Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
IMPROVED MECHANICAL RUBBER PRODUCTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1992/004554
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A mechanical rubber product comprises first (4) and second (8) rubber components secured together in superposed relation to define between them at least one closed chamber filled with gas (5, 6, 7, 12, 13, 14), each of said components having attachment means (3, 10) integral therewith whereby said component can be attached, in use, to associated hardware, one of said rubber components being moulded in situ in said container (1).

Inventors:
KULKARNI MURLI (GB)
Application Number:
PCT/GB1991/001489
Publication Date:
March 19, 1992
Filing Date:
September 03, 1991
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
TBA BELTING LTD (GB)
International Classes:
B29D22/02; F16F9/04; F16F13/00; (IPC1-7): B29D22/00; F16F9/04
Foreign References:
GB191119293A
GB485963A1938-05-27
DE438255C1926-12-10
DE728501C1942-11-27
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A mechanical rubber product comprising first and second rubber components secured together in superposed relation to define between them at least one closed chamber filled with gas, each of said components having attachment means integral therewith whereby said component can be attached, in use, to associated hardware, characterised in that one of said attachment means is in the form of a cupshaped container from the base of which projects an attachment member such as a bolt, one of said rubber components being moulded in situ in said container.
2. A product according to claim 1 characterised in that the other of said attachment means comprises a metal plate with an attachment member projecting therefrom, said metal plate being incorporated into the other of said rubber components during moulding thereof.
3. A product according to claim 2 characterised in that the other of said rubber components further includes a separate metal plate in the form of a flange whereby said first and second rubber components can be secured together by attaching said flange to the rim of the container.
4. A product according to any of claims 13 characterised in that the closed chamber is partly defined in one rubber component and partly in the other rubber component so that on assembling the components together, the chamber portions together constitute a single closed chamber.
5. A product according to any of claims 14, characterised in that the rubber components are formed by injection moulding directly onto/into the attachment means whilst at the same time forming the closed chamber therein as at least one open cavity in at least one of said rubber components.
6. A product according to any of claims 15 wherein said closed chamber is filled with air. TITUTE SHEET.
Description:
Improved mechanical rubber products

This invention relates to mechanical rubber products of the kind wherein a rubber component is used to connect metal elements which are otherwise not in contact with one another. Examples of such products include suspension bushes and engine mountings used to prevent or at least limit the transmission of sound and/or vibration between the connected parts.

here mechanical rubber products are subject to vibration over a wide frequency range, it may be impossible to secure uniform performance with simple constructions. It is possible to secure adequate performance at up to, say, 30 Hz, but in the range 30-300 Hz, a simple rubber component acts more and more like a solid block, due to hysteresis effects. Thus as the frequency increases, the rubber component exhibits high dynamic stiffness resulting in high noise levels.

In order to overcome this, it has been proposed to modify the characteristics of a simple rubber component by the incorporation of hollow chambers which are filled with gas and/or liquid. A simple example of this is GB-A-485963, which discloses a pair of cup-like members of rubber clamped rim-to-rim facing one another to create between them a closed chamber. More complicated and much more recent arrangements are however expensive, since not only do the pockets/chambers have to be formed, but also, it is necessary to fill them with liquid of known, i.e. predetermined characteristics of mass/volume.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an improved mechanical rubber product together with a method for its manufacture.

According to this invention, a mechanical rubber product comprises first and second rubber components secured together in superposed relation to define between them at least one closed chamber filled with gas, each of said components having attachment means integral therewith whereby said component can be attached, in use, to associated hardware, and is characterised in that one of said attachment means is in the form of a cup-shaped container from the base of which projects an attachment member such as a bolt, one of said rubber components being moulded in situ in the container. Said one component is

preferably wholly contained within said container, so as not to project therefrom. The other of said attachment means preferably comprises a metal. pTate with a bolt projecting therefrom, the metal plate being incorporated into the rubber during the moulding of the rubber. Preferably, a further, separate metal plate in the form of a flange is incorporated into the same rubber component so as to enable said flange to be attached to the rim of said container to produce an integral unit ready for use as for example an engine mounting. For greater control of stiffness, the other of the attachment means may also be at least partly cup-shaped.

The closed chamber is preferably partly defined in one rubber component and partly in the other rubber component so that on assembling the components together, the chamber portions together constitute a single closed chamber, the joint between the rubber components being itself enclosed by the cup and associated flange. However, it is also possible to mould a solid block in the cup-like container, the cavity (or cavities) being then defined entirely within the other rubber component.

The preferred method of manufacture is by injection moulding. This is particularly convenient as it is relatively simple not only to mould directly onto the attachment means, but also it is possible to form a

partial cavity in each component ,so that on assembly, the cavities will be in alignment to form a single closed chamber. It will be appreciated that several such closed chambers can be formed in a single mechanical rubber product according to this invention. It is therefore possible to adjust the response characteristics over a very wide range, by varying the size, number and disposition of the closed chambers. Preferably the latter are filled with air.

It will be also appreciated that the construction according to this invention is relatively inexpensive, there being no need for unusually complex moulding operations, or for precision filling with one or more liquids.

In order that the invention be better understood, a preferred embodiment of it will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawing in which the sole figure is a cross-sectional side view of a mechanical rubber product according to the invention.

In the figure a cup-shaped metal pressing 1 has an open top surrounded by a flange 2. A mounting bolt 3 projects from the lower face of the pressing 1. The pressing contains a first rubber component 4 formed in situ by injection moulding. The moulding operation was carried

out using a tool adapted to produce th ee open ca ities 5, 6 and 7 in the rubber component 4.

A second rubber component, 8 is shown mounted on the pressing 1. This second component was made by injection moulding directly onto a plate 9 from which a second mounting bolt 10 projects. Also included by the same injection moulding operation was an annular metal flange

11 which serves to anchor the two rubber components together in confronting relation to form thereby a sing ' le, self-contained unit. The flanges 2 and 11 are secured together by bolting or spot welding or by other means, such as adhesives. A further feature of the second rubber component 8 is the formation of three open cavities 12, 13 and 14 which correspond to the cavities 5, 6 and 7 in component 1. The respective cavities are so disposed that on assembly of the product they co-operate to form three air-filled blind chambers in a single block of rubber constituted by the two rubber components when clamped together as shown in the Figure.

In use, the mounting bolts 3 and 10 are used to install the suspension unit, there being no other connection between these bolts than the rubber components and the closed air-filled chambers defined between them.

The response characteristics of the product are

determined by the properties of the rubber components (which need not be the same) and by the size/distribution of the cavities. The selection of these parameters will usually be a matter for relatively simple experiment. However, the arrangement illustrated proved very satisfactory when employed as an automotive engine suspension bush, the damping performance being acceptable over a much wider frequency range than that of a simple rubber bush alone. The cost was not however significantly greater .