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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
PERMANENT MAGNET BRAKING SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1997/035377
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A conductor rotor (15) presents a pair of electroconductive rings (16, 17) spaced apart to receive magnet carrying shoes (40, 40') with permanent magnets (42) to induce eddy currents in the rings and thereby retard rotation of the conductor rotor. The shoes are moved in and out in a controlled manner to move between a retracted brake-off position and an extended brake-on position.

Inventors:
LAMB KARL J
Application Number:
PCT/US1997/003949
Publication Date:
September 25, 1997
Filing Date:
March 13, 1997
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MAGNA FORCE INC (US)
International Classes:
H02K49/04; (IPC1-7): H02K49/04
Domestic Patent References:
WO1994028614A11994-12-08
Foreign References:
DE934296C1955-10-20
FR1505384A1967-12-15
FR2102600A51972-04-07
DE925414C1955-03-21
US5051638A1991-09-24
DE1613022A11970-12-23
Other References:
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 009, no. 018 (M - 353) 25 January 1985 (1985-01-25)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims
1. A braking system compπsing a conductor rotor having a rotary axis and two axially spaced electroconductive rings, a nonrotating braking shoe presenting permanent magnets each with its poles facing in opposite axial directions, and means for selectively moving said shoe between a brakeoff position not between said rings and a brakeon position between said rings for inducing eddy currents in the rings when the conductor rotor is rotating .
2. A braking system according to claim 1 in which there are a pair of said shoes positioned diametrically opposite one another relative to said axis.
3. A braking system according to claim 1 in which said shoe has multiple magnets occupying an arc corresponding generally to the curvature of said rings.
4. A braking system according to claim 1 in which said shoe is mounted on a member which is parallel to said axis and is spaced inwardly toward said axis from said rings, said means including a mechanism for selectively moving said member outwardly toward said rings and inwardly toward said axis.
5. A braking system according to claim 1 in which the movement of said shoe between brakeoff and brakeon positions is along a linear path perpendicular to said.
6. A braking system according to claim 1 in which said rings are backed with mold steel bands and are mounted in aluminum members.
7. A braking system according to claim 4 in which said member is rigidly mounted on a pair of guide rods slideably mounted in stationary bearings.
Description:
Description

PERMANENT MAGNET BRAKING SYSTEM

Cross-Reference

This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application

Serial No. 08/546,066, filed October 20, 1995, which is a continuation of the application issued as Patent No. 5,477,094 issued December 19, 1995, which is a continuation-in-part of the application issued as Patent No 5,477,093 issued December 19, 1995

Technical Field

This invention relates to braking systems for braking one of the rotors in a permanent magnet drive system of the general type shown in my Patent No 5,447,094

Background of the Invention

In my Patent No. 5,473,209 there is disclosed a permanent magnet braking system for a shaft having a magnet rotor thereon which co-acts with one or two non-rotary electro-conductive members which can be adjusted in a direction axially of the shaft to vary the air gap between the magnet rotor and the electro¬ conductive member(s) When the air gap is narrowed a braking effect occurs

A need has arisen for an alternative permanent magnet braking system which does not operate by varying the width of the air gap

Summary ofthe Invention

The brake of the present invention operates in conjunction with a conductor rotor having a pair of electroconductive rings spaced apart axially of the rotor. The brake presents a pair of non-rotary magnet carrying shoes each extending laterally from a respective laterally movable beam which is parallel to the rotary axis of the conductor rotor Outward movement of the beams from a retracted inactive position places sets of permanent magnets on the shoes between a pair of the

electroconductive rings and spaced therefrom by air gaps As a result the magnetic flux emanating from the magnets is intersected by the rotating electroconductive rings and eddy currents are created therein Consequently the rotational speed of the conductor rotor is retarded The amount of retardation can be varied by varying the amount of overlap of the magnets by the electroconductive rings, and namely by varying the outward extension of the magnet carrying shoes by the beams as by pneumatic cylinders

Brief Description ofthe Drawings Fig 1 is a longitudinal horizontal sectional view of a braking system embodying the invention and with the brake being shown in an "off' position,

Fig.2 is a transverse sectional view taken as indicated by line 2-2 in Fig 1,

Fig 3 is a sectional view corresponding to Fig 1 , but with the brake being shown in a fully "on" position, and

Fig 4 is a transverse sectional view taken as indicated by line 4-4 in Fig 3 and with parts broken away

Detailed Description ofthe Invention Referring to the drawings, shafts 10-1 1 are connected by couplings 12-

13 to a magnet rotor unit 14 and conductor rotor unit 15 The conductor rotor unit presents two axially spaced flat rings (continuous bands) 16-17 having good electroconductive characteristics such, for example, as copper or aluminum These rings 16-17 have ferrous backing rings 18-19, preferably of mild steel The ferrous backing 18-19 for the electroconductive rings 16-17, and the electroconductive rings 16-17, are mounted on a support ring 15a and a support plate 15b having a hub 15c receiving the coupling 13 Spacers in the form of sleeves 22 separate the members 15a-15b and they are held by bolts 23 passing through the sleeves and the members 15a- 15b The support members 15a- 15b are formed with like annular recesses of a thickness to receive respective of the backing rings 18-19 and electroconductive

rings 16-17 in stacked relation It is preferred to have the mouth of the recesses countersunk with a pattern of indentations matching lobes 24 provided on an expanded outer border portion of the electroconductive rings 16-17 which extends beyond the outer marginal edge of the backing 18-19 Mounting screws extend through holes 24a in the lobes 24 into the support members 15a- 15b

Acting in concert with the conductor rotor 15 is a pair of magnet shoes 40-40. The shoe 40 has, for example, three magnet sets 42 mounted in rectangular through openings 43 in the shoe Each magnet set 42 has a pair of permanent magnets 42a, 42b arranged with their polarities reversed relative to one another The shoes 40-40' are mounted on beams 44-44' which are parallel to and diametrically opposite from the rotary axis of the shaft 1 1 The beams 44-44' are selectively moved toward and away from the rotary axis by operation of pneumatic cylinders 46-46' acting against respective cross-members 48-48' each of which interconnects a respective pair of guide rods 50-51 and 50'-51 ' These guide rods extend through linear bearings 52 mounted together with the inner end of the cylinders 46-46' on a suitable rigid frame (not shown)

Referring to Fig 4 it is seen that the magnet sets 42 in each shoe 40-40' are arranged in an arc which corresponds to the curvature of the electroconductive rings 16-17 When the shoes are extended to a fully "on" condition of the brake (Figs 3-4), the longitudinal side faces of the magnets in each set 42 which face one another define a neutral plane 42' therebetween which extends radially from the rotary axis 54 ofthe shaft 1 1 for maximum performance ofthe magnets

When the cylinder s46-46' are in a retracted condition the magnet carrying shoes 40-41' are retracted toward one another to an "off' position where the magnet sets 42 are withdrawn from between the electroconductive rings 16-17 (Figs 1-2) When the brake is to be applied the cylinders 46-46' are energized to extend the cylinder rods 46a-46a' and push the cross-members 48-48' outwardly Control of the cylinders 46-46' can be performed by a control system coupled to a suitable compressed air supply as well known in the pneumatic control art and as shown, for example, in Patent No 5,473,209 When the cross-members 48-48' move outwardly the pairs of guide rods 50-51 and 50'-51 ' are pulled outwardly through the linear

bearings 52, thereby moving the beams 44-44' and shoes 40-40' outwardly so that the sets of magnets 42 move between the rotating electroconductive rings 16-17. As this movement occurs, eddy currents are induced in the rings 16-17 by the magnetic fields of the magnets. As a consequence rotation of the conductor 15 is progressively retarded with outward advancement of the shoes 40-40' increasing exposure of the magnet sets 42 to the rings 16017.

It will be understood that the conductor rotor 16 may have an additional pair of electroconductive rings mounted on the outer side of the mounting ring 18 and an additional mounting ring spaced therefrom by additional spacers 22 and carried on longer tie bolts 23. When that is done additional magnet carrying shoes can be mounted on the beams 44-44' to interact with the additional pair of electroconductive rings

The parts 15a, 22, 15b and 15c of the conductor rotor 15, and the shoes 40-40' and beams 44-44' are preferably made of a suitable aluminum alloy. From the foregoing it will be appreciated that, although specific embodiments of the invention have been described herein for purposes of illustration, various modifications may be made without deviating from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the invention is not limited except as by the appended claims