positive power includes one air lens with negative refractive power. This arrangement enables a substantially symmetrical power arrangement with respect to a stop, and also enables the adaptability to a relatively wide angle of view. In the imaging lens IL with such properties and characteristics, coma aberration, distortion, and lateral chromatic aberration are easily corrected.

Further, the two air lenses ALI and ALII each have a biconvex shape. This configuration enables correction of various aberrations at a higher degree.

[0014]

The convex object-side surface of the air lens ALI of the first lens group I enables an appropriate control of spherical aberration and also allows astigmatism in particular to be easily corrected. Further, the convex image-side surface of the air lens ALII of the second lens group II enables a control of a distance to the exit pupil, and also provides an appropriate incident angle of a principal ray reaching a peripheral image height with respect to the imaging plane Im. Further, coma aberration and distortion are particularly easily corrected.

[0015]

The convex image-side surface of the air lens ALI of the first lens group I achieves a reduction in the diameter of the lens closest to the object in the lens system and allows coma aberration of lower light rays to be easily corrected. The convex object-side surface of the air lens ALII of the second lens group II achieves a reduction in the diameter of the lens closest to the image in the lens system and allows coma aberration of upper light rays to be easily corrected. These convex surfaces are advantageous to smaller size and higher performance of the imaging lens. The biconvex air lens of each of the first lens group I and the second lens group II has a highly advantageous effect of correcting aberration as described above. This enables the air lenses with negative power to be gathered into two air lenses ALI and ALII, and allows a simple lens configuration as a whole, thus facilitating the downsizing of the imaging lens.

[0016]

To attain a decrease in size of the semi-wide angle imaging lens, there is a need to change the power arrangement of the substantially symmetrical type and to apply power arrangement close to so-called telephoto type.

In the imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment, a lens-shutter unit is often provided at the position of the aperture stop S, and the aperture stop is to be downsized. To achieve such a reduction in size, positive power is to be allocated at a position closest to the object within the first lens group I.

In the imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure, a positive lens (lens LI1) is disposed closest to an object to be observed within the lens system. This enables power arrangement close to the telephoto type, thus achieving a reduction in the lens total length and a reduction in the diameter of the aperture stop S.

As described above, the imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment has the configurations of the respective components optimized for the purpose of use, which synthetically leads to advantageous effects not found in related art, thus attaining an increase in diameter, a decrease in size, and an increase in performance. [0017]

In the imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment, the first lens group I disposed closer to the object than the aperture stop S consists of three to five lenses as a whole, and the second lens group II disposed closer to the image than the aperture stop S consists of three to four lenses as a whole.

The number of lenses constituting each of the first lens group I and the second lens group II is not limited to these numbers.

As a matter of course, a simpler configuration is more suitable for a reduction in size. However, a configuration in which each of the first lens group I and the second lens group II consists of two lenses is difficult to achieve intended imaging performance.

[0018]

To achieve a reduction in size and intended performance, the above-described example number of lenses constituting each of the first lens group I and the second lens group II are desired.

It is desired that the whole system of the imaging lens IL includes four or less air lenses in total including two negative air lenses ALI and ALII.

With an increasing number of air lenses included in the imaging lens IL, the imaging performance more likely deteriorates due to the lens distance or relative lens decentering. In some embodiments, adjacent lenses are cemented together to form a compound lens as desired so as to include four or less air lenses in the imaging lens IL as a whole. This allows a stable performance to be easily obtained in actual production.

[0019]

The imaging lens IL with the above described configurations, according to an embodiment satisfies conditional expressions (1) and (2) below:

(1) -0.9 < (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) <-0.2

(2) -0.2 < (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) <0.9

The reference signs used in parameters of the conditional expressions (1) and (2) are described as follows.

[0020] rlo denotes radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the biconvex air lens ALI of the first lens group I; rli denotes radius of curvature of the image-side surface of the biconvex air lens ALI of the first lens group I; r2o denotes radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the biconvex air lens ALII of the second lens group II; and r2i denotes radius of curvature of the image-side surface of the biconvex air lens ALII of the second lens group II.

[0021]

The imaging lens IL according to an embodiment satisfies at least one of conditional expressions (3) and (4) below: It is desired that the imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment satisfy the conditional expressions (1) and (2) together with at least one of the condition (3) and (4).

(3) 1.0 < L/f <1.6

(4) 0.45 < DT/f <0.80

The reference signs used in parameters of the conditional expressions (3) and (4) are described as follows.

[0022] f denotes focal length of a whole system of the imaging lens IL focused on an object at infinity; L denotes a distance between a surface closest to the object within the first lens group I and the imaging plane Im in the imaging lens IL focused on the object at infinity; and DT denotes a distance between the surface closest to the object within the first lens group I and a surface closest to an image within the second lens group II.

[0023] As described above, the lens LI1 disposed closest to the object within the first lens group I is a positive lens, and its object-side surface is convex.

In this case, in addition to the conditional expressions (1) and (2), conditional expression 5 below is also satisfied. Alternatively, in addition to at least one of the conditional expressions

(3) and (4), the conditional expression 5 below is also satisfied. Still alternatively, in addition to the conditional expressions (1) and (2) and at least one of the conditional expressions (3) and

(4), the conditional expression (5) below is also satisfied:

[0024]

(5) 0.25 < rlF/f <0.55

The reference signs used in parameters of the conditional expression (5) are described as follows. rlF denotes radius of curvature of the object-side surface of the positive lens LI1 closest to the object within the first lens group I; and f denotes focal length of the entirety of the imaging lens IL focused on an object at infinity.

When the conditional expression (5) is satisfied, it is desired that in addition to the conditional expression (5), conditional expression (6) below is also satisfied (i.e., the parameter “rlF/rlo” falls within the range defined by conditional expression (6) below):

(6) 0.8 < rlF/rlo <1.6 [0025]

In the imaging lens IL according to an embodiment, a surface closest to the image within the first lens group I and a surface closest to the object within the second lens group II are both convex. Such a convex shape of these lenses produces a biconcave air lens formed by the surface closest to the image within the first lens group I and the lens closest to the object within the second lens group II, and the biconcave air lens contains the aperture stop S thereinside. The imaging lens IL with such a configuration satisfies conditional expression (7) below: [0026]

(7) -1.4 < r2s/rls <0.0

The reference signs used in parameters of the conditional expression (7) are described as follows. rls denotes radius of curvature of the surface closest to the image within the first lens group I; and r2s denotes radius of curvature of the surface closest to the object within the second lens group II.

In some embodiments, the conditional expressions (1), (2), and (7) are satisfied at the same time. Alternatively, the conditional expression (7) and at least one of the conditional expressions (3) to (6) are satisfied. Still alternatively, the conditional expressions (1) and (2) and at least one of the conditional expressions (3) to (6) are satisfied.

[0027]

The meanings of the conditional expressions (1) to (7) are described in detail below.

If the parameter of the conditional expression (1) is equal to or less than -0.9, the refractive power of the object-side surface of the air lens ALI in the first lens group I becomes relatively too strong. This would likely cause significant under-corrected spherical aberration, and also cause curvature of field to be significantly displaced in a negative direction at an intermediate image height.

[0028]

If the parameter of the conditional expression (1) is equal to or greater than -0.2, the refractive power of the image-side surface of the air lens ALI in the first lens group I becomes relatively too strong. This would likely cause significant over-corrected spherical aberration, and also cause curvature of field to be significantly displaced in a positive direction in a peripheral area. Moreover, coma aberration would likely remain.

If the parameter of the conditional expression (2) is equal to or less than -0.2, the refractive power of the object-side surface of the air lens ALII in the second lens group II becomes relatively too strong. This would likely cause significant over-corrected spherical aberration, and also cause inward coma aberration to remain.

If the parameter of the conditional expression (2) is equal to or greater than 0.9, the refractive power of the image-side surface of the air lens ALII in the second lens group II becomes relatively too strong. This would likely cause astigmatism, and also disturb coma aberration in the peripheral area of the pupil.

Satisfying the conditional expression (2) adjusts the position of the exit pupil, and the incident angle of a principal ray at a peripheral image height onto an imaging plane is set to a desired one.

[0029]

Satisfying the conditional expressions (1) and (2) optimizes the shapes of the air lenses ALI and ALII, and more successfully corrects spherical aberration, astigmatism, and coma aberration, thus achieving a compact and high-performance imaging lens.

[0030]

The conditional expression (3) determines the lens total length of the imaging lens IL (i.e., the distance from the surface disposed closest to the object of the lens system to the imaging plane Im), to exhibit the properties and characteristics of the imaging lens IL the most sufficiently to achieve intended performance.

The conditional expression (4) determines the lens total thickness of the imaging lens IL (i.e., the distance from the surface disposed closest to the object to the surface disposed closest to the image in the lens system), to exhibit the above-described properties and characteristics the most sufficiently to achieve intended performance.

Setting the lens total length and thickness of the imaging lens IL to satisfy the conditional expressions (3) and (4) exhibits various properties and characteristics, such as aberration correction, the most sufficiently to achieve intended performance.

[0031]

As described above, the imaging lens IL according to an embodiment of the present disclosure includes a positive lens (lens LI1) disposed closest to an object to be observed within the lens system, and has a power arrangement close to the telephoto type, thus achieving a reduction in the lens total length and a reduction in the diameter of the aperture stop S.

In this case, when the object-side surface of the positive lens LI1 closest to the object within the first lens group I is a convex surface, the curvature of the convex surface is within an appropriate range defined by the conditional expression (3).

If the parameter of the conditional expression (5) is equal to or less than 0.25, the refractive power of the object-side surface of the lens LI1 would excessively increase. This would likely cause excessively significant aberration at that convex surface of the lens LI1 and make it difficult to correct the aberration accordingly. The excessive increase in the refractive power of the object-side surface of the lens LI1 would also likely cause astigmatism at an intermediate image height, and cause inward coma aberration to remain.

If the parameter of the conditional expression (5) is equal to or greater than 0.55, the refractive power of the object-side surface of the lens LI1 would excessively decrease. This would more likely cause a shortage of the telephoto characteristics, and hamper a reduction in the lens total length. In such a state, an attempt to forcedly shorten the lens total length would likely cause outward coma aberration to remain, or cause astigmatism at the peripheral image height.

[0032]

When the conditional expression (5) is satisfied, the object-side surface of the positive lens LI1 disposed closest to the object within the first lens group I is a convex surface. The air lens ALI of the first lens group I has a biconvex shape, and the object-side surface of the air lens ALI is a convex surface facing the object side (i.e., a concave surface faces the image side). The conditional expression (6) determines the relative relation between the radius of curvature of the convex surface closest to the obj ect within the first lens group I and the radius of curvature of the convex object-side surface of the air lens ALI. [0033]

The object-side surface of the lens LI1 and the object-side surface of the air lens ALI appropriately exchange aberrations with each other to correct the aberration of the entirety of the lens system.

If the parameter of the conditional expression (6) is equal to or less than 0.8, spherical aberration would be likely over-corrected and inward coma aberration would likely occur.

If the parameter of the conditional expression (6) is equal to or greater than 1.6, spherical aberration would be likely under-corrected and outward coma aberration would likely occur. [0034]

The imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment mainly has a substantially symmetrical power arrangement and also includes a positive lens LI1 disposed closest to the object to obtain the characteristics slightly close to the telephoto lens.

Further, the surface closest to the object within the first lens group I and the surface closest to the image within the second lens group II are both convex. This enables these two convex surfaces opposed to each other with the aperture stop S therebetween to have a substantially symmetrical power arrangement. Such a power arrangement achieves correction of coma aberration at an extremely high level.

The conditional expression (7) determines a desired range of the relative relation between the radius of curvature of the convex surface closest to the object in the imaging lens IL and the radius of curvature of the convex surface closest to the image in the imaging lens IL.

When the conditional expression (7) is satisfied by the relative relation between the radius of curvatures of the above-described two convex surfaces opposed to each other with the aperture stop S therebetween, coma aberration can be corrected at a high level.

[0035]

The imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment of the present disclosure desirably satisfies at least one of conditional expressions (8) to (10) below:

(8) 0.25 < fl/f2 <5.0

(9) 0.40 < Y'/f <0.70

(10) 0.50 < tan(OPmax) <0.85

The reference signs used in parameters of the conditional expressions (8) to (10) are described as follows. fl denotes a focal length of the first lens group I; f2 denotes a focal length of the second lens group II;

Y' denotes a maximum image height; and

OPmax denotes an incident angle of the principal ray reaching the maximum image height with respect to the imaging plane Im.

Satisfying the conditional expression (8) by the parameter (fl/f2) of the conditional expression (8) keeps well-balanced refractive power in front and rear of the aperture stop S, and effectively reduces the distortion, coma aberration, and lateral chromatic aberration.

[0036]

The range in which the parameter (Y’/f) of the conditional expression (9) satisfies the conditional expression (9) refers to a desired range of an angle of view of the imaging lens IL. The range in which the parameter tan(OPmax) of the conditional expression (10) satisfies the conditional expression (10) refers to a desired range of the incident angle of the principal ray reaching the maximum image height with respect to the imaging plane Im, for the imaging lens IL.

[0037]

It is desired that the lens surface closest to the image within the second lens group II is a convex surface, and the curvature r2R of the convex surface satisfy conditional expression (11) below:

(11) -8.0 < r2R/f <-0.5

The range in which the parameter (r2R/f) of the conditional expression (11) satisfies the conditional expression (11) is a desired range to have the above-described convex surface opposed to the object-side surface of the positive lens LI1 disposed closest to the object within the first lens group I and balance correction of various aberrations.

[0038]

It is desired that the refractive index ndlP of material of the positive lens LI1 disposed closest to the object within the first lens group I satisfy conditional expression (12) below:

(12) ndlP >1.75

If the refractive index ndlP of the material of the positive lens LI1 closest to the object within the first lens group I is equal to or less than 1.75, the curvature of field would be likely under corrected, and astigmatism would likely remain.

Notably, the upper limit of the conditional expression (12) is in a range of from about 2.0 to about 2.1 with regard to the range of the refractive index and the cost of an existing optical glass.

[0039]

Further, the biconvex air lens ALI of the first lens group I is disposed closest to the object among any air lenses within the first lens group I, and the biconvex air lens ALII of the second lens group II is disposed closest to the image among any air lenses within the second lens group II. Such an arrangement of the air lens ALI and the air lens ALII maximizes correction aberration effects of the air lenses ALI and ALII.

To correct aberration more successfully, it is desired that the first lens group I and the second lens group II have aspherical surfaces. The aspherical surface has a large advantageous effect on correction of astigmatism, coma aberration, and distortion.

[0040]

The imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment is used as an image-capturing optical system of a camera, such as a typical digital camera, an inspection camera, or an on-vehicle camera. Further, the imaging lens IL according to at least one embodiment is used as an image-capturing optical system in a camera functional unit of a mobile information terminal. EXAMPLES [0041]

Ten numerical examples of the imaging lenses IL are specifically described below. In all the numerical examples, the maximum image height (U') is 14.2 millimeters (mm). In all the examples, a parallel plate, which corresponds to a transparent parallel plate F in FIGs. 1 to 10, is disposed closer to an image than the second lens group II, and is assumed to be one of various kinds of filters, such as an optical low-pass filter and an infrared cut-off filter, and a cover glass (seal glass) for an image sensor, such as a CMOS sensor, as described above.

In all the examples, the parallel plate is disposed such that an image-side surface of the parallel plate is disposed at a position of about 0.7 mm from the imaging plane Im in FIGs. 1 to 10 in a direction to the object. However, the configuration is not limited thereby. The parallel plate may be a single plate and may be divided into a plurality of plates.

In the examples, the signs denote as follows: f denotes a focal length of the whole system of the imaging lens IL;

FNO denotes a F-number; co denotes a half angle of view;

R denotes a radius of curvature;

D denotes a surface distance;

Nd denotes a refractive index; vd denotes an Abbe number;

P g, F denotes a partial dispersion ratio;

K denotes a conic constant of an aspherical surface;

A4 denotes a fourth-order aspherical coefficient;

A6 is a sixth-order aspherical coefficient;

A8 is an eighth-order aspherical coefficient; and A10 is a tenth-order aspherical coefficient The partial dispersion ratios P g, F are dimensionless quantity given by an equation below where ng is a refractive index with respect the g-line, n F is a refractive index with respect to the F-line, and n c is a refractive index with respect to the C-line:

Pg, F = (n g - n F )/(n F - nc)

[0042]

In each example, an aspherical surface is used. An aspherical surface X is indicated by the following known expression where C denotes the reciprocal of a paraxial curvature radius (i.e., paraxial curvature), H denotes a height from the optical axis Ax, K denotes a conic constant, and A4, A6, A8, and A10 denote the aspherical coefficients of the 4th, 6th, 8th, and 10th orders, respectively:

X = CH 2 /{1 + V(1 - (1 + K)C 2 H 2 )} +A4 H 4 + A6 H 6 +A8 H 8 +A10 H 10

[0043]

FIG. 1 is an illustration of a configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the first numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 1, the first lens group I consists of three lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, and LI3, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LID. The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI1 and the lens LI2 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LID and the lens LID and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 1 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3; and an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

[0044]

The following describes the data of the first numerical example.

[0045] f = 26.05, FNO. = 2.88, w = 28.3

Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 9.305 2.85 1.76450 49.10 0.5528 OHARA L-LAH91

02* 8.656 2.68

03 -20.551 0.70 1.84666 23.78 0.6205 OHARA S-TIH53W 04 49.552 0.52 05 14.475 2.23 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58 06 -42.817 1.20 07 oo(STOP) 1.20 08 24.522 2.44 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58 09 -10.254 0.60 1.62004 36.26 0.5879 OHARA S-TIM2 10 31.858 1.08 11* -20.768 1.00 1.88202 37.22 0.5769 HOYA M-TAFD307

12* -154.729 14.551

13 co 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

14 co [0046]

The data for aspherical surfaces (the surfaces with the surface numbers marked with "*" in the above data. The same applies to the following second numerical example to tenth numerical example), and the data is indicated below.

The first surface

K = 0.0,

A4 = -1.79982 x 10 5 , A6 = -3.54440 x 10 7 , A8 = 3.34427 x 10 10 , A10 = -3.90652 x 10 10 , The second surface K = 0.0, A4 = 5.44556 x 10 5 The 11th surface K = 0.0, A4 = -5.23983 x 10 4 The 12th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.57010 x 10 4 , A6 = 4.61891 x 10 6 , A8 = -2.43254 x 10 8 , A10 = 6.29252 x 10 10 [0047]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.407

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.211

(3) L/f = 1.273

(4) DT/f= 0.633

(5) rlF/f= 0.357

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.075

(7) r2s/rls = -0.573

(8) fl/f2 = 0.351

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.690

(11) r2R/f = -5.940

(12) ndlP = 1.765 [0048]

FIG. 2 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the second numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 2, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, and LI4, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape. The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LI 12 and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 2 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI1 and the lens LI2; and an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

[0049]

The following describes the data of the second numerical example.

[0050] f = 26.05, FNO. = 2.87, w = 28.3

Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 10.017 2.97 1.83220 40.10 0.5714 OHARA L-LAH90

02 21.619 0.10

03 14.655 0.80 1.78470 26.29 0.6135 OHARA S-TIH23

04 7.523 2.30

05 -34.143 0.60 1.64769 33.79 0.5938 OHARA S-TIM22

06 10.509 2.03 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58

07 -198.626 1.20

08 ¥(STOP) 1.21

09 31.757 2.26 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58

10 -13.329 0.60 1.62588 35.70 0.5893 OHARA S-TIM1

11 48.214 0.84

12* -18.000 1.00 1.90270 31.00 0.5943 OHARA L-LAH86

13* -20.113 14.890

14 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

15 co [0051]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows. The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -3.54224 x 10 5 , A6 = -4.66804 x 10 8 , A8 = -1.10660 x 10 8 , A10 = 8.24552 x 10 11 , A12 = -1.19318 x 10 12 The 12th surface K = 0.0, A4 = 3.45703 x 10 4 The 13 th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 3.69614 x 10 4 , A6 = -4.24378 x 10 7 , A8 = 5.77254 x 10 8 ,

A10 = -1.22381 x 10 9 [0052]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.639

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.456

(3) L/f = 1.267

(4) DT/f= 0.614

(5) rlF/f= 0.384

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.332

(7) r2s/rls = -0.160

(8) fl/f2 = 1.760

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.682

(11) r2R/f = -0.772

(12) ndlP = 1.832 [0053]

FIG. 3 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the third numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, and LI4, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape. The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LIB and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape. When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 3 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LII1 and the lens LIB of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0054]

The following describes the data of the third numerical example.

[0055] f = 26.05, FNO. = 2.87, w = 28.3

Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 9.247 2.91 1.85400 40.38 0.5688 OHARA L-LAH85V

02 24.908 0.70 1.78880 28.43 0.6009 OHARA S-NBH58

03 7.360 2.01

04 -22.769 0.70 1.63980 34.47 0.5922 OHARA S-TIM27

05 61.496 0.10

06 17.395 2.32 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58

07 -113.651 1.20

08 ¥(STOP) 1.20

09 24.522 2.57 1.75500 52.32 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58

10 -9.139 0.60 1.53172 48.84 0.5631 OHARA S-TIL6 11 33.044 1.15

12* -18.000 1.00 1.90270 31.00 0.5943 OHARA L-LAH86

13* -26.676 14.378

14 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

15 co [0056]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows.

The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.63557 c 10 5 , A6 = -6.86204 x 1 O 7 , A8 = 9.51319 x 10 9 , A10 = -2.99238 x 10 10

The 13 th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 1.30975 x 1 O 4 , A6 = -3.75252 x 1 O 7 , A8 = 5.96446 x 1 O 8 , A10 = -8.128 12 x 10 10 [0057]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.511

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.295

(3) L/f = 1.264

(4) DT/f= 0.632

(5) rlF/f= 0.355

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.256

(7) r2s/rls = -0.216

(8) fl/f2 = 1.296

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.672

(11) r2R/f = -1.024

(12) ndlP = 1.854 [0058]

FIG. 4 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the fourth numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 4, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, LI4, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LIB and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 4 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LII1 and the lens LIB of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0059]

The following describes the data of the fourth numerical example.

[0060] f = 28.00, FNO. = 2.88, w = 26.6

Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 9.447 2.95 1.85400 40.38 0.5688 OHARA L-LAH85 V

02 30.602 0.70 1.74077 27.79 0.6095 OHARA S-TIH13

03 7.393 2.11

04 -18.010 0.70 1.60342 38.03 0.5922 OHARA S-TIM5 05 56.812 0.10

06 18.661 2.01 1.83481 42.74 0.5648 OHARA S-LAH55VS

07 -35.218 1.22

08 ¥(STOP) 1.20

09 34.107 2.70 1.65160 58.55 0.5425 OHARA S-LAL7

10 -7.705 0.60 1.51823 58.90 0.5457 OHARA S-NSL3

11 59.118 1.19

12 -14.554 1.00 1.90270 31.00 0.5943 OHARA L-LAH86

13* -19.650 15.508

14 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

15 co [0061]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows. The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.52197 x 10 5 , A6 = -7.06205 x 10 7 , A8 = 1.01999 x 1 O 8 , A10 = -2.76954 x 10 '10

The 13 th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 9.97548 x 10 5 , A6 = -2.74503 x 10 7 , A8 = 4.05280 x 10 8 , A10 = -4.40120 x 10 10 [0062]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.418

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.605

(3) L/f = 1.217

(4) DT/f= 0.589

(5) rlF/f= 0.337

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.278

(7) r2s/rls = -0.968

(8) fl/f2 = 0.530

(9) Y7f= 0.507

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.629

(11) r2R/f = -0.702

(12) ndlP = 1.854 [0063]

FIG. 5 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the fifth numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 5, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, LI4, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape. The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LIB and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 5 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LII1 and the lens LIB of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0064]

The following describes the data of the fifth numerical example.

[0065] f = 26.05, FNO. = 2.88, w = 28.3 Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 10.626 3.50 1.85400 40.38 0.5688 OHARA L-LAH85V

02 55.319 0.70 1.72825 28.46 0.6077 OHARA S-TIH10

03 7.914 2.33

04 -28.150 0.70 1.64769 33.79 0.5938 OHARA S-TIM22

05 28.150 0.10

06 16.113 2.22 1.90525 35.04 0.5848 OHARA S-LAH93

07 -94.335 1.20

08 ¥(STOP) 1.20

09 25.481 2.42 1.72916 54.09 0.5448 OHARA S-LAL 19

10 -8.325 0.60 1.54814 45.78 0.6030 OHARA S-TIM35

11 31.988 1.04

12 -18.000 1.00 1.90270 31.00 0.5943 OHARA L-LAH86

13* -22.450 14.638

14 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

15 co [0066]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows.

The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.62422 x 10 5 , A6 = -4.81459 x 10 7 , A8 = 3.20423 x 10 9 , A10 1.164 10 x 10 '10

The 13 th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 1.22749 x 10 4 , A6 = -2.98756 x 10 7 , A8 = 6.892 10 x 10 8 , A10 = -9.94935 x 10 10 [0067]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.561

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.280

(3) L/f = 1.295

(4) DT/f= 0.653

(5) rlF/f= 0.408

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.343

(7) r2s/rls = -0.270

(8) fl/f2 = 1.252

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.688

(11) r2R/f = -0.862

(12) ndlP = 1.854 [0068]

FIG. 6 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the sixth numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 6, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, LI4, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LIB and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 6 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1; and an air lens formed by the lens LII1 and the lens LIB. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LI3 and the lens LI4 of the first lens group I are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0069]

The following describes the data of the sixth numerical example.

[0070] f = 24.68, FNO. = 2.88, w = 29.6 Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 10.669 2.30 1.82080 42.71 0.5642 HOYA M-TAFD51

02 18.250 0.70 1.67300 38.15 0.5757 OHARA S-NBH52V

03 8.706 2.08

04 -24.184 0.70 1.67270 32.10 0.5988 OHARA S-TIM25

05 9.234 2.54 1.88300 40.69 0.5673 HIKARI J-LASF08A

06 -65.279 1.20

07 ¥(STOP) 1.20

08 18.050 3.15 1.88300 40.69 0.5673 HIKARI J-LASF08A

09 -20.928 0.10

10 -35.679 0.60 1.68893 31.07 0.6004 OHARA S-TIM28

11 35.679 0.94

12* -17.345 1.00 1.68893 31.16 0.6037 HOYAM-FD80

13* -37.142 14.893

14 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

15 co [0071]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows. The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -3.29990 x 10 5 , A6 = -6.63571E x 1 O 7 , A8 = 3.34066 x 1 O 9 , A10 = -2.16938 x 10 '10

The 12th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 6.59150 x 10 4 , A6 = -9.07297 x 10 6 The 13 th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 8.07148 x 10 4 , A6 = -7.24676 x 10 6 , A8 = -1.28617 x 10 9 , A10 = 1.09784 x 10 10 [0072]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.471

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.346

(3) L/f = 1.358

(4) DT/f= 0.669

(5) rlF/f= 0.432

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.225

(7) r2s/rls = -0.277

(8) fl/f2 = 3.573

(9) Y7f= 0.575

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.685

(11) r2R/f = -1.505

(12) ndlP = 1.821 [0073]

FIG. 7 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the seventh numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 7, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, LI4, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LII2 and the lens LID and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 7 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LII1 and the lens LID of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0074]

The following describes the data of the seventh numerical example.

[0075] f = 23.42, FNO. = 2.88, w = 30.9

Surface Number R D Nd vd Pg, F Glass Type

01* 9.393 2.12 1.82080 42.71 0.5642 HOYA M-TAFD51

02 14.350 0.70 1.69895 30.05 0.6028 HOYAE-FD15 03 7.440 1.92 04 -29.751 0.70 1.64769 33.84 0.5923 HOYA E-FD2 05 22.787 0.10 06 14.677 2.29 1.88300 40.69 0.5673 HIKARI J-LASF08A 07 -191.434 1.20 08 ¥ (STOP) 1.20 09 17.856 2.86 1.88100 40.14 0.5701 HOYATAFD33 10 -8.223 0.60 1.67270 32.17 0.5962 HOYA E-FD5 11 21.102 1.30 12 -18.000 1.00 1.88202 37.22 0.5769 HOYA M-TAFD307 13* 22.111 13.940

14 oo 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

15 oo [0076]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows.

The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -4.08710 x 10 5 , A6 = -4.27926 x 10 7 , A8 = -1.04734 x 10 8 , A10 = -1.48266 x 10 10

The 13 th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 1.88752 x 1 O 4 , A6 = 9.04904 x 1 O 7 , A8 = 8.62046 x 1 O 8 , A10 = -1.22399 x 10

9

[0077]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.600

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.079

(3) L/f = 1.368

(4) DT/f= 0.683

(5) rlF/f= 0.401

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.263

(7) r2s/rls = -0.093

(8) fl/D = 3.114

(9) Y7f= 0.606

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.703

(11) r2R/f = -0.944

(12) ndlP = 1.821 [0078]

FIG. 8 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the eighth numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 8, the first lens group I consists of five lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, LI4, and LI5, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, and LIB.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LIB and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 8 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI5 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LI4 and the lens LI5 of the first lens group I are also cemented together to form a compound lens. Further, the lens LII1 and the lens LIB of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0079]

The following describes the data of the eighth numerical example.

[0080] f = 26.04, FNO. = 2.88, w = 28.3 Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 9.572 2.78 1.85400 40.38 0.5688 OHARA L-LAH85V

02 24.829 0.70 1.78880 28.43 0.6009 OHARA S-NBH58

03 7.822 2.23

04 -22.140 0.70 1.56732 42.82 0.5731 OHARA S-TIL26

05 53.236 0.10

06 18.531 1.89 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58

07 -24.000 0.60 1.80000 29.84 0.6017 OHARA S-NBH55

08 -116.418 1.20

09 ¥ (STOP) 1.20

10 12.474 2.36 1.74100 52.64 0.5467 OHARA S-LAL61

11 -8.112 0.60 1.54072 47.23 0.5651 OHARA S-TIL2

12 11.685 1.14

13 -17.538 1.00 1.86100 37.10 0.5785 OHARA L-LAH94

14* -19.900 14.581

15 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

16 co [0081]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.62065 x 10 5 , A6 = -5.73136 x 1 O 7 , A8 = 5.83843 x 1 O 9 , A10 = -2.15266 x 10 10

The 14th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 1.29178 x 10 4 , A6 = -4.772 36 x 10 7 , A8 = 6.42635 x 10 8 , A10 = -9.22759 x 10 10

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.478

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.284

(3) L/f = 1.274

(4) DT/f= 0.634

(5) rlF/f= 0.368 (6) rlF/rlO = 1.224

(7) r2s/rls = -0.224

(8) fl/f2 = 1.023

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.665

(11) r2R/f = -0.975

(12) ndlP = 1.854 [0082]

FIG. 9 is an illustration of the configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the ninth numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 9, the first lens group I consists of five lenses of the lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, LI4, and LI5, and the second lens group II consists of three lenses of the lenses LII1, LII2, and LID.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LID and the lens LID and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 9 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI5 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LI4 and the lens LI5 of the first lens group I are also cemented together to form a compound lens. Further, the lens LII1 and the lens LID of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0083]

The following describes the data of the ninth numerical example f = 26.06, FNO. = 2.88, w = 28.3 Surface Number R D Nd vd P g, F Glass Type

01* 9.718 2.85 1.85400 40.38 0.5688 OHARA L-LAH85V

02 28.191 0.70 1.78880 28.43 0.6009 OHARA S-NBH58

03 7.936 2.26

04 -23.765 0.70 1.56732 42.82 0.5731 OHARA S-TIL26

05 55.698 0.10

06 20.822 0.60 1.68893 31.07 0.6004 OHARA S-TIM28

07 11.777 1.83 1.88300 40.76 0.5667 OHARA S-LAH58

08 -139.566 1.20

09 ¥ (STOP) 1.20

10 27.121 2.36 1.73400 51.47 0.5486 OHARA S-LAL59

11 -8.707 0.60 1.54814 45.78 0.5686 OHARA S-TIL1

12 36.884 1.10

13 -18.000 1.00 1.86100 37.10 0.5785 OHARA L-LAH94

14* -25.049 14.581

15 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

16 co [0084]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated a follows. The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.46254 c 10 5 , A6 = -5.56469 x 1 O 7 , A8 = 5.71488 x 1 O 9 , A10 = -1.90619 x 10 10

The 14th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 1.30813 x 10 4 , A6 = -3.50965 x 10 7 , A8 = 5.51796 x 10 8 , A10 = -7.69857 x 10 10 [0085]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.499

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.344

(3) L/f = 1.276

(4) DT/f= 0.633

(5) rlF/f= 0.373

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.225

(7) r2s/rls = -0.194

(8) fl/f2 = 0.998

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.663

(11) r2R/f = -0.961

(12) ndlP = 1.854 [0086]

FIG. 10 is an illustration of a configuration of an imaging lens IL according to the tenth numerical example. As illustrated in FIG. 10, the first lens group I consists of four lenses of lenses LI1, LI2, LI3, and LI4, and the second lens group II consists of four lenses of lenses LII1, LII2, LIB, and LII4.

The air lens ALI included in the first lens group I is formed by the lens LI2 and the lens LI3 and has a biconvex shape.

The air lens ALII included in the second lens group II is formed by the lens LIB and the lens LIB and has a biconvex shape.

When the whole system of the imaging lens IL in FIG. 10 is observed, the whole system includes four air lenses in total: the above-described air lenses ALI and ALII; an air lens formed by the lens LI3 and the lens LI4; and an air lens formed by the lens LI4 and the lens LII1. The air lenses except the air lenses ALI and ALII do not have negative refractive power.

The lens LI1 and the lens LI2 of the first lens group I are cemented together to form a compound lens, and the lens LII1 and the lens LIB of the second lens group II are also cemented together to form a compound lens.

[0087]

The following describes the data of the tenth numerical example f = 26.05, FNO. = 2.88, w = 28.3

Surface Number R D Nd vd Pg, F Glass Type

01* 9.067 2.47 1.85400 40.38 0.5688 OHARA L-LAH85V

02 16.326 0.70 1.76182 26.52 0.6136 OHARA S-TIH14

03 7.495 2.33

04 -22.619 0.70 1.63980 34.47 0.5922 OHARA S-TIM27

05 60.949 0.10

06 19.213 1.68 1.88300 40.69 0.5673 HIKARI J-LASF08A

07 -77.308 1.20

08 ¥(STOP) 1.20

09 23.071 2.42 1.72000 50.23 0.5521 OHARA S-LAL 10

10 -8.936 0.60 1.54814 45.78 0.5686 OHARA S-TIL1

11 34.120 1.12

12 -18.290 0.70 1.67270 32.17 0.5962 HOYAE-FD5

13 -897.000 1.29 1.88202 37.22 0.5769 HOYA M-TAFD307

14* -35.676 14.581

15 ¥ 1.40 1.51633 64.14 various kinds of filter

16 co [0088]

The data for the aspherical surfaces is indicated as follows. The first surface

K = 0.0, A4 = -2.57013 x 1 O 5 , A6 = -5.79335 x 1 O 7 , A8 = 5.88906 x 1 O 9 , A10 = -2.51234 x 10 10

The 14th surface

K = 0.0, A4 = 1.20805 x 10 4 , A6 = -1.48753 x 10 7 , A8 = 3.11246 x 1 O 8 , A10 = -3.683 47 x 10 10 [0089]

The parameter values of the conditional expressions listed above are as follows:

(1) (rlo + rli)/(rlo - rli) = -0.502

(2) (r2o + r2i)/(r2o - r2i) = 0.302

(3) L/f = 1.273

(4) DT/f= 0.634

(5) rlF/f= 0.348

(6) rlF/rlO = 1.210

(7) r2s/rls = -0.298

(8) fl/f2 = 1.183

(9) Y7f= 0.545

(10) tan(OPmax) = 0.650

(11) r2R/f = -1.370

(12) ndlP = 1.854 [0090]

FIGs. 11 to 20 sequentially illustrate the aberration diagrams according to the first numerical example to the tenth numerical example.

[0091]

In the aberration curves, broken lines in spherical aberration indicates "sine condition", and solid lines and broken lines in astigmatism indicate "sagittal" and "meridional", respectively. As illustrated in FIGs. 11 to 20, the aberrations are corrected at a high level in the above multiple examples of the present disclosure, and the spherical aberrations and axial chromatic aberrations are very small. The astigmatism, curvature of field, and lateral chromatic aberration are also sufficiently small, and the coma aberration and variance in color difference are also well controlled to the peripheral edge. The distortion is reduced to 1.5% or less at the absolute value.

The imaging lenses according to the first numerical example to the tenth numerical example each have a half angle of view in a range of from about 25 to about 33 degrees, which indicates a semi-wide angle range; has an F-number of less than 3.0, which indicates a large aperture diameter; attains decreases in sizes for all the lens total length, lens total thickness, and lens diameter; has excellent imaging performance; and is applicable to an image sensor having a resolving power of 24,000,000 pixels or more.

[0092]

Hereinafter, embodiments of the mobile information terminal apparatus are described with reference to FIGs. 21A, 21B, 21C and 22.

An apparatus 30 described below is configured to transmit information, and is a mobile information terminal apparatus. The mobile information terminal apparatus 30 has a camera function, and uses an imaging lens according to any one of Example 1 to Example 10 as an image-capturing optical system of a camera function device of the camera function.

[0093]

As illustrated in a system diagram in FIG. 22, the camera function device in the mobile information terminal apparatus 30 includes an imaging lens 31 serving as an image-capturing optical system, and a photosensor 45 that is an imaging element (area sensor). The camera function device is configured to form an image of an image-capturing object on the photosensor 45 by the imaging lens 31, and to read the image by the photosensor 45.

An output from the photosensor 45 is processed by a signal processor 42 that is controlled by a central processing unit (CPU) 40 to be converted into digital information. Image information digitized by the signal processor 42 is processed with predetermined image processing by an image processor 41 that is controlled by the CPU 40, and then is recorded in a semiconductor memory 44.

A liquid crystal display (LCD) monitor 38 can display an image during image-capturing, and can display an image recorded in the semiconductor memory 44. Moreover, the image recorded in the semiconductor memory 44 can be transmitted to an external device using a communication card 43 or the like. Moreover, an image or information received via the communication card 43 or the like from an external device can be stored in the semiconductor memory 44, and the LCD monitor 38 can display the image or information.

Referring to FIGs. 21 A to 21C, when the mobile information terminal apparatus 30 is carried, the imaging lens 31 is in a collapsed state as illustrated in FIG. 21 A. When a user operates a power switch 36 (FIG. 21C) to turn on the mobile information terminal apparatus 30, a lens barrel is extended as illustrated in FIG. 21B.

[0094]

When a shutter release button 35 is half-pressed, focusing is performed. Focusing can be performed through movement of the whole imaging lens 31 in the optical-axis direction, or through movement of the photosensor 45. When the shutter release button 35 is further pressed, image-capturing is performed, and then the above-described processing is performed. [0095]

To display an image recorded in the semiconductor memory 44 onto the LCD monitor 38 or to transmit the image to an external device using the communication card 43 or the like, an operation button 37 is operated. The semiconductor memory 44 and the communication card 43 or the like are inserted into slots 39A and 39B in FIG. 21C, which are respectively dedicated for or general and common to the semiconductor memory 44 and the communication card 43 or the like.

[0096]

When the imaging lens 31 is in the collapsed state, the lens groups of the imaging lens 31 may not be aligned along the optical axis. For example, the imaging lens 31 may have a mechanism in which the second lens group II is retracted from the optical axis and housed in parallel to the first lens group I. This mechanism can make the mobile information terminal apparatus 30 thinner.

[0097]

In addition, a zoom function is added to the camera function unit of the mobile information terminal apparatus described above, and a so-called digital zoom operation of pseudo magnification by changing the cropping range of an image is performed by a zooming operation. In this case, a viewfinder 33 is also configured to change magnification with an angle of view. [0098]

Since the imaging lenses IL according to the above-described numerical examples are used for the image-forming lens, a compact camera (a mobile data terminal apparatus) with high image quality using a photosensor having 24,000,000 pixels or more can be provided.

[0099]

Although the desirable embodiments and examples of the disclosure have been described above, the disclosure is not particularly limited to such specific embodiments and examples unless otherwise particularly limited in the above description, and various modifications and changes can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the disclosure as set forth in the appended claims.

The advantageous effects described in the embodiments and examples of the disclosure are merely desirable advantageous effects generated based on the disclosure. The advantageous effects according to the disclosure is not limited to "those described in the embodiments and examples".

[0100] This patent application is based on and claims priority to Japanese Patent Application No. 2020- 026382, filed on February 19, 2020, in the Japan Patent Office, the entire disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference herein.

[Reference Sings List] [0101]

Ax Optical axis of imaging lens

I First lens group

LI1 to LI5 Lenses of the first lens group

II Second lens group LII1 to LII4 Lenses of the second lens group S Aperture stop F Various kinds of filters Im Image plane