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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
MULTIFUNCTION BASE AND A COMBINATION OF BASE AND FIREPLACE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2000/044636
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A multifunction base suitable for transportation, assembling and final erection especially of a finished product, as a base and pallet of a fireplace. The multifunction base comprises a base plate (1) with elevating parts (2) on which the product is substantially ready erected, while the base plate has vertical poles (3) placed inside the product and reaching substantially to the upper part of the product.

Inventors:
PALVIAINEN MARTTI (FI)
Application Number:
PCT/FI2000/000022
Publication Date:
August 03, 2000
Filing Date:
January 14, 2000
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KIVIA OY (FI)
PALVIAINEN MARTTI (FI)
International Classes:
F24B1/181; B65D19/44; F24B1/191; B65D85/68; (IPC1-7): B65D19/44; F24B1/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO1988010401A11988-12-29
Foreign References:
DE3150950A11982-08-26
GB2030959A1980-04-16
US3575288A1971-04-20
FR2381974A11978-09-22
Other References:
See also references of EP 1165386A1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Nieminen, Taisto (Kehräsaari B, Tampere, FI)
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Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS
1. A multifunction base suitable for transportation, assembling and final erection especially of a finished product, as a base and pallet of fireplaces assembled of different kinds of block elements (5,6,7), c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the multi function base comprises a base plate (1) with elevating parts (2) to be left as base for the product and on which the product is substantially ready erected, the base plate (1) furnished with vertical poles (3) placed inside the product and reaching substantially to the upper part of the product and having in their tops fixing elements, such as holes (9), for lifting the product by means of said poles and the base plate.
2. A multifunction base according to patent claim 1 c h a r a c r a c t e r i z e d in that the base includes a lifting apparatus (10) adapted to be attached to fixing elements (9) in the top of poles (3).
3. A multifunction base according to patent claims 1 and 2 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that vertical poles (3) work as supporting frame for the product built of separate parts (4,5,6,7).
4. A multifunction base according to any above patent claim 13 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the base elevating parts (2) comprise elements (12,13); (15,16,17) for adjustment of height on final erection.
5. An multifunction base according to any above patent claim 14 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the base (1) construction has been stiffened by a concrete cast portion.
6. An multifunction base according to any above patent claim 15 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the base (1) construction has been stiffened by one or several horizontal stones placed direct on it and fixed to the base, which cover more than 30% of the base plate.
7. A combination of a fireplace assembled of components, such as stone elements (5,6,7), and a base, where the base is a pallet, most suitably a base plate of metal (1), on which the fireplace is erected, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the bottom plate (1) is a base plate (1) to be left as base (1) for the fireplace and furnished with elevating parts (2) and vertical poles (3) fixed to said plate and located inside the fireplace and reaching substantially to the upper part of the fireplace, and that there is in top of poles (3) fixing elements, such as holes (9), for lifting the combination by means of said poles.
8. A combination according to patent claim 7 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that as lifting element the combination has a lifting apparatus (10) joining the pole tops.
9. A combination according to patent claim 7 and 8 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that poles (3) has fixing elements, such as holes, for fixing them by screws or similar to the fireplace components.
10. A combination according to any above patent claim 79 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the base has elements (12,13,14); (15,16,17) for carrying out the fireplace final erection.
Description:
MULTIFUNCTION BASE AND A COMBINATION OF BASE AND FIREPLACE This invention relates to a multifunction base in accordance with the preamble of patent claim 1, a combination of base and fireplace in accordance with patent claim 7, whereby in using the base a product of many parts, a stone stove, a heater or a fireplace, can be easily assembled, transported as ready- made, lifted and become finally erected on the base.

Previously known are transport beddings, among others from the published Finnish application 844242 and patent specifications 68583 and 95897, published Swedish applications 7513150-8 and 7810692-9, German patent specifications 3008010 and 3219473 and the US patent 4,165,806. In all of them a transport bedding is introduced, onto which the transport item is placed. The beddings can be lifted in pushing the forks of a truck or lifting forks of a lifting apparatus under them. On the pallet there can be a ready-made product in its packing or several packed products.

In publications FI-844242, SE-7513150-8 and 7810692-9 a further solution of lifting the base and the load on it by means of a crane, i. e. as a hanging load, is presented. Then the lifting elements enabling lifting are placed outside the load reaching over the load or the lifting elements are placed to travel in spaces between separate packages on the pallet All above presented multifunction bases need separate lifting elements either outside the load or placed between the packages to enable lifting of hanging loads. After lifting these lifting elements must be dismounted as well as the base pallet itself some time for return into recycling. The presented solutions are well suited for transport of raw materials and semi- finished products and packages on pallets, but hardly for transport of a ready-made product, when the pallet is left as erecting base of the product and lifting the product even as a hanging load would be possible without exterior elements.

By means of a multifunction base and combination of fireplace and base according to this invention a substantial improvement of the above described disadvantages and deficiencies is achieved and the invention is characterized in what is pre- sented in the patent claims.

The advantage of a multifunction base as per this invention is that it is, in the first place, the final erecting base for a product, such as a fireplace, and yet it has all the same necessary properties as a pallet. Further, fixed to it, the multifunction base includes vertical poles as supports and guides by erection of product on the base and working also as holders during transportation as well as on the site, and thanks to which poles lifting of the whole load can be carried out if lifting of hanging load by crane becomes necessary during transportation.

By means of the invention necessary assembling by final mounting of a fireplace is spared, which amounts to great sums per every fireplace solution of today. Transportation of a ready-made fireplace as per the invention is more complicated than transportation of the parts of a fireplace to be assembled later on, but its advantages are of much greater significance.

By means of the combination of a base and fireplace according to this invention above mentioned corresponding advantages are reached, when the inventions is applied to fireplaces that can be transported ready-made to the site. Other advantageous embodiments of the invention are presented in the enclosed subclaims.

In the following the invention is disclosed with reference to the drawings, where Fig. 1 shows a stone stove, partly sectioned.

Fig. 2 shows the stove upper part and a lifting apparatus.

Fig. 3 shows a way of adjusting the height of leg.

Fig. 4 shows another way of adjusting the height of leg.

In figure 1 a stove is placed on a base 1 made of of metal, which in this example is a stove of soapstone. The stove is meant to be on base 1 also for good placed even finally on site. Metal base 1 includes elevating parts 2, for instance, square tubes under plate 1 or shapes edged from plate 1 on the under-side of plate 1. The aim is to accomplish'by means of parts 2 a construction similar to a pallet, whereby the forks of a fork lift can be driven under the base.

From base plate 1 there are four poles 3 upward, most suitably L-profiles. Their lower ends are sturdily fixed to the base.

The vertical poles reach inside the stove substantially up to the top, close to cover-level 4. Vertical poles 3 are put into the stove exactly in right place so that they can be used as facilitating and supporting means on assembling the stove of loose stones. The stove is assembled as well known per se of soapstone parts 4,5,6,7,8, for instance. Some stones can even be fixed to poles 3 by screws, for instance. Then the vertical parts participate in supporting the stove and work partly as the frame. Advantageously, on base 1 a piece of concrete of suitable form can be placed down-most or cast direct on a portion of base 1, whereby there will be more stiffness for base plate 1. Alternatively, down-most on base plate 1 one or more horizontal flat stones fixed to the plate can also be placed to stiffen the base. Most advantageously the area of the stones is over 30% of the base plate.

Figure 2 shows the stove upper part up to which the vertical poles reach. There are, for instance, holes 9 in the pole tops, whereby a lifting apparatus 10 shown in the figure can be fixed to the poles and lifting of the whole load incl. base 1 carried out using the connecting piece 10. The connecting piece 10 has holes 11, from which each connecting piece corner is attached to respective holes in the poles, for instance by means of lengthways adjustable loops. When lifting, all the four vertical poles ought to be lifted quite accurately at the same time in order to avoid motion in the joints of the stove. It is easy to arrange space for the L-profile poles 3 inside the stove. They can also be located partly in the flues.

Figure 3 shows a way of height adjustment, by means of which the product is adjusted upon final erection into proper position. To the base elevating part 2 that works as a leg a nut 13 is welded. By turning screw 12 the inclination and height of the base is adjusted. The screw bottom can have a small plate 14.

Figure 4 shows an optional way of height adjustment, where the adjustment elements have an axle 17 through elevating part 2, eccentric pieces 15 welded to the axle ends and at least on one side on the axis a hex head 16 adapted to the key size. The base height is adjusted turning the eccentric piece 15. There are, of course, also other ways of height adjustment, among other things forcing a wedge-shaped part deeper with respect to the elevating part 2 and the erection base. Since the product is rather heavy, generally the final erection must be secured for instance by after cast concrete or adjusting discs by means of which the contact area of elevating parts 2 is increased.

By means of a fireplace transportable ready-made and its base construction as per the invention, and the construction in general, different ways of transportation and conveyance have been taken into consideration, which can come into question by mounting a fireplace in new and old buildings.