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Title:
LOCKING MECHANISM FOR RENTAL BIKES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/188088
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The said invention relates to a locking system for a bike rental system comprising a rental station (1); an outer casing (11); an outlet (13) opening to an inner chamber (12) surrounded by outer casing (11); a deadbolt (20) having a face plate (21) that can be adapted to a bike (2); a switch (30) inside the inner chamber (12); a locking mechanism (40) with holder plate (41) having a hook (410) which is engaged with deadbolt (20) in locking position and released the deadbolt (20) in unlocking position; planar support part (412) positioned adjacent to the hook part (410) of holder plate (41) and mounted into the inner chamber (12) with swivel joint (412); and an actuator (46) positioned adjacent to the holder plate (41) as well as an locking arm (47) into which holder plate (41) is fixed in a position adjacent to the actuator (46). It is characterized in that it includes a groove (415) between outer periphery (472) of holder plate (41) and locking arm (47) as well as a corresponding set (471) which is engaged into the groove (415) in locking position.

Inventors:
KAYA FATIH MEHMET (TR)
Application Number:
PCT/TR2021/050241
Publication Date:
September 23, 2021
Filing Date:
March 17, 2021
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
YAPIDROM TEKNOLOJI ANONIM SIRKETI (TR)
International Classes:
B62H3/00; E05B15/00; E05B71/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2010148506A12010-12-29
Foreign References:
CN204457167U2015-07-08
CN204126415U2015-01-28
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
AYDIN AYDIN TELİF HAKLARI MARKA PATENT LTD. ŞTİ. (TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1- The invention relates to a locking system for a bike rental system comprising a rental station 1 ; an outer casing 11 ; an outlet 13 opening to an inner chamber 12 surrounded by outer casing 11 ; a deadbolt 20 having a face plate 21 that can be adapted to a bike 2; a switch 30 inside the inner chamber 12; a locking mechanism 40 with holder plate 41 having a hook 410 which is engaged with deadbolt 20 in locking position and released the deadbolt 20 in unlocking position; planar support part 412 positioned adjacent to the hook part 410 of holder plate 41 and mounted into the inner chamber 12 with swivel joint 412; and an actuator 46 positioned adjacent to the holder plate 41 as well as an locking arm 47 into which holder plate 41 is fixed in a position adjacent to the actuator 46 and characterized in that it includes a groove 415 between outer periphery 472 of holder plate 41 and locking arm 47 as well as a corresponding set 471 which is engaged into the groove 415 in locking position.

2- A locking system according to claim 1 , characterized in that groove 415 is provided on the outer periphery 472 of the holder plate 41 and set 471 is provided on the locking arm 47.

3- A locking system according to any of the previous claims, characterized in that the hook part 410 of the holder plate 41 consists of first end 413 and corresponding second end 414 and the first end 413 is located in such a way that it triggers the switch 30 in locking position.

4- A locking system according to claim 3, wherein the switch 30 consists of a body 32 and pressing extension 31 from the body and in locking position, the first end 410 rests in such a way that it joins the pressing extension 31 to the body 32.

5- A locking system according to any of the previous claims wherein it consists of a pin 22 leaning perpendicular to the face plate 21 on the deadbolt 20 and also adapted so as to seat onto the hook part 410.

6- A locking system according to claim 5, characterized in that the pin 22 is extended downwards from the face plate 21.

7- A locking system according to claim 5-6, wherein the pin 22 consists of a neck 23 provided at the distal end and onto which a hook part 410 is seated. 8- A locking system according to any of the previous claims, wherein it comprises a torsion spring 45 positioned on the swivel joint 412 of the holder plate 41 and applying force in a way to align hook part 410 to the outlet 13 while switching from the locking position from the unlocking position.

9- A locking system according to any of the previous claims, wherein it comprises an actuating element 48 that is provided in the inner chamber 12 and pulls the actuator 46 in a such a way to separate groove 415 and set 417 when activated.

Description:
LOCKING MECHANISM FOR RENTAL BIKES

TECHNICAL FIELD

The invention relates to locking mechanism that enables the bikes in the bike rental stations to be locked into the rental stations.

PRIOR ART

Today, locking systems are used to lock bikes to the bike rental stations. Locking systems are generally equipped with magnetic or mechanical switches. The said switches transmit data to the electronic control unit in the rental station and also the information whether the bikes are available or not is sent to the server. However, some problems may occur in time on the locking systems and lifetime of locking systems shortens due to wearing.

On the other hand, locking systems with long life cycle is used. EP3331753A1 publication can be used for an object rental system, locking mechanism and method, for example in a bike rental station. The system consists of plurality of docking stations and a terminal connected to docking stations through a network. At least one of the docking stations includes the locking mechanism for locking a connection element secured to a bicycle or other object. The locking mechanism comprises a locking receptacle configured to receive the connection element; a movable element positioned in the locking receptacle; the movable element having a lockable position and an unlockable position; and a locking element having a locked position and an unlocked position. The locking element is configured to secure the movable element, the movable element is configured to secure the connection element, and the locking element is configured to rotate to switch between the locked position and unlocked position.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

The object of the invention is to provide simple and reliable locking mechanism for bike rental systems. The invention relates to a locking system for a bike rental system comprising a rental station; an outer casing; an outlet opening to an inner chamber surrounded by outer casing; a deadbolt having a face plate adapted to a bike; a switch inside the inner chamber; a locking mechanism with holder plate having a hook which is engaged with deadbolt in locking position and released the deadbolt in unlocking position; planar support part positioned adjacent to the hook of holder plate and mounted into the inner chamber with swivel joint; and an actuator positioned adjacent to the holder plate as well as an locking arm into which holder plate is fixed in a position adjacent to the actuator. It is characterized in that it includes a groove between outer periphery of holder plate and locking arm as well as a corresponding set which is engaged into the groove in locking position. Thus, outer periphery of the holder plate directly contacts with locking arm and so that torque is transferred from the holder plate to locking arm and a simple locking mechanism comprising holder plate and locking arm is obtained without need to any spacer.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is characterized that groove is provided on the outer periphery of the holder plate and set is provided on the locking arm. It enables a void- free fixing by fully engaging groove and set together and achieves a more durable structure in locking position.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it is characterized that the hook of holder part consists of first end and corresponding second end and the first end is located in such a way that it triggers the switch in locking position. Therefore, when the bikes are kept in locked position, the holder plate is triggered on the switch and the system operates with mechanical switch.

In another preferred embodiment of the invention, it is characterized that the said switch consists of a body and pressing extension from the body and in locking position, the first end rests in such a way that it joins the pressing extension the body. Thus, holder plate pushes the pressing extension of the switch to join with body and availability information of the bikes at the rental station is sent to the server at the rental station.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it consists of a pin running perpendicular to the face plate on the deadbolt and adapted to seat into the hook part. The said pin may have a rod structure with cylindrical, square or different section forms. It enables the rental bike to be locked into the rental station in more safe and secure way.

In another preferred embodiment of the invention, it is characterized with the downward extension of the pin from face plate. In this way, the face plate conceals the pin and makes the visual access of the user difficult. Also, it makes easier the mounting of the locking system into the body of rental bikes.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it comprises a neck at the distal end of the pin into which the hook part is placed. In this way, the hook part can be easily engaged into the pin. Also, it blocks the movement of the pin in the direction of extension.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it comprises a torsion spring positioned on the swivel joint of the holder plate and applying force in a way to align hook part to the outlet while switching from the locking position from the unlocking position. So, the force required for switching from the locking position to unlocking position is reduced and switching between the locking positions is made easier. When torsion spring is actuated on the joint, it can be possible to obtain a more compact mechanism. In an alternative embodiment, it is possible to use pull spring instead of torsion spring.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, it comprises an actuating element that is provided in the inner chamber and pulls the actuator in a such a way to separate groove and set when activated. Thus, it enables the mechanism to switch between the locking position and unlocking position.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES

Figure 1 is a schematic view of the system for renting mechanism according to the invention.

Figure 2 is a blown-up image of the temperature measuring unit of the oven shown in Figure 1.

Figure 3 is an exploded view of the renting mechanism shown in Figure 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

In this detailed description, the subject matter of the invention has been illustrated by way of non-exhaustive examples that only serve to better explain the subject.

Figure 1 is a schematic view of the system for renting mechanism according to the invention. In a rental station 1 , there is a plurality of bikes 2 that are arranged sequentially. The rental station 1 has a terminal (not shown) that controls the availability of bikes 2 and checks if the payment information is accurate and subscriber is signed in correctly in case of renting. Rental stations 1 is equipped with an appropriate slot 10 that enables the insertion of deadbolt 20 easily which is fixed to the body of each bike 2. An outer casing 11 that surrounds an inner chamber 12 with an upper wall 15, a lower wall 16 and side walls 17 in panel form and in a way that are adjoined along the neighboring edges are used in order to form a slot 10 structure. Outer casing 11 has an outlet 13 opening outwards and enabling the insertion of deadbolt 20 of bikes 2 as well as an aperture 14 extended to inner chamber 12 at the edge of outlet 13 which is corresponding to the lower wall 16. The outlet 13 has rectangular shape. The aperture 14 is aligned at the center of outlet 13. The upper wall 15 is mounted in a removable format with a cover 60 by punching a circular hole 18. It is possible to access inner chamber 12 from the upper wall 15 by removing the cover 60 for service purposes. Side walls 17 are equipped with one flange 19 for each extending outwards at the opposite direction. Flange 19 has perforations in order and slot 10 is mounted onto a platform (not shown) via a flange 19.

Figure 2 shows bottom view of the locking mechanism 40 in case of locking. Rental stations 1 are equipped with locking mechanism 40 positioned inside the inner chamber 12 that fastens the bikes at locking position and release at unlocking position respectively in case of renting and returning of the bikes 2. A deadbolt 20 is fitted to the bike 2 body in order to more securely lock the body of the bikes 2. Deadbolt 20 is a flat and rectangular-shaped face plate 22. A pin 24 at the downward surface of the face plate 22 is fixed by welding from one end. Pin 24 has cylindrical shape and its diameter is preferred smaller than the width of the aperture 14 at the slot 10 outlet 13. A narrowed connection extension 28 that protrudes is provided at the back part 26 of the face plate 22. On the other hand, a connection channel 51 is provided on an adapter 50 and connection extension 28 is used to fasten the face plate 22 to the adapter 50 by passing through the connection channel 51. The said adapter 50 has rectangular prismatic shape and it is fixed to the body of bike 2 via radial channel 52 from its one edge.

Inner chamber 12 of the slot 10 is rectangular form. Locking mechanism 40 is positioned inside the inner chamber 12 that is accessible from the outlet 13. Aperture 14 is extended from the outlet 13 to the inner side and ends near a holder plate 41. Holder plate 41 is formed from flat metal sheet. Holder plate 41 has a planar supporting part 411 and hook part 410 which is adjacent to the supporting part and extending outwards. The hook part 410 comprises a first end 413 and second end 414 which are extended at an angled form. There is a radial housing 48 between the first and second end 413-414. Diameter of the housing 49 is arranged in line with the diameter of pin 24. A swivel joint 412 is provided on the support part 411 that fixes holder plate 41 at the inner chamber 12. A torsion spring 45 is loaded into the swivel joint 412 and rotation force is applied to align holder plate 41 to the continuous outlet 13 on the swivel joint 412. A groove 415 is formed at the outer periphery of the support part 411. Groove 415 has a wide-angle edge. An extended flat locking arm 47 is mounted to inner chamber 12 with second swivel joint 474 provided near the holder plate 41 from its proximal end 476. A set 471 is formed on the locking arm 47 in such a way that corresponds to the groove 415. The said set 471 has bracket form and there is a concave bearing part 472. Outer periphery of the support part 411 is a curvilinear form and rests on the bearing part 472 longitudinally. Locking arm 47 is rotated with an actuator 46 extended perpendicular to it by pushing away from the holder plate 41 through a second swivel arm 474 from the distal end 478. Actuator 46 is controlled with an actuating element 48 in the solenoid engine structure.

A mechanical switch 30 has a pressing extension 32 and a body 34 into which it is connected. Mechanical switch 30 is fixed inside the inner chamber 12 as facing towards hook part 410. During when holder plate 41 is rotated with swivel joint 412, the first end 413 applies pressure onto the pressing extension 32 in such a way to adjoin with the body 34.

Figure 3 is an exploded view of the locking mechanism 40. A neck 25 is formed by narrowing near the end part of the cylindrical pin 24. The hook part 410 is positioned in locking position in a way that it is aligned to the neck 25 at the inner chamber 12. Bottom wall 16 and side walls 17 creates box-shaped form together.

The terminal (not shown) at the bike rental system controls the electric signal coming from the mechanical switch 30. When the deadbolt 20 extending outwards through the adapter 50 on the rental bike 2 is seated in the slot 10, the first end 413 of the holder plate 41 turn the switch 30 off-position and sends the availability signal of the bike 2 to the terminal via switch 30. In that case, the set 471 of locking arm 47 is seated on the groove 415 positioned at the outer periphery of the support part 411 and blocks the rotational motion of the holder plate 41. The hook part 410 encloses the pin 24 from the neck 23 part in such a way that it faces towards outside at an angled position with the outlet 13. Therefore, the bike 2 becomes ready to be rented. When the bike 2 is turned into unlocking position by making verification from the terminal, actuating element 48 pushes the actuator 46 forward, it enables the locking arm 47 to be rotated from the distal end 476 towards outside according to holder plate 41. Torsion spring 45 forces holder plate 41 to rotate in such a way that housing 49 is aligned to the outlet 13. The bike 2 is pulled back so that deadbolt 20 is moved outside from the slot 10. During that time, pin 24 proceeds outwards in such a way that it rotates the holder plate 41 inside the aperture 14. Then, deadbolt 20 remains completely out of the slot 10 and mechanical switch 30 turns again on-position and sends the non-existence signal of the bike to the terminal. REFERENCE NUMBERS

1 Station 40 Locking Mechanism

2 Bike 41 Holder Plate

10 Slot 410 Hook Part

11 Outer casing 411 Support Part

12 Inner chamber 412 Joint

13 Outlet 413 First end

14 Aperture 414 Second end

15 Upper Wall 415 Groove

16 Bottom Wall 45 Torsion Spring

17 Side Wall 46 Actuator

18 Hole 47 Locking Arm

20 Dead Bolt 471 Set 22 Face Plate 472 Bearing Part

24 Pin 474 Second joint

25 Neck 476 Proximal end

26 Rear Part 478 Distal end

28 Connection Extension 48 Actuating Element 30 Switch 49 Housing

32 Pressing Extension 50 Adapter 34 Body 51 Connection Channel 54 Radial Channel

60 Cover