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Title:
PASSENGER BOARDING BRIDGE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/115099
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a passenger boarding bridge, comprising, - a tunnel (2) having a first tunnel section (3) and a second tunnel section (4), the tunnel sections (3, 4) can be telescoped for adjusting the length of the tunnel (2) along a main sliding direction (D), - a number of bearings (5) adapted to slidably support the tunnel sections (3, 4) relative to each other, having at least one bearing rail (6) connected to the first tunnel section (3) and at least one bearing sledge (10) connected to the second tunnel section (4), wherein the bearing rail (6) comprises a planar first horizontal bearing surface (7), wherein the bearing sledge (10) comprises a planar second horizontal bearing surface (13), which is adapted to slide along the planar first horizontal bearing surface (7) during telescoping.

Inventors:
GONZÁLEZ PANTIGA JUAN DOMINGO (ES)
MORÁN GARCÍA EDUARDO (ES)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2017/083773
Publication Date:
June 28, 2018
Filing Date:
December 20, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
THYSSENKRUPP ELEV INNOVATION (ES)
THYSSENKRUPP AG (DE)
International Classes:
B64F1/305
Domestic Patent References:
WO2014146758A12014-09-25
Foreign References:
US3377638A1968-04-16
US4466750A1984-08-21
CN202371006U2012-08-08
US3184772A1965-05-25
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
THYSSENKRUPP INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY GMBH (DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Passenger boarding bridge, comprising,

- a tunnel (2) having a first tunnel section (3) and a second tunnel section (4), the tunnel sections (3, 4) can be telescoped for adjusting the length of the tunnel (2) along a main sliding direction (D),

- a number of bearings (5) adapted to slidably support the tunnel sections (3, 4) relative to each other, having at least one bearing rail (6) connected to the first tunnel section (3) and at least one bearing sledge (10) connected to the second tunnel section (4), wherein the bearing rail (6) comprises a planar first horizontal bearing surface (7),

characterized in,

that the bearing sledge (10) comprises a planar second horizontal bearing surface (13), which is adapted to slide along the planar first horizontal bearing surface (7) during telescoping.

2. Passenger boarding bridge according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that the bearing sledge (10) comprises

- bearing support (11) attached to the second tunnel (4),

- and a bearing shoe (12) carrying the planar second horizontal bearing surface (13), wherein the bearing shoe (12) is tiltably connected to the bearing support (11), in particular by a first hinge (16).

3. Passenger boarding bridge according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that the bearing shoe (12) is tiltably connected to the bearing support (11) along a first axis (X), which is aligned horizontally and perpendicular to the main sliding direction (D).

4. Passenger boarding bridge according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that the bearing shoe (12) is tiltably connected to the bearing support (11) additionally along a second axis (Z), which is aligned horizontally and parallel to the main sliding direction (D), and/or along a third vertical axis (Y).

5. Passenger boarding bridge according to any of the preceding claims,

characterized in,

that the bearing rail (6) comprises a planar first vertical guiding surface (8), and that the bearing sledge (10) comprises a planar second vertical guiding surface (14), which is in slidable contact with the planar first vertical guiding surface (8).

6. Passenger boarding bridge according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that the bearing sledge (10) comprises

- a guiding support (11) attached to the second tunnel (4),

- and a guiding shoe (15) carrying the planar second vertical guiding surface (14), wherein the guiding shoe (15) is tiltably connected to the bearing support (11), in particular by a first hinge (16) and/or by a second hinge (17).

7. Passenger boarding bridge according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that that the guiding shoe (15) is tiltably connected to the guiding support (11) along a first axis (X), which is aligned horizontally and perpendicular to the main sliding direction (D).

8. Passenger boarding bridge according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that the bearing shoe (12) is tiltably connected to the guiding support (11) additionally along a second axis (Z), which is aligned horizontally and parallel to the main sliding direction (D) and/or along a third vertical axis (Y).

9. Passenger boarding bridge according to any of the claims 2 to 5 and/or according to any of the claims 6 to 8,

characterized in,

that the bearing shoe (12) and/or the guiding shoe (15) is connected to the guiding support (11) by means of a first ball joint (16).

10. Passenger boarding bridge according to any of the claims 2 to 5 and to any of the claims 6 to 8, or according to the preceding claim,

characterized in,

that the guiding shoe (15) is connected to the bearing shoe (12) by means of a second ball joint (17).

11. Passenger boarding bridge according to any of the preceding claims,

characterized in, that the bearing surfaces of one bearing (5) having at least a common planar contacting area of at least 20cm2, in particular 25cm2.

Description:
Passenger boarding bridge

The invention refers to a passenger boarding bridge.

A passenger boarding bridge of the claimed type, for example shown in WO 2014/146758 Al, connects an airplane with a terminal building via a tunnel. The tunnel may be extendible and comprises at least two tunnel sections, which can be telescoped for adjusting the length of the tunnel to the distance between an airplane door and the terminal building. The tunnel sections are connected by roller bearings to enable relative movement of the tunnel sections during telescoping. US 3, 184,772 A discloses a conventional bearing concept, that uses rollers between the two tunnel sections. However the forces onto the bearings are that high, that enormous wear is applicable to the rollers and the bearing surfaces. This is in main caused by the nearly point or line shaped contact surfaces of the rollers and the respective bearing surface, which causes high stress on the small contact surface. The stress is also a cause for increased corrosion on the bearing rail surfaces. It is an object of the present invention to reduce the wear caused in connection with the bearing of the tunnel sections. The object of the invention is solved by a passenger boarding bridge according to claim 1; preferred embodiments are described in the dependent claims and the description.

The inventive passenger boarding bridge comprises a tunnel having a first tunnel section and a second tunnel section, the tunnel sections can be telescoped for adjusting the length of the tunnel along a main sliding direction, a number of bearings adapted to slidably support the tunnel sections relative to each other, having at least one bearing rail connected to the first tunnel section and at least one bearing sledge connected to the second tunnel section. The bearing rail comprises a planar first horizontal bearing surface. The bearing sledge comprises a planar second horizontal bearing surface, which is adapted to slide along the planar first horizontal bearing surface during telescoping.

The main idea is to replace the rolling rollers by a sliding sledge. Though the friction between the two tunnel sections may increase during telescoping, the surface pressure when static loads charges the bearings are massively reduced compared to the conventional roller bearings. This enables less wear, thus less corrosion and less maintenance costs. The increased friction is acceptable in view of the other advantages, also because during telescoping the bridge is not occupied by passengers and thus comparatively light in weight.

In an embodiment the bearing sledge comprises a bearing support attached to the second tunnel and a bearing shoe carrying the second horizontal bearing surface, wherein the bearing shoe is tiltably connected to the bearing support, in particular by a first hinge. The ability to tilt provides a self-adjusting mechanism to the bearing shoe. In particular the bearing shoe is tiltably connected to the bearing support along a first axis, which is aligned horizontally and perpendicular to the main sliding direction. This first axis corresponds to the axis of the main bending moments occurring in the tunnel sections during use. In an embodiment the bearing shoe is tiltably connected to the bearing support additionally along a second axis, which is aligned horizontally and parallel to the main sliding direction, and/or along a third vertical axis. This additionally enables a self-adjusting capability of the bearing shoe in any other direction.

In an embodiment the bearing rail comprises a planar first vertical guiding surface, and the bearing sledge comprises a planar second vertical guiding surface, which is in slidable contact with the planar first vertical guiding surface. In particular during the side movement of the passenger boarding bridge heavy loads occur on the vertical guiding surfaces. The planar surfaces reduce the pressure stress on the guiding surfaces and enable also less wear.

In an embodiment that the bearing sledge comprises a guiding support attached to the second tunnel and a guiding shoe carrying the second vertical guiding surface. The guiding shoe is tiltably connected to the guiding support, in particular by a first hinge and/or by a second hinge. The tiltably connection enables a self-adjusting mechanism to the second vertical guiding surfaces. In an embodiment the guiding support can be the same part as the previously mentioned bearing support. In an embodiment the guiding shoe is tiltably connected to the guiding support along a first axis, which is aligned horizontally and perpendicular to the main sliding direction. Additionally the bearing shoe is in particular tiltably connected to the bearing support along a second axis, which is aligned horizontally and parallel to the main sliding direction and/or along a third vertical axis. The advantages mentioned above are applicable. In an embodiment the bearing shoe and/or the guiding shoe is connected to the bearing support by means of a first ball joint. The ball joint enables that the bearing shoe and/or the guiding shoe may tilt around all spatial axis.

In an embodiment the guiding shoe is connected to the bearing shoe by means of a second ball joint. Here in particular the bearing shoe carries the guiding shoe. So in principal the guiding shoe has the same degrees of freedom as the bearing shoe relative to the bearing support. Through the second ball joint the guiding shoe has also additional degrees of freedom relative to the bearing shoe. This enables optimum self-alignment capabilities between all involved surfaces. In an embodiment the bearing surfaces of one bearing having at least a common planar contacting area of at least 20 cm 2 , in particular at least 25cm 2 . Here the contacting area means, the common surface area of the first horizontal bearing and the second horizontal bearing surface, being in contacting to each other and being capable of transmitting normal force to each other by surface pressure. Some of the surfaces, in particular the second bearing surface and/or the second guiding surface, may be made from a low friction material, e.g. so called low friction ceramics or so called low friction plastics, which are advantageous due to their low friction coefficient. Since the surface pressure is much lower compared to rollers, materials having a less hardness can be used. In an embodiment, between the guiding surfaces and/or between the bearing surfaces no additional lubricant is provided. In contrast thereto conventional rollers need regularly supply of lubricant; therefore the inventive concept is more environmentally friendly and thus requires low maintenance effort.

In the scope of the present invention the term "tiltably" means, that the respective parts can be twisted relative to each other over a range of angle which is much less than 90°. The tilting is just provided for adjusting the planar bearing surface to each other (making them parallel), therefore a twisting is only necessary of some degrees smaller than 10°. In contrast to the prior art, there are provided roller bearings wherein the rollers can rotate multiple times 360°. Twisting is not rolling; rolling means that a rotational body can perform multiple rotations over an angle of more than 360°.

The invention is described in more detail with the help of the drawings, the figures show: fig. 1 a side view of an inventive passenger boarding bridge showing parts of a tunnel with two tunnel sections, fig. 2 a detailed side view (fig. 2a) and cross-section (fig. 2b) of the passenger boarding bridge according to fig. 1 showing the bearings of the tunnel sections, fig. 3 a bearing sledge of the bearing according to fig. 2 in two perspective views, fig. 4 a cross-section of the bearing sledge according to figure 3, fig. 5 different views of the bearing sledge of figure 3,

Figure 1 shows a part of an inventive passenger boarding bridge 1, as in principal is disclosed e.g. in WO 2014/146758 Al. The passenger boarding bridge 1 comprises an extendible tunnel 2, having two tunnel sections 3, 4 which can be telescoped along a main sliding direction D. The tunnel sections are supported to each other by means of in sum eight bearings 5, which are subsequently described in more detail.

In figure 2 it is shown, that a bearing 5 comprises a bearing sledge 10, which can slide along a bearing rail 6. The bearing rail 6 has a planar first horizontal bearing surface 7. The bearing rail 6 is mounted to the first tunnel section 3, the bearing sledge 10 is mounted to the second tunnel section 4. In contrast to the concepts of the prior art no rollers are provided in the bearing 5, but instead the bearing sledge 10 can slide along the bearing rail 6. Therefore the bearing sledge 10 has a planar second horizontal bearing surface 13, which rests on the planar first horizontal bearing surface 7. Figure 3 shows details of the bearing sledge 10. The planar second horizontal bearing surface 13 defines an area of contact between the bearing sledge 10 and the bearing rail 6. Because there is a planar contact between the surfaces, the surface pressure is massively reduced compared to the conventional roller bearings having a curved second bearing surface.

During the telescoping procedure the slide friction of the inventive bearing concept may be slightly higher compared to the rolling friction of the prior art roller bearings. But the main use of a passenger boarding bridge is more a static use, in which no telescoping procedure is given; the dynamic use during telescoping is limited to some minutes per day when the bridge is tob connected to the airplane or to be disconnected from the airplane. So the disadvantage of higher friction can be accepted, also since the bridge is unloaded during (dis-)connection. A lateral guiding is provided by the provision of a planar first vertical guiding surface 8 of the bearing rail 6 and a planar second vertical guiding surface 14 attached to the bearing sledge 10.

Figure 3 and 4 shows, that the bearing sledge 10 comprises several components, including a bearing support 11 and a bearing shoe 12. The bearing support 11 is fixed to the second tunnel section 4, the bearing shoe 12 is attached to the bearing support 11 by means of a first ball joint 16. The first ball joint 16 enables a tilting of the bearing shoe 12 relative to the bearing support 11 primary along an axis X, which is aligned horizontally and perpendicular to the main sliding direction D. Additionally the first ball joint 16 enables a tilting of the bearing shoe 12 relative to the bearing support 11 along an axis Z, which is parallel to the main sliding direction D, and along a vertical axis Y. The first ball joint provides certain degrees of freedom for the first horizontal bearing surface 13 to optimally align with the planar first horizontal bearing surface 7 (figure 5).

The bearing sledge 10 further comprises a guiding shoe 15, carrying the second vertical guiding surface 14. The guiding shoe 15 is connected to the bearing shoe 12 by means of a second ball joint 17, enabling a tilting of the guiding shoe 15 relative to the bearing shoe 12 along a vertical axis Y.

The guiding shoe 15 is attached to the bearing shoe 12 by means of a second ball joint 17. Due to the connection of the guiding shoe 15 at the bearing shoe 12 the guiding shoe 15 has the same degrees of freedom as the bearing shoe 12 relative to the bearing support I I. Additionally the second ball joint 17 enables a tilting of the guiding shoe 15 relative to the bearing shoe 12 primary along the axis Z, along the axis X and along the axis Y. The second ball joint 17 provides certain degrees of freedom for the planar second vertical guiding surface 14 to optimally align with the planar first vertical guiding surface 8.

The second horizontal bearing surface 13 is constituted by a separate bearing slide pad, supported by the bearing shoe 12. The planar second vertical guiding surface 14 constituted by a separate guiding slide pad, supported by the guiding shoe 15. List of reference signs

1 passenger boarding bridge

2 tunnel

3 first tunnel section

4 second tunnel section

5 bearing

6 bearing rail

7 planar first horizontal bearing surface

8 planar first vertical guiding surface

10 bearing sledge

11 bearing support / guiding support

12 bearing shoe

13 planar second horizontal bearing surface

14 planar second vertical guiding surface

15 guiding shoe

16 first hinge

17 second hinge

X x-axis

Y y-axis

Z z-axis

D main sliding direction