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Title:
INTER-RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT SCHEDULING DURING CONNECTED MODE DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION DURATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/015292
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A user equipment (UE) reduces call drop during a measurement procedures. In one instance the UE determines whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor radio access technology (RAT). The UE then performs inter RAT measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below the UE determined threshold. The UE sleeps when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

Inventors:
YANG MING (US)
CHIN TOM (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2016/042982
Publication Date:
January 26, 2017
Filing Date:
July 19, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
QUALCOMM INC (US)
International Classes:
H04W76/04; H04W24/10; H04W36/14
Foreign References:
EP2696630A12014-02-12
GB2500260A2013-09-18
US20140274046A12014-09-18
US20140119211A12014-05-01
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LENKIN, Alan M. et al. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

CLAIMS

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:

determining whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT;

performing inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C- DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a UE (user equipment) determined threshold; and

sleeping when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above a UE determined threshold.

2. The method of claim 1, further comprising delaying sending a scheduling request and continuing IRAT measurement during the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle when uplink (UL) application data arrives in a UE buffer during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is below the UE determined threshold.

3. The method of claim 1, further comprising aborting IRAT measurement, sending a scheduling request, entering a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data arrives during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

4. The method of claim 1, further comprising aborting IRAT measurement, sending a scheduling request, entering a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data has high priority for latency specifications during the C- DRX off period.

5. The method of claim 1, further comprising entering a power saving mode instead of performing IRAT measurement during a current status of a call setup when a serving network or the UE does not support IRAT handover during the current call setup status.

6. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:

means for determining whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C- DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT;

means for performing inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a UE (user equipment) determined threshold; and

means for causing the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above a UE determined threshold.

7. The apparatus of claim 6, further comprising means for delaying sending a scheduling request and means for continuing IRAT measurement during the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle when uplink (UL) application data arrives in a UE buffer during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is below the UE determined threshold.

8. The apparatus of claim 6, further comprising means for aborting IRAT measurement, means for sending a scheduling request, means for entering a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data arrives during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

9. The apparatus of claim 6, further comprising means for aborting IRAT measurement, means for sending a scheduling request, means for entering a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data has high priority for latency specifications during the C-DRX off period.

10. The apparatus of claim 6, further comprising means for entering a power saving mode instead of performing IRAT measurement during a current status of a call setup when a serving network or the UE does not support IRAT handover during the current call setup status.

11. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:

a memory;

a transceiver configured for communication; and

at least one processor coupled to the memory and configured:

to determine whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C- DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT; to perform inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a UE (user equipment) determined threshold; and

to cause the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above a UE determined threshold.

12. The apparatus of claim 11, in which the at least one processor is further configured to delay sending a scheduling request and continuing IRAT measurement during the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle when uplink (UL) application data arrives in a UE buffer during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is below the UE determined threshold.

13. The apparatus of claim 11, in which the at least one processor is further configured to abort IRAT measurement, to send a scheduling request, to enter a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data arrives during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

14. The apparatus of claim 11, in which the at least one processor is further configured to abort IRAT measurement, to send a scheduling request, to enter a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data has high priority for latency specifications during the C-DRX off period.

15. The apparatus of claim 11, in which the at least one processor is further configured to cause the UE to enter a power saving mode instead of performing IRAT measurement during a current status of a call setup when a serving network or the UE does not support IRAT handover during the current call setup status.

16. A non-transitory computer-readable medium having program code recorded thereon, the program code comprising:

program code to determine whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT;

program code to perform inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a UE (user equipment) determined threshold; and

program code to cause the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above a UE determined threshold.

17. The computer-readable medium of claim 16, further comprising program code to delay sending a scheduling request and continuing IRAT measurement during the C- DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle when uplink (UL) application data arrives in a UE buffer during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is below the UE determined threshold.

18. The computer-readable medium of claim 16, further comprising program code to abort IRAT measurement, to send a scheduling request, to enter a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data arrives during the C-DRX off period and the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

19. The computer-readable medium of claim 16, further comprising program code to abort IRAT measurement, to send a scheduling request, to enter a C-DRX on period and monitor a grant channel when uplink (UL) application data has high priority for latency specifications during the C-DRX off period.

20. The computer-readable medium of claim 16, further comprising program code to cause the UE to enter a power saving mode instead of performing IRAT measurement during a current status of a call setup when a serving network or the UE does not support IRAT handover during the current call setup status.

Description:
INTER-RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT SCHEDULING DURING CONNECTED MODE DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION DURATION

BACKGROUND

Field

[0001] Aspects of the present disclosure relate generally to wireless communication systems, and more particularly, to inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement scheduling during connected mode discontinuous reception.

Background

[0002] Wireless communication networks are widely deployed to provide various communication services, such as telephony, video, data, messaging, broadcasts, and so on. Such networks, which are usually multiple access networks, support

communications for multiple users by sharing the available network resources. One example of such a network is the universal terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN). The UTRAN is the radio access network (RAN) defined as a part of the universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS), a third generation (3G) mobile phone technology supported by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). The UMTS, which is the successor to global system for mobile communications (GSM)

technologies, currently supports various air interface standards, such as wideband-code division multiple access (W-CDMA), time division-code division multiple access (TD- CDMA), and time division-synchronous code division multiple access (TD-SCDMA). For example, China is pursuing TD-SCDMA as the underlying air interface in the UTRAN architecture with its existing GSM infrastructure as the core network. The UMTS also supports enhanced 3G data communications protocols, such as high speed packet access (HSPA), which provides higher data transfer speeds and capacity to associated UMTS networks. HSPA is a collection of two mobile telephony protocols, high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) and high speed uplink packet access (HSUPA) that extends and improves the performance of existing wideband protocols.

[0003] As the demand for mobile broadband access continues to increase, there exists a need for further improvements in wireless technology. Preferably, these improvements should be applicable to LTE and other multi-access technologies and the

telecommunication standards that employ these technologies. SUMMARY

[0004] According to one aspect of the present disclosure, a method of wireless communication includes determining whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT. The method also includes performing inter-radio access technology (IRAT)

measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a user equipment (UE) determined threshold. The method also includes sleeping when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

[0005] According to another aspect of the present disclosure, an apparatus for wireless communication includes means for determining whether a connected mode

discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT. The apparatus may also include means for performing inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a user equipment (UE) determined threshold. The apparatus may also include means for causing the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

[0006] Another aspect discloses an apparatus for wireless communication and includes a memory, a transceiver configured for communication and at least one processor coupled to the memory. The processor(s) is configured to determine whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT. The processor(s) is also configured to perform inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a user equipment (UE) determined threshold. The processor(s) is also configured to cause the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold. [0007] Yet another aspect discloses a computer program product for wireless communications in a wireless network having a non-transitory computer-readable medium. The computer-readable medium has non-transitory program code recorded thereon which, when executed by the processor(s), causes the processor(s) to determine whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor RAT. The program code also causes the processor(s) to perform inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C- DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a user equipment (UE) determined threshold. The program code further causes the processor(s) to cause the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

[0008] This has outlined, rather broadly, the features and technical advantages of the present disclosure in order that the detailed description that follows may be better understood. Additional features and advantages of the disclosure will be described below. It should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that this disclosure may be readily utilized as a basis for modifying or designing other structures for carrying out the same purposes of the present disclosure. It should also be realized by those skilled in the art that such equivalent constructions do not depart from the teachings of the disclosure as set forth in the appended claims. The novel features, which are believed to be characteristic of the disclosure, both as to its organization and method of operation, together with further objects and advantages, will be better understood from the following description when considered in connection with the accompanying figures. It is to be expressly understood, however, that each of the figures is provided for the purpose of illustration and description only and is not intended as a definition of the limits of the present disclosure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0009] The features, nature, and advantages of the present disclosure will become more apparent from the detailed description set forth below when taken in conjunction with the drawings in which like reference characters identify correspondingly throughout.

[0010] FIGURE 1 is a diagram illustrating an example of a network architecture. [0011] FIGURE 2 is a diagram illustrating an example of a downlink frame structure in long term evolution (LTE).

[0012] FIGURE 3 is a diagram illustrating an example of an uplink frame structure in long term evolution (LTE).

[0013] FIGURE 4 is a block diagram conceptually illustrating an example of a telecommunications system employing a time division synchronous code division multiple access (TD-SCDMA) standard.

[0014] FIGURE 5 is a block diagram conceptually illustrating an example of a frame structure for a time division synchronous code division multiple access carrier.

[0015] FIGURE 6 is a block diagram illustrating an example of a global system for mobile communications (GSM) frame structure.

[0016] FIGURE 7 is a block diagram conceptually illustrating an example of a base station in communication with a user equipment (UE) in a telecommunications system.

[0017] FIGURE 8 is a block diagram illustrating the timing of channel carriers according to aspects of the present disclosure.

[0018] FIGURE 9 is a diagram illustrating network coverage areas according to aspects of the present disclosure.

[0019] FIGURE 10 is an illustration of an exemplary discontinuous reception cycle.

[0020] FIGURE 11 illustrates an exemplary discontinuous reception communication cycle juxtaposed against a timeline illustrating an example of synchronization channel periodicity.

[0021] FIGURE 12 is a flow diagram illustrating a method for wireless communication according to one aspect of the present disclosure.

[0022] FIGURE 13 is a diagram illustrating an example of a hardware implementation for an apparatus employing a processing system according to one aspect of the present disclosure. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0023] The detailed description set forth below, in connection with the appended drawings, is intended as a description of various configurations and is not intended to represent the only configurations in which the concepts described herein may be practiced. The detailed description includes specific details for the purpose of providing a thorough understanding of the various concepts. However, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that these concepts may be practiced without these specific details. In some instances, well-known structures and components are shown in block diagram form in order to avoid obscuring such concepts.

[0024] FIGURE 1 is a diagram illustrating a network architecture 100 of a long term evolution (LTE) network. The LTE network architecture 100 may be referred to as an evolved packet system (EPS) 100. The EPS 100 may include one or more user equipment (UE) 102, an evolved UMTS terrestrial radio access network (E-UTRAN) 104, an evolved packet core (EPC) 110, a home subscriber server (HSS) 120, and an operator's IP services 122. The EPS can interconnect with other access networks, but for simplicity those entities/interfaces are not shown. As shown, the EPS 100 provides packet-switched services, however, as those skilled in the art will readily appreciate, the various concepts presented throughout this disclosure may be extended to networks providing circuit-switched services.

[0025] The E-UTRAN 104 includes an evolved NodeB (eNodeB) 106 and other eNodeBs 108. The eNodeB 106 provides user and control plane protocol terminations toward the UE 102. The eNodeB 106 may be connected to the other eNodeBs 108 via a backhaul (e.g., an X2 interface). The eNodeB 106 may also be referred to as a base station, a base transceiver station, a radio base station, a radio transceiver, a transceiver function, a basic service set (BSS), an extended service set (ESS), or some other suitable terminology. The eNodeB 106 provides an access point to the EPC 110 for a UE 102. Examples of UEs 102 include a cellular phone, a smart phone, a session initiation protocol (SIP) phone, a laptop, a notebook, a netbook, a smartbook, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a satellite radio, a global positioning system, a multimedia device, a video device, a digital audio player (e.g., MP3 player), a camera, a game console, or any other similar functioning device. The UE 102 may also be referred to by those skilled in the art as a mobile station or apparatus, a subscriber station, a mobile unit, a subscriber unit, a wireless unit, a remote unit, a mobile device, a wireless device, a wireless communications device, a remote device, a mobile subscriber station, an access terminal, a mobile terminal, a wireless terminal, a remote terminal, a handset, a user agent, a mobile client, a client, or some other suitable terminology.

[0026] The eNodeB 106 is connected to the EPC 110 via, e.g., an SI interface. The EPC 110 includes a mobility management entity (MME) 112, other MMEs 114, a serving gateway 116, and a packet data network (PDN) gateway 118. The MME 112 is the control node that processes the signaling between the UE 102 and the EPC 110. Generally, the MME 112 provides bearer and connection management. All user IP packets are transferred through the serving gateway 116, which itself is connected to the PDN gateway 118. The PDN gateway 118 provides UE IP address allocation as well as other functions. The PDN gateway 118 is connected to the operator's IP services 122. The operator's IP services 122 may include the Internet, the Intranet, an IP multimedia subsystem (IMS), and a PS streaming service (PSS).

[0027] FIGURE 2 is a diagram 200 illustrating an example of a downlink frame structure in LTE. A frame (10 ms) may be divided into 10 equally sized subframes. Each subframe may include two consecutive time slots. A resource grid may be used to represent two time slots, each time slot including a resource block. The resource grid is divided into multiple resource elements. In LTE, a resource block contains 12 consecutive subcarriers in the frequency domain and, for a normal cyclic prefix in each OFDM symbol, 7 consecutive OFDM symbols in the time domain, or 84 resource elements. For an extended cyclic prefix, a resource block contains 6 consecutive OFDM symbols in the time domain and has 72 resource elements. Some of the resource elements, as indicated as R 202, 204, include downlink reference signals (DL-RS). The DL-RS include Cell-specific RS (CRS) (also sometimes called common RS) 202 and UE-specific RS (UE-RS) 204. UE-RS 204 are transmitted only on the resource blocks upon which the corresponding physical downlink shared channel (PDSCH) is mapped. The number of bits carried by each resource element depends on the modulation scheme. Thus, the more resource blocks that a UE receives and the higher the modulation scheme, the higher the data rate for the UE.

[0028] FIGURE 3 is a diagram 300 illustrating an example of an uplink frame structure in LTE. The available resource blocks for the uplink may be partitioned into a data section and a control section. The control section may be formed at the two edges of the system bandwidth and may have a configurable size. The resource blocks in the control section may be assigned to UEs for transmission of control information. The data section may include all resource blocks not included in the control section. The uplink frame structure results in the data section including contiguous subcarriers, which may allow a single UE to be assigned all of the contiguous subcarriers in the data section.

[0029] A UE may be assigned resource blocks 310a, 310b in the control section to transmit control information to an eNodeB. The UE may also be assigned resource blocks 320a, 320b in the data section to transmit data to the eNodeB. The UE may transmit control information in a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) on the assigned resource blocks in the control section. The UE may transmit only data or both data and control information in a physical uplink shared channel (PUSCH) on the assigned resource blocks in the data section. An uplink transmission may span both slots of a subframe and may hop across frequency.

[0030] A set of resource blocks may be used to perform initial system access and achieve uplink synchronization in a physical random access channel (PRACH) 330. The PRACH 330 carries a random sequence and cannot carry any uplink data/signaling. Each random access preamble occupies a bandwidth corresponding to six consecutive resource blocks. The starting frequency is specified by the network. For example, the transmission of the random access preamble is restricted to certain time and frequency resources. There is no frequency hopping for the PRACH. The PRACH attempt is carried in a single subframe (1 ms) or in a sequence of few contiguous subframes and a UE can make only a single PRACH attempt per frame (10 ms).

[0031] Turning now to FIGURE 4, a block diagram is shown illustrating an example of a telecommunications system 400. The various concepts presented throughout this disclosure may be implemented across a broad variety of telecommunication systems, network architectures, and communication standards. By way of example and without limitation, the aspects of the present disclosure illustrated in FIGURE 4 are presented with reference to a UMTS system employing a TD-SCDMA standard. In this example, the UMTS system includes a radio access network (RAN) 402 (e.g., UTRAN) that provides various wireless services including telephony, video, data, messaging, broadcasts, and/or other services. The RAN 402 may be divided into a number of radio network subsystems (RNSs) such as an RNS 407, each controlled by a radio network controller (RNC), such as an RNC 406. For clarity, only the RNC 406 and the RNS 407 are shown; however, the RAN 402 may include any number of RNCs and RNSs in addition to the RNC 406 and RNS 407. The RNC 406 is an apparatus responsible for, among other things, assigning, reconfiguring and releasing radio resources within the RNS 407. The RNC 406 may be interconnected to other RNCs (not shown) in the RAN 402 through various types of interfaces such as a direct physical connection, a virtual network, or the like, using any suitable transport network.

[0032] The geographic region covered by the RNS 407 may be divided into a number of cells, with a radio transceiver apparatus serving each cell. A radio transceiver apparatus is commonly referred to as a nodeB in UMTS applications, but may also be referred to by those skilled in the art as a base station (BS), a base transceiver station (BTS), a radio base station, a radio transceiver, a transceiver function, a basic service set (BSS), an extended service set (ESS), an access point (AP), or some other suitable terminology. For clarity, two nodeBs 408 are shown; however, the RNS 407 may include any number of wireless nodeBs. The nodeBs 408 provide wireless access points to a core network 404 for any number of mobile apparatuses. For illustrative purposes, three UEs 410 are shown in communication with the nodeBs 408. The downlink (DL), also called the forward link, refers to the communication link from a nodeB to a UE, and the uplink (UL), also called the reverse link, refers to the communication link from a UE to a nodeB.

[0033] The core network 404, as shown, includes a GSM core network. However, as those skilled in the art will recognize, the various concepts presented throughout this disclosure may be implemented in a RAN, or other suitable access network, to provide UEs with access to types of core networks other than GSM networks.

[0034] In this example, the core network 404 supports circuit-switched services with a mobile switching center (MSC) 412 and a gateway MSC (GMSC) 414. One or more RNCs, such as the RNC 406, may be connected to the MSC 412. The MSC 412 is an apparatus that controls call setup, call routing, and UE mobility functions. The MSC 412 also includes a visitor location register (VLR) (not shown) that contains subscriber- related information for the duration that a UE is in the coverage area of the MSC 412. The GMSC 414 provides a gateway through the MSC 412 for the UE to access a circuit- switched network 416. The GMSC 414 includes a home location register (HLR) (not shown) containing subscriber data, such as the data reflecting the details of the services to which a particular user has subscribed. The HLR is also associated with an authentication center (AuC) that contains subscriber-specific authentication data. When a call is received for a particular UE, the GMSC 414 queries the HLR to determine the UE's location and forwards the call to the particular MSC serving that location.

[0035] The core network 404 also supports packet-data services with a serving GPRS support node (SGSN) 418 and a gateway GPRS support node (GGSN) 420. General packet radio service (GPRS) is designed to provide packet-data services at speeds higher than those available with standard GSM circuit-switched data services. The GGSN 420 provides a connection for the RAN 402 to a packet-based network 422. The packet-based network 422 may be the Internet, a private data network, or some other suitable packet-based network. The primary function of the GGSN 420 is to provide the UEs 410 with packet-based network connectivity. Data packets are transferred between the GGSN 420 and the UEs 410 through the SGSN 418, which performs primarily the same functions in the packet-based domain as the MSC 412 performs in the circuit- switched domain.

[0036] The UMTS air interface is a spread spectrum direct-sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) system. The spread spectrum DS-CDMA spreads user data over a much wider bandwidth through multiplication by a sequence of

pseudorandom bits called chips. The TD-SCDMA standard is based on such direct sequence spread spectrum technology and additionally calls for a time division duplexing (TDD), rather than a frequency division duplexing (FDD) as used in many FDD mode UMTS/W -CDMA systems. TDD uses the same carrier frequency for both the uplink (UL) and downlink (DL) between a nodeB 408 and a UE 410, but divides uplink and downlink transmissions into different time slots in the carrier.

[0037] FIGURE 5 shows a frame structure 500 for a TD-SCDMA carrier. The TD- SCDMA carrier, as illustrated, has a frame 502 that is 10 ms in length. The chip rate in TD-SCDMA is 1.28 Mcps. The frame 502 has two 5 ms subframes 504, and each of the subframes 504 includes seven time slots, TS0 through TS6. The first time slot, TS0, is usually allocated for downlink communication, while the second time slot, TS1, is usually allocated for uplink communication. The remaining time slots, TS2 through TS6, may be used for either uplink or downlink, which allows for greater flexibility during times of higher data transmission times in either the uplink or downlink directions. A downlink pilot time slot (DwPTS) 506, a guard period (GP) 508, and an uplink pilot time slot (UpPTS) 510 (also known as the uplink pilot channel (UpPCH)) are located between TS0 and TS1. Each time slot, TS0-TS6, may allow data transmission multiplexed on a maximum of 16 code channels. Data transmission on a code channel includes two data portions 512 (each with a length of 352 chips) separated by a midamble 514 (with a length of 144 chips) and followed by a guard period (GP) 516 (with a length of 16 chips). The midamble 514 may be used for features, such as channel estimation, while the guard period 516 may be used to avoid inter-burst interference. Also transmitted in the data portion is some Layer 1 control information, including synchronization shift (SS) bits 518. Synchronization shift bits 518 only appear in the second part of the data portion. The synchronization shift bits 518 immediately following the midamble can indicate three cases: decrease shift, increase shift, or do nothing in the upload transmit timing. The positions of the synchronization shift bits 518 are not generally used during uplink communications.

[0038] FIGURE 6 is a block diagram illustrating an example of a GSM frame structure 600. The GSM frame structure 600 includes fifty-one frame cycles for a total duration of 235 ms. Each frame of the GSM frame structure 600 may have a frame length of 4.615 ms and may include eight burst periods, BP0 - BP7.

[0039] FIGURE 7 is a block diagram of a base station (e.g., eNodeB or nodeB) 710 in communication with a UE 750 in an access network. In the downlink, upper layer packets from the core network are provided to a controller/processor 775. The controller/processor 775 implements the functionality of the L2 layer. In the downlink, the controller/processor 775 provides header compression, ciphering, packet

segmentation and reordering, multiplexing between logical and transport channels, and radio resource allocations to the UE 750 based on various priority metrics. The controller/processor 775 is also responsible for HARQ operations, retransmission of lost packets, and signaling to the UE 750.

[0040] The TX processor 716 implements various signal processing functions for the LI layer (e.g., physical layer). The signal processing functions includes coding and interleaving to facilitate forward error correction (FEC) at the UE 750 and mapping to signal constellations based on various modulation schemes (e.g., binary phase-shift keying (BPSK), quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK), M-phase-shift keying (M-PSK), M-quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM)). The coded and modulated symbols are then split into parallel streams. Each stream is then mapped to an OFDM subcarrier, multiplexed with a reference signal (e.g., pilot) in the time and/or frequency domain, and then combined together using an Inverse Fast Fourier Transform (IFFT) to produce a physical channel carrying a time domain OFDM symbol stream. The OFDM stream is spatially precoded to produce multiple spatial streams. Channel estimates from a channel estimator 774 may be used to determine the coding and modulation scheme, as well as for spatial processing. The channel estimate may be derived from a reference signal and/or channel condition feedback transmitted by the UE 750. Each spatial stream is then provided to a different antenna 720 via a separate transmitter (TX) 718. Each transmitter (TX) 718 modulates a radio frequency (RF) carrier with a respective spatial stream for transmission.

[0041] At the UE 750, each receiver (RX) 754 receives a signal through its respective antenna 752. Each receiver (RX) 754 recovers information modulated onto an RF carrier and provides the information to the receiver (RX) processor 756. The RX processor 756 implements various signal processing functions of the LI layer. The RX processor 756 performs spatial processing on the information to recover any spatial streams destined for the UE 750. If multiple spatial streams are destined for the UE 750, they may be combined by the RX processor 756 into a single OFDM symbol stream. The RX processor 756 then converts the OFDM symbol stream from the time- domain to the frequency domain using a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). The frequency domain signal comprises a separate OFDM symbol stream for each subcarrier of the OFDM signal. The symbols on each subcarrier, and the reference signal, is recovered and demodulated by determining the most likely signal constellation points transmitted by the base station 710. These soft decisions may be based on channel estimates computed by the channel estimator 758. The soft decisions are then decoded and deinterleaved to recover the data and control signals that were originally transmitted by the base station 710 on the physical channel. The data and control signals are then provided to the controller/processor 759. [0042] The controller/processor 759 implements the L2 layer. The controller/processor can be associated with a memory 760 that stores program codes and data. The memory 760 may be referred to as a computer-readable medium. In the uplink, the

controller/processor 759 provides demultiplexing between transport and logical channels, packet reassembly, deciphering, header decompression, control signal processing to recover upper layer packets from the core network. The upper layer packets are then provided to a data sink 762, which represents all the protocol layers above the L2 layer. Various control signals may also be provided to the data sink 762 for L3 processing. The controller/processor 759 is also responsible for error detection using an acknowledgement (ACK) and/or negative acknowledgement (NACK) protocol to support HARQ operations.

[0043] In the uplink, a data source 767 is used to provide upper layer packets to the controller/processor 759. The data source 767 represents all protocol layers above the L2 layer. Similar to the functionality described in connection with the downlink transmission by the base station 710, the controller/processor 759 implements the L2 layer for the user plane and the control plane by providing header compression, ciphering, packet segmentation and reordering, and multiplexing between logical and transport channels based on radio resource allocations by the base station 710. The controller/processor 759 is also responsible for HARQ operations, retransmission of lost packets, and signaling to the base station 710.

[0044] Channel estimates derived by a channel estimator 758 from a reference signal or feedback transmitted by the base station 710 may be used by the TX processor 768 to select the appropriate coding and modulation schemes, and to facilitate spatial processing. The spatial streams generated by the TX processor 768 are provided to different antenna 752 via separate transmitters (TX) 754. Each transmitter (TX) 754 modulates an RF carrier with a respective spatial stream for transmission.

[0045] The uplink transmission is processed at the base station 710 in a manner similar to that described in connection with the receiver function at the UE 750. Each receiver (RX) 718 receives a signal through its respective antenna 720. Each receiver (RX) 718 recovers information modulated onto an RF carrier and provides the information to a RX processor 770. The RX processor 770 may implement the LI layer. [0046] The controller/processor 775 implements the L2 layer. The controller/processor 775 and 759 can be associated with memories 776 and 760, respectively that store program codes and data. For example, the controller/processors 775 and 759 may provide various functions including timing, peripheral interfaces, voltage regulation, power management, and other control functions. The memories 776 and 760 may be referred to as a computer-readable media. For example, the memory 760 of the UE 750 may store a measurement control module 791 which, when executed by the

controller/processor 759, configures the UE 750 to perform IRAT measurement scheduling according to aspects of the present disclosure.

[0047] In the uplink, the controller/processor 775 provides demultiplexing between transport and logical channels, packet reassembly, deciphering, header decompression, control signal processing to recover upper layer packets from the UE 750. Upper layer packets from the controller/processor 775 may be provided to the core network. The controller/processor 775 is also responsible for error detection using an ACK and/or NACK protocol to support HARQ operations.

[0048] FIGURE 8 is a block diagram 800 illustrating the timing of channels according to aspects of the present disclosure. The block diagram 800 shows a broadcast control channel (BCCH) 802, a common control channel (CCCH) 804, a frequency correction channel (FCCH) 806, a synchronization channel (SCH) 808 and an idle time slot 810. The numbers at the bottom of the block diagram 800 indicate various moments in time. In one configuration, the numbers at the bottom of the block diagram 800 are in seconds. Each block of a FCCH 806 may include eight time slots, with only the first timeslot (or TS0) used for FCCH tone detection.

[0049] The timing of the channels shown in the block diagram 800 may be determined in a BSIC identification procedure. The BSIC identification procedure may include detection of the FCCH carrier 806, based on a fixed bit sequence that is carried on the FCCH 806. FCCH tone detection is performed to find the relative timing between multiple RATs. The FCCH tone detection may be based on the SCH 808 being either a first number of frames or a second number of frames later in time than the FCCH 806. The first number of frames may be equal to 1 l+n- 10 frames and the second number of frames may be equal to 12+η· 10 frames. The dot operator represents multiplication and n can be any positive number. These equations are used to schedule idle time slots to decode the SCH. The first number of frames and the second number of frames may be used to schedule idle time slots in order to decode the SCH 808, in case the SCH 808 falls into a measurement gap or an idle time slot 810.

[0050] For FCCH tone detection in an inter-RAT measurement, the FCCH may fully or partially fall within the idle time slots of the first RAT (not shown). The UE attempts to detect FCCH tones (for example, such as the FCCH 806) on the BCCH carrier of the n strongest BCCH carriers of the cells in the second RAT. The strongest cells in the second RAT may be indicated by a measurement control message. In one

configuration, n is eight and the n BCCH carriers are ranked in order of the signal strength. For example, a BCCH carrier may be ranked higher than other BCCH carriers when the signal strength of the BCCH carrier is stronger than the signal strength of the other BCCH carriers. The top ranked BCCH carrier may be prioritized for FCCH tone detection.

[0051] Each BCCH carrier may be associated with a neighbor cell in the second RAT. In some instances, the UE receives a neighbor cell list including n ranked neighbor cells from a base station of the first RAT, for example, in a measurement control message. The neighbor cells in the neighbor cell list may be ranked according to signal strength. In some configurations, the n ranked neighbor cells may correspond to the n strongest BCCH carriers, such that system acquisition of the neighbor cells includes FCCH tone detection of these BCCH carriers.

[0052] Some networks may be deployed with multiple radio access technologies.

FIGURE 9 illustrates a network utilizing multiple types of radio access technologies (RATs), such as but not limited to GSM (second generation (2G)), TD-SCDMA (third generation (3G)), LTE (fourth generation (4G)) and fifth generation (5G). Multiple RATs may be deployed in a network to increase capacity. Typically, 2G and 3G are configured with lower priority than 4G. Additionally, multiple frequencies within LTE (4G) may have equal or different priority configurations. Reselection rules are dependent upon defined RAT priorities. Different RATs are not configured with equal priority.

[0053] In one example, the geographical area 900 includes RAT-1 cells 902 and RAT -2 cells 904. In one example, the RAT-1 cells are 2G or 3G cells and the RAT -2 cells are LTE cells. However, those skilled in the art will appreciate that other types of radio access technologies may be utilized within the cells. A user equipment (UE) 906 may move from one cell, such as a RAT-1 cell 902, to another cell, such as a RAT -2 cell 904. The movement of the UE 906 may specify a handover or a cell reselection.

[0054] The handover or cell reselection may be performed when the UE moves from a coverage area of a first RAT to the coverage area of a second RAT, or vice versa. A handover or cell reselection may also be performed when there is a coverage hole or lack of coverage in one network or when there is traffic balancing between a first RAT and the second RAT networks. As part of that handover or cell reselection process, while in a connected mode with a first system (e.g., TD-SCDMA) a UE may be specified to perform a measurement of a neighboring cell (such as GSM cell). For example, the UE may measure the neighbor cells of a second network for signal strength, frequency channel, and base station identity code (BSIC). The UE may then connect to the strongest cell of the second network. Such measurement may be referred to as inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement.

[0055] The UE may send a serving cell a measurement report indicating results of the IRAT measurement performed by the UE. The serving cell may then trigger a handover of the UE to a new cell in the other RAT based on the measurement report. The measurement may include a serving cell signal strength, such as a received signal code power (RSCP) for a pilot channel (e.g., primary common control physical channel (PCCPCH)). The signal strength is compared to a serving system threshold. The serving system threshold can be indicated to the UE through dedicated radio resource control (RRC) signaling from the network. The measurement may also include a neighbor cell received signal strength indicator (RSSI). The neighbor cell signal strength can be compared with a neighbor system threshold. Before handover or cell reselection, in addition to the measurement processes, the base station IDs (e.g., BSICs) are confirmed and re-confirmed.

[0056] Ongoing communication on the UE may be handed over from the first RAT to a second RAT based on measurements performed on the second RAT. For example, the UE may tune away to the second RAT to perform the measurements. [0057] A UE may perform an LTE serving cell measurement. When the LTE serving cell signal strength or quality is below a threshold (meaning the LTE signal may not be sufficient for an ongoing call), the UE may report an event 2A (change of the best frequency). In response to the measurement report, the LTE network may send radio resource control (RRC) reconfiguration messages indicating 2G/3G neighbor frequencies. The RRC reconfiguration message also indicates event Bl (neighbor cell becomes better than an absolute threshold) and/or B2 (a serving RAT becomes worse than a threshold and the inter-RAT neighbor become better than another threshold). The LTE network may also allocate LTE measurement gaps. For example, the measurement gap for LTE is a 6 ms gap that occurs every 40 or 80 ms. The UE uses the measurement gap to perform 2G/3G measurements and LTE inter frequency

measurements.

[0058] The measurement gap may be used for multiple IRAT measurements and inter frequency measurements. The inter frequency measurements may include

measurements of frequencies of a same RAT (e.g., serving LTE). The IRAT measurements may include measurements of frequencies of a different RAT (e.g., neighbor or non-serving RAT such as TD-SCDMA or GSM). In some

implementations, the LTE inter frequency measurements and TD-SCDMA IRAT measurements have a higher measurement scheduling priority than GSM. Power saving mechanisms are implemented to save battery power during the measurements.

[0059] Power savings is especially important to ensure improved battery life for user equipments such as packet-switched devices (e.g., VoLTE devices) where voice calls (voice over internet protocol (VoIP) calls) can be frequent and long. During the voice over internet protocol calls, voice packet arrivals may exhibit traffic characteristics that are discontinuous. A discontinuous reception (DRX) mechanism may be implemented to reduce power consumption based on the discontinuous traffic characteristics of the voice packet arrivals.

[0060] An exemplary discontinuous reception communication cycle 1000 is illustrated in FIGURE 10. The discontinuous reception cycle may correspond to a communication cycle where a user equipment (UE) 1002 is in a connected state/mode (e.g., connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) cycle). In the C-DRX cycle, the UE 1002 may have an ongoing communication (e.g., voice call). For example, the ongoing communication may be discontinuous because of the inherent discontinuity in voice communications. The discontinuous communication cycle may also apply to other calls (e.g., multimedia calls).

[0061] The C-DRX cycle includes a time period/duration allocated for the UE 1002 to sleep (e.g., sleep mode or C-DRX off period or duration). In the C-DRX off duration, the UE 1002 may power down some of its components (e.g., receiver or receive chain is shut down). For example, when the UE 1002 is in the connected state (e.g., RRC connected state) and communicating according to the C-DRX cycle, power consumption may be reduced by shutting down a receiver of the UE 1002 for short periods. The C- DRX cycle also includes time periods when the UE 1002 is awake (e.g., a non-sleep mode). The non-sleep mode may occur during a C-DRX on duration and/or a C-DRX inactive period. The C-DRX on duration corresponds to periods of communication (e.g., when the user is talking). The C-DRX inactive period, however, occurs during a pause in the communication (e.g., pauses in the conversation) that occurs prior to the C- DRX off duration.

[0062] The UE 1002 enters the sleep mode to conserve energy when the pause in the communication extends beyond a duration of an inactivity timer. The duration of the C- DRX inactive period is defined by the inactivity timer. For example, the UE 1002 enters the sleep mode when the inactivity timer initiated at a start of the pause, expires. In some implementations, a duration of the inactivity timer and corresponding C-DRX inactive period, the C-DRX on duration and the C-DRX off duration may be defined by a network. For example, the total DRX cycle may be 40 ms (e.g., one subframe corresponds to 1 ms). The C-DRX on duration may have a duration of 4 subframes, the C-DRX inactive period may have a duration of 10 subframes and the C-DRX off duration may have a duration of 26 subframes.

[0063] During the time period allocated for the non-sleep mode, such as the C-DRX inactive period, the UE 1002 monitors for downlink information such as a grant. For example, the downlink information may include a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) of each subframe. The PDCCH may carry information to allocate resources for UEs 1002 and control information for downlink channels. During the sleep mode, however, the UE 1002 skips monitoring the PDCCH to save battery power. To achieve the power savings, the serving base station (e.g., eNodeB) 1004, which is aware of the sleep and non-sleep modes of the communication cycle, skips scheduling downlink transmissions during the sleep mode. Thus, the UE 1002 does not receive downlink information during the sleep mode and can therefore skip monitoring for downlink information to save battery power.

[0064] As noted, the UE 1002 transitions into a sleep mode from the non-sleep mode based on the inactivity timer. The UE 1002 transitions to the sleep mode when the UE 1002 does not receive communication data before the inactivity timer expires. For example, when the UE 1002 is in the connected state and a time between the arrival of voice packets is longer than the inactivity timer (e.g., inactivity timer expires between voice activity) the UE 1002 transitions into the sleep mode. A start of the inactivity timer may coincide with a start of the C-DRX inactive period of an ongoing

communication. The end of the inactivity timer may also coincide with a start of the time period allocated for the sleep mode or an end to the time period allocated for the non-sleep mode provided there is no intervening reception of communication data prior to the expiration of the inactivity timer. When there is an intervening reception of communication data, the inactivity timer resets.

[0065] As noted, the UE 1002 transitions into the C-DRX off duration upon expiration of the inactivity timer. In some implementations, rather than sleep during the time period allocated for sleeping (e.g., the time period corresponding to the C-DRX off duration), the UE 1002 stays awake to perform communication activities. For example, during the time period allocated for sleeping, the UE 1002 performs activities such as signal quality (e.g., RSSI) measurements and/or BSIC procedures (e.g., timing

(FCCH/SCH) detection/decoding) instead of falling asleep. The UE 1002 first performs measurements by scanning frequencies (e.g., power scan) for a list of neighbor frequencies (e.g., GSM frequencies). The neighbor frequencies may be indicated in a radio resource control (RRC) reconfiguration message, such as LTE RRC

reconfiguration message. The UE 1002 then performs the BSIC procedures (e.g., timing detection such as FCCH tone detection and/or SCH decoding) based on a ranked order of the frequencies. For example, the frequencies may be ranked according to their measured signal quality. The measurements and the BSIC procedures may be performed until the C-DRX off duration ends. [0066] In some implementations, however, IRAT measurement, BSIC procedures and/or measurement reporting may be suspended during this period, which may result in call drop when the serving cell (e.g., LTE cell) signal quality quickly degrades. For example, when communication data (e.g., application data) arrives in the UE buffer, the UE 1002 sends a scheduling request and monitors for a grant channel to transmit the data in the buffer. The application data may originate from an application running on the UE. Additionally or alternatively, the measurement report (for reporting results of the IRAT measurement and/or BSIC procedure) may be expedited because of the arrival of the data in the buffer. For example, in response to receiving the application data, the UE 1002 sends a measurement report using a received grant instead of continuing with the IRAT measurement. Thus, the IRAT measurement and/or the BSIC procedure may be incomplete. This reporting of the IRAT measurement in response to receiving the application data causes the UE to suspend the IRAT measurement, which may result in call drop when the serving cell (e.g., LTE cell) signal quality quickly degrades.

INTER-RADIO ACCESS TECHNOLOGY MEASUREMENT SCHEDULING

DURING CONNECTED MODE DISCONTINUOUS RECEPTION DURATION

[0067] Aspects of the present disclosure are directed to reducing call drop during a measurement procedure (e.g., inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurements and/or BSIC procedures). BSIC procedures include frequency correction channel (FCCH) detection and/or synchronization channel (SCH) decoding. In one aspect, a user equipment (UE) determines whether to perform the measurement procedure (e.g., IRAT measurement) during a time period allocated for the UE to sleep (connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off duration) in a C-DRX cycle. The determination may be based on whether a signal quality of a serving cell is below a threshold (e.g., defined by the UE) and whether the time duration for the C-DRX off duration is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period (e.g., 46 ms) of a neighbor RAT. For example, the UE may perform the measurement procedure when it is determined that the synchronization channel repetition period is shorter than the time duration for the sleep mode and/or when the serving cell (e.g., LTE cell) signal quality is below the threshold. The synchronization channel repetition period may be determined by specification. For example, when the synchronization channel repetition period is shorter than the C-DRX off duration, the synchronization channel will fall into the C- DRX off duration. In this case, the synchronization channel will arrive during the time duration allocated for the sleep mode.

[0068] If it is determined, however, that the synchronization channel repetition period is longer than the C-DRX off duration, (e.g., in this case the synchronization channel may or may not arrive during the C-DRX off duration) and/or the serving cell (e.g., LTE cell) signal quality is above the threshold the UE does not perform the measurement procedure during the C-DRX off duration. Instead, the UE enters a power saving mode (e.g., sleeping) during the C-DRX off duration. In this state, one or more components of the UE are powered down to save battery.

[0069] In another aspect, the UE determines whether to delay sending a scheduling request and continues the measurement procedure during the C-DRX off duration when uplink application data arrives in a UE buffer during the C-DRX off duration and the signal quality of the serving cell is below the threshold. The determination may be made dynamically for every C-DRX cycle. For example, the UE delays sending the scheduling request and continues the measurement procedure when the uplink application data arrives in the UE buffer during the C-DRX off duration and the signal quality of the serving cell is below the threshold. An alternate aspect may include the UE aborting IRAT measurement, waking up and sending the scheduling request, and monitoring for a grant channel during the C-DRX off duration. In this alternative case, the aborting, sending and monitoring are performed when the uplink application data is received during the C-DRX off duration and the serving cell signal quality is above the threshold. In some aspects, the aborting, sending and monitoring may also be performed when the synchronization channel will not arrive during the C-DRX off duration. Furthermore, the aborting, sending and monitoring are performed during the C-DRX off duration when the uplink (UL) application data has high priority for latency specifications.

[0070] In yet another aspect of the disclosure, the UE enters a power saving mode instead of performing IRAT measurement during a current status of a call setup and when a network (serving network or neighbor cell) or the UE does not support IRAT handover during the current status of the call setup. For example, the UE enters a power saving mode (e.g., sleeping) when a call status is pre-alerting or alerting (e.g., of VoLTE) and the network or the UE does not support IRAT handover during these states. The UE enters the power saving mode during the C-DRX off duration instead of performing the measurement procedure.

[0071] FIGURE 11 illustrates an exemplary discontinuous reception communication cycle 1100 juxtaposed against a timeline 1106 illustrating an example of

synchronization channel periodicity. The discontinuous reception communication cycle 1100 is similar to the discontinuous reception communication cycle 1000 illustrated in FIGURE 10. FIGURE 11 illustrates communication between a UE 1102 and a base station 1104 and corresponding time periods allocated for the UE to sleep (C-DRX off duration) and the time period allocated for the non-sleep mode (e.g., C-DRX on period and/or a C-DRX inactive period) of the communication. The timeline 1106 corresponds to periodic occurrences of a synchronization channel of a neighbor RAT (e.g., to synchronize a neighbor cell with the strongest signal quality).

[0072] In one aspect of the disclosure, the UE 1102 determines whether the C-DRX off duration is longer than a synchronization channel (SCH) period. For example, the UE 1102 determines whether the time duration between time, Ta and Tb, corresponding to the C-DRX off duration is longer than the SCH period between t3 and t4. If the time duration between time Ta and Tb is longer than the SCH period between t3 and t4, the UE 1102 knows that the SCH of a desired cell (e.g., cell with strongest signal quality) of the neighbor RAT will arrive during the C-DRX off duration. Accordingly, the UE 1102 can perform IRAT measurements and BSIC procedures during the C-DRX off duration because the SCH will arrives before the end of the C-DRX off duration.

[0073] In one aspect of the disclosure, the UE 1102 performs the IRAT measurement when the C-DRX off duration is longer than the SCH period and the serving cell signal quality is above the threshold. However, the UE 1102 sleeps if the SCH period is longer, (e.g., the SCH may or may not to arrive during the C-DRX off duration) and/or the serving signal quality is above the threshold.

[0074] FIGURE 12 shows a wireless communication method 1200 according to one aspect of the disclosure. At block 1202, a user equipment (UE) determines whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period or duration in a C-DRX cycle of a serving radio access technology (RAT) is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor radio access technology (RAT). At block 1204, the UE performs inter-radio access technology (TRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and also a serving cell signal quality is below a UE determined threshold. At block 1206, the UE sleeps when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold.

[0075] FIGURE 13 is a diagram illustrating an example of a hardware implementation for an apparatus 1300 employing a processing system 1314. The processing system 1314 may be implemented with a bus architecture, represented generally by the bus 1324. The bus 1324 may include any number of interconnecting buses and bridges depending on the specific application of the processing system 1314 and the overall design constraints. The bus 1324 links together various circuits including one or more processors and/or hardware modules, represented by the processor 1322, the modules 1302, 1304, 1306 and the non-transitory computer-readable medium 1326. The bus 1324 may also link various other circuits such as timing sources, peripherals, voltage regulators, and power management circuits, which are well known in the art, and therefore, will not be described any further.

[0076] The apparatus includes a processing system 1314 coupled to a transceiver 1330. The transceiver 1330 is coupled to one or more antennas 1320. The transceiver 1330 enables communicating with various other apparatus over a transmission medium. The processing system 1314 includes a processor 1322 coupled to a non-transitory computer-readable medium 1326. The processor 1322 is responsible for general processing, including the execution of software stored on the computer-readable medium 1326. The software, when executed by the processor 1322, causes the processing system 1314 to perform the various functions described for any particular apparatus. The computer-readable medium 1326 may also be used for storing data that is manipulated by the processor 1322 when executing software.

[0077] The processing system 1314 includes a determining module 1302 for determining whether a connected mode discontinuous reception (C-DRX) off period in a C-DRX cycle is longer than a synchronization channel repetition period of a neighbor radio access technology (RAT). The processing system 1314 also includes a measurement module 1304 for performing inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement when the C-DRX off period in the C-DRX cycle is longer and a serving cell signal quality is below a user equipment (UE) determined threshold. The processing system 1314 also includes a power control module 1306 for causing the UE to sleep when the C-DRX off period is shorter or the serving cell signal quality is above the UE determined threshold. The modules 1302, 1304, and 1306 may be software modules running in the processor 1322, resident/stored in the computer-readable medium 1326, one or more hardware modules coupled to the processor 1322, or some combination thereof. The processing system 1314 may be a component of the UE 750 of FIGURE 7 and may include the memory 760, and/or the controller/processor 759.

[0078] In one configuration, an apparatus such as a UE 750 is configured to include means for determining. In one aspect, the determining means may include the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the measurement control module 791, the determining module 1302, and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means and functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the searching means.

[0079] The UE 750 is also configured for wireless communication including means for performing inter-radio access technology (IRAT) measurement and/or means for continuing IRAT measurement. In one aspect, the IRAT measurement performing means may be the antennas 752/1320, the receiver 754, the transceiver 1330, the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the measurement module 1304, the measurement control module 791 and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the aforementioned means.

[0080] The UE 750 is also configured for wireless communication including means for sleeping or causing the UE to sleep. In one aspect, the sleeping means may include the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the measurement control module 791, the power control module 1306, and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means and functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the searching means.

[0081] Additionally, the UE 750 may also be configured to include means for delaying sending a scheduling request. In one aspect, the delaying means may include the antennas 752/1320, the receiver/transceiver 754, the transceiver 1330, the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the determining module 1302, the measurement module 1304, the power control module 1306, the measurement control module 791 and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the

aforementioned means.

[0082] Additionally, the UE 750 may also be configured to include means for aborting IRAT measurement. In one aspect, the aborting means may include the antennas 752/1320, the receiver/transceiver 754, the transceiver 1330, the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the determining module 1302, the measurement module 1304, the power control module 1306, the measurement control module 791 and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the

aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the

aforementioned means.

[0083] Further, the UE 750 may also be configured to include means for sending a scheduling request. In one aspect, the sending means may include the antennas

752/1320, the transceiver 1330, the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the determining module 1302, the measurement module 1304, the power control module 1306, the measurement control module 791 and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the aforementioned means. [0084] The UE 750 may also be configured to include means for entering a C-DRX on period and/or means for entering a C-DRX off period. In one aspect, the entering means may include the antennas 752/1320, the transceiver 1330, the receive processor 756, the controller/processor 759, the memory 760, the determining module 1302, the measurement module 1304, the power control module 1306, the measurement control module 791 and/or the processing system 1314 configured to perform the

aforementioned means. In one configuration, the means functions correspond to the aforementioned structures. In another aspect, the aforementioned means may be a module or any apparatus configured to perform the functions recited by the

aforementioned means.

[0085] Several aspects of a telecommunications system have been presented with reference to LTE, and GSM systems. As those skilled in the art will readily appreciate, various aspects described throughout this disclosure may be extended to other telecommunication systems, network architectures and communication standards, including those with high throughput and low latency such as 4G systems, 5G systems and beyond. By way of example, various aspects may be extended to other UMTS systems such as W-CDMA, high speed downlink packet access (HSDPA), high speed uplink packet access (HSUPA), high speed packet access plus (HSPA+) and TD- CDMA. Various aspects may also be extended to systems employing long term evolution (LTE) (in FDD, TDD, or both modes), LTE-advanced (LTE-A) (in FDD, TDD, or both modes), CDMA2000, evolution-data optimized (EV-DO), ultra mobile broadband (UMB), IEEE 802.11 (Wi-Fi), IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX), IEEE 802.20, ultra- wideband (UWB), Bluetooth, and/or other suitable systems. The actual

telecommunication standard, network architecture, and/or communication standard employed will depend on the specific application and the overall design constraints imposed on the system.

[0086] Several processors have been described in connection with various apparatuses and methods. These processors may be implemented using electronic hardware, computer software, or any combination thereof. Whether such processors are implemented as hardware or software will depend upon the particular application and overall design constraints imposed on the system. By way of example, a processor, any portion of a processor, or any combination of processors presented in this disclosure may be implemented with a microprocessor, microcontroller, digital signal processor (DSP), a field-programmable gate array (FPGA), a programmable logic device (PLD), a state machine, gated logic, discrete hardware circuits, and other suitable processing components configured to perform the various functions described throughout this disclosure. The functionality of a processor, any portion of a processor, or any combination of processors presented in this disclosure may be implemented with software being executed by a microprocessor, microcontroller, DSP, or other suitable platform.

[0087] Software shall be construed broadly to mean instructions, instruction sets, code, code segments, program code, programs, subprograms, software modules, applications, software applications, software packages, routines, subroutines, objects, executables, threads of execution, procedures, functions, etc., whether referred to as software, firmware, middleware, microcode, hardware description language, or otherwise. The software may reside on a non-transitory computer-readable medium. A computer- readable medium may include, by way of example, memory such as a magnetic storage device (e.g., hard disk, floppy disk, magnetic strip), an optical disk (e.g., compact disc (CD), digital versatile disc (DVD)), a smart card, a flash memory device (e.g., card, stick, key drive), random access memory (RAM), read only memory (ROM), programmable ROM (PROM), erasable PROM (EPROM), electrically erasable PROM (EEPROM), a register, or a removable disk. Although memory is shown separate from the processors in the various aspects presented throughout this disclosure, the memory may be internal to the processors (e.g., cache or register).

[0088] Computer-readable media may be embodied in a computer-program product. By way of example, a computer-program product may include a computer-readable medium in packaging materials. Those skilled in the art will recognize how best to implement the described functionality presented throughout this disclosure depending on the particular application and the overall design constraints imposed on the overall system.

[0089] It is to be understood that the term "signal quality" is non-limiting. Signal quality is intended to cover any type of signal metric such as received signal code power (RSCP), reference signal received power (RSRP), reference signal received quality (RSRQ), received signal strength indicator (RSSI), signal to noise ratio (SNR), signal to interference plus noise ratio (SINR), etc.

[0090] It is to be understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the methods disclosed is an illustration of exemplary processes. Based upon design preferences, it is understood that the specific order or hierarchy of steps in the methods may be rearranged. The accompanying method claims present elements of the various steps in a sample order, and are not meant to be limited to the specific order or hierarchy presented unless specifically recited therein.

[0091] The previous description is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to practice the various aspects described herein. Various modifications to these aspects will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other aspects. Thus, the claims are not intended to be limited to the aspects shown herein, but is to be accorded the full scope consistent with the language of the claims, wherein reference to an element in the singular is not intended to mean "one and only one" unless specifically so stated, but rather "one or more." Unless specifically stated otherwise, the term "some" refers to one or more. A phrase referring to "at least one of a list of items refers to any combination of those items, including single members. As an example, "at least one of: a, b, or c" is intended to cover: a; b; c; a and b; a and c; b and c; and a, b and c. All structural and functional equivalents to the elements of the various aspects described throughout this disclosure that are known or later come to be known to those of ordinary skill in the art are expressly incorporated herein by reference and are intended to be encompassed by the claims. Moreover, nothing disclosed herein is intended to be dedicated to the public regardless of whether such disclosure is explicitly recited in the claims. No claim element is to be construed under the provisions of 35 U.S.C. §112, sixth paragraph, unless the element is expressly recited using the phrase "means for" or, in the case of a method claim, the element is recited using the phrase "step for."