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Title:
POWER GENERATOR FABRICATION USING MAGNET AND METAL PLATE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/033014
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The overall mechanism of this design is that a number of metal plates are spaced at short distances from each other in a circle, and three very strong neodymium magnets rotate around this circle. Given the distance and angle that the magnets have with each other, they do not collide with each other in the magnetic field and have no interaction with each other. Each magnet, given its instantaneous position in this circular environment, is attracted to and moving toward the metal plate, but never collides with it because the metal plate described by a mechanism before colliding with the magnet deviates from magnet path and the magnet is attracted to the next metal plate. Metal plates can be steel, nickel, cobalt or any other kind of metal which can be absorbed by the magnet.

Inventors:
GOHARI ARJMAND MOSTAFA (IR)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2019/057083
Publication Date:
February 25, 2021
Filing Date:
August 22, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
GOHARI ARJMAND MOSTAFA (IR)
International Classes:
H02K1/27; H02K7/18; H02K21/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2018033846A12018-02-22
WO2015197083A22015-12-30
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NASIRI AZAM, Bijan (IR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Power Generator Fabrication using Magnet and Metal Plate

Claims

1- A device for energy and power generation which consists of the following parts: a. Rotor b. Metal Plates c. Magnets d. Metal plates moving system e. Device stopping system

2- The device according to claim 1, the magnets are attached to the rotor, rotating around the shaft axis, and when approaching the metal plates, the plate moving system pulls it against the magnet.

3- The device according to claims 1 and 2, the plates and their moving system are arranged in a constant manner around the shaft axis and as each magnet approaches each plate, the system departs it from the direction of the magnet's motion, thereby magnet attracts to the next metal plate.

4- The device according to claims 1, 2 and 3, the rotor and shaft rotate around their axis in the absence of any kind of fossil energy and can transfer that energy to other systems.

5- The device according to claim 2, the magnets are sufficiently spaced so that they do not have overlap in the magnetic field.

6- The device according to claim 2, through a number of arms the magnets are attached to the shaft that can rotate around its axis.

7- The device according to claim 3, there are some metal plates in some parts of the rotor shaft on which a number of cams are embedded and the beginning and end of each cam aligns with the beginning and end of the corresponding magnet arm.

8- The device according to claims 3 and 7, along each metal plate located in the engine circular medium, a shaft rack is positioned against the cams and when the magnet approaches a metal plate, the cam of magnet directs the shaft into the gearbox below which a metal plate is embedded.

9- The device according to claims 3,7 and 8, the racked part of the shaft engages and rotates double gear in turn rotates another gear, which is actually a hook gear and a thin towline joints hook of this gear to the hook embedded on the metal plate.

10- The device according to claims 3,7,8 and 9, when the cam pushes the shaft inward, the metal plate is removed from the magnet path by the gearbox and towline mechanism and after passing the entire cam in front of the shaft, a spring returns metal plate back up again to be attracted by next magnet.

11- The device according to claims 2 and 6, there is a magnetic shield behind each magnet to neutralize force behind the magnet.

12- The device according to claim 1, all of metal the plates and its moving systems are wrapped in a circular frame on which there are some reliefs on them and these reliefs serve as a seat for speed control part.

13- The device according to claims 1 and 12, the device has two frames with metal plates and their moving systems in such a way that each metal plate is facing half of each magnet, and when the magnet approaches two metal plates, each goes inside its propulsion system and deviates from the path of the magnet.

14- The device according to claim 1, when the system is required to stop, the stopping system is activated by a slight axis rotation by the user and there is a speed control system for each half of the engine.

15- The device according to claims 1 and 14, all shaft racks are designed so that a small portion of each shaft protrudes from the engine and a special speed control part that incorporated protruding part, with the help of sloping surfaces after rotating by the user, removes all the plates in the front of magnets.

Description:
Power Generator Fabrication using Magnet and Metal Plate

Description

Technical field:

The technical field of this invention relates to the power generators using magnetic force.

Technical issue:

The current engines generate power in two ways:

• Power generation by renewable energies such as wind, water, sun and etc.

• Power generation by fossil fuels

Engines generating powers by renewable energies usually are massive so that, in addition to the high cost of design, fabrication, installation and maintenance, while creating unpleasant landscapes in nature, their generated power is directly proportional to renewable energy availability.

On the other hand, although the engines that supply their energy from fossil fuels have obviated massiveness issue and power dependence on available energy, however unfortunately due to the emission of pollutants to the environment and atmosphere, have caused increasingly cardiopulmonary diseases, various cancers and strokes, and so on.

The highly destructive and adverse impact of such pollutants in recent years has also caused ozone depletion, global warming, successive droughts, and negative environmental impacts such as polar ice cap melting, deforestation (many forests have been burnt due to global warming) and subsequently have resulted in the extinction or threat of many species, and on the other hand, fossil fuels are running out and in case of depletion, they also incur a serious damage to the environment. The power generator is designed using a magnet to produce high torque and speed without using fossil fuels as well as low space occupancy and very low fabrication cost.

Prior arts

To the best of our knowledge, many attempts have been undertaken to power generation using magnets around the world. According to such attempts, mechanism of action of power generation is divided into three general categories:

• The first category includes engines that use two unlike magnet poles to power generation.

• The second category includes engines that use two like magnet poles to power generation.

• The third category includes simultaneous use of the unlike and like poles as well as gravitational force as complementary force to power generation.

The high fabrication costs of all these designs due to the high cost of neodymium magnets are one of the biggest disadvantages of these engines. Because all of these designs incorporates a lot of neodymium magnets. Also in designs that generate power by unlike magnet poles (repulsion), the low engine service life and the need for early replacement of the magnets are other drawbacks than the expensive engine, and in the designs that use gravity to power generation, in addition to the two mentioned disadvantages, the engine position angle relative to the ground must also be added. METHOD FOR CONVERTING MAGNETIC FORCE INTO ROTARY MOTION AND MAGNET ENGINE, Application Number: 2014200321. The invention relates to a method for converting magnetic force into rotary motion by using two magnets as a source of force, providing a first magnet (7) with the possibility of sliding on the rotor's shaft (2), installing a second magnet (18) in front of the first, providing the decomposition of the magnetic force F into component forces F/n acting in radial direction, making a dynamic stator (17) using multiple cylindrical wheels (11) arranged on flexible transmission (15) in a ring around the first magnet, putting all component forces on stator wheels in tangent direction and providing additional transmission for transmitting torque from the stator to the rotor's shaft. The invention also relates to a magnet engine (1), which includes a shaft (2) with a platform (3) mounted on a frame (4), multiple bell cranks assemblies (5) arranged on said platform in a rotor (6) with a first permanent magnet (7) installed on the shaft with its edges on upper hands of the bell cranks (8), the lower hands of which placed against a power rod (9) with guiding wheels (10), a second permanent magnet (18) mounted on frame (4) face to face with the first magnet (7), multiple cylindrical wheels (11) with helical rails (12) and own shafts (13) both ends of which connected to flexible joints (14) arranged about the rotor in a first main transmission (15) seated in the bearing brackets (16) attached to the frame (4) and arranged in a dynamic stator (17) with helical rails (12) under permanent pushing of the guiding wheels (10) in the tangent direction, and at least one transmission (19) for transmitting torque from stator (17) to output shaft (2).

Detailed Description of the invention

The overall mechanism of this design is that a number of metal plates are spaced at short distances from each other in a circle, and three very strong neodymium magnets rotate around this circle. Given the distance and angle that the magnets have with each other, they do not collide with each other in the magnetic field and have no interaction with each other.

Each magnet, given its instantaneous position in this circular environment, is attracted to and moving toward the metal plate, but never collides with it because the metal plate described by a mechanism before colliding with the magnet deviates from magnet path and the magnet is attracted to the next metal plate. Metal plates can be steel, nickel, cobalt or any other kind of metal which can be absorbed by the magnet.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1 Schematic of the device and its rotor

Fig. 2 Interior view of the arms and plates movable system

Fig 3 Focation of the magnet and magnetic shield

Fig. 4 A view on performance of half part system

Fig 5 A view on ways of paired metal plates working

Fig 6 Stopping device motion system performance

Detailed Description of the Drawings To realize this mechanism, a rotor is designed with three arms (1) in the middle part and three positions (2) are embedded at the end of each arm for three magnets (3).

At the top and bottom of the rotor, there are two thick plates (4) integrated with the rotor axis, on which three cams (5) is designed so that the beginning and end of each cam align with beginning and end of the specific magnet position.

Along each metal plate located in the engine circular medium, a shaft rack (6) is positioned against the cams, which are always in contact with the cams plates. When the magnet approaches a metal plate (7), the cam of magnet directs the shaft into the gearbox below which a metal plate is embedded.

The racked part of the shaft engages and rotates Double Gear (8) in turn rotates another gear, which is actually a hook Gear (9). A thin towline (10) joints hook of this gear to the hook (11) embedded on the metal plate.

Hence, when the cam pushes the shaft inward, the metal plate is removed from the magnet path by the gearbox and towline mechanism. After passing the entire cam in front of the shaft, a spring (12) returns metal plate back up again to allow the next magnet to come in and repeat this mechanism. On the cap that holds the gears and the metal plate, two grooves for the ball (7.c) are mounted to move the metal plate without friction.

There is a magnetic shield (13) behind each magnet (14). The task of the magnetic shield is to ensure that the metal plate is not re-attracted by the magnet when it is restored after passing the magnet and that the rotor does not returned back. This magnetic shield is made of metal and its dimensions are the same the magnet and completely neutralizes the magnet force from behind.

This design incorporates 30 metal plates and for each plate a rack shaft, a double gear, a hook gear, a towline, a spring and two caps (16) are mounted that hold the entire this set together with a metal plate.

All of these 30 metal plates and their accessories are wrapped in a circular frame (15), making up half of the whole engine. The other half of the engine, like this set of parts, is made up of 30 metal plates with all the listed accessories and is located on the other side of the engine.

In order to improve engine performance and efficiency, instead of having a metal plate in front of each magnet and being completely opposite to the magnet in its outermost position, two metal plates were used that their height reaches middle of the magnet. For this reason, the engine is made up of two halves, each with 30 metal plates and all its accessories.

When the plates (7. a) are in their outermost position, the magnet is attracted to them and rotates the system. As a result of the system rotation described earlier, as the magnet approaches the plates, the plates (7.b) depart from the direction of the magnet's motion, thereby magnet attracts to the next metal plates, and so the magnet's motion continues. Given constant rotation of the main shaft of the device, this energy generator can be connected to any other system through the shaft to supply the required energy. A system is designed for stopping device motion necessarily. All rack shafts are designed to control the speed of the device so that a small portion of each shaft (6. a) is ejected from the motor. The bottom of all shafts is angled 90 degrees downward.

The specific speed control part (17) is designed in such a way that it has sloping surfaces for all shafts in half of engine and the angled end of all shafts rests on these sloping surfaces. This part is mounted on an engine frame on which some relief for holding the speed control part are embedded, and on each relief there are two grooves for the ball to roll speed control part over the ball and a cap is also embedded to prevent the balls from leaving the grooves.

When rotating this speed control part, all the shafts are pulled out of the engine at the same time as if all the shafts were squeezed out by the cam simultaneously. As a result, all the plates departed together in front of the magnets and the central rotor loses its motion and the engine stops moving. A speed control part is designed for each half of the engine. If we rotate one of the speed controls, the engine loses half of its speed, and when we rotate both, the engine speed drops to zero.

Advantages of the invention

• This generator due to the lack of use of fossil fuels does not emit any pollution or pollutants.

• This power generator can rotate in idle speed manner as the current internal combustion engine installed in cars.

• This generator due to the great power of the magnets, generate huge torque and can tolerate a lot of loads without reducing engine speed.

• The fabrication of this engine due to the small number of magnets is cost-effective compared to internal combustion engines.

• It has very low maintenance requirements.

• The space occupied by this power generator with 3 magnets is about the same as a four- cylinder gasoline engine.

• The power generated by this generator can be reduced or increased (adjusted) by reducing or increasing the size and number of magnets if appropriate.

• This engine can be applied in power plants.

• This engine can be installed in electric cars to save energy instead of using giant batteries making up half of the car's total weight.

• This small-scale power generator can be used in home appliances, home water pumps and other electrical appliances.

Industrial application:

The engine can be replaced in any part of the industry currently used by existing engines. Generally, in any system that requires propulsion, this engine can be used in various dimensions. In this device, instead of magnet other absorbent materials including magnetic fluids, nano- magnetic materials and etc. can be used. Other types of this generator may also be used in industry, which are described below:

Model 1: In this model, we use block magnets instead of all metal plates. At each of the magnet positions in the rotor, two magnets and one magnetic shield are mounted. The magnets and magnetic shields are positioned so that the shield lies between the two magnets and both magnets attach to the shield with their positive (or negative) poles so that the two magnets and the shield form a monopole magnet. This way the front of the rotor magnet is attracted by opposite block magnet and at the same time, the block magnet rising from behind the rotor repels the back of the rotor magnet.

Model 2:

In this model, we use block magnets instead of metal plates. We also use metal plate in each of the positions of the magnet on the rotor, instead of the magnet and the magnetic shield, which is located in the front of the rotor. On the other hand, we consider the cam length to be so long that it takes longer to return the block magnet again after the metal plate has passed. This way the metal plate is attracted by the front block magnets on the front, and the magnets that return to the top, on the other hand, cannot attract and rotate the rotor because of the distance from the metal plate.

Model 3

In this model, instead of each metal plate, two block magnets and one magnetic shield are used. The shield lies between the two block magnets and each magnet attaches to the shield from its positive (or negative) poles, so that the set of two magnets and the shield form a monopole. In each of the magnet positions on the rotor we use only one magnet instead of a magnet and a magnetic shield. Thus, the plate facing the rotor magnet is like pole and attracts the rotor magnet, and the plate rising behind the rotor magnet is unlike pole of rotor magnet pole and repels it.