Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ENVELOPED ELECTRIC, ELECTRONIC OR ELECTROMECHANICAL COMPONENTS OF SMALL DIMENSIONS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1998/049878
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a method of manufacturing electric, electronic and electromechanical components, and combinations thereof, enveloped in an electrically insulating material, which components may or may not be incorporated in a circuit, wherein (a) components are provided on, or in cavities in, a plate of an electrically insulating material, metal films being applied to the surface of the plate so as to establish electric contact with the components; (b) after the provision of the components, the plate of an electrically insulating material is covered on one side or on both sides with a plate of an electrically insulating material which is hermetically secured to the plate of an electrically insulating material supporting the components; (c) the assembly is subdivided into blocks, with partition lines cutting into the metal films which serves to make electric contact with the components; (d) and, subsequently, the blocks are provided with two or more electric contacts. The invention also relates to components enveloped in the manner described herein. Enveloped components obtained by means of this method exhibit a high dimensional accuracy.

Inventors:
WEEKAMP JOHANNUS WILHELMUS
Application Number:
PCT/IB1998/000352
Publication Date:
November 05, 1998
Filing Date:
March 16, 1998
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
KONINKL PHILIPS ELECTRONICS NV (NL)
PHILIPS NORDEN AB (SE)
International Classes:
H05K5/06; H05K5/00; (IPC1-7): H05K5/06
Foreign References:
DE3539518A11987-05-14
DE3913066A11990-11-08
EP0407649A11991-01-16
US5461545A1995-10-24
US4079511A1978-03-21
Other References:
See also references of EP 0914758A1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Van Der, Veer Johannis L. (P.O. Box 220, AE Eindhoven, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims:
1. A method of manufacturing electric, electronic or electromxhanical components enveloped in an electrically insulating material, characterized in that (a) components are provided on, or in cavities in, a plate of an electrically insulating material, metal films being applied to the surface of the plate so as to enable electric contact to be made with the components, (b) after the provision of the components, the plate of an electrically insulating material is covered on one side, or if the components are situated in throughholes, on both sides with a plate of an electrically insulating material which is hermetically secured to the plate of an electrically insulating material supporting the components, thereby shutting off the components from the environment, (c) the assembly is subdivided into blocks which each consist of a component enveloped in an electrically insulating material, with partition lines cutting into the metal films serving to make electric contact with the components, (d) and, subsequently, the blocks are provided with two or more electric contacts in the form of solderable metal layers which, if necessary, sufficiently embrace the blocks to make electric contact with the metal films projecting between the portions of the envelope, which metal films serve to make electric contact with the enveloped component.
2. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that (a) two plates of an electrically insulating material are provided with blind holes in accordance with an identical pattern, the combined depth of said holes and the other dimensions being sufficient to accommodate a component, (b) the plates are provided with patterned electric contact layers in the form of strips of metal films extending down to the bottom of the cavities, (c) components are arranged in the cavities in a plate, (d) the other plate is hermetically secured, with the side provided with cavities facing the side of the plate comprising the components, to said latter plate, whereafter the resultant assembly is subdivided into blocks which are provided with electric contacts.
3. A method as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that (a) a supporting plate of an electrically insulating material is provided with throughholes, (b) components are arranged in said holes, (c) the supporting plate is covered on both sides with plates provided with a pattern of metal strips, which electrically contact the end contacts of the components when the plates are arranged on the supporting plate, said metal strips being arranged such that, after the subdivision into blocks in accordance with step (d), the metal strips situated on opposite sides of the portion of the block which accommodates the component in a through hole, project at opposing ends of said block between the portions of the envelope, and the assembly is subdivided into blocks which are provided with electric contacts.
4. A method as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that, after the assembly is subdivided into blocks, (a) the sharp edges of the blocks are removed by mechanical means, (b) the blocks are provided with a metallic nucleation layer, (c) the parts of the blocks which are to be provided with a metal layer in a subsequent step are covered with a masking layer, (d) the metallic nucleation layer is removed from the parts which are not covered with a masking layer, (e) the masking layer is removed, (f) the exposed nucleation layer is provided with a metal layer and a solder layer which embrace the block.
5. A method as claimed in claim 1 to 4, characterized in that, instead of one component at a time, it is possible to provide a combination of equal and/or functionally different components, which may or may not be incorporated in an electric or electronic circuit, with a common envelope having electric contacts.
6. An enveloped, electric, electronic or electromechanical component, characterized in that said component is embedded in a hermetic envelope of glass and/or ceramic material, which envelope is composed of portions and which is provided with metallic electric contacts which partly embrace the sides of the envelope and which electrically contact the component embedded in the envelope via metal films situated between the constituent portions of the envelope.
7. An enveloped component as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that the metal films between the portions of the envelope, which serve to establish an electric connection between the component and the electric contacts, also serve as the bonding film between the portions of the envelope.
8. An enveloped combination of equal or functionally different components which may or may not be incorporated in an electric or electronic circuit, characterized in that the combination of components is embedded in a hermetic envelope of glass and/or ceramic material, which envelope is composed of portions and which is provided with metallic electric contacts which partly embrace the sides of the envelope and which electrically contact the combination of components or the circuit embedded in the envelope via metal films situated between the constituent portions of the envelope.
9. An enveloped combination as claimed in claim 8, characterized in that the metal films between the portions of the envelope, which serve to make electric contact between the component and the electric connections, also serve as a bonding film between the portions of the envelope.
Description:
Method of manufacturing enveloped electric, electronic or electromechanical components of small dimensions.

The invention relates to a method ol manufacturing electric, electronic or electromechanical components enveloped in an electrically insulating material. The invention more particularly relates to such components of small dimensions which can suitably be mechanically mounted on a substrate provided with a conductor pattern (printed circuit board, PCB), thereby forming an electric or electronic circuit.

Such components are generally known. Said known components are leadless and are referred to as surface mountable devices (abbr. SMD). The electric contacts of such components can be used to solder said components in a simple manner onto the printed circuit. By virtue of the small dimensions of such components and the absence of leads, a high packing density of the components on the PCB can be achieved.

The ongoing miniaturization requires ever smaller dimensions of these components. In the case of components for mounting on a PCB, these dimensions are of the order of 1 x 0.5 x 0.5 mm. When such small components are provided by mechanical means, for example by means of placement machines, a high dimensional accuracy of the components is very important.

It is an object of the invention to provide a method by means of which electrically insulated components of small dimensions can be manufactured with great dimensional accuracy. The invention also aims at providing components which can suitably be used in such a method.

In accordance with the invention, this object is achieved, in a manner which is satisfactory in view of the current practice, by a method which is characterized in that (a) components are provided on, or in cavities in, a plate of an electrically insulating material, metal films being applied to the surface of the plate so as to enable electric contact to be made with the components, (b) after the provision of the components, the plate of an electrically insulating material is covered on one side, or if the components are situated in through-holes, on both sides with a plate of an electrically insulating material which is hermetically secured to the plate of an electrically insulating material supporting the components, thereby shutting

off the components from the environment, (c) the assembly is subdivided into blocks which each consist of a component enveloped in an electrically insulating material, with partition lines cutting into the metal films serving to make electric contact with the components, (d) and, subsequently, the blocks are provided with two or more electric contacts in the form of solderable metal layers which sufficiently embrace the blocks to make electric contact with the metal films projecting between the portions of the envelope, which metal films serve to make electric contact with the enveloped component.

By "cutting into the metal films" is meant, in this context, that the metal films, for example in the form of metal strips provided in accordance with a pattern, are cut through upon the subdivision into blocks, or at least contacted in such a manner that the side faces of these metal films or metal strips project sufficiently between the portions of the envelope of the blocks to form an electric connection between the enveloped components and the electric contacts to be provided on the blocks.

In the method in accordance with the invention, separately manufactured components or parts of components can be provided on the surface of a plate of an electrically insulating material or in cavities made in the surface of such a plate. It is alternatively possible, however, to build up such components on the surface of, or in cavities in, such a plate by providing suitable electrically conducting and/or semiconducting and insulating layers in accordance with a pattern. This can be achieved by means of known techniques for applying such layers, such as thin-film techniques (vapor deposition, sputtering and the like) and thick-film techniques (screen printing, printing and the like). The cavities in the plate may be small pits or blind holes in the surface or through-holes or apertures. The shape and dimension of said cavities should be selected so that they can suitably accommodate the desired component. In all cases, a patterned metal film for the electric contact with the component is provided on the surface and, if required by the shape of the component, in the blind holes or apertures of the plate or on both surfaces of the plate.

The plate may consist, for example, of a thin plate of an electrically insulating material having a thickness, for example, of 0.2 to 0.5 mm or greater or lesser to an extent compatible with the method in accordance with the invention. A material which can very suitably be used is glass. Plates of ceramic materials, such as aluminium oxide and zirconium oxide can also be used. Blind holes and through-holes or apertures can be made in the plate by means of known techniques such as powder blasting, chemical etching, laser

etching and the like. If such cavities are to be provided, the plate used is preferably made of a selectively etchable type of glass.

After the plate has been provided with the components and the metal films which serve to make the electric contact, a plate of the same or a different electrically insulating material is provided on the side of the plate where the components are situated on the surface or in a cavity in the surface of the plate. If the plate has through-holes, it is covered on both sides with a plate of the same or a different electrically insulating material after the components are provided. The plates are adhered to the plate provided with components, for example with a glass frit if the plate comprising components and the covering plate(s) are made of glass. The melting temperature of such a glass frit should be lower than the melting temperature of the glass of the plates used. In addition, the components should be capable of withstanding said temperature. It is alternatively possible to employ adhesives on the basis of a synthetic resin provided that they can withstand the treatments which will be carried out in subsequent steps of the method. For specific constructions of the envelope, metal films on the plate provided with components, and on the other plate or plates serving to make electric contact with the components, can also be used as the bonding layer between the plate provided with components and the cover plate(s).

The assembly thus formed is subsequently subdivided into small blocks which each comprise at least one component enveloped in an electrically insulating material.

In the subdivision process, the metal films which provide electric contact with the component(s) are cut along partition lines between the blocks. The subdivision into blocks can take place, for example, mechanically by sawing, breaking, cutting or by means of a laser and the like. These processes enable a high dimensional accuracy to be achieved.

The side faces of the metal films serving to make electric contact project locally at the side faces of the blocks between the portions of the envelope. In a subsequent step of the method in accordance with the invention, the blocks are provided with electric contacts at two locations, which contacts are electrically connected to the side faces of the metal films and hence to the actual component and, if required in view of the construction of the envelope, they may embrace the blocks. Depending on the functioning of the enveloped component in a circuit, said enveloped component may comprise more than two contacts.

The components may alternatively be accommodated in cavities which are formed by two corresponding blind holes in two plates of an electrically insulating material.

To achieve this, a method in accordance with the invention is characterized in that (a) two plates of an electrically insulating material are provided with blind

holes in accordance with an identical pattern, the combined depth of said holes and the other dimensions being sufficient to accommodate a component, (b) the plates are provided with patterned electric contact layers in the form of strips of metal films extending down to the bottom of the cavities, (c) components are arranged in the cavities in a plate, (d) the other plate is hermetically secured, with the side provided with cavities facing the side of the plate comprising the components, to said latter plate, whereafter the resultant assembly is subdivided into blocks which are provided with electric contacts.

In an interesting modification of this embodiment of the method in accordance with the invention, components provided with end contacts at facing ends of the components, are arranged in through-holes in a supporting plate of an electrically insulating material in such a manner that each end contact of each component extends in the plane of a surface of the supporting plate or projects above said plane. Subsequently, the supporting plate with components in the through-holes is covered on both sides with plates provided with metal strips in accordance with a pattern, which serve as electrode layers and electrically contact the end contacts of the components. If the thickness of the supporting plate having through-holes is equal to the distance between contact faces of the end contacts of the components arranged in the holes, flat cover plates can be used and, after both cover plates have been arranged, the components will electrically contact the electrode layers on the surface thereof. A satisfactory electric contact can be obtained by providing the contact faces of the end contacts or the metal strips with a thin layer of a deformable metal, preferably gold, at the location where they contact the end contacts of the components.

If the distance between the contact faces of the end contacts of the components is greater than the thickness of the supporting plate, the end contacts of the components will project from the plane of the surface of the supporting plate. In this case, one or both cover plates are provided with blind holes of sufficient depth to accommodate the projecting part of the components. The metal strips are provided on the cover plates, for example, in accordance with such a pattern that after the provision of the cover plates on the supporting plate with components, each component is electrically connected to two different components in a row by means of a metal strip.

When the assembly is subdivided into blocks, with the partition faces which extend at right angles to metal strips on the longitudinal axis always cutting through the metal strips on one side or on the other side of the plate having components in the through-holes, the metal strips, which are situated on opposite sides of said part of the block

accommodating the component in a through-hole, project at opposing ends of the block between the portions of the envelope. Subsequently, these ends of the block are provided with electric end contacts which, at the surface, are made of a solderable metal.

In a further preferred embodiment of the method in accordance with the invention, the sharp edges of the blocks are mechanically removed, for example by tumbling in the presence of a grinding agent, prior to the provision of the electric contacts. By virtue thereof, it is precluded that parts of the surface of the envelope chip off during subsequent treatments, such as provision of the electric contacts, measurement and sorting, and mounting of the finished enveloped components in an electric or electronic circuit.

The electric contacts may be provided, for example, by first providing the entire surface of the blocks with a metallic nucleation layer. Such a nucleation layer may consist, for example, of a nickel-chromium alloy which is provided by magnetron-sputtering (barrel-sputtering) a bulk sample in a vacuum chamber. Such a nucleation layer may alternatively be provided by vapor deposition or in a wet-chemical process. Subsequently, the blocks are provided with a removable masking layer at the locations where, in a subsequent step, a metal layer is to be provided to enable electric contact. Said masking layer may consist of a readily soluble or low-melting lacquer or wax.

Subsequently, the metallic nucleation layer is removed, for example by chemical etching, from the parts which are not covered with a masking layer, whereafter the masking layer is also removed. The exposed portions of the nucleation layer are subsequently provided, in succession, with a metal layer (by means of electrodeposition) and a solder layer (by means of dip coating). If desired, for example in view of the construction of the envelope, the electric contacts thus formed may embrace the ends of the block in order to electrically contact the metal films situated between portions of the envelope and serving, at least partly, as electric contacts of the enveloped components.

The method in accordance with the invention may be used, for example, in the manufacture of enveloped single-layer and multilayer thin-film and thick-film capacitors, thin-film and thick-film resistors, diodes, sensors (NTC), thin-film coils, safety fuses, reed contacts and the like, and combinations of such components, such as combinations of capacitors, resistors, sensors, diodes and/or transistors and the like, and the method can also be used to envelop electric and electronic circuits comprising such components. The term "component", as used in the foregoing, in the following and in the claims, should be taken to include combinations of equal and/or functionally different components and electric and electronic circuits comprising such components.

The components may be built up, completely or partly, on the plate of an electrically insulating material or they may be manufactured separately, either integrally or partly, and arranged in cavities in the plate, if necessary while forming an electric or electronic circuit, for which purpose the support is provided, in known manner, with suitable electroconductive wiring, for example by etching electroconductive tracks from a metal film in accordance with a suitable pattern.

The method in accordance with the invention provides enveloped components or combinations thereof which can readily be mounted in an electric or electronic circuit on a PCB, and the component being hermetically shut off from the environment. The enveloped components have a very good dimensional tolerance, which is achieved by the subdivision into blocks in accordance with a pattern. The envelope is properly shut off from the environment because it can be made of glass and/or a ceramic material. If necessary, the enveloped components may be subjected to a tumbling operation as a result of which the sharp edges are removed from said enveloped components. Sharp edges may break off during further treatments, such as selecting, measuring, packing, handling with bulk feeders and the like. If the ends of the envelope of the components are surrounded by the electric contacts, then a good solderability and inspectability are achieved as well as a good mechanical adhesion of the contacts to the envelope.

The enveloped electric, electronic or electromechanical components in accordance with the invention are characterized in that the component is embedded in a hermetic envelope of glass and/or ceramic material, which envelope is composed of portions and which is preferably elongated, at least both ends of the envelope being provided with metallic, electric connections which partly embrace the sides of the envelope and which are in the form of end contacts which electrically contact the component embedded in the envelope via metal films situated between the constituent portions of the envelope.

A preferred embodiment of an enveloped component is characterized in accordance with the invention in that the metal films between the portions of the envelope, which serve to establish an electric connection between the component and the electric contacts, also serve as the bonding film between the portions of the envelope. In this manner, a very strong and hermetic connection between the portions of the envelope is achieved, in particular if these portions are made of glass.

These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent from and elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

In the drawings: Fig. 1 is a plan view of a part of a plate which is provided with various layers; Fig. 2 is a side view of a cross-section of the plate of Fig. 1, taken on the line Il-Il; Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a component which is not et provided with electric connections; Fig. 4 is a view of a part of the component of Fig. 3 after the removal of sharp edges; Fig. 5 is a view of another part of the component of Fig. 3; Fig. 6 is a side view of a component which is partly provided with a nucleation layer; Fig. 7 is a side view of a component which is provided with electric end contacts.

Fig. 8 is a plan view of a part of a plate which is provided with blind holes as well as strips of metal foil; Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of two plates arranged one on top of the other in accordance with Fig. 8, in which a diode is accommodated in the cavities; Fig. 10 is a longitudinal cross-sectional view of an enveloped diode with electric end contacts; Fig. 11 is a plan view of a part of a plate which is provided with through- holes; Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view of the plate shown in Fig. 11, taken on the line XII-XII; Fig. 13 is a plan view of a cover plate with metal strips; Fig. 14 is a plan view of a cover plate with metal strips; Fig. 15 is a cross-sectional view of an assembly comprising a plate with components as well as cover plates; Fig. 16 is a cross-sectional view of a finished enveloped component.

It is noted that the Figures are not drawn to scale. In the Figures, like reference numerals refer to like parts.

Example 1 (Figs. 1 - 7) A 0.3 mm thick, flat glass plate 1 is provided with a metal film, for

example of aluminium, by sputtering or vapor deposition. Subsequently, a part of the aluminium film is photolithographically removed, so that the first electrode layers 2 which are arranged in a matrix remain. Next, the entire surface is provided with a dielectric layer 3 of silicon nitride by means of a chemical vapor deposition process (in Fig. 1, the layer 3 is partly removed in the left-hand top corner to show the electrode layers 2). The dielectric layer 3 is provided with a metal film of aluminium from which the electrode layers 4 are manufactured in the same manner as described hereinabove with respect to electrode layers 2, with each of the electrode layers 4 partially overlapping two underlying electrode layers 2.

Fig. 2 shows a side view of a cross-section taken on the line II-II in Fig.

1, which serves to illustrate the above-described layer structure. Subsequently, the assembly is provided with a lacquer layer 5, for example an epoxy lacquer, and the cover plate 6 of glass having a thickness of 0.2 mm is adherently provided thereon. The thickness of the assembly is slightly above 0.5 mm as the lacquer layer applied to the supporting plate 1 has a thickness of the order of several tens of microns.

The resultant assembly is subdivided into blocks which each comprise at least one component. In the Figs. 1 and 2, a number of partition lines A, B, C, D and E, and C', D' and E', respectively, are indicated, the partition lines C, D, E and C', D', E', respectively, extending through the electrode layers 2 and 4. The subdivision into blocks is preferably carried out by sawing. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of an enveloped component prior to the provision of the electric contacts.

Prior to the provision of the electric contacts, the sharp edges are removed from the enveloped components, preferably by mechanical means such as tumbling.

In this manner, it is precluded that during subsequent treatments in which large numbers of blocks are mechanically ordered, parts of the edges of the blocks break off. The result of this tumbling operation is shown in the Figs. 4 and 5, which show both ends of the block (component and envelope).

Subsequently, the entire block is covered with a nucleation layer of a nickel-chromium alloy by sputtering in a vacuum (barrel sputtering). The parts of the block on which, in a next step, the electric connections in the form of end contacts are to be provided are subsequently coated with a masking layer, for example of beeswax. The uncovered part of the nucleation layer is removed by etching with a suitable etchant. After removal of the masking layer, for example by- means of a hot, aqueous soap solution, both ends of the block are provided with electric connections and a solder layer.

Fig. 6 is a schematic side view of a block provided with nucleation layers

7 at both ends, obtained in the indicated manner. A large number of such blocks are simultaneously provided with a first layer of copper having a thickness of the order of 1 micron by means of electrodeposition. Subsequently, in an electrodeposition process, a layer of nickel having a thickness of the order of 1 micron is provided thereon, and, next, a layer of a solder metal (PbSn) having a thickness of the order of 10 microns is applied to said nickel layer. The resultant block is shown in side view in Fig. 7, the electric end contacts provided with a solder layer being indicated by the reference numeral 8. In this manner, an enveloped, single-layer capacitor is obtained.

Example 2 A single-layer resistor can be manufactured in the manner described in example 1, with this difference that instead of the electrically insulating dielectric layer 3 a resistance layer 3, for example of a chromium-nickel-silicon alloy is applied by means of a thin-film technique.

Example 3 (Figs. 8 - 10) Two plates 10 of glass having dimensions, for example, of 30 x 40 cm and a thickness of 0.4 mm, are provided with patterned blind holes 11 having a depth of 150 microns and an aperture at the surface of 300 x 300 microns. The openings can be formed, for example, by sand blasting using a mask provided with apertures having the desired pattern or photolithographically using an etchant. In the latter case, use can very advantageously be made of a type of glass which is marketed by SCHOTT under the trade name FOTURAN. After patterned exposure to UV light, the exposed regions of this glass can be etched selectively by means of hydrofluoric acid.

Subsequently, the surface of the plates in which the blind holes are formed is provided with a film of copper. The electrode layers 12 are formed from said copper film by means of a photolithographic process, and said electrode layers are subsequently provided with a gold layer in an electrochemical process. The cavities of plate 10 are subsequently provided with diodes 13 having dimensions, for example, of 250 x 250 x 200 microns, whereafter a second plate 10 is provided on the first plate 10. This situation is shown in Fig. 9 which is a cross-sectional view taken on the line IX-IX of Fig. 8.

To obtain a good electric contact between the end contacts of the diodes and the metal foils on the surface of both plates 10, a small piece of gold can be sandwiched between said diodes and said metal foils (not shown). The two plates 10 are bonded together

by means of a thin layer of an adhesive or by means of a glass frit. Subsequently, the assembly is subdivided into blocks and said blocks are provided with end contacts 14 and 15 in the manner indicated in example 1. Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view of a diode 13 provided with an envelope. As regards the portion of the envelope of plate 10, the cross- sectional view is taken on the line X-X in Fig. 8.

Example 4 (Figs. 11 - 16) A 0.6 mm thick glass plate 16 of FOTURAN is exposed to UV light via a mask. After a thermal treatment to bring about a conversion in the glass in the exposed parts of the glass plate, through-holes 16A having a diameter of 0.3 mm are formed by etching using a 10% aqueous solution of hydrogen fluoride. Components 17, for example in the form of diodes provided with two opposing end contacts 17A and 17B, are subsequently arranged in the apertures 16A.

Two cover plates 18 and 19, preferably of the same glass composition, are provided on one side with a thin copper film, for example, in an electrochemical process.

Subsequently, strips 18A and 19A are formed from these films in a photolithographic process. These strips are electrochemically provided with a gold layer. The cover plates 18 and 19 are subsequently secured, with the side carrying, respectively, the metal strips 18A and 19A, to the supporting plate 16 using, for example, an epoxide resin adhesive. To improve the electric contact between the end contacts 17A and 17B of the diodes 17 and the corresponding metal strips 18A and l9B, a small quantity of gold can be sandwiched therebetween (not shown).

The cover plates 18 and 19 are secured to the supporting plate 16 in such a manner that the metal strips, after the subdivision into blocks in the next step of the method, project at various ends of the block. This is shown in Fig. 15, which is a cross- sectional view of the assembly prior to the subdivision into blocks. The partition lines and partition faces indicated by dotted lines x, y and z in the Figs. 11 through 15, as well as the partition lines or partition faces indicated by dotted lines a, b and c in the Figs. 11 through 14, correspond to each other. The assembly is subsequently subdivided into blocks, preferably by sawing, whereafter the end contacts are provided in the manner indicated in example 3. Fig. 16 is a cross-sectional view of a finished enveloped diode 17; the reference numerals in Fig. 16 have the same meaning as in the preceding Figures.

The cavities indicated in examples 3 and 4, are rectangular or round in cross-section. Within the scope of the invention it is alternatively possible, however, to use

cavities having a different cross-sectional shape, such as triangular, elongated and such. The enveloped components shown in the examples comprise two electric end or head contacts. It will be obvious that enveloped components or combinations of equal and/or functionally different components, which may or may not be incorporated in an electric or electronic circuit, and which are provided with a common envelope in accordance with the inventive method, may comprise, if necessary, more than two suzh end contacts.

The enveloped components manufactured in accordance with the inventive method exhibit a very high dimensional accuracy. This has a positive effect on the placement efficiency when these components are arranged on a PCB by means of placement machines.