Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
METHOD OF FORMING AN ORTHOPEDIC MATTRESS AND ORTHOPEDIC MATTRESS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/099725
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a method for manufacturing an orthopedic mattress and to an orthopedic mattress. In the method, strategic measuring points of a future user of the mattress are determined. The springing is determined according to the build of the person using the mattress on the basis of a method in which the build dimensions of the mat- tress user are determined at strategic points.

Inventors:
TUOMINEN VESA (FI)
Application Number:
PCT/FI2019/050818
Publication Date:
May 22, 2020
Filing Date:
November 15, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
OY SDA FINLAND LTD (FI)
International Classes:
A47C31/12; A47C23/043; A47C27/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO2012160508A12012-11-29
Foreign References:
US20150029189A12015-01-29
GB2558932A2018-07-25
US20160292319A12016-10-06
NL2013708B12016-10-04
US20090062693A12009-03-05
GB2522452A2015-07-29
AU2012216517A12012-09-20
US20040128773A12004-07-08
US20060042016A12006-03-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KOLSTER OY AB (FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A method for forming an orthopedic mattress, in which method stra tegic measuring points of a future user of the mattress are determined by meas urements, and outer dimensions of the future user of the mattress are measured, characterized by determining, based on the determined strategic measur ing points, an depression depth for each spring in a spring system in the mattress, and determining, based on the measured outer dimensions, a stiffness for the spring system.

2. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterized by determin ing, based on the measured outer dimensions, a surface pressure which the mat tress user exerts on the mattress, and determining the stiffness of the spring sys tem based on the surface pressure.

3. A method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized by de termining in the method a location of the fulcrum of the shoulder, and the location of the femur end and the hip fulcrum of the future user of the mattress.

4. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, charac terized by determining in the method the circumference of the user’s body at different measuring points, and based on a calculation, determining the surface pressure the user exerts on the mattress at the measured points in question.

5. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims 1 to 3, characterized by taking at least one image of the user from the front or rear, determining the strategic measuring points of the user by measuring them from the at least one image in question, taking at least one image of the user from a side, and measuring outer dimensions of the user from the at least one image taken from the front or rear and from the at least one image taken from the side.

6. A method as claimed in claim 5, characterized by taking in the method the image of the user with a dimensional reference, whereby when the precise dimensions of the dimensional reference are known, a measuring chart of the user’s body may be determined, such as the precise location of the shoulders. 7. A method as claimed in claim 6, characterized by using a sheet of paper as the dimensional reference (12).

8. A method as claimed in claim 6 or 7, characterized by taking at least two front or rear images of the user so that in at least one image the user keeps the dimensional reference at the chest height and in at least one image the user keeps the dimensional reference at the thighs height, whereby the location of the shoulder fulcrum is determined from the images in question by comparing the images.

9. A method as claimed in any one of claims 5 to 8, character ized by the user keeping the dimensional reference on the side of the thigh when at least one side image is taken of the user.

10. A method as claimed in any one of claims 5 to 9, character ize d by transferring the image taken of the future user of the mattress in the method in a wireless manner/wired manner/on a memory stick/memory card/ memory disc from the shooter of the image to a mattress factory or its repre sentative which manufactures the mattress based on the measurement detail im ages taken of the user.

11. A method as claimed in any one of claims 5 to 10, character ize d by taking the image of the future user of the mattress by a mobile phone camera and taking the image by following the instructions on an application downloaded on the mobile phone, and by the future user of the mattress or their representative sending the mattress order to the manufacturer of the mattress or the mattress manufacturer’s representative.

12. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, characterized by determining the springs of the spring system of the or thopedic mattress to mutually the same height, and implementing the elasticity of at least part of the springs so that a softer spring coil area is formed in the spring, realized by reducing the pitch of the spring coil, and the softening area in the spring may be located at any lengthwise position of the spring, and also forming a stiffer area in the spring by increasing the pitch of the spring. 13. A method as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, char acterized by selecting a spring system for the mattress from a spring stor age, which includes springs having different depression depths and/or stiffness, or forming the spring of the spring system as needed.

14. An orthopedic mattress, characterized in that

the mattress is formed by a method according to any one of claims 1 to 13. 15. An orthopedic mattress (100) as claimed in claim 14, charac terized in that the mattress is formed of springs of the same height, whereby a spring (14) is over part of the spring lengthwise direction softened by reducing the pitch of the spring (14) for forming a mattress softening in the spring, and in that the spring also comprises at least one stiffer coil portion, the pitch of the coil being larger than the pitch of the spring coil of the softer spring area.

16. A mattress as claimed in claim 14 or 15, characterized in that by means of the springs (14) a stiffer and harder area is formed in the mattress at the waist, for example, straightening a sleeper’s posture.

Description:
METHOD OF FORMING AN ORTHOPEDIC MATTRESS AND

ORTHOPEDIC MATTRESS

Background of the invention

The present invention relates to a method of forming an orthopedic mattress and an orthopedic mattress formed by the method.

From prior art a method is known where a person places themselves on a measuring mattress, and based on a surface pressure, springing is individual ly determined so that a sleeper’s spine is straight when sleeping.

Summary of the invention

The present patent application puts forth a new method in which springing is determined according to the build of the mattress user, based on an imaging method in which the mattress user’s build dimensions are determined at strategic locations over the shoulders, below the shoulders with hands spread out, at a femur end, at the stomach, and the dimensional number values in ques- tion of the person from the front.

In addition, a person is defined from a side; measurement values from various height points.

In the method according to the invention, the definition of strategic body points takes place, in an embodiment of the invention, by measuring me- chanically. A body chart is formed from strategic measuring points. Measuring and definition points include the locations of the shoulder joints of a sleeper’s shoulders, as well as the locations of the hip joints.

In a second embodiment, the body chart is formed by an imaging method. A reference with known dimensions, such as an A4 paper sheet, is placed on the chest of the person being measured so that the measured person keeps a dimensional reference, such as the sheet of paper, on the chest by hand. The ref erence and the person are imaged and, based on the image, the locations of the strategic points are determined for the person in question. When the dimensions of the reference are known, the locations of the strategic points, such as the loca- tion of the shoulders, of the person behind the imaged dimensional reference can be determined on the mattress and thus the springing, too.

In imaging, a camera is advantageously used.

Based on the image taken, springing is determined for the person in question. In connection with a person’s front of rear image, there is automatical ly a raster grid which indicates the exact locations of the strategic points on the body of the future user of the mattress, such as the shoulder joints and hip joints.

An embodiment is additionally feasible where the locations of a per son’s strategic points, such as the shoulder area, are determined from the image by measuring the distances from the dimensional reference, such as a plate or a rectangular or square sheet of paper.

Once the locations of a person’s strategic points from the front or rear, and also the side, are obtained, springing for the mattress of the imaged person can be determined.

On the basis of the strategic measuring points from the front or rear, an depression depth of each spring on the mattress is determined, and on the ba sis of the outer dimensions of the person’s body and aforementioned strategic measuring points, a surface pressure the mattress was subjected to is determined at the different measuring points of the person, and consequently the stiffness of the spring system.

The cross-sectional form of a person H is an approximate ellipse. Based on the surface area of the ellipse, it is possible to calculate over a distance of 3 cm of length, for example, the surface pressure that the body creates on the mattress by knowing that body density is approximately 800 kg/cubic metres. The loading on a loading area having the width of a spring (3 cm) is between the values of 3 kp and 8 kp. The ellipse may be determined by measuring the vertical and horizontal axes of the ellipse at each height point of the sleeper.

Based on the dimensioning/imaging of the person, the springing may be determined. Shoulders, for example, require a larger depression depth where as the centre area of the mattress at the waist and chest a smaller depression depth and stiffer springing that straightens the spine. This way, an orthopedic mattress, straightening the posture is achieved. In addition, a person’s weight and weight distribution play a role in the stiffness requirement of the springs. A heav ier user needs stiffer springs.

Springing for the mattress at the shoulders, for example, is formed of springs that are softened and stiffened by changing the pitch angle of the spring coils.

The mattress may be softened, that is, the elastic coefficient reduced, and the depression depth simultaneously increased by reducing the pitch angle of the spring coil. In the similar manner, the spring in question may at specific loca- tions be stiffened by increasing the pitch angle of the spring coil in question at certain locations.

By carrying out said measures on one and the same spring, a softening of the mattress at shoulders, for example, is achieved and a larger depression depth, and nevertheless at the bottom of the elasticity an adequate stiffness and support in the same spring.

Areas with different pitches in the spring coil may be at different ends of the spring, or the more elastic section of the spring may be located at the mid dle of the spring, for example.

The use of a reference in imaging may also be realized with the aid of a phone application. In the application, the mattress buyer measures themselves by using a sheet of paper, such as an A4, as the reference. The buyer acts according to the shooting instructions the application provides and takes, for example, three images, two from the front and one from the side.

The images and measurement result are sent to a mattress manufac turer or a representative thereof through the mobile application. An order agreement is made on a detailed mattress with the same application.

The application sends a confirmation to the ordering party once the measurement result is confirmed as having succeeded. In an embodiment of the method according to the invention, an application is therefore used in which measurement information is sent in a wired or wireless manner on a person using the mattress to a mattress manufacturer or their representative.

Advantageously three images are sent, in which a reference such as a sheet of A4 paper is imaged at the height of a person’s chest, at the person’s thighs, and from the side at the person’s thighs. The dimensions of the A4 paper sheet are precisely known in advance, and the critical strategic dimensions of the person in the images at the shoulder, below the shoulders, at the stomach, and the locations of the femur and top end of the femur and the hip fulcrum are obtained by measuring/comparing the distance between the reference and the strategic point.

Based on the person’s side image and image or images taken from the front or rear, the stiffness and depression depth required by the springing can be determined at different points along the length of the orthopedic mattress.

The method of manufacturing an orthopedic mattress and an orthope dic mattress according to the invention are characterized by what is disclosed in the claims. Brief description of the drawings

In the following, the invention is described with reference to preferred embodiments of the drawings, to which the invention is not meant to be exclu sively restricted.

List of figures:

Figure 1A illustrates the method according to the invention and the imaging method for determining springing for a mattress according to the build of a future user of the mattress.

Figure IB illustrates image transfer from a mattress customer to a mattress factory.

Figure 1C a raster image taken with a special application of a future user of the mattress.

Figures 2A and 2B show measuring points i.e. strategic points of a mat tress user.

Figure 2A shows a person from the front with the hands down.

Figure 2B shows a person from the front with the hands raised.

Figure 3A shows an imaging point from the front at chest level, and an A4 sheet of paper as a dimensional reference. The figures show how a person holds the sheet of paper in their hands during imaging.

Figure 3A is a front image of a person.

Figure 3B is a side image and a dimensional reference at a thigh.

Figure 4 shows a structure of a spring in a spring system of an ortho pedic mattress dimensioned and formed with the method according to the inven tion.

Detailed description of the invention

Figure 1A illustrates the method according to the invention. An image 11 is taken of the person for whom the mattress with the springing will be made with a device 10. The device 10 may be a mere camera, mobile phone, tablet, or another device capable of taking the image to be saved or sent on immediately or with delay. An image is taken of the person from the front with a dimensional ref erence 12 at the chest, and from the front with the dimensional reference 12 at the thighs, and from a side of the person. Two or three images are advantageously taken, whereby one or two images are taken from the front and at least one from the side. The images are used to determine the locations of the strategic points on the user’s body, such as those of the shoulders Gl, G2 and femurs and hip joints G3 and G4, and the waist G5.

In an image 500 formed, there may be a grid to determine the person’s dimensions.

A mobile phone application may be used and switched to the camera mode to take selfie photos of oneself by following the instructions provided by the application.

In addition, the invention allows using a method where a separate di mensional reference 12 is used in connection with a person’s image. The dimen sional reference 12 is advantageously a sheet of paper, such as an A4. The precise dimensions of the sheet are known, and based on them points on the person’s body, such as the shoulders, waist etc. in the background of the image may be measured from the image 11 (FIG 1). Based on this, the depression depth of the springs and the stiffness of the springs may be determined for the springing.

Figure IB illustrates image transfer from a memory device 300, such as a phone and from the memory circuit/memory circuits of its camera, memory sticks, hard discs, or rom discs to the mattress factory 400 in a wired or wireless manner.

Figure 1C is a raster image 500 of a future user of the mattress 100 from the rear. Based on the raster grid F, the image may directly reveal the exact locations of the strategic points such as shoulder joints Gl, G2, hip joints G3, G4, and the waist G5. For imaging, a mobile phone application may also be used which allows the image to directly provide distances between the imaged per son’s H various strategic points and their locations.

Figure 2A shows a front image of a mattress user. The strategically im portant measuring locations of the person are shown. The location of the shoulder joint is denoted by reference markings Gl and G2.

The location of the femur end is denoted by reference markings G3 and G4, and the location of the stomach at the navel is denoted by the reference marking G5. When the coordinates of these points are found out by the described imaging method, and the measured person is placed in the middle of a bed 200, the springing M may be determined for a mattress 100. Strategic dimensions also include the distance a between the shoulder joints Gl and G2, and the distance b between the shoulder joint G2 and hip joint.

Figure 2B shows a person with the hands extended to the sides. The circles Dl, D2, D3 in FIG 2B show the height locations on the body, from which the thickness of the body is examined, or an ellipse cross section of that part of the body is measured. On the basis of it, the load pressure on the mattress is calculat ed at the body location in question.

A person may also be measured, and a dimension chart be formed as follows:

The locations of a person’s shoulder joints Gl, G2 and the distance a between them, and the distance b between the shoulder joint and hip joint are measured by a measuring device or measuring tape.

The elliptic circumference of the person’s body is measured at the chest, waists, and bottom. When the density of a human body is known to be ap proximately 800 kg/cubic metres, it is possible to calculate the load on the mat tress at different height points of the person over e.g. 5 cm distances and at differ ent width points of the mattress.

The springs 14 may be selected from a spring storage or manufactured as needed.

Figure 3A shows taking the first image from the front at the chest. It is taken by using an A4-sized sheet of paper as a dimensional reference 12. Its exact dimensions are known. The person H keeps the dimensional reference 12 on the chest by two hands. Based on a photo taken with a camera 10, it is possible to de termine the precise locations of the strategic points Gl, G2, G3, G4 of the person H using the mattress 100 on the bed 200 and therefore on the future orthopedic mattress 100, the springing M of which is formed based on the imaging of the mattress user as described in the above.

After this, a front image may be taken of the future user of the mat tress, with the dimensional reference 12 at the thighs. Based on the image or im ages, the depression depths of the springs may be determined at different loca tions of the mattress. The image in which the user keeps the dimensional refer ence at the thighs makes it easy to measure the shoulder width of the user. The image in which the user keeps the dimensional reference on the chest in turn makes it easy to measure the body width below the armpits. This way, it is possi ble in a simple manner to determine how much the shoulder extends outside the line of the body. This allows determining how much larger the depression depth of the springs is at the shoulder than at the body. At the head, for example, the de pression depth of the springs may be even smaller than at the body.

Figure 3B is a side image of a future user of the mattress; the dimen sional reference 12 at a thigh. Based on the side image, a person’s side profile may be determined, and together with the front or back image, or images, the weight distribution along the height of the person, and on the basis of it the required springing may be determined as well as the required elasticity, that is, the stiff ness of the spring at each location of the mattress.

Figure 4 shows a spring 14 of the spring system M in the mattress 100 for the bed 200. The spring system M of the mattress is determined by using the method described in the above. There is a series of springs 14 presented. The springs 14 may be formed to be mutually of the same height. The spring 14 com prises a more sparsely coiled spring portion i.e with a smaller pitch, and thus a softer elastic portion dl, and an elastic portion d2 with a larger pitch in the spring coil, so a harder spring portion. The spring coefficient kl of the elastic portion dl is smaller than the spring coefficient k2 of the elastic portion d2. The spring 14 is used on the mattress 10 portions that are against the shoulder, based on the us er’s measuring chart, which has been obtained by an imaging method, such as by shooting with a camera 10, as shown in the preceding figures.

The shoulder area requires a larger depression depth which in the method is implemented by reducing the spring constant k by reducing the pitch of the spring coil of the spring to establish the desired depression depth. When the goal is a large depression depth, the portion of the elastic portion dl of the small er spring coefficient kl is significant in the spring. To maintain good support by the spring in question, the pitch of the spring coil of the spring is increased at an other location of the spring, that is, the spring coefficient k2 is increased. The more elastic area in each spring may be at one end of the spring or at both ends, or in the centre area of the spring.

The disclosed solution allows springing to be formed in any mattress provided with springs. The above means that the solution may be applied to all types of mattresses such as a removable mattress bed, frame mattress bed, yan- kee bed, motorized bed etc.

The depression depth of a spring in the springing M at each point of the mattress 100 is determined on the basis of a front or rear image or images taken of the mattress user H.

Based on the side thickness image or images taken of the user H to gether with the front and rear image or images, the orthopedic mattress has the springing stiffness determined at each location point of the spring 14.

The springs 14 of the spring system for the springing are selected from a spring storage from e.g. twenty different springs that have different depression depths and/or stiffness. The springs 14 may also be fabricated one by one as needed whereby storing the springs 14 is avoided or at least reduced.

Those skilled in the art will find it obvious that, as technology advanc es, the basic idea of the invention may be implemented in many different ways. The invention and its embodiments are thus not restricted to the above-described examples but may vary within the scope of the claims.




 
Previous Patent: KINESIOLOGY TAPE

Next Patent: CONVERTIBLE PIECE OF FURNITURE