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Title:
LYSYL OXIDASE-LIKE 2 INHIBITORS AND USES THEREOF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/015221
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Described herein are compounds that are LOXL2 inhibitors, methods of making such compounds, pharmaceutical compositions and medicaments comprising such compounds, and methods of using such compounds in the treatment of conditions, diseases, or disorders associated with LOXL2 activity.

Inventors:
ROWBOTTOM MARTIN W (US)
HUTCHINSON JOHN HOWARD (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2016/042826
Publication Date:
January 26, 2017
Filing Date:
July 18, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
PHARMAKEA INC (US)
International Classes:
C07D311/22; A61K31/352; A61K31/4155; C07D405/04
Foreign References:
US20110230550A12011-09-22
US20120059001A12012-03-08
US20150087699A12015-03-26
Other References:
BILLONES, J. B. ET AL.: "Structure-based design of inhibitors against Maltosyltransferase GlgE", ORIENTAL JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol. 30, no. 3, 2014, pages 1137 - 1145, XP055350231
USHASRI, S. ET AL.: "Synthesis, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activity of New Series of 3-Substituted Chromen-4-One Derivatives", INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND CHEMICAL SCIENCES, vol. 2, no. 2, 2013, pages 634 - 639, XP009508453
See also references of EP 3325462A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HOSTETLER, Michael J., Ph.D., Esq. (650 Page Mill RoadPalo Alto, California, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A compound that has the structure of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof:

Formula (I)

wherein,

each R1 is independently H, D, or F;

each R2 is independently H, D, halogen, -CN, -OH, Ci-C6alkyl, -OCi-C6alkyl, C

C6fluoroalkyl, -OCi-C6fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C6heteroalkyl;

m is 0, 1, or 2;

L1 is -X^L2-, -L2-Xx-, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkenyl, substituted or

unsubstituted C2-C6alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl ene;

X1 is -S-, -S(=0)-, -S(=0)2-, -S(=0)2 R4-, -C(=0)-, -C(=0)0-, -OC(=0)-, -

OC(=0)0-, -C(=0) R4-, -OCH2-C(=0) R4-, - R4C(=0)-CH20-, - R4C(=0)-, - OC(=0) R4-, - R4C(=0)0-, - R4C(=0) R4-, - R4S(=0)2-, or - R4-;

L2 is absent or substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C4alkylene;

R3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci- C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-C8cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

or -Lx-R3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6alkyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkenyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkynyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkynyl), -0-(Ci- C2alkylene)-CN, -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-OR7, -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-S(=0)2N(R7)2, -0-(Ci- C2alkylene)-C02R7, -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-N(R7)2, -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-C(=0)N(R7)2, substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6cycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C3- C6cycloalkyl), substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or

unsubstituted aryl), -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci-

C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R3 is substituted then -I^-R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

R4 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-C6fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C6deuteroalkyl; or R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R5;

each R5 is independently H, D, halogen, CN, -OR7, -SR7, -S(=0)R6, -S(=0)2R6, -

S(=0)2N(R7)2, - R7S(=0)2R6, -C(=0)R6, -OC(=0)R6, -C02R7, -OC02R6, -N(R7)2, - C(=0)N(R7)2, -OC(=0)N(R7)2, - HC(=0)R6, - HC(=0)OR6, Ci-C6alkyl, Ci- C6fluoroalkyl, Ci-C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3- Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Ci0heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

or two R5 groups attached to the same carbon atom are taken together with carbon atom to which they are attached to form a either a substituted or unsubstituted carbocycle or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle;

each R6 is independently selected from Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Ci0heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

each R7 is independently selected from H, Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-C6fluoroalkyl, Ci-

C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R7 on the same N atom are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle.

The method of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

each R1 is H.

The compound of claim 1 or claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound has the structure of Formula (II), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (II).

The compound of claim 1 or claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound has the structure of Formula (III), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (III).

The compound of claim 1 or claim 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound has the structure of Formula (IV), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (IV).

The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is -C(=0)-, -C(=0) R4-, - R4-, -CH2-C(=0) R4-, -0-CH2-C(=0) R4-, or - C(=0) R4-CH2-.

The compound of any one of claims 1-6, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is -C(=0) R4-, -CH2-C(=0) R4-, -0-CH2-C(=0) R4-, or -C(=0) R4-CH2-.

The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl ene. The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene.

The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted

monocyclic Ci-C5heteroarylene containing 1-4 N atoms and 0 or 1 O or S atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-Csheteroarylene containing 0-4 N atoms and 1 O or S atom.

The compound of claim 11, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted

furanylene, substituted or unsubstituted thienylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiazolylene, imidazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted triazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinylene.

The compound of claim 11, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

N¾/ N , N ,

14. The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6heterocycloalkylene that is substituted or

unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxetanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thietanyl, substituted or unsubstituted homopiperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted diazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiazepinyl, or substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridinyl.

15. The compound of claim 14, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6heteroc cloalk lene that is 5

16. The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6cycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopropylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclobutylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentylene, or substituted or unsubstituted cyclohexylene.

17. The compound of any one of claims 1-16, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein: R3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-

C6cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

or R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring

A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R5.

18. The compound of any one of claims 1-17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

L1 is -C(=0)NR4-, -CH2-C(=0)NR4-, -0-CH2-C(=0)NR4-, or -C(=0)NR4-CH2-;

R3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

or R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R5.

19. The compound of claim 18, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form a ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 3,4- dihydro-2(lH)-quinolinonyl, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring B is substituted with 1-3 R5.

20. The compound of claim 18, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein: R3 a 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form (R5)n

n is 0, 1, or 2.

The compound of any one of claims 1-18, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

R3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or

substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or two R5.

The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

-I^-R3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6alkyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2

C6alkenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkenyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkynyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6alkynyl), -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)- S(=0)2N(R7)2, -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-C02R7, -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-C(=0)N(R7)2, -O- (substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2- C8heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci- C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -O- (substituted or unsubstituted aryl), -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R3 is substituted then -I^-R3 is substituted with one or more R5.

The compound of any one of claims 1-5, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

-I^-R3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6alkyl), -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-C02R7, -O- -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted phenyl), -0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted phenyl), -O- (Ci-C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl), substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl), -

0-(Ci-C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl), or -0-(Ci-

C2alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R3 is substituted then -I^-R3 is substituted with one or more R5.

24. A compound that is:

2-(aminomethyl)-6-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3 -hy droxy-3 -methylbut- 1 -yn- 1 -yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3 -methylbut-3 -en- 1 -yn- 1 -yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -methyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -phenyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -benzyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-(2-hydroxy ethyl)- lH-1, 2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(4-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)-lH- 1,2,3 -triazol-1 -yl)-N,N- dimethylacetamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(piperidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

(<S)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

N-(2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethyl)-2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-N-(2-sulfamoylethyl)-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

(R)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-aminopyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

methyl (R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylate;

racemic-trans-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H- chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide; 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethylacetamide^

2-(aminomethyl)-7-( 1 -phenyl- 1H- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetic acid;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethylacetamide;

methyl (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylate;

(R) or (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid;

(R) or (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-( 1 -methyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-benzoylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3,4-dihydroquinolin-l(2H)-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-isobutoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2- (aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-phenylbenzamide;

3-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)amino)-N-phenylbenzamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-phenethoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2- ((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)-N-phenylacetamide;

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-phenylbenzamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3,S',4)S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4- one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3R,4R)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4- one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((3-phenylprop-2-yn-l-yl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzo[^]thiophen-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-phenoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-chromen-4-one;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

25. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, of any one of claims 1-24, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

26. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the pharmaceutical composition is formulated for administration to a mammal by intravenous administration, subcutaneous administration, oral administration, inhalation, nasal administration, dermal

administration, or ophthalmic administration.

27. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 25, wherein the pharmaceutical composition is in the form of a tablet, a pill, a capsule, a liquid, a suspension, a gel, a dispersion, a solution, an emulsion, an ointment, or a lotion.

28. A method of treating a disease or condition in a mammal that would benefit from the inhibition or reduction of lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) activity comprising administering a substituted or unsubstituted 2-(aminomethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one compound, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, to the mammal in need thereof.

29. The method of claim 28, wherein the disease or condition is fibrosis or cancer.

30. The method of claim 29, wherein the fibrosis comprises lung fibrosis, liver fibrosis, kidney fibrosis, cardiac fibrosis, peritoneal fibrosis, ocular fibrosis or cutaneous fibrosis.

31. The method of claim 29, wherein the fibrosis is myelofibrosis.

32. The method of any one of claims 28-31, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted 2- (aminomethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one compound, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, is a lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) inhibitor.

33. The method of any one of claims 28-32, wherein the substituted or unsubstituted 2- (aminomethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one compound, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, has the structure of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof:

Formula (I)

wherein,

each R1 is independently H, D, or F;

each R2 is independently H, D, halogen, -CN, -OH, Ci-C6alkyl, -OCi-C6alkyl, C

Cefluoroalkyl, -OCi-C6fluoroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, -SR7, -S(=0)R6, -S(=0)2R6, - S(=0)2N(R7)2, - R7S(=0)2R6, -C(=0)R6, -OC(=0)R6, -C02R7, -OC02R6, -N(R7)2, - OC(=0)N(R7)2, - R7C(=0)R6, - R7C(=0)OR6, Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-C6fluoroalkyl, Ci- C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ci0cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Ci0heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

m is 0, 1, or 2;

L1 is absent, -X^L2-, -L2-X1-, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C4alkylene, substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6cycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted C2- C6heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene;

X1 is -0-, -S-, -S(=0)-, -S(=0)2-, -S(=0)2 R4-, -C(=0)-, -C(=0)0-, -OC(=0)-, - OC(=0)0-, -C(=0) R4-, -OCH2-C(=0) R4, - R4C(=0)-, -OC(=0) R4-, - R4C(=0)0-, - R4C(=0) R4-, - R4S(=0)2-, or - R4-;

L2 is absent or substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C4alkylene;

R3 is H, D, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-C8cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2- C8heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

R4 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-C6fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C6deuteroalkyl; or R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R5;

each R5 is independently H, D, halogen, CN, -OR7, -SR7, -S(=0)R6, -S(=0)2R6, -

S(=0)2N(R7)2, -NR7S(=0)2R6, -C(=0)R6, -OC(=0)R6, -C02R7, -OC02R6, -N(R7)2, - C(=0)N(R7)2, -OC(=0)N(R7)2, -NHC(=0)R6, -NHC(=0)OR6, Ci-C6alkyl, C C6fluoroalkyl, Ci-C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-

Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Ci0heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

or two R5 groups attached to the same carbon atom are taken together with carbon atom to which they are attached to form a either a substituted or unsubstituted carbocycle or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle;

each R6 is independently selected from Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Ci0heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

each R7 is independently selected from H, Ci-C6alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-

C6deuteroalkyl, Ci-C6heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-Ci0heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R7 on the same N atom are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle.

The method of claim 33, wherein:

each R1 is H.

The method of claim 33 or claim 34, wherein the compound has the structure of Formula (II), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (II).

The method of claim 33 or claim 34, wherein the compound has the structure of Formula (III), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (III).

The method of claim 33 or claim 34, wherein the compound has the structure of Formula (IV), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (IV).

38. The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is absent, -CH2-; -0-, -CH2-0-, -0-CH2-, -C(=0)-, -C(=0) R4-, -OCH2-C(=0) R4, - R4-, -CH2-C(=0) R4-or -C(=0) R4-CH2-.

39. The method of any one of claims 33-38, wherein:

L1 is -C(=0) R4-, -OCH2-C(=0) R4, -CH2-C(=0) R4-or -C(=0) R4-CH2-.

40. The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is absent, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted

heteroarylene.

41. The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene.

42. Th method of claim 41, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

43. The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted

monocyclic Ci-Csheteroarylene containing 1-4 N atoms and 0 or 1 O or S atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-C5heteroarylene containing 0-4 N atoms and 1 O or S atom.

The method of claim 43, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted

furanylene, substituted or unsubstituted thienylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiazolylene, imidazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted triazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinylene.

5.

The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted C2-C6heterocycloalkylene that is substituted or

unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxetanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thietanyl, substituted or unsubstituted homopiperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted diazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiazepinyl, or substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3, 6-tetrahydropyridinyl.

47. The method of claim 46, wherein:

L1 i at is >

48. The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is substituted or unsubstituted C3-C6cycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopropylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclobutylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentylene, or substituted or unsubstituted cyclohexylene.

49. The method of any one of claims 33-48, wherein:

R3 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3- C6cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C8heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

or R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R5.

50. The method of any one of claims 33-37, wherein:

L1 is -C(=0)NR4-, -OCH2-C(=0)NR4, -CH2-C(=0)NR4-or -C(=0)NR4-CH2-;

R3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or more R5;

or R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R5.

51. The method of claim 50, wherein:

R3 and R4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form a ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 3,4- dihydro-2(lH)-quinolinonyl, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring B is substituted with 1-3 R5.

52. The method of claim 50, wherein:

I

N

R3 a 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form (R )n ,

n is 0, 1, or 2.

53. The method of any one of claims 33-50, wherein:

R3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C6alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl; wherein if R3 is substituted then R3 is substituted with one or two R5.

54. The method of claim 33, wherein the compound of Formula (I) is:

2-(aminomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3 -hy droxy-3 -methylbut- 1 -yn- 1 -yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3 -methylbut-3 -en- 1 -yn- 1 -yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -methyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -phenyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -benzyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-(2-hydroxy ethyl)- lH-1, 2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(4-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)-lH- 1,2,3 -triazol-1 -yl)-N,N- dimethylacetamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(piperidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

(<S)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

N-(2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethyl)-2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-N-(2-sulfamoylethyl)-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

(R)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-aminopyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

methyl (R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylate;

racemic-trans-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H- chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethylacetamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-( 1 -phenyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetic acid;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethylacetamide;

methyl (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylate;

1- (2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid; (R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid; (<S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid;

2- (aminomethyl)-7-( 1 -methyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-benzoylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3,4-dihydroquinolin-l(2H)-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-isobutoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2- (aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-phenylbenzamide;

3-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)amino)-N-phenylbenzamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-phenethoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2- ((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)-N-phenylacetamide;

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-phenylbenzamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3,S',4)S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4- one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3R,4R)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4- one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((3-phenylprop-2-yn-l-yl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzo[^]thiophen-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-phenoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-chromen-4-one;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof.

55. The method of any one of claims 28-54, wherein the compound is administered to the mammal by intravenous administration, subcutaneous administration, oral administration, inhalation, nasal administration, dermal administration, or ophthalmic administration.

Description:
LYSYL OXIDASE-LIKE 2 INHIBITORS AND USES THEREOF

RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No.

62/196,203 filed on July 23, 2015, which is herein incoporated by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Described herein are compounds that are lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2) inhibitors, methods of making such compounds, pharmaceutical compositions and medicaments comprising such compounds, and methods of using such compounds in the treatment of conditions, diseases, or disorders associated with LOXL2 activity.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) is an amine oxidase enzyme that catalyzes crosslinking of extracellular matrix proteins. LOXL2 is also involved in intracellular processes such as mediating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition of cells. LOXL2 signaling is implicated in, for example, fibrotic diseases and cancer.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0004] In one aspect, described herein are LOXL2 inhibitors and uses thereof. In some embodiments, the LOXL2 inhibitors described herein have the structure of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0005] In one aspect, described herein is a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof:

Formula (I)

wherein,

each R 1 is independently H, D, or F;

each R 2 is independently H, D, halogen, -CN, -OH, Ci-C 6 alkyl, -OCi-C 6 alkyl, C

C 6 fluoroalkyl, -OCi-C 6 fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl;

m is 0, 1, or 2;

L 1 is -X^L 2 -, -L 2 -X x -, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or

unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene; X 1 is -S-, -S(=0)-, -S(=0) 2 -, -S(=0) 2 R 4 -, -C(=0)-, -C(=0)0-, -OC(=0)-, -

OC(=0)0-, -C(=0) R 4 -, -OCH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-CH 2 0-, - R 4 C(=0)-, - OC(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)0-, - R 4 C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 S(=0) 2 -, or - R 4 -;

L 2 is absent or substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 4 alkylene;

R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci- C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ;

or -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C3-C 6 alkyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl), -0-(Ci- C 2 alkylene)-CN, -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-OR 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(C C 2 alkylene)-C0 2 R 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , substituted or unsubstituted C3-C 6 cycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 - C 6 cycloalkyl), substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or

unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or

unsubstituted aryl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci- C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -L x -R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ;

R 4 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, or Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 ;

each R 5 is independently H, D, halogen, CN, -OR 7 , -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , -S(=0) 2 R 6 , -

S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , - C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , -OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , - HC(=0)R 6 , - HC(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, C

Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 - Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R 5 groups attached to the same carbon atom are taken together with carbon atom to which they are attached to form a either a substituted or unsubstituted carbocycle or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle;

each R 6 is independently selected from Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

each R 7 is independently selected from H, Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-

C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R 7 on the same N atom are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle.

[0006] For any and all of the embodiments, substituents are selected from among a subset of the listed alternatives. For example, in some embodiments, each R 1 is independently H, D, or F. In other embodiments, each R 1 is independently H, or D. In some other embodiments, each R 1 is H.

[0007] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (II), or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (II).

[0008] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (III), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (III).

[0009] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (IV), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (IV). [0010] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0)-, -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, -0-CH 2 -

C(=0) R 4 -, or -C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -.

[0011] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, -0-CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, or - C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -.

[0012] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene.

[0013] In some embodiments, L 1 is phenylene.

[0014] In some embodiments, L 1 is

[0015] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-Csheteroarylene containing 1-4 N atoms and 0 or 1 O or S atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-Csheteroarylene containing 0-4 N atoms and 1 O or S atom.

[0016] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted furanylene, substituted or unsubstituted thienylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiazolylene, imidazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted triazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinylene.

[0017] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is

[0018] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxetanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thietanyl, substituted or unsubstituted homopiperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted diazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiazepinyl, or substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridinyl.

[0019] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene that

[0020] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopropylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclobutylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentylene, or substituted or unsubstituted cyclohexylene.

[0021] In some embodiments, R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N- containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[0022] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, -0-CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 , or - C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -; R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ;

[0023] or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[0024] In some embodiments, R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form a ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted

piperidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted

thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4- tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 3,4-dihydro-2(lH)-quinolinonyl, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring B is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[0025] In some embodiments, R 3 and R 4 are taken to ether with the N atom to which they are

[0026] In some embodiments, R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or two R 5 .

[0027] In some embodiments, the compound is:

2-(aminomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3 -hy droxy-3 -methylbut- 1 -yn- 1 -yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3 -methylbut-3 -en- 1 -yn- 1 -yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -methyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -phenyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -benzyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-(2-hydroxy ethyl)- lH-1, 2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(4-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)-lH-l,2,3-triazo l-l-yl)-N,N-dimethylacetamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxam ide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(piperidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

(<S)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4H-chro men-4-one;

N-(2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethyl)-2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromene-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-N-(2-sulfamoylethyl)-4H-chromene-6-car boxamide;

(R)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-aminopyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chr omen-4-one;

methyl (R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolid ine-3-carboxylate; racemic-trans-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidi ne-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4- one;

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen e-6-carboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethyla cetamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-( 1 -phenyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetic acid;

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethyla cetamide;

methyl (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrroli dine-3-carboxylate;

1- (2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylic acid;

(R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrro lidine-3-carboxylic acid;

(<S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)p yrrolidine-3-carboxylic

acid;

2- (aminomethyl)-7-( 1 -methyl- IH- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-benzoylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one ;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3,4-dihydroquinolin-l(2H)-yl)-4H-chromen- 4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-isobutoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2- (aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-4H -chromen-4-one;

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-pheny lbenzamide;

3-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)amino)-N-phenyl benzamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-phenethoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one;

2- ((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)-N-phenylacetami de;

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-pheny lbenzamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-ca rboxamide;

2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3,S',4 ) S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chrome n-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3R,4R)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-c arbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one; 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chrome n-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((3-phenylprop-2-yn-l-yl)oxy)-4H-chrome n-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one ;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one ;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzo[^]thiophen-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chrom en-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen -4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-phenoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one;

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-ch romen-4-one;

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof.

[0028] Any combination of the groups described above for the various variables is

contemplated herein. Throughout the specification, groups and substituents thereof are chosen by one skilled in the field to provide stable moieties and compounds. [0029] In one aspect, described herein is a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient. In some embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition is formulated for administration to a mammal by intravenous administration, subcutaneous administration, oral administration, inhalation, nasal administration, dermal administration, or ophthalmic administration. In some embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition is formulated for administration to a mammal by intravenous administration, subcutaneous administration, or oral administration. In some embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition is formulated for administration to a mammal by oral administration. In some embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition is in the form of a tablet, a pill, a capsule, a liquid, a suspension, a gel, a dispersion, a solution, an emulsion, an ointment, or a lotion. In some embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition is in the form of a tablet, a pill, or a capsule.

[0030] In another aspect, described herein is a method of treating a disease or condition in a mammal that would benefit from the inhibition or reduction of lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) activity comprising administering a substituted or unsubstituted 2-(aminomethyl)-4H-chromen-4- one compound, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, to the mammal in need thereof.

[0031] In some embodiments, the disease or condition is fibrosis or cancer.

[0032] In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises lung fibrosis, liver fibrosis, kidney fibrosis, cardiac fibrosis, peritoneal fibrosis, ocular fibrosis or cutaneous fibrosis.

[0033] In some embodiments, the fibrosis is myelofibrosis.

[0034] In some embodiments, the substituted or unsubstituted 2-(aminomethyl)-4H-chromen- 4-one compound, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, is a lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) inhibitor.

[0035] In some embodiments, the substituted or unsubstituted 2-(aminomethyl)-4H-chromen- 4-one compound, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, has the structure of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof:

Formula (I)

wherein,

each R 1 is independently H, D, or F;

each R 2 is independently H, D, halogen, -CN, -OH, Ci-C 6 alkyl, -OCi-C 6 alkyl, C

Cefluoroalkyl, -OCi-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , -S(=0) 2 R 6 , - S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , -

OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 C(=0)R 6 , - R 7 C(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, C C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

m is 0, 1, or 2;

L 1 is absent, -X^L 2 -, -ΐ χ 1 -, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 4 alkylene, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 6 heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene;

X 1 is -0-, -S-, -S(=0)-, -S(=0) 2 -, -S(=0) 2 R 4 -, -C(=0)-, -C(=0)0-, -OC(=0)-, - OC(=0)0-, -C(=0) R 4 -, -OCH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-CH 2 0-, - R 4 C(=0)-, - OC(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)0-, - R 4 C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 S(=0) 2 -, or - R 4 -;

L 2 is absent or substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 4 alkylene;

R 3 is H, D, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ;

R 4 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 ;

each R 5 is independently H, D, halogen, CN, -OR 7 , -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , -S(=0) 2 R 6 , -

S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , - C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , -OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , - HC(=0)R 6 , - HC(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, C

Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 - Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

or two R 5 groups attached to the same carbon atom are taken together with carbon atom to which they are attached to form a either a substituted or unsubstituted carbocycle or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle;

each R 6 is independently selected from Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

each R 7 is independently selected from H, Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-Cefluoroalkyl, Ci-

C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C3-Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R 7 on the same N atom are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to a substituted or unsubstituted

N-containing heterocycle.

[0036] In some embodiments, each R 1 is H.

[0037] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (II), or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (II).

[0038] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (III), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (III).

[0039] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (IV), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (IV).

[0040] In some embodiments, L 1 is absent, -CH 2 - -0-, -CH 2 -0-, -0-CH 2 -, -C(=0)-, - C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -or -C(=0)NR 4 -CH 2 -.

[0041] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -or -C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 - [0042] In some embodiments, L 1 is absent, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene.

[0043] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene. [0044] In some embodiments, L 1 is · 1~ , or .

[0045] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-Csheteroarylene containing 1-4 N atoms and 0 or 1 O or S atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-C 5 heteroarylene containing 0-4 N atoms and 1 O or S atom.

[0046] In some embodiments, L is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted furanylene, substituted or unsubstituted thienylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiazolylene, imidazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted triazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinylene.

[0047] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is

[0048] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxetanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thietanyl, substituted or unsubstituted homopiperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted diazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiazepinyl, or substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridinyl.

[0049] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene that

[0050] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopropylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclobutylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentylene, or substituted or unsubstituted cyclohexylene.

[0051] In some embodiments, R 3 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N- containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[0052] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -or -C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -; R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 . [0053] In some embodiments, R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form a ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted

1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 3,4-dihydro-2(lH)-quinolinonyl, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring B is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[0054] In some embodiments, R 3 and R 4 are taken to ether with the N atom to which they are

[0055] In some embodiments, R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or two R 5 .

[0056] In some embodiments, the compound is administered to the mammal by intravenous administration, subcutaneous administration, oral administration, inhalation, nasal administration, dermal administration, or ophthalmic administration.

[0057] In one aspect, described herein is a method of treating or preventing any one of the diseases or conditions described herein comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, to a mammal in need thereof.

[0058] In one aspect, described herein is a method for the treatment or prevention of fibrosis in a mammal comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, to the mammal in need thereof. In other embodiments, the fibrosis is amenable to treatment with a LOXL2 inhibitor. In some embodiments, the fibrosis is lung fibrosis. In some embodiments, the method further comprises administering a second therapeutic agent to the mammal in addition to the compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof. [0059] In any of the aforementioned aspects are further embodiments in which the effective amount of the compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is: (a) systemically administered to the mammal; and/or (b) administered orally to the mammal; and/or

(c) intravenously administered to the mammal; and/or (d) administered by inhalation; and/or (e) t administered by nasal administration; or and/or (f) administered by injection to the mammal; and/or (g) administered topically to the mammal; and/or (h) administered by ophthalmic administration; and/or (i) administered rectally to the mammal; and/or (j) adminstered non- systemically or locally to the mammal.

[0060] In any of the aforementioned aspects are further embodiments comprising single administrations of the effective amount of the compound, including further embodiments in which the compound is administered once a day to the mammal or the compound is administered to the mammal multiple times over the span of one day. In some embodiments, the compound is administered on a continuous dosing schedule. In some embodiments, the compound is administered on a continuous daily dosing schedule.

[0061] In any of the aforementioned aspects involving the treatment of a disease or condition are further embodiments comprising administering at least one additional agent in addition to the administration of a compound of Formula (I) described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In various embodiments, each agent is administered in any order, including simultaneously.

[0062] In any of the embodiments disclosed herein, the mammal is a human.

[0063] In some embodiments, compounds provided herein are administered to a human.

[0064] In some embodiments, compounds provided herein are orally administered.

[0065] Articles of manufacture, which include packaging material, a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, within the packaging material, and a label that indicates that the compound or composition, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, pharmaceutically active metabolite, pharmaceutically acceptable prodrug, or pharmaceutically acceptable solvate thereof, is used for inhibiting the activity of LOXL2, or for the treatment, prevention or amelioration of one or more symptoms of a disease or condition that would benefit from inhibition or reduction of the LOXL2 activity, are provided.

[0066] Other objects, features and advantages of the compounds, methods and compositions described herein will become apparent from the following detailed description. It should be understood, however, that the detailed description and the specific examples, while indicating specific embodiments, are given by way of illustration only, since various changes and modifications within the spirit and scope of the instant disclosure will become apparent to those skilled in the art from this detailed description. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0067] Lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) is a member of the lysyl oxidase (LOX) family, which comprises Cu 2+ and lysine tyrosylquinone (LTQ)-dependent amine oxidases. The family comprises five genes: lox (LOX), /ox/7 (lysyl oxidase like-1, LOXL1), loxl2 (LOXL2), loxl3

(lysyl oxidase like-3, LOXL3), and loxl4 (lysyl oxidase like-4, LOXL4). The LOX family is known for catalyzing the oxidative deamination of the ε-amino group of lysines and

hydroxylysines in collagen and elastin to promote crosslinking of these molecules. Crosslinking of collagen and elastin is essential for maintaining tensile strength of the extracellular matrix.

[0068] LOXL2 has been demonstrated to have intracellular functions aside from its role in remodeling of the extracellular matrix. LOXL2 positively regulates the epithelial-to- mesenchymal transition (EMT) transducer, Snail 1, by promoting Snail 1 stability and functional activity. LOXL2 contributes positively to the activation of the focal adhesion kinase (FAK) signaling pathway and participates in the organization of focal adhesion complexes. Silencing of

LOXL2 gene leads to reacquisition of epithelial cell polarity and decreases the migratory and invasive ability of mammary cell lines. The modulation of cell adhesion and cell polarity has been reported to be mediated by intracellular LOXL2. LOXL2 transcriptionally represses E- cadherin as well as tight junction and cell polarity genes by Snail 1 -dependent and Snail 1- independent mechanisms. LOXL2 has been more recently described to be associated with chromatin and reported to be involved in histone H2 deamination, a function that is dependent on the LOXL2 catalytic domain.

[0069] In some embodiments, the methods disclosed herein are methods for inhibiting intracellular LOXL2. In some embodiments, the methods disclosed herein are methods for inhibiting extracellular (secreted) LOXL2. In some embodiments, the methods disclosed herein are methods for inhibiting extracellular and intracellular LOXL2.

Fibrosis

[0070] LOXL2 has been shown to be involved in fibrotic processes. Fibrotic processes include an excessive deposition of extracellular matrix components, such as collagen, which alters the physical, biochemical and biomechanical matrix properties leading to defective organ function and organ failure. Tissue fibrosis is also associated with cancer progression by direct promotion of cellular transformation and metastasis. Tumors are typically stiffer than normal tissue and tumor rigidity influences tumor metastasis.

[0071] Excessive LOXL2 enzyme activity has been implicated in the increased stiffness of tumors. Elevated LOXL2 is also associated with fibrotic lesions from livers of patients suffering from Wilson disease and primary biliary cirrhosis. Additionally, the administration of a LOXL2- specific monoclonal antibody AB0023 was efficacious in reducing disease in a model of fibrosis. AB0023 was shown to inhibit the production of growth factors and of crosslinked collagenous matrix and TGF-beta signaling.

[0072] In some embodiments, disclosed herein are methods of treating fibrosis with a compound disclosed herein.

[0073] "Fibrosis," as used herein, refers to the accumulation of extracellular matrix

constituents that occurs following trauma, inflammation, tissue repair, immunological reactions, cellular hyperplasia, and neoplasia.

[0074] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method of reducing fibrosis in a tissue comprising contacting a fibrotic cell or tissue with a compound disclosed herein, in an amount sufficient to decrease or inhibit the fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis includes a fibrotic condition.

[0075] In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises lung fibrosis, liver fibrosis, kidney fibrosis, cardiac fibrosis, peritoneal fibrosis, ocular fibrosis or cutaneous fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises lung fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises liver fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises kidney fibrosis. In some

embodiments, the fibrosis comprises cardiac fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises peritoneal fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises ocular fibrosis. In some embodiments, the fibrosis comprises cutaneous fibrosis.

[0076] In some embodiments, reducing fibrosis, or treatment of a fibrotic condition, includes reducing or inhibiting one or more of: formation or deposition of extracellular matrix proteins; the number of pro-fibrotic cell types (e.g., fibroblast or immune cell numbers); cellular collagen or hydroxyproline content within a fibrotic lesion; expression or activity of a fibrogenic protein; or reducing fibrosis associated with an inflammatory response.

[0077] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the lung.

[0078] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the liver.

[0079] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the heart.

[0080] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the kidney

[0081] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the skin.

[0082] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the eye.

[0083] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the

gastrointestinal tract.

[0084] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is a fibrotic condition of the bone marrow.

[0085] In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is idiopathic. In some embodiments, the fibrotic condition is associated with (e.g., is secondary to) a disease (e.g., an infectious disease, an inflammatory disease, an autoimmune disease, a malignant or cancerous disease, and/or a connective disease); a toxin; an insult (e.g., an environmental hazard (e.g., asbestos, coal dust, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), cigarette smoking, a wound); a medical treatment (e.g., surgical incision, chemotherapy or radiation), or a combination thereof.

[0086] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method for the treatment or prevention of fibrosis in a mammal comprising administering a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to the mammal in need thereof.

[0087] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method of improving lung function in a mammal comprising administering a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to the mammal in need thereof. In some embodiments, the mammal has been diagnosed as having lung fibrosis.

[0088] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method of treating idopathic pulmonary fibrosis in a mammal comprising administering a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to the mammal in need thereof.

[0089] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method of controlling an abnormal accumulation or activation of cells, fibronectin, collagen or increased fibroblast recruitment in a tissue of a mammal comprising administering a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to the mammal in need thereof. In some embodiments, the abnormal accumulation or activation of cells, fibronectin, collagen or increased fibroblast recruitment in the tissue results in fibrosis.

[0090] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method for the treatment or prevention of scleroderma in a mammal comprising administering a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, to the mammal in need thereof.

[0091] In some embodiments, disclosed herein is a method for reducing undesired or abnormal dermal thickening in a mammal comprising administering to mammal in need thereof a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In some embodiments, the dermal thickening is associated with scleroderma.

[0092] In some embodiments, described herein is a method of controlling an abnormal accumulation or activation of cells, fibronectin, collagen or increased fibroblast recruitment in tissues of a mammal comprising administering to mammal in need thereof a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In some embodiments, the abnormal accumulation or activation of cells, fibronectin, collagen or increased fibroblast recruitment in the dermal tissues results in fibrosis. In some embodiments, described herein is a method of reducing hydroxyproline content in tissues of a mammal with fibrosis comprising administering to mammal in need thereof a LOXL2 inhibitor described herein, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Cancer

[0093] LOXL2 has been shown to be involved in signaling related to cancer cell growth, adhesion, motility and invasion. Specifically, LOXL2 induces epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cells to promote tumor invasion. LOXL2 is also upregulated in hypoxic tumor environments which leads to enhanced invasion of tumor cells. LOXL2 has also been shown to promote angiogenesis in hypoxic tumor environments.

[0094] Increased LOXL2 expression is associated with poor prognosis in patients with colon, esophageal tumors, oral squamous cell carcinomas, laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas, and head and neck squamous cell carcinomas. LOXL2 has been proposed to participate in cancers of the breast, colon, gastric, head and neck, lung, and melanoma.

[0095] In some embodiments, disclosed herein are methods of treating cancer with a compound disclosed herein.

[0096] The term "cancer" as used herein, refers to an abnormal growth of cells that tend to proliferate in an uncontrolled way and, in some cases, to metastasize (spread). Types of cancer include, but are not limited to, solid tumors (such as those of the bladder, bowel, brain, breast, endometrium, heart, kidney, lung, liver, uterus, lymphatic tissue (lymphoma), ovary, pancreas or other endocrine organ (thyroid), prostate, skin (melanoma or basal cell cancer) or hematological tumors (such as the leukemias and lymphomas) at any stage of the disease with or without metastases.

Compounds

[0097] Compounds described herein, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts, prodrugs, active metabolites and pharmaceutically acceptable solvates thereof, are LOXL2 inhibitors.

[0098] In one aspect, compounds described herein are substituted or unsubstituted 2- (aminomethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one compounds, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, to the mammal in need thereof. In some embodiments, the substituted or unsubstituted 2-(aminomethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one compounds, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof, have the structure of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof:

Formula (I)

wherein,

each R 1 is independently H, D, or F; each R 2 is independently H, D, halogen, -CN, -OH, Ci-C 6 alkyl, -OCi-C 6 alkyl, C

C 6 fluoroalkyl, -OCi-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, -SR 5 , -S(=0)R 4 , -S(=0) 2 R 4 , - S(=0) 2 N(R 5 ) 2 , - R 2 S(=0) 2 R 4 , -C(=0)R 4 , -OC(=0)R 4 , -C0 2 R 5 , -OC0 2 R 4 , -N(R 5 ) 2 , - OC(=0)N(R 5 ) 2 , - R 2 C(=0)R 4 , - R 2 C(=0)OR 4 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci- C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

m is 0, 1, or 2;

L 1 is absent, -X^L 2 -, -L 2 -X 1 -, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 4 alkylene, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 6 heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene;

X 1 is -0-, -S-, -S(=0)-, -S(=0) 2 -, -S(=0) 2 R 4 -, -C(=0)-, -C(=0)0-, -OC(=0)-, - OC(=0)0-, -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-, -OC(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)0-, - R 4 C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 S(=0) 2 -, or - R 4 -;

L 2 is absent or substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 4 alkylene;

R 3 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ;

R 4 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 ;

each R 5 is independently H, D, halogen, CN, -OR 7 , -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , -S(=0) 2 R 6 , -

S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , -NR 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , - OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , -NHC(=0)R 6 , -NHC(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci- C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

or two R 5 groups attached to the same carbon atom are taken together with carbon atom to which they are attached to form a either a substituted or unsubstituted carbocycle or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle; each R 6 is independently selected from Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl,

Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

each R 7 is independently selected from H, Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-

C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R 7 on the same N atom are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle.

[0099] In one aspect, described herein is a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, or solvate thereof:

Formula (I)

wherein,

each R 1 is independently H, D, or F;

each R 2 is independently H, D, halogen, -CN, -OH, Ci-C 6 alkyl, -OCi-C 6 alkyl, C

C 6 fluoroalkyl, -OCi-C 6 fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl;

m is 0, 1, or 2;

L 1 is -X^L 2 -, -L 2 -X 1 -, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or

unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl ene; X 1 is -S-, -S(=0)-, -S(=0) 2 -, -S(=0) 2 R 4 -, -C(=0)-, -C(=0)0-, -OC(=0)-, - OC(=0)0-, -C(=0) R 4 -, -OCH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-, -OC(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)0-, - R 4 C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 S(=0) 2 -, or - R 4 -;

L 2 is absent or substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 4 alkylene;

R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci- C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted

3 3

or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R is substituted then R is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or -I^-R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -

C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene), substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -O-

(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -

C 8 heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted aryl), substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ;

R 4 is H, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, or Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 ;

each R 5 is independently H, halogen, CN, -OR 7 , -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , -S(=0) 2 R 6 , -

S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , - OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , - HC(=0)R 6 , - HC(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci- C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

or two R 5 groups attached to the same carbon atom are taken together with carbon atom to which they are attached to form a either a substituted or unsubstituted carbocycle or substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle;

each R 6 is independently selected from Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;

each R 7 is independently selected from H, Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-

C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, and substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; or two R 7 on the same N atom are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to a substituted or unsubstituted N-containing heterocycle.

[00100] For any and all of the embodiments, substituents are selected from among a subset of the listed alternatives. For example, in some embodiments, each R 1 is independently H, D, or F. In other embodiments, each R 1 is independently H, or D. In some other embodiments, each R 1 is H. [00101] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (II), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (II).

[00102] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (III), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (III).

[00103] In some embodiments, the compound has the structure of Formula (IV), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

Formula (IV).

[00104] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0)-, -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -or - C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -.

[00105] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -or -C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -.

[00106] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene.

00107] In me embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted phenylene.

[00109] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-Csheteroarylene containing 1-4 N atoms and 0 or 1 O or S atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-C 5 heteroarylene containing 0-4 N atoms and 1 O or S atom.

[00110] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted furanylene, substituted or unsubstituted thienyl ene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiazolylene, imidazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted triazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiadiazolyl ene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinylene.

[00111] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is

[00112] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is

[00113] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is

[00114] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxetanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thietanyl, substituted or unsubstituted homopiperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiepanyl, substituted or unsubstituted oxazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted diazepinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiazepinyl, or substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridinyl.

[00115] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C2-C 6 heterocycloalkylene that

[00116] In some embodiments, L 1 is substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopropylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclobutylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentylene, or substituted or unsubstituted cyclohexylene.

[00117] In some embodiments, R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N- containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[00118] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted phenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted phenyl); wherein if - I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00119] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is substituted phenyl; wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00120] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkylene that is substituted or unsubstituted cyclopropylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclobutylene, substituted or unsubstituted cyclopentylene, or substituted or unsubstituted cyclohexylene.

[00121] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-C 5 heteroarylene containing 1-4 N atoms and 0 or 1 O or S atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic Ci-C 5 heteroarylene containing 0-4 N atoms and 1 O or S atom; wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00122] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene that is a substituted or unsubstituted furanylene, substituted or unsubstituted thienylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiazolylene, imidazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted triazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted tetrazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isoxazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted isothiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted oxadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted thiadiazolylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidinylene, substituted or unsubstituted

pyrazinylene, substituted or unsubstituted pyridazinylene, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinylene; wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00123] In some embodiments, L 1 is -X^L 2 -, -ΐ χ 1 -, substituted or unsubstituted C2-C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 heterocycloalkylene, substituted or unsubstituted phenylene, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene; X 1 is - C(=0) R 4 -, -OCH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-CH 2 0-, - R 4 C(=0)-, or - R 4 -; R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 - C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 alkyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)- CN, -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-OR 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C0 2 R 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(Ci- C 2 alkylene)-C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl), substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 8 heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted aryl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)- substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl);

wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00124] In some embodiments, L 1 is -X^L 2 -, or -ΐ χ 1 -; X 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -OCH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-CH 2 0-, - R 4 C(=0)-, or -NR 4 -; R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 alkyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 6 alkenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 6 alkynyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-CN, -0-(Ci-

C 2 alkylene)-OR 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C0 2 R 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-

C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , substituted or unsubstituted C3-C 6 cycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -

C 6 cycloalkyl), substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -

C 8 heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted aryl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00125] In some embodiments, L 1 is -X^L 2 -, or -ΐ χ 1 -; X 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -OCH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -, - R 4 C(=0)-CH 2 0-, - R 4 C(=0)-, or - R 4 -; R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 8 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 alkyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-OR 7 , -0-(C C 2 alkylene)-C0 2 R 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , substituted or unsubstituted benzyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - C 8 heterocycloalkyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)- (substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted aryl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted aryl), substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)- (substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -L x -R 3 is substituted then -L x -R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00126] In some embodiments, wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one R 5 . In some embodiments, wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or two R 5 . In some embodiments, wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one, two or three R 5 . In some embodiments, wherein if -L x -R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one, two, three or four R 5 .

[00127] In some embodiments, each R 5 is independently halogen, CN, -OR 7 , -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , - S(=0) 2 R 6 , -S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , - C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , -OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , - HC(=0)R 6 , - HC(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci- C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ciocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -Ci 0 heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl.

[00128] In some embodiments, each R 5 is independently halogen, CN, -OR 7 , -SR 7 , -S(=0)R 6 , - S(=0) 2 R 6 , -S(=0) 2 N(R 7 ) 2 , - R 7 S(=0) 2 R 6 , -C(=0)R 6 , -OC(=0)R 6 , -C0 2 R 7 , -OC0 2 R 6 , -N(R 7 ) 2 , - OC(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , - HC(=0)R 6 , - HC(=0)OR 6 , Ci-C 6 alkyl, Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl, Ci-C 6 deuteroalkyl, Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -Ci 0 cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted C 2 - Cioheterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl.

[00129] In some embodiments, L 1 is -C(=0) R 4 -, -CH 2 -C(=0) R 4 -or -C(=0) R 4 -CH 2 -; R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 is substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 ; or R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic N-containing heterocycle, or a substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic N-containing heterocycle, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring A is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[00130] In some embodiments, R 3 and R 4 are taken together with the N atom to which they are attached to form a ring A, wherein ring A is a substituted or unsubstituted aziridinyl, substituted or unsubstituted azetidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted pyrrolidinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperidinyl, substituted or unsubstituted morpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted thiomorpholinyl, substituted or unsubstituted piperazinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted indolinonyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolinyl, substituted or unsubstituted 3,4-dihydro-2(lH)-quinolinonyl, wherein if ring A is substituted then ring B is substituted with 1-3 R 5 .

[00131] In some embodiments, R 3 and R 4 are taken to ether with the N atom to which they are

[00132] In some embodiments, R 3 is substituted or unsubstituted Ci-C 6 alkyl, substituted unsubstituted phenyl, or substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl; wherein if R 3 substituted then R 3 is substituted with one or two R 5 . [00133] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 alkyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkenyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 6 alkynyl), -O- - 0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, -O- (substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl), substituted aryl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted aryl), -O- (Ci-C 2 alkylene)-substituted or unsubstituted aryl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl, or -O- (substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl) or -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00134] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 alkyl), -O- (Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C0 2 R 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted phenyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted phenyl), -0-(Ci- C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl), substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)- (substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl), or -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic heteroaryl); wherein if -I^-R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00135] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is D, -0-(substituted or unsubstituted C 3 -C 6 alkyl), -O- (Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C0 2 R 7 , -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-C(=0)N(R 7 ) 2 , -0-(substituted or unsubstituted benzyl), substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic C 2 -C 8 heterocycloalkyl, substituted phenyl, -O- (substituted or unsubstituted phenyl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted phenyl), substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl, or -0-(substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl), -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted monocyclic heteroaryl), or -0-(Ci-C 2 alkylene)-(substituted or unsubstituted bicyclic heteroaryl); wherein if -L x -R 3 is substituted then -I^-R 3 is substituted with one or more R 5 .

[00136] In some embodiments, the compound of Formula (I) has the following structure, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

[00137] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is R as described in Table 1.

[00138] In some embodiments, -I^-R 3 is as described herein. [00139] In some embodiments, the compound of Formula (I) has the following structure, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:

wherein,

-I^-R 3 is R as described in Table 1.

[00140] Any combination of the groups described above for the various variables is

contemplated herein. Throughout the specification, groups and substituents thereof are chosen by one skilled in the field to provide stable moieties and compounds.

[00141] In some embodiments, compounds of Formula (I) include, but are not limited to, those described in Table 1.

Table 1

Compound

Position R

Number

1-63 C-7

1-64 C-7

1-65 C-7

1-66 C-7

1-67 C-7

1-68 C-7

C-6 OMe

1-69

C-7 OBn

1-70 C-7

H

[00142] Compounds in Table 1 are named:

2-(aminomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-1);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-2);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-3);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbut-l-yn-l-yl)-4H-chrom en-4-one (Compound 1-4); 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-methylbut-3-en-l-yn-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4- one (Compound 1-5); 2-(aminomethyl)-6-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-6);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-7);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-8);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-9);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-10);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-11 );

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-12);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-( 1 -methyl- 1H- 1 ,2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-13); 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l -phenyl- lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-14); 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l -benzyl- lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-15); 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-(2-hydroxy ethyl)- lH-1, 2,3 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-

16);

2-(4-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)-lH-l,2,3-triazo l-l-yl)-N,N-dimethylacetamide (Compound 1-17);

2-(aminomethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide (Compound 1-18);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(piperidine- 1 -carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-19);

(<S)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4H-c hromen-4-one (Compound 1-20);

N-(2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethyl)-2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo- 4H-chromene-6-carboxamide

(Compound 1-21);

2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-N-(2-sulfamoylethyl)-4H-chromene-6-car boxamide (Compound 1 -22); (R)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-aminopyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chr omen-4-one (Compound 1-23); methyl (R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolid ine-3-carboxylate (Compound 1-24);

racemic-trans-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrol idine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4- one (Compound 1-25);

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen e-6-carboxamide (Compound

1- 26);

2- (aminomethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-27);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-28);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-29);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-30);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-31);

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimethyla cetamide (Compound 1 -32); 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(l -phenyl- lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-33);

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetic acid (Compound 1-34);

2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-N,N-dimeth ylacetamide (Compound 1-35); methyl (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrroli dine-3-carboxylate (Compound 1-36);

(R) or (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrroli dine-3-carboxylic acid (Compound 1-37);

(R) or (,S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrroli dine-3-carboxylic acid (Compound 1-38);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(l-m ethyl- lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-39); 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-40);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-benzoylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4- one (Compound 1-41); 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3,4-dihydroquinolin-l(2H)-yl)-4H-chromen- 4-one (Compound 1-42);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-43);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-isobutoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-44);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-45);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1 -46);

2- (aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-4H -chromen-4-one (Compound

1- 47);

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-pheny lbenzamide (Compound 1 - 48);

3-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)amino)-N-phenylben zamide (Compound 1 -49);

2- (aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-50);

2-(aminomethyl)-8-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-51);

2-(aminomethyl)-8-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-52);

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-53);

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-54);

2-(aminomethyl)-8-phenethoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-55);

2-(aminomethyl)-8-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-56);

2- ((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)-N-phenylacetami de (Compound 1 -57);

3- (((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)methyl)-N-pheny lbenzamide (Compound 1 - 58);

2-(aminomethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbo xamide (Compound 1 -59); 2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3,S',4 ) S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chrome n-4-one (Compound 1-60);

2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3R,4R)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-c arbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-61);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chrome n-4-one (Compound 1 -62); 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((3-phenylprop-2-yn-l-yl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4 -one (Compound 1-63); 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1 -64);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-65);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzo[^]thiophen-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chrom en-4-one (Compound 1 -66); 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen-4- one (Compound 1-67);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-phenoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1-68);

2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1 -69)

2-(aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-ch romen-4-one (Compound 1-70); or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. [00143] In one aspect, compounds described herein are in the form of pharmaceutically acceptable salts. As well, active metabolites of these compounds having the same type of activity are included in the scope of the present disclosure. In addition, the compounds described herein can exist in unsolvated as well as solvated forms with pharmaceutically acceptable solvents such as water, ethanol, and the like. The solvated forms of the compounds presented herein are also considered to be disclosed herein.

[00144] "Pharmaceutically acceptable," as used herein, refers a material, such as a carrier or diluent, which does not abrogate the biological activity or properties of the compound, and is relatively nontoxic, i.e., the material is administered to an individual without causing undesirable biological effects or interacting in a deleterious manner with any of the components of the composition in which it is contained.

[00145] The term "pharmaceutically acceptable salt" refers to a form of a therapeutically active agent that consists of a cationic form of the therapeutically active agent in combination with a suitable anion, or in alternative embodiments, an anionic form of the therapeutically active agent in combination with a suitable cation. Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts: Properties, Selection and Use. International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Wiley-VCH 2002. S.M. Berge, L.D. Bighley, D.C. Monkhouse, J. Pharm. Sci. 1977, 66, 1-19. P. H. Stahl and C. G. Wermuth, editors, Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts: Properties, Selection and Use,

Weinheim/Zurich:Wiley-VCH/VHCA, 2002. Pharmaceutical salts typically are more soluble and more rapidly soluble in stomach and intestinal juices than non-ionic species and so are useful in solid dosage forms. Furthermore, because their solubility often is a function of pH, selective dissolution in one or another part of the digestive tract is possible and this capability can be manipulated as one aspect of delayed and sustained release behaviours. Also, because the salt- forming molecule can be in equilibrium with a neutral form, passage through biological membranes can be adjusted.

[00146] In some embodiments, pharmaceutically acceptable salts are obtained by reacting a compound described herein with an acid. In some embodiments, the compound described herein (i.e. free base form) is basic and is reacted with an organic acid or an inorganic acid. Inorganic acids include, but are not limited to, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, nitric acid, and metaphosphoric acid. Organic acids include, but are not limited to, l-hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid; 2,2-dichloroacetic acid; 2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid; 2- oxoglutaric acid; 4-acetamidobenzoic acid; 4-aminosalicylic acid; acetic acid; adipic acid;

ascorbic acid (L); aspartic acid (L); benzenesulfonic acid; benzoic acid; camphoric acid (+); camphor- 10-sulfonic acid (+); capric acid (decanoic acid); caproic acid (hexanoic acid); caprylic acid (octanoic acid); carbonic acid; cinnamic acid; citric acid; cyclamic acid; dodecylsulfuric acid; ethane- 1,2-disulfonic acid; ethanesulfonic acid; formic acid; fumaric acid; galactaric acid; gentisic acid; glucoheptonic acid (D); gluconic acid (D); glucuronic acid (D); glutamic acid; glutaric acid; glycerophosphoric acid; glycolic acid; hippuric acid; isobutyric acid; lactic acid (DL); lactobionic acid; lauric acid; maleic acid; malic acid (- L); malonic acid; mandelic acid (DL); methanesulfonic acid; monomethyl fumarate, naphthalene- 1,5-disulfonic acid;

naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid; nicotinic acid; oleic acid; oxalic acid; palmitic acid; pamoic acid; phosphoric acid; proprionic acid; pyroglutamic acid (- L); salicylic acid; sebacic acid; stearic acid; succinic acid; sulfuric acid; tartaric acid (+ L); thiocyanic acid; toluenesulfonic acid (p); and undecylenic acid.

[00147] In some embodiments, a compound described herein is prepared as a chloride salt, sulfate salt, bromide salt, mesylate salt, maleate salt, citrate salt or phosphate salt. In some embodiments, a compound described herein is prepared as a hydrochloride salt.

[00148] In some embodiments, pharmaceutically acceptable salts are obtained by reacting a compound described herein with a base. In some embodiments, the compound described herein is acidic and is reacted with a base. In such situations, an acidic proton of the compound described herein is replaced by a metal ion, e.g., lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, calcium, or an aluminum ion. In some cases, compounds described herein coordinate with an organic base, such as, but not limited to, ethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine, tromethamine, meglumine, N-methylglucamine, dicyclohexylamine,

tris(hydroxymethyl)methylamine. In other cases, compounds described herein form salts with amino acids such as, but not limited to, arginine, lysine, and the like. Acceptable inorganic bases used to form salts with compounds that include an acidic proton, include, but are not limited to, aluminum hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, and the like. In some embodiments, the compounds provided herein are prepared as a sodium salt, calcium salt, potassium salt, magnesium salt, meglumine salt, N-methylglucamine salt or ammonium salt. In some embodiments, the compounds provided herein are prepared as a sodium salt.

[00149] It should be understood that a reference to a pharmaceutically acceptable salt includes the solvent addition forms. In some embodiments, solvates contain either stoichiometric or non- stoichiometric amounts of a solvent, and are formed during the process of crystallization with pharmaceutically acceptable solvents such as water, ethanol, and the like. Hydrates are formed when the solvent is water, or alcoholates are formed when the solvent is alcohol. Solvates of compounds described herein are conveniently prepared or formed during the processes described herein. In addition, the compounds provided herein optionally exist in unsolvated as well as solvated forms. [00150] The methods and formulations described herein include the use of N-oxides (if appropriate), crystalline forms (also known as polymorphs), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds described herein, as well as active metabolites of these compounds having the same type of activity.

[00151] In some embodiments, sites on the organic radicals (e.g. alkyl groups, aromatic rings) of compounds described herein are susceptible to various metabolic reactions. Incorporation of appropriate substituents on the organic radicals will reduce, minimize or eliminate this metabolic pathway. In specific embodiments, the appropriate substituent to decrease or eliminate the susceptibility of the aromatic ring to metabolic reactions is, by way of example only, a halogen, deuterium, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, or a deuteroalkyl group.

[00152] In another embodiment, the compounds described herein are labeled isotopically (e.g. with a radioisotope) or by another other means, including, but not limited to, the use of chromophores or fluorescent moieties, bioluminescent labels, or chemiluminescent labels.

[00153] Compounds described herein include isotopically-labeled compounds, which are identical to those recited in the various formulae and structures presented herein, but for the fact that one or more atoms are replaced by an atom having an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number usually found in nature. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into the present compounds include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, fluorine and chlorine, such as, for example, 2 H, 3 H, 13 C, 14 C, 15 N, 18 0, 17 0, 35 S, 18 F, 36 C1. In one aspect, isotopically-labeled compounds described herein, for example those into which radioactive isotopes such as 3 H and 14 C are incorporated, are useful in drug and/or substrate tissue distribution assays. In one aspect, substitution with isotopes such as deuterium affords certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, such as, for example, increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements.

[00154] In some embodiments, the compounds described herein possess one or more

stereocenters and each stereocenter exists independently in either the R or S configuration. The compounds presented herein include all diastereomeric, enantiomeric, atropisomers, and epimeric forms as well as the appropriate mixtures thereof. The compounds and methods provided herein include all cis, trans, syn, anti, entgegen (E), and zusammen (Z) isomers as well as the appropriate mixtures thereof.

[00155] Individual stereoisomers are obtained, if desired, by methods such as, stereoselective synthesis and/or the separation of stereoisomers by chiral chromatographic columns. In certain embodiments, compounds described herein are prepared as their individual stereoisomers by reacting a racemic mixture of the compound with an optically active resolving agent to form a pair of diastereoisomeric compounds/salts, separating the diastereomers and recovering the optically pure enantiomers. In some embodiments, resolution of enantiomers is carried out using covalent diastereomeric derivatives of the compounds described herein. In another embodiment, diastereomers are separated by separation/resolution techniques based upon differences in solubility. In other embodiments, separation of steroisomers is performed by chromatography or by the forming diastereomeric salts and separation by recrystallization, or chromatography, or any combination thereof. Jean Jacques, Andre Collet, Samuel H. Wilen, "Enantiomers,

Racemates and Resolutions", John Wiley And Sons, Inc., 1981. In some embodiments, stereoisomers are obtained by stereoselective synthesis.

[00156] In some embodiments, compounds described herein are prepared as prodrugs. A "prodrug" refers to an agent that is converted into the parent drug in vivo. Prodrugs are often useful because, in some situations, they are easier to administer than the parent drug. They are, for instance, bioavailable by oral administration whereas the parent is not. The prodrug may be a substrate for a transporter. Further or alternatively, the prodrug also has improved solubility in pharmaceutical compositions over the parent drug. In some embodiments, the design of a prodrug increases the effective water solubility. An example, without limitation, of a prodrug is a compound described herein, which is administered as an ester (the "prodrug") but then is metabolically hydrolyzed to provide the active entity. A further example of a prodrug is a short peptide (polyaminoacid) bonded to an acid group where the peptide is metabolized to reveal the active moiety. In certain embodiments, upon in vivo administration, a prodrug is chemically converted to the biologically, pharmaceutically or therapeutically active form of the compound. In certain embodiments, a prodrug is enzymatically metabolized by one or more steps or processes to the biologically, pharmaceutically or therapeutically active form of the compound.

[00157] Prodrugs of the compounds described herein include, but are not limited to, esters, ethers, carbonates, thiocarbonates, N-acyl derivatives, N-acyloxy alkyl derivatives, quaternary derivatives of tertiary amines, N-Mannich bases, Schiff bases, amino acid conjugates, phosphate esters, and sulfonate esters. See for example Design of Prodrugs, Bundgaard, A. Ed., Elseview, 1985 and Method in Enzymology, Widder, K. et al, Ed.; Academic, 1985, vol. 42, p. 309-396; Bundgaard, H. "Design and Application of Prodrugs" in A Textbook of Drug Design and Development, Krosgaard-Larsen and H. Bundgaard, Ed., 1991, Chapter 5, p. 113-191; and Bundgaard, H., Advanced Drug Delivery Review, 1992, 8, 1-38, each of which is incorporated herein by reference. In some embodiments, a hydroxyl group in the compounds disclosed herein is used to form a prodrug, wherein the hydroxyl group is incorporated into an acyloxyalkyl ester, alkoxycarbonyloxyalkyl ester, alkyl ester, aryl ester, phosphate ester, sugar ester, ether, and the like. In some embodiments, a hydroxyl group in the compounds disclosed herein is a prodrug wherein the hydroxyl is then metabolized in vivo to provide a carboxylic acid group. In some embodiments, a carboxyl group is used to provide an ester or amide (i.e. the prodrug), which is then metabolized in vivo to provide a carboxylic acid group. In some embodiments, compounds described herein are prepared as alkyl ester prodrugs.

[00158] Prodrug forms of the herein described compounds, wherein the prodrug is metabolized in vivo to produce a compound described herein as set forth herein are included within the scope of the claims. In some cases, some of the herein-described compounds is a prodrug for another derivative or active compound.

[00159] In additional or further embodiments, the compounds described herein are metabolized upon administration to an organism in need to produce a metabolite that is then used to produce a desired effect, including a desired therapeutic effect.

[00160] A "metabolite" of a compound disclosed herein is a derivative of that compound that is formed when the compound is metabolized. The term "active metabolite" refers to a biologically active derivative of a compound that is formed when the compound is metabolized. The term "metabolized," as used herein, refers to the sum of the processes (including, but not limited to, hydrolysis reactions and reactions catalyzed by enzymes) by which a particular substance is changed by an organism. Thus, enzymes may produce specific structural alterations to a compound. For example, cytochrome P450 catalyzes a variety of oxidative and reductive reactions while uridine diphosphate glucuronyltransferases catalyze the transfer of an activated glucuronic-acid molecule to aromatic alcohols, aliphatic alcohols, carboxylic acids, amines and free sulphydryl groups. Metabolites of the compounds disclosed herein are optionally identified either by administration of compounds to a host and analysis of tissue samples from the host, or by incubation of compounds with hepatic cells in vitro and analysis of the resulting compounds.

Synthesis of Compounds

[00161] Compounds of Formula (I) described herein are synthesized using standard synthetic techniques or using methods known in the art in combination with methods described herein.

[00162] Unless otherwise indicated, conventional methods of mass spectroscopy, MR, UPLC, protein chemistry, biochemistry, recombinant DNA techniques and pharmacology are employed.

[00163] Compounds are prepared using standard organic chemistry techniques such as those described in, for example, March's Advanced Organic Chemistry, 6 th Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Alternative reaction conditions for the synthetic transformations described herein may be employed such as variation of solvent, reaction temperature, reaction time, as well as different chemical reagents and other reaction conditions. The starting materials are available from commercial sources or are readily prepared. [00164] Chromones are prepared using well known synthetic routes (see Gaspar et al. Chem.

Rev., 2014, 114, p4960-4992 and references cited) and these are further functionalized to provide substituted chromones using a variety of methods.

[00165] In some embodiments, 2-aminomethylchromones are synthesized as shown in Scheme 1 using the Kostanecki chromone synthesis. Ortho- substituted acetophenones of general structure 1-1 can be condensed with, for example, diethyl oxalate in the presence of a base such as NaOEt to provide the 2,4-diketobutanoate ester derivative 1-2. Acid catalyzed cyclization then affords the chromone 1-3 as the ester or acid (R=Et or H) which can be reduced to the alcohol 1-4. The reduction may be accomplished using, for example, formation of the mixed anhydride by treating the acid with ethyl chloroformate in an organic solvent such as THF in the presence of a mild base such as Et 3 N. Subsequent reaction with a reducing agent such as NaBH 4 then yields the alcohol 1-4. Transformation of the alcohol of 1-4 to the amine 1-7 may be achieved using a variety of methods. One route is to convert the alcohol to the corresponding chloride 1-5 (e.g. by reaction with /?-TsCl in the presence of a base such as Et 3 N and DMAP in a solvent such as CH 2 CI 2 ) followed by displacement with azide ion (e.g. NaN 3 in a polar solvent such as DMF) to give 1-6. Reduction of the azide using the Staudinger reaction (reaction with PPh 3 in a solvent such as THF) then affords the amine 1-7.

Scheme 1

1-7

[00166] In some embodiments, 2-aminomethylchromones are synthesized as shown in Scheme 2 using the Kostanecki-Robinson Reaction (Scheme 2). Ortho- substituted acetophenones of general structure 2-1 can be reacted with, for example, acetyl chloride or acetic anhydride in the presence of a mild organic base such as Et 3 N in a solvent such as THF to give the ester 2-2. Intramolecular aldol ring-closure using a base such as DBU provides the chromone 2-3.

Halogenation of the 2-methyl substituent can be achieved using a variety of methods to afford 2- 4 (Y = CI, Br or I). For example, treatment of 2-3 with BS in CC1 4 using benzoyl peroxide as a catalyst will provide 2-4 where Y = Br. Compound 2-4 can be transformed into the 2- aminomethyl derivative 2-5 using the routes described in Scheme 1.

Scheme 2

Y = CI, Br, I

[00167] In some embodiments, 2-aminomethylchromones are synthesized as shown in Scheme 3. 1,3-Diketones of general structure 3-1 undergo a classic Claisen condensation to provide the chromone of general structure 3-2. In the case where R 2 is methyl, this compound may be transformed into the 2-aminom ethyl chromone 3-3 using the procedures described in Schemes 1 and 2.

Scheme 3

[00168] In some embodiments, 2-aminomethylchromones are synthesized as shown in Scheme 4. Phenols of general structure 4-1 may be condensed with a β-ketoester in the presence of P 2 0 5 to generate chromone 4-3 via the enol-ether 4-2 (the Simonis reaction). A related approach (the Ruhemann reaction) utilizes a vinyl chloride diester 4-7 (which may be generated from acetyl enic dicarboxylate derivatives with chlorofumaric acid) and phenol 4-1. The intermediate 4-4 can then be cyclized under basic conditions such as K 2 C0 3 to afford chromone-2-carboxylic acid 4-5. Both 4-3 and 4-5 may be converted to the 2-aminomethylchromone 4-6 using the procedures described in Schemes 1 and 2. Scheme 4

4-4 4-5 4-6

[00169] Palladium mediated carbonylation of ortho-iodophenols of structure 5-1 in the presence of terminal acetylenes affords 2-substituted chromones of general structure 4-3 (Scheme 5; Yang and Alper, J. Org. Chem., 2010, 75, p948).

Scheme 5

5-1 4-3

[00170] Salicylic acid derivatives of general structure 6-1 (Scheme 6) may be reacted with (trimethylsilyl)methylenetriphenylphosphorane thus initiating an intramolecular Wittig reaction to form 2-substituted chromones of general structure 4-3 (Kumar and Bodas, Org. Lett., 2000, 2, p3821-3823).

Scheme 6

[00171] In some embodiments, compounds are prepared as described in the Examples.

Certain Terminology

[00172] Unless otherwise stated, the following terms used in this application have the definitions given below. The use of the term "including" as well as other forms, such as "include", "includes," and "included," is not limiting. The section headings used herein are for organizational purposes only and are not to be construed as limiting the subject matter described.

[00173] As used herein, Ci-C x includes C 1 -C 2 , C 1 -C3 . . . Ci-C x . By way of example only, a group designated as "C 1 -C 4 " indicates that there are one to four carbon atoms in the moiety, i.e. groups containing 1 carbon atom, 2 carbon atoms, 3 carbon atoms or 4 carbon atoms. Thus, by way of example only, "C 1 -C 4 alkyl" indicates that there are one to four carbon atoms in the alkyl group, i.e., the alkyl group is selected from among methyl, ethyl, propyl, zso-propyl, «-butyl, iso- butyl, sec-butyl, and t-butyl.

[00174] An "alkyl" group refers to an aliphatic hydrocarbon group. The alkyl group is branched or straight chain. In some embodiments, the "alkyl" group has 1 to 10 carbon atoms, i.e. a Ci- Cioalkyl. Whenever it appears herein, a numerical range such as "1 to 10" refers to each integer in the given range; e.g., " 1 to 10 carbon atoms" means that the alkyl group consist of 1 carbon atom, 2 carbon atoms, 3 carbon atoms, etc., up to and including 10 carbon atoms, although the present definition also covers the occurrence of the term "alkyl" where no numerical range is designated. In some embodiments, an alkyl is a Ci-C 6 alkyl. In one aspect the alkyl is methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, n-butyl, iso-butyl, sec-butyl, or t-butyl. Typical alkyl groups include, but are in no way limited to, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tertiary butyl, pentyl, neopentyl, or hexyl.

[00175] An "alkylene" group refers refers to a divalent alkyl radical. Any of the above mentioned monovalent alkyl groups may be an alkylene by abstraction of a second hydrogen atom from the alkyl. In some embodiments, an alkelene is a Ci-C 6 alkylene. In other

embodiments, an alkylene is a Ci-C 4 alkylene. Typical alkylene groups include, but are not limited to, -CH 2 -, -CH(CH 3 )-, -C(CH 3 ) 2 -, -CH 2 CH 2 -, -CH 2 CH(CH 3 )-, -CH 2 C(CH 3 ) 2 -, - CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 -, -CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 CH 2 -, and the like.

[00176] "Deuteroalkyl" refers to an alkyl group where 1 or more hydrogen atoms of an alkyl are replaced with deuterium.

[00177] The term "alkenyl" refers to a type of alkyl group in which at least one carbon-carbon double bond is present. In one embodiment, an alkenyl group has the formula -C(R)=CR 2 , wherein R refers to the remaining portions of the alkenyl group, which may be the same or different. In some embodiments, R is H or an alkyl. Non-limiting examples of an alkenyl group include -CH=CH 2 , -C(CH 3 )=CH 2 , -CH=CHCH 3 , -C(CH 3 )=CHCH 3 , and -CH 2 CH=CH 2 .

[00178] The term "alkynyl" refers to a type of alkyl group in which at least one carbon-carbon triple bond is present. In one embodiment, an alkenyl group has the formula -C≡C-R, wherein R refers to the remaining portions of the alkynyl group. In some embodiments, R is H or an alkyl. Non-limiting examples of an alkynyl group include -C≡CH, -C≡CCH 3 -C≡CCH 2 CH 3 , -

CH 2 C≡CH.

[00179] An "alkoxy" group refers to a (alkyl)O- group, where alkyl is as defined herein.

[00180] The term "alkylamine" refers to the -N(alkyl) x H y group, where x is 0 and y is 2, or where x is 1 and y is 1, or where x is 2 and y is 0.

[00181] The term "aromatic" refers to a planar ring having a delocalized π-electron system containing 4n+2 π electrons, where n is an integer. The term "aromatic" includes both carbocyclic aryl ("aryl", e.g., phenyl) and heterocyclic aryl (or "heteroaryl" or "heteroaromatic") groups (e.g., pyridine). The term includes monocyclic or fused-ring polycyclic (i.e., rings which share adjacent pairs of carbon atoms) groups.

[00182] The term "carbocyclic" or "carbocycle" refers to a ring or ring system where the atoms forming the backbone of the ring are all carbon atoms. The term thus distinguishes carbocyclic from "heterocyclic" rings or "heterocycles" in which the ring backbone contains at least one atom which is different from carbon. In some embodiments, at least one of the two rings of a bicyclic carbocycle is aromatic. In some embodiments, both rings of a bicyclic carbocycle are aromatic.

[00183] As used herein, the term "aryl" refers to an aromatic ring wherein each of the atoms forming the ring is a carbon atom. In one aspect, aryl is phenyl or a naphthyl. In some embodiments, an aryl is a phenyl. In some embodiments, an aryl is a C 6 -Cioaryl. Depending on the structure, an aryl group is a monoradical or a diradical (i.e., an arylene group).

[00184] The term "cycloalkyl" refers to a monocyclic or polycyclic aliphatic, non-aromatic radical, wherein each of the atoms forming the ring (i.e. skeletal atoms) is a carbon atom. . In some embodiments, cycloalkyls are spirocyclic or bridged compounds. In some embodiments, cycloalkyls are optionally fused with an aromatic ring, and the point of attachment is at a carbon that is not an aromatic ring carbon atom. Cycloalkyl groups include groups having from 3 to 10 ring atoms. In some embodiments, cycloalkyl groups are selected from among cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexyl, cyclohexenyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, spiro[2.2]pentyl, norbornyl and bicycle[l . l . l]pentyl. In some embodiments, a cycloalkyl is a C 3 - C 6 cycloalkyl.

[00185] The term "halo" or, alternatively, "halogen" or "halide" means fluoro, chloro, bromo or iodo. In some embodiments, halo is fluoro, chloro, or bromo.

[00186] The term "fluoroalkyl" refers to an alkyl in which one or more hydrogen atoms are replaced by a fluorine atom. In one aspect, a fluoralkyl is a Ci-C 6 fluoroalkyl.

[00187] The term "heteroalkyl" refers to an alkyl group in which one or more skeletal atoms of the alkyl are selected from an atom other than carbon, e.g., oxygen, nitrogen (e.g. -NH-, - N(alkyl)-, sulfur, or combinations thereof. A heteroalkyl is attached to the rest of the molecule at a carbon atom of the heteroalkyl. In one aspect, a heteroalkyl is a Ci-C 6 heteroalkyl.

[00188] The term "heterocycle" or "heterocyclic" refers to heteroaromatic rings (also known as heteroaryls) and heterocycloalkyl rings (also known as heteroalicyclic groups) containing one to four heteroatoms in the ring(s), where each heteroatom in the ring(s) is selected from O, S and N, wherein each heterocyclic group has from 3 to 10 atoms in its ring system, and with the proviso that any ring does not contain two adjacent O or S atoms. Non-aromatic heterocyclic groups (also known as heterocycloalkyls) include rings having 3 to 10 atoms in its ring system and aromatic heterocyclic groups include rings having 5 to 10 atoms in its ring system. The heterocyclic groups include benzo-fused ring systems. Examples of non-aromatic heterocyclic groups are pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, dihydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothienyl, oxazolidinonyl, tetrahydropyranyl, dihydropyranyl, tetrahydrothiopyranyl, piperidinyl, morpholinyl,

thiomorpholinyl, thioxanyl, piperazinyl, aziridinyl, azetidinyl, oxetanyl, thietanyl,

homopiperidinyl, oxepanyl, thiepanyl, oxazepinyl, diazepinyl, thiazepinyl, 1,2,3,6- tetrahydropyridinyl, pyrrolin-2-yl, pyrrolin-3-yl, indolinyl, 2H-pyranyl, 4H-pyranyl, dioxanyl,

1.3- dioxolanyl, pyrazolinyl, dithianyl, dithiolanyl, dihydropyranyl, dihydrothienyl,

dihydrofuranyl, pyrazolidinyl, imidazolinyl, imidazolidinyl, 3-azabicyclo[3.1.0]hexanyl, 3- azabicyclo[4.1.0]heptanyl, 3H-indolyl, indolin-2-onyl, isoindolin-l-onyl, isoindoline-l,3-dionyl,

3.4- dihydroisoquinolin-l(2H)-onyl, 3,4-dihydroquinolin-2(lH)-onyl, isoindoline-l,3-dithionyl, benzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-onyl, lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-onyl, benzo[d]thiazol-2(3H)-onyl, and quinolizinyl. Examples of aromatic heterocyclic groups are pyridinyl, imidazolyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazinyl, tetrazolyl, furyl, thienyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyrrolyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, indolyl, benzimidazolyl, benzofuranyl, cinnolinyl, indazolyl, indolizinyl, phthalazinyl, pyridazinyl, triazinyl, isoindolyl, pteridinyl, purinyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, furazanyl, benzofurazanyl, benzothiophenyl, benzothiazolyl, benzoxazolyl, quinazolinyl, quinoxalinyl, naphthyridinyl, and furopyridinyl. The foregoing groups are either C-attached (or C-linked) or N-attached where such is possible. For instance, a group derived from pyrrole includes both pyrrol-l-yl (N-attached) or pyrrol-3-yl (C-attached). Further, a group derived from imidazole includes imidazol-l-yl or imidazol-3-yl (both N- attached) or imidazol-2-yl, imidazol-4-yl or imidazol-5-yl (all C-attached). The heterocyclic groups include benzo-fused ring systems. Non-aromatic heterocycles are optionally substituted with one or two oxo (=0) moieties, such as pyrrolidin-2-one. In some embodiments, at least one of the two rings of a bicyclic heterocycle is aromatic. In some embodiments, both rings of a bicyclic heterocycle are aromatic. [00189] The terms "heteroaryl" or, alternatively, "heteroaromatic" refers to an aryl group that includes one or more ring heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. Illustrative examples of heteroaryl groups include monocyclic heteroaryls and bicyclcic heteroaryls.

Monocyclic heteroaryls include pyridinyl, imidazolyl, pyrimidinyl, pyrazolyl, triazolyl, pyrazinyl, tetrazolyl, furyl, thienyl, isoxazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, isothiazolyl, pyrrolyl, pyridazinyl, triazinyl, oxadiazolyl, thiadiazolyl, and furazanyl. Monocyclic heteroaryls include indolizine, indole, benzofuran, benzothiophene, indazole, benzimidazole, purine, quinolizine, quinoline, isoquinoline, cinnoline, phthalazine, quinazoline, quinoxaline, 1,8-naphthyridine, and pteridine. In some embodiments, a heteroaryl contains 0-4 N atoms in the ring. In some embodiments, a heteroaryl contains 1-4 N atoms in the ring. In some embodiments, a heteroaryl contains 0-4 N atoms, 0-1 O atoms, and 0-1 S atoms in the ring. In some embodiments, a heteroaryl contains 1-4 N atoms, 0-1 O atoms, and 0-1 S atoms in the ring. In some

embodiments, heteroaryl is a Ci-C 9 heteroaryl. In some embodiments, monocyclic heteroaryl is a

Ci-C 5 heteroaryl. In some embodiments, monocyclic heteroaryl is a 5-membered or 6-membered heteroaryl. In some embodiments, bicyclic heteroaryl is a Ce-Cgheteroaryl.

[00190] A "heterocycloalkyl" or "heteroalicyclic" group refers to a cycloalkyl group that includes at least one heteroatom selected from nitrogen, oxygen and sulfur. In some

embodiments, a heterocycloalkyl is fused with an aryl or heteroaryl. In some embodiments, the heterocycloalkyl is oxazolidinonyl, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrahydrothienyl, tetrahydropyranyl, tetrahydrothiopyranyl, piperidinyl, morpholinyl, thiomorpholinyl, piperazinyl, piperidin-2-onyl, pyrrolidine-2,5-dithionyl, pyrrolidine-2,5-dionyl, pyrrolidinonyl,

imidazolidinyl, imidazolidin-2-onyl, or thiazolidin-2-onyl. The term heteroalicyclic also includes all ring forms of the carbohydrates, including but not limited to the monosaccharides, the disaccharides and the oligosaccharides. In one aspect, a heterocycloalkyl is a C 2 -

Cioheterocycloalkyl. In another aspect, a heterocycloalkyl is a C4-Cioheterocycloalkyl. In some embodiments, a heterocycloalkyl contains 0-2 N atoms in the ring. In some embodiments, a heterocycloalkyl contains 0-2 N atoms, 0-2 O atoms and 0-1 S atoms in the ring.

[00191] The term "bond" or "single bond" refers to a chemical bond between two atoms, or two moieties when the atoms joined by the bond are considered to be part of larger substructure. In one aspect, when a group described herein is a bond, the referenced group is absent thereby allowing a bond to be formed between the remaining identified groups.

[00192] The term "moiety" refers to a specific segment or functional group of a molecule.

Chemical moieties are often recognized chemical entities embedded in or appended to a molecule. [00193] The term "optionally substituted" or "substituted" means that the referenced group is optionally substituted with one or more additional group(s) individually and independently selected from halogen, -CN, - H 2 , - H(alkyl), -N(alkyl) 2 , -OH, -C0 2 H, -C0 2 alkyl, -C(=0) H 2 ,

-C(=0) H(alkyl), -C(=0)N(alkyl) 2 , -S(=0) 2 H 2 , -S(=0) 2 H(alkyl), -S(=0) 2 N(alkyl) 2 , alkyl, cycloalkyl, fluoroalkyl, heteroalkyl, alkoxy, fluoroalkoxy, heterocycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, aryloxy, alkylthio, arylthio, alkylsulfoxide, arylsulfoxide, alkylsulfone, and arylsulfone. In some other embodiments, optional substituents are independently selected from halogen, -CN, -NH 2 , -

NH(CH 3 ), -N(CH 3 ) 2 , -OH, -C0 2 H, -C0 2 (Ci-C 4 alkyl), -C(=0)NH 2 , -C(=0)NH(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -

C(=0)N(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 , d-Qalkyl,

C 3 -C 6 cycloalkyl, Ci-C fluoroalkyl, Ci-C heteroalkyl, Ci-C alkoxy, Ci-C fluoroalkoxy, -SCi-

C 4 alkyl, -S(=0)Ci-C 4 alkyl, and -S(=0) 2 Ci-C 4 alkyl. In some embodiments, optional substituents are independently selected from halogen, -CN, -NH 2 , -OH, -NH(CH 3 ), -N(CH 3 ) 2 , -CH 3 , -

CH 2 CH 3 , -CF 3 , -OCH 3 , and -OCF 3 . In some embodiments, substituted groups are substituted with one or two of the preceding groups. In some embodiments, an optional substituent on an aliphatic carbon atom (acyclic or cyclic) includes oxo (=0).

[00194] The term "acceptable" with respect to a formulation, composition or ingredient, as used herein, means having no persistent detrimental effect on the general health of the subject being treated.

[00195] The term "modulate" as used herein, means to interact with a target either directly or indirectly so as to alter the activity of the target, including, by way of example only, to enhance the activity of the target, to inhibit the activity of the target, to limit the activity of the target, or to extend the activity of the target.

[00196] The term "modulator" as used herein, refers to a molecule that interacts with a target either directly or indirectly. The interactions include, but are not limited to, the interactions of an agonist, partial agonist, an inverse agonist, antagonist, degrader, or combinations thereof. In some embodiments, a modulator is an antagonist. In some embodiments, a modulator is a degrader.

[00197] The terms "administer," "administering", "administration," and the like, as used herein, refer to the methods that may be used to enable delivery of compounds or compositions to the desired site of biological action. These methods include, but are not limited to oral routes, intraduodenal routes, parenteral injection (including intravenous, subcutaneous, intraperitoneal, intramuscular, intravascular or infusion), topical and rectal administration. Those of skill in the art are familiar with administration techniques that can be employed with the compounds and methods described herein. In some embodiments, the compounds and compositions described herein are administered orally. [00198] The terms "co-administration" or the like, as used herein, are meant to encompass administration of the selected therapeutic agents to a single patient, and are intended to include treatment regimens in which the agents are administered by the same or different route of administration or at the same or different time.

[00199] The terms "effective amount" or "therapeutically effective amount," as used herein, refer to a sufficient amount of an agent or a compound being administered, which will relieve to some extent one or more of the symptoms of the disease or condition being treated. The result includes reduction and/or alleviation of the signs, symptoms, or causes of a disease, or any other desired alteration of a biological system. For example, an "effective amount" for therapeutic uses is the amount of the composition comprising a compound as disclosed herein required to provide a clinically significant decrease in disease symptoms. An appropriate "effective" amount in any individual case is optionally determined using techniques, such as a dose escalation study.

[00200] The terms "enhance" or "enhancing," as used herein, means to increase or prolong either in potency or duration a desired effect. Thus, in regard to enhancing the effect of therapeutic agents, the term "enhancing" refers to the ability to increase or prolong, either in potency or duration, the effect of other therapeutic agents on a system. An "enhancing-effective amount," as used herein, refers to an amount adequate to enhance the effect of another therapeutic agent in a desired system.

[00201] The term "pharmaceutical combination" as used herein, means a product that results from the mixing or combining of more than one active ingredient and includes both fixed and non-fixed combinations of the active ingredients. The term "fixed combination" means that the active ingredients, e.g. a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a co-agent, are both administered to a patient simultaneously in the form of a single entity or dosage. The term "non-fixed combination" means that the active ingredients, e.g. a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a co-agent, are administered to a patient as separate entities either simultaneously, concurrently or sequentially with no specific intervening time limits, wherein such administration provides effective levels of the two compounds in the body of the patient. The latter also applies to cocktail therapy, e.g. the administration of three or more active ingredients.

[00202] The terms "kit" and "article of manufacture" are used as synonyms.

[00203] The term "subject" or "patient" encompasses mammals. Examples of mammals include, but are not limited to, any member of the Mammalian class: humans, non-human primates such as chimpanzees, and other apes and monkey species; farm animals such as cattle, horses, sheep, goats, swine; domestic animals such as rabbits, dogs, and cats; laboratory animals including rodents, such as rats, mice and guinea pigs, and the like. In one aspect, the mammal is a human. [00204] The terms "treat," "treating" or "treatment," as used herein, include alleviating, abating or ameliorating at least one symptom of a disease or condition, preventing additional symptoms, inhibiting the disease or condition, e.g., arresting the development of the disease or condition, relieving the disease or condition, causing regression of the disease or condition, relieving a condition caused by the disease or condition, or stopping the symptoms of the disease or condition either prophylactically and/or therapeutically.

Pharmaceutical compositions

[00205] In some embodiments, the compounds described herein are formulated into

pharmaceutical compositions. Pharmaceutical compositions are formulated in a conventional manner using one or more pharmaceutically acceptable inactive ingredients that facilitate processing of the active compounds into preparations that are used pharmaceutically. Proper formulation is dependent upon the route of administration chosen. A summary of pharmaceutical compositions described herein is found, for example, in Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, Nineteenth Ed (Easton, Pa. : Mack Publishing Company, 1995); Hoover, John E., Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mack Publishing Co., Easton, Pennsylvania 1975;

Liberman, H.A. and Lachman, L., Eds., Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms, Marcel Decker, New York, N.Y., 1980; and Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms and Drug Delivery Systems, Seventh Ed. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkinsl999), herein incorporated by reference for such disclosure.

[00206] In some embodiments, the compounds described herein are administered either alone or in combination with pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, excipients or diluents, in a

pharmaceutical composition. Administration of the compounds and compositions described herein can be effected by any method that enables delivery of the compounds to the site of action. These methods include, though are not limited to delivery via enteral routes (including oral, gastric or duodenal feeding tube, rectal suppository and rectal enema), parenteral routes

(injection or infusion, including intraarterial, intracardiac, intradermal, intraduodenal,

intramedullary, intramuscular, intraosseous, intraperitoneal, intrathecal, intravascular,

intravenous, intravitreal, epidural and subcutaneous), inhalational, transdermal, transmucosal, sublingual, buccal and topical (including epicutaneous, dermal, enema, eye drops, ear drops, intranasal, vaginal) administration, although the most suitable route may depend upon for example the condition and disorder of the recipient. By way of example only, compounds described herein can be administered locally to the area in need of treatment, by for example, local infusion during surgery, topical application such as creams or ointments, injection, catheter, or implant. The administration can also be by direct injection at the site of a diseased tissue or organ. [00207] In some embodiments, pharmaceutical compositions suitable for oral administration are presented as discrete units such as capsules, cachets or tablets each containing a predetermined amount of the active ingredient; as a powder or granules; as a solution or a suspension in an aqueous liquid or a non-aqueous liquid; or as an oil-in-water liquid emulsion or a water-in-oil liquid emulsion. In some embodiments, the active ingredient is presented as a bolus, electuary or paste.

[00208] Pharmaceutical compositions which can be used orally include tablets, push-fit capsules made of gelatin, as well as soft, sealed capsules made of gelatin and a plasticizer, such as glycerol or sorbitol. Tablets may be made by compression or molding, optionally with one or more accessory ingredients. Compressed tablets may be prepared by compressing in a suitable machine the active ingredient in a free-flowing form such as a powder or granules, optionally mixed with binders, inert diluents, or lubricating, surface active or dispersing agents. Molded tablets may be made by molding in a suitable machine a mixture of the powdered compound moistened with an inert liquid diluent. In some embodiments, the tablets are coated or scored and are formulated so as to provide slow or controlled release of the active ingredient therein. All formulations for oral administration should be in dosages suitable for such administration. The push-fit capsules can contain the active ingredients in admixture with filler such as lactose, binders such as starches, and/or lubricants such as talc or magnesium stearate and, optionally, stabilizers. In soft capsules, the active compounds may be dissolved or suspended in suitable liquids, such as fatty oils, liquid paraffin, or liquid polyethylene glycols. In some embodiments, stabilizers are added. Dragee cores are provided with suitable coatings. For this purpose, concentrated sugar solutions may be used, which may optionally contain gum arabic, talc, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, carbopol gel, polyethylene glycol, and/or titanium dioxide, lacquer solutions, and suitable organic solvents or solvent mixtures. Dyestuffs or pigments may be added to the tablets or Dragee coatings for identification or to characterize different combinations of active compound doses.

[00209] In some embodiments, pharmaceutical compositions are formulated for parenteral administration by injection, e.g., by bolus injection or continuous infusion. Formulations for injection may be presented in unit dosage form, e.g., in ampoules or in multi-dose containers, with an added preservative. The compositions may take such forms as suspensions, solutions or emulsions in oily or aqueous vehicles, and may contain formulatory agents such as suspending, stabilizing and/or dispersing agents. The compositions may be presented in unit-dose or multi- dose containers, for example sealed ampoules and vials, and may be stored in powder form or in a freeze-dried (lyophilized) condition requiring only the addition of the sterile liquid carrier, for example, saline or sterile pyrogen-free water, immediately prior to use. Extemporaneous injection solutions and suspensions may be prepared from sterile powders, granules and tablets of the kind previously described.

[00210] Pharmaceutical compositions for parenteral administration include aqueous and nonaqueous (oily) sterile injection solutions of the active compounds which may contain

antioxidants, buffers, bacteriostats and solutes which render the formulation isotonic with the blood of the intended recipient; and aqueous and non-aqueous sterile suspensions which may include suspending agents and thickening agents. Suitable lipophilic solvents or vehicles include fatty oils such as sesame oil, or synthetic fatty acid esters, such as ethyl oleate or triglycerides, or liposomes. Aqueous injection suspensions may contain substances which increase the viscosity of the suspension, such as sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, sorbitol, or dextran. Optionally, the suspension may also contain suitable stabilizers or agents which increase the solubility of the compounds to allow for the preparation of highly concentrated solutions.

[00211] Pharmaceutical compositions may also be formulated as a depot preparation. Such long acting formulations may be administered by implantation (for example subcutaneously or intramuscularly) or by intramuscular injection. Thus, for example, the compounds may be formulated with suitable polymeric or hydrophobic materials (for example, as an emulsion in an acceptable oil) or ion exchange resins, or as sparingly soluble derivatives, for example, as a sparingly soluble salt.

[00212] For buccal or sublingual administration, the compositions may take the form of tablets, lozenges, pastilles, or gels formulated in conventional manner. Such compositions may comprise the active ingredient in a flavored basis such as sucrose and acacia or tragacanth.

[00213] Pharmaceutical compositions may also be formulated in rectal compositions such as suppositories or retention enemas, e.g., containing conventional suppository bases such as cocoa butter, polyethylene glycol, or other glycerides.

[00214] Pharmaceutical compositions may be administered topically, that is by non-systemic administration. This includes the application of a compound of the present invention externally to the epidermis or the buccal cavity and the instillation of such a compound into the ear, eye and nose, such that the compound does not significantly enter the blood stream. In contrast, systemic administration refers to oral, intravenous, intraperitoneal and intramuscular administration.

[00215] Pharmaceutical compositions suitable for topical administration include liquid or semi- liquid preparations suitable for penetration through the skin to the site of inflammation such as gels, liniments, lotions, creams, ointments or pastes, and drops suitable for administration to the eye, ear or nose. The active ingredient may comprise, for topical administration, from 0.001% to 10% w/w, for instance from 1% to 2% by weight of the formulation. [00216] Pharmaceutical compositions for administration by inhalation are conveniently delivered from an insufflator, nebulizer pressurized packs or other convenient means of delivering an aerosol spray. Pressurized packs may comprise a suitable propellant such as dichlorodifluoromethane, trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane, carbon dioxide or other suitable gas. In the case of a pressurized aerosol, the dosage unit may be determined by providing a valve to deliver a metered amount. Alternatively, for administration by inhalation or insufflation, pharmaceutical preparations may take the form of a dry powder composition, for example a powder mix of the compound and a suitable powder base such as lactose or starch.

The powder composition may be presented in unit dosage form, in for example, capsules, cartridges, gelatin or blister packs from which the powder may be administered with the aid of an inhalator or insufflator.

[00217] It should be understood that in addition to the ingredients particularly mentioned above, the compounds and compositions described herein may include other agents conventional in the art having regard to the type of formulation in question, for example those suitable for oral administration may include flavoring agents.

Methods of Dosing and Treatment Regimens

[00218] In one embodiment, the compounds described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, are used in the preparation of medicaments for the treatment of diseases or conditions in a mammal that would benefit from inhibition or reduction of LOXL2 activity. Methods for treating any of the diseases or conditions described herein in a mammal in need of such treatment, involves administration of pharmaceutical compositions that include at least one compound described herein or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, active metabolite, prodrug, or pharmaceutically acceptable solvate thereof, in therapeutically effective amounts to said mammal.

[00219] In certain embodiments, the compositions containing the compound(s) described herein are administered for prophylactic and/or therapeutic treatments. In certain therapeutic

applications, the compositions are administered to a patient already suffering from a disease or condition, in an amount sufficient to cure or at least partially arrest at least one of the symptoms of the disease or condition. Amounts effective for this use depend on the severity and course of the disease or condition, previous therapy, the patient's health status, weight, and response to the drugs, and the judgment of the treating physician. Therapeutically effective amounts are optionally determined by methods including, but not limited to, a dose escalation and/or dose ranging clinical trial.

[00220] In prophylactic applications, compositions containing the compounds described herein are administered to a patient susceptible to or otherwise at risk of a particular disease, disorder or condition. Such an amount is defined to be a "prophylactically effective amount or dose." In this use, the precise amounts also depend on the patient's state of health, weight, and the like. When used in patients, effective amounts for this use will depend on the severity and course of the disease, disorder or condition, previous therapy, the patient's health status and response to the drugs, and the judgment of the treating physician. In one aspect, prophylactic treatments include administering to a mammal, who previously experienced at least one symptom of the disease being treated and is currently in remission, a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in order to prevent a return of the symptoms of the disease or condition.

[00221] In certain embodiments wherein the patient's condition does not improve, upon the doctor's discretion the administration of the compounds are administered chronically, that is, for an extended period of time, including throughout the duration of the patient's life in order to ameliorate or otherwise control or limit the symptoms of the patient's disease or condition.

[00222] In certain embodiments wherein a patient's status does improve, the dose of drug being administered is temporarily reduced or temporarily suspended for a certain length of time (i.e., a "drug holiday"). In specific embodiments, the length of the drug holiday is between 2 days and 1 year, including by way of example only, 2 days, 3 days, 4 days, 5 days, 6 days, 7 days, 10 days, 12 days, 15 days, 20 days, 28 days, or more than 28 days. The dose reduction during a drug holiday is, by way of example only, by 10%-100%, including by way of example only 10%, 15%, 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 55%, 60%, 65%, 70%, 75%, 80%, 85%, 90%, 95%, and 100%.

[00223] Once improvement of the patient's conditions has occurred, a maintenance dose is administered if necessary. Subsequently, in specific embodiments, the dosage or the frequency of administration, or both, is reduced, as a function of the symptoms, to a level at which the improved disease, disorder or condition is retained. In certain embodiments, however, the patient requires intermittent treatment on a long-term basis upon any recurrence of symptoms.

[00224] The amount of a given agent that corresponds to such an amount varies depending upon factors such as the particular compound, disease condition and its severity, the identity (e.g., weight, sex) of the subject or host in need of treatment, but nevertheless is determined according to the particular circumstances surrounding the case, including, e.g., the specific agent being administered, the route of administration, the condition being treated, and the subject or host being treated.

[00225] In general, however, doses employed for adult human treatment are typically in the range of 0.01 mg-5000 mg per day. In one aspect, doses employed for adult human treatment are from about 1 mg to about 1000 mg per day. In one embodiment, the desired dose is conveniently presented in a single dose or in divided doses administered simultaneously or at appropriate intervals, for example as two, three, four or more sub-doses per day.

[00226] In one embodiment, the daily dosages appropriate for the compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, are from about 0.01 to about 50 mg/kg per body weight. In some embodiments, the daily dosage or the amount of active in the dosage form are lower or higher than the ranges indicated herein, based on a number of variables in regard to an individual treatment regime. In various embodiments, the daily and unit dosages are altered depending on a number of variables including, but not limited to, the activity of the compound used, the disease or condition to be treated, the mode of administration, the requirements of the individual subject, the severity of the disease or condition being treated, and the judgment of the practitioner.

[00227] Toxicity and therapeutic efficacy of such therapeutic regimens are determined by standard pharmaceutical procedures in cell cultures or experimental animals, including, but not limited to, the determination of the LD 50 and the ED 50 . The dose ratio between the toxic and therapeutic effects is the therapeutic index and it is expressed as the ratio between LD 50 and ED 50 . In certain embodiments, the data obtained from cell culture assays and animal studies are used in formulating the therapeutically effective daily dosage range and/or the therapeutically effective unit dosage amount for use in mammals, including humans. In some embodiments, the daily dosage amount of the compounds described herein lies within a range of circulating concentrations that include the ED 50 with minimal toxicity. In certain embodiments, the daily dosage range and/or the unit dosage amount varies within this range depending upon the dosage form employed and the route of administration utilized.

[00228] In any of the aforementioned aspects are further embodiments in which the effective amount of the compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is: (a) systemically administered to the mammal; and/or (b) administered orally to the mammal; and/or (c) intravenously administered to the mammal; and/or (d) administered by injection to the mammal; and/or (e) administered topically to the mammal; and/or (f) administered non- systemically or locally to the mammal.

[00229] In any of the aforementioned aspects are further embodiments comprising single administrations of the effective amount of the compound, including further embodiments in which (i) the compound is administered once a day; or (ii) the compound is administered to the mammal multiple times over the span of one day.

[00230] In any of the aforementioned aspects are further embodiments comprising multiple administrations of the effective amount of the compound, including further embodiments in which (i) the compound is administered continuously or intermittently: as in a single dose; (ii) the time between multiple administrations is every 6 hours; (iii) the compound is administered to the mammal every 8 hours; (iv) the compound is administered to the mammal every 12 hours; (v) the compound is administered to the mammal every 24 hours. In further or alternative

embodiments, the method comprises a drug holiday, wherein the administration of the compound is temporarily suspended or the dose of the compound being administered is temporarily reduced; at the end of the drug holiday, dosing of the compound is resumed. In one embodiment, the length of the drug holiday varies from 2 days to 1 year.

[00231] In certain instances, it is appropriate to administer at least one compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with one or more other therapeutic agents. In certain embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition further comprises one or more anti-cancer agents.

[00232] In one embodiment, the therapeutic effectiveness of one of the compounds described herein is enhanced by administration of an adjuvant (i.e., by itself the adjuvant has minimal therapeutic benefit, but in combination with another therapeutic agent, the overall therapeutic benefit to the patient is enhanced). Or, in some embodiments, the benefit experienced by a patient is increased by administering one of the compounds described herein with another agent (which also includes a therapeutic regimen) that also has therapeutic benefit.

[00233] In one specific embodiment, a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is co-administered with a second therapeutic agent, wherein the compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and the second therapeutic agent modulate different aspects of the disease, disorder or condition being treated, thereby providing a greater overall benefit than administration of either therapeutic agent alone.

[00234] In any case, regardless of the disease, disorder or condition being treated, the overall benefit experienced by the patient may be additive of the two therapeutic agents or the patient may experience a synergistic benefit.

[00235] In certain embodiments, different therapeutically-effective dosages of the compounds disclosed herein will be utilized in formulating pharmaceutical composition and/or in treatment regimens when the compounds disclosed herein are administered in combination with one or more additional agent, such as an additional therapeutically effective drug, an adjuvant or the like. Therapeutically-effective dosages of drugs and other agents for use in combination treatment regimens is optionally determined by means similar to those set forth hereinabove for the actives themselves. Furthermore, the methods of prevention/treatment described herein encompasses the use of metronomic dosing, i.e., providing more frequent, lower doses in order to minimize toxic side effects. In some embodiments, a combination treatment regimen

encompasses treatment regimens in which administration of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is initiated prior to, during, or after treatment with a second agent described herein, and continues until any time during treatment with the second agent or after termination of treatment with the second agent. It also includes treatments in which a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and the second agent being used in combination are administered simultaneously or at different times and/or at decreasing or increasing intervals during the treatment period. Combination treatment further includes periodic treatments that start and stop at various times to assist with the clinical management of the patient.

[00236] It is understood that the dosage regimen to treat, prevent, or ameliorate the condition(s) for which relief is sought, is modified in accordance with a variety of factors (e.g. the disease, disorder or condition from which the subject suffers; the age, weight, sex, diet, and medical condition of the subject). Thus, in some instances, the dosage regimen actually employed varies and, in some embodiments, deviates from the dosage regimens set forth herein.

[00237] For combination therapies described herein, dosages of the co-administered compounds vary depending on the type of co-drug employed, on the specific drug employed, on the disease or condition being treated and so forth. In additional embodiments, when co-administered with one or more other therapeutic agents, the compound provided herein is administered either simultaneously with the one or more other therapeutic agents, or sequentially.

[00238] In combination therapies, the multiple therapeutic agents (one of which is one of the compounds described herein) are administered in any order or even simultaneously. If administration is simultaneous, the multiple therapeutic agents are, by way of example only, provided in a single, unified form, or in multiple forms (e.g., as a single pill or as two separate pills).

[00239] The compounds described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, as well as combination therapies, are administered before, during or after the occurrence of a disease or condition, and the timing of administering the composition containing a compound varies. Thus, in one embodiment, the compounds described herein are used as a prophylactic and are administered continuously to subjects with a propensity to develop conditions or diseases in order to prevent the occurrence of the disease or condition. In another embodiment, the compounds and compositions are administered to a subject during or as soon as possible after the onset of the symptoms. In specific embodiments, a compound described herein is administered as soon as is practicable after the onset of a disease or condition is detected or suspected, and for a length of time necessary for the treatment of the disease. In some embodiments, the length required for treatment varies, and the treatment length is adjusted to suit the specific needs of each subject. For example, in specific embodiments, a compound described herein or a formulation containing the compound is administered for at least 2 weeks, about 1 month to about 5 years.

[00240] In some embodiments, a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is administered in combination with chemotherapy, hormone blocking therapy, radiation therapy, monoclonal antibodies, or combinations thereof.

[00241] Chemotherapy includes the use of anti-cancer agents.

[00242] In one aspect, the compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is administered or formulated in combination with one or more anti -cancer agents.

EXAMPLES

[00243] The following examples are provided for illustrative purposes only and not to limit the scope of the claims provided herein.

Exam le 1: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-1)

1 -1

Step 1: Synthesis of 6-bromo-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (2)

[00244] To a stirred solution of 6-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylic acid 1 (5 g, 18.59 mmol) in THF (100 mL) were added Et 3 N (5.2 mL, 37.17 mmol) and ethylchloroformate (2.1 mL, 22.3 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. To this reaction mixture was added a solution of NaBH 4 (1.41 g, 37.17 mmol) in water (30 mL) portion wise for every 30 min (0.5 eq for each time) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was triturated with Et 2 0 (2 x 10 mL) and «-pentane (2 x 10 mL) to afford compound 2 (1 g, 21%) as an off-white solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.09 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 5.83 (t, J= 6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.45 (d, J= 6.1 Hz,

2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 256.6 (M + + 2).

Step 2: Synthesis of 6-bromo-2-(chloromethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (3)

[00245] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (1 g, 3.92 mmol) in CH 2 CI 2 (20 mL) were added Et 3 N (1.64 mL, 11.76 mmol), /?-TsCl (1.87 g, 9.8 mmol) and DMAP (cat.) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (50 mL) and extracted with CH 2 CI 2 (2 x 40 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 SC"4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 5-10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (1 g, 94%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.10 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (dd, J= 9.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (s, 1H), 4.79 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 272.6 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00246] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (1.2 g, 4.41 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) was added NaN 3 (430 mg, 6.62 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (25 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 40 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 10%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 4 (600 mg, 50%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.09 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (dd, J= 9.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 4.57 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 279.7 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-1)

[00247] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (500 mg, 1.78 mmol) in Et 2 0 (100 mL) was added PPh 3 (561 mg, 2.14 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. To this reaction mixture was added 6 N HC1 in water (50 mL) drop wise at RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The aqueous layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was triturated with ACN and Et 2 0 1 : 1 to afford compound 1-1 (190 mg, 36%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.76 (br s, 2H), 8.11 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 8.00 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.32-7.10 (m, 2H), 6.60 (s, 1H), 4.15 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 253.9 (M + H + ). Example 2: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-2)

7 1 -2

Step 1: Synthesis of ethyl 4-(4-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate (2)

[00248] To a stirred solution of EtOH (100 mL) was added Na (6.42 g, 279.07 mmol) over a period of 20 min. at RT under Ar. To this solution of NaOEt were added 1 -(4-bromo-2- hydroxyphenyl)ethan-l-one 1 (10 g, 46.51 mmol) in diethyl oxalate (34 g, 232.56 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux, stirred for 16 h. then diluted with water (100 mL), acidified with 1 N HC1 (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (11 g, 75%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.37 (d, J= 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J= 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (dd, J= 8.3, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 4.22 (q, J= 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.35 (s, 2H), 1.22 (t, J= 7.1 Hz, 3H); LC-MS: m/z 315.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 7-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylic acid (3)

[00249] To compound 2 (8 g, 25.4 mmol) were added HOAc (80 mL) and cone. HC1 (10 mL) at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was heated to 90 °C and stirred for 16 h. The mixture was diluted with water (100 mL); the precipitated solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to afford compound 3 (6.7 g, 98%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 14.53 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.96 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.93 (s, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 266.8 (M - H + ). Step 3: Synthesis of 7-bromo-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00250] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (2 g, 7.43 mmol) in THF (50 mL) were added Et 3 N

(2.1 mL, 14.87 mmol) and ethylchloroformate (0.85 mL, 8.92 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. To this reaction mixture was added a solution of NaBH 4 (565 mg, 14.87 mmol) in water (10 mL) portion wise for every 30 min (0.5 eq for each time) at 0 °C; warmed to

RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with sat. H 4 C1 (50 mL), then extracted with

EtOAc (2 x 70 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with water (50 mL), brine (40 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude was triturated with Et 2 0 and «-pentane 1 : 1 to afford compound 4 (400 mg, 21%) as an off-white solid. 1H NMR

(500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.96-7.92 (m, 2H), 7.66 (dd, J= 8.4, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 5.82 (t, J

= 6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.43 (d, J= 5.8 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 254.0 (M + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 7-bromo-2-(chloromethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (5)

[00251] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (500 mg, 1.96 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.82 mL, 5.88 mmol), p-TsC\ (747 mg, 3.92 mmol) and DMAP (cat.) at 0 °C under

Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 16 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 15%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 5 (300 mg, 56%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz,

DMSO-i¾): δ 8.03 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (dd, J= 8.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H),

6.60 (s, 1H), 4.78 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 270.9 (M - H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (6)

[00252] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (700 mg, 2.57 mmol) in DMF (25 mL) was added NaN 3 (251 mg, 3.86 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 40 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 6 (400 mg, 55%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.98 (d, 1H), 7.93 (d, 1H), 7.67 (dd, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 4.55 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 279.8 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (7)

[00253] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (230 mg, 0.82 mmol) in THF/H 2 0 (3 :2, 25mL) was added PPh 3 (323 mg, 1.23 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 3 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was purified (silica gel; using 5%

MeOH/EtOAc) to afford compound 7 (90 mg, 55%) as pale brown sticky solid. Step 7: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-2)

[00254] To compound 7 (90 mg, 0.35 mmol) was added 6 N HC1 in water (10 mL) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 4 h. Then the reaction mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 10 mL) and the aqueous layer was concentrated. The crude was triturated with ACN (2 x 3 mL) and «-pentane (2 x 3 mL) to afford compound 1-2 (15 mg, 14%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.69 (br s, 2H), 7.96 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J= 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (dd, J= 8.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.58 (s, 1H), 4.15 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 253.8 (M + H + ).

Example 3: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-10)

Step 1: Synthesis of l-(5-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)ethan-l-one (2)

[00255] To a stirred solution of l-(5-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)ethan-l-one 1 (10 g, 46.51 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) were added K 2 C0 3 (9.63 g, 69.77 mmol) and Mel (5.8 mL, 93.02 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h then quenched with water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (80 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 2 (8.8 g, 75%) as pale yellow liquid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.70 (dd, J= 9.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 2.52 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 228.8 (M + H + ). Step 2: Synthesis of l-(2-methoxy-5-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)phenyl)ethan-l-one (3)

[00256] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (5 g, 21.93 mmol) in toluene (80 mL) were added lH-pyrazole (2.98 g, 43.86 mmol), (±)-tram , -l,2-diaminocyclohexane (0.5 g, 4.38 mmol), potassium phosphate (18.6 g, 87.72 mmol) and Cul (1.7 g, 8.77 mmol) in a sealed tube at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was purged with Ar for 30 min. at RT; heated to 150 °C and stirred for 60 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of celite, washed with EtOAc

(50 mL) and concentrated in vacuo to obtain the crude. The crude was purified (silica gel; 20%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (1.9 g, 41%) as yellow solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO- d 6 ): δ 8.46 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.00-7.96 (m, 2H), 7.71 (d, J= 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (d, J= 9.8 Hz,

1H), 6.51 (t, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 2.57 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 216.9 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of l-(2-hydroxy-5-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)phenyl)ethan-l-one (4):

[00257] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (1.9 g, 8.8 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (50 mL) was added

BBr 3 (3.8 mL, 39.6 mmol) drop wise at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 2 h then quenched with ice cold water (30 mL), basified with saturated NaHC0 3 solution (30 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (30 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 12% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 4 (350 mg, 20%) as yellow solid. 1H NMR

(400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 11.77 (s, 1H), 8.48 (d, J= 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.98

(dd, J= 8.9, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J= 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (dd, J= 2.4, 1.9

Hz, 1H), 2.71 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 202.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of ethyl 4-(2-hydroxy-5-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)phenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate (5)

[00258] To a stirred solution of ethanol (20 mL) was added sodium (239 mg, 10.4 mmol) over a period of 10 min. at RT under Ar. To this solution of NaOEt were added compound 4 (350 mg, 1.73 mmol) in diethyl oxalate (1.26 g, 8.66 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 5 (350 mg) as a pale brown syrup. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 302.9 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 4-oxo-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromene-2-carboxylic acid (6)

[00259] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (350 mg, crude) in HOAc (10 mL) was added Cone. HC1 (5 mL) at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 12 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure then the residue was washed with water (15 mL); the solid was dissolved in 10% MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 6 (170 mg, crude) as a brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.70 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J = 9.1, 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (d, J= 9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, 7= 1.4 Hz, 1H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 6.58 (t, 7= 1.7

Hz, 1H). LC-MS: m/z 257.2 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (7)

[00260] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (170 mg, 0.66 mmol) in THF (15 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.37 mL, 2.65 mmol) and ethyl chloroformate (0.15 mL, 1.6 mmol) drop wise at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. Then to this reaction mixture was added a solution of NaBH 4 (126 mg, 3.32 mmol) in water (1 mL) portion wise for every 30 min (0.5 eq for each time) at 0 °C warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with saturated

H 4 C1 solution (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 7 (25 mg, 16%) as a yellow solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.68 (d, 7= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.38 (d, 7= 2.7 Hz, 1H), 8.29 (dd, 7= 9.1, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.77 (m, 2H), 6.59 (dd, 7= 2.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (s, 1H), 5.83 (t, 7= 6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.47 (dd, 7= 6.1, 0.7 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 242.9 (M + H + ).

Step 7: Synthesis of 2-(chloromethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (8)

[00261] To a stirred solution of compound 7 (60 mg, 0.25 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.1 mL, 0.74 mmol), /?-TsCl (118 mg, 0.62 mmol) and DMAP (cat.) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 10%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 8 (40 mg, 66%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.70 (d, 7= 2.2 Hz, 1H), 8.39 (d, 7= 2.7 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (dd, 7= 9.1, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (d, 7= 9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, 7= 1.5 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (s, 1H), 6.60 (dd, 7= 2.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 4.82 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 260.9 (M + H + ).

Step 8: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (9)

[00262] To a stirred solution of compound 8 (40 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added sodium azide (10 mg, 0.15 mmol) at 0 °C under inert atmosphere and stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with ice cold water (10 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 10-15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 9 (35 mg, 85%) as yellow solid. LC-MS: m/z 268.2 (M + H + ).

Step 9: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-10)

[00263] To a stirred solution of compound 9 (35 mg, 0.13 mmol) in THF/diethylether (1 :2, 3 mL) was added PPh 3 (51 mg, 0.2 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar and stirred for 30 min. To this reaction mixture was added aqueous 6 N HC1 (2 mL) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 8 h. The mixture was diluted with water (2 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 5 mL). The aqueous layer was concentrated at 45 °C under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with ACN (2 x 5 mL), Et 2 0 (2 x 5 mL) and «-pentane (2 x 5 mL) to afford compound 1-10 (15 mg, 48%) as pale brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.82 (br s, 2H), 8.71 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.40-8.34 (m, 2H), 7.83-7.77 (m, 2H), 6.62-6.59 (m, 2H), 4.18 (br s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 241.9 (M + H + ).

Example 4: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride ( mpound 1-11)

Step 1: Synthesis of l-(4-bromo-2-methoxyphenyl)ethan-l-one (2)

[00264] To a stirred solution of l-(4-bromo-2-hydroxyphenyl)ethan-l-one 1 (1 g, 4.65 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) were added K 2 C0 3 (963 mg, 6.98 mmol) and Mel (0.6 mL, 9.3 mmol) drop wise at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h then diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 40 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford compound 2 (1 g, 94%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 7.62 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.17-7.11 (m, 2H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 2.59 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 230.8 (M + + 2). Step 2: Synthesis of l-(2-methoxy-4-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)phenyl)ethan-l-one (3)

[00265] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (10.2 g, 44.73 mmol) in toluene (100 mL) were added lH-pyrazole (6.08 g, 89.47 mmol), (±)-tram , -l,2-diaminocyclohexane (1.02 g, 8.95 mmol) and potassium phosphate (28.4 g, 134.21 mmol) in a sealed tube at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was purged with Ar for 15 min. Then Cul (1.7 g, 8.95 mmol) was added and heated to

140 °C for 48 h. The mixture was filtered through a pad of celite, washed with EtOAc (50 mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the crude. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (7 g, 73%) as an off white solid. 1H MR

(500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.00 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J= 1.2 Hz, 1H),

7.52 (d, J= 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (dd, J= 8.5, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 6.51 (t, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 4.02 (s, 3H),

2.64 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 217.0 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of l-(2-hydroxy-4-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)phenyl)ethan-l-one (4)

[00266] To a stirred solution of BBr 3 (1 M in CH 2 C1 2 , 32.41 mL, 32.41 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (100 mL) was added compound 3 (7 g, 32.41 mmol) at -10 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at -10 °C for 10 min. The mixture was quenched with sat. NaHC0 3 (100 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (70 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 4 (3.5 g, 54%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 12.55 (s, 1H), 7.99 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.37 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (br s, 1H), 6.52 (t, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H),

2.65 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 202.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of ethyl 4-(2-hydroxy-4-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)phenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate (5)

[00267] To a stirred solution of EtOH (150 mL) was added Na (2.39 g, 103.96 mmol) over a period of 20 min. at RT under Ar. To this solution was added compound 4 (3.5 g, 17.33 mmol) in diethyl oxalate (12.65 g, 86.63 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with 2 N HC1 (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under in vacuo to obtain the crude which was triturated with «-pentane (2 x 10 mL) to afford compound 5 (4.5 g, 86%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.69 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J= 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.87-7.83 (m, 2H), 7.67 (dd, J = 8.6, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.61 (dd, J= 2.6, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 4.22 (q, J= 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.36-3.34 (m, 1H), 2.91 (d, J= 16.5 Hz, 1H), 1.24 (t, J= 7.1 Hz, 3H); LC-MS: m/z 303.2 (M + H + ). Step 5: Synthesis of 4-oxo-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromene-2-carboxylic acid (6)

[00268] A stirred solution of compound 5 (4.5 g, 14.9 mmol) in HOAc (100 mL) and water (50 mL) was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 12 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water (50 mL), the precipitated solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to afford compound 6 (3.5 g, 92%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz,

DMSO-i¾): δ 14.45 (br s, 1H), 8.81 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 8.21 (d, J= 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.15-8.12 (m,

1H), 8.11-8.07 (m, 1H), 7.88 (d, J= 1.4 Hz, 1H), 6.92 (s, 1H), 6.66 (t, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H); LC-MS

(ESI): m/z 256.9 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (7)

[00269] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (3.5 g, 13.67 mmol) in THF (150 mL) were added Et 3 N (3.8 mL, 27.34 mmol) and ethylchloroformate (1.5 mL, 16.4 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar;

warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. To this reaction mixture was added a solution of NaBH 4 (2.6 g, 68.36 mmol) in water (100 mL) portion wise for every 30 min (0.5 eq for each time) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with sat. H 4 C1 (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (40 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 35% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 7 (100 mg) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.75 (d, J= 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.13-8.08 (m, 2H), 8.04-8.01 (m, 1H), 7.87 (d, J= 1.5 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (dd, J= 2.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 5.82 (t, J= 6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.46 (d, J= 5.3 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 242.7 (M + H + ).

Step 7: Synthesis of 2-(chloromethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (8)

[00270] To a stirred solution of compound 7 (100 mg, 0.41 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.11 mL, 0.83 mmol), /?-TsCl (95 mg, 0.5 mmol) and DMAP (10 mg) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 8 (40 mg, 37%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.26 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.81-7.74 (m, 2H), 6.56 (dd, J= 2.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 4.44 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 260.9 (M + H + ).

Step 8: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one (9)

[00271] To a stirred solution of compound 8 (40 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added NaN 3 (15 mg, 0.23 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar and stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford azide 9 (40 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS: m/z 268.2 (M + H + ).

Step 9: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-11)

[00272] To a stirred solution of compound 9 (40 mg, crude) in THF (2 mL) was added PPh 3 (47 mg, 0.18 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar and stirred for 30 min. To this reaction mixture was added 6 N HC1 (0.5 mL) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 3 h. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 x 10 mL) and the aqueous layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was triturated with ACN (2 x 3 mL), Et 2 0 (2 x 3 mL) and «-pentane (2 x 3 mL) to afford compound 1-11 (14 mg, 34%) as a brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.46 (d, 1H), 8.25 (d, 1H), 8.10 (d, 1H), 7.98 (dd, 1H), 7.84 (d, 1H), 6.63 (dd, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 241.9 (M + H + ).

Exam le 5: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-6)

Step 1: Synthesis of terf-butyl ((6-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (1)

[00273] To a stirred solution of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (compound 1-1) (50 mg, 0.17 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.07 mL, 0.52 mmol) and Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (0.06 mL, 0.26 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 6 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 1 (40 mg, 65%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.07 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (dd, 1H), 7.63-7.56 (m, 2H), 6.20 (s, 1H), 4.13 (br d, 2H), 1.40 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 355.9 (M + + 2). Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-6-phenyl-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00274] To a stirred solution of compound 1 (100 mg, 0.28 mmol) in DMF/H 2 0 (3 :2, 5 mL) were added phenylboronic acid (34 mg, 0.28 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (156 mg, 1.13 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was degassed with Ar for 15 min. Then Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (19 mg, 0.02 mmol) was added to it; heated to 80 °C and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 15%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (30 mg, 30%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz,

CDC1 3 ): δ 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.91 (br d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (br d, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 7.54-7.44 (m,

3H), 7.41-7.36 (m, 1H), 6.36 (s, 1H), 5.01 (br s, 1H), 4.31 (br d, J= 5.5 Hz, 2H), 1.49 (s, 9H);

LC-MS (ESI): m/z 352.1 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-phenyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-6)

[00275] To compound 2 (30 mg, 0.08 mmol) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 4 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure. The crude was triturated with Et 2 0 (3 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-6 (20 mg, 81%) as an off-white solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.55 (br s, 2H), 8.24 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.78-7.70 (m, 3H), 7.52 (t, J= 7.3 Hz, 2H), 7.46- 7.41 (m, 1H), 6.58 (s, 1H), 4.21 (s, 2H); LC-MS: m/z 252.0 (M + H + ).

Example 6: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-( -methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one

h rochloride (Compound 1-12)

1-12

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl) methyl) carbamate (2)

[00276] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 100 mg, 0.28 mmol) in DMSO (2 mL) were added (1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)boronic acid (28 mg, 0.22 mmol), Cs 2 C0 3 (275 mg, 0.85 mmol) and KOAc (28 mg, 0.28 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was degassed under Ar for 15 min. Then Pd(dppf)Cl 2 (21 mg, 0.03 mmol) was added to it; heated to 80 °C and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (30 mg, 30%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.23 (d, J

= 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (s, 1H), 7.77 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.43 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.33 (s, 1H), 5.01 (br s, 1H), 4.30 (br d, J= 6.2 Hz, 2H), 3.96 (s, 3H), 1.48 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 356.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-on e hydrochloride (Compound 1-12)

[00277] To compound 2 (30 mg, 0.08) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 3 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with Et 2 0 (2 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-12 (20 mg, 81%) as a brown solid. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.58 (br s, 2H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 8.13 (d, 1H), 8.04 (dd, 1H), 7.98 (s, 1H), 7.62 (d, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 4.19-4.16 (m, 2H), 3.88 (s, 3H); LCMS (ESI): m/z 256.0 (M + H + ).

Example 7: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-9)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl) carbamate (2)

[00278] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 50 mg, 0.14 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) were added quinolin-3-ylboronic acid (29 mg, 0.17 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (58 mg, 0.42 mmol) and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (8 mg, 0.01 mmol) at RT in a microwave tube under Ar. The reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to obtain the crude. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (30 mg, 27%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.31 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.79 (d, J= 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.43 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.08 (dd, J= 18.5, 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.82-7.77 (m, 2H), 7.68-7.58 (m, 2H), 6.23 (s, 1H), 4.18 (br d, J= 5.8 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 403.1 (M + H + ). Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(quinolin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-9)

[00279] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (30 mg, 0.07) in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) at RT under Ar and stirred for 6 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with Et 2 0 (2 x 5 mL), «-pentane (2 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-9 (20 mg, 80%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.35 (s, 1H), 8.85 (s, 1H), 8.56 (br s, 2H), 8.48 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.39 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (dd, J= 19.8, 8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.86-7.78 (m, 2H), 7.69 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 6.60 (s, 1H), 4.23-4.20 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 302.9 (M + H + ).

Example 8: fS)-2-fAminomethyl)-6-f3-hvdroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4H-chromen- 4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-20)

Step 1: Synthesis of terf-butyl (S)-((6-(3-hydroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl) methyl) carbamate (2)

[00280] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 100 mg, 0.28 mmol) in toluene/tert-butanol (7:3, 10 mL) were added (^-pyrrolidine -ol (24 mg, 0.28 mmol) and Cs 2 S0 4 (229 mg, 0.71 mmol) at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was degassed under Ar for 15 min. To this reaction mixture were added tBuXphos (6 mg, 0.01 mmol) and Pd(OAc) 2 (9 mg, 0.01 mmol) at RT; heated to 120 °C and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (13 mg, 13%) as brown sticky oil. 1H NMR

(400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 10.83 (s, 1H), 7.54 (s, 1H), 7.46 (d, J= 9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J= 9.5, 2.8 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, 1H), 6.06 (s, 1H), 4.98 (d, J= 3.7 Hz, 1H), 4.43-4.41 (m, 1H), 4.10 (br d, J= 6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.49-3.46 (m, 1H), 3.39-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.07-1.98 (m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 361.0 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of (S)-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxypyrrolidin-l-yl)-4H-chromen- 4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-20)

[00281] To compound 2 (13 mg, 0.04 mmol) was added aq. 6 N HC1 (0.5 mL) at 0 °C and stirred at RT for 30 min. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aqueous layer was concentrated in vacuo to afford compound 1-20 (4 mg, 37%) as brown sticky solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.58 (d, J= 9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (dd, J= 9.1, 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d, J= 2.8

Hz, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 4.62-4.57 (m, 1H), 4.23 (s, 2H), 3.64-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 1H), 3.36-3.34 (m, 1H), 2.29-2.18 (m, 1H), 2.14-2.04 (m, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 261.0 (M + H + ).

Example 9: 2-fAminomethyl)-6-f3-hvdroxy-3-methylbut-l-vn-l-yl)-4H-chrom en-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-4)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbut-l-yn-l-yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl) methyl)carbamate (2)

[00282] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 50 mg, 0.14 mmol) in Et 3 N (1 mL) were added 2-methylbut-3-yn-2-ol (12 mg, 0.14 mmol), PPh 3 (37 mg, 0.14 mmol) and Cul (27 mg, 0.14 mmol) at RT. The reaction mixture was degassed under Ar for 15 min. Then Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (16 mg, 0.01 mmol) was added to it; heated to 80 °C and stirred for 5 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to obtain the crude. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (12 mg, 23%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.94 (d, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (dd, J = 8.7, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.18 (s, 1H), 5.51 (s, 1H), 4.14 (br d, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 1.48 (s, 6H), 1.41 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 358.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-hydroxy-3-methylbut-l-yn-l-yl)-4H-chrom en-4- one hydrochloride (Compound 1-4)

[00283] To compound 2 (45 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was gradually warmed to RT over 30 min. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with Et 2 0 then purified (preparative HPLC) to afford compound 1-4 (10 mg, 31%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.10 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 3.80 (br s, 2H), 1.58 (s, 6H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 257.9 (M + H + ). Example 10: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(3-methylbut-3-en-l-vn-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4- one trifluoroacetate (Compound 1-5)

1-5

[00284] To a stirred solution of alcohol 1 (Example 9, step 2; 40 mg, 0.11 mmol) in CH 2 CI 2 (5 mL) was added TFA (0.02 mL, 0.22 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was gradually warmed to RT and stirred for 3 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 1-5 (5 mg, 19%) as a colorless sticky solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.14 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 5.45-5.40 (m, 2H), 4.25 (s, 2H), 2.02-2.00 (m, 3H); LC-MS: m/z 240.3 (M + H + ).

Example 11: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(piperidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-19)

1-19

Step 1: Synthesis of methyl 2-(((terf-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6- carboxylate (2)

[00285] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 500 mg, 1.41 mmol) in MeOH/ACN (4: 1, 50 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.4 mL, 2.82 mmol) and Pd(dppf)Cl 2 (103 mg, 0.14 mmol) in a steel bomb at RT. CO gas was passed into the steel bomb and sealed. The reaction mixture was heated to 110 °C and stirred for 12 h. The volatiles were removed in vacuo to obtain the crude which was purified (silica gel; using 15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (380 mg, 81%) as a yellow solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.88 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 5.03 (br s, 1H), 4.32 (br d, J= 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 1.49 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 334.0 (M + H + ). Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxylic acid hydrochloride

(3)

[00286] To compound 2 (380 mg, 1.14 mmol) was added aq. 12 N HC1 (10 mL) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was filtered and dried under vacuum to afford compound 3 (230 mg, 79%) as an off white solid. 1H MR

(500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 13.44 (br s, 1H), 8.56 (d, 1H), 8.53 (br s, 2H), 8.32 (dd, 1H), 7.71 (d, 1H), 6.59 (s, 1H), 4.18 (s, 2H); LC-MS: m/z 218.0 (M - H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(((ieri-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6- carboxylic acid (4)

[00287] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (10 mg, 0.04 mmol) in THF (1 mL) were added Et 3 N (0.01 mL, 0.07 mmol) and Di-fert-butyl dicarbonate (0.01 mL, 0.05 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 4 (10 mg, 68%) as brown oil. 1H NMR (400MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.90 (s, 1H), 8.33 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 5.00 (br s, 1H), 4.30 (br d, J= 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.48 (s, 9H).

Step 4: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-6-(piperidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl) carbamate (5)

[00288] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (50 mg, 0.16 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) were added piperidine (13 mg, 0.16 mmol), HOBt (21 mg, 0.16 mmol), EDCI.HC1 (36 mg, 0.19 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.02 mL, 0.19 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 60% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 5 (20 mg, 33%) as a colorless oil. LC-MS: m/z 387.1 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(piperidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-19)

[00289] To compound 5 (20 mg, 0.05) was added 6 N HC1 (2 mL) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with Et 2 0 then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-19 (6 mg, 36%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.14 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2H), 3.75-3.73 (m, 2H), 3.41-3.39 (m, 2H), 1.78-1.67 (m, 4H), 1.61-1.56 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 286.9 (M + H + ). Example 12: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-7)

1 2 1-7

Step 1: Synthesis of terf-butyl ((4-oxo-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00290] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 50 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) were added pyridin-2-ylboronic acid (21 mg, 0.17 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (58 mg, 0.42 mmol) and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (8 mg, 0.01 mmol) at RT in a microwave tube then degassed with Ar for 30 min. The reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 4.5 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated in vacuo to obtain the crude. The crude was purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 2 (6 mg, 12%) as an off white solid. LC-MS: m/z 352.9 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-2-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-7)

[00291] To compound 2 (6 mg, 0.02) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at RT under Ar and stirred for 6 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with n- pentane (2 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-7 (4.3 mg, 88%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.84-8.80 (m, 1H), 8.75 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.48-8.41 (m, 2H), 8.30 (d, J= 8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.88-7.83 (m, 1H), 6.61 (s, 1H), 4.30 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 252.9 (M + H + ).

Example 13: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-8)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate

(2)

[00292] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 70 mg, 0.2 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) were added pyridin-3-ylboronic acid (29 mg, 0.24 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (82 mg, 0.6 mmol) and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (11 mg, 0.01 mmol) at RT in a microwave tube under Ar bubbling. The reaction mixture was heated to 100 °C and stirred for 3 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 25 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the crude. The crude was purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 2 (15 mg, 21%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.91 (d, J= 1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.64 (dd, J= 4.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.98-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.90 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.38 (m, 1H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 5.02 (br s, 1H), 4.32 (br d, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 1.49 (s, 9H); LC-MS: m/z 353.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-8)

[00293] To compound 2 (15 mg, 0.04) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (3 mL) at RT under Ar and stirred for 5 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with n- pentane (2 x 5 mL) then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1- 8 (11.2 mg, 91%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 9.28 (s, 1H), 9.00-8.95 (m, 1H), 8.89 (d, 1H), 8.59 (d, 1H), 8.30 (dd, 1H), 8.19 (dd, 1H), 7.90 (d, 1H), 6.61 (s, 1H), 4.30 (s, 2H); LC-MS: m/z 253.3 (M + H + ).

Example 14: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-ethvnyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

1-3 Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-6-((trimethylsilyl)ethynyl)-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl) carbamate (2)

[00294] To a stirred solution of bromo-chromone 1 (Example 5, step 1; 50 mg, 0.14 mmol) in Et 3 N (1 mL) were added ethynyltrimethylsilane (0.02 mL, 0.14 mmol), PPh 3 (37 mg, 0.14 mmol) and Cul (27 mg, 0.14 mmol) at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was degassed with Ar for 15 min. Then Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (16 mg, 0.01 mmol) was added to it; heated to 80 °C and stirred for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated to obtain the crude. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (40 mg, 76%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.28 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 4.98 (br s, 1H), 4.27 (br d, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 0.26 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 372.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-ethynyl-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (3)

[00295] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (40 mg, 0.11 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added K 2 C0 3 (45 mg, 0.32 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at room

temperature for 30 min. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford compound 3 (25mg) as a yellow solid. LC- MS (ESI): m/z 300.0 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-3)

[00296] To compound 3 (25 mg, crude) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with Et 2 0 (3 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-3 (18 mg, 92%) as a brown solid. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.57 (br s, 3H), 8.04 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 4.36 (s, 1H), 4.16 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 199.9 (M + H + ).

Example 15: 2-fAminomethyl)-6-fl-methyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one h rochloride (Compound 1-13)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-b tyl ((6-(l-methyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl) methyl)carbamate (2)

[00297] To a stirred solution of alkynyl-chromone 1 (Example 14, step 2; 30 mg, 0.1 mmol) in MeOH/H 2 0 (1 : 1, 10 mL) were added K 2 C0 3 (25 mg, 0.18 mmol), CuS0 4 (5 mg, 0.02 mmol), NaN 3 (7 mg, 0.11 mmol), L-Ascorbic acid (7 mg, 0.04 mmol), Mel (16 mg, 0.11 mmol) and pyridine (0.04 mL, 0.5 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 24 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the crude. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 80% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (20 mg, 56%) as yellow solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.43-8.36 (m, 2H), 7.88 (s, 1H), 7.53 (d, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 5.01 (br s, 1H), 4.31 (br d, 2H), 4.18 (s, 3H), 1.48 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 357.0 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-methyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-13)

[00298] To compound 2 (20 mg, 0.06) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 30 min. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the crude was triturated with Et 2 0 then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-13 (12 mg, 73%) as a brown solid. 1H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.73 (s, 1H), 8.58 (br s, 3H), 8.43 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 4.18 (br d, J= 5.5 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 256.9 (M + H + ).

Example 16: 2-fAminomethyl)-6-fl-f2-hvdroxyethyl)-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl) -4H-chromen-4- one hydrochloride (Compound 1-16)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-(l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4-oxo-4H- chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00299] To a stirred solution of alkynyl-chromone 1 (Example 14, step 2; 30 mg, 0.1 mmol) in MeOHTLO (1 : 1, 10 mL) were added 2-bromoethan-l-ol (12 mg, 0.11 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (25 mg, 0.18 mmol), CuS0 4 (5 mg, 0.02 mmol), NaN 3 (7 mg, 0.11 mmol), L-Ascorbic acid (7 mg, 0.04 mmol) and pyridine (0.04 mL, 0.5 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 24 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 2 (7 mg, 18%) as an off white solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 387.1 (M + H + ). Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl) -4H- chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-16)

[00300] To compound 2 (7 mg, 0.02) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (0.1 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 30 min. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure to obtain the crude which was triturated with Et 2 0 then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1- 16 (2.6 mg, 44%) as a yellow solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.57 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (s, 1H), 8.32 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (s, 1H), 4.58 (t, J= 5.3 Hz, 2H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 4.01 (t, J= 5.3 Hz, 2H); LC-MS: m/z 287.2 (M + H + ).

Example 17: 2-f4-f2-fAminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)-lH-l,2,3-triazo l-l-yl)-NJV- dimethylacetamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-17)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-(l-(2-(dimethylamino)-2-oxoethyl)-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl) - 4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00301] To a stirred solution of alkynyl-chromone 1 (Example 14, step 2; 30 mg, 0.1 mmol) in MeOH/H 2 0 (1 : 1, 2 mL) were added 2-bromo-N,N-dimethylacetamide (18 mg, 0.11 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (25 mg, 0.18 mmol), CuS0 4 (5 mg, 0.02 mmol), NaN 3 (7 mg, 0.11 mmol), L- Ascorbic acid (7 mg, 0.04 mmol) and pyridine (0.04 mL, 0.5 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 2% MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 ) to afford compound 2 (17 mg, 40%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.45 (d, J= 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.52 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.34 (s, 1H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 5.03 (br s, 1H), 4.31 (br d, J= 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 3.04 (s, 3H), 1.48 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 428.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(4-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)-lH-l,2,3-triazo l-l-yl)- AyV-dimethylacetamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-17)

[00302] To compound 2 (17 mg, 0.04) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 30 min. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the crude was purified by preparative HPLC to afford compound 1-17 (5 mg, 38%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.57 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.43 (s, 1H), 8.34 (dd, J = 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.19 (s, 3H),

3.02 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 328.2 (M + H + ).

Example 18: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(l-phenyl-lH-l,2 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one h rochloride (Compound 1-14)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-6-(l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl) carbamate (2)

[00303] To a stirred solution of alkynyl-chromone 1 (Example 14, step 2; 25 mg, 0.08 mmol) in t-BuOH/H 2 0 (1 :2, 10 mL) were added CuS0 4 (0.21 mg, 0.001 mmol), sodium L-(+)-ascorbate (0.33 mg, 0.002 mmol) and benzoic acid (1 mg, 0.008 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford compound 2 (27 mg, 77%) as an off white solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 419.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-14)

[00304] To compound 2 (27 mg, 0.06) was added 4 M HCI in 1,4-dioxane (0.5 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 30 min. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the crude was triturated with Et 2 0 then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1- 14 (20 mg, 87%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 9.13 (s, 1H), 8.68 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (br d, J= 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.79 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (br t, J= 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.56-7.51 (m, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 319.2 (M + H + ).

Example 19: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(l-benzyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one h rochloride (Compound 1-15)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-(l-benzyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00305] To a stirred solution of alkynyl-chromone 1 (Example 14, step 2; 30 mg, 0.1 mmol) in MeOH/H 2 0 (1 : 1, 5 mL) were added K 2 C0 3 (25 mg, 0.18 mmol), CuS0 4 (5 mg, 0.02 mmol), NaN 3 (7 mg, 0.11 mmol), L-Ascorbic acid (7 mg, 0.04 mmol), benzyl bromide (19 mg, 0.11 mmol) and pyridine (0.04 mL, 0.5 mmol) at RT under Ar and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (15 mg, 35%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.40 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 8.30-8.28 (m, 1H), 7.78 (s, 1H), 7.51 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.44-7.39 (m, 3H), 7.36-7.33 (m, 2H), 6.33 (s, 1H), 5.59 (s, 2H), 5.00 (br s, 1H), 4.30 (br d, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 1.48 (s, 9H); LC-MS: m/z 431.2 (M - H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-(l-benzyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-15)

[00306] To compound 2 (15 mg, 0.03) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) at 0 °C under Ar; warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the crude was triturated with Et 2 0 then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-15 (7.8 mg, 48%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.53 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (s, 1H), 8.28 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.42-7.35 (m, 5H), 6.53 (s, 1H), 5.68 (s, 2H), 4.27 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 332.9 (M + H + ).

Example 20: 2-(Aminomethyl)-N V-dimethyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-18)

1-18

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-(dimethylcarbamoyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl) carbamate (2)

[00307] To a stirred solution of acid-chromone 1 (Example 11, step 3; 50 mg, 0.16 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) were added Me 2 H.HCl (13 mg, 0.16 mmol), HOBt (21 mg, 0.16 mmol), EDCI.HC1 (36 mg, 0.19 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.03 mL, 0.31 mmol) at 0 °C under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; using 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (20 mg, 37%) as a colorless oil. LC-MS: m/z 347.3 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-N^V-dimethyl-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-18)

[00308] To compound 2 (20 mg, 0.06) was added 6 N HC1 (0.2 mL) at 0 °C; warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the crude was triturated with Et 2 0 then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-18 (9.6 mg, 59%) as brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.19 (d, 1H), 7.90 (dd, 1H), 7.74 (d, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.15 (s, 3H), 3.03 (s, 3H); ); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 247.0 (M + H + ).

Example 21: N-f2-flH-l,2,4-Triazol-l-yl)ethyl)-2-faminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromene-6- rboxamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-21)

Compound 1-21

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-((2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethyl)carbamoyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00309] To a stirred solution of acid-chromone 1 (Example 11, step 3; 50 mg, 0.16 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) were added DIEA (0.14 mL, 0.78 mmol), 2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethan-l- amine dihydrochloride (35 mg, 0.23 mmol), EDCI.HC1 (45 mg, 0.23 mmol) and HOBt (32 mg, 0.23 mmol) at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred for 18 h. The mixture was diluted with water (15 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 2 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL), and then n- pentane (2 x 2 mL), to afford compound 2 (20 mg, 31%) as pale brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.91 (br t, J= 5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.51-8.46 (m, 2H), 8.18 (dd, J = 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (br t, J= 5.5 Hz, 1H), 6.21 (s, 1H), 4.39 (t, J= 5.9 Hz, 2H), 4.16 (br d, J= 5.8 Hz, 2H), 3.67 (q, J= 6.0 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 414.2 (M + H).

Step 2: Synthesis of N-(2-(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)ethyl)-2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromene-6-carboxamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-21)

[00310] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (20 mg, 0.05) in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at RT under Ar. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 h. The solvent was decanted and the residue dried under vacuum. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), and then «-pentane (2 x 1 mL), to afford compound 1-21 (10 mg, 62%) as brown sticky solid. 1H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 9.45 (br s, 1H), 8.61 (s, 1H), 8.56 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.23 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.64 (br t, J= 5.5 Hz, 2H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.91 (t, J= 5.6 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): w/z 312.1 (M - H + ).

Example 22: 2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-N-(2-sulfamoylethyl)-4H-chromene-6-car boxamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-22

Compound 1-22

[00311] The title compound (1-22) was prepared using the procedure for Example 21, using 2- aminoethane-1 -sulfonamide hydrochloride in Step 1. 1H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.61 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.27 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.26 (s, 2H), 3.87 (t, J= 6.7 Hz, 2H), 3.40 (t, J= 6.7 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 324.0 (M - H + ).

Example 23: (R)-2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(3-aminopyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H-chr omen-4-one dihydrochloride (Compound 1-23

Compound 1-23

[00312] The title compound (1-23) was prepared using the procedure for Example 21, using fert-butyl (R)-pyrrolidin-3-ylcarbamate in Step 1. 1H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.36-8.33 (m, 1H), 8.04 (br d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2H), 4.09-3.92 (m, 2H), 3.84-3.57 (m, 3H), 2.45-2.39 (m, 1H), 2.20-2.07 (m, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 288.2 (M + H + ). Example 24: Methyl (R)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolid ine-3- carboxylate hydrochloride (Compound 1-24)

Compound 1-24

[00313] The title compound (1-24) was prepared using the procedure for Example 21, using methyl (R)-pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate hydrochloride in Step 1. 1 H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.31 (br s, 1H), 8.02-7.98 (m, 1H), 7.74 (dd, J = 8.7, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2H), 3.88 (br d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.77-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.69 (s, 3H), 3.61 (br t, J= 6.8 Hz, 1H), 3.25-3.16 (m, 1H), 2.39-2.15 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 331.2 (M + H + ).

Example 25: Racemic-trans-2-(aminomethyl)-6-(3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidi ne-l- carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-25)

(racemic-trans)

Compound 1-25

[00314] The title compound (1-25) was prepared using the procedure for Example 21, using racemic-/ra«s-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-ol hydrochloride in Step 1. 1 H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.32 (s, 1H), 8.04-8.00 (m, 1H), 7.75 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 5.12-4.95 (m, 1H), 4.43- 4.30 (m, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2H), 4.08-3.81 (m, 3H), 3.71-3.56 (m, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 307.2 (M + H + ).

Example 26: 2-(Aminomethyl)-N-(2-(methylsulfonyl)ethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen e-6- carboxamide hydrochloride Compound 1-26)

Compound 1-26

[00315] The title compound (1-26) was prepared using the procedure for Example 21, using 2- (methylsulfonyl)ethan-l -amine hydrochloride in Step 1. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.63 (d, J= 1.9 Hz, 1H), 8.28 (dd, J= 8.9, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J= 9.2 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (s, 1H), 4.26 (s, 2H), 3.89 (t, J= 6.6 Hz, 2H), 3.49-3.44 (m, 2H), 3.05 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 325.2 (M + H + ). Example 27: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

27

Compound 1-27

Step 1: Synthesis of ethyl 6-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylate (2)

[00316] A solution of l-(2,5-dihydroxyphenyl)ethan-l-one 1 (10 g, 65.79 mmol) in diethyl oxalate (80 mL) was added to NaOEt solution (prepared by slow addition of Na metal (18.16 g, 789.47 mmol) in EtOH (500 mL)) at RT under argon. The reaction mixture was stirred and heated at 80 °C for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to RT then quenched with ice cold water (150 mL). The aqueous layer was acidified with 6 N HC1 solution (to ~ pH 4) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in EtOH (500 mL) and 6 N HC1 (100 mL) was added at RT. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 3 h. The mixture was diluted with EtOAc (150 mL) and washed with water (100 mL). The separated organic layer was washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; using 20% EtOAc/hexanes), to afford compound 2 (4.2 g, 33%) as pale yellow solid. 1H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ = 10.18 (br s, 1H), 7.63 (d, J= 9.8 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (dd, J= 4.8, 2.2 Hz, 2H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 4.39 (q, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 1.34 (t, J= 7.1 Hz, 3H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 6-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (3)

[00317] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (210 mg, 0.9 mmol) in THF (15 mL) and EtOH (15 mL) was added CaCl 2 (199 mg, 1.79 mmol) and NaBH 4 (68 mg, 1.79 mmol) at 0 °C under argon. The mixture was gradually warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was quenched with saturated H 4 C1 solution (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL), to afford compound 3 (100 mg, 58%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.94 (s, 1H), 7.46 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (dd, J= 9.0, 2.9 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (s, 1H), 5.74 (br t, J= 5.9 Hz, 1H), 4.40 (br d, J= 5.5 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 192.9 (M + H + ). Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00318] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (500 mg, 2.6 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) were added

K 2 C0 3 (719 mg, 5.21 mmol) and Mel (0.32 mL, 5.21 mmol) at 0 °C under argon. The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 15 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with water

(30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; using 2-4% MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 ), to afford compound 4 (160 mg,

30%) as pale brown solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.56 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.40-7.34

(m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 5.76 (t, J= 6.2 Hz, 1H), 4.42 (d, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H); LC-MS

(ESI): m/z 206.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(chloromethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (5)

[00319] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (200 mg, 0.97 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) were added TEA (0.47 mL, 3.4 mmol), >-toluenesulfonyl chloride (461 mg, 2.43 mmol) and DMAP (cat.) at RT under argon, and the mixture stirred for 3 h. The mixture was quenched with ice cold water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; using 25-30% EtOAc/hexanes), to afford compound 5 (140 mg, 64%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 7.55 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, 1H), 6.42 (s, 1H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 3.90 (s, 3H); ); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 224.9 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (6)

[00320] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (140 mg, 6.25 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added NaN 3 (61 mg, 0.94 mmol) at RT under argon, and the mixture stirred for 3 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure, to afford compound 6 (120 mg) as brown viscous oily liquid, which was not purified further. 1 H MR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 7.56 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J= 9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (s, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2 H), 3.90 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 231.9 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-27)

[00321] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (60 mg, crude) in Et 2 0/THF (1 : 1, 3 mL) was added PPh 3 (102 mg, 0.39 mmol) at 0 °C under argon. The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C, then 6 M HC1 (3 mL) was added. The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL), and the aqueous layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 2 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL), and then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-27 (15 mg, 24%) as pale brown solid. 1H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.60 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (d, J= 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J= 9.3, 3.2 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 4.23 (s, 2H), 3.90 (s, 3H); LC-MS: m/z 206.2 (M + H + ).

Example 28: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

28

5 g Compound 1-28

Step 1: Synthesis of ethyl 7-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylate (2)

[00322] To stirred EtOH (65 mL) at RT under an inert atmosphere, was added sodium metal (1.81 g, 78.95 mmol) portion wise. After the sodium metal was completely dissolved, l-(2,4-dihydroxyphenyl)ethan-l-one 1 (1 g, 6.58 mmol) in diethyl oxalate (16 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to RT then quenched with ice-cold water (50 mL). The aqueous layer was separated, then acidified with aq. 2 M HC1 solution (to pH ~4) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in ethanol (15 mL), then aq. 6 N HC1 (5 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was refluxed for 3 h. The mixture was cooled to RT, then partitioned between EtOAc (60 mL) and water (30 mL). The organic layer was separated and washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; using 30% EtOAc/hexanes), to afford compound 2 (340 mg, 22%) as yellow solid. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 11.00 (s, 1H), 7.90 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.97 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 6.91 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.84 (s, 1H), 4.38 (q, J= 7.2 Hz, 2H), 1.34 (t, J= 7.1 Hz, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 235.0 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 7-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (3)

[00323] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (150 mg, 0.64 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and ethanol (4 mL) at 0 °C under an inert atmosphere, was added CaCl 2 (142 mg, 1.28 mmol) then NaBH 4 (97 mg, 2.56 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 6 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (20 mL) and acidified with aq. 6 N HC1 (to pH ~4). The aq. layer was separated and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S04), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL) to afford compound 3 (80 mg, 65%) as pale green solid. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 10.73 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.19 (s, 1H), 5.72 (t, J= 6.2 Hz, 1H), 4.38 (d, J = 5.8 Hz, 2H).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00324] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (400 mg, 2.08 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, were added K 2 C0 3 (431 mg, 3.12 mmol) and Mel (0.26 mL, 4.17 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (20 mL) and acidified with aq. 2 N HC1 (to pH ~4). The aq. layer was separated and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 4 (210 mg, 49%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.92 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (s, 1H), 5.75 (t, J= 6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.41 (d, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 3.88 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 206.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(chloromethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (5)

[00325] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (210 mg, 1.02 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, were added TEA (1 mL, 7.13 mmol), ^-toluenesulfonyl chloride (777 mg, 4.08 mmol) and DMAP (249 mg, 2.04 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; using 30%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 5 (100 mg, 44%) as brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.93 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 4.76 (s, 2H), 3.91 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 224.9 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (6)

[00326] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (55 mg, 0.24 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) at 0 °C, was added NaN 3 (19 mg, 0.29 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (10 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 10 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 6 (40 mg, 77%) as brown semi-solid, that was not purified further. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 231.9 (M + H + ). Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-28)

[00327] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (30 mg, crude) in Et 2 0/THF (1 : 1, 2 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (51 mg, 0.19 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 30 min. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C. Aq. 6 N HC1 (2 mL) was added and the mixture warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (1 mL) and washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aq. layer was concentrated under reduced pressure (below 40 °C) to obtain the crude. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 2 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-28 (20 mg, 76%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.79 (br s, 3H), 7.93 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.04 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 4.10 (br s, 2H), 3.89 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 205.9 (M + H + ).

Example 29: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound

1-29)

Compound 1-29

[00328] The title compound (1-29) was prepared using the procedure for Example 28, using benzyl bromide in Step 3. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.68 (br s, 3H), 7.96 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.42 (t, J= 7.4 Hz, 2H), 7.38-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.19 (dd, J= 9.0, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 5.28 (s, 2H), 4.12 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 281.9 (M + H + ).

Example 30: 2-(Aminomethyl)-6-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound

1-30)

Compound 1-30

[00329] The title compound (1-30) was prepared using the procedure for Example 27, using benzyl bromide in Step 3. 1H NMR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.63-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.45 (m, 3H), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.32 (m, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 5.20 (s, 2H), 4.23 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 281.9 (M + H + ). Example 31: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-ethvnyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

31}

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((7-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (1)

[00330] To a stirred solution of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (350 mg, 1.21 mmol) (compound 1-2 from Example 2) in THF (10 mL) at RT, were added (Boc) 2 0 (0.41 mL, 1.81 mmol) and TEA (0.5 mL, 3.62 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 5 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 25 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified (silica gel; eluting 15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 1 (250 mg, 58%) as a pale brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.91 - 7.95 (m, 2H), 7.67 (m, 1H), 7.59 (br m, 1H), 6.18 (s, 1H), 4.13 (br m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 353.9 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-((trimethylsilyl)ethynyl)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00331] To a stirred solution of compound 1 (200 mg, 0.56 mmol) in TEA (10 mL) at RT, were added TMS -acetylene (0.24 mL, 1.69 mmol), Cul (107 mg, 0.56 mmol), PPh 3 (148 mg, 0.56 mmol) and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (65 mg, 0.06 mmol). The mixture was purged with Argon for 30 min, then sealed and heated at 80 °C for 4 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 10%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (150 mg, 72%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.97 (m, 1H), 7.68 (m, 1H), 7.59 (br m, 1H), 7.50 (m, 1H), 6.17 (s, 1H), 4.13 (br m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 9H), 0.26 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 372.0 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((7-ethynyl-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (3)

[00332] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (150 mg, 0.4 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) at RT, was added K 2 C0 3 (167 mg, 1.21 mmol) and the mixture stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified (silica gel; eluting 40%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (70 mg, 58%) as a pale brown solid. 1H NMR (400MHz,

DMSO-i¾): δ 7.99 (m, 1H), 7.73 (m, 1H), 7.59 (br m, 1H), 7.54 (m, 1H), 6.18 (s, 1H), 4.60 (s,

1H), 4.14 (br m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 299.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-31)

[00333] To compound 3 (15 mg, 0.05 mmol) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at RT, and the mixture stirred for 2 h. Then mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the crude was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 1 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-31 (6 mg, 54%) as a pale brown sticky solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.12 (m, 1H), 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.58 (m, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 4.24 (s, 2H), 3.96 (s, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 199.9 (M + H + ).

Example 32: 2-m-fAminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-NJV-dimethylace tamide h rochloride (Compound 1-32)

4 Compound 1-32

Step 1: Synthesis of 2-((2-(hydroxymethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N^V- dimethylacetamide (2)

[00334] To a stirred solution of 7-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one 1 (500 mg, 2.6 mmol) (from Example 28, Step 2) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, were added 2-chloro-N,N- dimethylacetamide (316 mg, 2.6 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (539 mg, 3.91 mmol) and Nal (cat). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (30 mL) and brine, then extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic layers were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 10 mL) to afford compound 2 (300 mg, 42%) as a pale yellow solid. Step 2: Synthesis of 2-((2-(chloromethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N^V- dimethylacetamide (3) [00335] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (300 mg, 1.08 mmol) in DMF (9 mL) at 0 °C, were added TEA (0.75 mL, 5.41 mmol), ^-toluenesulfonyl chloride (516 mg, 2.71 mmol) and DMAP (60 mg). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was quenched with ice- cold water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; eluting 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (170 mg, 53%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.91 (m, 1H), 7.13 (m, 1H), 7.07 (m, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 5.04 (s, 2H), 4.76 (s, 2H), 3.00 (s, 3H), 2.85 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 295.9 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-((2-(azidomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N^V- dimethylacetamide (5)

[00336] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (170 mg, 0.57 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) at 0 °C, was added NaN 3 (45 mg, 0.69 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue was added toluene, which was then evaporated to afford compound 5 (170 mg) as a brown semi solid, which was not purified further. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 302.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)-N /V- dimethylacetamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-32)

[00337] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (170 mg, crude) in THF (5 mL) and Et 2 0 (2 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (221 mg, 0.84 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 1.5 h. The mixture was cooled to 10 °C before adding aq. 6 N HC1 (5 mL). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water and washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aq. layer was concentrated under reduced pressure (below 45 °C). The residue was purified via recrystallization with a mixture of IP A (2 mL), MeCN (1 mL), and Et 2 0 (5 mL), then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-32 (50 mg, 28% over two steps) as a pale brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.63 (br s, 3H), 7.92 (m, 1H), 7.08 (m, 1H), 6.97 (m, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 5.03 (s, 2H), 4.10 (s, 2H), 2.99 (s, 3H), 2.84 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 276.9 (M + H + ). Example 33: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(l-phenyl-lH-l,2 -triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-33)

Compound 1-33

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-(l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00338] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl ((7-ethynyl-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate 1 (70 mg, 0.23 mmol) (from Example 31, Step 3) in t-BuOH/water (1 :2, 10 mL) at RT, were added benzoic acid (3 mg, 0.02 mmol), sodium-L-(+)-ascorbate (1 mg, 0.005 mmol), Cu 2 S0 4 (0.6 mg, 0.002 mmol) followed by azido benzene (0.5 M in MTBE, 0.5 mL, 0.24 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (20 mg, 21%) as pale brown sticky solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 419.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-33)

[00339] To compound 2 (20 mg, 0.05 mmol) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) at RT under inert atmosphere and stirred for 3 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the crude was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 1 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-33 (8 mg, 53%) as a pale brown solid. 1H MR (500MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 9.19 (s, 1H), 8.30 (m, 1H), 8.26 (m, 1H), 8.06 (m, 1H), 7.94 - 7.99 (m, 2H), 7.64 - 7.67 (m, 2H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.30 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 318.9 (M + H + ). Example 34: 2-((2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetic acid hydrochloride

(Compound 1-34

Compound 1-34

[00340] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl 2-((2-(azidomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6- yl)oxy)acetate 1 (40 mg, 0.12 mmol) (from Example 35, Step 3) in THF (1 mL) and water (1 mL) at RT, was added PPh 3 (47 mg, 0.18 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 16 h. To this mixture was added aq. 2 N HC1 (1 mL) and the mixture stirred at RT for 2 min. The mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL) and the aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-34 (7 mg, 23%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.63 (m, 1H), 7.48 - 7.53 (m, 2H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 4.80 (s, 2H), 4.24 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 249.9 (M + H + ).

Example 35: 2-((2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-NJV-dimethyla cetamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-35)

Step 1: Synthesis of terf-butyl 2-((2-(hydroxymethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetate (2)

[00341] To a stirred solution of 6-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one 1 (900 mg, 4.69 mmol) (from Step 2, Example 27) in DMF (15 mL) at RT, were added fert-butyl 2- bromoacetate (1.37 mL, 9.37 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (1.29 g, 9.37 mmol), and Nal (cat.). The mixture was stirred at RT for 4 h. The mixture was quenched with water (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried

(Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 50-60%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (550 mg, 38%) as a pale brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.58 (m, 1H), 7.39 (m, 1H), 7.32 (m, 1H), 6.29 (s, 1H), 5.76 (m, 1H), 4.77 (s, 2H), 4.42 (m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 306.9 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl 2-((2-(chloromethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetate (3)

[00342] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (275 mg, 0.9 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) at RT, were added TEA (0.44 mL, 3.14 mmol), /?-TsCl (427 mg, 2.25 mmol), and DMAP (cat.) at RT. The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 30- 40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (180 mg, 62%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 7.48 (m, 1H), 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.39 (m, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 4.42 (s, 2H), 1.50 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 324.9 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of tert-butyl 2-((2-(azidomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetate (4)

To a stirred solution of compound 3 (180 mg, 0.55 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) at RT, was added NaN 3 (54 mg, 0.83 mmol) and the mixture stirred for 2 h. The mixture was quenched with water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 4 (150 mg) as a brown oil, which was used without further purification. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 331.9 (M + H + ). Step 4: Synthesis of 2-((2-(azidomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)acetic acid (5)

[00343] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (70 mg, crude) in CH 2 C1 2 (2 mL) at 0 °C, was added TFA (0.16 mL, 2.11 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 16 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 5 (90 mg) as a brown oil, which was used without further purification. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 275.8 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 2-((2-(azidomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-N^V- dimethylacetamide (6)

[00344] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (90 mg, crude) in DMF (4 mL) at RT, were added N,N-dimethylamine hydrochloride (40 mg, 0.49 mmol), HATU (186 mg, 0.49 mmol), followed by DIEA (0.17 mL, 0.98 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 3% MeOH/CH 2 Cl 2 ) to afford compound 6 (15 mg, 18% over three steps) as pale brown oil. 1H NMR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.61 (m, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.36 (m, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 4.96 (s, 2H), 4.56 (s, 2H), 2.89 (s, 3H), 2.85 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 302.9 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-((2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-6-yl)oxy)-N,N- dimethylacetamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-35)

[00345] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (15 mg, 0.05 mmol) in THF (0.5 mL) and water (0.5 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (19 mg, 0.07 mmol). The mixture was gradually warmed to RT and stirred for 16 h. To this mixture was added aq. 6 N HC1 (1 mL) and was stirred for 30 min. The mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 2 mL), and the aqueous layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-35 (4 mg, 30%) as brown solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.64-7.60 (m, 1H), 7.50 - 7.53 (m, 2H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 4.97 (s, 2H), 4.24 (s, 2H), 3.12 (s, 3H), 3.00 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 276.9 (M + H + ).

Example 36: Methyl (S)-l-(^-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolid ine-3- carboxylate hydrochloride Compound 1-36)

Compound 1-36

[00346] The title compound (1-36) was prepared using the procedure for Example 21, using (S)- pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate hydrochloride in Step 1. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.30 (m, 1H), 7.99 (m, 1H), 7.73 (m, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.87 (m, 1H), 3.71 - 3.77 (m, 3H), 3.67 - 3.70 (m, 2H), 3.60 (m, 1H), 3.21 (m, 1H), 2.13 - 2.36 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 330.9 (M + H + ).

Example 37: (R) or ( -l-( -(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylic acid hydrochloride (Enantiomer 1) (Compound 1-37)

First eluting enantiomer Second eluting enantiomer

Compound 1-37 Compound 1-38

Enantiomer 1 Enantiomer 2

((R) or (S)-enantiomer) ((R) or (S)-enantiomer)

Step 1: Synthesis of racemic-methyl l-(2-(((terf-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate (2)

[00347] To a stirred solution of 2-(((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6- carboxylic acid 1 (200 mg, 0.63 mmol) (from Example 1 1, Step 3) in DMF (40 mL) at RT, were added racemic-methyl pyrrolidine-3-carboxylate hydrochloride (156 mg, 0.94 mmol), EDCI.HC1 (180 mg, 0.94 mmol), HOBt (127 mg, 0.94 mmol) and DIEA (0.33 mL, 1.88 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 50%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (160 mg, 59%) as a pale brown oil.

Step 2: Synthesis of racemic-l-(2-(((ieri-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromene-6-carbonyl) pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid (3)

[00348] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (140 mg, 0.32 mmol) in THF/MeOH/water (1 : 1 : 1, 6 mL) at RT, was added LiOH.H 2 0 (55 mg, 1.3 mmol), and the mixture stirred for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and acidified with aq. citric acid to (pH ~3) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford crude compound 3 (130 mg). Step 3: Single enantiomers of l-(2-(((ieri-butoxycarbonyl)amino)methyl)-4-oxo-4H- chromene-6-carbonyl) pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid (4) and (5)

[00349] Compound 4 (60 mg, 46%) and compound 5 (40 mg, 31%) were both obtained from crude compound 3 (130 mg) via chiral HPLC separation (Chiral Pak ADH, 250 x 21.2 mm, 5 μιη column, eluting isocratically with 20% MeOH:EtOH (1 : 1) and 80% hexanes (containing 0.1% TFA) over 35 min, flow rate 20 mL/min), wherein compound 4 was the first to elute and compound 5 was the second to elute.

[00350] Compound 4: LC-MS (ESI): m/z 417.1 (M + H + ). Chiral HPLC analysis: R t = 16.99 min (Chiral Pak ADH, 250 x 4.6 mm, 5 μιη column, eluting isocratically with 20% MeOH:EtOH (1 : 1) and 80% hexanes (containing 0.1% TFA) over 30 mins; flow rate 1.0 mL/min).

Compound 5: LC-MS (ESI): m/z 417.1 (M + H + ). Chiral HPLC analysis: R t = 21.47 min (Chiral Pak ADH, 250 x 4.6 mm, 5 μιη column, eluting isocratically with 20% MeOH:EtOH (1 : 1) and 80% hexanes (containing 0.1% TFA) over 30 mins; flow rate 1.0 mL/min).

Step 4: Synthesis of (R) or (S)-l-(2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6- carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (Compound 1-37)

[00351] To compound 4 (55 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added 2M HC1 in Et 2 0 (5 mL, 10 mmol) at RT, and the mixture was stirred at RT for 6 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with water (10 mL) and washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aq. layer was separated and lyophilized. The crude was purified (preparative HPLC) to afford compound 1-37 (8 mg, 17%) as a pale brown solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.30 (m, 1H), 8.00 (m, 1H), 7.73 (m, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.88 (m, 1H), 3.65 - 3.78 (m, 2H), 3.60 (m, 1H), 3.20 (m, 1H), 2.15 - 2.38 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 317.0 (M + H + ). Chiral HPLC analysis: R t = 6.97 min (Chiral Pak ADH, 250 x 4.6 mm, 5 μπι column, eluting isocratically with 20% MeOH:EtOH (1 : 1) and 80% hexanes (containing 0.1% TFA) over 30 mins; flow rate 1.0 mL/min).

Example 38: (R) or ( -l-( -(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbonyl)pyrrolidine-3- carboxylic acid hydrochloride (Enantiomer 2) (Compound 1-38)

[00352] To single enantiomer 5 (40 mg, 0.1 mmol) (from Example 37, Step 3) was added 2M HC1 in Et 2 0 (5 mL, 10 mmol) at RT, and the mixture was stirred for 6 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the crude purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), then THF (2 x 1 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 1 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-38 (13 mg, 39%) as a dark brown solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.30 (br m, 1H), 8.00 (m, 1H), 7.73 (m, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.87 (m, 1H), 3.65 - 3.79 (m, 2H), 3.60 (br m, 1H), 3.18 (m, 1H), 2.14 - 2.37 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 316.9 (M + H + ). Chiral HPLC analysis: R t = 9.90 min (Chiral Pak ADH, 250 x 4.6 mm, 5 μιη column, eluting isocratically with 20% MeOH:EtOH (1 : 1) and 80% hexanes (containing 0.1% TFA) over 30 mins; flow rate 1.0 mL/min).

Example 39: 2-fAminomethyl)-7-fl-methyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one h drochloride (Compound 1-39)

Compound 1-39

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((7-(l-methyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00353] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl ((7-ethynyl-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate 1 (70 mg, 0.23 mmol) (from Example 31, Step 3) in MeOH/H 2 0 (1 : 1, 20 mL) at RT, were added K 2 C0 3 (58 mg, 0.42 mmol), CuS0 4 (12 mg, 0.05 mmol), NaN 3 (17 mg, 0.26 mmol), L-ascorbic acid (16 mg, 0.09 mmol), Mel (0.02 mL, 0.26 mmol), and pyridine (0.09 mL, 1.17 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAC (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (20 mg, 24%) as brown solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 354.8 (M - H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(l-methyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-39)

[00354] To compound 2 (10 mg, 0.03 mmol) was added 4 M HCI in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) and the mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. Then the mixture was diluted with EtOAc (3 mL) and the solvent was decanted. The obtained crude solid was purified via trituration with EtOAc (2 x 1 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 1 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-39 (8 mg, 99%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.52 (s, 1H), 8.20 (m, 1H), 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.93 (m, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 4.20 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 256.9 (M + H + ). Example 40: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-40)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00355] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl ((7-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate 1 (50 mg, 0.14 mmol) (from Example 31, Step 1) in 1,4-dioxane (10 mL) at RT, were added 1-phenylpiperazine hydrochloride (34 mg, 0.17 mmol), Cs 2 C0 3 (92 mg, 0.28 mmol), BINAP (10 mg, 0.02 mmol) and Pd 2 (dba) 3 (6.5 mg, 0.007 mmol). The reaction mixture was purged with argon for 10 min. The mixture was sealed and heated to reflux for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (40 mg, 65%) as a pale brown sticky solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 436.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(4-phenylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (compound 1-40)

[00356] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (40 mg, 0.09 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (6 mL) at RT, was added HC1 in Et 2 0 (4 mL), and the mixture stirred at RT for 3 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the crude purified via trituration with EtOAc (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0(2 x 2 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 4 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-40 (10 mg, 29%) as a pale brown oil. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.02 (m, 1H), 7.60 - 7.65 (m, 2H), 7.54 - 7.59 (m, 2H), 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.27 (m, 1H), 7.11 (m, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 4.21 (s, 2H), 3.89 - 3.93 (m, 4H), 3.74 - 3.81 (m, 4H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 336.0 (M + H + ).

Example 41: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(4-benzoylpiperazin-l-yl)-4H-chromen-4-one

hydrochloride (Compound 1-

[00357] The title compound (1-41) was prepared using the procedure for Example 40, using 1- benzoylpiperazine hydrochloride in Step 1. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.96 (m, 1H), 7.46 -

7.54 (m, 5H), 7.18 (m, 1H), 6.94 (m, 1H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 4.18 (s, 2H), 3.94 - 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.49 -

3.72 (m, 6H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 364.0 (M + H + ).

Example 42: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(3,4-dihydroquinolin-l(2H yl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-42)

Compound 1-42

[00358] The title compound (1-42) was prepared using the procedure for Example 40, using 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline in Step 1. 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.60 (br s, 3H), 8.01 (m, 1H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 7.31 - 7.37 (m, 2H), 7.21 - 7.29 (m, 2H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 4.24 (br m, 2H), 3.85 (m, 2H), 2.86 (m, 2H), 2.05 - 2.11 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 306.9 (M + H + ).

Example 43: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1- 3}

Step 1: Synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (2)

[00359] To a stirred solution of 7-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one 1 (100 mg, 0.52 mmol) (from Example 28, Step 2) in DMF (2 mL) at RT, were added l-(chloromethyl)-4- methoxybenzene (82 mg, 0.52 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (108 mg, 0.78 mmol), and Bu 4 NI (cat.) at RT. The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 2 (80 mg) as a yellow solid which was used without further purification. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 312.9 (M + H + ). Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(chloromethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (3)

[00360] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (80 mg, crude) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 mL) at RT, were added p-TsC\ (122 mg, 0.64 mmol), TEA (0.12 mL, 0.9 mmol), and DMAP (cat.). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (15 mL) and extracted with

EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried

(Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 40-45%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (45 mg, 26% over two steps) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR

(400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.92 (m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.24 (m, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 6.97 (m, 2H),

6.48 (s, 1H), 5.19 (s, 2H), 4.76 (s, 2H), 3.76 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 330.9 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00361] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (45 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) at RT, was added NaN 3 (10 mg, 0.15 mmol) and the mixture stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was quenched with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 4 (40 mg) as a pale brown oil which was used without further purification. LC-MS

(ESI): m/z 337.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-43)

[00362] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (40 mg, crude) in a mixture of THF (1 mL) and water (1 mL) at RT, was added PPh 3 (47 mg, 0.18 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 2 days. To this mixture was added aq. 6 N HC1 (1 mL) and the mixture was stirred at RT for 10 min. The mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-43 (6.5 mg, 21% over two steps) as a yellow solid.

[00363] 1 H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.99 (m, 1H), 6.97 (m, 1H), 6.93 (m, 1H), 6.39 (s, 1H), 4.20 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 191.9 (M + H + ).

Example 44: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-isobutoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-44)

Compound 1 -44 [00364] The title compound (1-44) was prepared using the procedure for Example 32, using 1- bromo-2-methylpropane in Step 1. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.05 (m, 1H), 7.08 - 7.14 (m,

2H), 6.43 (s, 1H), 4.22 (s, 2H), 3.91 (m, 2H), 2.14 (m, 1H), 1.07 (m, 6H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z

248.0 (M + H + ).

Example 45: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(prop-2-vn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-45)

Step 1: Synthesis of 2-(hydroxymethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (2)

[00365] To a stirred solution of compound 1 (300 mg, 1.56 mmol) (from Example 28, Step 2) in DMF (8 mL) at RT, were added 3-bromoprop-l-yne (0.13 mL, 1.72 mmol) followed by K 2 C0 3 (323 mg, 2.34 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 2 (250 mg) as a white solid, which was used without further purification. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO- d 6 ): δ 7.94 (m, 1H), 7.17 (m, 1H), 7.08 (m, 1H), 6.26 (s, 1H), 5.76 (m, 1H), 4.97 (m, 2H), 4.42 (m, 2H), 3.67 (m, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 230.8 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(chloromethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (3)

[00366] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (500 mg, 2.17 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (15 mL) at RT, were added TEA (1.06 mL, 7.61 mmol), /?-TsCl (1.03 g, 5.43 mmol), and DMAP (cat.). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 40-50%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (290 mg, 54%) as a pale yellow solid. 1H NMR

(500MHz, CDC1 3 ): δ 8.12 (m, 1H), 6.99 - 7.06 (m, 2H), 6.38 (s, 1H), 4.80 (s, 2H), 4.41 (s, 2H), 2.60 (m, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 249.0 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00367] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (290 mg, 1.17 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) at RT, was added NaN 3 (114 mg, 1.75 mmol), and the mixture was stirred at RT for 1 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 4 (350 mg) as a brown oil, which was used without further purification. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 256.0 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one

hydrochloride (Compound 1-45)

[00368] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (40 mg, crude) in THF (1 mL) and water (1 mL) at RT, was added PPh 3 (62 mg, 0.23 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 2 days. To this mixture was added aq. 6 N HC1 (1 mL) and the mixture was stirred at RT for 15 min. Then the mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aq. layer was separated and concentrated. The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-45 (6 mg) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.09 (m, 1H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 7.18 (m, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 4.94 (m, 2H), 4.24 (s, 2H), 3.10 (m, 1H); LC- MS (ESI): m/z 229.8 (M + H + ).

Example 46: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-46)

[00369] The title compound (1-46) was prepared using the procedure for Example 32, using (2- bromoethoxy)benzene in Step 1. 1 H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.10 (m, 1H), 7.27 - 7.33 (m, 2H), 7.18 - 7.22 (m, 2H), 6.96 - 7.00 (m, 3H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 4.48 - 4.52 (m, 2H), 4.38 - 4.41 (m, 2H), 4.23 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 311.9 (M + H + ).

Example 47: 2-fAminomethyl)-7-^l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-4 H-chromen-4- one hydrochloride Compound 1-47)

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00370] To a stirred solution of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one 1 (350 mg, 1.37 mmol) (from Example 45, Step 3) in THF (2 mL) and water (2 mL) at RT, was added PPh 3 (539 mg, 2.06 mmol), and the mixture was stirred at RT for 2 days. To this mixture were added (Boc) 2 0 (0.38 mL, 1.65 mmol) followed by TEA (0.38 mL, 2.74 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 35-40%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (50 mg, 16%) as a pale yellow oil. 1H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.93 (m, 1H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.15 (m, 1H), 7.09 (m, 1H), 6.09 (s, 1H), 4.98 (m, 2H), 4.12 (br m, 2H), 3.67 (m, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 329.9 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-((l-phenyl-li -l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-4H- chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (3)

[00371] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (50 mg, 0.15 mmol) in tBuOH/water (1 :2, 6 mL) at RT, were added CuS0 4 (0.4 mg, 0.001 mmol), benzoic acid (2 mg, 0.01 mmol), sodium-L- (+)-ascorbate (0.6 mg, 0.003 mmol), and azido benzene (0.5 M in MTBE, 0.32 mL, 0.16 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 16 h, then heated to 70 °C and for additional 20 h. The mixture was quenched with water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 70-80% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (25 mg, 37%) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.14 (s, 1H), 8.03 - 8.09 (m, 3H), 7.72 - 7.78 (m, 2H), 7.62 - 7.72 (m, 2H), 7.46 (m, 1H), 7.29 (m, 1H), 6.23 (s, 1H), 5.55 (s, 2H), 4.26 (br m, 2H), 1.55 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 449.1 (M + + H).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-l,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)- 4H- chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-47)

[00372] To compound 3 (25 mg, 0.05 mmol) was added 2M HC1 in Et 2 0 (2 mL, 4 mmol) at 0 °C. The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the crude purified via trituration with «-pentane (2 x 1 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-47 (15 mg, 70%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.71 (s, 1H), 8.10 (m, 1H), 7.86 - 7.89 (m, 2H), 7.59 - 7.64 (m, 2H), 7.53 (m, 1H), 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.25 (m, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 5.46 (s, 2H), 4.24 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 348.9 (M + H + ).

Example 48: 3-(((2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)oxy)methyl)-N- phenylbenzamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-48)

[00373] The title compound (1-48) was prepared using the procedure for Example 45, using (bromomethyl)-N-phenylbenzamide in Step 1. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 401.0 (M + H + ).

Example 49: 3-((2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-7-yl)amino)-A-phenylben zamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-49)

Compound 1-49

[00374] The title compound (1-49) was prepared using the procedure for Example 40, using 3- amino-N-phenylbenzamide in Step 1. 1 H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 10.28 (s, 1H), 9.33 (s, 1H), 8.48 (br s, 3H), 7.88 (m, 1H), 7.76 - 7.83 (m, 3H), 7.68 (m, 1H), 7.55 (m, 1H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 7.33 - 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.09 - 7.14 (m, 2H), 7.03 (m, 1H), 6.36 (s, 1H), 4.06 - 4.13 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 386.0 (M + H + ). Example 50: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

50)

6 7 Compound 1-50

Step 1: Synthesis of dimethyl 2-(2-bromophenoxy)maleate (2)

[00375] To a stirred solution of 2-bromophenol 1 (23 g, 132.95 mmol) in i-PrOH (60 mL) at RT, were added dimethyl but-2-ynedioate (18.88 g, 132.95 mmol) and TBAF (1M in THF, 0.5 mL, 0.5 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 4 h, then heated to reflux for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 2 (40 g) as a pale brown oil, which was used without further purification.

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(2-bromophenoxy)maleic acid (3)

[00376] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (40 g, crude) in EtOH (100 mL) at RT, was added aq. NaOH solution (100 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (1 L) and washed with EtOAc (2 x 300 mL). The aq. layer was acidified with dilute aq. HC1 (to pH ~2) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 500 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (100 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified via trituration with «-pentane (2 x 100 mL) to afford compound 3 (25g, 66% over two steps) as a pale brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 13.84 (br s, 2H), 7.64 (m, 1H), 7.31 (m, 1H), 7.01 (m, 1H), 6.85 (m, 1H), 6.63 (s, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 286.9 (M + H + ). Step 3: Synthesis of 8-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylic acid (4)

[00377] To compound 3 (10 g, 34.84 mmol) was added cone. H 2 S0 4 (50 mL) at RT. The mixture was heated for 30 min, then quenched with ice-cold water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (30 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified via trituration with «-pentane (2 x 15 mL) to afford compound 4 (7 g, 75%) as a pale brown solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 268.8 (M + H + ). Step 4: Synthesis of 8-bromo-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (5)

[00378] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (4 g, 14.87 mmol) in THF (40 mL) at 0 °C, were added ethyl chloroformate (1.69 mL, 17.84 mmol) and TEA (4.14 mL, 29.74 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. A mixture of NaBH 4 (2.54 g, 66.91 mmol) in water (20 mL) was added portion-wise over 30 min, and the mixture stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with water (40 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (25 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 5 (400 mg, 10%) as a pale brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.10 (m, 1H), 8.02 (m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 1H),

6.40 (s, 1H), 5.85 (m, 1H), 4.48 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 254.8 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 8-bromo-2-(chloromethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (6)

[00379] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (700 mg, 2.74 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (50 mL) at 0 °C, were added TEA (1.15 mL, 8.23 mmol), /?-TsCl (1.31 g, 6.86 mmol) and DMAP (cat.). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 10%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 6 (315 mg, 42%) as a pale brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz,

DMSO-i¾): δ 8.14 (m, 1H), 8.02 (m, 1H), 7.44 (m, 1H), 6.64 (s, 1H), 4.83 (s, 2H).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one (7)

[00380] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (315 mg, 1.16 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, was added NaN 3 (75 mg, 1.16 mmol) and the mixture stirred at 0 °C for 2 h. The mixture was quenched with H 2 0 (20 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 7 (250 mg, 77%) as an off white solid. 1 H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.12 (m, 1H), 8.01 (m, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 4.58 (s, 2H).

Step 7: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-50)

[00381] To a stirred solution of compound 7 (250 mg, 0.89 mmol) in Et 2 0 (25 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (351 mg, 1.34 mmol) and the mixture stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. Aq. 6 N HC1 (15 mL) was added and the mixture stirred at RT for 4 h. The mixture was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and washed with H 2 0 (2 x 10 mL). The aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure, and the crude was purified via trituration with THF (2 x 3 mL), then MeCN (2 x 3 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 3 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-50 (100 mg, 39%) as an off white solid. [00382] 1H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.70 (br s, 3H), 8.16 (m, 1H), 8.04 (m, 1H), 7.46 (m,

1H), 6.63 (s, 1H), 4.19 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 253.8 (M + H + ).

Example 51: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-ethvnyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1- 51

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((8-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (1)

[00383] To a stirred solution of 2-(aminomethyl)-8-bromo-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (90 mg, 0.31 mmol) (from Example 50) in CH 2 C1 2 (25 mL) at RT, were added (Boc) 2 0 (0.11 mL, 0.46 mmol) and TEA (0.13 mL, 0.93 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 4 h. The mixture was diluted with water (15 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified via trituration with «-pentane (2 x 5 mL) to afford compound 1 (75 mg, 69%) as an off white solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 353.9. (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-8-((trimethylsilyl)ethynyl)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00384] To compound 1 (70 mg, 0.2 mmol) in TEA (5 mL) at RT, were added TMS-acetylene (18 mg, 0.2 mmol), Cul (38 mg, 0.2 mmol), PPh 3 (52 mg, 0.2 mmol) and Pd(PPh 3 ) 4 (23 mg, 0.02 mmol). The mixture ws purged with argon for 30 min. The mixture was sealed and heated to reflux for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The organic layer was washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and

concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 5% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (58 mg, 79%) as a pale brown solid. 1 H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.01 (m, 1H), 7.90 (m, 1H), 7.59 - 7.65 (m, 2H), 6.21 (s, 1H), 4.16 (br m, 2H), 1.41 (s, 9H), 0.29 (s, 9H).

Step 3: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((8-ethynyl-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (3)

[00385] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (58 mg, 0.15 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) at RT, was added K 2 C0 3 (64 mg, 0.47 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at RT for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried

(Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 20%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 3 (40 mg, 86%) as pale brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz,

DMSO-i¾): δ 8.03 (m, 1H), 7.95 (m, 1H), 7.59 (m, 1H), 7.47 (m, 1H), 6.21 (s, 1H), 4.66 (s, 1H),

4.17 (br m, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H).

Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-8-ethynyl-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-51)

[00386] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (40 mg, 0.13 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (10 mL) at RT, was added 2M HCl in Et 2 0 (10 mL, 20 mmol), and the mixture was stirred at RT for 5 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the crude was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), then EtOAc (2 x 1 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 1 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound compound 1-51 (10 mg, 32%) as a pale brown solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.60 (br s, 3H), 8.06 (m, 1H), 8.00 (m, 1H), 7.52 (m, 1H), 6.58 (s, 1H), 4.73 (s, 1H), 4.19 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 199.9 (M + H + ).

Example 52: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-hvdroxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

52}

Compound 1-52

Step 1: Synthesis of l-(2,3-dihydroxyphenyl)ethan-l-one (2)

[00387] To a stirred solution of pyrocatechol 1 (70 g, 636.36 mmol) in HOAc (45.8 mL, 763.64 mmol) at RT under an inert atmosphere, was added SnCl 4 (30 mL, 254.54 mmol). The mixture was heated to 100 °C for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with water (1 L) and CH 2 C1 2 (500 mL), stirred for 30 min, then filtered through a pad of celite eluting with CH 2 C1 2 (500 mL). The organic layer was separated, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (3.5 g, 4%) as a pale green solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 12.00 (br s, 1H), 9.38 (br s, 1H), 7.35 (m, 1H), 7.05 (m, 1H),

6.77 (m, 1H), 2.62 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 150.9 (M - H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of ethyl 8-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylate (3)

[00388] To stirred EtOH (150 mL) at RT under an inert atmosphere, was added sodium metal (8.53 g, 371.05 mmol) over a period of 30 min. To the resulting solution of NaOEt at RT, was added compound 2 (4.7 g, 30.92 mmol) and diethyl oxalate (34 mL). The mixture was stirred and heated to reflux for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with ice cold water (100 mL), acidified with aq. 6 N HC1 (to pH ~3) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (40 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was dissolved in EtOH (100 mL) and aq. 6 N HC1 (80 mL) was added. The mixture was heated to reflux for 12 h. The mixture was cooled and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 80 mL). The combined organic extracts were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 3 (2 g, 27%) as a brown solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 10.67 (s, 1H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 7.32 (m, 2H), 6.91 (s, 1H), 4.40 (m, 2H), 1.35 (m, 3H).

Step 3: Synthesis of 8-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (4)

[00389] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (2.2 g, 9.4 mmol) in THF/EtOH (1 : 1, 100 mL) at 0 °C under an inert atmosphere, were added CaCl 2 (2.09 g, 18.8 mmol) followed by NaBH 4 (464 mg, 12.22 mmol) portion-wise. The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 8 h. The mixture was diluted with ice-cold sat. aq. NH 4 C1 solution (30 mL), then saturated with NaCl and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic extracts were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 4 (1.7 g) as a white solid, which was used without further purification. 1H NMR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 10.38 (s, 1H), 7.42 (m, 1H), 7.21 - 7.24 (m, 2H), 6.30 (s, 1H), 5.75 (m, 1H), 4.44 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 192.8 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 8-(benzyloxy)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (5)

[00390] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (1.7 g, crude) in DMF (30 mL) at 0 °C, were added K 2 C0 3 (1.83 g, 13.28 mmol) followed by benzyl bromide (1.41 mL, 10.62 mmol). The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (80 mL) and stirred for 15 min. The precipitated solid was collected via filtration and washed with water (50 mL), then «-pentane (20 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 5 (2.27 g, 86% over two steps) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.48 - 7.52 (m, 3H), 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.32 - 7.38 (m, 2H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 5.79 (m, 1H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.45 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 282.9 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 8-(benzyloxy)-2-(chloromethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (6)

[00391] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (2.2 g, 7.8 mmol) in DMF (25 mL) at 0 °C, were added TEA (5.43 mL, 39.0 mmol), /?-TsCl (1.78 g, 9.36 mmol) and DMAP (350 mg). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water

(40 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 15% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 6 (620 mg, 27%) as yellow solid. 1H NMR

(500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.48 - 7.58 (m, 4H), 7.31 - 7.44 (m, 4H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 5.32 (s, 2H),

4.80 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 300.9 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (7)

[00392] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (620 mg, 2.06 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, was added NaN 3 (128 mg, 1.96 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (20 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford compound 7 (600 mg) as a yellow solid, which was used without further purification. 1H NMR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.48 - 7.57 (m, 4H), 7.31 - 7.42 (m, 4H), 6.43 (s,

1H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.56 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 307.9 (M + H + ).

Step 7: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-8-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-52)

[00393] To a stirred solution of compound 7 (600 mg, crude) in THF (10 mL) and water (10 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (767 mg, 2.93 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 24 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C, and cone. HC1 (5 mL) was added. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure (below 40 °C). To this crude material was added cone. HC1 (10 mL) and the mixture stirred at 60 °C for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the crude was purified via trituration with «-pentane (2 x 10 mL) then dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-52 (400 mg, 70% over two steps) as a pale pink solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.59 (m, 1H), 7.27 - 7.36 (m, 2H), 6.49 (s, 1H), 4.27 (s, 2H); LC- MS (ESI): m/z 189.9 (M - H + ).

Example 53: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-(prop-2-vn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((8-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (1)

[00394] To a stirred solution of 2-(aminomethyl)-8-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (400 mg, 2.09 mmol) (compound 1-52 from Example 52) in THF (10 mL) and water (10 mL) at 0 °C, were added (Boc) 2 0 (0.96 mL, 4.19 mmol) and TEA (1.46 mL, 10.47 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford a mixture of compound 1 and the corresponding N,O-di-boc-protected compound (580 mg) as brown semi solids. This mixture was dissolved in MeOH (10 mL) at 0 °C, and K 2 C0 3 (307 mg, 2.22 mmol) was added. The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure (below 35 °C). The residue was diluted with water (30 mL), neutralized with aq. citric acid solution (to pH ~5) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 1 (200 mg, 33%) as a yellow solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 10.39 (s, 1H), 7.57 (br m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 1H), 7.21 - 7.28 (m, 2H), 6.13 (s, 1H), 4.14 (br m, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H).

Step 2: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-8-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00395] To a stirred solution of 1 (20 mg, 0.07 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) at 0 °C, were added 3- bromoprop-l-yne (10 mg, 0.08 mmol) and K 2 C0 3 (14 mg, 0.1 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 10 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (5 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 40%

EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (20 mg, 91%) as a brown semi solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.57 - 7.62 (m, 2H), 7.51 (m, 1H), 7.41 (m, 1H), 6.17 (s, 1H), 5.03 (m, 2H), 4.15

(br m, 2H), 3.66 (m, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 329.9 (M + H + ).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-8-(prop-2-yn-l-yloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one

hydrochloride (Compound 1-53)

[00396] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (20 mg, 0.06 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (2 mL) at 0 °C, was added 2M HCl in Et 2 0 (2 mL, 4 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 4 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with water (1 mL) and washed with Et 2 0 (2 mL). The aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure (below 40 °C). The crude was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 1 mL), then n- pentane (2 x 1 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-53 (6 mg, 43%) as a pale brown solid. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.74 (m, 1H), 7.57 (m, 1H), 7.46 (m, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 5.00 (m, 2H), 4.27 (s, 2H), 3.12 (m, 1H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 229.9 (M + H + ).

Example 54: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound

1-54)

Compound 1-54

[00397] To a stirred solution of 2-(azidomethyl)-8-(benzyloxy)-4H-chromen-4-one 1 (97 mg, 0.31 mmol) (from Example 52, Step 6) in THF (2 mL) and water (2 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (124 mg, 0.47 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 24 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C and aq. 6 N HCl (5 mL) was added. The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and stirred for 5 min. The aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure (at 35 °C). The crude was purified via trituration with MeCN (2 x 2 mL), then Et 2 0 (2 x 2 mL), then «-pentane (2 x 2 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-54 (30 mg, 34%) as white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.82 (br s, 3H), 7.51 - 7.60 (m, 4H), 7.33 - 7.45 (m, 3H), 7.20 (m, 1H), 6.59 (s, 1H), 5.35 (s, 2H), 4.16 (br s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 281.9 (M + H + ). Example 55: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-phenethoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound

1-55)

[00398] The title compound (1-55) was prepared using the procedure for Example 45, using 8- hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-4H-chromen-4-one (from Example 52, Step 3) and (2- bromoethyl)benzene in Step 1. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.67 (m, 1H), 7.39 - 7.48 (m, 2H), 7.30 - 7.38 (m, 4H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 6.50 (s, 1H), 4.43 (m, 2H), 4.24 (s, 2H), 3.20 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 295.9 (M + H + ).

Example 56: 2-(Aminomethyl)-8-(2-phenoxyethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-56)

Compound 1-56

[00399] The title compound (1-56) was prepared using the procedure for Example 53, using (2-bromoethoxy)benzene in Step 2. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.72 (m, 1H), 7.56 (m, 1H),

7.46 (m, 1H), 7.27 - 7.32 (m, 2H), 6.94 - 7.00 (m, 3H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 4.56 - 4.59 (m, 2H), 4.44 -

4.47 (m, 2H), 4.22 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 311.9 (M + H + ).

Example 57: 2-((2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)-N-phenylaceta mide hydrochloride (Compound 1-57)

Compound 1-57

[00400] The title compound (1-57) was prepared using the procedure for Example 53, using 2- bromo-N-phenylacetamide in Step 2. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.75 (m, 1H), 7.62 (m, 2H), 7.45 - 7.48 (m, 2H), 7.32 - 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.16 (m, 1H), 6.54 (s, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.29 (s, 2H);

LC-MS (ESI): m/z 324.9 (M + H + ).

Example 58: 3-(((2-(Aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromen-8-yl)oxy)methyl)-N- phenylbenzamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-58)

[00401] The title compound (1-58) was prepared using the procedure for Example 53, using 3-(bromomethyl)-N-phenylbenzamide in Step 2. 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.21 (s, 1H), 7.95 (m, 1H), 7.68 - 7.75 (m, 4H), 7.55 - 7.60 (m, 2H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 7.34 - 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.16 (m, 1H), 6.52 (s, 1H), 5.42 (s, 2H), 4.28 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 401.0 (M + H + ).

Example 59: 2-(Aminomethyl)-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carbo xamide hydrochloride (Compound 1-59)

Compound 1 -59

[00402] The title compound (1-59) was prepared using the procedure for Example 60, using 2- ((fert-butyldimethylsilyl)oxy)ethan-l -amine in Step 1. 1H MR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.66 (d, J = 2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (s, 1H), 4.28 (s, 2H), 3.75 (t, J= 5.7 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.53 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 261.4 (M + H + ).

Example 60: 2- Aminomethyl)-6- 3S,4S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4H- chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-60)

1 2 Compound 1-60 Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((6-((3S,4S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l-carbonyl)-4- oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00403] To a stirred solution of 2-(aminomethyl)-4-oxo-4H-chromene-6-carboxylic acid 1 (100 mg, 0.31 mmol) (from Example 11, Step 3) in DMF (5 mL) at RT, were added (3S,4S)-4- fluoropyrrolidin-3-ol hydrochloride (57 mg, 0.41 mmol), HATU (119 mg, 0.31 mmol) followed by DIEA (0.16 mL, 0.94 mmol). The mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (50 mg, 39%) as pale brown solid.

[00404] 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.11 (m, 1H), 7.96 (m, 1H), 7.58 - 7.71 (m, 2H), 6.22 (s, 1H), 5.59 (m, 1H), 5.00 (m, 1H), 4.13 - 4.31 (m, 3H), 3.64 - 3.94 (m, 3H), 3.54 (m, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 407.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-6-((3S,4S)-3-fluoro-4-hydroxypyrrolidine-l- carbonyl)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-60)

[00405] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (50 mg, 0.12 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 mL) was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL, 8 mmol) at RT,and the mixture was stirred for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water (5 mL) and washed with EtOAc (2 x 5 mL). The aqueous layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 1-60 (40 mg, 95%) as brown sticky solid. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 307.3

(M + H + ).

Example 61: 2-fAminomethyl)-6-^3R,4R)-3-fluoro-4-hvdroxypyrrolidine-l-ca rbonyl)-4H- chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-61)

Compound 1-61

[00406] The title compound (1-61) was prepared using the procedure for Example 60, using (3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-ol hydrochloride in Step 1. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 307.2 (M + H + ). Example 62: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chrome n-4-one h drochloride (Compound 1-62)

Step 1: Synthesis of terf-butyl ((4-oxo-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00407] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl ((7-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate 1 (50 mg, 0.17 mmol) (prepared from compound 1-43, using the procedure described in Example 53, Step 1) in DMF (2 mL) at 0 °C, were added l-(chloromethyl)-4- (trifluoromethyl)benzene (67 mg, 0.34 mmol), K 2 C0 3 (47 mg, 0.34 mmol) and TBAI (cat.). The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h.The reaction mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (15 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (40 mg, 52%) as yellow solid. 1H MR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.94 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.68 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.55 (m, 1H), 7.14 - 7.19 (m, 2H), 6.11 (s, 1H), 5.42 (s, 2H), 4.12 (d, J= 2.7 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 450.1 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)oxy)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-62)

[00408] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (40 mg, 0.09 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (1 mL) at 0 °C, was added 2M HCI in Et 2 0 (3 mL, 6 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 5 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with Et 2 0 (10 mL). The precipitated solid was collected via filtration, then washed with diethylether (2 x 2 mL), followed by «-pentane (2 x 3 mL), and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-62 (20 mg, 66%) as pale brown solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.65 (br s, 3H), 7.98 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.68 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.22 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (s, 1H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 5.42 (s, 2H), 4.14 (br s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 349.9 (M + H + ). Example 63: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-((3-phenylprop-2-vn-l-yl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4 -one hydrochloride (Compound 1-63)

[00409] The title compound (1-63) was prepared using the procedure for Example 62, using (3- bromo-prop-l-ynyl)-benzene in Step 1. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 305.9 (M + H + ).

Example 64: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-((4-methoxybenzyl)oxy)-4H-chromen-4-one (Compound 1- 64)

[00410] The title compound (1-64) was prepared using the procedure for Example 45, using 1- (chloromethyl)-4-methoxybenzene in Step 1. The title compound was isolated as the free base.

[00411] 1H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 7.90 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.17 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 6.32 (s, 1H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.66 (s, 2H), 2.19 (br s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 312.0 (M + H + ).

Example 65: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(quinolin-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-65)

Compound 1-65

[00412] The title compound (1-65) was prepared using the procedure for Example 62, using 2- (bromomethyl)quinoline in Step 1. 1H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.69 (br s, 3H), 8.49 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.96 - 8.09 (m, 3H), 7.83 (m, 1H), 7.72 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (m, 1H), 7.27 (dd, J= 8.9, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 5.58 (s, 2H), 4.07 - 4.14 (m, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 333.0 (M + H + ) Example 66: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(benzo[Z thiophen-2-ylmethoxy)-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-66)

[00413] The title compound (1-66) was prepared using the procedure for Example 62, using 2- (bromomethyl)benzo[6]thiophene in Step 1. 1H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.60 (br s, 3H), 7.94 - 8.00 (m, 2H), 7.86 (br d, J= 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.35 - 7.42 (m, 2H), 7.17 - 7.26 (m, 2H), 6.45 (s, 1H), 5.64 (s, 2H), 4.12 (br d, J= 3.8 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 379.0 (MH + + MeCN).

Example 67: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen-4- one hydrochloride (Compound 1-67)

1 2 Compound 1-67

Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (2)

[00414] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl ((7-hydroxy-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate 1 (50 mg, 0.17 mmol) (prepared from compound 1-43, using the procedure described in Example 53, Step 1) in CH 2 CI 2 (10 mL) at RT, were added powdered 4 A molecular sieves (200 mg), (3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)boronic acid (65 mg, 0.34 mmol), Cu(OAc) 2 (31 mg, 0.17 mmol) and pyridine (0.03 mL, 0.34 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT under an oxygen atmosphere for 24 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of celite and the celite bed was washed with CH 2 C1 2 (20 mL). The combined organic filtrates were washed with brine (10 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (60 mg, 81%) as brown semi-solid.

[00415] 1H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.05 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (t, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (m, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.50 - 7.56 (m, 2H), 7.18 (dd, J= 8.7, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (s, 1H), 6.14 (s, 1H), 4.10 (br d, J= 5.8 Hz, 2H), 1.39 (s, 9H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 436.1 (M + H + ). Step 2: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy)-4H-chromen-4- one hydrochloride (Compound 1-67)

[00416] To a stirred solution of compound 2 (60 mg, 0.14 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (2 mL) at 0 °C, was added 2M HCl in diethyl ether (5 mL, 10 mmol). The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 5 h. The reaction was concentrated under reduced pressure (below 45 °C). The residue was diluted with water (3 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 3 mL). The aqueous layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was triturated with «-pentane (2 x 2 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-67 (10 mg, 22%) as pale yellow solid.

[00417] 1H MR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.17 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (m, 1H), 7.61 (m, 1H), 7.42 - 7.49 (m, 2H), 7.22 (dd, J= 8.9, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (d, J= 2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 4.21 (br s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 335.9 (M + H + ).

Example 68: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-phenoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-

68)

Compound 1-68

[00418] The title compound (1-68) was prepared using the procedure for Example 67, using phenylboronic acid in Step 1. 1 H MR (400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 8.63 (br s, 3H), 8.02 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.47 - 7.55 (m, 2H), 7.31 (m, 1H), 7.15 - 7.23 (m, 3H), 6.83 (d, J= 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (s, 1H), 4.07 (br d, J= 5.4 Hz, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 268.2 (M + H + ).

Example 69: 2-(Aminomethyl)-7-(1benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride

(Compound 1-69

1 2 3

7 8 Compound 1-69

Step 1: Synthesis of l-(2,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)ethan-l-one (2)

[00419] To a stirred solution of 4-methoxybenzene-l,3-diol 1 (1 g, 7.14 mmol) in HO Ac (100 mL) at RT under an inert atmosphere, was added BF 3 .Et 2 0 (1.07 mL, 8.57 mmol). The mixture was heated to 120 °C for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to RT then diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 40 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (25 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified (silica gel; eluting 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 2 (1 g, 77%) as an off white solid.

[00420] 1 H MR (500MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 12.39 (s, 1H), 10.42 (s, 1H), 7.26 (s, 1H), 6.31 (s, 1H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 2.54 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 182.8 (M + H + ).

Step 2: Synthesis of ethyl 4-(2,4-dihydroxy-5-methoxyphenyl)-2,4-dioxobutanoate (3)

[00421] To a stirred EtOH (100 mL) at RT under an inert atmosphere, was added sodium metal (1.89 g, 82.42 mmol) over a period of 10 min, until the sodium metal was completely dissolved. To this solution of sodium ethoxide at RT, was added compound 2 (1 g, 5.49 mmol) in diethyl oxalate (4.01 g, 27.47 mmol) drop-wise. The mixture was heated to 90 °C and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (30 mL), acidified with aq. 6 N HC1 (to pH ~3) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was triturated with n- pentane (2 x 15 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 3 (2.5 g) as brown oil, which was taken to next step without further purification. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 281.1 (M - H + ). Step 3: Synthesis of ethyl 7-hydroxy-6-methoxy-4-oxo-4H-chromene-2-carboxylate (4)

[00422] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (2.5 g, crude) in EtOH (10 mL) at RT, was added aq. 6 N HCl (2 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at 90 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was quenched with aq. 10%

NaHC0 3 solution (40 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 4 (350 mg, 27% over two steps) as yellow solid. 1H MR (500MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ

10.85 (s, 1H), 7.35 (s, 1H), 6.99 (s, 1H), 6.85 (s, 1H), 4.38 (q, J= 7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 1.34

(t, J= 7.1 Hz, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 264.9 (M + H + ).

Step 4: Synthesis of 7-hydroxy-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (5)

[00423] To a stirred solution of compound 4 (350 mg, 1.32 mmol) in THF/EtOH (1 : 1, 40 mL) at

0 °C under an inert atmosphere, were added CaCl 2 (294 mg, 2.65 mmol) followed by NaBH 4 (201 mg, 5.3 mmol) portion-wise over a period of 5 min. The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 4 h. The mixture was quenched with ice-cold water (20 mL), acidified with aq.

1 N HCl (to pH ~2) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 5 (250 mg) as yellow solid, which was taken for the next step without further purification. 1H NMR

(400MHz, DMSO-i¾): δ 10.57 (br s, 1H), 7.33 (s, 1H), 6.91 (s, 1H), 6.20 (s, 1H), 4.66 (br s, 1H), 4.37 (d, J= 0.8 Hz, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 222.9 (M + H + ).

Step 5: Synthesis of 7-(benzyloxy)-2-(hydroxymethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (6)

[00424] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (250 mg, crude) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, were added K 2 C0 3 (233 mg, 1.69 mmol), benzyl bromide (0.16 mL, 1.35 mmol) and TBAI (cat.). The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was diluted with water (10 mL), and the precipitated solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to afford compound 6 (200 mg, 43% over two steps) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-<¾): δ 7.48 - 7.52 (m, 2H), 7.42 - 7.46 (m, 2H), 7.35 - 7.39 (m, 2H), 7.24 (s, 1H), 6.22 (s, 1H), 5.72 (t, J= 0.9 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (s, 2H), 4.44 (d, J= 0.9 Hz, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 313.0 (M + H + ).

Step 6: Synthesis of 7-(benzyloxy)-2-(chloromethyl)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (7)

[00425] To a stirred solution of compound 6 (200 mg, 0.64 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (20 mL) at 0 °C, were added TEA (0.31 mL, 2.24 mmol), /?-TsCl (304 mg, 1.6 mmol) and DMAP (5 mg). The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 12 h. The mixture was quenched with water (20 mL) and extracted with CH 2 C1 2 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified (silica gel; eluting 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 7 (150 mg, 71%) as an off white solid.

1H NMR (400MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.32 - 7.50 (m, 7H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 5.28 (s, 2H), 4.76 (s, 2H), 3.87 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 330.9 (M + H + ).

Step 7: Synthesis of 2-(azidomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one (8)

[00426] To a stirred solution of compound 7 (150 mg, 0.45 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C, was added sodium azide (29 mg, 0.45 mmol). The mixture was warmed to RT and and allowed to stirred for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with ice-cold water (15 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (15 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford compound 8 (120 mg) as an off white solid, which was used for the next step without further purification. LC-MS (ESI): m/z 338.1 (M + H + ).

Step 8: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-(benzyloxy)-6-methoxy-4H-chromen-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-69)

[00427] To a stirred solution of compound 8 (120 mg, crude) in a mixture of THF (20 mL) and water (20 mL) at 0 °C, was added PPh 3 (132 mg, 0.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 48 h. The mixture was cooled to 0 °C, then aq. 6 N HC1 (5 mL) was added. The mixture was warmed to RT and stirred for 10 min. The reaction mixture was washed with EtOAc (2 x 10 mL), and the aq. layer was separated and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified via trituration with Et 2 0 (2 x 10 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-69 (75 mg, 48% over two steps) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 7.52 (s, 1H), 7.46 - 7.50 (m, 2H), 7.32 - 7.43 (m, 3H), 7.19 (s, 1H), 6.44 (s, 1H), 5.29 (s, 2H), 4.20 (s, 2H), 3.95 (s, 3H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 311.9 (M + H + ).

Example 70: 2-fAminomethyl)-7-^l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-chrome n-4-one hydrochloride (Compound 1-70)

4 5 2 Step 1: Synthesis of tert-butyl (l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)carbamate (5)

[00428] To a stirred solution of 1 -phenyl- lH-pyrazole-4-carboxylic acid 4 (500 mg, 2.66 mmol) in tert-butanol (10 mL) at RT and under an inert atmosphere, were added DIEA (0.93 mL, 5.32 mmol) and diphenylphosphoryl azide (0.86 mL, 3.99 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated to reflux temperature and stirred for 12 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified

(silica gel; eluting 10% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford compound 5 (140 mg, 20%) as an off white solid. 1H MR (400 MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.37 (br s, 1H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.76 (br d, J= 7.9 Hz, 2H),

7.60 (s, 1H), 7.46 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.27 (m, 1H), 1.47 (s, 9H).

Step 2: Synthesis of l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-amine hydrochloride (2)

[00429] To a stirred solution of compound 5 (140 mg, 0.54) in CH 2 C1 2 (2 mL) at RT, was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) and the mixture was stirred for 4 h. The mixture was

concentrated under reduced pressure, and the crude was purified via trituration with «-pentane (2 x 5 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 2 (85 mg, 81%) as an off white solid.

1H MR (500 MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 10.07 (br s, 2H), 8.58 (s, 1H), 7.86-7.80 (m, 3H), 7.53 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (m, 1H).

Step 3: Synthesis of tert-butyl ((4-oxo-7-((l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-chromen-2- yl)methyl)carbamate (3)

[00430] To a stirred solution of tert-butyl ((7-bromo-4-oxo-4H-chromen-2-yl)methyl)carbamate 1 (100 mg, 0.28 mmol) (from Example 31, Step 1) in 1,4-dioxane (20 mL) at RT and under an inert atmosphere, were added compound 2 (83 mg, 0.42 mmol), Cs 2 C0 3 (460 mg, 1.41 mmol), BINAP (21 mg, 0.03 mmol) and Pd 2 (dba) 3 (13 mg, 0.01 mmol). The reaction mixture was purged with argon at RT for 15 min. The reaction mixture was sealed and heated to 80 °C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (20 mL) and filtered through a pad of celite. The filtrate was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine (20 mL), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified via preparative reverse-phase HPLC to afford compound 3 (50 mg, 41%) as an off white solid.

[00431] 1 H MR (400 MHz, OMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.76 (s, 1H), 8.63 (s, 1H), 7.87 (dd, J= 8.7, 1.0 Hz, 2H), 7.79-7.75 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.30 (m, 1H), 6.95 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 6.74 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, 1H), 5.95 (s, 1H), 4.04 (br d, J=5.8 Hz, 2H), 1.38 (s, 9H). Step 4: Synthesis of 2-(aminomethyl)-7-((l-phenyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-4H-chrom en-4- one hydrochloride (Compound 1-70)

[00432] To a stirred solution of compound 3 (40 mg, 0.09) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 mL) at RT, was added 4 M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (5 mL) and the mixture was stirred at RT for 3 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained crude was purified via trituration with n- pentane (2 x 1 mL) and dried under vacuum to afford compound 1-70 (25 mg, 73%) as a red solid. 1 H MR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD): δ 8.31 (s, 1H), 7.93 (d, J= 8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.74 (m, 3H), 7.51 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.35 (m, 1H), 7.00 (dd, J= 8.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 4.16 (s, 2H); LC-MS (ESI): m/z 333.3 (M + H + ).

Example A-l: Parenteral Pharmaceutical Composition

[00433] To prepare a parenteral pharmaceutical composition suitable for administration by injection (subcutaneous, intravenous), 1-1000 mg of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof, is dissolved in sterile water and then mixed with 10 mL of 0.9% sterile saline. A suitable buffer is optionally added as well as optional acid or base to adjust the pH. The mixture is incorporated into a dosage unit form suitable for administration by injection

Example A-2: Oral Solution

[00434] To prepare a pharmaceutical composition for oral delivery, a sufficient amount of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is added to water (with optional solubilizer(s),optional buffer(s) and taste masking excipients) to provide a 20 mg/mL solution.

Example A-3: Oral Tablet

[00435] A tablet is prepared by mixing 20-50%) by weight of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, 20-50%> by weight of microcrystalline cellulose, 1-10%> by weight of low-substituted hydroxypropyl cellulose, and 1-10%> by weight of magnesium stearate or other appropriate excipients. Tablets are prepared by direct compression. The total weight of the compressed tablets is maintained at 100 -500 mg.

Example A-4: Oral Capsule

[00436] To prepare a pharmaceutical composition for oral delivery, 10-500 mg of a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is mixed with starch or other suitable powder blend. The mixture is incorporated into an oral dosage unit such as a hard gelatin capsule, which is suitable for oral administration.

[00437] In another embodiment, 10-500 mg of a compound described herein, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is placed into Size 4 capsule, or size 1 capsule

(hypromellose or hard gelatin) and the capsule is closed.

Example A-5: Topical Gel Composition

[00438] To prepare a pharmaceutical topical gel composition, a compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, is mixed with hydroxypropyl celluose, propylene glycol, isopropyl myristate and purified alcohol USP. The resulting gel mixture is then incorporated into containers, such as tubes, which are suitable for topical administration.

Example B-l: Human LOXL2 Amine Oxidase Activity Assay

[00439] LOXL2 amine oxidase activity is evaluated by measuring Amplex Red fluorescence using 10-20X concentrated conditioned media from CHO cells stably expressing human LOXL2. To assay for amine oxidase activity, 10 μΐ ^ of the concentrated conditioned media is incubated with 2 μΐ ^ of test compound in DMSO and 73 μΐ ^ Assay Buffer (50 mM Borate Buffer, pH8) for 2h at 37 °C. After the 2h incubation, 5 ul of 10 mM 1,5-Diaminopentane (DAP) diluted in Assay Buffer and 10 μΐ of Amplex Red Mix (8.5 μΐ Assay Buffer + 0.5 μΐ of 10 mM Amplex Red + 1 μΐ of 500 U/ml Horseradish Peroxidase) are added and the plate mixed and immediately placed on the FlexStaion for fluorescence measurements. Fluorescence is read in kinetic mode every 2 min for 1 hour at excitation = 544 and emission = 590. The amine oxidase activity is calculated from the slope of the linear portion of the curve.

Table 2

Compound Number IC 50

1-16 B

1-17 A

1-18 C

1-19 B

1-20 B

1-21 B

1-22 B

1-23 B

1-24 B

1-25 B

1-26 B

1-27 A

1-28 A

1-29 A

1-30 A

1-31 B

1-32 B

1-33 A

1-34 B

1-35 B

1-36 C

1-37 C

1-38 C

1-39 A

1-40 A

1-41 A

1-42 A

1-43 B

1-44 A

1-45 A

1-46 A

1-47 A

1-48 A

1-49 A

1-50 B

1-51 C

1-52 B

1-53 B

1-54 B

1-55 B

1-56 C

1-57 B

1-58 C

1-59 B

1-60 B

1-61 B

1-62 A

1-63 A

1-64 A

1-65 A Compound Number IC 50

1-66 A

1-67 A

1-68 A

1-69 A

1-70 A

A is <0.3μΜ; B is 0.3 to Ι .ΟμΜ; C is >1.0μΜ

Example B-2: LOXL2 Human Blood Amine Oxidase Avtivity Assay

[00440] The amine oxidase activity of human LOXL2 in the context of human whole blood is measured using an Amplex Red assay. Since Human, recombinant human LOXL2 (purchased from Sino Biologicals, Beijing, China) is added to human blood collected in heparin vacutainer tubes. Briefly, 0.5-2 μg recombinant, human LOXL2 (reconstituted in water) and 2 μΐ test compound in DMSO is added to 192 μΐ blood, mixed and incubated at 37°C for 2h. After the 2h incubation, the blood is centrifuged at 2000 x g for 15 min at room temperature to isolate the plasma. 50 μΐ of plasma is removed and mixed with 25 μΐ of 40 mM DAP (diluted in water) and 25 μΐ Amplex Red Mix (23.5 μΐ 50 mM Borate Buffer, pH8 + 0.5 μΐ 10 mM Amplex Red + 1 μΐ 500U/ml Horseradish Peroxidase). Samples are mixed and immediately placed on the FlexStaion for fluorescence measurements. Fluorescence is read in kinetic mode every 2 min for 1 hour at excitation = 544 and emission = 590. The amine oxidase activity is calculated from the slope of the linear portion of the curve.

Example B-3: Mouse Oropharyngeal Bleomycin Model of Lung Fibrosis

[00441] Lung fibrosis is induced in C57B1/6 male mice by administering bleomycin (0.1-4 U/kg) via oropharyngeal instillation. Mice are either pretreated with vehicle or test compound (1 day to 1 hour) orally, intraperitoneally, intravenously or subcutaneously before bleomycin installation (prophylactic dosing) or 7-14 days post bleomycin instillation (therapeutic dosing). The route and frequency of dosing are based on previously determined pharmacokinetic properties for the LOXL2 inhibitor in mouse. After bleomycin instillation animals are monitored daily for weight loss and clinical signs for 14-28 days prior to sacrifice. Animals are euthanized at study termination and weighed and blood (for isolation of plasma) and bronchoalveolar lavage are collected and frozen for subsequent analyses. Lungs are removed, weighed, then either inflated and fixed by instillation of 10% formalin and prepared for histological examination or homogenized in 1 ml PBS for collagen determination using a hydroxyproline assay. For histological examination, lung slices are stained with Masson's tri chrome or Picro-Sirius red to measure cross-linked collagen as an indicator of fibrosis and an Ashcroft score of lung fibrotic and inflammatory damage determined. In addition, immunohistochemistry of fibrotic proteins such as a-smooth muscle actin can be recorded. For lung hydroxyproline content, 0.5 ml of the lung homogenate is removed and added to 0.5 ml 12 N HC1 and the samples heated at 120°C overnight. After the acid hydrolysis, 25-100 μΐ of the supernatant is dried down, resuspended in

25 μΐ water and the hydroxyproline content determined by the addition of 0.5 ml Chloramine T solution (140 mg Chloramine T in 6.5 ml ddH 2 0 + 1 ml n-propanol + 2.5 ml 1M sodium acetate) and incubation at room temperature for 20 min. After the incubation, 0.5 ml Erlich's solution

(1.48 g of 4-(dimethylamino(benzaldehyde) in 7 ml n-propanol + 2.88 ml 60% perchloric acid and 0.12 ml ddH 2 0) is added and incubated at 65°C for 15 min before reading the absorbance at

550 nm. The concentration of hydroxyproline in each skin biopsy is determined from a hydroxyproline (purchased from Sigma) standard curve.

Example B-4: Mouse Subcutaneous Bleomycin Model of Skin and Lung Fibrosis

[00442] Skin and lung fibrosis is induced in female C57B1/6 mice by administering bleomycin via subsutaneous injection to two sites (50 μg bleo/site) on the backs of mice. Animals are anesthetized with isoflurane and bleomycin (100 μΐ, or PBS control) is injected at the same site daily for 28 days to induce skin and lung fibrosis. Mice are either pretreated with vehicle or test compound (1 day to 1 hour) orally, intraperitoneally, intravenously or subcutaneously before bleomycin injection (prophylactic dosing) or 7-14 days post bleomycin injection (therapeutic dosing). Animals are euthanized at study termination and weighed and blood (for isolation of plasma) and bronchoalveolar lavage are collected and frozen for subsequent analyses. Lungs are either removed, weighed, then homogenized in PBS for determination of collagen content using a hydroxyproline assay or inflated and fixed by instillation of 10% formalin and prepared for histological examination by trichrome staining or Picrosirius red staining. Skin biopsies are taken from each injection site using a 6 mm dermal punch biopsy (Acuderm). One punch biopsy is sandwiched in a cassette with a sponge, placed in formalin and prepared for histological examination by H&E staining, trichrome staining and/or Picrosirius red staining. The other punch biopsy is placed in 0.5 ml PBS and minced using fine scissors. 500 μΐ 12 N HC1 is then added and the samples heated at 120 °C overnight. After the acid hydrolysis, 25-100 μΐ of the supernatant is dried down, resuspended in 25 μΐ water and the hydroxyproline content determined by the addition of 0.5 ml Chloramine T solution (140 mg Chloramine T in 6.5 ml ddH 2 0 + 1 ml n-propanol + 2.5 ml 1M sodium acetate) and incubation at room temperature for 20 min. After the incubation, 0.5 ml Erlich's solution (1.48 g of 4-(dimethylamino(benzaldehyde) in 7 ml n-propanol + 2.88 ml 60% perchloric acid and 0.12 ml ddH 2 0) is added and incubated at 65°C for 15 min before reading the absorbance at 550 nm. The concentration of hydroxyproline in each skin biopsy is determined from a hydroxyproline (purchased from Sigma) standard curve. Example B-5: Rat/Mouse CCI4 Model of Liver Fibrosis

[00443] Liver fibrosis is induced in mice (Balb/c or C57B1/6) by intraperitoneal administration of CCI 4 (0.5-2ml/kg body weight) diluted in corn oil twice weekly for 4-8 weeks or by oral administration two-three times weekly using an escalating dose protocol (Popov et al. 2011 Gastroenetrology; 140(5): 1642-1652.). Liver fibrosis is induced in rats by either intraperitoneal administration (1-2.5 ml/kg) or by oral administration in oil (mineral, olive or corn) twice weekly for 6-12 weeks. LOXL2 inhibitors are delivered orally, intraperitoneally, intravenously or subcutaneously 1 day to 1 hour prior to the initial CC1 4 dosing (prophylactic dosing) or 1-4 weeks after the initial CC1 4 dosing (therapeutic dosing). At the end of the study, mice are sacrificed by opening the chest cavity under isoflurane, blood is drawn via cardiac puncture into EDTA vacutainer tubes and the liver is harvested. Part of the liver is fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for subsequent histopathological analysis of inflammation and fibrosis by H&E staining and Picrosirius red staining. The remaining tissue is snap frozen at -80 °C for subsequent hydroxyproline analysis of total collagen content.

Example B-6: Mouse Mdr2 Knockout Model of Biliary Fibrosis

[00444] Liver disease develops in the AL /cMdr2-/- mouse model with bridging

fibrosis/early cirrhosis between 8 and 12 weeks of age (Ikenaga et al. 2015 Am J Pathology, 185: 325-334). LOXL2 inhibitors are delivered orally, intraperitoneally, intravenously or

subcutaneously into BALB/c. fr2-/- mice once daily for 6 weeks beginning at week 6 after birth. At the end of the study, mice are anesthetized with isoflurane (1.5% v/v) via precise vaporizer. After laparotomy, portal pressure is measured directly by inserting a high-fidelity pressure catheter into the portal vein and measuring pressure signals for 5 minutes. Serum is collected for analysis of liver (ALT, AST, ALP, and bilirubin) and kidney (creatinine) biochemistries. Part of the liver is fixed in 10% neutral buffered formalin for histopathological analysis of inflammation, necrosis and fibrosis by H&E staining and Picrosirius red staining. Collagen content is determined from a portion of the liver tissue using hydroxyproline analysis.

Example B-7: Mouse Alport Model of Kidney Fibrosis

[00445] Mice with mutations in one of the genes of glomerular basement membrane collagen, Collagen IV-a3/a4/a5, have defects in glomerular function with development of kidney fibrosis These mice develop renal dysfunction and die prematurely of renal failure with specific timing dependent on the strain background upon which the mutation is present. LOXL2 inhibitors are administered orally to Col4A3 deficient mice on a SV129 background either prophylactically (ca. weeks 2-3 of age) or therapeutically (ca. weeks 4-6 wks of age). Mice are either sacrificed at a predefined time (7-9 wks of age) or continually dosed until they lose >15% of their body weight which preceeds death by 1-3 days. If specifically terminated, mice are perfused transcardially with PBS, and one kidney clamped at the renal artery and the other perfused with Dynabeads for magnetic isolation of glomeruli. The other kidney is halved and a small sample of renal cortex fixed for transmission electron microscopic (TEM) analysis and a second sample of renal cortex used for RNA isolation. The other half of the bisected kidney is embedded in OCT for immunohistochemical analysis. RNA from glomeruli and renal cortex is analyzed by real time RT-PCR for genes of interest including MMP-10, MMP-12, IL6, MCP-1, TGF-bl, CTGF, MMP-2, and MMP-9. Immunohistochemical analysis will include staining for collagen 1, CD45, fibronectin, smooth muscle actin, WT-1, and integrin alpha 8/laminin a5. Collagen 1 staining is blindly analyzed for fibrosis scoring, and fibronectin staining is blindly analyzed for

glomerulosclerosis scoring. For all studies albuminuria is assessed weekly and BUN at the time of tissue harvest.

[00446] The examples and embodiments described herein are for illustrative purposes only and various modifications or changes suggested to persons skilled in the art are to be included within the spirit and purview of this application and scope of the appended claims.