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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
IMPROVED MATTRESS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/164222
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A foam mattress in which a layer of latex or latex-like foam placed above a layer of memory foam is described. This construction of the mattress provides the contouring pressure relief that a visco-eiastic foam provides with a top surface with quick recovery (a latex-like "bounce") that prevents people from getting "stuck" in the visco-eiastic foam and improves the springiness of the mattress. The mattress may also include straps and cinches to aid in transportation of the mattress. The mattress may also include removable covers that aid in keeping the mattress clean.

Inventors:
KRIM PHILIP (US)
PARIKH NEIL (US)
CHAPIN JEFF (US)
Application Number:
US2015/026564
Publication Date:
October 29, 2015
Filing Date:
April 19, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CASPER SLEEP INC (US)
International Classes:
A47C27/14; A47C27/15; A47C27/16
Foreign References:
US20050210595A12005-09-29
US20100269262A12010-10-28
US20100160473A12010-06-24
US20030181538A12003-09-25
US20110061168A12011-03-17
US20100087561A12010-04-08
Other References:
See also references of EP 3133960A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KOFFSKY, Mark (Suite 733New York, New York, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

We cl im:

1 , An apparatus comprising:

a mattress, the mattress comprising a first horizontal layer and a second horizontal layer positioned below the first horizontal layer;

wherein the first horizontal layer comprises a foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam;

and wherein the second horizontal layer comprise memory foam.

2, The apparatus as in claim 1 , wherein the foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam has:

i) a rebound of approximately greater than 40%;

ii) an airflow of approximately greater than 3.5 cubic feet per minute; and

iii) a recovery of approximately less than 0.5 seconds.

3, The apparatus as in claim 2, wherein the foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam has a support factor of approximately between 3.0 and 3.3.

4, The apparatus as in claim 1, wherein the foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam has:

i) a density of approximately between 2.0 to 4.0 pounds per cubic foot; ii) a 25% indentation force deflection of approximately between 6 to 18 pounds;

iii) an airflow of approximately greater than 2. cubic feet per minute; iv) a recovery of approximately less than 1 second;

v) a rebound of approximately greater than 40%; and

vi) a support factor of approximately greater than 2.

5. The apparatus as in claim 1, wherein the memory foam has:

i) a rebound of approximately less than 2%:

ii) a recovery of approximately greater than 1 second; and iii) a glass transition temperature of approximately between 40° F and 80° F.

6. The apparatus as in claim 5, wherein the memory foam has a support factor of approximately between 2.0 and 2.2.

7. The apparatus as in claim 1, wherein the memory foam has:

i) a density of approximately between 2.0 to 6.0 pounds per cubic foot;

ii) a 2.5% indentation force deflection of approximately betwee 6 to 18 pounds;

iii) an airflow of approximately greater than 1 cubic feet per minute; iv) a recovery of approximately greater than 1 second;

v) a rebound of approximately less than 5%;

vi) a support factor of approximately less than 2.6; and vii) a glass transition iemperature of approximately between 40° F and 80° F.

8. The apparatus as in claim 1 , wherein the mattress further comprises a third horizontal layer positioned below the second horizontal layer and the ihird horizontal layer comprises a polyurethane foam.

9. The apparatus as in claim 8, wherein the polyurethane foam has a density of approximately 1 .8 pounds per cubic foot

10. The apparatus as in claim 8, wherein the polyurethane foam has:

i) a density of approximately between 1.0 to 4.0 pounds per cubic foot;

ii) a 25% indentation force deflection of approximately between 15 to 50 pounds;

ii ) an airflow of approximately greater than 2 cubic feet per minute; iv) a recovery of approximately less than 1 second;

v) a rebound of approximately greater than 40%; and

vi) a support factor of approximately between 1,5 to 3.5

1 1. The apparatus as in claim 8, wherein the depth of the first horizontal layer is approximately 1.5 inches, the depth of the second horizoniai layer is approximately 1.5 inches and the depth of the third horizontal layer is approximately 6.5 inches.

12. An apparatus comprising:

a mattress comprising at least three horizontal foam layers, wherein: i) the second horizontal foam layer is below the first horizontal foam layer; and ii) the third horizontal foam layer is below the second horizontal foam layer;

wherein the support factor of the first horizontal foam layer is larger than the support factor of at least one of the at least three horizontal foam layers that is not the first horizontal foam layer.

13. The apparatus as in claim 12, wherein the number of the at least three horizontal foam layers is three;

and wherein the first horizontal foam layer comprises a foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam;, the second horizontal foam layer comprises memory foam, and the third horizontal foam layer comprises polyurethane foam,

14. The apparatits as in claim 12, wherein the number of the at least three horizontal foam layers is three;

and wherein the first horizontal foam layer comprises a foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam, the second horizontal foam layer comprises memory foam, and the third horizontal foam layer is selected from the group consisting of latex foam, latex-like foam, memory foam, polyurethane foam, polyethylene foam and polyester foam.

15. The apparatus as in claim 14, wherem the depth of the first horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, the depth of the second horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches and the depth of the third horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.5 and 12 inches.

16. The apparatus as in claim 12. wherein the number of the at least three horizontal foam layers is four;

and wherein the mattress further comprises a fourth horizontal foam layer below the third horizontal foam layer;

and wherein the first horizontal foam layer comprises a foam layer selected from the group consisting of latex and latex -like foam;

and wherein at least one of the second horizontal foam layer, the third horizontal foam layer and the fourth horizontal foam layer is memory foam;

and wherein each of the second horizontal foam layer, the third horizontal foam layer and the fourth horizontal foam layer is selected from the group consisting of latex foam, latex-like foam, memory foam, polyurethane foam, polyethylene foam and polyester foam.

17. The apparatus as in claim 16, wherein the depth of the first horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, the depth of the second horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, the depth of the third horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, and the depth of the fourth horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 12 inches.

18. The apparatus as in claim 12 wherein the number of the at least three horizontal foam layers is five; and wherein the mattress further comprises a fourth horizontal foam layer below the third horizontal foam layer and a fifth horizontal foam layer below the fourth horizontal layer;

and wherein the first horizontal foam layer comprises a foam layer selecied from the group consisting of latex and latex-like foam;

and wherein at least one of the second horizontal foam layer, the third horizontal foam layer, the fourth horizontal foam layer, and the fifth horizontal foam layer is memory foam;

and wherein each of the second horizontal foam layer, the third horizontal foam layer, the fourth horizontal foam layer and the fifth horizontal foam layer is selected from the group consisting of latex foam, latex-like foam, memory foam, polyurethane foam, polyethylene foam and polyester foam.

19. The apparatus as in claim 18, wherein the depth of the first horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, the depth of the second horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, the depth of the third horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, the depth of the fourth horizontal foam layer is

approximately between 0.25 and 5 inches, and the depth of the fifth horizontal foam layer is approximately between 0.25 and 12 inches.

20. An apparatus comprising:

a mattress having a top side and a bottom side, the mattress being capable of being transformed into a cylinder- like shape with the bottom side on the outside of the cylinder-like shape; a plurality of straps integrated into the bottom side;

a plurality of fasteners integrated into the plurality of straps;

wherein the plurality of straps and the plurality of fasteners are capable of securing the mattress when the mattress is transformed into the cylinder- like shape.

Description:
IMPROVED MATTRESS

RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This applicaiion claims the benefit of the U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 61/982,235 filed on April 21, 2014,

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0002] The present disclosure is directed to a foam mattress with improved features related to its construction, transportation and cleaning.

BACKGROUND

0Θ83] Although the traditional spring mattress is the dominant category- of mattresses sold within the U ited States, both latex foam mattresses and visco- elastic (memory) foam mattresses have been sold in the U.S. as specialty-category mattresses.

[0004] Both latex and memory foams have benefits and drawbacks in mattress construction and design. Latex foam has a very quick recovery rate (i.e., is "bouncy"), is highly breathable and can be produced using natural or synthetic materials. If natural materials are used, the mattress can be marketed as such, adding to its desirability in the marketplace. Nonetheless, latex foam mattresses have the highest average return rate of any type of mattress sold in the U.S.— usually due to the resonant "bouncing" that the user feels on a latex foam mattress and/or inadequate pressure relief.

[0005] The market for memory foam mattresses was built nearly single-handedly by Tempur-Pedie through novel marketing techniques, such as an association with space- age technology and the image of a handprint "stuck" in the foam top layer after the hand is removed. Due to its slow recovery (or memory), visco-eiastic memory foam was markeied as an aid for pressure relief and to enable isolation of one sleeper from another because the foam does not translate vibration. But memory foam mattresses also have a somewhat high return rate, often due to complaints such as: 1) "getting stuck" (i.e., not being able to turn over when changing sleeping positions): 2) overheating (the foam is not highly breathable and the contouring causes the foam to closely hug large portions of the body limiting air flow); and 3) not being conducive for comfort during sex because of the tendency to "get stuck."

[0006] Further, both latex and memory foam are expensive materials.

Manufacturers often use them only for the top layer(s) of a mattress, often referred to as the comfort layer(s). The comfort iayer(s) are usually 1-5" thick and typically consist of 1-3 different foam types laminated together. Beneath these layer(s), regular polyurethane foam is typically used to provide some support and to increase mattress thickness. Some newer "hybrid" mattresses use pocketed spring coils instead of polyurethane foam. To combat the "stuck" feeling of memory foam, some manufacturers have developed quick-response memory foam. Other manufacturers use thinner layers of memory foam (atop poly foam) to limit the depth that user can sink into the foam. A few manufacturers have put latex foam underneath the memory foam to benefit from the quick return (i.e. bounce) that the latex foam provides. But this solution may not solve the problems noted above where memory foam is the top layer of the mattress.

[0007] Accordingly, there is a need for a novel foam mattress construction that couples the contouring pressure relief of memory foam with quick-recovery of latex foam that prevents users from getting "stuck" in the memory foam and improves the springiness of the mattress. Such an arrangement will benefit from the breathability and bounciness of latex foam while mitigating the resonant bouncing and poorer pressure relief characteristics of latex foam. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

[0008] The accompanying figures, where like reference numerals refer to identical or functionally similar elements throughout the separate views, together with the detailed description below, are incorporated in and form part of the specification, and serve to further illustrate embodiments of concepts that include the claimed invention, and explain various principles and advantages of those embodiments.

[0009] Figure 1 is a cross-section view of a three-layer mattress in accordance with some embodiments.

[0010] Figure 2 is a cross-section vie w of a four- layer mattress in accordance with some embodiments.

[0011] Figure 3 is a cross-section view of a five-layer mattress in accordance with some embodiments.

[0012] Figures 4A and 4B are perspective views of a roi!ed-up mattress in accordance with some embodiments.

[0013] Figures 5A and 5B are perspective vie ws of a mattress with a remo vable cover in accordance with some embodiments.

[0014] Figures 6A and 6B are perspective views of a mattress with a removable cover in accordance with some embodiments.

[0015] Figures 7 A, 7B and 7C are perspective views of a mattress with a button- down cover in accordance with some embodiments.

[0016] Skilled artisans will appreciate that elements in the figures are illustrated for simplicity and clarit '' and have not necessarily been drawn to scale. For example, the dimensions of some of the elements in the figures may be exaggerated relative to other elements to help to improve understanding of embodiments of the present invention.

[0017] The apparatus and method components have been represented where appropriate by conventional symbols in the drawings, showing only those specific details that are pertinent to understanding the embodiments of the present invention so as not to obscure the disclosure with details that will be readily apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art having the benefit of the description herein.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0818] 1. Definitions

[001.9] In this disclosure, the listed terms will be defined as follows:

[0020] Density of a foam is its mass per unit volume. Density may be measured in pounds per cubic foot (pcf).

[0021] IFD is indentation Force Deflection, which is a method for determining the firmness, and load bearing capacity of foam. iFD measures the load required to depress a 50 square inch compression platen into a foam specimen. IFD is usually reported at 25% deflection of the specimen's height and is measured in pounds. iFD may be measured with ASTM D3574- 1 1 Test B|.

[0822] Airflow is a measure of the air permeability of a foam and is measured in cubic feet per minute (cfm). Airflo may be measured with ASTM D3574- Ί 1 Test G.

[0023] Recovery is a measure of how quickly a foam returns to original shape after being displaced and is measured in seconds. Recovery is typically used to measure the memory effect of visco-elastic foams. Recovery may be measured with ASTM D3574-1 1 Test M.

[0024] Rebound is measure of the elasticity of a foam and is measured as a percentage. A steel ball is dropped on a foam specimen, and the percentage height it rebounds (relative to drop height) is measured. Rebound may be measured with ASTM D3574-1 1 Test H

[0025] Support Factor (SF) is the ratio of 65% IFD over 25% IFD and is a unitless measurement. SF is a measure of the "deeper" support of a foam, and is an indicator as to whether a foam will bottom out or not. SF may be measured with ASTM D3574-1 1 Test B ; .

[0026] Tg is the glass transition temperature of the foam. It is a property of all foams but is most relevant with memory foams because memory foams have a Tg within the range of normal ambient temperature (40° F - 80° F). Tg is the point at which a foam transitions from stiff to pliable. Below Tg, a foam is stiff. Above Tg„ a foam is pliable. The transition in mechanical properties can be dramatic, even with but a few degrees change in temperature. Tg, may be measured with dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) or thermal stress analysis (TSA).

[0027] Latex foam is any high resilience foam where: i) a rebound may be greater than 40%; ii) airflow may be greater than 3.5 cfm; and iii) recovery may be less than 0.5 seconds. Latex foam may be natural latex, styrene butadiene rubber (SBR), polyurethane or any blend of the above foams.

[0828] Latex-like foam is any foam intended to simulate the mechanical properties of latex foam— (i) a rebound may be greater than 40%; ii) airflow may be greater than 3.5 cfm; and iii) recovery may be less than 0.5 seconds— but with polyurethane, polyethylene or other non-natural or non-SBR resins or any blend of the above foams.

[0029] Memorv foam is any polyurethane foam with a low rebound, delayed recovery and a temperature-sensitive response. More specifically: i) the rebound may be from 1-2%; ii) the recovery may be greater than 1 second; and iii) the temperature- sensitive response may be the foam softening in response to body heat and having a Tg between 40° F and 80° F.

[0030] TT. Mattress Length and Width

[0031] The mattresses described herein may be of any suitable length and width, including without limitation U.S. or non-U. S. standard sizes such as King, Queen, Full, Twin, Extra Long, California King, Youth and Crib.

[0032] Hi. The Three-Layer Mattress [0033] Turing to Figure 1 , shown is cross-section of a three-layer mattress 100 with a cover 1 10. The cross-section of the depth of the mattress 100 includes a first layer 120, a second layer 130 and a third layer 140.

[0034] A. First Embodiment

[0035] In a first embodiment, the total depth 180 of the mattress 100 may be 9.5 inches. The first layer depth 150 of the mattress 100 may be 1.5 inches. The second layer depth 160 of the maitress may be 1.5 inches. The third layer depth 170 of the matiress ma be 6,5 inches.

[0036] In this first embodiment, the first layer 120 is a layer of latex foam. The first layer 120 may consist of CI latex from Mountain Top Foam and may have the physical properties shown in Table 1.

[0037] Table 1

Potential

[0038] In Table 1 , the rightmost two columns demonstrate potential ranges of physical properties related to the first layer 120.

[0039] The second layer 130 is a layer of memory foam. The second layer 130 may consist of 41b Visco memory foam and may have the physical properties shown in Table 2. [0040] Table 2

Potential

[0041] In Table 2, the rightmost two columns demonstrate potential ranges of physical properties related to the second layer 130.

[0042] In the mattress industry, two important parameters used to describe a foam are IFD and SF. Standard test protocols specify the test specimen size and loading regime for these parameters, which creates measurement consistency. Such test protocols may be found in ASTM D3574-1 1.

[0043] IFD is an indication of foam firmness and indicates how much force a foam pushes back with when a user pushes into it. Industry norms use 25% IFD numbers as a basis for comparison-— so an IFD 8 foam (8 pounds of push-back) feels softer than a IFD 20 foam (20 pounds of push-back).

[0044] SF represents the "deeper" support of a foam, and is an indicator as to whether a foam will bottom out or not. SF is the ratio of the 65% IFD to the 2.5% IFD— the ratio of the force required to depress a sample to 65% of its original height to the force required to depress a sample to 25% of its original height (the standard IFD measurement). SF illustrates how much a single type of foam pushes back the more the user pushes into it. Thus, a foam with a SF of 3 and an IFD of 8 pushes back with 24 pounds force upon 65% compression, while an IFD 8 foam with a SF of 2 only pushes back with 16 pounds at 65% compression. [0045] A linear "spring" foam generally has a SF of 2.6. Latex and latex-like

foam typically have a higher SF (approximately 3.0-3.3). Memory foam typically has a lower SF (approximately 2.0-2.2). These differences are quite significant in the overall feel of the mattress.

[0046] In the maitress industry, it has been a widely accepied rule of thumb that the top {avers of foam should have the lowest SF to reduce pressure points, and

that the SF should increase as one moves down into the layers. By having the first layer 120 being comprised of a latex or latex-like foam and placed on top of the second layer 130 being comprised of memory foam, the commonly-held rule

regarding SF is inverted. Nonetheless, a successful experience for the mattress user is achieved because the foam layers of the bed act as a series of springs. This arrangement eliminates the "stuckness" of memory foam while retaining the

pressure relief and motion isolation of the memory foam. At the same time, this arrangement benefits from the breathability and bounciness of latex or latex-like foam while mitigating the resonant bouncing and poorer pressure relief

characteristics of latex or latex-like foam.

[0047] The third layer 140 adds overall support and depth for the mattress and

may consist of 1.8 pcf conventional polyurethane foam and may have the physical properties shown in Table 3.

08 8] Table 3

Potential

Target Tolerance Unit Test Method Range Unit

Density 1.8 ± 0.1 Pcf n a 1 to 4 pcf

ASTM D3574- 1 1 Test

25% iFD ± 3 Lb B, 15 to 50 lb

ASTM D3574- 1 1 Test

Airflow >4 minimum Cfm O >2 cfm

ASTM D3574- 1 1 Test

Recovery <0.5 maximum Seconds M <1 seconds

ASTM D3574- 1 1 Test

Rebound 50 ± 5 /o H >40 %

Support ASTM D3574- 1 1 Test

Factor 1.9 ± 0.1 n/a Bj 1.5 to 3.5 n/a

Tg n/a [0049] In Table 3, the rightmost two columns demonstrate potential ranges of physical properties related to the third layer 140.

[0050] B, The Second Embodiment

[0051] In a second embodiment, the total depth 180 of the mattress 100 may range from 1 to 2.2 inches. The first layer depth 150 of the mattress 100 may range from 0.2.5 to 5 inches. The second layer depth 160 of the mattress may range from 0.25 inches to 5 inches. The third layer depth 170 of the mattress may- range from 0.5 to 12 inches.

[0052] The second embodiment is similar to the first embodiment in that the first layer 120 is latex or latex-like foam and the second layer 130 is memory foam. The third layer 140 may be any of the following: i) latex foam; ii) latex-like foam; Hi) polyurethane visco-elastic "memory" foam; iv) conventional polyurethane foam; v) HR (high resilience) polyurethane foam; or vi) any other polyurethane, polyethylene or polyester Foam.

[0053] IV. The Four- Layer Mattress

[0054] Turing to Figure 2, shown is cross-section of a four- layer mattress 200 with a cover 210. The cross-section of the depth of the mattress 200 includes a first layer 220, a second layer 230, a third layer 240 and a fourth layer 250.

[0055] The total depth 295 of the mattress 200 may range from 1 to 22 inches. The first layer depth 2.60 of the mattress 2.00 may range from 0.25 to 5 inches. The second layer depth 270 of the mattress may range from 0,25 inches to 5 inches. The third layer depth 280 of the mattress may range from 0.25 to 5 inches. The fourth layer depth 290 of the mattress may range from 0.25 to 12 inches.

[0056] The first layer 220 may be latex or latex-like foam. The second layer 230, third layer 240 and fourth layer 250 may be any of the following: i) latex foam; ii) latex-like foam; iii) polyurethane visco-elastic "memory" foam; iv) conventional polyurethane foam; v) HR (high resilience) polyurethane foam; or vi) any other polyurethane, polyethylene or polyester foam. In one embodiment, at least one of the second layer 230, third layer 240 and fourth layer 250 is memory foam. In one embodiment, at least one upper layer has a SF higher than a layer below that upper layer,

[0057] V. The Five-Layer Mattress

[0058] Turing to Figure 3, shown is cross-section of a five-layer mattress 300 wiih a cover 305. The cross-seciion of the depth of the mattress 300 includes a first layer 310, a second layer 315, a third layer 320, a fourth layer 32.5 and a fifth layer 330.

[0059] The total depth 360 of the mattress 300 may range from 1.25 to 22. inches. The first layer depth 335 of the mattress 300 may range from 0.25 to 5 inches. The second layer depth 340 of the mattress may range from 0.25 inches to 5 inches. The third lay er depth 345 of the mattress may range from 0.25 to 5 inches. The fourth layer depth 350 of the mattress may range from 0,25 to 5 inches. The fifth layer depth 355 of the mattress may range from 0.25 to 12 inches.

[0060] The first layer 310 may be latex or latex-like foam. The second layer 315, third layer 320, fourth layer 325 and fifth layer 330 may be any of the following: i) latex foam; if) latex-like foam; iii) polyurethane visco-elastic "memory" foam; iv) conventional polyurethane foam; v) HR (high resilience) polyurethane foam; or vi) any other polyurethane, polyethylene or polyester Foam. In one embodiment, at least one of the second layer 315, third layer 320, fourth layer 325 and fifth layer 330 is memor '- foam. In one embodiment, at least one upper layer has a SF higher than a layer belo that upper layer.

[0061] VI. Mattress Transportation

[0062] Moving a mattress is a cumbersome task. For example, queen-sized mattresses can weigh up to 100 pounds, and are typically floppy with poor affordance for carrying. They are difficult to get through doorways, down stairs and into cars. As such, many people will discard mattresses when they move because the burdens and costs of moving a mattress are too great.

[0063] Turing to Figure 4A, shown is a mattress system 400 with two features that facilitate moving so that mattresses are not discarded and have greater lo g- term value to their owner. The mattress body 405 incorporates straps 410, 412, 414 integrated into the design that hold the mattress in an easily transportable shape once roiled up or folded. The straps may he webbing, string or any other material with high tensile strength. The straps may tie, have buckles or incorporate any other fasteners 420, 422, 424 that enable the straps to hold the mattress together. The user manually rolls up and/or folds the mattress, and the straps are located in a convenient place such that once rolled, the mattress may easily be strapped together. By integrating the straps, the rolling and strapping process is easier and ensures that all users have the proper materials at hand to roll the mattress for transport.

[0064] Turing to Figure 4B, shown is another view of the mattress system 400. In addition to the siraps 410, 412, 44, the mattress body 405 has integrated backpack, shoulder and/or hand straps 420, 430 installed via a securing mechanism 440 that allow the mattress body 405 to be readily carried by one or more people on their shoulders and/or back. This greatly facilitates portability, increasing the odds that an owner will take their mattress with them to their new home and be able to do so with minimal hassle.

[0065] In another embodiment, the cinch straps and carrying straps are part of a separate "wrap" or bag rather than integrated into the mattress.

[0066] VTL Integrated Mattress Washable Pad

[0067] Mattresses are expensive investments that often become stained with sweat and/or other bodily fluids. Even when used with sheets and a mattress pad (a separately-purchased cover that is used to protect the mattress), mattresses become stained. In nearly all cases, the cover of the mattress itself is not washable other than through spot cleaning. A limited number of mattresses (often futon-style) may have a cover that completely zips off and can be laundered, but this is often a cumbersome process because it requires a lot of manipul ation of the heavy mattress. Staining of mattresses limits their resale value and can prevent people from giving a mattress to friends when they decide to move town or upgrade to a different mattress. [0068] Turing to Figure 5 A, shown is a mattress system 500 including a mattress body 510 and of a removable section of a detachable mattress cover 520 that protects the primary mattress cover from stains and that can be washed or replaced with a new one in order to "refresh" the mattress. In this embodiment, the mattress cover 52.0 covers the entire top of the mattress body 510 and is secured to the mattress body 510 by a securing mechanis 530. It may be reversible to quickly provide a clean top surface, and it may have different colors from the mattress body 510 in order to better hide stains.

[0069] The securing mechanism 530 may be secured at approximately the same depth all around the mattress body 510 and may consist of hook and loop fasteners, zippers, buttons, snaps, ties or any combination thereof.

[0070] Turing to Figure 5B, shown is a mattress system 505 including a mattress body 510 and a removable section of a detachable mattress cover 550 that protects the primary mattress cover from stains and that can be washed or replaced with a new one in order to "refresh" the mattress. In this embodiment, the mattress cover 550 covers a portion of the top of the mattress body 510 and is secured to the mattress body 510 by a securing mechanism 540. The mattress cover 550 may be located in the area most likely to absorb bodily fluids (in the region from the head to the upper thigh). It may cover just the top of the mattress body 510 so it can be easily removed and laundered. It may be reversible to quickly provide a clean top surface, and it may have different colors from the primary mattress in order to better hide stains.

[0071] The securing mechanism 540 may be secured at approximately the same depth around the mattress body 510 to best secure the mattress cover 550 The securing mechanism 540 may consist of hook and loop fasteners, zippers, buttons, snaps, ties or any combination thereof.

[0072] Turing to Figures 6A and 6B, shown is a mattress system 600 with a removable mattress pad 610 that surrounds a portion of the mattress body 510. The mattress pad 610 may be placed in the area most likely to absorb bodily fluids (in the region from the head to the upper thigh). It may cover just the top of the mattress body 510 so it can be easily removed and laundered. It may be reversible to quickly provide a clean top surface, and it may have different colors from the primary mattress in order to better hide stains,

[0073] Turing to Figure 7A, shown is a mattress system 700 with a removable mattress pad 730. It is secured to the mattress body 510 via a button 710 attached to the mattress body 510 and a button hole 720 installed in the mattress pad 730, Turning to Figure 7B, shown is a mattress system 704 where the mattress pad 730 is attached to the mattress body (not shown) by means of the button 710 attached to the mattress. Turning to Figure 7C, shown is a mattress system 706 where the mattress pad 750 is attached to a portion of the mattress body 760 via a button 710 attached to the mattress body 760. The mattress pads 730, 750 may be reversible to quickly provide a clean top surface, and may have different colors from the primary mattress in order to better hide stains.

[0874] In the foregoing specification, specific embodiments have been described. However, one of ordinary skill in the art appreciates that various modifications and changes can be made without departing from the scope of the invention as set forth in the claims below. Accordingly, the specification and figures are to be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense, and all such

modifications are intended to be included within the scope of present teachings.

[0075] The benefits, advantages, solutions to problems, and any element(s) that may cause any benefit, advantage, or solution to occur or become more pronounced are not to be construed as critical, required, or essential features or elements of any or all the claims. The invention is defined solely by the appended claims including any amendments made during the pendency of this application and all equivalents of those claims as issued.

[0076] Moreover in this document, relational terms such as first and second, top and bottom, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. The terms

"comprises," "comprising," "has", "having," "includes", "including," "contains", "containing" or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises, has, includes, contains a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. An element proceeded by "comprises ...a", "has ...a", "includes ...a", "contains ...a" does not, without more constraints, preclude the existence of additional identical elements in the process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises, has, includes, contains the element. The terms "a" and "an" are defined as one or more unless explicitly stated otherwise herein. The terms "substantially", "essentially", "approximately", "about" or any other version thereof, are defined as being close to as understood by one of ordinary skill in the art. The term "coupled" as used herein is defined as connected, although not necessarily directly and not necessarily mechanically. A device or structure that is "configured" in a certain way is configured in at least that way, but may also be configured in ways that are not listed.

[0077] The Abstract of the Disclosure is provided to allow the reader to quickly ascertain the nature of the technical disclosure. It is submitted with the understanding that it will not be used to interpret or limit the scope or meaning of the claims. In addition, in the foregoing Detailed Description, it can be seen that various features are grouped together in various embodiments for the purpose of streamlining the disclosure. This method of disclosure is not to be interpreted as reflecting an intention that the claimed embodiments require more features than are expressly recited in each claim. Rather, as the following claims reflect, inventive subject matter lies in less than all features of a single disclosed embodiment. Tints the following claims are hereby incorporated into the Detailed Description, with each claim standing on its own as a separately claimed subject matter.