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Title:
INSECTICIDAL SUBSTITUTED 2-AMINOINDANES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2008/135181
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The present invention relates to the use of 2-aminoindanes for controlling animal pests, especially arthropods, in particular insects. The present invention relates further to specific novel 2-aminoindanes and to compositions of these pesticidal active 2-aminoindanes. Furthermore, the present invention pertains to processes for their preparation and to methods for their use in controlling insects and acarids.

Inventors:
ANDREE ROLAND (DE)
HOLMWOOD GRAHAM (DE)
SCHALLNER OTTO (DE)
SCHWARZ HANS-GEORG (DE)
ANTONICEK HOST-PETER (DE)
FRANKEN EVA-MARIA (DE)
MALSAM OLGA (DE)
GOERGENS ULRICH (DE)
ARNOLD CHRISTIAN (DE)
Application Number:
EP2008/003354
Publication Date:
November 13, 2008
Filing Date:
April 25, 2008
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BAYER CROPSCIENCE AG (DE)
ANDREE ROLAND (DE)
HOLMWOOD GRAHAM (DE)
SCHALLNER OTTO (DE)
SCHWARZ HANS-GEORG (DE)
ANTONICEK HOST-PETER (DE)
FRANKEN EVA-MARIA (DE)
MALSAM OLGA (DE)
GOERGENS ULRICH (DE)
ARNOLD CHRISTIAN (DE)
International Classes:
C07D233/50; A01N43/50; A01N43/76; A01N43/78; C07C275/26; C07D263/20; C07D263/22; C07D263/26; C07D277/18; C07D405/12; C07D413/12; C07F9/6506; C07F9/653; C07F9/6539
Domestic Patent References:
WO2007020377A22007-02-22
WO2006127426A22006-11-30
Foreign References:
EP0251453A21988-01-07
JPH09235278A1997-09-09
Other References:
JOHNSON T P ET AL: "THE SYNTHESIS OF POTENTIAL ANTICANCER AGENTS. XXXVI. N-NITROSOUREAS. II. HALOALKYL DERIVATIVES" JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. WASHINGTON, US, vol. 9, no. 6, 1966, pages 892-911, XP000929924 ISSN: 0022-2623
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BAYER CROPSCIENCE AG (Law and Patents Patents and Licensing,Building 610, Alfred-Nobel-Strasse 50 Monheim, DE)
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Claims:

Patent claims:

1. Insecicidal or acaricidal use of compounds of the formula (Ia)

wherein

R, Rl , R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfϊnylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl- alkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 and R9 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2-thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, - C(X)R 10 ,

-C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 ); wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or

NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n - alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(0) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) π -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 20 is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, -C(X)R 23 or -P(X)(OR 24 XOR 25 );

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl, and 2-thiazolinyl;

R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 25 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, - C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), - P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ) and -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

2. Insecicidal or acaricidal use according to claim 1 , whereby the compounds of the formula (Ia) have the following substituents:

R, Rl , R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, and cyano;

R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is hydrogen;

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR !6 R 17 )(NR 1S R 19 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl;

R 1 ' is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(0) n -haIoalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -aIkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyI; alkylcarbonyl;

alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; and mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

3. Insecicidal or acaricidal use according to claim 1 or 2, whereby the compounds of the formula (Ia) have the following substituents:

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkyl;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen;

Q is

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C);

R9 is selected from the group consisting of -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , and -C(X)NR 12 R 13 ;

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R" is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 1 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) π -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl; alkenyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(0) π -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen or alkyl; and alkoxycarbonylalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

4. Compounds of the formula (Ib)

wherein

R, Rl , R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfinylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl- alkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2- oxazoline, 2-thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ),

-P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2- thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or -NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) π -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n - alkyl, S(0) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(0) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = O to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R >20 is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, -C(X)R 23 or -P(X)(OR 24 XOR 25 );

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl, and 2-thiazolinyl;

R is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 25 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, -C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R 11 , -S(O) n R 1 1 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 1 V)(NR 18 R 19 ) and -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl;

and

agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

5. Componds according to claim 4, wherein

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, and cyano;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently selected from each other the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is hydrogen;

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , . -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl;

R 1 ' is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) π -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; and mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl; with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

6. Compounds according to claim 4 or 5, wherein

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkyl;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen;

Q is

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A);

R9 is selected from the group consisting of -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , and -C(X)NR 12 R 13 ;

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(0) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl; alkenyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyI, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen or alkyl; and alkoxycarbonylalkyl;

with n = O to 2;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

7. Compounds of the formula (Ic)

wherein

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfinylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl- alkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoIine, 2- thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -CQC)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 ,

-S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ),

-P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and

-C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2- oxazoline, 2-thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ),

-P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 ); wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, or alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or -NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -aIkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n - alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(0) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, -C(X)R 23 , and -P(X)(OR 24 )(OR 25 );

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl and 2-thiazolinyl;

R 23 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 25 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently selected from the group consisting of from each other selected from hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, -C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ) and -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

8. Compounds according to claim 7, wherein

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, and cyano;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 and R9 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R , -P(X)(OR^)(OR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 1 V)(NR 18 R 19 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(0) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyI; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy,

cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(0) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; and mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R H and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

R30 s hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

9. Compounds according to claim 7 or 8, wherein

R, Rl , R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkyl;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen;

Q is

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A);

R9 is selected from the group consisting of -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR π ,-C(X)NR 12 R 13 ;

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl; alkenyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen or alkyl; and alkoxycarbonylalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

10. Compounds of the structure (II):

wherein the substituents R to R7 have the same meanings as defined in any of claims 1 to 9; n is 2 or 3;

Y is selected from the group consisting of halogene, methane sulfonyloxy, and p- toluene sulfonyloxy;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof;

wherein the compound with R to R7 = H, n = 2 and Y = Cl is excluded.

1 1. Composition comprising at least one compound of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) or (II) according to any of claims 1 to 10 and customary extenders and/or surfactants.

12. Method for controlling pests, wherein at least one compound of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) or (II) according to any of claims 1 to 10 or the composition according to claim 1 1 is allowed to act on the pests and/or their habitat.

13. Use of at least one compound of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) or (II) according to any of claims 4 to 10 or of compositions according to claim 11 for controlling pests.

14. Process for the preparation of compounds of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) as defined in any of claims 4 to 6, wherein the compound (5)

wherein

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfinylalkyl, alkylsulfonyl- alkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2- oxazoline, 2-thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ),

-P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen;

wherein

x is oxygen or sulphur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or -NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(0) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n - alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl,

alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R and R are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, -C(X)R 23 or -P(X)(OR 24 XOR+);

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl, and 2-thiazolinyl;

R 23 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 5 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, -C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R !7 )(NR 18 R 19 ) and - CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl;

and

agriculturally acceptable salts thereof

is reacted with a compound selected from the group consisting of alkylisothiocyanate, dialkylchlorothiophosphate, trifluoroisothiocyanate, alkyoxy alkyl isothiocyanate, benzylbromide, and bromocyan.

15. Process accordinmg to claim 13, wherein the compound (5) is prepared by cyclising a compound of the formula (4)

wherein

R, Rl to R8 have the same meanings as defined in claim 13;

Y is O, S or N-R9;

and z is a leaving group;

by heating, preferably in the presence of water, in water or in organic solvents with help of a base.

16. Process according to claim 13, wherein the compound (5) is prepared by is prepared by reacting a compound of the formula

with

wherein

R" represents an alkyl group, preferably a Ci to C 6 group, further preferably a methyl or iso-propyl group;

X represents O, S or NH; and

R 9 has the same meaning as mentioned in any of claims 1 to 10.

Description:

INSECTICIDAL SUBSTITUTED 2-AMINOINDANES

The present invention generally relates to the use of 2-aminoindanes for controlling animal pests, especially arthropods, in particular insects. The present invention relates further to specific novel 2- aminoindanes and to compositions of these pesticidal active 2-aminoindanes. Furthermore, the present invention pertains to processes for their preparation and to methods for their use in controlling insects and acarids.

Certain substituted 2-aminoindane compounds are already known from EP-A-O 251 453. In this European patent application, 2-aminoindane compounds of the general structure

with z being O, S or NH are disclosed. The compounds disclosed in EP-A-O 251 453 are useful as pharmaceuticals in the treatment or prophylaxis of hyperglycaemia. However, this reference is silent as to any agrochemical activity of the disclosed 2-aminoindane compounds.

Since modern pesticides must meet a wide range of demands, for example regarding level, duration and spectrum of action, use spectrum, toxicity, combination with other active substances, combination with formulation auxiliaries or synthesis, and since the occurrence of resistances is possible, the development of such substances can never be regarded as concluded, and there is constantly a high demand for novel compounds which are advantageous over the known compounds, at least as far as some aspects are concerned.

This invention now provides in a first aspect the insecticidal or acaricidal use of compounds of the formula (Ia)

wherein

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfinylalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 and R9 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2-thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR", -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ),

-P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or -NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro,

S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = O to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 20 is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, -C(X)R 23 or -P(X)(OR 24 )(OR 25 );

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl, and 2-thiazolinyl;

R 23 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 25 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, -C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R", -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ) and -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

When Q is (C), then both R 9 may be the same or different.

In a first preferred embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the formula (Ia) have the following substituents:

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, and cyano;

R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is hydrogen;

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and

S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; and mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

hi a second preferred embodiment of the first aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the formula (Ia) have the following substituents:

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkyl;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen;

Q is

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C);

R9 is selected from the group consisting of -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , and -C(X)NR 12 R 13 ;

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl; alkenyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen or alkyl; and alkoxycarbonylalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

The present invention is also directed to certain novel 2-aminoindanes. Therefore, and in a second aspect, the present invention relates to compounds of the formula (Ib)

(Ib)

wherein

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfinylalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of . hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2- thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2-thiazoIine, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , - S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or -NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro,

S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyI, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = O to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 20 is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalky 1, -C(X)R 23 or -P(X)(OR 24 )(OR 25 );

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl, and 2-thiazolinyl;

R 23 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 25 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, -C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , - P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ) and -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl;

and

agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

In a first preferred embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the formula (Ib) have the following substituents:

wherein

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, and cyano;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently selected from each other the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is hydrogen;

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; and mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

In a second preferred embodiment of the second aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the formula (Ib) have the following substituents:

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkyl;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen;

Q is

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A);

R9 is selected from the group consisting of -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , and -C(X)NR 12 R 13 ;

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl; alkenyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl;

heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen or alkyl; and alkoxycarbonylalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

In a third aspect, the present invention relates to compounds of the formula (Ic)

wherein

R, Rl, R2, and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio, alkenyl, haloalkenyl, alkynyl, haloalkynyl, cyano, nitro, aryl, aryloxy, heteroaryl, alkoxyalkyl, alkoxyalkoxyalkyl, cycloalkyl, cyanoalkyl, formal, alkoxycarbonyl, acetyl, alkylcarbonyl, alkenylcarbonyl, dialkylphosphonato, SF 5 , amino, mono- and dialkylamino, cycloalkylamino, (cycloalkyl)(alkyl)amino, alkylthio, sulfonyl, alkylsulfonyl, haloalkylsulfonyl, alkylsulfinyl, alkylsulfinylalkyl, alkylsulfonylalkyl, alkylthiocarbonyl, hydroxycarbonyl, alkylsulfonyloxy, and haloalkylsulfonyloxy;

R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkoxy, and alkylthio;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2-thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -

S(O) n NR 12 R 13 ,

-P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 , -CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, nitro, arylalkyl, 2-oxazoline, 2- thiazoline, 2-imidazoline, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 ,

-S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR* 8 R 19 ), -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ,

-CH=NR 22 , and -C(=NR 31 )(SR 32 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, or alkinyl;

R 11 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, alkinyl, hydroxyalkyl, hydroxycarbonylalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, or -NR 10 CO 2 R 10 ;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro,

S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkinyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n - haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; aryl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl,

alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; aminoalkyl; mono or dialkylaminoalkyl; and arylcarbonyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, alkenyl, and alkinyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 20 is hydrogen or alkyl;

R 21 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, haloalkyl, -C(X)R 23 , and -P(X)(OR 24 )(OR 25 );

R 22 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, haloalkyl, hydroxy, alkoxy, haloalkoxy, cyano, pyridinyl and 2-thiazolinyl;

R 23 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 24 and R 25 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and haloalkyl;

R 31 and R 32 are independently selected from the group consisting of from each other selected from hydrogen, alkyl, arylalkyl, -C(X)R 10 , -CO 2 R 11 , -S(O) n R 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -S(O) n NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), -P(X)(NR 16 R 1 ^(NR 18 R 19 ) and -CHR 20 -X-R 21 ;

R30 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, and alkyl;

and

agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

In a first preferred embodiment of the third aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the formula (Ic) have the following substituents:

wherein

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy, and cyano;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

Q is selected from the group consisting of

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A) to (C) or

R4 and R9 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of cyano, - C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 )(OR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 );

R9 is selected from the group consisting of cyano, -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , -C(X)NR 12 R 13 , -P(X)(OR 14 XOR 15 ), and -P(X)(NR 16 R 17 )(NR 18 R 19 );

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is hydrogen, alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and

S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkenyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; arylalkyl which may be

substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, nitro, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; alkylcarbonyl; alkoxycarbonylalkyl; mono- or dialkylaminocarbonylalkyl; and mono- or dialkylaminoalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, alkyl, and alkenyl;

R 16 , R 17 , R 18 , and R 19 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen and alkyl;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

In a second preferred embodiment of the third aspect of the present invention, the compounds of the formula (Ic) have the following substituents:

R, Rl, R2 and R3 are independently from each other selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, and haloalkyl;

R5, R6, R7 and R8 are hydrogen;

Q is

R4 is taken together with the connecting atom in Q to form a double bond as in (A);

R9 is selected from the group consisting of -C(X)R 10 , -C(X)OR 11 , -C(X)SR 11 , and -C(X)NR 12 R 13 ;

wherein

X is oxygen or sulfur;

R 10 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 11 is alkyl and alkenyl;

R 12 and R 13 are independently from each other selected from hydrogen; alkyl which may be substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; cyclylalkyl; alkenyl; arylalkyl which may be substituted at the aryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heteroarylalkyl which may be substituted at the heteroaryl moiety by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, cyano, S(O) n -alkyl, and S(O) n -haloalkyl; heterocyclylalkyl which may be substituted at the heterocyclyl moiety by halogen or alkyl; and alkoxycarbonylalkyl;

with n = 0 to 2;

R 14 and R 15 are independently from each other alkyl;

R30 is hydrogen;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

Preference according to the invention is given to compounds of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) which contain a combination of the meanings listed above according to the first preferred embodiment.

Particular preference according to the invention is given to compounds of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) which contain a combination of the meanings listed above according to the second preferred embodiment.

Very particular preference according to the invention is given to compounds of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) which contain a combination of the meanings listed above according to the third preferred embodiment.

It has been found that the the compounds according to any of the formulae (Ia), (Ib) and (Ic) have pronounced biological properties and are suitable especially for controlling animal pests, in particular insects, arachnids and nematodes encountered in agriculture, in forests, in the protection of stored products and in the protection of materials, and also in the hygiene sector.

The present invention is also directed to compositions containing an insecticidally effective amount of at least one of a compound of formula (Ia), (Ib), or (Ic), and optionally, an effective amount of at least one of an additional compound, with at least one agriculturally acceptable extender or adjuvant.

The present invention is also directed to methods of controlling insects, where control is desired, which comprise applying an insecticidally effective amount of the above-mentioned compounds of the formulae (Ia), (Ib) or (Ic) of the above-mentioned composition to the locus of crops, or other areas where insects are present or are expected to be present. Other aspects of the present invention will become apparent.

Depending inter alia on the nature of the substituents, the compounds of the present invention may be present as geometrical and/or as optically active isomers or corresponding isomer mixtures of varying composition. One or more centres of chirality may be present, in which case compounds of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) may be present as pure enantiomers, mixtures of enantiomers, pure diastereomers or mixtures of diastereomers.Molecules that are not superimposable on their mirror image are called chiral; these molecules are optically active. If a molecule is nonsuperimposible on its mirror image, the mirror image must be a different molecule, since superimposability is the same as identity. In each case of optical activity of a pure compound there are two and only two isomers, called enantiomers, which differ in structure only in the left- and right-handedness of their orientations. Enantiomers differ in that they rotate the plane of polarized light in opposite directions and in that they react at different rates with other chiral compounds or in the presence of a chiral catalyst (cf. March ' s Advanced Organic Chemistry 5th edition ; Wiley 2001 page 125-126).

Provided that the indene ring structure is substituted by a substituent other than hydrogen, it may be the case that the substituted C-atom at the indane ring structure is asymmetric or chiral and the respective compound is optically active. According to the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system that ranks the four groups on an asymmetric carbon atom in order of decreasing atomic number, the asymmetric C-atom is present in S- or R-configuration (cf. March's Advanced Organic Chemistry 5th edition ; Wiley 2001 page 139).

Compounds in which rotation is restricted may exhibit cis-trans isomerism. One type of cis-trans isomerism results from double bonds, such as the N=Oxazolidine-double bond. Based on the Cahn- Ingold-Prelog system, ranking the groups at each atom of the double bond in order of decreasing atomic number, the compounds according to the invention can be present in the Z or E form, Z being the isomer with the two higher ranking groups on the same side of the double bond (cf. March's Advanced Organic Chemistry 5th edition; Wiley 2001 page 157-158).

The compounds of the present invention may exist as tautomers, in which migration of a hydrogen atom within the molecule results in two or more structures, which are in equilibrium. For example, compounds of formula I may exist in tautomeric forms as shown below. Such tautomerism is well known as is described in S. Patai (The Chemistry of Functional Groups: Amidines and Imidates, VoI 2, 1991, pages 259-262). It will be understood that all such tautomeric forms are embraced by the present invention.

This invention includes the use of such enantiomorphs, polymorphs, tautomers, salts and metal complexes. The compounds of the present invention may also possess acidic or basic moieties, which may allow for the formation of agriculturally acceptable salts or agriculturally acceptable metal complexes. Agriculturally acceptable salts and metal complexes include, without limitation, for example, ammonium salts, the salts of organic and inorganic acids, such as hydrochloric acid, sulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, methylbenzenesulfonic acid, phosphoric acid, gluconic acid, pamoic acid, and other acid salts, and the alkali metal and alkaline earth metal complexes with, for example, sodium, potassium, lithium, magnesium, calcium, and other metals.

The methods of the present invention are predicated on causing an insecticidally effective amount of a compound of formula I to be present within insects in order to kill or control the insects. Preferred insecticidally effective amounts are those that are sufficient to kill the insect. It is within the scope of the present invention to cause a compound of formula I to be present within insects by contacting the insects with a derivative of that compound, which derivative is converted within the insect to a compound of formula I. This invention includes the use of such compounds, which can be referred to as pro-insecticides.

The formulas (Ia) to (Ic) provide a general definition of the compounds according to the invention.

Preferred substituents or ranges of the radicals given in the formulae (Ia) to (Ic) mentioned above and below are illustrated below.

Each alkyl moiety either alone or as part of a larger group (such as alkoxy, alkoxycarbonyl, alkylthio, alkylcarbonyl, alkylaminocarbonyl, dialkylaminocarbonyl) is a straight or branched chain and is, for example, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, n-butyl, n-pentyl, n-hexyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, sec- butyl, iso-butyl, tert-butyl or neo-pentyl. The alkyl groups are suitably Ci to Cn alkyl groups, but are preferably Ci to Ci 0 alkyl groups, more preferably Ci to C 8 alkyl groups, even more preferably Ci to C 6 alkyl groups and most preferably Ci to C 4 alkyl groups such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, n- butyl, sec-butyl and tert.-butyl.

Alkenyl and alkynyl either alone or as part of a larger group (such as alkenylcarbonyl) moieties can be in the form of straight or branched chains with 2 to 6 carbon atoms, and the alkenyl moieties, where appropriate, can be of either the (E)- or (Z)-configuration. Examples are vinyl, allyl and propargyl. Alkenyl and alkynyl moieties can contain one or more double and/or triple bonds in any combination. It is understood, that allenyl and alkylinylalkenyl are included in these terms. From these moieties, allyl and but-2-enyl are preferred.

Halogen is fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine, preferably fluorine, chlorine or bromine.

Haloalkyl groups either alone or as part of a larger group (such as haloalkoxy, haloalkylthio) are straight or branched chains of at least one carbon atom and preferably up to 12 carbon atoms, more preferably up to 10 carbon atoms, most preferably up to 7 carbon atoms, which are substituted with one or more of the same or different halogen atoms and are, for example, CF 3 , CF 2 Cl, CF 2 H, CCl 2 CH, CFCl 2 , FCH 2 , ClCH 2 , BrCH 2 , CH 3 CHF, CF 3 CH 2 , CHF 2 CH 2, C 2 F 5 , and i-C 3 F 7 . Preferred are CF 3 , CHF 2 , and CF 2 Cl.

Haloalkenyl are alkenyl groups which are substituted with one or more of the same or different halogen atoms and are, for example, CH 2 -CH=CCl 2 or CH 2 -CH=CF 2 .

Haloalkynyl are alkynyl groups which are substituted with one or more of the same or different halogen atoms and are, for example, CH 2 -CC-CH 2 Cl, CH 2 -CC-CHCl-CH 3 or CH 2 -CC-CH 2 Br.

In the context of the present specification the terms "aryl" either alone or as part of a larger group, (such as aryalkyl, aryloxy) "aromatic ring" and "aromatic ring system" refer to ring systems which may be mono-, bi- or tricyclic. Examples of such rings include phenyl, naphthalenyl, anthracenyl, indanyl, indenyl, 5,6,7,8-tetrahydronaphthyl or phenanthrenyl. A preferred aryl group is phenyl.

The terms "heteroaryl" and "hetaryl", either alone or as part of a larger group (such as heteroaryloxy), "heteroaromatic ring" or "heteroaromatic ring system" refer to an aromatic ring system containing at least one heteroatom and consisting either of a single ring or of two or more fused rings. Preferably, single rings will contain up to three and bicyclic systems up to four heteroatoms which will preferably be chosen from nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur. Examples of such groups include furyl, thienyl, pyrrolyl, pyrazolyl, imidazolyl, 1,2,3-triazolyl, 1 ,2,4-triazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, 1,2,3-oxadiazolyl, 1 ,2,4-oxadiazolyl, 1,3,4- oxadiazolyl, 1 ,2,5-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,3-thiadiazolyl, 1 ,2,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,3,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,5- thiadiazolyl, pyridyl, pyrimidinyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, 1,2,3-triazinyl, 1 ,2,4-triazinyl, 1,3,5- triazinyl, benzofuryl, benzisofuryl, benzothienyl, benzisothienyl, indolyl, isoindolyl, indazolyl, benzothiazolyl, benzisothiazolyl, benzoxazolyl, benzisoxazolyl, benzimidazolyl, 2,1,3- benzoxadiazole, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, cinnolinyl, phthalazinyl, quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, naphthyridinyl, benzotriazinyl, purinyl, pteridinyl and indolizinyl. Preferred examples of heteroaromatic radicals include pyridyl, pyrimidyl, triazinyl, thienyl, furyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, 2,1,3-benzoxadiazole and thiazolyl.

The terms heterocycle and heterocyclyl refer to a non-aromatic monocyclic or bicyclic ring system containing up to 10 atoms including one or more (preferably one or two) heteroatoms selected from O, S and N. Examples of such rings include 1,3-dioxolane, oxetane, tetrahydrofuran, morpholine, thiomorpholine and piperazine.

When present, the optional substituents on heterocyclyl include Ci to C 6 alkyl, Ci to C 6 haloalkyl, and Ci to C 6 alkoxy.

The term cycloalkyl, used alone or as a part of a larger moiety, includes cyclic rings of at least 3 carbon atoms and up to 8 carbon atoms, preferably C 3 -C 6 -cycloalkyl, namely cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl, preferably cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, and cyclohexyl. When present, the optional substituents on cycloalkyl include Ci to C 3 alkyl, or halogen.

When present, the optional substituents on aryl or heteroaryl are independently selected from halogen, nitro, cyano, rhodano, isothiocyanato, CpC 6 alkyl, Q-C 6 haloalkyl, Q-C O alkoxy-(Ci-C 6 )alkyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, C 2 -C 6 haloalkenyl, C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl (itself optionally substituted with Ci - C 6 alkyl or halogen), C 5 -C7 cycloalkenyl (itself optionally substituted with Q-C 6 alkyl or halogen), hydroxy, C 1 -Ci 0 alkoxy, Ci-Ci 0 alkoxy(C r Ci 0 )alkoxy, tri(Ci-C 4 )alkyl-silyl(Ci-C 6 )alkoxy, c w alkoxycarbonyl(C]-Cio)alkoxy, Ci-C] 0 haloalkoxy, aryl(Ci-C 4 )alkoxy (where the aryl group is optionally substituted with halogen or C r C 6 alkyl), C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyloxy (where the cycloalkyl group is optionally substituted with C )-6 alkyl or halogen), C 2 -io alkenyloxy, C 2 -Ci 0 alkynyloxy, SH, Ci-Ci 0 alkylthio, C]-Ci 0 haloalkylthio, aryl(Ci-C 4 )alkylthio C 3 - 7 cycloalkylthio (where the cycloalkyl group is

optionally substituted with CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), tri(Ci-C 4 )-alkylsilyl(Ci-C 6 )alkylthio, arylthio, CpC 6 alkylsulfonyl, C 1 -C 6 haloalkylsulfonyl, Ci-C 6 alkylsulfinyl, C r C 6 haloalkylsulfinyl, arylsulfonyl, tri(Ci-C 4 )alkyIsilyl, aryldi(Ci-C 4 )-alkylsilyl, (C r C 4 )alkyldiarylsilyl, triarylsilyl, C 1 -Ci 0 alkylcarbonyl, HO 2 C, Ci-Cio alkoxycarbonyl, aminocarbonyl, CpC 6 alkylaminocarbonyl, di(Ci-C 6 alkyl)- aminocarbonyl, N-(CpC 3 alkyl)-N-(C r C 3 alkoxy)aminocarbonyl, CpC 6 alkylcarbonyloxy, arylcarbonyloxy, di(CpC 6 )alkylamino-carbonyloxy, aryl (itself optionally substituted with CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), heteroaryl (itself optionally substituted with C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen), heterocyclyl (itself optionally substituted with CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), aryloxy (where the aryl group is optionally substituted with CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), heteroaryloxy (where the heteroaryl group is optionally substituted with CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), heterocyclyloxy (where the heterocyclyl group is optionally substituted with CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), amino, CpC 6 alkylamino, di(CpC 6 )alkylamino, CpC 6 alkylcarbonylamino, N-(CpC 6 )alkylcarbonyl-N-(CpC 6 )alkylamino, arylcarbonyl, (where the aryl group is itself optionally substituted with halogen or CpC 6 alkyl) or two adjacent positions on an aryl or heteroaryl system may be cyclised to form a 5, 6 or 7 membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring, itself optionally substituted with halogen or CpC 6 alkyl. Further substituents for aryl or heteroaryl include aryl carbonyl amino (where the aryl group is substituted by CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), (C 1 - C 6 )alky loxycarbony lamino (C i -C 6 )alky loxycarbony 1-N-(Cj -C 6 )alky lamino, aryloxy carbonylamino (where the aryl group is substituted by CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), ary loxycarbony 1-N-(C 1 - C 6 )alkylamino, (where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen), arylsulphonylamino (where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen), arylsulphonyl-N-(C r C 6 )alkylamino (where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen), aryl-N-(CpC 6 )alkylamino (where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen), arylamino (where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen), heteroaryl amino (where the heteroaryl group is substituted by CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), heterocyclylamino (where the heterocyclyl group is substituted by Q-6 alkyl or halogen), aminocarbonylamino, CpQalkylaminocarbonyl amino, di(CpC 6 )alkylaminocarbonyl amino, arylaminocarbonyl amino where the aryl group is substituted by CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), aryl-N-(Cp C 6 )alkylaminocarbonylamino where the aryl group is substituted by CpC 6 alkyl or halogen), C 1 -C 6 alkylaminocarbonyl-N-(CpC 6 )alkyl amino, di(CpC 6 )alkylaminocarbonyl-N-(CpC 6 )alkyl amino, arylaminocarbonyl-N-(CpC 6 )alkyl amino where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen) and aryl-N-(CpC 6 )alkylaminocarbonyl-N-(CpC 6 )alkyl amino where the aryl group is substituted by C 1 -C 6 alkyl or halogen).

For substituted phenyl moieties, heterocyclyl and heteroaryl groups it is preferred that one or more substituents are independently selected from halogen, C 1 -C 6 alkyl, CpC 6 haloalkyl, C 1 -C 6 alkoxy(C r

C 6 )alkyl, CpC 6 alkoxy, C 1 -C 6 haloalkoxy, CpC 6 alkylthio, C 1 -C 6 haloalkylthio, CpC 6 alkylsulfinyl, C 1 -C 6 haloalkylsulfinyl, C 1 -C 6 alkylsulfonyl, C 1 -C 6 haloalkylsulfonyl, C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, C 1 -C 6 haloalkenyl, CpC 6

alkynyl, C 3 - ? cycloalkyl, nitro, cyano, CO 2 H, C r C 6 alkylcarbonyl, C 1 -C 6 alkoxycarbonyl, aryl, heteroaryl, R 50 R 51 N or R 52 R 53 NC(O); wherein R 50 , R 51 , R 52 and R 53 are, independently, hydrogen or C 1 -C 6 alkyl.

It is to be understood that dialkylamino substituents include those where the dialkyl groups together with the N atom to which they are attached form a five, six or seven-membered heterocyclic ring which may contain one or two further heteroatoms selected from O, N or S and which is optionally substituted by one or two independently selected (C r C 6 )alkyl groups. When heterocyclic rings are formed by joining two groups on an N atom, the resulting rings are suitably pyrrolidine, piperidine, thiomorpholine and morpholine each of which may be substituted by one or two independently selected (CpC 6 ) alkyl groups. Preferably the optional substituents on an alkyl moiety include one or more of halogen, nitro, cyano, HO 2 C, C 1 -C 1O alkoxy (itself optionally substituted by Ci -10 alkoxy), aryl(CrC 4 )alkoxy, C 1 -Ci 0 alkylthio, C 1 -C] 0 alkylcarbonyl, C 3 -C 5 cycloalkylcarbonyl, C 1 -Ci 0 alkoxycarbonyl, Ci-C 6 alkylaminocarbonyl, di(C r C 6 alkyl)aminocarbonyl, (Q-C^alkylcarbonyloxy, optionally substituted phenyl, heteroaryl, aryloxy, arylcarbonyloxy, heteroaryloxy, heterocyclyl, heterocyclyloxy, C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl (itself optionally substituted with (CrC 6 )alkyl or halogen), C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyloxy, C 5 -C 7 cycloalkenyl, C 1 -C 6 alkylsulfonyl, C 1 -C 6 alkylsurϋnyl, tri(C 1 -C 6 )alkylsilyl, tri(C 14 )alkylsilyl(Ci-Q)alkoxy, aryldi(C r C 6 )alkylsilyl, (C 1 -C 4 )alkyldiarylsilyl and triarylsilyl.

Preferably the optional substituents on alkenyl or alkynyl include one or more of halogen, aryl and C 3 -C 7 cycloalkyl.

A preferred optional substituent for heterocyclyl is C 1 -C 3 alkyl.

Preferably the optional substituents for cycloalkyl include halogen, cyano and C 1 -C 6 alkyl.

The compounds of the present invention are prepared by methods generally known to those skilled in the art.

However, it has been found that a number of compounds of the formula (Ia) to (Ic) can be obtained by the general processes provided in Schemes 1 and 2:

Scheme 1 (Process 1)

The preparation of 2-aminoindanes of the formula (3) is disclosed in WO 95/04713 and J. G. Cannon, J. Med. Chem. 25, 1442-1446 (1982) which is incorporated into the present invention by reference.

Starting from the known intermediate structure (3), the compounds of the formulae (Ia) to (Ic) are obtained by cyclising a compound of the formula (4). A suitable leaving group in the cyclisation is - as indicated in the above-mentioned scheme - a halogen atom, preferably a chlorine atom.

The compounds of formula (4) may be prepared by reaction of a compound of the above-defined formula (3) with a compound of formula (6):

R — (CH 2 ) 2 — NC =X

(6) wherein

R* represents a leaving group such as a halogane atom, preferably a chlorine atom; and

X represents O or S.

The reaction between the compounds of formulae (3) and (6) may be carried out in any suitable inert solvent, suitably at a temperature of between 0 0 C and 100 0 C, for example in toluene at 10 0 C to 30 0 C.

Thereafter, the cyclisation of intermediate (4) to intermediate (5) is accomplished by heating the appropriate compound of formula (4), preferably in the presence of water for example by suspending the compound of formula (4) in water. Naturally the cyclisation of intermediate (4) to intermediate (5) can also be done by other methods in organic solvents with help of a base e.g. dioxane/sodium hydroxide (analogue to WO 2006/127426) or acetonitril/DBU (analogue to patent application nos. PCT/EP2007/000912 or US 60/773,755, in each application example 2, step b)).

Appropriate procedures for the preparation of intermediate (5) starting from intermediate (3) are disclosed in EP-A-O 251 453 which is incorporated by reference into the present invention.

A further synthetic approach to intermediates of the formula (5) are also disclosed in EP-A-O 251 453. This approach is described in the following scheme 2:

Scheme 2 (Process 2)

hi this process, the intermediate of formula (6) is prepared by reacting a compound of the formula (3) with a compound of the formula (7)

wherein

R" represents an alkyl group, preferably a Ci to C 6 group, further preferably a methyl or iso-propyl group;

X represents O, S or NH; and

R 9 has the same meaning as mentioned above.

The compounds of formula (7) are either known commercially available compounds or may be prepared by methods analogous to those used for the preparation of known compounds, for example those disclosed in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, 73, 602, 1951.

The introduction of the substituent R9 into the compounds of the formula (5) and (6) is preferably achieved by reaction of the compounds (5) or (6) with a suitable building block in the presence of a base such as an amine (e.g., N,N'-diisopropylethylamine).

The present invention is also directed to certain novel aminoindanes which are useful in preparing the compounds of the present inevntion. These novel intermediate aminoindanes have preferably insecticidal or arthropodic activity.

In a further, fourth aspect of the present invention, intermediate compounds are disclosed which have the following structure (II):

wherein the substituents R to R7 have the above-mentioned meanings;

n is 2 or 3, preferably 2;

Y is selected from the group consisting of halogene, methane sulfonyloxy, and p-toluene sulfonyloxy;

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof;

wherein the compound with R to R7 = H, n = 2 and Y = Cl is excluded.

The excluded compound is already disclosed in EP-A-O 251 453; however, their insecticidal activity had not been recognized in this prior art.

In a further embodiment of this fourt aspect, the present invention is direcetd to the insecticidal or acaricidal use of the compoiunds of the formula (II)

wherein the substituents R to R7 have the above-mentioned meanings;

n is 2 or 3, preferably 2;

Y is selected from the group consisting of halogene, methane sulfonalyoxy, and p-toluene silfonyloxy; and

and agriculturally acceptable salts thereof.

In general, it is advantageous to carry out the preparation process 1 or 2 according to the invention in the presence of diluents, if appropriate, and in the presence of basic reaction auxiliaries, if appropriate.

Diluents are advantageously employed in such an amount that the reaction mixture remains readily stirable during the entire process. Suitable diluents for carrying out the process 1 according to the invention are all organic solvents which are inert under the reaction conditions.

Examples which may be mentioned are: halogenated hydrocarbons, in particular chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as tetrachloroethylene, tetrachloroethane, dichloropropane, methylene chloride, dichlorobutane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethane, trichloroethylene, pentachloroethane, difluorobenzene, 1 ,2-dichloroethane, chlorobenzene, bromobenzene, dichlorobenzene, chlorotoluene, trichlorobenzene; alcohols, such as methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, butanol; ethers, such as ethyl propyl ether, methyl tert-butyl ether, n-butyl ether, anisole, phenetole, cyclohexyl methyl ether, dimethyl ether, diethyl ether, dipropyl ether, diisopropyl ether, di-n-butyl ether, diisobutyl ether, diisoamyl ether, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, dichlorodiethyl ether and polyethers of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide; amines, such as trimethylamine, triethylamine, tripropylamine, tributylamine, N-methylmorpholine, pyridine and tetramethylenediamine; nitrated hydrocarbons, such as nitromethane, nitroethane, nitropropane, nitrobenzene, chloronitrobenzene, o-nitrotoluene; nitriles, such as acetonitrile, propionitrile, butyronitrile, isobutyronitrile, benzonitrile, m-chlorobenzonitrile and also compounds such as tetrahydrothiophene dioxide and dimethyl sulphoxide, tetramethylene sulphoxide, dipropyl sulphoxide, benzyl methyl sulphoxide, diisobutyl sulphoxide, dibutyl sulphoxide, diisoamyl sulphoxide; sulphones, such as dimethyl sulphone, diethyl sulphone, dipropyl sulphone, dibutyl sulphone, diphenyl sulphone, dihexyl sulphone, methyl ethyl sulphone, ethyl propyl sulphone, ethyl isobutyl sulphone and pentamethylene sulphone; aliphatic, cycloaliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, such as pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane and industrial hydrocarbons, for example white spirits with components having boiling points in the range of, for example, from 40 0 C to 25O 0 C, cymene, petroleum fractions having a boiling point interval of from 70 0 C to 190 0 C, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, petroleum ether, ligroin, octane, benzene, toluene, chlorobenzene, bromobenzene, nitrobenzene, xylene; esters, such as methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, isobutyl acetate, and also dimethyl carbonate, dibutyl carbonate, ethylene carbonate; amides, such as hexamethylenephosphoric triamide, formamide, N-methylformamide, NN-dimethylformamide, NN-dipropylformamide, NN-dibutylformamide, N-methylpyrrolidine, N-methylcaprolactam, l,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(lH)-pyrimidine, octylpyrrolidone, octylcaprolactam, l,3-dimethyl-2-imidazolinedione, N-formylpiperidine,

N,N'-l,4-diformylpiperazine; ketones, such as acetone, acetophenone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl butyl ketone.

It is, of course, also possible to use mixtures of the solvents and diluents mentioned for the process according to the invention.

However, preferred diluents for carrying out the preparation process according to the invention are ethers, such as ethyl propyl ether, methyl ter/-butyl ether, n-butyl ether, anisole, phenetole, cyclohexyl methyl ether, dimethyl ether, diethyl ether, dipropyl ether, diisopropyl ether, di-n-butyl ether, diisobutyl ether, diisoamyl ether, ethylene glycol dimethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, dichlorodiethyl ether and polyethers of ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide; preference is given to tetrahydrofuran and dioxane and also to cycloaliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, such as pentane, hexane, heptane, octane, nonane and industrial hydrocarbons; for example white spirits with components having boiling points in the range of, for example, from 40 0 C to 250°C; preference is given to pentane and hexane.

After the reaction has gone to completion, the entire reaction mixture is concentrated. The products obtained after work-up can be purified in a customary manner by recrystallization, distillation under reduced pressure or column chromatography (cf. also the Preparation Examples).

Racemates or diastereomer mixtures can be separated by column chromatography, if appropriate on a suitable chiral phase, into the corresponding enantiomers or individual diastereomers. The absolute configuration can be determined with the aid of X-ray structure analysis after crystallization of the substance (cf. also the Preparation Examples).

The active insecticidal compounds of this invention may be formulated and/or applied with one or more additional compound. Such combinations may provide certain advantages, such as, without limitation, exhibiting synergistic effects for greater control of insect pests, reducing rates of application of insecticide thereby minimizing any impact to the environment and to worker safety, controlling a broader spectrum of insect pests, safening of crop plants to phytotoxicity, and improving tolerance by non-pest species, such as mammals and fish.

Additional compounds include, without limitation, other pesticides, plant growth regulators, fertilizers, soil conditioners, or other agricultural chemicals. In applying an active compound of this invention, whether formulated alone or with other agricultural chemicals, an effective amount and concentration of the active compound is of course employed; the amount may vary in the range of, e.g. about 0.001 to about 3 kg/ha, preferably about 0.03 to about 1 kg/ha. For field use, where there are losses of insecticide, higher application rates (e.g., four times the rates mentioned above) may be employed.

The active compounds according to the invention, in combination with good plant tolerance and favourable toxicity to warm-blooded animals and being tolerated well by the environment, are suitable for protecting plants and plant organs, for increasing the harvest yields, for improving the quality of the harvested material and for controlling animal pests, in particular insects, arachnids, helminths, nematodes and molluscs, which are encountered in agriculture, in horticulture, in animal husbandry, in forests, in gardens and leisure facilities, in the protection of stored products and of materials, and in the hygiene sector. They may be preferably employed as plant protection agents. They are active against normally sensitive and resistant species and against all or some stages of development. The abovementioned pests include:

From the order of the Anoplura (Phthiraptera), for example, Damalinia spp., Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Trichodectes spp.

From the class of the Arachnida, for example, Acarus siro, Aceria sheldoni, Aculops spp., Aculus spp., Amblyomma spp., Argas spp., Boophilus spp., Brevipalpus spp., Bryobia praetiosa, Chorioptes spp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Eotetranychus spp., Epitrimerus pyri, Eutetranychus spp., Eriophyes spp., Hemitarsonemus spp., Hyalomma spp., Ixodes spp., Latrodectus mactans, Metatetranychus spp., Oligonychus spp., Ornithodoros spp., Panonychus spp., Phyllocoptruta oleivora, Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Psoroptes spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Rhizoglyphus spp., Sarcoptes spp., Scorpio maurus, Stenotarsonemus spp., Tarsonemus spp., Tetranychus spp., Vasates lycopersici.

From the class of the Bivalva, for example, Dreissena spp.

From the order of the Chilopoda, for example, Geophilus spp., Scutigera spp.

From the order of the Coleoptera, for example, Acanthoscelides obtectus, Adoretus spp., Agelastica alni, Agriotes spp., Amphimallon solstitialis, Anobium punctatum, Anoplophora spp., Anthonomus spp., Anthrenus spp., Apogonia spp., Atomaria spp., Attagenus spp., Bruchidius obtectus, Bruchus spp., Ceuthorhynchus spp., Cleonus mendicus, Conoderus spp., Cosmopolites spp., Costelytra zealandica, Curculio spp., Cryptorhynchus lapathi, Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp., Epilachna spp., Faustinus cubae, Gibbium psylloides, Heteronychus arator, Hylamorpha elegans, Hylotrupes bajulus, Hypera postica, Hypothenemus spp., Lachnosterna consanguinea, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus, Lixus spp., Lyctus spp., Meligethes aeneus, Melolontha melolontha, Migdolus spp., Monochamus spp., Naupactus xanthographus, Niptus hololeucus, Oryctes rhinoceros, Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Oxycetonia jucunda, Phaedon cochleariae, Phyllophaga spp., Popillia japonica, Premnotrypes spp., Psylliodes chrysocephala, Ptinus spp., Rhizobius ventralis, Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus spp.,

Sphenophorus spp., Sternechus spp., Symphyletes spp., Tenebrio molitor, Tribolium spp., Trogo- derma spp., Tychius spp., Xylotrechus spp., Zabrus spp.

From the order of the Collembola, for example, Onychiurus armatus.

From the order of the Dermaptera, for example, Forficula auricularia.

From the order of the Diplopoda, for example, Blaniulus guttulatus.

From the order of the Diptera, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Bibio hortulanus, Calliphora erythrocephala, Ceratitis capitata, Chrysomyia spp., Cochliomyia spp., Cordylobia anthropophaga, Culex spp., Cuterebra spp., Dacus oleae, Dermatobia hominis, Drosophila spp., Fannia spp., Gastrophilus spp., Hylemyia spp., Hyppobosca spp., Hypoderma spp., Liriomyza spp., Lucilia spp., Musca spp., Nezara spp., Oestrus spp., Oscinella frit, Pegomyia hyoscyami, Phorbia spp., Stomoxys spp., Tabanus spp., Tannia spp., Tipula paludosa, Wohlfahrtia spp.

From the class of the Gastropoda, for example, Arion spp., Biomphalaria spp., Bulinus spp., Deroceras spp., Galba spp., Lymnaea spp., Oncomelania spp., Succinea spp.

From the class of the helminths, for example, Ancylostoma duodenale, Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Acylostoma braziliensis, Ancylostoma spp., Ascaris lubricoides, Ascaris spp., Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, Bunostomum spp., Chabertia spp., Clonorchis spp., Cooperia spp., Dicrocoelium spp, Dictyocaulus filaria, Diphyllobothrium latum, Dracunculus medinensis, Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, Enterobius vermicularis, Faciola spp., Haemonchus spp., Heterakis spp., Hymenolepis nana, Hyostrongulus spp., Loa Loa, Nematodirus spp., Oesophagostomum spp., Opisthorchis spp., Onchocerca volvulus, Ostertagia spp., Paragonimus spp., Schistosomen spp., Strongyloides fuelleborni, Strongyloides stercoralis, Stronyloides spp., Taenia saginata, Taenia solium, Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella nativa, Trichinella britovi, Trichinella nelsoni, Trichinella pseudopsiralis, Trichostrongulus spp., Trichuris trichuria, Wuchereria bancrofti.

It is furthermore possible to control protozoa, such as Eimeria.

From the order of the Heteroptera, for example, Anasa tristis, Antestiopsis spp., Blissus spp., Calocoris spp., Campylomma livida, Cavelerius spp., Cimex spp., Creontiades dilutus, Dasynus piperis, Dichelops furcatus, Diconocoris hewetti, Dysdercus spp., Euschistus spp., Eurygaster spp., Heliopeltis spp., Horcias nobilellus, Leptocorisa spp., Leptoglossus phyllopus, Lygus spp., Macropes excavatus, Miridae, Nezara spp., Oebalus spp., Pentomidae, Piesma quadrata, Piezodorus spp., Psallus seriatus, Pseudacysta persea, Rhodnius spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Scotinophora

spp., Stephanitis nashi, Tibraca spp., Triatoma spp.

From the order of the Homoptera, for example, Acyrthosipon spp., Aeneolamia spp., Agonoscena spp., Aleurodes spp., AIeurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus spp., Amrasca spp., Anuraphis cardui, Aonidiella spp., Aphanostigma piri, Aphis spp., Arboridia apicalis, Aspidiella spp., Aspidiotus spp., Atanus spp., Aulacorthum solani, Bemisia spp., Brachycaudus helichrysii, Brachycolus spp., Brevicoryne brassicae, Calligypona marginata, Carneocephala fulgida, Ceratovacuna lanigera, Cercopidae, Ceroplastes spp., Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Chionaspis tegalensis, Chlorita onukii, Chromaphis juglandicola, Chrysomphalus ficus, Cicadulina mbila, Coccomytilus halli, Coccus spp., Cryptomyzus ribis, Dalbulus spp., Dialeurodes spp., Diaphorina spp., Diaspis spp., Doralis spp., Drosicha spp., Dysaphis spp., Dysmicoccus spp., Empoasca spp., Eriosoma spp., Erythroneura spp., Euscelis bilobatus, Geococcus coffeae, Homalodisca coagulata, Hyalopterus arundinis, Icerya spp., Idiocerus spp., Idioscopus spp., Laodelphax striatellus, Lecanium spp., Lepidosaphes spp., Lipaphis erysimi, Macrosiphum spp., Mahanarva fimbriolata, Melanaphis sacchari, Metcalfiella spp., Metopolophium dirhodum, Monellia costalis, Monelliopsis pecanis, Myzus spp., Nasonovia ribisnigri, Nephotettix spp., Nilaparvata lugens, Oncometopia spp., Orthezia praelonga, Parabemisia myricae, Paratrioza spp., Parlatoria spp., Pemphigus spp., Pere- grinus maidis, Phenacoccus spp., Phloeomyzus passerinii, Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp., Pinnaspis aspidistrae, Planococcus spp., Protopulvinaria pyriformis, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Pseudococcus spp., Psylla spp., Pteromalus spp., Pyrilla spp., Quadraspidiotus spp., Quesada gigas, Rastrococcus spp., Rhopalosiphum spp., Saissetia spp., Scaphoides titanus, Schizaphis graminum, Selenaspidus articulatus, Sogata spp., Sogatella furcifera, Sogatodes spp., Stictocephala festina, Tenalaphara malayensis, Tinocallis caryaefoliae, Tomaspis spp., Toxoptera spp., Trialeurodes vaporariorum, Trioza spp., Typhlocyba spp., Unaspis spp., Viteus vitifolii.

From the order of the Hymenoptera, for example, Diprion spp., Hoplocampa spp., Lasius spp., Monomorium pharaonis, Vespa spp.

From the order of the Isopoda, for example, Armadillidium vulgare, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber.

From the order of the Isoptera, for example, Reticulitermes spp., Odontotermes spp.

From the order of the Lepidoptera, for example, Acronicta major, Aedia leucomelas, Agrotis spp., Alabama argillacea, Anticarsia spp., Barathra brassicae, Bucculatrix thurberiella, Bupalus piniarius, Cacoecia podana, Capua reticulana, Carpocapsa pomonella, Cheimatobia brumata, Chilo spp., Choristoneura fumiferana, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocerus spp., Earias insulana, Ephestia kuehniella, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Euxoa spp., Feltia spp., Galleria mellonella, Helicoveφa spp.,

Heliothis spp., Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Homona magnanima, Hyponomeuta padella, Laphygma spp., Lithocolletis blancardella, Lithophane antennata, Loxagrotis albicosta, Lymantria spp., Malacosoma neustria, Mamestra brassicae, Mocis repanda, Mythimna separata, Oria spp., Oulema oryzae, Panolis flammea, Pectinophora gossypiella, Phyllocnistis citrella, Pieris spp., Plutella xylostella, Prodenia spp., Pseudaletia spp., Pseudoplusia includens, Pyrausta nubilalis, Spodoptera spp., Thermesia gemmatalis, Tinea pellionella, Tineola bisselliella, Tortrix viridana, Trichoplusia spp.

From the order of the Orthoptera, for example, Acheta domesticus, Blatta orientalis, Blattella germanica, Gryllotalpa spp., Leucophaea maderae, Locusta spp., Melanoplus spp., Periplaneta americana, Schistocerca gregaria.

From the order of the Siphonaptera, for example, Ceratophyllus spp., Xenopsylla cheopis.

From the order of the Symphyla, for example, Scutigerella immaculata.

From the order of the Thysanoptera, for example, Baliothrips biformis, Enneothrips flavens, Frankliniella spp., Heliothrips spp., Hercinothrips femoralis, Kakothrips spp., Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus, Scirtothrips spp., Taeniothrips cardamoni, Thrips spp.

From the order of the Thysanura, for example, Lepisma saccharina.

The phytoparasitic nematodes include, for example, Anguina spp., Aphelenchoides spp., Belonoaimus spp., Bursaphelenchus spp., Ditylenchus dipsaci, Globodera spp., Heliocotylenchus spp., Heterodera spp., Longidorus spp., Meloidogyne spp., Pratylenchus spp., Radopholus similis, Rotylenchus spp., Trichodorus spp., Tylenchorhynchus spp., Tylenchulus spp., Tylenchulus semipenetrans, Xiphinema spp.

If appropriate, the compounds according to the invention can, at certain concentrations or application rates, also be used as herbicides, safeners, growth regulators or agents to improve plant properties, or as microbicides, for example as fungicides, antimycotics, bactericides, viricides (including agents against viroids) or as agents against MLO (Mycoplasma-like organisms) and RLO (Rickettsia-like organisms). If appropriate, they can also be employed as intermediates or precursors for the synthesis of other active compounds.

The active compounds can be converted to the customary formulations, such as solutions, emulsions, wettable powders, water- and oil-based suspensions, powders, dusts, pastes, soluble powders, soluble granules, granules for broadcasting, suspension-emulsion concentrates, natural materials impregnated with active compound, synthetic materials impregnated with active compound, fertilizers and

microencapsulations in polymeric substances.

These formulations are produced in a known manner, for example by mixing the active compounds with extenders, that is liquid solvents and/or solid carriers, optionally with the use of surfactants, that is emulsifiers and/or dispersants and/or foam-formers. The formulations are prepared either in suitable plants or else before or during the application.

Suitable for use as auxiliaries are substances which are suitable for imparting to the composition itself and/or to preparations derived therefrom (for example spray liquors, seed dressings) particular properties such as certain technical properties and/or also particular biological properties. Typical suitable auxiliaries are: extenders, solvents and carriers.

Suitable extenders are, for example, water, polar and non-polar organic chemical liquids, for example from the classes of the aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons (such as paraffins, alkylbenzenes, alkylnaphthalenes, chlorobenzenes), the alcohols and polyols (which, if appropriate, may also be substituted, etherified and/or esterified), the ketones (such as acetone, cyclohexanone), esters (including fats and oils) and (poly)ethers, the unsubstituted and substituted amines, amides, lactams (such as N-alkylpyrrolidones) and lactones, the sulphones and sulphoxides (such as dimethyl sulphoxide).

If the extender used is water, it is also possible to employ, for example, organic solvents as auxiliary solvents. Essentially, suitable liquid solvents are: aromatics such as xylene, toluene or alkylnaphthalenes, chlorinated aromatics and chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons such as chlorobenzenes, chloroethylenes or methylene chloride, aliphatic hydrocarbons such as cyclohexane or paraffins, for example petroleum fractions, mineral and vegetable oils, alcohols such as butanol or glycol and also their ethers and esters, ketones such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone, methyl isobutyl ketone or cyclohexanone, strongly polar solvents such as dimethyl sulphoxide, and also water.

Suitable solid carriers are:

for example, ammonium salts and ground natural minerals such as kaolins, clays, talc, chalk, quartz, attapulgite, montmorillonite or diatomaceous earth, and ground synthetic minerals, such as finely divided silica, alumina and silicates; suitable solid carriers for granules are: for example, crushed and fractionated natural rocks such as calcite, marble, pumice, sepiolite and dolomite, and also synthetic granules of inorganic and organic meals, and granules of organic material such as paper, sawdust, coconut shells, maize cobs and tobacco stalks; suitable emulsifiers and/or foam-formers are: for example, nonionic and anionic emulsifiers, such as polyoxyethylene fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene fatty alcohol ethers, for example alkylaryl polyglycol ethers, alkylsulphonates, alkyl sulphates, arylsulphonates and also protein hydrolysates; suitable dispersants are nonionic and/or ionic

substances, for example from the classes of the alcohol-POE and/or -POP ethers, acid and/or POP- POE esters, alkyl aryl and/or POP-POE ethers, fat and/or POP-POE adducts, POE- and/or POP- polyol derivatives, POE- and/or POP-sorbitan- or -sugar adducts, alkyl or aryl sulphates, alkyl- or arylsulphonates and alkyl or aryl phosphates or the corresponding PO-ether adducts. Furthermore, suitable oligo- or polymers, for example those derived from vinylic monomers, from acrylic acid, from EO and/or PO alone or in combination with, for example, (poly)alcohols or (poly)amines. It is also possible to employ lignin and its sulphonic acid derivatives, unmodified and modified celluloses, aromatic and/or aliphatic sulphonic acids and their adducts with formaldehyde.

Tackifiers such as carboxymethylcellulose and natural and synthetic polymers in the form of powders, granules or latices, such as gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinyl acetate, as well as natural phospholipids such as cephalins and lecithins, and synthetic phospholipids, can be used in the formulations.

It is possible to use colorants such as inorganic pigments, for example iron oxide, titanium oxide and Prussian Blue, and organic dyestuffs, such as alizarin dyestuffs, azo dyestuffs and metal phthalocyanine dyestuffs, and trace nutrients such as salts of iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc.

Other possible additives are perfumes, mineral or vegetable, optionally modified oils, waxes and nutrients (including trace nutrients), such as salts of iron, manganese, boron, copper, cobalt, molybdenum and zinc.

Stabilizers, such as low-temperature stabilizers, preservatives, antioxidants, light stabilizers or other agents which improve chemical and/or physical stability may also be present.

The formulations generally comprise between 0.01 and 98% by weight of active compound, preferably between 0.5 and 90%.

One skilled in the art will, of course, recognize that the formulation and mode of application of a toxicant may affect the activity of the material in a given application. Thus, for agricultural and general household pest use the present insecticidal compounds may be formulated as a granular of relatively large particle size (for example, 8/16 or 4/8 US Mesh), as water-soluble or water- dispersible granules, as powdery dusts, as wettable powders, as emulsifiable concentrates, as aqueous emulsions, as solutions, or as any of other known types of useful formulations, depending on the desired mode of application. It is to be understood that the amounts specified in this specification are intended to be approximate only, as if the word "about" were placed in front of the amounts specified.

These insecticidal compositions may be applied either as water-diluted sprays, or dusts, or granules to the areas in which suppression of insects is desired. These formulations may contain as little as 0.1%, 0.2% or 0.5% to as much as 95% or more by weight of active ingredient.

Dusts are free flowing admixtures of the active ingredient with finely divided solids such as talc, natural clays, kieselguhr, flours such as walnut shell and cottonseed flours, and other organic and inorganic solids which act as dispersants and carriers for the toxicant; these finely divided solids have an average particle size of less than about 50 microns. A typical dust formulation useful herein is one containing 1.0 part or less of the insecticidal compound and 99.0 parts of talc.

Wettable powders, also useful formulations for insecticides, are in the form of finely divided particles that disperse readily in water or other dispersant. The wettable powder is ultimately applied to the locus where insect control is needed either as a dry dust or as an emulsion in water or other liquid. Typical carriers for wettable powders include Fuller's earth, kaolin clays, silicas, and other highly absorbent, readily wet inorganic diluents. Wettable powders normally are prepared to contain about 5-80% of active ingredient, depending on the absorbency of the carrier, and usually also contain a small amount of a wetting, dispersing or emulsifying agent to facilitate dispersion. For example, a useful wettable powder formulation contains 80.0 parts of the insecticidal compound, 17.9 parts of Palmetto clay, and 1.0 part of sodium lignosulfonate and 0.3 part of sulfonated aliphatic polyester as wetting agents. Additional wetting agents and/or oils will frequently be added to a tank mix for to facilitate dispersion on the foliage of the plant.

Other useful formulations for insecticidal applications are emulsifiable concentrates (ECs) which are homogeneous liquid compositions dispersible in water or other dispersant, and may consist entirely of the insecticidal compound and a liquid or solid emulsifying agent, or may also contain a liquid carrier, such as xylene, heavy aromatic naphthas, isophorone, or other non-volatile organic solvents. For insecticidal application these concentrates are dispersed in water or other liquid carrier and normally applied as a spray to the area to be treated. The percentage by weight of the essential active ingredient may vary according to the manner in which the composition is to be applied, but in general comprises 0.5 to 95% of active ingredient by weight of the insecticidal composition.

Flowable formulations are similar to ECs, except that the active ingredient is suspended in a liquid carrier, generally water. Flowables, like ECs, may include a small amount of a surfactant, and will typically contain active ingredients in the range of 0.5 to 95%, frequently from 10 to 50%, by weight of the composition. For application, flowables may be diluted in water or other liquid vehicle, and are normally applied as a spray to the area to be treated.

Typical wetting, dispersing or emulsifying agents used in agricultural formulations include, but are not limited to, the alkyl and alkylaryl sulfonates and sulfates and their sodium salts; alkylaryl polyether alcohols; sulfated higher alcohols; polyethylene oxides; sulfonated animal and vegetable oils; sulfonated petroleum oils; fatty acid esters of polyhydric alcohols and the ethylene oxide addition products of such esters; and the addition product of long-chain mercaptans and ethylene oxide. Many other types of useful surface-active agents are available in commerce. Surface-active agents, when used, normally comprise 1 to 15% by weight of the composition.

Other useful formulations include suspensions of the active ingredient in a relatively non-volatile solvent such as water, corn oil, kerosene, propylene glycol, or other suitable solvents.

Still other useful formulations for insecticidal applications include simple solutions of the active ingredient in a solvent in which it is completely soluble at the desired concentration, such as acetone, alkylated naphthalenes, xylene, or other organic solvents. Granular formulations, wherein the toxicant is carried on relative coarse particles, are of particular utility for aerial distribution or for penetration of cover crop canopy. Pressurized sprays, typically aerosols wherein the active ingredient is dispersed in finely divided form as a result of vaporization of a low-boiling dispersant solvent carrier may also be used. Water-soluble or water-dispersible granules are free flowing, non-dusty, and readily water-soluble or water-miscible. In use by the farmer on the field, the granular formulations, emulsifiable concentrates, flowable concentrates, aqueous emulsions, solutions, etc., may be diluted with water to give a concentration of active ingredient in the range of say 0.1 % or 0.2% to 1.5% or 2%.

The active compound according to the invention can be used in its commercially available formulations and in the use forms, prepared from these formulations, as a mixture with other active compounds, such as insecticides, attractants, sterilizing agents, bactericides, acaricides, nematicides, fungicides, growth-regulating substances, herbicides, safeners, fertilizers or semiochemicals.

When used as insecticides, the active compounds according to the invention can furthermore be present in their commercially available formulations and in the use forms, prepared from these formulations, as a mixture with synergists. Synergists are compounds which increase the action of the active compounds, without it being necessary for the synergistic agent added to be active itself.

When used as insecticides, the active compounds according to the invention can furthermore be present in their commercially available formulations and in the use forms, prepared from these formulations, as a mixture with inhibitors which reduce degradation of the active compound after use in the environment of the plant, on the surface of parts of plants or in plant tissues.

The active compound content of the use forms prepared from the commercially available

formulations can vary within wide limits. The active compound concentration of the use forms can be from 0.00000001 to 95% by weight of active compound, preferably between 0.00001 and 1% by weight.

The compounds are employed in a customary manner appropriate for the use forms.

All plants and plant parts can be treated in accordance with the invention. Plants are to be understood as meaning in the present context all plants and plant populations such as desired and undesired wild plants or crop plants (including naturally occurring crop plants). Crop plants can be plants which can be obtained by conventional plant breeding and optimization methods or by biotechnological and genetic engineering methods or by combinations of these methods, including the transgenic plants and including the plant cultivars protectable or not protectable by plant breeders' rights. Plant parts are to be understood as meaning all parts and organs of plants above and below the ground, such as shoot, leaf, flower and root, examples which may be mentioned being leaves, needles, stalks, stems, flowers, fruit bodies, fruits, seeds, roots, tubers and rhizomes. The plant parts also include harvested material, and vegetative and generative propagation material, for example cuttings, tubers, rhizomes, offshoots and seeds.

Treatment according to the invention of the plants and plant parts with the active compounds is carried out directly or by allowing the compounds to act on the surroundings, habitat or storage space by the customary treatment methods, for example by immersion, spraying, evaporation, fogging, scattering, painting on, injection and, in the case of propagation material, in particular in the case of seeds, also by applying one or more coats.

Treatment according to the invention of the plants and plant parts with the active compound combinations is carried out directly or by allowing the compounds to act on the surroundings, habitat or storage space by the customary treatment methods, for example by immersion, spraying, evaporation, fogging, scattering, painting on, and, in the case of propagation material, in particular in the case of seeds, also by applying one or more coats.

The mixtures according to the invention are particularly suitable for treating seed. Here, the combinations according to the invention mentioned above as preferred or particularly preferred may be mentioned as being preferred. Thus, a large part of the damage to crop plants which is caused by pests occurs as early as when the seed is attacked during storage and after the seed is introduced into the soil, during and immediately after germination of the plants. This phase is particularly critical since the roots and shoots of the growing plant are particularly sensitive and even minor damage can lead to the death of the whole plant. Protecting the seed and the germinating plant by the use of suitable compositions is therefore of particularly great interest.

The control of pests by treating the seeds of plants has been known for a long time and is the subject of continuous improvements. However, the treatment of seed entails a series of problems which cannot always be solved in a satisfactory manner. Thus, it is desirable to develop methods for protecting the seed and the germinating plant which dispense with the additional application of crop protection agents after sowing or after the emergence of the plants. It is furthermore desirable to optimize the amount of active compound employed in such a way as to provide maximum protection for the seed and the germinating plant from attack by pests, but without damaging the plant itself by the active compound employed. In particular, methods for the treatment of seed should also take into consideration the intrinsic insecticidal properties of transgenic plants in order to achieve optimum protection of the seed and the germinating plant with a minimum of crop protection agents being employed.

The present invention therefore in particular also relates to a method for the protection of seed and germinating plants from attack by pests, by treating the seed with a composition according to the invention. The invention likewise relates to the use of the compositions according to the invention for the treatment of seed for protecting the seed and the resultant plant from pests. Furthermore, the invention relates to seed which has been treated with a composition according to the invention so as to afford protection from pests.

One of the advantages of the present invention is that the particular systemic properties of the compositions according to the invention mean that treatment of the seed with these compositions not only protects the seed itself, but also the resulting plants after emergence, from pests, hi this manner, the immediate treatment of the crop at the time of sowing or shortly thereafter can be dispensed with.

A further advantage is the synergistically increased insecticidal activity of the compositions according to the invention in comparison with the individual insecticidal active compound, which exceeds the anticipated activity of the two active compounds when applied individually. Also advantageous is the synergistically increased fungicidal activity of the compositions according to the invention in comparison with the individual fungicidal active compound, which exceeds the anticipated activity of the active compound when applied individually. This makes possible an optimization of the amount of active compound employed.

Furthermore, it must be considered as advantageous that the mixtures according to the invention can also be employed in particular in transgenic seed, the plants arising from this seed being capable of expressing a protein directed against pests. By treating such seed with the compositions according to the invention, certain pests can be controlled merely by the expression of the, for

example, insecticidal protein, and additionally be protected by the compositions according to the invention against damage.

The compositions according to the invention are suitable for protecting seed of any plant variety as already mentioned above which is employed in agriculture, in the greenhouse, in forests or in horticulture. In particular, this takes the form of seed of maize, peanut, canola, oilseed rape, poppy, soya beans, cotton, beet (for example sugar beet and fodder beet), rice, sorghum and millet, wheat, barley, oats, rye, sunflower, tobacco, potatoes or vegetables (for example tomatoes, cabbage plants). The compositions according to the invention are likewise suitable for treating the seed of fruit plants and vegetables as already mentioned above. The treatment of the seed of maize, soya beans, cotton, wheat and canola or oilseed rape is of particular importance.

As already mentioned above, the treatment of transgenic seed with a composition according to the invention is also of particular importance. This takes the form of seed of plants which, as a rule, comprise at least one heterologous gene which governs the expression of a polypeptide with in particular insecticidal properties. In this context, the heterologous genes in transgenic seed may be derived from microorganisms such as Bacillus, Rhizobium, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Trichoderma, Clavibacter, Glomus or Gliocladium. The present invention is particularly suitable for the treatment of transgenic seed which comprises at least one heterologous gene orignating from Bacillus sp. and whose gene product shows activity against the European corn borer and/or the corn root worm. It is particularly preferably a heterologous gene derived from Bacillus thuringiensis.

In the context of the present invention, the composition according to the invention is applied to the seed either alone or in a suitable formulation. Preferably, the seed is treated in a state which is stable enough to avoid damage during treatment. In general, the seed may be treated at any point in time between harvest and sowing. The seed usually used has been separated from the plant and freed from cobs, shells, stalks, coats, hairs or the flesh of the fruits.

When treating the seed, care must generally be taken that the amount of the composition according to the invention applied to the seed and/or the amount of further additives is chosen in such a way that the germination of the seed is not adversely affected, or that the resulting plant is not damaged. This must be borne in mind in particular in the case of active compounds which may have phytotoxic effects at certain application rates.

As already mentioned above, it is possible to treat all plants and their parts according to the invention. In a preferred embodiment, wild plant species and plant cultivars, or those obtained by conventional biological breeding methods, such as crossing or protoplast fusion, and parts thereof, are treated. In a further preferred embodiment, transgenic plants and plant cultivars obtained by

genetic engineering methods, if appropriate in combination with conventional methods (Genetically Modified Organisms), and parts thereof are treated. The terms "parts", "parts of plants" and "plant parts" have been explained above.

Particularly preferably, plants of the plant cultivars which are in each case commercially available or in use are treated according to the invention. Plant cultivars are to be understood as meaning plants having novel properties ("traits") which have been obtained by conventional breeding, by mutagenesis or by recombinant DNA techniques. These can be cultivars, bio- or genotypes.

Depending on the plant species or plant cultivars, their location and growth conditions (soils, climate, vegetation period, diet), the treatment according to the invention may also result in superadditive ("synergistic") effects. Thus, for example, reduced application rates and/or a widening of the activity spectrum and/or an increase in the activity of the substances and compositions which can be used according to the invention, better plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low temperatures, increased tolerance to drought or to water or soil salt content, increased flowering performance, easier harvesting, accelerated maturation, higher harvest yields, higher quality and/or a higher nutritional value of the harvested products, better storage stability and/or processability of the harvested products are possible, which exceed the effects which were actually to be expected.

The transgenic plants or plant cultivars (obtained by genetic engineering) which are preferably to be treated according to the invention include all plants which, by virtue of the genetic modification, received genetic material which imparted particularly advantageous, useful traits to these plants. Examples of such traits are better plant growth, increased tolerance to high or low temperatures, increased tolerance to drought or to water or soil salt content, increased flowering performance, easier harvesting, accelerated maturation, higher harvest yields, higher quality and/or a higher nutritional value of the harvested products, better storage stability and/or processability of the harvested products. Further and particularly emphasized examples of such traits are a better defence of the plants against animal and microbial pests, such as against insects, mites, phytopathogenic fungi, bacteria and/or viruses, and also increased tolerance of the plants to certain herbicidally active compounds. Examples of transgenic plants which may be mentioned are the important crop plants, such as cereals (wheat, rice), maize, soya beans, potatoes, sugar beet, tomatoes, peas and other vegetable varieties, cotton, tobacco, oilseed rape and also fruit plants (with the fruits apples, pears, citrus fruits and grapes), and particular emphasis is given to maize, soya beans, potatoes, cotton, tobacco and oilseed rape. Traits that are emphasized are in particular increased defence of the plants against insects, arachnids, nematodes and slugs and snails by virtue of toxins formed in the plants, in particular those formed in the plants by the genetic material from Bacillus thuringiensis (for example by the genes CryιA(a), CryιA(b), CryιA(c), CryllA, CrylllA,

CryIIIB2, Cry9c, Cry2Ab, Cry3Bb and CryIF and also combinations thereof) (referred to hereinbelow as "Bt plants"). Traits that are also particularly emphasized are the increased defence of the plants against fungi, bacteria and viruses by systemic acquired resistance (SAR), systemin, phytoalexins, elicitors and resistance genes and correspondingly expressed proteins and toxins. Traits that are furthermore particularly emphasized are the increased tolerance of the plants to certain herbicidally active compounds, for example imidazolinones, sulphonylureas, glyphosate or phosphinotricin (for example the "PAT" gene). The genes which impart the desired traits in question can also be present in combination with one another in the transgenic plants. Examples of "Bt plants" which may be mentioned are maize varieties, cotton varieties, soya bean varieties and potato varieties which are sold under the trade names YIELD GARD® (for example maize, cotton, soya beans), KnockOut® (for example maize), StarLink® (for example maize), Bollgard® (cotton), Nucotn® (cotton) and NewLeaf® (potato). Examples of herbicide-tolerant plants which may be mentioned are maize varieties, cotton varieties and soya bean varieties which are sold under the trade names Roundup Ready® (tolerance to glyphosate, for example maize, cotton, soya bean), Liberty Link® (tolerance to phosphinotricin, for example oilseed rape), IMI® (tolerance to imidazolinones) and STS® (tolerance to sulphonylureas, for example maize). Herbicide-resistant plants (plants bred in a conventional manner for herbicide tolerance) which may be mentioned include the varieties sold under the name Clearfield® (for example maize). Of course, these statements also apply to plant cultivars having these genetic traits or genetic traits still to be developed, which plant cultivars will be developed and/or marketed in the future.

The plants listed can be treated according to the invention in a particularly advantageous manner with the compounds of the general formula I and/or the active compound mixtures according to the invention. The preferred ranges stated above for the active compounds or mixtures also apply to the treatment of these plants. Particular emphasis is given to the treatment of plants with the compounds or mixtures specifically mentioned in the present text.

The active compounds according to the invention act not only against plant, hygiene and stored product pests, but also in the veterinary medicine sector against animal parasites (ecto- and endoparasites), such as hard ticks, soft ticks, mange mites, leaf mites, flies (biting and licking), parasitic fly larvae, lice, hair lice, feather lice and fleas. These parasites include:

From the order of the Anoplurida, for example, Haematopinus spp., Linognathus spp., Pediculus spp., Phtirus spp., Solenopotes spp.

From the order of the Mallophagida and the suborders Amblycerina and Ischnocerina, for example, Trimenopon spp., Menopon spp., Trinoton spp., Bovicola spp., Werneckiella spp., Lepikentron spp., Damalina spp., Trichodectes spp., Felicola spp.

From the order of the Diptera and the suborders Nematocerina and Brachycerina, for example, Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp., Simulium spp., Eusimulium spp., Phlebotomus spp., Lutzomyia spp., Culicoides spp., Chrysops spp., Hybomitra spp., Atylotus spp., Tabanus spp., Haematopota spp., Philipomyia spp., Braula spp., Musca spp., Hydrotaea spp., Stomoxys spp., Haematobia spp., Morellia spp., Fannia spp., Glossina spp., Calliphora spp., Lucilia spp., Chrysomyia spp., Wohlfahrtia spp., Sarcophaga spp., Oestrus spp., Hypoderma spp., Gasterophilus spp., Hippobosca spp., Lipoptena spp., Melophagus spp.

From the order of the Siphonapterida, for example, Pulex spp., Ctenocephalides spp., Xenopsylla spp., Ceratophyllus spp.

From the order of the Heteropterida, for example, Cimex spp., Triatoma spp., Rhodnius spp., Panstrongylus spp.

From the order of the Blattarida, for example, Blatta orientalis, Periplaneta americana, Blattela germanica, Supella spp.

From the subclass of the Acari (Acarina) and the orders of the Meta- and Mesostigmata, for example, Argas spp., Ornithodorus spp., Otobius spp., Ixodes spp., Amblyomma spp., Boophilus spp., Dermacentor spp., Haemophysalis spp., Hyalomma spp., Rhipicephalus spp., Dermanyssus spp., Raillietia spp., Pneumonyssus spp., Sternostoma spp., Varroa spp.

From the order of the Actinedida (Prostigmata) and Acaridida (Astigmata), for example, Acarapis spp., Cheyletiella spp., Ornithocheyletia spp., Myobia spp., Psorergates spp., Demodex spp., Trombicula spp., Listrophorus spp., Acarus spp., Tyrophagus spp., Caloglyphus spp., Hypodectes spp., Pterolichus spp., Psoroptes spp., Chorioptes spp., Otodectes spp., Sarcoptes spp., Notoedres spp., Knemidocoptes spp., Cytodites spp., Laminosioptes spp.

The active compounds of the formula (I) according to the invention are also suitable for controlling arthropods which infest agricultural productive livestock, such as, for example, cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, donkeys, camels, buffalo, rabbits, chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese and bees, other pets, such as, for example, dogs, cats, caged birds and aquarium fish, and also so-called test animals, such as, for example, hamsters, guinea pigs, rats and mice. By controlling these arthropods, cases of death and reduction in productivity (for meat, milk, wool, hides, eggs, honey etc.) should be diminished, so that more economic and easier animal husbandry is possible by use of the active compounds according to the invention.

The active compounds according to the invention are used in the veterinary sector and in animal husbandry in a known manner by enteral administration in the form of, for example, tablets,

capsules, potions, drenches, granules, pastes, boluses, the feed-through process and suppositories, by parenteral administration, such as, for example, by injection (intramuscular, subcutaneous, intravenous, intraperitoneal and the like), implants, by nasal administration, by dermal use in the form, for example, of dipping or bathing, spraying, pouring on and spotting on, washing and powdering, and also with the aid of moulded articles containing the active compound, such as collars, ear marks, tail marks, limb bands, halters, marking devices and the like.

When used for cattle, poultry, pets and the like, the active compounds of the formula (I) can be used as formulations (for example powders, emulsions, free-flowing compositions), which comprise the active compounds in an amount of 1 to 80% by weight, directly or after 100 to 10 000-fold dilution, or they can be used as a chemical bath.

It has furthermore been found that the compounds according to the invention also have a strong insecticidal action against insects which destroy industrial materials.

The following insects may be mentioned as examples and as preferred - but without any limitation:

Beetles, such as Hylotrupes bajulus, Chlorophorus pilosis, Anobium punctatum, Xestobium rufovillosum, Ptilinus pecticornis, Dendrobium pertinex, Ernobius mollis, Priobium carpini, Lyctus brunneus, Lyctus africanus, Lyctus planicollis, Lyctus linearis, Lyctus pubescens, Trogoxylon aequale, Minthes rugicollis, Xyleborus spec. Tryptodendron spec. Apate monachus, Bostrychus capucins, Heterobostrychus brunneus, Sinoxylon spec. Dinoderus minutus;

Hymenopterons, such as Sirex juvencus, Urocerus gigas, Urocerus gigas taignus, Urocerus augur;

Termites, such as Kalotermes flavicollis, Cryptotermes brevis, Heterotermes indicola, Reticulitermes flavipes, Reticulitermes santonensis, Reticulitermes lucifugus, Mastotermes darwiniensis, Zootermopsis nevadensis, Coptotermes formosanus;

Bristletails, such as Lepisma saccharina.

Industrial materials in the present connection are to be understood as meaning non-living materials, such as, preferably, plastics, adhesives, sizes, papers and cardboards, leather, wood and processed wood products and coating compositions.

The ready-to-use compositions may, if appropriate, comprise further insecticides and, if appropriate, one or more fungicides.

With respect to possible additional additives, reference may be made to the insecticides and fungicides mentioned above.

The compounds according to the invention can likewise be employed for protecting objects which come into contact with seawater or brackish water, such as hulls, screens, nets, buildings, moorings and signalling systems, against fouling.

Furthermore, the compounds according to the invention, alone or in combinations with other active compounds, may be employed as antifouling agents.

In domestic, hygiene and stored-product protection, the active compounds are also suitable for controlling animal pests, in particular insects, arachnids and mites, which are found in enclosed spaces such as, for example, dwellings, factory halls, offices, vehicle cabins and the like. They can be employed alone or in combination with other active compounds and auxiliaries in domestic insecticide products for controlling these pests. They are active against sensitive and resistant species and against all developmental stages. These pests include:

From the order of the Scorpionidea, for example, Buthus occitanus.

From the order of the Acarina, for example, Argas persicus, Argas reflexus, Bryobia ssp., Dermanyssus gallinae, Glyciphagus domesticus, Ornithodorus moubat, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Trombicula alfreddugesi, Neutrombicula autumnalis, Dermatophagoides pteronissimus, Dermatophagoides forinae.

From the order of the Araneae, for example, Aviculariidae, Araneidae.

From the order of the Opiliones, for example, Pseudoscorpiones chelifer, Pseudoscorpiones cheiridium, Opiliones phalangium.

From the order of the Isopoda, for example, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber.

From the order of the Diplopoda, for example, Blaniulus guttulatus, Polydesmus spp.

From the order of the Chilopoda, for example, Geophilus spp.

From the order of the Zygentoma, for example, Ctenolepisma spp., Lepisma saccharina, Lepismodes inquilinus.

From the order of the Blattaria, for example, Blatta orientalies, Blattella germanica, Blattella asahinai, Leucophaea maderae, Panchlora spp., Parcoblatta spp., Periplaneta australasiae, Periplaneta americana, Periplaneta brunnea, Periplaneta fuliginosa, Supella longipalpa.

From the order of the Saltatoria, for example, Acheta domesticus.

From the order of the Dermaptera, for example, Forficula auricularia.

From the order of the Isoptera, for example, Kalotermes spp., Reticulitermes spp.

From the order of the Psocoptera, for example, Lepinatus spp., Liposcelis spp.

From the order of the Coleoptera, for example, Anthrenus spp., Attagenus spp., Dermestes spp., Latheticus oryzae, Necrobia spp., Ptinus spp., Rhizopertha dominica, Sitophilus granarius, Sitophilus oryzae, Sitophilus zeamais, Stegobium paniceum.

From the order of the Diptera, for example, Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes taeniorhynchus, Anopheles spp., Calliphora erythrocephala, Chrysozona pluvialis, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex pipiens, Culex tarsalis, Drosophila spp., Fannia canicularis, Musca domestica, Phlebotomus spp., Sarcophaga carnaria, Simulium spp., Stomoxys calcitrans, Tipula paludosa.

From the order of the Lepidoptera, for example, Achroia grisella, Galleria mellonella, Plodia interpunctella, Tinea cloacella, Tinea pellionella, Tineola bisselliella.

From the order of the Siphonaptera, for example, Ctenocephalides canis, Ctenocephalides felis, Pulex irritans, Tunga penetrans, Xenopsylla cheopis.

From the order of the Hymenoptera, for example, Camponotus herculeanus, Lasius fuliginosus, Lasius niger, Lasius umbratus, Monomorium pharaonis, Paravespula spp., Tetramorium caespitum.

From the order of the Anoplura, for example, Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculus humanus corporis, Pemphigus spp., Phylloera vastatrix, Phthirus pubis.

From the order of the Heteroptera, for example, Cimex hemipterus, Cimex lectularius, Rhodinus prolixus, Triatoma infestans.

In the field of household insecticides, they are used alone or in combination with other suitable active compounds, such as phosphoric esters, carbamates, pyrethroids, neonicotinoids, growth regulators or active compounds from other known classes of insecticides.

They are used in aerosols, pressure-free spray products, for example pump and atomizer sprays, automatic fogging systems, foggers, foams, gels, evaporator products with evaporator tablets made of cellulose or polymer, liquid evaporators, gel and membrane evaporators, propeller-driven evaporators, energy-free, or passive, evaporation systems, moth papers, moth bags and moth gels, as granules or dusts, in baits for spreading or in bait stations.

Soil conditioners are materials which, when added to the soil, promote a variety of benefits for the efficacious growth of plants. Soil conditioners are used to reduce soil compaction, promote and increase effectiveness of drainage, improve soil permeability, promote optimum plant nutrient content in the soil, and promote better pesticide and fertilizer incorporation. When the active insecticidal compounds of the present invention are used in combination with one or more of second compounds, e.g., with other materials such as soil conditioners, the soil conditioners include organic matter, such as humus, which promotes retention of cation plant nutrients in the soil; mixtures of cation nutrients, such as calcium, magnesium, potash, sodium, and hydrogen complexes; or microorganism compositions which promote conditions in the soil favorable to plant growth. Such microorganism compositions include, for example, bacillus, pseudomonas, azotobacter, azospirillum, rhizobium, and soil-borne cyanobacteria.

Fertilizers are plant food supplements, which commonly contain nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. When the active insecticidal compounds of the present invention are used in combination with one or more of second compounds, e.g., with other materials such as fertilizers, the fertilizers include nitrogen fertilizers, such as ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, and bone meal; phosphate fertilizers, such as superphosphate, triple superphosphate, ammonium sulfate, and diammonium sulfate; and potassium fertilizers, such as muriate of potash, potassium sulfate, and potassium nitrate, and other fertilizers.

The present invention is now explained by reference to some examples which in no way restrict the scope of the present invention.

Preparation Examples:

EXAMPLE 1

300 mg (1.48 mmol) 2-[2-(2,3-dihydro-lH-inden)-amino]-4,5-dihydrooxazole are solved in 20 ml dichlormethane and 108 mg (1.48 mmol) methylisothiocyanate are added. Thereafter, 178 mg (1.38 mmol) N,N'-diisopropylethylamine solved in 1 ml dichlormethane are added and the reaction mixture is stirred for 15 hours by room temperature. The volatile parts of the reaction mixture are distilled off and the remaining residue is subjected to a chromatography using silica gel with dichlormethane.

Product 1-2: 350 mg (yield 85 %)

logP 1 = 2.36

1 H-NMR (DMSO-d6) = m 4.4 ppm.

EXAMPLE 2

300 mg (1.48 mmol) 2-[2-(2,3-dihydro-lH-inden)-amino]-4,5-dihydrooxazole are solved in 20 ml dichlormethane and 594 mg (4.6 mmol) N,N'-diisopropylethylamine are added and 308 mg (1.63 mmol) diethylchlorothiophosphate solved in 2 ml dichlormethane are added dropwise under stirring. The raction mixture is stirred for 18 hours by room temperature. The volatile parts of the reaction mixture are distilled off and the remaining residue is subjected to a chromatography using aluminiumoxide with cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 5/1.

Product 1-9: 40 mg (yield 7&)

logP' = 1.88.

1 H-NMR (DMSO-d6) = m 4.3 ppm.

EXAMPLE 3

300 mg (1.37 mmol) 2-[2-(2,3-dihydro-lH-inden)-amino]-4,5-dihydrothiazole are solved in 20 ml dichlormethane and 194 mg (1.37 mmol) 2,2,2-trifluorethylisothiocyanate are added. Thereafter, 165 mg (1.28 mmol) N,N'-diisopropylethylamine dissolved in 1 ml dichlormethane are added and the remaining reaction mixture is stirred for 18 hours by room temperature. The volatile parts of the reaction mixture are distilled off and the remaining residue is subjected to a chromatography using silica gel with cyclohexane/ethyl acetate 5/1.

Product 2-6: 120 mg (yield 24 %)

logP 1 = 4.8.

1 H-NMR (DMSO-d6) = m 4.0 ppm.

EXAMPLE 4

400 mg (1.22 mmol) 2-[2-(2,3-dihydro-lH-inden)-amino]-4,5-dihydroimidazole hydroiodide are dissolved in 20 ml dichlormethane and 157 mg (1.34 mmol) methoxyethylisothiocyanate are added. Thereafter, 393 mg (1.28 mmol) N,N'-diisopropylethylamine dissolved in 1 ml dichlormethane are added and the remaining reaction mixture is stirred for 15 hours by room temperaturet. The volatile parts of the reaction mixture are distilled off and the remaining residue is subjected to a chromatography using aluminiumoxide with dichlormethane.

Product 3-7: 60 mg (yield 16 %)

logP' = 1.46.

1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) = m 4.0 ppm

Table 1-1

* (S) enantiomere ** (R) enantiomere in position 2

# (S)enantiomer ## (R) enantiomer in position 1

Phys. Data = logP 1 or (A) IH-NMR (DMSO-d6)

Tabel 1-2

Tabel 1-3

) logP (HCOOH) determined according to EEC-Directive 79/831, Annex V.A8 using HPLC (gradient method, acetonitrile/0.1% HCOOH)

Biological examples: Example 1:

Myzus persicae-test (Spray application)

Solvent: 78 parts by weight acetone

1,5 parts by weight dimethylformamide

Wetting agent (emulsifϊer): 0,5 parts by weight alkylarylpolyglycolether

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent and emulsifϊer, and the concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.

Chinese cabbage (βrassica pekinensis) leaf-disks infected with all instars of the green peach aphid {Myzus persicae), are sprayed with a preparation of the active ingredient at the desired concentration.

After the specified period of time, mortality in % is determined. 100 % means that all aphids have been killed; o % means that none of the aphids have been killed.

In this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed activity of > 80 % at an application rate of 500 g/ha:

1-1, 1-2,1-4, 1-5, 1-6, 1-7, 1-9, 1-12, 1-13, 1-14, 1-15, 1-16, 1-17, 1-18, 1-19, 1-20, 1-21, 1-22, 1- 23, 1-25, 1-26, 1-27, 1-28, 1-30, 1-31, 1-32, 1-36, 1-37, 1-38, 1-39, 1-42, 1-45, 1-50, 1-56, 1-61, 1- 70, 1-88, 1-92, 1-97, 2-3, 4-1

Example 2:

Myzus-test (oral)

Solvent: 80 parts by weight acetone

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent and emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.

Hollow-ware are located with all instars of the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae). The treatement is carried out by suction of the preparation of active compound of the desired concentration.

After the specified period of time, mortality in % is determined. 100 % means that all aphids have been killed; o % means that none of the aphids have been killed.

In this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed activity of > 80 % at an application rate of 100 ppm:

4-1

In this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed activity of > 80 % at an application rate of 20 ppm:

1-1, 1-2, 1-6, 1-61, 1-8, 1-9, 1-2, 2-7

Example 3:

Tetranychus-test, OP-resistant (spray application) Solvent: 78 parts by weight acetone

1 ,5 parts by weight dimethylformamide Wetting agent

0,5 parts by weight alkylarylpolyglycolether

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent and emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containing water to the desired concentration.

French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) which are heavily infested with all stages of the two spotted spidermite (Tetranychus urticae), are sprayed with a preparation of the active ingredient at the desired concentration.

After the specified period of time, mortality in % is determined. 100 % means that all spider mites have been killed; o % means that none of the aphids have been killed.

In this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed activity of > 80 % at an application rate of 500 g/ha:

1-7

In this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed activity of > 80 % at an application rate of 100 g/ha:

1-1

Example 4:

Phaedon-test (spray application)

Solvent: 78 parts by weight acetone

1 ,5 parts by weight dimethylformamide

Wetting agent

0,5 parts by weight alkylarylpolyglycolether

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent and emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with emulsifϊer-containing water to the desired concentration.

Chinese cabage (Brassica pekinesis) leafs-disks are treated by being sprayed with the preparation of the active compound of the desired concentration nd are, after drying, infested with mustard beetle larvae (Phaedon cochlear iae).

After the specified period of time, mortality in % is determined. 100 % means that all spider mites have been killed; o % means that none of the aphids have been killed.

Ln this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed activity of > 80 % at an application rate of 500 g/ha:

1-50; 1-12; 1-13; 1-23

Example 5:

Boophilus microplus-test (injektion)

Solvent: dimethylsulfoxide

To produce a suitable preparation of active compound, 1 part by weight of active compound is mixed with the stated amount of solvent and emulsifier, and the concentrate is diluted with emulsifier-containin '6g water to the desired concentration.

The solution of the active compound is injected in the abdomen (Boophilus microplus); the animals are transferred into a cup and stayed in a rooming with an air condition.

After the specified period of time, the efficiany mortality in % is determined. 100 % means that no tick has lay fertile eggs. hi this test for example, the following compounds from the preparation examples showed efficiency of > 80 % at an application rate of 20 μg/animal:

1-12, 1-13, 1-14, 1-15, 1-20, 1-28, 1-5, 1-61, 1-7, 1-9