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Patent Searching and Data

Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/185518
Kind Code:
For positioning gemstones, that need to be encased into glass exactly for to achieve maxi¬ mum optical effect, a suction canula is applied, having an opening to fit the gemstone and elements like spirals or meshes to provide even distance from the walls of the glass tube it is inserted in.

Application Number:
Publication Date:
October 11, 2018
Filing Date:
July 28, 2017
Export Citation:
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International Classes:
C03B17/02; C03B23/207; C03C27/06; A44C17/04
Domestic Patent References:
Foreign References:
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What is claimed is:

1. A method and device for the integration of gemstones in a glass attire, wherein the gem- stone is held by a suction cannula to be inserted into a half-molten glass tube.

2. A device for the integration of gemstones in a glass attire as to claim 1 , wherein the opening of the cannula is embossed or milled in shape of a part of the gemstone.

3. A device for the integration of gemstones in a glass attire as to claim 1 , wherein the cannula is guided by elastic spreaders, that fit between the cannula and the inner walls of the glass tube

4. A method and device for the integration of gemstones in a glass attire as to claim 3, comprising spacers of heat resistant plastic, e.g. of PTFE.

5. A method and device for the integration of gemstones in a glass attire as to claim 4, wherein the spacers are formed as two interleaved spirals.

6. A method and device for the integration of gemstones in a glass attire as to claim 4, wherein the spacers are formed as toroidal meshes.

7. A method for integration of gemstones in a glass attire, wherein the melting point of the glass tube is below the desintegration temperature of the gem.

Method and Device for Integration of Gemstones in Glass Attire


The present invention relates to methods of producing jewelry and more exactly to encasing gemstones, particularly diamonds in glass to enhance their appearance in terms of size and reflectivity.


For to underline reflection and light breaking abilities of Gemstones these need to be a little distant from the surface of the wearer and allow lighting not only frontally, but also incidence of light from the sides.

Goldsmith can take this into consideration and place the most brilliant gems on top of crowns or with utmost sparse skirting.

Even more effective is to encase gems in a glass ball or tear, whereon the glass attire also enlarges the gem optically.


However, this is not an easy task. Hitherto for this purpose heated gems are dropped into a half-molten glass tube, which is then further heated up by gas flames to completely melt and therewith close the tube to form a ball or a tear-shaped glass encasing.

The problem thereby is, that the optical effect is only strong, as long as the gem is on all sides closely encompassed by the glass without leaving voids and that the axis of the cut and polished stone would be perfectly vertical.

This however cannot be provided by a randomly dropped gem into a glass tube, as done contemporarily, which results in varying qualities of the product and a high rate of waste.


Two relevant patents had been found, that cover the idea of melting objects in glass:

US 6.060.011 proposes to encase the object in a low-melting glass substrate and to cure it in the encapsulation mass.

Whereas this method has the advantage of use in a production line and therefore high productivity, the results of melting glass substrates and the self-forming of spheres or tears just by capillary tension leads to quite random forms and results. When it comes to encapsulation of precious gems, the waste of it would be intolerable.

US 2011/0030422 A1.provides the method of mounting the jewel in a mold, injecting molten glass, cooling and demolding it and then polishing the object.

The process of demolding without traces on the glass surface is critical and thus polishing is cumbersome. Moreover, the exact positioning of the encased object hitherto was only possible by means of some kind of frame or base, that either is left as holder for necklace, bracelets or the like - what may leave voids in the encasement - or has to be removed and even enlarges the polishing job to be done.


It is therefore task of the here disclosed invention to find a method within the hereditary gaffer kind of procedure of injecting the gems so that they are perfectly positioned.

However, quite a few essays to inject them with tweezers or forceps have failed to provide a reliable result.


The inventive step therefore was found after quite a few attempts to pace the gemstone exactly vertically into the bottom of the semi-molten glass tube by applying a particular vacuum tweezer technique, wherein a canula is equipped with an end piece that is embossed with a negative section of the relevant shape of the applied gemstone and therefore, with applied vacuum suction, would hold the gem perfectly straight.

Moreover, the canula is equipped with heat-resisting guiding means for the glass tube, either concentric metal spirals, or clips of highly heat-resisting plastics, as e.g. PTFE.

Thereby the length of the canula needs to be just a little shorter than the depth of the glass tube, minus the size of the gem, thus, when inserted to the hilt of a guiding cone, the gem would be perfectly in place.

There might be an opening valve on that cone, that releases the vacuum as soon as the adequate depth is reached, so to place the gem without delay.


Fig 1 shows the common method as prior Art, taken from PCT/AT2006/000224, wherein a gemstone (3) is simply thrown into the glass tube (1) to be molten into its heated base (4). It is obvious that the position the gemstone would finally be in, must be be accidental and would not necessarily bear the desired effect.

Fig. 2 shows the means by which a defined positioning can be achieved:

The end piece (5) of a suction canula (6) with an opening (7), milled in shape for a gem, can hold it in place, while the canula guided by Teflon clips or meshes (8) is inserted into the glass tube (1 in Fig. 1) unto its hilt (10).