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Title:
MEANS FOR REMOVABLY INSTALLING FINS ON A BOARD FOR USE IN WATER SPORTS.
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/118370
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A mount for removably installing a fin to a board used in water sports such as a surf board, wake board, windsurfing board and stand-up paddle board is provided. Previous methods for installing a fin on a board usually required carrying a screwdriver to undo a grub screw to disengage the fin. The mount is secured within the deck of the board and has a pivoting member pivoting between a locking position, to lock a fin to the board, to an unlocked position were the fin can be removed from the board, under hand pressure. As shown in drawing the pivoting member (9) pivots about a pivot pin. In the unlocking position lug (12) can be disengaged from its complementary recess (such as a notch) (8) in the front end of the base of fin (4) and the fin (4) can be removed from the mount. In the locking operation the fin (4) is fitted into chanel (11) and the pivoting member (9) pivoted by hand pressure on a plate (9a) to cause lug (12) to engage with notch (8).

Inventors:
MILLAR RUSSELL JOHN (NZ)
Application Number:
PCT/NZ2020/050172
Publication Date:
June 17, 2021
Filing Date:
December 11, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
MILLAR RUSSELL JOHN (NZ)
International Classes:
B63B32/60; B63B32/66
Foreign References:
CN104260844B2017-04-12
CN106043615A2016-10-26
US20170158294A12017-06-08
US20030087564A12003-05-08
CN204713394U2015-10-21
EP0034990A11981-09-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DENGATE THRUSH, Peter Charles (NZ)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A board for use in watersports comprising: a fin and a deck, a fin mount secured within a cavity in the deck, wherein the fin is secured to the mount, one end of the fin engages with the mount in a releasable fit, another part of the fin engages with a cam that forms part of the mount, the cam including a pivoting member and being capable of pivoting motion between a locking position, in which the fin is secured in the mount, and a release position where the fin can be removed, the pivoting motion involving a change in the plane of the pivoting member relative to the main plane of the deck, and wherein the cam, when the fin is locked in position, is itself locked to the mount. 2. A board according to claim 1 , wherein the releasable fit is a tongue and groove fit such that the fin has a groove that receives a tongue of the mount.

3. A board according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the tongue and groove fit is at a rear end of the fin.

4. A board according to claim 1 , 2 or 3, wherein the cam includes a member that engages a recess in the fin to lock the fin in place.

5. A board according to claim 4, wherein the cam includes a plate from which the member depends downwardly and wherein the plate can be pressed by a finger or thumb to pivot the plate to move between positions where the fin is and is not locked to the mount. 6. A board according to claim 5, wherein the member includes a lug that releasably fits into the recess.

7. A board according to claim 1 , wherein the cam is locked in position by an interference fit between at least one projection and at least one complementary depression for the or each projection. 8. A board according to claim 7, wherein the, or each, projection is on an edge surface of the pivoting member of the cam and the, or each, complementary depression is on a non-pivoting neighbouring part of the mount.

9. A board according to claim 7, wherein the, or each, depression is located on the edge surface of the pivoting member of the cam and the, or each, complementary projection is located on a non-pivoting neighbouring part of the mount.

10. A board according to claim 5, wherein the plate is spring biased towards the locking position.

11. A board according to claim 3, wherein the cam is located at the opposite end of the mount to where the fin engages in the tongue and groove fit with the mount.

12. A board fin mount comprising a body portion configured to be securable in a cavity in the deck of the board, one or more elongate slots in the body portion each adapted to removably receive the base or one or more base projections of a board fin, means for removably receiving a first end of the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin at one end of the, or each, slot and a cam including a pivoting member, located at another portion of the, or each, slot, adapted to pivot to move between a locking position, to securely lock the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin, to the mount, and an unlocking position where the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin is removable from the mount, wherein the pivotable motion of the pivoting member involves a change in the plane of the pivoting member relative to the plane of the body portion, and wherein the cam, is itself securely lockable to the body portion.

13. A fin mount according to claim 12 wherein the cam has a plate for application of finger or thumb pressure, or both finger and thumb pressure, which is adapted to cause the plate to pivot between a locking position and an unlocking position for the fin.

14. A fin mount according to claim 13, wherein the cam is configured to be held in the locked position by an interference fit between at least one projection and at least one complementary depression. 15. A fin mount according to claim 14 wherein the, or each, projection is on an edge surface of the plate of the cam and configured to fit in a complementary depression on a non-pivoting neighbouring part of the body portion.

16. A fin mount according to claim 14, wherein the, or each, depression is on an edge surface of the plate of the cam and configured to receive a complementary projection on a non-pivoting neighbouring part of the body portion.

17. A fin mount according to claim 13, wherein the plate is spring biased towards a locking position.

18. A fin mount according to claim 1 having at one end of the or each slot a tongue configured to removably receive a groove located on the end of the base or on the, or each, base projection.

19. A fin mount according to claim 18 wherein the cam is located at the other end of the, or each, slot.

20. A fin mount according to claim 14, wherein the cam includes a lug downwardly depending from the plate and configured to engage with a recess on the end of the fin to lock the fin in the locking position.

21. A fin mount according to any one of claims 12 to 20 wherein the body portion has space on which images, designs, brand names Or marketing slogans can be displayed.

22. A board for use in watersports comprising: a fin and a deck, a fin mount secured within a cavity in the deck, and the fin being releasably secured to the mount, the mount having one or more elongated slots, and the base of the fin or one or more base projections being configured to fit within the or each complementary slot in a releasable fit between one end of the base or base projection and that end of the slot, and the mount having a cam located at another portion of the mount engaging with a complementary portion of the fin base or base projection, the cam having a pivoting member pivotable by downwardly directed finger or thumb or both finger and thumb pressure on the member to move between a locking position in which the fin cannot be removed from the mount and an unlocking position allowing the fin to be removed from the mount.

23. A board according to claim 22 wherein the mount has the features as claimed in any one of claims 12 to 21.

24. A board having a deck without any attached fins and having a fin mount as claimed in any one of claims 12 to 21 secured in a cavity in the deck.

Description:
TITLE

Means for Removably Installing Fins on a Board for use in Water Sports

FIELD OF INVENTION This invention relates to means for removably installing fins to a board used in water sports such as surfboards, wake boards, wind surfers, and stand up paddleboards

BACKGROUND

It is known for the tail end of such boards such as a surfboard to have one or more fins. The description in this specification will generally refer to surfboards but it is to be understood that the discussion of any point will also apply to the other boards envisaged by this invention.

Each fin may serve as a hydrofoil to improve stability and control as a surfer steers the board through the water using their feet. Surfboards are sometimes supplied without fins, with the intention that the fins will be purchased separately and retro-fitted. Also, over time fitted fins can become damaged, for example when surfing or transporting surfboards, and need replacement. It is also possible that fins can detach during conditions of adverse use, such as by coming into contact with the ground during surfing such that a fin will detach involuntarily. And, in some cases, it is desirable to change the size or style of fin used depending on wave conditions. Fitting or replacing fins can be problematic in that the process may require the application of significant force or the use of tools.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of preferred forms of the invention to go at least some way towards addressing the above problem. While this applies to at least preferred forms it should be understood that the object of the invention per se is simply to provide a useful choice. Therefore, any benefits or advantages applicable to a preferred embodiment should not be read-in as a limitation on any claims expressed more broadly. INTERPRETATION

The term “comprising” or related terms such as “comprises” should not be interpreted exclusively. They indicate the minimum features present, without ruling out the option of there being further unspecified features. The “features” may for example be physical parts and/or action steps. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In a first aspect of the invention there is provided a board for use in watersports comprising: a fin and a deck, a fin mount secured within a cavity in the deck; wherein the fin is secured to the mount, one end of the fin engages the mount in a releasable fit, another part of the fin engages a cam that forms part of the mount, the cam including a pivoting member and being capable of pivoting motion between a locking position, in which the fin is secured in the mount, and a release position where the fin can be removed, the pivoting motion involving a change in the plane of the pivoting member relative to the main plane of the deck, and wherein the cam, when the fin is locked in position, is itself locked to the mount.

The term “cam” is used herein in a general sense to describe an element that moves from one position to another under hand force to operatively engage with another element. The movement can be described as a swinging motion, which can be a rocking or pivoting motion of the first element about a pivot such that the first element then engages with the fin to lock the fin in position with the mount. It is also envisaged that the pivoting motion of the first element can cause a further element which is a cam in the traditional sense to rotate and engage with the end of the fin to lock the fin in place.

Optionally the releasable fit at the first end can be a conventional arrangement such as a tongue and groove fit, such that the fin has a groove that receives a tongue in the mount.

Optionally the tongue and groove fit is at a rear end of the fin and mount.

Optionally the cam is located in the mount at the front end opposite to that of the tongue and groove fit.

Optionally the cam is located between the rear end and the front end of the mount. Optionally the releasable fit is such as to prevent any vertical movement of the fin during use.

Optionally the cam engages a recess (eg a notch) of the fin to lock the fin in place by way of an interference (eg friction) fit. Fins are normally provided with such recesses and the cam will include an engagement means complementary to that recess to achieve an effective interference fit to lock the fin in place.

Optionally the cam has a lug that releasably fits into the recess (eg notch)

Optionally the cam incorporates a plate that can be pressed on by a finger or thumb or both a finger and a thumb to pivot the plate between positions where the fin is and is not locked to the mount.

Optionally the pressure is exerted on the plate in the same downward direction when causing the rotation of the plate to a locked position as when it causes the rotation of the plate to an unlocked position. Optionally, when the cam is in the locking position it is held there by an interference (eg friction) fit between the pivoting part and a stationary neighbouring part of the mount by at least one projection such as a node on one part and at least one complementary depression for the projection on the other part . Optionally one or more projections are located on the cam and the complementary depressions are located on a non-rotating neighbouring part of the mount.

Optionally one or more depressions are located on the cam and the complementary projections are located on a non-rotating neighbouring part of the mount.

In an alternative embodiment of the invention there is provided a board fin mount comprising: a body portion configured to be securable in a cavity in the deck of the board; one or more elongate slots in the body portion each adapted to removably receive the base or one or more base projections of a board fin; means for removably receiving a first end of the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin at one end of the, or each, slot; and a cam including a pivoting member, located at another portion of the, or each, slot adapted to pivot to move between a locking position, to securely lock the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin, to the mount and an unlocking position where the base or the or each, base projection of the fin is removable from the mount, wherein the pivotable motion of the pivoting member involves a change in the plane of the pivoting member relative to the plane of the body portion, and wherein the cam is securely lockable to the body portion.

Optionally the cam is at the opposite end of the or each slot. Optionally the body portion is secured immovably in a cavity in the deck of the board.

Optionally the body portion has projections extending laterally from its external side or end surfaces to anchor the body portion into complementary recesses in the board cavity into which the mount is secured.

Optionally the means for removably securing the first end of the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin to the first end of the, or each, slot comprises a tongue on one part and a complementary groove on the other part.

Optionally the pivoting member includes a projection to lock into a complementary recess (eg a notch) provided on the opposite end of the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin. Optionally the pivoting member further includes a plate for application of force by a finger or thumb, or both finger and thumb, pressure to cause the projection on the pivoting member to move into and out of the recess (e.g. notch) on the fin.

Optionally the projection from the pivoting member is a lug shaped to tightly engage in the recess in the fin. Optionally the cam is able to be held in a locking position by way of an interference fit between at least one projection (e.g a node) and complementary depression in a neighbouring surface of the body portion.

In a further aspect of the invention there is provided a board for use in watersports comprising: a fin and a deck, a fin mount secured within a cavity in the deck, and the fin being releasably secured to the mount, the mount having one or more elongated slots, and the base of the fin or one or more base projections being configured to fit within the or each complementary slot in a releasable fit between one end of the base or base projection and that end of the slot, and the mount having a cam located at another portion of the mount engaging with a complementary portion of the fin base or base projection, the cam having a pivoting member pivotable by downwardly directed finger or thumb or both finger and thumb pressure on the member to move between a locking position in which the fin cannot be removed from the mount and an unlocking position allowing the fin to be removed from the mount.

In a still further aspect of the invention there is provided a board having a deck without any attached fins and having a fin mount comprising a body portion configured to be securable in a cavity in the deck of the board, one or more elongate slots in the body portion adapted to removably receive the base or one or more base projections of a board fin, means for removably receiving a first end of the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin at one end of the, or each, slot and a cam including a pivoting member, located at another portion of the, or each, slot, adapted to pivot to move between a locking position, to securely lock the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin, to the mount, and an unlocking position where the base or the, or each, base projection of the fin is removable from the mount, wherein the pivotable motion of the pivoting member involves a change in the plane of the pivoting member relative to the plane of the body portion, and wherein the cam, when the fin is in the locking position, is itself locked to the body portion.

DRAWINGS

Some embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings, of which: Figure 1 is a perspective view of a surfboard with a fin installed;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of the fin;

Figure 3 is a perspective view of a fin box;

Figure 4 is a perspective, cutaway view of the box with the fin partially installed;

Figure 5 is a perspective, cutaway view of the box with the fin installed; Figure 6 is a plan view of the box; Figure 7 is a cross section view of the box;

Figure 8 is a plan view of an alternative embodiment of the box;

Figure 9 is a cross section view of an alternative embodiment of the box;

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

As mentioned above the invention is broadly concerned with boards for use in watersports. The invention will be illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings in which a surfboard is referred to. It is to be understood that the illustrated embodiments can be also applied to other boards such as wake boards, windsurfing boards and stand up paddleboards.

Referring to Figure 1 , the surfboard 1 has cavities 2 on the underside of the deck into each of which a mount, for example a fin box 3, is installed securely such that it will remain in place when the board is in use. The fin box is normally secured within the cavities such as by fibreglass as a board is being manufactured. Such conventional processes can be used in this invention.

The box 3 is adapted to receive a surfboard fin 4. In the figure 1 embodiment the surfboard is designed for two fin boxes and two fins, but in other embodiments there may be one, three, or more. Referring to figure 2, the fin 4 has a base 5 comprising a groove 6 in its rear end, a series of openings 7 and a recess such as a notch 8 in its front end. The notch 8 in fin manufacture is normally ‘V’ shaped. Other shapes can be provided and the projections on the pivoting member as discussed below will be adjusted to complement the notch shape.

The function of the openings 7 is to reduce the weight of the fin 4. Some fin designs do not have a continuous base but have two or more projections depending from the base portion of the fin. Each of those projections will have a base portion that engages with a slot in the mount in a similar way.

Referring to figure 3, the box 3 has a cam at one end including a pivoting member 9 which includes a plate for hand force to be applied such as plate 9a. The box 3 has an elongate slot, for example a channel 11. By hand force is meant that one or more fingers optionally together with a thumb can apply pressure to cause the pivoting member to pivot about the pivot pin 10.

The cam has a pivot pin 10 allowing the pivoting member 9 to pivot between a locking position as shown to lock the fin 4 in the box 3 and thus to the surfboard 1 , and a release position where the fin 4 can be removed by hand. The cam is designed such that hand force applied to the slotted (rearward) half of the plate 9a of the pivoting member 9 in the position shown in Figure 3 will cause the plate to rotate about the pivot pin to a position where the fin is not locked and can be removed. The plate locks at a position where the lug in the cam as discussed below is designed to match the position of the notch on the fin when installed.

As shown, the box 3 incorporates a Koru design resembling waves. Alternatively other images, designs, brand names or marketing slogans can be incorporated into the box 3.

The pin 10 needs to have sufficient strength to withstand the forces on it when the surfboard is in use. A suitable material is a 316 grade stainless steel pin, 3mm in diameter.

The fixing of the fin 4 in the box 3 is described in more detail with reference to figures 4 and 5 where, for simplicity, the box is illustrated cut away without the stylistic features of figure 3. As shown in figure 4, the pivoting member 9 has a projection, such as a lug 12, that extends at a downwards angle from the plate 9a. The lug 12 has a shape complementary to the fin notch 8.

The plate 9a also has a projection such as a raised node 13 on its front edge, and the node 13 is adapted to engage with a complementary depression (not shown) in a neighbouring edge of the box 3 when rotated to the locking position.

The lug 12 is preferably integrally moulded with the plate 9a from a suitable plastics material. Alternatively the lug 12 may be made of steel and may not be integral with the plate 9a. The pivoting member 9 can be pivoted to the figure 4 position by hand force, for example by pressing down on the rearward half of the plate 9a with one’s finger or thumb or with one or more fingers optionally together with a thumb.

The rear end of the fin’s base 5 is positioned in the channel 11 so that the groove 6 fits around a tongue 14 extending from the rear of the box 3. The base 5 of the fin 4 is then moved by a user holding the upper part of the fin 4 so that the front end swings into position resting in the channel 11.

Referring to figure 5, once the front end of the fin 4 is moved so that the base 5 sits resting within the channel 11 , the pivoting member 9 is pivoted by finger or thumb, or at least one finger optionally together with a thumb, pressure on the foreward part of the plate 9a, causing the end of the lug 12 to move into complementary engagement with the notch 8. The lug 12 engages with the forward end of the base and in the notch 8 in a tight fit so that movement of the fin base is prevented.

The upper surface of the plate 9a is flush with the surface of the box 3, causing the node 13 to engage with the complementary box depression. The fin 4 is then secure in the box 3 in the locked position. Movement is prevented by the tongue 14 and groove 6 fit at one end of the box 3, the lug 12 and recess 8 arrangement at the other, the secure fit of the cam in the fin box, the secure fit of the box in the channel 11 and the fixing in the locked position of the pivoting member so that further rotation of the member is prevented.

This is facilitated by an interference fit (for example, friction fit) between the node 13 and the depression. In an alternative embodiment of the invention there may be more than one node 13, for example two or three, and they may be positioned as desired on the pivoting member plate edge surface for engagement each with their own complementary depression.

To remove the fin 4, the process is reversed. The pivoting member 9 is pivoted by sufficient finger or thumb pressure, or a combination thereof as described before, to the unlocked position so that the lug 12 is clear of the notch 8, the user holds the upper end of the fin 4 and pulls at a downward angle it so that the groove 6 is lifted out of engagement with the tongue 14 and the fin is pulled out of the box 3.

The pivoting member plate in operation is subjected to downward force by finger or thumb pressure, or a combination thereof as described before, both on the rearward part to move to a locked position and on the front part to then move to an unlocked position. During this movement the plane of the plate then changes relative to the main plane of the box and consequently the deck when installed on the deck. Figures 6 and 7 are alternative views of the embodiment of the fin box 3. One embodiment of the cross section of the lug 12 is shown in Figure 7. The top surface of the pivoting member plate 9 is flush with the top of the fin box. When present in the cavity in the deck of the board the upper surfaces of the box will be flush with the under surface of the board so that the water flow is not affected in use.

Figures 8 and 9 show views of a further alternative embodiment of the box. In the embodiment shown in figures 8 and 9, the channel 11 is shallower than in the embodiment of Fig 6 and 7 and the cam 9 comprises a truncated lug 12a. The deeper and shallower versions of the box 3 are to allow use with different sized off-the-shelf fins. In another embodiment the plate 9 can be spring biased (not shown) to the locking position by a spring.

In all embodiments the cavity in which the lug of the pivoting member moves is desirably kept to a minimum size to allow for it to operate effectively but to reduce the opportunity for foreign substances such as sand to collect in it. In terms of disclosure, this document hereby anticipates and discloses any feature mentioned herein in combination with any one or more other features mentioned herein, even if such combination is not the subject of a claim.

Furthermore while the invention has been illustrated by reference to specific features, it is not to be construed as being limited thereto. The invention clearly has industrial applicability. Many millions of boards for use in watersports are manufactured and sold annually which in use will require regular fin replacement. There is also a specific, credible and substantial use for the invention permitting a fin to be replaced on a board without the need for a user to carry an implement to remove the fin.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The invention clearly has industrial applicability. Many millions of boards for use in watersports are manufactured and sold annually which in use will require regular fin replacement.

UTILITY

There is also a specific, credible and substantial use for the invention permitting a fin to be replaced on a board without the need for a user to carry an implement to remove the fin.