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Title:
INFORMATION TRANSMISSION SYSTEM FOR A COMMERCIAL VEHICLE AND A COMMERCIAL VEHICLE AND COMMERCIAL COMBINATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/043441
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to an information transmission system (10) for at least one commercial vehicle (12, 14,16), comprising at least one information sending module (18), at least one repeating module (20) and at least one receiving module (22), wherein the information sending module (18) is configured and arranged to send signals defining a message to the repeating module (20), wherein the repeating module (20) is configured and arranged to enhance the signals and forward the signals to the receiving module (22), The present invention further relates to a commercial vehicle (12, 14, 16) and to a commercial vehicle combination (12, 14, 16).

Inventors:
SZEMES BENCE (HU)
NEMETH HUBA (HU)
KONYA TAMAS (HU)
TÖREKI GÁBOR (HU)
HILLIER KRISTOF (HU)
POUR BENEDEK (HU)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2019/071103
Publication Date:
March 05, 2020
Filing Date:
August 06, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KNORR BREMSE SYSTEME FUER NUTZFAHRZEUGE GMBH (DE)
International Classes:
H04W88/04; B60C23/04
Foreign References:
DE102008032920A12010-01-14
AU2012101599A42012-11-29
US20170021372A12017-01-26
US20150061853A12015-03-05
EP1384626A12004-01-28
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An information transmission system (10) for at least one commercial vehicle (12, 14, 16), comprising at least one information sending module (18), at least one repeating module (20) and at least one receiving module (22), wherein the information sending module (18) is configured and arranged to send signals defining a message to the repeating module (20), wherein the repeating module (20) is configured and arranged to enhance the signals and forward the signals to the receiving module (22). 2. The information transmission system (10) according to claim 1 ,

characterized in that

the repeating module (20) is a transceiver and/or part of a transceiver.

3. The information transmission system (10) according to claim 1 or claim 2, characterized in that

the information sending module (18) is a transceiver and/or part of a transceiver.

4. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the receiving module (22) is a transceiver and/or part of a transceiver.

5. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the information sending module (18) is configured and arranged to be mounted on a truck (12) and that the repeating module (20) and the receiving module (22) are not mounted on a truck (12).

6. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the signal transmission between information sending module (18) and repeating module (20) is wireless.

7. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the signal transmission between information repeating module (20) and receiving module (22) is wireless.

8. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the signal transmission between the information sending module (18) and/or the repeating module (20) and/or the receiving module (22) is in conformity with at least one of the standards WiFi, Bluetooth, WAVE, ETSI ITS-G5, IEEE 802.15.4, C-V2X or the like.

9. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the information transmission system (10) comprises one or more directional antenna(s) (18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b) with the gain of at least +5dBi.

10. The information transmission system (10) according to claim 9,

characterized in that

the directional antenna (18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b) has a wired connection (32, 34) to at least one of the information sending module (18) and/or the repeating module (20) and/or the receiving module (22).

11. The information transmission system (10) according to claim 10,

characterized in that

the at least one directional antenna (18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b) is provided for the information sending module (18) and the repeating module (20) and the receiving module (22).

12. The information transmission system (10) according to claim 1 1,

characterized in that

each directional antenna (18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b) has a wired link (21a, 21b) with the respective module.

13. The information transmission system (10) according to one of the preceding claims,

characterized in that

the information transmission system (10) comprises one or more built-in and/or integrated antennas (18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b).

14. A commercial vehicle (12, 14, 16) comprising at least the information sending module (18) of information transmission system (10) according to one of claims.

15. A commercial vehicle combination (12, 14, 16) comprising at least one truck (12) and at least two trailers (14, 16), wherein the commercial vehicle combination

(12, 14, 16) comprises an information transmission system (10) according to one of claims 1 to 13, wherein the information sending module (18) is arranged on the truck (12), the repeating module (20) is arranged on the first trailer (14) and the receiving module (22) is arranged on the second trailer (16).

16. An information sending module (18) for an information transmission system (10) according to one of claims 1 to 13, comprising the features of the information sending module (18).

17. A repeating module (20) for an information transmission system (10) according to one of claims 1 to 13, comprising the features of the repeating module (20).

18. A receiving module (22) for an information transmission system (10) according to one of claims 1 to 13, comprising the features of the receiving module (22).

Description:
SPECIFICATION

Information transmission system for a commercial vehicle and a commercial vehicle and commercial vehicle combination

The present invention relates to an information transmission system for a commercial vehicle, a commercial vehicle and a commercial vehicle combination comprising at least one truck and at least two trailers. Between the truck, trailer or multiple trailers in the field of commercial vehicles wired communication interfaces (e.g. defined by the ISO 11992 standards) are widely used. But these wired communication lines have limited throughput that often cannot support the data rate required by the emerging applications. Moreover these wired

communication interfaces are not globally used. To support higher bandwidth and thus more functionality plus a globally applicable interface an alternative solution is wireless communication between the tethered transportation units.

Attenuation and thus loss of wireless signals increases with distance. Therefore, by the nature of wireless communication, the quality of service drops as the distance between transceiver and receiver increases, in a road-train scenario, when multiple trailers are attached to a truck, due to this phenomenon it is extremely difficult to send data with significant data rate and low latency from the last trailer to the truck directly.

AU 2012 101 599 A4 relates to a wireless trailer brake control system for

communicating braking information between a tow vehicle and a trailer using wireless communication, wherein the trailer control module is communicatively coupled to the trailer brake system of the trailer.

US 2017/021372 A1 relates to a vision system where a camera is placed onto the trailer, the camera picture is transmitted wirelessly to the towing vehicle and the camera picture is presented on a screen in the towing vehicle. US 2015/061853 A1 relates to a repeater module used in a tire pressure monitoring system and selectively installed in a mother vehicle or daughter vehicle of a tow truck for receiving a status signal from a daughter vehicle tire pressure sensor in each daughter vehicle tire and providing a corresponding wireless signal to an on-vehicle main unit in said mother vehicle, also a TPMS element is described, which Implies significantly less demanding data rate and latency requirements (usually working in the 433MHz and 333MHz band, meaning lower peak data rate than 20kbps, higher latency than 1sec.). EP 1 384 626 A1 relates to an automobile mirror device having a repeater station accommodated therein comprising a wireless communication repeater station, which has a function of relaying a wave signal to be transmitted from inside or outside of the automobile to the inside or outside of the automobile, accommodated within a mirror device provided on the automobile.

It is an object of the present invention, to provide an information transmission system for commercial vehicles, a commercial vehicle and a commercial vehicle combinations, with improved characteristics, in particular in that the transmission of signals is enhanced and that attenuation and thus, loss of wireless signals is avoided.

This object is solved by an Information transmission system for at least a commercial vehicle with the features of claim 1. Accordingly, an information transmission system for at least one commercial vehicle is provided, comprising at least one information sending module, at least one repeating module and at least one receiving module, wherein the information sending module is configured and arranged to send signals defining a message to the repeating module, wherein the repeating module is configured and arranged to enhance the signals and forward the signals to the receiving module.

The invention is based on the basic idea that an intervehicle communication system between vehicles connected to a combination is provided, which makes it possible to enhance the range of the wireless communication and does use wireless

communication between combination vehicles even in road-train scenarios. In particular, attenuation and loss of wireless signals increases with distance, which is now avoided by providing the repeating module. By repeating the wireless signals in the trailers in between and between vehicles of the road-train, the quality of service can be maintained over the complete distance from signal deployment to signal with the receiving point. So, data can be sent with a significant data rate even over a larger distance and with low latency from the last trailer to the truck directly and vice versa.

The repeating module may be a transceiver and/or or part of a transceiver. By this, for example all vehicles of the road-train may be equiped with the same transceiver. By this, identical party may be used, which may help to decrease the costs and enhance the quality to economics of scale and a larger amount of similar or identical parts being used in the system.

Also, the information sending module may be a transceiver and/or a part of a transceiver. By this, also quality may be enhanced and costs may be lowered.

Furthermore, it is also possible to not only send information but also receive it.

The receiving module may be a transceiver and/or a part of a transceiver. Again, this is also helpful to use identical parts all over the road-train in the whole system. The information sending module may be configured and arranged to be mounted on a truck and that the repeating module and the receiving module are not mounted on a truck. In particular, the sending module may be on the truck and connected to the truck information system, which is handled and controlled by the driver during operation. The repeating module may be for example on the first trailer and the receiving module on the last trailer in case of a road-train scenario. Consequently, a complete data transmission line with elements on all connected vehicles, being operated in

combination, can be established.

The signal transmission between the information sending module and the repeating module may be wireless. By providing a wireless transmission of signals no wired lines must be established, which can be subject to mechanical failures. In particular, the signal transmission between the information repeating module and the receiving module may be wireless.

The signal transmission between the sending module and/or the repeating module and/or the receiving module may be in conformity with at least one of the standards WiFi, Bluetooth, WAVE, ETSI ITS-G5, IEEE 802.15.4, C-V2X or the like. Choosing one of these standards allows the use of standard elements and system components.

Furthermore, the quality of the overall system and also of the system transmission may be higher, as established standards may be used. Also the costs of the system or the data transmission components may be lower than by creating a separate, own standard.

The information transmission system may comprise one or more directional antenna(s) with the gain of at least +5dBi.

The directional antenna may have a wired connection to at least one of the information sending module and/or the repeating module and/or the receiving module.

The at least one directional antenna may be provided for the information sending module and the repeating module and the receiving module. By this, each module may have a directional antenna, which is helpful for establishing and defining a reliable data transmission between the modules of the system.

Each directional antenna may have a wired connection with the respective module. By this, a well-defined data transmission and connection between the antenna and the respective module can be established.

Also, mechanical failures do not play a significant role in risk evaluation, as the distance between the module and the antenna is very short and thus, no big distances must be bridged with the wired communication line. The information transmission system may comprise one or more built-in and/or integrated antennas. By integration of antennas a more compact design of the information transmission system may be established. Furthermore, the present invention relates to a commercial vehicle. Accordingly, a commercial vehicle may comprise at least the information-sending module of the information transmission system as described above.

Also, the invention relates to a commercial vehicle combination. Accordingly, a commercial vehicle combination comprises at least one truck and at least two trailers, wherein the commercial vehicle combination comprises further an information transmission system as described above. The information-sending module may be arranged on the truck, the repeating module may be arranged on the first trailer and the receiving module may be arranged on the second trailer.

Furthermore, the present invention relates to an information sending module for an information transmission system. The information sending module comprises the features of the information sending module as described in this disclosure. Moreover, the present invention relates to a repeating module for an information transmission system. The repeating module comprises the features of the repeating module as described in this disclosure.

Additionally, the present invention relates to a message receiving module for an information transmission system. The message receiving module comprises the features of the message receiving module as described in this disclosure.

Further details and advantages shall now be described in connection with the figures. It is shown in Fig. 1 the architecture of a tethered vehicle equipped with an information transmission system according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

Fig. 2 a block diagram of a transceiver (repeating module) according to the

present invention.

Fig. 1 shows an information transmission system 10 for at least one commercial vehicle. Here, more commercial vehicles are present, i.e. one truck 12 as towing vehicle and two trailers 14, 16.

In the shown embodiment the vehicles, i.e. the truck 12 and two trailers 14, 16 are tethered and form a so-called road-train.

All the vehicles, i.e. here the truck 12 as towing vehicle and being in the first position of the road-train, the first trailer 14 having the middle position of the road-train, and the second trailer 16 having the last position of the road-train, are equipped each with a wireless transceiver 18, 20, 22,

The wireless transceiver 18 is mounted on the truck 12, the wireless transceiver 20 is mounted on the first trailer 14 and the wireless transceiver 22 is mounted on the second trailer 16. In the truck, there is also an electronic control unit (ECU) 19 provided.

All used transceivers within the system 10 are identical. This is also possible, when more vehicles are used and then each vehicle may be equipped with an identically made and specified transceiver.

Each wireless transceiver 18, 20, 22 is capable of transmitting and receiving wireless signals W. The wireless transceivers 18, 20, 22 do not do the data processing itself, but forward the data to the processing ECU 19 via regular wired interface.

The signal transmission between information sending module, here represented by (at least) one of the wireless transceivers 18, 20, 22, and repeating module, here

represented by (at least) one of the other wireless transceivers 18, 20, 22, is

established wireless.

Also the signal transmission between information repeating module, e.g. represented by the transceiver 20 on the first trailer 14, and the receiving module, here represented by the transceiver 22 on the second trailer 16 is wireless.

The signal transmission between the transceivers 18, 20, 22 can be a WiFi connection. It is also possible that another standard is chosen, e.g. a standard such Bluetooth, WAVE, ETSI ITS-G5, IEEE 802.15.4, C-V2X or the like.

Furthermore, the information transmission system 10 comprises one or more directional antenna(s) 18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b.

The antennas 18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b are integrated into the transceivers 18, 20, 22. In the shown embodiment, each transceiver 18, 20, 22 has two integrated antennas 18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b.

All antennas 18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b have a gain of at least +5dBi.

Moreover, all antennas 18a, 18b, 20a, 20b, 22a, 22b have a wired connection to the respective transceiver 18, 20, 22.

Fig. 2 shows the block diagram of a transceiver 18, 20, 22 according to the present invention, here with the“middle’’ transceiver 20.

The transceiver 20 has an antenna 20a and an antenna 20b. Furthermore, the transceiver 20 has a first wireless communication module 24, a second wireless communication module 26, a controller unit 28, a power supply 30, a wired connection 32 that carries the power voltage and a wired connection 34 that carries the signal of other sensors of the vehicle.

The antenna 20a is connected with a wired link 21a with the first wireless

communication module 24.

The antenna 20b is connected with a wired link 21 b with the second wireless

communication module 26.

The controller unit 28 is connected via high speed communication links 36, 38 to the communication module 24, 26. The functionality of the information transmission system 10 can be described as follows:

The information transmission system 10 comprises with the first transceiver 18 as information sending module, with the middle transceiver 20 as repeating module and with the endmost transceiver 22 as receiving module.

The first transceiver 18 sends signals defining a message to the middle transceiver 20 acting as repeating module, wherein the middle transceiver 20 enhances the signals and forwards the signals to the endmost transceiver 22 acting as receiving module. When the endmost trailer 16 wants to send messages to the truck 12 (or vice versa), this does not happen directly.

Instead, the transceiver 22 of the endmost trailer 16 sends it to the middle transceiver 20 mounted on the trailer 14 in the middle via a wireless link L1.

The middle transceiver 20 mounted on the trailer 14 in the middle enhances the signals and then forwards the message to the first transceiver 18 mounted on the truck 12 via another wireless link L2. The two wireless links L1 , L2 may operate on different channels or even use different wireless technologies.

In one embodiment the used wireless technology is compliant with the Wi-Fi standards. The backwards facing radios R1 are configured to behave as clients CL, while the forwards facing radios R2 are configured as access points AP. The access points AP may work on different channels and therefore they do not have to share the bandwidth of the channel. Within the transceiver 20, the controller unit 28 plays a gateway role between the two wireless communication modules 24, 26 and its wired interface 34.

The controller unit 28 forwards the data from one wireless module 24 to the other wireless module 26 (or vice versa, as this is a bi-directional communication line) and sends the data of the sensor of the vehicle received via its wired interface 34 and wireless interfaces 24, 26.

REFERENCES

10 Information transmission system

12 Truck

14 Trailer

16 Trailer

19 Electronic control unit (ECU)

18 Information sending module

18a Directional antenna

18b Directional antenna

20 Repeating module

20a Directional antenna

20b Directional antenna

21a Wired link

21b Wired link

22 Receiving module

22a Directional antenna

22b Directional antenna

24 Wireless communication module 26 Wireless communication module

28 Controller unit

30 Power supply

32 Wired connection

34 Wired connection

36 Communication link

38 Communication link

A P Access Point

CL Client

L1 Wireless link

L2 Wireless link

R1 Facing Radio

R2 Facing Radio

W Signals