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Title:
METHODS AND DEVICES FOR TREATING ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/042418
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Methods and devices for treating erectile dysfunction are disclosed. Methods are aimed at reducing blood outflow from penile tissue by delivering energy to specific penile tissue that controls blood outflow from the penile tissue and causing remodeling of the specific penile tissue. Devices may be configured to generate RF energy and to apply the generated RF energy to a penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold. The predetermined temperature value may be set to initiate synthesis and/or a regeneration of collagen fibers in a collagen-rich penile connective tissue and/or to increase oxygenation of endothelial cells, initiate angiogenesis and neovascularization in a vascular penile tissue. Additionally, electrical penile stimulation is disclosed, possibly applicable in conjuncture with the erectile dysfunction treatment.

Inventors:
LISCHINSKY DANIEL (IL)
Application Number:
PCT/IL2017/050925
Publication Date:
March 08, 2018
Filing Date:
August 21, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
OHH MED MEDICAL LTD (IL)
International Classes:
A61F5/41; A61N1/04; A61N7/00
Foreign References:
US6033398A2000-03-07
US20010000261A12001-04-12
KR200452897Y12011-03-31
US20150032195A12015-01-29
KR20160072832A2016-06-23
US20150032195A12015-01-29
Other References:
See also references of EP 3506860A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
TAL, Ophir et al. (IL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A method of treating erectile dysfunction (ED), the method comprising delivering energy to a penile tissue comprising collagen fibers, wherein the delivered energy is configured to initiate synthesis of collagen fibers in the penile tissue.

2. The method of claim 1 , wherein the penile tissue is at least one of tunica albuginea and penile septum.

3. The method of claim 2, further comprising configuring the delivered energy to initiate at least one of alignment, remodeling and regeneration of collagen fibers or elastin fibers of the tunica albuginea and of the penile septum.

4. The method of anyone of claims 1-3, further comprising configuring the delivered energy to treat a venous leak disease or venous leak mechanism.

5. The method of claim 1, further comprising delivering energy to at least one of: corpora cavernosa and penile smooth muscle tissue.

6. The method of claim 5, further comprising configuring the delivered energy to at least one of: increase oxygenation of endothelial cells, improve blood flow in the penis, initiate angiogenesis in the penis and initiate neovascularization in the penis.

7. The method of anyone of claims 1-6, further comprising configuring the delivered energy to elevate a temperature of inner tissues of the penis to a predetermined temperature value.

8. The method of claim 7, further comprising configuring the delivered energy to maintain a temperature of an outer surface skin of the penis below a predetermined temperature threshold.

9. The method of anyone of claims 1-8, wherein the delivered energy comprises a radiofrequency (RF) radiation.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the delivered energy comprises RF conduction.

11. The method of anyone of claims 1-8, wherein the delivered energy comprises at least one of: ultrasound (US) energy, infrared (IR) energy and photonic energy.

12. A device for erectile dysfunction treatment, the device comprising:

at least one radiofrequency (RF) generator configured to generate RF energy; a plurality of RF electrode pairs, each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs configured to contact a target penile surface and connected to the at least one RF generator;

a control circuitry connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs and connected to at least one RF generator of the at least one RF generator, the control circuitry configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold.

13. The device of claim 12, wherein RF electrodes in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs are mechanically adjustable to ensure proper contact of the RF electrodes with the penis.

14. The device of anyone of claims 12 or 13, further comprising a reusable support and a disposable support removably connectable to the reusable support, wherein the disposable support comprises the plurality of RF electrode pairs and a removable connection between the reusable support and the disposable support is configured to enable delivery of the RF energy to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs.

15. The device of anyone of claims 12-14, wherein the control circuitry is configured to operate each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs separately and to decouple all RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs from each other to prevent thereby unintended current paths between operating and deactivated RF electrodes.

16. The device of anyone of claims 12-15, further comprising a reusable support, wherein the reusable support comprises at least one temperature sensor connected to the control circuitry and configured to monitor a penile surface temperature, wherein the control circuitry is further configured to discontinue and/or to adjust the RF energy delivery upon detection of the penile surface temperature based on the predetermined temperature threshold.

17. The device of anyone of claims 12-16, further comprising a disposable support, wherein the disposable support comprises a sleeve, wherein the sleeve is adapted in shape and size to accommodate the penis and comprises the plurality of RF electrode pairs, and wherein the sleeve comprises flexible material to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrode pairs thereof with the penile surface.

18. The device of anyone of claims 1-17, further comprising a pad for erectile body (EBS) stimulation mechanically attachable to a perineum of a patient and configured to electrically stimulate penile muscles.

19. The device of claim 18, further comprising at least one additional electrode contacting the target penile surface along with the RF electrode pairs and at least one additional electrode on the pad, wherein the additional electrodes on the target penile surface and on the pad are connected to the control circuitry and to an energy source configured to generate and to deliver a predetermined electrical current to the penis between the additional electrodes on the pad and on the device thereof to stimulate penile muscles.

20. The device of claim 19, wherein the control circuitry is further configured to apply RF energy to the penis between RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs contacting the target penile surface and further to apply at predetermined time points the predetermined electrical current pulses between the additional electrodes on the pad and on the device thereof to stimulate the penile muscles.

21. The device of anyone of claims 19-20, wherein the predetermined electrical current is a low frequency current.

22. The device of anyone of claims 18-21, wherein the pad further comprises at least one RF electrode connected to the control circuitry and to the at least one RF generator, and wherein the control circuitry is further configured to deliver RF energy between the at least one RF electrode of the pad and RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs contacting the target penile surface.

23. The device of anyone of claims 18-22, wherein the pad in attachable to the perineum using an intermediate layer, and wherein the intermediate layer comprises at least one of: a silicone, glue or any combination thereof.

24. The device of anyone of claims claim 12-23, wherein the control circuitry is configured to activate single RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs at a predetermined time point and during a predetermined time while deactivating remaining RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs.

25. The device of anyone of claim 12-23, wherein the control circuitry is configured to activate at least two RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pair at each time point, and wherein at least one RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs is deactivated.

26. The device of anyone of claims 12 and 18-23, comprising a single RF electrode and a return plate attachable to the penile surface and configured to deliver RF energy to the penis to elevate a temperature of inner penile tissues or of the penile surface to a predetermined temperature value.

27. A kit comprising a device for erectile dysfunction treatment and an erectile body stimulation (EBS) pad, wherein the device for erectile dysfunction is configured to generate RF energy and to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold, and wherein the EBS pad is configured to stimulate penile muscles.

28. The kit of claim 27, wherein the device for erectile dysfunction comprising:

at least one radio frequency (RF) generator configured to generate RF energy; a plurality of RF electrode pairs, each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs configured to contact a penis and connected to the at least one RF generator;

a control circuitry connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs and connected to the at least one RF generator, the control circuitry configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate the temperature of internal penile tissue above the predetermined temperature value while maintaining the penile surface below the predetermined temperature threshold.

29. The kit of claim 27, wherein RF electrodes in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrodes are mechanically adjustable to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrodes thereof with the penis.

30. The kit of anyone of claims 28 or 29, wherein the device for erectile dysfunction further comprising a reusable support and a disposable support removably connectable to the reusable support, wherein the disposable support comprises the plurality of RF electrode pairs and a removable connection between the reusable support and the disposable support is configured to enable delivery of the RF energy to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs.

31. The kit of anyone of claims 28 or 29, further comprising a disposable support, wherein the disposable support comprises a sleeve, wherein the sleeve is adapted in shape and size to accommodate the penis and comprises the plurality of RF electrode pairs, and wherein the sleeve comprises flexible material to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrode pairs thereof with the penile surface.

32. The kit of anyone of claims 28-31, wherein the control circuitry is configured to operate each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs separately and to decouple all RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs from each other to thereby prevent unintended current paths between operating and deactivated RF electrodes.

33. The kit of anyone of claims 28-32, wherein the reusable support further comprises a temperature sensor connected to the control circuitry and configured to monitor a penile surface temperature, wherein the control circuitry is further configured to discontinue or adjust the RF energy delivery upon detection of the penile surface temperature based on the predetermined temperature threshold.

34. The kit of anyone of claims 28-33, wherein the EBS pad is mechanically attachable to a perineum of a patient.

35. The kit of claim 34, wherein the device for the erectile dysfunction treatment further comprising at least one additional electrode contacting the target penile surface along with the RF electrode pairs and the EBS pad comprises at least one additional electrode, the additional electrodes thereof are connected to the electrical circuitry and to an energy source configured to generate and to deliver a predetermined electric current to the penis between the additional electrodes on the pad and on the device thereof to stimulate penile muscles.

36. The kit of claim 35, wherein the control circuitry is further configured to apply RF energy to the penis between RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs of the device for erectile dysfunction treatment and further to apply at predetermined time points the predetermined electrical current pulses between the additional electrodes on the pad and on the device thereof to stimulate the penile muscles.

37. The kit of anyone of claims 35-36, wherein the predetermined electrical current is a low frequency current.

38. The kit of anyone of claims 34-37, wherein the EBS pad further comprises at least one RF electrode connected to the control circuitry and to the at last one RF generator, and wherein the control circuitry is further configured to deliver RF energy between the at least one RF electrode on the EBS pad and RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs of the device for erectile dysfunction treatment.

39. The kit of anyone of claims 27 and 34-38, wherein the device for erectile dysfunction treatment comprising a single RF electrode and a return plate attachable to the penile surface and configured to deliver RF energy to the penis to elevate a temperature of inner penile tissues or of the penile surface to a predetermined temperature value.

40. The kit of anyone of claims 27-38, wherein the control circuitry is configured to activate single RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs of the device for erectile dysfunction at a predetermined time point and during a predetermined time period while deactivating remaining RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs.

41. The kit of claim 38, wherein the control circuitry is configured to activate at least two RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pair at each time point, and wherein at least one RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs is deactivated.

42. A method of erectile dysfunction treatment, the method comprising delivering radiofirequency (RF) energy to inner penile tissues of a penis of a patient via plurality of RF electrode pairs contacting a penile surface.

43. The method of claim 42, further comprising arranging the RF electrodes along a circumference of the penis such that each RF electrode in each of the RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs is positioned at a substantially opposite side of the penis to provide an opposite RF electrodes arrangement.

44. The method of claim 42, further comprising arranging the RF electrodes along a circumference of the penis such that RF electrodes in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs are positioned adjacent to each other to provide adjacent RF electrodes arrangement.

45. The method of anyone of claims 42-44, further comprising arranging the RF electrode pairs to protrude inwards from a central opening of a disposable support adapted in shape and size to receive at least a portion of the penis.

46. The method of anyone of claims 42-44, further comprising arranging the RF electrode pairs along a longitudinal axis of a sleeve adapted in shape and size to receive and accommodate the penis.

47. The method of claim 42, further comprising arranging the RF electrodes in multiple sets of RF electrode pairs, wherein the RF electrodes in each of the sets of RF electrode pairs are arranged along a circumference of the penis and wherein each of the sets of RF electrode pairs is positioned at different predetermined location along the penis.

48. The method of claim 47, further comprising arranging the multiple sets of RF electrode pairs along a longitudinal axis of the sleeve.

49. The method of anyone of claims 42-46, further comprising operating the RF electrode pairs according to a predetermined operation pattern.

50. The method of claim 49, further comprising designing the predetermined operation pattern to activate single RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs at a predetermined time point and during a predetermined time duration, while deactivating remaining RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs.

51. The method of claim 50, further comprising designing the predetermined operation pattern to activate at least two RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs at a predetermined time point and during a predetermined time duration, while deactivating at least one RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs.

52. The method of anyone of claims 42-51 , further comprising isolating each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to prevent unintended current paths between RF electrodes of the operating RF electrode pairs and deactivated RF electrode pairs.

53. The method of claim 43, further comprising configuring the opposite RF electrodes arrangement to deliver RF energy to a target inner penile tissue to thereby elevate a temperature of the target tissue to a predetermined temperature value, while keeping the penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold.

54. The method of claim 53, further comprising maintaining the temperature of the target inner penile tissue at the predetermined temperature value during a predetermined time duration to induce a desired treatment effect.

55. The method of claim 44, further comprising configuring the adjacent RF electrodes arrangement to deliver RF energy to the penile surface and to thereby elevate a temperature of the penile surface to a predetermined temperature value without significantly effecting inner penile tissues.

56. The method of anyone of claims 42-55, further comprising attaching at least one RF electrode and at least one additional electrode to a perineum of the patient.

57. The method of claim 56, further comprising attaching at least one additional electrode to the penile surface.

58. The method of anyone of claims 56 or 57, further comprising adapting the at least one additional electrodes to deliver low frequency electrical current.

59. The method of anyone of claims 56-58, further comprising delivering RF energy to the penis between the RF electrodes contacting the perineum and RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs contacting the penile surface.

60. The method of claim 57, further comprising delivering frequency predetermined electrical current between the at least one additional electrode contacting the perineum and the at least one additional electrode contacting the penile surface.

61. The method of anyone of claims 57-60, further comprising delivering RF energy to the penis between RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs contacting the penile surface and applying at predetermined time points the predetermined electrical current pulses between the at least one additional electrode contacting the perineum and the at least one additional electrode contacting the penile surface.

62. The method of anyone of claims 56-58 or 60-61, further comprising configuring the predetermined electrical current to stimulate penile muscles.

63. The method of anyone of claims 42 and 56-62, further comprising attaching a single RF electrode and a return plate to the penile surface and delivering RF energy to the penis between the single RF electrode and the return plate thereof to elevate a temperature of inner penile tissues or of the penile surface to a predetermined temperature value.

64. A system for treating erectile dysfunction comprising:

at least one radiofrequency (RF) generator configured to generate RF energy;

a reusable support,

a disposable support removably connectable to the reusable support, the disposable support comprising a plurality of RF electrode pairs, each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs is configured to contact a target penile surface and connected to the at least one RF generator, wherein a removable connection between the reusable support and the disposable support is configured to enable delivery of the RF energy to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs,

a control circuitry connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs and connected to at least one RF generator of the at least one RF generator, the control circuitry configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold, and

a pad for erectile body (EBS) stimulation mechanically attachable to a perineum of a patient and configured to electrically stimulate penile muscles by applying at predetermined time points predetermined electrical current pulses between at least one additional electrode on the pad and at least one additional electrode on the disposable support.

65. A device for treating erectile dysfunction comprising: at least one ultrasound (US) generator configured to generate ultrasound signals, at least one US transducer connected to the at least one US generator and configured to convert the ultrasound signals into US energy and to contact a penile surface of a patient, and a control circuitry connected to the at least one US transducer and to the at least one US generator and configured to control the at least one US generator and the at least one US transducer to apply the generated US energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold.

66. The device of claim 65, wherein the control circuity is configured to operate the at least one US generator and the at least one US transducer to generate US energy having predetermined US energy parameters and predetermined US energy operation patterns.

67. The device of anyone of claims 65-66, wherein the control circuity is configured to operate the at least one US transducer simultaneously.

68. The device of anyone of claims 65-66, wherein the control circuity is configured to operate the at least one US transducer separately.

69. The device of anyone claims 66-68, wherein at least one of the US energy parameters and the US energy operation patterns is determined based on a desired depth of US energy delivery.

70. The device of anyone of claims 65-69, further comprising a pad for erectile body stimulation (EBS) stimulation mechanically attachable to a perineum of the patient and configured to electrically stimulate penile muscles by applying at predetermined time points predetermined electrical current pulses between at least one electrode on the pad and at least one electrode attached to the penile surface of the patient.

71. The device of anyone of claims 65-70, further comprising:

at least one radio frequency (RF) generator configured to generate RF energy; and a plurality of RF electrode pairs, each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs configured to contact a penis and connected to the at least one

RF generator;

wherein the control circuitry is further connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs and connected to the at least one RF generator, the control circuitry is further configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate the temperature of internal penile tissue above the predetermined temperature value while maintaining the penile surface below the predetermined temperature threshold;

wherein the control circuity is further configured to operate the US transducers and the RF electrode pairs simultaneously or separately.

72. A method of erectile dysfunction treatment, the method comprising delivering ultrasound (US) energy to inner penile tissues of a penis of a patient via at least one US transducer contacting a penile surface.

73. The method of claim 72, further comprising operating the at least one US transducer to generate US energy having predetermined US energy parameters and according to predetermined US energy operation pattern.

74. The method of claim 73, further comprising operating the at least one US transducer simultaneously.

75. The method of claim 73, further comprising operating the at least one US transducer separately.

76. The method of any one of claims 73 or 74, further comprising determining at least one of the US energy parameters and the US energy operation patterns based on a desired depth of US energy delivery.

77. The method of any one of claims 74-76, further comprising attaching at least one additional electrode to the penile surface and at least one additional to a perineum of the patient.

78. The method of claim 77, further comprising delivering US energy to the penis via the at least one US transducer and applying at predetermined time points predetermined current pulses between the at least one additional electrode contacting the perineum and the at least one additional electrode contacting the penile surface.

79. The method of claim 78, further comprising configuring the predetermined electrical current to stimulate penile muscles.

80. The method of anyone of claims 72-79, further comprising delivering radiofrequency (RF) energy to inner penile tissues of the penis of the patient via plurality of RF electrode pairs contacting the penile surface, wherein the delivery of the RF energy and the delivery of the US energy is performed separately or simultaneously.

Description:
METHODS AND DEVICES FOR TREATING ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present invention relates to the field of methods of treating erectile dysfunction, and more particularly, to collagen remodeling based methods of treating erectile dysfunction.

2. DISCUSSION OF RELATED ART

[0002] Erectile dysfunction, which may be a persistent inability to achieve and/or maintain an erection sufficient for satisfactory sexual performance, may be an age-associated disorder and may have a prevalence rate of at least 39% and 67% among 40 years old and 70 years old men, respectively. Current treatment methods of erectile dysfunction typically include medications (e.g., oral medications such as Viagra®), intra cavernosal injection therapy, vacuum constriction devices, and/or penile implants. Medications and/or vacuum constriction devices may provide a temporary improvement of sexual functioning (e.g., on-demand treatment, where the sexual act depends on the use of the treatment before the act thereof), but fail to improve or cure erectile dysfunction. Moreover, medications may have contra-indications (e.g., hypotension, nitrate medications, pulmonary veno-occlusive disease, etc.), side effects (e.g., back pain, muscular pain, headache, flushing, tinted vision, dyspepsia etc.) and/or a non-response rate (e.g., about 25%). Penile implants may serve as a solution for a patient being non-responsive to therapeutic modalities (e.g., medications), however, it is an invasive procedure associated with temporary pain and/or with risks of infection, erosion, mechanical failure and other complications.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0003] The following is a simplified summary providing an initial understanding of the invention. The summary does not necessarily identify key elements nor limits the scope of the invention, but merely serves as an introduction to the following description. [0004] One aspect of the present invention provides a method of treating erectile dysfunction (ED), the method comprising delivering energy to a penile tissue comprising collagen fibers, wherein the delivered energy is configured to initiate synthesis of collagen fibers in the tissue thereof.

[0005] Another aspect of the present invention provides a device for erectile dysfunction treatment, the device comprising: at least one radiofrequency (RF) generator configured to generate RF energy; a plurality of RF electrode pairs, each RF electrode in each RF electrodes pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs configured to contact a target penile surface and connected to at least one RF generator of the at least one RF generator; a control circuitry connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrodes pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs and connected to at least one RF generator, the control circuitry configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0006] Another aspect of the present invention provides a kit comprising a device for erectile dysfunction treatment and an erectile body stimulation (EBS) pad, wherein the device for erectile dysfunction is configured to generate RF energy and to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold, and wherein the EBS pad is configured to stimulate penile smooth muscles.

[0007] Another aspect of the present invention provides a method of erectile dysfunction treatment, the method comprising delivering radiofrequency (RF) energy to inner penile tissues of a penis of a patient via a plurality of RF electrode pairs contacting a penile surface.

[0008] Another aspect of the present invention provides a system for treating erectile dysfunction comprising: at least one radiofrequency (RF) generator configured to generate RF energy; a reusable support, a disposable support removably connectable to the reusable support, the disposable support comprising a plurality of RF electrode pairs, each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs is configured to contact a target penile surface and connected to the at least one RF generator, wherein a removable connection between the reusable support and the disposable support is configured to enable delivery of the RF energy to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs, a control circuitry connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs and connected to at least one RF generator of the at least one RF generator, the control circuitry configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to apply the generated RF energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold, and a pad for erectile body (EBS) stimulation mechanically attachable to a perineum of a patient and configured to electrically stimulate penile muscles by applying at predetermined time points predetermined electrical current pulses between at least one additional electrode on the pad and at least one additional electrode on the disposable support.

[0009] Another aspect of the present invention provides a device for treating erectile dysfunction comprising: at least one ultrasound (US) generator configured to generate ultrasound signals, at least one US transducer connected to the at least one US generator and configured to convert the ultrasound signals into US energy and to contact a penile surface of a patient, and a control circuitry connected to the at least one US transducer and to the at least one RF generator and configured to control the at least one US generator and the at least one US transducer to apply the generated US energy to the penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0010] Another aspect of the present invention provides a method of erectile dysfunction treatment, the method comprising delivering ultrasound (US) energy to inner penile tissues of a penis of a patient via at least one US transducer contacting a penile surface.

[0011] These, additional, and/or other aspects and/or advantages of the present invention are set forth in the detailed description which follows; possibly inferable from the detailed description; and/or learnable by practice of the present invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] For a better understanding of embodiments of the invention and to show how the same may be carried into effect, reference will now be made, purely by way of example, to the accompanying drawings in which like numerals designate corresponding elements or sections throughout. [0013] In the accompanying drawings:

[0014] Figure 1A is a high level schematic illustration of a penis anatomy and Figures IB and 1C are high level schematic illustrations of a penile erection process;

[0015] Figure 2 is a high level schematic flowchart of a method of treating erectile dysfunction, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0016] Figure 3A is a high level schematic block diagram of a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0017] Figure 3B-3E are high level schematic illustrations of various arrangements of RF electrode pairs of a device for erectile dysfunction treatment with respect to a penis and operational mode of thereof, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0018] Figures 3F and 3G are high level schematic block diagrams of an electronic circuitry of a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0019] Figures 4A-4C are high level schematic illustrations of a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment comprising a reusable support and a disposable support, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0020] Figures 4D-4G are high level schematic illustrations of various configurations of a disposable support for a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0021] Figures 5A-5C are high level schematic illustrations of a pad for erectile body stimulation (EBS), according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0022] Figure 5D is a high level schematic block diagram and Figure 5E is a high level schematic illustration of a kit comprising a pad for erectile body stimulation (EBS) and a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment, respectively, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0023] Figure 5F is a high level schematic block diagram of electronic circuitry of the device for treating erectile dysfunction as well as providing erectile body stimulation (EBS) treatment by the erectile body stimulation (EBS) kit, according to some embodiments of the invention; [0024] Figure 6A is a high level schematic illustration of a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment comprising at least one ultrasound (US) transducer, according to some embodiments of the invention;

[0025] Figure 6B is a high level schematic illustration of a device for an erectile dysfunction treatment comprising at least one ultrasound (US) transducer and at least one RF electrode pair, according to some embodiments of the invention; and

[0026] Figure 7 is a high level schematic flowchart of a method of erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0027] In the following description, various aspects of the present invention are described. For purposes of explanation, specific configurations and details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the present invention. However, it will also be apparent to one skilled in the art that the present invention may be practiced without the specific details presented herein. Furthermore, well known features may have been omitted or simplified in order not to obscure the present invention. With specific reference to the drawings, it is stressed that the particulars shown are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the present invention only, and are presented in the cause of providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of the invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the invention in more detail than is necessary for a fundamental understanding of the invention, the description taken with the drawings making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the invention may be embodied in practice.

[0028] Before at least one embodiment of the invention is explained in detail, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of the components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the drawings. The invention is applicable to other embodiments that may be practiced or carried out in various ways as well as to combinations of the disclosed embodiments. Also, it is to be understood that the phraseology and terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting. [0029] Methods and devices for treating erectile dysfunction are disclosed. Methods are aimed at reducing blood outflow from penile tissue by delivering energy to specific penile tissue that controls blood outflow from the penile tissue and causing remodeling of the specific penile tissue. Methods may be further aimed to maintaining and/or enhancing erectile function of a patient, and/or to preventing an erectile dysfunction. Devices may be configured to generate RF energy and to apply the generated RF energy to a penis to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold. The predetermined temperature value may be set to initiate synthesis and/or a regeneration of collagen fibers in penile tissue comprising the collagen and/or to increase oxygenation of endothelial cells, initiate angiogenesis and neovascularization in a vascular penile tissue. Additionally, electrical penile stimulation is disclosed, possibly applicable in conjuncture with the erectile dysfunction treatment. Advantageously, disclosed embodiments provide curative methods and devices for erectile dysfunction disease that may be achieved by painless and non-invasive procedure.

[0030] Figure 1A is a high level schematic illustration of a penis 90 anatomy and Figures IB and 1C are high level schematic illustrations of a penile erection process. Illustrations 90A and 90B in Figures IB and 1C, respectively, indicate a flaccid state and an erect state of tunica albuginea 94 of penis 90, respectively. See e.g., Miller 2000, "Diagnostic Evaluation of Erectile Dysfunction", American Family Physician, 61(1):95-104 - for more details on the physiology and illustrations clarifying erectile function.

[0031] A penile erection may be achieved due to, for example, stimulation of a penis 90 by a nervous system (e.g., due to local mechanical stimulus of penis 90 and/or due to emotional stimulus). Stimulation of penis 90 by the nervous system may lead to secretion of nitric oxide (NO) that may cause, for example, relaxation of smooth muscles of corpora cavernosa 91, which is an inner spongy erectile tissue of penis 90 (e.g., as shown in Figure 1A). Relaxation of the smooth muscles may enable increased blood flow to corpora cavernosa 91 through arteries 92 (e.g., cavernosal arteries). As a result, corpora cavernosa 91 may expand, for example in length and in diameter (e.g., as shown in Figure 1C, with respect to Figure IB), to receive at least 90% of blood involved in the penile erection. [0032] Blood may leave corpora cavernosa 91 through veins 93 (e.g., deep dorsal veins) arranged along an outside surface of corpora cavernosa 91 (e.g., as shown in Figure 1A). Penile erection may be maintained due to, for example, a veno-occlusive mechanism (VOM), during which expanded corpora cavernosa 91 may press veins 93 against tunica albuginea 94 (which is a fibrous envelope of corpora cavernosa 91 consisting of about 95% collagen fibers and of about 5% elastin fibers) to constrict veins 93 and thereby preventing (or substantially preventing) blood from leaving corpora cavernosa 91 and maintaining penis 90 in an erect state erection (e.g., as shown in Figure 1C). Accordingly, tunica albuginea 94 may be directly involved in maintaining the penile erection and poor collagen fibers and/or elastin fibers expression within tunica albuginea 94 may lead, for example, to failure of the VOM and thereby to reduced erection and/or reduced rigidity of penis 90.

[0033] Figure 2 is a high level schematic flowchart of a method 100 of treating erectile dysfunction, according to some embodiments of the invention.

[0034] Method 100 may comprise delivering (stage 110) energy to collagen-rich penile connective tissue (e.g., tunica albuginea 93 and/or a penile septum 95), wherein the delivered energy may be configured to initiate synthesis of collagen fibers in the collagen-rich penile connective tissue.

[0035] Method 100 may comprise configuring (stage 112) the delivered energy to elevate a temperature of inner tissues of the penis (e.g., of tunica albuginea 93 and/or of penile septum 95) to a predetermined temperature value, while maintaining a temperature of an outer surface skin of the penis (e.g., skin 96) below a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0036] Method 100 may comprise configuring (stage 114) the delivered energy to initiate at least one of alignment, remodeling and regeneration of collagen fibers and/or elastin fibers of tunica albuginea 93 and/or of penile septum 95. For example, application of energy having predetermined energy parameters and/or according to predetermined operation patterns (e.g., as described below with respect to Figures 3A-3E) may elevate a temperature of target inner tissue (or tissues) of penis 90 (e.g., tunica albuginea 93 and/or penile septum 95) to a predetermined temperature value. The predetermined temperature value may be set to induce, for example, a desired treatment effect in the target inner tissue of penis 90. For example, exposing tunica albuginea 93 and/or penile septum 95 (e.g., as shown in Figure 1A) to temperature ranging between 42-52°C may induce regeneration and/or remodeling of collagen fibers in these tissues. [0037] Method 100 may comprise configuring (stage 116) the delivered energy to treat a venous leak disease or venous leak mechanism. For example, delivering energy to tunica albuginea 93 and/or penile septum 95 may, for example, induce synthesis, remodeling and/or regeneration of collagen fibers or elastin fibers in these tissues (e.g., as described above) and improve thereby the VOM which is responsible for preventing the venous leak disease or venous leak mechanism during erection (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 1A-1C).

[0038] Method 100 may comprise delivering (stage 118) energy to at least one of corpora cavernosa 91 (e.g., as shown in Figure 1A) and penile smooth muscle tissue (not shown). Method 100 may comprise configuring (stage 120) the delivered energy to increase the oxygenation of endothelial cells (e.g., within corpora cavernosa 91 and/or within the penile smooth muscle tissue) to improve blood flow in penis 90, initiate angiogenesis in penis 90 and/or initiate neovascularization in the penis. For example, exposing corpora cavernosa 91 and/or penile smooth muscle to temperature ranging between 42-52°C may increase oxygenation of endothelial cells and initiate angiogenesis and neovascularization in these tissues.

[0039] Method 100 may comprise selecting (stage 122) energy type from a group consisting, for example, of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic energy, ultrasound (US) energy, infrared (IR) energy and/or photonic energy.

[0040] The inventor thus suggests a new mechanism for treating erectile dysfunction. Contrary, or possibly complementarily to prior art medical treatment which is directed at increasing the input of blood into penile tissue (e.g., by administration of sildenafil derivatives), disclosed method 100 reduces or possibly temporarily blocks the output of blood from penile tissue as a mechanism for treating erectile dysfunction. Alternatively or complementarily, disclosed method 100 may be used as a preventive treatment to delay appearance of erectile dysfunction syndromes (e.g., prophylaxis), to prevent development of erectile dysfunction disease and/or to maintain normal erectile function. Alternatively or complementarily, disclosed method 100 induces re-modeling of penile tissue to enhance or improve the organic blood output mechanisms such as vein constriction which maintain erection, and therefore may provide a long lasting effect, possibly even in the absence of additional treatment. Initial experiments indicate that method 100 actually induces an increase in common assessment tests for measuring of erectile function, such as the IIEF (international index of erectile function, see e.g., Miller 2000 cited above) which suggests a real, long-lasting improvement in the state of the patient. Method 100 may be implemented by a device 200 disclosed below, or by any equivalent apparatus which implements at least some of the stages of method 100.

[0041] Figure 3A is a high level schematic block diagram of a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention. Device 200 is a non- limiting example for an RF-based implementation of method 100, using RF energy to reduce blood output by obstruction or constriction of veins 93 by possibly tissue re-modelling of the tunica albuginea 94 to treat erectile dysfunction.

[0042] Device 200 may comprise at least one radiofrequency (RF) generator 210 configured to generate RF energy. Device 200 may comprise a plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 connected to at least one RF generator 210 and adapted to contact penis 90 of a patient. For example, device 200 may comprise a first electrode pair 222, a second RF electrode pair 224 and/or a third RF electrode pair 226 (e.g., as shown in Figure 3A). In some embodiments, each of RF electrode pairs 220 may be connected to a different RF generator 210. As may be apparent to a person of ordinary skill in the art, while Figure 3A illustrates three RF electrode pairs 222, 224, 226 it is not meant to be limiting in any way and device 200 may comprise any number of RF electrode pairs 220.

[0043] In some embodiments, RF generator(s) 210 may be configured to generate RF energy at a frequency ranging between 100 KHz - 40 MHz. In some embodiments, RF generator(s) 210 may be configured to generate RF energy at power ranging between 1 - 100 W. In some embodiments, RF generator(s) 210 may be configured to generate RF energy at power ranging between 15 - 25 W. In some embodiments, the power of RF energy generated by RF generator(s) 210 may be determined based on, for example, a geometry of the RF electrodes of RF electrode pairs 220 and/or on tissue parameters (e.g., impedance, geometry, size, etc.) of a patient undergoing the treatment.

[0044] Device 200 may comprise a control circuitry 230 connected to each RF electrode in each of RF electrode pairs 222, 224, 226 and to RF generator(s) 210. Control circuitry 230 may be configured to control generation and delivery of generated RF energy to penis 90 via RF electrode pairs 220 to elevate, for example, a temperature of a target internal penile tissue (e.g., corpora cavernosa 91, tunica albuginea 93, penile septum 95, penile smooth muscle tissue, etc., as shown in Figure 1A) above a predetermined temperature value.

[0045] In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to control RF generator(s) 210 to generate RF energy having predetermined energy parameters. The predetermined energy parameters may comprise, for example, at least one of a predetermined frequency, phase, intensity and/or polarity. In some embodiments, RF generator(s) 210 may be further controlled (e.g., by control circuitry 230) to perform multiplexing of predetermined energy parameters thereof to generate predetermined energy patterns. The predetermined energy patterns may comprise, for example, frequency pattern(s), phase pattern(s), intensity pattern(s), modulation pattern(s) and/or waveform pattern(s). In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to operate RF electrode pairs 220 according to a predetermined operation pattern. The predetermined operation pattern may comprise, for example, a mode, timing and/or time duration of RF electrodes operation.

[0046] In various embodiments, at least one of the energy parameters, energy patterns, operation patterns or any combination thereof may be determined and controlled (e.g., by control circuit 230) based on a desired depth of RF energy delivery (e.g., depending on a target inner penile tissue) and/or based on a desired temperature value (e.g., depending on a desired treatment effect).

[0047] Figure 3B-3E are high level schematic illustrations of an arrangement of RF electrode pairs 220 of a device 200 for erectile dysfunction treatment with respect to a penis 90 and operational mode of thereof, according to some embodiments of the invention.

[0048] In some embodiments, RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 may be arranged along a circumference of penis 90 such that each RF electrode in each of RF electrode pairs 222, 224 and 226 is positioned at a substantially opposite side of penis 90 (e.g., as shown in Figures 3A-3C). Control circuitry 230 may be configured to operate each of RF electrode pairs 220 separately (e.g., as described below with respect to Figure 3F-3G) to drive, for example, electrical current between RF electrodes of operating RF electrode pair only and to prevent leakage of the current thereof to other RF electrodes.

[0049] Control circuitry 230 may be configured to operate RF electrode pairs 220 according to a predetermined operation pattern. The operation pattern may be predetermined to elevate a temperature of a desired inner penile tissue to a predetermined temperature value, while maintaining penile surface 96 (e.g., skin of penis 90) below a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0050] In some embodiments, the predetermined operation pattern may comprise activation of a single RF electrode pair of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 at each time point during a treatment procedure (e.g., as shown in Figure 3B). For example, the predetermined operation pattern may comprise activation (e.g., by control circuitry 230) of first pair of RF electrodes 222 at a first predetermined time point ti and for a first predetermined time duration Atn (e.g., as shown in Figure 3B). The predetermined operation pattern may further comprise deactivation (e.g., by control circuitry 230) of first RF electrode pair 222 and activation of second RF electrode pair 224 at a second predetermined time point (e.g., and for a second predetermined time duration At23 (e.g., as shown in Figure 3B). The predetermined operation pattern may further comprise deactivation (e.g., by control circuitry 230) of second RF electrode pair 224 and activation of third RF electrode pair 226 at a third predetermined time point ¾ (e.g., and for a third predetermined time duration At3i (e.g., as shown in Figure 3B).

[0051] In some embodiments, the predetermined operation pattern may comprise simultaneous activation of two (or optionally more) RF electrode pairs of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 at each time point. For example, the predetermined operation pattern may comprise activation (e.g., by control circuitry 230) of first pair of RF electrodes 222 and second pair of RF electrodes 224 at a first predetermined time point ti such that both first RF electrode pair 222 and second RF electrode pair 224 are simultaneously operating for a first predetermined time duration Atn (e.g., as shown in Figure 3C). The predetermined operation pattern may further comprise deactivation (e.g., by control circuitry 230) of first RF electrode pair 222 and activation of third RF electrode pair 226 at a second predetermined time point (e.g., such that both second RF electrode pair 224 and third RF electrode pair 226 are simultaneously operating for a second predetermined time duration At23 (e.g., as shown in Figure 3C). The predetermined operation pattern may further comprise deactivation (e.g., by control circuitry 230) of second RF electrode pair 224 and activation of first RF electrode pair 222 at a third predetermined time point t? (e.g., such that both third RF electrode pair 226 and first RF electrode pair 222 are simultaneously operating for a third predetermined time duration At3i (e.g., as shown in Figure 3B).

[0052] In various embodiments, the predetermined operation pattern may comprise operating RF electrode pairs 220 in a predetermined order, for example in a clockwise direction (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3B-3C) or a counterclockwise direction (not shown). Alternatively or complementarily, the predetermined operation pattern may comprise random activation of RF electrode pairs 220. [0053] Positioning RF electrodes of each of RF electrode pairs 222, 224, 226 at substantially opposite sides of penis 90 (e.g., as shown in Figures 3A-3C), application of each of the RF electrode pairs thereof separately and/or according to the predetermined operation pattern may drive electrical current 227 (e.g., schematically indicated by dashed arrows in Figure 3C) via deep inner penile tissues (e.g., corpora cavernosa 91, tunica albuginea 94, etc.) thereby elevating the temperature of the inner tissues thereof and preventing overheating of penile surface 96.

[0054] In various embodiments, time durations (e.g., Atn, At23, At3i) of RF electrode pairs 220 operation may be set to prevent elevation of penile surface 96 above a predetermined temperature threshold (e.g., in non-limiting examples, 38°C, 40°C, 42°C, possibly 44 °C or other temperature thresholds for not causing damage and/or unwanted sensations), for example by setting relatively short Atn, At23, Atn values (e.g., 1-2 sec as non- limiting examples) and yet to elevate a temperature of a desired inner penile tissue (e.g., tunica albuginea 94 and/or penile septum 95) to a predetermined temperature value (e.g., values within the range 42-52°C, as a non-limiting example). In various embodiments, time durations of RF electrode pairs 220 operation (e.g., Atn, At23, At3i) may be predetermined based on at least one of: contact area of RF electrodes with a tissue, power of supplied RF energy location of RF electrode pairs 220 along penis 90 and/or any combination thereof.

[0055] In some embodiments, a total treatment time may be determined based on a desired treatment effect. For example, maintaining collagen-rich penile tissue (e.g., tunica albuginea 94) for predetermined time duration ranging between 1 sec to 15 min at a temperature ranging between 42-52°C may induce regeneration and/or remodeling of collagen fibers in these tissues. In some embodiments, higher temperature (e.g., in a 42-52°C range) maintained for longer time (e.g., in a 1 sec - 15 min range) may enhance a desired treatment effect in a tissue. In some embodiments, a minimal treatment time to achieve a desired treatment effect may be at least 30 sec.

[0056] In some embodiments, RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 may be arranged along a circumference of penis 90 such that RF electrodes in each of RF electrode pairs 222, 224 and 226 are positioned adjacent to each other (e.g., as shown in Figures 3D). RF electrode pairs 220 in the adjacent arrangement of RF electrodes may be operated (e.g., by control circuitry 230) according to the predetermined operation pattern that may comprise, for example, activation of a single RF electrode pair of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 or simultaneous activation of two (or optionally more) RF electrode pairs of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 at each time point during a treatment procedure, as shown in Figure 3D and Figure 3E, respectively. It is noted that the disclosed adjacent arrangement of the RF electrodes may be applied to heat surface tissues without significantly affecting deeper tissues, which may be required in some embodiments of device 200.

[0057] In various embodiments, device 200 may comprise a single RF electrode and a return plate that may be connected to penile surface 96 (not shown) and may be configured to deliver RF energy to penis 90 to elevate a temperature of inner penile tissues (e.g., corpora cavernosa 91, tunica albuginea 94, penile septum 95, etc., as shown in Figure 1A) and/or of the surface penile tissue thereof.

[0058] Figures 3F and 3G are high level schematic block diagrams of electronic circuitry 205 of a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention. Electronic circuitry 205 provides a non- limiting example illustrating the isolation of RF electrode pairs from each other in the control scheme, designed to prevent unintended current paths between RF electrodes of activated and deactivated RF electrode pairs (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3B-3D) to prevent thereby overheating of skin tissue by avoiding too long accidental activation of any of the RF electrodes.

[0059] In some embodiment, each of RF electrode pairs 222, 224 and 226 may be connected to a different RF generator 210 and/or each RF electrode in each of RF electrode pairs 222, 224, 226 may be connected to a control circuitry 230 (e.g., as shown in Figure 3G).

[0060] In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to operate each of RF electrode pairs 220 separately and to decouple all of RF electrode pairs 220 from each other to drive, for example, electrical current between RF electrodes of operating RF electrode pair only and to prevent leakage of the current thereof to other RF electrodes. For example, during operation of first RF electrode pair 222 (e.g., during first time period Atn, as shown in Figure 3C) each of second and third RF electrode pairs 224, 226, respectively may be decoupled from operating first RF electrode pair 222 (and optionally from the respective RF generator(s) 210). Decoupling of deactivated RF electrode pairs 224, 226 from operating first pair of RF electrodes 222 may ensure electrical current flow between RF electrodes of operating first RF electrode pair 222 and prevent incidental current leakage to at least one of RF electrodes of deactivated second and third RF electrode pairs 224, 226, respectively. [0061] In various embodiments, each RF electrode in each of RF electrode pairs 220 may be connected to control circuitry 230 using a transformer, and/or may comprise at least one of control circuitry subunit and/or RF inlet. For example, RF electrode 222a in first RF electrode pair 222, may be coupled to control circuitry 230 of device 200 using a transformer 222-1 and/or may comprise at least one RF inlet 222-2 coupled to, for example, respective RF generator 210. RF electrode 222a may further comprise a control circuitry subunit 222-3 configured to operate in association with control circuitry 230 to, for example, activate and deactivate the RF electrode thereof, according to, for example, predetermined operation pattern.

[0062] Figures 4A-4C are high level schematic illustrations of a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment comprising a reusable support 240 and a disposable support 250, according to some embodiments of the invention. Figures 4A and Figure 4B illustrate disassembled and assembled sates of device 200, respectively. Figure 4C illustrates an alternative configuration of a disposable support 250.

[0063] Device 200 may comprise a reusable support 240 and a disposable support 250. Disposable support 250 may be adapted in shape and size to be removably connected to reusable support 240. For example, disposable support 250 may have an annular shape and reusable support 240 may comprise an annular opening 241 adapted in shape and size to accommodate disposable support 250 (e.g., as shown in Figure 4A). In some embodiments, disposable support 250 may comprise protrusions 251 and reusable support 240 may comprise mating indents 242a and clips 242b (e.g., as shown in Figures 4A-4B) configured to secure the connection of reusable support during operation of device 200.

[0064] In some embodiments, reusable support 240 may be connected to control unit (not shown) comprising RF generator(s) 210 and control circuitry 230 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3G).

[0065] Disposable support 250 may comprise a central opening 252 configured to accommodate plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3G) and to receive penis 90 of a patient. In some embodiments, RF electrode pairs 220 may be arranged to protrude inwards from central opening 252. The removable connection of disposable support 250 to reusable support 240 may be configured to enable delivery of the RF energy (e.g., generated by RF generators 210, as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3G) to each RF electrode in each of RF electrode pairs 220. For example, disposable support 250 may comprise openings 254 to allow a contact of a proximal end of each RF electrode with electrically conductive caps 243 of reusable support 240 (e.g., as shown in Figure 4A) to enable an electrical current to flow from RF generator(s) 210 to penis 90 via the RF electrodes thereof.

[0066] In some embodiments, each of RF electrodes in RF electrode pairs 220 may be mounted on at least one mechanically adjustable element 253. The mechanically adjustable element(s) 253 may be arranged to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrodes with penis 90. In some embodiments, mechanically adjustable element(s) 253 may comprise at least one of a spring, stiff material, compliant material, yielding material, foam material, elastic material. Mechanically adjustable element(s) 253 may be configured to support the respective electrodes to ensure the appropriate required level of contact between the electrodes and the penis, and enable efficient RF energy transfer thereto. For example, stiffer material may be attached to disposable support 250 while more compliant material may be supported by the stiffer material and support the electrode attached thereto. Material characteristics may be adjusted to optimize the required level of contact (e.g., applied pressure, effective contact area and shape of contact area, effective electric conductivity etc.) between the electrodes and the penis, while avoiding damage and pain to the treated patient. Various materials with corresponding mechanical parameters may be used, such as polymers, fabrics, plastic, ceramic or metal implements etc.

[0067] For example, each of RF electrodes in RF electrode pairs 220 may comprise at least one spring 253, e.g., as shown in Figure 4B. Alternatively or complementarily, each of RF electrodes may comprise two or more springs, for example, spring 253a and spring 253b, e.g., as shown in Figure 4C. Springs 253a, 253b may be embedded in, for example, corresponding sections 220-1, 220-2 of the RF electrodes, respectively. Sections 220-1, 220-2 and/or springs 253a, 253b of the RF electrode may be configured to enable relative telescopic motion of sections 220-1, 220-2 upon contact of the RF electrodes with penile surface 96 (not shown). In various embodiments, spring 253a may be configured to push distal ends 220-3 of the RF electrodes and/or spring 253b may be configured to push proximal ends 220-4 of the RF electrodes to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrode thereof with penile tissue 96 and electrically conductive caps 243 of reusable support 240, respectively. In some embodiments, a spring constant of spring 253a may be smaller than a spring constant of spring 253b. In some embodiments, spring's 253a wire thickness may range between 0.1-0.4mm and spring's 253b wire thickness may range between 0.3-lmm [0068] In some embodiments, the mechanically adjustable elements 253 (e.g., springs 253 or springs 253a, 253b) may be adapted (e.g., by setting spring constants) to ensure that a contact pressure applied by the RF electrodes to penis 90 ranges within a predetermined contact pressure. The contact pressure range may be determined to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrodes thereof with penile surface 96, and/or to prevent damaging of penis 90 and/or to avoid patient discomfort.

[0069] In some embodiments, device 200 may be positioned at a predetermined distance from a base of penis 90 (e.g., as shown in Figure 5E). The distance may be predetermined based on a target treatment region of penis 90. In some embodiments, the distance may be varied during a treatment procedure to apply the treatment (e.g., to deliver RF energy) to various regions along penis 90. In various embodiments, the distance may be continuously varied (e.g., using reusable support 240) during a treatment procedure to apply the treatment to a larger region of penis 90 and/or to avoid overheating of a specific region of penis 90 above a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0070] Reusable support 240 may comprise at least one temperature sensor 245 configured to monitor a temperature of penile surface 96. In some embodiments, temperature sensor(s) 245 may be, for example an infrared (IR) thermometer. Temperature sensor(s) 245 may be connected to control circuitry 230 (not shown) and control circuitry 230 may be configured to discontinue or adapt the RF energy delivery upon detection of the penile surface 96 temperature exceeding a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0071] Figures 4D-4E are high level schematic illustrations of various configurations of a disposable support 250 for a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention.

[0072] In some embodiments, disposable support 250 may be designed as a sleeve 250a adapted is shape and size to receive and accommodate penis 90 during a treatment procedure.

[0073] Sleeve 250a may comprise at least one set of RF electrode pairs 220. In some embodiments, RF electrodes in each of RF electrode pairs 220 may be arranged along a longitudinal axis of the sleeve (e.g., as shown in Figure 4D). In various embodiments, control circuity 230 may be configured to operate the longitudinally arranged RF electrode pairs 220 in the opposite RF electrodes arrangement (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3B-3C) and/or in the adjacent RF electrodes arrangement (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3D-3E).

[0074] In some embodiments, sleeve 250a may comprise multiple sets of RF electrode pairs 220 positioned along a longitudinal axis of the sleeve (e.g., as shown in Figure 4E). For example, sleeve 250a may comprise a first set 220a of RF electrode pairs, a second set 220b of RF electrode pairs and/or a third set 220c of RF electrode pairs. RF electrodes in each of sets 220a, 220b, 220c of RF electrodes may be, for example, surface electrodes. In some embodiments, the RF electrodes may be, for example, embedded within sleeve 250a. Embedding of the RF electrodes within sleeve 250a may, for example, enable capacitive coupling of the RF electrodes with the RF energy delivered via the RF electrodes thereof to a target tissue. Sets 220a, 220b and 220c of RF electrode pairs may be positioned at a predetermined distance 221 from each other. Sleeve 250a may be made from a flexible and/or stretchable material (e.g., silicone) to ensure, for example, a proper contact of the RF electrodes with penis 90. As may be apparent to a person of ordinary skill in the art, while Figure 4E illustrates three sets 220a, 220b and 220c of RF electrode pairs, it is not meant to be limiting in any way and sleeve 250a may comprise any number of sets of RF electrode pairs. In some embodiments, sleeve 250a may eliminate a need in reusable support 240 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4A-4B).

[0075] In some embodiments, control circuity 230 of device 200 may be configured to operate each of sets 220a, 220b and 220c of RF electrode pairs in a way that ensures electrical current path between the RF electrodes of the respective set and prevents current paths between RF electrodes of different sets (e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 3F-3G). RF electrodes in each of sets 220a, 220b and/or 220c of RF electrode pairs may be arranged and operated in the opposite RF electrodes arrangement (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3B-3C) and/or in the adjacent RF electrodes arrangement (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3D-3E). In various embodiments, control circuity 230 may be configured to operate sets 220a, 220b and 220c of RF electrode pairs in sequence (e.g., separately) or simultaneously.

[0076] Alternatively or complementarily, RF electrodes from different sets of RF electrode pairs may be coupled to deliver electrical current between the respective coupled electrodes. In various embodiments, coupled RF electrode pairs may be arranged and operated in an opposite coupled RF electrodes arrangement or in an adjacent coupled RF electrodes arrangement. In certain embodiments, sleeve 250a may be configured to support an array of electrodes 222, 224, 226 which may be controlled separately and digitally, to be operated independently of each other, while maintaining contact with the penis. The digital control of the electrodes may enable maintaining the contact of the electrodes with the penis while ensuring safety. The electrodes in the array may be operated to form electrode pairs at a specified spatio-temporal pattern, e.g., activating electrode pairs along the penis at different times to treat different regions in the penis tissue consecutively, without physically moving sleeve 250a and electrodes 222, 224, 226. In certain embodiments, electrode pairing may be carried out dynamically, to optimize the delivery of heat to internal tissue in the penis, while maintain the surface of the penis below any specified heating threshold.

[0077] For example, RF electrode 222a-l from set 220a may be coupled with RF electrode 222b- 2 from set 220b positioned at opposite portion of sleeve 250a with respect to RF electrode 222a- 1, RF electrode 224a-l from set 220a may be coupled with RF electrode 224b-2 from set 220b positioned at opposite portion of sleeve 250a with respect to RF electrode 224a-l and/or RF electrode 226a-l from set 220a may be coupled with RF electrode 226b-2 from set 220b positioned at opposite portion of sleeve 250a with respect to RF electrode 226a- 1 to provide the opposite coupled RF electrode arrangement. Control circuitry 230 may be further configured to operate the coupled RF electrode pairs of the opposite coupled RF electrode arrangement according to a predetermined operation pattern, for example as described above with respect to Figures 3B-3C.

[0078] In another example, RF electrode 222a-l from set 220a may be coupled with RF electrode 222b-l from set 220b positioned at the same portion of sleeve 250a as RF electrode 222a-l, RF electrode 224a-l from set 220a may be coupled with RF electrode 224b-l from set 220b positioned at the same portion of sleeve 250a as RF electrode 224a-l and/or RF electrode 226a-l from set 220a may be coupled with RF electrode 2226b- 1 from set 220b positioned at the same portion of sleeve 250a as RF electrode 226a-l to provide the adjacent coupled RF electrode arrangement. Control circuitry 230 may be further configured to operate the coupled RF electrode pairs of the adjacent coupled RF electrode arrangement according to a predetermined operation pattern, for example as described above with respect to Figures 3D-3E.

[0079] Control circuitry 230 may be further configured to operate each of the coupled RF electrode pairs separately to drive electrical current between RF electrodes of operating coupled RF electrode pair only and to prevent leakage of the current thereof to other RF electrodes (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3F-3G).

[0080] In some embodiments, RF electrodes from adjacent sets of RF electrode pairs may be coupled (e.g., sets 220a, 220b as described above with respect to Figure 4E). In some embodiments, RF electrodes from sets which are not adjacent to each other (e.g., sets 220a, 220c) may be coupled (not shown).

[0081] In some embodiments, disposable support 250 may be designed as an openable sleeve 250b, for example as shown in Figures 4F-4G. Illustrations in Figures 4F and 4G illustrate open and closed sates of openable sleeve 250b, respectively. Openable sleeve 250a may be made from a flexible and/or stretchable material to enable, for example, a rolling of the sleeve around penis 90 and to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrodes with penis 90. In some embodiments, openable sleeve 250b may be made of, for example, a flexible printed circuit board (PCB) that may be rolled around penis 90 and may comprise printed routings coupling the RF electrodes of sleeve 250b with at least one connector 250b-l (e.g., located on openable sleeve 250b, as shown in Figure 4F). In some embodiments, connector(s) 250b-l may be configured to couple the RF electrodes of openable sleeve 250b (e.g., via the printed routing in the PCB thereof) to control circuity 230 of device 200 (not shown).

[0082] In some embodiments, disposable support 250 embodied as sleeve 250a or openable sleeve 250b which may comprise multiple sets of RF electrode pairs positioned at predetermined locations along the sleeve thereof may enable applying RF energy to various locations along penis 90 during a single treatment procedure.

[0083] In various embodiments, RF electrodes of the multiple RF electrodes sets and/or sleeves 250a, 250b may be mounted on mechanically adjustable elements 253 adapted to ensure that a contact pressure applied by the RF electrodes thereof to penis 90 ranges within a predetermined contact pressure (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4B-4C). The contact pressure range may be determined to ensure a proper contact of the RF electrodes thereof with penile surface 96, and/or to prevent damaging of penis 90 and/or to avoid patient discomfort.

[0084] In some embodiments, a fluid or a gel may be used during treatment with device 200 to reduce, for example, a friction between RF electrodes and penile surface 96, to improve electrical conductivity through penile tissue (e.g., to reduce an impedance of penile surface 96), or cool penile surface 96.

[0085] Figures 5A-5C are high level schematic illustrations of a pad 300 for erectile body stimulation (EBS), according to some embodiments of the invention. Illustrations 300A, 300B and 300C in Figures 5A, 5B and 5C, respectively represent a top view, a side view and a bottom view of pad 300, respectively. Pad 300 is further connected to control circuitry 230 and energy source 310 as illustrated in Figure 5D.

[0086] Pad 300 may comprise at least one RF electrode 320 attached to pad's 300 surface and configured to deliver RF energy to a tissue. Pad 300 may comprise at least one electrode 329 attached to pad's 300 surface and configured to deliver predetermined electrical current to the tissue. In some embodiments, the predetermined electrical current may be, for example, low frequency current that may range, for example, between 1 Hz - 900 KHz. Pad 300 may be configured to be mechanically connected to a tissue (e.g., to a perineum 98 of a patient) to ensure a proper contact of RF electrode(s) 320 and electrode(s) 329 with the tissue thereof. In various embodiments, pad 300 may be connected to a tissue using, for example, a disposable and/or reusable intermediate layer (not shown) that may be made, for example, from silicone.

[0087] Figure 5D is a high level schematic block diagram and Figure 5E is a high level schematic illustration of a kit 400 comprising a pad 300 for erectile body stimulation (EBS) and a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment, respectively, according to some embodiments of the invention.

[0088] Kit 400 may comprise a device 200 for erectile dysfunction treatment and pad 300 for erectile body stimulation (EBS). Kit 400 may comprise an energy source 310 configured to generate and to deliver predetermined electrical current to a target tissue. In some embodiments, energy source 310 may generate, for example, low frequency electrical current that may range, for example, between 1 Hz - 900 KHz. Kit 400 may comprise a control unit (not shown) configured to control the operation of pad 300 and device 200. Alternatively or complementary, control unit 230 of device 200 may be configured to control the operation of both device 200 and pad 300. In some embodiments, RF electrodes 320 of pad 300 may be connected to RF generator(s) 210 and to control circuitry 230 of device 200, and electrode 329 of pad 300 may be connected energy source 310 and to control circuitry 230 thereof (e.g., as shown in Figure 5D). [0089] In some embodiments, pad 300 may be used to attach RF electrodes 320 and electrode 329 to, for example, perineum 98 of a patient (e.g., as shown in Figures 5D-5E) while RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 may be positioned (e.g., using reusable support 240 and disposable support 250) to contact penis 90 of the patient (e.g., as shown in Figures 5D-5E).

[0090] Device 200 may further comprise at least one electrode 229 embedded in disposable support 250 along with RF electrode pairs 220 (e.g., as shown in Figure 5E). The predetermined electrical current (e.g., generated by energy source 310) may be configured to flow between electrode 329 of pad 300 and electrode 229 of device 200 thereof. In some embodiments, the predetermined electrical current (e.g., low frequency electrical current) generated and delivered to penis 90 may, for example, stimulate a controlled contraction of the penile muscles (e.g., cavernosal smooth muscles) thereof, thereby preventing muscle's atrophy and/or improving muscles performance.

[0091] In some embodiments, device 200 may be positioned at a predetermined distance 97 from a base 99 of penis 90 (e.g., as shown in Figure 5E). Distance 97 may be predetermined based on a target treatment region of penis 90. In some embodiments, distance 97 may be varied (e.g., using reusable support 240) during a treatment procedure to apply the treatment (e.g., to deliver RF energy) to various regions along penis 90. In various embodiments, distance 97 may be continuously varied (e.g., using reusable support 240) during a treatment procedure to apply the treatment to a larger region of penis 90 and/or to avoid overheating of a specific region of penis 90 above a predetermined temperature threshold.

[0092] Figure 5F is a high level schematic block diagram of electronic circuitry 205 of device 200 for treating erectile dysfunction as well as providing EBS treatment by EBS kit 400, according to some embodiments of the invention. Control circuitry 230 and/or electronic circuitry 205 may be further configured to control the EBS treatment in addition to controlling the erectile dysfunction treatment (see Figure 3G), simultaneously, alternatingly and/or alternatively. RF electrode pairs 220 may be used for EBS treatment as well as for erectile dysfunction treatment (as indicated schematically be the broken arrow), and/or EBS treatment may be applied in no connection to RF electrode pairs 220. In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to deliver RF energy between RF electrodes 320 of pad 300 and RF electrodes of RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200. For example, each RF electrode of RF electrodes 320 of pad 300 may be coupled to one of RF electrodes in one of RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 and control circuitry 230 may be further configured to deliver RF energy between the coupled RF electrodes thereof.

[0093] In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to apply RF energy to penis 90 between RF electrodes of RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3G). In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to apply RF energy to penis 90 between coupled RF electrodes 320 of pad 300 and RF electrodes of RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 5D).

[0094] In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to apply RF energy and the predetermined electrical current to penis 90 according to a predetermined plan. For example, control circuitry 230 may be configured to apply RF energy to penis 90 between RF electrodes of RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3G), or optionally via coupled RF electrodes 320 of pad 300 and RF electrodes of RF electrode pairs 220 of device 200 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 5D), and to apply at predetermined time points (e.g., each 10-30 msec) the predetermined current pulse between electrode 329 of pad 300 and electrode 229 of device 200.

[0095] Certain embodiments comprise a system comprising: at least one radiofrequency (RF) generator 210 configured to generate RF energy, a reusable support 240, a disposable support 250 removably connectable to reusable support 240, disposable support 240 comprising a plurality of RF electrode pairs 220, each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 configured to contact a target penile surface 96 and connected to at least one RF generator of the at least one RF generator 210, wherein a removable connection between reusable support 240 and disposable support 250 is configured to enable delivery of the RF energy to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220, a control circuitry 230 connected to each RF electrode in each RF electrode pair of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 and connected to at least one RF generator of the at least one RF generator 210, control circuitry 230 configured to switch among RF electrode pairs of plurality of RF electrode pairs 220 to apply the generated RF energy to penis 90 to thereby elevate a temperature of internal penile tissue above a predetermined temperature value while maintaining a penile surface 96 below a predetermined temperature threshold, and a pad 300 for erectile body (EBS) stimulation mechanically attachable to a perineum 98 of a patient and configured to electrically stimulate penile muscles by applying at predetermined time points predetermined electrical current pulses between at least one additional electrode 329 on pad 300 and at least one additional electrode 229 on disposable support 250.

[0096] Figure 6A is a high level schematic illustration of a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment comprising at least one ultrasound (US) transducer, according to some embodiments of the invention.

[0097] In some embodiments, device 200 may comprise at least one ultrasound (US) generator 260 configured to generate ultrasound signals. Device 200 may comprise at least one US transducer(s) 270 connected to at least one US generator 260 and adapted to contact penis 90 of a patient. In some embodiments, shape and size of US transducers 270 may be adapted to shape and size of penis 90. In some embodiments, a conductive medium (e.g., US gel) may be applied between US transducers 270 and penile surface 96. US transducer(s) 270 may be configured to convert the ultrasound signals into US energy and to deliver the US energy thereof to penile tissues. For example, device 200 may comprise a first US transducer 272, a second US transducer 274, a third US transducer 276 and/or a fourth US transducer 278 (e.g., as shown in Figure 6A). In some embodiments, each of US transducers 270 may be connected to a different US generator 260. As may be apparent to a person of ordinary skill in the art, while Figure 6A illustrates three four US transducers 272, 274, 276 and 278 it is not meant to be limiting in any way and device 200 may comprise any number of US transducers pairs 270.

[0098] In various embodiment, reusable support 250, or sleeves 250a, 250b, may be adapted to accommodate US transducers 270. In various embodiments, each of US transducers 270 may be mounted on at least one mechanically adjustable element 253. Mechanically adjustable element(s) 253 (e.g., springs) may be adapted to ensure that a contact pressure applied by the US transducers 270 to penis 90 ranges within a predetermined contact pressure. The contact pressure range may be determined to ensure a proper contact of US transducers 270 with penile surface 96, and/or to prevent damaging of penis 90 and/or to avoid patient discomfort. In some embodiments, mechanically adjustable element(s) 253 may comprise at least one of a spring, stiff material, compliant material, yielding material, foam material, elastic material. Mechanically adjustable element(s) 253 supporting different elements (e.g., RF electrodes, US transducers, elements of the disposable support and/or elements of sleeves) may be the same for different elements, or may be adjusted to the type of supported elements, to ensure the appropriate required level of contact between the respective element (e.g., electrode, transducer) and the penis, and enable efficient transferal of the respective type of energy thereto.

[0099] In some embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to control delivery of US energy to penis 90 via US transducers 270 to, for example, elevate a temperature of a target internal penile tissue (e.g., corpora cavernosa 91, tunica albuginea 93, penile septum 95, penile smooth muscle tissue, etc.) above a predetermined temperature value, while maintaining penile surface 96 below a predetermined temperature threshold.

[00100] In various embodiments, control circuitry 230 may be configured to control US generator(s) 260 and/or US transducers 270 to generate US energy having predetermined US energy parameters (e.g., frequency and/or intensity) and/or to operate according to predetermined US energy operation patterns (e.g., timing and/or time duration). For example, a frequency of the US energy may range between 100 KHz and 4 MHz. The predetermined US energy operation pattern may comprise, for example, at least one of: operating all US transducers 270 simultaneously, operating single US transducer (e.g., US transducer 272) while deactivating remaining US transducers and/or operating at least two US transducers (e.g., adjacent US transducers 272, 274 or opposite US transducers 272, 276) of simultaneously while deactivating reaming US transducers. In some embodiments, predetermined US energy operation patterns may be similar to predetermined RF operation patterns, e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3B-3C and Figures 3D-3E.

[00101] In various embodiments, the US energy parameters and/or US energy operation patterns are determined based on a desired depth of US energy delivery (e.g., depending on a target inner penile tissue). For example, operating US transducers 270 simultaneously may enable focusing the US energy on a target inner penile tissue, while maintaining penile surface 96 below a predetermined temperature threshold. In another example, activation of a single US transducer 270 may lead to a volumetric effect (e.g., elevating a temperature of a predetermined volume of penis 90).

[00102] In some embodiments, device 200 may further comprise pad 300 for EBS stimulation mechanically attachable to perineum 98 of the patient and configured to electrically stimulate penile muscles by applying at predetermined time points predetermined electrical current (e.g., low frequency current) pulses between at least one additional electrode 329 on pad 300 and at least one additional electrode 229 attached to penile surface 96 of the patient (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 5A-5F).

[00103] Figure 6B is a high level schematic illustration of a device 200 for an erectile dysfunction treatment comprising at least one ultrasound (US) transducer 270 and at least one RF electrode pair 220, according to some embodiments of the invention.

[00104] According to some embodiments, device 200 may comprise at least one US transducer 270 (e.g., first US transducer 272, second US transducer 274, third US transducer 276 and/or fourth US transducer 278) and at least one RF electrode pair 220 (e.g., first RF electrode pair 222 and/or second RF electrode pair 224), for example as shown in Figure 6B. In various embodiments, each of RF electrode of RF electrode pairs 220 and/or each of US transducers 270 may be mounted on at least one mechanically adjustable element 253 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4B-4C and Figure 6A, respectively).

[00105] In some embodiments, US transducers 270 and RF electrode pairs 220 may be attached to a mechanical support. The mechanical support may be, for example, disposable support 250 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4A-4C) or sleeves 250a, 250b (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4D-4G).

[00106] In some embodiments, control circuity 230 may be further configured to operate RF electrode pairs 220 and US transducers 270 separately. For example, control circuity 230 may be configured to operate RF electrode pairs 220 during a first predetermined time range ΔΤι (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3E), while US transducers 270 are deactivated, and further to operate US transducers 270 during a second predetermined time range ΔΤ2 (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 6a), while RF electrode pairs 220 are deactivated. Alternatively or complementarily, control circuity 230 may be configured to operate RF electrode pairs 220 and US transducers 270 simultaneously.

[00107] It is noted that while Figures 3-5 and Figure 6A present device 200 comprising radiofrequency (RF) and ultrasound (US) energy sources, respectively, (or combination of the RF and US energy sources thereof, e.g., as presented in Figure 6B) device 200 may be also configured to apply other energy types (e.g., infrared (IR) and/or photonic energy) to elevate temperature of inner penile tissues. [00108] Figure 7 is a high level schematic flowchart illustrating a method 500 of erectile dysfunction treatment, according to some embodiments of the invention. Method 500 may be implemented by a device 200 and/or pad 300 disclosed above, or by any equivalent apparatus which implements at least some of the stages of method 500. Stages from method 500 may be also part of method 100 illustrated in Figure 2 and stages from method 100 may be also part of method 500. Methods 500 and/or 100 may be implemented by any operable combination of the following stages, irrespective of their order.

[00109] Method 500 may comprise delivering radiofrequency (RF) energy to inner penile tissues of a penis of a patient (e.g., corpora cavernosa 91, tunica albuginea 94, penile septum 95, etc., as shown in Figure 1A) via plurality of RF electrode pairs contacting a penile surface (stage 510).

[00110] In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise arranging the RF electrodes along a circumference of the penis such that each RF electrode in each of the RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs is positioned at a substantially opposite side of the penis (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3C) to provide an opposite RF electrodes arrangement (stage 520). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise arranging the RF electrodes along a circumference of the penis such that RF electrodes in each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs are positioned adjacent to each other (e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3D-3E) to provide adjacent RF electrodes arrangement (stage 522). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise arranging the RF electrode pairs to protrude inwards from a central opening of a disposable support adapted in shape and size to receive at least a portion of the penis (stage 523; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4A-4C). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise arranging the RF electrode pairs along a longitudinal axis of a sleeve adapted in shape and size to receive and accommodate the penis (stage 524; e.g., as describe above with respect to Figure 4D).

[00111] In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise arranging the RF electrodes in multiple sets of RF electrode pairs, wherein the RF electrodes in each of the sets of RF electrode pairs are arranged along a circumference of the penis and wherein each of the sets of RF electrode pairs is positioned at different predetermined location along the penis (stage 525; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4E-4G). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise arranging the multiple sets of RF electrode pairs along a longitudinal axis of the sleeve (stage 526; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 4E-4G). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise coupling RF electrodes from different sets of RF electrodes pairs to provide coupled RF electrode pairs, wherein the RF electrodes in each of the coupled RF electrode pairs are positioned at opposite portions of the penis with respect to each other to provide the opposite RF electrodes arrangement (e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 4E; stage 527). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise coupling RF electrodes from different sets of RF electrodes pairs to provide coupled RF electrode pairs, wherein the RF electrodes in each of the coupled RF electrode pairs are positioned at the same portion of the penis to provide the adjacent RF electrodes arrangement (e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 4E; stage 528).

[00112] Method 500 may comprise operating the RF electrode pairs according to a predetermined operation pattern (stage 530). Method 500 may comprise designing the predetermined operation pattern to activate single RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs at a predetermined time point and during a predetermined time duration, while deactivating remaining RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs (stage 532; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 3A and Figure 3D). Method 500 may comprise designing the predetermined operation pattern to activate at least two RF electrode pairs of the plurality of RF electrode pairs at a predetermined time point and during a predetermined time duration, while deactivating at least one RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs (stage 534; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 3B and Figure 3E). Method 500 may comprise isolating each RF electrode pair of the plurality of RF electrode pairs to prevent unintended current paths between RF electrodes of the operating RF electrode pairs and deactivated RF electrode pairs (stage 535; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3F and 3G).

[00113] In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise configuring the opposite RF electrodes arrangement to deliver RF energy to a target inner penile tissue to thereby elevate a temperature of the target tissue to a predetermined temperature value, while keeping the penile surface below a predetermined temperature threshold (stage 536; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3A-3C). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise maintaining the temperature of the target inner penile tissue at the predetermined temperature value during a predetermined time duration to induce a desired treatment effect (stage 537; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 2). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise configuring the adjacent RF electrodes arrangement to deliver RF energy to the penile surface and to thereby elevate a temperature of the penile surface to a predetermined temperature value without significantly effecting inner penile tissues (stage 538; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 3D-3E).

[00114] Method 500 may comprise attaching at least one RF electrode and at least one additional electrode to a perineum of the patient (stage 540; e.g., as describe above with respect to Figures 5A-5F). Method 500 may comprise attaching at least one additional electrode to the penile surface (stage 542). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise adapting the at least one additional electrode(s) to deliver a low frequency current (stage 543). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise delivering RF energy to the penis between the RF electrodes contacting the perineum and RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs contacting the penile surface (stage 544; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 5D-5E). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise delivering a predetermined electrical current between the at least one additional electrode contacting the perineum and the at least one additional electrode contacting the penile surface (stage 546; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 5D-5E). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise delivering RF energy to the penis between RF electrodes of the RF electrode pairs contacting the penile surface and applying at predetermined time points the predetermined current pulses between the at least one additional electrode contacting the perineum and the at least one additional electrode contacting the penile surface (stage 548; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 5D-5E). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise configuring the predetermined electrical current to stimulate penile muscles (e.g., cavernosal smooth muscles; stage 549).

[00115] In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise attaching a single RF electrode and a return plate to the penile surface and delivering RF energy to the penis between the single RF electrode and the return plate thereof to elevate a temperature of inner penile tissues or of the penile surface to a predetermined temperature value (stage 550).

[00116] Method 500 may comprise delivering ultrasound (US) energy to inner penile tissues of a penis of a patient via at least one US transducer contacting a penile surface (stage 560; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 6).

[00117] Method 500 may comprise operating the at least one US transducer to generate US energy having predetermined US energy parameters and according to predetermined US energy operation pattern (stage 570; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 6). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise operating the at least one US transducer simultaneously (stage 572). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise Operating the at least one US transducer separately (stage 574). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise determining at least one of the US energy parameters and the US energy operation patterns based on a desired depth of US energy delivery (stage 576).

[00118] Method 500 may comprise attaching at least one additional electrode to the penile surface and at least one additional to a perineum of the patient (stage 580; e.g., as described above with respect to Figures 5A-5F and Figure 6). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise delivering US energy to the penis via the at least one US transducer and applying at predetermined time points predetermined current pulses between the at least one additional electrode contacting the perineum and the at least one additional electrode contacting the penile surface (stage 582; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 6). In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise configuring the predetermined electrical current to stimulate penile muscles (stage 584).

[00119] In some embodiments, method 500 may comprise further comprising delivering radiofrequency (RF) energy to inner penile tissues of the penis of the patient via plurality of RF electrode pairs contacting the penile surface, wherein the delivery of the RF energy and the delivery of the US energy is performed separately or simultaneously (stage 586; e.g., as described above with respect to Figure 6B).

[00120] In the above description, an embodiment is an example or implementation of the invention. The various appearances of "one embodiment", "an embodiment", "certain embodiments" or "some embodiments" do not necessarily all refer to the same embodiments. Although various features of the invention may be described in the context of a single embodiment, the features may also be provided separately or in any suitable combination. Conversely, although the invention may be described herein in the context of separate embodiments for clarity, the invention may also be implemented in a single embodiment. Certain embodiments of the invention may include features from different embodiments disclosed above, and certain embodiments may incorporate elements from other embodiments disclosed above. The disclosure of elements of the invention in the context of a specific embodiment is not to be taken as limiting their use in the specific embodiment alone. Furthermore, it is to be understood that the invention can be carried out or practiced in various ways and that the invention can be implemented in certain embodiments other than the ones outlined in the description above.

[00121] The invention is not limited to those diagrams or to the corresponding descriptions. For example, flow need not move through each illustrated box or state, or in exactly the same order as illustrated and described. Meanings of technical and scientific terms used herein are to be commonly understood as by one of ordinary skill in the art to which the invention belongs, unless otherwise defined. While the invention has been described with respect to a limited number of embodiments, these should not be construed as limitations on the scope of the invention, but rather as exemplifications of some of the preferred embodiments. Other possible variations, modifications, and applications are also within the scope of the invention. Accordingly, the scope of the invention should not be limited by what has thus far been described, but by the appended claims and their legal equivalents.