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Title:
LUMBER USE DESIGNATION SYSTEM AND METHOD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/050551
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A lumber use designation system includes a building construction plan that shows the layout, wall thickness, wall height, ceiling angles, etc., of a structure, which are color coded from a series of color codes each corresponding to a preselected, standard board size and length of lumber that should be selected for constructing a particular portion of the structure. The system includes a supply of lumber boards marked with a color code correlating to the color code found on the construction plans. The lumber boards may be imprinted by an ink spray head. A method of installing lumber during the construction of a structure is disclosed.

Inventors:
BONAMY R DAVID (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2020/049951
Publication Date:
March 18, 2021
Filing Date:
September 09, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
RDBJ LLC (US)
International Classes:
E04C2/12; E04B1/00; G06Q10/08; G06Q50/08
Foreign References:
US20150050465A12015-02-19
US20080010910A12008-01-17
US5755072A1998-05-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DAVIS, Carl M. II (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A lumber use designation system comprising: a building construction plan showing building walls having a board code to indicate the board sizing of lumber designated for use in constructing the coded walls, and a supply of lumber having a board marking thereon that correspond with said board code of said building construction plan.

2. The lumber use designation system of claim 1 wherein said board code is a color coded board code, and wherein said board marking is a color coded board marking.

3. The lumber use designation system of claim 2 wherein said board marking is a plurality of laterally extending stripes.

4. The lumber use designation system of claim 2 wherein said board marking is at least one longitudinally extending stripe.

5. The lumber use designation system of claim 1 wherein said board code designates a specific board length.

6. The lumber use designation system of claim 1 wherein said board code designates a specific board width and depth. 7. The lumber use designation system of claim 6 wherein said board code designates a specific board length.

8. The lumber use designation system of claim 5 wherein said board code designates a specific board width and depth.

9. A lumber use designation system comprising: a construction plan illustrating the position of the structure walls, a plurality of said illustrated structure walls including a board code of a series of board codes that indicate the type of lumber board to be used during the construction of the structure, and a plurality of lumber boards having board markings thereon that correspond with one said board code of said series of board codes of said building construction plan.

10. The lumber use designation system of claim 9 wherein said board codes are color coded board codes, and wherein said board markings are color coded board markings.

11. The lumber use designation system of claim 10 wherein said board markings are a plurality of laterally extending stripes.

12. The lumber use designation system of claim 10 wherein said board markings are at least one longitudinally extending stripe. 13. The lumber use designation system of claim 9 wherein said board code designates a specific board length.

14. The lumber use designation system of claim 9 wherein said board code designates a specific board width and depth.

15. The lumber use designation system of claim 14 wherein said board code designates a specific board length.

16. The lumber use designation system of claim 13 wherein said board code designates a specific board width and depth.

17. A method of installing lumber during the construction of a structure, the method comprising the steps of:

(a) producing a construction plan illustrating the position of the structure walls, a plurality of the illustrated structure walls including a board code of a series of board codes that indicate the size of lumber board to be used during the construction of the structure;

(b) marking a plurality of lumber boards with board markings corresponding to the board codes of said building construction plan in accordance with the lumber board size;

(c) selecting the lumber boards to be installed by referencing the construction plan board code for that portion of the structure, and

(d) installing the selected lumber boards to form the structure.

18. The method of installing lumber of claim 17 wherein step (A) the construction plans board code is a color code, and wherein step (B) the lumber boards board markings are a color coding.

19. The method of installing lumber of claim 18 wherein step (B) the lumber boards are marked with a series of lateral color coded stripes.

20. The method of installing lumber of claim 18 wherein step (B) the lumber boards are marked with at least one longitudinal color coded stripe.

Description:
LUMBER USE DESIGNATION SYSTEM AND METHOD

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/900,007 filed September 13, 2019, entitled “Lumber Use Designation System”, and is incorporated herein by reference.

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

Not applicable.

TECHNICAL FIELD

This invention relates to a system for efficiently selecting and utilizing lumber during the building process. More particularly, the present invention relates the designation and use of lumber to decrease waste.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Wood boards or lumber has been utilized for the building of physical structures for centuries. Today, lumber is available in many different sizes, such as 2 "x 4", 4" x 4", 2" x 6", etc. These standard sized boards or lumber also come in a variety of standard longitudinal lengths, such as 8', 10', 12', and 14' lengths.

Prior to the construction process, construction plans or blueprints are made to show the height and location of each wall of the structure. During the construction process, carpenters follow these construction plans when forming the building walls, floor joists, ceiling joists, supports, rooflines, and other similar parts of the structure.

A problem commonly associated with the construction process relates to the large amount of lumber that is wasted during construction. One of the largest contributors to the generation of lumber waste stems from the fact that carpenters oftentimes utilize the first board he or she finds which is capable of completing the task, rather than taking the time and effort to find the best available appropriate board for the task. For example, if a construction plan calls for a 9 foot vertical wall, the carpenter may simply utilize the closest available board, even if that board is a 14 foot board. The carpenter then cuts the 14 foot board to 9 feet, resulting in the generation of 5 feet of board waste. This board waste however could have been reduced to only 1 foot of waste by the carpenter simply selecting a shorter 10 foot board rather than the longer 14 foot board. It is believed that a contributing factor to the generation of waste is due to the fact that once a board is in place, the original length of the board cannot be determined by a supervisor, as boards are typically marked only at the very end of the board. As such, there is no accountability on the part of the carpenter installing the boards as to the selection of the best fitting board. Accordingly, there is a need in the art for an improved system of installing lumber to reduce the amount of wasted lumber during construction. It is to such that the present invention is directed. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention meets the need in the art by providing a lumber use designation system that comprises a building construction plan showing building walls having a board code to indicate the board sizing of lumber designated for use in constructing the coded walls, and a supply of lumber having a board marking thereon that correspond with the board code of the building construction plan.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a lumber use designation system comprising a construction plan illustrating the position of the structure walls, a plurality of said illustrated structure walls including a board code of a series of board codes that indicate the type of lumber board to be used during the construction of the structure, and a plurality of lumber boards having board markings thereon that correspond with one said board code of said series of board codes of said building construction plan.

In another aspect, the present invention provides a method of installing lumber during the construction of a structure, comprising the steps of producing a construction plan illustrating the position of the structure walls, a plurality of the illustrated structure walls including a board code of a series of board codes that indicate the size of lumber board to be used during the construction of the structure, marking a plurality of lumber boards with board markings corresponding to the board codes of said building construction plan in accordance with the lumber board size, selecting the lumber boards to be installed by referencing the construction plan board code for that portion of the structure, and installing the selected lumber boards to form the structure.

Objects, advantages and features of the present invention will be readily understood upon a reading of the following detailed description in conjunction with the drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 shows a construction plan as an illustrative application of the lumber use designation system of the present invention. Fig. 2 shows two stacks of lumber of the lumber use designation system of the present invention.

Fig. 3 shows a single board of lumber of the lumber use designation system of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is a schematic view of a paint head for the lumber use designation system of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is a schematic view of a lumber planar and paint head system for the lumber use designation system of the present invention.

Fig. 6 shows a single board of lumber of the lumber use designation system of the present invention. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

With reference next to the drawings, there is shown a lumber use designation system 10 as an illustrative application of the present invention. The system 10 includes a building construction plan or blueprint 12 which shows the layout, wall thickness, wall height, ceiling angles, etc., associated with a particular structure. The construction plan 12 illustrates or shows the location of building walls 14, and other structure specifications, which are color coded from a series of color codes. Each color in the series of color codes corresponds to a preselected, standard board size and length of lumber (type of board) that should be selected for constructing a correlated particular vertical wall structure or area of the wall. For example, the construction plan 12 may illustrate green walls 16 (green color board coded walls) to designate the use of green color coded or marked boards 18 for the construction of these walls 16, wherein the color green represents 2" by 4 " (depth and width) boards having a longitudinal length of 10 feet. The construction plan 12 may have blue walls 20 (blue color board coded walls) to designate the use of blue color coded boards 22 used for the construction of these walls 20, wherein the color blue represents 2" by 4 " boards having a longitudinal length of 12 feet. The construction plans may be board coded in a variety of manners which are easily printed upon the actual lumber boards, such as color codes, hash- markings, stripe-markings, alpha-numeric markings, or the like. However, it is believed that the color coding provides the best manner of marking a board as it is easy to recognize, is not language dependent, and stands out from other markings which may also appear on lumber, such as the manufacturer's name, batch number, etc.

The system 10 also includes a plurality of lumber boards that are imprinted or marked with a color code or coding correlating to the color code or coding found on the construction plans 12. Fig 2 shows a first stack of lumber boards (first boards) 18 which have been imprinted with a first color coding, for example the color green. The first boards 18 have a longitudinal length of 10 feet. There is also shown a second stack of lumber boards (second boards) 22 which have been imprinted with a second color coding, for example the color blue. The second boards 22 have a longitudinal length of 12 feet.

The lumber boards may be imprinted with color coding in any conventional manner, such as by a conventional liquid spray head, liquid roller, of other device during or post manufacturing. The boards are printed with any conventional known marking media, such as an ink or paint, or may be marked by embossing, cutting into, etching, engraving or other manner of slightly disfiguring the surface of the board. Preferably, the boards are imprinted with several, spaced apart color coded strips 28 aligning in a lateral direction and completely surrounding each board, so that the mark may be observed with the board mounted in any position or orientation. Also, each board is marked in several locations to prevent the color coded stripe 28 from being lost due a portion of the board being cut off due to the board being shortened to a proper installation length. Altematively as illustrated in Fig. 6, the boards 50 may be marked with one or more longitudinally extending color coding stripes 52 extending the entire length of the board. Such a longitudinal stripe 52 would ensure that the board 50 contains the color stripe size designation no matter where the board is cut to length.

The board may be marked with the longitudinal stripe 52 by mounting a reciprocating belt 56 upon the exit end of a final board planar 58 which planes or finishes the board, as shown in Fig. 5. A multi-head paint sprayer 60 is coupled to the reciprocating belt 56. The multi-head paint sprayer 60 may include a paint supply line 61 and a pneumatic air or pressure line 62, as shown in Fig. 4. The paint sprayer 60 is coupled to a supply of paint or dye which is applied to the board in a manner that will not bleed onto other boards. Alternatively, the paint sprayer 60 may include multiple heads to spray different colors, a system to switch between one color and another color, or may simply require a different color paint to be introduced into the paint sprayer 60 when switching between colors. The reciprocating or back and forth action of the belt 56 produces the elongated stripe 52 upon the board 50. The operation of the paint spraying may be accomplished through sensors which sense the position of the board upon exiting the board planar 58. With reference to Fig. 1, in use of the system 10, the construction plans 12 are produced to include walls 14, or possibly other portions, that are color coded to reflect the length of board to be utilized during the construction process. Lumber or boards (for example, boards 18, 22) in accordance with the system 10 and construction plans 12 are delivered to the job site with the color coding that correlates with the construction plans 12.

A carpenter constructing the structure according to the plans 12 simply follows the system's color coding during the construction process. For example, when the time comes to build wall 14' shown on construction plan 12, the carpenter notes that the plans 12 reflect that this is a green wall 16, i.e., the wall 14' is color coded with the color green. The carpenter then selects one of the available green color coded boards 18, measures, and possibly cuts the board to the proper length. This color coding encourages the carpenter to use the proper preselected board length rather than cutting an unnecessarily longer (12 foot) blue color coded boards 22, which would be readily seen in an installed position by a supervisor as an error and a waste of lumber. As such, the green walls 16 of the construction plan 12 are constructed with green color coded boards 18, while the blue walls 20 are constructed with blue color coded boards 22.

While only two colors have been shown in the present example, it should be understood that any number of colors or other markings may be utilized to designed different lengths or sizes of boards. For example, while the previously described green and blue colors may be utilized for 2” x 4” boards, a different colors may be utilized for 2” x 6” sized boards of preselected lengths.

The distinct advantage to the invention described in the embodiment herein is that the color coding provides a post-installation inspection of the proper selection of board lengths during the construction process. Thus, there is a method of making the carpenter accountable for utilizing the most efficient board available, rather than simply the closest or first found board.

Another distinct advantage to the invention is that the color coding reduces the time and effort necessary to determine and locate the proper board for the task, as a size and length are previously determined and shown on the construction plans, and the color marking on the board is immediately recognizable from afar and eliminates the need to actually measure the board to determine if it is the best fit. It is believed that with the standard color coding of all lumber, the amount of lumber waste could be greatly reduced.

It should be understood that as used herein, the term lumber or board includes boards made of any material, such as wood, metal, a composite, a laminate, or similar materials. This invention has been described with particular reference to certain illustrative embodiments, but variations and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Variations of the lumber use designation system may fall within the spirit of the claims, below. It will be appreciated that the inventions are susceptible to modification, variation, and change without departing from the spirit thereof.