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Title:
NOVEL HYPOGLYCEMIC COMPOUNDS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2011/125011
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula (1) and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. The invention relates to novel amino acid derivatives of the formula (1), wherein, A is amino acid B is peptide bond R-NH- wherein R is defined in the specification

Inventors:
KHAMAR BAKULESH MAFATLAL (IN)
SINGH CHANDAN (IN)
MODI RAJIV INDRAVADAN (IN)
Application Number:
IB2011/051407
Publication Date:
October 13, 2011
Filing Date:
April 01, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CADILA PHARMACEUTICALS LTD (IN)
KHAMAR BAKULESH MAFATLAL (IN)
SINGH CHANDAN (IN)
MODI RAJIV INDRAVADAN (IN)
International Classes:
A01N33/26; A61K31/04
Foreign References:
US20090137457A12009-05-28
Other References:
TSAI ET AL.: "Rational design and synthesis of potent and long-lasting glutamic acid-based dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors", BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, vol. 19, no. 7, 2009, pages 1908 - 1912, XP025974887
GUPTA ET AL.: "Emerging Drug Candidates of Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV (DPP IV) Inhibitor Class for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes", CURRENT DRUG TARGETS, vol. 10, 2009, pages 71 - 87, XP009122106
See also references of EP 2555617A4
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KHAMAR, Bakulesh Mafatlal (Sarkhej - Dholka Road, Bhat, Ahmedabad 0, IN)
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Claims:
We claim,

1 . A novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula 1 ,

A

I

R

Formula 1

Wherein, A is amino acid; B is peptide bond; R-NH- wherein R-NH- is together having group of formula

Formula 6

2. The compounds of formula 1 as claimed in claim 1 wherein the amino acid is selected from amino acid analogues.

3. The compounds of formula 1 as claimed in claim 1 wherein the amino acid is selected from glycine, alanine, valine, histidine, serine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, methionine, tryptophan, lysine, glutamine, glutamic acid, serine, proline, cysteine, tyrosine, histidine, arginine, asparagines, aspartic acid, threonine or mixtures of amino acid thereof.

4. An amino acid analogue of 2-({6-[(3R)-3-substituted-aminopiperidin-1 -yl]-3-methyl-2,4- dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl}methyl)-benzonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

5. An amino acid analogue of 1 -[2-Amino-3,3-bis-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-propionyl]-4-fluoro- pyrrolidine-2-carbonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

6. An amino acid analogue of (2R)-4-oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-dihydro[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3- a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1 -(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

7. An amino acid analogue of 8-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1 -yl]-7-(but-2-yn-1 -yl)-3-methyl-1 -[(4- methylquinazolin-2-yl)methyl]-3,7-dihydro-1 H-purine-2,6-dione and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

8. An amino acid analogue of (1 S,3S,5S)-2-[(2S)-2-amino-2-(3-hydroxy-1 -adamantyl)acetyl]- 2-azabicyclo-[3.1 .0]-hexane-3-carbonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Date: 31 March 201 1

Description:
TITLE: NOVEL HYPOGLYCEMIC COMPOUNDS

FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention is directed to novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula I and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof. The invention relates to novel amino acid derivatives of the formula I,

Formu la 1

wherein,

A is amino acid, B is peptide bond

R-NH- wherein R is defined in the specification.

BACKGROND OF INVENTION

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. The term diabetes mellitus describes a metabolic disorder of multiple aetiology characterized by chronic hyperglycaemia with disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. The metabolism disturbance effect is resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. The effects of diabetes mellitus include long-term damage, dysfunction and failure of various organs.

There are at least seven different classes of agents used as monotherapy, or in combinations for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. These include metformin, sulphonylureas, meglinitides, alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, thiazolidinediones, glucagon like peptide-1 agonists and insulin. Many conventional agents frequently exhibit reduced efficacy over time, leading to inadequate glycaemic control. Several of these agents are also associated with adverse effects that include weight gain, hypoglycemia and gastrointestinal distress. There is a need therefore, for alternative therapies that can overcome the limitations associated with conventional anti-hyperglycemic medications.

The conventional agents used to treat type 2 diabetes frequently exhibit reduced efficacy over time leading to inadequate glycaemic control and are also associated with adverse effects. Hence, there is a need for alternative therapies that can overcome the limitations associated with conventional antidiabetic agents.

DESCRIPTION OF DRAWING

Figure 1 : In vivo screening results of CPL-2009-030 & CPL-2009-031 .

Figure 2: In vivo screening results of CPL-2009-01 1 , CPL-2009-012, CPL-2009-015 & CPL- 2009-020.

Figure 3: In vivo screening results of CPL-2010-079, CPL-201 1 -085 Figure 4: In vivo screening results (AUC) of CPL-201 0-079, CPL-201 1 -085

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

An object of this invention is to provide novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula I and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Another object of this invention is to provide a process for the preparation of the novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula I.

Yet another object of the invention is to provide novel hypoglycemic compounds which react with DPP IV enzyme.

DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

The synthesized compounds are potential candidates for the treatment of metabolic disorder associated with diabetes mellitus. We disclose herein a series of novel compounds that are potential hypoglycemic compounds. The invention relates to novel amino acid derivatives of the formula I,

K N I

R

Formula 1

Wherein,

A is amino acid, B is peptide bond

R-NH- wherein R-NH- is together having group of formula 2 to 6

The compound of formula 2-6 are chemically named as,

• 2-({6-[(3R)-3-substituted-aminopiperidin-1 -yl]-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin- 1 (2H)-yl}methyl)-benzonitrile (formula 2);

• 1 -[2-substitutedamino-3,3-bis-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-propionyl]-4- fluoro-pyrrolidine-2- carbonitrile (formula 3);

• (2R)-2-substituted-amino-4-oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6-di hydro[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3- a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1 -(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan (formula 4); • 8-[(3R)-3-2-substituted-aminopiperidin-1 -yl]-7-(but-2-yn-1 -yl)-3-methyl-1 -[(4- methylquinazolin-2-yl)methyl]-3,7-dihydro-1 H-purine-2,6-dione (formula 5);

• (1 S,3S,5S)-2-[(2S)-2-2-substituted-amino-2-(3-hydroxy-1 -adamantyl)acetyl]-2- azabicyclo-[3.1 .0]-hexane-3-carbonitrile (formula 6); and salts thereof.

A is an amino acid selected from naturally occurring or synthetic amino acid analogues. The preferred amino acid is selected from glycine, alanine, valine, histidine, serine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, methionine, tryptophan, lysine, glutamine, glutamic acid, serine, proline, cysteine, tyrosine, histidine, arginine, asparagines, aspartic acid, threonine or mixtures of amino acid thereof.

The title compounds were synthesized by reaction of carboxylic group of an amino acid (A-OH) and the amino group of R-NH 2 wherein R-NH is having formula 2-6 by the scheme 1 .

- H 2 0 A / B - N - H

A - OH + NH 2 - R ► A I

Ri

Formula 1

Wherein,

A is amino acid, B is peptide bond

R-NH- wherein R-NH- is together having group of formula 2 to 6

The process disclosed herein is not limited to the preparation of specific compounds as prepared herein but is described the general state of art in order to prepare the compounds of present invention. The compounds of formula 2-6 are prepared by the process as known in literature. The scope of invention also includes compound which are selected from the group consisting of the compounds of formula 2-6 or its pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof to prepare similarly set of other compounds.

The present invention is directed to the use of the compounds disclosed as hypoglycemic activity. The following synthesized compounds are useful as hypoglycemic compound for a patient such as a mammal in need of such diabetic treatment comprising the administration of an effective amount of the compound.

The following examples serve to illustrate the present invention directed to provide novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula I and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof having hypoglycemic activity in humans and animals comprising the pharmaceutical composition combining a compound of the present invention with a pharmaceutical carrier or diluent.

Example 1 :

Tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-acetic acid (0.33 gms, 0.0018 mole) was dissolved in dichloromethane (20 ml) and added in dicyclohexyl dicarbodiimide (0.51 gm, 0.0025 M) at 0 0C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. 3-Amino-1 -(3-trifluoromethyl-5, 6,7,8- tetrahydro-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridin-7-yl)-4-(2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl) -butan-1 -one (Formula 4) (0.59 gm, 0.00123 M) was added at 0 OC and stirred, dicyclohexyl urea was removed After the reaction mixture being stirred. The reaction mixture was filtered and filtrate was concentrated under vaccum. The residue was purified by column chromatography to yield {[3-Oxo-l -(2,4, 5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3- a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-methyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 7). (Yield: 0.

{ [3-Oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- Hydrochloride salt of 2-Amino-A^-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8//-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8//- a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-methyl}-carbamic [l,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-acetamide acid ferf-butyl ester

{[3-Oxo-l -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8 H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo-

[4,3-a]-pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-methyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 7) (0.52 gms, 0.0009 mole) was dissolved in EtoAc and stirred at room temperature.3M HCI- EtoAc (3 ml) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred at room temperature. The reaction mass was concentrated under vaccum to yield 2-Amino-N-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]- acetamide Hydrochloride (Formula 8). (0.447 gm, 96%)

Example 3: Analogously to example 1 the compound, {3-Methyl-1 -[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl- carbamoyl]-butyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 9) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (0.59 gm) and 2-tert-Butoxycarbonyl amino-4-methyl pentanoic acid (0.43 gm). The reaction mixture is concentrated under vaccum and purified by column chromatography. (Yields 0.62 gm, 81 %)

{3-Methyl-l-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- 2-Amino-4-methyl-pentanoic acid [3-oxo-l-(2,4,5- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8ff-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-triiluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8if- a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl] -butyl } -carbamic [ 1 ,2,4]triazolo [4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl] -amide acid fert-butyl ester Hydrochloride

Example 4:

Analogously to example 2 the compound, [3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-amide Hydrochloride (Formula 10) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 9 (0.52 gm) using hydrochloric acid. (Yield: 0.45 gm, 96%).

Example 5:

Analogously to example 1 the compound, {2-Methyl-1 -[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl- carbamoyl]-butyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 1 1 ) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (0.5 gm) and 2-tert-Butoxycarbonyl amino-3-methyl pentanoic acid (0.283 gm). The residue is purified by column chromatography. (Yields 0.47 gm, 62.7%)

{2-Methyl- l-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- 2-Amino-3-methyl-pentanoic acid [3-oxo-l-(2,4,5- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8 i-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro- a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl] -butyl } -carbamic 8H- [ 1 ,2,4] triazolo [4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl] - acid iert-butyl ester amide Hydrochloride

Example 6:

Analogously to example 2, 2-Amino-3-methyl-pentanoic acid [3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-amide Hydrochloride (Formula 12) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 1 1 (0.44 gm) using hydrochloric acid at room temperature. (Yield = 0.39 gm, 98.73%).

Example 7:

Analogously to example 1 the compound, 2-[3-Oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]- pyrrolidine-1 -carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 13) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (0.5 gm) and Pyrrolidine-1 ,2-dicarboxylic acid 1 -tert-butyl ester (0.464 gm). The residue was purified by column. (Yield = 0.42 gm, 89%)

2-[3-Oxo- l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid [3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8ii-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8i7- a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl] -pyrrolidine- 1- [l,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-amide carboxylic acid ferf-butyl ester

Example 8: Analogously to example 2, Pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid [3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-amide Hydrochloride (Formula 14) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 13 (0.55 gm) using hydrochloric acid. (0.49gm, Yield = 81 %)

Example 9:

Analogously to example 1 the compound, {2-Methyl-1 -[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)- propylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 15) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (1 gm) and 2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-methyl- butyric acid (0.59 gm). (Yield: 1 .2 gm, 82%)

{2-Methyl-l-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3- 2-Amino-3-methyl-^-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-

(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8/i- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8/i-

[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)- [l,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyi]- propylcarbamoyl] -propyl }-carbamic acid ten- butyramide Hydrochloride

butyl ester

Example 10:

Analogously to example 2, 2-Amino-3-methyl-N-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-butyramide

Hydrochloride (Formula 16) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 15 (1 .2 gm) using hydrochloric acid. (Yield: 1 .03 gms, 95%)

Example 11 :

Analogously to example 1 , {1 -[3-Oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6- dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-ethyl}-ca rbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 17) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (1 gm) and 2- tert-Butoxycarbonyl amino-propionic acid (0.464). The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography using CH 2 CI 2 / MeOH (9.8: 0.2) as an eluent. (Yield: 1 .3 gm, 90%)

{ l-[3-Oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- 2-Amino-N-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8 i-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8 i-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-ethyl}-carbamic a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-propionamide

acid iert-butyl ester Hydrochloride

Example 12:

Analogously to example 2, 2-Amino-N-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-propionamide

Hydrochloride (Formula 18) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 17 (0.6 gm) using hydrochloric acid. The hydrochloride salt was dissolved in saturated aq. NaHC0 3 and was extracted with EtoAC (50 ml x 3). The combined EtoAC layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 and were concentrated under vaccum to give the title compound. (Yield: 0.454 gm, 89%)

Example 13:

Analogously to example 1 , {2-(3-Benzyloxy-phenyl)-1 -[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)- propylcarbamoyl]-ethyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 19) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (0.49 gm) and 3-(3-Benzyloxy-phenyl)-2-tert- butoxycarbonylamino-propionic acid (0.44 gm). The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography using CH 2 CI 2 / MeOH (9.25: 0.75) as an eluent. (Yield = 0.62 gm, 68%)

Formula 19

{ 2-(3-Benzyloxy-phenyl)- 1 -[3-oxo- 1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- 2- Amino-3-(3-benzyloxy -phenyl)-^- [3-oxo-l- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8/i- (2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6- [ 1 ,2,4] triazolo [4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl] - dihydro-8/i-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)- ethyl }-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester propyl] -propionamide Hydrochloride

Example 14:

Analogously to example 2, 2-Amino-3-(3-benzyloxy-phenyl)-N-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]- propionamide Hydrochloride (Formula 20) (0.5 gm) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 19 using hydrochloric acid at room temperature. (Yield = 0.43 gm, 93.48%) Example 15:

Analogously to example 1 , {1 -[3-Oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl- 5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-2-phenyl- ethyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 21 ) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (0.5 gm) and 2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-phenyl-propionic acid (0.325 gm). The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography using CH 2 CI 2 / MeOH (9.5: 0.5) as an eluent. (Yield = 0.49 gm, 61 .25%)

{ l-[3-Oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- 2-Amino-^-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8i - trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8ff-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- [1,2,4] triazolo [4, 3 -a]pyrazin-7-yl)- a] pyrazin-7 -y 1) -propyl] - 3 -pheny 1-propionamide propylcarbamoyl] -2-phenyl-ethyl } -carbamic Hydrochloride

acid tert-butyl ester Example 16:

Analogously to example 2, 2-Amino-N-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl- 5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-3-phenyl-propionam ide

Hydrochloride (Formula 22) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 21 (0.42 gm) using hydrochloric acid at room temperature followed concentrated the filtrate under vaccum. (Yield = 0.37 gm, 97.37%)

Example 17:

Analogously to example 1 , {2-[3-Oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl- 5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-ethyl}-ca rbamic acid tert- butyl ester (Formula 23) is prepared by the reaction of compound having formula 4 (1 gm) and 2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-propionic acid (0.464 gm). The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography using CH 2 CI 2 / MeOH (9.5: 0.5) as an eluent. (Yield = 0.91 gm, 65%)

{ [3-Oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl- 2-Amino-^V-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- 5,6-dihydro-8H-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[l,2,4]triazolo[4,3- propylcarbamoyl] -methyl }-carbamic acid iert-butyl ester a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-acetamide Hydrochloride

Example 18:

Analogously to example 2, 3-Amino-N-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl- 5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-propionamide Hydrohloride

(Formula 24) is prepared by saltification of the compound of formula 23 (0.89 gm) using hydrochloric acid at room temperature followed concentrated the filtrate under vaccum.

(Yield: 0.78 gm, 98.73%)

Example 19:

To a stirred solution of 2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-methyl-butyric acid (Compound of formula 25) [8 gm, 0.037 mole] and tri ethyl amine (5.15 ml, 0.037 mole) in THF (120 ml), ethyl chloro formate (3.52 ml, 0.037 mole) was added drop wise at 0-5 °C. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 15 minutes and stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Then keep the reaction at 0 °C and add mixture of tri ethyl amine (10.3 ml, 0.074 mole) and THF (60 ml).

Finally L-Proline (4.25 gm, 0.037 mole) was added to above mixture at 0 °C. Reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 30 minutes and stirred at room temperature for over night. After being stirred, THF was concentrated under vacuum and residue was acidified with 1 N HCI (till pH ~ 3). The product layer was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic extracts were dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. The resulted product was subjected to column chromatography using EtoAC / Hexane 5/5 as an eluent to give 1 -(2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-methyl-butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2 - carboxylic acid (Formula 26). (Yield = 3.6 gm, 31 %) Example 20:

To a stirred solution of 1 -(2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-methyl-butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2 - carboxylic acid (Formula 26) (0.39 gm, 1 .23 mmol) in MDC (40 ml), dicyclohexyl di-carbobiimide (0.4 gm, 0.0019 mole) was added at 0 °C, the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 - 10 minutes at 0 °C. Then 3-Amino-1 -(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyridin-7-yl)-4- (2,4,5-trifluoro-phenyl)-butan-1 -one (0.5 gm, 0.00123 mole) was added to this mixture at 0 °C. Then reaction was stirred at room temperature for 4 hours. Take the TLC for the completion of reaction. Reaction mixture was filtered to remove urea derivative of DCC. Then filtrate was concentrated in vacuum. Take the column chromatography of this compound for purification using CHCI 3 / MeOH (9/1 ) as a solvent system to give (2-Methyl-1 -{2-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro- benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]- pyrrolidine-1 -carbonyl}-propyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Compound of formula 27) [0.54 gm, 62% yield]. 1 -(2-ferf-B

butyryl)-p yrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid

Formula 26

(2-Methyl-l-{2-[3-oxo-l-(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-triflu oromethyl-5,6,7,8- tetrahydro- [ 1 ,2,4]triazolo [4,3-a]pyridin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-pyrrolidine- 1 - carbonyl}-propyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

Example 21 :

(2-Methyl-1 -{2-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- 1 -(2-Amino-3-methyl-butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2- trifluoromethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3- carboxylic acid [3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- a]pyridin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-pyrrolidine-1 -carbonyl}- trifluoromethyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3- propyl)-carbamic acid ferf-butyl ester a]pyridin-7-yl)-propyl]-amide To a stirred solution of (2-Methyl-1 -{2-[3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3-trifluoromethyl-

5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-pyrrolidi ne-1 -carbonyl}- propyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 27) (0.54 gm, 0.00077 mole) in ethyl acetate (5 ml), solution of 3M HCI in ethyl acetate (5ml) was added at room temperature. Then reaction was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Take the TLC for the completion of reaction. Then finally, reaction mixture was concentrated in vaccum to give Hydrochloride salt of 1 -(2-Amino-3-methyl-butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid [3-oxo-1 -(2,4,5-trifluoro-benzyl)-3-(3- trifluoromethyl-5,6-dihydro-8H-[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7-yl)-propyl]-amide. Thus obtain hydrochloric acid salt of compound is treated with sodium bicarbonate to give corresponding free base compound of formula 28. [0.46gm, 93.88% yield]

Example 22:

Process for the preparation of 3-[2-(2-Amino-3-phenyl-propylamino)-2-(3-hydroxy- adamantan-1 -yl)-acetyl]-3-aza-bicyclo-[3.1 .0]-hexane-2-carbonitrile triflouro acetic acid (Compound of formula 29)

Step A: The tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-(3-hydroxy-adamantan-1 -yl)-acetic acid

(13.56 gm, 0.0418 moles) and 3-Aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hexane-2-carboxylic acid amide methane sulfonic acid (9.3 gm, 0.0418 moles) in ACN were stirred and added with stirring to the mixture of HoBT and DIPEA at room temperature. The above stirred solution was added into EDC.HCI at 0 °C followed by the addition of DIPEA and was stirred over 12 Hrs at room temperature. The acetonitrile was evaporated and residue was taken into EtOAC. The EtOAC layer was washed with 1 N HCI and saturated bi-carbonate solution. The saturated mixture was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated in vaccum. The pure compound of formula 27 was obtained by Column chromatography using MeOH:CH 2 CI 2 (0.5:9.5) as a mobile phase. (Yield: 13 gm)

Step B: 13 gm of [2-(2-Carbamoyl-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(3-hydroxy- adamantan-1 -yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (0.0300moles) was taken into CH 2 CI 2 (30 ml) and trifluoroacetic acid (15 ml) was added to the solution at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. Di-chloromethane was evaporated to give oily residue which on titration with Et 2 0 to afford as the white solid having formula 27a). (Yield

a

Trifluoro acetic acid salt of 2-Amino- V-[2-(2-cyano-3-aza- bicyclo[3.1.0]hex-3-yl)-l-(3-hydroxy-adamantan-l-yl)-2-oxo- ethyl]-3-phenyl-propionamide

The solution of 2.27 gm (0.00507 moles) of compound 27a and 1 .34 gm (0.00507 moles) of 2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-phenyl-propionic acid in TFA was added into HoBT (0.93 gm) and DIPEA (1 .72 ml) at room temperature and stirred for 10 minutes. To this stirred solution EDC-HCI (1 .2 gm) and DIPEA (1 .76 ml) were added at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred over 12 hrs at room temperature. THF was evaporated and residue was taken into EtOAC (40 ml). The EtOAC layer was washed with 1 N HCI and aq. NaHC0 3 , dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated in vaccum to give crude product. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography using MeOH:CH 2 CI 2 (0.5:9.5) as a mobile phase to give pure {1 -[2-(2-Carbamoyl-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(3-hydroxy- adamantan-1 -yl)-2-oxo-ethylcarbamoyl]-2-phenyl-ethyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 33). [Yield: 1 .5 gm]

Step C: 1 .5 gm of {1 -[2-(2-Carbamoyl-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(3-hydroxy- adamantan-1 -yl)-2-oxo-ethylcarbamoyl]-2-phenyl-ethyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester of formula 33 (0.0031 moles) in THF was added into the mixture of pyridine (1 .26 ml). Triflouro acetic anhydride (10 ml) was added at 0 °C and stirred for 3 hours at room temperature. THF was evaporated and residue was taken into MeOH (30 ml) and 10 ml 10% K 2 C0 3 solution was added. The reaction mixture is further stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. MeOH was evaporated and aq. layer was extracted with EtoAC. The combined EtoAC layers were washed with 1 N HCI and bi-carbonate solution, dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated in vacuum to get crude product. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography using MeOH:CH 2 CI 2 (9.8:0.2) as a mobile phase to get pure compound of formula 33a. (Yield: 0.8 gm) 0.8 gm of compound of formula 33a (0.0014 moles) was added to a mixture of CH 2 CI 2 (10 ml) and trifluoro acetic acid (5 ml) at room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. After being stirred CH 2 CI 2 was evaporated and di-ethyl ether was added to remaining residue to afford white solid Trifluoro acetic acid salt of 2- Amino-N-[2-(2-cyano-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(3-hydroxy-adamantan-1 -yl)-2-oxo- ethyl]-3-phenyl-propionamide (Formula 34). (Yield: 0.8 gm)

Trifluoro acetic acid salt of l-(2-Amino-3- methyl-butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid [2-(2-cyano-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex- 3-yl)-l-(5-hydroxy-adamantan-2-yl)-2- oxo-ethyl]-amide ~[ o the stirred solution 1 .7 gm (0.00380 moles) of 3-[2-Amino-2-(5-hydroxy-adamantan-2-yl)- acetyl]-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hexane-2-carboxylic acid amide trifluoro acetic acid of formula 35 and 1 .19 gm (0.00380 moles) of 1 -(2-tert-Butoxycarbonylamino-3-methyl-butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2 - carboxylic acid (Formula 26) in THF was added into HoBT (0.6 gm) and DIPEA (1 .3 ml) at room temperature and stirred for 10 minutes. To this stirred solution EDC.HCI (0.94 gm) and DIPEA (1 .10 ml) were added at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred over night at room temperature. THF was evaporated and residue was taken into EtOAC. The EtOAC layer was washed with 1 N HCI and aq. NaHC0 3 solution, dried and concentrated in vaccum to get crude product. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography to get pure (1 -{2-[2-(2-Carbamoyl-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(5-hydroxy-adamantan-2-yl)-2- oxo-ethylcarbamoyl]-pyrrolidine-1 -carbonyl}-2-methyl-propyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Formula 36). (Yield: 1 .7 gm)

Analogously to example 23 the solution of 1 .7 gm of (2-{2-[2-(2-Carbamoyl-3-aza- bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(5-hydroxy-adamantan-2-yl)-2-oxo-ethylcarbamoyl]-pyrrolidin -1 -yl}- 1 -methyl-2-oxo-ethyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester in THF was added into the mixture of pyridine (1 .0 ml) and Triflouro acetic anhydride (0.95 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature. THF was evaporated and residue was taken into MeOH and 10 ml 10% K 2 C0 3 solution was added. MeOH was evaporated and aq. layer was extracted with EtoAC. The combined EtoAC layers were washed with 1 N HCI and aq. NaHC0 3 , dried over sodium sulphate and concentrated in vacuum to give crude product. The crude product was purified by column chromatography to get pure Trifluoro acetic acid salt of 1 -(2-Amino-3-methyl- butyryl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid [2-(2-cyano-3-aza-bicyclo[3.1 .0]hex-3-yl)-1 -(5-hydroxy- adamantan-2-yl)-2-oxo-ethyl]-amide of formula 37. (Yield: 0.7 gm) In view of the present scope of invention, additionally the following novel compounds were also synthesized by the process as exemplified in the specification. The synthesized compound were screened to check their hypoglycemic effect through in vivo screening using Sitagliptin, Saxagliptin and other commercially available compound as control. The structures of some of the compounds prepared as per process described in present invention are as under:

• The amino acid analogue of 2-({6-[(3R)-3-substituted-aminopiperidin-1 -yl]-3-methyl-2,4- dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimidin-1 (2H)-yl}methyl)-benzonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts is synthesized as per the process exemplified in the specification are given in Table 1 :

Table : 1 Formula 2

An amino acid analogue of 1 -[2-Amino-3,3-bis-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-propionyl]-4-fluoro- pyrrolidine-2-carbonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts is synthesized as per the process exemplified in the specification are given in Table 2.

Formula 3

 An amino acid analogue of (2R)-4-oxo-4-[3-(trifluoromethyl)-5,6- dihydro[1 ,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl]-1 -(2,4,5-trifluorophenyl)butan-2-amine and pharmaceutically acceptable salts is synthesized as per the process exemplified in the specification are given in Table 3

Table : 3

Sr.

An amino acid analogue of 8-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1 -yl]-7-(but-2-yn-1 -yl)-3-methyl-1 - [(4-methylquinazolin-2-yl)methyl]-3,7-dihydro-1 H-purine-2,6-dione and pharmaceutically acceptable salts is synthesized as per the process exemplified in the specification are given in Table 4:

Table : 4

Sr.

An amino acid analogue of (1 S,3S,5S)-2-[(2S)-2-amino-2-(3-hydroxy-1 - adamantyl)acetyl]-2-azabicyclo-[3.1 .0]-hexane-3-carbonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts is synthesized as per the process exemplified in the specification are given in Table 5:

Table : 5 Form

Sr.

The novel hypoglycemic compounds according to present invention on reaction with DPP IV enzyme release an entity that inhibits the DPP IV enzyme. The inhibition of DPP IV enzyme by compound of formula 1 is attributed to the particular amino acid analogues synthesized as per present invention. These are evaluated by the in vivo screening of the compounds of present invention.

In vivo study of synthesized compounds:

The efficacy compound CPL-2009-0030 and CPL-2009-0031 were prepared as per present invention. They were evaluated through Oral Glucose Tolerance Test in animals. Each group consist of 10-12 weeks old Wistar female rats. The animals were divided into 4 different groups of 6 animals per group. The group I received vehical (WFI Placebo), Group II received Sitagliptin as positive control, Group III received CPL-2009-0030 and Group IV received CPL-2009-0031 . All animals had over night fasting.

Table: 01 Dose groups, no. of animals and dose of drugs for in vivo study:

The drug was administrated as per table 01 at 0 hour to all the study group animals with 10 mL/kg of dose volume. The compounds were administered orally. The glucose (2 gm / Kg body weight) was administered 3 hrs after the administration of compounds. Blood glucose was measured at the time of administration of compound, glucose and 30 min, 1 hr, 2 hr, 3 hr and 4 hr after the glucose administration. The change in glucose levels over time is shown in figure 1 . All animals showed rise in blood glucose level following administration of glucose. The rise was maximum at 30 min after glucose administration. The rise in glucose is significantly lower when compound of present invention were administered compared to no treatment group. The difference between no treatment group and other three groups is maximum at 30 min and it decreases over time (Figure 01 ). The findings also show that the compound of present invention does not alter the fasting glucose levels from 0 to 3 Hrs. Thus, the compound of present invention reduces hyperglycaemic effect of glucose without inducing hypoglycaemia. In other words, compounds of present invention provide hypoglycaemic effect only to reduce post-prandial hyperglycaemia without inducing fasting hypoglycaemia.

To confirm the finding the experiment was repeated three times and the percentage change in glucose level over time of three experiments is presented in table 02. The repeat experiments also confirm the findings.

Table: 02 In vivo results of novel h o l caemic com ounds

Similarly in identical experiments were performed to evaluate the in vivo screening of compounds as per present invention. The result of in vivo screening for evaluation of hypoglycemic effect of CPL-2009-001 1 , CPL-2009-0012, CPL-2009-0015 and CPL-2009- 0020 are given in figure 2. The result of in vivo screening for evaluation of hypoglycemic effect against Saxagliptin as control compound for CPL-2010-0079, CPL-2010-0085 is given in figure 3 whereas the same compound were screened against sitagliptin control and results are given in Figure 4.

The above results indicate that the newly synthesized compounds are showing hypoglycemic activity as compared to standard. The novel hypoglycemic compounds according to present invention on reaction with DPP IV enzyme release an entity that inhibits the DPP IV enzyme. This is further evaluated by following analytical method.

Analytical Method to analyze the DPP IV compounds of present invention: Reagents and Solvents: The reagents, solvents, standards and equipments to analyze the DPP IV compounds of present invention are as under:

• Trifluoro Acetic acid (AR grade)

• Acetonitrile (HPLC grade)

• Milli Q water

· Sitagliptin Base as working standard DPP IV inhibitor

• Shimadzu LC-2010 equipped with UV detector and Auto Sampler

• Diluent: Acetonitrile

Preparation of Buffer

Transfer accurately measured 1000 ml. Milli Q water in a beaker. Adjust pH 2.00±0.05 with Trifluoro acetic acid. Shake it gently and filter through 0.45μ membrane filter.

Preparation of Mobile phase

Transfer 300 ml. acetonitrile in 1000 ml. volumetric flask and make the volume up to the mark with buffer pH 2.00±0.05

Standard Preparation

Exactly weigh about 20 mg Sitagliptin Base working standard in 10 mL volumetric flask. Add 5.0 mL diluent and sonicate it (if required) to dissolve the solids and make the volume up to the mark with diluent giving a standard solution having concentration 2000 ppm (Stock solution).

Above stock solution was further diluted to get different concentration solution varying from 0.025μΜ to 100 μΜ. Linearity curve of peak area against concentration in μΜ was plotted for different concentration.

Sample Preparation Extracted samples (after removing proteneous matter) were provided from different organs (Liver, Kidney and Pancreas) and serum samples which were directly injected on to HPLC system.

Chromatographic conditions:

The liquid chromatography is equipped with variable wavelength UV detector, Auto sampler and Data processor

• Column : ypersil BDS C8, 4.6mm x 250 mm, 5μ

• Detector wavelength : 54 nm

• Flow Rate 1 .0 mL/min

• Injection volume : 20μΙ_

• Column Temperature : 60° C

Procedure

Inject blank (diluent) and blank extraction samples, inject standard preparation of varying concentration from 0.025μΜ to 100 μΜ and plot a graph of Area under curve against concentration in μΜ. Inject sample preparation and record the chromatogram. Disregard any peak due to blank and calculate concentration of an entity which is released from the extracted samples collected at different time intervals. The retention time of Sitagliptine is about 5.0 to 6.0 minutes.

The following compounds are exemplified with non-limiting scope of the invention for their in vivo screening of the compound presented according to present invention. The results are discussed in relevant example and presented as figure 1 -4.

CPL-2010-0079 CPL-2011-0085 N

The novel hypoglycemic compounds of formula I and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof according to present invention are showing hypoglycemic activity in vivo model comprising the pharmaceutical composition combining a compound of the present invention with a pharmaceutical carrier or diluent.