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Title:
IMPROVED BICYCLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/005350
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to bicycles. More particularly, the present invention relates to an apparatus for increasing the safety for a user in relation to a bicycle as well as other road users. According to aspects of the invention, there is provided a bicycle comprising one or more safety features integrated into or operable to be used with the bicycle.

Inventors:
GHEREZGHIHER AMANUEL (GB)
Application Number:
PCT/GB2020/051622
Publication Date:
January 14, 2021
Filing Date:
July 06, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
GEREZ CYCLES LTD (GB)
International Classes:
B62J6/02; B62H5/00; B62H5/14; B62H5/20; B62J6/00; B62J6/028; B62J6/04; B62J6/045; B62J6/055; B62J6/20; B62J6/26; B62J15/00; B62J27/00; B62J29/00; B62J43/28; B62J45/00; B62J45/10; B62J45/41; B62J45/416; B62J50/22; B62K19/40; B62K19/42; B62K21/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2016207668A12016-12-29
WO2017207782A12017-12-07
WO2017017396A12017-02-02
WO2016079620A12016-05-26
Foreign References:
US20180334216A12018-11-22
JPS50113358U1975-09-16
CN202574478U2012-12-05
US20180194421A12018-07-12
CN208248366U2018-12-18
GB2397640A2004-07-28
US20160059920A12016-03-03
EP3489119A12019-05-29
GB2464671A2010-04-28
US20090102627A12009-04-23
GB2408639A2005-06-01
ES2619405A12017-06-26
DE102007059571A12009-06-18
KR20140004969U2014-09-16
KR20180058968A2018-06-04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BARNES, Philip Michael (GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1. A bicycle comprising:

a handlebar portion, the handlebar portion comprising at least one handle;

a frame portion, the frame portion comprising at least one wheel; and

one or more lights integrated into the bicycle.

2. The bicycle of any preceding claim wherein the one or more lights integrated into the bicycle comprise any or any combination of: one or more front indicator lights; one or more rear indicator lights; at least one headlight; at least one brake light; at least one brake light mounted underneath a saddle; at least one brake light integrated into a seat stay of the frame portion; one or more hazard lights; one or more lasers; one or more multi-function lights wherein the one or more multi-function lights provides any combination of: one or more front and/or rear indicator lights; headlights; and/or brake lights.

3. The bicycle of any preceding claim further comprising a lock, wherein the lock is provided on the frame portion and operable to restrict movement of the at least one wheel, optionally wherein the lock is controlled by any or any combination of: a remote electronic device; a key; a control integrated into the bicycle frame portion; a control integrated into the bicycle handlebar portion.

4. The bicycle of any preceding claim, wherein the bicycle is operable to communicate with a remote electronic device and wherein the remote electronic device is operable to control one or more functions of the bicycle, optionally wherein the remote electronic device comprises a remote computer system; a tablet computer; a laptop; a desktop computer; a smartphone; a mobile device.

5. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising a fingerprint detector, wherein the fingerprint detector is operable to control one or more functions of a bicycle, optionally wherein the fingerprint detector is operable to control any or any of: one or more locks; one or more batteries; one or more security functions.

6. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising one or more cameras, optionally wherein the one or more cameras are provided at any or any combination of: the front of the bicycle; the back of the bicycle.

7. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising an alert button operable to engage an alert function, wherein the alert function comprises any or any combination of: an alarm; an electronic communication to a remote computer.

8. The bicycle of any preceding claim, wherein the one or more lights are positioned on any or any combination of: a fork portion of the frame portion; the handlebar portion; opposing ends of the handlebar portion.

9. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising one or more integrated audio devices wherein the integrated audio devices comprise any or any combination of: an alarm; an emergency siren; a speaker; a microphone.

10. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising at least one reflector, optionally wherein the one at least one reflector is mounted on any or any combination of the frame portion; the handlebar portion; one or more mudguards.

1 1 . The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising one or more USB ports wherein the one or more USB ports are mounted on any or any combination of the frame portion and the handlebar portion.

12. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising an integrated display, operable to display information about the bicycle wherein the information comprises any or any combination of: speed, time, mileage count, location, calorie count, and/or indication of bicycle fault.

13. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising a navigation system optionally wherein the output of the navigation system is provided to the user using any or any combination of: a display indication using a display integrated into the bicycle; an audio notification using a speaker integrated into the bicycle; a display indication using a display on a user electronic device; an audio notification using a user electronic device including any of: a smartphone; a speaker; a wireless audio headset.

14. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising one or more mudguards.

15. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising a removeable tire lever and/or carbon dioxide inflator, optionally wherein the removeable tire lever and/or carbon dioxide inflator is stored in the frame portion. 16. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising one or more mirrors, optionally wherein the mirrors are foldable relative to the handlebar portion.

17. The bicycle of any preceding claim, further comprising one or more batteries, optionally wherein the battery is integrated into the frame portion of the bicycle and removeable from the frame portion.

18. The bicycle of any preceding claim further comprising one or more laser projectors; wherein the laser projector is operable to project on to a road surface on which the bicycle is travelling; wherein the laser projector is operable to project any or any combination of: lines; indicator arrows; shapes; and optionally wherein the laser projector is removeable; further optionally wherein the laser projector is mounted underneath a saddle.

19. A computer-implemented method for controlling a bicycle using an electronic device, comprising:

a user interface operable to indicate data pertaining to the bicycle; and one or more controls operable to control one or more functions of a bicycle.

20. The method of claim 19 wherein the data pertaining to the bicycle comprises any or any combination of: a battery charge level; a location; an indication whether an alarm is active; an indication of whether one or more lights are active; a speed; an indication of previous locations and/or journeys; image data captured by any cameras integrated into the bicycle. 21 . The method of claims 19 or 20 wherein the one or more functions of a bicycle comprise any or any combination of: an alarm; a motion detector; a movement detector; one or more lights; one or more audio devices optionally comprising a speaker; one or more lasers; one or more USB ports; one or more navigation systems; one or more displays.

Description:
IMPROVED BICYCLE

Field

The present invention relates to bicycles. More particularly, the present invention relates to an apparatus for increasing the safety for a user in relation to a bicycle as well as other road users.

Background

Riding a bicycle is a popular, low-emission form of transport. Cycling on public highways, in areas with poor lighting, or in busy urban areas alongside much heavier, faster and/or larger vehicles such as passenger and goods vehicles can be dangerous for cyclists due to the increased risk of a collision taking place. Collisions can occur when the cyclist or bicycle are not clearly visible to other road users for example.

Front and rear lights are conventionally attached to a bicycle when cycling at night or in other adverse conditions, but these provide limited visibility and are often lost or stolen.

Summary of Invention

Aspects and/or embodiments seek to provide an enhanced bicycle for increasing the safety for a user in relation to a bicycle.

According to aspects of the invention, there is provided a bicycle comprising one or more safety features integrated into or operable to be used with the bicycle.

According to a first aspect there is provided a bicycle comprising: a handlebar portion, the handlebar portion comprising at least one handle; a frame portion, the frame portion comprising at least one wheel; and one or more lights integrated into the bicycle.

Providing integrated lights into a bicycle can remove the requirement for mounting after-market accessories on a bicycle and ensure that a user has adequate lighting for a bicycle that is operable in an integrated fashion as part of the bicycle. Optionally these can be powered by an integrated battery.

Optionally, the one or more lights integrated into the bicycle comprise any or any combination of: one or more front indicator lights; one or more rear indicator lights; at least one headlight; at least one brake light; at least one brake light mounted underneath a saddle; at least one brake light integrated into a seat stay of the frame portion; one or more hazard lights; one or more lasers; one or more multi-function lights wherein the one or more multi-function lights provides any combination of: one or more front and/or rear indicator lights; headlights; and/or brake lights.

Providing a variety of lighting can provide good quality built-in lights that are sufficient for a user’s need and use an integrated control system/automatic control system and optionally can be powered by an integrated battery.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises a lock, wherein the lock is provided on the frame portion and operable to restrict movement of the at least one wheel, optionally wherein the lock is controlled by any or any combination of: a remote electronic device; a key; a control integrated into the bicycle frame portion; a control integrated into the bicycle handlebar portion.

Providing an integrated locking system can secure a bicycle in a way that is easier for a user to operate and which optionally can be automatically triggered, for example when a user walks away from the bicycle and a Bluetooth connection to the user’s mobile phone is lost.

Optionally, the bicycle is operable to communicate with a remote electronic device and wherein the remote electronic device is operable to control one or more functions of the bicycle, optionally wherein the remote electronic device comprises a remote computer system; a tablet computer; a laptop; a desktop computer; a smartphone; a mobile device.

Providing a remote connection to the bicycle from a remote electronic device can enable remote or increased control of the bicycle by a user or other remote users (such as fleet managers or insurers/rental providers).

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises a fingerprint detector, wherein the fingerprint detector is operable to control one or more functions of a bicycle, optionally wherein the fingerprint detector is operable to control any or any of: one or more locks; one or more batteries; one or more security functions.

Providing a fingerprint detector can provide a secure way to lock or unlock a bicycle or enable/disable bicycle functions without needing a key that may be lost or misplaced.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more cameras, optionally wherein the one or more cameras are provided at any or any combination of: the front of the bicycle; the back of the bicycle.

Providing one or more cameras can allow riders to review images or footage after using the bicycle, for example to share with others or for enjoyment but also to provide evidence of for example crashes or incidents. Remote access to the one or more cameras can allow the owner, rider or a remote user to access the camera data either in real time or after it has been recorded for various uses. Optionally, the bicycle further comprises an alert button operable to engage an alert function, wherein the alert function comprises any or any combination of: an alarm; an electronic communication to a remote computer.

Providing an alert button allows a rider to quickly and easily alert the authorities and/or emergency contacts should an emergency situation occur, such as a crash.

Optionally, the one or more lights are positioned on any or any combination of: a fork portion of the frame portion; the handlebar portion; opposing ends of the handlebar portion.

Providing the lights on the frame or handlebar can allow the lighting on the bicycle to be provided and well-integrated portions of the bicycle. It can also allow testing of the lighting to ensure substantially optimal functionality, such as visibility to other road users and/or light projection to other road users and across the road surface.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more integrated audio devices wherein the integrated audio devices comprise any or any combination of: an alarm; an emergency siren; a speaker; a microphone.

Providing integrated speakers/alarms/microphones can allow multiple uses of these audio devices including playback of music, communications uses and emitting alerts such as alarm sounds or location assistance noises.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises at least one reflector, optionally wherein the one at least one reflector is mounted on any or any combination of the frame portion; the handlebar portion; one or more mudguards.

Providing a reflector can improve the visibility of the bicycle to other road users.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more USB ports wherein the one or more USB ports are mounted on any or any combination of the frame portion and the handlebar portion.

Providing a USB port can allow use of other electronic devices with the functionality of the bicycle and/or can allow charging of electronic devices from an integrated battery in the bicycle.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises an integrated display, operable to display information about the bicycle wherein the information comprises any or any combination of: speed, time, mileage count, location, calorie count, and/or indication of bicycle fault.

Providing an integrated display can help assist the user by providing relevant information to the user and can be configured by the user to improve the relevancy of any information displayed.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises a navigation system optionally wherein the output of the navigation system is provided to the user using any or any combination of: a display indication using a display integrated into the bicycle; an audio notification using a speaker integrated into the bicycle; a display indication using a display on a user electronic device; an audio notification using a user electronic device including any of: a smartphone; a speaker; a wireless audio headset.

Providing a navigation system that can work via audio or displayed prompts can assist a user navigating while using the bicycle.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more mudguards.

Providing a mudguard can prevent mud and water being sprayed or splashed by the wheels and tyres in an upwards direction, for example on to the user.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises a removeable tire lever and/or carbon dioxide inflator, optionally wherein the removeable tire lever and/or carbon dioxide inflator is stored in the frame portion.

Providing a built-in but removable tire lever and/or inflator can allow the user to carry around maintenance equipment without having to carry it separately to the bicycle or mount it to the bicycle using aftermarket equipment.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more mirrors, optionally wherein the mirrors are foldable relative to the handlebar portion.

Providing a mirror, optionally a foldable mirror that can be stowed to prevent damage and adjusted to reflect a desired view, can improve the situational awareness of the rider.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more batteries, optionally wherein the battery is integrated into the frame portion of the bicycle and removeable from the frame portion.

Providing an integrated battery can allow the bicycle functionality to be powered by a single integrated source, optionally wherein the battery is removable to allow it to be charged or exchanged for a charged battery when depleted.

Optionally, the bicycle further comprises one or more laser projectors; wherein the laser projector is operable to project on to a road surface on which the bicycle is travelling; wherein the laser projector is operable to project any or any combination of: lines; indicator arrows; shapes; and optionally wherein the laser projector is removeable; further optionally wherein the laser projector is mounted underneath a saddle.

Providing laser projectors that can project relevant indications on to the road surface can allow for increased safety to a user of the bicycle.

According to a second aspect there is provided a computer-implemented method for controlling a bicycle using an electronic device, comprising: a user interface operable to indicate data pertaining to the bicycle; and one or more controls operable to control one or more functions of a bicycle.

Providing remote access and control to a user from an electronic device can increased the utility of a bicycle. Optionally, the data pertaining to the bicycle comprises any or any combination of: a battery charge level; a location; an indication whether an alarm is active; an indication of whether one or more lights are active; a speed; an indication of previous locations and/or journeys; image data captured by any cameras integrated into the bicycle.

Providing remote access and control to a user from an electronic device can increased the utility of a bicycle.

Optionally, the one or more functions of a bicycle comprise any or any combination of: an alarm; a motion detector; a movement detector; one or more lights; one or more audio devices optionally comprising a speaker; one or more lasers; one or more USB ports; one or more navigation systems; one or more displays.

Providing remote access and control to a user from an electronic device can increased the utility of a bicycle.

According to a further aspect, there is provided a bicycle comprising: a handlebar portion and a frame portion; and one or more safety features integrated into the bicycle comprising; wherein the one or more safety features comprises at least a lock.

Optionally, the bicycle is in communication with a user device: further optionally the bicycle is in communication with the user device through a software application. Optionally, the lock is accessed using fingerprint detection. Optionally, the lock is accessed using the user device. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprise one or more front and/or rear cameras. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprises an alert button. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprise one or more front and/or rear indicator lights. Optionally, the one or more front indicator lights is positioned on the handlebar portion; optionally wherein the one or more front indicator lights is positioned at opposing ends of the handlebar portion. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprise at least one headlight and/or at least one brake light. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprise one or more multi-function lights: further optionally the one or more multi-function lights provides any combination of: one or more front and/or rear indicator lights; headlights; and/or brake lights. Optionally, the one or more front and/or rear indicator lights comprises one or more lasers. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprise one or more hazard lights. Optionally, further comprising one or more integrated audio devices: optionally wherein the one or more integrated audio devices comprises an alarm; further optionally wherein the one or more integrated audio devices comprise an emergency siren. Optionally, the one or more safety features further comprise at least one reflector. Optionally, further comprising one or more USB ports. Optionally, further comprising an integrated display. Optionally, the integrated display comprises a navigation system. Optionally, the integrated display outputs user and/or bicycle data: optionally wherein the user and/or bicycle data comprise any one or more of: speed, time, mileage count, location, calorie count, and/or indication of bicycle fault. Optionally, further comprising mudguards. Optionally, further comprising a tire lever. Optionally, further comprising a carbon dioxide inflator. Optionally, further comprising one or more mirrors. Optionally wherein the one or more mirrors comprise one or more integrated side mirrors, wherein the one or more integrated side mirrors are positioned at opposing ends of the handlebar.

Aspects and/or embodiments and/or optional features may be interchanged as would be envisaged by the skilled reader within the scope of the present disclosure.

Brief Description of Drawings

Embodiments will now be described, by way of example only and with reference to the accompanying drawings having like-reference numerals, in which:

Figure 1 illustrates a front and back camera attached to an embodiment of a bicycle; Figure 2 illustrates one or more fingerprint detection systems attached to an embodiment of a bicycle;

Figure 3 illustrates an SOS button integrated to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 4 shows a tire level and carbon dioxide inflator integrated to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 5 shows speakers integrated on an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 6 shows integrated locks integrated on an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 7 shows more detail of the integrated front and back mudguards;

Figure 8 shows multiple indicator lights and/or hazard lights and/or rear lights integrated into an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 9a illustrates integrated laser projectors in an embodiment of the bicycle; Figure 9b illustrates the use of the integrated laser projectors of Figure 9a to project lane lines either side of the bicycle;

Figure 10 illustrates“blinking” lights according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 1 1 illustrates an integrated alarm system according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 12 shows a user device to communicate with the bicycle according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 13 illustrates an integrated USB charger according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 14 shows a navigation system according to an embodiment of the bicycle; Figure 15 shows details of integrated reflectors on the back of the bicycle according to an embodiment of the bicycle; Figure 16 shows details of integrated reflectors on the front of the bicycle according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 17 shows an integrated speed meter display according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 18 shows integrated foldable side mirrors positioned on the front portion of the bicycle according to an embodiment of the bicycle;

Figure 19 illustrates a multi-purpose lighting system according to an embodiment of the bicycle; and

Figure 20 illustrates a tail light according to an embodiment of the bicycle.

Specific Description

Referring to Figures 1 to 20, example embodiments will now be described.

Figure 1 illustrates an example embodiment 100 where a front camera 1 16 and back camera 108 are integrated into a bicycle, which will now be described in more detail below.

There is provided a bicycle having a frame 1 14, with a handlebar 102 having handles 104 provided to control the bicycle, and wheels with tyres 1 12. The bicycle has a saddle 106 for a ride to sit upon when operating the bicycle and pedals 1 10 to provide manual power to the bicycle, causing the tyres 1 12 to rotate and increase the speed of the bicycle as required. Other standard features of a bicycle are incorporated in this example embodiment as might be expected, but these are not shown in the Figure to simplify the embodiment described.

In this example embodiment, front and back cameras 1 16, 108 are integrated into the bicycle frame 1 14 and rear mudguard 702. One or more of the cameras 1 16, 108 can allow users, or others (e.g. remote family members) who have access (e.g. via the Internet), to monitor the live trip of a journey taken on the bicycle. In embodiments, the cameras 1 16, 108 may be capable of streaming the journey in real time or substantially real time. In some embodiments the streaming of the journey may be provided with bicycle data and/or user data including, but not limited to, location, speed, distance ridden, and calorie details. The user may be capable of providing access to such information or data to one or more others such as their next of kin, friends, or family.

In embodiments, front cameras 1 16 are typically integrated on the handlebar section 102 of the bicycle and the rear cameras 108 are typically integrated to the rear mudguard 702 of the bicycle but other positions on the bicycle are possible. Thus, using the rear camera 108, the users can also see what is behind them in real time or substantially real time (for example by mounting their smartphone on the handlebars (not shown) or using a display mounted on or integrated into the bicycle and streaming a live feed from the rear camera 108 to their smartphone screen/the display, allowing the user to glance at their phone/the display to see what is behind them as seen by the rear camera 108).

Both front and rear cameras 1 16, 108 may be integrated in alternative portions of the bicycle and thus is not limited in terms of its placement on the bicycle.

In embodiments, image data obtained via the front and/or rear cameras 1 16, 108 may be recorded, typically for up to three-months but this may be restricted to data allowable depending on policy or user settings. Users can also save or export specific data related to one or more journeys and journey details in order to view them at any later time.

In example embodiments, a user interface or application may be provided to access the bicycle data and/or user data which can include image/video data obtained during one or more journeys.

In embodiments, the cameras 1 16, 108 may be independently powered or be powered from a central battery provided on, in or integrated into the bicycle. In embodiments, the data from the cameras 1 16, 108 my be stored on independent memory provided in or at each camera 1 16, 108 or stored in a central memory within or on the bicycle, for example on a USB drive or removable or integrated memory chip/device. In other embodiments, the data from the cameras 1 16, 108 is streamed (with or without caching locally on the bicycle) to a remote server or device, e.g. via the Internet to a cloud server or to a smartphone mounted on the bicycle to store the data remotely from the bicycle. Combinations of these embodiments are also possible, for example to store the data locally in memory on the bicycle while also streaming the data as it is capture to a remote server to provide a backup of the data and permit remote users to monitor the image/video data and any associated metadata (speed/location/etc).

In some embodiments, where a fleet of such bicycles are provided, for example to be used for deliveries or collections from multiple locations within an urban environment, remote users can monitor the position and progress of multiple bicycles within the urban environment. Further, this data can be integrated with scheduling/management software to allocate tasks (manually, automatically or on a self-service basis by the riders) to riders of the bicycles depending on workload and individual positions of the riders as the centralized list of tasks and requirements change.

In embodiments, a data connection to for example the Internet will be required. This can be provided by integrating a cellular data system into the bicycle, or tethering the bicycle to a data connection on for example a user’s mobile‘phone (wirelessly or using a cable), or can be provided by connecting to a wireless network such as Wi-Fi hotspots or a city/public Wi-Fi network.

Figure 2 illustrates one or more fingerprint detection systems 200 attached according to an embodiment of a bicycle. More details of this will now be described below. Example embodiments provide an integrated fingerprint detection system 202 positioned anywhere on the bicycle. In the example embodiment shown, four locations are illustrated but any one of these can be used (or multiple of these locations illustrated). Other options may be used instead, anywhere on the bicycle, but it is preferred to position the sensor on a surface on the bicycle frame 1 14 or the handlebars 102.

The fingerprint detection system 202 may assist the user to unlock the one or more features of the bicycle or the bicycle itself through a lock system (integrated into or connected to the bicycle). This fingerprint detection may instead/also allow functional operation of the bicycle (for example activating the electronic functions of the bicycle such as the cameras, any displays, etc). In some embodiments, the fingerprint detection system 202 can be further in communication with a user device, such as a mobile phone, and can unlock the bicycle lock system via the user device. In other embodiments, the fingerprint detection system 202 can be provided on the user device and link to the bicycle (wirelessly or using a wired connection).

Figure 3 illustrates an SOS button 300 integrated to the bicycle according to an embodiment, details of which will now be described below.

The integrated SOS button 302 allows users to alert emergency contacts, such as emergency services or those who have been provided access, such as the user’s next of kin, in case of possible accidents or emergencies. In embodiments, through the SOS alert, data may be revealed to those provided access such as for example, the user’s location. Such SOS button 302 may be placed anywhere on bicycle, however, it is typically integrated onto a portion of the bicycle which is easily accessible to the user such as the handlebars 102 between the handles 104 - but it could alternatively be positioned on the frame 1 14 away from the tyres 1 12 or saddle 106 to prevent accidentally being triggered. In some embodiments, the button 302 can be configured to contact the rider’s next of kin.

Figure 4 illustrates an embodiment where an air pump and tyre lever 400 is provided in the bicycle frame 1 14, more details of which will now be described.

The saddle 106 provided on the frame 1 14 of the bicycle can be provided with a recess 404 of similar diameter to the air pump 402, and the air pump 402 can be stored in the recess 404 to allow the user to sit upon the saddle 106 normally in use but when the user requires the pump or tyre lever 402 then this can be removed from the recess 404 and used. In some embodiments, the air pump 402 may be a manual air pump, a C02-powered air pump and may or may not include a tyre lever.

In one embodiment, the air pump and tyre lever 402 is a tyre lever and carbon dioxide inflator integrated to the bicycle (in the frame accessed through a hole in the saddle 106). In some embodiments a wire may be attached to the inflator 402 in order to guide it back into its storage place. Figure 5 shows speakers 500 integrated on the bicycle according to an embodiment. More details of this embodiment will now be provided below.

In embodiments, speakers 502 may be positioned anywhere on the frame 1 14 or handlebar 102 in order to play music, transmit and receive phone calls, for use in audio navigation purposes (i.e. to provide directions to a rider without the need to display directions on a visual display), or for any other use which may require the use of an audio device. In some embodiments, microphones can also be provided as part of the speaker 502 or user microphones can be connected to the bicycle (e.g. Bluetooth headphones or neck-mounted microphones).

In Figure 6, an integrated locking arrangement 600 according to an embodiment is shown, which will now be described in more detail below.

In the embodiment, a sprung locking mechanism 604 is provided in the forks 602 of the bicycle, providing a restraining bolt between the spokes 704 when engaged (preventing the spokes moving and therefore preventing the tyre 1 12 rotating). When disengaged, the locking mechanism 604 retracts partially or fully into one fork 602 to allow the spokes 704 to move and the tyre 1 12 to rotate as required to allow the bicycle to be used or moved without being carried.

The locking mechanism 604 in the embodiment is engaged electronically by the bicycle using an app provided on the user’s smart ‘phone. In embodiments it can be engaged either by a user command/control on a digital or physical locking control system integrated or mounted upon the bicycle, or remotely via an application provided on for example a user’s smart‘phone or via an application or website user interface accessible from a computer or mobile device (e.g. a smart‘phone, tablet computer or smart watch) via Bluetooth or an Internet connection.

In other embodiments, the locking mechanism 604 can be engaged and disengaged manually, for example using a key mounted on the fork 602.

In some embodiments, any lock system integrated into the bicycle for enhanced safety can be unlocked using a user device such as a smart‘phone or fingerprint detection system on the bicycle or through communication with a user device.

Figure 7 shows a mudguard 700 according to an example embodiment that will now be described in more detail.

The mudguard 702 is provided integrated to the spokes 704 of the bicycle and is mounted to the frame 1 14 of the bicycle (for example as shown in Figures 1 , 5, 6, 8, 1 1 , 16, 19, 20). In some embodiments, no mudguard 702 is provided. Mudguards 702 can be provided on either or both front or back wheels of the bicycle. In some embodiments, the bicycle is provided with integrated front and back mudguards. In some embodiments, brake lights may be integrated onto the mudguard at the rear portion of the bicycle and similarly for the front portion of the bicycle.

Figure 8 shows multiple indicator lights and/or hazard lights 800 integrated into the rear portion of the bicycle according to an embodiment, which will now be described in more detail.

In this embodiment, eight rear indicator lights 804 are integrated into the surface of the seat stay 808 (four on each arm of the fork) that would be visible to road users behind the bicycle. In addition, a lighting arrangement 802 is provided integrated underneath the saddle 106 that would be visible to road users behind the bicycle.

In this embodiment, the bicycle is provided with handles 104 and a handlebar 102, a frame 1 14, pedals 1 10 and tyre 1 12. Additionally, this embodiment is provided with a read camera 108 mounted in the frame 1 14 but in other embodiments, this camera 108 may not be present.

In other embodiments, only the rear indicator lights 804 may be present while in other embodiments on the read saddle light 802 may be present.

In some embodiments, different numbers of read indicators lights 804 may be present, for example only one light on each fork of the seat stay 808.

Figures 9a and 9b illustrate integrated lasers 900 being provided and used in an embodiment of the bicycle, which will now be described in more detail below.

Referring first to Figure 9a, the bicycle is shown provided with a frame 1 14, handlebar 102 having handles 104 for a user to hold and steer the bicycle, a saddle 102 for the user to sit upon, tyres 1 12 and pedals 1 10 to cause the tyres 1 12 and wheels upon which they are mounted to rotate. In addition, in this embodiment, there is provided a laser projector 102 mounted underneath the saddle 106, having two lasers 904. Each laser 904 is capable of projecting either dots or a pattern onto the road surface (by sweeping the road surface at a high refresh rate to cause the appearance to a human eye of a solid or intermittent pattern of laser light on the road surface).

Referring to Figure 9b, the use of the laser projector 902 can be seen. In this embodiment, the laser projector 902 causes two laser lines 922 to be projected on to the road surface either side of the bicycle and parallel to the path of the bicycle when travelling in a straight line facing forwards. The projection lines are nominally indicated 912 from the laser projector 902 to the laser lines 922.

In embodiments, lasers 904 can provide visibility for the user and other road users in various ways. For example, the laser projections 922 may be directed towards the ground in order to indicate a bicycle path, provide“lanes” for the bicycle to remind other road users of how much space to provide the bicycle, or act to assist to one or more indicator lights (for example by projecting the shape of an arrow on to the ground in the direction the bicycle will be travelling). In other embodiments, lasers 904 may provide continuous or non-continuous emission. In some embodiments, the multiple indicator lights used in conjunction with the lasers 904 may be positioned on the forks of the bicycle.

In other embodiments, different numbers of lasers 904 can be provided in the laser projector module 902. In some embodiments, the laser projection module 902 is removeable from underneath the saddle 106 and/or provided in different locations on the bicycle.

Alternatively, one or more multiple indicator lights may be also be positioned on the pedals 1 10 of the bicycle.

In some embodiments, there is provided integrated software which can further enhance the users’ safety and experience when using the bicycle. For example, when in communication with a navigation application or device, a portion of or the whole of the handlebar portion may vibrate in order to provide awareness and assist the user to prepare for when a turn is coming up for example. In some embodiments, such features may be further enhanced through the communication with other features of the bicycle. For example, for navigation purposes, the navigation application may be further in communication integrated lights, such as a“blinking” light, in order to further assist the handlebar vibration.

Figure 10 illustrates “blinking” (or intermittent) lights 1000 according to an embodiment of the bicycle, which will now be described in further detail below.

In this embodiment,“blinking” lights 1002 are placed on the extreme ends of the handles 104 on the handlebar portion 102 of the bicycle in order to act as a respective signal to turn left or right and may be connected or in communication with a user device, for example for navigation purposes. In some embodiments, different lighting signals may be shown to the user for different navigation actions. For example, both left and right blink lights may be shown for a‘U’-turn.

In this embodiment, the front facing portion of the lights 1002 output a different colour of light to the rear facing portion of the lights 1002 - so the forward lights output a white light while the read facing portion of the lights 1002 output a red light.

In other embodiments, multiple colour options can be output by the front and/or read facing portions of the lights so, for example, the front facing lights’ output might include white and/or yellow while the read facing lights’ output might include red and/or yellow.

The lights 1002 in some embodiments can work in conjunction with the read indicators 804 and/or read saddle light 802 and/or any other lights provided on the bicycle.

Figure 1 1 illustrates an embodiment of an integrated alarm system 1 100, which will now be described in more detail below.

The integrated alarm system 1 100 of the embodiment provides alarm speakers 1 102 at two points on the frame 1 14 of the bicycle, one underneath the handlebar 102 and handles 104 but above the tyre 1 12 and one at the rear of the bicycle underneath the saddle 106. The alarm speakers 1 102 have a speaker grille 1 1 12 over a speaker arrangement integrated into the frame 1 14 capable of emitting a sound. The system 1 100 has a power supply, in this embodiment a battery (not shown), powering the speakers 1 102 and wiring (not shown) to connect the speakers 1 102 inside the frame 1 14 together and to the battery. Also provided is the electronics and sensors to detect and trigger the alarm sound should the bicycle be moved and/or the proximity of a person be detected - these would be engaged when the alarm system 1 100 is active.

In some embodiments, users will be provided with the ability to use the integrated alarm system 1 100 to track/locate the bicycle, in a crowded parking area for example by emitting a short“location” noise using the alarm speakers 1 102, or to prevent burglary or vandalism of the bicycle by emitting a deterrent loud alarm sound when tampering and/or proximity is detected of unknown third parties.

In embodiments, the alarm system 1 100 may further be in communication with other user devices such as smart‘phones (that can connect wirelessly with the alarm system 1 100 to trigger a location sound or engage/disengage the alarm system) or alarm fobs (that emit wireless signals to engage or disengage the alarm system) that can be used to control the alarm system 1 100.

Figure 12 shows a user interface 1200 to communicate with the bicycle according to an embodiment.

A mobile device 1202 in this embodiment is provided with a user interface 1203, in this example showing a map and having a location 1208 indicated on the map and controls 1206 for various“smart” bicycle functions.

Embodiments may be provided with a built-in integrated applications or software having a user interface 1203 which allows communication of the bicycle and the user device 1202 and control of the bicycle using the device 1202. Such applications may allow users to press a button 1206 on the user device 1202 in order to alert/indicate to the user (of) the bicycles location 1208 to guide the user back to the bicycle.

Figure 13 illustrates an integrated USB charger 1400 being provided in an embodiment of the bicycle, which will now be described below in more detail.

In this embodiment, an integrated USB charger 1400 is provided on the handlebar 102 of the bicycle. The USB charger 1400 has a USB port 1404 and a waterproof cover 1408 that mates with the port to ensure that the waterproof covering stays in place once the cover 1408 is mated with the port 1404. The power is provided from the bicycle battery (not shown) that is integrated into the bicycle frame 1 14.

The USB port 1404 can be provided at other positions on the bicycle, but it is preferred to provide the port 1404 on the frame 1 14 or the handlebar 102 (and away from the handles 104, saddle 106 and tyre 1 12). Providing the port 1404 on the handlebar allows data communication with and power provision to a device mounted or positioned on the handlebar 102 such as a smart‘phone or display.

Figure 14 shows a navigation system 1500 according to an embodiment of the bicycle, which will now be described in more detail below.

In this embodiment, a navigation system 1502 is provided in a navigation system compartment provided in the frame 1 14 underneath the handlebar 102. The navigation system 1502 can work with a speaker provided in the bicycle (where present), an external

Figure 15 shows the back reflector of an embodiment, which will now be described in more detail.

A back reflector 1602 is provided mounted on the mudguard 702, which is integrated to the spokes 704 of the back wheel. The reflector 1602 is a retroreflective material operable to reflect light at the rear of the bicycle, ensuring that the bicycle is more visible to other road users than when no reflector 1602 is present.

Figure 16 illustrates integrated headlights 1700 in an embodiment of the bicycle, which will now be described in further detail. It also illustrates another embodiment of the bicycle, where the integrated headlights 1700 are replaced with a reflector.

In this embodiment, one or more headlights 1702 are provided on the front mudguard 702 of the bicycle.

In other embodiments, the headlights 1702 are provided adjacent to one or more lasers at a front portion of the bicycle. In embodiments, the headlights 1702 may be mounted or integrated on the frame 1 14, mudguard 702, handles 104 or handlebar 102.

Some embodiments may also have a plurality of headlights 1702 positioned on the front portion of the bicycle and a plurality of brake lights positioned on the rear portions of the bicycle. For example, the headlights 1702 may be positioned on the handlebar portion 102 or the stem portion of the bicycle frame 1 14. In some embodiments, headlights 1702 and/or brake lights may provide a continuous or non-continuous emission of light.

In some embodiments, a reflector is provided instead of a headlight 1702 at the front of the bicycle. In other embodiments, both one or more reflectors and one or more headlights 1702 are provided at the front of the bicycle.

Figure 17 shows an integrated speedometer 1800 according to an embodiment of the bicycle, which will now be described in more detail.

The integrated display 1802 is provided in the handlebar 102, at one side near the left handle 102 at the upper portion of the handlebar 102 such that a user sat on the saddle 106 would be able to view the information displayed on the display 1802. The display 1802 is powered by the bicycle battery. In embodiments, the battery is provided in the frame 1 14 and/or handlebars 102 and/or saddle 106 and in some embodiments the battery is removeable so that it can be charged and replaced once charged, or exchanged for a charged battery when depleted.

In this embodiment, the display shows the speed 1804, a timer/clock 1806 and the clock/date 1808. Other embodiments may have an integrated speedometer display that provides/displays any combination of data that may be useful for the user, including any or any combination of: a clock, mileage count, location, speed, calories, average speed, average weight lost by user; Co2 saved; how much fuel saved; or other user/bicycle related information. In other embodiments, the user can configure the display, for example using an app on their smart‘phone. In other embodiments, some or all of this data can be stored optionally alongside camera footage and accessed by a user later, for example when stored in a cloud storage service and for example using the app or via a website.

Figure 18 shows integrated foldable side mirrors 1900 positioned on the front portion of the bicycle according to an embodiment.

The handlebar 102 mounted on the frame 1 14 is provided with two folding side mirrors 1902, one at each handle 104. The side mirrors 1902 have a folding connector, allowing the mirror to be folded in when parked or to allow the bicycle to fit into a restricted volume/through a gap, and also allowing adjustment to allow the user to view a desired reflection when sat upon the bicycle. In other embodiments, only one mirror is provided.

Figure 19 illustrates a multi-purpose lighting system 2000 according to an embodiment of the bicycle.

In this embodiment, a multi-purpose lighting system 2000 is provided which can act as a tail light, brake light, and indicator light. Each indication purpose may emit configuration of light of different colours. In this embodiment, the light 2001 is provided at the rear of the bicycle, just under the saddle. In other embodiments, multiple lights may be positioned at different portions of the bicycle, or a single light 2001 can be positioned at a position on the bicycle.

In the embodiment, the light 2001 has a left and right red light portion and a central yellow portion.

When turning left 2002, in this embodiment, the lights are operable to show the central yellow and left-hand red lights as on 2004 and the right-hand red light as off 2006.

When braking 2010, in this embodiment, the central yellow and left- and right-hand red lights are on 2012.

When turning right 2020, in this embodiment, the central yellow and right-hand red lights are on 2022 while the left-hand red light is off 2024.

In other embodiments, depending on the particular indication, certain portions of the multi-purpose lighting system 2000 may be caused to emit light. In embodiments, the multi purpose light 2001 may be in the form of one large indicator comprising multiple portioned indicators. Such a multi-purpose system 2000 can be positioned either on the front and/or rear portions of the bicycle and configured accordingly.

In other embodiments, different configurations of lights are possible. For example, different colours are possible, including the use of red lights to indicate braking and yellow lights to indicate indicating and white lights to indicate the front of the bicycle. Thus, the light(s) provided at the front of the bicycle configured with left and right yellow light portions and a central white portion while the rear light(s) are configured with left and right yellow light portions and a central red portion, configured so that the yellow lights on the left hand side of the bicycle can be used together intermittently to indicate a turn to the left and vice versa for the right while the red light at the read can be used when the brakes are applied by the user and the headlight at the front is activated by a light sensor that detects low visibility (e.g. rain, overcast skies or evening/nighttime) or manually engaged by a user.

In some embodiments, one or more front and/or rear indicator lights can be located on a fork portion of the bicycle. The fork portion of the bicycle on which the one or more front and/or rear indicator lights are positioned, or integrated, may be either the front fork portion of the bicycle and/or the rear fork portion of the bicycle.

In some embodiments, the bicycle may have an elongated handlebar portion in order to accommodate for integration of one or more headlights and/or one or more brake lights, or tail lights in some embodiments, the headlights and brake lights are positioned on opposing ends of the handlebar portion, such that the headlights are facing away from the user and the brake lights facing towards the user and the rear of the bicycle such as to alert other road users travelling behind the bicycle. In some embodiments, the headlights are positioned at opposite ends of the handlebar portion to each other, such that one headlight is positioned on the far-left hand side of the handlebar and another is positioned on the far left hand side of the handlebar portion, and similarly with respect to the brake lights.

Figure 20 shows a tail light arrangement 2100 of an embodiment of a bicycle.

The tail light 2102 is provided at the rear of the mudguard 702 at the rear of the bicycle frame 1 14, i.e. the end opposite to that where the handlebar 102 and handles 104 are provided. The tail light 2102 in this embodiment is raised from the surface of the mudguard 702 such that it can emit light more substantially in the rear-ward direction from the bicycle.

In other embodiments, the light 2102 may be provided flush with the mudguard 702. In this embodiment, the light 2102 is powered by the integrated battery (not shown) but in other embodiments it may have its own independent power source.

In other embodiments there may be included or further integrated the features of police/ambulance sirens for emergency service providers, and/or hazard lights. In some embodiments, the handlebars have integrated into them any or any combination of: a pulse oximeter; a pulse sensor; or a heart rate sensor; to detect the vital statistics of the rider in order to compute various data about the rider and the vital statistics of the rider during their journey.

Any system feature as described herein may also be provided as a method feature, and vice versa. As used herein, means plus function features may be expressed alternatively in terms of their corresponding structure.

Any feature in one aspect may be applied to other aspects, in any appropriate combination. In particular, method aspects may be applied to system aspects, and vice versa. Furthermore, any, some and/or all features in one aspect can be applied to any, some and/or all features in any other aspect, in any appropriate combination.

It should also be appreciated that particular combinations of the various features described and defined in any aspects can be implemented and/or supplied and/or used independently.