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Title:
METALLIC CARD WIRE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/173074
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The metallic card wire (100) comprises a rib portion (110) and a plurality of teeth (115). The teeth have a tip segment (117), a front portion (120), a back portion (130), two sides (141, 142) and an interconnection section (150). The interconnection section connects the back portion of a tooth to the front portion of the previous tooth. The tip segment is where the front portion and the back portion merge. The teeth are leaning in the longitudinal direction of the card wire. The front portion is where the teeth are leaning towards the longitudinal direction of the teeth. The front portion comprises an undercut segment (160), which is a segment of the front portion of the card wire where the included angles of the tangents to the front portion with the longitudinal direction of the card wire are smaller than the included angles of the tangents to the front portion with the longitudinal direction of the card wire in the zone between the undercut segment and the tip segment of the card wire. At least one side of the teeth comprises at least a first structural element for increasing the frictional force of fibers relative to the side of the teeth. The at least a first structural element is positioned closer to the tip segment compared to the position of the undercut segment.

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Inventors:
ZHANG YUNING (CN)
VANACKER PIET (BE)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2015/059845
Publication Date:
November 19, 2015
Filing Date:
May 05, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
GROZ BECKERT KG (DE)
International Classes:
D01G15/88
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011138322A12011-11-10
WO2013037711A12013-03-21
Foreign References:
US20120255143A12012-10-11
JPS6130082U1986-02-22
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Claims:
Claims

1. Metallic card wire comprising;

a rib portion and a plurality of teeth;

wherein the teeth have a tip segment, a front portion, a back portion, two sides and an interconnection section;

wherein the interconnection section connects the back portion of a tooth to the front portion of the previous tooth;

wherein the tip segment is where the front portion and the back portion merge;

wherein the teeth are leaning in the longitudinal direction of the card wire;

wherein the front portion is where the teeth are leaning towards the longitudinal direction of the teeth,

wherein the front portion comprises an undercut segment;

wherein the undercut segment is a segment of the front portion of the card wire, wherein in the undercut segment the included angles of the tangents to the front portion with the longitudinal direction of the card wire are smaller than the included angles of the tangents to the front portion of the card wire with the longitudinal direction of the card wire in the zone between the undercut segment and the tip segment;

characterized in that at least one side of the teeth comprises at least a first structural element for increasing the frictional force of fibers relative to the side of the teeth, wherein the at least a first structural element is positioned closer to the tip segment compared to the position of the undercut segment.

2. A metallic card wire as in claim 1 , wherein the at least a first structural element comprises an indentation in the side of the teeth.

3. A metallic card wire as in claim 2, wherein the indentation is a groove.

4. A metallic card wire as in claims 2 or 3, wherein the largest depth of the indentation is more than 0.03 mm.

5. A card wire as in any of the preceding claims, wherein the at least a first structural element comprises one or more protrusions from the side of the teeth.

6. A card wire as in claim 5, wherein the protrusion is a ridge.

7. A card wire as in claims 5 or 6, wherein the largest height of the protrusion is more than 0.03 mm.

8. A metallic card wire as in claims 1-7; wherein the back portion has a tangent forming a back angle with the longitudinal direction of the card wire; wherein the zone of the front portion above the undercut segment has a tangent forming a tip angle with the rib portion;

wherein the undercut segment is capable of retaining fibers;

wherein the undercut segment has a tangent forming an included angle, the undercut angle, with the longitudinal direction of the card wire;

wherein the undercut angle is at each point in the undercut segment greater than the maximum of the back angle and smaller than the smallest value of the tip angle in order to allow rotary punching.

9. A metallic card wire as in claims 1-7, wherein the front portion comprises at least three

sections;

a first section extends from the tip segment of the tooth in the direction of the rib portion; a second section extends below the first section in the direction of the rib portion, wherein the second section comprises the undercut segment;

wherein the second section comprises a straight part and a curved segment, the straight part has a minimum length of 0.10 mm and the straight part has an angle between 10 and 30 degrees relative to the longitudinal direction of the card wire, and the straight part is followed in the direction of the rib portion by the curved segment wherein the curved segment has a radius of at least 0.18 mm; and

the front portion comprises a third section from the end of the second section to the interconnection section.

10. A metallic card wire as in claims 1-7, wherein the undercut segment is the bottom part of an embossment on the front portion of the metallic card wire.

1 1. A metallic card wire as in any of the preceding claims, wherein the back portion comprises an embossment.

12. A metallic card wire as in any of the preceding claims, wherein one or both sides of the teeth comprise one or more additional structural elements, located at the height of the undercut segment and/or below the undercut segment.

13. A metallic card wire as in any of the preceding claims, wherein the sides of the teeth have over their surface a mat appearance as caused by a blasting operation with abrasive particles.

14. A metallic card wire as in any of the preceding claims, wherein the sides of the teeth have over their surface a roughness value Ra between 0.2 and 0.33 μιτι.

15. A metallic card wire as in any of the preceding claims, wherein the thickness of the teeth at the tip is less than 0.25 mm.

Description:
Metallic card wire

Description

Technical Field

[0001] The invention relates to a metallic card wire, for being mounted on rollers of carding machines used in textile industry.

Background Art

[0002] Cards (carding machines), whether revolving flat cards or roller cards, are equipped with rollers clothed with card wire; and are possibly provided with additional carding elements such as fixed flats or revolving flats also covered with card wire. Cards have the task to open tufts of fibers, by tearing the fiber tufts apart into smaller fiber tufts or even into individual fibers. This is achieved in a number of consecutive steps, with in each step the relative movement between two objects clothed with card wire: tufts held by one or more teeth of the card wire of the first object are opened because teeth of the card wire of the second object are pulling smaller tufts or individual fibers out of the tufts held on the first object. Such objects can be rollers or flats. Examples are the interaction between lickerin and carding segments mounted on a lickerin roller, the interaction between lickerin and cylinder, the interaction between cylinder and revolving flats, the interaction between cylinder and doffer and the interaction on a roller card between cylinder and worker rollers.

[0003] The objective of carding is - through the interaction of subsequent pairs of objects

clothed with card wires - to have an effective and efficient reduction of tuft size or even individualization of the fibers; as well as an effective transfer of the fibers from a roller clothed with card wire to a next roller clothed wire card wire of the carding machine.

[0004] Especially for workers and doffer rollers of revolving flat cards and/or roller cards, several shapes of metallic card wire have been described. The use is known of card wires with longitudinal grooves or outward longitudinal ridges at one or both sides of the teeth of the card wire, e.g. from US2004/0128800A1.

[0005] WO00/026450A1 describes a card wire with enhanced fiber taking ability by forming one or more undercuts on the forward or inside face of the overhanging teeth of carding wire. The undercut preferably includes a portion substantially parallel to the longitudinal direction of the wire.

[0006] WO201 1/138322A1 describes a card wire comprising a rib portion and a plurality of teeth over the length of the rib portion. The teeth are sloped with a back slope representing the backbone of the teeth and a front slope representing the side in direct contact with fiber. The back slope has a tangent forming a back angle with the rib portion. The front slope is divided into at least two segments, a tip segment converging with the back slope to form a tip of the teeth. The tip segment serves to penetrate between fibers. The tip segment has a tangent forming a tip angle with the rib portion, and an undercut segment for retaining the fibers. The undercut has a tangent forming an undercut angle with the rib portion; the undercut angle is at each point in the undercut segment greater than the maximum of the back angle and being smaller than the smallest value of the tip angle. It is the benefit of such a card wire that it can be made by means of rotary punching.

WO201 1/138322A1 mentions that the wire can be provided with striations - grooves/veins along the longitudinal direction of the wire profile - at the undercut segment or below the undercut segment in order to increase fiber retention capabilities.

[0007] WO2012/019841A1 describes a card wire comprising an elongated rib portion and teeth.

The teeth have a front portion and a back portion. The teeth hang over towards their front portion. The front portion and back portion merge at the tip of the tooth. The front portion comprises at least three sections: a first section extends from the tip of the tooth in the direction of the rib portion, a second section extends below the first section in the direction of the rib portion and a third section extends from the end of the second section in the direction of the rib portion. The second section comprises a straight part and a curved segment, wherein the straight part has a minimum length of 0.10 mm and the straight part has an angle between 10 and 30 degrees relative to the length direction of the card wire. The straight part is followed by the curved segment wherein the curved segment has a radius of at least 0.18 mm. Compared to the wire of WO00/026450A1 , WO2012/019841A1 provides a card wire with higher strength and fatigue resistance against the load by the fibers on the teeth of the card wire due to the carding action. WO2012/019841A1 allows providing card wires with more points per square inch once mounted on a roller on a card. WO2012/019841A1 indicates that the wire can be provided with striations - grooves/veins along the longitudinal direction of the wire profile - at the undercut segment or below the undercut segment in order to increase fiber retention capabilities.

[0008] The wires of WO00/026450A1 , WO201 1/138322A1 and WO2012/019841 A1 have the common feature of an undercut segment in the front portion of the teeth.

[0009] US4612084A presents a method of reducing the adherence of fibers to the teeth of metallic card wire by treating edges of the teeth in a manner that sharp edges of the teeth are rounded. The improvement comprises treating the teeth of the metallic card wire by subjecting the metallic card wire to a chemical deburring bath wherein sharp edges of the teeth are rounded by chemical deburring.

Disclosure of Invention

[0010] The primary objective of the invention is to provide a card wire with an undercut segment that has good fiber taking ability but that is less prone to fiber loading and which has a long functional lifetime. Fiber loading can be defined as fibers accumulating in the card wire on the card; and which are not or only with difficulty removed by the card wire of a next roller on the card. Loading leads to quality and productivity problems during carding. Loading can only be removed by stopping the card and cleaning the card wire. [001 1] A first aspect of the invention is a metallic card wire comprising a rib portion and a plurality of teeth. The teeth have a tip segment, a front portion, a back portion, two sides and an interconnection section. The interconnection section connects the back portion of a tooth to the front portion of the previous tooth. The tip segment is where the front portion and the back portion merge. The teeth are leaning in the longitudinal direction of the card wire. The front portion is where the teeth are leaning towards the longitudinal direction of the teeth. The front portion comprises an undercut segment. The undercut segment is a segment of the front portion of the card wire where the included angles of the tangents to the front portion with the longitudinal direction of the card wire are smaller than the included angles of the tangents to the front portion of the card wire with the longitudinal direction of the card wire in the zone between the undercut segment and the tip segment. The undercut segment is capable of taking fibers from a previous roller clothed with card wire, thereby increasing the effect of carding. At least one side of the teeth, and possibly both sides of the teeth, comprises at least a first structural element for increasing the frictional force of fibers relative to the side of the teeth, wherein the at least a first structural element is positioned closer to the tip segment compared to the position of the undercut segment. Preferably, in the undercut segment, each of the included angles are at least 3°, and more preferably at least 5°, and even more preferably at least 10°, even more preferably 15°, smaller than the smallest included angle in the zone between the undercut segment and the tip segment.

[0012] Implicitly, an undercut segment of teeth of metallic card wires is made at a certain

distance from the tip of the card wire. As the fibers are held by the undercut segment at that distance from the tip segment, the risk exists that fibers taken by the undercut segment cannot be taken by card wires that have to remove the fibers from the undercut segment; resulting in the risk of loading.

[0013] From prior art, structural elements at the side or sides of the teeth are known to enhance fiber taking ability, and therefore increase the risk of loading of the card wire. When the skilled person is faced with the problem to reduce loading of a card wire having an undercut segment in the front, he will not be tempted to consider an additional fiber taking structural element in the card wire. He would rather modify the undercut segment that is responsible for fiber taking and fiber loading.

[0014] Surprisingly however, the presence at at least one side of the teeth of the metallic card wire of at least a first structural element for increasing the frictional force of fibers relative to the side of the teeth, wherein the structural element is positioned closer to the tip segment of the card wire compared to the position of the undercut segment, resulted in a reduction of the risk of loading of the metallic card wire. The surprising beneficial effect of the card wire of the invention is believed to be caused by a number of synergistic effects. A structural element positioned closer to the tip segment than the undercut segment will itself take fibers. Therefore, the structural element will reduce the fiber taking capability of the undercut segment. The structural element will have an interaction with the card wire on the previous roller wire on which the fibers are present, and from which the fibers are to be taken. The structural element has a fiber taking ability less than the undercut segment; it will itself take a number of fibers (although some will be taken back immediately by the card wire on which the fibers were present). The fibers will however on average be positioned higher on the inventive card wire because of the presence and position of the structural element, facilitating the fibers being taken by a next roller on the card. Thus, although the wire of the invention has good fiber taking capabilities, it reduces the risk of loading of the card wires.

[0015] In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the at least a first structural element

comprises an indentation in the side of the teeth. Preferably, the at least a first structural element consists out of one or more indentations in the side of the teeth. Preferably, the at least a first structural element does not comprise parts bulging out of the plane of the side of the teeth. A structural element shaped comprising or consisting out of one or more indentations creates a synergistic benefit. An indentation does not reduce the width of free space between two rows of teeth of the card wire wound on a roller. Structural elements comprising or consisting out of a structural element bulging from the side of the teeth, cause a reduction of the free space available between rows of card wire on the roller on the card, reducing the loading-reducing effect of the structural element.

A skilled person would not be tempted to add a structural element comprising (or consisting out of) one or more indentations in the side of the teeth between the undercut segment and the tip segment. The blade of the teeth is thin in this position (as the blade of the teeth is made smaller towards the tip of the teeth) and an indentation will cause a reduction of the strength of the card wire. Strength of the card wire is important, as in acknowledged in WO2013/03771 1A1 , solving a problem of WO00/026450A1. Weak teeth lead to broken teeth, reducing the functionality of the card wire, and thus reducing its functional lifetime.

Surprisingly, it has been noticed that card wires according to this embodiment have long lifetime. It is believed that this benefit results from the loading-reducing benefits which also reduce the forces on the teeth of the card wires as fiber retention forces are lower.

[0016] Preferably, the indentation is a groove, preferably with substantially constant cross

section, along the longitudinal direction of the metallic card wire.

[0017] Preferably, the largest depth of the indentation is more than 0.03 mm, preferably more than 0.05 mm.

[0018] Preferably, the smallest radius of curvature in the groove is at least 0.05 mm, more

preferably at least 0.10 mm, more preferably at least 0.15 mm. Such feature provides synergistic benefits to the functional lifetime of the card wire with reduced loading, thanks to the higher strength of the teeth because of lower stresses in the tooth. In a preferred embodiment the groove has at its deepest part a section that is substantially flat.

[0019] In a preferred embodiment, the at least a first structural element comprises one or more protrusions from the side of the teeth. Preferably, the protrusion is a ridge, preferably with constant cross section along the longitudinal direction of the metallic card wire.

Preferably, the largest height of the protrusion is more than 0.03 mm, preferably more than 0.05 mm. With height of the protrusion is meant the distance over which the protrusion extends out of the plane of the side of the teeth.

[0020] In a preferred embodiment, the back portion of the tooth has a tangent forming a back angle with the longitudinal direction of the card wire. The zone of the front portion above the undercut segment has a tangent forming a tip angle with the rib portion. The undercut segment is capable of retaining fibers. The undercut segment has a tangent forming an included angle, the undercut angle, with the longitudinal direction of the card wire. The undercut angle is at each point in the undercut segment greater than the maximum of the back angle and smaller than the smallest value of the tip angle in order to allow rotary punching to produce the card wire.

[0021] In a preferred embodiment, the front portion comprises at least three sections;

a first section extends from the tip segment of the tooth in the direction of the rib portion; a second section extends below the first section in the direction of the rib portion, wherein the second section comprises the undercut segment;

wherein the second section comprises a straight part and a curved segment, the straight part has a minimum length of 0.10 mm and the straight part has an angle between 10 and 30 degrees relative to the longitudinal direction of the card wire, and the straight part is followed in the direction of the rib portion by the curved segment wherein the curved segment has a radius of at least 0.18 mm; and

the front portion comprises a third section from the end of the second section to the interconnection section.

[0022] In a preferred embodiment, the undercut segment is the bottom part of an embossment on the front portion of the metallic card wire; preferably wherein the metallic card wire has an embossment at the back portion of the metallic card wire.

[0023] In any of the embodiments described, the back portion can comprise an embossment, preferably wherein the embossment is located more distant from the tip segment of the tooth than the structural element.

[0024] In any of the embodiments described, one or both sides of the teeth can comprise one or more additional structural elements, located at the height of the undercut segment and/or below the undercut segment. Preferably, the one or more additional structural elements are selected from or are combinations of grooves and/or ridges in longitudinal direction of the card wire.

[0025] In an embodiment of the invention, the sides of the teeth have over their surface a mat appearance as caused by a blasting operation with abrasive particles. Such feature can be combined with any of the embodiments mentioned. The feature of this embodiment provides a synergistic effect with the structural element positioned closer to the tip segment of the card wire compared to the position of the undercut segment and improves its functionality. Such a mat appearance can e.g. be obtained by means of a blasting operation of the card wire with abrasive particles, e.g. sand.

[0026] In an embodiment of the invention, the sides of the teeth have over their surface a

roughness value Ra between 0.2 and 0.33 μιτι. The roughness value Ra is determined in surface roughness measurements in accordance with accepted standard test methods, wherein the measurement is performed at a traversing speed of 0.5 mm/s. Ra is the arithmetic mean of the departures of the profile from the mean line. The feature can be combined with any of the embodiments mentioned in this document. The feature of this embodiment provides a synergistic effect with the structural element positioned closer to the tip segment of the card wire compared to the position of the undercut segment and improves its functionality. It is e.g. possible to obtain such a roughness value by means of a blasting operation of the card wire with abrasive particles, e.g. sand.

[0027] In an embodiment of the invention, the thickness of the teeth at the tip is less than 0.25 mm, preferably less than 0.20 mm.

[0028] Preferably in each of the embodiments, all teeth along the length of the metallic card wire are substantially similar.

Brief Description of the Drawings

[0029] Figure 1 shows a longitudinal view of a metallic card wire according to the invention.

Figure 2 shows the cross section of the card wire of figure 1.

Figures 3 and 4 show examples of alternative cross sections of metallic card wires according to the invention

Figures 5 and 6 show other examples of teeth of card wires according to the invention.

Mode(s) for Carrying Out the Invention

[0030] In the figures, same numerals indicate same objects.

[0031] Figure 1 shows a longitudinal view of a metallic card wire 100 according to the invention.

Figure 2 shows the cross section of the card wire of figure 1. The metallic card wire comprises a rib portion 1 10 and a plurality of teeth 1 15. The teeth 1 15 have a tip segment 1 17, a front portion 120, a back portion 130, two sides 141 , 142 and an interconnection section 150, connecting the back portion 130 of a tooth to the front portion 120 of the previous tooth. The front portion 120 comprises an undercut segment 160. The undercut segment 160 is a segment of the front portion 120 of the card wire 1 10 where the included angles γ of the tangents to the front portion with the longitudinal direction of the card wire are smaller than the included angles ε of the tangents to the front portion of the card wire with the longitudinal direction of the card wire in the zone between the undercut segment and the tip segment 1 17. One side 141 of the teeth comprises a longitudinal groove 174 parallel with the rib portion 1 10. The groove 174 is positioned closer to the tip segment 1 17 compared to the position of the undercut segment 160. The depth of the groove 174 at its deepest point is e.g. 0.06 mm from the plane of the side 140 of the teeth. In a preferred embodiment the groove has at its deepest part a section that is substantially flat. The teeth 1 15 have two additional longitudinal grooves 195, 196;

wherein one additional longitudinal groove 195 is located at the height of the undercut segment 160 and one additional longitudinal groove 196 is located below the undercut segment 160.

The back portion 130 of the exemplary card wire 100 of figure 1 has a tangent forming a back angle β with the longitudinal direction of the card wire 100. The zone above the undercut segment 160 has a tangent forming a tip angle μ with the longitudinal direction of the card wire 100. The undercut segment is capable of retaining fibers. The undercut segment has a tangent forming an included angle 7, the undercut angle 7, with the longitudinal direction of the card wire. The undercut angle 7 is at each point in the undercut segment 160 greater than the maximum of the back angle β and smaller than the smallest value of the tip angle μ in order to allow rotary punching. The thickness of the tooth at the tip A is e.g. 0.25 mm or e.g. 0.20 mm. As an example, the maximum of back angle β is 20°; the undercut angle 7 is 35° and the smallest value of the tip angle μ equals 50°.

[0032] Figure 3 shows an example of an alternative cross section of a metallic card wire

according to the invention. Both sides 141 , 142 are provided with a longitudinal groove 174 between the undercut segment 160 and the tip segment 1 17. Additionally and optionally, the teeth can e.g. be provided with a longitudinal groove 195 at the height of the undercut segment 160 and/or below the undercut segment 160.

[0033] One or more grooves on the teeth can be replaced by longitudinal ridges, e.g. as shown in the cross section of an inventive metallic card wire in figure 4. One side 141 is provided with a longitudinal ridge 175 between the undercut segment 160 and the tip segment 1 17. Additionally and optionally, the teeth can e.g. be provided with a longitudinal ridge 197 at the height of the undercut segment 160. It is also possible to provide one or more ridges below the undercut segment 160, and/or to provide ridges at both sides; and/or to provide combinations of ridges and grooves.

[0034] Figure 5 shows an example of a tooth of a card wire according to the invention. The tooth shows on one of its sides 141 , above the undercut segment 161 (which is in this wire parallel with the longitudinal direction of the card wire, but could be any other type of undercut segment) an indentation 176.

[0035] Figure 6 shows an example of a tooth of a card wire according to the invention. The tooth shows on one of its sides 141 , above the undercut segment 161 (which is in this wire the bottom part of an embossment 192 on the front portion 120 of the metallic card wire, but could be any other type of undercut segment) a longitudinal groove 174. Optionally, the tooth can have an embossment 193 in the back portion 130 of the card wire. Optionally, the tooth can have a longitudinal groove 195 at the height of the embossment 192.

Each of the examples of card wires shown can be treated to provide the sides of the teeth (and possibly the sides of the card wire) over their surface with a mat appearance as caused by a blasting operation with abrasive particles; and/or to provide the sides of the teeth (and possibly also the sides of the card wire) to have over their surface a roughness value Ra between 0.2 and 0.33 μιτι. Such surface can be achieved by means of a blasting operation with abrasive particles as is known in the art.