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Title:
METHOD FOR PRODUCING A LAMINATED VENEER LUMBER BOARD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2022/093103
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Method for producing a laminated veneer lumber board adapted to be used for curved modules in which a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards are laminated to each other to form a curved laminated wood module, where the method comprises the steps of; cutting a plurality of veneer plies, placing a first part of a first set of plies in a mould with the wood grain directed in a first direction, placing a second set of plies comprising one or two plies with the wood grain directed that is perpendicular to the first direction on the first part, placing a second part of the first set of plies with the wood grain directed in the first direction on the second set of plies, gluing and pressing the plies to each other to form the laminated veneer lumber board. The advantage of the invention is that a laminated veneer lumber board adapted for curved modules is provided.

Inventors:
OLIVEGREN DAVID (SE)
DÖLERUD ERIK (SE)
SÖDERIN GEIR (SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE2021/051094
Publication Date:
May 05, 2022
Filing Date:
November 02, 2021
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MODVION AB (SE)
International Classes:
B32B5/12; B27D1/04; B32B1/08; B32B21/13; B32B21/14; E04C3/12; E04H12/04; F03D13/20
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017058095A12017-04-06
WO2015185789A12015-12-10
WO2007117195A12007-10-18
WO2020149784A12020-07-23
Foreign References:
CN106078943A2016-11-09
US20190226447A12019-07-25
US3312582A1967-04-04
US20160222657A12016-08-04
EP0532376A21993-03-17
JP2016087816A2016-05-23
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ZACCO SWEDEN AB (SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1 . Method for producing a laminated veneer lumber board (1 ) adapted to be used for curved laminated wood modules (2) in which a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards (1) are laminated to each other to form a curved laminated wood module (2), where the laminated veneer lumber board (1 ) comprises a single position having a veneer ply (3) with the wood grain directed in a cross direction which allows the laminated veneer lumber board to be bent, where the method comprises the steps of; cutting a plurality of veneer plies (3), placing a first part (11 ) of a first set of veneer plies (10) in a mould with the wood grain directed in a first direction, where the first part (11 ) comprises at least two veneer plies (10), placing a second set of veneer plies (13) comprising a single veneer ply (12) or two veneer plies (12) arranged adjacent each other with the wood grain directed in a direction that is perpendicular to the first direction on the first part (11 ), placing a second part (12) of the first set of veneer plies (10) with the wood grain directed in the first direction on the second set of veneer plies (13), gluing and pressing the veneer plies to each other to form the laminated veneer lumber board (1 ).

2. Method according to claim 1 , wherein the second part (12) comprises the same number of veneer plies as the first part (11 ),

3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the first set of veneer plies (10) comprises at least six veneer plies (3).

4. Method according to any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the first set of veneer plies (10) comprises eight veneer plies and the second set of veneer plies (13) comprises a single veneer ply (3).

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (Rule 26) Method according to any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the thickness of a veneer ply is between 1 - 5 mm. Method according to any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the laminated lumber board (1 ) further comprises an outer layer of a different material. Method according to claim 6, wherein the outer layer is applied after the first set of veneer plies (10) and the second set of veneer plies (13) have been pressed and glued together. Method according to claim 6, wherein the outer layer is applied before the first set of veneer plies (10) and the second set of veneer plies (13) have been pressed and glued together. Laminated veneer lumber board (1) comprising a first set of veneer plies (10) and a second set of veneer plies (13), c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the wood grain direction of the first set of veneer plies (10) is directed in a first direction and that the wood grain direction of the second set of veneer plies (13) is directed in a direction perpendicular to the first direction, where a first part (11 ) of the first set of veneer plies (10) is placed on one side of the second set of veneer plies (13) and where a second part (12) of the first set of veneer plies (10) is placed on the other side of the second set of veneer plies (13), where the first part (11 ) comprises at least two veneer plies (10), where the second set of veneer plies (13) comprises a single veneer ply (3) or two veneer plies (3) arranged adjacent each other, where the laminated veneer lumber board (1) is produced by a method according to any of claims 1 to 8.

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (Rule 26) 16 Laminated veneer lumber board (1) according to claim 9, wherein the second part (12) comprises the same number of veneer plies as the first part (11 ). Laminated veneer lumber board (1) according to claim 9 or 10, wherein the first set of veneer plies (10) comprises eight veneer plies and the second set of veneer plies (13) comprises a single veneer ply. Curved laminated wood module (2), c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n that the curved laminated wood module (2) comprises a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards (1 ) according to any of claims 9 to

11 that are glued and pressed together. Curved laminated wood module according to claim 12, wherein the curved laminated wood module (2) comprises at least seven laminated veneer lumber boards (1 ).

SUBSTITUTE SHEET (Rule 26)

Description:
METHOD FOR PRODUCING A LAMINATED VENEER LUMBER BOARD

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a method for producing a Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) board comprising a plurality of veneer plies. The LVL board is adapted to be used in curved laminated wooden modules comprising a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards.

BACKGROUND ART

Wood is used for several different constructions and buildings. Wood may either be used as planks or beams sawn in one piece, but is often laminated in one way or the other. One common structural wood element is glued laminated timber (glulam), which consists of layers of dimensional lumber bonded together. These may be used as vertical columns, horizontal beams or arches. Another type of laminated wood is plywood, which consists of a plurality of cross-laminated veneer plies glued to each other. A plywood board is strong, dimension stable and does not warp or bend. Sometimes, bent laminated veneer materials are used, e.g. in chairs or other smaller objects, where the lamination is done by placing a number of separate veneer layers in a mould and gluing them together in the desired shape in order to obtain the laminated part. This is time consuming and work intensive.

There is thus room for an improved laminated veneer lumber board adapted to be used for curved objects.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

An object of the invention is therefore to provide a method for producing a laminated veneer lumber board that can be bent. A further object of the invention is to provide a laminated veneer lumber board that can be bent. A further object of the invention is to provide a curved laminated wood module comprising a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards.

The solution to the problem according to the invention is described in the characterizing part of claim 1 for the method of producing a laminated veneer lumber board, in claim 9 for a laminated veneer lumber board, and in claim 12 for a curved laminated wood module. The other claims contain advantageous embodiments and further developments of the method for producing a laminated veneer lumber board.

In a method for producing a laminated veneer lumber board adapted to be used for curved laminated wood modules in which a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards are laminated to each other to form a curved laminated wood module where the laminated veneer lumber board comprises a single position having a veneer ply with the wood grain directed in a cross direction which allows the laminated veneer lumber board to be bent, the steps of; cutting a plurality of veneer plies; placing a first part of a first set of veneer plies in a mould with the wood grain directed in a first direction, where the first part comprises at least two veneer plies; placing a second set of veneer plies comprising a single veneer ply or two veneer plies arranged adjacent each other with the wood grain directed in a direction that is perpendicular to the first direction on the first part; placing a second part of the first set of veneer plies with the wood grain directed in the first direction on the second set of veneer plies; gluing and pressing the veneer plies to each other to form the laminated veneer lumber board are comprised.

By this first embodiment of a method for producing a laminated veneer lumber board, a laminated veneer lumber board that can be bent to curved shapes without breaking is provided. By providing the laminated veneer lumber board with a single position having a veneer ply with the wood grain directed in a cross direction, it will be possible to bend the laminated veneer lumber board without breaking the crosswise veneer ply. In this case, the laminated veneer lumber board will be bent around the first direction, which is also the longitudinal direction of the laminated veneer lumber board. By using a first set of plies with the wood grain directed in a first direction, where the first set of plies comprises two parts, and a second set of plies comprising one veneer ply or two veneer plies arranged adjacent each other with the wood grain directed in a direction perpendicular to the first direction arranged between the first part and the second part, a laminated veneer lumber board that can be bent to a desired shape without breaking or ripping any of the veneer plies is provided. The crosswise arranged second set of veneer ply or plies may be positioned at any position in the laminated veneer lumber board. In one example, the crosswise second set is arranged in the middle of the laminated veneer lumber board, where the first part and the second part of the first set of plies comprises the same number of veneer plies. By producing the laminated veneer lumber board in a symmetric manner, where the first part and the second part of the first set of plies comprises an equal amount if plies, it is easier to produce the laminated veneer lumber board with a regular production method for laminated veneer lumber boards. However, with minor modifications, the crosswise second set of veneer plies can be positioned at any desired position in the laminated veneer lumber board.

In most examples, a laminated veneer lumber board consists of a plurality of veneer plies arranged with the wood grain in the same direction. Some laminated veneer lumber board may also comprise a few veneer plies arranged in a crosswise direction, where the veneer plies are arranged spaced apart from each other. The purpose of this is to reduce the risk of bending or warping of the laminated veneer lumber board. The reason to position all or most veneer plies in the same direction is to use the load bearing properties of the veneer plies when arranged in the same direction. This is different to plywood, where the wood grain of every other ply is directed in a perpendicular direction. Such a plywood board will not bend, but will also not be as strong as a laminated veneer lumber board in some directions.

The purpose of the invention is to provide a laminated veneer lumber board that can be used to laminate several boards to each other in a desired shape, such that a curved construction element comprising several laminated veneer lumber boards is obtained. This construction element will be strong and dimension stable, and can be produced in a rational manner, since each laminated veneer lumber board can be produced in a regular laminated veneer lumber board manufacturing line.

The laminated veneer lumber board comprises a second set of veneer plies with one or two veneer plies arranged adjacent each other. The second set of veneer plies may be arranged at any position of the laminated veneer lumber board, e.g. in the middle of the laminated veneer lumber board, with two, three or more veneer plies arranged on each side of the second set of veneer plies. The second set of veneer plies may comprise one veneer ply arranged with the wood grain direction perpendicular to the first direction, i.e. to the wood grain direction of the first set of veneer plies. The second set of veneer plies may also comprise two veneer plies arranged with the wood grain direction in the same direction and where the wood grain direction of the two veneer plies is perpendicular to the first direction, i.e. to the wood grain direction of the first set of veneer plies.

In one example, the laminated veneer lumber board is symmetric and comprises an even number of veneer plies. In this case, the second set of veneer plies comprises two veneer plies arranged adjacent each other. This will balance the layout of the board during production, and will simplify the production of the laminated veneer lumber board boards. In an example where the laminated veneer lumber board comprises a total of eight veneer plies, the second set of veneer plies is arranged with three veneer plies on each side.

In another example, the laminated veneer lumber board is symmetric and comprises an odd number of veneer plies. In this case, the second set of veneer plies comprises a single veneer ply arranged in the middle of the laminated veneer lumber board. This will balance the layout of the board during production, and will simplify the production of the laminated boards. In an example where the laminated veneer lumber board comprises a total of nine veneer plies, the second set of plies is arranged with four veneer plies on each side.

A laminated veneer lumber board may preferably comprise between seven to twelve veneer plies, even if other numbers are also possible. These numbers give a good balance between productivity and usability when creating curved laminated wooden structures comprising several laminated veneer lumber boards. The total number of veneer plies in an LVL board may e.g. depend on the required thickness of a curved laminated wood module and on the production process. A thinner laminated veneer lumber board is easier to bend, but more separate laminated veneer lumber boards have to be handled and bent which takes more time. A wooden structure such as a curved laminated wood module will preferably comprise at least five laminated veneer lumber boards. A wooden structure is preferably circumferential with a closed periphery, e.g. a circular structure such as a tower, or a closed curved structure such as a rotor blade. A closed structure will be rigid enough even though the wood grain of most of the veneer plies are directed in the same direction.

One advantage of the invention is that curved laminated wood modules can be manufactured at a production plant in a rational manner from laminated veneer lumber boards under controlled environmental conditions. The curved laminated wood modules can then be transported to a site for e.g. a wind turbine plant where the curved laminated wood modules may be assembled to circular sections and then to a laminated wood tower. The curved laminated wood modules can be manufactured such that they will fit on an ordinary truck, which allows for an easy transport of the curved laminated wood modules. Further, the weight of a curved laminated wood module is relatively low, which simplifies the transport to remote areas where the roads are often of low quality or nonexistent.

A curved laminated wood module is preferably formed by laminating a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards in a press comprising a curved mould and with a pressing method performed at an ambient temperature.

It is also possible to provide a laminated veneer lumber board with an additional outer layer, e.g. another fibre composite material such as a glass fibre or carbon fibre ply or a surface treatment material. This may be of advantage if the board will be the outermost layer in a curved laminated wood module. In one example, one of the veneer plies of the board is replaced with an additional layer of another material, e.g. another fibre composite material such as a glass fibre or carbon fibre ply. This may increase the stiffness or the load carrying properties of a board. The additional outer layer may be applied before or after a laminated veneer lumber board is ready.

Wood, and especially spruce, pine or birch, is a cheap and strong material suitable to be used for laminating boards from thin veneer plies. Other fibres may also be used, such as bamboo fibres, which may be laminated into boards with the fibres in a desired direction.

In a curved laminated wood module, several laminated veneer lumber boards are laminated to each other to form the curved laminated wood module. A curved laminated wood module may e.g. comprise nine laminated veneer lumber boards, where each LVL board may comprise e.g. seven veneer plies. In this example, the curved laminated wood module will comprise a total of 63 veneer plies.

The laminated veneer lumber boards are preferably laminated to each other in a press to form a curved laminated wood module. The curved laminated wood module is e.g. formed by nine laminated veneer lumber boards. When a curved laminated wood module has been pressed together, the rabbets or other joints and the side surfaces may thereafter be shaped by a precision router, such that relatively small tolerances are obtained.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

The invention will be described in greater detail in the following, with reference to the embodiments that are shown in the attached drawings, in which

Fig. 1 shows an example of a laminated veneer lumber board produced by the method according to the invention,

Fig. 2a-b show examples of veneer layouts for a laminated veneer lumber board according to the invention, and

Fig. 3 shows an example of a curved laminated wood module comprising a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards.

MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

The embodiments of the invention with further developments described in the following are to be regarded only as examples and are in no way to limit the scope of the protection provided by the patent claims. Fig. 1 shows a first example of a laminated veneer lumber board, Figs. 2a and 2b show examples of the layout of a laminated veneer lumber board, and Fig. 3 shows an example of a curved laminated wood module.

Fig. 1 shows a first example of a laminated veneer lumber (LVL) board 1 produced by the method. The LVL board comprises two sets of veneer plies 3, a first set 10 of veneer plies and a second set 13 of veneer plies. In the first set 10 of veneer plies, the direction of the wood fibres of all the veneer plies 3 are directed in the same direction. The first set 10 of veneer plies contain most of the plies, and preferably at least 80% of the number of plies. The second set 13 of veneer plies comprises in the shown example two veneer plies arranged adjacent each other with the direction of the wood fibres directed in a perpendicular direction when compared to the first set of veneer plies. In the shown example, the LVL board comprises eight veneer plies. A typical LVL board is between 2 - 5 meters wide and between 10 - 30 meters long.

The second set 13 of veneer plies may comprise a single veneer ply or two veneer plies arranged adjacent each other, or may comprise a single thicker veneer ply. The second set of veneer plies may comprise one veneer ply arranged with the wood grain direction perpendicular to the first direction, i.e. to the wood grain direction of the first set of veneer plies. The second set of veneer plies may also comprise two veneer plies arranged with the wood grain direction in the same direction and where the wood grain direction of the two veneer plies is perpendicular to the first direction, i.e. to the wood grain direction of the first set of veneer plies.

The second set 13 of veneer plies, i.e. the set of veneer plies having a wood grain direction that differs from the direction of the wood grains of the first set 10 of veneer plies of the laminated veneer lumber board, is in one example arranged in the middle of the laminated veneer lumber board. The laminated veneer lumber board in this example thus comprises a first part 11 of the first set 10 of veneer plies having three veneer plies with the wood grain direction arranged in a first direction, a second set 13 of veneer plies having two veneer plies with the wood grain direction arranged in a cross direction, perpendicular to the first direction, and a second part 12 of the first set 10 of veneer plies having three veneer plies with the wood grain direction arranged in the first direction.

The number of veneer plies in an LVL board may vary. A suitable number of veneer plies in an LVL board may e.g. be in the range between 7 to 15 veneer plies and may depend on the required thickness of the LVL board and on the production process. It is important that there is only one position in which one or more plies are arranged with the wood grain direction having a direction that differs from the first direction. If two or more plies are used, they must be arranged adjacent each other. Using a single set of plies arranged in a direction that differs from the first direction will strengthen the laminated veneer lumber board and will still allow the laminated veneer lumber board to be bent to a curved shape. A regular board having every other ply arranged crosswise will not be possible to bend without breaking at least some of the veneer plies or the complete board.

Figs. 2a and 2b show examples of a laminated veneer lumber board adapted to be used for curved laminated wood modules comprising a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards. The laminated veneer lumber board in Fig. 2a comprises eight veneer plies, and the second set of plies 13 comprises two veneer plies. In Fig. 2a, the first part 11 of the first set of veneer plies 10 comprises three veneer plies, and the second part 12 of the first set of veneer plies 10 also comprises three veneer plies.

The laminated veneer lumber board shown in Fig. 2b comprises seven veneer plies, and the second set of veneer plies 13 comprises a single veneer ply. In Fig. 2b, the first part 11 of the first set of veneer plies 10 comprises three veneer plies, and the second part 12 of the first set of veneer plies 10 also comprises three veneer plies. These shown laminated veneer lumber boards are symmetrical, which may be of advantage when producing a laminated veneer lumber board. Here, laminated veneer lumber boards comprising seven or eight veneer plies are shown, but other numbers of veneer plies are plausible.

When producing a curved laminated wood module 2 of a plurality of laminated veneer lumber boards, the laminated veneer lumber boards are pressed together in a glue press, where the final shape of the curved laminated wood module is obtained. When a curved laminated wood module has been glued together and the glue has cured, the edges of the curved laminated wood module may thereafter be shaped to the desired shape, e.g. to plane surfaces, by a precision router or a saw, such that relatively small tolerances are obtained. Other shapes such as rabbets or other joints are conceivable. The small tolerances help to improve the stiffness and rigidity of an assembled product. By precision routing the joint surfaces, the end surfaces of each layer can also be used to strengthen the joint.

Fig. 3 shows a curved laminated wood module 2 comprising five laminated veneer lumber boards 1 laminated to each other to form the curved laminated wood module 2. The curved laminated wood module is provided with an upper edge 4, a lower edge 5, a first side edge 6, a second side edge 7, an inner surface 8 and an outer surface 9. The shown curved laminated wood module is curved in a radial direction and straight in a longitudinal direction. A projection of a curved laminated wood module from the outer surface will resemble a rectangle where the long sides are either parallel or somewhat inclined. Curved laminated wood modules may be used for straight wooden assemblies, such as storage tanks or tubes, or for a laminated wood tower having a shape of a truncated cone. The radius of a curved laminated wood module is larger than 1 meter.

The laminated wood modules may be joined with different kinds of joints. The side edges may e.g. be provided with a tongue or a groove, such that a tongue and groove joint is obtained between two adjacent curved laminated wood modules. It is e.g. possible to provide the side edges with a double or stepped rabbet, such that a rabbet is provided with two rabbet edges provided at different heights, and two rabbet bottoms provided at different widths. Glue and screws may be used to connect two curved laminated wood modules to each other.

A curved laminated wood module will comprise wooden LVL boards where a single set of veneer plies is oriented in a different direction, i.e. where the wood fibres are directed in a different direction. This is often referred to as cross lamination. In cross lamination, one veneer ply or more veneer plies will be directed in another direction, normally 90 degrees when flat boards are manufactured. The longitudinal veneer plies, i.e. the plies having the wood grains oriented in a first direction, may e.g. mainly handle vertical loads, both pushing and pulling loads. The cross veneer ply or plies will help to handle twisting loads acting e.g. on a tower. Since all veneer plies are securely attached to each other, the wooden sections will be able to handle high loads in different directions.

A laminated veneer lumber board is made from several veneer plies of thin wood. A veneer ply may be e.g. 3 mm thick, and with eight veneer plies a 24 mm thick LVL board is obtained. By using nine LVL boards, a curved laminated wood module being 216 mm thick can be obtained. The number of used laminated veneer lumber boards and the number of veneer plies in a laminated veneer lumber board depends on the forces that the final construction must handle. A typical laminated wood module may e.g. be 20 - 40 cm thick or more. Curved laminated wood modules 2 may be mounted to each other to form a circular section. Circular sections may be mounted to each other to form a laminated wood tower. The horizontal joints between two circular sections may also be made in different ways, e.g. by offsetting the layers of the curved laminated wood modules. The joints may be glued and screwed together, e.g. by using metal plates.

It is also possible to provide a laminated veneer lumber board with an additional outer layer, e.g. another fibre composite material such as a glass fibre or carbon fibre ply or a surface treatment material. This may be of advantage if the laminated veneer lumber board will be the outermost layer in a curved laminated wood module. In one example, one of the veneer plies of the laminated veneer lumber board is replaced with a layer of another material, e.g. another fibre composite material such as a glass fibre or carbon fibre ply. This may increase the stiffness or the load carrying properties of a laminated veneer lumber board. The additional layer may be applied before or after a laminated veneer lumber board has cured.

Wood, and especially spruce, pine or birch, is a cheap and strong material suitable to be used for laminating boards from thin veneer plies. Other fibres may also be used, such as bamboo fibres, which may be laminated into boards with the fibres in a desired direction.

The invention is not to be regarded as being limited to the embodiments described above, a number of additional variants and modifications being possible within the scope of the subsequent patent claims. REFERENCE SIGNS

1 : Laminated veneer lumber board

2: Curved laminated wood module

3: Veneer ply 4: Upper edge

5: Lower edge

6: First side edge

7: Second side edge

8: Inner surface 9: Outer surface

10: First set of veneer plies

11 : First part of first set of veneer plies

12: Second part of first set of veneer plies

13: Second set of veneer plies