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Title:
INHIBITORS OF PROTEIN ISOPRENYL TRANSFERASES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1997/017070
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Compounds having formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof wherein R1 is selected from: (a) hydrogen, (b) loweralkyl, (c) alkenyl, (d) alkoxy, (e) thioalkoxy, (f) halogen, (g) haloalkyl, (h) aryl-L2 - and (i) heterocyclic - L3; R2 is selected from the group consisting of: (a) formula (II), (b) -C(O)NH-CH(R14)-C(O)OR15, (c) formula (III), (d) -C(O)NH-CH(R14)-C(O)NHSO2R16, (e) -C(O)NH-CH(R14)-tetrazolyl, (f) -C(O)NH-heterocyclic, and (g) -C(O)NH-CH(R14)-C(O)NR17R18; R3 is pyridyl, substituted pyridyl, imidazolyl, or substituted imidazolyl; R4 is selected from hydrogen, lower alkyl, haloalkyl, halogen, aryl, arylakyl, heterocyclic, and (heterocyclic)alkyl; and L1 is absent or is selected from (a) -L4-N(R4)-L5-, (b) -L4-O-L5-, (c) -L4-S(O)n-L5-, (d) -L4-L6-C(W)-N(R5)-L5-, (e) -L4-L6-S(O)m-N(R7)-L5-, (f) -L4-N(R7)-C(W)-L7-L5-, (g) -L4-N(R7)-S(O)p-L7-L5-, (h) C2-C4-alkylene optionally substituted with 1 or 2 hydroxy groups, (i) C2-to-C4-alkenylene, and (j) C2-to-C4-alkynylene, are inhibitors of protein isoprenyl transferases. Also disclosed are protein isoprenyl transferase inhibiting compositions and a method of inhibiting protein isoprenyl transferases.

Inventors:
SEBTI SAID M
HAMILTON ANDREW D
ROSENBERG SAUL H
AUGERI DAVID J
BARR KENNETH J
DONNER BERNARD G
FAKHHOURY STEPHEN A
JANOWICK DAVID A
KALVIN DOUGLAS M
LARSEN JOHN J
LIU GANG
O'CONNOR STEPHEN J
SHEN WANG
SWENSON ROLF E
SORENSON BRYAN K
SULLIVAN GERARD M
SZCZEPANKIEWICZ BRUCE
TASKER ANDREW S
WASICAK JAMES T
WINN MARTIN
Application Number:
PCT/US1996/017092
Publication Date:
May 15, 1997
Filing Date:
November 05, 1996
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNIV PITTSBURGH (US)
International Classes:
C07D233/64; A61K31/00; A61K31/03; A61K31/215; A61K31/216; A61K31/255; A61K31/41; A61K31/415; A61K31/4164; A61K31/435; A61K31/44; A61K31/4406; A61K31/4427; A61K31/443; A61K31/4433; A61K31/4436; A61K31/4439; A61K31/495; A61K31/535; A61K31/54; A61K31/55; A61K31/695; A61K31/80; A61P9/00; A61P9/10; A61P35/00; A61P43/00; C07D213/30; C07D213/32; C07D213/34; C07D213/36; C07D213/56; C07D213/63; C07D213/64; C07D213/65; C07D213/70; C07D213/71; C07D213/74; C07D213/75; C07D213/82; C07D213/89; C07D233/54; C07D233/70; C07D233/84; C07D233/90; C07D401/12; C07D405/04; C07D405/12; C07D409/12; C07D413/12; C07D417/12; C07D471/08; C07D493/08; C07D521/00; C07F7/10; (IPC1-7): A61K31/415; A61K31/44; C07D213/34; C07D213/30; C07D213/62; C07D213/72; C07D233/70; C07D233/84; C07D233/88
Foreign References:
Other References:
THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY, Vol. 266, No. 22, 05 August 1991, MOORES, pages 14603-14610.
JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 1989, Vol. 32, No.8, TILLEY, pages 1814-1820.
See also references of EP 0873123A4
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:
1. A compound having the formula or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of (a) hydrogen, (b) loweralkyl, (c) alkenyl, (d) alkoxy, (e) thioalkoxy, (f) halo, (g) haloalkyl, (h) aryl L2 wherein L2 is absent or is selected from the group consisting of CH2, CH CHo, CH(CHg), 0, S(O)q wherein q is 0, 1 or 2, N(R) wherein R is hydrogen or loweralkyl, and C(O) and aryl is selected from the group consisting of phenyl, naphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, indanyl and indenyl and the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted, and eterocyclic L3 wherein L_3 is absent or is selected from the group consisting of CH CH , CH(CH3), 0, S(0)q wherein q is 0, 1 or 2, N(R) wherein R is hydrogen or loweralkyl, and C(O), and heterocyclic is a monocyclic heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, Nprotected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl; R2 is selected from the group consisting of (a) R12a is hydrogen, loweralkyl or C(O)OR13 wherein R13 is hydrogen or a carboxyprotecting group, and R12b is hydrogen or loweralkyl, with the proviso that R12a and R12b are not both hydrogen, 070 *& 251.
2. (b) C(O)NHCH(R14)C(O)OR15 wherein R14 is selected from loweralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, thioalkoxyalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, aminoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl , arylalkyi or alkylsulfonylalkyl and R15 is hydrogen or a carboxyprotecting group, (c) (d) C(O)NHCH(R14)C(O)NHSO2Ri6 wherein R14 is defined above and R16 is selected from lower alkyl, haloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic, (e) C(0)NHCH(Ri4)tetrazolyl wherein the tetrazole ring is unsubstituted or substituted with lower alkyl or haloalkyl, (f) C(0)NHheterocyclic, and (g) C(0)NHCH(R14)C(O)NRι R18 wherein R17 and R18 are independently selected from hydrogen and lower alkyl; R3 is pyridyl, substituted pyridyl, imidazoiyl, or susbtituted imidazoiyl; R4 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, haloalkyl 100 halogen, aryl, arylakyl, heterocyclic, and (heterocyclic)alkyl; *& 105.
3. L1 is absent or is selected from the group consisting of (a) L_4N(R4)__5 wherein L4is absent or selected from 110 C ! toC 10alkylene and C2toC 1 Qalkenylene wherein the alkylene group or the alkenylene group is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two, three or four substitutents independently selected from loweralkyl, 115 alkenyl, hydroxy, amino, Nprotected amino, carboxy, 120 alkoxycarbonyl, oxo, thioxo, imino, =NOH, 125 =N0loweralkyl, =NOaryl, and 253 =NOheterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of 130 loweralkyl, halo, nitro, haloalkyl, oxo, 135 hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, amino, Nprotected amino, alkoxy, and 1 0 thioalkoxy, R4 is hydrogen or loweralkyl and L5 is absent or is selected from, CH2, CH2CH2 and 1 5 CH(CH3), (b) l_40L5 wherein.
4. and L are defined above, (c) l_.4S(0)nL5 wherein n is 0, 1 or 2 and L4 and L5 are defined above, *& 150.
5. (d) L4L6C(W)N(R5)L5 wherein L4, L5 and R5 are defined above , W is O or S, and L6 is absent or is selected from O, S and N(Rβ)' wherein Re is hydrogen or loweralkyl, and (e) L4l6S(0)mN(R7)L_5 wherein L4, L5 and U are defined above, m is 1 or 2, and 160 R7 is hydrogen cr loweralkyl, (f) L4N(R7)C(W)L7L5 wherein W, R7, U and L_6 are defined above . and L7 is absent or is selected fromO and S and (g) L4N(R7)S(O)pL7L5 wherein p is 1 or 2 and L4, R.
6. U and L7 are defined above, (h) C2C4alkylene optionally substituted with 1 or 2 hydroxy groups, (i) C2toC4alkenylene, and (j) C toC4alkynylene.
7. 2 A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as defined in claim 1 wherein Ri is aryl L2 wherein L2 is absent or is selected from CH2 and O, and aryl is selected from phenyl and naphthyl 5 wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted.
8. 3 A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as defined in claim 2 wherein Ri is substituted or unsubstituted phenyl.
9. 4 A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as defined in claim 3 wherein R is selected from the group consisting of (a) C(O)NHCH(R14)C(O)OR15 wherein R14 is selected from loweralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, thioalkoxyalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, aminoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, arylalkyi or alkylsulfonylalkyl and R15 is hydrogen or a carboxyprotecting group, and (b) C(0)NHCH(R14)C(O)NHSθ2Rιβ wherein R14 is defined above and Rι6 is selected from lower alkyl, haloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic.
10. 5 A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as defined in claim 3 wherein R2 is selected from the group consisting of 6 A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as defined by claim 5 wherein R3 is pyridyl or pyridyl substituted with 1 or 2 substituents independently selected from lower alkyl, halogen, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, aryl, and arylalkyi.
11. 7 A compound or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof as defined by claim 1 wherein R3 is imidazoiyl or imidazoiyl substituted with lower alkyl.
12. A method of inhibiting protein isoprenyl transferases in a mammal in need of such treatment comprising administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1 .
13. A composition for inhibiting protein isoprenyl transferases comprising a pharmaceutical carrier and a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1.
14. A method for inhibiting or treating cancer in a mammal, compnsing administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1 alone or in combination with another chemotherapeutic agent.
15. A composition for the treatment of cancer compnsing a compound of claim 1 in combination with another chemotherapeutic agent and a pharmaceutically acceptable earner.
16. A method for inhibiting posttranslational modification of the oncogenic Ras protein by protein farnesyltransferase, protein geranylgeranyltransferase or both in a mammal compnsing admmistenng to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1.
17. A composition for inhibiting posttranslational modification of the oncogenic Ras protein by protein farnesyltransferase, protein geranylgeranyltransferase or both comprising a compound of claim 1 in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable earner.
18. A method for treating or preventing restenosis in a mammal, compnsing administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1.
19. A composition for treating or preventing restenosis in a mammal comprising a compound of claim 1 in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
Description:
INHIBITORS OF PROTEIN ISOPRENYL TRANSFERASES

Technical Field The present invention relates to novel compounds which are useful in inhibiting protein isoprenyl transferases (for example, protein farnesyltransferase and protein geranylgeranyltransferase) and the famesylation or geranylgeranylation of the oncogene protein Ras, compositions containing such compounds and to methods of using such compounds.

Background of the Invention Ras oncogenes are the most frequently identified activated oncogenes in human tumors. Transformed protein Ras is involved in the proliferation of cancer cells. Ras must be famesylated before this proliferation can occur. Famesylation of Ras by farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) is effected by protein farnesyltransferase. Inhibition of protein farnesyltransferase and, thereby, of famesylation of the Ras protein, blocks the ability of transformed cells to proliferate. Inhibition of protein geranylgeranyltransferase and, thereby, of geranylgeranylation of Ras proteins, also results in down regulation of Ras protein function.

Activation of Ras also partially mediates smooth muscle cell proliferation (Circulation, I-3: 88 (1993)). Inhibition of protein isoprenyl transferases and, thereby, of famesylation or geranylgeranylation of the Ras protein, also aids in the prevention of restenosis following percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty.

Therefore, there is a need for compounds which are inhibitors of protein farnesyltransferase and protein geranylgeranyltransferase.

Summary of the Invention In its principal embodiment, the present invention provides compounds of formula

I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof wherein R 1 is selected from the group consisting of (a) hydrogen, (b) loweralkyl, (c) alkenyl, (d) alkoxy, (e) thioalkoxy, (f) halogen, (g) haloalkyl, (h) aryl - L 2 - wherein L 2 is absent or is selected from the group consisting of -CH 2 -, -CH 2 CH 2 -, -CH(CH 3 )-, -0-, -S(0) q wherein q is 0, 1 or 2, -N(R)- wherein R is hydrogen or loweralkyl, and -C(O)-, and aryl is selected from the group consisting of phenyl, naphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, indanyl and indenyl and the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted, and (i) heterocyclic - L 3 - wherein L 3 is absent or is selected from the group consisting of -CH 2 -, -CH 2 CH 2 -, -CH(CH 3 )-, -0-, -S(0) q wherein q is 0, 1 or 2, -N(R)- wherein R is hydrogen or loweralkyl, and -C(0)-,and heterocyclic is a monocyclic heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=O), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl. R 2 is selected from the group consisting of

(a)

wherein R 12a is hydrogen, loweralkyl or -C(0)OR 13 wherein

R 13 is hydrogen or a carboxy-protecting group, and R 12b is hydrogen or loweralkyl, with the proviso that R 12a and R 12b are not both hydrogen, (b) -C(0)NH-CH(R 14 )-C(0)OR 15 wherein R 14 is selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, alkoxyalkyl, thioalkoxyalkyl, hydroxyalkyl, aminoalkyl, carboxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, arylalkyi or alkylsulfonylalkyl and R 15 is hydrogen or a carboxy- protecting group,

(C)

, (d) -C(0)NH-CH(R 14 )-C(0)NHS0 Ri6 wherein R 14 is defined above and R-iβ is selected from lower alkyl, haloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic, (e) -C(0)NH-CH(R14)-tetrazolyl wherein the tetrazole ring is unsubstituted or substituted with lower alkyl or haloalkyl, (f) -C(0)NH-heterocyclic and (g) -C(0)NH-CH(R 14 )-C(0)NRι 7 Ri8 wherein R 17 and R18 are independently selected from hydrogen and lower alkyl.

R 3 is pyridyl, substituted pyridyl, imidazoiyl, or susbtituted imidazoiyl. R4 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, lower alkyl, haloalkyl, halogen, aryl, arylakyl, heterocyclic, and (heterocyclic)alkyl.

L, is absent or is selected from the group consisting of (a) -L -N(R 4 )-L 5 - wherein L 4 is absent or selected from C^to-C^-alkylene and C 2 -to-C 10 -alkenylene wherein the alkylene group or the alkenylene group is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two, three or four substitutents independently selected from (1 ) loweralkyl, (2) alkenyl, (3) hydroxy, (4) amino, (5) N-protected amino, (6) carboxy, (7) alkoxycarbonyl, (8) oxo, (9) thioxo, (10) imino, (11) =N-OH, (12) =N-0-loweralkyl, (13) =N-0-aryl, and (14) =N-0- heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, halo, nitro, haloalkyl, oxo, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, and thioalkoxy, R 4 is hydrogen or loweralkyl; and L 5 is absent or is selected from, -CH 2 -, -CH 2 CH 2 - and -CH(CH 3 )-, (b) -l_4-0-L 5 - wherein L and L 5 are defined above,

(c) -U-S(0) n -L 5 - wherein n is 0, 1 or 2 and L 4 and L5 are defined above,

(d) -L -L 6 -C(W)-N(R 5 )-L 5 - wherein L 4, L5 and R5 are defined above , W is O or S, and L 6 is absent or is selected from -0-, -S- and -N(R 6 )- wherein R 6 is hydrogen or loweralkyl, (e) - -L6-S(0) m -N(R 7 )-L 5 -wherein L 4 , L5 and l_e are defined above, m is 1 or 2, and R 7 is hydrogen or loweralkyl, (f) -L 4 -N(R 7 )-C(W)-L 7 -L 5 -wherein W, R 7 , U and l_6 are defined above , and L 7 is absent or is selected from-O- and -S-, (g) -L 4 -N(R 7 )-S(0)p-L 7 -L 5 - wherein p is 1 or 2 and U, R 7 , L5 and L7 are defined above, (h) C2-C 4 -alkylene optionally substituted with 1 or 2 hydroxy groups, (i) C 2 -to-C 4 - alkenyiene, and (j) C -to-C 4 -alkynylene.

In a further aspect of the present invention are disclosed pharmaceutical compositions which comprise a compound of formula I in combination with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

In yet another aspect of the present invention are disclosed pharmaceutical compositions which comprise a compound of formula I in combination with another chemotherapeutic agent and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

In yet another aspect of the present invention is disclosed a method for inhibiting protein isoprenyl transferases (i.e., protein farnesyltransferase and/or geranylgeranyltransferase) in a human or lower mammal, comprising administering to the patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound compound of formula I.

In yet another aspect of the present invention is disclosed a method for inhibiting post-translational modification of the oncogenic Ras protein by protein farnesyltransferase, protein geranylgeranyltransferase or both.

In yet another aspect of the present invention is disclosed a method for treatment of conditions mediated by farnesylated or geranylgeranylated proteins, for example, treatment of Ras associated tumors in humans and other mammals.

In yet another aspect of the present invention is disclosed a method for inhibiting or treating cancer in a human or lower mammal, comprising administering to the patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the invention alone or in combination with another chemotherapeutic agent

In yet another aspect of the present invention is disclosed a method for treating or preventing restenosis in a human or lower mammal, comprising administering to the patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the invention.

The compounds of the invention can comprise asymmetrically substituted carbon atoms. As a result, all stereoisomers of the compounds of the invention are meant to be included in the invention, including racemic mixtures, mixtures of diastereomers, as well as single diastereomers of the compounds of the invention. The terms "S" and "R" configuration, as used herein, are as defined by the IUPAC 1974 Recommendations for Section E, Fundamental Stereochemistry, Pure Appl. Chem. (1976) 45, 13-30.

Detailed Description Definitions of Terms As used herein the terms "Cys", "Glu", "Leu", "Lys", "Met", "nor-Leu", "nor-Val", "Phe", "Ser" and "Val" refer to cysteine, glutamine, leucine, lysine, methionine, nor-leucine, nor-valine, phenylalanine, serine and valine in their L-, D- or DL forms. In general, unless otherwise specified, as used herein these amino acids are in their naturally occuring L- form.

The term "carboxy protecting group" as used herein refers to a carboxylic acid protecting ester group employed to block or protect the carboxylic acid functionality while the reactions involving other functional sites of the compound are carried out. Carboxy protecting groups are disclosed in Greene, "Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis" pp. 152-186 (1981), which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. In addition, a carboxy protecting group can be used as a prodrug whereby the carboxy protecting group can be readily cleaved in vivo , for example by enzymatic hydrolysis, to release the biologically active parent. T. Higuchi and V. Stella provide a thorough discussion of the prodrug concept in "Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems", Vol 14 of the A.C.S. Symposium Series, American Chemical Society (1975), which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Such carboxy protecting groups are well known to those skilled in the art, having been extensively used in the protection of carboxyl groups in the penicillin and cephalosporin fields, as described in U.S. Pat. No. 3,840,556 and 3,719,667, the disclosures of which are hereby incorporated herein by reference. Examples of esters useful as prodrugs for compounds containing carboxyl groups can be found on pages 14-21 of "Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design: Theory and Application", edited by E.B. Roche, Pergamon Press, New York (1987), which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. Representative carboxy protecting groups are Ci to Cβ loweralkyl (e.g., methyl, ethyl or tertiary butyl and the like); arylalkyi, for example, phenethyl or benzyl and substituted derivatives thereof such as alkoxybenzyl or nitrobenzyl groups and the like; arylalkenyl, for example, phenylethenyl and the like; aryl and substituted derivatives thereof, for example, 5-indanyl and the like; dialkylaminoalkyl (e.g., dimethylaminoethyl and the like); alkanoyloxyalkyl groups such as acetoxymethyl, butyryloxymethyl, valeryloxymethyl, isobutyryloxymethyl, isovaleryloxymethyl, 1- (propionyloxy)-l -ethyl, 1-(pivaloyloxyl)-1 -ethyl, 1 -methyl- 1-(propionyloxy)-1 -ethyl, pivaloyloxymethyl, propionyloxymethyl and the like; cycloalkanoyloxyalkyl groups such as cyclopropylcarbonyloxymethyl, cyclobutylcarbonyloxymethyl, cyclopentylcarbonyloxymethyl, cyclohexylcarbonyloxymethyl and the like; aroyloxyalkyl, such as benzoyloxymethyl, benzoyloxyethyl and the like; arylalkylcarbonyloxyalkyl, such as benzylcarbonyloxymethyl, 2-benzylcarbonyloxyethyl and the like; alkoxycarbonylalkyl or cycloalkyloxycarbonylalkyl, such as methoxycarbonylmethyl, cyclohexyloxycarbonylmethyl, 1 -methoxycarbony 1-1 -ethyl, and the like; alkoxycarbonyioxyalkyl or cycloalkyloxycarbonyloxyalkyl, such as methoxycarbonyloxymethyl, t-butyloxycarbonyloxymethyl, 1 -ethoxycarbonyloxy-1 -ethyl, 1 -cyciohexyloxycarbonyloxy-1 -ethyl and the like; aryloxycarbonyloxyalkyl, such as 2- (phenoxycarbonyloxy)ethyl, 2-(5-indanyloxycarbonyloxy)ethyl and the like; alkoxyalkylcarbonyloxyalkyl, such as 2-(1-methoxy-2-methylpropan-2-oyloxy)ethyl and

like; arylalkyloxycarbonyloxyalkyl, such as 2-(benzyloxycarbonyloxy)ethyl and the like; arylalkenyloxycarbonyloxyalkyl, such as 2-(3-phenylpropen-2-yloxycarbonyloxy;ethyl and the like; alkoxycarbonylaminoalkyl, such as t-butyloxycarbonylaminomethyl and the like; alkylaminocarbonylaminoalkyl, such as methylaminocarbonylaminomethyl and the like; aikanoylaminoalkyl, such as acetylaminomethyl and the like; heterocycliccarbonyloxyalkyl, such as 4-methylpiperazinylcarbonyloxymethyl and the like; dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl, such as dimethylaminocarbonylmethyl, diethylaminocarbonylmethyl and the like; (5-(loweralkyl)-2-oxo-1 ,3-dioxolen-4-yl)alkyl, such as (5-t-butyl-2-oxo-1 ,3-dioxolen-4-yl)methyl and the like; and (5-phenyl-2-oxo-1 ,3- dioxolen-4-yl)alkyl, such as (5-phenyl-2-oxo-1 ,3-dioxolen-4-yl)methyl and the like.

Preferred carboxy-protected compounds of the invention are compounds wherein the protected carboxy group is a loweralkyl, cycloalkyl or arylalkyi ester, for example, methyl ester, ethyl ester, propyl ester, isopropyl ester, butyl ester, sec-butyl ester, isobutyl ester, amyl ester, isoamyl ester, octyl ester, cyclohexyl ester, phenylethyl ester and the like or an alkanoyloxyalkyl, cycloalkanoyloxyalkyl, aroyloxyalkyl or an arylalkylcarbonyloxyalkyl ester.

The term "N-protecting group" or "N-protected" as used herein refers to those groups intended to protect the N-terminus of an amino acid or peptide or to protect an amino group against undersirable reactions during synthetic procedures. Commonly used N-protecting groups are disclosed in Greene, "Protective Groups In Organic

Synthesis," (John Wiley & Sons, New York (1981)), which is hereby incorporated herein by reference. N-protecting groups comprise acyl groups such as formyl, acetyl, propionyl, pivaloyl, t-butylacetyl, 2-chloroacetyl, 2-bromoacetyl, trifluoroacetyl, trichloroacetyl, phthalyl, o-nitrophenoxyacetyl, α-chlorobutyryl, benzoyi, 4-chlorobenzoyl, 4-bromobenzoyl, 4-nitrobenzoyl, and the like; sulfonyl groups such as benzenesulfonyl, p-toluenesulfonyl and the like; carbamate forming groups such as benzyloxycarbonyl, p- chlorobenzyloxycarbonyl, p-methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, p-nitrobenzyloxycarbonyl, 2- nitrobenzyloxycarbonyl, p-bromobenzyloxycarbonyl, 3,4-dimethoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, 3,5-dimethoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, 2,4-dimethoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, 4methoxybenzyloxycarbonyl,

2-nitro-4,5-dimethoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, 1 -(p-biphenylyl)-l -methylethoxycarbonyl, α,α-dimethyl-3,5-dimethoxybenzyloxycarbonyl, benzhydryloxycarbonyl, t-butyloxycarbonyl, diisopropylmethoxycarbonyl, isopropyloxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, methoxycarbonyl, allyloxycarbonyl, 2,2,2,- trichloroethoxycarbonyl, phenoxycarbonyl, 4-nitrophenoxycarbonyl, fluorenyl-9- methoxycarbonyl, cyclopentyloxycarbonyl, adamantyloxycarbonyl, cyclohexyloxycarbonyl, phenylthiocarbonyl and the like; alkyl groups such as benzyl,

triphenylmethyl, benzyloxymethyl and the like; and silyl groups such as trimethylsilyl and the like. Preferred N-protecting groups are formyl, acetyl, benzoyi, pivaloyl, t- butylacetyl, phenylsulfonyl, benzyl, t-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc) and benzyloxycarbonyl (Cbz). The term "alkanoyl" as used herein refers to R 9 C(0)- wherein R 29 is a loweralkyl group.

The term "alkanoylaminoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 71 -NH- wherein R 71 is an alkanoyl group.

The term "alkanoyloxy" as used herein refers to R 29 C(0)-0- wherein R 29 is a loweralkyl group.

The term "alkanoyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an alkanoyloxy group.

The term "alkenyl" as used herein refers to a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon containing from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and also containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Examples of alkenyl include -CH=CH 2 , -CH 2 CH=CH 2 , -C(CH 3 )=CH 2 , -CH 2 CH=CHCH 3 , and the like.

The term "alkenylene" as used herein refers to a divalent group derived from a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon containing from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and also containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Examples of alkenylene include -CH=CH-, -CH 2 CH=CH-, -C(CH 3 )=CH-, -CH 2 CH=CHCH 2 -, and the like.

The term "alkoxy" as used herein refers to R 30 O- wherein R 30 is loweralkyl as defined above. Representative examples of alkoxy groups include methoxy, ethoxy, t- butoxy and the like.

The term "alkoxyalkoxy" as used herein refers to R31O-R32O- wherein R3 1 is loweralkyl as defined above and R32 is an alkylene radical. Representative examples of alkoxyalkoxy groups include methoxymethoxy, ethoxymethoxy, t-butoxymethoxy and the like.

The term "alkoxyalkyl" as used herein refers to an alkoxy group as previously defined appended to an alkyl group as previously defined. Examples of alkoxyalkyl include, but are not limited to, methoxymethyl, methoxyethyl, isopropoxymethyl and the like.

The term "alkoxyalkylcarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 66 -C(0)-0- wherein R 66 is an alkoxyalkyl group.

The term "alkoxycarbonyl" as used herein refers to an alkoxy group as previously defined appended to the parent molecular moiety through a carbonyl group. Examples

of alkoxycarbonyl include methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, isopropoxycarbonyl and the like.

The term "alkoxycarbonylalkyl" as used herein refers to an alkoxylcarbonyl group as previously defined appended to a loweralkyl radical. Examples of alkoxycarbonylalkyl include methoxycarbonylmethyl, 2-ethoxycarbonylethyl and the like.

The term "alkoxycarbonylaminoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 69 -NH- wherein R 69 is an alkoxycarbonyl group.

The term "alkoxycarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 63 -0- wherein R 63 is an alkoxycarbonyl group. The term "alkylamino" as used herein refers to R35NH- wherein R35 is a loweralkyl group, for example, methylamino, ethylamino, butylamino, and the like.

The term "alkylaminoalkyl" as used herein refers a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an alkylamino group.

The term "alkylaminocarbonylaminoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 70 -C(O)-NH- wherein R 70 is an alkylamino group.

The term "alkylene" as used herein refers to a divalent group derived from a straight or branched chain saturated hydrocarbon having from 1 to 10 carbon atoms by the removal of two hydrogen atoms, for example methylene, 1 ,2-ethylene, 1 ,1-ethylene, 1 ,3-propylene, 2,2-dimethylpropylene, and the like. The term "alkylsulfinyl" as used herein refers to R 33 S(0)- wherein R 33 is a loweralkyl group.

The term "alkylsulfonyl" as used herein refers to R^SfO^- wherein R^ is a loweralkyl group.

The term "alkylsulfonylalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an alkylsulfonyl group.

The term "alkynyl" as used herein refers to a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon containing from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and also containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Examples of alkynyl include -C≤CH, -CH 2 C_=CH, -CH 2 C=CCH 3 , and the like. The term "alkynylene" as used herein refers to a divalent group derived from a straight or branched chain hydrocarbon containing from 2 to 10 carbon atoms and also containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. Examples of alkynylene include -CaC-, -CH 2 C=C-, -CH 2 CsCCH 2 -, and the like.

The term "amino" as used herein refers to -NH2. The term "aminoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an amino group.

The term "aroyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an aroyloxy group (i.e., R 61 -C(0)0- wherein R 61 is an aryl group).

The term "aryl" as used herein refers to a mono- or bicyclic carbocyclic ring system having one or two aromatic rings including, but not limited to, phenyl, naphthyl, tetrahydronaphthyl, indanyl, indenyl and the like. Aryl groups (including bicyclic aryl groups) can be unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from loweralkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, thioalkoxy, amino, alkylamino, dialkylamino, hydroxy, halo, mercapto, nitro, cyano, carboxaldehyde, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, haloalkyl-C(0)-NH-, haloalkenyl-C(0)-NH- and carboxamide. In addition, substituted aryl groups include tetrafluorophenyl and pentafluorophenyl.

The term "arylalkenyl" as used herein refers to an alkenyl radical to which is appended an aryl group.

The term "arylalkenyloxycarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 68 -0-C(0)-O- wherein Rg 8 is an arylalkenyl group. The term "arylalkyi" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an aryl group. Representative arylalkyi groups include benzyl, phenylethyl, hydroxybenzyl, fluorobenzyl, fluorophenylethyl and the like.

The term "arylalkylcarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an arylalkylcarbonyloxy group (i.e., R 62 C(0)O- wherein R 62 is an arylalkyi group).

The term "arylalkyloxycarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 67 -0-C(0)-0- wherein Rg 7 is an arylalkyi group.

The term "aryloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 65 -0- wherein R 65 is an aryl group. The term "aryloxythioalkoxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 75 -S- wherein R 75 is an aryloxyalkyl group.

The term "aryloxycarbonyioxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 65 -0-C(0)-O- wherein Rg 5 is an aryl group.

The term "arylsulfonyl" as used herein refers to R 36 S(0) 2 - wherein R 36 is an aryl group.

The term "arylsulfonyloxy" as used herein refers to R 37 S(0) 2 0- wherein R 37 is an aryl group.

The term "carboxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended a carboxy (-COOH) group. The term "carboxaldehyde" as used herein refers to the group -C(0)H.

The term "carboxamide" as used herein refers to the group -C(0)NH2.

The term "cyanoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended a cyano (-CN) group.

The term "cycloalkanoylalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended a cycloalkanoyl group (i.e., R 60 -C(O)- wherein R 60 is a cycloalkyl group).

The term "cycloalkenyl" as used herein refers to an alicyclic group comprising from 3 to 10 carbon atoms and containing a carbon-carbon double bond including, but not limited to, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl and the like.

The term "cycloalkyl" as used herein refers to an alicyclic group comprising from 3 to 10 carbon atoms including, but not limited to, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, norbornyl, adamantyl and the like.

The term "cycloalkylalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended a cycloalkyl group. Representative examples of cycloalkylalkyl include cyciopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, 2-(cyclopropyl)ethyl, adamantylmethyl and the like.

The term "cycloalkyloxycarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended Rg4-0-C(0)-0- wherein Rg 4 is a cycloalkyl group.

The term "dialkoxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended two alkoxy groups. The term "dialkylamino" as used herein refers to R38R39 - wherein R38 and R39 are independently selected from loweralkyl, for example dimethylamino, diethylamino, methyl propylamino, and the like.

The term "dialkylaminoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended a dialkylamino group. The term "dialkyaminocarbonylalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 73 -C(0)- wherein R 73 is a dialkylamino group.

The term "dioxoalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical which is substituted with two oxo (=0) groups.

The term "dithioalkoxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended two thioalkoxy groups.

The term "halogen" or "halo" as used herein refers to I, Br, Cl or F. The term "haloalkenyl" as used herein refers to an alkenyl radical, as defined above, bearing at least one halogen substituent.

The term "haloalkyl" as used herein refers to a lower alkyl radical, as defined above, bearing at least one halogen substituent, for example, chloromethyl, fluoroethyl or trifluoromethyl and the like.

The term "heterocyclic ring" or "heterocyclic" or "heterocycle" as used herein refers to a 5-, 6- or 7-membered ring containing one, two or three heteroatoms independently selected from the group consisting of nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur or a 5- membered ring containing 4 nitrogen atoms; and includes a 5-, 6- or 7-membered ring containing one, two or three nitrogen atoms; one oxygen atom; one sulfur atom; one nitrogen and one sulfur atom; one nitrogen and one oxygen atom; two oxygen atoms in non-adjacent positions; one oxygen and one sulfur atom in non-adjacent positions; two sulfur atoms in non-adjacent positions; two sulfur atoms in adjacent positions and one nitrogen atom; two adjacent nitrogen atoms and one sulfur atom; two non-adjacent nitrogen atoms and one sulfur atom; two non-adjacent nitrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. The 5-membered ring has 0-2 double bonds and the 6- and 7-membered rings have 0-3 double bonds. The term "heterocyclic" also includes bicyclic, tricyclic and tetracyclic groups in which any of the above heterocyclic rings is fused to one or two rings independently selected from the group consisting of an aryl ring, a cyclohexane ring, a cyclohexene ring, a cyclopentane ring, a cyclopentene ring and another monocyclic heterocyclic ring (for example, indolyl, quinolyl, isoquinolyl, tetrahydroquinolyl, benzofuryl or benzothienyl and the like). Heterocyclics include: pyrrolyl, pyrrolinyl, pyrrolidinyl, pyrazolyl, pyrazolinyl, pyrazolidinyl, imidazoiyl, imidazoiinyl, imidazolidinyl, pyridyl, piperidinyl, homopiperidinyl, pyrazinyl, piperazinyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, oxazolyl, oxazolidinyl, isoxazolyl, isoxazolidinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, thiazolyl, thiazolidinyl, isothiazolyl, isothiazolidinyl, indolyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, benzimidazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoxazolyl, furyl, thienyl, thiazolidinyl, isothiazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, pyrirπidyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, dihydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothienyl, dihydrothienyl, dihydroindolyl, tetrahydroquinolyl, tetrahydroisoquinolyl, pyranyl, dihydropyranyl, dithiazolyl, benzofuranyl and benzothienyl. Heterocyclics also include bridged bicyclic groups wherein a monocyclic heterocyclic group is bridged by an alkylene group, for example,

and the like. Heterocyclics also include compounds of the formula

wherein X * is -CH 2 -, -CH 2 0- or -O- and Y * is -C(O)- or -(C(R") 2 ) V - wherein R" is hydrogen or Cι-C4-alkyl and v is 1 , 2 or 3 such as 1 ,3-benzodioxolyl, 1 ,4- benzodioxanyl and the like.

Heterocyclics can be unsubstituted or substituted. In the context of a heterocycle, the term "substituted" means a heterocyle substituted with one, two, three, four or five substituents independently selected from the group consisting of a) hydroxy, b) -SH, c) halo, d) oxo (=0), e) thioxo (=S), f) amino.g) -NHOH, h) alkylamino, i) dialkylamino, j) alkoxy, k) alkoxyalkoxy, I) haloalkyl, m) hydroxyalkyl, n) alkoxyalkyl, o) cycloalkyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two, three or four loweralkyl groups, p) cycloalkenyl which is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two, three or four loweralkyl groups, q) alkenyl, r) alkynyl, s) aryl, t) arylalkyi, u) -COOH, v) -S0 3 H, w) loweralkyl, x) alkoxycarbonyl, y) -C(0)NH 2 , z) -C(S)NH 2 , aa) -C(=N- OH)NH 2 , bb) aryl-L 16 -C(0)- wherein L 16 is an alkenylene radical, cc) -S-L 17 -C(O)OR 40 wherein L 17 is an alkylene radical which is unsubstituted or substituted with one or two substitutents independently selected from the group consisting of alkanoyl, oxo (=0) or methinylamino (=CHNR 41 R 42 wherein R 41 is hydrogen or loweralkyl and R 42 is loweralkyl) and R 40 is hydrogen or a carboxy-protecting group, dd) -S-L 18 -C(0)NR 43 R 44 wherein L 18 is an alkylene radical which is unsubstituted or substituted with one or two substitutents independently selected from the group consisting of alkanoyl, oxo (=0) or methinylamino (=CHNR 41 R 42 wherein R 41 is hydrogen or loweralkyl and R 43 and R j are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, loweralkyl and aryl, ee) -S-L 19 -CN wherein L 19 is an alkylene radical, ff) -S-L 20 -R 45 wherein L 20 is absent or is an alkylene radical or an alkenylene radical or an alkynylene radical wherein the alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene radical is unsubstituted or substituted with oxo (=0) and R 45 is hydrogen, aryl, arylalkyi or heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, gg) -0-L 21 -R 46 wherein L 21 is absent or is an alkylene radical or an alkenylene radical or an alkynylene radical wherein the alkylene, alkenylene or alkynylene radical is unsubstituted or substituted with one or two substitutents independently selected from the group consisting of alkanoyl, oxo (=0) or methinylamino (=CHNR 41 R 42 wherein R 41 is hydrogen or loweralkyl and R 46 is hydrogen, aryl, arylalkyi or heterocyclic wherein the

heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, hh) -0-S(0) 2 -R 47 wherein R 47 is aryl, arylalkyi, heterocyclic or heterocyclicalkyl wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, ii) -S(0) 2 -NH-R 48 wherein R 48 is aryl, arylalkyi, heterocyclic or heterocyclicalkyl wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, jj) alkylsufinyl, kk) alkylsufonyl, II) arylsulfonyl, mm) arylsulfonyloxy, nn) -C(=NOR 49 )C(O)OR 50 wherein R 49 is hydrogen or loweralkyl and R 50 is hydrogen or a carboxy-protecting group, oo) alkoxycarbonylalkyl, pp) carboxyalkyl, qq) cyanoalkyl, rr) alkylaminoalkyl, ss) N-protected alkylaminoalkyl, tt) dialkylaminoalkyi, uu) dioxoalkyi, w) loweralkyl-C(O)-, ww) loweralkyl-C(S)-, xx) aryl-C(O)-, yy) aryl-C(S)-, zz) loweralkyl- C(0)-0-, aaa) loweralkyl-S-C(S)- bbb) N-protected amino, ccc) aminoalkyl-C(O)-, ddd) N-protected aminoalkyl-C(O)- eee) aminoalkyl-C(S)-, fff) N-protected aminoalkyl-C(S)-, ggg) aminoalkyl, hhh) N-protected aminoalkyl, iii) formyl, jjj) cyano, kkk) nitro, III) spiroalkyl, mmm) oxoalkyloxy, nnn) s 3 -L 22 - wherein L^ is alkenylene or alkynylene and R 53 is aryl or heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), ammo, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, ooo) aryl-NH-C(O)-, ppp) R 54 -N=N- wherein R 54 is aryl or heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, qqq) =N-R 55 wherein R 55 is hydrogen, aryl, heterocyclic, -S(0) 2 -aryl or -S(0) 2 -heterocyclic wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, rrr) diarylalkyl-N=N-, sss) aryl- N(R 56 )- or arylalkyl-N(R 56 )- wherein R 56 is hydrogen or an N-protecting group, ttt) arylsulfonylalkyl, uuu) heterocyclicsulfonylalkyl wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, vw) =C(CN)(C(0)NH 2 ), www) =C(CN)(C(0)0-

loweralkyl), xxx) heterocyclic or heterocyclicalkyl wherein the heterocyclic is unsubstituted or substituted with one, two or three substituents independently selected from the group consisting of loweralkyl, hydroxy, hydroxyalkyl, halo, nitro, oxo (=0), amino, N-protected amino, alkoxy, thioalkoxy and haloalkyl, yyy) hydroxythioalkoxy, zzz) aryloxyalkyl, aaaa) aryloxyalkylthioalkoxy, bbbb) dialkoxyalkyl, cccc) dithioalkoxyalkyl, dddd) arylalkyl-NH-L 23 - wherein L 23 is an alkylene group, eeee) heterocyclicalkyl-NH-L 24 - wherein L 24 is an alkylene group, ffff) aryl-S(0) 2 -NH- L 25 - wherein L 25 is an alkylene group, gggg) heterocyclic-S(0) 2 -NH-L 26 - wherein L 26 is an alkylene group, hhhh) aryl-C(0)-NH-L 27 - wherein L 27 is an alkylene group and iiii) heterocyclic-C(0)-NH-l-2 8 - wherein L 8 is an alkylene group.

The term "(heterocyclic)alkyP' as used herein refers to a heterocyclic group as defined above appended to a loweralkyl radical as defined above. Examples of heterocyclic alkyl include 2-pyridylmethyl, 4-pyridylmethyl, 4-quinolinylmethyl and the like. The term "heterocycliccarbonyloxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended R 72 -C(0)-0- wherein R 72 is a heterocyclic group.

The term "hydroxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a loweralkyl radical to which is appended an hydroxy group.

The term "hydroxythioalkoxy" as used herein refers to R 51 S- wherein R 51 is a hydroxyalkyl group.

The term "loweralkyl" as used herein refers to branched or straight chain alkyl groups comprising one to ten carbon atoms, including methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, n- butyl, t-butyl, neopentyl and the like.

The term "N-protected alkylaminoalkyl" as used herein refers to an alkylaminoalkyl group wherein the nitrogen is N-protected.

The term "oxoalkyloxy" as used herein refers to an alkoxy radical wherein the loweralkyl moiety is substituted with an oxo (=0) group.

The term "spiroalkyl" as used herein refers to an alkylene diradical, both ends of which are bonded to the same carbon atom of the parent group to form a spirocyclic group.

The term "thioalkoxy" as used herein refers to R52S- wherein R52 is loweralkyl. Examples of thioalkoxy include, but are not limited to, methylthio, ethylthio and the like.

The term "thioalkoxyalkyl" as used herein refers to a thioalkoxy group as previously defined appended to a loweralkyl group as previously defined. Examples of thioalkoxyalkyl include thiomethoxymethyl, 2-thiomethoxyethyl and the like.

Preferred embodiments Preferred compounds of the invention are compounds of formula 1 wherein Ri is aryl - L 2 - wherein L 2 is absent or is selected from -CH - and -O-. and aryl is selected from phenyl and naphthyl wherein the aryl group is unsubstituted or substituted.

More preferred compounds of the invention are compounds of formula I wherein R 1 is unsubstituted or substituted phenyl and R 2 is -C(0)NH-CH(R 14 )-C(0)OR 15 or -C(0)NH-CH(R 14 )-C(0)NHS02Ri6 wherein R 14 R 15 and Ri6 are defined above.

The most preferred compounds of the invention are compounds of formula I wherein R 1 is is unsubstituted or substituted phenyl and R 2 is

Protein Farnesyltransferase Inhibition The ability of the compounds of the invention to inhibit protein farnesyltransferase or protein geranylgeranyltransferase can be measured according to the method of Moores, et al., J. Biol. Chem. 266: 14603 (1991 ) or the method of Vogt, et al., J. Biol. Chem. 270:660-664 (1995). In addition, procedures for determination of the inhibition of famesylation of the oncogene protein Ras are described by Goldstein, et al., J. Biol. Chem., 266:15575-15578 (1991) and by Singh in United States Patent No. 5,245,061. In addition, jn vitro inhibition of protein farnesyltransferase may be measured by the following procedure. Rat brain protein farnesyltransferase activity is measured using an Amersham Life Science commercial scintillation proximity assay kit and substituting a biotin-K Ras B fragment (biotin-Lys-Lys-Ser-Lys-Thr-Lys-Cys-Val-lle-Met-C02H), 0.1 μM final concentration, for the biotin-lamin substrate provided by Amersham. The enzyme is purified according to Reiss, Y., et al., Cell, 62: 81-88 (1990), utilizing steps one through three. The specific activity of the enzyme is approximately 10 nmol substrate farnesylated/mg enzyme/hour. The percent inhibition of the famesylation caused by the compounds of the invention (at 10 x 10 *6 M) compared to an uninhibited control sample is evaluated in the same Amersham test system.

The ^inhibition of protein farnesyltransferase was determined for representative compounds of the invention. The results are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1 In Vitro Potencies of Representative Compounds

% inhibition % inhibition % inhibition % inhibition

Example ® 10 μM @ 1 μM Example @ 10 μM @ 1 μM

36 98

38 97

39 96

40 98

41 98

42 98

51 84

52 96

53 98

54 98

55 99

56 99

58 98

59 98

63 76

67 93 83

68 36

69 98

70 94

71 89

72 65

73 43

74 22

75 98

77 99

79 99

80 99

81 82

126 99 205 71 127 98 206 80

Additional methods for the measurement of in vitro inhibition of protein prenylation (i.e., inhibition of farnesyltransferase or geranygeranyltransferase) are described below. Assays are performed using the glass fiber filter binding assay procedure with either rabbit reticulocyte lysate, or FTase or GGTase I fractions isolated from bovine brains using a combination of hydrophobic and DEAE column chromatography procedures. Protein substrates are purchased from Panvera Corporation (H-ras for FTase, H-ras-CVLL for GGTase I) and the tritium labeled prenyl lipid substrates(FPP or GGPP) are obtained from Amersham Life Science.

FTase

3 H-Farnesyldiphosphate (final concentration 0.6 μM), H-Ras (final concentration 5.0 μM), and the test compound (various final concentrations from a stock solution in 50% DMSO/water; final concentration DMSO < 2%) are mixed in buffer (50 mM HEPES (pH 7.5), 30 mM MgCI 2 , 20 mM KCI, 10 μM ZnCI 2 , 5 mM DTT, 0.01% Triton X-100) to give a final volume of 50 μL. The mixture is brought to 37 °C, enzyme is added, and the reaction is incubated for 30 minutes. 1 mL of 1 M HCI/ethanol is added to stop the reaction, the mixture is allowed to stand for 15 minutes at room temperature and then is diluted with 2 mL ethanol. The reaction mixture is filtered through a 2.5 cm glass microfiber filter from Whatman and washed with four 2 mL portions of ethanol. The glass filter is transferred to a scintillation vial and 5 mL scintillation fluid is added. The radioisotope retained on the glass fiber filter is counted and this reflects the activity of the enzymes. An IC50 value can be calculated by measuring the activity of the enzyme over a suitable range of inhibitor concentrations.

GGTa.se I

3 H-geranylgeranyldiphosphate (final concentration 0.5 μM), H-Ras-CVLL (final concentration 5.0 μM), and the test compound (various final concentrations from a stock solution in 50% DMSO/water; final concentration DMSO < 2%) are mixed in buffer (50 mM Tris-HCI (pH 7.2), 30 mM MgCI 2 , 20 mM KCI, 10 μM ZnCI 2 , 5 mM DTT, 0.01% Triton X-100) to give a final volume of 50 μL. The mixture is brought to 37 °C, enzyme is added, and the reaction is incubated for 30 minutes. 1 mL of 1 M HCI/ethanol is added to stop the reaction, the mixture is allowed to stand for 15 minutes at room temperature and then is diluted with 2 mL ethanol. The reaction mixture is filtered through a 2.5 cm glass microfiber filter from Whatman and washed with four 2 mL portions of ethanol. The glass filter is transferred to a scintillation vial and 5 mL scintillation fluid is added. The radioisotope retained on the glass fiber filter is counted and this reflects the activity of the enzymes. An IC50 value can be calculated by measuring the activity of the enzyme over a suitable range of inhibitor concentrations.

In addition, the ability of the compounds of the invention to inhibit prenylation in whole cells, inhibit anchorage-independent tumor cell growth and inhibit human tumor xenograft in mice can be demonstrated according to the methods described in PCT Patent Application No. WO95/25086, published September 21 , 1995, which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.

Pharmaceutical Compositions The compounds of the present invention can be used in the form of pharmaceutically acceptable salts derived from inorganic or organic acids. These salts include but are not limited to the following: acetate, adipate, alginate, citrate, aspartate, benzoate, benzenesulfonate, bisulfate, butyrate, camphorate, camphorsulfonate, digluconate, cyclopentanepropionate, dodecylsulfate, ethanesulfonate, glucoheptanoate, glycerophosphate, hemisulfate, heptanoate, hexanoate, fumarate, hydrochloride, hydrobromide, hydroiodide, 2-hydroxy-ethanesulfonate, lactate, maleate, methanesulfonate, nicotinate, 2-naphthalenesulfonate, oxalate, pamoate, pectinate, persulfate,

3-phenylpropionate, picrate, pivalate, propionate, succinate, tartrate, thiocyanate, p- toluenesulfonate and undecanoate. Also, the basic nitrogen-containing groups can be quatemized with such agents as loweralkyl halides (such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, and butyl chloride, bromides, and iodides), dialkyi sulfates like dimethyl, diethyl, dibutyl, and diamyl sulfates, long chain halides such as decyl, lauryl, myristyl and stearyl chlorides,

bromides and iodides, aralkyl halides like benzyl and phenethyl bromides, and others. Water or oil-soluble or dispersible products are thereby obtained.

Examples of acids which may be employed to form pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts include such inorganic acids as hydrochloric acid, sulphuric acid and phosphoric acid and such organic acids as oxalic acid, maleic acid, succinic acid and citric acid.

Basic addition salts can be prepared in situ during the final isolation and purification of the compounds of formula (l)-(XII), or separately by reacting the carboxylic acid function with a suitable base such as the hydroxide, carbonate or bicarbonate of a pharmaceutically acceptable metal cation or with ammonia, or an organic primary, secondary or tertiary amine. Such pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, but are not limited to, cations based on the alkali and alkaline earth metals, such as sodium, lithium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, aluminum salts and the like, as well as nontoxic ammonium, quaternary ammonium, and amine cations, including, but not limited to ammonium, tetramethylammonium, tetraethylammonium, methylamine, dimethylamine, trimethylamine, triethylamine, ethylamine, and the like. Other representative organic amines useful for the formation of base addition salts include diethylamine, ethylenediamine, ethanolamine, diethanolamine, piperazine and the like. The compounds of the invention are useful (in humans and other mammals) for inhibiting protein isoprenyltransferases (i.e, protein farnesyltransferase and/or protein geranylgeranyltransferase) and the isoprenylation (i.e., famesylation and/or geranylgeranylation) of Ras. These inhibitors of protein isoprenyltransferases are also useful for inhibiting or treating cancer in humans and other mammals. Examples of the kinds of cancers which may be treated with the compounds of the invention include, but are not limited to, carcinomas, such as lung, colorectal, bladder, breast, kidney, ovarian, liver, exocrine pancreatic, cervical, esophageal, stomach, and small intestinal; sarcomas, such as oesteroma, osteosarcoma, lepoma, liposarcoma, hemanioma, and hemangiosarcoma; melanomas, such as amelanotic and melanotic; mixed types of cancers such as carcinosarcoma, lymphoid tissue type, follicular reticulum, cell sarcoma and Hodgkins disease; and leukemias, such as myeloid, acute lymphoblastic, chronic lymphocytic, acute myloblastic and chronic mylocytic.

The ability of the compounds of the invention to inhibit or treat cancer can be demonstrated according to the methods of Mazerska Z., Woynarowska B., Stefanska B., Borowski S., Drugs Exptl. Clin. Res. 13(6), 345-351 (1987); Bissery, MC, Guenard F, Guerritte-Voegelein F, Lavelle F., Cancer Res. 51 , 4845-4852 (1991); and Rygaard J, and Povlsen C, Acta Pathol. Microbiol. Scand. 77, 758 (1969).

These inhibitors of protein isoprenyltransferases are also useful for treating or preventing restenosis in humans and other mammals. The ability of the compounds of the invention to treat or prevent restenosis can be demonstrated according to the methods described by Kranzhofer, R. et al. Circ. Res. 72: 264-268 (1993), Mitsuka, M. et al. Circ. Res. 72: 269-275 (1993) and Santoian, E.C. et al. Circulation fig: 11-14 (1993).

For use as a chemotherapeutic agent, the total daily dose administered to a host in single or divided doses may be in amounts, for example, from 0.01 to 500 mg/kg body weight daily, preferably in amounts from 0.1 to 20 mg/kg body weight daily and more preferably in amounts from 0.5 to 10 mg/kg body weight daily. Dosage unit compositions may contain such amounts of submultiples thereof to make up the daily dose.

For treatment or prevention of restenosis, the total daily dose administered to a host in single or divided doses may be in amounts, for example, from 0.001 to 1000 mg/kg body weight daily and more preferred from 1.0 to 50 mg/kg body weight daily. Dosage unit compositions may contain such amounts of submultiples thereof to make up the daily dose.

The amount of active ingredient that may be combined with the carrier materials to produce a single dosage form will vary depending upon the host treated and the particular mode of administration.

It will be understood, however, that the specific dose level for any particular patient will depend upon a variety of factors including the activity of the specific compound employed, the age, body weight, general health, sex, diet, time of administration, route of administration, rate of excretion, drug combination, and the severity of the particular disease undergoing therapy.

The compounds of the present invention may be administered orally, parenterally, sublingually, by inhalation spray, rectally, or topically in dosage unit formulations containing conventional nontoxic pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, adjuvants, and vehicles as desired. Topical administration may also involve the use of transdermal administration such as transdermal patches or iontophoresis devices. The term parenteral as used herein includes subcutaneous injections, intravenous, intramuscular, intrastemal injection, or infusion techniques.

Injectable preparations, for example, sterile injectable aqueous or oleagenous suspensions may be formulated according to the known art using suitable dispersing or wetting agents and suspending agents. The sterile injectable preparation may also be a sterile injectable solution or suspension in a nontoxic parenterally acceptable diluent or solvent, for example, as a solution in 1 ,3-propanediol. Among the acceptable vehicles

and solvents that may be employed are water, Ringer's solution, and isotonic sodium chloride solution. In addition, sterile, fixed oils are conventionally employed as a solvent or suspending medium. For this purpose any bland fixed oil may be employed including synthetic mono- or diglycerides. In addition, fatty acids such as oleic acid find use in the preparation of injectables.

Suppositories for rectal administration of the drug can be prepared by mixing the drug with a suitable nonirritating excipient such as cocoa butter and polyethylene glycols which are solid at ordinary temperatures but liquid at the rectal temperature and will therefore melt in the rectum and release the drug. Solid dosage forms for oral administration may include capsules, tablets, pills, powders, and granules. In such solid dosage forms, the active compound may be admixed with at least one inert diluent such as sucrose, lactose, or starch. Such dosage forms may also comprise, as is normal practice, additional substances other than inert diluents, e.g., lubricating agents such as magnesium stearate. In the case of capsules, tablets, and pills, the dosage forms may also comprise buffering agents. Tablets and pills can additionally be prepared with enteric coatings.

Liquid dosage forms for oral administration may include pharmaceutically acceptable emulsions, solutions, suspensions, syrups, and elixirs containing inert diluents commonly used in the art, such as water. Such compositions may also comprise adjuvants, such as wetting agents, emulsifying and suspending agents, and sweetening, flavoring, and perfuming agents.

The compounds of the present invention can also be administered in the form of liposomes. As is known in the art, liposomes are generally derived from phospholipids or other lipid substances. Liposomes are formed by mono- or multi-lamellar hydrated liquid crystals that are dispersed in an aqueous medium. Any non-toxic, physiologically aceptable and metabolizable lipid capable of forming liposomes can be used. The present compositions in liposome form can contain, in addition to a compound of the present invention, stabilizers, preservatives, excipients, and the like. The preferred lipids are the phospholipids and phosphatidyl cholines (lecithins), both natural and synthetic.

Methods to form liposomes are known in the art. See, for example, Prescott, Ed., Methods in Cell Biology. Volume XIV, Academic Press, New York, N.Y. (1976), p. 33 et seq.

While the compounds of the invention can be administered as the sole active pharmaceutical agent for the treatment of cancer, they can also be used in combination with one or more other chemotherapeutic agents.

Representative examples of chemotherapeutic agents are described in Holleb, et al., Clinical Oncology. American Cancer Society, United States (1991) p 56 et seq.

These agents include alkylating agents such as the nitrogen mustards (mechloethamine, melphalan, chlorambucil, cyclophosphamide and ifosfamide), nitrosoureas (carmustine, lomustine, semustine, streptozocin), alkyl sulfonates (busulfan), triazines (dacarbazine) and ethyenimines (thiotepa, hexamethylmelamine); folic acid analogues (methotrexate); pyrimidine analogues (5-fluorouracil, cytosine arabinoside); purine analogues (6- mercaptopurine, 6-thioguanine); antitumor antibiotics (actinomycin D, the anthracyclines

(doxorubicin), bleomycin, mitomycin C, methramycin); plant alkaloids such as vinca alkaloids (vincristine, vinblastine) and etoposide (VP-16); hormones and hormone antagonists (tamoxifen and corticosteroids); and miscellaneous agents (cisplatin, taxol, brequinar).

The above compounds to be employed in combination with the isoprenyl protein transferase inhibitor of the invention will be used in therapeutic amounts as indicated in the Physicians' Desk Reference (PDR) 47th Edition (1993), which is incoφorated herein by reference, or such therapeutically useful amounts as would be known to one of ordinary skill in the art.

The compounds of the invention and the other chemotherapeutic agent can be administered at the recommended maximum clinical dosage or at lower doses. Dosage levels of the active compounds in the compositions of the invention may be varied so as to obtain a desired therapeutic response depending on the route of administration, severity of the disease and the response of the patient.

When administered as a combination, the therapeutic agents can be formulated as separate compositions which are given at the same time or different times, or the therapeutic agents can be given as a single composition.

Preparation of the Compounds of the Invention In general, the compounds of the invention can be prepared by the processes illustrated in the following Schemes 1-16. In these general schemes compounds of the formula I are used to exemplify the methods, but the methods are intended to be applicable to all of the compounds of the invention.

SCHEME 1

SCHEME*

SCHEME 3

HS(CH-) 3 SH

1) thiophosgene

SCHEME 4

SCHEME 6

SCHEME 7

££HJ=M_LS

SCHEME 9

SCHEME 10

SCHEME 11

SCHEME 12

SCHEME 13

X - halldθ

X = halide

X = halide

X - halide

SCHEME 15

CPBA

Scheme 16 illustrates an alternative method for preparing compounds wherein R 2 -C(0)NH-CH(R 14 )-C(0)OR 15 or

as defined above.

SCHEME 1$

The foregoing may be better understood by reference to the following examples which are provided for illustration and not intended to limit the scope of the inventive concept.

Compound 1 ■ 3-(Aminomethyl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Step A P- Chloromethvnbenzoyl.-Met-OCH^

To a solution of methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (2.0 g, 10 mmol) and 3- (chloromethyl)benzoyl chloride (2.08 g, 11.0 mmol) in methylene chloride (50 mL) was slowly added triethylamine (3.07 mL, 22.0 mmol) at ice bath temperature for 2 hours. The mixture was washed with 0.5 N HCI (50 mL x 2), brine solution (50 mL x 2) and water (50 mL x 2). The organic phase was dried over anhydrous MgS0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (30% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to give the desired product (3.03 g) as a white solid: m.p. 82-83°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI3) 67.82 (1 H, s), 7.74 (1 H, d, J=7.7 Hz), 7.53 (1 H, d, J=7.7 Hz), 7.42

(1 H, t, J=7.7 Hz), 7.06 (1 H, br d, J=7.6Hz), 4.92 (1 H, ddd, J=7.6, 7.1 , 5.1 Hz), 4.59 (2H, s), 3.78 (3H, s), 2.58 (2H, t, J=7.1 Hz) 2.26 (1 H, sm), 2.15 (1 H, m), 2.10 (3H, s); 1 3C NMR (CDCI3) δ 172.59, 166.54, 138.13, 134.25, 131.95, 129.12, 127.42, 126.97, 52.72,

52.14, 45.55, 31.47, 30.12, 15.55.

Step B

.3-.Azidomethyl.benzoyn-Met-OCH 3

A suspension of (3-(chloromethyl)benzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 (1.58 g, 5.0 mmol) and sodium azide (1.3 g, 20.0 mmol) in DMSO (40 mL) was stirred at 80°C for 7 hours. The mixture was diluted with methylene chloride (100 mL), washed with brine (70 mL x 2) and water (70 mL x 2), and then dried over anhydrous MgS0 4 . The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a yellow residue. Chromatography on silica gel (30% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to provide the desired product M .45 g) as a colorless solid: m.p. 48-49°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 67.78 (2H, m), 7.49 (2H, m), 6.99 (1H, br d, J=7.4 Hz),

4.49 (1H, ddd, J=7.4, 7.1, 5.2 Hz), 4.42 (2H, s), 3.80 (3H,s), 2.60 (2H, t, J=7.4 Hz), 2.29 (1 H, m), 2.17 (1 H, m), 2.12 (3H, s); C NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 177.50. 166.54, 135.97, 134.06,

131.18, 128.89, 126.84, 126.71 , 54.09, 52.47, 51.95, 31.38, 30.00,15.30.

Step C

■ 3-.Aminomethyl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3 A suspension of (3-(azidomethyl)benzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 (1.29 g, 4.0 mmol) and 5% palladium on carbon (0.2 g) in methanol (40 mL) was stirred under a hydrogen atmosphere (1 atm) for two days at room temperature. The catalyst was removed by filtration through celite (1.5 g) and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was washed with water (5 mL x 2) and dried to give the desired product (1.12 g) as a colorless foam. " " H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 67.81 (1 H, s), 7.68 (1 H, d, J=7.4 Hz), 7.45 (1 H, d,

J=6.5 Hz), 7.36 (1 H, t, J=7.4 Hz), 4.91 (1 H, ddd, J=7.3, 7.1 , 5.1 Hz), 3.90 (2H, s), 3.77 (3H, s), 3.21 (2H, br s), 2.59 (2H, t, J=7.4 Hz), 2.20 (1H, m), 2.12 (1H, m), 2.09 (3H, s).

Compound 2 ι4-ιAminomethvl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

The title compound is prepared according to the procedure used to prepare Compound 1 but replacing 3-(chloromethyl)benzoyl chloride with 4-(chloromethyl)benzoyl chloride.

Compound 3 (3-Aminobenzoyl.-Met-QCH 3

The title compound was prepared according to the procedure described in J. Biol. Chem. 262 12410-12413 (1994).

Compound 4 (4-Amin9benzQyl)-Met-QCH 3

Step A N-BOC-4-Aminobenzoic acid 4-Aminobenzoic acid (10 g, 72.9 mmol) was placed into a mixture of dioxane (145.8 mL) and 0.5 M NaOH (145.8 mL). The solution was cooled to 0°C and di-t-butyl dicarbonate (23.87 g, 109.5 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The next day, the dioxane was removed, the residue was made acidic and extracted into ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate fractions were combined and washed with 1 N HCI to remove any unreacted starting material. The solution was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The crude material was recrystallized from ethyl acetate/hexanes to provide the desired product (12.2 g): m.p. 189-190°C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 1.52 (9H, s), 7.49 (2H, d, J=8.6 Hz), 7.91 (2H, d, J=8.6 Hz), 9.28 (1 H, s); 1 3 C NMR (CD 3 OD) 628.59, 81.29,

118.54, 125.30, 131.81 , 145.70, 155.00, 169.80;

Anal. Calc. for C 12 H 15 N0 4 , C: 60.76, H: 6.37, N: 5.90; Found, C: 60.52, H: 6.43, N: 5.83; HRMS Calc. for C 12 H 15 N0 4 , 237.0961 , Found, 237.1001.

Ste B (N-BOC-4-Aminobenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Into a dried, nitrogen filled flask was placed N-BOC-4-aminobenzoic acid (8.77 g, 36.97 mmol) in dry methylene chloride (148 mL) along with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (8.12 g, 40.66 mmol). This solution was cooled in an ice bath and triethylamine (6.7 mL), EDCI (7.80 g, 40.66 mmol) and hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBT, 5.50 g, 40.66 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred overnight, diluted with more methylene chloride and was extracted three times each with 1 M HCI, 1 NaHC0 3 and water. The methylene chloride was dried over MgS0 4 and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The resulting solid was recrystallized from ethyl acetate/hexanes to yield the desired product (9.72 g): m.p. 184-185°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 1.53 (9H, s), 2.06-2.18

(4H, m), 2.23-2.33 (1 H, m), 2.59 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 3.80 (3H, s), 4.92 (1 H, m), 7.45 (2H, d, J=8.7 Hz), 7.77 (2H, d, J=8.7 Hz), 1 3C NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 15.59, 28.34, 30.15, 31.64, 52.10, 52.73, 81.20, 117.73, 127.8, 128.33, 141.88, 152.33, 166.50, 172.75;

Anal. Calc. for C 18 H 26 N 2 0 5 S, C: 56.53, H: 6.85, N: 7.29; Found, C: 56.47, H: 6.86, N:

7.29; m/z (El) 382 (M).

Ste C ■ 4-Aminobenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3 hvdrochloride N-BOC-4-aminobenzoyl-Met-OCH 3 (3.53 g, 9.59 mmol) was placed into methylene chloride (30-35 mL) and to it was added 3M HCI/Et0 2 (38.4 mL). After standing, a white precipitate formed. After two hours the solution was decanted and the crystals were collected by centrifugation. The crystals were then washed several times with fresh ether and dried overnight on the vacuum pump. Meanwhile, the filtrate was left to stand overnight to allow additional product to precipitate. The second fraction was washed with ether and dried overnight on the vacuum pump. The total yield of the desired product was 2.87 g: m.p. 158-164°C; ^H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 62.10 (3H, s), 2.12-

2.29 (1 H, m), 2.52-2.71 (1H, m), 2.59 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 3.75 (3H, s), 4.79 (1 H, m), 7.02 (2H, d, J=8.6 Hz), 7.55 (2H, d, J=8.6 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 15.23, 31.43, 31.53,

52.91 , 52.43, 124.35, 130.56, 135.31 , 135.76, 168.95, 173.87; HRMS Calc. for C 13 H 18 N 2 0 3 S, 282.1038, Found 282.1009.

Compound 5

.4-Amino-3-methylbenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Step A N-BOC-4-Amino-3-methylbenzoic acid 4-Amino-3-methylbenzoic acid (5 g, 33.1 mmol) was reacted according to the same procedure as that used in the process for preparing N-BOC-4-aminobenzoic acid. The resulting orange-brown solid was recrystallized from ethyl acetate and hexanes to provide the desired product (4.99 g) as tan prismatic crystals: m.p. 180-182°C; 1H NMR (CD3OD) 6 1.51 (9h, s), 2.27 (3H, s), 7.66 (1H, d, =8.1 Hz), 7.79-7.82 (2H, m), 8.32 (1 H, s); 13C NMR (CD30D) 6 17.98, 28.62, 81.47, 123.12, 127.05, 129.14, 130.65, 132.99, 142.45, 155.33, 168.70; Anal. Calc. for C 13 H 17 N0 4 , C: 62.15, H: 6.82, N: 5.58; Found C: 62.07, H: 6.86, N: 5.46; m/z (El) 251 ; HRMS Calc. for C 13 H 17 N0 4 , 251.1158; Found, 251.1153.

Step B ■ N-BOC-4-Amino-3-methylbenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3 N-BOC-4-amino-3-methylbenzoic acid (2.00 g, 7.96 mmol) was reacted with with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (1.75 g, 8.76 mmol), triethylamine (1.4 mL), EDCI (1.68 g, 8.76 mmol) and hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBT, 1.18 g, 8.76 mmol) in dry

methylene chloride (31.8 mL) according to the procedure described for the preparation of N-BOC-4-aminobenzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 . The resulting solid was recrystallized from ethyl acetate/hexanes to yield the desired product (2.61 g): m.p. 163-165°C; 1 H NMR (CDCIg) 6 1.54 (9H, s), 2.06-2.18 (4H, m), 2.23-2.34 (4H, m), 2.59 (2H, t, J=6.8 Hz), 3.80

(3H, s), 4.92 (1 H, m), 6.45 (1 H, s), 6.88 (1 H, d, J=7.5 Hz), 7.63 (1 H, d, J=8.6 Hz), 7.66 (1 H, s), 8.05 (1 H, d, J=8.6 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 15.47, 17.61 , 28.22, 30.03, 31.55,

51.93, 52.57, 81.04, 118.73, 125.62, 127.66, 129.54, 139.89, 152.34, 166.58, 172.66.

Step C (4-Amino-3-methylbenzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 hydrochloride N-BOC-4-Amino-3-methylbenzoyl-Met-OCH 3 (0.99 g, 2.59 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride (15-20 mL) and precipitated with 3M HCI/Et 2 0 (20.7 mL). A pale orange precipitate was obtained, washed with ether and dried overnight on the vacuum pump. The total yield of the desired product was 0.83 g: m.p. 157-159°C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 2.04 (3H, s), 2.1 1-2.25 (1 H, m), 2.47 (3H, s), 2.52-2.68 (3H, m), 3.74 (3H, s),

4.75-4.80 (1 H, m), 7.48 (1 H, d, J=8.2 Hz), 7.81 (2H, d, J=8.2 Hz), 7.87 (1 H, s); C NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 15.23, 17.28, 31.43, 31.51 , 52.91 , 53.37, 124.41 , 127.85, 131.99, 133.63, 134.14, 135.65, 169.05, 173.84; Anal. Calc. for C 14 H 21 N 2 0 3 S, C: 50.52, H: 6.36, N: 8.42; Found C: 50.71 , H: 6.40, N: 8.34.

Compound 6 (4-Amino-3-methoxybenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Step A

N-BOC-4-Amino-3-methoxybenzoic acid 4-Amino-3-methoxybenzoic acid (1 g, 5.98 mmol) was reacted according to the same procedure as that used in the process for preparing N-BOC-4-aminobenzoic acid. The resulting solid was recrystallized from ethyl acetate and hexanes to provide the desired product (1.5 g) as tan crystals: m.p. 176-178°C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) δ 1.52 (9H, s), 3.92 (3H, s), 7.56 (1 H, s), 7.62 (1 H, d, J=8.4Hz), 7.96 (1 H, s), 8.03 (1 H, d, J=8.4 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 28.53, 56.35, 81.78, 112.01 , 118.58, 124.20, 125.76, 133.84, 149.04, 154.20, 169.60; HRMS Calc. for C 13 H 17 N0 5 , 267.1107; Found, 267.1 103.

Ste B (N-BQC-4-Amino-3-methoxybenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

N-BOC-4-amino-3-methoxybenzoic acid (0.35 g, 1.31 mmol) was reacted with with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.9 g, 1.43 mmol) using EDCI according to the procedure described for the preparation of (N-BOC-4-aminobenzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 .

The resulting solid was recrystallized from ethyl acetate/hexanes to yield the desired product (0.36 g): m.p. 163-165°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 1.53 (9H, s), 2.09-2.18 (4H, m),

2.23-2.35 (1H, m), 2.60 (2H, t, J=6.9 Hz), 3.80 (3H, s), 3.93 (3H, s), 4.92 (1 H, br s), 6.93 (1 H, d, J=7.6 Hz), 7.25(1H, m), 7.31 (1H, d, J=10.2 Hz), 7.44 (1H, s), 8.15 (1H, d, J=8.5 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 15.47, 28.23, 30.09, 31.48, 52.06, 52.54, 55.81 , 80.82, 98.06,

109.38, 116.66, 119.31 , 131.52, 147.23, 152.31 , 166.57, 172.58; m/z (FAB) 413 (M + 1 ).

Ste C ■4-Amino-3-methoxybenzoyl.-Met-QCH 3 hydrochloride N-BOC-4-Amino-3-methoxybenzoyl-Met-OCH 3 (0.71 g, 1.79 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride (4 mL) and precipitated with 3M HCI/Et 2 0 (12 mL). A reddish precipitate was obtained, washed with ether and dried overnight on the vacuum pump. The total yield of the desired product was 0.55 g: m.p. 176-177°C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) δ

2.08 (3H, s), 2.21 (2H, m), 2.61 (2H, m), 3.74 (3H, s), 4.02 (3H, s), 4.79 (1 H, m), 7.50 (1 H, d, J=8.2 Hz), 7.57 (1 H, d, J=4.1 Hz), 7.67 (1H, s); 3 C NMR (CD 3 OD) δ 15.26,

31.34, 31.42, 52.95, 53.38, 57.12, 112.29, 121.43, 124.57, 124.77, 136.15, 153.67, 168.79, 173.81.

Compound 7

(4-Amino-1 -naohthoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Step A 4-Amino-1-naphthoic acid 4-Amino-1 -naphthalenecarbonitrile (1.5 g, 8.91 mmol) was suspended in a 50%

KOH solution (18 mL). The heterogeneous solution was heated at reflux for 2-3 days. Once the solution became homogeneous and TLC showed no more starting material, the deep red solution was cooled and poured over 200 mL of water. The resulting solution was then filtered and the desired product was precipitated with concentrated HCI. The resulting red crystals were filtered and the filtrate was refiltered to give pink crystals. The first fraction of crystals was treated with activated carbon to remove some of the red color. A total of 1.51 g of the desired product was obtained: m.p. 169-171 °C; 1 H NMR

(CD 3 OD) 6 6.69 (1 H, d, J=8.2 Hz), 7.38-7.43 (1 H, m), 7.48-7.54 (1 H, m), 8.03 (1 H, d, J=8.5 Hz), 8.13 (1 H, d, J=8.2 Hz), 9.09 (1 H, d, J=8.5 Hz); 13 C NMR (CD 3 OD) δ 107.39,

1 14.61 , 122.99, 123.92, 125.21 , 127.40, 128.48, 135.04, 151.35, 171.44; HRMS Calc. for C 1 1 H 7 N0 2 , 187.0633; Found, 187.0642.

N-BOC-4-Amino-1-naphthoic acid 4-Amino-1-naphthoic acid (0.86 g, 4.61 mmol) was dissolved in dioxane (9.2 mL). Di-t-butyl dicarbonate (1.1 1 g, 5.07 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was worked up as described above for N-BOC-4- aminobenzoic acid to give 0.76 g of the desired product as a reddish pink solid: m.p. 194-195°C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 1.56 (9H, s), 7.53-7.62 (2H, m), 7.79 (1 H, d, J=8.1 Hz),

8.12 (1 H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 8.22 (1 H, d, J=8.18 Hz), 9.02 (1 H, d, J=8.9 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CD 3 OD) 626.68, 81.62, 119.06, 123.40, 124.57, 127.03, 127.37, 128.49, 128.77, 131.89, 133.76, 139.86, 155.95, 170.73; Anal. Calc. for C 17 H 17 N0 4> C: 66.90, H: 5.96, N: 4.88; Found C: 66.49, H: 6.08, N: 4.79; m/z (El), 289; HRMS Calc. for C 16 H 17 NO 4 , 287.1158; Found, 287.1151.

Step C .N-BOC-4-Amino-1-naρhthovn-Met-QCH 3

N-BOC-4-Amino-naphthoic acid (0.46 g, 1.60 mmol), methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.35 g, 1.76 mmol), EDCI (0.43 g, 1.76 mmol), HOBT (0.24 g, 1.76 mmol) and triethylamine (0.27 mL) in methylene chloride (6.4 mL) were reacted as described above for N-BOC-4-aminobenzoyl-Met-OCH3. After workup and recrystallization from ethyl acetate hexanes, the desired product (0.44 g) was obtained as pale pink crystals: m.p. 131-132°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 1.57 (9H, s), 2.1 1-2.21 (4H, m), 2.29-2.41 (1 H, m),

2.65 (2H, t, J=7.1 Hz), 3.83 (3H, s), 4.99-5.06 (1H, m), 6.68 (1 H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.02 (1 H, s), 7.56-7.59 (2H, m) 7.69 (1 H, d, J=7.9 Hz), 7.87-7.90 (1 H, m), 8.02 (1 H, d, J=7.9 Hz), 8.44-8.48 (1 H, m); 13 C NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 15.56, 28.31 , 30.19, 31.65, 52.06, 52.64, 81.17, 115.82, 120.18, 125.79, 126.37, 126.53, 127.18, 131.02, 135.65, 152.93, 169.04, 172.40; HRMS Calc. for C 22 H 28 N 2 0 5 S, 432.1719; Found, 432.1702; m/z (FAB) 433

(M+1).

Step D

(4-Amino-1 -naphthoyl)-Met-OCH 3 hydrochloride (N-BOC-4-Amino-1 -naphtholyl)-Met-OCH 3 (0.57 g, 1.31 mmol) was deprotected with HCI/ether to yield the desired product (0.31 g) as a white solid: m.p. 178-181 °C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 62.08-2.16 (4H, m), 2.20-2.30 (1 H, m) 2.57-2.75 (2H, m) 3.82 (3H, s),

4.87-4.91 (1 H, m), 7.59 (1 H, d, J=7.5 Hz), 7.67 (1 H, d, J=7.5 Hz) 7.71-7.80 (2H, m), 8.03 (1 H, dd, J=7.1 , 2.0 Hz), 8.35 (1 H, dd, J=6.8, 1.8 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 15.23,

31.40, 53.01 , 53.33, 1 19.90, 122.20, 126.15, 127.41 ,127.77, 129.09, 129.31 , 131.50, 132.33, 135.64, 171.77, 173.83; m/z (FAB), 369 (M+1).

Compound 8 (4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Step A 4-Nitro-2-phenyltoluene

2-Bromo-4-nitrotoluene (2.16 g, 10.00 mmol) and phenylboric acid (1 .46 g, 12.00 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous DMF (25 mL) under nitrogen. To this mixture was added Pd(Ph 3 P) 4 (0.58 g, 5%). The mixture was heated at 100°C overnight. The solution was poured onto 1 N HCI and extracted with Et 2 0. The crude product was chromatographed on silica gel using hexanes as eluent. After recrystallization from ethanol, the desired product (1.23 g) was obtained as pale orange needles: m.p. 69- 71 °C; H NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 2.36 (3H, s), 7.29-7.40 (2H, m), 7.41-7.49 (5H, m), 8.07-8.10 (2H, m); C NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 20.68, 121.96, 124.51 , 127.78, 128.41 , 128.83, 131.06, 139.06, 139.44, 142.97, 143.48, 146.05; Anal. Calc. for C 13 H 1 1 N0 2 , C: 73.26, H: 5.20, N: 6.57; Found, C: 73.10, H: 5.12, N: 6.50; m/z (El) 213; HRMS Calc. for C 13 H 11 N0 2 , 213.0790; Found, 213.0793.

Ste B

4-Nitro-2-phenylbenzoic acid 4-Nitro-2-phenyltoluene (0.5 g, 2.34 mmol) was dissolved in water (4.6 mL) and pyridine (2.3 mL). The mixture was heated to reflux and KMn0 4 (1.85 g, 1 1.7 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was heated overnight and the solution was filtered and washed several times with boiling water. The aqueous solution was made acidic and the product was extracted into ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate solution was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and the solvent removed in vacuo to provide the desired product (0.37 g): m.p. 174-176°C, 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) δ 7.38-7.48 (5H, m), 7.96 (1 H, d, J=8.5 Hz), 8.21 (1 H, d,

J=2.3 Hz), 8.28 (1 H, dd, J=8.48, 2.37 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 122.95, 126.09, 129.27, 129.42, 129.49, 131.56, 139.26, 140.42, 144.41 , 150.17, 170.52; m/z (El) 243 (M).

( 4-Nitro-2-phenv)benzoγn-Met-OCH 3

4-Nitro-2-phenylbenzoic acid (0.3 g, 1.23 mmol), methionine methyl ester hydrochloride salt (0.27 g, 1.35 mmol), EDCI (0.26 g, 1.35 mmol), HOBT (0.18 g, 1.35 mmol) and triethylamine (0.19 L) in dry methylene chloride (4.9 mL) were reacted according the procedure described above for (N-BOC-4-aminobenzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 . After recrystallization of the product from ethyl acetate hexanes, the desired product (0.41 g) was obtained: m.p. 98-101 °C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 1.62-1.73 (1H, m), 1.79-1.88 (1H, m),

1.91 (3H, s), 1.99 (2H, t, J=7.2 Hz), 3.59 (3H, s), 4.53 (1 H, m), 6.45 (1H, d, J=7.8 Hz), 7.33-7.40 (5H, m), 7.67 (1 H, d, J=8.3 Hz), 8.07-8.12 (2H, m); 13 C NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 14.92,

29.11 , 30.67, 51.51 , 52.29, 121.86, 124.74, 128.27, 128.60, 128.69, 129.52, 137.50, 140.56, 141.02, 148.09, 167.23, 171.23; m/z (FAB), 389 (M+1).

Step D .4-Amino-2-phenγlbenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3 (4-Nitro-2-phenylbenzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 (0.35 g, 0.90 mmol) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (9.0 mL). To this mixture was added SnCI 2 2H 2 0 (1.02 g, 4.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated under nitrogen at reflux for one hour. The mixture was poured onto ice, the solution was made basic using NaHC0 3 and the product was extracted into ethyl acetate several times (7-8). The ethyl acetate solutions were combined, washed with brine and dried over Na 2 S0 4 . The solvent was removed in vacuo to the desired product (0.24 g) as a yellow solid: 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 1.58-1.70 (1H, m), 1.80-1.92 (1H, m), 1.98 (3H, s), 2.06 (2H, t, J=7.7 Hz), 3.62 (3H, s), 4.00 (2H, br s), 4.56-4.63 (1 H, m), 5.84 (1 H, d, J=7.7 Hz), 6.50 (1 H, s), 6.61 (1 H, d, J=8.4 Hz) 7.29- 7.42 (5H, m), 7.58 (1 H, d, J=β.3 Hz); C NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 15.02, 29.25, 31.25, 51.57,

52.15, 113.27, 115.88, 123.52, 127.56, 128.37, 128.44, 130.92, 140.66, 141.44, 148.53, 168.58, 171.91.

Compound 9 ■4-Amino-2-.2-thienyl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3 The title compound can be prepared according to the method used to prepare

Compound 8, only substituting thiophene-2-boronic acid for phenyl boronic acid.

Compound 10 (4-Amino-2-<1-naphthyl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

The title compound can be prepared according to the method used to prepare Compound 8, only substituting 1 -naphthylboronic acid for phenylboronic acid.

CpmpQun d 11

4-Amino-3'-methvlbiphenyl The title compound was prepared by Suzuki coupling of 1 -bromo-4-nitrobenzene and 1 -bromo-3-methylbenzene.

Compound - 4-Amino-4'-biphenyl carboxylic acid

Step A 4-Nitro-4'-methvlbiphenvl The title compound was prepared by Suzuki coupling of 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene and 1 -bromo-4-methylbenzene.

Step β 4-Nitro-4'-biphenyl carboxylic acid The title compound was prepared by KMn0 4 oxidation of 4-nitro-4'- methylbiphenyl.

Step C 4-Amino-4'-biphenyl carboxylic acid The title compound can be prepared by palladium catalyzed hydrogenation of 4- nitro-4'-biphenyl carboxylic acid.

Compound 13 4-Amino-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid

Step A 4-Nitro-3'-methylbiphenyl

The title compound was prepared by Suzuki coupling of 1-bromo-4-nitrobenzene and 1 -bromo-3-methylbenzene.

Ste B 4-Nitro-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid

The title compound was prepared by KMn0 4 oxidation of 4-nitro-3'- methylbiphenyl.

tep Q 4-Amino-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid

The title compound can be prepared by palladium catalyzed hydrogenation of 4- nitro-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid.

Compound 14

4-Amino-2-methoxy-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid

Step A 2-Methoxv-4-nitro-3'-methγlbiphenvl The title compound was prepared by reaction of 1 -bromo-2-methoxy-4- nitrobenzene with 3-methylphenylboronic acid in the presence of palladium acetate.

Ste B 2-Methoxy-4-nitro-3'-biphenylcarboxylic acid The title compound was prepared by KMn0 4 oxidation of 2-methoxy-4-nitro-3'- methylbiphenyl.

Ste C

4-Amino-2-methoxy-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid The title compound can be prepared by palladium catalyzed hydrogenation of 2- methoxy-4-nitro-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid.

Compound 15 4-Amino-2-isopropvloxv-3'-biphenyl carboxylic acid The title compound can be prepared by methods analogous to those used to prepare Compound 14.

Compound 16 4-Amino-2-phenyl-3'-biphenylcarboxylic acid The title compound can be prepared by methods analogous to those used to prepare Compound 14.

Compound 17 .4-Amino-2-.3.5-dimethylphenyl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

Step A 2-Bromo-4-nitrobenzoic acid 2-Bromo-4-nitrotoluene (5.0 g, 23.14 mmol) was dissolved in pyridine (23 mL) and water (46 mL). The heterogeneous mixture was heated to 60°C and KMn0 4 (18.29 g,

115.7 mmol) was added carefully. The mixture was then heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered and washed with boiling water. The solution was then made acidic and extracted into ethyl acetate, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and the solvent was removed in vacuo. The crude product was dissolved in aqueous NaOH and washed with hexanes. The aqueous phase was made acidic and the product was extracted into ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate solutions were combined and dried over Na 2 S0 4 and the solvent was removed in vacuo to provide the desired product (3.72 g): m.p. 158-160°C; 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 67.81 (1H, d, J=8.5 Hz), 8.08 (1H, d, J=8.5 Hz), 8.30 (1H, s); 13 C NMR (CD 3 OD) 6 121.96, 122.75, 129.36, 132.24, 139.52, 149.54, 167.75; Anal. Calc. for C 7 H 4 BrN0 4 » 0.1 ethyl acetate, C: 34.88, H: 1.90, N: 5.50; Found, C: 34.68, H: 1.86, N: 5.82.

Step B 3.5-Dimethylphenylboronic acid Magnesium turnings (1 .44 g, 59.43 mmol) were coverd with dry THF (18.8 mL) in a dried, nitrogen filled flask fitted with an addition funnel and reflux condenser. To this was added 5-bromo-m-xylene (10 g, 54.03 mmol) in THF (15 mL) after initiation of the

Grignard reaction. The addition was carried out over several minutes and the reacton mixture was heated at reflux for 1-2 hours until most of the magnesium had reacted. The reaction mixture was then cooled and transferred to an addition funnel fitted to an nitrogen filled flask containing triisopropyl borate (24.9 mL) at -70°C. The dropwise addition was carried out over several minutes and the mixture warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The grey solution was poured onto 2 M HCI and immediately turned yellow. The solution was extracted with Et 2 0 and the Et 2 0 fractions were combined, dried over MgS0 4 and the solvent was removed in vacuo to provide the desired product (2.41 g): m.p.249-251°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 62.44 (6H, s), 7.23 (1 H, s), 7.84 (2H, s); 1 3C NMR (CD 3 OD) 621.36, 133.28, 134.39, 137.48.

Step C 4-Nitro-2-(3.5-dimethylphenyl)benzoic acid 2-Bromo-4-nitrobenzoic acid (0.43 g, 2.03 mmol) and 3,5-dimethylphenyl boronic acid (0.334 g, 2.23 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous DMF (25 mL) under nitrogen. To this mixture was added Cs 2 C0 3 (1.66 g, 5.08 mmol) followed by Pd(Ph 3 P) 4 (0.12 g, 5%).

The mixture was heated at 100°C overnight. The solution was poured onto 1 N HCI and extracted with Et 2 0. It was dried over MgS0 4 and the solvent was removed in vacuo.

The crude product was chromatographed on silica gel using a 9:1 mixture of hexanes and ethyl acetate to provide the desired product (0.34 g): 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 62.36 (6H, s), 6.99 (2H, s), 7.07 (1H, s), 8.03 (1H, d, J=9.0 Hz), 8.23-8.25 (2H, m); 13c NMR (CDCI 3 ) 621.28, 121.68, 123.68, 125.74, 126.07, 130.22, 131.19, 131.31 , 135.04,

138.21 , 144.74, 170.75.

Step D

(4-Nitro-2-.3.5-dimethylPhenyl.benzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

4-Nitro-2-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)benzoic acid (0.15 g, 0.55 mmol), methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.11 g, 0.55 mmol), EDCI (0.11 g, 0.55 mmol), HOBT (0.07 g, 0.55 mmol) and triethylamine (0.08 mL) in dry methylene chloride (2.2 mL) were reacted and worked up according to the procedure for (N-BOC-4-aminobenzoyl )- Met-OCH 3 as described above. After recrystallization from ethyl acetate and hexanes, the desired product was obtained (0.13 g): m.p. 122-124°C; 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 1.2-1.84 (1 H, m),

1.85-1.97 (1 H, m), 2.01 (3H, s), 2.05 (3H, t, J=7.7Hz), 2.38 (6H, s), 3.70 (3H, s), 4.67- 4.74 (1 H, m), 6.03 (1 H, d, J=7.9 Hz), 7.05 (2H, s), 7.09 (1 H, s), 7.84-7.87 (1 H, m), 7.84- 7.87 (1H, m) 8.23-8.26 (2H, m); 3C NMR (CDC δ 15.20, 21.26, 29.22, 31.15, 51.79,

52.57, 122.07, 125.11 , 126.27, 130.03, 130.53, 137.77, 138.82, 140.29, 141.56, 148.41 , 167.14, 171.53.

Ste E .4-Amino-2-.3.5-dimethylphenyhbenzoyl.-Met-OCH 3

(4-Nitro-2-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)benzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 (0.11 g, 0.26 mmol) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (3.0 mL). To this mixture was added SnCI 2 • 2H 2 0 (0.3 g, 1.30 mmol) and the reacton was heated under nitrogen at reflux for 6 hours. The mixture was worked up as described above for (4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl)-Met-OCH 3 to give the desired product (0.15 g): 1 H NMR (CDC δ 1.60-1.70 (1H, m), 1.80-1.90 (1H, m), 1.99 (3H, s), 2.05 (2H, t, J=7.6 Hz), 2.33 (6H, s), 3.64 (3H, s), 3.93 (2H, br s), 4.61-4.64 (1 H, m), 5.82 (1 H, d, J=7.7 Hz), 6.49 (1 H, d, J=2.3 Hz) 6.62 (1 H, dd. J=8Λ, 2.4 Hz), 6.98 (2H, s), 7.00 (1 H, s), 7.65 (1H, d, J=8.3 Hz); 1 3C NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 15.08, 21.17, 29.28, 31.49,

51.70, 52.18, 113.30, 115.94, 123.55, 126.36, 129.32, 131.23, 138.15, 140.72, 141.92, 148.40, 168.45, 172.01.

Preparation 1 Anilines of the formula B-NH 2 The anilines from Table 2. entries 10-126 (B-NH2) are prepared using the procedures for Compounds 1-18 with the exception that methionine methyl ester is replaced by methioninesulfone methyl ester, (S-Me)cysteine methyl ester, serine methyl ester, (O-Me)serine methyl ester, (O-Me)homoserine methyl ester, homoserine lactone, isoleucine methyl ester, leucine methyl ester, norleucine methyl ester, norvaline methyl ester, cyclohexylalanine methyl ester, phenylalanine methyl ester, or glutamic acid dimethyl ester.

Preparation g 4-Bromo-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester

Preparation 2A 4-Bromo-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A solution of methyl 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoic acid (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous HBr is treated with NaN02 (1.1 equivalents) to form the diazonium salt. The

reaction is treated with CuBr (1.1 equivalents) and heated. When judged complete by TLC analysis, the mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The title arylbromide is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Preparation 2B

4-Bromo-2-phenvlbenzoic acid To a solution of the resultant compound from Preparation 2A (1.0 equivalent) in a 3:1 mixture of tetrahydrofuran (THF) and water is added an excess (1.5 equivalents) of LiOH. When hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis, the solvent is evaporated and the remaining aqueous layer is acidified to pH = 3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated prior to purification by chromatography on silica gel.

Preparation 2C 4-Bromo-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester To a solution of the resultant compound from Preparation 2B (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) and 1-(3- dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed by 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Preparation 2D 4-Bromo-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester alternate procedure A solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous HBr is treated with NaNθ2 (1.1 equivalents) to form the diazonium salt. The reaction is treated with CuBr (1.1 equivalents) and heated. When judged complete by TLC analysis, the mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The title arylbromide is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Preparation 3 Arylbromides of the formula B-Br The anilines from Table 2 (B-NH2) are reacted according to the procedures of Preparation 2 to provide the arylbromides listed in Table 3.

Example 1

[4-.2-pyridyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine

Example 1A

4-Hvdroxv-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methvl ester A solution of methyl 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoate (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous H2SO4 is treated with NaNU2 (1.1 equivalents) until an excess of nitrous acid persists to form the diazonium salt. This salt is then diluted further with water and heated. The mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The title ester is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 1B

4-.2-Pγridv!oxv.-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methvl ester A solution of the resultant phenol from Example 6A (1.0 equivalent) is treated with

2-bromopyridine (1 .0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (1.0 equivalent), or K 2 CU3 (2.0 equivalents) and copper (1.0 equivalent) in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel.

Example 1C

4-.2-Pvridvloxv.-2-Dhenvlbenzoic acid A solution of the resultant ester from Example 6B (1.0 equivalent) in aqueous methanol is treated with NaOH (2.0 equivalents) and stirred until the reaction is deemed complete by TLC analysis. The mixture is acidified, diluted with water, and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. Chromatography on silica gel provides the title product.

Example 1 D r4-f2-Pyridyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 1C (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) and 1-(3- dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with

1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 1E f4-.2-Pγridyloxv.-2-phenylbenzovl]methionine methyl ester, alternate procedure

A solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous H2SO 4 is treated with NaN0 2 (1.1 equivalents) until an excess of nitrous acid persists to form the diazonium salt. This salt is then diluted further with water and heated to form the phenol which is purified by chromatography on silica gel. A solution of this phenol (1.0 equivalent) is treated with 3-bromopyridine (1.0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (1.0 equivalent), or K2CO3 (2.0 equivalents) and copper (1.0 equivalent) in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel.

Example 1 F

[4-(2-pyridyloxy)-2-phenyl]benzoylmethionine The resultant compound from Example 6E is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 1 B to give the title product.

Example 2 [4-.3-pyridylmethyloxyϊ-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine The title compound is prepared as described in Example 1 with the exception that 2-bromopyridine is replaced by 3-chloromethylpyridine hydrochloride.

Example 3 ■4-(3-Pyridylmethylthio)-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine

Example 3A

4-Mercapto-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A solution of methyl 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoic acid (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous H2SO 4 is treated with NaNU2 (1 1 equivalents) to form the diazonium salt. The reaction is treated with Sβ (10 equivalents) and heated. The mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The title thiophenol is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 3B

4-.2-Pyridylmethylthio.-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A solution of the resultant thiophenol (1.0 equivalent) from Example 3A is treated with 2-chloromethylpyridine hydrochloride (1.0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (2.0 equivalents), or K2CO3 (3.0 equivalents in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel.

Example 3C

4-.2-Pγridylmethγlthio.-2-phenylbenzoic acid The resultant compound from Example 3B is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 6C to give the title acid.

Example 3D f4-(2-Pyridylmethylthio)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 3C (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) and 1-(3- dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 3E

■4-.2-Pyridylmethylthio.-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine methyl ester, alternate procedure 1 A solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous H2SO 4 is treated with NaNU2 (1.1 equivalents) to form the diazonium salt. The reaction is treated with Sβ (10 equivalents) and heated. The mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated to afford 2-phenyl-4- mercaptobenzoyl-methionine methyl ester. The thiophenol is purified by chromatography on silica gel. A solution of this thiophenol (1.0 equivalent) is treated with 2- chloromethylpyridine hydrochloride (1.0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (2.0 equivalents), or K2CO3 (3.0 equivalents) in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel.

Example 3F ■4-(2-Pyridylmethylthio.-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester, alternate procedure 2 Methyl 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoate (100 mmol) is mixed in 50% suifuric acid, and is cooled by a ice-water bath. To the above mixture with good stirring is added slowly a cold solution of sodium nitrite (110 mmol) in water, the reaction temperature is kept under 10 °C. Powdered anhydrous sodium carbonate (100 mmol) is carefully added to the cold reaction mixture in small portions, until the reaction mixture reaches pH 7 to 8. Then, the reaction mixture is added in small portions to a solution of sodium p- methoxybenzylsulfide (prepared from reaction 110 mmol of p-methoxybenzylthiol with 55 mmol of 2.0 M NaOH aqueous solution). After completion of the addition, the reaction mixture is refluxed until judged complete by TLC analysis. The reaction mixture is then extracted with ether, and the organic extracts are washed sequentially with aqueous sodium carbonate solution, water and brine, dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified by column chromatography on silica gel.

The product thus obtained is dissolved in methanol and water , followed by addition of lithium hydroxide (200 mmol), and the mixture is refluxed until hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis. The reaction mixture is then acidified with 6 N HCI, and extracted into ethyl acetate. The organic extracts are washed with brine, dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product obtained is redissolved in methylene chloride, followed by addition of 1-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3- ethylcarbodiimide (1.1 equivalent) and 1 -hydroxybenzotriazol (1.2 equivalent). The reaction is stirred until it is judged complete by TLC analysis, and then is diluted with ether. The mixture is washed with water, brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium

sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified by column chromatography on silica gel.

The resulting product is dissolved in trifluoroacetic acid and anisole (1.5 equivalent), and mercury diacetate (1.2 equivalent) is added. After TLC shows no starting material left, the reaction mixture is diluted with ether, washed with water, brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting crude material is purified by column chromatography to afford 2-phenyl-4- mercaptobenzoyl-methionine methyl ester. A solution of this thiophenol (1.0 equivalent) is treated with 2-chloromethylpyridine hydrochloride (1.0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (2.0 equivalents), or K2CO3 (3.0 equivalents) in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel.

Example 3Q

[4-f3-Pγridγlthiomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 3D (1.0 equivalent) in a 3:1 mixture of tetrahydrofuran (THF) and water is added an excess (1.5 equivalents) of LiOH. When hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis, the solvent is evaporated and the remaining aqueous layer is acidified to pH = 3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated prior to purification by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 4 4-(2-Pyridylthio)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine

Example A 4-Fluoro-2-phenyl benzoic acid methyl ester A solution of methyl 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoate (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous HBF4 is treated with NaNθ2 (1.1 equivalents) until an excess of nitrous acid persists. The mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The title ester is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 4B 4-Fluoro-2-phenγl benzoic acid The resultant compound from Example 4A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 1 C to give the title acid.

Example 4C 4-Fluoro-2-phenyl benzoyl methionine methyl ester The resultant product from Example 4B is coupled to methionine methyl ester according to the procedure of Example 3D to give the title compound.

Example 4D 4-.2-Pyridylthio)-2-phenyl benzoyi methionine methyl ester A mixture of the resultant fluorobenzoate from Example 4C (1.0 equivalent) and 2- mercaptopyridine (1.0 equivalent) is treated with K2CO3 (2.0 equivalents) or NaH (1.0 equivalent) in DMF or DMSO and is stirred until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis. The mixture is diluted with water and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. Chromatography of the residue on silica gel affords the title compound.

Example 4E 4-(2-Pyridylthio.-2-phenyl benzoyi methionine methyl ester, alternate procedure 1

A solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in dilute aqueous H2SO4 is treated with NaNU2 (1.1 equivalents) to form the diazonium salt. The reaction is treated with Sβ (10 equivalents) and heated. The mixture is extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The title thiophenol is purified by chromatography on silica gel. A solution of this thiophenol (1.0 equivalent) is treated with 2-bromopyridine hydrobromide (1.0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (2.0 equivalent), or K2CO3 (3.0 equivalents in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel.

Example 4F

4-.2-Pvridvlthio.-2-phenyl benzoyi methionine methyl ester, alternate procedure 2 A solution of the resultant thiophenol from Example 3A (1.0 equivalent) is treated with 2-bromopyridine hydrobromide (1.0 equivalent) in the presence of a NaH (2.0 equivalents), or K2CO3 (3.0 equivalents) in DMF or pyridine. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel. The resultant ester is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 6C and then is coupled to methionine methyl ester according to the procedure of Example 1C to give the title compound.

Example 4G 4-(2-Pyridylthio)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 4D (1.0 equivalent) in a 3:1 mixture of tetrahydrofuran (THF) and water is added an excess (1.5 equivalents) of LiOH. When hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis, the solvent is evaporated and the remaining aqueous layer is acidified to pH = 3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated prior to purification by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 5 4-.2-Pvridvlsulfonvn-2-phenvlbenzovlmethionine

Example 5A

4-(2-Pvridvlsulfonvl.-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methvl ester A solution of 4-(2-pyridylthio)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (Example 4F) is carefully treated with two equivalents of mefa-chloroperbenzoic acid in methylene chloride at low temperature and the reaction is then quenched with aqueous Na2SU3 when judged complete by TLC analysis. The layers are separated and the organic phase is extracted with aqueous NaHCU3 to remove the m-chlorobenzoic acid. The product is isolated by removal of the solvent and is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 5B

4-.2-Pyridylsulfonyl.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine The desired compound is prepared by hydrolysis of the product of Example 5A, followed by coupling with methionine methyl ester and saponification of the Methyl ester according to the method of Examples 4C, D and G.

Example 6 4-.3-Pyridylthiomethylen)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine The title compound is prepared from the resultant product of Example 3B using the procedures from Example 5.

Example 7 4-f.2-Aminopyridyl.methylene|-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine

Example 7A 2-Phenylterephthalic acid mono methyl ester A solution of 4-bromo-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (1.0 equivalent), Pd(OAc)2 (0.05 equivalent) and DPPE (1.0 equivalent) is heated in DMF to 65° C under 4 atm. of carbon monoxide until TLC analysis indicates that the reaction is complete. The reaction mixture is poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The product is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 7B

4-(Hydroxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester The resultant acid from Example 7A (1.0 equivalent) is treated with a slight excess of N-methylmorpholine (1.1 equivalent) and isobutylchloroformate (1.0 equivalent) in THF at 0° C. The mixture is then treated with NaBH4 (1.0 equivalent) and aqueous NaHCU3 and stirred at 0° C until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis. The mixture is poured into dilute aqueous acid and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The product is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 7C 4-(Hydroxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoic acid

The resultant compound from Example 16B is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 1 C to give the title acid.

Example 7D 4-(Ηvdroxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoγl methionine methyl ester The resultant product from Example 7C is coupled to methionine methyl ester according to the procedure of Example 1 D to give the title compound.

Example 7E

4-formyl-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester A mixture of the resultant alcohol from Example 16D (1.0 equivalent), N- methylmorpholine-N-oxide (1.5 equivalents), molecular sieves, and a catalytic amount of TPAP is stirred in a CH2Cl2/acetonitrile mixture until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis. The mixture is diluted with ethyl ether and filtered through Siθ2- The product is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 7F

4-.formyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methvl ester, alternate procedure A mixture of (2-phenyl-4-bromobenzoyi) methionine methyl ester (100 mmol), 4,4,6-trimethyl-2-vinyl-1 ,3,2-dioxaborinane (100 mmol), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium (0) (3 mmol) in toluene and 2 M sodium carbonate in water (100 mL) is heated at 80 °C until the starting methyl ester disappears. The resulting mixture is extracted with ether, and washed with water, brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified by column chromatography on silica gel.

To a solution of the resulting vinyl compound in dioxane/water (4/1 ) is added osmium tetraoxide (0.03 equivalent), N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (3 equivalents), and the reaction is stirred at 25 °C until TLC analysis shows the reaction to be complete. The reaction mixture is extracted with ether, which is washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified by column chromatography on silica gel to afford the title product.

Example 7G 4-.Hydroxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester, alternate procedure To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 7E in ethanol at 0 °C is added sodium borohydride (0.5 equivalent), and the reaction is stirred at 0 °C until TLC analysis shows the reaction to be complete. The reaction mixture is extracted with ether, which is washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered,

and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified by column chromatography on silica gel to afford the title product.

Example 7H 4-f.2-Aminopyridyπmethylene]-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester

A mixture of the resultant aldehyde from Example 7E (1.0 equivalent), 2- aminopyridine (1.0 equivalent) and NaCNBH3 (1.5 equivalents) in methanol/acetic acid is stirred until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis. The mixture is poured into aqueous NaHCθ3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. Chromatography of the residue on silica gel affords the title compound.

Example 7I 4-[(2-Aminopyridyl)methylene]-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine The resultant compound from Example 16H is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 8 4-[(3-aminomethylpyridyl.methylene|-2-phenylbenzoylmethionin e

Using the procedures of Examples 7F-G and replacing 2-aminopyridine with 3- aminomethylpyridine affords the title product.

Example 9 4-(2-Aminopyridyl)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine

Example 9A 4-,2-AminopyridyO-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester

4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine (1.0 equivalent) methyl ester and 2- bromopyridine hydrobromide (1.0 equivalent) in pyridine are heated until the reaction is

judged complete by TLC analysis. The solvent is evaporated and the residue is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with water and brine, dried, and evaporated. Chromatography on silica gel affords the title product.

Example 9B 4-(2-Aminopyridyl)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine The resultant compound from Example 24A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 10 4-.3-Aminomethylpyridyl)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine

Ex mple 1QA

4-(3-Aminomethylpyridyl.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester A mixture of 3-pyridinecarboxaldehyde (1.0 equivalent), 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) and NaCNBH3 (1.0 equivalent) in methanol/acetic acid is stirred until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis. The mixture is poured into aqueous NaHC03 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. Chromatography of the residue on silica gel affords the title compound.

Example 10B 4-.3-Aminomethytpyridyh-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine The resultant compound from Example 10A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 11

Example 11A 4-.Azidomethyh-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester

To triphenylphosphine (1.0 equivalent) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) at -78° C is added diethyl azodicarboxylate (1.0 equivalent) in THF. To this mixture is added a solution of hydrazoic acid in benzene (2.0 equivalents) and then the resultant compound from Example 16D (1.0 equivalent). After one hour the mixture was warmed to room temperature, stirred until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, evaporated and chromatographed on silica gel to afford the title product.

Example 11 B 4-(Aminomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester To the resultant compound from Example 1 1 A in methanol is added triethylamine

(3.0 equivalent) and propane 1 ,3-dithiol (3.0 equivalents). After the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, the mixture is filtered and evaporated. Chromatography of the residue on silica gel provides the title product.

Example 1 1C

4-[(4-aminomethylpyridyl)methylene]-2-phenylbenzoylmethio nine Using the procedures of Example 10 with the resultant amine from Example 1 1 B and 3-pyridinecarboxaldehyde affords the title product.

Example 12 4-.3-Pyridyloxymethylene)-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine

Example 12A

4-.p-Toluenesulfonyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester The resultant compound from Example 7D (1.0 equivalent) and p-toluenesulfonyl chloride (1.0 equivalent) in pyridine are stirred until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis. The solvent is evaporated and the residue is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with water and brine, dried, and evaporated. Chromatography on silica gel affords the title product.

Example 12B 4-(3-Pyridyloxymethylene.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester 3-Hydroxypyridine (1.0 equivalent) is treated with sodium hydride (1.0 equivalent) in DMSO, then the resultant compound from Example 12A (1.0 equivalent) is added. When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is diluted with water and ethyl acetate, the organic layer is dried and concentrated, and the crude title compound is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 12C

4-.3-Pyridyloxymethylene.-2-phenγlbenzoylmethionine The resultant compound from Example 12B is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 13 4-.3-Pyridylmethoxymethylene.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine

Example 13A

4-.3-Pyridylmethoxymethylene.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester Using the procedure of Example 12B but replacing 3-hydroxypyridine with 3- hydroxymethylpyridine affords the title compound.

Example 13B

4-(3-Pyridylmethoxymethylene.-2-phenylbenzoylmethionιne methyl ester, alternate procedure

The resultant compound from Example 7D (1.0 equivalent) is treated with sodium hydride (2.0 equivalents) in DMSO, then 3-chloromethylpyridine hydrochloride (1.0 equivalent) is added. When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is diluted with water and ethyl acetate, the organic layer is dried and concentrated, and the crude title compound is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 13C 4-(3-Pyridylmethoxymethylene)-2-phenylbenzpylmethionine methyl ester

The resultant compound from Example 28A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 14 (4-.2-(lmidazol-2-yl)ethynyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl}-methionine

Example 14A

■4-Ethvnyl-2-phenvlbenzovl.-methionine methyl ester A mixture of (2-phenyl-4-bromobenzoyl)-methionine methyl ester (100 mmol), dieihylamine (300 mmol), trimethylsilylacetylene (110 mmol), bis(triphenylphosphine) palladium diacetate (5 mmol) and copper(l) iodide (3 mmol) in toluene is heated at 60 °C until TLC analysis indicates the starting methyl ester has disappeared. The reaction mixture is concentrated in vacuo, redissolved in ether, filtered through silica gel, and concentrated. The residue is then dissolved in THF, and is treated with tetrabutylammonium fluoride (120 mmol). After TLC analysis indicates that no starting material is left, the reaction mixture is diluted with ether, washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified with column chromatography on silica gel to give the title product.

Example 14B (4-r2-nmidazol-2-yl.ethvnyll-2-phenγlbenzovl}-methionine methvl ester The resultant product from Example 14A (5 mmol) is mixed with 4-bromoimidazole

(5 mmol), diethylamine (1 mL), bis(triphenylphosphine) palladium diacetate (0.1 mmol) and copper(l) iodide (0.1 mmol) in toluene. The mixture is stirred at 25 °C until TLC analysis indicates the reaction is complete. The reaction mixture is concentrated in vacuo, and the residue is purified with column chromatography on silica gel to give the title product.

Example 47C .4-.2-.lmidazol-2-yl.ethynyll-2-phenylbenzoyl)-methionine The resultant compound from Example 14B is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 15 {4-f2-.lmidazol-4-vnethenyll-2-phenylbenzoyl.-methionine The resultant acetylene (3 mmol) from Example 14 is mixed with Lindlar catalyst (50 mg), 5 drops of quinoline in ethyl acetate. The reaction mixture is attached to a hydrogenation apparatus, and then is detached from the apparatus after about 95% of the theoretical hydrogen has been absorbed. The reaction mixture is filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product is purified with a column chromatography on silica gel to give the title compound.

Example 16 (4-[2-(lmidazol-4-yl)ethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}-methionine The resultant olefin (1 mmol) from Example 15 is mixed with 5% palladium on carbon (100 mg) in ethyl acetate. The reaction mixture is attached to a hydrogenation apparatus, and then is detached from the apparatus after about 95% of the theoretical hydrogen has been absorbed. The reaction mixture is filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product is purified with a column chromatography on silica gel to give the title compound.

Example 17 (4-[2-flmidazol-4-ylcarbonyl)ethynyl|-2-phenylbenzoyl}-methi onine

Example 17A

{4-f2-.lmidazol-4-vlcarbonvl.ethynylj-2-phenylbenzoγl}me thionine methyl ester A stainless autoclave containing the resultant product from Example 47A (5 mmol), 4-bromoimidazole (5 mmol), 1 ,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphine)-ferrocenepalladium dichloride (0.1 mmol), and triethylamine (10 mL) is flushed with nitrogen, and pressurized to 20 atm with carbon monoxide. The reaction mixture is stirred at 120 °C until judged complete by TLC analysis. After cooling, the triethylamine is evaporated in vacuo, and the residue is purified by column chromatography on silica gel to give the title compound.

Example 1 B (4-[2-(lmidazol-4-ylcarbonyl.ethvnyn-2-phenvlbenzovl}-methio nine

The resultant compound from Example 17A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 18

(4-[2-.lmidazot-4-ylcaιftonyl.ethenyl1-2-phenylbenzoyl}- methionine Using the procedure of Example 15 with the resultant compound from Example 17 affords the title product.

Exampl s {4-[2-(lmidazol-4-ylcarbonyl)ethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methioni ne Using the procedure of Example 16 with the resultant compound from Example 18 affords the title product.

Example 20 {4-[4-(1-Methylimidazol-4-yl)-3-keto-1-butynyl]-2-phenylbenz oyl}methionine

Example 2QA {4-[4-(1 -Methylimidazol-4-yl)-3-keto-1-butynyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}meth ionine methyl ester To a solution of 1 -methyl-4-imidazoleacetic acid (5 mmol) in methylene chloride at 0 °C is added oxalyl chloride (6 mmol) and DMF (0.05 mmol). After 30 minute, the solvent is evaporated in vacuo. The residue is redissolved in dichloromethane, followed by the addition of the resultant acetylene from Example 14A (5 mmol), triethylamine (10 mmol), and copper(l) iodide (1 mmol). The reaction is stirred at 25 °C until TLC analysis indicates no starting material is left in the reaction mixture. The reaction is diluted with ether, washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is then purified by column chromatography on silica gel to give the title compound.

Example 2QB (4-[4-π -Methylimidazol-4-yl)-3-keto-1-butynyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}meth ionine

The resultant compound from Example 20A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 21

(4-f4-M-Methylimidazol-4-yl)-3-keto-1-butenyl]-2-phenylbe nzoyl}-methionine Using the procedure of Example 15 with the resultant compound from Example 20 affords the title product.

Example 22 (4-f4-π -Methylimidazol-4-yl.-3-keto-1-butyl)-2-phenylbenzoyllmethio nine

Using the procedure of Example 16 with the resultant compound from Example 20 affords the title product.

Example 23 [4-(3-pyridylmethylcarbonylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine

Example 23A f4-.3-pyridylmethylcarbonylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester

To a solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by 3-pyridylacetic acid (1.0 equivalent) and 1-(3- dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 23B [4-(3-pyridylmethylcarbonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine The resultant compound from Example 23A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 24 [4-(3-pyridylmethylcarbonylaminomethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl1meth ionine

Example 24A 4-(Azidomethyh-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester To triphenylphosphine (1.0 equivalent) in tetrahydrofuran (THF) at -78° C is added diethyl azodicarboxylate (1.0 equivalent) in THF. To this mixture is added a solution of hydrazoic acid in benzene (2.0 equivalents) and then the resultant compound from Example 16D (1.0 equivalent). After one hour the mixture was warmed to room temperature, stirred until the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, evaporated and chromatographed on silica gel to afford the title product.

Example 24B 4-.Aminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester To the resultant compound from Example 24A in methanol is added triethylamine (3.0 equivalent) and propane 1 ,3-dithiol (3.0 equivalents). After the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, the mixture is filtered and evaporated. Chromatography of the residue on silica gel provides the title product.

Example 240 f4-.3-pyridylmethylcarbonylaminomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]meth ionine To a solution of the resultant amine from Example 24B (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by 3-pyridylacetic acid (1.0 equivalent) and 1-(3-

dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 24P

(S\ Pyroqlutamvl-.4-aminomethyl-2-phenvl.benzoyl methionine The resultant compound from Example 24C is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 25 [4-(2-pyridvlaminocarbonvl.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine

Example 25A 4-Carboxγ-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester A solution of 4-bromo-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent), Pd(OAc)2 (0.05 equivalent) and DPPE (1.0 equivalent) is heated in DMF to 65° C under 4 atm. of carbon monoxide until TLC analysis indicates that the reaction is complete. The reaction mixture is poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. The product is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 25B [4-(2-pyridylaminocarbonyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester

To a solution of the resultant acid from Example 25A (1.0 equivalent) in DMF is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2 f 3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by 2- aminopyridine (1.0 equivalent) and 1 -(3-dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed by 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 25C 4-f.Pyridin-2-ylamino.carbonyl1-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine The resultant compound from Example 25B is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 4G to give the title product.

Example 26 [4-(2-pyridylaminocarbonylmethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine

Example 26A 4-Diazocarbonyl-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester The resultant acid from Example 25A (1 equivalent) in dichloromethane is treated with oxalyl chloride (1 equivalent) and DMF (0.05 equivalent). When gas evolution has ceased, the acid chloride solution is added to an ether solution of diazomethane. The reaction is stirred until judged complete by TLC analysis, and then is concentrated to give the crude title compound which is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 26B

4-carboxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester The resultant compound from Example 26A (1 equivalent) in dioxane is added to a slurry of sodium thiosulfate (1.1 equivalents) and silver (I) oxide (0.5 equivalent) in water. The reaction is stirred until judged complete by TLC analysis, filtered, acidified, and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated. Chromatography of the residue on silica gel affords the title product.

Example 26C 4-[(Pyridin-2-ylamino)carbonylmethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester To a solution of the resultant acid from Example 26B (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by 2-aminopyridine (1.0 equivalent) and 1 -(3-dimehtylaminopropyl)-

3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 26D 4-[(Pyridin-2-ylamino)carbonylmethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine The resultant compound from Example 26C is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 1B to give the title product.

Example 27 [4-.3-pyridylthiocarbonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine

Example 27A 4-.3-pyridylthiocarbonylamino.-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester hydrochloride (1.0 equivalent) in toluene is added triphosgene (0.33 equivalent) and the mixture is heated at reflux until judged complete by TLC analysis. The intermediate is reacted without further purification with 3-mercaptopyridine (1.0 equivalent) and triethylamine (2.0 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with 1N HCI and brine, evaporated, and purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 27B

4-.3-pyridylthiocarbonvlamino.-2-phenvlbenzoic acid

To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 27A (1.0 equivalent) in a

3:1 mixture of tetrahydrofuran (THF) and water is added an excess (1.5 equivalents) of

LiOH. When hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis, the solvent is evaporated and the remaining aqueous layer is acidified to pH = 3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated prior to purification by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 27C [4-(3-pyridylthiocarbonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 27B (1.0 equivalent) in dimethylformamide (DMF) is added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1.5 equivalents) followed by methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) and 1-(3- dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (1.5 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate which is washed with 1 N HCI and saturated brine, and then is dried and evaporated. The crude reaction mixture is purified by column chromatography to afford the title product.

Example 27D 4-(. S.-2-Pyrrolidone-5-aminomethylcarbonyl)amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester, alternate preparation To a solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in methylene chloride is added a solution of phosgene in toluene (1.0 equivalent) and triethylamine (2.0 equivalents). The intermediate is reacted without further purification with (S)-5-aminomethyl-2-pyrrolidone (1.0 equivalent) and triethylamine (1.0 equivalent). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with 1 N HCI and brine, evaporated, and purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 27E [4-.3-pyridylthiocarbonylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 27C in a 3:1 mixture of THF and water is added an excess of LiOH (1.5 equivalents). When hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis, the solvent is evaporated and the remaining aqueous layer is acidified to pH = 3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated prior to purification by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 28 ■4-(3-pyridylthiosulfinylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine The title compound is prepared as described in Example 27 with the exception that triphosgene (0.33 equivalent) is replaced by thiophosgene (1.0 equivalent).

Example 29 [4-3-pyridylmercaptosulfinyhamino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine

Example 29A f4-3-pyridylmercaptosulfinyl.amino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionin e methyl ester To a solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in methylene chloride is added thionyl chloride (1.0 equivalent) and triethylamine (2.0 equivalents). After the amine has fully reacted,3-mercaptopyridine (1.0 equivalent) is added. When the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, the product is isolated as described in Example 1 A and purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 29B

4-.(__π-2-Pyrrolidone-5-aminomethylsulfinyl)amino-2-phen ylbenzoyl methionine To a solution of the resultant compound from Example 29A in a 3:1 mixture of THF and water is added an excess of LiOH (1.5 equivalents). When hydrolysis is judged complete by TLC analysis, the solvent is evaporated and the remaining aqueous layer is acidified to pH = 3 and extracted into ethyl acetate which is dried and evaporated prior to purification by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 30 [4-(3-pyridylmercaptosulfonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methioni ne

Example 30A

[4-.3-pyridylmercaptosulfonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methi onine methyl ester To a solution of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in methylene chloride is added sulfuryl chloride (1.0 equivalent) and triethylamine (2.0 equivalents). After the amine has fully reacted, 3-mercaptopyridine (1.0 equivalent) is added. When the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, the product is isolated as described in Example 27A and purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 30B

[4-(3-pyridylmercaptosulfonylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methi onine methyl ester, alternate procedure

A solution of 1 equivalent of 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester

(1.0 equivalent) and sulfuryl chloride (1.0 equivalent) in acetonitrile with a catalytic amount of antimony(V) chloride is heated to reflux until judged complete by TLC analysis.

The solution is then cooled, filtered, and all volatiles are removed under reduced pressure. The residue is taken up in dichloromethane and treated with triethylamine (1 equivalent and (S)-5-aminomethyl-2-pyrrolidone (1.0 equivalent). When the reaction is judged complete by TLC analysis, the product is isolated as described in Example 27A and purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 30C

4-((S)-2-Pyrrolidone-5-aminomethylsulfonyl)amino-2-phenyl benzoyl methionine methyl eeter

The resultant compound from Example 30A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 27B to give the title product.

Example 31 4-fPyridin-3-ylmercaptocarbonyl.aminomethyl-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine The title compound is prepared as described in Example 24 with the exception that 3-pyridylacetic acid (1.0 equivalent) is replaced by 3-mercaptopyridine (1.0 equivalent).

Example 32

4-fPyridin-3-ylmercaptocarbonyl)aminomethyl-2-phenylbenzo yl methionine The title compound is prepared as described in Example 24 with the exception that 3-pyridylacetic acid (1.0 equivalent) is replaced by 3-mercaptopyridine (1.0 equivalent), and triphosgene (0.33 equivalent) is replaced by thiophosgene (1.0 equivalent).

Example 33 4-(3-pyridylmercaptosulfinyl)aminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]me thionine

The title compound is prepared as described in Example 29 using the resultant amine from Example 24B.

Example 4

4-(Pyridin-3-ylmercaptosulfonyl)aminomethyl-2-phenylbenzo yl methionine The title compound is prepared as described in Example 30 using the resultant amine from Example 24B.

Example 35 f4-(3-pyridylmethylsulfonylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine

Example 35A [4-(3-pyridylmethylsulfonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester A mixture of 3-chlorosulfonylmethylpyridine hydrochloride (1.0 equivalent) and (4- amino-2-phenylbenzoyi)methionine methyl ester (1.0 equivalent) in dichloromethane is treated with triethylamine (2.2 equivalents). When judged complete by TLC analysis, the reaction is diluted with ethyl acetate, and then is washed with pH 4 water, saturated NaHCθ3, and brine. The mixture is dried and concentrated to give the crude title compound which is purified by chromatography on silica gel.

Example 35B {4-f(3-sulfonylmethylpyridy0amino]-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionin e The resultant compound from Example 35A is hydrolyzed according to the procedure of Example 27B to give the title product.

Example 36 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethylene)-2-phenoxybenzoyl]methionine

Example 36A dimethv phenoxyterephthalate To a solution of phenol (10.8 g) in anisole (40 mL) and DMF (90 mL) was added potassium tert-butoxide (12.1 g). The mixture was heated for 40 minutes while continuously passing a nitrogen stream through the reaction flask (- 20 mL of solvent distilled over). The mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and dimethyl nitroterephthalate (23.9 g) was added. The resulting black mixture was stirred for 1 hour at ambient temperature and two hours at 100 -105 °C. The reaction mixture was poured into ice containing 2 mL of concentrated HCI. The mixture was extracted with ether. The ether layer was washed with water (3x) and saturated aqueous NaHCU3 (2x). The organic phase was dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 24.1 g of an oil. Chromatography on silica gel (10% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave dimethy phenoxyterephthalate (15.9 g).

Example 36B 4-carbomethoxv-3-phenoxγbenzoic acid

To a mixture of dimethyl phenoxyterephthalate (10.4 g) in water (50 mL) was added 50% aqueous NaOH (2.32 g) and water (4 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between water and ether. The aqueous phase was acidified (a solid formed) and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic phase was dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuoXo give 4-carbomethoxy-3- phenoxybenzoic acid (6.6 g) as a 68:32 mixture of hydrolysis isomers.

Example 36C 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester To a 0 °C solution in THF (9 mL) of 4-carbomethoxy-3-phenoxybenzoic acid (5.88 g), prepared as in Example 157B, was added borane-THF (1.0 M, 30 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 0 °C and 1.5 hours at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was cooled in an ice bath and water (20 mL) was added slowly, followed by slow addition of 1 :1 cone. HCI-water. The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes at ambient temperature and then toluene was added. The layers were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with toluene. The combined organic layers were washed with saturated aqueous KHCO3, dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 5.32 g of colorless oil. Chromatography on silica gel (30% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester (4.77 g).

Example 36D 4-bromomethyl-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester

To a solution in DMF (10 mL) of 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester (2.82 g), prepared as in Example 157C, was added LiBr (1.04 g) and PBr3 (3.65 g) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted with toluene. The organic phase was washed twice with water, dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-bromomethyl-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester (3.37 g).

Example 36E 4-,3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenoxybeπzoic acid methyl ester To a solution in toluene (25 mL) of 4-bromomβthyl-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester (3.37 g), prepared as in Example 157E, was added 18-crown-6 (0.52 g) and the potassium 3-pyridyloxide (2.20 g). The reaction mixture was heated at 70 °C for 1 hour during which time a black, insoluble tar formed. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and diluted with toluene. The toluene was decanted from the tar and the tar was dissolved in 1 :1 THF-water (20 mL). The aqueous THF was added to the toluene and the mixture was washed twice with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give a black oil. Chromatography on silica gel (1 :1 ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester (2.47

9)-

Example 36F 4-(3-pyridyloxymethylene)-2-phenoxybenzoic acid To a solution in methanol (15 mL) of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethylene)-2-phenoxybenzoic acid methyl ester (2.46 g), prepared as in Example 157E, was added a solution of 5% aqeuous KOH (2.00 g) in water (3 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was dissolved in water. The aqueous phase was acidified with acetic acid with cooling and stirring. The resulting solid was filtered, washed with water, and dissolved in THF. The THF solution was dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenoxybenzoic acid (2.17 g).

Example 36G f4-.3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenoxybenzoyl]methionine methyl ester To a solution in DMF (3 mL) of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethylene)-2-phenoxybenzoic acid (321 mg), prepared as in Example 157F, was added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)- one (345 mg, 1.5 mmol) followed by methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (300 mg, 1.5 mmol), ethyl dimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (288 mg, 1.5 mmol), and triethylamine (280 mg). The reaction mixture was stirred for 15 hours at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with toluene. The toluene solution was washed with, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (75% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave [4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenoxybenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (425 mg, 98%).

Example 36H [4-.3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenoxybenzoyl]methionine

To a solution in 5:1 methanol-H2θ (3.5 mL) of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2- phenoxybenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (440 mg), prepared as in Example 157G, was added a solution of 50% NaOH (354 mg) in water (0.8 mL) and the reaction mixture was heated at 60 °C for 15 minutes. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was taken up in H 2 0 (3 mL). The aqueous solution was acidified with concentrated HCI (415 mg) and 2 drops of ethyl acetate were added. The resulting solid was filtered and dried in a vacuum oven at 60 °C for 3 hours to give [4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenoxybenzoyl]methionine (373 mg). mp 195 °C; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1.90 (m,. 4H), 2.37 (m, 2H), 4.44 (m, 1 H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 7.01 (s, 2H), 7.04 (s, 1 H), 7.16 (t, 1 H, J= 7.4 Hz), 3.66 (m, 5H), 7.70 (d, 1 H, J= 9.0 Hz), 8.17 (dd, 1 H, J= 4.4, 1.5 Hz), 8.30 (d, 1 H, _/= 3 Hz). Anal calcd for C24H24N2O5S: C, 63.70; H, 5.35; N, 6.59. Found: C, 63.46; H, 5.1 1 ; N, 6.08.

85

Example 37 [4-(3-Pyridylaminomethylene -2-phenylbenzoyl]-Λ/-methylmethionine methyl ester

Example 37A dimethyl 2-phenylterephthalate A mixture of dimethyl 2-iodoterephthalate (22.8 g, 71.4 mmol) and tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium(O) (4.14 g, 3.38 mmol) in toluene (120 mL) was stirred for 10 minutes. Aqueous sodium carbonate (2 M, 160 mL) and a solution in methanol (40 mL) of phenylboronic acid (10.4 g, 85.3 mmol) were then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at reflux for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and extracted with ether. The organic phase was washed with water (2x) and brine, dried, and concentrated in vacuo to give dimethyl 2- phenylterephthalate as a dark brown oil (18.4 g) which was used without further purification.

Example 37B 2-phenylmonomethylterephthalate

To a solution in 1 :1 THF-methanol of the 2-phenylterephthalate prepared in Example 37A (18.4 g) was added a solution of KOH (4.56 g, 71.5 mmol) in water (30 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at ambient temperature and then was diluted in water and the methanol was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was filtered through a pad of Celite with a water rinse. The filtrate was extracted twice with ethyl acetate and the aqueous phase was cooled in an ice-water bath and concentrated HCI (10 mL) was added. The resulting suspension was stirred for 30 minutes and then was filtered. The solid was recrystallized from 25% aqueous ethanol to give 2- phenylmonomethylterephthalate (10.4 g). The mother liquor was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (97:2:1 , then 96:3:1 chloroform- methanol-acetic acid) to give and additional 1.74 g of the desired compound.

Example 37C

4-hvdroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a 0 °C solution in THF (40 mL) of 2-phenylmonomethylterephthalate (10.5 g, 41 mmol) was added borane-THF (1.0 M, 82 mL, 82 mmol) such that the reaction temperature remained below 6 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours, then the cold bath was removed and stirring was continued for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was again cooled to 0 °C and aqueous HCI (3 M, 100 mL) was added slowly. The cold bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The THF was evaporated and the residue was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were washed with 1 M aqueous NaOH (2x), water (2x) and brine, dried, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (9.75 g).

Example 37P 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of 4-hydroxymethyl-2- phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 37C using the procedure of Example 37B.

Example 37E

4-carboxyaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoic acid To a mechanically-stirred solution of 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid (2.28 g, 10 mmol), prepared as in Example 37D, in dichloromethane (50 mL) was added Mnθ2 and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was filtered and partitioned between ethyl acetate and aqueous 3N HCI, and the mixture was stirred vigorously for 0.5 hours. The mixture was filtered through Celite with ethyl acetate rinsings. The combined organic layers were dried, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel gave 4-carboxaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoic acid (1.65 g).

Example 37F (4-carboxaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoyl -Λ/-methylmethionine methyl ester To a solution in dichloromethane (5 mL) of 4-carboxyaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoic acid (310 mg, 1.37 mmol), prepared as in Example 37E, was added oxalyl chloride (125 μL, 1.44 mmol) and DMF (5 μL) and the reaction mixture was stirred until bubbling ceased. The reaction mixture was stirred for a further 15 minutes and then was cooled to about 5 °C and a solution in dichloromethane (5.5 mL) and toluene (2.5 mL) of N-

methylmethionine methyl ester hydrochloride (310 mg, 1.45 mmol) and 4- methylmorpholine (475 μL, 4.32 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred cold for 15 minutes and then the cold bath was removed and stirring was continued at ambient temperature for 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous 2N HCI (3x), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (3x) and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give a white solid, chromatography on silica gel (35% ethyl acetate-hexane) gave (4-carboxaldehyde-2- phenylbenzoyl)-Λ/-methylmethionine methyl ester (317 mg, 60%).

Example 37G

[4-(3-Pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-N-methylmethio nine methyl ester To a solution in methanol (3 mL) of (4-carboxyaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoyl)-V- methylmethionine methyl ester (310 mg, 0.80 mmol), prepared as in Example 37F, was added 3-aminopyridine (118 mg, 1.25 mmol) and acetic acid (0.90 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 30-40 minutes at ambient temperature and sodium cyanoborohydride (152 mg, 2.45 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and aqueous 2N NaOH. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with 2N NaOH, twice with water, twice with brine, dried over Na2S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (ethyl acetate) gave [4-(3-Pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-Λ/-methylmethion ine methyl ester (270 mg, 73%) as a white foam. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, D 3 COD) δ 7.93 (d, 1 H), 7.74 (dd, 1H), 7.50 (d, 1H), 7.40 (m, 7H), 7.11 (ddd, 1H), 7.02 (ddd, 1H), 5.22 and 4.58 (both m, total 1 H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 3.70 and 3.65 (both br s, total 3H), 2.65 and 2.45 (both br s, total 3H), 2.22 and 2.06 (both m, total 2H), 2.00 (br s, 3H), 1.77 (m, 2H); MS (DCI-NH3) m/e 464 (M+H)+. Anal calcd for C26H29N3O3S: C, 67.36; H, 6.31 ; N, 9.06. Found: C, 67.11 ; H, 6.23; N, 8.84.

Example 38 r4-.3-Pvridvlaminomethyl.-2-phenylbenzovl1-Λ/-methvlmethion ine o To a 0 °C solution in THF (3.0 mL) of [4-(3-Pyridylaminomethylene)-2- phenylbenzoyl-]Λ/-methylmethionine methyl ester (135 mg, 0.29 mmol), prepared as in Example 37, was added a solution of lithium hydroxide hydrate (20 mg, 0.49 mmol) in water (1 mL). Methanol (1 mL) and water (0.5 mL) were then added to obtain a clear solution. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours and then the cold bath was o removed and stirring was continued for 2.5 hours. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water which was taken to pH 4 with HCI and ethyl acetate. The aqueous phase was extracted three times with chloroform. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in acetonitrile- methanol. The solution was diluted with water, frozen, and lyophilized to give [4-(3- 5 pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-Λ/-methylmethionine (120 mg) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, D 3 COD) 67.93 (d, 1 H), 7.78 (dd, 1H), 7.50 (d, 1 H), 7.38 (m, 7H), 7.20 (m, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 5.20 and 4.55 (both m, total 1H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 2.70 and 2.45 (both br s, total 3H), 2.24 and 2.10 (both m, total 2H), 2.00 (br s, 3H), 1.80 and 1.68 (both m, 2H); MS (DCI-NH3) m/e 450 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C25H27N3O3S ..65 HCI: C, 0 63.45; H, 5.89; N, 8.88. Found: C, 63.51 ; H, 5.54; N, 8.53.

Example 39 [4-.2-Pyridylaminomethvh-2-phenylbenzoynmethionine

Example 39A

.4-hvdroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoγl.methionine methyl ester To a solution in 1 :3 DMF-dichloromethane (100 mL) of 4-hydroxymethyl-2- phenylbenzoic acid (5.2 g, 23 mmol), prepared as in Example 37D, at 5-10 °C was added 1 -(3-dimehtylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (4.8 g, 25 mmol), 3- hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (4.1 g, 25 mmol), methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (5.0 g, 25 mmol) and 4-methylmoφholine (2.8 mL, 25 mmol). The reaction was warmed slowly to ambient temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous 1 M H3PO4. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (65% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave [4-hydroxymethyl-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester (5.15 g, 60%).

Example 39B f4-carboxyaldehvde-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methvl ester A solution of DMSO (1.95 g, 27 mmol) in dichloromethane (100 mL) was cooled to

-78 °C and oxalyl chloride (1.8 mL, 20 mmol) was added dropwise. After 15 minutes, a solution in dichloromethane (35 mL) of [4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (5.1 g, 13.7 mmol), prepared as in Example 39A, was added dropwise and the reaction mxiture was stirred for one hour at -78 °C. Triethylamine (7.6 mL, 55 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was warmed to ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl ether, washed twice with brine, dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give an orange gum. The gum was dissolved in hot ethyl acetate (50 mL) and hexanes (10-20 mL) were added. The cloudy suspension was cooled in the refrigerator and the supernatant was decanted from a small amount of insoluble material. The supernatant was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was left under high vacuum for three days to give (4-carboxyaldehyde-2- phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (4.9 g) as a light-orange solid.

Example 39C r4-(2-Pyridylaminomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester A suspension in toluene (17 mL) of [4-carboxyaldehyde-2- phenylbenzoyljmethylmethionine methyl ester (800 mg, 2.15 mmol), prepared as in Example 39B, 2-aminopyridine (253 mg, 2.69 mmol) and p-toluenesulfonic acid hydrate (22 mg, 0.11 mmol) were heated under reflux overnight using a Dean-Stark trap containing 10 mL of toluene. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up in isopropanol (20 mL) and p-toluenesulfonic acid hydrate was added to get to pH 4. Sodium cyanoborohydride (625 mg, 10 mmol) was added along with absolute ethanol (20 mL) to obtain a clear solution. The pH was then adjusted to pH 4 using .p-toluenesulfonic acid hydrate and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours while the pH was periodically readjusted to about 4. The reaction mixture was then partitioned between ethyl acetate and aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide. The organic phase was washed with aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide, twice with brine, dried over Na2S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (55:45 chloroform-ethyl acetate) gave [4-(2-Pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (125 mg).

Example 39P

[4- -Pyridylaminomethyπ-2-phenyl]benzoylmethionine The [4-(2-Pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester was then hydrolyzed using lithium hydroxide hydrate according to the method of Example 38, except using methanol instead of THF. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) d 8.54 (d, 1H), 7.97 (d, 1 H), 7.86 (m, 1 H), 7.50-7.30 (envelope, 7H), 7.04 (d, 1 H), 6.83 (m, 1 H), 4.70 (d, 2H), 4.30 (m, 1 H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.85 (m, 2H); MS (DCI-NH3) m/e 436 (M+H)+, 434 (M-H)-. Anal calcd for C24H25N3O3S I .4 HCI: C, 59.24; H, 5.47; N, 8.64. Found: C, 59.36; H, 5.24; N, 8.42.

Example 4Q [4-(4-Pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 39C and D, except substituting 4-aminopyridine for 2-aminopyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) d 8.47 (d, 1H), 8.05 (d, 2H), 7.94 (t, 1H), 7.37 (m, 8H), 6.63 (d, 2H), 4.50 (d, 2H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.85 (m, 2H); MS (DCI-NH3) m/e 436 (M+H) + , 434 (M-H)-. Anal calcd for C24H25N3O3S HCI: C, 61.07; H, 5.55; N, 8.90. Found: C, 61.38; H, 5.66; N, 9.01.

Example 41

[4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethyhamino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine hydrochloride

Example 41 A 4-hydroxymethyl-1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole To a mixture in DMF (25 mL) of 4-hydroxymethylimidazole hydrochloride (10.0 g, 74 mmol) and triethylamine (25 mL, 180 mmol) was added a solution of triphenylmethyl chloride (22 g, 79 mmol) in DMF (75 mL) and the thick reaction mixture was spun overnight on the rotary evaporator. The solid was filtered off, washed with DMF and water, and dried overnight over Drierite® to give 4-hydroxymethyl-1 H-1- triphenylmethylimidazole (23 g).

Example 41 B 1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde A mechanically-stirred slurry in dioxane (400 mL) of 4-hydroxymethyl-1 H-1 - triphenylmethylimidazole (9.6 g, 28 mmol), prepared as in Example 41 A, was heated to 77 °C to dissolve the solid. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and Mnθ2 (20.5 g, 236 mmol) was added all at once. The black slurry was warmed to 85 °C and stirred for 5.5 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give a crystalline solid. Recrystallization from dichloromethane-hexanes to give 1H-1-triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxyaldehyde (5.1 g).

Example 41 C [4-(1H-trimethylphenylimidazol-4-ylmethyπamino-2-phenylbenz oyl]methionine methyl ester 1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxyaldehyde was reductively aminated with

4-amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (compound 8) according to the procedure of Example 37B.

Example 41 D

[4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl.amino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester To a solution in dichloromethane (5 mL) of [4-(1H-trimethylphenyl imidazol-4- ylmethyl)amino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine (365 mg, 0.54 mmol), prepared as in Example 41 C, was added triethylsilane (0.41 mL, 2.57 mmol). The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and trifluoroacetic acid (5 L) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours at 0 °C and then was concentrated in vacuo and azeotroped with toluene. The residue was partitioned between water and ethyl acetate. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate. The initial ethyl acetate extract was diltued with hexane and extracted with water. The second ethyl acetate extract was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was combined with the two aqueous phases. The aqueous solution was frozen and lyophylized to give [4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl)amino-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester (260 mg).

Example 41 E f4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethyl)amino-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine hydrochloride

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(1H-imidazol-4- ylmethyl)amino-2-phenylbenzoy!]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 41 D

according to the procedure of Example 165. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) 6 9.01 (d, 1 H), 8.02 (d, 1 H), 7.55 (d, 1H), 7.31 (m, 5H), 7.27 (d, 1 H), 6.66 (dd, 1 H), 6.60 (d, 1 H), 6.59 (br s, 1 H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1 H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.85 (m, 2H); MS (APCI) m/e 425 (M+H) + , 423 (M-H)". Anal calcd for C22H24N4O3S 2HCI 0.5H 2 O: C, 52.18; H, 5.37; N, 1 1.06. Found: C, 52.36; H, 5.18; N, 10.57.

Example 42 \4-( 1 H-imidazol-4-ylcarbonyl)amino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine hydrochloride

Example 42A

1 H-1-triphenvtmethylimidazole-4-carboxylic acid To a slurry of 1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde (1.0 g, 3.0 mmol), prepared as in Example 41 B, tert-butyl alcohol (60 mL), 2-methyl-2-butene (15 mL, 140 mmol) was added KH2PO4 (2.82 g, 21 mmol) and 80% sodium chlorite (3.1 g in 25 mL H2O, 27 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours using a mechanical stirrer. The pH was adjusted to 3-3.5 and the white solid was filtered off and rinsed with water. The solid was dried under high vacuum over P2O5 for two days to give 1 H-1- triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxylic acid (956 mg, 91%).

Example 42B f4-(1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylcarbonyπamino-2-phenylbenzo yl1methionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 1 H-1 - triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxylic acid, prepared as in Example 42A, with 4-amino-2- phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (compound 8) according to the method of Example 163D.

Example 42C f4-(1 H-imidazol-4-γlcarbonynamino-2-phenylbenzovl)methionine hvddrochioride The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 41 D and E, except substituting [4-(1H-1 -triphenylmethyl imidazol-4-ylcarbonyl)amino-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 42B for [4-(1 H- trimethylphenyl imidazol-4-ylmethyl)amino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) d 10.43 (s, 1H), 8.50 (s,1H), 8.47 (d, 1H), 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.86 (m, 2H), 7.40 (m, 6H), 4.30 (m,1H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.85 (m, 2H); MS (DCI-NH3) m/e 439 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C22H22N4O 4 S HCI H 2 O: C, 53.60; H, 5.11 ; N, 11.36. Found: C, 53.58; H, 5.00; N, 11.01.

Example 43 4-(^ H-imidazole-4-ylacetamido .-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine trif luoroacetate

Example 43A Λ/-.4-toluenesulfonyl.imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid To a solution of 4-imidazole acetic acid hydrochloride (1 g, 6.15 mmol) in 6.2 mL of 1 N NaOH and 18 mL of water was added 4-toluenesulfonyl chloride (1.29 g, 6.77 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature. The pH of the mixture was maintained at 8.5 by addition of 1 N NaOH. After 3 hours, a total volume of 12 mL of 1 N NaOH was added and a clear solution was obtained. This solution was extracted with ether and the aqueous solution was acidified to pH 1 with 3 N HCI. The mixture was cooled in an ice bath and Λ/-(4-Toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid was isolated by filtration (white crystals, 1.10 g, 63% yield), m.p. 105-106 °C (decomp); 1 H NMR (CDCI3) δ 10.0 (br, 1 H), 8.04 (s, 1 H), 7.82 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.28 (s, 1 H), 3.65 (s, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H). C NMR (CD3OD) δ 173.6, 148.1 , 138.9, 138.0, 136.1 , 131.6, 128.7, 117.0, 34.0, 21.6.

Example 4 6 Λ -(4-toluenesulfonyl.imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid /v-methyl-O-methylcarboxamide To a suspension of Λ-(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid (91 1 mg, 3.25 mmol) and N-methyl-O-methylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (317 mg, 3.25 mmol) in 30 mL of methylene chloride was added triethylamine (0.5 mL, 3.62 mmol) and ethyl dimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (623 mg, 3.25 mmol). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 7 hours and then worked up. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (5% methanol-ethyl acetate) to give ΛA{4- Tolueπesulfonyl)imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid /V-methyl-O-methylcarboxamide (1.0 g, yield 90%); 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 7.91 (s, 1 H), 7.77 (d, 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (d, 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.30 (s, ιH), 3.70 (s, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 3.16 (s, 3H), 2.38 (s, 3H); 1 C NMR (CDCI 3 ) δ 170.4, 145.8, 137.9, 135.5, 134.4, 130.0, 126.9, 1 14.9, 60.9, 31.7, 31.3, 21.2.

Example 43C

(4-[1-(4-toluenesulfonyhimidazole-4-yl)agetamido]-2-pheny lbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester To a suspension of Λ -(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid /V-methyl-O- methylcarboxamide (100 mg, 0.357 mmol), prepared as in Example 43B was added diisopropylethylamine (125 μL) and tetramethylfluoroformamidinium hexafluorophosphate (94 mg, 0.357 mmol, prepared as described in J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1995, 117, 5401 -5402). The mixture was stirred for 5 minutes and then 4-amino-2- phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester hydrochloride (compound 8, 140 mg, 0.355 mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (65 μL) was added. After 5 hours, the reaction was worked up. The crude product was recrystallized from methylene chloride and hexane to give {4- [1 -(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-ylacetamido]-2-phenylbenzoyl }methionine methyl ester (92 mg, yield 41%); m.p. 202-203 °C; H NMR (CDCI3) δ 9.27 (s, 1 H, amide), 8.04 (s. 1 H, imidazole), 7.85 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 2H, tolyl), 7.70 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.61 (d, J= 8.5 Hz. 1 H), 7.49 (s, 1 H), 7.45 (m, 5H), 7.36 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 2H, tosyl), 7.19 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 5.83 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, 1 H, amide), 4.62 (ddd, J= 7.1 Hz, 1 H, Met α H), 3.65 (s, 3H, OCH 3 ), 3.62 (s, 2H, acetyl), 2.44 (s, 3H, tosyl), 2.07 (t, J= 7.5 Hz, 2H, CH 2 S), 2.00 (s, 3H, SCH 3 ), 1.84-1.93 (m, 1 H, Met CH ), 1.64-1.76 (s, 1 H, Met CH 2 ); 13 C NMR (CDCI3) δ 172.4, 169.2, 168.2, 146.6, 140.4, 140.2, 138.7, 134.3, 131.1 , 130.7, 129.0, 128.4, 128.2, 127.4, 127.3, 120.3, 117.3, 1 15.5, 52.1 , 51.3, 36.1 , 30.0, 29.6, 21.2, 14.5.

Example 43D \4-( 1 H-imidazole-4-ylacetamido.-2-phenylbenzoyl|methionine trifluoroacetate

{4-[1-(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-ylacetamido]-2-pheny lbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester (33 mg, 0.053 mmol), prepared as in Example 43C was dissolved in a mixture of THF (4 mL) and 0.5 N NaOH (0.6 mL). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 2 hours and then evaporated. The residue was acidified with 1 N HCI and the aqueous solution was lyophilized to give a solid mixture. This mixture was purified by preparative HPLC (C18, acetonitrile-water) to give 4-(1H-imidazole-4-yl)acetamido-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine as a trifluoroacetate salt (17.6 mg, 55% yield); 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) δ 8.85 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.67 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.64 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1 H, aminophenyl), 7.52 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H, aminophenyl), 7.46 (s, 1 H, aminophenyl), 7.33- 7.40 (m, 5H, phenyl), 4.48 (dd, J=4.0, 5.5 Hz, 1H, Met α H), 3.96 (s, 2H, acetyl), 2.15- 2.22 (m, 1H), 2.01-2.11 (m, 1H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.85-1.99 (m, 1H), 1.76-1.81 (m, 1 H).

Example 44

\4-( 1 H-imidazole-4-ylethylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine hydrochloride

Example 4 A

{4-fl-(4-toluenesulfonyπimidazole-4-ylethylamino)-2-Dhen ylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester Λ -(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-yl-acetic acid /v-methyl-O-methylcarboxamide (1.86 g, 5.77 mmol), prepared as in Example 174B, was dissolved in 15 mL of THF and 15 mL of ether. This solution was cooled to -78 °C and UAIH4 (215 mg, 5.81 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred for 20 minutes and then worked up with 1 N HCI. The mixture was extracted with ether. The ether solution was washed with concentrated sodium bicarbonate and dried. After evaporating solvents, a crude solid was obtained (1.61 g). 1 H NMR showed it contained 28% aldehyde, 20% unreacted carboxamide and 50% of destosylated side product. This mixture was dissolved in 20 mL of methanol and 1 mL of acetic acid. 4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (compound 8, 640 mg, 1.62 mmol) was added to the above solution and the reaction was

stirred at ambient temperature. After 15 minutes, sodium cyanoborohydride (152 mg,

2.42 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred for 15 hours and then evaporated. The residue was extracted with concentrated sodium bicarbonate and methylene chloride. The methylene chloride solution was dried and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (ethyl acetate-hexane 4: 1 ) to give {4-[1 -(4- toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-ylethylamino]-2-phenylbenzoyl}me thionine methyl ester as a fluffy solid (500 mg, 51%); [α]25 D = +0.60 (c = 1.10, CDCI 3 ); 1 H NMR (CDCI3) δ 7.95 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.79 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H, tosyl), 7.68 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H, aminophenyl), 7.37- 7.45 (m, 5H), 7.33 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H, tosyl), 7.05 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 6.57 (d, = 8.5 Hz, 1 H, aminophenyl), 6.41 (s, 1 H, aminophenyl), 5.66 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, 1 H, amide), 4.61 (ddd, J= 5.2, 7.2 and 7.6 Hz, 1H, Met α H), 4.46 (t, J= 5.6 Hz, 1 H, amine), 3.67 (s, 3H, OCH 3 ),

3.43 (q, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H, ethylene), 2.82 (t, J= 6.4 Hz, 2H, ethylene), 2.43 (s, 3H), 2.08 (t, J= 7.7 Hz, 2H, CH 2 S), 2.00 (s, 3H, SCH 3 ), 1.82-1.90 (m, 1 H), 1.58-1.70 (m, 1 H); C NMR (CDCI3) δ 171.8, 168.3, 149.4, 146.1 , 142.3, 141.5, 141.0, 136.1 , 134.5, 131.0, 130.2, 128.5, 128.3, 127.5, 127.1 , 122.3, 1 13.7, 113.6, 111.0, 52.0, 51.5, 42.2, 31.5, 29.3, 27.2, 21.5, 15.0.

Example 44B [4-.1 H-imidazole-4-ylethylamino-)2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine hydrochloride {4-[1 -(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-ylethylamino]-2-phenylbenzoy l}methionine methyl ester (303 mg, 0.50 mmol), prepared as in Example 44A, was dissolved in a mixture of THF (4 mL) and 0.5 N NaOH (4.0 mL). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 2 hours and then evaporated. After acidification with 1 N HCI, the aqueous solution was lyophilized. The crude solid was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC to give a trifluoroacetate salt (140 mg, 51%). This trifluoroacetate salt was dissolved in 1 N HCI and the aqueous solution was lyophilized to give [4-(1 H-imidazole-4-ylethylamino-)2- phenylbenzoyl.methionine hydrochloride; [α] 25 o = -25.5 (c = 1.1 , H2O); 1 H NMR (CD3OD) 68.79 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.48 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.32-7.39 (m, 6H), 6.84 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.77 (s, 1 H), 4.45 (dd, J- 4.1 and 5.1 Hz, 1 H, Met α H), 3.58 (t, J- 7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.08 (t, J= 7.0 Hz, 2H), 2.16-2.24 (m, 1 H), 2.05-2.14 (m, 1 H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1 .92- 1.98 (m, 1 H), 1.72-1 .85 (m, 1 H); 3C NMR (CD3OD) 6 174.8, 172.4, 145.1 , 143.5, 141 .3, 134.9, 131 .8, 131.3, 130.9, 129.7, 129.6, 129.0, 1 19.7, 1 18.1 , 1 16.6, 53.0, 46.5, 31 .6, 31.0, 24.2, 15.0.

Example 45 f4-.1 H-imidazole-4-ylethylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine methyl ester hvdrochloride {4-[1-(4-toluenesulfonyl)imidazole-4-ylethylamino-l2-phenylb enzoyl}methionine methyl ester (90.2 mg, 0.1488 mmol), prepared as in Exampie 44A, was dissolved in 5 mL of THF. To this solution was added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (80.4 mg, 0.5956 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at ambient temperature. After 2 hours, TLC showed the disappearance of starting material. The solution was evaporated and the residue was extracted with ethyl acetate and 1 N HCI. The aqueous solution was neutralized with 1 N NaOH to pH 8.5 and then extracted with ethyl acetate. After evaporating solvents, the residue was dissolved in 1 N HCI and the solution was lyophilized to give [4-(1 H-imidazole-4-ylethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (62.6 mg, yield 80%); [α] 25 o = -34.0 (c = 1.50, H 2 O); 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 68.82 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.53 (d, 1H, J= 8.4 Hz, aminophenyl), 7.35- 7.46 (m, 6H, imidazole and phenyl), 7.07 (d, 1 H, J= 8.4 Hz, aminophenyl), 7.01 (s, 1 H, aminophenyl), 4.50 (dd, =4.0 Hz. 1 H, Met α H), 3.70 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.65 (t, J= 7.1 Hz. 2H, ethylene), 3.15 (t, J= 7.1 Hz, 2H, ethylene), 2.14-2.23 (m, 1 H), 2.04-2.12 (m, 1 H), 1 .99 (s, 3H, SCH3), 1.89-1.96 (m, 1 H), 1.73-1.82 (m, 1 H); 13 C NMR (CD3OD) 6 173.6, 172.2, 143.7, 143.3, 140.9, 135.2, 132.8, 131.4, 131.3, 129.8, 129.7, 129.1 , 121.2, 118.2, 118.1 , 53.0, 52.8, 47.6, 31.3, 30.8, 23.8, 15.0.

O 97/17070

99

Example 46 [4-( 1 -Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido-.2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine trifluoroacetate

Example 46A

[4-(1 -Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamidol-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine methyl ester 4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (compound 8, 1 1 1 .8 mg, 0.2833 mmol) and tV-methylimidazole-4-yl-acetic acid hydrochloride (50 mg, 0.2832 mmol) were suspended in 10 mL of methylene chloride. To this solution was added diisopropylethylamine (197 μL, 4.0 eq) and O-benzotriazol-1 -yl-V f V,Λ/',Λ '- tetramethylurσniumhexafluorophosphate (107.4 mg, 0.2833 mmol). After stirring at ambient temperature for 2 days, the reaction was worked up by washing with dilute HCI (PH = 3.0) and concentrated sodium bicarbonate. After evaporating solvents, the residue was purified by flash column chromatography (CH2Cl2-Methanol, 10:1) to give [4-( 1 -Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamιdo)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester ( 106 mg, 78%); m.p. 69-70 °C; 1 H NMR (CDCI3) 6 9.89 (s, 1 H, amide), 7.67 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.55 (s, 1 H), 7.46 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.34-7.42 (m, 5H), 6.81 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 5.90 (d, J= 7.7 Hz, 1 H, amide), 4.63 (ddd, J= 5.1 , 7.3 and 7.7 Hz, 1 H, Met α H), 3.72 (s, 3H, OCH3), 3.64 (s, 5H, N-methyl and imidazole acetyl), 2.10 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.83-1.94 (m, 1 H), 1.66-1.75 (m, 1 H); 13 C NMR (CDCI3) δ 171 .7, 169.0, 168.9, 140.3, 140.1 , 139.8, 137.3, 135.3, 129.6, 129.3, 128.5, 128.3, 127.5, 120.6, 1 18.5, 1 18.0, 52.1 , 51.6, 36.3, 33.3, 30.8, 29.4, 15.0; LRMS (El) for C25H28O4N4S 480 (M+, 20), 406 (100), 318 (50); HRMS (El) calcd 480.1813, obsd 480.1829.

Example 46B 4-( 1 -Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido-.2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine trifluoroacetate 4-[1 -Methylimidazole-4-yl]acetamido-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (70 mg, 0.1458 mmol), prepared as in Example 46A, was dissolved in a mixture of THF (2.0 mL) and 0.5 N LiOH (0.5 mL). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 hour. After evaporating solvents, the residue was acidified with 1 N HCI. The aqueous solution was

lyophilized and the crude solid was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC to give [4-(1-Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido-)2-phenylbenzoyl]methion ine as a TFA salt (50 mg, 60%). 1 H NMR (CD 3 OD) 68.83 (s, 1H, imidazole), 7.66 (s, 1H, imidazole), 7.64 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (s, 1H), 7.32-7.43 (m, 5H), 4.48 (dd, J=4.1 and 9.5 Hz, 1H, Met α H), 3.92 (s, 5H, N-methyl and imidazole acetyl), 2.13-2.22 (m, 1H), 2.00-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.94-2.00 (m, 1H), 1.72-1.84 (m, 1H); 13 C NMR (CD 3 OD)6174.9, 172.8, 168.2, 142.4, 141.4, 141.2, 136.7, 132.7, 130.0, 129.7, 129.5, 129.4, 128.8, 122.8, 122.2, 119.2, 53.0, 36.1, 33.0, 31.5, 31.0, 15.0.

Example 47

[4-(1H-1-Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido)-2-.2-methylpheny benzoyl1methionιne trifluoroacetate

Example 47A 4-nitro-2-.2-methvlphenyl.benzoic acid methvl ester The coupling of 4-nitro-2-bromobenzoic acid methyl ester with 2- methylphenylboronic acid in DMF at 100 °C in the presence of Pd(PPh3) (1.5 % eq) and Na3PO4 (2.5 eq) gave 4-nitro-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester as a colorless oil (43% yield after column chromatography purification 6:1 = hexane / ethyl acetate). 1 H NMR (CDCI3) δ 8.26 (d, J=8.6 Hz.1H), 8.13 (s, 1H), 8.08 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.21-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.06 (d, J=7.5 hz, 1H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 2.09 (s, 3H); 1 3 C NMR (CDCI3) δ 165.8, 148.5, 143.5, 138.5, 135.9, 134.6, 130.5, 129.3, 127.9, 127.7, 125.1, 121.5.51.8, 19.3 (expect 12 aromatic C, observed 11); LRMS (El) 271; HRMS (El) calcd for C 15 H 13 N0 4 271.0844, obsd 271.0852.

Example 47B 4-nιtro-2-.2-methvlphenvl.benzoιc acιd 4-Nιtro-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 178A, was saponified using aqueous NaOH-CH3θH to give 4-nιtro-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoιc acid; HRMS calcd for C14H11 NO4 257.0688, obsd 257.0699.

Example 47C [4-Nitro-2-.2-methylphenyl.benzoyl|methionine methyl ester hydrochloride 4-Nitro-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid (2.31 g, 9 mmol), prepared as in Example 47B, was coupled with L-methiomne methyl ester (1.0 eq) in the presence of ethyl dimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDCI, 1.0 eq) and 3-hydroxy- 1 ,2,3- benzotπazιn-4(3H)-one (HOBT, 1.0 eq) to give [4-nitro-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester as a pale yellow oil (3.54 g, 98% yield); 1 H NMR showed diastereomers due to restricted carbon-carbon bond rotation; H NMR (CDCI3) δ 8.26-8.30 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.10 (s, 1 H), 8.03-8.09 (m, 1 H), 7.27-7.42 (m, 3.5 H), 7.18 (d, J= 7.4 Hz, 0.5 H), 6.03 (br, 1H, amide), 4.59-4.67 (m, 1H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 1.5H, PhCH 3 ), 2.06 (s, 1.5 H, PhCH 3 ), 1.98-2.03 (m, 5H), 1.81 -1.93 (m, 1 H), 1.59- 1.69 (m, 1 H).

Example 47D f4-amιno-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl1methioniπe methyl ester hydrochloride [4-Nitro-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine methyl ester was reduced to a corresponding amine by stannous chloride in ethyl acetate at 78 °C. The free amine was treated with methylene chloride and 3 N HCI in ether to give [4-amιno-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine methyl ester hydrochlonde (85% yield); [α] 5 o = -28.3 (c = 1.0, methanol); 1 H NMR (CD3OD) 6 7.74 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.47 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.23-7.30 (m, 5H), 4.47 (m, 1 H), 3.69 (s, 3H), 2.06-2.18 (m, 4 H), 1.99 (s, 3H), 1.95-1.97 (m, 2H), 1.74 (m, 1 H); 13 C NMR (CD3OD) 6 173.3, 170.8, 143.3, 139.7, 138.1 , 137.2, 133.5, 131.4, 130.8, 130.6, 129.6, 128.8, 126.2, 123.1 , 66.9, 52.9, 31.5, 30.8, 20.4, 15.1.

Example 47E f4-(-H-1 -Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamidol-2-.2-methylphenyπbenzoyl1me thιonιne methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 4-amιno-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoylmethionιne methyl ester hydrochloπde, prepared as in Example 47D, with N-methylimιdazole-4-yl-acetιc acid according to the method of Example 178C (yield 58%, purified by column chromatography (10:1 CH2CI2-CH3OH); m.p 69-70 °C,

[α] 2 5 D = + 17.5 (c = 4.4, CHCI3); 1 H NMR (CDCI3) 6 9.91 (s, 1 H), 7.90-7.99 (m, 1 H), 7.65 (m, 1 H), 7.45 (s, 1 H), 7.40 (d, J= 6.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.26-7.31 (m, 3H), 7.15-7.20 (m. 1 H), 6.79 (s, 1 H), 5.86 (d, J= 7.1 Hz, 1 H amide), 4.56-4.64 (m, 1 H), 3.67 (s, 4H), 3.64 (s, 4H), 2.17 (s, 1.5 H, PhCH 3 ), 1 .93-2.05 (m, 6.5 H), 1.80-1 .89 (m, 1 H), 1.51 -1 .61 (m, 1 H); 1 C NMR (CDCI3) 6 171.7, 171.6, 168.7, 167.1 , 166.7, 140.5, 140.4, 140.1 , 139.8, 137.5. 136.0, 135.5, 130.5, 130.3, 128.9, 128.7, 128.5, 128.1 , 128.0, 126.0, 125.9, 120.5, 1 18.2, 1 18.1 , 52.1 , 51.5, 51.4, 36.4, 33.2, 31.3, 29.1 , 19.7, 15.0 (diastereomers shown in NMR data are due to restricted carbon-carbon bond rotation); HRMS calcd for C26H30O4N4S 494.1988, obsd 494.1986.

Example 47F f4-(1 H-1 -Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido -2-.2-methylphenynbenzoyllmethionine trifluoroacetate [4-(1 H-1-Methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl ]methionine methyl ester (72 mg, 0.1472 mmol) was saponified using 0.5 N LiOH (0.58 mL, 0.29 mmol) in 2.0 mL of THF as described in Example 177B. The acid was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC to give [4-(1-methylimidazole-4-ylacetamido)-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine trifluoroacetate (70 mg, 87% yield); 1 H NMR showed a complex due to diastereomers caused by restricted bond rotation; 1 H NMR (CD3OD) δ 8.81 (s, 1 H), 7.68 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.49 (m, 2H), 7.25 (m, 4H), 4.43 (m, 1 H), 3.91 (m, 5H), 2.08-2.17 (m, 4H), 1.94-1 .99 (m, 5H), 1.69 (m, 1 H).

Example 48

[4-(1 -H-imidazole-4-ylmethylaminol-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine trifluoroacetate

Example 48A 4-Hydroxymethyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylimidazole 4-Hydroxymethylimidazole hydrochloride (1.0 g, 7.4 mmol) and p-toluenesulfonyl chloride were suspended in 1 mL. of distilled water and 3 mL. of THF. Sodium hydroxide

(1 N) was added and the pH of approximately 9 was maintained over a period of 3 hours. The reaction mixture was extracted with diethyl ether (3X50 mL.). The extracts were combined, dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (100% ethyl acetate) to give 4-hydroxymethyl-1-p- toluenesulfonylimidazole (1.1 g, 58%) as a white solid; m.p. 109-112°C; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 6 7.98 (s, 1 H, imidazole), 7.82 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.34 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.22 (s, 1 H), 4.51 (s, 2H, CH2OH), 2.42 (s, 3H, CH3); 13c NMR (75 MHz, CDCI3) δ 146.68, 144.68, 136.82, 134.72, 130.58, 127.54, 114.28, 57.66, 21.82; MS m/e calc'd for : 252.0569, found 252.0576.

Example 486 ( 1 H-1 -p-toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-yπcarboxaldehvde 4-Hydroxymethyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylimidazol (0.7 g, 2.8 mmol), prepared as in Example 48A, was dissolved into 7 mL. of methylene chloride and manganese (IV) oxide (2.0 g, 23 mmol) added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere for 20 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through a celite pad, the pad rinsed and the combined filtrates were evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (2:3 ethyl acetate/hexanes) to give (1 -p-toluenesulfonylimidazole- 4-yl)carboxaldehyde (0.45 g, 64 %) as a white solid.: 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 9.79 (s, 1 H), 8.00 (s, 1 H), 7.87 (s, 1 H). 7.81 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.33 (d, _/=8.0 Hz, 2H), 2.38 (s, 3H); MS m/e calc'd for : 250.0412, found 250.0419.

Example 48C r4-(-1 H-1 -p-toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-ylmethyamino-2-phenylbenzoyl)m ethionine methyl ester (1-p-toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-yl)carboxaldehyde (0.10 g, 0.4 mmol), prepared as in Example 48B, and 4-amιno-2-phenylbenzoyl-methionine methyl ester hydrochloπde (0.16 g, 0.4 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL. of 95% methanol and 5% acetic acid and stirred for 15 minutes. Sodium cyanoborohydride (0.05 g, 0.8 mmol)was added and the reaction was stirred for 0.5 hour. Twice during this time additional (1 -p- toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-yl)carboxaldehyde (0.165 g, 0.66 mmol) and sodium cyanoborohydride (0.83 g, 1.3 mmol) were added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (3:2 ethyl

acetate/hexanes) to give [4-(-1 H-1-p-Toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-ylmethyamino-2- phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (0.075 g, 7.5%) as a white solid; " • H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.97 (s, 1 H, Imidazole), 7.79 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.65 (d, _/=8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.41 -7.34 (m, 8H), 7.18 (s, 1 H, Imidazole), 6.60 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1 H), 6.46 (s, 1 H,), 6.46 (s, 1 H), 5.71 (d, 7.65 1 H), 4.62 (dd, J=6.14, 6.21 Hz, 1 H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.10 (t, J=7.56 Hz, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.93-1.82 (m, 1 H), 1.69-1.60 (m, 1 H).

Example 48P

[4-( 1 -H-imidazole-4-ylmethylaminol-2-phenylbenzc Ijmethionine trifluoroacetate The [4-(- 1 H- 1 -p-toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-ylme.hyarrιino-2- phυnylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester (0.075 g, 0.13 mmol), prepared in Example 48C, was dissolved into 2 mL. of THF and cooled to 0°C. Lithium hydroxide (2 mL. 0.5M) was slowly added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. The pH was adjusted to 4 with 1N HCI and the THF was removed under vacuum. The aqueous layer was lyophilized and the resulting solid was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC (Waters 25X10 cm, C-18 column, 220 nm UV detector, flow rate 15 mL./min, linear gradient from 5% acetonitrile and 95% water containing 0.1% TFA to 60% acetonitrile in 40 minutes) to give (4-(1-H-imidazole-4-ylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionin e trifluoroacetate as a white solid (0.03 g, 52%); 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 14.44 (br s, 2H), 12.60 (s, 1 H), 9.01 (s, 1 H), 8.07 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.56 (s, 1 H), 7.30-7.24 (m, 8H), 6.65 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.59 (s, 1 H), 4.41 (s, 2H), 4.25-4.18 (m, 1 H, α CH Met.), 2.27-2.14 (m, 1 H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.86-1 .75 (m, 1 H).

Example 49 [4-(1-H-2-Methylimidazole-4-ylmethylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl]m ethionine trifluoroacetate

Example 49A

4-HydrQxymethyl-2-methyi'm'dazQle

1 ,3-Dihydroxyacetone (6.2 g, 50 mmol) and ethyl acetimidate hydrochloride (4.5 g, 50 mmol) were added to an autoclave to which 50 mL of liquid ammonia was added. The apparatus was sealed and heated (68-70° C) with stirring for 4 hours. After cooling the reaction mixture was extracted with hot acetonitrile which upon cooling formed a precipitate which was collected to give 4-hydroxymethyl-2-methylimidazole (2.3 g, 41%); H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 66.75 (s, 1H), 4.50 (s, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H); 13c NMR (75 MHz, CDCI3) 6 143.48, 135.98, 116.25, 55.59, 12.95.

Example 49B

4-Hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylimidazole 4-Hydroxymethyl-2-methylimidazole (0.7 g, 6.25 mmol), prepared as in Example 49A, and p-toluenesulfonylchloride (1.2 g, 6.25 mmol) were suspended in 5 mL of distilled water and 3 mL of THF. Sodium hydroxide (1N) was added to maintain a pH of 9 over a period of 3 hours. The reaction mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3X50 mL.). The extracts were combined, dried over magnesium sulfate , concentrated and crystallized from ethyl acetate, collected by vacuum filtration and dried- to give 4- hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylimidazole (0.5 g, 35%) as a white solid; m.p. 140-143°; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 67.78 (d, 8.25 2H), 7.36 (d, J=8.25 Hz. 2H), 7.33 (s, 1 H), 4.49 (s, 2H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H); C NMR (75 MHz, CDCI3) δ 146.38, 140.96, 134.85, 130.51 , 127.57, 116.05, 57.37, 21.84, 15.02; MS m/e calc'd: 266.0725. found: 266.0714.

Example 49C .2-Methvl- 1 -p-toluenesulfonvlιmιdazole-4-vh-carboxaldehvde 4-Hydroxymethyl-2-methyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylιmιdazole (0.75 g, 2.8 mmol), prepared as in Example 49B, was dissolved into 10 mL of methylene chloride and manganese (IV) oxide (2.0 g, 23 mmol) added over an 8 hour period. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for an additional 16 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through a celite plug and concentrated to leave a slightly yellow oil The residue was crystallized from ethyl acetate, collected and dπed to give (2-methyl-1-p- toluenesulfonylιmιdazol-4-yl)carboxaldehyde (0.44 g, 59%) as a white solid; mp 106- 109° C; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 69.82 (s, 1 H), 8.09 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (d, J= 7.53, 2H), 7 42 (d, J= 744, 2H), 2.56 (s, 3H), 2.48 (s, 3H); 1 3c NMR (75 MHz, CDCI3) 6 184 95, 147.32, 139.63, 133.81 , 130.83, 127.94, 125.35, 21.93, 15.18.

Example 49P [4-( 1 H-2-Methyl-1 •p-toluenesulfonylimιdazol-4-ylmethylamιno)-2- phenvlbenzovllmethionine methvl ester (2-Methyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylιmιdazol-4-yl)carboxaldehyde (0.10 g, 0.38 mmol), prepared as in Example 49C, and 4-amιno-2-phenylbenzoyl-methιonιne methyl ester hydrochloride (0.037 g, 0.09 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL. of 95% methanol and 5% acetic acid and stirred for 15 minutes. Sodium cyanoborohydride (0.048 g, 0.76 mmol) was then added and the reaction was stirred for 0.5 hour. Additional (2-Methyl-1-p- toluenesulfonylιmιdazol-4-yl)carboxaldehyde (0.10 g, 0.038 mmol) and sodium cyanoborohydπde (0.048 g, 0.076 mmol) were then added, followed by 4-amιno-2- phenylbenzoylmethionine methyl ester hydrochloride (compound 8, 0.037 g, 1 7 mmol) Additional carboxaldehyde (0.24 g, 0.91 mmol) and 4-amιno-2-phenylbenzoylmethιonιne methyl ester hydrochloride (0.180 g, 0.46 mmol) were then added and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 0.5 hour The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated The residue was punfied by flash chromatography (4:1 ethyl acetate/hexanes) to give [4- (1H-2-methyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylιmιdazol-4-ylmethylamιno) -2-phenylbenzoyl]methιoπιne methyl ester (0.185 g, 47%) as a white foam; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 773 (d, J=8.28 Hz. 2H), 7.67 (d, J=8.52 Hz, 2H), 7.42-7.27 (m, 7H), 6.62 (dd, J=7.23, 2.25 Hz, 1 H), 6.49 (d, J=2.25 Hz, 1 H), 5.71 (d, J=7.59 Hz, 1 H), 4.66-4.59 (m, 1 H, αCH Met.), 4 55 (t, J=546 Hz, 1H), 4.22 (d, J=5.34 Hz, 2H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 2.10 (t, J=7.65 Hz, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1.94-1 78 (m, 1 H), 1.72-1.60 (m, 1H); 13c NMR (75 MHz, CDCI3) δ 172.26, 168.67, 149.40, 146.34, 141.62, 141.30, 138.38, 134.99, 131 44

130.58, 128.95, 128.83, 128.02, 127.50, 123.54, 1 16.28, 1 14.45, 1 1 1.67, 52.51 , 52.01 , 41.45, 31.68, 29.71 , 21.91 , 15.49, 15.35.

Example 49£ [4-(1 -H-2-Methylimidazol-4-ylmethyaminol-2-phenylbenzoyl]methioni ne trifluoroacetate [4-(1 H-2-methyl-1 -p-toluenesulfonylimidazol-4-ylmethylamino)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester (0.1 g, 0.165 mmol), prepared as in Example 49D, was dissolved in 2 mL of THF and cooled to 0°C. Lithium hydroxide (2 mL. 0.5M) was slowly added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 6 hours. Aqueous HCI (3 mL, 0.5M) was added and excess THF removed under vacuum. The aqueous layer was lyophilized and the resulting solid was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC (Waters 25X10 cm, C- 18 column, 220 nm UV detector, flow rate 15 mLJmin, linear gradient from 5% acetonitrile and 95% water containing 0.1% TFA to 60% acetonitrile in 40 minutes) to give [4-(1 -H-2-methylimidazol-4-ylmethyamino)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine trifluoroacetate as a white solid (0.03 g, 52%); 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 14.12 (br, s, 1 H), 13.92 (br, s, 1 H), 12.55 (br s 1 H), 8.06 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.39 (S, 1 H), 7.28-7.22 (m, 7H), 6.62 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1 H), 4.32 (s, 2H), 4.23-4.16 (m, 1 H, α CH Met.), 2.49 (s. 3H), 2.29-2.12 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1 .84-1.73 (m, 2H).

Example 50 f4-((1-H-imidazol-4-yl)-3-propylcarbonylamino)-2-phenylbenzo yl]methionιne trifluoroacetate

Example 50A traπs-Urocanic acid-methvl ester Urocanic acid (0.6 g, 4.3 mmol) was suspended in methanol and HCI gas bubbled through so refluxing commenced for 1 hour After cooling the precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration, washed with hexanes and dried to give traπs-urocanic acid-methyl

ester (0.74 g. 91 %) as a white solid, m.p. 239-242°C; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 9.26 (s, 1 H), 8.07 (s, 1 H), 7.59 (d, J=16.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.89 (d, =16.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.74 (s, 3H);

Example 506 3-.1-H-lmidazol-4-ynpropanoic acid methyl ester rrans-urocanic acid-methyl ester (0.6 g, 3.2 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (20 mL) and hydrogenated at room temperature using 10% Palladium on carbon (0.04 g) under a hydrogen atmosphere (40 psi) for 5.5 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through a celite plug and concentrated. The residue was crystallized from ethyl ether, collected and dried to give 3-(1-H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid methyl ester (0.56 g,

93%) as a white solid; m.p. 105-108° C; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.99 (s, 1 H), 7.40 (s, 1 H), 3.58 (s, 3H); MS m/e calc: 154.0742, found: 154.0750.

Example 50C 3-π -H-1-Triphenylmethylimidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid methyl ester

To a solution of 3-(1-H-imidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid methyl ester (0.5 g, 2.6 mmol), prepared as in Example 50B, and triphenylmethylchloride (0.73 g, 2.6 mmol) in 10 mL of methylene chloride was added triethylamine (0.58 g, 5.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The organics were washed with distilled water, dried using magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was crystallized from ether and hexanes, collected by vacuum filtration and dried to give 3-(1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazoi-4-yl)propanoic acid methyl ester (0.81 g, 79%) as a white solid; m.p. 140-141 C°; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.39-7.30 (m, 10H), 7.15- 7.77 (m, 6H), 6.55 (s, 1 H), 3.62 (s, 3H), 2.87 (t, J=7.32 Hz, 2H), 2.66 (t, J=7.74 Hz, 2H)

Example 50D 3-M H- 1 -Triphenylmethylimidazol-4-vhpropanoic acid To a 0 °C solution of 3-(1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid methyl ester (0.6 g, 1.5 mmol), prepared as in Example 50C, was slowly added lithium hydroxide (6 mL. 0.5M) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The THF was removed under vacuum and the aqueous layer was acidified using HCI (6 mL. 0.5M). A white precipitate which formed was collected by vacuum filtration and dried to give 3-(1 H-1- triphenylmethylimidazol-4-yl)propanoic acid (0.53 g, 93%) as a white solid; m.p. 182-186° C; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) 6 7.40-7.38 (m, 9H), 7.26 (s, 1 H), 7.09-7.07 (m, 6H), 6.64 (s, 1 H), 2.67 (t, J=6.66 Hz, 2H), 2.49 (t, J=6.78 Hz, 2H).

Example 50E

[4-((1 H-1 -Triphenylmethylιmιdazol-4-yl)-3-propylcarbonylamιno)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionme methyl ester To a 0 °C solution of 3-(1 H-1 -tπphenylmethylιmιdazol-4-yl)propanoιc acid (0 5 g, 1.3 mmol), prepared as in Example 50D, ethyl dimethylaminopropyi carbodnmide hydrochloride (0.27 g, 1 .4 mmol), 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazιn-4(3H)-one (HOBT, 0.18 g, 1 .3 mmol), and 4-amιno-2-phenylbenzoyl-methionιne methyl ester hydrochloride (0.52 g, 1.3 mmol) in 10 mL. of methylene chloride, was added triethylamine (0.13 g, 1 3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 16 hours at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was washed first with distilled water followed by 0.5N HCI. The organics were dried using magnesium sulfate and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (19:1 chloroform/hexanes) to give [((1 H-1 - tπphenylmethylιmidazol-4-yl)-3-propylcarbonylamino)-2-phen ylbenzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester (0.38 g, 40%) as a white foam; 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 9.96 (s, 1 H), 7.70 (d, 1 H), 7.69-7.56 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.23 (m, 17H), 7.08-7.05 (m, 4H), 6.62 (s, 1 H), 5.85 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 1 H), 5.85 (d, J=7.68 Hz, 1 H), 4.64 (dd, J=7.26, 6.23 Hz, 1 H), 3.65 (s, 3H), 2.95-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.81 -2.77 (m, 2H).

Example 50F [4-(1 H-imιdazol-4-yl -3-propylcarbonylamιno-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιne trifluoroacetate To a 0 °C solution of [4-(1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-4-yl)-3- propylcarbonylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (0.16 g, 0.23 mmol), prepared as in Example 50E, in 4.4 mL of THF was slowly added lithium hydroxide (4 4 mL. 0.5M) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The pH was adjusted using 0.5 M HCI and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3X50 mL.). The extracts were combined, dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated to an oil. The oil was taken up in methylene chloride (4 mL.) to which trifluoroacetic acid (8 mL) was added which produced a deep yellow color. Immediately after the addition of TFA, tπethylsilane was added dropwise until the reaction mixture was nearly colorless. The reaction was stirred for 2 hours at ambient temperature and concentrated to give a solid which was washed with diethyl ether. The solid was collected by vacuum filtration, washed with additional diethyl ether and dried to yield [4-(1 H-imidazol-4-yl)-3-propylcarbonylamιno-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine trifluoroacetate (0.073 g, 36%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD) δ 8,72 (s, 1 H), 7.64 (br s, 2H), 7.35-7.50 (m, 8H), 4.50 (br s, 2H), 2.80 (br s, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1 .82 (br s, 2H). MS m/e 467 (M+H)+.

Example 51 f4-(3-pyridylmethyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyπmethionine hvdrochloride

Example 51 A

[4-(3-pyridylmethyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution in DMF of 3-pyridinemethanol (0.59 mL) was added sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 0.19 g), and the mixture was stirred until gas evolution ceased. A solution of 2-phenyl-4-bromomethylbenzoic acid methyl ester (0.98 g) in DMF was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred until the bromide was consumed. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried, and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (1:1 ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give [4-(3- pyridylmethyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (0.58 g).

Example 51 B 4-(3-pγridylmethyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoic acid To a solution in methanol (5 mL) of [4-(3-pyridylmethyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester (0.58 g), prepared as in Example 51 A, was added saturated aqueous lithium hydroxide and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was warmed to 60 °C and stirred for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was taken up in water. The aqueous phase was taken to pH 5 with aqueous 3N HCI and extracted with chloroform. The organic phase was concentrated in vacuo to give 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid (0.52 g).

Example 51C [4-.3-pyridylmethyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxymethyl)- 2-phenylbenzoic acid with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride as described in Example 163D.

Example 51 D [4-.3-pyridylmethyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(3- pyridylmethyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in

Example 51 C using the procedure of Example 51 B; 1 H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) δ 1.66- 2.17 (4H, m), 2.02 (3H, s), 4.62 (1 H, m), 4.76 (2H, s), 4.78 (2H, s), 6.31 (1 H, d, J= 6.3Hz), 7.23-7.44 (7H, m), 7.71 (1 H, d, J= 7.8Hz), 7.86 (1H, m), 8.34 (1 H, m), 8.65 (1 H, m), 8.72 (1H, m); MS (DCI/NH3) m/e 451 (M+H) + . Anal cafcd for C25H26N2O4S I .45 HCI: C , 59.65; H, 5.50; N, 5.56. Found: C, 59.80; H , 5.11 ; N. 5.26.

Example 52 [4-.L-histidyO-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine hvdrochloride

Example 52A r4-(bis-te/t-butoxycarbonyl-L-histidyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]meth ionine methyl ester Bis-tert-butoxycarbonyl-L-His (1.78 g, 5.00 mmol) was added to a solution of [4- amino-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (compound 8, 1.79 g, 5.00 mmol), 3- hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (HOOBT, 2.50 g, 15.0 mmol), 1-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide (EDC, 2.93 g, 15.0 mmol), and Λ- methylmorpholine (NMM) in DMF (25 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 17 hours and then was concentrated under reduced pressure (50 C C, 0.1 mm Hg) to provide an amber oil. The oil was dissolved in ethyl acetate (25 mL) and the

solution was extracted with saturated aqueous NaHCU3 (3 x 10 mL), followed by brine (10 mL). The combined aqueous layers were back-extracted with ethyl acetate (10 mL), and the combined organic portions were dried (MgSO4) and then concentrated under reduced pressure to provide a yellow solid. Flash column chromatography (90:8:2 to 70:28:2 hexane-Ethyi acetate-Et3N) afforded 1.32 g (38%) of [4-(bis-tert-butoxycarbonyl- L-histidyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester; 1 H NMR (CDCI3) 6 1.41 (s, 9 H), 1 .58 (s, 9 H), 1.61 -1.78 (m, 1 H), 1.83-1.95 (m, 1 H), 1.98 (s, 3 H), 2.04-2.13 (comp, 2 H), 2.99 (dd, 1 H), 3.18 (dd, 1 H), 3.63 (s, 3 H), 4.50-4.92 (comp, 2 H), 5.84 (d, 1 H), 6.32 (d, 1 H), 7.21 (s, 1 H), 7.30-7.42 (comp, 5 H), 7.45 (m, 1 H), 7.68 (d, 1 H), 8.02 (s, 1 H), 9.63 (br, 1 H). LRMS (Cl): 696 (M+1 ) + .

Example 526 f4-(L-histidyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl|methionine methyl ester hvdrochloride [4-(bis-terf-butoxycarbonyi-L-histidyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (0.992 g, 1.42 mmol), prepared as in Example 52A, was dissolved in 4 M HCI/ dioxane (15 mL), upon which gas evolution was observed. The clear amber solution was stirred for 6 hours, during which time a white precipitate formed. The mixture was treated with ethyl ether and the precipitate was isolated by filtration to provide 0.779 g (100%) of [4- (L-histidyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester (believed to be the mono- hydrochloride salt); 1 H NMR (CD3OD) 6 1.72-1.87 (m, 1 H), 1.95-2.03 (comp, 4 H), 2.08- 2.28 (comp, 2 H), 3.38-3.60 (comp, 2 H), 3.67 (s, 3 H), 4.45-4.57 (comp, 2 H), 7.30-7.46 (comp, 6 H), 7.53 (d, 1 H), 7.69 (d, 1 H), 7.77 (app s, 1 H), 8.90 (s, 1 H). LRMS (Cl): 496 (M+1 ) + .

Example 52C

[4-(L-histidyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine hydrochloride To a solution of [4-(L-histidyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (98.9 mg, 0.200 mmol), prepared as in Example 52B, in THF/H2O (4:1 , 20 mL) was added LiOH » H2θ (68.5 mg, 1.60 mmol). The solution was stirred for 6 hours and then was treated with 1 M aqueous HCI (20 mL). The mixture was lyopholized to provide a white solid. Recrystallization from methanol afforded [4-(L-histidyl)-2- phenylbenzoyl]methionine hydrochloride (31 mg, 32%) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (D2O) δ 1.68-1.82 (m, 1 H), 1.88-1.99 (comp, 2 H), 2.02 (s, 3 H), 2.00-2.12 (m, 1 H), 3.28-3.32 (m, 2 H), 3.49 (d. 2 H), 4.28-4.34 (m, 1 H), 4.44 (t, 1 H), 7.36-7.53 (comp, 8 H), 7.57 (m. 1 H), 8.67 (m, 1 H); LRMS (Cl): 482 (M+1 ) + , 701.

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Example 53 [4-(1 H-1-methylimidazol-2-ylcarboxyamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl)methion ine

Example 53A f1 -ethoxy-2-M -methyl-1 H-imidazol-2-yl.ethenyl1carbonic acid ethyl ester Triethylamine (10.2 g, 100.0 mmol) was added to a solution of 1 ,2- dimethylimidazole (2.45 g, 25.0 mmol) in acetonitrile (25 mL) at 0 °C. Ethyl chloroformate (6.15 g, 55.0 mmol) was added dropwise (1 drop/sec) and the reaction mixture was slowly warmed to ambient temperature. After 4 hours, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was treated with 1 :1 sat'd aqueous NaHCθ3/H2θ (25 mL). The mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (4 x 25 mL), and the organic extracts were rinsed with brine (25 mL), dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide an amber oil. Flash column chromatography (ethyl acetate:CH2Cl2:Methanol:HC02H ; 40:40:18:2 to 30:30:38:2) afforded 3.13 g (13%) of a 3:1 mixture of formic acid and the desired compound. 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 ) 6 1.2-1.6 (br, 6 H), 3.7-3.9 (br, 3 H), 4.2-4.6 (br, 4 H), 7.1 (br, 1 H), 7.3 (br, 1 H), 8.2 (br), 10.8 (br). LRMS (Cl): 241 (M+1 ) + , 169 (54318-148C+1 )+.

Example 53B

(1 H-1 -methylimidazol-2-vl.acetic acid The forrmic acid contaminated material prepared in Example 53A (3.13 g, ca 3.50 mmol) from above was dissolved in 3 M aqueous HBr (30 mL). The solution was heated to reflux for 30 hours, after which lyopholization afforded 0.783 g (ca 100%) of (1 H-1 - methylimidazol-2-yl)acetic acid. H NMR (CD3OD) 6 3.40 (s, 3 H), 5.38 (s, 3 H), 7.32- 7.36 (comp, 2 H), 7.41 -7.46 (comp, 3 H), 7.76-7.78 (m, 1 H), 7.78-7.80 (m, 1 H), 7.87 (d. = 8.8 Hz, 1 H). LRMS (Cl): 304 (M+18) + , 287 (M+1 ) + .

Example 53C

.4-.1 H-1-methylimidazol-2-vlcarboxvamino.-2-phenylbenzoyllmethion ine methyl ester Triethylamine (1.23 g, 12.0 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of [4-amιno- 2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine, methyl ester hydrochloride (Compound 8, 1.00 g, 2.03 mmol), (1 H-1 -methylimidazol-2-yl)acetic acid (0.783 g, 3.54 mmol), prepared as in Example 53B, 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3/-/)-one (1 .06 g, 6.37 mmol), and 1 -(3- dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide (1.25 g, 6.37 mmol) in DMF (35 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 16 hours and then concentrated under reduced pressure (50 °C, 0.1 mm Hg) to provide an amber oil. Flash column chromatography (ethyl acetate:CH2Cl2:Methanol:HCOpH 30:30.38:2), followed by a second chromatography(ethyl acetate:HCO2H 92:2) afforded 0.891 g (52%) of a ca 1 :1 mixture of triethylamine hydrochloride and the desired compound. H NMR (CDCI3) δ 1 .05-1.35 (t, 9 H of TEA-HCI), 1.80-1 .92 (m, 1 H), 1.94-2.08 (comp, 4 H), 2.12-2.22 (m, 1 H), 2.22-2.37 (m, 1 H), 3.10-3.24 (comp, 6 H of TEA-HCI + ?), 3.72 (s, 2 H), 3.91 (s, 3 H), 4.50-4.61 (m, 1 H), 7.33-7.45 (comp, 7 H), 7.46 (d, 1 H), 7.64-7.70 (comp, 2 H). Note 1 H spectrum poorly resolved such that assignments uncertain. LRMS (Cl): 481 (M+1 ) + .

Example 53P f4-n H-1 -methylimidazol-2-ylcarboxyamino.-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine Lithium hydroxide hydrate (1.71 g, 40.0 mmol) was added to a solution of the triethylamine hydrochloride contaminated methyl ester prepared in Example 53C (0.891 g, 1.00 mmol) in THF/H2O (4:1 , 50 mL). The solution was stirred for 5 hours and then extracted with pentane (40 mL then 20 mL). The mixture was carefully acidified by the addition of 3 M aqueous HCI and then iyopholized. Flash column chromatography (ethyl acetate:CH2Cl2:Methanol:HCO2H (30:30:39:1) ) followed by filtration of the concentrate through celite with methanol rinses afforded 0.080 g (ca 9%) of a 4:1 mixture of HCO2H and [4-(1 H-1-methylimidazol-2-ylcarboxyamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methion ine. 1 H NMR (CD3OD): 6 1.2-1.5 (small amount unidentified impurity), 1.8-1.9 (br m, 1 H), 1.9-2.1 (br, comp 5 H), 2.1-2.3 (br m, 1 H), 3.6-4.0 (br m, 2 H), 4.0 (s, 3 H), 4.4-4.5 (br, m, 1 H), 7.3- 7.5 (br comp, 6 H), 7.5-7.6 (br comp, 2 H), 7.6-7.8 (br m, 2 H). LRMS (Cl): 467 (M+1 ) + .

Example 54 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]alanine

Example 54A

4-chloromethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of 10.5 g (43.3 mmol) of methyl 4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoate in 50 mL of Λ/,/V-dimethylformamide was added 4.5 mL (62 mmol) of thionyl chloride, and 2.0 g (47 mmol) of lithium chloride. The reaction was complete upon dissolution of the lithium chloride. The solution was poured into 350 mL of water, then extracted with diethyl ether (3 x 100 mL). The combined diethyl ether layers were back extracted with water (2 x 100 mL), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (1 x 100 mL), and brine (1 x 100 mL), dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to 11.1 g (98%) of 4-chloromethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester as a pale yellow oil.

Example 54B 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of 11.1 g (42.3 mmol) of 4-chloromethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 54A, in 150 mL of toluene was added 1.7 g (6.4 mmol) of 18-Crown-6, and 8.40 g (63.1 mmol) of 3-hydroxypyridine, potassium salt. The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 20 minutes, then heated to reflux under N2. After 3 hours, the mixture was poured into 100 mL of water. The layers were separated, then the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were back extracted with 2M aqueous NaOH (2 x 30 mL), brine (1 x 100 mL), dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to an oil which slowly crystallized. The product was recrystallized from 50 mL of 2-propanol to give 6.78 g of a tan solid. The supernatant was concentrated and purified via silica gel chromatography (50:50 hexanes: ethyl acetate) to give another 2.18 g of product, for a total yield of 8.96 g (66%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, dS-DMSO) S 3.60 (s, 3H). 5.33 (s, 2H). 7.28-7.54 (m, 8H), 7.57 (dd, J=1.5, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J=9 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (dd, J=1.0, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 1H).

Example 54C 4-(3-Dyridyloxymethyl.2-phenylbenzoic acid To 2.60 g (8.14 mmol) of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 54B, was added 15 mL of methanol, and a solution of 0.79 g (12 mmol) of 85% KOH in 3 mL of water. The mixture was stirred at reflux for 3 hours, then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up in 5 mL of water and treated with 12 mL of 1 M aqueous HCI. The precipitated product was filtered and washed with a small amount of water. The combined washings and filtrate were adjusted to pH 4 with 1 M HCI, and additional precipitate was collected, then washed with water. The combined precipitates were dried in vacuo to give 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)2-phenylbenzoic acid (2.48 g, 99%) as an off-white powder. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, dδ-DMSO) 55.31 (s, 2H), 7.31- 7.56 (m, 9H), 7.76 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.19 (dd, J=1.0, 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 8.39 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 1 H), 12.8 (br s, 1 H).

[4-.3-pyridyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl]alanine methyl ester To a solution of 100 mg (0.33 mmol) of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)2-phenylbenzoic acid, L-alanine methyl ester hydrochloride (1.5 mmol), 69 mg (0.36 mmol) of 1-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride, and 59 mg (0.36 mmol) of 3- hydroxy 1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one in 1 mL of N/V-dimethylformamide was added 5 drops of triethylamine. The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 24 hours, then poured into 10 mL of 0.6M aqueous sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 5 mL). The combined ethyl acetate layers were back extracted with water (2 x 5 mL), then brine (1 x 5 mL), dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The product was purified via chromatography over silica gel, eluting with an appropriate mixture of hexanes and ethyl acetate.

Example 54E r4-.3-pvridv1oxvmethvh-2-phenvlbenzovt]alanine To approximately 0.3 mmol of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]alanine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 54D, was added 1 mL of 1.39M NaOH in 5:1 methanol: water. The mixture was heated to reflux for 20 minutes, then 1 mL of water, 1 .4 mL of 1 M aqueous HCI, and 5 mL of ethyl acetate were added sequentially. The biphasic mixture was stirred, then separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted with additional ethyl acetate (2 x 5 mL). The combined ethyl acetate layers were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to give 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyl-L-alanine as a foam. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 1 .1 1 (d, J= 7.1

Hz, 3H), 4.14 (quintet, J= 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 5.21 (s, 2H), 7.22-7.45 (m, 10H), 8.10 (d, = 4.1 Hz. 1 H), 8.29 (d, J- 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.46 (d, J= 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 12.42 (br s, 1 H); MS (DCI) m/e 377 (M+H) + . 394 (M+NH ) + . Anal calcd for C22H20 2O 4 O.15HCI: C, 69.19; H, 5.32; N, 7.34. Found: C, 69.22; H, 5.01 ; N, 7.07.

Example 55 f4- ( 3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]cysteine disodium salt

Example 55A [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl1homocysteine thiolactone The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 54D, except substituting DL homocysteine thiolactone hydrochloride for L-alanine methyl ester hydrochloride.

Example 556

[4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]cysteine disodium salt To 51 mg (0.13 mmol) of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]homocysteine thiolactone, prepared as in Example 55A, was added 1 mL of 0.25 M NaOH in 9:1 methanol: water. The mixture was heated at reflux for 1 hour, then concentrated in vacuo to a white solid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 1.68-1.95 (m, 2H), 2.05-2.42 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.95 (m, 1 H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 7.28-7.49 (m, 1 1 H), 8.18 (dd, J* 1 .2, 4.6 Hz, 1 H), 8.38 (d, J= 2.7 Hz, 1 H); MS (DCI) m/e 405 (-H 2 O). Anal calcd for C23H 2 oN2θ 4 SNa2 » 1.35H O: C, 56.29; H, 4.66; N, 5.71. Found: C, 56.33; H, 4.84; N, 5.55.

Example 56 [4-.3-pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine

Example 56A f4-.3-pyridvlamionomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoic acid methvl ester To a solution of 1.72 g (7.16 mmol) of 4-methoxycarbonyl-3-phenylbeπzaldehyde in 21 mL of methanol was added 7 mL of glacial acetic acid, the 875 mg (9.31 mmol) of 3-aminopyridine. The solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hour, then cooled with an ice bath. Next, 750 mg (11.9 mmol) of sodium cyanoborohydride was added in small portions, keeping the ensuing bubbling under control. After 30 minutes, the ice bath was removed, and the reaction was stirred for 18 hours at ambient temperature. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo, then the residue was taken up in 75 mL of water and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 35 mL). The combined ethyl acetate layers were back extracted with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (2 x 35 mL), then brine (1 x 35 mL), dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to an oil. Purification via silica gel chromatography(ethyl acetate) provided 4-(3- pyridylamionomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (2.10 g, 92%) as a colorless oil.

Example 56B

[4-(3-pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 54, steps C, D and E, except substituting 4-(3-pyridylamionomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 56A, for [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyljalanine methyl ester, and substituting D-methionine methyl ester hydrochloride for L-alanine methyl ester hydrochloride. H NMR (300 MHz, d6-DMSO) δ 1 .75-1.91 (m, 2H), 1 .98 (s, 3H), 2.16-2.27 (m, 2H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 4.39 (d, J= 6.4 Hz, 2H), 6.62 (t, = 6.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.90 (ddd, J= 1 .4, 2.7, 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.03 (dd, J= 4.6, 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.30-7.41 (m, 8H), 7.40 (d, J= 4.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.97 (d, J= 2.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.50 (d, J= 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 12.65 (br s, 1 H); MS (DCI) m/e 436 (M+H)+. Anal calcd for C24H25N3θ3S » 0.90H 2 O: C, 63.81 ; H, 5.98; N, 9.30. Found: C, 63.82; H, 5.61 ; N, 9.16.

Example 57 [4-.3-Pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]homoserine lactone

Example 57A 4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoic acid hvdrochloride 4-Nitro-2-phenylbenzoic acid (10.5 g, 43.2 mmol) and tin (II) chloride dihydrate (34.1 g, 0.15 mol) were combined and refluxed in 250 mL ethyl acetate for 1 hour. An equal volume of water was added followed by solid NaHCU3 to pH 8. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined ethyl acetate extracts were washed with brine and concentrated to a thick oil. The oil was diluted with ether and excess anhydrous HCI was added. The resulting precipitate was collected and dried to provide 4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoic acid hydrochloride (3.2 g). MS m/e 214 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO, 300 MHz) δ 6.65 (d, J= 3 Hz,1 H), 6.79 (m, 1 H), 7.20-7.72 (m, 6H).

Example 57B 4-(3-Pyridγlmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoic acid acetic acid salt 3-Pyridinecarboxaldehyde (1.2 mL, 12.8 mmol) and 4-amino-2-phenylbenzoιc acid hydrochloride (3.2 g, 12.8 mmol), prepared in Example 57A, were dissolved in 100 mL 1 % acetic acid in methanol. After stirring for 10 minutes, NaBHsCN was added, and stirring was continued for 18 hours. The reaction was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extracts were combined, washed with brine, and dried over a2SO4 to give 4-(3-Pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoic acid acetic acid salt (4.35 g, 90 %) of the title compound. MS m/e 305 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (d 6 - DMSO, 300 MHz) δ 4.41 (s, 2H), 6.45 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.60 (m, 1 H), 7.15-7.90 (m, 10H), 8.48 (m, 1 H), 8.60 (m, 1 H).

Example 57C

[4-/3-Pyridylmethylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl|homoserιne lactone 4-(3-Pyrιdylmethylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoic acid acetic acid salt (0.20 g, 0.55 mmol), prepared as in Example 57B, and L-homoseπne lactone (0.19 g, 1 .37 mmol), 1 -

(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (0.27 g, 1 .43 mmol), and 3- hydroxyl ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (0.25 g, 1.65 mmol) were combined in 10 mL DMF. Triethylamine (1 .65 mmol) was added, and the reaction was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was diluted with HCI (1 . 10 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate. Solid NaHCO3 was added to pH 8. The aqueous was extraced with ethyl acetate. The combined extracts were washed with brine and dried over Na2Sθ 4 . Flash chromatography (2 % Methanol in ethyl acetate to 4 % Methanol in ethyl acetate) provided [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]homoserine lactone (140 mg). MS m/e 436 (M+H) + . H NMR (CDCI 3 , 300 MHz) δ 1.73 (m, 2H), 2.65 (m, 2H), 4.1 -4.5 (m, 2H), 5.52 (m, 1 H), 6.51 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.65 (m, 1 H), 7.25-7.44 (m, 8H), 7.49 (m, 2H), 8.56 (m, 1 H), 8.63 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H).

Example 58

Lithium 4-.3-pyridylmethvlaminol-2-phenvlbenzovl-L-homoserinate [4-(3-Pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]homoserine lactone (55 mg, 0.14 mmol), prepared as in Example 57, was dissolved in 1 mL of methanol and treated with aqueous 1 .0 M LiOH (0.15 mmol). After 18 hours at ambient temperature, the mixture was evaporated to provide the title compound in quantitative yield. 1 H NMR (dβ-DMSO, 300 MHz) 6 1.43 (m, 1 H), 1.60 (m, 1 H). 3.59 (m, 1 H), 4.1 (m, 1 H), 4.38 (m, 2H), 6.33 (m, 1 H), 6.6 (m, 2H), 6.83 (m, 1 H), 7.22-7.38 (m, 8H), 7.74 (m, 2H), 8.45 (m, 1 H), 8.59 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H).

Example 59

[4-(3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl|methionine

Example 59A

(4-Nitro-2-phenylbenzoyhmethionine methyl ester 4-Nitro-2-phenylbenzoic acid (50.0 g, 205 mmol) and 3-hydroxy1 ,2,3-benzotriazιn- 4(3H)-one (36.89 g, 226 mmol) were dissolved in 500 mL DMF. 1 -(3- dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (47.3 g, 247 mmol) and methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (53.37 g, 267 mmol) were added followed by triethylamine (31.5 mL, 226 mmol). Additional triethylamine was added to raise the pH to 6-7. After 1 hour at ambient temperature, the reaction mixture was concentrated to 200 mL, diluted with 500 mL ethyl acetate, washed with 1 M HCI, 5 % NaHCO3, and brine, and dried over Na2SO4 to provide (4-nitro-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester which was used directly without further purification. MS m/e 389 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR

(CDCI3, 300 MHz) δ 1.78 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 2 60 (m, 2H), 3.69 (s, 3H), 4.69 (m, 1 H), 6.02 (d, J= 8 Hz, 1 H), 7.48 (m, 5H), 7.85 (m, 1 H), 8.27 (m, 2H).

Example 59B (4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl.methionine methyl ester hydrochloride

Tin(ll) dichloride dihydrate M 57 g, 696 mmol) was added to a solution of (4-nitro- 2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (67.9 g, 175 mmol) in 500 mL ethyl acetate and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and stirring was continuted for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated to 200 mL, and 500 mL H2O was added. Solid NaHCU3 was added to pH 8 before extracting with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate extract were washed with 5 % NaHCθ3 and brine, dried over Na2Sθ4, and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in ether with a minimum of ethyl acetate added to keep the material in solution and treated with anhydrous HCI. The solid was collected and washed with ether to provide (4-amino- 2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester hydrochloride in 83 % yield. MS m/e 359

(M+H) + . 1 H NMR (d 6 -DMSO, 300 MHz) δ 1 .83 (m, 2H), 1.99 (s, 3H), 2.23 (m, 2H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 4.33 (m, 1 H), 7.03 (m, 2H), 7.35 (m, 6H), 7.48 (d, = 8 Hz, 1 H).

Example 59C f4-(3-Pyridylmethylamino.-2-phenylbeπzoyt1methionine methyl ester (4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (5.0 g, 12.7 mmol), prepared as in Example 59B, and 3-pyridiπecarboxaldehyde (1.25 mL, 13.3 mmol) were dissolved in 100 mL 1 % acetic acid in methanol. After 10 minutes, sodium cyanoborohydride (0.95 g, 15.9 mmol) was added. After stirring at room temperature 18 hours, the reaction mixture was evaporated and partitioned between 5 % NaHCO3 and ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with 5 % NaHC03 and brine, dried over Na2Sθ4, and evaporated to provide [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester which was used without further purification. MS m/e 450 (M+H) + . H NMR (CDCI 3 , 300 MHz) δ 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.87 (m. 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 3.63 (s, 4H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 4.61 (m, 1 H), 5.69 (d, J= 7 Hz, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (m, 1 H), 7.45 (m, 6H), 7.68 (m, 2H), 8.55 (m, 1 H), 8.62 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H).

Example 59P f4-.3-Pyridylmethylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl|methionine Excess LiOH (3 M) was added to a solution in methanol of [4-(3- pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (5.69 g, 12.7 mmol), prepared as in Example 59C and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 72 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and partitioned between ether and water. The aqueous layer was washed with ether, acidified to pH 4-5 with HCI, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined ethyl acetate extracts were washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4 to give the title compound in 98 % yield. MS m/e 436 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (de-DMSO, 300 MHz) 6 1.91 (m, 2H), 1.99 (s, 3H), 2.22 (m, 2H), 3.36 (bs, 1 H), 4.11 (m, 1H), 4.40 (s, 2H), 6.57 (m, 2H), 6.75 (bs, 1H), 7.3 (m, 6H), 7.79 (m, 1 H), 7.99 (m, 1 H), 8.46 (m, 1 H), 8.30 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 12.48 (bs, 1 H).

Examples 60-62

Example 60 [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methion!ne isoamyl ester

[4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine (200 mg, 0.46 mmol), prepared as in Example 59, carbonyldiimidazole (74 mg, 0.46 mmol), and isoamyl alcohol (40 mg, 0.46 mmol) were combined in 10 mL THF. After 2 hours at room temperature, sodium ethoxide (2.68 M in ethanol, 0.02 mmol) was added. After an additional 18 hours, the mixture was evaporated to dryness, partitioned between ethyl acetate and water, washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, and chromatographed (Ethyl acetate) to give [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl-L- methionine isoamyl ester (90 mg). MS m/e 506 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 300 MHz) δ 0.90 (d, J= 7 Hz, 6H), 1.48 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H), 1.88 (m, 1 H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 2.1 1 (t, J= 7 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (m, 2H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 4.60 (m, 1 H), 5.87 (d, J= 8 Hz, 1 H), 6.51 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (m, 1 H), 7.28-7.44 (m, 5H), 7.68 (m, 2H), 8.55 (m, 1 H), 8.63 (s, 1 H).

Example 61 [4-.3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine 1 -adamantylethyl ester

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 60, except substituting 2-adamantaneethaπol for isoamyl alcohol. MS m/e 598 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) 6 1.6 (m, 17H), 1.94 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 4.09 (m, 2H), 4.40 (m, 2H), 4.59 (m, 1 H), 5.72 (d, J- 7 Hz, 1 H), 6.51 (d, J- 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (m, 1 H), 7.3 (m, 8H), 7.68 (m, 1 H), 8.60 (m, 2H).

Example 62

[4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine octyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 60. except substituting octanol for isoamyl alcohol. MS m/e 548 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (CDCI3. 300 MHz) δ 0.88 (t, J= 7 Hz, 3H), 1 .28 (m, 10H), 1 .6 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m. 2H),

4.02 (m, 2H), 4.4 (m, 2H), 4.61 (m, 1 H), 5.71 (d, J- 7 Hz, 1 H), 6.50 (d. J= 3 Hz, 1 H). 6.63 (m, 1 H), 7.39 (m, 9H), 7.68 (m, 2H), 8.55 (m, 1 H), 8.63 (m, 1 H).

Examples 63-65

Example 63 [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-phenylbeπzoyl]methionineamide [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (80 mg, 0.18 mmol), prepared as in Example 59C, was dissolved in methanol (5 mL), cooled to 0 °C, and the solution was saturated with anhydrous ammonia. The reaction was sealed for 72 hours at ambient temperature. Evaporation to dryness afforded [4-(3- pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionineamide (78 mg). MS m/e 435 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 300 MHz) δ 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.83 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 4.43 (s, 2H), 4.51 (m, 1 H), 5.16 (8, 1 H), 5.64 (m, 1 H), 6.14 (m, 1 H), 6.50 (d, = 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (m, 1 H), 7.38 (m, 7H), 7.66 (m, 2H), 8.55 (m, 1 H), 8.62 (m, 1 H).

Example 84 f4-.3-pyridylmethylamino^2-phenylbenzovnmethioninemethylamid e [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (370 mg, 0.82 mmol), prepared as in Example 59C, was dissolved in THF (5 mL) and saturated with anhydrous mβthylamine. The reaction was sealed and heated at 75 °C for 24 hours. The reaciton mixture was evaporated to dryness and chromatographed (5 % methanoi- ethyl acetate) to give [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methioninemethylam ide (1 1 1 mg). MS m/e 449 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) δ 1.80 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 2.12 (m, 2H), 2.70 (d, J= 5 Hz, 3H), 4.45 (m, 3H), 5.65 (d, J= 8 Hz, 1 H), 6.10 (m, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (m, 1 H), 7.38 (m, 7H), 7.66 (m, 2H), 8.59 (m, 2H).

Example 65 [4-(3-pyrιdylmethylamιno.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιnedιm ethylamιde [4-(3-pyrιdylmethylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester (340 mg, 0.76 mmol), prepared as in Example 59C, was dissolved in THF (5 mL) and saturated with anhydrous dimethylamine. The reaction was sealed and heated at 60 °C for 72 hours. The reaciton mixture was evaporated to dryness and chromatographed (5 % methanol- ethyl acetate) to give [^-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethioninedimethylamide (40 mg). MS m/e 463 (M+H) + . 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 , 300 MHz) δ 1.71 (m, 2H), 2.05 (s, 3H), 2.21 (m, 2H), 2.87 (s, 3H), 3.06 (s, 3H), 4.1 1 (m, 1 H), 4.43 (s, 2H), 5.02 (m, 1 H), 6.01 (d, J= 8 Hz, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 6.61 (m, 1 H), 7.38 (m, 7H), 7.59 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1 H), 8.63 (bs, 1 H).

Examples 66-67

Example 66 f4-(3-pyridylcarbonylaminol-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionιne methyl ester Nicotinic acid (345mg, 2.8 mmol) was suspended in 10 mL of dichloromethane and oxalyl chloride (2.8 mL of a 2.0 M soln in methylene chloride) was added by syringe followed by one drop of DMF. The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 2 hours and then was evaporated and azeotroped with toluene. The resulting acid chloπde was then dissolved in dichloromethane and a solution of (4-amιno-2-phenylbenzoyl)methιonιne methyl ester (669mg, 1.87 mmol), prepared as in Example 59B, in 5 mL of dichloromethane was added followed by 4 mL of saturated aqeuous NaHCO 3 and the reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 3 hours. The layers were separated and the organic layer was dried over Na 2 SO 4 , filtered and evaporated to give 830mg (96%) of [4-(3- pyndylcarbonylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester as an oil. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CDCI 3 ) 69.2 (d, 1 H), 8.76 (d, 1 H), 8.42 (bs, 1 H), 8.2 (dt, 1 H), 7.72- 7.65 (m, 2H), 7.6 (dd, 1 H), 7.45 - 7.35 (m, 5H), 6.02 (bd, 1 H), 4.65 (dq, 1 H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.20 (t, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1 .98 - 1 .88 (m, 1 H), 1.80 - 1.78 (m, 1 H). CIMS 464 (M+H) + .

Example 67 f4-.3-pyridylcart.onylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine hvdrochloride [4-(3-pyrιdylcarbonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (830mg, 1.79 mmol), prepared as in Example 66, was dissolved in 8 mL THF and cooled to 0 °C. LiOH monohydrate (226mg, 5.38 mmol) was added followed by 2 mL of H 2 O. The reaction was complete in 2 hours. The solvents were evaporated and the residue was acidified to pH = 3 with 1 N HCI. The resulting precipitate was taken up in ethyl acetate and the solution was washed with water, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and evaporated. The residue was crystallized from hot ethanol to give 281 mg (32%) of [4-(3- pyridylcarbonylamino)-2- phenylbenzoylmethioninβ hydrochloride as a white crystalline solid. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) δ 9.4 (d, 1 H), 9.1 (d, 1 H), 9.0 (d, 1 H), 8.2 (dd, 1 H), 7.85-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.58 (dd, 1 H), 7.45 - 7.32 (m, 5H), 4.52 - 4.45 (m, 1 H), 2.20 - 2.02 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H1.90- 1.80 (m, 2H), 1.15 (t, 1 H). CIMS 450 (M+H) + .

Example 68 r4-.3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine methvl ester (4-Amino-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (1.15g, 3.21 mmol), prepared as in Example 59B, and 3-pyridine carboxaldehyde (361 mg, 3.37 mmol) were combined in 15 mL methanol and sodium cyanoborohydride (302 mg, 4.81 mmol) was added followed by crushed molecular sieves. The reaction was adjusted to pH = 6 with acetic acid and stirred at 25 °C for 3 hours. The reaction was concentrated and transferred directly to a column of silica gel and purified by flash chromatography (5%methanol-ethyl acetate) to give [4-(3-pyridylmethylamino)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (1.38 g, 95%) as an oil that solidified after standing. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CDCI 3 ) 68.6 (d, 1 H), 8.52 (dd, 1 H), 7.72 - 7.65 (m, 2H), 7.45 - 7.30 (m, 6H), 6.62 (dd, 1 H), 6.48 (d, 1 H), 5.72 (bd, 1 H), 4.64 (dq, 1 H), 4.42 (bs. 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H). 2.25 - 2.05 (m, 3H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.95 - 1.80 (m, 1 H), 1.72 - 1.60 (m, 1 H); CIMS MH * 450.

O 97/17070

127

Example 69 [4-(3-pyπdylcarbonylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4-(me thylsulfonyl)butanoιc acιd

Example 69A r4-(3-pyrιdylcarbonylamιnol-2-phenylbenzoyl|-2-amιno-4-(m ethylsulfonyl)butanoιc acid methvl ester [4-Amιno-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester (46 mg, 0.0.092 mmol), prepared as in Example 68, was protected as the HCI pyπdintum salt and was dissolved in 5 mL of CH 2 CI 2 , cooled to -78 °C and treated with a solution of m-chloroperbenzoic acid (44mg, 0.184 mmol) in 2 mL of CH 2 CI 2 and warmed to 0 °C. After 0.5 hours, the reaction was quenched with dimethyl sulfide and evaporated. Purification by flash chromatography (5% methanol-ethyl acetate) gave [4-(3-pyπdylcarbonylamιno)-2- phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4-(methylsulfonyl)butanoιc acid methyl ester (43 mg, 88%) as a white solid.

Example 696 [4-(3-pyndylcarbonylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4-(met hylsulfonvπbutanoιc acid The [4-(3-pyπdylcarbonylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4- (methylsulfonyl)butanoιc acid methyl ester prepared in Example 69A (43mg, 0.081 mmol) was dissolved in 3 mL of THF and a solution of LiOH monohydrate was in 1 mL of H 2 0 was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 1hour and then was evaporated. Formic acid (1 mL) was added to acidify to pH = 3. The reaction was then evaporated once again and 1 mL of H 2 0 was added along with 5 mL of ethyl acetate to dissolve the mixture. The ethyl acetate layer was dπed over Na 2 SO , filtered and evaporated and the residue was lyophilized from acetonιtrile-H 2 O to give [4-(3- pyπdylcarbonylamιno)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4-(methylsu lfonyl)butanoιc acid (36mg, 88%) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CD.OD) 69.12 (d, 1H), 8.70 (d, 1H), 842 (dt, 1 H), 7.85 - 7.80 (m, 2H), 7.65 - 7.40 (m, 8H), 4.50 (m, 1H), 2.90 (s, 3H), 2.88 - 2.80 (m, 1 H), 2.70 - 2.58 (m, 1 H), 2.35 - 2.20 (m, 1H), 2.10 - 1.95 (m, 1 H). HRMS calcd C 24 H 23 N 3 S0 6 Mf-T 482.1386, found 482.1373.

Examples 7Q-7

Example 70

[4-.3-pyridyloxymethyπ-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methiun ine methyl ester

Example 70A 2-.triluoromethanesulfonvloxvi-4-methvlbenzoic acid methvl ester To a -10 °C solution of 4-methylsalicylic acid methyl ester (22.46g, 0.135 mol) in

100 mL of pyridine was added triflic anhydride (45.8g, 0.162 mol) dropwise by addition funnel while keeping the temperature below 0 °C. The reaction mixture was then warmed to ambient temperature and after 12 hours was poured over a mixture of 100 mL cone. HCI / 300g ice in a large erylenmeyer flask. After the ice melted, the mixture was transferred to a separatory funnel and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x100 mL). The ethyl acetate layers were combined and washed with 1 N HCI, then sat'd aqueous NaHC0 3 , then brine and then filtered and evaporated to give 35.66g (88%) of 2-(triluoromethanesulfonyloxy)-4-methylbenzoic acid methyl ester as a yellow oil.

Example 706 2-.trifluoromethanesulfonvloxv -4-bromornethvlbenzoic acid methvl ester To a stirred solution of 2-(trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy)-4-methylbenzoic acid methyl ester (19.6g, 65.8 mmol), prepared as in Example 70A, in 250 mL CCI 4 was added N-bromosuccinimide (12.29g, 69.1 mmol) followed by 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (108 mg, 0.658 mmol) and the reaction was heated to reflux. After 16 hours, the reaction was evaporated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography over silica gel (10% ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give 19.9 g (80%) of 2-(trifiuoromethanesulfonyloxy)-4- bromomethylbenzoic acid methyl ester as a yellow oil.

Example 70C 4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethy0-2-.tπfluoromethanesulfonyloxy.benzo c acid methyl ester A solution of 2-(tπfluoromethanesulfonyloxy)-4-bromomethylbenzoιc acid methyl ester (2.97 g, 7 87 mmol), prepared as in Example 70B, in 20 mL of CH2CI2 was combined with a solution of the potassium alkoxide of 3-OH pyridine (1.57g, 11.8 mmol) in 20 mL of H 2 0. Tetrabutylammonium bromide (3.80g, 11.8 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred vigorously at 25 °C for 1.5 hours. The reaction was poured into a separatory funnel and the layers were separated. The aqueous layer was washed with CH 2 CI 2 (2x50 mL) and the CH 2 CI 2 layer was washed twice with water. The organic layers were combined and dried over Na 2 S0 , filtered and evaporated to an oil and puπfed by flash chromatography over silica gel to give 4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-2- (tπluoromethanesulfonyloxy)benzoιc acid methyl ester (861 mg, 28%) as a light brown

Example 7QD

4-.3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoιc acid methyl ester To a solution of 4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-2-(trifluoromethanesulfonyloxy)benzo ιc acid methyl ester (216mg, 0.55 mmol), prepared as in Example 70C, in 4 mL of DMF at 25 °C was added PdCI 2 (PPh 3 ) 2 (38mg, 0.055 mmol, 10 mol%) followed by 2-tolyl boronic acid (113mg, 0.83 mmol) and CS 2 CO 3 (270mg, 0.83 mmol) and the reaction was heated to 80 °C for 12 hours. The reaction was then cooled to ambient temperature, taken up in 50 mL ethyl acetate, and washed with H 2 O (5 x 10 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na 2 SO 4 , filtered and evaporated to an oil. Punfication by radial chromatography using a gradient of 25% ethyl acetate-hexanes to 75% ethyl acetate-hexanes gave 4-(3- pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid methyl ester (178 mg, 97%) as an oil

Example 70E 4-.3-Pvπdvloxvmethvl.-2-.2-methvlphenvl.benzoιc acιd The 4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid methyl ester prepared in Example 70D (160 mg, 0.48 mmol) was dissolved in 5 mL of methanol and 1 mL of saturated aqueous LiOH was added. The reaction was heated to reflux for 1 hour The reaction was then evaporated and 1 mL of formic acid was added to acidify the crude product to pH =3. The reaction was evaporated again to remove formic acid and 5 mL of ethyl acetate and 1 mL of H 2 O were added to completely solubi ze the reaction mixture The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x5 mL) and all the ethyl acetate layers were combined and dried over Na 2 S0 , filtered and evaporated to give 4-(3- pyrιdyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid (131mg, 86%) as an oil

Example 7QF f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-.2-methylpheny0benzoyllmethionine methyl ester The 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid prepared in Example 70E (153mg, 0.48 mmol) was dissolved in 2 mL of DMF and 3-hydroxy1 ,2.3- benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (39mg, 0.24 mmol) was added followed by methionine methyl ester HCI (48mg, 0.24 mmol), (3-dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide hydrochloride (46mg, 0.24 mmol) and triethylamine (0.03mL, 0.32 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 16 hours at 25 °C. The reaction mixture was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed three times with water and three times with brine. The ethyl acetate layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and evaporated to an oil. Purification by radial chromatography (2-8 %methanol-chloroform gradient with 0.25% NH 4 OH) gave 4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine methyl ester (72mg, 32%) as an oil.

Example 70G ^3-Dγridvloxvme.hvl.-2-.2-methvtphenvl.benzovllmethionine The [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine methyl ester prepared in Example 70F (72mg, 0.15 mmol) was dissolved in 3 mL of THF and 1 mL of saturated aqueous LiOH was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The reaction was thoroughly evaporated and formic acid was added until pH = 3 was obtained at which time the reaction was evaporated to dryness and 10 mL of ethyl acetate was added followed by a minimum quantity of H 2 O (-1 mL) to completely solubilize the free acid and the water soluble salts, respectively. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x5 mL). The ethyl acetate layers were combined, dried over Na 2 S0 , filtered and evaporated to give 58mg (84%) of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine as an amorphous solid. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) 68.30 (d, 1 H), 8.15 (dd, 1 H), 7.68 (bd, 1 H), 7.58 - 7.48 (m, 2H), 7.40 - 7.30 (m, 2H), 7.26 - 7.16 (m, 4H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 4.50 - 4.40 (m, 1 H), 2.20 - 2.02 (m, 5H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 2.00 - 1.90 (m, 1 H), 1.80 - 1 .68 (m, 1 H) CIMS MH * 451.

Example 71 f4-.3-Pyridyloxymethyl .-2-(3-methylPhenvnbenzoyl1methionine

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 70, except substituting 3-methylphenyl boronic acid for 2-methylphenyl boronic acid. 1 H

NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) 68.30 (d, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.68 - 7.48 (m, 6H), 7.40 - 7.16 (m, 4H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 4.50 - 4.40 (m, 1 H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 2.18 - 1.75 (m, 7H); CIMS MH *

451.

Example 72 r4-f3-Pyridyloxymethyl^2-f4-methvtohenyl.benzoyl)methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 70, except substituting 4-methylphenyl boronic acid for 2-methylphenyl boronic acid. H NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) δ 8.30 (d, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.58 - 7.44 (m, 4H), 7.40 - 7.28 (m, 3H), 7.24- 7.10 (m,3H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 4.42 (dd, 1H), 2.10 - 1.90 (m, 6H), 1.84- 1.70 (m, 1H). CIMS MH + 451.

Examples 73-75

Example 73 f4-.3-pvridvloxvmethvh-2-t2-methoxyphenyl.benzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 70, except substituting 2-mβthoxyphenyl boronic acid for 2-methyiphenyl boronic acid. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) 68.30 (d, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.68 (bd, 1H), 7.54 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.38 - 7.32 (m, 3H), 7.22 (dd, 1H), 7.04 - 6.98 (m, 2H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 4.42 (dd, 1H), 3.74 (s, 3H), 2.16 -2.08 (m,2H), 2.00 (s,3H), 1.98- 1.86 (m, 1H), 1.78- 1.64 (m, 1H). CIMS MH * 467.

Example 74 f4-(3-Pvridγloxvmethvn-2-f3-methoxyphenvnbenzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 70, except substituting 3-methoxyphenyl boronic acid for 2-methylphenyl boronic acid. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) 68.34 (s, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.60 - 7.54 (m, 4H), 7.38 - 7.24

(m, 3H), 7.02 - 6.90 (m, 3H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 4.44 (dd, 1 H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 2.18 - 1 .90 (m, 6H), 1 .92 - 1 .82 (m, 1 H); CIMS MH * 467.

Example 75 r4-(3-Dvridvloxvmethyl.-2-(4-methoxγphenyl.benzoγl1methion ine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 70, except substituting 4-methoxyphenyl boronic acid for 2-methylphenyl boronic acid. 1 H NMR (300 mHz, CD 3 OD) 68.34 (s, 1 H), 8.15 (bs, 1 H), 7.72 - 7.42 (m , 6H), 7.40 - 7.35 (m, 2H), 6.96 - 6.90 (m, 2H)5.25 (s, 2H), 4.44 (dd, 1 H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 2.20 - 1.90 (m, 6H), 1 .88 - 1 .76 (m, 1 H); CIMS MH + 467.

5

Examples 76-77

Example 76 {4-[2-.pyrid-3-yl.ethenyl)-2-phθnylbenzoγl.methionine methyl ester

Example 76A

2-phenyl-4-nitrobenzoic acid methyl ester A mixture of methyl 2-chloro-4-nitrobenzoate (44.2 g, 205 mmol), phenylboronic acid (27.5 g, 226 mmol), sodium carbonate (2.0 M in water, 123 mL, 246 mmol), and bis(triphenylphosphine) palladium(ll) chloride (2.8 g, 4 mmol) in dioxane (300 mL) was degassed by nitrogen, and heated at 90-95 °C for 20 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether (500 mL) and ethyl actate (500 mL), washed with water (2 times, 200 mL each) and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was recrystalized from hexane-ethyl acetate (1/1 ) to give 2- phenyi-4-nitrobenzoic acid methyl ester as a white solid (43.3 g). The mother liquid from the recrystalization was concentrated in vacuo, and the residue was purified by column chromataography (80:15:5 hexane-chloroform-ethyl acetate) to yield an additional 5.2 g

of the desired compound (total yield 48.5 g, 92%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.25 (d, 1 H), 8.24 (dd, 1H), 7.94 (dd, 1H), 7.44 (m, 3H), 7.35 (m, 2H), 3.67 (s, 3 H).

Example 766 2-phenyl-4-amιnobenzoιc acid methyl ester

A mixture of the 2-phenyl-4-nitrobenzoιc acid methyl ester prepared in Example 77A (484 g, 188 mmol), palladium (10%) on carbon (2.1 g), and ammonium formate (59.4 g, 941 mmol) in methanol (500 mL) was refluxed for 3 hours. The solvent was removed in vacuo, and the residue was desolved in a miminum amount of hot methanol (about 30 mL). To this solution was added chloroform and ether (1/1 ratio, 400 mL), and the mixture was filtered through a plug of silica gel (80 g) and πnsed with chloroform. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give pure 2-phenyl-4-amιnobenzoιc acid methyl ester (42.4 g, 99%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.80 (d, 1 H), 7.40-7.25 (m, 5H), 6.65 (dd, 1 H), 6.57 (d, 1H), 3.60 (s 3H).

Example 76C 4-ιodo-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a 0 °C suspension of the 2-phenyl-4-amιnobenzoιc acid methyl ester prepared in Example 76B (4.54 g, 20 mmol) in 6.0 N HCI (20 mL) and acetone (10 mL) was added dropwise a solution of sodium nitrite (1.66 g, 24 mmol) in a minimum amount of water After 30 minutes, potassium iodide (6.64 g, 40 mmol) in a minimum amount of water was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The internal temperature of the reaction mixture was maintained under 5 °C for both additions. The reaction mixture was then stirred at ambient temperature for one hour. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether (200 mL), washed with water, sodium bisulfite (10% aqueous solution), water and bπne, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (8% ethyl acetate-hexane) to give 4-ιodo-2- phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (3.98 g, 59%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7 77 (m, 2H), 7.55 (d, 1H), 7.38 (m, 3H), 7.27 (m, 2H), 3.63 (s, 3H). Ms (CI+): 356 (M+NH 4 ) +

Example 76D ■4-ιodo-2-ρhenylbenzoyl.methιonine methvl ester A mixture of the 4-ιodo-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester prepared in Example 76C (2.77 g, 8.20 mmol) in aqueous saturated lithium hydroxide (3 mL) and methanol (10 mL) was heated at 60 °C for 12 hours. The mixture was then acidified with concentrated HCI to pH about 2, and extracted twice with ethyl acetate (50 mL each). The combine extracts was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and

concentrated in vacuo. The residue was suspended in dichloromethane (10 mL), and oxalyl chloride (2.0 M in dichloromethane, 6.2 mL)was added, followed by a small drop of DMF. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, and then was concentrated in vacuo, followed by further drying under high vacuum for 10 minutes. To the residue was added dichloromethane (20 mL), L-methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (1.64 g, 8.05 mmol) and triethylamine (3.4 mL, 24.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 hours. The mixture was diluted with ether (50 mL), filtered through silica gel (30 g), and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (40:40:20 hex-iπe-chloroform-ether) to give (4- iodo-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (3.46 g, 90%). H NMR (300 MHz,

CDCI 3 ) 67.76 (m, 2H), 7.42 (m, 6H), 5.88 (br d, 1 H), 4.65 (m, 1 H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.05 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.90 (m, 1 H), 1.73 (m, 1 H).

Example 76E 3-Vinvtpyridine

To a slurry of methyltriphenylphosphine chloride (18.0 g, 50.5 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added slowly sodium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (1.0 M solution in THF, 50 mL). After the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes, the reaction was cooled to 0 °C, and 3-pyridinecarboxaldehyde (4.72 mL, 50.0 mmol) was added slowly to the mixture. After 30 minutes, the reaction mixture was diluted with ether (100 mL) and filtered through silica gel (100 g), rinsed with ether, and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting liquid was diluted with 1 :1 hexane-ether (50 mL), and was again filtered through silica gel (50 g), rinsed with 70:30 ether-hexane and concentrated in vacuo to give3- vinylpyridine (4.31 g, 82%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 68.63 (d, 1H), 8.50 (dd, 1 H), 7.74 (m, 1 H), 7.26 (m, 1 H), 6.71 (dd, 1 H), 5.83 (d, 1 H), 5.39 (d, 1 H).

Example 76F

{4-f2-.pyrid-3-yl.ethenyll-2-Phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester A mixture of the (4-iodo-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester prepared in Example 76D (655 mg, 1 .40 mmol), the vinylpyridine prepared in Example 76E (221 mg, 1 .5 mmol), triethylamine (0.29 mL, 2.10 mmol), [1 ,1'- bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium(ll) chloride, complexed to dichloromethane ( 1 : 1 ) ( 1 14 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was degassed with nitrogen, and heated at 100 °C for 14 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether (100 mL), washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) to give {4-[2- (pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester (366 mg, 56%). 1 H NMR

(300 MHz, CDCI3) 6 8.75 (d, 1 H), 8.51 (dd, 1 H), 7.85 (dt, l H), 7.76 (d, 1 H), 7.59 (dd, 1 H), 7 48 (dd, 1 H), 7.44 (m, 5H), 7.31 (dd, 1 H), 7.22 (d, 1 H), 7.16 (d, 1 H), 5.94 (br d, 1 H), 4.69 (m, 1 H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.93 (m, 1 H), 1.76 (m, 1 H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 447 (M+H) + .

Example 77 (4-[2-(pvrid-3-vl.ethenvl)-2-phenylbenzoyl}methιonιne sodium salt To a solution of the {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methιonιne methyl ester prepared in Example 76 (136 mg, 0.304 mmol) in methanol (2 mL) was added a solution of sodium hydroxide (0.979 f_J, 0.334 mL). After 14 hours, the solvent was evaporated in vacuo to give {4-[2-(pyrιd-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methιonιne sodium salt (141 mg, 100%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 8.90 (d, 1 H), 8.46 (dd, 1 H), 8.07 (dt, 1 H), 7.64 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.35 (m, 10H), 3.78 (m, 1 H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.76 (m, 2H). MS (APCI+) m/e 433 (M+H) + .

Examples 78-79

Example 78

(4-r2-.pvrid-3-vl.ethvn-2-Phenvlbenzovl}methionine methvl ester A mixture of the {4-[2-(pyπd-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methιonιne methyl ester prepared in Example 76 (160 mg, 0.36 mmol) and palladium (10%) on carbon (460 mg, 0.43 mmol of palladium) in methanol was flushed with hydrogen, and stirred under a positive hydrogen pressure for 8 hours. The mixture was then filtered through Celite, rinsed with ethyl acetate, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) give {4-[2-(pyπd-3-yl)ethyl]-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionme methyl ester (1 15 mg, 71 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.45 (m, 2H), 7.64 (d, 1 H), 7.40 (m, 7H), 7.22 (dd, 2H), 7.10 (d, 1 H), 5.87 (br d, 1 H), 4.68 (m, 1 H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.99 (m, 4H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1 .93 (m, 1 H), 1 .76 (m, 1 H). MS (APCI+) m/e 449 (M+H)+.

Example 79 ( 4-r2-.Dvrid-3-vnethvl1-2- p henvlbenzovl)methionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared by saponification of {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethyl]-2- phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 78 according to the procedure of Example 77. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 8.45 (d, 1 H), 8.40 (dd, 1 H), 7.69 (dt, 1H), 7.40-7.20 (m, 9H), 7.07 (br d, 1 H), 3.76 (m, 1 H), 2.97 (s, 4H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.76 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 435 (M+H) + as the acid form.

Examples 80-82

Example 80

(4-f2 4-dimethylaminopyrid-3-ynethenyπ-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine sodium salt

Example 8QA 3-bromo-4-dimethylaminopyridine To a mixture of 4-dimethylaminopyridine (5.00 g, 41 mmol), potassium carbonate (50 g in 50 mL of water), tetrabutylammonium hydrogensulfate (1.4 g, 4.1 mmol) and dichloromethane (100 mL) was added a solution of bromine (4.2 mL, 82 mmol) in dichloromethane (30 mL) via an addition funnel over 30 minutes. After 3 hours, the reaction mixture was diluted with ether (100 mL), washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was then purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) to give 3-bromo-4- dimethylaminopyridine (4.89 g, 59%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.51 (s, 1 H), 8.27 (d, 1H), 6.79 (d, 1 H), 2.97 (s, 6H).

Example 8Q6

3-vinyl-4-dimethylaminopvridine A mixture of the 3-bromo-4-dimethylaminopyridine prepared in Example 80A (1.29 g, 6.39 mmol) vinyltributyltin (2.23 g, 7.02 mmol), bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(ll) chloride (224 mg, 0.32 mmol) in toluene (10 mL) was heated at 100 °C for 12 hours. To

the stirring reaction mixture at room temperature was added ether (30 mL), water (0.2 mL) and 1 ,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (0.5 mL). The resulting mixture was filtered through silica gel (15 g), rinsed with ethyl acetate, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (50% ethyl acetate-hexanes, then ethyl acetate) to give 3-vinyl-4-dimethylaminopyridine (1.1 1 g, contaminated with about 10 mol% of tributyltin derivatives). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) 58.39 (s, 1 H), 8.26 (d, 1 H), 6.77 (dd, 1 H), 6.70 (d, 1 H), 5.65 (dd, 1 H), 5.29 (dd, 1 H), 2.87 (s, 6H).

Example 80C {4-f2-(4-dimethylaminopyrid-3-yl.ethenylj-2-phenylbenzoyl}me thionine methyl ester

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 76, except substituting 3-vinyl-4-dimethylaminopyridine, prepared as in Example 80B, for 3- vinylpyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 6 8.52 (br s, 1 H), 8.30 (br d, 1 H), 7.76 (d, 1 H), 7.59 (dd, 1 H), 7.47 (m, 6H), 7.22 (d, 1 H), 7.03 (d, 1 H), 6.78 (br d, 1 H), 5.95 (br d, 1 H), 4.69 (m, 1H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.92 (s, 6H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.93 (m, 1 H), 1.76 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl + ) m/e 490 (M+H) + .

Example 80P f4-r2-(4-dimethylaminopyrid-3-yhethenyiy2-phenylbenzoyl}meth ionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared by saponification of {4-[2-(4- dimethylaminopyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 80C, according to the method of Example 77. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO- dβ) 6 8.42 (s 1 H), 8.1 1 (d, 1 H), 7.58 (d, 1 H), 7.47-7.07 (m, 10H), 6.79 (d, 1 H), 3.76 (m, 1 H), 2.97 (s, 6H), 2.02 (m, 2H), 1 .88 (s, 3H), 1 .68 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 476 (M+H) + as the acid form.

Example 81 f4-f2-(5-bromopyrid-3-yllethenyl1-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine sodium salt

Example 81 A 3-vinyl-5-bromopyridine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 80B, except substituting 3,5-dibromopyridine for 3-bromo-4-dimethylaminopyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) 6 8.56 (d, 1 H), 8.53 (d, 1 H), 7.87 (t, 1 H), 6.64 (dd, 1 H), 5.85 (d, 1 H), 5.44 (d, 1H).

Example 81 B {4-f2-.5-bromopyrid-3-vhethenγll-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 80C and D, except substituting 3-vinyl-5-bromopyridine, prepared as in Example 215A, for 3- vinyl-4-dimethylaminopyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ δ 8.79 (d, 1 H), 8.59 (d, 1 H), 8.39 (br s, 1 H), 7.66-7.34 (m, 1 1 H), 3.78 (m, 1 H), 2.13 (m, 2 H), 1 .98 (s, 3 H), 1.77 (m, 2 H). MS (APCI +) m/e ( 7 9Br) 51 1 (M+H)+ as the acid form.

Example 82 f4-f2-.5-carboxvmethvlPvrid-3-vl.ethenyn-2-ρhenylbenzoyl}me thionine hvdrochloride

Example 82A

3-vinvl-5-carboxvmethylpyridine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 80B, except substituting methyl 3-bromonicotinate for 3-brom-4-dimethylaminopyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) 6 9.09 (d, 1 H), 8.78 (d, 1 H), 8.34 (t, 1 H), 6.76 (dd, 1 H), 5.93 (d, 1H), 5.49 (d, 1 H), 3.97 (s, 3H).

Example 82B

(4-f2-f5-carboxvmethvlPvrid-3-vl.ethenyπ-2-phenvlbenzovl lmethionine methvl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 76F, except substituting 3-vinyl-5-carboxymethylpyridine, prepared as in Example 82A, for 3- vinylpyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 69.11 (d, 1 H), 8.87 (d, 1 H), 8.45 (t, 1 H), 7.78 (d, 1 H), 7.59 (dd, 1 H), 7.51 (d, 1 H), 7.47 (m, 5H), 7.30 (d, 1 H), 7.20 (d, 1 H), 5.91 (br d, 1 H), 4.68 (m, 1 H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1 .94 (m, 1 H), 1 .76 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl + ) m/e 505 (M+H) + .

Example 82C (4-f2-(5-carboxymethylpyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}me thionine hydrochloride

To a solution of the {4-[2-(5-carboxymethylpyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2- phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester prepared in Example 82B (90.4 mg, 0.179 mmol) in methanol (2 mL) was added a solution of sodidum hydroxide (0.979 N, 0.098 mL). After 14 hours, additional sodium hydroxide (0.979 {_J, 0.036 mL) was added to the reaction mixture. After 5 hours, tic indicated that no starting material remained. The reaction was then quenched with hodrogen chloride (1.0 M in ether, 1 mL), and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo to give the title compound (105 mg, 100%) as a mixture

of nicotinic acid methyl ester and nicotinic acid (ratio, 1 :2). 1 H NMR (300 MHz. DMSO- dβ) δ 9.07,9.04 (2 d's, 1 H), 8.98 (d, 1 H), 8.67,8.57 (m's, 2H), 7.80-7.30 (m, 1 1 H), 4.11 (m, 1 H), 3.95 (s, from the methyl ester), 2.20 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.94 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 491 (M+H) + for the diacid, 505 (M+H) + for nicotinic acid methyl ester.

Example 83 f4-[2-n -H-imidazole-1 -yl.ethenyl)-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 76 and 77, except substituting 1 -vinylimidazole for 3-vinylpyridine. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 8.02 (m, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1 H), 7.53-7.30 (m, 8H), 7.15 (m, 2H), 7.07 (d, 1 H), 3.73 (m, 1H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.97 (s, 3H), 1.77 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 444 (M+Na) + as the acid form.

Example 84 f4-r(pyrid-3-vnethvnvH-2-phenvlbenzovl.methionine hvdrochloride

Example 84A (4-f.pyrid-3-yl.ethvnvl|-2-phenylbenzovllmethionine methvl ester A mixture of (4-iodo-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 76D, (469 mg, 1.0 mmol), [1 ,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium(ll) chloride, complexed to dichloromethane (1 :1) (82 mg, 0.10 mmol), and ethynyltributyltin (315 mg, 1.0 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was heated at 80 °C for 6 hours at which point thin layer chromatography indicated no starting iodide left. 3-Bromopyridine (0.1 14 mL. 1 .2

mmol) and triethylamine (0.42 mL, 3.0 mmol) were added and the reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for 14 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether (50 mL) and ethyl acetate (50 mL), washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and filtered. To the filtrate was added 3 drops of water, followed by 1 ,8- diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (0.2 mL) with swirling. The resulting milky mixture was filtered through silica gel (15 g), rinsed with ethyl acetate, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was then purified by column chromatography (50% ethyl acetate-hexane, then ethyl acetate) to give {4-[(pyrid-3-yl)ethynyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester (109 mg, 24%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.79 (s, 1 H), 8.58 (dd, 1 H), 7.82 (dt, 1 H), 7.74 (d, 1 H), 7.59 (dd, 1 H), 7.57 (s, 1 H), 7.45 (m, 5H), 7.31 (dd, 1 H), 5.93 (br d, 1 H), 4.69 (m, 1 H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.93 (m, 1 H), 1.76 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl + ) m/e 445 (M+H) + .

Example 846 {4-[.pyrid-3-yl.ethynyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine hydrochloride

To a solution of the {4-[(pyrid-3-yl)ethynyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester prepared in Example 84A (48 mg, 0.108 mmol) in methanol (2 mL) was added aqueous sodidum hydroxide (0.979 N, 0.120 mL). After 14 hours, the reaction was quenched with hydrochloric acid (3.0 f_J, 0.1 mL), and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo to give {4-[(pyrid-3-yl)ethynyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine hydrochloride (61 mg, 100%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 8.95 (d, 1 H), 8.89 (d, 1 H), 8.84 (dd, 1 H), 8.1 1 (dt, 1 H), 7.68 (dd, 1H), 7.63 (d, 1 H), 7.57 (dd, 1 H), 7.51 (d, 1 H), 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.38 (m, 2H), 4.31 (m, 1 H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.86 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 431 (M+H) + as the acid form.

Example 85

/V-f4-f2-(pyrid-3-vnethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl1-2-amino-4-( methylsulfonyl)butanoic acid

Example 85A

Λ/-f4-f2-(pyrid-3-vnethenyl)-2-Phenylbenzoyl]-2-amino-4- .methvlsulfonvnbutanoic acid methvl ester To a solution of {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine methyl ester (521 mg, 1.17 mmol), prepared as in Example 76, 4-methyimo holine ΛΛoxide (551 mg, 4.68 mmol), methylsulfonamide (222 mg, 2.34 mmol) and quinuclidine (13 mg, 0.12 mmol) in tert-butanol (5 mL) and water (5mL) was added a solution of osmium tetraoxide (2.5 wt% in tert-butanol, 0.73 mL, 0.058 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at 45 °C for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (100 mL), washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate, then 5% methanol-ethyl acetate) to give the desired compound (71 mg, 15%) as the first fraction, and compound diol (285 mg, 56%, a 1 :1 mixture of diastereomers) as the second fraction. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 68.74 (s, 1 H), 8.53 (d, 1 H), 7.87 (dt, 1 H), 7.73 (d, 1 H), 7.60 (dd, 1 H), 7.48 (m, 6 H), 7.32 (dd, 1 H), 7.19 (s, 2 H), 6.02 (br d, 1 H), 4.68 (m, 1 H), 3.70 (s, 1 H). 2.95 9s, 3 H), 2.77 (m, 1 H), 2.65 (m, 1 H), 2.27 (m, 1 H), 1.99 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl +) m/e 479 (M+H) + . For compound 12a:

Example 85B Λ -(4-f2-.Pyrid-3-yl.ethenyl1-2-ohenylbenzoyl1-2-amino-4-(meth ylsulfonynbutanoic acid The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example

85A using the procedure of Example 77. H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) 6 8.80 (d, 1 H), 8.45 (dd, 1 H), 8.07 (dt, 1 H), 7.65 (m, 2H), 7.54 (d, 1H), 7.43 (m, 8H), 7.25 (br d, 1H), 3.88 (m, 1H), 2.89 (s, 3H), 2.78 (m, 2H), 1.96 (m, 2H). MS (FAB + ) m/e 487 (M+Na) + as the acid form.

Example 86

ΛV-(4-f2-fpvrid-3-vn-1.2-dihvdroxvethvll-2-phenvlbenzoyn -2-amino-4- (methvisulfonvl.butanoic acid

Example 86A V-{4-f2-fpvrid-3-yn-1.2-dihvdroxvethyl1-2-phenvlbenzovl1-2-a mino-4- fmethvlsulfonvl.butanoic acid methvl ester The desired product was a side product in Example 85A. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 6 8.47 (2 d's, 1 H), 8.19.8.15 (2 s's, 1 H), 7.61 (2 dt's, 1 H), 7.57 (d, 1 H), 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.23 (m, 5H), 7.00 (dd, 1 H), 6.25 (2 d's, 1 H), 4.76 (m, 2H), 4.63 (m, 1 H), 3.70,3.68 (2s's. 3H), 2.92,2.93 (2s's, 3H), 2.80-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.24 (m, 1 H), 1.97 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl + ) m/e 513 (M+H) + .

Example 86B

Λ/-f4-f2- vrid-3-yn-1.2-dihydroxvethyl]-2-phenvlbenzovn-2-amino-4-

(methyisuifopyl)butanoic acid

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 86A using the procedure of Example 77. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) 68.36 (m, 2H), 7.58,7.55 (2 d's, 1 H), 7.39-7.19 (m, 9H), 7.06 (s, 1 H), 4.75,4.74 (2 s's, 2H), 3.75 (m, 1 H), 2.87 (s, 3H), 2.77 (m, 2H), 1.95 (m, 1 H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 499 (M+H + ) as the acid form.

Example 87 Λ - 4-[2-f pyrιd-3-yt)- 1 ,2-dιhydroxyethyl dimethyl ketal|-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4- fmethylsulfonyl.butanoic acid

Example 87A

/V- 4-r2-. Dyrιd-3-yl .- 1.2-dιhydroxyethvl dimethyl ketaiy2-phenylbenzovll-2-amιno-4- .methylsulfonvl.butanoic acid methvl ester A solution of Λ/-(4-[2-(pyrιd-3-yl)-1 ,2-dihydroxyethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4- (methylsulfonyl)butanoιc acid methyl ester (79 mg, 0.154 mmol), prepared as in Example 86A, toluenesulfonic acid (20 mg) in 2,2-dimethoxypropane (0.5 mL) and DMF (1 mL) was stirred at 50 °C for 6 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether (100 mL), washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate, water and bπne, dπed over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) to give the desired compound (71 mg, 84%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.61 (br s, 1 H), 8.50 (d, 1 H), 7.66 (m, 2H), 7.45-7.35 (m, 6H), 7.24 (m, 2H), 6.0 (2 d'd, 1H), 4.78 (m, 2H), 4.67 (m, 1 H), 3.70 (s, 3H), 3.69 (s, 3H), 2.96 (s, 3H), 2.80-2.60 (m, 2H), 2.28 (m, 1 H), 1.99 (m, 1H). MS (CI + ) m/e 553 (M+H) + .

Example 87B Λ/ 4-f2-.pyπd-3-yl.-1.2-dιhvdroxyethyl dimethyl kθtal1-2-phenγlbenzoγrj-2-amιno-4- fmethylsulfonyl)butanoιc acid The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 86A using the procedure of Example 77. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 8.55 (dt, 1 H), 8.48 9d, 1 H), 7.76,7.73 (2 q's, 1 H), 7.47-7.07 (m, 10H), 4.90 (m, 2H), 3.90 (m, 1 H), 3.16 (s, 6H), 2.73 (m, 1 H), 2.28 (m, 1 H), 1.94 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m e 561 (M+Na) +

Example 88

/V 4-f2-(pvrid-3-vn-1.2-propionovlethvll-2-phenylbenzoyl1-2-ami no-4- (methylsulfonvt.butanoic acid

Example 88A

/V-f4-(2-(pvrid-3-vn-1.2-propionovlethvn-2-phenvlbenzovl1 -2-amino-4- .methylsulfonvl.butanoic acid methvl ester To a solution of Λ/-{4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)-1 ,2-dihydroxyethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno- 4-(methylsulfonyl)butanoic acid methyl ester (71 mg, 0.134 mmol), prepared as in

Example 86A and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (3 mg) in dichloromethane (3 mL) was added propionic anhydride (0.066 mL, 0.402 mmol) and the reaction was stirred for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether (50 mL), washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) to give Λ -{4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)-1 ,2- propionoylethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amino-4-(methylsulfonyl) butanoic acid methyl ester (79 mg, 90%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.52 (br s, 1 H), 8.39 (br s, 1 H), 7.60 (d. 1 H), 7.55 (m, 1 H), 7.41 (m, 3H), 7.26 (m, 4H), 7.07 (dd, 1 H), 6.12 (m, 3H), 4.62 (m, 1 H), 3.681 ,3.684 (2 s's, 3H), 2.840,2.843 (2 s's, 3H), 2.78-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.34 (m, 4H), 2.25 (m, 1 H), 1.97 (m, 1 H), 1.63 (m, 4H), 0.92 (m, 6H). MS (CI + ) m/e 653 (M+H) + .

Example 886

Λ/-f4-f2-(pyrid-3-yn-1 .2-propionovlethyl1-2-phenvlbenzovll-2-amino-4- (methvlsulfonvl.butaπoic acid To a solution of theΛ -{4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)-1 ,2-propionoylethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2- amino-4-(methylsulfonyl)butanoic acid methyl ester prepared in Example 88A (71 mg, 0.109 mmol) in anhydrous ether (2 mL) and THF (2 mL) was added solid potassium trimethylsilanolate (41 mg, 0.327 mmcl). After 1 hour, hydrogen chloride (4.0 N in 1 ,4- dioxane, 0.1 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and the solvent was evaporated in vacuo to give Λ/-{4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)-1 ,2-propionoylethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amιno-4-

(methylsulfonyl)butanoic acid (82 mg, 100%). H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 8.77-8.60

(m, 3H), 8.28 (br d, 1 H), 7.88 (br s, 1 H), 7.43-7.22 (m, 8H), 5.05 (d, 1 H), 4.91 (d, 1 H), 4.30 (m, 1H), 2.94 (s, 3H), 2.92-2.70 (m, 2H), 2.40-2.10 (m, 5H), 1.98 (m, 1 H), 1.47 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.72 (m, 6H). MS (FAB") m/e 637 (M-H)- (only major peak above molecular weight 500).

Example 89 [4-(1 H-ιmidazol-4-ylmethylamιnomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιon ιne

Example 89A 4-azidomethyl-1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole To a -10 °C solution in toluene (3 mL) of triphenylphosphine (787 mg, 3.0 mmol) was added a solution of diethylazodicarboxylate (0.47 mL, 3.0 mmol) in toluene (3 mL) dropwise over 10 minutes. A slurry of 4-hydroxymethyl-1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole (684 mg, 2.0 mmol), prepared as in Example 41 A, in dichloromethane (10 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. A 1 M solution of HN3 in toluene (10 mL, 10 mmol) was added, the cold bath was removed, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and extracted with aqueous 1 N sodium hydroxide, water and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (50% ethyl acetate- chloroform) gave 4-azidomethyl-1H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole (626 mg, 86%).

Example 89B [4-(1H-1-triphenylmethylimιdazol-4-ylmethylaminomethyl)-2-p henylbenzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester To a solution in THF (3 mL) of 4-azidomethyl-1H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazole (220 mg, 0.60 mmol), prepared as in Example 89A, and (4-carboxyaldehyde-2- phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (186 mg, 0.50 mmol), prepared as in Example 160B, was added triphenylphosphine (157 mg, 0.60 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour and at 65 °C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and 2-propanol (2 mL) and sodium cyanoborohydride (94 mg, 1.5 mmol)

were added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours and then was poured into aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide. The mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with water, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (50% methanol-chloroform) followed by another chromatography (ethyl acetate) gave [4-(1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-4- ylmethylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (231 mg, 66%).

Example 89C [4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethylaminomethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the methyl ester and deprotection of the imidazoleusing the prodecures of Examples 41 E and 41 D respectively. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, D O) δ 8.72 (s, 1 H), 7.40-7.67 (m, 9H), 4.51 (s, 2H), 4.43 (s, 2H), 4.38 (m, 1 H), 2.03 (s, 3H), 1 .90-2.09 (m, 3H), .1.79 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 439 (M+H) + , 359, 227. Anal calcd for C23H26N4O3S + 2.4 trifluoroacetic acid: C, 46.89, H, 4.02, N, 7.87. Found: C, 46.79; H, 4.16, N, 7.87.

Example 90

[4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine methyl ester hydrochloride

Example 90A r4- yrid-3-ylaminomethγl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester To a solution of (4-carboxyaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (2.5 g, 6.7 mmol), prepared as in Example 39B, in methanol (15 mL) was added 3- aminopyridine (941 mg, 10 mmol) and acetic acid (5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour and sodium cyanoborohydride (0.85 g, 13.5 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours and additional sodium cyanoborohydride (0.42 g, 6.7 mmol) was added. Stirring was continued for an additional 2 hours and then the reaction mixture was poured into aqueous 1 N sodium hydroxide. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were washed with

saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (2x), water (3x) and and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Successive chromatographiss on silica gel (ethyl acetate) gave [4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (2.2 g, 73%).

Example 906 [4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethvh-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester hvdrochloride To a solution in ethyl acetate (20 mL) of [4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (2.96 g, 6.58 mmol), prepared as in Example 90A, was added HCI (1.0 M in ethyl acetate, 20 mL, 20 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixiure was stirred for 10 minutes and then was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with toluene. Water (50 mL) was added and the milky mixture was concentrated and lyophilized to give [4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester hydrochloride (3.04 g, 95%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz., DMSO d 6 ) 68.66 (d, 1 H), 8.11 (s, 1 H), 8.02 (t, 1 H), 7.84 (bt, 1 H), 7.71 (m, 2H), 7.44 (m, 3H), 7.26 (m, 5H), 4,53 (bd, 2H), 4.36 (ddd, 1 H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 2.23 (m, 2H), 1.98(s, 3H), 3.85 (m, 2H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 450 (M+H) + , 374, 319, 287. Anal calcd for C25H28CIN3O3S + 0.58 H 2 0) :C, 60.48; H , 5.92; N, 8.46; Cl, 7.29. Found: C, 60.49; H, 5.58; N, 8.40; Cl 7.84.

Example 91 f4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine To a solution of [4-(pyrid-3-ylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (72 mg, 0.16 mmol) in THF (3 mL) was added a solution of lithium hydroxide hydrate (13 mg, 0.32 mmol) in water (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. The THF was evaporated in vacuo and the residue was taken up in aqueous 3N HCI. The solution was concentrated and the residue was purified by preparative HPLC (70% acetonitrile-0.1 % aqueous trifluoroacetic acid) to give [4-(pyrid-3- ylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine (39 mg, 50%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz., DMSO- dβ) δ 8.48 (d, 1 H), 8.17 (m, 1 H), 7.97 (m, 1 H), 7.56 (m, 2H), 7.29 - 7.44 (m, 7H), 4.51

(bd. 2H), 4.48 (ddd, 1 H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 1.99 (s. 3H), 1.85 (m, 2H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 436 (M+H)\ 418, 319, 287, 194, 165. Anal calcd for C24H25N3O3S (+ 1.26 TFA): C, 55.00; H, 4.57; N, 7.25. Found: C, 54.97; H, 4.58; N, 7.33.

Example 92 2-f4-fpvrid-3-vloxvmethvn-2-phenvlbenzovl>4-ethvlthiazole -5-carboxylic acid

Example 92A

4-methvl-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 36A, except substituting 4-methyl-2-hydroxybeπzoic acid methyl ester for 2-iodoterephthalate.

4-bromomethvl-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methvl ester A mixture of 4-methyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (2.26 g, 10 mmol), prepared as in Example 91 B, N-bromosuccinimide (1.87 g, 10.5 mmol) and 2,2'- azobisisobutyronitrile (25 mg) in carbon tetrachloride (40 mL) was stirred at reflux for 7 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into ethyl acetate and extracted with water (2x), aqueous sodium hydrogen sulfite and brine, dried, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (10% ethyl acetate-hexane) gave 4-bromomethyl-2- phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (2.57 g, 84%).

Example 92C

4-.3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-phenylbenzoic acid methvl ester To a mechanically-stirred 0 °C solution of 3-hydroxypyridine (4.4 g, 46 mmol) in DME (20 mL) was added potassium hexamethyldisilazide (0.5 M in toluene, 88.5 mL, 44 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. 18-Crown-6 (1 .46 g, 5.5 mmol) and a solution of 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (6.8 g, 22 mmol) in toluene (25 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was vigorously stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into 200 mL of water and the layers were separated. The

aqueous phase was extracted with 2 portions of ethyl acetate and the combined organic phases were extracted with water and bπne, dπed (MgSO4), filtered and concentrated The resulting oil was purified by flash chromatography (65% ethyl acetate-hexane) to give 4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester (3 4 g)

Example 92D 4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid To a solution of 4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester (3 4 g, 10.6 mmol), prepared as in Example 92C, in methanol (30 mL) was added aqueous 4N sodium hydroxide and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux τor 6 hours The methanol was distilled of in vacuo and the residue was taken up in water The aqueous solution was taken to pH 4 with HCI and the resulting precipitate was filtered off and dried to give 4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid (3.2 g).

Example 92 E

2-f4-(pyrιd-3-yloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl)-4-ethylthιa zole-5-carboxylιc acid ethyl ester

To a -12 °C solution in DMF (2 mL) of 2-amιno-4-ethylthιazoie-5-carboxylιc acid methyl ester (80 mg, 0.40 mmol), prepared as described in J. Chem. Soc. Perkm 1, 1982, 154, was added lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1.0 M in THF, 0.76 mL, 0.76 mmol) and the resulting yellow solution was stirred for 30 minutes. In a separate flask 4-(3- pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid (101 mg, 0.33 mmol), prepared as in Example 92D and carbonyldiimidazole (60 mg, 0.37 mmol) were dissolved in THF and stirred for 1 hour. The resulting imidazolide solution was then added to the thiazole solution at -10 °C and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. The cold bath was then removed and stirring was continued for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was quenched with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride and poured into water The mixture was extracted twice with dichloromethane. The combine organic extracts were dried, filtered and concentrated. The solid residue was recrystallized from ethyl acetate-methanol to give 2- [4-(pyπd-3-yloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-4-ethylthιazole-5 -carboxylιc acid ethyl ester (75 mg).

Example 92F 2-f4- yπd-3-yloxymethvπ-2-phenylbenzoyl)-4-ethylthιazole-5-carb oxylιc acid To a solution in 1 :1 THF-water (3 mL) of 2-[4-(pyπd-3-yloxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyl]-4-ethylthιazole-5-carboxylιc acid ethyl ester (72 mg, 0.15 mmol), prepared as in Example 92E, was added aqueous 4N NaOH (0.12 mL. 0 48 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to

ambient temperature and the THF was evaporated. The residue was diluted with water and taken to pH 3.5 with HCI. The mixture was extracted with 20% isopropanol- chloroform (3x). The combined organic extracts were dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give 2-[4-(pyrid-3-yloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]-4-ethylthiazole- 5-carboxylic (52 mg, 75%) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz., DMSO-d6) δ 12.87 (bs, 1 H), 12.81 (bs, 1 H), 8.40(d, 1 H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 7.66 (d, 1H), 7.57 (m, 2H), 7.49 (ddd, 1 H), 7.29 7.43 (m, 5H), 5.32 (s, 2H), 2.95 (q, 2H), 1.14 (t, 3H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 460 (M+H)\ 306. Anal calcd for C25H21N3O4S: C, 65.35; H ,4.61 ; N, 9.14. Found: C, 65.23; H, 4.52; N, 8.82.

Example 93 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine isopropyl ester

Example 93A /V-fert-butoxvcarbonvmethionine isopropyl ester To a solution of /V-tert-butoxycarbonylmethionine (2.49 g, 10 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was added 3-hydroxy-1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (1 .74 mg, 1 1 mmol), 4- dimethylaminopyridine (244 mg, 2.0 mmol),ethyl dimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (2.1 1 g, 11 mmol) and isopropanol (2.3 mL, 30 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 27 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with aqueous sodium hydroxide (2x), aqueous HCI (2x), water (2x) and brine, dried, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (20% ethyl acetate- hexanes) gave /V-tert-butoxycarbonymethionine isopropyl ester (1 .26 g, 43%).

Example 93B methionine isopropyl ester hydrochloride To a solution of Λ -tert-butoxycarbonymethionine isopropyl ester (291 mg, 1 .0 mmol), prepared as in Example 93A, in dioxane (1 mL) was added 4N HCI-dioxane (4 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in

vacuo to give methionine isopropyl ester hydrochloride (240 mg) which was used without further purification.

Example 93C f4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvn-2-phenvlbenzoyl1methionine isopropvl ester

The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoic acid, prepared as in Example 92D with methionine isopropyl ester hydrochloride, prepared as in Example 93B using the procedure of Example 53C. 1 H NMR (300 MHz. CD 3 OD) 6 8.70 (d, 1 H), 8.46 (d, 1 H), 8.31 (ddd, 1 H), 8.01 (dd, 1 H), 7.58 (m, 3H), 7.33 - 7.47 (m, 5H), 5.45 (s, 2H), 5.00 (heptet, 1 H), 4.44 (m, 1 H), 2.00 - 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1.96 (m, 1 H), 1.77 (m, 1 H), 1.24 (d, 3H), 1.22 (d, 3H). MS (Cl NH3) m/e 479 (M+H)*, 451 , 419, 320, 288, 192. Anal calcd for C27H31CIN2O4S (+0.60 H2O): C, 61.67; H, 6.17; N, 5.33. Found: C, 61.67; H, 6.17; N, 5.33.

Example 94 f4-(3-pyrdvlaminomethvl.-2-phenvlbenzoyl]methionine isopropvl ester

Example 94A

■4-hydroxymethyl-2-phenylbenzoyπmethionine isopropyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 93C, except substituting 4-hydroxymethylbenzoic acid, prepared as in Example 37D, for 4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid.

Example 946 (4-ςa Qxaidehyde-2-pheηyibenzQyl)methionine isopropyl ester The desired compound was prepared by oxidation of the product of Example 94A using the procedure of Example 39B.

Example 94C r4-(3-Pyridylaminomethvh-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine isopropyl ester The desired compound was prepared by reductive amination of the product of Example 94B with 3-aminopyridine according to the method of Example 90A. 1 H NMR (300MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 7.97 (m, 1 H), 7.86 (dd, 1H), 7.43 - 7.52 (m, 5H), 7.31 - 7.42 (m, 5H), 4.98 (heptet, 1 H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 4.43 (m, 1 H), 2.12 (m, 1H), 2.03 (m, 1H), 1.99 (s, 3H), 1.01 (m, 1H), 1.75 (m, 1H), 1.15 (d, 3H), 1.13 (d, 3H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 478 (M+H) + , 319, 287. Anal calcd for C27H32CIN 3 O 3 S(+ 0.58 H O): C, 61.83; H, 6.37; N, 8.01. Found: C, 61.82; H, 6.04; N, 7.74.

Example 95 f4-f3-pyridvlsulfonvlmethyl.-2-phenvlbenzoyl1methionine methvl ester

Example 95A 3-dimethvlthiocarbamovlpvridine To a solution in DMF (50 mL) of 3-hydroxypyridine (4.76 g, 50 mmol) was added 1 ,1-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octanβ (6.80 g, 150 mmol) and dimethylthiocarbamoyl chloride (18.5 g, 150 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours at ambient temperature and 18 hours at 55 °C. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient tempertaure and poured into ether. The ethereal solution was washed with aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide (2x), water (2x) and brine, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (1 :1 ethyl acetate-hexane) gave 3- dimethylthiocarbamoylpyridine (5.46 g).

Example 95B 3-dimethvlaminocarbonvlthiopvridine The desired compound was prepared by heating the 3- dimethylthiocarbamoylpyridine prepared in Example 232A at 250 °C for 1.25 hours followed by cooling and chromatography on silica gel (55%, then 75% ethyl acetate- hexane).

Example 95C

3-thiopvridine sodium salt To a solution of 3-dimethylaminocarbonylthiopyridine (1.23 g, 6.7 mmol), prepared as in Example 95B, in methanol (10 mL) was added aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide and the reaction mixture was stirred at reflux for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and evaporated to dryness to give 3-thiopyridine sodium salt as a brown solid which was used without further purification.

Example 95D

4-.3-pyridylthiomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a -10 °C suspension in DME (10 mL) of the 3-thiopyridine sodium salt prepared in Example 95C (450 mg, 3.25 mmol) was added catalytic 18-crown-6 and a solution of 3-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid (916 mg, 8.3 mmol), prepared as in Example 92B, in DME (5 mL) over 5 minutes. The cold bath was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and the reaction mixture was stirred for 24 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (40% ethyl acetate-hexane) gave 4-(3-pyridylthiomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (611 mg, 60%).

Example 95E 4-.3-pvridvlsulfonylmethvl.-2-phenγlbenzoic acid methvl ester To a 0 °C solution of trifluoroacetic anhydride (2.5 mL, 17.9 mmol) in dichloromethane (10 mL) was added aqueous 30% hydrogen peroxide (0.56 mL, 5.4 mmol) and a solution of 4-(3-pyridylthiomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (600 mg, 17.4 mmol), prepared as in Example 95D, in dichloromethane (5 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour, then the cold bath was removed and stirring was continued for 0.5 hour. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ether and aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide and the aqueous phase was extracted with ether. The combined ethereal layers were washed with aqueous 2N sodium bisulfite, water and brine, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-(3-pyridylsulfonylmethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester (620 mg) which was used without further purification.

Example 95F f4- ( 3-pyridylsulfonylmethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared from 4-(3-pyridylsulfonylmethyl)-2- phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester by saponification of the methyl ester using the procedure of Example 92D, and coupling with methionine methyl ester according to the procedure of Example 53C. mp 152-154 °C. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) 68.95 (d, 1 H), 8.87 (dd, 1 H), 7.94 (ddd, 1 H), 7.66 (d, 1 H), 7.43 (m, 4H), 7.30 (m, 2H), 7.21 (dd, 1 H), 7.10 (d, 1 H), 5.91 (bd, 1 H), 4.66 (ddd, 1H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.08 (t, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.93 (m, 1 H), 1.75 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 513 (M+NH 4 ) + , 499 (M+H) + . Anal calc' for C25H26N2O5S2: C ,60.22; H ,5.25; N ,5.62. Found: C, 60.28; H, 4.94; N, 5.56.

Example 96 [4-.3-pyridylsulfonylmethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(3- pyridylsulfonylmethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 95, according to the method of Example 38. 1 H NMR (300 MHz., DMSO d 6 ) 6 12.68 (bs, 1 H), 8.92 (m, 2H), 8.59 (bd, 1 H), 8.18 (ddd, 1 H), 7.68 (m, 1 H), 7.32 (m, 7H), 7.18 (d, 1 H), 4.94 (s, 1 H), 4.29 (ddd, 1 H), 2.22 (m, 2H), 1.99 (s, 3H), 1.85 (m, 2H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 502 (M+NH 4 ) + , (485 M+H) + . Anal calcd for C24H24N2O5S2 (+ 0.45 H20): C, 58.51 ; H , 5.09; N, 5.69. Found: C, 58.51 ; H, 4.82; N, 5.69.

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Example 97 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester

Example 97A

4-methyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid To a solution of 4-methyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (1.83 g, 8.09 mmol), prepared as in Example 91 A, in methanol (16 mL) was added aqueous 4N sodium hydroxide (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 60 hours, after which additional aqueous 4N sodium hydroxide (5 mL) was added and the mixture was heated at reflux for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and the methanol was evaporated in vacuo. The aqueous residue was acidified with 4N sulfuric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were dried, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-methyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid (1.67 g) as a white solid.

Example 97B 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid A mixture of 4-methyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid (1.66 g, 7.82 mmol), prepared as in Example 91 B, N-bromosuccinimide (1.40 g, 8.21 mmol) and 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (25 mg) in carbon tetrachloride (30 mL) was stirred at reflux for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was poured into ethyl acetate and extracted with water (3x) and brine, dried, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid (2.26 g).

Example 97C (4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoyπmethionine methyl ester

To a solution in dichloromethane (25 mL) of 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoιc acid (2.16 g, 7.42 mmol), prepared as in Example 97B, was added oxalyl chloride (0.84 mL, 965 mmol) and 2 drops on DMF and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated *n vacuo and azeotroped with toluene. The residue was dissolved in dichloromethane (15 mL) and then was added to a solution in dilchloromethane (15 mL) of methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (1 .78 g, 8.90 mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (3.10 g, 17.81 mmol) (prepared at -10 °C) dropwise. The

reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes and then was poured into ether and extracted with water, aqueous 3N HCI (2x) and brine, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (5% ethyl acetate-chloroform) to give (4-bromomethyl-2- phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (2.42 g, 75%).

Example 97D r4-(3-pγridvloxvmethvl.-2-phenvlbenzovllmethionine methyl ester To a 0 °C suspension in DMF (2 mL) of sodium hydride (90% in mineral oil. 38 mg, 0.95 mmol) was added a solution of 3-hydroxypyridine (95 mg, 1 .0 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) dropwise and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours. A solution of (4-bromomethyl-2- phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester (218 mg, 0.5 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (60% ethyl acetate-hexanes, then ethyl acetate) gave [4- (3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester (58 mg). 1 H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 12.66 (bs, 1 H), 8.58 (d. 1H), 8.38 (d, 1 H), 8.17 (dd, 1 H), 7.30 - 7.56 (m, 10H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.29 (ddd, 1 H), 2.23 (m, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.84 (m, 2H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 454 (M + NH 4 ) + , 437 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C24H24N2O4S (+ 0.41 H2O): C , 64.94; H, 5.64; N, 6.31. Found: C, 64.94; H, 5.35; N,S 6.14.

Example 98 f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)- 2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 97, according to the procedure of Example 38. 1 H NMR (300 MHz., CDCI3) 68.41 (dd, 1 H), 8.26 (dd, 1 H), 7.74 (d, 1 H), 7.47 (dd, 1 H), 7.43 (m, 6H), 7.14 (m, 2H), 5.92 (bd, 1 H), 5.18 (s, 2H), 4.67 (ddd, 1 H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.08 (t, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1.92 (m, 1 H), 1 .73 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl NH 3 ) m/e 451 (M+H)+, 320, 288. Anal calcd for C25H26 2O4S: C, 66.65; H, 5.82; N, 6.22. Found: C, 66.53; H, 5.71 ; N, 6.16.

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Example 99 [4-(3-pyridylthiomethy0-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionιne methyl ester

The desired compound was prepared by reaction of (4-bromomethyl-2- phenylbenzoyl)methionιne methyl ester, prepared as in Example 97C, with 3-thiopyridine sodium salt, prepared as in Example 95C, according to the method of Example 97D. 1 H NMR (300MHz, CDCI3) 6 8.56 (m, 1 H), 8.45, (dd, 1 H;), 7.66 (d, 1 H), 7.38 (ddd, 1 H), 7.30 - 7.47 (m, 6H), 7.21 (m, 2H), 5.87 (bd, 1 H), 4.65 (ddd, 1H), 4.14 (s. 2H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.06 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1.92 (m, 1 H), 1.74 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl NH3) m/e 467 (M+H) + , 304. Anal calcd for C25H26N2O3S2: C, 64.35; H, 5.62; N, 6.00. Found: C, 64.21 ; H, 5.61 ; N, 6.00.

Example 100 [4-(3-pyridylthiomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(3-pyπdylthiomethyl)- 2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 99 using the procedure of Example 38. 1 H nmr (300MHz., DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.54, m, 1 H; 8.39, dd, 1 H; 7.83, m, 2H; 7.29 - 7.47, m, 8H; 4.39, s, 2H; 4.24, m, 1 H; 2.25, m, 2H; 1.98, s, 3H; 1.85, m, 2H. MS (CI NH 3 ): 453 (MH + ); 304, 194. EA: calc'd for C24H24N2O3S2: C 63.69; H 5.34; N 6.19; found C 63.35; H 5.20; N 6.02.

Example 101 Λ/-[4-(3-pyrιdylamιnomethvh-2-Dhenylbenzoyll-2-amιno-4-( methylsulfonyllbutanoιc acid

Example 101 A

2-amιno-4-.methvlsulfonyl.butanoιc acid methyl ester To a 0 °C suspension of 2-amιno-4-(me.hylsulfonyl)lbutanotc acid (5.05 g, 27.9 mmol) in methanol (50 mL) was added thionyl chloπde (3.0 mL, 41.8 mmol). The cold bath was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and the reaction mixture was stirred for 48 hours. The reaction mixture was dilted with water and taken to pH 6 with solid potassium carbonate. The aqueous mixture was extracted with dichloromethane (3x). The combined organic extracts were dπed, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give the methyl ester (1 .14 g).

Example 101 B

(4-carboxaldehvde-2-phenylbenzovn-2-amιno-4-(methvlsulfo nvl.butanoιc acid methvl ester

The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 2-amιno-4- (methylsulfonyl)butanoιc acid, prepared as in Example 101 A, and 4-carboxaldehyde-2- phenylbenzoic acid, prepared as in Example 37E, according to the method of Example 53C, except that no tπethylamme was required.

Example 1Q1C

Λ/-f4-(3-pγπdylamιnomethvl.-2-phenvlbenzovπ-2-amιno -4-fmethvlsulfonvl.butanoιc acιd methyl ester

The desired compound was prepared by reductive amination of the product of Example 101 B with 3-amιnopyrιdιne according to the method of Example 37G. 1 H NMR (300MHz., CDCI3) 6 8.09. (m, 1 H;, 8.00 (bd, 1 H;, 7.68 (d, 1 H), 7.34 - 7 44 (m, 7H), 7 07 (dd, 1 H), 6.88 (ddt, 1 H), 5.9g (bd, 1 H), 4.68 (ddd, 1 H), 4.45 (bd, 2H), 4.24 (bs, 1 H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 2.83 (s, 3H), 2.57 - 2.85 (m, 2H ), 2.27 (m, 1 H), 1 .98 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl NH3-) m/e 482 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C25H27N3O5S: C, 62.36; H, 5.65; N, 8.73. Found: C. 61 88, H, 5.69; N ,8.60.

Example 1Q2 Λ/-f4-f3-pyridylaminomethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amirio-4-(m ethylsulfonynbutaπoιc acιd The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 101C according to the procedure of Example 38. 1 H NMR (300 MHz., D2O) δ 7.95 (m, 1 H), 7.92 (m, 1 H) 7.40 - 7.64 (m, 10H), 4.58 (s, 2H), 4.22, (ddd, 1 H), 3.01 (s, 3H), 2.71 (m, 1H), 2.48 (m, 1 H), 2.17 (m, 1H), 1.93 (m, 1H). MS FAB( + ) m/e 468 (M+H) + . FAB(-): 466 (M-H)-.

Example 103 [4-(3-pyrιdylmethyloxy 2-phenylbenzoyt]methionιne

Example 103A 2.4-dihvdroxvbenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution in methanol (50 mL) of 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (1.54 g, 10 mmol) was added sulfuric acid (0.5 mL) and trimethyl orthoformate (1.6 mL, 15 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at reflux for 36 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and diluted with water. The methanol was evaporated in vacuo. The residue was diluted with water and extracted with ether (3x). The combined ether extracts were washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (2x) and brine, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (1.34 g) as a white solid.

Example 103B 4-(3-pyridylmethyoxy.-2-hvdroxybenzoic acid methyl ester A mixture in acetone (40 mL) and water (10 mL) of 2,4-dihydroxybenzoιc acid methyl ester (1.19 g, 7.08 mmol), prepared as in Example 103A, 3-chloromethylpyπdine hydrochloride (2.32 g, 14.2 mmol) and potassium carbonate (2.44 g, 21.2 mmol) was stirred at reflux for 24 hours, then acetone (10 mL) and piperidine (1 g) were added and reflux was continued for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, poured into water, and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were washed with aqueous sodium hydroxide and water, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was recrystallized from aqueous ethanol to give 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxy)-2-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (0.57 g, 31%).

Example 103C 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxyl-2-trifluoromethanesulfonyloxybenzoic acid methyl ester To a -10 °C solution in pyridine (3 mL) of 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxy)-2-hydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester (0.56 g, 2.16 mmol), prepared as in Example 103B, was added triflic anhydride (0.73 mL, 4.32 mmol). The cold bath was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and the reaction mixture was stirred for 96 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into water, made basic with aqueous 2N sodium hydroxide and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with water (2x) and brine, dried, filtered and concentrated. Purification by chromatography on silica gel (60% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxy)-2-trifluoromethanesulfonyloxybenzoιc acid methyl ester (519 mg, 61%).

Example 103D

4-(3-pyridylmethyloxy)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 37A, except substituting 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxy)-2-trifluoromethanesulfonyloxybenzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 103C for 2-iodoterephthalate.

Example 103E 4-,3-pyridylmethyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoic acid The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 103D using the procedure of Example 97A.

Example 103F [4-(3-pyrιdytmethyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methιonιne methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by according to the procedure used in step C of the preparation of compound 8, except substituting 4-(3-pyπdylmethyloxy)-2- phenylbenzoic acid, prepared as in Example 103E, for 4-nιtro-2-phenylbenzoιc acid

Example 103G f4-.3-pyndylmethyloxy)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the compound of Example 103F using the procedure of Example 38. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 8.69 (bs, 1 H), 8.55 (bd, 1 H), 8.39 (d, 1H), 7.88 (dt, 1 H), 7.40 (m, 6H), 7.07 (dd, 1H), 7.03 (d, 1 H), 5 17 (s, 2H), 4.28 (ddd, 1H), 2.25 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1 84 (m, 2H) MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 454 (M+NH 4 ) + , 437 (M+H) + ,419, 320, 288. Anal calcd for C24H24N2O4S (+ 0 23 H 2 O): C, 65.42, H, 5.59; N, 5.99. Found: C, 65.41 ; H, 5.42; N, 5.99.

Example 1Q4 [4-(3-pyrιdyl.thιo-2-phenylbθnzoyl]methιonιne

Example 104A 3-pyπdylthιo-2-phenvlbenzoιc acid tert-butvl ester To a mixture in DMF (2 mL) of 4-nιtro-2-phenylbenzoιc acid tert-butyl ester (403 mg, 1.35 mmol), prepared by esteπfication of 4-nιtro-2-phenylbenzoιc acid (compound 8, step B), and 3-thιopyridine sodium salt (224 mg, 1.68 mmol), prepared as in 232C, was stirred at 100 °C for 60 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and diluted with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate. The mixture was extracted with ether (3x). The combined ether extracts were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give a brown oil. Chromatography on silica gel (10% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave 3-pyπdylthιo-2-phenylbenzoιc acid tert-butyl ester as a colorless oil (248 mg, 51%).

Example 104B 3-pvridvlthio-2-phenylbenzoic acid To a 0 °C solution in dichloromethane (1 mL) of 3-pyridylthio-2-phenylbenzoιc acid tert-butyl ester (245 mg, 0.67 mmol), prepared as in Example 241 A, and triethylsilane (380 mg, 3.4 mmol) was added trifluoroacetic acid (1 .53 g, 13.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and azeotroped with toluene (3x) to give 3-pyridylthio-2- phenylbenzoic acid (209 mg) as a translucent film which was used without further purification.

Example 104C f4-.3-pvridvl.thio-2-phenvibenzoyl]methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 103F and G, except substituting 3-pyridylthio-2-phenylbenzoic acid for 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)- 2-phenylbenzoic acid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) d 1.60 (m,. 1 H), 1 .85 (m, 1 H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 4.50 (m, 1 H), 5.85 (m, 1 H), 7.25-7.40 (m, 8H), 7.60-7.80 (m, 2H), 8.45 (dd, 1 H), 8.65 (dd, 1 H). MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 407 (M+H) + .

Example 1Q5 [4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethylthiomethyh-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine

Example 105A 1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylmethylthiolacetic acid

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 89A, except substituting thiolacetic acid for HN3.

Example 105B 1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylmethylthiol sodium salt

A mixture of 1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylmethylthiolacetic acid (1 .80 g, 4.5 mmol), prepared as in Example 105A, and sodium hydroxide (204 mg, 5.0 mmol) in 3:1

methanol-water was stirred for 18 hours at ambient temperature. The resulting tan solid was filtered and dried to give 1H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-3-ylmethylthiol sodium salt which was used without further purification.

Example 1Q5C

4-(1 H-1-triphenylmethylimadazol-4-ylmethyll-2-phenyt benzoic acid methyl ester A solution in DME of 1H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylmethylthiol sodium salt (946 mg, 2.5 mmol), prepared as in Example 105B, and 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (305 mg, 1.0 mmol) was stirred at 50 °C for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue purified by chromatography on silica gel (1 :1 ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give 4-(1H-1-triphenylmethylimadazol-4-ylmethyl)-2-phenyl benzoic acid methyl ester.

Example 105D 4-( 1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimadazol-4-ylmethyl.-2-phenyl benzoic acid

A mixture of 4-(1H-1-triphenylmethylimadazol-3-ylmethyl)-2-phenyl benzoic acid methyl ester (200 mg, 0.34 mmol) and sodium hydroxide (69 mg, 1.7 mmol) in 3:1 methanol-water (0.18 mL) was stirred at reflux for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue taken up in water. The aqueous solution was taken to pH 5 and extracted. The organic extracts were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give 4-(1H-1-triphenylmethylimadazol-4-ylmethyl)-2-phenyl benzoic acid (160 mg) as a solid.

Example 105E f4-(1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylmethylthiomethvπ-2-phenylbenzo yl]methionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by according to the procedure used in step C of the preparation of compound 8, except substituting 4-(1 H-1 - triphenylmethylimadazol-3-ylmethyl)-2-phenyl benzoic acid, prepared as in Example 105C, for 4-nitro-2-phenylbenzoic acid.

Example 105E r4-(1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-4-ylmethylthiomethyπ-2-phenylbenzo yi]methionine The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(1 H-imidazol-4- ylmethylthiomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 105E.

Example 242F f4-.1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethvtthiomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyllmethionine The desired compound was prepared by deprotection of the compound of Example 105E using the procedure of Example 41 D. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1 .85 (m, 1 H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 2.20-2.40 (m, 2H), 3.80 (s, 2H), 3.85 (s, 2H), 4.30 (m, 1 H), 7.40 (m, 8H), 7.50 (s, 2H), 8.50 (d, 1 H), 8.90 (s, 1 H), 13.0 (br s, 1 H). MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 456 (M+H) + .

[4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]cvsteine

Example Q6A Cysteine methyl ester hydrpchtpride

To a 0 °C slurry in methanol of L-cysteine (1.23 g, 9.1 mmol) was added thionyl chloride (0.75 mL, 10.3 mmol). The cold bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred for 15 minutes and then overnight at 45 °C. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated to a white solid. The white solid was azeotroped with methanol to give cysteine methyl ester hydrochloride.

Example 1Q66

[4-.3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]cysteine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by coupling of cysteine methyl ester hydrochloride and 4-(3-pyridylmethyloxy)-2-phenylbenzoic acid, prepared as in Example 101 D using the procedure of Example 52A.

Example 106C f4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-phenylbenzovncvsteine The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example

106B. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) d 8.77 (d, 1 H), .58 (d, 1 H), 8.35 (d, 1 H). 7.85 (dd.

1 H), 7.63 (dd, 1 H), 7.52 (m, 5H), 7.36 (m, 3H), 5.38 (s, 2H), 4.44 (m, 1 H), 3.90 (dd, 1 H),

3.72 (dd, 1 H), 2.05 (s, 3H). MS (DCI-NH3) m/e 423 (M+H) + , 440 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 107 N-[4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylb9nzc^l1norieucine

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 106, except substituting norleucine methyl ester hydrochloride for cysteine methyl ester hydrochloride. H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) 68.60 (d, 1 H), 8.53 (d, 1 H), 8.37 (d, 1 H), 7.90 (dd, 1 H), 7.70 (dd, 1 H), 7.52 (d, 1 H), 7.51 (s, 1 H), 7.42 (m, 3H), 7.38 (m, 3H), 5.38 (s, 2H), 4.16 (m, 1H), 1.60 (m, 2H), 1.20 (m, 2H), 1.10 (m, 2H), 0.82 (t, 3H). MS (DCI- NH 3 ) m e 419 (M+H) + , 436 (M+NH 4 ) + .

Example 108

N-f4-.3-pyridyloxymethy0-2-phenylbenzoyl]-2-amino-3-metho xybutyric acid The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 106, except substituting L-2-amino-3-methoxybutyric acid methyl ester hydrochloride for cysteine methyl ester hydrochloride. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) 6 8.57 (d, 1 H), 8.42 (d, 1 H), 8.22 (d, 1 H), 7.60 (dd, 1 H), 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.40 (m, 7H), 5.33 (s, 2H), 4.24 (m, 1 H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 3.15 (m, 2H), 1 .93 (m, 1 H), 1.77 (m, 1 H). MS (APCI) m/e 421 (M+H) + , 419 (M-H)-. Anal calcd for C 4H24N2O 5 - 0.5 H O: C, 67.12; H, 5.87; N, 6.52. Found: C, 67.38; H, 5.57; N, 6.72.

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Example 1Q9

N-r3-(methylthιo.-1 -(1 H-tetrazol-5-yl. p ropyl|-4- ( 3-pyndyloxymethvπ-2-Phenylbenzamιde

Example 109A 5-f-1 -(N-tert-butoxycarbonvl.amιno-3-thιomethvlpropyl]-1 H-1 -.2-cvanoethvntetrazole

To a solution in THF (40 mL) of 1 -(N-tertbutoxycarbonyl)amιno-4-thιomethylbutyπc acid N-(2-cyanoethyl)amιde (1.2 g, 4 0 mmol) was added tπphenyphosphme (2 1 g, 8 0 mmol), diethylazodicarboxylate (1.35 mL, 8.5 mmol) and tπmethylsilylazide (1 05 mL, 7 9 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at ambient temperature The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was punfied by chromatography on silica gel (7 5% ether-dichloromethane) to give the desired compound as a soft, off-white powder

Example 109B

5-M -amιno-3-thιomethylpropyl|-1 H-1 -(2-cvanoethyl.tetrazole hvdrochloride The compound of Example 109A (370 mg) and thiophenol (0.20 mL) were dissolved in 1 M HCI in ethyl acetate (10 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was partitioned between ether and water. The aqueous phase was washed twice with ether and then was frozen and lyophilized to give the desired compound (233 mg) as a tan glass

Example 109C N-f3-(methylthιo.-1- 1 H-tetrazol-5-yl.propyl]-4-t3-pyπdyloxymethyh-2-phenylbenzam ιde The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 106, except substituting 5-[-1-amιno-3-thιomethylpropyl]-1 H-1-(2-cyanoethyl)tetrazole hydrochloride, prepared as in Example 109B, for cysteine methyl ester hydrochloπde 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) 6 8 96 (d, 1 H), 8.37 (d,1 H), 8.17 (dd, 1 H), 7 50 (m, 4H), 7 30 (m, 6H), 5 19 (s, 2H), 5.18 (m, 1 H), 2 28 (m, 2H), 2.06 (m, 2H), 2 00 (s, 3H) MS (DCI- NH 3 ) m/e 461 (M+H) + Anal calcd for C24H24N6O2S 0.5 H 0 C, 61.39, H 5 37, N 17 90 Found: C, 61.24, H, 5 26, N, 17 80

Example 110 r4-.3-Dvπdvloxvmethvl.-2-Phenvlbenzoyllmethιonιne amide

Example 1 10A ΛAtert-butoxvcarbonylmethionine thioamide To a 0 °C solution in THF (160 mL) of Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonylmethιonιne (4 0 g, 16 mmol) was added N-methylmorpholine (1.84 mL, 16.2 mmol) and isobutyl chloroformate (2.1 mL, 16.2 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at 0 °C Concentrated NH4OH (7 mL) was added and stirπng was continued at 0 °C for 2 hours The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and aqueous 1 M H3PO4. The organic phase was washed twice with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (2x) and bπne, dried, filtered and concentrated to give Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonylmethιonιne amide (3.43 g) as a white solid.

Example 1 1 OB Λ -tert-butoxvcarbonvlmethιonιne thιoamιde To a solution in THF (200 mL) of Λ -tθrt-butoxycarbonylmethιonιne amide (3.4 g,

14 mmol), prepared as in Example 1 10A, was added Lawesson s reagent (8.3 g, 20 mmol) and THF (50 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred 2 days at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to give an off-white solid (12.2 g). Chromatography on silica gel (33% ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give ΛMert- butoxycarbonylmethionine thioamide (1 1 g) as a colorless glass

Example 110C f4-f3-pvπdvloxvmethvn-2-phenγlbenzovllmethιonιne amide Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonylmethιonιne thioamide (140 mg, 0.53 mmol), prepared as in Example 1 10B, was dissolved in 4N HCI-dioxane (5 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to give methionine thioamide which was coupled with 4-(3-pyπdylmethyloxy)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid, prepared as in

Example 101 D using the procedure of Example 52A. 1 H NMR (CDCI3) δ 8.40 (dd, 1 H), 8.25 (dd, 1 H), 8.00 (br s, 1 H), 7.70 (d, 1 H), 7.42 (m, 6H), 7.33 (br s, 1 H), 7.25 (m, 3H), 6.49 (d, 2H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 4.95 (m, 1 H), 2.30 (m,2H), 2.06 (s, 3H), 1.90 (m, 2H). MS (DCI-NH 3 ) m/e 452 (M+H) + .

Example 111 Λ/-f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]2-amino-5-thiome thylpentanoic acid

Example 111A /V-tert-butoxvcarbonvlmethionine diazo ketone To a 0 °C solution in THF (40 mL) of N-tert-butoxycarbonylmethionine (2.0 g, 8.0 mmol) was added N-methylmorpholine (0.93 mL, 8.5 mmol) and isobutyl chloroformate (1.05 mL, 8.1 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at 0 °C and then was filtered through a plug of Celite. To the filtrate was added TMSCHN2 (2.0 M in hexane, 8.0 mL, 16 mmol) and acetonitrile (17 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2.5 hours at 0 °C, then additional TMSCHN2 solution (5-10 mL) was added, the cold bath was removed and stirring was continued overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate. The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (33% ethyl acetate-hexane) gave the desired compound (465 mg) as a thick orange oil.

Example 111B Λ7-tert-butoxycarbonyl-2-amino-5-thiomethylpentanoic acid methvl ester To a solution in methanol (20 mL) of /V-tef-butoxycarbonylmethionine diazo ketone (460 mg, 1.68 mmol), prepared as in Example 111 A, was added a solution of silver benzoate (104 mg, 0.45 mmol) in triethylamine (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2.5 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue

was punfied by chromatography on silica gel (20% ethyl acetate-hexane) to give N-tert- butoxycarbonyl-2-amιno-5-thιomethylpentanoιc acid methyl ester (405 mg) as a thick oil

Example 1 1 1C Λ/-f4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyπ2-amιno-5-thιo methylpentanoιc acid methyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 1 10C, except substituting /V-tert-butoxycarbonyl-2-amιno-5-thιomethylpentanoιc acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 248B, for Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonylmethιonιne thioamide

Example 111 D Λ/-[4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyh-2-phenylbenzoyll2-amιno-5-thιom ethylpentanoιc acid The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the compound of Example 111 C 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 8.56 (d, 1 H), 8.36 (d, 1 H), 8.20 (d, 1 H), 7 75 (dd, 1 H), 7.57 (m, 3H), 7 44 (m, 6H), 5.19 (s, 2H), 2.38 (m, 2H), 2.25 (m, 2H), 2.05 (s, 3H), 1.68 (m, 2H) MS (APCI) m/e 451 (M+H) + Anal calcd for C25H26N2O4S 1 25 H 2 0. C, 63.47, H, 6.07; N, 5.92. Found: C, 63.21 ; H, 5.82; N, 5.68

Example 112 f4-.3-pγπdyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl)methιonιne hydroxamιc acιd A slurry in methanol of [4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιne methyl ester (143 mg, 0.32 mmol), prepared as in Example 97, hydroxylamine hydrochloride (26 mg, 0.37 mmol) and potassium carbonate (106 mg, 0.77 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperture for 4 hours, then a solution of potassium hydroxide in methanol (0.33 L) was added and stirring was continued overnight at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was diluted with water and taken to pH 4 The aqueous phase was extracted with 3.1 chloroform-isopropanol The organic extract was washed with bπne, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo Purification by prep HPLC gave [4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιonιne hydroxamic acid (92 mg) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.58 (br s, 1 H), 8.58 (d 1 H)

8.40 (d, 1 H), 8.33 (d, 1 H), 7.80 (dd, 1 H), 7.60 (dd, 1H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.36 (m, 5H), 5.35 (s, 2H), 4.20 (m, 1 H), 2.12 (m, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) m/e 452 (M+H) + .

Example 113 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyh-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methylsulfonimide A solution in THF (5 mL) of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbeπzoyl]methionine (143 mg, 0.32 mmol), prepared as in Example 98, and carbonyldiimidazole (136 mg, 0.84 mmol) was stirred overnight at 45-50 °C. A 1.6 mL aliquot of the reaction mixture was removed and to it was added methanesulfonamide (78 mg, 0.82 mmol) and DBU (0.12 mL, 0.80 mmol) and the mixture was stirred overnight at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethty acetate and pH 4 water. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography I on silica gel (98.5:1.5:0.5 chloroform-methanol- acetic acid) gave [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methylsulfonyl amide. (31 mg after azeotroping and lyophilization). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.62 (d,1 H), 8.39 (d, 1H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 7.50 (m, 4H), 7.36 (m, 6H), 5.28 (s, 2H), 4.27 (m, 1 H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 2.20 (t, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.81 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) m/e 514 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C25H2 7 N3O3S2 1.25 H 2 0: C, 56.01 ; H, 5.55; N, 7.84. Found: C, 55.72; H, 5.08; N, 8.18.

Example H f4-.3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl|methionιne phenylsulfonimide The desired compound was prepared by additior of phenylsulfonamide and DBU to a second 1.6 mL aliquot of the reaction mixture used in Example 1 13. 1 H NMR (DMSO-d6) 6 8.49 (d,1 H), 8.38 (d, 1 H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 7.91 (d, 2H), 7.73 (m,1 H), 7.63 ( m, 2H), 7.46 (m, 3H), 7.41 (d, 1 H), 7.32 (m, 6H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 4.25 (m, 1 H), 2.09 (t, 2H), 1 .97 (s, 3H), 1 .70 (m, 2H). MS (ESI) m/e 576 (M+H) +

Example 115 f4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl.-2-.2-methylphenyl)benzoyl1methιonι ne methylsulfonimide

Example 1 15A

■V-tert-butoxycarbonylmethionine methylsulfonvimide The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 1 13, except substituting Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonymethionιne for [4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionme methyl ester.

Example 1156 r4-.3-pvπdyloxymethyn-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzovl1methionine methylsulfonimide The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 110C, except substituting Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonylmethionιne methylsulfonyl amide, prepared as in Example 1 15A and 4-(3-pyrιdylmethyloxy)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid, prepared as in Example 70E for /V-tert-butoxycarbonylmethιonιne thioamide and 4-(3- pyπdylmethyloxy)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid respectively. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ

8.38 (d, 1 H), 8.30 (br s, l H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 7.57 (m, 2H), 7.45 (ddd, 1 H), 7.35 (dd, 1 H), 7.30 (br s, 1 H), 7.20 (m, 4H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 4.20 (m, 1 H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.18-1.98 (envelope, 8H), 1.77 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) m/e 528 (M+H)+. Anal calcd for C26H29N3O5S2 O.25 H 2 O: C, 58.68; H, 5.59; N, 7.90. Found: C, 58.62; H, 5.46; N, 7.84.

Example 116 f4-,3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-.2-methylPhenyl.benzoyl]methioniπ e phenylsulfonimide The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 115, except substituting benzenesulfonamide for methylsulfonamide. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.38 (d, 1 H), 8.18 (br s, 1 H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 7.86 (m, 2H), 7.73 (m, 1 H), 7.62 (m, 2H), 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.45 (ddd, 1 H), 7.35 (dd, 1 H), 7.30-7.00 (envelope, 6H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 4.17 (m, 1 H), 1.98 (m, 8H), 1.60 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) 590 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C 3 ι H 31 N 3 θ5S2.O.5 H 0: C, 62.19; H, 5.39; N, 7.02. Found: C, 62.31 ; H, 5.03; N, 6.83.

NHSOsR H 3 Example 1 17-134 Examples 254-271 were prepared by stirring a solution in dichloromethane of [4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 97, or [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine, prepared as in Example 98, with H2NSθ2R2 > (2.6 equiv.) , ethyl dimethylaminopropyl carbodiimide hydrochloride (1 .1 equiv.) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (0.5 equiv.). Non-commercial sulfonamides were prepared by reaction of sulfonyl chloride R2SO2CI and concentrated NH4OH in THF.

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Example Physical Data

1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6)

MS (APCI) m/e

117 isopropyl 1H NMR 68.67 (d, 1H), 8.38 (d, 1H), 8.19 (d, 1H), 7.50 (m, 4H), 7.35 (m, 5H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 3.60 (m, 1H), 2.22 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.81 (m, 2H), 1.28 (d, 3H), 1.20 (d, 3H). MS 542 (M+H)+.

118 3-tolyl 1H NMR 68.55 (d,1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.18 (dd, 1H), 7.72 (m, 2H), 7.50 (m, 5H), 7.40 (d, 1H), 7.15 (m, 3H), 7.27 (m, 3H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.26 (m, 1H), 2.40 (S, 3H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1.68 (m, 2H). MS 590 (M+H)+.

119 4-fluorophenyl 1 H NMR 68.57 (d,1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.18 (d, 1H), 7.98 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.25 (envelope, 12H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 2.11 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s,3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) m/e 594 (M+H) + .

120 4-chlorophenyl 1H NMR 68.60 (d,1H), 8.40 (d,1H), 8.20 (d, 1H), 7.98 (m, 2H), 7.93 (d, 2H), 7.72 (d, 2H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.42, 7.34, 7.27 (all m, total 7H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 2.13 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS 610, 612(M+H) + .

121 4-bromophenyl 1 H NMR 68.60 (d,1H), 8.40 (d,1H), 8.20 (d, 1H), 7.85 (m,4H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.42, 7.34, 7.27 (all m, total 7H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 2.13 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). 654, 656 (M+H) + .

122 3-thienyl 1 H NMR 68.58 (d,1H), 8.39 (d,1H), 8.19 (d, 1H),

8.06 (dd,1H), 7.78 (dd,1H), 7.50 (m,3H), 7.43 (d, 1H), 7.35 (m, 6H), 7.22 (dd, 1H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS 582 (M+H)+.

123 4-trifluoromethylphenyl 1 H NMR 68.55 (brd,1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.18 (d, 1H),

8.10 (d, 2H), 8.01 (d, 2H), 7.72 (d, 2H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.40 (d,1H), 7.35 (m, 3H), 7.25 (m, 3H), 530 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 2.15 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.75 (m,2H). MS 644 (M+H) + .

124 4-ethylphenyl 1 H NMR 68.38 (d,lH), 8.17 (dd, 1H), 7.78 (m, 2H),

7.50-7.25 (envelope, 13 H), 5.28 (s, 2H), 4.22 (m, 1H), 2.70 (m, 2H), 2.07 (m, 2H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H), 1.20 (m, 3H). MS 604 (M+H) + .

125 4-tert-butylphenyl 1 H NMR 68.53 (brd,1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.18 (d, 1H),

7.83 (d, 2H), 7.63 (d, 2H), 7.48 (m, 3H), 7.41 (d, 1H), 7.35 (m, 3H), 7.30 (m, 3H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 1.95 (s.3H), 1.70 (m, 2H), 1.53 (s,9H). MS632(M+H) + .

126 4-methoxyphenyl 1 H NMR 68.53 (brd,1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.18 (d, 1H),

7.83 (d, 2H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.42 (d, 1H), 7.35 (m, 3H), 7.30 (m, 3H), 7.15 (d, 2H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 2.08 (m, 2H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.67 (m,2H). MS606(M+H) + .

127 4-tolyl 1 H NMR 68.52 (brd, 1H), 8.38 (d, 1H), 8.18 (d,

1H), 7.80 (d, 2H), 7.45 (m, 6H), 7.30 (m, 6H), 5.27 (S, 2H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 2.08 (t, 2H), 1.97 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS 590 (M+H) + .

128 trifluoromethyl 1 H NMR 68.68 (d, 1H), 8.42 (d, 1H), 8.06 (dd.1H),

7.95 (d, 1H), 7.80 (dd, 1H), 7.52 (m, 3H), 7.44 (m, 2H), 7.36 (m, 3H), 5.40 (s, 2H), 4.20 (m, 1H), 2.19 (m, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.85, 1 ,75 (m, m. total 2H).

129 benzyl 1 H NMR 58.62 (brd, 1H), 8.50 (d, 1H), 8.27 (brd,

1H), 7.72 (dd, 1H), 7.53 (m, 4H), 7.38 (m, 5H), 5.35 (s, 2H), 4.30 (m, 1H), 3.30 (m, 2H), 2.23 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1.82 (r., 2H).. MS 590 (M+H) + .

130 ethyl 1 H NMR 68.62 (brd, 1H), 8.50 (d, 1H), 8.27 (brd,

1H), 7.72 (dd, 1H), 7.53 (m, 4H), 7.38 (m, 5H), 5.35 (s, 2H), 4.30 (m, 1H), 3.30 (m, 2H), 2.23 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1.82 (m, 2H). MS 528 (M+H) + .

131 1-naphthyl H NMR 58.57 (d, 1H), 8.43 (brs, 1H), 8.40 (d,

1H), 8.33 (d,2H), 8.24 (brd, 1H), 8.15 (d, 1H), 7.70 (m, 4H), 7.46 (m, 3H), 7.36 (d, 1H), 7.27 (m, 5H), 5.28 (s, 2H), 4.25 (m, 1H), 1.90 (m, 2H), 1.82 (s. 3H), 1.57 (m, 1H), 1.40 (m, 1H). MS 626 (M+H) + .

132 2-naphthyl 1 H NMR 68.62 (s, 1H), 8.54 (brd, 1H), 8.36 (d,

1H), 8.23 (d, 1H), 8.16 (m, 2H), 8.0g (d,1H), 7.85 (dd, 1H), 7.74 (m, 2H), 7.44 (m, 3H), 7.33 (m, 4H),

7.15 (m, 3H), 5.26 (s, 2H), 4.27 (m, 1H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.93 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS MS 626 (M+H) + .

1 33 4-nitrophenyl 1 H NMR 58.57 (d, 1H), 8.41 (m, 3H), 8.20 (dd, 1H),

8.16 (d, 2H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.41 (d, 1H), 7.34 (m, 3H), 7.26 (m, 3H), 5.28 (S, 2H), 4.24 (m, 1H), 2.16 (m, 2H), 1.97 (s, 3H), 1.72 (m, 2H). MS 621 (M+H)+.

134 2-tolyi H NMR 6 8.55 (d,1 H), 8.51 (br s, 1 H), 8.29 (br d. 1 H), 7.96 (dd, 1 H), 7.73 (br dd, 1 H), 7.60 (m, 1 H), 7.50 (m, 3H), 7.41 (m, 3H), 7.32 (m, 2H), 7.26 (m, 3H), 5.33 (s, 2H), 4.30 (m, 1 H), 2.58 (s, 3H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.97 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 2H). MS 590 (M+H) + .

Example 135 s N-f3-(methylthio.-1-(2-trifluoromethyl-1H-1.3.4-triazol-5-vn propyll-4-f3-Pvridyloxymethyn-

2-phenylbenzamide

Example 135A

1 -( Λ/-tert-butoxycarbony -3-thiomethvlpropvl- 1 -amidazone hvdroidide o To a solution in acetone (4 mL) of ΛMert-butoxycarbonylmethionine amide (940 mg, 3.56 mmol), prepared as in Example 1 10A, was added iodomethane (0.265 mL, 4.26 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2.5 hours, additional iodomethane (0.5 mL. 8.0 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether and filtered, and the filtrated was concentrated in vacuo to give a yellow 5 solid. The solid was taken up in methanol (3 mL) and cooled to 0 °C and a solution of hydrazine (0.115 mL, 3.67 mmol) in methanol (3 mL) was added dropwise over about 5 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether and the cloudy solution was left standing in the refrigerator overnight. The supernatant was decanted from a pink oil which separated off and the oil was dried under 0 high vacuum to give 1-(Λ/-tert-butoxycarbony)-3-thiomethylpropyl-1 -amidazone hydroidide (850 mg) as a pink glass.

25

Example 135B 2-[1 -(Λ/-fert-butoxycarbonylamιno)-2-thιomethylpropyl1-5-trif luoromethyl-(1 H-1 ,3.4)trιazole

To a 0 °C slurry of 1 -(/V-tert-butoxycarbony)-3-thiomethylpropyl-1 -amidazone hydroidide (780 mg, 2.0 mmol), prepared as in Example 135A, in toluene (20 mL) was added pyridine (0.54 mL, 6.7 mmol) and trifluoroacetic anhydride (0.26 mL, 1 .8 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred and warmed to ambient temperature over 4.5 hours during which a substantial amount of solid formed. THF (30 mL) was added to form a solution and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2.5 days. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with aqueous 1 M H3PO4 and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (25% ethyl acetate-hexane) gave the desired compound (76 mg).

Example 135C 2-[1 -amιno-2-thιomethylpropyl]-5-trifluoromethyl-(1 H-1 .3.4Uπazole hvdrochloπde The desired compound was prepared by treatment of the product of Example

135B with 4N HCI-dioxane using the procedure of Example 1 10C.

Example 135P

N-f3-(methylthiol-1 •( 2-trifluoromethyl-1 H-1.3.4-triazol-5-yl)propyl|-4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)- 2-phenvlbenzamide

The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 2-[1-amιno-2- thiomethylpropyl]-5-trifluoromethyl-(1 H-1 ,3,4)triazole hydrochloride, prepared as in Example 135C and 4-(3-pyrιdylmethyloxy)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid, prepared as in Example 101 D using the method of Example 52A. 1 H NMR (300 MHz,. DMSO-d6) δ 8.66 (br d, 1 H), 8.38 (d, 1 H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 7.61 (d, 1 H), 7.53 (dd, 1 H), 7.45 (ddd, 1 H), 7.35 (dd, 1 H), 7.28 (br s, 1 H), 7.20-7.00 (envelope, 4H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 5.06 (m, 1 H), 2.20 (m, 2H), 2.00 (m, 8H). MS (ESI) m/e 542 (M+H)+. Anal calcd for C27H26F3N5O2S O.5 H 2 0: C, 58.gθ; H, 4.94; N, 12.72. Found: C, 58.85; H, 4.56; N, 12.84.

Example 136 (4-r2-fpyrid-3-ynethenvl|-2-f2-methvlphenγnbenzovllmethioni ne methvl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 76, except substituting 2-methylphenylboronic acid for phenylboronic acid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.74 (d, 1 H), 8.52 (d, 1 H), 8.01 (dd, 1 H), 7.88 (dd, 1 H), 7.62 (dd, 1 H), 7.40-7.28 (m, 6H), 7.19,7.18 (2 d's, 2H), 5.95 (d, 1H), 4.65 (m, 1 H), 3.67 (s, 3H), 2.23.2.11 (2 s's, 3H), 2.10-2.00 (m, 2H), 2.03 (s, 3 H), 1.89 (m, 1 H), 1 .61 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl + ) m/e 484 (M+H) + .

Example 137 f4-r2-fpyrid-3-yl.ethenyl1-2-(2-methylphenγl.benzoyllmethio nine sodium salt To a solution of {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl}methion ine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 136, (3.285 g, 7.13 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added a solution of sodium hydroxide (0.979 N_, 7.35 mL). After 15 hours, the solvent was evaporated in vacuo to give the title compound (3.35 g, 100%). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 8.79 (d, 1 H). 8.46 (dd, 1 H), 8.05 (dt, 1 H), 7.70-7.53 (m, 3H), 7.48 -7.37 (m, 4H), 7.27-7.18 (m, 3H),6.97 (m, 1 H), 3.50 (m, 1 H), 2.21 ,2.03 (2 s's, 3H), 2.00-1.92 (m, 2H), 1 .93 (s, 3H), 1.70 (m, 1 H), 1 .58 (m, 1 H). MS (APCI) m/e 445 (M-H )- as the acid form.

Example 138

(4-r2- yrid-3-yhethenyl]-2-.2-methylphenyl.benzoyl}methionine 4-tolylsulfonamide The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 125, except substituting {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl}methion ine, prepared as in Example 137, for [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine. 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.50 (d, 1 H), 8.13 (d, 1 H), 8.07 (br s, 1 H), 7.78 (d, 2H), 7.68 (d, 1 H), 7.62 (m, 1 H), 7.57-7.40 (envelope 7H), 7.24-7.04 (envelope, 4H), 4.19 (m, 1 H), 2.41 (s, 3H), 2.17-1 .95 (envelope, 5H), 1.94 (s, 3H), 1 .64 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) m/e 600 (M+H) + , 617 (M+NH4) + . Anal calcd for 033^3^0482- 0.6 H 2 O: C, 64.92; H, 5.65; N, 6.88. Found: C, 64.g5; H, 5.62; N, 6.19.

Example 139

(4-[2-(1 H-1 -imidazolyl.ethenyl)-2-(2-methylphenytϊbenzoyl}methionine sodium salt

Example 139A {4-[2-(1 H-1-imida-Zθlynethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl .benzoyi .methionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 136, except substituting 1 -vinylimidizole for 3-vinylpyridine.

Example 139B (4-[2-(1 H-1 -imidazolyl .ethenvl)-2-.2-methylphenyl.benzoyllmethionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the compound of

Example 139A according to the method of Example 137. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO- dβ): δ 8.00 (d, 1 H), 7.95 (d, 1 H), 7.69 (s, 1 H), 7.61-7.51 (m, 2H), 7.37-6.92 (m, 8H),

2.20.2.00 (2 s's, 3H), 2.00-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.93 (s, 3H), 1 .70 (m, 1 H), 1.58 (m, 1 H) MS (APCI) m/e 434 (M-H)- as the acid form.

Example 1 0

.4-.2-.1 H-1 -imidazoiyl ■ethvl.-2-.2-methγlphenyl.benzoγlϊmethιonιne sodium salt

Example 140A (4-.2-.1 H-1 -ιmιdazolyl.ethyl1-2-.2-methvlphenvl.benzovl)methιonιne methvl ester

A mixture of the product of Example 139A (171 mg, 0.38 mmol) and palladium (10%) on carbon (489 mg, 0.46 mmol of palladium) in methanol was flushed with hydrogen, and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 5 hours. The mixture was then filtered through Celite, rinsed with ethyl acetate, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (5% methanol-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (97 mg, 56%).

Example 140B (4-[2-(1 H-1 -ιmιdazolyl.ethyl]-2-.2-methylphenyl.benzoyl}methιonιne sodium salt The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example

140A using the procedure of Example 137. H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 7 62 (s, 1 H), 7.51 (s, 1 H), 7.44 (d, 1 H), 7.36-7.14 (m, 5H), 6.98-6.82 (m, 3H). MS (APCI -) m/e 436 (M-H)- as the acid form.

Example 141 f4-(4-methylpyrid-3-ylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionin e sodium salt

Example 141A

4-methyl-3-aminopyridine A mixture of 4-methyl-3-nitropyridine (414.4 mg, 3 mmol) and palladium (10%) on carbon (100 mg) in methanol (5 mL) was flushed with hydrogen, and stirred under a hydrogen balloon for 5 hours. The mixture was then filtered through Celite, rinsed with methanol, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was used without further purification.

Example 141 B 4-(4-methylpyrid-3-ylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A mixture of 4-methyl-3-aminopyridine (3.0 mmol), prepared as in Example 141 A, 4-carboxaldehyde-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (480 mg, 2 mmol), prepared as in Example 39B, molecular sieves (size 4A, 1 g) and p-toluenesulfonic acid (10 mg) in toluene (3 mL) were stirred at 80 °C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, THF (2 mL), sodium borohydride (200 mg, 6 mmol), and ethanol (2 mL) was added to the reaction mixture sequentially. After 15 hours at room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and rinsed with ethyl acetate (80 mL). The organic phase was washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was then purified by column chromatography (ethyl ether) to give the title compound (454 mg, 66%).

Example 141C f4-(4-methylpyrid-3-ylamιnomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyt]methioni ne methyl ester A solution of the product of Example 141 B (446 mg, 1.3 mmol) and aqueous saturated lithium hydroxide (3 mL) in methanol (5 mL) was heated at 60 °C for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was then neutralized with hydrogen chloride (4 N in dioxane, 5 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to dryness. To the residue was added sequentially L-methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (311 mg, 1.56 mmol), 3-

hydroxy 1 ,2,3-benzotπazιn-4(3H)-one (318 mg, 1.g5 mmol), 1 -(3-dιmethylamιnopropyl)- 3-ethylcarbodiimιde (374 mg, 1.95 mmol), THF (10 mL) and pyridine (1 mL). After 15 hours, the reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was then purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate) to give the title compound.

Example 141 D f4-.4-methvlpyrιd-3-vlamιnomethvl.-2-phenvlbenzovnmethιon ιne sodium salt The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 14 C using the procedure of Example 137. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 7.72 (s, 1 H), 7.70 (d, 1 H), 7.41 -7.36 (m, 7H), 7.15 (d, 1 H), 6.96 (d, 1 H), 5.93 (br t, 1 H), 4 4 (d, 2H), 3.78 (m, 1 H), 2.17 (s, 3H), 2.16-2.02 (m, 2H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1 .85-1.08 (m, 2 H). MS (APCI +) m/e 450 (M+H) + .

Example 142 f4-(4-methoxypyπd-3-ylamιnomethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methιo nιne sodium salt The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 141 , except substituting 4-methoxy-3-nιtropyπdine for 4-methyl-3-nιtropyπdιne. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 7.75 (d, 1 H), 7.66 (s, 1 H), 7.40-7.30 (m, 7H), 7.13 (d, 1 H), 6.83 (d, 1 H), 5.77 (t, 1 H), 4.42 (d, 1 H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 3.73 (m, 1 H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1 .75 (m, 2H). MS (APCI+) m/e 466 (M+H) +

Example 143

[4-(4-trifluoromethylpyrid-3-ylcarbonylaminol-2-phenylben zoyl]methionine sodium salt

Example 143A

[4-(4-trifluoromethylpyrid-3-ylcarboxyaminol-2-phenylbenz oyl1methionine methyl ester A mixture of 4-trifluoromethylnicotinic acid (100 mg, 0.523 mmol), (4-amιno-2- phenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (206 mg, 0.52 mmol), prepared as in Example 59B, 3-hydroxy1 ,2,3-benzotriazin-4(3H)-one (120 mg, 0.628 mmol), 1 -(3- dimethylaminopropyl)-3-ethylcarbodiimide (125 mg, 0.628 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was stirred 15 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate , washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (50% ethyl acetate- hexane) to give the title compound (157 mg, 57%).

Example 143B [4-(4-trifluoromethylpyrid-3-ylcarbonylamino)-2-phenylbenzoy llmethionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 143A using the procedure of Example 137. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 10.99 (br s, 1 H), 9.03 (s, 1 H), 8.97 (d, 1 H), 7.89 (d, 1 H), 7.72 (d, 1 H), 7.68 (dd, 1 H), 7.48 (d, 1 H), 7.41 -32 (m, 5H), 7.12 (d, 1 H), 3.77 (m, 1 H), 2.10 (m, 2H), 2.01 (s, 3H), 1 .75 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 518 (M+H) + .

Example 144

(4-f2-.3-pyridy.-2-hydroxyethyl1-2-phenylbenzoyl}methioni ne sodium salt and

{4-f2-(3-pyridv -hvdroxyethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl. methionine sodium salt

Example 144A 4-r2-.3-prvidyl.ethenvn-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methvl ester A mixture of the 4-iodo-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (6.1 1 g, 18.1 mmol), prepared as in Example 76C, 3-vinylpyridine (2.85 g, 27.1 mmol), prepared as in Example 76E, [1 ,1 '-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium(ll) chloride, complexed to dichloromethane (1 :1 ) (444 mg, 0.543 mmol) and triethylamine (5.05 g, 36.2mmol), in 1 -methyl-2-pyrroiidinone (30 mL) was degassed with nitrogen and heated at 80 °C for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether, filtered through silica gel, and rinsed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (30% ethyl acetate-hexane) to give the title compound (4.82 g, 84%).

Example 144B 4-.2-.3-prvidyl.-1.2-dihvdroxyethvll-2-phenylbenzoic acid methvl ester

To a solution of the product of Example 144A (575 mg, 1.83 mmol), 4- methylmoφholine N-oxide (642 mg, 5.48 mmol), methylsulfonamide (174 mg, 1 .83 mmol) amd quinuclidine (203 mg, 1.83 mmol) in tert-butanol (5 mL) and water (5mL) was added a solution of osmium tetraoxide (2.5 wt% in fert-butanol, 1.2 mL, O.Ogi mmol). The mixture was then stirred at 70 °C for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (ethyl acetate and 2% methanol-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (323 mg, 51 %).

Example 144C 4-[2-(3-pryidyl)-1 .2-dihydroxyethyl thio ketall-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A solution o' the product of Example 144B (250 mg, 0.716 mmol) and 1 , 1 '- thiocarbonyldiimidazole (171 mg, 0.86 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was stirred at 50 °C for 5 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether , washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (50% ethyl acetate-hexane) to give the title compound (227 mg, 81%).

Example 144D

4-f2-.3-pryidyπ-1 -hydroxyethyπ-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester and 4-f2-.3-prvidyl.-2-hydroxyethyl1-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A solution of the product of Example 144C (220 mg, 0.562 mmol), tributyltin hydride (0.30 mL, 1 .1 mmol) and azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN, 10 mg) in toluene was heated at 1 10 °C for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether, washed with 10% aqueous sodium hydroxide, water and brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by column chromatography (20%, then 50% ethyl acetate-hexane, then ethyl acetate) to give the bis-deoxy compound as the first fraction (53 mg, 30%), and the desired product as the second fraction (1 17 mg, 63%, a mixture of two regioisomers).

Example 144E {4-[2-(3-pyridyl-2-hydroxyethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine sodium salt and (4-[2-(3-Pyridy)-1 -hydroxyethyl1-2-phenylbenzoyl}methionine sodium salt The desired compounds were prepared from the product of Example 144D according to the method of Examples 141C and D. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 8.61 -8.37 (m, 2H), 7.79-7.60 (m, 1 H), 6.02-7.00 (m, 10H), 3.88 (m, 1 H),3.77 (m, 1 H), 2.95 (m, 2H), 2.15-2.02 (m, 2H), 2.00,1 .99,1 .96,1. 5 (4 s's, 3H), 1.90-1 .70 (m, 2H). MS (APCI + ) m/e 451 (M+H)+.

Examples 145-149

Example 145 f4-f2-(pyrid-3-y ethenyll-2-(2-methvlPhenvl.benzovllmethionιne butyl ester

{4-(2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl}meth ionine (138 mg, 0.30 mmol) was heated at 100°C for 2 hours in n-butanol (5 mL) with 1 drop of H2SO 4 . The reaction was evaporated to dryness, partitioned between ethyl acetate and 5% NaHCθ3, washed with water and brine, and dried over a2SU4 to provide the title compound in 86% yield. 1 H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) δ 0.92 (t, 3H), 1 .35 (m, 2H), 1 .60 (m, 2H), 1.86 (m, 1 H), 2.1 (m, 9H), 4.08 (m, 2H), 4.62 (m, 1 H), 5.97 (d, 1 H), 7.18-8.04 (m, 1 1 H), 8.53 (s, 1 H), 8.77 (s, 1 H). MS m/e 503 (M+H) + .

Example 146

N-.4-(3-Pyridylethylenyl.-2-(2-tolvl.benzovl.-L-methionin e octadecvl ester {4-{2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl}methion ine (50 mg, 0.11 mmol), 1 -octadecanol (30 mg, 0.11 mmol), and carbonyldiimidazole (18 mg, 0.1 1 mmol) were combined and dissolved in THF (2 mL) and heated to reflux for 18 hours. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with 5% NaHCO3 and brine and dried over Na2S04. Flash chromatography (50% ethyl acetate-hexane, provided the title compound (35.4 mg). MS m/e 699 (M+H) + .

Example 147 f4-r2-(pyrid-3-yhethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl}methioni ne dimethylamιnoethyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 145, except substituting N,N-dimethylethanolamine for n-butanol. H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) δ 1 .62 (m, 1 H), 1.87 (m, 1 H), 2.1 (m, 12H), 2.40 (m, 4H), 2.72 (m, 1 H), 4.28 (m. 1 H), 4.59 (m, 1 H), 6.05 (m, 1 H), 7.18-8.03 (m, 1 1 H), 8.52 (m, 1 H), 8.75 (m, 1 H). MS m/e 518 (M+H) + .

Example 148 {4-f2-.pyrid-3-yl.ethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl}methion ine acetlyloxymethyl ester {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl}methion ine (75 mg, 0.17 mmol), bromomethyl acetate (26 mg, 0.17 mmol), and potassium iodide (g mg, 0.06 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (2 mL), treated with sodium hydride (60% suspension in mineral oil, 6.7 mg, 0.17 mmol), and heated at 100°C for 8 hours. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with 5% NaHCO3 and brine and dried over sodium sulfate. Chromatography on silica gel (50% ethyl acetate-hexane) afforded the title compound. 1 H NMR (CDCI 3 . 300 MHz) 6 1.60 (m, 1 H), 1.89 (m, 1 H), 2.0-2.2 (m, 11 H), 4.64 (m, 1H), 5.72 (m, 2H), 5.91 (m, 1 H), 7.15-7.64 (m, 9H), 8.02 (m, 2H), 8.57 (m, 1 H), 8.79 (m, 1 H). MS m/e 519 (M+H) + .

Example 149 (4-.2-.pyrid-3-yl.ethenyl1-2-.2-methylphenvt.beπzoγl)methi onine pivaloyloxymethyl ester

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 148, except substituting chloromethyl pivalate for bromomethyl acetate. 1 H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) 6 1.19 (s, 9H), 1.59 (m, 1H), 1.84 (m, 1 H). 2.1 (m, 8H), 4.63 (m, 1 H), 5.72 (m, 2H), 5.88 (m, 1 H), 7.15-7.41 (m, 8H), 7.62 (m, 1 H), 8.0 ( m, 2H), 8.54 (m, 1 H), 8.77 (m, 1 H). MS m/e 561 (M+H) + .

Example 150 [4-(4-pyridyl-t-butyldimethylsilyloxymethyl -2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine sodium salt

Example 15QA 4-.4-Pyridylhydroxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester

A solution of 4-bromopyridine (0.32 g, 2.0 mmol) in ether (10 mL) was cooled to -78°C and treated with butyllithium. After 10 minutes, 4-carboxaldehyde-2-

phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (0.53 g, 2.2 mmol), prepared as in Example 160B, in ether (5 mL) was added. Stirring was continued for 15 minutes before allowing the reaction to warm to ambient temperature over 2 hours. The reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with water and brine, dried and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (ethyl acetate) gave the title compound (769 mg).

Example 150B 4-(4-Pyndyl-f-butyldimethylsilyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester 4-(4-Pyπdylhydroxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester (769 mg, 2.41 mmol), prepared as in Example 150A, diisopropylethylamine (0.84 mL, 4.8 mmol), and t- butyldimethylsilyl triflate (1 .1 mL, 4.8 mmol) were dissolved in methylene chloπde (50 mL) and stirred for 18 hours. TLC indicated the presence of the alcohol so additional base (1 mL) and triflate (0.5 mL) were added. After 15 minutes, all starting alcohol was consumed. The reaction mixture was washed with water, 5% NaHCθ3, and brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (20% ethyl acetate- hexane) provided the desired compound in a 93% yield.

Example 15QC 4-(4-Pyridyl-t-butvldιmethvlsilyloxymethγl.-2-phenvlbenzo c acιd

4-(4-Pyπdyl-t-butyldιmethylsilyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenz oιc acid methyl ester

(0.97 g, 2.24 mmol), prepared as in Example 150B, was dissolved in methanol.

Saturated aqueous LiOH (1 mL) was added, and the solution was reluxed overnight.

The reaction was evaporated to dryness and partititioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was dried over Na2S04 to provide the title compound in 27% yield.

Example 150D [4-(4-Pyridyl- f-butyldimethylsilyloxymethyl .-2-phenylbenzoyhmethιontne methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by coupling of the product of Example

150C and methionine methyl ester hydrochloride.

Example 150E [4-(4-pyrιdyl-f-butyldimethylsιlylσxymethyll-2-phenylbenz oyl1methιonιne sodium salt [4-(4-pyπdyl-f-butyldιmethylsιlyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzo yl)methιonιne methyl ester (25.0 mg, 44 μmol), prepared as in Example 150D, was dissolved in methanol (5 mL) and stirred with NaOH (1 0 M, 44 μmol) at 55°C for 72 hours. The reaction was

evaporated to dryness and lyophilized from water to provide the title compound (19.4). 1 H NMR (dβ-DMSO, 300 MHz) δ 0.03 (s, 6H), 0.91 (s, 9H), 1 .75 (m, 1 H), 1.96 (m, 3H), 2.09 (m, 1 H), 2.5 (m, 2H), 3.75 (m, 1 H), 6.02 (s, 1 H), 7.2-7.5 (m, 10H), 8.50 (m, 2H). MS m/e 551 (M+H) + .

Example 151

[4-(4-pyridylhydroxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine sodium salt The desired compound was prepared from 4-(4-Pyridylhydroxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 297A according to the method of Examples 150C, D, and E. 1 H NMR (CDCI3, 300 MHz) δ 1.78 (m. 1 H), 1.96 (m, 3H), 2.09 (m, 3H), 3.73 (m, 1 H), 5.80 (s, 1 H), 7.13 (m, 1 H), 7.2-7.5 (m, 10H), 8.48 (m, 2H). MS m/e 437 (M+H) + .

Example 152 [4-(3-pyridylcarbonylamino -2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl1methionine methyl ester To a stirred solution of the [4-amino-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionιne methyl ester (85 mg, 0.23 mmol) in CH2CI2 (5 mL) was added nicotinic acid chloride hydrochloride (81 mg, 0.46 mmol) and saturated NaHCθ3 (2 mL). The reaction was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with CH2CI2 (10 mL), the layers were separated and the organic layer washed with saturated aqueous NaHCθ3 (5 mL), dried (MgSθ4) and concentrated in vacuo. Flash chromatography (CH2Cl2-methanol 50:1 ) and crystallization from ethyl acetate gave the desired compound (87 mg, 80%) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 9.10 (dd, 1 H, J= 2.4, 1 .0 Hz), 8.80 (dd, 1 H, J= 4.7, 1 .7 Hz), 8.21 (ddd, 1 H, J= 7.8, 2.4, 1 .7 Hz),

8.09-8.00 (m, 2H), 7.71 -7.66 (m, 1 H), 7.64-7.61 (m, 1 H), 7.46 (ddd. 1 H, J= 7.8, 4.7, 1.0 Hz), 7.35-7.20 (m, 4H), 5.92 (bd, J= 7.5 Hz), 4.67-4.57 (m, 1 H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 2.23-2.01 (4s and m, 8H), 2.13-2.00 (m, 1 H), 1.65-1.52 (m, 1 H). MS m/z 478 (M+1 )*.

Example 153 [4-f3-pyridylcarbonylamino.-2-(2-methylphenyl.beπzoyllmethi onine To a stirred solution of the product of Example 300 (140 mg, 0.29 mmol) in THF (6 mL) was added a solution of UOH H2O (37 mg, 88 mmol) in H2O (1 mL) and the resulting solution stirred for 2 hours at ambient temperature. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo and 1 N HCI was added to the residue. The resulting precipitate was filtered and washed with H2O. Lyopholization gave the title compound (87 mg, 59%) as a white powder. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6, 90 °C) δ 9.12 (d, 1 H, J= 2.4 Hz), 8.74 (dd, 1 H, J= 4.9, 1.9 Hz), 8.31 (dt, 1 H, J= 7.9, 1 .8 Hz), 7.84 (dd, 1 H, J= 7.9, 1.8 Hz), 7.63 (s, 1 H), 7.61 (d, 1 H, J= 2.4 Hz), 7.54 (dd, 1 H, J= 7.9, 4.9 Hz), 7.45 (d, 1 H, J= 7.9 Hz), 7.23-7.21 (m, 2H) , 7.19-7.15 (m, 2H), 4.30-4.26 (m, 1 H), 2.28-2.22 (m, 1 H), 2.20-2.14 (m, 1 H), 2.1 1 (s, 3H), 1 .98 (s, 3H), 1.88-1.81 (m, 1H), 1.75-1 .68 (m, 1 H). MS m/z 464 (M+1 ) + , 446. Anal calcd for C25H25N3O4S HCI-0.5 H2O (509.01 ): C, 58.99; H, 5.35; N, 8.26. Found: C, 59.38; H, 5.49; N, 7.89.

Examples 154-156

Example 154 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl)benzoyl1m ethionine

Example 154A 4-hyroxymethyl-2-aminobenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of dimethylaminoterphthalate (3.07 g,-14.7 mmol) in 30 mL of a 2:1 mixture of THF : Et2θ at -78°C was added neat DIBAL (6.27 g, 44.1 mmol, 3.0 eq.) and the reaction was warmed to 0 °C over 4 hours. The reaction was quenched with 5 mL of methanol followed by 5 mL of saturated aqueous sodium tartrate. The mixture was stirred overnight and then was taken up in ethyl acetate. The layers were separated and the ethyl acetate layer was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3and brine and then dried over Na2S04, filtered and evaporated to an oil. Purification by chromatography on silica gel (50% ethyl acetate-hexane) gave the desired compound (1.03 g, 39%) of 1b as a colorless oil.

Example 154B 4-hydroxymethyl-2-aminobenzoic acid methyl ester

To a stirred solution of the product of Example 154A (152 mg, 0.84 mmol) in acetone (20 mL) and 3N H2SO4 (20 mL) at -15 °C was added a solution of NaNO2 (1 .34 g, 19.4 mmol) in H2O (10 mL) dropwise by addition funnel. After the addition was complete, urea (210 mg, 3.52 mmol) was added followed by a solution of Kl (5.1 1 g, 30.8 mmol) in H2O (5 mL), the ice bath was removed, and the reaction warmed to ambient temperature. After 2 hours, the reaction was quenched with saturated aqueous NaHSθ3 and the acetone was evaporated. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined ethyl acetate layers were dried over a2SO4, filtered and evaporated to an oil. Purification by chromatography on silica gel (25% ethyl acetate- hexane) gave the iodide (4.31 g, 84%) as a light yellow oil.

Example 154C 4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvn-2-iodobenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of the iodide prepared in Example 154B (6.01g, 20.6 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) was added SOCI2 and LiCI and the reaction was stirred at 25 °C for 5 minutes. The reaction mixture was taken up in ethyl acetate, washed with H2O (3x) and brine (4x), dried over Na2Sθ4, filtered and evaporated to an oil. The benzyl chloride (6.39 g, 20.6 mmol) was dissolved in toluene and 18-crown-6 (8.17 g, 30.9 mmol) was added followed by the potassium salt of 3-pyridinol and the reaction was heated to reflux. The reaction was complete in 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and washed with H2O (3x), dried over Na2S0 4 , filtered and evaporated to an oil. Purification by chromatography on silica gel (gradient of 50% ethyl acetate- hexanes to 75% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired pyridyl ether (3.01 g, 40%).

Example 154D 4-(3-pvridyloxvmethvl.-2-(2-trifluoromethylphenyl.benzoic acid methvl ester

To a solution of the pyridyl ether prepared in Example 154C (365 mg, 0.96 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) at 25 °C was added PdCI 2 (PPh 3 ) 2 (67 mg, 0.096 mmol, 10 mol%) followed by 2-trifluoromethyl boronic acid (366 mg, 1.93 mmol) and Cs 2 C0 3 (629 mg, 1.93 mmol) and the reaction was heated at 80 °C for 12 hours. The reaction was then cooled and taken up in ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with H 2 O (5x), dried over Na 2 S0 , filtered and evaporated to an oil. Purification by radial chromatography (gradient of 25% ethyl acetate-hexanes to 75% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound (261 mg, 70%) as an oil.

Example 154E

4-t3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-.2-trifluoromethγlρhenvl.benzo ic acid The product of Example 154D (241 mg, 0.62 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (5 mL) and saturated aqueous LiOH (1 mL) was added. The reaction was heated at reflux for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was then evaporated and formic acid (1 mL) was added to acidify the crude product to pH3. The reaction was evaporated again to remove formic acid and ethyl acetate (5 mL) and H 2 0 (1 mL) were added to completely solubilize the reaction mixture. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x) and the ethyl acetate layers were combined and dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and evaporated to give the acid (231 mg, 100%).

183

Example 154F f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-.2-trifluoromethylPhenyl.benzoyllm ethioπine methyl ester The product of Example 154E (231 mg, 0.62 mmol) was dissolved in DMF (4 mL) and HOOBT (152mg, 0.93 mmol) was added followed by methionine methyl ester HCI (185mg, 0.93 mmol), EDCI (179mg, 0.93 mmol) and E.3N (0.18mL, 1 .24 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 12 hours at 25 °C and then was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with H 2 0 (3x) and brine (3x). The ethyl acetate layer was dried over Na 2 SO 4 , filtered and evaporated to an oil. Purification by radial chromatography (25% ethyl acetate-hexanes to 50% ethyl acetate-hexanes to 5% methanol-ethyl acetate) gave the desired compound (291 mg, 91%) as an oil.

Example 154G f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyπ-2-(2-trifluoromethylphenyπbenzoyl1m ethionine methyl ester The product of Example 154F (291 mg, 0.56 mmol) was dissolved in THF(4 mL) and saturated aqueous LiOH (1 mL). Water (1 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was thoroughly evaporated and formic acid was added to pH3 The reaction was evaporated to dryness and ethyl acetate (10 mL) was added followed by a minimum quantity of H 2 O (~1 mL) to completely solubilize the free acid and the water soluble salts, respectively. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The ethyl acetate layers were combined and dried over Na 2 SO 4 , filtered, and evaporated and then lyophilized to give the title compound (242mg, 86%) as an amorphous white solid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 68.30 (bs, 1 H), 8.14 (m, 1H), 7.76 - 7.33 (m, 9H) , 5.28 (s, 2H), 4.87 - 4.40 (m, 1 H), 2.40 - 2.06 (m, 2H), 2.04 - 1.94 (m, 4H contains methionine SMe), 1.92 - 1.80 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl) 505 (M+H) * 505. Anal calcd for C25H23O4N2SF3: 0.65 H 2 0 solvate: C, 58.17; H, 4.74; N , 5.43. Found: C, 58.17; H, 4.80; N, 5.31. HRMS FAB Calcd m/z MH+ for C25H23O4N2SF3505.1409, found 505.1408.

Example 155 f4-.3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-.2-ethylphenyl.benzoyl)methionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 154, except substituting 2-ethylphenylboronic acid for 2-trifluoromethylphenylboronic acid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 8.30 (bs, 1 H), 8.14 (d, J= 4.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.71 - 7.17 (m, 9H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.87 - 4.43 (m, 1 H), 2.54 - 2.37 (m 2 H), 2.24 - 1.84 (m, 7H, contains SMe), 1.90 - 1.82 (m, 1 H), 1.04 and 0.97 (rotameric triplets, J- 7.3 Hz, 3H). MS (Cl) 465 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C26H28O4N2S: 0.22 H 0 solvate: C, 66.65; H, 6.12; N, 5.98.

Found: C, 66.64; H, 6.22; N, 5.85. HRMS FAB Calcd m/z MH + for C26H28O 4 N2S 465.1848, found 465.1865.

Example 156

[4-f3-pyridyloxymethyn-2-(2-ethylphenynbenzoγl1methionin e methyl ester The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 154, except substituting 2-chlorophenylboronic acid for 2-trifluoromethylphenylboronic acid. 1 H NMR (500 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 8.31 (bs, 1 H), 8.14 (d, J= 4.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.70 - 7.34 (m, 9H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.48 - 4.45 (m, 1 H), 2.30 - 2.22 (m 1 H), 2.20 - 2.15 (m, 1H), 2.05 - 1.95 (m, 4H,contains SMe), 1.86 - 1.76 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl) 471 (M+H) * . Anal calcd for C24H23O4N2SCI : C, 61.21 ; H, 4.92; N ,5.95. Found : C, 61.31 ; H. 5.20; N, 5.61. HRMS FAB Calcd m/z MH + for C24H23O4N2SCI 471.1 145, found 471.1165.

Example 157 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyllmethionine methyl ester The desired compound was prepared by saponification of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)- 2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 70D, followed by coupling with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride and saponification as described in Examples 154E-G. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDC ) 68.40 (bs, 1 H), 8.25 (dd, J= 4.1 , 1.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.99 (dd, J= 22.8, 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.53 - 7.50 (m, 1H), 7.36 - 7.21 (m, 7H), 5.gi (bd, J= 7.7 Hz, 1 H (NH)), 5.18 (s, 2H), 4.70 - 4.58 (m, 1 H), 3.66 (s, 3H, OMe). 2.18 - 2.00 (m, 5H), 1.95 -1.82 (m, 1 H), 1.65 - 1.55 (m, 4H, contains SMe). MS (Cl) 465 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C26H28O4N2S: 0.30 H 2 O solvate: C 66.45; H ,6.13; N, 5.96. Found: C, 66.45; H, 6.15; N, 5.97. HRMS FAB Calcd m/z MH + for C26H28O4N2S 465.1848, found 465.1869.

Example 158 f4-(3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl1methioni ne methyl ester

Example 158A

4-πitro-2-(2-methvlphenvl.benzoic acid To a solution in 4: 1 THF-water (20 mL) wasadded saturated aqueous LiOH (4 mL) and the reaction was stirred at reflux for 2 hours. The THF was evaporated and the residue was acidified with 2 mL of formic acid, stripped and partitioned between ethyl acetate and H2O. The ethyl acetate layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated to give the acid as an oil which solidified upon standing.

Example 158B [4-nitro-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl]methionine methyl ester The product of Example 158A (604 mg, 2.35 mmol) and HOOBT (574 mg, 3.52 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (10 mL) and methionine methyl ester HCI (679 mg, 3.52 mmol) and EDCI (676 mg, 3.52 mmol) were added followed by Et3N ( 476 mg, 0.65 mL. 4.7 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 12 hours and then was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed successively with brine (3x) and water (3x). The ethyl acetate layer was dried over a2Sθ4, filtered and evaporated. Purification by chromatography on silica gel (5% methanol-ethyl acetate) gave the desired compound (940mg, 98%).

Example 158C f4-amino-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl]methionine methyl ester To a solution of the product of Example 158B (940 mg, 2.33 mmol) in ethyl acetate (50 mL) was added SnCl2-2H2θ (1.85 g, 8.18 mmol) and the reaction was heated at reflux for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was cooled and basified to pH8 gradually with solid NaHCO3, stirred overnight, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate extract was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (5% methanol-ethyl acetate) to give the aniline (450mg, 52%) as an oil.

Example 158D r4-(3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl]methioni πe methyl ester The aniline prepared in Example 158C (180 mg, 0.48 mmol) and 3-pyridine carboxaldehyde (55 mg, 0.51 mmol) were combined in methanol (4 mL) and sodium cyanoborohydride (48 mg, 0.77 mmol) was added followed by 100 mg of crushed molecular sieves. The reaction was adjusted to pH6 with acetic acid and stirred at 25 °C for 3 hours. The reaction was concentrated and transferred directly to a column of silica gel and purified by flash chromatography (5% methanol-ethyl acetate) to give the title compound (182 mg, 82%) as an oil that solidified a ier standing. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 5 8.54 (d. = 2.4 Hz. 1 H), 8.40 (dd, J= 5.1 , 1.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.84 (bd, J= 8.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.65 - 7.55 (m, 1 H), 7.40 (dd, J= 7.8, 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.30 - 7.10 (m, 4H), 6.66 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.37 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 2.10 - 1.98 (m, 8H), 1.90 - 1.78 (m, 1 H), 1.65 - 1.55 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl) 464 (M+H) + . HRMS FAB Calcd m/z MH + for C26H29O3N3S 464.2008, found 464.2023.

Example 159 f4-(3-pyridylmethylamino.-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyllmethioni ne The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 158 according to the method of Example 154G. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 58.81 (bs, 1 H), 8.76 (bd, J= 1 1 .8 Hz, 1 H), 8.64 - 8.61 (m, 1 H), 8.07 (dd, J= 8.5, 6.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.65 - 7.58 (m, 1 H), 7.28 - 7.18 (m, 4H), 6.70 (dd, J= 8.5, 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.40 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.68 (s, 2H), 4.44 - 4.38 (m, 1 H), 2.14 - 1.99 (m, 8H), 1.90 - 1 .80 (m, 1 H), 1 .65 - 1 .55 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl) 450 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C25H28O3N3SCI: 1.10 H 2 O and 0.80 HCI solvate: C, 56.12; H, 5.84; N, 7.85. Found: C, 56.1 1 ; H, 5.85; N, 8.03. HRMS FAB Calcd m/z MH+ for C25H27O3N3S 450.1851 , found 450.1864.

Example 160

[4-(3-pyridylaminocarbonyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyllmet hionine The desired compound was prepared by saponification of [4-(3- pyridylaminocarbonyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine according to the method of

Example 154G. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) 8.90 (bs, 1 H), 8.32 - 8.25 (m, 2H), 8.1 1 - 8.05 (m, 1H), 7.85 (bs, 1 H), 7.78 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.45(dd, J= 8.5, 4.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.28 7.18 (m, 5H), 4.50 - 4.40 (m, 1 H), 2.20 - 1.65 (m, 10 H). MS (Cl) 464 (M+H) * .

Example 161 Λ/-f4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-(2-methylphenvl.benzovl1-2-ami no-4- (methylsulfonyl.butanoic acid The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 85, except substituting [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]methionine methyl ester, prepared as in Example 157, for {4-[2-(pyrid-3-yl)ethenyl]-2- phenylbenzoyljmethionine methyl ester. 1 H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.40 (1 H, d, J=7 Hz), 8.37 (1 H, d, J=7 Hz), 7.57 (2H, bs), 7.47 (1 H, dd, J=β, 3 Hz), 7.33 (1 H, dd, J=7, 5 Hz), 7.30 (1 H, s), 7.21 (2H, bs), 7.16 (2H, m), 5.25 (2H, s), 4.21 (1 H, bs), 2.92 (3H, s), 2.83 (1H, m), 2.70 (4H, m), 2.05 (3H, bs), 1.90 (2H. m). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 483 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C25H 8N2O S « 1 H 2 O: C, 59.99; H, 5.64; N 5.60. Found C, 59.93; H, 5.60; N, 5.45.

Example 162 2-f4-(3-pyridyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoyloxy]-4-thiomethylbutyric acid

Example 162A

2-f4-(3-pyridyloxyl-2-phenylbenzoyloxy]-4-thiomethylbutyr ic acid methyl ester To a mixture of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid (305 mg, 1.00 mmol) and 2-(methanesulfonyloxy)-4-(thiomethyl)butyric acid methyl ester (231mg, 1.10 mmol)

was added 6 mL of toluene and 180 μL of N/V-diethylisopropylamine. The mixture was stirred at reflux for 21 hours, then was cooled to 25 °C and poured into aqueous 1.2M NaHCO 3 . The layers were shaken and separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2x). The combined organic layers were extracted with brine, dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to an oil. Purification by silica gel chromatography(50% hexanes-ethyl acetate) gave the desired compound (212 mg, 47%) as a colorless oil.

Example 1Q2B 2-(4-(3-pyridyloxy.-2-phenylbenzoyloxy]-4-thiomethylbuty ric acid

To a solution of the product of Example 162A (50 mg, 0.11 mmol) of in tetrahydrofuran (1 mL) was added aqueous 2M LiOH (0.2 mL). The mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 24 hours, then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up in water, and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The aqueous layer was acidified to pH 3 and extracted again with ethyl acetate (3x). The second set of ethyl acetate layers was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated in vacuo to a white foam. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ 1.81 (m, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 2.07 (m. 2H), 4.95 (dd, J=4.0, 8.5 Hz, 1H), 5.33 (s, 2H), 7.36 (m, 3H), 7.40 (m, 3H), 7.48 (ddd. J= 1.1 , 2.9, 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.52 (d, J= 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (dd, J= 1.5, 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.86 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1 H.. 8.19 (d, J= 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 8.39 (d, J= 2.2 Hz, 1H). MS (DCI) m/e 438 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for

C2 4 H23NO 5 S«0.65H 2 O: C, 64.17; H, 5.45; N, 3.12. Found: C, 64.19; H, 5.53; N, 2.74.

Examples 163-165

Example 163 (S)-2-Λ-[4-(3-pyπdyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl]a mιno-4-

(aminocarbonvl.butanoic acid

Example 163A (Sl-2-Λ -[4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyπbenzoyπamιno-4 - (aminocarbonvl.butanoic acid terf-butvl ester

The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 4-(3-pyndyloxymethyl)-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoιc acid with glutamine tert-butyl ester hydrochloride according to the method of Example 54D.

Example 163B

(S)-2-Λ/-[4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl.-2-(2-methylphenyllbenz oyl1amιno-4- (aminocarbonvl.butanoic acid trifluoroacetic acid salt The desired compound was prepared by stirπng the product of Example 163A in 1 1 trifluoroacetic acιd-4N HCI-dioxane for an amount of time sufficient to consume the starting ester, followed by concentration in vacuo. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ 1 70 (m, 1 H), 1.85 (m, 1 H), 1.97 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.05 (s, 3H), 2.08 (s, shoulder to 2.05), 4 1 1 (m, 1 H), 5.34 (s, 2H), 6.77 (bs, l H), 7.13 (m, 3H), 7.20 (m, 2H), 7.31 (s, 1 H), 7 61 (m, 3H), 7.79 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.30 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.32 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1 H), 8.54 (d, J=2.9 Hz, 1 H). MS (DCI) m/e 430 (MH+-H 2 O); Anal calcd for C25H25N 3 O 5 « 2.45 TFA C, 49 41 ; H, 3.81 ; N, 5.78. Found: C, 49.39; H, 4.01 ; N, 5.85.

Example 164 (Sl-2-Λ/-r4-(3-pγπdyloxymethvn-2-(2-methγlphenyl.benzoyl lamιno-4- Λ/- methvlaminocarbonvl.butanoic acid The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 163, except substituting 2-amιno-4-(Λ/-methylamιnocarbonyl)butanoιc acid tert-butyl ester for

glutamine tert-butyl ester. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 1.78 (m, 1 H), 1.96 (m, 3H), 2.1 1 (bs, 1.5H), 2.14 (bs, 1.5H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 4.30 (dd, J=3.9, g.O Hz. 1 H), 5.44 (s, 2H), 7.20 (bs, 2H), 7.24 (m, 1 H), 7.40 (bs, 1 H), 7.60 (dd, J=1.7, 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.72 (m, 1 H), 8.00 (dd, J=5.5, 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 8.30 (ddd, J=1.1 , 2.9 Hz, 8.8H), 8.47 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.69 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 1 H). MS (FAB) m/e 462 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C 2 6H27 3 O 5 »3.60 TFA: C, 45.69; H, 3.79; N, 5.02. Found: C, 45.73; H, 3.54; N, 4.82.

Example 165 (S.-2-/V-f4-(3-Pyridyloxvmethvl.-2- ( 2-methylphenvnbenzoyl1amino-4-(Λ/- ethylaminocarbonvl.butanoic acid

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 163, except substituting 2-amino-4-(/V-methylaminocarbonyl)butanoιc acid tert-butyl ester for glutamine tert-butyl ester. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ 0.99 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H), 1 .72 (m, 1 H), 1.86 (m, 1 H), 1.96 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.05 (bs, 3H), 2.08 (s (shoulder to 2.05)), 3.04 (m, 2H), 4.07 (m, 1 H), 5.37 (s, 2H), 7.12 (m, 2H), 7.20 (m, 2H), 7.32 (bs, 1 H), 7.54 (dd, =1.5, 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.60 (d, J=8.1 Hz. 1 H), 7.65 (bs, 1 H), 7.71 (dd, J=5.1 , 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.93 (dd, J=2.2, 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.31 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.39 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.62 (d, _ =2.6 Hz, 1 H). MS (DCI) m/e 476 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C 2 7H29N 3 O 5 » 3.05 TFA « 1.2 H 2 0: C, 47.05; H, 4.1 1 ; N, 4.97. Found:C, 7.00; H, 4.00; N, 5.28.

Example 166 (S.-2-N-f4-(3-pyridγloxymethyl.-2-(2-methylphenvl.benzovlla mino-4- (aminocarbonyπbutanoic acid

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 81 . except substituting 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid for 4-(3- pyridyloxymethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ 1.79 (m, 1 H), 1.95 (m, 1 H), 2.09 (m, 2H), 4.18 (m, 1 H), 5.42 (s, 2H), 6.80 (bs, 1 H), 7.25 (m, 2H), 7.35 (m, 3H), 7.45 (m, 2H), 7.55 (m, 3H), 7.86 (dd, J=5.2, 8.5 Hz, 1 H), 8.10 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H), 8.46 (d, J= .4 Hz, 1 H), 8.69 (d. J=8.1 Hz, 1 H), 8.71 (bs, 1 H); MS (DCI)

m/e 434 (MH + ); Anal calcd for C2 4 H 2 3N 3 O5 « 2.40HCI: C, 55.33. H, 4.91. N, 8.07. Found: C, 55.32; H, 5.06; N, 8.21.

Example 167 f4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-3-phenoxybenzoyl]methιonιne The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 36C- H, except substituting 4-carbonylmethoxy-2-phenoxybenzoιc acid for 4- carbonylmethoxy-3-phenoxybenzoιc acid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 2.03 (s, 3H), 2.0-2.3 (m, 2H), 2.5-2.6 (m, 2H), 4.4-4.5 (m, 1H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 7.03 (d, J= 8 Hz, 2H), 7.17 (t, J= 8 Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.55 (m, 5H), 7.7-7.8 (m, 2H), 8.20 (d, J=4 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (d, J= 3 Hz, 1 H), 8.71 and 8.83 (d, J= 8 Hz, 1 H).

Example 168 f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine 1-morpholinylsulfonamιde The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 117 using 1 -morpholine sulfonamide (prepared as described by Chem. Ber. 1972, 705 (9), 2791). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1.73-1.9 (m, 2H), 2.03 (s, 3H), 2.15-2.28 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.25 (m, 4H), 3.58-3.65 (m, 4H), 4.20-4.29 (m, 1H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 7.30-7.57 (m. 10H), 8.18 (d, J=4 Hz, 1H), 8.39 (d, J=3 Hz, 1H),8.61 (d, J= 8 Hz, 1H).

202

Examples 169 and 170

Example 169 s r4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-(2-methvlphenvl.-5-butylbenzovMmet hionine

Example 169A 2-amino-5-bromotereohthalate dimethyl ester To a -12 °C suspension in dichloromethane of 2-aminoterephthalate (10.46 g, 50 o mmol) and pyridine (8.1 mL, 100 mmol) was added as solution of bromine (2.6 mL, 52.5 mmol) in dichloromethane (25 mL) over 0.5 hours and the reaction mixture was warmed slowly to ambient temperature and stirred overnight. Aqueous workup followed by recrystallization from 95% ethanol gave the desired compound (11 g, 77%).

5 Example 169B

2-.2-methvlphenvl.-5-aminoterephthalate dimethyl ester A solution of palladium acetate (260 mg, 1 .16 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (1.21 g, 4.63 mmol) was stirred for 10 minutes at ambient temperature and then the product of Example 169A (11.1 g, 38.6 mmol), 2-methylphenylboronic acid (5.77 g, 42.4 0 mmol), ethanol (18 mL) and aqueous 2M sodium carbonate (157 mL) were added. The reaction mixture was warmed to reflux and stirred for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and diluted with ether. The aqueous phase was extracted with ether. The combined organic layers were washed with water, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give an orange oil. Chromatography on silica gel 5 (25% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the disired compound (9.6 g, 83%) as a yellow solid.

Example 169C 2-.2-methvlphenvl.-5-iodoterephthalate dimethyl ester A mixture of the product of Example 169B (7.00 g, 23.4 mmol) and aqueous 3M 30 HCI (50 mL) in acetone (500 mL) was cooled to 0 °C and a solution of NaNθ2 (1 78 g, 25.7 mmol) in water (20 mL) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour and then urea (0.53 g, 8.88 mmol) and a solution of Kl (6.79 g, 40.9 mmol) in

water (20 mL) was added at a rate such that the reaction temperature remained below 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours, then the cold bath was removed and stirring was continued for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (400 mL) and NaHS03 was added until the brown color disappeared. The reaction mixture was filtered and the solid was recrystallized from 20:1 aqueous ethanol to give the desired compound (6.46 g, 67%). mp 105-109 °C.

Example 169D 2-(2-methvlphenvl.-5-iodoterephthalate 1 -methvl ester The desired compound was prepared by reaction of a solution of the product of

Example 169C in THF with aqueous LiOH at 0 °C according to the method of Example 38.

Example 169E 2-(2-methylphenvh-4-hvdroxvmethyl-5-iodobenzoic acid methvl ester

The desired compound was prepared by reduction of the product of Example 169D using the procedure of Example 36 C.

Example 169F 2-(2-methylρhenvh-4-bromomethvl-5-iodobenzoic acid methvl ester

To a -10 °C solution in dichloromethane of the product of Example 169E (830 mg, 2.17 mmol) and carbon tetrabromide (864 mg, 2.60 mmol) was added triphenylphosphine (626 mg, 2.39 mmol) and the reaction mixture was warmed to 0 °C over 1 hour. The cold bath was then removed and stirring was continued for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by chromatography on silica gel (5% ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give the desired compound (1.1 g) which also contained some triphenylphosphine.

Example 169G 4-(3-pyridyloxvmethvl.-2-(2-methvlPhenγl.-5-iodobenzoic acid methyl ester

To a solution in dichloromethane (10 L) of benzyltriethylammonium bromide (1.18 g, 4.34 mmol) was added 3-hydroxypyridine potassium salt (586 mg, 4.34 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. A solution of the product of Example 169F (960 mg, 2.17 mmol) in dichloromethane (4 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was washed with water, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (35% ethy acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound (480 mg, 49%).

Example 169H 4-(3-pvridγloxvmethvl.-2-(2-methγlphenvl.-5-butylbenzoic acid methyl ester To a solution of tributylborane (0.10 mL, 0.41 mmol) in degassed DMF was added a solution of the procuct of Example 169G (150 mg, 0.33 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) followed by b/s(diphenylphosphinoferrocenyl)palladium(ll) chloride (8 mg, 0.01 mmol) and potassium phosphate (212 mg, 1 .0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 65 °C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperture and poured into water. The aqueous phase was extracted with ethy acetate (2x). The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried, and filtered through a plug of silica gel (ethyl acetate) to give the desired compound (162 mg) which was used without further purification.

Example 1691 4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-f2-methylphenyl.-5-butvlbenzoic acid

The desired product was prepared by saponification of the methyl ester in the product of Example 169H using the method of Example 97A.

Example 169J f4-(3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-(2-methvlphenvl.-5-butvlbenzovnmet hione methvl ester

The desired compound was prepared by coupling to the product of Example 1691 with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride using the procedure used in step C of the preparation of compound 8.

Example 169K f4-.3-pvridvloxvmethvl.-2-(2-methvlphenyl.-5-butylbenzovl1me thione The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 169J using the method of Example 38. 1 H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) δ 8.36 (d, 1 H), 8.18 (dd, 1 H), 8.09 (bd, 1 H), 7.48 (m, 1 H), 7.37 (s, 1 H), 7.32 (dd, 1 H), 7.27 (s, 1 H), 7.19 (m, 2H), 7.1 1 (m, 2H), 5.28 (s, 2H). 4.21 (m, 1 H), 2.74 (dd, 2H), 1.98 - 2.20 (m, 5H), 1 .96 (s, 3H), 1.37 - 1.90 (m, 6H), 0.92 (t, 3H). MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 507, 489. Anal calcd for C29H34N2O4SO.5O H O: C, 67.55; H ,6.84; N, 5.43. Found: C, 67.55; H, 6.69; N , 5.33.

Example 170 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-(2-methylphenyl.-5-isobutylbenzoyl 1methionine To a -78 °C solution in ether (1 mL) of tert-butyllithium (1.7 M in ether, 0.75 mL, 1.28 mmol) was added a solution of iodoisobutane (0.74 mL, 0.64 mmol) in ether (1 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. 9-methoxy-9-borabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonane (1.0 M in ether, 0.66 mL, 0.66 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was warmed to 30 °C and stirred for 30 minutes. A solution of the product of Example 169G (218 mg, 0.53 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was then added, followed by b/s(diphenylphosphinoferrocenyl)palladium (II) chloride M 3 mg, 0.016 mmol) and potassium phosphate (338 mg, 1.59 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 65 °C under a stream of nitrogen for 2 hours. Workup as described in Example 169H, followed by saponification, coupling and saponification as described in Example 1691-J gave the title compound. 1 H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d 6 ) 6 8.35 (d, 1 H), 8.18 (dd, 1 H), 8.06 (bd, 1 H), 7.49 (dq, 1 H), 7.35 (s, 1 H), 7.33 (dd, 1 H). 7.27 (s, 1 H), 7.18 (m, 2H), 7.03 (m, 2H), 5.25 (s, 1 H), 4.22 (m, 1 H), 2.63 (bd, 2H), 2.12 (heptet, 1 H), 2.03 (m, 4H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1 .64 - 1 .90 (m, 3H), 0.96 (d, 6H). MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 507, 489, 221 , 204. Anal calcd for C29H34N2O4S O.5O H 0: C, 67.90; H, 6.82; N, 5.46. Found: C, 67.91 ; H, 6.68; N ,5.40.

Examples 171 and 172

Example 171 f4-(3-pyridylaminomethvn-2-(2-methylphenvl.benzovl1methionin e The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 56, except substituting [4-(3-pyridylaminomethyl)-2-(2-methylphenyl)phenylbenzoyl] methionine for [4-(3-pyridylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine. 1 H (300 MHz., DMSO d 6 ): δ 8.08, (d, 1 H), 7.96, (d, 1 H), 7.73, (d, 1 H) 7.44, (m, 2H) 7.19, (m, 3H) 7.11 , (m, 2H) 7.03, (dd, 1H) 6.89, (m, 1H) 6.56, (t, 1 H) 4.39, (d, 2H) 4.20, (ddd, 1 H) 1.96 - 2.22, (m, 5H) 1.95, (s, 3H) 1.63 - 1.90, (m, 2H) MS (DCI, NH 3 ): 450 (MH) + , 100%. anal, calc for C 2 5H27N3θ 3 S « 0.62 H 0: C 65.17 H 6.18 N 9.12. Found: C 65.18 H 5.85 N 9.04.

Example 17 f4-(3-pyridylthiomethyl.-2-(2-methylphenynbenzoyl methionine To a solution in DMF (2 mL) of 4-chloromethyi-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid methyl ester (275 mg, 1.0 mmol) was added 3-pyridinethiol potassium salt (224 mg, 1 .5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes and then was poured into water. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, dried, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (40% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave 4-(3-pyridylthiomethyl)- 2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester which was converted to the title compound by saponification of the methyl ester, coupling with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride, and saponification as described in Examples 1691-J. 1 H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-dβ) 6 12.53 (bs, 1 H), 8.49 (d, 1 H), 8.38 (dd, 1 H), 8.1 1 (d, 1 H), 7.79 (dt, 1 H), 7.43 (s, 2H), 7.31 (dd. 1 H), 7.19 (m, 2H), 7.1 1 (m, 2H), 7.05 (m, 1 H), 4.36 (s, 2H), 4.20 (m, 1 H), 1.92 - 2.23 (m, 8H), 1.66 - 1.90 (m, 2H). MS (Cl. NH 3 ) m/e 467, 449. Anal calcd forC25H26N2O 3 S 2 : C, 64.35; H, 5.62; N, 6.00. Found: C, 64.00; H ,5.62; N, 5.89.

f4-(3-ρyridylthiomethyl.-2-(2-methγlphenvnbenzoyl methionine phenylsulfonimide

The desired compound was prepared by coupling of 4-(3-pyridylthiomethyl)-2-(2- methylphenyl)benzoic acid with methionine phenylsulfonimide hydrochloride using the procedure used in step C of the preparation of compound 8. 1 H NMR (300MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.50 (m, 2H), 8.02 (m, 2H), 7.93 (t, 1 H), 7.62 (m, 2H), 7.51 (m, 2H), 7.17 - 7.42 (m, 5H), 7.09 (m, 2H), 5.71 (d, 1 H), 4.40 (m, 1 H), 4.13 (s, 2H), 1.86 - 2.13 (m, 8H), 1.71 (m, 1 H), 1.25 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 606, 225. Anal calcd for C3.H31N3O4S3 1 .53 TFA: C, 52.43; H, 4.20; N, 5.39. Found: C, 52.42; H, 4.14; N, 5.43.

207

Example 174 [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbeπzoyl]methionine N-dimethylvinylene carbonate amide

Example 174A 1 -bromomethyl-2-methylvinylene carbonate A mixture of dimethylvinylene carbonate (11.4 g, 100 mmol), N-bromosuccinimide (17.8 g, 100 mmol) and 2,2'-azobisisobutyronitrile (250 mg) in carbon tetrachloride (400 mL) was stirred at reflux for 4 hours. Aqueous workup followed by vacuum distillation (110-112 °C, 3.5 mm Hg) gave the desired compound (9.26 g, 48%).

Example 174B [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-2-phenylbenzoyl1methionine N-dimethytvinylene carbonate amide

To a solution in DMF (1 mL) of [4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2- phenylbenzoyl]methionine (132 mg, 0.30 mmol) was added cesium chloride (55 mg, 0.17 mmol). After stirring for 15 minutes, a solution of the product of Example 174A (64 mg, 0.33 mmol) in DMF (0.2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x). The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried, filtered and concentrate. Chromatography on silica gel (80% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the title compound (128 mg, 78%). 1 H NMR (300MHz, CDCI3) 5 8.41 (bs, 1 H), 8.18 (bs, 1 H), 7.75 (d, 1 H), 7.50 (dd, 1 H), 7.44 (m. 5H), 7.30 (m, 2H), 5.89 (d, 1 H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 4.83 (s, 2H), 4.64 (ddd, 1 H), 2.07 (s, 3H), 1.86 (m, 9H), 1.73 (m, 1 H). MS (Cl, NH 3 ) m/e 549, 226.

Example 175 (4-[2-( 1 H-imidazol-4-vπethyl]-2-phenylbeπzoyl. methionine

Example 1 5A

Diethvl (2-phenvl-4-carboxvmethvlbenzvnphosphonate A slurry in THF of diethylphosphite (1.75 g, 12.7 mmol) and sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 305 mg, 12.7 mmol) was stirred for 1.5 hours and then 4-chloromethyl-2- phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 18 hours at ambient temperature and 18 hours at reflux. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and brine. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give a yellow oil. Chromatography on silica gel (1 :1 ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound (3.19 g, 77%) as a colorless oil.

Example 175B

4-f2-(1 H-1-triphenylmethylimidazol-3-vnethenvll-2-phenvlbenzoic acid methvl ester To a 0 °C slurry in THF (2 mL) of sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 61.3 mg, 1.5 mmol) was added a solution of the product of Example 175A (402 mg, 1.5 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. A solution of 1 H-1 - triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde (761 mg, 2.35 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and brine. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give a yellow oil.

Chromatography on silica gel (1 :1 ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound (740 mg, 90%) as a white solid.

Example 175C 4-f2-(1 H-1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-3-yl.ethyl1-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester

The desired compound was prepared by catalytic (10% Pd/C) hydrogenation of the product of Example 175B.

Example 175D (4-f 2-( 1 H- 1 -triphenylmethylimidazol-4-y0ethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl)methion ne The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 175C using aqueous lithium hydroxide and methanol at reflux, followed by coupling to the acid with methionine ethyl ester hydrochloride using the procedure of step c in the preparation of compound 8, and saponification of the ethyl ester using aqueous lithium hydroxide in aqueous THF.

Example 175E

(4-f2-(1 H-imidazol-4-vnethyl]-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine A mixture of the product of Example 175D (15 mg, 0.02 mmol), trifluoroacetic acid (26 mg, 0.23 mmol) and triethylsilane (27 mg, 0.23 mmol) in dichloromethane (1 mL) was stirred for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between water and 1 :1 ethyl acetate-hexanes. The aqueous phase was freeze-dried to give the title compound as the trifluoroacetate salt. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) 5 1.9 (m, 3H), 2.0 (s, 3H), 2.3 (m, 2H), 4.1 (m, 1 H), 4.2-4.4 (m, 4H), 7.3-7.5 (m, 8H), 7.7 (br d, 1H), 8.5 (d, 1H), 9.0 (s, 1 H), 12 (br s, 1 H). MS (DCI, NH3) m/e 424 (M+H.~.

Example 176 (4-| ' 2-(1 H-imidazol-4-yl.ethyl1-2-phenylbenzoyl)methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples

175A, B, D and E. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1.9 (m, 3H), 2.0 (s, 3H), 2.3 (m, 2H), 4.6 (m, 1 H), 5.8 (d, 1 H), 6.1 (d, 1 H), 7.3-7.5 (m, 8H), 7.7 (br d, 1 H), 8.5 (d, 1 H), 9.0 (s, 1 H), 12 (br s, 1 H). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 390 (M+H)+.

Example 177 f4-(1 H-imidazol-4-ylmethylthiomethyl.-2-(2-methylphenvhbenzoyl|me thionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 105, except substituting 4-bromomethyl-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester for 4- bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1 .8 (m, 3H), 2.0 (s, 3H), 2.5 (m, 2H), 3.8 (s, 2H), 3.9 (s, 2H), 4.3 (m, 1 H), 7.3 (m, 8H), 7.5 (br d, 1 H), 8.5 (d, 1 H), 8.9 (br s, 1 H), 2 (br s, 1 H). MS (DCI, NH3) m/e 456 (M+H)+.

Example 178 [4-( 1 H- 1 -methylimidazol4-ylcarbonylaminomethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl]meth ionine

Example 178A

4-azidomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester A mixture of 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester (1 .5 g, 4.9 mmol), sodium azide (1.28 g, 19.7 mmol) and tetrabutylammonium iodide (1 .3 g, 4.9 mmol) in DMF (16 mL) was heated at 75 °C for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (15% ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give the desired azide as a colorless oil (1 .01 g).

Example 178B [4-azidomethyl-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine methyl ester

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the product of Example 178A using sodium hydroxide in refluxing aqueous methanol, followed by coupling of the

resulting acid with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride using the procedure of step C in the preparation of compound 8.

Example 178C [4-amιnomethyl-2-phenylbenzoyl1methιonιne methyl ester

A solution of the product of Example 178B (1.00 g, 2.5 mmol) and triphenylphosphine (0.98 g, 3.75 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was heated at reflux for 4 hours The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, water (0.45 mL) was added, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between water and ethyl acetate The organic phase was washed with brine, dπed over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (25% ethyl acetate-hexane, then 1% ammonia-ethyl acetate) gave the desired compound as a colorless oil (900 mg, 97%).

Example 178P r4-(1H-1-methylιmιdazol4-ylcarbonylamιnomethyπ-2-phenylb enzoyl1methιonιne The desired compound was prepared by coupling of the product of Example 178C with 1 H-1-methylimιdazole-4-carboxylic acid using the procedure used in step C of the preparation of compound 8, followed by saponification of the methyl ester using sodium hydroxide in aqueous THF 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1 8 (m, 3H), 2.1 (s, 3H), 2.5 (m, 2H), 3.6 (m, 1H), 3.8 (m, 3H), 4.8 (m, 1 H), 4.9 (d, 2H), 7 3 (m, 8H), 74 (d, 1 H), 8.3 (d, 1 H), 12.0 (br s, 1 H) MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 467 (M+H)+

Example 179 [4-(1H-ιmιdazol-4-ylmethyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoyl1meth onιne The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Examples 105C- F, except substituting 1 H-1-trιphenylmethylimιdazol-4-ylmethanol sodium salt for 1 H-1 - tπphenylmethylιmιdazol-4-ylmethylthιol sodium salt, and 4-chloromethyl-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester for 4-bromomethyl-2-phenylbenzoιc acid methyl ester 1 H NMR (300

MHz. DMSO-d6) 6 1.6 (m, 3H), 2.1 (s, 3H), 2.4 (m, 2H), 3.6 (s, 2H), 3.7 (s, 2H), 4.3 (m, 1 H), 7.2 (m, 8H), 7.5 (br d, 1 H), 8.5 (d, 1 H), 8.9 (br s, 1 H), 12 (br s, 1 H). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 440 (M+H) + .

Example 180 2-Λ/-f4-(3-pyridyloxy -2-phenylbeπzoyl]ethionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 98, except subsituting ethionine methyl ester hydrochloride for methionine methyl ester hydrochloride.

Example 335 {4-[2-(1 H-imidazol-4-yl.ethenyl]-2- 2-methylphenyl .methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 176, except substituting 4-chloromethyl-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester for 4- chloromethyl-2-phenylbenzoic acid methyl ester. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1.90 (s, 3H), 2.10-2.20 (m, 8H), 4.20 (m, 2H), 7.10-7.40 (m, 7H), 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.70 (d, 1 H), 8.20 (brd, 1 H), 8.80 (d, 1 H). MS (DCI-NH3) 436 (M+H)+.

213

Example 182 2-Λ/-(4-f2-(1 H-imidazol-4-yπethvn-2-(2-methylphenyl.benzoyl}amino-4-(thi obutyl)butanoιc acid

Example 182A 2-A/-tert-butoxycarbonvlamino-4-hydroxvbutanoic acid benzvl ester To a 0 °C solution in THF (103 mL) of N-tert-butoxycarbonylaspartic acid 1 -benzyl ester (10.0 g, 30.9 mmol) was added borane-THF (1 M in THF, 61.8 mL, 61.8 mmol) over 10 minutes. The cold bath was then removed and the reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and quenched with brine. The layers were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (15% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound as a colorless oil (4.11 g, 43%).

Example 182B 2- V-tert,-butoxycarbonylamino-4-methanesulfonyloxybutanoic acid benzyl ester To a 0 °C solution in dichloromethane (151 mL) of the product of Example 182A (14.68 g, 45.4 mmol) was added triethylamine (9.19 g, 90.8 mmol) and methanesulfonyl chloride (5.72 g, 50 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and brine. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (25% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound (15.99 g, 91 %).

Example 182C 2-Λ/-tert-butoxycarbonylamino-4-(thiobutyl.butanoic acid benzyl ester To a suspension in THF (6 mL) of sodium hydride (60% in mineral oil, 568 mg, 14.2 mmol) was added butanethiol (1.23 g, 14.2 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hours. A solution of the product of Example 182B (1.83 g, 4.73 mmol) in THF (15.7 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. The reaction mixture

was cooled to 0 °C, quenched with water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (5% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound 1.74 g, 97%).

Example 182D 2-amino-4-(thiobutvl.butanoic acid methvl ester hvdrochloride To a solution in methanol (5 mL) of the product of Example 182C (1.00 g, 2.62 mmol) was added aqueous 1M lithium hydroxide (13.1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 4 hours. The methanol was evaporated and the aqueous residue was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extract was discarded and the aqueous ohase was adjusted to pH 2 with aqueous 1 N HCI and extracted with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate extract was dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo to give a colorless oil. The oil was dissolved in methanol (25 L) and thionyl chloride (1.56 g, 13.1 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at reflux for 4 hours, cooled to ambient temperature and concentrated to a colorless oil which was used without further purification.

Example 183 2- Λ/- 4-[2-( 1 H-imidazol-4-yl .ethyl1-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoyl .amino-4-(thiobutyhbutanoic acid The desired compound was prepared from the product of Example 182D and 4-[2- (1 H-imidazol-4-yl)ethyl]-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester accoring to the method of Example 175D and E. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 1.2 (m, 4H), 1.4-1.6 (m, 5H), 1.8-2.1 (m, 5H), 3.2 (s, 3H), 3.5 (br s, 1H), 4.3 (m, 4H), 7.0-7.4 (m, 7H), 8.2 (brd, 1 H), 8.9 (d, 1H), 12 (br s, 2H). MS (DCI-NH3) 480 (M+H) + .

Examples 184-189 The compounds of Examples 337-341 were prepared according to the method of Example 336, except substituting the desired thiol for butanethiol.

Example R Physical Data

1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6)

MS (DCI-NH3) m/e

184 propyl 1 H NMR δ 1.1 (m, 3H), 1.3-1.6 (m, 4H), 1.8-2.1 (m, 5H), 3.3 (s, 3H), 3.4 (br s, 1H), 4.3 (m, 4H), 7.0-7.4 (m, 7H), 8.2 (brd, 1H), 8.9 (d, 1H), 12 (brs, 1H). MS 466 (M+H)+.

185 methyl H NMR δ 1.6 (m, 4H), 1.9 (s, 4H), 2.2-2.4 (m, 1 H), 3.0 (s, 3H), 4.2 (br m, 4H), 7.0-7.5 (m, 7H), 8.1 (brd, 1H), 8.9(d, 1H), 12.0 (brs, 2H). MS438(M+H)+.

186 pentyl 1 H NMR δ 1.3 (m, 5H), 1.4-1.6 (m, 6H), 1.8-2.2 (m, 5H), 3.1 (s, 3H), 3.5 (br s, 1H), 4.2 (m, 4H), 7.0-7.4 (m, 7H), 8.2 (brd, 1H), 8.9 (d, 1H), 12.0 (brs, 2H). MS 494 (M+H) + .

187 isopropyl 1 H NMR 61.1 (d, 6H), 1.8 (m, 3H), 2.2-2.4 (m, 2H), 2.8 (septet, 1H), 3.0 (s, 3H), 3.4 (brs, 1H), 4.2 (m, 4H), 7.0-7.2 (m, 7H), 8.2 (brd, 1H), 8.9 (d, 1H), 12.0 (brs, 2H). MS466(M+H) + .

O 97/17070

216

188 cyclopentyl 1 H NMR 6 1.1 (m, 9H), 1.8 (m, 3H), 2.0-2.3 (m, 2H),

3.0 (s, 3H), 3.4 (br s, 1 H), 4.1 (m, 4H), 7.0-7.3 (m, 7H), 8.2 (brd, 1 H), 8.9 (d, 1 H), 12 (br s, 2H). MS 492 (M+H) + .

189 cyclohexyl 1 H NMR δ 1.1 (m, 11 H), 1.7 (m, 3H), 1.9-2.4 (m,

2H), 3.1 (s, 3H), 3.2 (br s, 1H), 4.1 (m, 4H), 7.0-7.4 (m, 7H), 8.2 (brd, 1H), 8.8 (d, 1 H), 12 (br s, 2H). MS 506 (M+H) + .

Example 19Q

[4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-5-(4-methylphenyl)-2-(2-methylphe ny benzoyl methionine

Example 190A f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-5-(4-methylphenyl.-2-(2-methylphenyh benzoyl methionine methyl ester To a solution of tetrakis(triphenylphosphine) palladium (0) (2 mg) in toluene (1 mL) was added a solution of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-5-iodo-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoιc acid methyl ester (100 mg, 0.22 mmol), prepared as in Example 169G, in toluene (3 mL). Thj mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, then a solution of 4-methylphenylboronic acid (33 mg, 0.24 mmol) in ethanol (2 mL) and aqueous 2M sodium carbonate were added. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at reflux and additional catalyst (20 mg), boronic acid (20 mg) and base (0.5 mL) were added and reflux was continued for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with ether, washed with water and brine, dried over sodium carbonate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (30% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound (98 mg).

Example 190B

[4-.3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-5-.4-methylphenvπ-2-(2-methylph enyl)benzoyl methionine The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the compound of Example 190A, followed by coupling with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride and saponification of the methyl ester as described above. 1 H NMR (300MHz, CDCI3,) δ 8.31 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 8.19 (1 H, d, J= 3 Hz), 7.go (1 H, d, J= 4 Hz), 7.42 (1 H, s), 7.40-7.20 (10H, m), 6.07 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 5.08 (2H, m), 4.62 (1 H, m), 2.40 (3H, s), 2.25-2.10 (5H, m), 2.02 (3H, s), 2.00-1.55 (2H, m). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/c 541 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C 3 2H32N O4S-0.50 H O: C, 69.92; H, 6.05; N, 5.10. Found: C, 69.94; H, 6.20; N, 4.90.

Example 191 [4-.3-pyridyloxymethyπ-5-phenylmethyl-2-.2-methylphenyl.ben zoyl methionine

Example 191 A [4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyl)-5-phenylmethγl-2-.2-methylphenyl)b enzoyl methionine methyl ester To a solution in DMF (2 mL) of b/s(diphenyiphosphinoferrocenyl)paliadium(ll) chloride (30 mg) and cesium chloride (213 mg, 0.654 mmol) was added a solution of 4- (3-pyridyloxymethyl)-5-iodo-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester (100 mg, 0.22 mmol), prepared as in Example 169G, and 9-benzyl-9-borabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonane (0.5 M in THF, 1 .31 mL, 10.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to ambient temperature and partitioned between water and ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over sodium carbonate, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (30% ethyl acetate-hexanes) gave the desired compound.

Example 191 B f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-5-methylphenyl-2-(2-methylpheny0benz ovt methionine

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of the compound of Example 191 A, followed by coupling with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride and saponification of the methyl ester as described above. 1 H NMR (300MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.27 (1 H, d, J= 3 Hz), 8.19 (1 H, dd, J= 6, 2 Hz), 7.88 (1 H, s), 7.40-7.00 (12H, m), 6.00 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 5.08 (1 H, d, J= 12 Hz), 5.01 (1 H, d, J= 12 Hz), 4.62 (1 H, m), 4.15 (2H, s), 2.20- 2.05 (5H, m). 2.02 (3H, s), 1.92 (1 H, m) 1.60 (1 H, m). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 541 (M+H)+. Anal calcd for C32H32N2O4SO.25 H 2 0: C, 70.50; H ,6.01 ; N, 5.14. Found: C, 70.23; H, 5.84; N 4.94.

Example 192 f4-(3-Pvridvloxymethyl.-5-.3.5-dichlorolphenγl.-2-f2-methvl Phenvl.benzovl methionine The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 190, except substituting 3,5-dichlorophenyibomic acid for 4-methylphenylboronic acid. 1 H NMR (300MHz, CDCI3) δ 8.37 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 8.21 (1 H, d, J- 3 Hz), 7.85 (1 H, d, J- 4 Hz), 7.44 (1 H, s), 7.40-7.20 (9H, m), 6.08 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 5.03 (2H, s), 4.62 (1 H, m), 2.25-2.05 (5H, m), 2.02 (3H, s), 1.95 (1 H, m) 1.64 (1 H, m). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 595 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C3iH 2 8Cl2N 2 O4S-0.20 H 2 O: C, 62.15; H. 4.78; N 4.68. Found: C, 61.86; H, 4.38; N 4.38.

Example 193 f4-f3-pyridyloxymethγn-5-.2-thienyll-2-.2-methylPhenvπbenz oyl methionine

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 190, except substituting 2-thienylboromc acid for 4-methylphenylboronic acid. 1 H NMR

2i g

(300MHz. CDCI3) 6 8.38 (1 H, d, J= 3 Hz), 8.20 (1H, dd, J= 3, 1 Hz), 8.03 (1 H. s), 7.43 (1 H, s), 7.39 (1 H, dd. J= 6, 2 Hz), 7.38-7.20 (6H, m), 7.15 (1 H, dd, J= 3, 1 Hz), 7.08 (1 H, m), 6.07 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 5.10 (2H, m), 4.61 (1 H, m), 2.20-2.05 (5H, m), 2.02 (3H, s), 1 .93 (1 H, m) 1.62 (1 H, m). MS (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 533 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C29H28N2O4S2 0.25 H 2 O: C, 64.84; H, 5.35; N..4.21. Found: C, 64.55; H, 4.83; N, 4.85.

Example 194 f4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl.-5-iodo-2-(2-methylphenyπbenzoyl methionine

The desired compound was prepared by saponification of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)- 5-iodo-2-(2-methylphenyl)benzoic acid methyl ester, prepared as in Example 169G, followed by coupling with methionine methyl ester hydrochloride and saponification of the methyl ester as described above. 1 H NMR (300MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 12.68 (1 H, bs), 8.45 (1 H, d, J= 9 Hz), 8.37 (1 H, d, J= 3 Hz), 8.20 (1H, d, J= 4 Hz), 7.93 (1 H, s), 7.48 (1 H, m), 7.37 (2H, m), 7.30-7.00 (4H, m), 5.20 (2H, s), 4.22 (1 H, m), 2.30-2.00 (5H, m), 1.96 (3H, s), 1.80 (2H, m). MS m/e (DCI, NH 3 ) m/e 577 (M+H) + . Anal calcd for C25H25IN2O4S: C, 51.85; H, 4.40; N, 4.84. Found: C, 51.91 ; H, 4.47; N, 4.69.

Example 195

[4-(3-pyridyloxymethyπ-2-phenylphenylaminocarbonyl|methi oniπe To a solution in toluene of 4-(3-pyridyloxymethyl)-2-phenylbenzoic acid (126 mg) was added diphenylphosphoryl azide (0.1 1 mL) and triethylamine (0.075 mL) and the reaction mixture was heated at 100 °C for 20 minutes. A solution in dichloromethane of methionine methyl ester (prepared by addition of triethylamine to the dichloromethane solution) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 1 hour and then

overnight at ambient temperature. The precipitated product was isolated by filtration and rinsed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was concentrated and purified by chromatography on silica gel (80% ethyl acetate-hexanes) to give the methyl ester (100 mg) Saponification of the methyl ester using saturated aqueous lithium hydroxide in methanol gave the title compound. 1 H NMR (DMSO, 300 MHz) δ 1 77 (1 H, td, J= 7 5, 14 7 Hz), 1.85 (1H, tdd, J= 5.7, 7.5, 14.7 Hz), 2.04 (3H, s), 2.45 (2H, t, J= 7 5 Hz), 4.22 (1 H, td, J= 5.7, 7.5 Hz), 5.14 (2H, s), 6.88 (1 H, d, J= 8.1 Hz), 7.25 (1 H, d, J= 2.1 Hz), 7.2g-7 53 (8H, m), 7.60 (1 H, s), 7.92 (1 H, d, _/= 8 7 Hz), 8.16 (1 H, dd, = 0.9, 5.1 Hz), 8.35 (1 H, d, J= 2.7 Hz). MS (FAB/APCI) m/e 452 (M+H) + , 450 (M-H)-, 486 (M-CI)" Anal calcd for C24H25N3O4S 0.30 H O. C, 63.08; H, 5.65; N, g.20. Found: C, 63.1 1 , H, 5 42, N, 8 67

Examples 196-200

All reactions were performed either in a Manual solid phase synthesis flask using a 120o rotary shaker or on an Advanced Chem Tech Model 396 Multiple Peptide Synthesizer (Advanced ChemTech Inc.; Louisville, Kentucky) at ambient temperature After the reactions were performed the finished compounds were cleaved from the resin Usually, 80-90 mg of the dπed resin containing the desired amide; urea; or secondary amine was treated with a 1.50 mL solution of 95/5 (v:v) trifluoroacetic acid/water for 1 5 h at ambient temperature. The spent resin was removed by filtration and the resulting cleavage solution evaporated in-vacuo. In most cases, 5- 20 mg of crude compound was obtained. Compounds obtained had the desired MW as determined by electrospray mass spectroscopy and had an HPLC purity of 40-90%, or were further purified by partition chromatography to afford compounds of 40-60% HPLC purity. Two types of gradients were used for the reverse phase HPLC. For the amides and ureas a gradient starting with 100% water-0.1% Trifluoroacetic acid and finishing with 100% acetonitπle- 0.1% Trifluoracetic acid duπng a 30 minute peπod was used. For the secondary amines a gradient beginning with 100% water-5mmol ammonium acetate and finishing with 80% acetonιtπle-water-5mmol ammonium acetate duπng 25 minutes was used

80 mg of resin (substitution 0.40 mmol/g) containing [4-amιno-2- phenylbenoyl]methιonιne-Wang-polystyrene resin was shaken for 3 mm with 1 0 mL. of N-methylpyrrolidoni (NMP). The solvent was drained and the resin was treated 2x (3 mm) with 1 mL. NMP To the now swollen resin were then added 0.20 mL NMP, 0.20 mL of a 1.92 M diisopropylethylamine (DIEA)/NMP solution (15 eq.), 1 00 mL of a 0.180 mM/NMP solution of the desired carboxylic acid ( 5 eq.); and finally 0.20 mL of a 0.90 M Bromo-tπs-pyrrolidino-phosphonium hexafluorophosphate (PyBrop; 5 equiv. )1 /NMP solution The reaction slurry was then mixed for 6 h and drained. The resin was then washed with NMP (3x; 1.0 mL; 3 mm. ea); isopropanol (IPA; 5x; 1.0 mL; 3 mm. ea.); NMP (3x; 1.0 mL; 3 mm. ea.); methanol (MEOH; 2x; 1.0 ml; 3 mm. ea.); and finally diethyl ether (2x; 1.0 mL; 3 mm. ea.). The resin was then dried and subjected to cleavage conditions described above.

Example Hali MS (M+H)±

Example 2Q1 go mg of resin (substitution 0.3g mmol/g.) containing [4-amιno-2- phenylbenzoyl]methionine-Wang-polystyrene resin was shaken with 1.0 mL. dimethylformamide (DMF) for 3 min. The solvent was drained and the resin was then warhed with DMF (3x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.); tetrahydrofuran (THF; 4x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.); THF/dichloromethane (DCM) 1 :1 (v:v) (4x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.). The resin was then treated with 0.20 mL of DCM/THF (1 :1) and a 1.0 mL solution of 0.50 M p- Nitrophenylchloroformate/0.50 M DIEA in a 1:1 solvent mixture of DCM/THF. The resin suspension was then shaken for 15 min. and to the suspension was then added .020 mL of neat DIEA. After shaking for an additional 15 min.; the solvents were drained away and the resin was then washed with DCM/THF (1 :1) (4x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.) The resin was then treated with 0.20 mL of DMF and 1.0 mL of a DMF solution containing 0.50 M of the desired primary or secondary amine and 0.50 M of DIEA. The suspension was shaken for 30 min. The solvent was drained off and the resin was then washed with

DMF (4x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea); THF (4x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.); DCMTHF (4x; 1.0 mL; 3 m . ea); diethyl ether (4x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.). The resin was then dried and subjected to cleavage from the resin as described above to give the desired compound. MS m/e 465 (M+H)+.

Examples 203-206 Typically 80 mg of resin (substitution of 0.40 mmol/g) containing 4-formyl-2- phenylbenzamide-L-Methionine-Wang-polystyrene resin was swollen with 1.0 mL of dimethyl acetamide (DMA) for 3 m . The solvent was drained and the resin was then washed with additional DMA ( 2x; 1.0 mL; 3 min. ea.). The resin was then suspended in

0.20 mL of DMA and to the suspension was then added a 1.0 L solution containing 0.48 mM of the desired pπmary amine (10 eq.) in a 3:1 (v:v) solution of DMA/acetic acid The resin was shaken for 2 h and was then treated with 0.25 mL of a 2.4 mM solution of sodium cyanoborohydπde (10 eq.) in DMA. The resin-slurry was shaken for an additional 2 h. The solvents were drained and the resin was then washed with DMA ( 6x; 1.0 mL, 3 mm. ea.); DMF ( 6x; 1 .0 mL; 3 mm. ea.); IPA (6x; 1 0 mL, 3 mm. ea.), DMF ( 6x; 1.0 mL; 3 mm. ea .; MEOH ( 6x; 1.0 mL; 3 m . ea.); diethyl ether (6x; 1 0 mL, 3 mm. ea.). The resin was dried and then subjected to cleavage as described above

Examples 207-222 The following compounds were prepared using the mateπals and methods described above.

Example

Example 207 A

4-f N-( 1 -H-2-Phenvlimidazole-4-vl ■methylamino-2-ρhenvlbenzovllmethionine methvl ester. 1 -p-toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde (0.05 g, 0.3 mmol) and N-(4-amino-2- phenylbenzoy -methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.057 g, 0.08 mmol) were dissolved in 10 mL of 95% methanol and 5% acetic acid and stirred for 10 mins. before adding 2 equivalents of sodium cyanoborohydride (0.034 g, 0.54 mmol) The reaction was stirred for 1/2 hour and an additional amount of carboxaldehyde (0.10 g, 0.58 mmol), 2 equivalents sodium cyanoborohydride (0.073 g, 1.2 mmol) and amine hydrochloride salt (0.172 g, 0.44 mmol) were added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated The residue was purified twice by flash chromatography (19:1 chloroform/methanol) to give the ester as a white foam (0.22 g, 74%).: 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 7.64 (d, J=6.78 Hz. 2H), 7.43 (d, J=8.43 Hz, 1 H), 7.24-7.32 (m, 8H), 6.83 (s, 1 H), 6.46 (d, J=8.43 Hz, 1 H), 6.3g (d, J=1 .7 Hz, 1 H), 5.91 (d, J=7.59 Hz, 1 H), 4.74 (s, J=broad Hz, 1 H), 4.59 (dd, J=7.5, 5.76 Hz.

1 H), 4.22 (s, 2H), 3.5g (s, 3H), 2.08 (t, J=6 g3 Hz, 2H), 1 97 (s, 3H), 1.80-1 89 (m, 1 H). 1 58-1 73 (m, 1 H)

Example 2Q7B

4-fN-π -H-2-Phenylιmιdazole-4-yπmethylamιno-2-phenylbenzoyllmet hιonιne

The above protected sulfonamide (0.1 g, 0.19 mmol) was dissolved in 2 mLs of THF and cooled to 0°C. Lithium hydroxide (2 mLs. 0.5M) was slowly added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 3 h. The pH was adjusted using 0.5 M HCI and a white precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration and purified twice by reverse phase preparative HPLC (Waters 25X10 cm, C-18 column, 220 nrr. UV detector, flow rate 15 mLs/min, linear gradient from 5% acetonitrile and 95% water containing 0.1% TFA to 60% acetonitrile in 40 minutes) Fractions containing pure compound were combined and lyophilized to yield the title compound (0.021 g, 18%) as a TFA salt. H NMR (300 MHz, methanol-d4) δ 8.04 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.79 (dd, J=7 3 Hz, 2H), 7.60-7.62 (m, 4H), 7.27-7 30 (m, 6H), 6.69 (dd, J=8.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.63 (d, J=2.1 , 1 H) 4 42 (s, 2H), 4 19-4 26 (m, 1 H), 2 14-2.32 (m, 2H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.75-1.87 (m, 2H)

Example 208A 4-rN-f5-Methyl-1-p-toluenesulfonylιmιdazole-4-yl)-methylam ιno-2-phenylbenzoyl] methionine methvlester.

1-p-toluenesulfonylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde (0.2 g, 0.76 mmol) and N-(4- amιno-2-phenylbenzoyl)-methιonιne methyl ester hydrochloride (0.224 g, 0.57 mmol) were dissolve in 5 mLs of 95% methanol and 5% acetic acid and stirred for 15 mms. before adding 2 equivalents of sodium cyanoborohydπde (0.095 g, 1.5 mmol) The reaction was stirred for 1/2 hour and the addition of reagents added twice more without the addition of sodium cyanoborohydride the second time. The reaction was concentrated and the residue purified twice by flash chromatography first using (19 1 chloroform/methanol) followed by 4 1 chloroform/acetonitπle to give 2 (0.74 g, 74%) as a white solid. 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) δ 8.09 (s, 1 H), 7.76 (d, J=8.37 Hz, 2H), 7 64 (d, J=8.52 Hz, 2H), 7.43-7.24 (m, 8H), 6 60 (dd, J=8.43, 2.16 Hz, 1 H), 6.46 (d, J=2 16 Hz, 1 H), 5.79 (d, J=7 68 Hz, 1 H), 4 61 (dd, J=6.2, 6.21 Hz, 1 H), 4.10 (s, 2H), 3 63 (s 3H), 2.44 (s, 3H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.09 (t, J=7 38 Hz, 2H), 193-1 83 (m, 1 H), 1 71 -1 59 (m

1 H); 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCI3) d 172.2, 168.7, 149.5, 146.5, 141.7, 141.3, 137.4, 136.9, 134.8, 131.3, 130.6, 128.9, 128.7, 127.9, 127.7, 124.0, 114.3, 111.8, 52.5, 51.9, 40.2, 31.8, 29.6, 21.9, 15.4, 9.5.

Example 208B

5 4-fN-(5-Methyl-1-H-imidazole-4-yl.methylamino-2-phenylbenzoy l]methioπιne

The above protected sulfonamide 2 (0.5 g, 0.8 mmol) was dissolved into 8 mLs. of THF and cooled to OoC. Lithium hydroxide (8 mL. 0.5M) was slowly added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 4 h. Excess THF was removed under vacuum and the pH was adjusted using HCI and the aqueous phase extracted with ethyl acetate. The o organic layer was washed with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate, dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated to an oil. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC (Waters 25X10 cm, C-18 column, 220 nm UV detector, flow rate 15 mLs/min, linear gradient from 5% acetonitrile and 95% water containing 0.1% TFA to 60% acetonitrile in 40 minutes). Fractions containing pure compound were 5 combined and lyophilized to yield the title compound as a TFA salt. : 1 H NMR (300 MHz, methanol-d4) δ 8.68 (s, 1 H), 7.42 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H), 7.27-7.36 (m, 6H), 6.65 (dd, J=8.46, 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 6.58 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.41 -4.46 (m, 3H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.03-2.23 (m, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.74-1.99 (m, 2H).

Example 210A 4-fN-(1-Triphenylmethylimidazole-4-yl.methylamιno-2-f2-meth ylPhenvh1methoinιne methyl ester 1-Triphenylmethylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde (0.3 g, 0.7 mmol) and N-(4-amιno- 5 2-(2-methylphenylbenzoyl)-methionine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.25 g, 0.7 mmol) were dissolve in 10 mLs of 95% methanol and 5% acetic acid and stirred for 30 mins. before adding 1 equivalent of sodium cyanoborohydride (.044 g, 0.7 mmol) The reaction was stirred over a period of 3 hours while additional aldehyde was added until all of the amine hydrochloride had disappeared. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the

30 residue taken up in ethyl acetate ana washed with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated The residue was purified by flash chromatography (1 :1ethyl acetate/hexanes) to give the title compound as a white foam (0.36 g, 74%). : 1 H NMR (300 MHz. CDCI3) δ 7.45 (s,

1 H), 7 25-7.35 (m, 13H), 7.09-7.13 (m, 6H), 6.74 (s, 1 H), 6.65 (dd, J=9.3, 1 5 Hz, 1 H), 6.34 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1 H). 5.69 (t, J=7.35 Hz, 1 H), 4.56-4.61 (m, 1H), 4.27 (d, J=4 8 Hz, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 2.00-2.15 (m, 8H), 1.79-1.86 (m, 1 H), 1.48-1.56 (m, 1 H); 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDCl3) d 172.4, 167.6, 167.2, 150.3, 142.4, 141 .4, 141.2, 139.1 , 138.2, 136.6, 132.3, 132.0, 130.8, 130.6, 129.9, 129.2, 128.9, 128.3, 126.5, 126.4, 121.9, 121.4, 1 19.3, 114.2, 112.0, 75.6, 52.4, 51.7, 41.8, 32.0, 29.6, 20.1 , 15.4.

4-[N-(1-H-ιmιdazole-4-yπmethylamιno-2-(2-methylpheny benzoyl)1-methιonιne Example 21 OB

The above protected peptidomimetic (0.15 g, 0.22 mmol) was dissolved into 3.5 mLs. of THF and cooled to 0°C. Lithium hydroxide (18.1 mg dissolved in 3.5 mLs. of water) was slowly added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 1 h. The pH was adjusted using 1 N HCI and placed under vacuum to remove excess THF. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate and dπed over magnesium chloride and excess solvent removed under vacuum. The residue was taken up in 4 mL. of methylene chloπde and 8 mL. of tπfluoroacetic acid and the reaction mixture was immediately quenched with tπethylsilane until colorless. The reaction was stirred for an addition 2 hrs and concentrated to an oil. The residue was taken up in methylene chloride and 3 N HCI added The solids were vacuum filtered collected and dπed under vacuum to give desired product. (0.050 g, 50%) as a HCI salt.: 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD30D) δ 8.65 (s, 1 H), 7.58-7.66 (m, 1 H), 7.49 (s, 1 H), 7.11-7.25 (m, 4H), 6.80 (dd, J=8.6, 2.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.50 (d, J=1.g Hz, 1H), 4.53 (s, 2H), 4.39-4.40 (m, 1H), 2.04-2.12 (m, 5H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1 .81 -1.90 (m, 1 H), 1.46-1.64 (m, 1 H).

Example 211 4-[N-π-H-ιmidazole-4-yl)methylammo-2-(2-methylphenylbenzoy l)]methιonιne methylester.

The above protected peptidomimetic from Example 386A (0.135g, 0.22 mmol) was dissolved into 4 mis. of methylene chloride and 8 mis. of trifluoroacetic acid and the reaction mixture was immediately quenched with triethylsilane until colorless. The

reaction was stirred for an addition 2 hr. and concentrated to an oil. The residue was taken up in methylene chloride and 3 N HCI added The solids were vacuum filtered collected and dried under vacuum to give desired product. (0.050 g, 50%) as a HCI salt. H NMR (300 MHz, CD3OD) δ 8.84 (s, 1 H), 7.57-7.65 (m, 1 H), 7.47 (s, 1 H), 7.1 1 -7.26 (m, 4H), 6.73 (d, J=8.64 Hz, 1 H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 4.50 (s, 2H), 4.39-4.46 (m, 1 H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 2.04-2.12 (m, 5H), 1.98 (s, 3H), 1.84-1.94 (m, 1 H), 1.57-1.62 (m, 1H).

Example 212A 4-rN-π-Triphenylmethylimidazole-2-vl methylamino-2-phenγlbenzovl1 methoinine. 1 -Triphenylmethylimidazole-2-carboxaldehyde (0.5 g, 1.5 mmol) and N-(4-amino-2-(2- methylphenylbenzoyl)methionine methyl ester hydrochloride salt (0.25 g, 0.7 mmol) were dissolve in 30 mLs of 95% methanol and 5% acetic acid and stirred for 30 mins. before adding 1 equivalent of sodium cyanoborohydride (.09 g, 1.5 mmol) The reaction was stirred over a period of 3 hours while additional aldehyde was added until all of the amine hydrochloride had disappeared. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated The residue was purified by flash chromatography (19:1 chloroform/methanol) to give the title compound as a white foam (0.55 g, 55%). : 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 7.53 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.23-7.43 (m, 15H), 7.13-7.16 (m, 6H), 7.03 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1 H), 6.87 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1 H), 6.2 (dd, J=8.5, 2.2 Hz. 1H), 6.10 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1 H), 5.61 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H), 5.05 (br.s, 1H,), 4.59 (dd, J=9.9, 4.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.63 (s, 3H). 3.33 (br.s, 2H), 2.05 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.80-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.24-1.29 (m, 2H).

Example 212B 4-(N-n -H-imidazole-2-yl.methylamino-2-phenvlbenzovl.-methionine

The above protected peptidomimetic (0.45 g, 0.66 mmol) was dissolved into 3.5 mLs. of

THF and cooled to 0°C. Lithium hydroxide (18.1 mg dissolved in 3.5 mLs. of water) was slowly added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 2 h. The pH was adjusted using 1 N

HCI and placed under vacuum to remove excess THF. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate and dried over magnesium chloride and excess solvent removed under

vacuum. The residue was taken up in 4 mis. of methylene chloπde and 8 mis. of trifluoroacetic acid and the reaction mixture was immediately quenched with tπethylsilane until colorless. The reaction was stirred for an addition 2 hrs and concentrated to an oil. The residue was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC (Waters 25X10 cm, C-18 column, 220 nm UV detector, flow rate 15 mLs/min, linear gradient from 5% acetonitrile and 95% water containing 0.1% TFA to 60% acetonitπle in 40 minutes). Fractions containing pure compound were combined and lyophilized to yield the acid as a TFA salt. : 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.11 (d, 1 H), 7.60 (s, 1 H), 7.3-7.4 (m, 6H), 6.82 (br.s, 1H), 6.55-6.60 (m, 2H), 4.69 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.30 (m, 1 H), 2.10-2.30 (m, 2H), 2.07 (s, 3H), 1.75-1.86 (m, 2H).

Example 213 4-rN-Mimidazol-4-vl.methvlamino-2-phenvlbenzovllleucιne.

To a solution of 2-phenyl-4-amino-benzoyl leucinemethyl ester hydrochloπde (0.25 g, 0.74 mmoles) in methanol was added tritylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde (0.25 g, 0.74 mmoles) followed by 1 mL of glacial acetic acid and the reaction stirred for 30 mm. This was followed by the addition of NaCNBH3 (0.046 g, 0.74 mmoles) and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate (-3 mL), and chromatographed on a silica gel column (1.05" x 23") to afford a white solid. (0.30 g, 61 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ θ.79 (dd, 6 H),

1.10-1.35 (m, 3 H), 3.64 (s, 3 H), 4.28 (d, 2 H), 4.51 (m, 1 H), 4,66 (br s, 1 H), 5.45 (d, 1 H), 6.49 (s, 1 H), 6.64 (dd, 1 H), 6.74 (s, 1 H), 7.12 (m, 6 H). 7.09-7.27 (m. 15 H), 7.48 (s, 1 H), 7.69 (d, 1 H).

The above compound (0.30 g, 0.45 mmoles) was dissolved in 15 mL of THF/H2O (3:2) and LiOH (0.035 g, 0.91 mmoles) was added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The THF was evaporated and the residue dissolved in 15 mL water, and 1N HCI added to lower the pH to 2. The compound is then extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 25 mL), dried and the solvents evaporated to afford the free carboxylic acid as a white solid. (0.25 g, 84 %).

The above compound (0.25 g, 0.38 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL dichloromethane and 3 mL trifluoroacetic acid followed by the addition of 1.5 mL of triethylsilane and the reaction stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated and ether added followed by the addition of 6 N HCI in ether to precipitate the desired compound which was collected by rapid filtration. (0.12 g, 77 %) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dg) δ

0.76 (dd, 6 H), 1.38 (m, 2 H), 1.55 (m, 1 H), 4.19 (m, 1 H), 4.42 (d, 2 H), 6.63 (s, 1 H), 6.73 (d, 1 H), 7.31-7.36 (m, 6 H), 7.63 (s, 1 H), 8.23 (d, 1 H), 9.0g (s, 1 H).

Example 214

4-fN-(imidazol-4-yhmethylamino-2-(1-naphthyl)benzoyl1leuc ine. To a solution of 2-(1-naphthyl)-4-aminobenzoylleucinemethyl ester hydrochloride (0.59 g, 1.5 mmoles) in methanol was added tritylimidazole-4-carboxaldehyde ( 0.61 g, 1.80 mmoles) followed by 1 mL of glacial acetic acid and the reaction stirred for 30 min. This was followed by the addition of NaCNBH3 (0.34 g, 5.4 mmoles) and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate (-3 mL), and chromatographed on a silica gel column (1.05" x 23") to afford a white solid. (0.72 g, 67 %). " " H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI 3 ) 60.13 (m, 0.8 H),

0.44 (m, 5.2 H), 0.57 (m, 2 H), 0.93 (m, 1 H), 3.40 (s, 1 H), 3.57 (s, 2 H), 4.24 (m, 1 H), 5.37-5.47 (dd, 1 H), 6.49 (s, 1 H), 7.08 (m, 2 H), 7.09-7.1 1 (m, 6 H), 7.30-7.32 (m, 11 H),

7.49-7.57 (m, 5 H), 7.80 (m, 2 H), 8.08 (d, 1 H).

The above compound (0.24 g, 0.34 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL of THF/H2O (2:1 ) and LiOH (0.029 g, 0.68 mmoles) was added. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The THF was evaporated and the residue dissolved in 15 mL water, and 1 N HCI added to lower the pH to 2. The compound is then extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 25 mL), dried and the solvents evaporated to afford the free carboxylic acid as a white solid. (0.20 g, 84 %).

The above compound (0.20 g, 0.29 mmoes) was dissolved in 10 mL dichloromethane and 3 mL trifluoroacetic acid followed by the addition of 1.5 mL of triethylsilane and the reaction stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated and ether added followed by the addition of 6 N HCI in ether to precipitate the desired compound,

which was collected by rapid filtration. (0.096 g, 74 %) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-de) δ 0.37 (m, 3 H), 0.65 (m, 3 H), 1 .08 (m, 2 H), 1.25 (m, 1 H), 3.89 (m, 1 H), 4.37 (d, 2 H), 6.53 (s, 1 H), 6.79 )m, 1 H), 7.01 (m, 1 H), 7.42-7.62 (m, 8 H), 7.86-7.94 (m, 2 H), 8.86 (s, 1 H).

Example 216

5-[N-(4-pyridinyl.methylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl1leucine. To a solution of 2-phenyl-5-aminobenzoylleucine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.50 g, 1.47 mmoles) in methanol was added pyridine-4-carboxaldehyde (0.164 g, 1.53 mmoles). This was followed by the addition of 1 -2 mL of glacial acetic acid, and NaCNBH3 (0.16 g, 2.56 mmoles) and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. The solvents were evaporated and the residue dissolved in 25 mL ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHCO3 (30 mL), concentrated to 3 mL and chromatographed on a silica gel column (1.05" x 23") using ethyl acetate:hexanes (4:1) to afford the protected compound as a yellowish solid. (0.40 g, 63 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 0.76 (m, 6 H), 1.10-1.17 (m, 2 H), 1.27-1.32 (m, 1 H), 3.62 (s, 3 H), 4.43-4.53 (overlapping m & s, 3 H), 5.60 (d, 1 H), 6.61 -6.65 (dd, 1 H), 6.97 (d, 1 H), 7.13 (d, 1 H), 7.25-7.35 (m, 8 H), 8.55 (m, 2 H). The above compound (0.22 g, 0.51 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL THF/H2O (2:1 ), cooled to 0 °C and LiOH (0.04 g, 1.02 mmoles) added. The reaction was stirred at 0 ∞C for 1 h, followed by stirring at room temperature for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated and the residue passed through a bed of silica gel and eluted with CH2Cl2:CH3OH (9:1 ) to afford the desired compound as a white solid. (0.19 g, 90 %) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 0.79 (t, 6 H), 1.19 (m, 2 H), 1.42 (m, 1 H), 4.06 (m, 1 H), 4.36 (d, 2 H), 6.53 (dd, 1 H), 6.81 (m, 2 H), 7.04 (d, 1 H), 7.17-7.31 (m, 6 H), 7.59 (d, 1 H), 8.46 (d, 2 H).

Example 217

5-fN-.3-pyridinyl.methylene.amino-2-phenylbenzoyl)]leucin e. To a solution of 2-phenyl-5-aminobenzoy!leucine methy! ester hydrochloride (0.25 g, 0.74 mmoles) in methanol was added pyridine-3-carboxaldehyde (0.08 g, 0.78 mmoles). Thiε was followed by the addition of 1-2 mL of glacial acetic acid, and NaCNBH3 (0.09 g, 1 .28 mmoles) and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. The solvents were evaporated and the residue dissolved in 25 mL ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHCO3 (30 mL), concentrated to 3 mL and chromatographed on a silica gel column (1.05" x 23") using ethyl acetate:hexanes (4:1 ) to afford as a yellowish solid. (0.14 g, 46 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-de) 6 0.74 (d, 3 H), 0.81 (d, 3 H), 1.37 (m, 2 H), 1 .54 (m, 1 H), 3.61 (s, 3 H), 4.21 (m, 1 H), 4.34 (d, 2 H), 6.68 (m, 3 H), 7.19 (m, 2 H), 7.22-7.29 (m, 4 H), 7.38 (m, 1 H), 7.76 (d, 1 H), 8.46 (m, 2 H), 8.60 (s, 1 H). The above compound (0.14 g, 0.33 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL THF/H2O (2:1), cooled to 0 ∞C and LiOH (0.03 g, 0.67 mmoles) added. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1h, followed by stirring at room temperature for 2h. The solvents were evaporated and the residue passed through a bed of silica gel and eluted with CHCl3:CH3OH (9:1 ) to afford the desired compound as a white solid. (0.12 g, 86 %) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 0.79 (d, 6 H), 1.23 (m, 1 H), 1.34 (m, 1 H), 1.54 (m, 1 H), 3.84 (m, 1 H), 4.33 (d, 2 H), 6.63 (d, 1 H). 6.75 (s, 2 H), 7.05 (m, 2 H), 7.18-7.35 (m, 6 H), 7.76 (d, 1 H), 8.43 (, 1 H), 8.59 (s, 1 H).

Example 218 5-[N-(2-pyridinyπmethylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl]leucine

To a solution of 2-phenyl-5-amιnobenzoylleucine methyl ester hydrochloride (0.25 g, 0.74 mmoles) in methanol was added pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde (0.08 g, 0.77 mmoles).

This was followed by the addition of 1 -2 mL of glacial acetic acid, and NaCNBH3 (0.09 g, 1.28 mmoles) and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 30 mm. The solvents were evaporated and the residue dissolved in 25 mL ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHC03 (30 mL), concentrated to 3 mL and chromatographed on a silica s gel column (1.05" x 23") using ethyl acetate:hexanes (4:1 ) to afford the ester as a yellowish solid. (0.20 g, 63 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) 6 0.73 (d, 3H), 0.79 (d, 3 H), 1.36 (m, 2 H). 1.52 (m, 1 H), 3.60 (s, 3 H), 4.21 (m, 1 H), 4.41 (d, 2 H), 6.65 (d, 2 H), 6.76 (t, 1 H), 7.19 (d, 1 H), 7.22-7.28 (m, 6 H), 7.72 (d, 1 H), 7.81 (dd, 1 H), 8.53 (m, 2 H). o The above compound (0.20 g, 0.46 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL THF/H2O (3:2), cooled to 0°C and LiOH (0.04 g, 0.93 mmoles) added. The reaction was stirred at 0°C for 1 h, followed by stirring at room temperature for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated and the residue passed through a bed of silica gel and eluted with CHCl3:CH3OH (9:1 ) to afford the desired compound as a white solid. (0.19 g, 98 %) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, 5 DMSO-d6) δ 0.79 (dd, 6 H), 1.27 (m, 2 H), 1.50 (m, 1 H), 3.89 (m, 1 H), 4.38 (d, 2 H), 6.60 (m, 1 H), 6.69 (s, 1 H), 7.03 (d, 1 H), 7.17-7.36 (m, 7 H), 7.38 (d, 1 H), 7 73 (t, 1 H), 8.51 (d, 1 H).

0 Example 22Q

4-f N-f 2-pvridinvl .methylene. amino-2-.1 -naohthvl . benzovl .lleucine . To a solution of 2-(1-naphthyl)-4-amino-benzoyl leucinemethylester hydrochloride (0.20 g, 0.51 mmoles) in 15 mL methanol was added pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde (0.06 g, 0.51 mmoles). This was followed by the addition of 1-2 mL of glacial acetic acid, and 5 NaCNBH3 (0.05 g, 0.77 mmoles) and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for

30 mm. The solvents were evaporated and the residue dissolved in 25 mL ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHCθ3 (30 mL), concentrated to 3 mL and chromatographed on a silica gel column (1.05" x 23") using ethyl acetate:hexanes (4 1 ) to afford the ester as a yellowish solid. (0.15 g, 61 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3) δ 0 0.13 (m, 0.8 H), 0.48 (m, 5.2 H), 0.57-0.64 (m, 2 H), 0.96-1.1 (m, 1 H), 3.4 (s, 1 H), 3 61

(s, 2 H), 4.21 (m, 1 H), 4.50 (m, 2 H), 5.40 (m, 1 H), 5.48 (br t, 1 H), 6.57 (d, 1 H). 6.82 (dd, 1 H), 7.23-7.52 (m, 7 H), 7.85 (m, 1 H), 7.92-8.04 (m, 3 H), 8.57 (d, 1 H). The above compound (0.15 g, 0.31 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL THF/H2O (2:1 ), cooled to 0°C and LiOH (0.03 g, 0.62 mmoles) added. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h, followed by stirring at room temperature for 2 h. The solvents were evaporated and the residue passed through a bed of silica gel and eluted with CHCl3:CH3OH (9:1 ) to afford the desired compound as a white solid. (0.13 g, 86 %) 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) 6 0.45 (m, 7 H), 0.81 (m, 1 H), 1.08 (m, 1 H), 3.77 (m, 1 H), 4.39 (s, 2 H), 6.22 (d, 1 H), 6.50 (m, 1 H), 6.72 (d, 1 H), 7.15 (br s, 1 H), 7.18-7.51 (m, 8 H), 7.81 (m, 1 H), 7.88 (m, 2 H), 8.48 (m, 1 H).

Example 221 4-[N-(1 -H-imidazole-2-yl)methylamino-2-phenylbenzoyl.leucine methyl ester. This compound was synthesized starting from the ester described in the first part of Example 389. The ester (0.45 g, 0.68 mmoles) was dissolved in 10 mL dichloromethane and 3 mL TFA added, followed by the addition of 1.5 mL triethylsilane. The colorless solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, following which the solvent was evaporated, the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHC03 (25 mL). The organic layer was dried and evaporated to afford the title compound as a white solid. (0.24 g, 84 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 0.76 (d, 3 H), 0.81 (d, 3 HO, 1.38 (m, 2 H), 1.52 (m, 1 H), 3.60 (s, 3 H), 4.19 (m, 1 H), 4.42 (d, 2 H), 6.61 (s, 1 H), 6.67 (dd, 1 H), 7.22-7.35 (m, 6 H), 7.55 (s, 1 H), 8.18 (d, 1 H), 9.04 (s, 1 H).

Example 222 4-fN-(1-H-ιmιdazole-2-vnmethylamιno-2-(1 -naphthyl.t- .nzoyl.leucιne methyl ester This compound was synthesized starting from the ester descπoed in the first part of Example 390. The ester (0.40 g, 0.56 mmoles) was dissolved in dichloromethane (10 mL) and 3 mL TFA was added, followed by the addition of 1.5 mL tπethylsilane. The colorless solution was stirred at room temperature for 2h, following which the solvent was evaporated, the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with saturated NaHC03 (25 mL). The organic layer was dπed and evaporated to afford the title compound as a white solid. (0.21 g, 81 %). 1 H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-dβ) δ 0 38-0 74 (m, 6 H), 0.91 (m, 2 H), 1.1 1 (m, 1 H), 3.46 (s, 3 H), 3.94 (m, 1 H), 4 41 (d, 2 H), 6.55(s, 1 H), 6.79 (m, 1 H), 7.34-7.57 (m, 8 H), 7.83-7.94 (m, 3 H), 9.05 (s, 1 H).

Example 223 f4-(3-pyrιdyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionιne 4-methylpιperazιnesulfonιmιde

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 115, except substituting 4-methylpιperazιnesulfonamιde for methylsulfonamide. 1 H (DMSO-dβ) 68.72 (d, 1 H), 8 43 (d, 1 H), 8.22 (dd, 1 H), 7 60, 7.53, 7 47, 7 40 (all m total 10H), 5.35 (s, 2H), 4.17 (m, 1 H), 3.80, 3.40, 3.20 (all very broad peaks, total 8H), 2 75 (s, 3H), 2.20 (m, 2H), 2.02 (s, 3H), 1.80 (m,2H). MS (ESI) 598 (M+H)+ Anal calcd for C29H35N5O5S2 • 2.35 TFA- C, 46 76, H, 4.35; N, 8.09. Found: C, 46.78, H 4 20, N 8.17.

Example 224 r4- ( 3- p yridyloxymethyπ-2-phenylbenzoyl]methionine 4-thiomorpholinesulfonimide

The desired compound was prepared according to the method of Example 115, except substituting 4-thiomorpholinesulfonamide for methylsulfonamide. 1 H (DMSO-de) δ 8.60 (br d 1 H), 8.39 (d, 1H), 8.18 (d, 1H), 7.50 (m, 4H), 7.36 (m, 6H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.22 (m, 1H), 3.44 (m, 4H), 2.64 (m, 4H), 2.18 (m, 2N), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.79 (m, 2H). MS (APCI) 601 (M+H)+. Anal calcd for C28H32N4O5S3 : C, 55.98; H, 5.37; N, 9.33. Found: C, 55.85; H, 5.37; N, 9.47.

Table 2. Amines of the type B-NH2

' X γX C0 2 Me

,CO,Me

111 o *

Table 3. Bromides of the type B-Br

j Me