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Title:
PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF OXAZOLIDINONES AND METHOD OF USE THEREOF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2003/106413
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
A process for preparing N-(substituted)-C­- (substituted methyl)-oxazolidinones, C-(substituted methyl)-oxazolidinones, and N-(substituted)-C­- (substituted ethyl)-oxazolidinones, preferably chiral, from optically active C-(protected oxymethyl)­ oxazolidinones is described. The process can be used to produce combinatorial libraries of the above substituted oxazolidinones in a two or three step reaction comprising a plurality of reagents differing in numbers of carbons or particular substituted oxazolidinones. A number of substituted oxazolidinones produced using the above process have been discovered to have antimicrobial activity.

Inventors:
HOLLINGSWORTH RAWLE I
WANG GUIJUN
PADMAKUMAR RAGHAVAKAIMAL
MAO JIANMIN
ZHANG HUIPING
DAI ZONGMIN
PUTHUPARAMPIL KANAKAMMA
Application Number:
PCT/US2002/033181
Publication Date:
December 24, 2003
Filing Date:
October 17, 2002
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNIV MICHIGAN STATE (US)
SYNTHON CORP (US)
International Classes:
A61K31/421; A61K31/4245; A61K31/427; A61K31/4375; A61K31/496; A61K31/5377; A61K31/7056; A61P31/04; C07B53/00; C07B61/00; C07D263/20; C07D263/24; C07D263/26; C07D413/12; C07D417/12; C07D471/04; C07H15/26; C07H17/00; C12Q1/18; C40B40/04; C40B40/12; C40B50/00; (IPC1-7): C07D/
Domestic Patent References:
WO2000044717A22000-08-03
Foreign References:
US6531470B12003-03-11
US6617114B12003-09-09
US6288238B12001-09-11
US6288239B12001-09-11
US5721099A1998-02-24
US5545568A1996-08-13
Other References:
ALLIN S.M. ET AL: 'The Preparation and First Application of a Polymer-Supported "Evans" Oxazolidinone' TETRAHEDRON LETTERS vol. 37, no. 44, 28 October 1996, pages 8023 - 8026, XP004031033
See also references of EP 1578723A2
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Mcleod, Ian C. (P.C. 2190 Commons Parkwa, Okemos MI, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WE CLAIM: -
1. A process for producing a library of substituted oxazolidinones which comprises: (a) reacting a C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent containing a first reagent including a plurality of compounds having different numbers of carbons which are reactive with N in the C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone under alkylation or Buchwald conditions in an inert atmosphere to produce a mixture of N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinones (I); and (b) reacting the mixture of (I) produced in step (a) in an aqueous organic solvent with a second reagent which removes the protecting group and replaces it with another group from the second reagent to produce the library of substituted oxazolidinones.
2. The process of Claim 1 wherein the second reagent is a reducing agent which removes the protecting group of the N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone to provide a mixture of N. (substituted) . C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinones (II) as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.
3. The process of Claim 2 wherein the mixture of (II) is further reacted with a third reagent containing a plurality of compounds reactive with the hydroxymethyl in an anhydrous organic solvent to produce a mixture of N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinones (III) as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.
4. The process of Claim 3 wherein the anhydrous organic solvent further includes pyridine.
5. The process of Claim 3 wherein the third reagent produces a mixture of 3. (substituted). 5. (substituted methyl). 2. oxazolidinones.
6. The process of Claim 3 wherein the third reagent produces a mixture of 3. (substituted). 4. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones.
7. The process of Claim 1 wherein substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.
8. The process of Claim 1,2, or 3 wherein the substituted oxazolidinones in the library are separated chromatographically.
9. The process of Claim 1,2, or 3 wherein the substituted oxazolidinones in the library are separated chromatographically and then the separated substituted oxazolidinones are each screened for biological activity.
10. The process of Claim 1 wherein the protecting group is a trityl group.
11. The process of Claim 1 wherein under the alkylation conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes an alkali without substantial reducing activity.
12. The process of Claim 11 wherein the alkali is an ionic hydride.
13. The process of Claim 12 wherein the ionic hydride is sodium hydride.
14. The process of Claim 1 wherein under the Buchwald conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes a palladium catalyst.
15. The process of Claim 14 wherein the palladium catalyst is Pd (OAc) 2.
16. The process of Claim 1 wherein the mixture of N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinones (I) produced in step (a) are purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent and the substituted oxazolidinones produced in step (b) are purified by removing the solvent.
17. The process of Claim 2 wherein the N. (substituted) . C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinones (II) are purified by removing the solvent.
18. The process of Claim 3 wherein the N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinones (III) are purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.
19. A process for producing a library of substituted oxazolidinones which comprises: (a) reacting a C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent containing a first reagent including a plurality of compounds having different numbers of carbons which are reactive with N in the C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone under alkylation or Buchwald conditions in an inert atmosphere to produce a mixture of N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl). oxazolidinones (I); (b) reacting the mixture of (I) produced in step (a) in an aqueous organic solvent with a second reagent which removes the protecting group of the N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinones to produce a mixture of N. (substituted). C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinones (II); and (c) reacting the mixture of (II) produced in step (b) in an anhydrous organic solvent with a third reagent containing a plurality of compounds reactive with the hydroxymethyl of the mixture of (II) to produce a mixture of N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl). oxazolidinones (III) as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.
20. The process of Claim 19 wherein the anhydrous organic solvent in step (c) further includes pyridine.
21. The process of Claim 19 wherein the third reagent produces a mixture of 3. (substituted). 5. (substituted methyl). 2. oxazolidinones.
22. The process of Claim 19 wherein the third reagent produces a mixture of 3. (substituted). 4. (substituted methyl). 2. oxazolidinones.
23. The process of Claim 19 wherein substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.
24. The process of Claim 19,21, or 22 wherein the substituted oxazolidinones in the library are separated chromatographically.
25. The process of Claim 19 wherein the protecting group is a trityl group.
26. The process of Claim 19 wherein under the alkylation conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes an alkali without substantial reducing activity.
27. The process of Claim 26 wherein the alkali is an ionic hydride.
28. The process of Claim 27 wherein the ionic hydride is sodium hydride.
29. The process of Claim 19 wherein under the Buchwald conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes a palladium catalyst.
30. The process of Claim 29 wherein the palladium catalyst is Pd (OAc) 2.
31. The process of Claim 19 wherein the mixture of N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinones (I) produced in step (a) are purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.
32. The process of Claim 19 wherein the N. (substituted) . C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinones (II) produced in step (b) are purified by removing the solvent.
33. The process of Claim 19 wherein the N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinones (III) produced in step (c) are purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.
34. A process for preparing a library of substituted oxazolidinones which comprises: reacting a C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent including pyridine with a reagent containing a plurality of compounds reactive with the hydroxy group to produce a mixture of substituted oxazolidinones as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.
35. The process of Claim 34 wherein the reaction produces a mixture of 5. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones.
36. The process of Claim 34 wherein the reaction produces a mixture of 4. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones.
37. The process of Claim 34 wherein the reaction produces a mixture of N. (substituted). C. (hydroxymethyl). 2. oxazolidinones.
38. The process of Claim 34 wherein the reaction produces a mixture of N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl). 2. oxazolidinones.
39. The process of Claim 34 wherein substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.
40. The process of Claim 34,35, 36,37, or 38 wherein the substituted oxazolidinones in the library are separated chromatographically.
41. A library of substituted oxazolidinones selected from the group consisting of N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinones, N. (substituted) . C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinones, and C. (substituted methyl). oxazolidinones.
42. The library of Claim 41 wherein substituted in N. (substituted) includes at least 10 different individual groups.
43. The library of Claim 41 or 42 wherein substituted in C. (substituted) includes at least 10 different individual groups.
44. The library of Claim 41 wherein the library is a mixture of N. (substituted). C. hydroxymethyl. 2. oxazolidinones.
45. The library of Claim 41 wherein the library is a mixture selected from the group consisting of 3. (substituted). 5. (substituted methyl). 2. oxazolidinones and 3. (substituted). 4. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones.
46. The library of Claim 41 wherein substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.
47. A method of screening substituted oxazolidinones for biological activity which comprises: (a) providing a library of the substituted oxazolidinones wherein the substituted oxazolidinones are selected from the group consisting of N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinones, N. (substituted). C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinones, and C. (substituted methyl). oxazolidinones ; (b) chromatographically separating the substituted oxazolidinones in the library; and (c) testing the separated substituted oxazolidinones for the biological activity.
48. The method of Claim 47 wherein substituted in N. (substituted) includes at least 10 different individual groups.
49. The method of Claim 47 or 48 wherein substituted in C. (substituted methyl) includes at least 10 different individual groups.
50. The method of Claim 47 wherein the substituted oxazolidinones is a mixture of N. (substituted). C. hydroxymethyl. 2. oxazolidinones.
51. The method of Claim 47 wherein the substituted oxazolidinones are a mixture selected from the group consisting of 3. (substituted). 5. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones, 3. (substituted). 4. (substituted methyl). 2. oxazolidinones, 5. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones, and 4. (substituted methyl) . 2. oxazolidinones.
52. The method of Claim 47 wherein substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.
53. A substituted oxazolidinone with biological activity obtained by the method of Claim 47.
54. A process for producing a substituted oxazolidinone which comprises: (a) reacting a C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent containing a first reagent including a compound which is reactive with N in the C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone under alkylation or Buchwald conditions in an inert atmosphere to produce an N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl). oxazolidinone ; (b) reacting the N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone in an aqueous organic solvent with a second reagent with a second reagent which replaces the protecting group of the N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone with a hydrogen to produce an N. (substituted). C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinone ; and (c) reacting the N. (substituted). C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent with a third reagent containing a compound reactive with the hydroxy group to produce N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinones as the substituted oxazolidinone.
55. The process of Claim 54 wherein the anhydrous organic solvent in step (c) further includes pyridine.
56. The process of Claim 54 wherein substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.
57. The process of Claim 54 wherein the protecting group is a trityl group.
58. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen; R2 is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, wherein hetero is an atom selected from the group consisting of 0, N, P, and S ; and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, and S.
59. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio.
60. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio.
61. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
62. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
63. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
64. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
65. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers.
66. The process of Claim 54 wherein the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, with C. 5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers.
67. The process of Claim 54 wherein under the alkylation conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes an alkali without substantial reducing activity.
68. The process of Claim 67 wherein the alkali is an ionic hydride.
69. The process of Claim 68 wherein the ionic hydride is sodium hydride.
70. The process of Claim 54 wherein under the Buchwald conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes a palladium catalyst.
71. The process of Claim 70 wherein the palladium catalyst is Pd (OAc) 2.
72. The process of Claim 54 wherein the mixture of N. (substituted). C. (protected oxymethyl) . oxazolidinone produced in step (a) is purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.
73. The process of Claim 54 wherein the N. (substituted) . C. hydroxymethyl. oxazolidinone produced in step (b) is purified by removing the solvent.
74. The process of Claim 54 wherein the N. (substituted). C. (substituted methyl) . oxazolidinone produced in step (c) is purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.
75. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, wherein hetero is an atom selected from the group consisting of O, N, P, and S ; and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, and S.
76. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio.
77. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C.
78. 5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
79. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
80. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
81. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl.
82. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, and C. 5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers.
83. A substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C. 3, C. 4, with C. 5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers.
84. An antimicrobial composition comprising a carrier and one or more substituted oxazolidinones of the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen; R2 is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, wherein hetero is an atom selected from the group consisting of O, N, P, and S; and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, and S.
Description:
PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF OXAZOLIDINONES AND METHOD OF USE THEREOF CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION This application claims priority to U. S.

Provisional Application No. 60/330, 266 filed October 18,2001, and U. S. Provisional Application No.

60/330,268 filed October 18,2001.

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT Not applicable.

Reference to a"Computer Listing Appendix submitted on a Compact Disc" Not Applicable.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION (1) Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a process for preparing N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones, C- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones, and N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones, preferably chiral, from optically active C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones. The process can be used to produce combinatorial libraries of the above substituted oxazolidinones in a two or three step reaction comprising a plurality of reagents differing in numbers of carbons or particular substituted oxazolidinones. A number of substituted oxazolidinones produced using the above process have

been discovered to have antimicrobial activity.

(2) Description of Related Art Oxazolidinones, particularly substituted oxazolidinones such as 3- (substituted)-5- alkylaminomethyl-and 3- (substituted)-5- acylaminomethyl-2-oxazolidinones, are an important class of drug substances which are used for a wide variety of drug applications. These applications include use as antibacterial agents and in therapies for treating behavior disorders (Bowersock et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 44: 1367-1369 (2000); Skold, Acta Vet. Scand. Suppl. 93: 23-36 (2000); Diekema and Jones, Drugs 59: 7-16 (2000); Genin et al., J. Med. Chem. 43: 953-970 (2000); Johnson et al., J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 45: 225-230 (2000); Schulin et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 43: 2873-2876 (1999); Cynamon et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 43: 1189-1191 (1999); Chen and Reamer, Organic Letts. 1: 293-294 (1999); Brenner et al., Clin Therapeut. 22: 411-419 (2000); Clemett and Markham, Drugs 59: 815-827 (2000); Brickner et al., J. Med. Chem. 39: 673-679 (1996); Barry, Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 32: 150-152 (1988); Slee et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 31: 1791-1797 (1987); Manninen et al., Abs. Paps. Amer. Chem. Soc. 212: 389- ORGN, Part 2, (Aug. 25,1996)).

There are several methods for making the oxazolidinone nucleus in 3- (substituted)-5- alkylaminomethyl-and 3- (substituted)-5- acylaminomethyl-2-oxazolidinones. The general structure of 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinone is wherein Ri is alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, or mixture thereof, or hydrogen or hydroxy, and R2 is alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, or mixture thereof. The following disclose processes for preparing oxazolidinones and substituted oxazolidinones.

U. S. Patent No. 6,288, 238 B1 to Hollingsworth and Wang disclose a process for preparing 5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones in one step from 3,4-boronic acid ester protected 3,4- dihydroxybutyramides.

U. S. Patent No. 6,288, 239 B1 to Hollingsworth and Wang discloses a process for preparing 5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones and suggests a scheme for the alkylation of N-lithio-N- substituted carbamates with oxiranes such as glycidyl butyrate as shown in Scheme 1.

Scheme 1 0 0 0 (base) O OH-y--' (O R II/\OH R N \ 0 0 NaN3 H2 cat --- > J R R 0 0 Au20

Glycidyl equivalents such as epichlorohydrin can be used instead of glycidyl butyrate.

Schaus and Jacobsen (Tetrahedron Letts. 37: 7937-7940 (1996) ) teach using optically active N- oxiranylmethylacetamides to prepare chiral 3- (substituted) -5-acetamidomethyl-2-oxazolidinones in one step by the alkylation of N-lithio-N-aryl (or alkyl) carbamates as shown in Scheme 2.

Scheme 2 0/-Ph 0 0 )-0 Z ! ,, H + R-NH' /H R-N N

However, the above processes do not allow for the rapid synthesis of a plurality of substituted

oxazolidinones at the same time in the same reaction.

Thus, producing a plurality of substituted oxazolidinones for drug screening is slow and cumbersome which affects the rate in which new and useful drugs can be discovered. Therefore, there remains a need for a rapid and simple process that can produce a plurality of substituted oxazolidinones at the same time in the same reaction. Being able to produce a plurality of drug candidates in a short period of time would accelerate the rate at which new and useful drugs and other compounds are discovered.

The present invention provides a simple and rapid process for synthesizing substituted oxazolidinones.

Strains of Gram positive bacteria resistant to the present repertoire of antibiotics have been increasing in prevalence over the past several decades (Skold, Acta Vet. Scand. Suppl. 93: 23-36 (2000)).

Resistant Gram positive that have been commonly encountered include among others those in the staphylococci, streptococci, pneumococci, and enterococci families. Because of the increasing prevalence of these antibiotic resistant bacterial strains, there is a clear need for new antimicrobial agents.

Several species of substituted oxazolidinones have been discovered to be effective antimicrobial agents against particular antibiotic resistant strains of Gram positive bacteria.

Linezolid (Clemett and Markham, Drugs 59: 815-827 (2000); Johnson et al., J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 45: 225-230 (2000) ) is a substituted oxazolidinone which has been approved for the treatment of microbial infections. The structure of linezolid is shown below.

A number of other substituted oxazolidinones with varying degrees of antibacterial activity against Gram positive and in some cases Gram negative bacteria are also known (Barry, Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 32: 150-152 (1988); Brickner et al., J. Med. Chem. 39: 673-679 (1996); Genin et al., J. Med. Chem. 43: 953- 970 (2000); Slee et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemotherp. 31: 1791-1797 (1987)).

Most, if not all, of the known substituted oxazolidinones which have been found to have antibacterial activity have the structure shown below wherein the R3 substituent is aryl and the relative stereochemistries of the groups on the chiral center (C-5) is as indicated.

A comparison of the structures for all of the known substituted oxazolidinones which have antimicrobial activity, the general consensus has arisen that there are at least three elements of these substituted oxazolidinones which are critical for biological activity. The first element is that when

the oxazolidinone ring is oriented as shown below such that all the ring atoms are in one plane, the carbonyl oxygen points up, the ring nitrogen is to the left, and the 5-substituent is to the right, then of the two possible orientations for the 5-substituent (distal or proximal), the proximal substituent is required for biological activity. 0 R-N X O 8 distal proximal The second element is that the 3-substituent is an aryl. The third element is that the 5-substituent is an alkylamino methyl or an acetamidomethyl group. No substituted oxazolidinone which has antibacterial activity has been found which does not have all three of the above elements.

Because microorganisms will eventually develop resistance to antibiotics, there is a continual need for new antibiotics. The present invention provides families of novel substituted oxazolidinones which have antimicrobial activity but which have structures which do not conform to the consensus structure thought to be necessary for antimicrobial activity.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention provides a process for preparing N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones, C- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones, and N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones, preferably chiral, from optically

active C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones. The process can be used to produce combinatorial libraries of the above substituted oxazolidinones in a two or three step reaction comprising a plurality of reagents differing in numbers of carbons or particular substituted oxazolidinones.

Therefore, the present invention provides a process for producing a library of substituted oxazolidinones which comprises (a) reacting a C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent containing a first reagent including a plurality of compounds having different numbers of carbons which are reactive with N in the C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone under alkylation or Buchwald conditions in an inert atmosphere to produce a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) - oxazolidinones (I); and (b) reacting the mixture of (I) produced in step (a) in an aqueous organic solvent with a second reagent which removes the protecting group and replaces it with another group from the second reagent to produce the library of substituted oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the second reagent is a reducing agent which removes the protecting group of the N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone to provide a mixture of N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinones (II) as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the mixture of (II) is further reacted with a third reagent containing a plurality of compounds reactive with the hydroxymethyl in an anhydrous

organic solvent to produce a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones (III) as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.

Preferably, the anhydrous organic solvent further includes pyridine. In particular embodiments, the third reagent produces a mixture of 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones or a mixture of 3- (substituted)-4- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones.

The present invention further provides a process for producing a library of substituted oxazolidinones which comprises (a) reacting a C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent containing a first reagent including a plurality of compounds having different numbers of carbons which are reactive with N in the C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone under alkylation or Buchwald conditions in an inert atmosphere to produce a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) - oxazolidinones (I) ; (b) reacting the mixture of (I) produced in step (a) in an aqueous organic solvent with a second reagent which removes the protecting group of the N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) - oxazolidinones to produce a mixture of N- (substituted) -C-hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones (II); and (c) reacting the mixture of (II) produced in step (b) in an anhydrous organic solvent with a third reagent containing a plurality of compounds reactive with the hydroxymethyl of the mixture of (II) to produce a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones (III) as the library of substituted oxazolidinones. Preferably, the anhydrous organic solvent in step (c) further includes pyridine. In

particular embodiments, the third reagent produces a mixture of 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones or a mixture of 3- (substituted)-4- (substituted methyl)-2-oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, the substituted oxazolidinones in the library are separated chromatographically.

In a preferred embodiment of the above process, the protecting group is a trityl group.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, under the alkylation conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes an alkali without substantial reducing activity, preferably, the alkali is an ionic hydride, most preferably, the ionic hydride is sodium hydride, and under the Buchwald conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes a palladium catalyst, preferably, the palladium catalyst is Pd (OAc) 2.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, the mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones (I) produced in step (a) are purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.

In a still further embodiment of the above processes, the N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinones (II) produced in step (b) are purified

by removing the solvent.

In a still further embodiment of the above processes, the N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones (III) produced in step (c) are purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, the present invention provides a process for preparing a library of substituted oxazolidinones which comprises reacting a C-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent including pyridine with a reagent containing a plurality of compounds reactive with the hydroxy group to produce a mixture of substituted oxazolidinones as the library of substituted oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, the reaction produces a mixture of 5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones, a mixture of 4- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones, a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (hydroxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinones, or a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.

In a further embodiment of the above processes, the substituted oxazolidinones in the library are separated chromatographically.

The present invention further provides a library of substituted oxazolidinones selected from

the group consisting of N- (substituted)-C- (substituted <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methyl) -oxazolidinones, N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones, and C- (substituted methyl)-oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the library, substituted in N- (substituted) includes at least 10 different individual groups.

In a further embodiment of the library, substituted in C- (substituted) includes at least 10 different individual groups.

In a further embodiment of the library, the library is a mixture of N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones or a mixture selected from the group consisting of 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones and 3- (substituted)-4- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the library, substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.

The present invention further provides a method of screening substituted oxazolidinones for biological activity which comprises (a) providing a library of the substituted oxazolidinones wherein the substituted oxazolidinones are selected from the group consisting of N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones, N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinones, and C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones; (b) chromatographically separating the substituted oxazolidinones in the library; and (c) testing the separated substituted oxazolidinones for the biological activity.

In a further embodiment of the above method, substituted in N- (substituted) includes at least 10 different individual groups.

In a further embodiment of the above method, substituted in C- (substituted methyl) includes at least 10 different individual groups.

In a further embodiment of the above method, the substituted oxazolidinones is a mixture of N- (substituted) -C-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones or a mixture selected from the group consisting of 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)-4- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones, 5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones, and 4- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones.

In a further embodiment of the above method, substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.

The present invention further provides a substituted oxazolidinone with biological activity obtained by the above method.

The present invention further provides a process for producing a substituted oxazolidinone which comprises (a) reacting a C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent containing a first reagent including a compound which is reactive with N in the C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone under alkylation or Buchwald conditions in an inert atmosphere to produce an N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone; (b) reacting the N- (substituted)-C- (protected

oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone in an aqueous organic solvent with a second reagent with a second reagent which replaces the protecting group of the N- (substituted)- C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone with a hydrogen to produce an N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinone; and (c) reacting the N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinone in an anhydrous organic solvent with a third reagent containing a compound reactive with the hydroxy group to produce N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones as the substituted oxazolidinone.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the anhydrous organic solvent in step (c) further includes pyridine.

In a further embodiment of the above process, substituted is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, aryl sulfonyl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, cycle, heterocycle, thio, and mixtures thereof.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the protecting group is a trityl group.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen; R2 is selected from the

group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, wherein hetero is an atom selected from the group consisting of O, N, P, and S; and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of 0, N, and S.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio ; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio ; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of C- 3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C- 5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers ; or, the substituted oxazolidinone has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, with C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers.

In a further embodiment of the above

process, under the alkylation conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes an alkali without substantial reducing activity, preferably, the alkali is an ionic hydride, most preferably, the ionic hydride is sodium hydride.

In a further embodiment of the above process, under the Buchwald conditions in step (a) the anhydrous organic solvent further includes a palladium catalyst, preferably, the palladium catalyst is Pd (OAc) 2.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the mixture of N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl)-oxazolidinone produced in step (a) is purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinone produced in step (b) is purified by removing the solvent.

In a further embodiment of the above process, the N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) - oxazolidinone produced in step (c) is purified by extracting the reaction mixture with the organic solvent, drying over a drying agent, and then removing the solvent.

The present invention further provides a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen; R2 is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, wherein hetero is an atom selected from the group consisting of O, N, P, and S ; and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, and S.

The present invention further provides a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio and R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, aryl, and thio; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, acyl, thio, and aryl, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, N02, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of C-

3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, R2 is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula

wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle, R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is selected from the group consisting of F, NO2, Cl, alkyl, and aryl; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, and heterocycle and R2 is selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, and C- 5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers; or, a substituted oxazolidinone which has the formula wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle and R2 is

selected from the group consisting of C-3, C-4, with C-5 chiral synthons with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers.

The present invention further provides an antimicrobial composition comprising a carrier and one or more substituted oxazolidinones of the formula wherein Ri is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen ; R2 is selected from the group consisting of acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, and mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, wherein hetero is an atom selected from the group consisting of 0, N, P, and S; and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of 0, N, and S.

OBJECTS Therefore, it is the object of the present invention to provide a process for producing substituted oxazolidinones which are substituted at the N-position or the C-position, or both.

It is a further object of the present invention to provide a process for producing a library of substituted oxazolidinones comprising a plurality of oxazolidinones substituted at the N-position, a plurality of oxazolidinones substituted at the C- position, or a plurality of oxazolidinones substituted

at both the N-position and the C-position.

These and other objects of the present invention will become increasingly apparent with reference to the following drawings and preferred embodiments.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Figure 1A shows the conversion of 5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to 3- (2, 5- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> dimethoxyphenacyl)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone.

Figure 1B shows the conversion of 3- (2, 5- dimethoxyphenacyl)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to 3- (2, 5-dimethoxyphenacyl) -5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone.

Figure 1C shows the conversion of 3- (2, 5- dimethoxyphenacyl) -5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to a library of ten 3- (2, 5-dimethoxyphenacyl) -5- (substituted methyl)-2-oxazolidinones.

Figure 2 shows the ten chlorides used in the O-functionalization.

Figure 3 shows an HPLC profile of the library of ten 3- (2, 5-dimethoxyphenacyl) -5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones prepared as shown in Figures 1A to 1C.

Figure 4 shows the structure of the ten 3- (2, 5-dimethoxyphenacyl)-5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones identified in Figure 3.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION All patents, patent applications, government publications, government regulations, and literature references cited in this specification are hereby incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

In case of conflict, the present description, including definitions, will control.

The present invention provides a novel process for preparing collections or combinatorial libraries of substituted oxazolidinones. In particular, the present invention provides a process for preparing libraries of optically active or chiral N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones, N- (substituted)-C- (methyl)-oxazolidinones, and C- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones bearing alkyl or aryl substituents in the N-substituted position (3- position) and a methyl group substituted with a heteroatom such as 0, N, or S in the C-substituted position (4-or 5-position) and wherein the heteroatom is further substituted with hydrogen or acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, or mixture thereof.

In a preferred embodiment, the substituted oxazolidinones comprising the library are optically active or chiral N- (substituted)-C- (substituted <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> methyl) -2-oxazolidinones, N- (substituted)-C- (methyl)- 2-oxazolidinones, and C- (substituted)-2-oxazolidinones bearing alkyl or aryl substituents in the N- substituted position (3-position) and a methyl group substituted with a heteroatom in the C-substituted position (4-or 5-position) and wherein the heteroatom is further substituted with hydrogen or acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, or mixture thereof.

As used herein, the term"substituted" refers to groups other than hydrogen substituted at the N-position or the methyl at the C-position.

Preferably, the substituting group is an organic

group. Therefore, when the N-position is substituted, it is substituted with a group such as acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, or mixture thereof. When N is not referred to as being"substituted", the N has a hydrogen at the N-position. When the C-position methyl is substituted, it is referred to as "substituted methyl"wherein"substituted"is a group such as acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, or mixture thereof.

The general structure of these substituted oxazolidinones is shown below wherein Ri is an acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thio, or mixture thereof, or a hydrogen, R2 is an acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, phenacyl, thio, or mixture thereof, or a hydrogen (when N is not substituted by an organic group), and y is a heteroatom selected from the group consisting of 0, N, and S. The heteroatom comprising Ri or R2 can include one or more atoms selected from the group consisting of 0, P, S, N, Al, and Si.

The above genus comprises at least eight families of substituted oxazolidinones. The first family (Family I) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the following general structure wherein R1 is alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, or thio and R2 is alkyl, acyl, aryl, or thio.

The second family (Family II) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the following general structure wherein Ri is alkyl sulfonyl, aryl sulfonyl, alkyl, acyl, aryl, or thio and R2 is alkyl, acyl, aryl, or thio.

The third family (Family III) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the following general structure wherein Ri is alkyl, acyl, thio, or aryl, R2 is a C-3, C-4, or C-5 chiral synthon with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is F, N02, Cl, Alkyl, or aryl.

The fourth family (Family IV) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the general structure

wherein Rl is alkyl, acyl, thio, or aryl, R2 is a C-3, C-4, or C-5 chiral synthon with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is F, N02, Cl, Alkyl, or aryl.

The fifth family (Family V) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the general structure

wherein Ri is a C-3, C-4, or C-5 chiral synthon with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, R2 is alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle, and X is F, N02, Cl, Alkyl, or aryl.

The sixth family (Family VI) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the general structure

wherein Ri is alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle, R2 is a C-3, C-4, or C-5 chiral synthon with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers, and X is F, N02, Cl, Alkyl, or aryl.

The seventh family (Family VII) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the general structure

wherein Ri is alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle and R2 is a C-3, C-4, or C-5 chiral synthon with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers.

The eighth family (Family VIII) comprises substituted oxazolidinones with the general structure wherein Ri is alkyl, aryl, acyl, thio, or heterocycle and R2 is a C-3, C-4, or C-5 chiral synthon with 1,2, or 3 chiral centers.

Examples of the C-3, C-4, and C-5 chiral synthons with 1, 2, or 3 chiral centers include, but are not limited to, (R) -3-acetoxy-4-bromobutyric acid, (S) -3-acetoxy-4-bromobutyric acid, (R)-3-Acetoxy-4- bromobutiryl chloride, (S)-3-Acetoxy-4-bromobutiryl chloride, (R)-2-Acetoxy-1, 4-dibromobutane, (S)-2- Acetoxy-1, 4-dibromobutane, (R)-3-Acetoxy-gamma- butyrolactone, (S) -3-Acetoxy-gamma-butyrolactone, (R)- 4-Acetoxy-2-thioxopyrrolidine, (S)-4-Acetoxy-2- thioxopyrrolidine, (R)-4-Acetylthio-2-pyrrolidinone, (S) -4-Acetylthio-2-pyrrolidinone, (R)-4-Amino-1, 3- butanediol, (S)-4-Amino-1, 3-butanediol, (R)-3-Amino- 1,2-dihydroxypropane, hydrochloride, (S)-3-Amino-1, 2- dihydroxypropane, hydrochloride, (R)-4-Amino-3- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> hydroxy-1-trityloxy-butane, (S)-4-Amino-3-hydroxy-1- trityloxy-butane, (R) -4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid,

(S) -4-Amino-3-hydroxybutanoic acid, (S)-4-Aminomethyl- 2, 2-dimethyl-1, 3-dioxolane, (R)-3-Amino-1, 2- propanediol, (S)-3-Amino-1, 2-propanediol, (S)-N- Benzyl-3,4-dihydroxybutyramide, (R)-1-Benzyl-4- hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinone, (S)-1-Benzyl-4-hydroxy-2- pyrrolidinone, (R)-1-Benzyl-3-mesyloxy pyrrolidine, (S)-1-Benzyl-3-mesyloxy pyrrolidine, (R)-1-Benzyl-3- pyrrolidinol, (S)-1-Benzyl-3-pyrrolidinol, (R) -3- Bromo-l- (bromomethyl) propyl-methoxymethyl, (S)-3- Bromo-l- (bromomethyl) propyl-methoxymethyl ether, (R)- 4-Bromo-1, 3-butanediol, (S)-4-Bromo-1, 3-butanediol, (R)-4-Bromo-1, 3-diacetoxy-butane, (S)-4-Bromo-1, 3- diacetoxy-butane, (R)-3-Bromo-1, 2-dihydroxypropane, (S)-3-Bromo-1, 2-dihydroxypropane, (R)-4-Bromo-1, 2- epoxybutane, (S)-4-Bromo-1, 2-epoxybutane, (R)-5-Bromo- 4- (methoxymethoxy)-pentanenitrile, (S) -5-Bromo-4- (methoxymethoxy) -pentanenitrile, (4R)-4-Bromomethyl-2- phenyl-1, 3-dioxane, (4S)-4-Bromomethyl-2-phenyl-1, 3- dioxane, (R)-1, 3-Butanediol, (S)-1, 3-Butanediol, (R)- 1,2, 4-Butanetriol, (S)-1, 2,4-Butanetriol, (R) -1,2, 4- Butanetriol trimesylate, (S)-1, 2,4-Butanetriol trimesylate, (R)-4-Cyano-1, 2-epoxybutane, (S)-4-Cyano- 1,2-epoxybutane, 1, 3-Dehydro-2-deoxy-N- acetylneuraminic acid, (R)-1, 4-Dibromo-2-butanol, (S)- 1, 4-Dibromo-2-butanol, (R) -3, 4-Dihydroxybutyramide, (S) -3,4-Dihydroxybutyramide, (R) -2,2-Dimethyl-4- aminomethyl-1, 3-dioxane, (S) -2, 2-Dimethyl-4- aminomethyl-1, 3-dioxane, (R)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3- dioxolane-4-acetamide, (S)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3-dioxolane- 4-acetamide, (R)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3-dioxolane-4-acetic acid, methyl ester, (S)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3-dioxolane-4- acetic acid, methyl ester, (R)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3- dioxolane-4-acetonitrile, (S)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3-

dioxolane-4-acetonitrile, (R)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3- dioxolane-4-propanol, (S)-2, 2-Dimethyl-1, 3-dioxolane- 4-propanol, (3R)-1, 3-Dioxane-2-methyl-4-carboxylic acid, (3S)-1, 3-Dioxane-2-methyl-4-carboxylic acid, (R)-1, 4-Ditosyloxy-2-butanol, (S)-1, 4-Ditosyloxy-2- butanol, (3R)-3- (l-Ethoxyethoxy)-gamma-butyrolactone, (3S)-3- (l-Ethoxyethoxy)-gamma-butyrolactone, (2R) -2- (1-Ethoxyethoxy)-1, 4-butanediol, (2S)-2- (1- Ethoxyethoxy)-1, 4-butanediol, Ethyl (R)-4-bromo-3- hydroxybutanoate, Ethyl (S)-4-bromo-3- hydroxybutanoate, Ethyl (R)-4-chloro-3- hydroxybutanoate, Ethyl (S)-4-chloro-3- hydroxybutanoate, (R)-4-cyano-3-hydroxybutanamide, (S) -4-cyano-3-hydroxybutanamide, Ethyl (R)-4-cyano-3- hydroxybutanoate, Ethyl (S)-4-cyano-3- hydroxybutanoate, Ethyl (R)-3, 4-epoxybutanoate, Ethyl (S) -3,4-epoxybutanoate, Ethyl (R)-3-hydroxy-decanoate, Ethyl (S) -3-hydroxy-decanoate, Ethyl (R)-3-hydroxy- tetradecanoate, Ethyl (S)-3-hydroxy-tetradecanoate, Ethyl (R) -4-iodo-3-hydroxybutanoate, Ethyl (S)-4-iodo- 3-hydroxybutanoate, (R)-4- (4-Fluorophenoxy) methyl butyrolactone, (S)-4- (4-Fluorophenoxy) methyl butyrolactone, (lS, 3R)-3-Hydroxy- cyclopentanecarboxylic acid, (lS, 3S) -3-Hydroxy- cyclopentanecarboxylic acid, (R)-4-Hydroxy-1- cyclopentene-1-carboxylic acid, (S)-4-Hydroxy-1- cyclopentene-1-carboxylic acid, (R)-4-Hydroxy-2- pyrrolidinone, (S) -4-Hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinone, (4R)-4- (2-Hydroxyethyl)-2-phenyl-1, 3-dioxolane, (4S)-4- (2- Hydroxyethyl)-2-phenyl-1, 3-dioxolane, (R)-2-Hydroxy- gamma-butyrolactone (S) -2-Hydroxy-gamma- butyrolactone, (R) -3-Hydroxy-gamma-butyrolactone, (S) - 3-Hydroxy-gamma-butyrolactone, (R)-4-Hydroxymethyl

butyrolactone, (S) -4-Hydroxymethyl butyrolactone, (R)- 4-Hydroxy-2-pyrrolidinethione, (S)-4-Hydroxy-2- pyrrolidinethione, (R) -3-Hydroxytetrahydrofuran, (S)- 3-Hydroxytetrahydrofuran, (R)-4-Mercapto-2- pyrrolidinone, (S)-4-Mercapto-2-pyrrolidinone, (R) -2- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (Methoxy-1-methylethoxy)-butanediol, (S)-2- (l-Methoxy- 1-methylethoxy)-butanediol, Methyl (R)-4, 5- dihydroxyisopropylidenepentanoate, Methyl (S) -4, 5- dihydroxyisopropylidenepentanoate, Methyl (R)-2- phenyl-1, 3-dioxolane-4-acetate, Methyl (S)-2-phenyl- 1, 3-dioxolane-4-acetate, Methyl (R)-3-hydroxy-4- trityloxy-butanoate, Methyl (S)-3-hydroxy-4-trityloxy- butanoate, (R) -3-Pyrrolidinol, (S)-3-Pyrrolidinol, (R)-3-Chloro-1, 2-propanediol, (S)-3-Chloro-1, 2- propanediol, (2S)- (+)-glycidal tosylate, Benzyl (R)- glycidyl ether, (R)-3-chlorolactic acid, Ethyl (S)-4- chloro-3-hydroxybutanoate, (S)-3-Hydroxybutyrolactone, (R) -2-hydroxybutyrolactone, (S)-2- Hydroxybutyrolactone, (R) -2-Chlrobutyric acid, (R)-2- bromobutyric acid, (S)-1-iso-propylaminopropanediol, <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> (S)-1-tert-Butylaminopropanediol, (R)-1-cyclohexyl- ethyl-amine, (R) -Ethyl-nipecotate, (S)-Ethyl- nipecotate, (R) -Glycerol-3-phosphate, alpha- Glycerophosphatidylcholine, alpha- glycerophosphatidylethanolamine, (R)-0-Isopropylidene glycerol, (S)-0-Isopropylidene glycerol, (R)-0- Isopropylidene glycerol mesylate, (S)-0-Isopropylidene glycerol mesylate, (R)-0-Isopropylidene glycerol tosylate, (S)-0-Isopropylidene glycerol tosylate, (R)- 0-methyl-0-isopropylidene glycerate, (R)-2- tetrahydrofuroic acid, (R)-1-Tosyl-glycerol, and (S)- 1-Tosyl-glycerol.

The process for synthesis of the substituted

oxazolidinones preferably uses an optically active C- protected oxazolidinone as the starting material, preferably a 5- (protected hydroxymethyl) -oxazolidinone such as 5-trityloxymethyl-oxazolidinone wherein the trityl is triphenylmethyl. Most preferably, the protected oxazolidinone is a 5- (protected hydroxymethyl) -2-oxazolidinone which in a further preferred embodiment is a 5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone. The synthesis of 5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone and its use are disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 6,288, 239 B1 to Hollingsworth and Wang. The structure of 5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is shown below.

The general process for producing a library of substituted oxazolidinones comprises the following steps. First, a C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone is N-arylated with a mixture of compounds comprising a plurality of different aryl acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, or phenacyl bromides under Buchwald conditions (Yin and Buchwald, Org. Letts 2: 1101-1104 (2000) ) or by simple alkylation under nitrogen. This produces a plurality of N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) - oxazolidinones (I).

For example, under simple alkylation conditions, a C- (protected oxymethyl)-oxazolidinone is dissolved in an organic solvent such as tetrahydrofuran (THF) containing a strong base (alkali) which preferably does not have substantial reducing activity or which has reducing activity which is suppressed at low temperatures. Hydrides are strong bases which are suitable for the reaction.

Preferably, the strong base is an ionic hydride such as an alkali hydride. Most preferred is sodium hydride which is a powerful base without substantial reducing activity. Other strong bases which may be used include lithium hydride, potassium hydride, rubidium hydride, cesium hydride, sodium alcoholates, sodium amide, and metallic sodium. In general, about 1 equiv. of the strong base (alkali), preferably sodium hydride, is added to the solvent containing the C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone. In the case of sodium hydride, which is insoluble in organic solvents, the sodium hydride is provided as a suspension in an organic solvent such as hexane.

After allowing the mixture containing the protected oxazolidinone and strong base to incubate at about 0° C for about 10 minutes with stirring under an inert atmosphere such as nitrogen, the mixture is warmed to room temperature and stirred for about two hours and a mixture of n different arylating reagents, preferably in a molar ratio of about 1 to 1 to 1 to 2 (C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone to mixture), is added. The reaction is incubated at room temperature with stirring for a time (about eight hours) sufficient to arylate the N at the 3-position with the n different arylating reagents to produce n N-

(substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl)-oxazolidinones.

The reaction is then quenched by adding an aqueous solution containing an acid such as NH4Cl and the N- (substituted) -C-protected oxymethyl)-oxazolidinones are recovered by extracting the quenched reaction with the organic solvent, drying the extract over a drying agent such as anhydrous Na2SO4, and concentrating the extract under reduced pressure (in vacuo). The N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones are preferably purified by chromatography.

Under Buchwald conditions, the C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinone and about 1 to 2 equiv. of a mixture of n different arylating reagents are incubated with a Pd (OAc) 2 catalyst in an organic solvent such as tetrahydrofuran (THF) under an inert atmosphere such as argon at a temperature between about 45° to 110° C for a time sufficient to arylate the N at the 3-position with the n different arylating reagents to produce n N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones (in general, about eight hours as determined by gas chromatography). The reaction is then cooled to room temperature, diluted with an organic solvent such as dichloromethane, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure (in vacuo). The N- (substituted)-C- (protected oxymethyl)- oxazolidinones are preferably purified by chromatography.

Next, the N-arylated oxazolidinones (N- substituted) are deprotected in the usual fashion by hydrogenolysis using H2 and a palladium catalyst or an acid such as to produce a library of n N- (substituted) -C-hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones (II).

For example, the N-arylated oxazolidinones, preferably

purified by chromatography or the like, are incubated in an aqueous solvent such as wet dichloromethane (CH2C12) (about 8: 1 CH2Cl2 : H20) further containing an acid such as trifluoroacetic acid (CF3CO2H) at room temperature for a time sufficient (about four hours) to deprotect the C-hydroxymethyl. Preferably, the C- protecting group in the above reaction is a triphenylmethyl group. The reaction is quenched by adding triethylamine or other quenching agent and the deprotected oxazolidinone concentrated under reduced pressure (in vacuo). The concentrated deprotected oxazolidinone is preferably further purified by chromatography.

In a further step, the n N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones (II) are O-functionalized with a mixture of n different alkylation, acylation, sulfonylation, halogenation, or other such species.

For example, a mixture containing a plurality of different acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroacyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, amides thereof, thiols thereof, or other such species, or the 0 of the hydroxymethyl is replaced by N-aryl, N-sulfonyl, N-sulfide, or other N-species, or the O of the hydroxymethyl is replaced by a thioalkyl, thioaryl, or other thio-species. Methods for converting the hydroxyl group to a nitrogen containing function can be done by any of the methods which are known. These include mesylation or tosylation followed by displacement with ammonia, azide, benzylamine, or other nitrogen nucleophiles as taught for example in U. S. Patent No. 6,288, 239 B1 to Hollingsworth and Wang or U. S. Patent No. 5,837, 870 to Pearlman et al. For example, n substituted

oxazolidinones (II), preferably purified by chromatography or the like, are then incubated in an organic solvent such as dry dichloromethane containing about 1 equiv. pyridine and about 1 equiv. of a mixture of n different acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, thios and amides thereof, or other such species halides at room temperature for time sufficient (about 12 to 16 hours) to functionalize the C-hydroxymethyl at the 4-or 5-position. Afterwards, the reaction is quenched by addition of ammonium chloride, extracting the organic layer with dichloromethane, drying the organic layer extract over a drying agent such as anhydrous Na2SO4, and concentrating under reduced pressure (in vacuo). The above process generates a library of n2 N-(substituted)-C-(substituted methyl) - oxazolidinones (III). For example, if ten different aryl bromides reagents are used in the first step and ten different halide reagents in the second step, 100 N- (substituted)-C- (substituted)-oxazolidinones (III) are obtained.

Each of the products (I, II, or III) produced above can be separated chromatographically and each separately evaluated as drug or antimicrobial candidates.

The process takes advantage of the ease of reaction of the nitrogen atom at the 3-position in C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones which enables both arylation and alkylation sequences for substituting the N to be used. A further advantage is that in one or two steps, the protecting group can be removed and the hydroxyl group functionalized. In the same scheme, the oxygen substituent at the C-position

methyl can be replaced with halo, thio, phenoxy, azido, or substituted nitrogen groups under standard Mitsunobu conditions (Mitsunobu, Synthesis 1 (1981)).

Alternatively, the hydroxyl group can be first converted to a sulfonate, halo, or other such activating group.

Thus, the process involves essentially two steps, the first step is generating a first library of n N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones from a C-protected oxazolidinone and the second step is O- functionalizing acylating the C-hydroxymethyl to generate a library of n2 N-(substituted)-C-(substituted methyl)-oxazolidinones.

In a preferred embodiment, the first library comprises at least 10 different N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones prepared by reacting C- (protected oxymethyl) -oxazolidinones with at least 10 different N-arylating reagents and the second library comprises at least 100 different N- (substituted)-C- (substituted) -oxazolidinones prepared by reacting the ten N- (substituted)-C-hydroxymethyl-oxazolidinones with at least ten different O-functionalizing acylating reagents. In other embodiments of the library, the substituted oxazolidinones comprise a plurality of molecules with N-position substitutions and a single substitution group at the C-position of the molecules or a plurality of molecules with C- position substitutions and a single substitution group at the N-position of the molecules. A further embodiment of the library can comprise substituted oxazolidinones with either N-position substitutions only (N- (substituted)-C- (methyl)-oxazolidinones) or C- position substitutions only (C- (substituted methyl) -

oxazolidinones. The particular library embodiment chosen depends on the particular objectives of the drug or antimicrobial screening program.

In a preferred embodiment, the oxazolidinone is 2-oxazolidinone. In a further preferred embodiment as shown in Scheme 3 below, the C- (protected hydroxymethyl) -2-oxazolidinone is C-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone. The C-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is N-arylated (N at position 3) with a mixture of n different aryl acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, aryl sulfonyl, or phenacyl bromides, or other such bromides under Buchwald conditions (Yin and Buchwald, Org. Letts. 2: 1101-1104 (2000) ) or simple alkylation under nitrogen to produce N- (substituted)-C-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones.

The trityl (Tr) group is then removed by hydrogenation to produce a library of n N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones.

Scheme 3 0 0 RlBr... RnBr 0 NH (Buchwald arylation O N_R1 Rn O N \/or simple alkylation \/ TrO under nitrogen) TrO g 0 o H2/Pd ONRl... Rn R X... R'X 1 n or H+ HO o t o N_R1... Rn R'1X... R'n-Y > In a further step, the N- (substituted)-C- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinones are O-functionalized acylated with a mixture of n different acyl, alkyl, aryl, heteroalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocycle, phenacyl, aryl sulfonyl, amides thereof, or other such species halides, or the O of the hydroxymethyl is replaced by N-aryl, N-sulfonyl, N-sulfide, or other N-species, or the 0 is replaced by a thioalkyl, thioaryl, or other thio-species. This generates a library of n2 N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones.

For example, if ten aryl bromides reagents are used in the first step and ten halide species reagents in the second step, a total of 100 N- (substituted)-C- (substituted methyl)-2-oxazolidinones are made. In one embodiment, the starting oxazolidinone is 4- (protected oxymethyl) -2-oxazolidinone, preferably 4- trityloxymethyl-oxazolidinone, and the n library

comprises 3- (substituted)-4-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone and the n2 library comprises 3- (substituted)-4- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinone.

In a preferred embodiment, the starting oxazolidinone is 5- (protected oxymethyl) -2-oxazolidinone, preferably 5-trityloxymethyl-oxazolidinone, and the n library comprises 3- (substituted)-5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone and the n2 library comprises 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinone.

The novel process allows for the rapid synthesis of a plurality of substituted oxazolidinones including but not limited to 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl)-oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)- 4- (substituted methyl) -oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)-4- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)-5-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)-4-hydroxymethyl- oxazolidinones, 3- (substituted)-5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinones, and 3- (substituted)-4-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinones. The number of substituted oxazolidinones synthesized by the novel process depends on the number of substituting reagents included in the process. Therefore, the use of substituting reagents such as sulfur, nitrogen, and oxygen nucleophiles on the primary hydroxyl group and the amine group of the oxazolidinones affords access to a plurality of families of optically active compounds in a single process which is fast and simple.

The substituted oxazolidinones produced by the above process can be separated using standard chromatography methods and the separated substituted

oxazolidinones screened for biological activity including antimicrobial activity or for usefulness as a drug or an intermediate for synthesizing a drug.

Technologies and methods for screening compounds in combinatorial libraries are well known in the art.

For any particular substituted oxazolidinone which has useful characteristics, biological activities, or which is a useful intermediate for the synthesis of other compounds, the above process for making the combinatorial library is modified to a process for making the particular substituted oxazolidinone. The modified process differs from the process for preparing the library in that the plurality of reagents shown in Scheme 3 and described above is replaced with the particular reagents which will result in the synthesis of the particular substituted oxazolidinone. Thus, the general method involves the following steps: (1) substituting the N- group of optically active C-protected oxazolidinone, preferably trityloxy-2-oxazolidione, by simple alkylation under nitrogen or N-arylating under Buchwald conditions to produce an N-substituted oxazolidinone, (2) removing the C-protecting group, and (3) substituting the hydrogen of the C-4 or C-5 hydroxymethyl with an alkylation, acylation, arylation, sulfonylation, or other such species halide, or substituting the hydroxy group with a thioalkyl, thioaryl, or other thio-group species to replace the O of the hydroxymethyl with S, or substituting the hydroxy group under conditions with an N-acyl, N-sulfonyl, N-sulfide, or other N-group species to replace the O of the hydroxymethyl with N.

The above process enables particular substituted

oxazolidinones of any one of the eight families (Families I to VIII) to be prepared.

When libraries comprising substituted oxazolidinones prepared according to the process of the present invention were tested for antimicrobial activity, many of the substituted oxazolidinones in the libraries with the genus structure were discovered to have antimicrobial activity against gram positive and Gram negative bacteria. In particular, many of the substituted oxazolidinones were found to be active against Gram positive bacteria such as those of the genera Staphlococcus and Enterococcus and Gram negative bacteria such as those of the genera Escherichia with 90 to 100% Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICgo-loo) of less than 10 pg/mL. The discovery that many of the novel substituted oxazolidinones had antibacterial activity was surprising since the novel substituted oxazolidinones do not contain all three elements considered necessary for antibacterial activity. Thus, the novel substituted oxazolidinones represent an new class of antimicrobial agents which are active against a variety of bacteria, in particular, Gram positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeriginose, pneumococci (Streptococcus pneumoniae), enterococci (Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis, Enterococcus gallinarum), Groups A, B, C, and G streptococci, Streptococcus oralis, and Streptococcus sanguis and Gram negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli.

Preferably, the substituted oxazolidinones with antimicrobial activity are embraced by the species of Families I to VIII. Tables 2 and 3 show

examples of substituted oxazolidinones produced as disclosed herein which have been shown to have antimicrobial activity. Tables 1 and 2 show the results of analyses of the antimicrobial activity for several of the substituted oxazolidinones. The substituted oxazolidinones which are particularly useful antimicrobials have an MIC9o_loo against at least one gram positive bacteria of about 300 pg/mL or less, preferably, of about 100 pg/mL or less, most preferably, of about 10 pg/mL or less. Because particular strains of these bacteria species have developed antibiotic resistance, the novel substituted oxazolidinones are particularly useful for use against the antibiotic resistant strains of bacteria such as those shown in Table 1.

To inhibit or prevent a bacterial infection from developing in a human or animal or to treat a bacterial infection in a human or animal patient, compositions comprising a carrier and one or more of the novel substituted oxazolidinones disclosed herein can be administered to the human or animal intravenously; by injection; orally by tablet, capsule, or liquid suspension; or topically.

For intravenous administration, one or more of the novel substituted oxazolidinones is dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide or other pharmaceutically acceptable organic solvent, which is then diluted to about 5% (v/v) in a carrier which is a sterile isotonic solution. A suitable isotonic solution includes sodium citrate, citric acid, and dextrose wherein the Na+ content is about 0.38 mg/mL (1.7 mEq/100 mL). Linezolid in the above isotonic solution has been approved for human use by the U. S. Food and

Drug Administration. The intravenous solution can be applied as 15-to 20-minute infusions or by continuous infusion over an extended time period through a catheter surgically implanted through the patient's vein. In particular embodiments, the one or more novel substituted oxazolidinones is combined with one or more antibiotics or other antibacterial agents.

For injection, one or one or more of the novel substituted oxazolidinones is dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide or other pharmaceutically acceptable organic solvent, which is then diluted to about 5% (v/v) in a carrier which is a sterile isotonic solution or sterile distilled water. The solution can be administered subcutaneously, intramuscularly, or peritoneally. In particular embodiments, one or more the substituted oxazolidinones is combined with one or more antibiotics or other antibacterial agents.

For oral administration, one or more of the novel substituted oxazolidinones is mixed with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and the mixture compressed into a tablet, which can be film coated, or encapsulated within a pharmaceutically acceptable capsule. For example, one or more of the novel oxazolidinones are admixed with a carrier which includes as the inactive ingredients: corn starch, microcrystalline cellulose, hydroxy propylcellulose, sodium starch glycolate, magnesium stearate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, polyethylene glycol, titanium dioxide, and carnauba wax. The admixture is formed into tablets or encapsulated in capsules. Each tablet or capsule contains about 0.1 mEq Na+.

Linezolid in a carrier which includes the above

inactive ingredients has been approved for human use by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration. In particular embodiments, one or more of the substituted oxazolidinones is combined with one or more antibiotics or other antibacterial agents.

Alternatively, the novel substituted oxazolidinones are administered orally as a suspension. In this embodiment, one or more of the novel substituted oxazolidinones is provided in a pharmaceutically acceptable flavored granule or powder carrier for constitution into a suspension for oral administration. For example, one or more of the novel substituted oxazolidinones are admixed with a granule or powder which includes as the inactive ingredients: sucrose, citric acid, sodium citrate, microcrystalline cellulose, carboxy methyl cellulose sodium, aspartame, xanthan gum, mannitol, sodium benzoate, colloidal silicon dioxide, sodium chloride, and flavors.

Linezolid in a granule or powder containing the above inactive ingredients has been approved for human use by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration. In particular embodiments, one or more of the substituted oxazolidinones is combined with one or more antibiotics or other antibacterial agents.

For topical administration, one or more of the substituted oxazolidinones can be provided in an ointment, a lotion, a cream, or a gel. In particular embodiments, one or more of the substituted oxazolidinones is combined with one or more steroids, one or more antibiotics or other antibacterial agents, or both.

The following examples are intended to promote a further understanding of the present

invention.

EXAMPLE 1 This example illustrates the preparation of (S)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone using the process disclosed in U. S. Patent No. 6,288, 239 B1 to Hollingsworth and Wang.

In a flask, (S) -3, 4-dihydroxybutyramide (11.9 g, 0.10 moles) was dissolved in 50 mL of tetrahydrofuran (THF) to which 50 mL of dimethylformamide and 10 mL pyridine was added followed by 30.6 g (0.11 moles) of trityl chloride. A drying tube filled with calcium chloride was used to exclude moisture. The reaction mixture was stirred for 36 hours at room temperature. Afterwards, the reaction mixture was filtered to remove the solids.

The liquid was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove most of the solvent. The concentrate was poured into ice water, stirred for about half an hour, and then the water layer was removed from the organic layer containing the 3-Hydroxy-4-trityloxy butyramide.

The product was a semi-crystalline liquid which was dried in vacuo. Afterwards, the excess trityl chloride was washed away by tituration with hexane.

The 3-hydroxy-4-trityloxy butyramide (3.61 g, 0.01 moles) was dissolved in 30 mL THF. Fifteen mL of a 13% sodium hypochlorite solution was added and the mixture was stirred vigorously. Next, 1.6 g of sodium hydroxide dissolved in 10 mL of water was added. The reaction was stirred at 55-60° C for eight hours after which time the conversion to 5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone was completed as indicated by TLC and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The organic

layer was separated from the aqueous layer and saved.

The aqueous layer was extracted three times with THF.

The saved organic layer and the THF extracts were combined and then concentrated to remove the solvent.

The residue was taken up in dichloromethane and the solution dried over sodium sulfate. Afterwards, the solution was concentrated to remove the solvent and the oxazolidinone was obtained as a white crystalline product (3.4 g, yield 95%). Normally, this crude product did not need further purification.

EXAMPLE 2 This comparative example illustrates the N- arylation of 5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to produce (S)-3- (2-nitro) phenyl-5-trityloxymethy) -2- oxazolidinone using the procedure disclosed in Shakespeare, Tetrahedron Lett. 40: 2035-2038 (1999).

To 36 mg of 5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone, 30 mg (1.5 equivs) 1-bromo-2- nitrobenzene, 2.4 mg (0.1 equivs) palladium (II) acetate, 5.5 mg (0.1 equivs) 1, 1'- bis (diphenylphosphino) -ferrocene, 16 mg (0.15 equivs) potassium t-butoxide, and 1 mL toluene were added under a nitrogen atmosphere. The mixture was heated at 110° C for 14 hours after which time the mixture was resolved by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) comprising silica with dichloromethane as the eluant.

The TLC indicated complete conversion to a single product: (S)-3- (2-nitro) phenyl-5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone. The mixture was cooled and diluted with dichloromethane. The dark brown organic solution was washed with 5% sodium carbonate, concentrated, and chromatographed on silica

gel using dichloromethane as the eluant. The product (47 mg, 98%) was obtained as a pale yellow solid which crystallized from chloroform: methanol as off-white crystals with a melting point of 236-237° C. The product was analyzed by 1H-NMR, 13C NMR, IR, MS, and HRMS.

'H-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) 5 8.03 (dd, 1H, J=8. 0,2. 1 Hz), 7.65 (td, 1H, J=8. 0,2. 1 Hz), 7.46- 7.53 (m, 6H), 7.44 (td, 1H, J=8. 0,2. 1 Hz), 7.20-7. 36 (m, 10H), 4.83 (m, 1H), 4.07 (t, 1H, J=8. 5 Hz), 3.89 (t, 1H, J=8 Hz), 3.58 (dd, 1H, J=11. 8,4. 5 Hz), 3.36 (dd, 1H, J=11. 8,4. 5 Hz). 13C NMR (75 MHz, CDC13) 5 176.4, 143.5, 134.1, 131.7, 127.6, 87.5, 73.4, 64.0, 49.4. IR cm-1 3057,2924, 1760,1607, 1532,1489, 1449,1411, 1355. MS (electron impact) m/z 57,71, 91,105, 131,165, 243,259, 403,463, 480 (M+). HRMS (electron impact) analyzed for C29H24N205 : theoretical MW 480.1685, observed MW 480.1683.

EXAMPLE 3 This example illustrates the preparation of a library of substituted 2-oxazolidinones, which are members of Family II, according to the process of the present invention. In this example, (S)-5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is N-acylated with 2, 5-dimethoxyphenacyl bromide, detritylated, and then acylated with ten different acyl halides or anhydrides to produce a library of n=10 3- (2, 5- dimethoxyphenacyl)-5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinones.

In the first step (Figure 1A), (S)-3- (2, 5- dimethocyphenacyl)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone was produced in a reaction comprising (S)-5-

trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone and the aryl bromide: 2,5-dimethoxyphenacyl bromide. To a solution of 3.59 g (10 mmoles) of (S)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone (MW 359.2) in 40 mL THF at 4° C, 400 mg (10 mmoles) NaH (MW 24) as a 60% suspension in hexane was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for about 10 minutes under nitrogen at 0° C and then warmed up to room temperature and stirred for an additional two hours.

Then, 2.59 g (10 mmoles) of 2-bromo- 4'dimethoxyacetophenone (MW 259.1) was added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature for about eight hours. Afterwards, the reaction was quenched by adding 20 mL 20% NH4Cl. The organic layer was removed and saved. The aqueous layer was extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of THF. The THF extracts were combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture was then concentrated in vacuo to provide a crude product.

The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography using 40% EtOAc: Hexane followed by 60% EtOAc: Hexane. This produced 2.73 g (51% yield) of the (S)-3- (2, 5-dimethocyphenacyl) -5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone (product) (MW 537.6). The product was compared to the starting material by TLC using 40% EtOAC/Hexane as the solvent. The Rf of the starting material was 0.2 and the Rf of the product was 0.4.

In the second step (Figure 1B), the trityl group was removed from the (S)-3- (2, 5- dimethocyphenacyl)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone.

To 1.07 g (2.0 mmoles) of (S)-3- (2, 5- dimethocyphenacyl)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in wet CH2Cl2 (8 mL CH2C12, 1 mL H20), 0.14 mL CF3CO2H (210 mg, 1.8 mmoles) (MW 114.02) was added and the

reaction mixture stirred for about four hours.

Afterwards, the reaction was quenched by adding 0.2 mL triethylamine and the reaction mixture concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography to produce 472 mg (80% yield) of (S)-3- (2,5-dimethocyphenacyl)-5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone (product) (MW 295.29). The product was compared to the starting material by TLC using 80% EtOAC: Hexane as the solvent. The Rf of the starting material was 0.7 and the Rf of the product was 0.1.

In the third step (Figure 1C), the library of ten substituted 2-oxazolidinones was produced in a reaction comprising the (S)-3- (2, 5-dimethocyphenacyl) - 5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone and the ten different acetyl chlorides shown in Figure 2. To about 295 mg (1.0 mmoles) of (S)-3- (2, 5-dimethocyphenacyl) -5- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in dry CH2C12 (8 mL CH2Cl2), 1.0 equiv. (1.1 mmoles) of pyridine was added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature.

To this reaction mixture was added 1.0 equiv. of a mixture of ten different acetyl chlorides. The reaction was stirred overnight at room temperature.

Afterwards, TLC of an aliquot indicated that complete conversion of the (S)-3- (2, 5-dimethocyphenacyl) -5- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to (S)-3- (2, 5- dimethocyphenacyl)-5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinone had occurred. Therefore, about 3 mL of 20% NH4Cl was added to the reaction mixture and the organic layer removed and saved. The aqueous layer was extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of CH2C12.

The CH2Cl2 extracts were combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture was then concentrated in

vacuo to provide a crude product. The crude product was analyzed by 1H-NMR, 13C NMR, HPLC, and TLC using a EtOAc: hexane (2: 1) solvent system.

An HPLC profile of the (S)-3- (2, 5- dimethocyphenacyl)-5- (substituted methyl) -2- oxazolidinone products made is shown in Figure 3. The products represented by the peaks in the HPLC are shown in Figure 4. This example illustrates the principle of the present invention. As shown by this example, providing n=10 acetyl halides in a single reaction produces 10 (S)-3- (2, 5-dimethocyphenacyl) -5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinone products. If n=10 aryl bromides had been used as well to arylate the N at the 3-position, the process would have generated 100 (S)-3- (substituted)-5- (substituted methyl) -2-oxazolidinone products.

EXAMPLE 4 The substituted oxazolidinone (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butone)-5- (4-nitro- benzenesulfonyloxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone is prepared as follows.

In the first step, (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2- butone) -5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is produced in a reaction comprising (S)-5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone and BrCH2COC (CH3) 3. To a solution of about 10 mmoles of (S)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-

oxazolidinone in 40 mL tetrahydrofuran (THF) at 4° C, 10 mmoles NaH as a 60% suspension in hexane is added.

The reaction mixture is stirred for about 10 minutes under nitrogen at 0° C and then warmed up to room temperature and stirred for an additional two hours.

Then, about 10 mmoles of BrCH2COC (CH3) 3 is added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature for about eight hours. Afterwards, the reaction is quenched by adding 20 mL 20% NH4Cl. The organic layer is removed and saved. The aqueous layer is extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of THF. The THF extracts are combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture is then concentrated in vacuo to provide (S)- 3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butone) -5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone as a crude product. The crude product is purified by flash column chromatography using 40% EtOAc: Hexane followed by 60% EtOAc: Hexane. The product is compared to the starting material by TLC using 40% EtOAC/Hexane as the solvent.

In the second step, the trityl group is removed from the (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butone) -5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone. To about 2.0 mmoles of the crude product in wet CH2Cl2 (8 mL CH2C12, 1 mL H20), 0.14 mL CF3CO2H (1.8 mmoles) is added and the reaction mixture stirred for about four hours.

Afterwards, the reaction is quenched by adding 0.2 mL triethylamine and the reaction mixture concentrated in vacuo. The residue is purified by flash chromatography to produce (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2- butanone) -5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone. The product can be compared to the starting material by TLC using 80% EtOAC : Hexane as the solvent to determine

the yield.

In the third step, the (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl- 2-butone)-5- (4-nitro-benzenesulfonyloxymethyl)-2- oxazolidinone is produced in a reaction comprising the (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butanone) -5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone and nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride. To about 1.0 mmoles of the ( (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2- butanone) -5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in dry CH2C12 (8 mL CH2C12), 1.0 equiv. (1.1 mmoles) of pyridine is added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature. To this reaction mixture is added 1.0 equiv. of compound nitrobenzenesulfonyl chloride. The reaction is stirred overnight at room temperature.

Afterwards, an aliquot of the reaction is analyzed by TLC to determine whether complete conversion of the (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butanone) -5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone to the substituted oxazolidinone has occurred. Thereafter, about 3 mL of 20% NH4Cl is added to the reaction mixture and the organic layer is removed and saved. The aqueous layer is extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of CH2C12. The CH2C12 extracts are combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture is dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2S04. The mixture is then concentrated in vacuo to provide a crude product of the substituted oxazolidinone. The crude product is analyzed by 1H-NMR, 13C NMR, HPLC, and TLC using a EtOAc: hexane (2: 1) solvent system and is further purified by standard chromatography methods.

EXAMPLE 5 The substituted oxazolidinone (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butone)-5- (4- isocyanobenzenesulfonyloxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone is prepared as follows.

(S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butone) -5- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is prepared as in Example 4. Then the (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butone) -5- (4-isocyanobenzenesulfonyloxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone is produced in a reaction comprising the (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butanone)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone and isocyanobenzenesulfonyl chloride as follows.

To about 1.0 mmoles of the ( (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butanone)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in dry CH2C12 (8 mL CH2Cl2), 1.0 equiv. (1.1 mmoles) of pyridine is added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature. To this reaction mixture is added 1. 0 equiv. of isocyanobenzenesulfonyl chloride. The reaction is stirred overnight at room temperature.

Afterwards, an aliquot of the reaction is analyzed by TLC to determine whether complete conversion of the (S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butanone)-5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone to the substituted oxazolidinone has occurred. Thereafter, about 3 mL of 20% NH4Cl is added to the reaction mixture and the organic layer is removed and saved. The aqueous layer is extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of CH2C12. The CH2C12 extracts are combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture is dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture is then concentrated in vacuo to provide a crude product of the substituted oxazolidinone. The crude product is analyzed by 1H-NMR, 13C NMR, HPLC, and

TLC using a EtOAc: hexane (2: 1) solvent system and is further purified by standard chromatography methods.

EXAMPLE 6 The substituted oxazolidinone (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butone)-5- (7-chloro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole-4- sulfonyloxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone (34) is prepared as follows.

(S)-3- (3, 3-dimethyl-2-butone) -5- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is prepared as in Example 4. The substituted oxazolidinone 34 is then produced in a reaction comprising the (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butanone)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone and 7-chloro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride as follows.

To about 1.0 mmoles of the ( (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butanone)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in dry CH2C12 (8 mL CH2C12), 1.0 equiv. (1. 1 mmoles) of pyridine is added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature. To this reaction mixture is added 1.0 equiv. of compound 7-chloro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole- 4-sulfonyl chloride. The reaction is stirred overnight at room temperature. Afterwards, an aliquot of the reaction is analyzed by TLC to determine whether complete conversion of the (S)-3- (3, 3- dimethyl-2-butanone)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to the substituted oxazolidinone 34 has occurred.

Thereafter, about 3 mL of 20% NH4Cl is added to the reaction mixture and the organic layer is removed and saved. The aqueous layer is extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of CH2C12. The CH2Cl2 extracts are combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture is dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture is then concentrated in vacuo to provide a crude product of the substituted oxazolidinone 34. The crude product is analyzed by 1H-NMR, 13C NMR, HPLC, and TLC using a EtOAc: hexane (2: 1) solvent system and is further purified by standard chromatography methods.

EXAMPLE 7 The substituted oxazolidinone (S)-3- (3- butene-2-one)-5- (7-chloro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole-4- sulfonyloxymethyl)-2-oxazolidinone is prepared as follows.

In the first step, (S)-3- (3-butene-2-one)-5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone is produced in a reaction comprising (S)-5-trityloxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone and BrCHCHCOCH3. To a solution of about 10 mmoles of (S) -5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in 40 mL tetrahydrofuran (THF) at 4° C, 10 mmoles NaH as a 60% suspension in hexane is added. The reaction mixture was stirred for about 10 minutes under nitrogen at 0° C and then warmed up to room temperature and stirred for an additional two hours. Then, about

10 mmoles of BrCHCHCOCH3 is added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature for about eight hours. Afterwards, the reaction is quenched by adding 20 mL 20% NH4Cl. The organic layer is removed and saved. The aqueous layer is extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of THF. The THF extracts are combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture is then concentrated in vacuo to provide (S)-3- (3-butene-2- one) -5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone as a crude product. The crude product is purified by flash column chromatography using 40% EtOAc: Hexane followed by 60% EtOAc: Hexane. The product is compared to the starting material by TLC using 40% EtOAC/Hexane as the solvent.

In the second step, the trityl group is removed from the (S)-3- (3-butene-2-one)-5- trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone as in Example 4 to produce (S)-3- (3-butene-2-one)-5-hydroxymethyl-2- oxazolidinone.

In the third step, the substituted oxazolidinone is produced in a reaction comprising the <BR> <BR> (S)-3- (3-butene-2-one)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone and 7-chloro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride.

To about 1.0 mmoles of the ( (S)-3- (3-butene-2-one)-5- hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone in dry CH2C12 (8 mL CH2Cl2), 1.0 equiv. (1.1 mmoles) of pyridine is added and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature.

To this reaction mixture is added 1.0 equiv. of 7- chloro-2, 1, 3-benzoxadiazole-4-sulfonyl chloride. The reaction is stirred overnight at room temperature.

Afterwards, an aliquot of the reaction is analyzed by TLC to determine whether complete conversion of the

(S)-3- (3-butene-2-one)-5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone to the substituted oxazolidinone has occurred.

Thereafter, about 3 mL of 20% NH4Cl is added to the reaction mixture and the organic layer is removed and saved. The aqueous layer is extracted two times with 40 mL aliquots of CH2C12. The CH2Cl2 extracts are combined with the saved organic layer and the mixture is dried with 2.5 g anhydrous Na2SO4. The mixture is then concentrated in vacuo to provide a crude product of the substituted oxazolidinone. The crude product is analyzed by 1H-NMR, 13C NMR, HPLC, and TLC using an EtOAc: hexane (2: 1) solvent system and is further purified by standard chromatography methods.

EXAMPLE 8 The substituted oxazolidinones were tested for antimicrobial activity as follows.

The following American Type Culture Collection (ATCC, 10801 University Boulevard, Manassas, Virginia) quality control strains were selected for the initial screening of the antimicrobial properties of the substituted oxazolidinones as suggested by the NCCLS: Enterococcus faecalis 29212, Escherichia coli 25922, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 27853, and Staphylococcus aureus 29213. See, NCCLS document M7-A5. Methods for Dilution Antimicrobial Susceptibility Tests for Bacteria That Grow Aerobically ; Approved Standard- Fifth Edition. Volume 20, Number 2. January 2000, (ISBN 1-56238-394-9) and Lorian V. Antibiotics.

Laboratory Medicine. 4th ed. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, pp. 52-111 (1996). For subsequent testing, the following strains have been used: Staphylococcus

aureus NRS4 (992; HIP5836; New Jersey) (Smith et al., New Engl. J. Med. 340: 493-501 (1999); Tenover et al., J. Clin. Microbiol. 36: 1020-1027 (1998)), Staphylococcus aureus NRS3 (963sm; HIP5827; Michigan) (Smith et al., ibid.; Tenover et al., ibid. ), Staphylococcus aureus NRS103 (Becker) (Karakawa and Vann, Sem. Infect. Dis. 4: 285 (1982), Staphylococcus aureus NRS102 (Reynolds) Karakawa and Vann, ibid; McMurray et al., JID 162: 759-762 (1990)), Staphylococcus epidermidis NRS101 (ATCC 35984), Streptococcus pneumoniae (ATCC 49619), Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 51299), and Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 43300.

Stock cultures of these strains were obtained by seeding colonies from overnight streak plates (Tryptic Soy Agar II (TSAII) and 5% sheep's blood (SB) agar plates: Becton Dickinson, CA#2211261) into sterile Mueller-Hinton Broth (MHB) (Becton Dickinson, CA#211443) and growing the suspensions to mid-late log phase in 13 mL screw-cap tubes. Glycerol (Sigma, CA#G-6279) was sterilized by autoclaving for 15 minutes at 121° C in 6 mL volumes, and then stored at 2-8° C. This was diluted to 20% in dH20, and then added 1: 1 (250 uL : 250 pL, 10% final glycerol concentration) to the logarithmically growing bacterial suspension of each strain. Tubes were frozen and stored at-70° C. Purity of the stock cultures was tested by thawing one tube of each strain in a water bath at 37° C and plating them on TSAII with 5% SB. Plates were incubated overnight at 37° C and colonies were examined for morphology. Growth curves and approximate CFU/mL were also obtained.

DMSO susceptibility determinations were performed as follows. DMSO (Alfa Aesar, CA#22914) was diluted to 2x the final starting concentration of 20% in MHB, pH 7.36 (this was the consistent pH value of MHB) (should be between 7.2-7. 4 according to NCCLS).

Two-fold serial dilutions were performed in 15 mL conical tubes and poured into sterile reservoirs.

Using an 8-channel micropipetman, 50 uL from each reservoir was transferred to every well in the corresponding column (1-11) of a sterile 96-well, U- bottom microplate (Nalge Nunc, Intl., CA#262162). As a positive growth control, 50 uL of MHB alone was added to each well of Column 12. Bacteria were grown overnight on TSAII + 5% SB, and 3-4 colonies were seeded into 6 mL of sterile MHB in 13 mL screw cap tubes. Tubes were grown at 35° C to mid-log phase, and were diluted to an optical density of 0.12 at 625nm (or approx. 1x108 CFU/mL), using 0. 9% sterile saline.

This solution was further diluted 1: 100 with 0. 9% sterile saline (lx106 CFU/mL), and 50 pL was added to each well for a final inoculum of 1x105 CFU/mL. As a negative growth control, well H12 was inoculated only with 0. 9% sterile saline. The plate was tightly fitted with sealing tape (Corning Costar, CA#3095) and was incubated for a period of 18 hours at 35° C, after which growth was observed. 2. 5% DMSO was determined to be the smallest concentration of DMSO to exhibit no visual effects on bacterial growth as compared with the positive controls for all strains tested. This was confirmed by performing colony counts to assess cell viability in the presence of DMSO. For each strain, 10 pL was removed from one of the inoculated wells containing 2. 5%, 0. 15%, and 0% DMSO (after

mixing). This was diluted 1: 100000 in sterile 0. 9% DMSO, plated on TSAII + 5% SB, and grown overnight at 35° C. Plates were then observed for differences in the number of viable colonies (theoretically, each colony arises from a single cell) based on the varying concentrations of DMSO. No differences were observed.

High purity substituted oxazolidinones prepared according to the method of the present invention and a ZYVOX standard (ZYVOX is a trade name for linezolid available from Pharmacia Corporation) were provided by Synthon Corporation, Monmouth Junction, NJ. Compounds were dissolved at 10 mg/mL in DMSO, as after a dilution of approx. 39.0 to reach the desired final starting concentration of 256ug/ml, the concentration of DMSO is approximately 2. 5%.

Compounds were then stored at room temperature (25° C) in the dark.

Antimicrobial susceptibility screening was as follows. All compounds were initially screened for activity in duplicate at 256 pg/mL (2. 5% DMSO), including ZYVOX, the positive control for antimicrobial activity. A single well of bacterially inoculated 2. 5% DMSO served as a positive control for bacterial growth, while a well of DMSO inoculated with of 50 uL of sterile 0. 9% saline served as a negative growth control. Controls were prepared on every microplate, so that 46 was the maximum number of compounds that were screened per plate. Broth was pipetted into sterile microcentrifuge tubes, to which the compounds were then added (1: 19.53 dilution or 2x final concentration). Each tube was vortexed, and 50 pL was immediately transferred to the microplate wells for each strain. Solubility was assessed by visual

observation. MB (medium broth solubility) was recorded if the solution appeared only slightly cloudy. LB (low broth solubility) was recorded if the solution was extremely cloudy, and especially if larger, clumpy precipitates formed. Bacteria were grown as described above, although absorbance was measured at 650 nm and bacteria were diluted to an initial OD of 0.12-0. 15. Bacteria were then further diluted 1: 100 with 0. 9% sterile saline. Within 15 minutes of this final dilution, 50 pL of this suspension was added to each well for a final volume of O. 1 L, and a final bacterial concentration of 1x105 CFU/mL (except for the negative control well). Plates were grown as above and all observations were recorded.

Compounds exhibiting activity at this concentration were then screened for their MICs (minimum inhibitory concentration) in duplicate, at concentrations ranging from 256-0.25 ug/mL (columns 1- 11) using the broth microdilution method. Two-fold dilutions were obtained using an 8-channel micropipetman and tips were changed between each column transfer, after mixing 10 times and expelling the maximum amount of fluid. The MIC was defined as the lowest concentration of test compound that inhibited visible growth after a period of 18 hours incubation at 35° C. Bacteria were prepared, and the microwell plates were incubated as described above.

In addition, bacteria were routinely sampled before addition to the wells. From the pre-well concentration, samples were diluted 1: 200 with 0. 9% sterile saline. At this concentration, 100 pL was plated and the remaining sample was diluted 1: 10.100

pL of this was then also spread-plated onto TSAII + 5% SB and grown overnight at 35° C. Colonies were counted and multiplied by the dilution factor to obtain starting CFU/mL. As a positive MIC control, ZYVOX was tested in parallel for each strain, and the dilution of 5% (2x final concentration) DMSO served as a positive growth control. To control for variation between the volume transferred by each tip of the 8- channel micropipetman, 5% (2x final concentration) DMSO was added to column 12 using the micropipetman.

All wells, but that of the negative control (H12), were inoculated with the same bacterial suspension resulting in a final starting concentration of 1x105 CFU/mL. The negative control was inoculated with 0. 9% sterile saline.

At this time, a total of 1625 substituted oxazolidinones have been successfully screened for activity at 256 pg/mL (Compounds 1422,1474, 147$, 1595 were absent). Of these, 71 were tested against Staphylococcus aureus (Gram positive), 60 were tested against Enterococcus faecalis (Gram positive), and one compound tested against Escherichia coli (Gram negative) have proven effective with MICs at or below 256 pg/mL.

Tables 1 and 2 show the antimicrobial activity for several of the substituted oxazolidinones. Table 1 further shows that several were also able to inhibit the growth of myeloid, erythroid, and megakaryocytic cells. Table 3 shows several substituted oxazolidinones which have been found to be particularly antimicrobial. In general, many of the substituted oxazolidinones were as effective as ZYVOX. Thus, the results show that many of the substituted oxazolidinones prepared according to the process herein have antimicrobial applications, in particular, as antimicrobial agents against drug resistant strains of gram positive bacteria.

Table 1<BR> In vitro Antimicrobial Test Results for several substituted Oxazolidinones MIc90-100 (µg/mL) Bone Marrow Cell Growth Inhibition (IC50 µg/mL) Pen. R SA EF MR SA MR SA VS EF MR SA SA Ref SA Myeloid Erythroid Megakaryocytic Strain ATCC ATCC New Michigan ATCC ATCC Reynolds Becker 29212 29213 Jersey 51299 43300 Compound 1687 2 2 2 2 3 3 20 0.01 6 1705 2 4 3 2 8 4 2 4 5 0.5 0.08 1715 2 4 3 3 8 4 32 8 5 0.7 0.08 1808 4-8 2 4 3 2 8 16 16 1809 4-8 4 3 3 2 4 8 4 2278 4 2 4 4 8 8 2405 2 2 4 2 8 4 2428 4 4 4-8 4-8 32 16 1021 16-32 250 256 256 >256 100 20 20 0.9 1192 4-8 250 256 256 >256 128 5 0.05 0.6 126 8-16 250 256 256 256 256 5 0.02 9.0 207 64- 250 0.8 0.2 3.0 125 253 8-16 250 256 256 >256 >256 30 7 10.0 971 4-8 250 256 256 >256 100 40 >0.01 30.0 ZYVOX 2 2 2 2 0.5 1 1 1 20 0.08 4 VR is vancomycin resistrant, VS is vancomycin sensitive, MR is methicillin resistant, MS<BR> is methicillin sensitive, SA is Staphylococcus aureus, and EF is Entercoccus faecalis.

Table 2 M) C (9o. ico) (ug/mL) M'C (9o-ioo) (ug/mL) COMPOUND COMPOUND # SA-ATCC29213 EF-ATCC 29212 34 250 0 0 0 CI N N -pN O b A 108 62. 5 -K'p/=. Co-' 0 3 0 110 31. 3 N 0 0 6 0 u 126 15. 6 . 0. ^ | N 0 ON'\V q/c 11 0 0 C ! 0, 0 235 62. 5 JL N N s cri 0 236 31. 3 _ Ó 04 _ -'0 OSO \/N°z 250 250 O-A 0 0) 0 253 15. 6 O J ( ozon S.-0 . 0'313'6 0 N 1/N HCHO S 0, 0 255 62. 5 Non -N0 ouf 250 2 2S0 non 0 2665*6 , _O :- Hz 266 15. 6 ob \/No, _ 260 250 o p OzN \/-ON I _ O I 276 125 J. /. N-, 0 Np N 0 1 '" . N voN _ CHp N-b N\ N L óSòoN° I Oxo 250 --- o 0 291 2S0 125 N N U O b non zon . -- zu 250 H, CO CrN 0N N - -"P/==\ oxo 125 324 62. 5 125 0 ! 1. 5 -o-5Lxco, (-kCH3 N S H 250 334 62. 5 0 _ O O -. 125 0 o 0 369 250 uHu F Exaa Afac 469. 01 -KIO f MHP-KtO 31. 3 0 388 125 ON-CMS , V r'Yo QN- BSHHS o o -'Ml 250 -AOLF Exact Um : 4 p ,-- -F Exact Maac : 9. 0i 0 B2-HP-KIOA 62. 5 533 125 o 'C'C xN 02N o 125 O 589 125 02N<SOv o O 669 62. 5 0 0 0- ( 02N-'S'-OJ,,, N CH3 //0 674 250 N N O 11004 125 |C 695 62. 5 0 ^ ci ci i w5°y 02N 0 0 0'^N- 02N-- 0 N \ 0 860 64 _ 0 H J ( 02N- 0 | 0) 8'70 ! 6 H OA14, 1, 02N 9--N_-I, NOS 0 Nus. N 0 905 256 \/-0/- 0-MHz 0 0 921 2S6 02N /-0, N., i 0 n iso _. n.. Q 924 2S6 IY"N 0_ N CI v i '-Q. 929 64 02N oS N--0 .. 0KM256 _ 0 JLN u 02N ici O 9S2 32 _ 0 J ( 02N S-O 'N 11 971 8 I o1 S I 1001 M 1 25 1001 64 p"N O o, NB-o a-a 125 0 95232 0, N- _ 0 0- - v/W/0 1026 256 004-A O O- II c I it CI \/S-0NNMe= 0 1026256 0 o 1058 256 CI S--0N-"CH 0 OZN p 1063 16 0 063 16 0 04 /==\ 9 0- t) 11 1066 256 N\0 N O O 0 O- j CI /S-0 J\N O 0 0 losl-iss 0 04 cl/ -o, N 0 ope 'hum Ou--04 ozon i O 1160 128 6 Et Exact MaVas : 4VOO. 0"0 0 1192 8 0 02N-0 olT962M s, o-I ci -0 128 0 1210 256 0 J ( 02N 0 pin N N 1629 256 'O OSO /1 128 1629 256 (C M.). 8 Exact Maaa : 3G2. 0o 64 64 1631 16 z N (C H,). III/... 111 \\ pne !' Exsol Maaa : 101. 10 0 1808 8 p I632 16 02N oN>_ . 0S<N0. 2 64 0 18p8 8 0=N N p '--'2 2 0 1809 8 2H/ 0 /NT o4 0 1960 32 o, nez ruz 8 \ 0 1965 32 OZN/ N-p 'LJ 8 0 1985 8 1. nu 124 0 1998 16 0 0 CI''al-OH VY 0'CrN02 2017 16 0'kN pN-. y Exact Mass : 405. 06 8 O N n 2019 16 102N B r 2019 16 0'AN Icr to O=N-S E : act M acc : 437. 99 32 at 2020 64 lu Exac M ats : 450. 01 124 0 2023 64 . 1k,' y o 02N-OrS Exact Mass : 338. 06 32 0 2025 64 O/\NOEt y o 0, Exact Mass : 368. 07 32 TaUle 3 Extemal ID intemal ID Structure 0 0 K0 SCC 001 126 No o 0 5CC002 207 Jit o 0 SCC 003 253 No o s, o/\ s --If'O O-F O) i O o 00 SCC 005 1021 r \is°oSNo2 0 0 \---/ SCC 006 1 02N<Sosj N~ 11 0 SCC007 687 M ou SCC 008 1705 p2N S-NjL, N 0 SCC 009 1715 p2N \ S-N, N 0 SCC010 1808 00 SCC 011 1809/\ O SCC 012 2278/\ S 0 SCC 013 2405 02NoSo_ N^ s 0 SCC014 2428 02N e S-N__ N t 0 H OA N SCC 015 2570 02N S-N--3 o Standard Zyvox F N

EXAMPLE 9 This example shows the synthesis of various examples of the substituted oxazolidinones.

A. Sulphonates and esters 1. Synthesis of Precursors N-Ethyl 5-hydroxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone To a solution containing the oxazolidinone (5.0 g, 13.9 mmol) in dry THF (50 mL) was added potassium-t-butoxide (2.03 g, 18.1 mmol, 1.3 equiv) at RT and stirred under N2 atm for 0.5 h. To this solution was added ethyl iodide (3.25 g, 20.8 mmol, 1.5 equiv) and stirred for 2h after which TLC (1: 1 hex-EtOAc) showed completion of reaction. The reaction was quenched by adding satd. NH4Cl solution.

THF was removed on rotovap and residue diluted with CH2Cl2 (100 mL). Organic layer washed with brine and dried (MgS04). Removal of solvent gave a light yellow oil. This crude product was taken in CH2Cl2 (50 mL).

Added trifluroacetic acid (4.75 g, 41.7 mmol, 3.0 equiv) -water (1.0 g, 55.5 mmol, 4 equiv) dropwise and stirred for 2h. The solvent was removed on rotovap and residue purified by flash column chromatography (silica gel, EtOAc) to get the product as a colorless oil (1.3 g, 66% in two steps).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 200 MHz): 5 4.6 (m, 1H), 4.1 (s, 1H), 3.88 (dd, 1H) 3.6 (m, 5H), 1.2 (t, 3H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 157.86, 73.45, 62.69, 45.01,

38.59, 12.22.

A similar procedure was followed for the alkylation of the oxazolidinone with B12 (R&S), B38 (R&S), B39, Ell (R&S), E16 (R&S), E81 (R&S), G3 (R&S), G4-oxa-C4, W14, W15, W17, W19 and W23. 00 00 0 0 B12 084N) % < G4 II I O 0 0 +N B 38 0v4N G12 HOU ° N G12-oxaC4 0 0 HO----y-P Ho 00 0 O O O O Ell O O HON^\j W17 O O 0 0 0A W19 NJ E16 0 ß HON E81 O O ON, O-A o W23 HO OAN_ G3 ° 0 O HON W14 HON G3-oxa-C4 0 N-isopropyl-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone To a solution containing the oxazolidinone (15. 0g, 41.7 mmol) in dry THF (150 mL) was added

potassium-t-butoxide (8.4 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.8 equiv) at RT and stirred under N2 atm for 0.5h. To this solution was added isopropyl iodide (7.8g, 45.9 mmol, 1.1 equiv) and stirred at 70° C for 15 h. The reaction was quenched by adding satd. NH4Cl solution. THF was removed on rotovap and residue diluted with CH2C12 (200 mL). Organic layer washed with brine and dried (MgS04). Removal of solvent gave a light yellow oil.

The residue was purified by flash column chromatography (silica gel, hexane-EtOAc, 4: 1) to get the product as a colorless solid (15.0 g, 90%).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 200 MHz): 5 7.3 (m, 15H), 4.56 (m, 1H), 4.1 (m, 1H), 3.3 (m, 4H), 1.1 (m, 6H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 157.0, 143.4, 128.6, 127.9, 127.2, 86.8, 71.9, 64.0, 44.6, 41.6, 19.8, 19.6.

Synthesis of ethyl (2-bromo) -t-butyl ketone (class G4): To a suspension of SnBr2 (242 mg, 5 mol%) in CH2C12 (5.0 mL) was added pinacolone trimethylsilyl enol ether (3.0 g, 17.4 mmol) in CH2C12 (2.0 mL) followed by bromomethyl methylether (3.26 g, 26.1 mmol, 2.1 mL, 1.5 equiv) in CH2C12 (2.0 mL). Stirred at RT for 3.5 h after which TLC showed complete conversion. The solvent was removed on rotovap to get an orange yellow liquid. The crude product was passed through a short pad of silica packed in hexane and the product was eluted with 5% EtOAc-hexanes as a pale yellow liquid (2.65 g, 79%).

1H NMR (CDC13, 200 MHz): 5 3.54 (t, 2H), 3. 06 (t, 2H), 1.12 (s, 9H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 212.4, 43.9, 39.6, 26.0.

Homologation of t-butylacetyl chloride t-Butylacetyl chloride (4.0 g, 29.7 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of trimethylsilyldiazomethane (37.1 mL, 74.3 mmol) in CH3CN-THF (100 mL, 1: 1) at 0° C added the t-butylacetyl chloride (4.0 g, 29.7 mmol) dropwise and then refrigerated for 40 h. Solvent was removed on rotovap and residue diluted with CH2Cl2 (100 mL). Washed with satd. NaHC03 (50 mL) solution followed by brine, dried (MgS04) and concentrated to an yellow liquid (4.5 g).

This product was taken in THF (25 mL) and cooled to 0° C and added HBr (48%) (8.4g, 104.0 mmol, 3.5 equiv) dropwise. After the addition, reaction mixture stirred at that temp for 30 min. Diluted with CH2Cl2 (75 mL) and washed with satd. NaHC03 (50 mL) followed by brine, dried (MgSO4) and concentrated to an yellow liquid. Purified by column chromatography (silica gel) and the product was eluted with 2-4% EtOAc-hexane.

Pale yellow liquid (3.3 g, 82. 5%).

1H NMR (CDC13, 200 MHz): 5 3.84 (s, 2H), 2. 48 (s, 2H), 0. 98 (s, 9H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 200.8, 51.7, 36.2, 31.1, 29.4.

Following a similar procedure W14, W15, W19, W23 were prepared from corresponding acid chlorides.

Synthesis of C4-Oxazolidinone 4, 4-dibenzylamino-1, 3- (S) butanediol R. B charged with LiBr (14.8 g, 170.8 mmol, 4.0 equiv), NaBH4 (6.37 g, 170.8 mmol, 4.0 equiv) and THF (125 mL) and stirred at 50° C for 2h. Added the ester (14.0 g, 42.7 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in THF (25 mL) slowly and stirring continued for 2h (TLC no SM).

Reaction mixture cooled to RT and added satd. NH4Cl dropwise (cool in ice-bath) till no gas evolution.

Most of the THF was removed on rotovap and residue diluted with EtOAc (250 mL). Washed with brine, dried (MgS04) and concentrated to a colorless oil and purified by column chromatography (70% EA-hexane).

Product obtained as a colorless syrup (yield: 9.2 g, 77%).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 200 MHz): 5 7.2 (m, 10H), 3.8 (m, 6H), 3.4 (d, 2H), 2.4 (m, 2H), 1.6 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 138.3, 128.9, 128.3, 127.2, 66.8, 60.7, 59.5, 58.4, 36.3.

4-Amino-1, 3- (S) butanediol

THF-MeOH (30+40 mL) suspension containing the diol (9.0 g, 31.5 mmol) and wet Pd (OH) 2 (10%, 3.5g) was hydrogenated under 40 psi (2.81 kgf/cm2) for 20h.

The solution warmed and the hot solution filtered through a short pad of celite. Washed several times with methanol (towards the end few drops of TEA added). Removal of solvent gave a colorless oil (3.3 g, quantitative).

4- (Benzyloxycarbonyl)-amino-1, 3- (S) butanediol R. B. charged with the amine (3.3 g, 31.3 mmol, 1.0 equiv) and THF-H20 (20+40 mL). Added Na2CO3 (4.0 g, 37.8 mmol, 1.2 equiv) and cooled to 5° C.

Added CbzCl (6.45g, 37.8 mmol, 5.4 mL, 1.2 equiv) dropwise keeping temp. below 5° C and stirred at that temp. for 3h. Diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted into EtOAc (3x100 mL). Washed with brine, dried (MgS04) and concentrated to a colorless oil which solidified on keeping (9.0 g).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 200 MHz): 5 7.2 (s, 5H), 5.6 (s, 1H), 5.0 (s, 2H), 3.5 (m, 7H), 1.6 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 157.1, 136.2, 128.4, 128.0, 127.9, 70.2, 66.8, 60.4, 46.9, 35.7. 4- (Benzyloxycarbonyl)-amino-1 (O-trityl)-3- (S) butanediol Reaction mix. containing the crude diol (-9. 0 g, 31.5 mmol, 1.0 equiv), TrCl (10.5 g, 37.6 mmol, 1.2 equiv) and TEA (7.96 g, 78.6 mmol, 2.5 equiv) in CH2Cl2 (100 mL) stirred at RT for 21 h. The reaction mixture washed with water, brine and dried (MgS04) and concentrated to a pale yellow oil (20.0 g).

5-trityloxyethyl-2-oxazolidinone The above crude product (20 g,-31. 5 mmol based on purity) taken in anhydrous THF (150 mL) and treated with KtBuO (7.84 g, 70 mmol, 2.2 equiv) and stirred at RT for 7 h. Diluted with water (100 mL), bulk of the THF removed on rotovap. Residue extracted with EtOAc (3x100 mL), washed with brine, dried (MgS04) and concentrated to a light brown oil.

Purified by column chromatography (40% EtOAc-hexane) to get a pale yellow foamy oil which solidifies (10.7 g, 91% in three steps).

'H NMR (CDCl3, 200 MHz): 5 7.25 (m, 15H), 5.75 (s, 1H), 4.8 (m, 1H), 3.6 (t, 1H), 3.2 (t, 3H),

2.0 (m, 2H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 159.6, 143.8, 128.5, 127.8, 127.0, 86.9, 75.0, 59.3, 46.0, 35.2.

N- (4-nitrophenyl)-5-trityloxymethyl-2-oxazolidinone The reaction mixture containing the oxazolidinone (5.0 g, 13.9 mmol), 4-bromonitrobenzene (4.2 g, 20.8 mmol, 1.5 equiv), 1, 1' bis (diphenylphosphinoferrocene) (0.77 g, 1.39 mmol, 0.1 equiv), Pd (OAc) 2 (0.31g, 1.39 mmol, 0.1 equiv) and sodium-t-butoxide (2.0 g, 20.8 mmol, 1.5 equiv) in dry toluene (130 mL) was stirred under N2 atm at 110° C for 8 h. The solvent was removed on rotovap and the dark residue was chromatographed on silica gel using 30% EtOAc-hexane to get the product as a dark yellow foamy solid (2.7 g, 41%).

1H NMR (CDC13, 200 MHz): 5 8.2 (d, 2H), 7.6 (d, 2H), 7.2 (m, 15H), 4.8 (m, 1H), 4.2 (t, 1H), 3.9 (m, 1H), 3.8 (dd, 1H), 3.4 (dd, 1H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 155,145, 144,129. 5,129. 3,129, 126,118, 87,72, 64,47.

2. Synthesis of library-sulphonates and esters

0. 1 mM solution of the oxazolidinone in CH2C12 (25 mL) was prepared. From the above std. soln. syringed out 1. 0 mL each (0. 10 mmol) into 3 mL capped vials. Added triethylamine, 28 uL/vial (0.2 mmol, 2.0 equiv). Added 1.0 mL (0.10 mmol) of the stock solution (0.10 mM) of acid/sulphonyl chlorides into respective vials. The vial capped, the solution mixed well and kept aside at RT (20 h). All compounds purified by prep. TLC. (EtOAc-hexane). Silica gel band containing the product was taken in CH3CN (15.0 mL). Filtered and washed with more CH3CN (3 mL), and solvent removed on rotovap. The product obtained was transferred to small vials using CH2Cl2, all samples air dried and finally dried in vacuo. All samples were analyzed by LCMS : Oxazolidinones and sulphonyl/acid chlorides used: B12: K2, K4, K5, K8, K9, K10, K11, E112 B12 (R): K2, K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, E112 B38: K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K6, K7, K8, K9, K10, K11, EO, E1, E4, E7, E8, E9, E10, E11, E15, E16, E112 B38 (R): K10, E112, E117, E120, E124, E136, E154, B39: K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K6, K7, K8, K9, K10, K11, EO, E1, E4, E7, E8, E9, E10, E11, E15, E16, E112 E11 : K2, K4, K5, K8, K9, K10, K11, E112 Ell (R): K2, K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, E112 E16: K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K6, K7, K8, K9, K10,

K11, E14, EO, E1, E4, E7, E8, E9, E10, E11, E15, E16, E112 E16 (R): K2, K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, E8, E112 E81: K4, K5, K8, K9, K10, K11, E112 E81 (R): K2, K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, E112 G4: K2, K4, K5, K8, K10, K11, K21, K22, K23, K27, K30, K52, K54, K55, K56, K59, K60, K66, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, E4, E11, E81, E82, E90, E107, E112, E113, E117, E159, E164, E168 G4 (R): K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, G5: K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K8, K9, K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K27, K30, K52, K54, K55, K56, K59, K60, K66, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100, K101, K102, K117, E8, E11, E81, E82, E90, E107, E112, E113, E117, E120, E124, E136, E154, E159, E164, E168, E183, E184 G5 (R): K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K83 G9 (R): K2, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100, K101, K102, K117, G12: K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K8, K9, K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K27, K30, K52, K54, K55, K56, K59, K60, K66, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100, K101, K102, K104, K105, K106, K107, K109, K110, K112, K113, K114, K115, K117,

G12 (R): K2, K101, K102, K117, E112, E183, E184 G13 (R): K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K8, K9, K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K27, K30, K52, K54, K55, K56, K59, K60, K66, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100, K101, K102, K104, K105, K106, K107, K109, K110, K112, K113, K114, K115, E112, E183 W14: K101, K102, K104, K105, K106, K107, K109, K110, K112, K113, K114, K115, E112, E183 W15: K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, E8, E11, E81, E82, E90, E107, E112, E113, E117, E120, E124, E136, E154, E159, E164, E168 W17: K2, K4, K9, K10, K11, K12, K21,, K27, K29, K30, K31, K52, K53, K54, K55, K56, K59, K60, K61, K66, K70 E8, E11, E81, E82, E90, E107, E112, E113, E159, E164, E168 W19 : K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K83 E8, E11, E81, E82, E90, E107, E112, E113, E117, E120, E124, E136, E154, E157, E159, E164, E168 W23: K2, K4, K9, K10, K11, K21, K22, K23, K27, K29, K30, K31, K52, K53, K54, K55, K56, K59, K60, K61, K66, K70, K83, E8, E11, E81, E82, E90, E107, E112, E113, E117, E120, E124, E136, E154, E157, E159, E164, E168 G12-oxa-C4: K2, K10, Kll, K93, K95, K96, K97, K100, K101, K102, K104, K105, K106, K107, K109, K110, K112, K115, K117, E183, E184

G3-oxa-C4: K2, K10, K11, K93, K95, K96, K97, K100, K101, K102, K104, K105, K106, K107, K109, K110, K112, K115, K117, E183, E184 Amines A. Amides and Sulphonamides 1. Synthesis of precursors (5R) -methanesulphonyloxymethyl-3-[(1R)-phenylethyl- oxazolidine-2-one) To an ice-cooled solution of the oxazolidinone (5.0 g, 22.6 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in CH2C12 (50 mL) was added TEA (4.57 g, 45.1 mmol, 2.0 equiv) followed by MsCl (3.36 g, 29.3 mmol, 1.3 equiv) dropwise and then stirred for 2 h. Diluted with CH2Cl2 (50 mL), washed with water (25 mL), brine, dried (MgSO4) and concentrated to get an oil which solidified on keeping (6.5 g, 97%).

1H NMR (CDC13, 200 MHz): 5 7.4 (s, 5H), 5.25 (m, 1H), 4.7 (m, 1H), 4.4 (m, 2H), 3.4 (m, 2H), 3.15 (s, 3H), 1.65 (d, 3H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 156.1, 138.9, 128.5, 127.8, 126.7, 69.8, 68.8, 51.5, 41.3, 37.4, 16.0.

(5R) -Azidomethyl-3-[(1R)-phenylethyl-oxazolidine-2- one)

Reaction mixture containing the mesylate (6.5 g, 21.7 mmol) and NaN3 (2.12 g, 32.6 mmol, 1.5 equiv) in DMSO (60 mL) was stirred at 80° C for 3 h under N2 atm. Then cooled to RT, diluted with water (100 mL) and CH2Cl2 (150 mL). Organic layer washed with brine, dried (MgSO4) and concentrated to a pale yellow liquid. Crude product filtered through a short pad of silica using 40% EtOAc-hexane. Colorless oil which crystallized on keeping (5.0 g, 94%).

1H NMR (CDC13, 200 MHz): 6 7.4 (s, 5H), 5.3 (m, 1H), 4.6 (m, 1H), 3.4 (m, 4H), 1.66 (d, 3H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 156.4, 139.0, 128.6, 127.8, 126.8, 71.1, 53.1, 51.4, 42.3, 16.0 (5R)-Aminomethyl-3-[(lR)-phenylethyl-oxazolidine-2- one) R. B charged with Pd-C (10%, 500 mg) and ethanol (10 mL). Added oxazolidinone (2.0 g) in ethanol (10 mL). Flushed with H2 three times and stirred under H2 overnight (17h). Filtered through a short celite pad and washed with methanol. Solvent removed on rotovap to a light orange oil. Purified by silica gel column (20-50% MeOH in EtOAc) to get a

light orange oil which solidifies on keeping (1.1 g, 62%).

1H NMR (CDC13, 200 MHz): 5 7.4 (s, 5H), 5.3 (m, 1H), 4.6 (m, 1H), 3.4 (m, 2H), 3.1 (t, 2H), 2.8 (s, 2H), 1.66 (d, 3H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 157.1, 139.4, 128.6, 127.8, 126.9, 73.7, 58.0, 51.4, 42.6, 16.2.

Amines belonging to classes G3, G5, G9, G12, B38 (both isomers), G3-oxa-C4, G12-oxa-C4 were prepared in a similar manner.

2. Library-synthesis O. lmM Solution of the oxazolidinone in CH2C12 (25 mL) was prepared. From the above std. soln.

syringed out 1.0 mL each (0.10 mmol) into 3 mL capped vials. Added triethylamine, 28 uL/vial (0.2 mmol, 2.0 equiv). Added 1.0 mL (0.10 mmol) of the stock solution (0. 10 mM) of acid/sulphonyl chlorides into respective vials. The vial capped, the solution mixed well and kept aside at RT (20 h). All compounds purified by prep. TLC. (EtOAc-hexane). Silica gel band containing the product was taken in CH3CN (15.0 mL). Filtered and washed with more CH3CN (3 mL), and solvent removed on rotovap. The product obtained was transferred to small vials using CH2Cl2, all samples air dried and finally dried in vacuo. All samples were analyzed by LCMS.

Other Amines used for the library: G3 (R), G5 (R), G5 (S), G12 (R), G9 (R), G9 (S), G13 (S).

Sulphonyl/acid chlorides used: B38 : Kl, K9, K10, K11, K21, K22, K23, K83, E112 G12-oxa-C4: K2, K93, K95, K96, K97, K99, K100, K101, K102, K117, E183, E184

G12: K2, K93, K95, K96, K97, K99, K100, K101, K102, K117, E183, E184 G9 (R): E183, E184 G9 (S): E183, E184 G5: K00, KO, Kl, K2, K3, K4, K5, K8, K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100, K101, K102, K117, E183, E112, E184 G5 (R): K2, K93, K95, K96, K97, K99, K100, K101, K102, K117, E183, E184 G3 (R): K2, K93, K95, K96, K97, K100, K101, K102, K117, E183, E184 G13 (R): K00, KO, Kl, K2, K5, K9, K10, K11, K12, K21, K22, K23, K52, K60, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100, K101, K102, E183, B. Urea type compounds Oxazolidinone (0.1 mmol, 14mg) in CH2Cl2 (1.0 mL) treated with the respective isocyante (0.1 mmol).

In cases where the solution was not homogeneous 0.5 mL THF was also added. Reaction mixture kept at RT for 16 h and purified by prep. TLC (hexane-EtOAc). All products were analyzed by LCMS.

Other amines used for the library: G12 (R), G12 (S), G5 (S), G9 (R), G9 (S), Isocyanates used for the library: G12 (R): DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G12: DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G5: DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G5 (R): DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G12-oxa-C4: DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G9 (R): DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G9 (S): DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 G3: DD2, DD3, DD4, DD5, DD6, DD7 C. Sulphenyl compounds O. lmM solution of the oxazolidinone in CH2C12 (5 mL) was prepared. From the above std. soln. syringed out 1.0 mL each (0.10 mmol) into 3 mL capped vials. Added triethylamine, 28 uL/vial (0.2 mmol, 2.0 equiv). Added 1.0 mL (0.10 mmol) of the stock solution (0.10 mM) of sulphenyl chlorides into respective vials. The vial capped, the solution mixed well and kept aside at RT (20h). All compounds purified by prep. TLC. (EtOAc-hexane). Silica gel band containing the product was taken in CH3CN (15.0

mL). Filtered and washed with more CH3CN (3 mL), and solvent removed on rotovap. The product obtained was transferred to small vials using CH2Cl2, all samples air dried and finally dried in vacuo. All samples were analyzed by LCMS.

Amines used for the library: G5, G12, G9, G9 (R), G12-oxa-C4

Oxazolidinones and sulphenyl chlorides used: G5: BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 G5 (R): BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 G12: BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 G12 (R) : BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 G9: BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 G9 (R): BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 G12-oxa-C4: BB3, BB5, BB7, BB9 D. Substituted aryl amines-Buchwald coupling 0 0 Arl, Cul, K3P04 ANN H2N. , N isopropanol ethylene glycol 80oC

The reaction mixture containing the aminooxazolidinone (50 mg, 0.35 mmol), Cul (3.3 mg, 5 mol%), K3PO4 (148.6 mg, 0.70 mmol, 2 equiv), ethyleneglycol (43.4 mg, 0.70 mmol) and the aryl

iodide (0.52 mmol, 1.5 equiv) in isopropanol (1.5 mL) was stirred at 70° C for 24 h. Reaction mixture was cooled and filtered. Filtrate purified by prep. TLC.

Products were analyzed by LCMS.

Other amines used for library: G5 (R), G9 (R), G9 (S), G12 (R) Oxazolidinones and aryl iodides used: G9 (S): AA6, AA7, AA9, AA11, AA12 AA16, AA17, AA18, AA26, AA35 G9 (R): AA6, AA7, AA9, AA16, AA17, AA18, AA26, AA35 G12 (R): AA6, AA7, AA9, AA16, AA17, AA18, AA26, AA27, AA35 G12 (S): AA6, AA7, AA9, AA16, AA17, AA18, AA26, AA35 G5 (R): AA6, AA7, AA9, AA16, AA17, AA18, AA26, AA35 Ether Derivatives 5-Tosyloxymethyl-N-isopropyl-2-oxazolidinone

CH2C12 (25 mL) solution containing the oxazolidinone (2.3 g, 14.4 mmol, 1.0 equiv) was cooled in ice-bath. Added TEA (3.65 g, 36.1 mmol, 2.5 equiv) followed by TsCl (4.1 g, 21.5 mmol, 1.5 equiv) in small portions. Stirring continued at 0° C-RT (7 h).

Diluted with more CH2C12 (50 mL), washed with 1N HC1 (50 mL), water, brine, dried (MgS04) and concentrated to a brown liquid. Crude product passed through a silica gel column (60% EtOAc-hexane) to get the product as a colorless solid (4.3g, 96%).

1H NMR (CDCl3, 200 MHz): 5 7.5 (ABq, 4H), 4.6 (m, 1H), 4.0 (m, 3H), 3.5 (t, 1H), 3. 3 (dd, 1H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 1.2 (m, 6H). 13C NMR (CDC13, 50 MHz): 5 155.8, 145.2, 131.9, 129.9, 127.7, 69.5, 68.7, 44.7, 40.9, 21.4, 19.4, 19.3.

Library Synthesis Method 1 3.0 mL vial charged with 1-naphthol (12.7 mg, 0.09 mmol, 1.1 equiv) and THF (1.0 mL). Added KtBuO (13.4 mg, 0.12 mmol, 1.5 equiv). Stirred for 30 min. at RT. Added the tosylate (25 mg, 0.08 mmol, 1.0 equiv) in THF (1 mL). Stirred at RT for 2.0 h.

Purified by prep. TLC (EtOAc-hexane) to get the pure

product. Analyzed by LCMS.

Other libraries synthesized Method 2 0 0 OAN ROH, DIAD/DEAD, PPh3-styrene 0 HO_x > THF w RO_ ! NA THE To a solution containing the oxazolidinone (14.4 mg, 0.1 mmol), PPh3-polystyrene (120 mg, 1. 2 equiv, loading 1.0 mmol/g), phenol (0.1 mmol, 1.0 equiv) and CH2C12 (l. OmL). Added DIAD/DEAD (1. 2 equiv) in THF (1.0 mL) slowly. Stirred gently for 24 h. The crude product was purified by prep. TLC (hexane- EtOAc).

Other libraries synthesized: G9, G5 Alcohols/phenols used:

B38: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M14, M37, M38, B39: M3, M5, M35, M38 G5 : M39, M42, M43, M44, M45, M46, M47 G12 (S): M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M11, M13, M14, M24, M30, M34, M35, M37, M38, M39, M40, M41, M42, M43, M44, M45, M46, M47 G12 (R): M40, M41 G9 (R) : M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M11, M13, M14, M24, M30, M34, M35, M37, M38, M39, M40, M41, Sulphonylchlorides (K):

Acid chlorides (E):

Phenols (M): Aryl iodides (AA):

Sulphenyl chlorides (BB), Isocyantes (DD):

Scheme 1 Experimental

1. Preparation of the precursors of libraries.

General Methods. Column chromatography was performed on silica gel. TLC was performed on silica gel GF254. NMR spectra were recorded with an Varian VXR-200 NMR spectrometer 3-H NMR and 13 C NMR spectra were recorded at either 200 MHz or 50 MHz. LC-MS was carried out at PE-Sciex AP150EX single quadrapole instrument.

Typical Reactions for preparation of the alcohols (3): Method A: A solution of t-BuOK (50 mL, 50 mmol, 1 M) in THF was dropped into a solution of starting material 1 (18 g, 50 mmol) in dry THF (120 mL) under nitrogen at rt in 5 min. The mixture was stirred for 10 min at rt. Methyl bromoacetate (7.65 g, 50 mmol) was dropped into the flask in 5 min. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt. 10 % NH4Cl (20 mL) and hexanes (40 mL) were added, respectively. The organic phase is separated. The solvents were evaporated to give a crude product, without purification for next step.

The crude product was dissolve into DCM (100 mL).

Water (1.8 mL, 100 mmol) and TFA (8.55 g, 75 mmol) were added to the flask. The mixture was stirred for 2 h at rt. Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was co-evaporated with CH3CN (2 X 60 mL) to remove the trace water. Column chromatography purification (1: 1 ethyl acetate/hexanes, then ethyl acetate) afforded a pure product (3a) (5.2 g, 55 %).

NMR: OH 3.4-4. 1 (7H, m), 3.66 (3H, s), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m) ppm, Oc : 44.98, 46.10, 52.17, 62.61, 74.08, 158.20 (C=O), 168.92 (C=O, ester) ppm.

3b: yield: 36 %, NMR: 5n 2.9 (1H, br, s), 3.46-3. 86 (4H, m), 4.02 (2H, s, ), 4.54-4. 70 (1H, m), 5.14 (2H, s), 7.2-7. 3 (5H, m) ppm.

3e: yield: 8.1 %. 5H 2.5 (1H, br), 3. 51- 3. 94 (4H, m), 3.79 (3H, s), 4.67 (2H, s), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m), 7.1-7. 5 (4H, m) ppm.

Method B: NaH (0.4 g, 10 mmol, 60 %) was added in portions into a solution of starting material 1 (3.59 g, 10 mmol) in dry THF (40 mL) under nitrogen at rt in 10 min. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt.

Bromopinacolone (1.79 g, 10 mL) was dropped into the flask in 10 min. The mixture was stirred overnight at rt. 10 % NH4C1 (10 mL) and hexanes (20 mL) were added, respectively. The organic phase is separated.

The solvents were evaporated to give a crude product, without purification for next step. The crude product was dissolve into DCM (30 mL). Water (0.36 mL, 20 mmol) and TFA (1.71 g, 15 mmol) were added to the flask. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt.

Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was co-evaporated with CH3CN (2 X 30 mL) to remove the trace water. Column chromatography purification (3: 1 ethyl acetate/hexanes, then ethyl acetate) afforded a pure product (3c) (1.68 g, 78 %). NMR: 5H 1.14 (9H, s), 3.36-3. 9 (6H, m), 4.18 (2H, s), 4.54-4. 7 (1H, m) ppm, 5c : 26.08, 43.10, 46.30, 48.21, 63.11, 74.05, 158.45 (C=O), 209.60 (C=O, ketone) ppm.

3d: yield: 8.1 %. 5H 2.5 (1H, br), 3.56- 3.9 (4H, m), 4.66 (2H, s), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m) 7.43, 7.47, 7.84, 7.88 (4H, AB) ppm.

Method C: A solution of t-BuOK (10 mL, 10 mmol, 1 M)

in THF was dropped into a solution of starting material 1 (3.59 g, 10 mmol) in dry THF (40 mL) under nitrogen at rt in 5 min. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt. A solution of methyl bromoacetamide (1.52 g, 10 mL) in THF was dropped into the flask in 10 min.

The mixture was stirred overnight at rt. Con. NH4Cl (5 mL) and brine (5 mL) were added, respectively. The organic phase is separated. The solvents were evaporated to give a crude product. Flash column chromatography (hexanes/ethyl acetate 1 : 1) gave a pure product. To a solution of the pure material in DCM (30 mL) was added TFA (1.71 g, 15 mmol) and water (0.36 g). The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt.

Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was partitioned in water (50 mL) and t-BuOMe (20 mL).

The separated aqueous layer was washed with t-BuOMe (20 mL). Water was evaporated to give a residue, which was co-evaporated with CH3CN (2 X 30 mL) to remove the trace water. A product (3f) (0.91 g, 48 %) obtained, without further purification for next step.

3g: yield: 99%. 5n 2.91, 2. 96 (6H, 2 s), 3.5-3. 9 (4H, m), 3.92-4. 16 (2H, AB), 4.41 (1H, br), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m) ppm.

3h: yield: 74%. 5H 3.25-3. 61 (13H, m), 4.04 (2H, s), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m) ppm.

3i: yield: 99%.

3j: yield: 81%.

2. Preparation of libraries: A. parallel synthesis: Typical reaction procedures (Reaction scales might be various accordingly): Library 4-esters: To a solution of an acyl

chloride (E) (0.1 mmol) in dry DCM (1 mL) were add a solution of 3 (0.1 mmol, 0.1 M) in DCM and triethyl amine (20.2 mg, 0.2 mmol). The mixture was standing overnight at rt. The reaction was completed. The product was purified with preparative TLC.

Library 4-sulfonates: To a solution of a sulfonyl chloride (K) (0.1 mmol) in dry DCM (1 mL) were add a solution of 3 (0.1 mmol, 0.1 M) in DCM and triethyl amine (20.2 mg, 0.2 mmol). The mixture was standing overnight at rt. The reaction was completed.

The product was purified with preparative TLC.

Library 4-ethers: To a mixture of 3 (0.1 mmol), a phenol (M) (0.1 mmol) and Ph3P-polystyrene (0.1 g, 0.1 mmol Ph3P) in dry DCM (1 mL) was add a solution of DEAD (1 mL, 0.1 M). The mixture was standing at rt for three days. The reaction was completed. The product was purified with preparative TLC.

Libraries: (1) 4a-esters: Entry MW mMol EO 140.57 0.1 E1 182.65 0.1 E2 252.62 0.1 E3 252.62 0.1 E4 186.66 0.1 E5 212.53 0.1 E6 194.54 0.1 E7 198.60 0.1 E8 212.63 0.1 E9 256.08 0.1 E12 178.02 0.1

E13 178.02 0.1 E14 211.98 0.1 E15 131.52 0.1 E16 130.53 0.1 E17 130.53 0.1 E37 274.08 0.1 E40 154.60 0.1 E49 190.63 0.1 E55 175.03 0.1 E90 181.04 0.1 E92 215.48 0.1 E99 216.73 0.1 E113 229.06 0.1 E117 223.68 0.1 E120 207.61 0.1 E124 176.00 0.1 E136 200.67 0.1 E154 309.07 0.1 E157 226.66 0.1 E159 293.67 0.1 E164 319.76 0.1 E168 192.60 0.1 (2) 4a-sulfonates: <BR> Entry MW mMol KO 190.65 0.1 K00 190.65 0.1 Kl 211.07 0.1 K2 221.62 0.1 K3 206.65 0.1 K5 182.65 0.1 K6 254.71 0.1 K8 290.65 0.1

K9 195.62 0.1 K10 253.06 0.1 K11 327.71 0.1 K12 227.67 0.1 K16 438.33 0.1 K17 180.62 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K23 234.69 0.1 K29 238.65 0.1 K30 252.67 0.1 K31 363.21 0.1 K52 279.79 0.1 K53 249.70 0.1 K54 317.69 0.1 K55 249.70 0.1 K56 330.74 0.1 K59 301.12 0.1 K60 259.74 0.1 K61 306.82 0.1 K66 237.66 0.1 K70 256.71 0.1 K76 262.72 0.1 K83 234,69 0.1 K90 194.61 0.1 K91 255.52 0.1 K92 232.73 0.1 K93 244.62 0.1 K94 245.51 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1 K97 289.62 0.1 K98 302.86 0.1 K100 235.65 0.1 K101 217.63 0.1

K102 201.63 0.1 K104 229.06 0.1 K105 279.07 0.1 K106 245.51 0.1 K107 212.60 0.1 K109 312.62 0.1 K110 240.71 0.1 K111 330.74 0.1 K112 230.59 0.1 K113 242.69 0.1 K114 262.72 0.1 K115 243.67 0.1 (3) 4a-ethers: Materials MW mMol M1 173 0.1 M2 128.55 0.1 M3 112.10 0.1 M5 162.11 0.1 M6 137.18 0.1 Mil 95.1 0.1 M14 148.16 0.1 M24 161.16 0.1 M25 349.23 0.1 M30 160.17 0.1 M34 213.15 0.1 M35 146.14 0.1 M37 211.21 0.1 M38 189.25 0.1 (4) 4b-sulfonates: <BR> Entry MW mMol KO 190.65 0.1

K00 190.65 0.1 Kl 211.07 0.1 K2 221.62 0.1 K3 206.65 0.1 K5 182.65 0.1 K6 254.71 0.1 K8 290.65 0.1 K10 253.06 0.1 K11 327.71 0.1 K12 227.67 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K23 234.69 0.1 K56 330.74 0.1 K70 256.71 0.1 K76 262.72 0.1 K83 234,69 0.1 K90 194.61 0.1 K91 255.52 0.1 K92 232.73 0.1 K93 244.62 0.1 K94 245.51 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1 K97 289.62 0.1 K98 302.86 0.1 K100 235.65 0.1 K101 221.62 0.1 K102 201.63 0.1 K104 229.06 0.1 K105 279.07 0.1 K106 245.51 0.1 K107 212.60 0.1 K109 312.62 0.1 K110 240.71 0.1

K111 330.74 0.1 K112 230.59 0.1 K113 242.69 0.1 K114 262.72 0.1 K115 243.67 0.1 (5) 4c-esters: Entry MW mMol EO 140.57 0.25 E00 120.58 0.25 E1 182.65 0.25 E2 252.62 0.20 E4 186.66 0.25 E5 212.53 0.25 E6 194.54 0.25 E7 198.60 0.25 E8 212.63 0.25 E10 108.52 0.25 E11 104.53 0.25 E12 178.02 0.25 E13 178.02 0.25 E14 211.98 0.25 E15 131.52 0.25 E16 130.53 0.25 (6) 4c-sulfonates: Entry MW mMol KO 190.65 0.15 K00 190.65 0.15 Kl 211.07 0.15 K2 221.62 0.15 K3 206.65 0.15 K4 217.63 0.15

K5 182.65 0.15 K6 254.72 0.15 K8 290.65 0.15 K9 195.62 0.15 K10 253.06 0.15 K11 327.71 0.15 K12 227.67 0.15 (7) 4d-esters: <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Entry MW mMol E7 198.60 0.09 E10 108.52 0.09 Ell 104.53 0.09 E15 131.52 0.09 (8) 4d-sulfonates: <BR> <BR> <BR> Entry MW mMol K5 182.65 0.09 K8 290.65 0.09 K10 253.06 0.09 K11 327.71 0.09 (9) 4e-esters: <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Entry MW mMol EO 140.57 0.075 E1 182.65 0.075 E4 186.66 0.075 E8 212.63 0.075 E7 198.60 0.075 E10 108.52 0.075 E11 104.53 0.075 E15 131.52 0.075 E16 130.53 0.075

(10) 4e-sulfonates: Entry MW mMol KO 190.65 0.075 K00 190.65 0.075 Kl 211.07 0.075 K2 221.62 0.075 K3 206.65 0.075 K4 217.63 0.075 K5 182.65 0.075 K6 254.72 0.075 K8 290.65 0.075 K9 195.62 0.075 K10 253.06 0.075 K11 327.71 0.075 K12 227.67 0.075 (11) 4f-esters: <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Entry MW Wt/V mMol E183 185.56 0.1 E184 230.56 0.1 (12) 4f-sulfonates: <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Entry MW Wt/V mMol K2 221.62 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1 K101 221.62 0.1 K106 245.51 0.1 K117 221.62 0.1 (13) 4g-sulfonates: Entry MW Mt/V mMol KO 190.65 0.1

K00 190.65 0.1 Kl 211.07 0.1 K2 221.62 0.1 K4 217.63 0.1 K5 182.65 0.1 K6 254.71 0.1 K8 290.65 0.1 K10 253.06 0.1 K11 327.71 0.1 K12 227.67 0.1 K19 229.09 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K22 253.07 0.1 K23 234.69 0.1 K30 252.67 0.1 K52 279.79 0.1 K54 317.69 0.1 K55 249.70 0.1 K56 330.74 0.1 K59 301.12 0.1 K60 259.74 0.1 K66 237.66 0.1 K69 181.60 0.1 K70 256.71 0.1 K76 262.72 0.1 K83 234,69 0.1 K90 194.61 0.1 K91 255.52 0.1 K92 232.73 0.1 K93 244.62 0.1 K94 245.51 0.1 K95 266.62 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1

K97 289.62 0.1 K98 302.86 0.1 K99 266.57 0.1 K100 235.65 0.1 K101 217.63 0.1 K104 229.06 0.1 K105 279.07 0.1 K106 245.51 0.1 K107 212.60 0.1 K109 312.62 0.1 K110 240.71 0.1 K111 330.74 0.1 K112 230.59 0.1 K113 242.69 0.1 K115 243.67 0.1 (14) 4h-esters: <BR> Entry MW mMol EO 140.57 0.1 E1 182.65 0.1 E2 252.62 0.1 E3 252.62 0. 1 E4 186.66 0.1 E5 212.53 0.1 E6 194.54 0.1 E7 198.60 0.1 E8 212.63 0.1 E9 256.08 0.1 E12 178.02 0.1 E13 178.02 0.1 E14 211.98 0.1 E15 131.52 0.1 E16 130.53 0.1

E17 130.53 0.1 E37 274.08 0.1 E40 154.60 0.1 E49 190.63 0.1 E55 175.03 0.1 E90 181.04 0.1 E92 215.48 0.1 E99 216.73 0.1 E113 229.06 0.1 E117 223.68 0.1 E120 207.61 0.1 E124 176.00 0.1 E136 200.67 0.1 E154 309.07 0.1 E157 226.66 0.1 E159 293.67 0.1 E164 319.76 0.1 E168 192.60 0.1 (15) 4h-sulfonates: <BR> Entry MW Wt/V mMol KO 190.65 0.1 K00 190.65 0.1 Kl 211.07 0.1 K2 221.62 0.1 K3 206.65 0.1 K4 217.63 0.1 K5 182.65 0.1 K6 254.71 0.1 K8 290.65 0.1 K9 195.62 0.1 K10 253.06 0.1 K11 327.71 0.1

K12 227.67 0.1 K19 229.09 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K23 234.69 0.1 K27 247.95 0.1 K30 252.67 0.1 K52 279.79 0.1 K53 249.70 0.1 K54 317.69 0.1 K55 249.70 0.1 K56 330.74 0.1 K59 301.12 0.1 K60 259.74 0.1 K61 306. 82 0.1 K66 237.66 0.1 K69 181.60 0.1 K70 256.71 0.1 K76 262.72 0.1 K83 234,69 0. 1 (16) 4h-ethers: Materials MW Wt/V mMol M1 173 0.1 M2 128.55 0.1 M3 112.10 0.1 M5 162.11 0.1 M6 137.18 0.1 M14 148.16 0.1 M24 161.16 0.1 M34 213.15 0.1 M35 146.14 0.1 (17) 4i-sulfonates :

EntryMWWt/V mMol KO 190.65 0.1 K00 190.65 0.1 Kl 211.07 0.1 K2 221.62 0.1 K3 206.65 0.1 K5 182.65 0.1 K6 254.71 0.1 K8 290.65 0.1 K10 253.06 0.1 K11 327.71 0.1 K12 227.67 0.1 K16 438.33 0.1 K19 229.09 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K22 253.07 0.1 K23 234.69 0.1 K52 279.79 0.1 K60 259.74 0.1 K70 256.71 0.1 K76 262.72 0.1 K83 234,69 0.1 K90 194.61 0.1 K91 255.52 0.1 K92 232.73 0.1 K93 244.62 0.1 K94 245.51 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1 K97 289.62 0.1 K98 302.86 0.1 K100 235.65 0.1 K101 221.62 0.1 K102 201.63 0.1

K104 229.06 0.1 K105 279.07 0.1 K106 245.51 0.1 K107 212.60 0.1 K109 312.62 0.1 K110 240.71 0.1 K111 330.74 0.1 K112 230.59 0.1 K113 242.69 0.1 K115 243.67 0.1 (18) 4j-sulfonates: EntryMWWt/VmMol KO 190.65 0.1 Kl 211.07 0.1 K2 221.62 0.1 K3 206.65 0.1 K8 290.65 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K60 259.74 0.1 K70 256.71 0.1 K83 234,69 0.1 K90 194.61 0.1 K91 255.52 0.1 K93 244.62 0.1 K94 245.51 0.1 K97 289.62 0.1 K98 302.86 0.1 K100 235.65 0.1 K101 221.62 0.1 K102 201.63 0.1 B. Combinatorial synthesis.

Procedure: To a solution of 3c (4.0 mmol), DMAP (9.8 mg, 0.08 mmol), pyridine (576.8 mg. 8.0 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (15 mL) was drop a solution of the acyl chlorides in CH2C12 (5 mL) into the flask in 5 min.

The mixture was stirred at rt. for 24 h, washed with 1 N NaHC03 and dried over Na2SO4. Removal of the solvents gave a crude product (1.35 g). The products were separated with HPLC (4.6 X 25 cm, C-18 Column; flow rate: 1.0 mL/min; 0 min: H20 (70), CH3CN (12), CH30H (18); 20 min: H20 (50), CH3CN (20), CH30H (30) ; 22 min: H20 (50), CH3CN (0), CH30H (50); 55 min: H20 (17), CH3CN (0), CH30H (83); post run; 10 min).

(19) 4c-esters: Entry MW mMol EO 140.57 0.25 mmol E00 120.58 0.25 mmol E1 182.65 0.25 mmol E2 252.62 0.25 mmol E4 186.66 0.25 mmol E5 212.53 0.25 mmol E6 194.54 0.25 mmol E7 198.60 0.25 mmol E8 212.63 0.25 mmol E10 108.52 0.25 mmol E11 104.53 0.25 mmol E12 178.02 0.25 mmol E13 178.02 0.25 mmol E14 211.98 0.25 mmol E15 131.52 0.25 mmol E16 130.53 0.25 mmol Scheme 2 1. Preparation of precursors of libraries: Azide 5: To a solution of 3c (0.52 g, 2.4 mmol) and Ph3P (0. 79 g, 3.0 mmol) in THF was dropped DEAD (0.56 g, 3.2 mmol) and DPPA (0.83 g, 3.0 mmol) at 0° C, respectively. The mixture was allowed to warm to rt. The mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was purified by column chromatography to afford a pure product (5) (0.5 g, 87 %).

Amine 6: To a solution of 5 (0.48 g, 2.0 mmol) in THF was added Ph3P (0.63 g, 2.4 mmol) at rt.

The mixture was stirred at rt overnight. Removal of volatile materials gave a residue. 90 % MeOH (20 mL) was added to the flask. The solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. Removal of the solvents gave a residue, which was purified by column chromatography to afford a pure product (6) (0.2 g, 47 %). 5n 1.17 (9H, s), 1.41 (2H, br), 2.8-3. 2 (2H, m), 3.2-3. 6 (2H, m), 4.07, 4.16, 4.22, 4.31 (2H, AB), 4.48-4. 64 (1H, m) ppm.

2. Preparation of libraries (parallel synthesis): Procedure: To a solution of a sulfonyl chloride (K) (0.1 mmol) in dry DCM (1 mL) were add a solution of 6 (0.1 mmol, 0.1 M) in DCM and triethyl amine (20.2 mg, 0.2 mmol). The mixture was standing at rt for 6 h. The reaction was completed. The

product was purified with preparative TLC.

(20) Library 7-sulfonamides: Entry Materials MW Wt/V mMol K2 221.62 mg 0.1 K4 217.63 mg 0.1 K5 182.65 mg 0.1 K8 290.65 mg 0.1 K9 195.62 mg 0.1 K10 253.06 mg 0.1 K11 327.71 mg 0.1 K12 227.67 mg 0.1 K21 218. 62 mg 0.1 K22 253.06 mg 0.1 K23 234.68 mg 0.1 K83 234.68 mg 0.1 Scheme 3 1. Preparation of precursors of libraries: Alcohol 9: A solution of t-BuOK (10 mL, 10 mmol, 1 M) in THF was dropped into a solution of starting material 1 (3.59 g, 10 mmol) in dry THF (40 mL) under nitrogen at rt in 5 min. The mixture was stirred for 10 min at rt. Bromoacetonitrile (1.2 g, 10 mmol) was dropped into the flask in 5 min. The

mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt. 10 % NH4Cl (20 mL) and hexanes (40 mL) were added, respectively. The organic phase is separated. The solvents were evaporated to give a crude product, without purification for next step. The crude product was dissolve into DCM (30 mL). Water (0.36 mL, 20 mmol) and TFA (1.71 g, 15 mmol) were added to the flask.

The mixture was stirred for 2 h at rt. Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was co- evaporated with CH3CN (2 X 30 mL) to remove the trace water. Column chromatography purification (1: 1 ethyl acetate/hexanes, then ethyl acetate) afforded a pure product (9) (0.59 g, 38 %). 5H 2.49 (1H, br), 3.35- 3.66 (4H, m), 4.36 (1H, s), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m) ppm.

2. Preparation of libraries (parallel synthesis): Procedure: (1) Esters: To a solution of an acyl chloride (E) (0.1 mmol) in dry DCM (1 mL) were add a solution of 9 (0.1 mmol, 0.1 M) in N- methylmorpholine and triethyl amine (20.2 mg, 0.2 mmol). The mixture was standing overnight at rt. The reaction was completed. The product was purified with preparative TLC.

(21) Library 10-esters: EntryMWWt/VmMol E183 185.56 0.1 E184 230.56 0.1 (2) Sulfonates: To a solution of a sulfonyl chloride (K) (0.1 mmol) in dry DCM (1 mL) were add a solution of 9 (0.1 mmol, 0.1 M) in N-methylmorpholine and

triethyl amine (20.2 mg, 0.2 mmol). The mixture was standing at rt for 6 h. The reaction was completed.

The product was purified with preparative TLC.

(22) Library 10-sulfonates : Entry MW Wt/V mMol K2 221.62 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1 K101 221.62 0.1 K106 245.51 0.1 K117 221.62 0.1 Scheme 4 1. Preparation of precursors of libraries: Compound 11: NaH (0.44 g, 11 mmol, 60 %) was added in portions into a solution of starting material 1 (3.59 g, 10 mmol) in dry HMPA (30 mL) under nitrogen at rt in 10 min. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt. (MeO) 2CCH3CH2Br (1.83 g, 10 mL) was dropped into the flask in 10 min. The mixture was stirred overnight at rt, then heated to 80° C for two days.

The reaction was cooled down to rt. Con. NH4Cl (10 mL) and brine (10 mL) were added. The mixture was extracted by t-BuOMe (2 X 30 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4. was separated. Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was purified

by column chromatography (4: 1 ethyl acetate/hexanes) to afford a pure product (11) (2.0 g, 45 %). 5n 1.25 (3H, s), 3.1-3. 7 (6H, m), 3.18 (6H, s), 4.5-4. 7 (1H, m) ppm.

Compound 12: To a solution 11 (1.8 g, 3.9 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added TFA (1.71 g, 15 mmol) and water (0.36 g). The mixture was stirred for 1 h at rt. Removal of volatile materials gave a residue, which was partitioned in water (30 mL) and t-BuOMe (20 mL). The separated aqueous layer was washed with t- BuOMe (20 mL). Water was evaporated to give a residue, which was co-evaporated with CH3CN (2 X 30 mL) to remove the trace water. A product (12) (0.43 g, 64 %) obtained, without further purification for next step. bu 2. 15 (3H, s), 3.47-3. 90 (5H, m), 4.06 (1H, s), 4.59-4. 72 (1H, m) ppm.

2. Preparation of libraries (parallel synthesis): Sulfonates: To a solution of a sulfonyl chloride (K) (0.1 mmol) in dry DCM (1 mL) were add a solution of 12 (0.1 mmol, 0.1 M) in DCM and triethyl amine (20.2 mg, 0.2 mmol). The mixture was standing overnight at rt. The reaction was completed. The product was purified with preparative TLC.

(23) Library 13-sulfonates: EntryMWWt/VmMol K2 221.62 0.1 K5 182.65 0.1 K6 254.71 0.1 K10 253.06 0.1 K11 327.71 0.1 K12 227.67 0.1

K19 229.09 0.1 K21 218.62 0.1 K22 253.07 0.1 K23 234.69 0. 1 K54 317.69 0.1 K60 259.74 0. 1 K83 234,69 0.1 K90 194.61 0.1 K91 255.52 0.1 K92 232.73 0.1 K93 244.62 0.1 K94 245.51 0.1 K96 256.06 0.1 K97 289.62 0.1 K98 302.86 0.1 K99 266.57 0.1 K100 235.65 0.1 K101 217.63 0.1 K102 201.63 0. 1 Reaction Procedure: Amine compound synthesis: Method 1: a). Alkylation: 0 O P"""r-/\h Ph Ph-C N- 1 04 CH31 Ph-C-0'NH Ph Exact Mass : 373. 17 C23H2 Mol. Wt. : 373. 44 Mol. Wt. : 359. 42 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol SM 359.42 14.8 g 41 zu NaH 24 2.0 g 50

G3 2.28 141.94 3.6 mL 61.5 THF 140 mL Procedure: 1. To a solution of oxazolidinone and THF, sodium hydride power was added under N2 protection, and ice bath.

2. The mixture was stirred for half hour at 0° C, then let it warm up to room temperature.

3. G3 was added into the solution slowly, and the reaction was stirred for overnight.

4. The reaction was quenched with water and extracted with Ethyl acetate/hexane mixture. The combined organic layer was washed with NH4Cl, brine and dried over Na2SO4.

5. The organic solvents were removed by water Rota- vap and the crude residue was carried on next step without purification. b). Deprotection: 0 0 Ph-C- Ph-C O N H Ph f TFA/CH2a220 / C24H23NO3 G3 C5H9NO3 Exact Mass : 373. 17 Exact Mass : 131. 06 Mol. 1M. : 373. 44 Mol. Wt. : 131. 13 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 373.17 crude 41 TFA 1.48 114.02 4.7 mL 62 1.5 water 18 1.5 mL 82 2.0 CH2C12 10 ml Procedure:

1. The mixture was stirred for 3 h at room temperature.

2. The reaction was quenched by three drops of triethyl amine and dried over Na2SO4.

3. The solvents were removed by Rota-vap and the residue was purified by column chromatography. The elute solvents: 2/1 = hexane/EtOAc to 1/2 = hexane /EtOAc, then use pure EtOAc. c). Tosylation and azidelation: p 1). MsO/Et3N/CH2C) 2 P CeHNOeS 04 0- Exact Mass : 209. 04 Ho,,, N, Ms-0 1- N Mol. VA. : 209. 22 CsHgN03 Exact Mass : 131. 06 Mol. Wt. : 131. 06/2). NaN31DMSO O N3 CsHaN4°z N3 Exact Mass : 156. 06 Mol. W. : 156. 14 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 131.13 3.93 30 1 MsCl 1.48 114.55 3.01 39 1.3 Et3N 101 5.8 mL 42 1.4 CH2C12 THF DMSO NaN3 65 3.1 g 48 1.6 Procedure: 1). Starting material was treated with methanesulfonyl chloride in the presence of triethylamine in methylene chloride.

2) The reaction mixture was stirred at ice bath for 3

hours.

3). The reaction was washed with water and the organic layer was dried over Na2SO4.

4). The organic solvent was removed to give the residue, which was treated with sodium azide in DMSO, 5) The result solution was heated up to 80° C for two hours, then diluted with water and extracted with methylene chloride.

6). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4.

7). The solvent was removed and the crude was purified by flash column chromatography to afford azide compound. d). Hydrogenation 0 N3 Ni Pd/C in EtOH 3 N 04-1 CsHeN402 CsHt-oN202 Exact Mass : 156. 06 Exact Mass : 130. 07 Mol. Wt : 156. 14 Mol. Wt. : 130. 15 Oxazolidinone: 3.4 g Pd-C (10%) : 800 mg EtOH : 30 mL 1. Hydrogenation bottle was charged with azide compound and EtOH.

2. Flushed with N2 3. Pd-C was deactivated with two drops of water then added into the reaction mixture.

4. Reaction was run for overnight under hydrogenater with 30 Psi (2 atmosphere) 5. TLC showed complete conversion and the reaction mixture was filtered under water pump.

6. The residue (2.46 g) was obtained and used to carry on next step without purification.

Library Design: Oxazolidinones: RC2, SP40 (0.08 nM) in CH2C12 Acid chlorides: EO, E2, E8, E92, E124, E154, E157, E159, E117, E120, E164, E136 Parallel synthesis procedure: 1). Oxazolidinones (0.16 nM) were made and transferred into small vials.

2). To those vials Et3N (1.5 equiv) was added.

3). After 20 mins, acid chlorides or sufonyl chlorides were added into the reaction vials.

4). The compounds were isolated by CombiFlash, sq 16x open access purification system.

Library: Oxazolidinones: RC2, SP40 (0.08 nM) in CH2C12 Sufonyl chlorides: K2, K3, K4, K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K99, K100 Parallel synthesis procedure: 1). Oxazolidinones (0.16 nM) were made and transferred into small vials.

2). To those vials Et3N (1.5 equiv) was added.

3). After 20 mins, acid chlorides or sufonyl chlorides were added into the reaction vials.

4). The compounds were isolated by para-TLC (2/1 = EtOAC/Hexane).

Nitrogen linkage library compound synthesis 0 0 HZN Ni Et3N/CH2CI2 RHN / ZON s C5H, oN20 Exact Mass : 130. 07 Mol. VA. : 130. 15

Library Design: Oxazolidinone : amine Acid Chloride: EO, E2, E8, E92, E124, E154, E157, E159, E117, E120, E164, E136 Sufonyl chlorides: K2, K3, K4, K10, K21, K22, K23, K83, K90, K91, K92, K93, K94, K95, K96, K97, K98, K100 Parallel synthesis procedure: 1). Oxazolidinones (O. OlnM) were made and transferred into small vials.

2). To those vials Et3N (1.5 equiv) was added.

3). After 20 mins, acid chlorides or sufonyl chlorides were added into the reaction vials.

4). The compounds were isolated by para-TLC (2/1 = EtOAC/Hexane).

Library: Oxazolidinones: SG3, SC3, and SC5 (0.08 nM) in CH2C12 Acid chlorides: E0, E2, E8, E92, E124, E154, E157, E159, E117, E120, E164, E136

Parallel synthesis procedure: 1). Oxazolidinones (0.16 nM) were made and transferred into small vials.

2). To those vials Et3N (1.5 equiv) was added.

3). After 20 mins, acid chlorides or sufonyl chlorides were added into the reaction vials.

4). The compounds were isolated by para-TLC (2/1 = EtOAC/Hexane).

Ether type of Linkages: oxo 0 HO M N- HON_ s CsHeN03 Exact Mass : 131. 06 Mol. Wt. : 131. 13 O O-' O-- r_ MO O HCNJ-- C7HIIN03 Exact Mass : 157. 07 Md. Wt. : 157. 17 Library Design: Oxazolidinones: SG3, SC5 M compounds: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M6, M11, M14, M14, M24, M30 M34, M35, M37, M38 DEAD = 0.10 riM in THF (MW 174) Ph3P-polystyrene 1 mmol/g 100 mg for each compound 0.1 mMol THF 1 mL Procedure: l. The vials were charged with starting material, THF, CH2C12 and Ph3P-polystrene.

2. A solution of DEAD was added into the reaction mixture.

3. The reactions were stand for overnight.

4. Separated by pre-TLC.

N-Aryl linkage: Using Buchwald Reaction: 0 h , fo °" I Ph-c-oN I N Ph-'C-I Oh Ph fsh/Pd (OAC) 2, KOtBu C2gH24N205 C23HzNO3 C6H4BrNOz Exact Mass : 480. 17 t-TSHNOa CHBrNO MnttM 4Hn' ; 1 Exact Mass : 359. 15 Exact Mass 200. 94 Mol. Wt. : 359. 42 Mol. Wt. : 202. 01 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 359.42 1.0 g 2.7 1 Bromo compound 202.01 0.76 g 3.7 1.3 Palladium (II) acetate 224.49 82mg 0.36 0.13 sodium t-butoxide 96.11 0.4 g 4.16 1.5 Ferrocene 554.40 155 mg 0.27 0.1 Toluene 140 mL Procedure: 1. A 100 mL flask loaded with oxazolidinone, bromo compound, palladium (II) acetate, 1, 1'- bis (diphenylphosphino) -ferrocene and sodium t- butoxide and flashed by N2 protection for 10 mins.

2. Toluene was added and heated up to 110° C for overnight and then diluted with dichloromethane after it cooled down to room temperature.

Buchwald Reaction: 0 po PhKO Ph-C-O,,. N-// \\IN Ph Pd (OAC) 2, KO'Bu C-23H21NO3 CTH4BrN C3DH24N203 Exact Mass : 359. 15 Exact Mass : 180. 95'Wt 460 52 Mol. WL : 359. 42 Mol. Wt. : 182. 02 Mol.

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 359.42 6.0 g 16.7 1 Bromo compound 182.12 3.65 g 20 1.2 Palladium (II) acetate 224.49 487 mg 2.2 0.13 sodium t-butoxide 96.11 2.4 g 25 1.5 Ferrocene 554.40 926 mg 1.67 0.1 Toluene 140 mL Procedure: 1. A 100 mL Round flask was loaded with oxazolidinone, bromo compound, palladium (II) acetate, 1, l'-bis (diphenylphosphino) -ferrocene and sodium t-butoxide and flashed by N2 protection for 10 mins.

2. Toluene was added and heated up to 110° C for overnight and then cool down to room temperature, diluted with dichloromethane.

3. filtered by celite.

4. Separated by column. EtOAc/Hexane = h elute solvent.

Synthesis of 3-trityloxy-2-hydroxy-propylamine:

0 LiOHfi-PrOH/MeOH OH Ph3CONH pCO S NH2 r C22H23Nn2 C23H21 N3 C22H23N2 Mol. \Ah : 359. 42 Mol. Wt : 333. 42 Procedure: 1. To a 500 mL Round flask was charged with 18g SM and 90 mL of isopropyl alcohol 10 mL of MeOH then 50 mL of LiOH saturated solution.

2. The mixture was heated under reflux overnight at ~70°C.

3. Cool down to room temperature and solvents were removed on Rota-vap.

4. Extract with EtOAc (lx50mL, and lx50mL).

5. The combined EtOAc layers was washed with saturated NaCl, and dried with anhydrous Na2SO4.

6. The solid was filtered and solution was divided into three parts and concentrated them separately.

Total 18.05 g, 100% yield was obtained.

Amine Oxazolidinone formation: Method 2: a). Hydrazine formation: OH OH 0 Ph sO Ph4 EtOH/NH2NH2 7Ss f OEt NHNH2 reflux for ovemight Ph-J C20H25NO3 CrgH27N302 Exact Mass : 327. 18 Exact Mass : 329. 21 Mol. Wt. : 327. 42 Mol. Wt. : 329. 44 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 327.18 5.7 g 17.42 1

EtOH 10 mL hydrazine 32 3 mL 26 1.5 1. To a round flask was Loaded hydrazine, EtOH and ester.

2. The reaction was heated up to reflux for overnight.

3. The solvents were removed by water rota-vap.

4. NMR showed there is no ester. b). Curtius Rearrangement: 0 OH Oy Ph 0 Ph-s- t4s) NHNH2 NaNO2/H2SO4 C, gH27N302 50 ° C for 2 h c18H20N202 Exact Mass : 329. 21 Exact Mass : 296. 15 Mol. Wt. : 329. 44 Mol. WL : 296. 36 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 329.44 17.4 1 H2SO4 98 2.04 g 20.8 1.2 NaN02 69 2.4 34.8 2 water 17 mL Procedure: 1). The hydrazide compound was dissolved in water (17 mL).

2). To the reaction mixture, concentrated sulfuric acid (2.04 g) diluted in water (10 mL) was added into the stirred solution.

3). The mixture was cooled in the ice bath and then NaN02 was added.

4). The reaction mixture was stirred at 50° C for 2 hrs.

Buchwald Reaction: Org. Lett. , Vol. 2, No. 8,2000 Pd-Catalyzed Amination of Activated Aryl Halides: COH4&M2 p Br NOz md wss : zoo. 94 p o 2 bd. b0L202-01 Ph/ Pd (OAC) 2. Ce2C03 ph''\-' Xantphos, 1, 4dioxane Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 359.42 454 mg 1.26 1 Bromo compound 202 305 mg 1.5 1.2 Pd (OAC) 2 224.49 2.9 mg 0.013 0.01 Cesium carbonate 325.82 575 mg 1.8 1.4 Xantphos 578.63 10 mg 0.018 0.015 1,4-dioxane 3 mL Procedure: 1. A 10 mL Round flask was loaded with oxazolidinone, bromo compound, palladium (II) acetate, Xantphos and Cesium carbonate.

2. The flask was back-filled N2 for 10 mins.

3.1, 4-dioxane was added and heated up tolO0° C for overnight and then cool down to room temperature, diluted with dichloromethane.

4. filtered by silicon gel.

5.

Oxazolidinone MW

SC2 169.18 SC3 184 SG2 173 B11 295.26 SG3 131.13 K2 221.62 K10 253.06 K6 254.72 Desired products: SC2K2, SC3K2, SC5K2, SC5K10, SG2K10, B11K6, SG3K2 0.2 nmol of starting material were used in the presence of 3 equivalent of triethylamine as base in 1 mL of dichloromethane. The reactions were stirred for overnight.

Remake some of the library compounds for testing according to the result on March 14,2002.

Oxazolidinone MW SC3 184 SG2 173 SG3 131.13 K2 221.62 K10 253.06 K3 206.65 K23 234.68 K22 254.12 SG3-N 130.07 E8 212.63 Desired products: SC3E8, SG3E8, SG3-N-E8, SG3-N-K2, SG3-N-K3, Procedure:

0.1 nmol of starting material were used in the presence of 1.5 equivalent of triethylamine as base in 1 mL of dichloromethane. The reactions were stirred for overnight.

E112-Oxazolidione Library compound synthesis: 0-linkage and N-linkage: Oxazolidinone MW SC2 169.18 SC3 184 SG2 173 B11 295.26 B10 264 SG3 131.1 SG3-NH-130.07 SC5 157 SC1 157 Desired products: SC3E112, SG3-N-E112, SG3-E112, SC1E112, B11E112.

300 mg of ZD3-75-2 500 mg of Pd (OH) 2 5 mL of THF 5 mL of MeOH The reaction was stirred at room temperature 10 mins (see new spot and starting material on TLC, new spot is more polar) and 40 mins (see one new spot, which is less polar than starting material, and only one spot shown on TLC).

Variety of E112-Oxazolidione library compound synthesis: Oxazolidinone MW RC2 169.18 B10 264 SG3 131.1 SC5 157 RC5 157 RC1 157 Desired products: RC2 E112 SB10E112 SG3 E112 SC5 E112

RC5E112 RC1E112 ZD3-87-E112 (387.36 or 567.49), ZD3-88-1 (206.24), ZD3-88-2 (206.24), ZD3-88-3 (206. 24) Exploring new Linkages: 1). Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides CsHNOz Mol. VA. : 130. 15 0 5 mol% Cul 2equivK3P04 -'' P 2equivHOCH2CH20H j.. Isopropanol, 80 oc 80°C <% J' C H 4N2o2 Md VVL 206 24 C6Hsl Mou. Wt. : 204. 01 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 100 mg 1 Iodo compound 204.0 170 mg 1.1 Cul 190.44 7.6 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 322 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 80° C.

Results and discussion: Desired product was obtained by para-TLC.

(2/1 = EtOAc/Hexane).

po Ph O NH Ph-C-ONN oh Ph 0-4 C2eHaoN2a | NH'Mol. VVL : 442. 55 i CH20, Ethanol, reflux for 2 h Ph C23H2, NO3 Exact Mass : 359. 15 Mol. VA. : 359. 42 MaterialsdMWWt/VmMol equiv SM 359.42 0.5 g 2.78 1 Pyrrolidine 0.2 mL 37% HCHO 0.2 mL Ethanol 6 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, pyrrolidine and formaldehyde in ethanol (6 mL) was refluxed for 2 h.

The solvent was evaporated.

Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides Organic Lett. 2002 Vol. 4, No. 4. page 581-584 C5HroN202 Md. Wt. : 130. 15 5 % Cul 2 equiv K3PO4 2equivK3P04 ---NS 2 equs HOCH2CH20H-N O NH---------N-"0 so. c I cr I CIIH14NA ) T' CHN C6H51 Mol. WL : 206. 24 C6H5l Mol. Wt. : 204. 01 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130. 15 100mg 1 Iodo compound 204. 0 170mg 1.1 Cul 190.44 7.6 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 322 mg 2

HO (CH2) 2OH 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 80° C.

Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides Organic Lett. 2002 Vol. 4, No. 4. page 581-584 CsNtoN202 Mol. W. : 130. 15 0 5 mol% Cul 2 equ'rv K3P04 p \i, 2eqmvHOCH2CH20H OCHs OCH3 Isopropanol, \iNHt OCH3 gp °C t CzHsNzpa Mol. Wt. : 236. 27 C7H710 Md. VA. : 234. 03 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 100 mg 0.76 1 Iodo compound 234.0 211 mg 0.84 1.1 Cul 190.44 7.6mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 322 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 90° C.

Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides Organic Lett. 2002 Vol. 4, No. 4. page 581-584 C5H, oNA Mol. WL : 130. 15 0 5 mol% Cul N^O 2 equiv K3P04 0 \< NH2 2equiv HOCH2CH20H (sr 80 °C sNH3 lsoProPano ao Oc (S I CzHtsN20z ..,, Mo). W. : 220. 27 C7H71 Mol. Wt. : 218. 03 MaterialsdMWWt/VmMol equiv SM 130.15 40 mg 1 Iodo compound 218.0 72 mg 1.1 Cul 190.44 3 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 128 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 90° C.

CAN. J. CHEM. Vol. 61,411 (1983) 0 O NH Ph 0 IPh t Phc-o> ; N_NO Ph-C-0 NEO Ph NH CH20, Ethanol, refl « for 2 h C2aH30N2o4 Ph Exact Mass : 458. 22 Mou. Wt. : 458. 55 C23H2, NO3 Exact Mass : 359. 15 Mol. Wt. : 359. 42

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 359.42 0.68 g 2.78 1 Morpholine 87.12 0.4 mL 37 % HCHO 0.4 mL Ethanol 8 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 8 mL in ethanol was refluxed for 4 h.

The solvent was evaporated. CNH 0 04 0- HOg CH20, Ethanol, remK lor 2 h HOgvNg s Exact Mass : 117. 04 Exact Mass : 200. 12 Exact Mass : 200. 12 Mol. Wt. : 117. 10 Mol. Wt. : 200. 24 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 117 0.47 g Pyrrolidine 0.2 mL 37 % HCHO 0.4 mL Ethanol 3 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 3 mL in ethanol was refluxed for 2 h.

The solvent was evaporated.

Deprotection:

O 0 Pu Ph~C-O g_NO TFA/CH2C12/H20 HO UN_NO Ph Oh" CsHtsNza CzsH3oNzpa Exact Mass : 200. 12 Mol. VA. : 442. 55 Mol. t : 200. 24 MaterialsdMWWt/V mMol equiv SM 442.55 24 mg 0.05 1 TFA one drop H20 one drop CH2Cl2 1 mL Stir for overnight. o CtoHtsNsOz 0 N-4 NH, Exact Mass : 207. 10 Mol. Wt. : 207. 23 D-G R) OH C22H33N3012 Cz Exact MaO. 21 HO-Mol. VA. : 531. 51 HO-\---,-, (S) ho Oh ho HCHO OH p HO (S) C6HIP6.. No-N'O Mol. Wt. : 180. 16 S) L- (. NH H H M... M. : 180. 16"°rT HZo, OH (S) HO Md vr 18016 A X F-° H amine compound: 18 mg D-glucose: 140 mg MeOH : 3 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube was added Amine compound, D-glucose and MeOH. The reaction was heated up to 60° C for overnight.

Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides Organic Lett. 2002 Vol. 4, No. 4. page 581-584 C5H, ON202 Mol. Vet. : 130. 15 0 5 mol% Cul ^o 2 equS K3PO4 o \iNH2 2 equh HOCH2CH20H N^O 2 Isopropanol, t ao c (CLOCH3 OCH3 H3C0 C13H2oN203 Exact Mass : 252. 15 Exact Mass : 233. 95 Mol. Wt. : 252. 31 Moi. Wt. : 234. 03

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 40 mg 1 Iodo compound 218.0 72 mg 1. 1 Cul 190.44 3 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 128 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 95° C for overnight.

Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides Organic Lett. 2002 Vol. 4, No. 4. page 581-584 CsHroN202 Mol. M. : 130. 15 0 5 mol% Cul - o 2 equiv K3P04 p 1 2 eauht HOCH2CH20H A_ 2 Isopropanol, NH Isopropanol,, NHnQ 80 C COOH HOûCt C2H4N2o4 C7HslO2 Exact Mass : 250. 10 Exact Mass : 247. 93 Mol. Wt. : 250. 25 Mol. WL : 248. 02 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv

SM 130.15 40 mg 1 Iodo compound 248.0 72 mg 1.0 Cul 190.44 3 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 128 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a schlenk tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 95° C for overnight. 0 0 --N' \O-N10 NH, , --N0, CH3CN/Hunig's base F 50 °C Cf1H12FN34 I N02 Exact Mass : 269. 08 Mol. Wt. : 269. 23 F C6H3FINO2 Exact Mass : 266. 92 Mol. Wt. : 267. 00 The solution of 4 equiv of Hunig's base and 1 equiv of amine starting material in CH3CN was stirred at 50°C for overnight.

Reduction of nitro group

0 0 Ph A HCOONH4 Phl oJ (N<3NH2 _ O N 4NO2, s X (N Pd-C) MeOH N PhJ C24H23N304 C24H25N3o2 Exact Mass : 417. 17 Exact Mass : 387. 19 Mol. Wt. : 417. 46 Mol. Wt. : 387. 47 Mol. Wt. : 417. 46 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 417.46 70 mg 0.24 1 HCOONH4 63 56 0.88 3.6 Pd/C (Wt) 10 THF 0.4 mL MeOH 0.4 mL 1. To a solution of oxazolidinone and THF-MeOH (1 : 1) was Ammonium formate and Pd-C.

2. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h.

3. Diluted with THF.

4. Filtered and washed several times with THF.

5. Filtrate concentrated to a dark yellow solid.

Reduction of nitro group 0 0 Pd (OH) 2/THF/MeOH -N 0-N 0 'LNHQ-NO, H2-NH--NH, F F CllHl2FN304 CllHl4FN302 Exact Mass : 269. 08 Exact Mass : 239. 11 Mol. Wt. : 269. 23 Mol. Wt. : 239. 25 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 269.23 120 0.45 1 Pd (OH) 2 10% THF 1 mL

MeOH 1 mL The reaction was stirred at room temperature under H2 for 2 hrs.

Deprotection: zozo .. O Ph-C-ON TFA/CH2Ci2/H20 Ho p-I/Nv --. (/ N C28H3oNP4 Exact Mass : 458. 22 CaH16N204 Mol. 1M. : 458. 55 Exact Mass : 216. 11 Mol. Wt. : 216. 23 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 458.55 800 mg 0.57 1 TFA 0.3 mL H20 0.1 mL CH2Cl2 3 mL C5HroN2O2 Mol. Wt. : 130. 15 0 5 mol% Cul - N 2 equ^i K3P04 O \i, NH2 2 equiv HOCH2CH20H N^O If ; opxpanol, \i, NH-M ao"c AA group fY'JO"' I I t N i (XN02 N02 C6H41NO2 C6H41NO2 Exact Mass 248. 93 C6H4lNO28 93 Exad Mass : 248. 93 Mol. Wt : 249. 01 Mol. : 249. 01 Md. Wl. : 249. 01 AA 7 AA 8 AA6 (N I M6 Nr OzN No2 C4H31N2 Exact Mass : 205. 93 C6H3lNzO4 Mol. Wt. : 205. 98 Exact Mass : 293. 91 Mol. Wt. : 294. 00 AA9 AA12

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 40 mg 0.31 1 Cul 190.44 3 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 128 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL AA Group: 0.31 mmol AA6 77 mg AA7 77 mg AA9 91 mg AA12 65 mg Procedure: To a test tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 80°C for overnight. CtHioOz Mol. Wt. : 130. 15 O 5 moi% Cul - NO 2equivK3P04 o -g ; NH2 2eqUVHOCH2CH2OHN O z Isopropanol, NH/ 80 OC I NOz /C11H13N3p4 OZON Exact Mass : 251. 09 Mol. Wt. : 251. 24 C% H41NCU Exact Mass : 248. 93 Mol. Wt. : 249. 01 AA 8 MaterialsdMWWt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 200 mg Cul 190.44 15 mg K3PO4 212.5 640 mg

HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.5 mL Isopropanol 2 mL AA8 249 385 mg Procedure: To a test tube, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 90° C for overnight. C5HroN202 Mol. Ut 13015 O 5 mol% Cul N O 2 eqUS K3KD4 O NH 2 equiv HOCH2_CH20H _NJO z 80 °C Panol, NH-AA 80 oc AA group I koA-NH2 O-COCH F3C NHz F3C I COCH3 OOH COOH COOH osHdN orHaFa c, r, io Mol. WL : 219. 02 Mol y : 272. 01 Mot M : 246. 05 Mol lt : 272. 01 Mol WL : 248. 02 Mot Wt : 248. 02 C7HS102 AA13 . : .. 2 g 7 AA18 AA19 AA15 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 40 mg 0.31 1 Cul 190.44 3 mg 0.05 K3P04 212.5 128 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL AA Group: 0.31 mmol AA13, AA14, AA15 77 mg ; AA16, AA18 84 mg ; AA17 68 mg ; AA19 77 mg Procedure: To a small vial, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added,

the reaction mixture was heated up to 80° C for overnight.

CAN. J. CHEM. Vol. 61,411 (1983) f--% O --i p Ph-- N H 14 y,/rslW/CH20, Etharal, reflc fo 2 h Pu cso'hpz Mol. Wt. 296. 36 C 3HzgN303 Mol. Wu : 395. 49

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 296 0.1 g 0.4 1 Morpholine 87.12 0.1 mL 37% HCHO 0.1 mL Ethanol 1.5 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 1.5 mL in ethanol was refluxed for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated. 0 ENH 0 /° 0 N NH Phn CH20. Ethano), reOux for 2 h C8H20N202 Ph' Mol. WL Mol. VVt. : 379. 50

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 296.36 0.1 g Pyrrolidine 0.1 mL 37% HCHO 0.1 mL Ethanol 1.5 mL Procedure:

A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 1.5 mL in ethanol was refluxed for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated.

Ether type of Linkages : 0 0 "---"- /s C5H9N03 Exact Mass : 131. 06 Mol. WL : 131. 13 Library Design: Oxazolidinones : SG3,130 mg in 5 mL of CHC12. 0.5 mL was took for each reaction.

M compounds: M1, M4, M5, M11, M14, M24, M30, M35, M37, M38 DIAD = 0.10 nM in THF (MW 202), 202 mg in 10 mL THF.

1 mL was for each reaction.

Ph3P-polystyrene 1 mmol/g 100 mg for each compound 0.1 mMol Procedure: l. The vials were charged with SM and Ph3P- polystrene.

2. A solution of DIAD in THF was added into the reaction mixture.

3. The reactions were stirred for overnight.

Ether type of Linkages: po 0 H 04 m N- HO'N- CsHNC Exact Mass : 131. 06 Mol. Wt. : 131. 13

Library Design: Oxazolidinones: SG3,130 mg in 5 mL of CHC12. 0.5 mL was took for each reaction.

M compounds: M9, M13, M20, M21, M22, M23, M23, M29, M32, M33 DIAD = 0.10 nM in THF (MW 202), 202 mg in 10 mL THF and 1.5 mL of DMPU as co-solvent. 1.2 mL was took for each reaction.

Ph3P-polystyrene 1 mmol/g 100 mg for each compound 0.1 mMol Procedure: 1. The vials were charged with SM and Ph3P- polystrene.

2. A solution of DIAD in THF was added into the reaction mixture.

3. The reactions were stirred for overnight.

Acid hydrazide from ester OH OH EtOH/N H2N H2 OEt O N () reflux for ovemight \ CloHlsN°a C8H17N3p3 Mol. Wt. : 217. 26 Mol. Wt. : 203. 24 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 217.26 2 g 9.2 1 EtOH 5 mL hydrazine 32 588 mg 18.4 2 1. Loaded hydrazine and EtOH with a round flask and ester was added slowly.

2. The reaction was heated up to reflux for overnight.

3. The solvents were removed by water rota-vap.

4. NMR showed there is no ester.

Curtius Rearrangement: Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 203 9.2 1 H2SO4 98 1.0 g 11 1.2 NaN02 69 1.27 18.4 2 water 15 mL Procedure: 1). The hydrazide compound was dissolved in water (7 mL), and concentrated sulfuric acid (1.0 g) diluted in water (3 mL) and added into the stirred solution. The mixture was cooled in the ice bath and then NaN02 (in 5 mL water) was added slowly.

2). The reaction mixture was stirred at 50° C for overnight.

Library: SG3-N-MW 130.15 SG3 MW 131.13 For SG3: K107, K96, K100, K114, K115, K76 For SG3-N: K76, K96, K100, K101, K112, K114, K115. K2

Procedure: 0.10 mol of S 0.15 mmol of Et3N 0.08 mmol of K compounds Acid hydrazide from ester OH Ph-\ OH N (s) EtOH/NH2NH2 Ph- O Ph OEt N (s) reflux for overnight Ph 2 C2 HN03 CsH23Na02 Mol. Wt. : 343. 46 Mol Wt. : 313. 39 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 343.46 16 g 46.6 1 EtOH 30 mL hydrazine 32 2.2 g 70 1.5 1. Loaded hydrazine and EtOH with a schlenk tube and ester.

2. The reaction was heated up to 80° C for overnight.

3. The solvents were removed by water rota-vap.

Ether type of Linkages: 0 0 0 O-- M-O/N- CsHgNO3 CsHeNOs Exact Mass : 131. 06 Mol. WL : 131. 13 Library Design:

Oxazolidinones : SG3,104 mg in 4 mL of CH2C12. 0. 5 mL was took for each reaction.

M compounds: M2, M3, M6, M34, M38, M39, M40, M41, DIAD = 0.10 nM in THF (MW 202), 160 mg in 8 mL THF.

1 mL was for each reaction.

Ph3P-polystyrene 1 mmol/g 100 mg for each compound 0.1 mMol Procedure: l. The vials were charged with SM and Ph3P- polystrene.

2. A solution of DIAD in THF was added into the reaction mixture.

3. The reactions were stirred for overnight.

Nitro compounds with special linkages, //o o-\ ees o HO N-0 04 VAN03 Exact Mass : 131. 06 C 2H 2N2o7 Md. Wt : 131. 13 Mol. 1M. : 296. 23 \. BB3 \ BB3 02NeS0\4 s \ CliHi2N205S \ CHNS Md. Wt. : 284. 29 E183 02N 0 0 0N- N- CnHNS O Mol. Ut 31629 N/\ O-O vlsJ C12Hl2N206 Ct2HtzNzOs Mol. Wt. : 280. 23

SG3-N-MW 130.15 SG3 MW 131.13 For SG3 and SG3-N: K117, BB3, BBS, E183 Procedure: 0.1 mmol of Starting material 0.15 mmol of Et3N 0.08 mmol of K and B compounds Exploration of different linkages Alkylation: For G16, Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 1 g 2.78 1 G16 143.42 0.6 mL t-BuOK 3 mL THF 8 mL For G14 <BR> Materials M Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 1 g 2.78 1

G14 (d 2.1) 209.94 0.4 mL 4.17 1.5 t-BuOK 3 mL THF 8 mL Alkylation: (By NaH) For G16, Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 1 g 2.78 1 G16 143.42 0.6 mL NaH (60%) 24 166 mg 4.17 1.5 THF 8 mL For G14 Materials MWWt/VmMol Equiv SM 359.42 1 g 2.78 1 G14 (d 2.1) 209.94 0.4 mL 4.17 1.5 NaH (60%) 24 166 mg 4.17 1.5 THF 8 mL Alkylation: (By NaH)

For G16, Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 6.5 g 18.1 1 G15 (dl. 74) 170 2.5 mL NaH (60%) 24 941.2 mg THF 50 mL Deprotection: (G15) TFA 2 mL H20 0.5 mL CH2Cl2 5 mL Deprotection: (combine 1 g of the reaction of G16 with BuOK and with NaH) TFA 1 mL H2O 0.3 mL CH2Cl2 3 mL

Glycosylation: 0 - NO _ NH--NH, F CHFNgOz Exact Mass : 239. 11 OH Mol. Wt. : 239. 25 D-GIucose/MeOH 0 IR) O OH NNH-NH OH {s) t 60 °C () F (S) | (R) HOo \ HO HO (S) C17H24FN3°7 s) Exact Mass : 401. 16 OH Mol. Wt. : 401. 39 C6H, 206 Mol. Wt. : 180. 16 5 mg of starting material 10 mg of sugar 1 mL of MeOH Glycosylation o C24H25N302 ox N-r-NH2 Exact Mass : 387. 19 N Mol. Wt. : 387. 47 Ph-J" D-Glucose/MeOH OH OH Phi 0 1 OH HO OH O 60 °C Ph OxN/\ NH O OH H Ph N fsl lRl HCHO HO (s) (s) O C H N O' OH 30 3a s s Exact Mass : 532. 24 CsH2°s Mol. Wt.-180. 16 Mol. Wt. : 532. 61 10 mg of starting material 18 mg of sugar 1 mL of MeOH

Deprotection: 0 Ph ° TFA/CH2C12/H20 Ph-C-ONN Ph HO- (JSI-" N C1H10N2o3 Exact Mass : 460. 18 Exact Mass : 218. 07 Mol. Wt. : 460. 52 Mol. Wt. : 218. 21 SM 700 mg TFA 1.2 mL H20 0.3 mL CH2C12 3 mL The mixture was stirred for two hours. The TLC showed no starting material left.

Library: SG3-N-MW 130.15 SG3 MW 131.13 SC3 MW 183.20 K100 (235.65), K101 (221.62), K102 (201.63), K103 (339.51), K104 (229.06), K105 (279.06), K106 (245.51), K107 (212.60), K108 (372.67), K109 (312.62) K110 (240.71), K111 (330.74) Procedure: 0.11 mol of S 0.15 mmol of Et3N 0.08 mmol of K compounds New library linkage:

Copper-Catalyzed Coupling of Alkylamines and Aryl Iodides Organic Lett. 2002 Vol. 4, No. 4. page 581-584 C5H10N202 Md. Wt. : 130. 15 5 nid% Cul N^O ° 2 equiv K3PO4 \i, NHnl 2 equiv HOCH2CH20H NHZ Isopropa Mo HWt 32 424 80 C XI C3C' OH Chi4F3 I OH Mol. VA. : 272. 01 F. nu Axa16 CHi8F6N20 C8H8FsNz0 Mol. Wt. : 392. 34 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 131 100 mg 1 Iodo compound 272.01 500 mg 1.8 Cul 190.44 19 mg 0.1 K3P04 212.5 322 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.15 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL Procedure: To a small vial, CuI and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 60° C for overnight, and Isolated by parp-TLC.

CAN. J. CHEM. Vol. 61,411 (1983)

0 ONH 0t >O 0 un CgH16N204 H°ßX CH20, Eanol, refl= for 2 h Mol. Wt : 216. 23 C4H7NO3 Mol. VIA. : 117. 10 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 359.42 0.1 g 2.78 1 Morpholine 87.12 0.1 mL 37% HCHO 0.05 mL Ethanol 1.5 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 1.5 mL in ethanol was heated it up to 60° C for overnight.

CAN. J. CHEM. Vol. 61,411 (1983) 0 O NH O NH HO gvNO O---- _ HO'H CsHsNzO Hs/CH20, Ethanol, reflnc for 2 h Mol. Wt. : 216. 23 C4H7NO3 Moi. VU. : 117. 10 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 117.10 456 mg 3.9 1 Morpholine 87.12 1 mL 37% HCHO 0.4 mL Ethanol 3 mL mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 3 mL in ethanol was heated it up to 60° C for overnight.

0 CH 0 HO. HO J iNvN HOI-14NH CH20, Ethanol, 60 *C CHisN203 CaHNOs C4H7NO3 Md. Wt. : 200. 24 Mol. Wt. : 117. 10 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 117 443 mg 3.78 1 pyrrolidine 1 mL 37% HCHO 0.4 mL Ethanol 3 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine and formaldehyde in 3 mL in ethanol was heated it up to 60° C for overnight. C5H10N202 Mol. Wt. : 130. 15 5 md% Cul-NO O 2 equiv iCiP04 --,, NH - 0 2 equiv HOCH2CH20H NHy Isoprope C'12H13F3N22 Mol. V4t. : 274. 24 C' F3C'r CHF31 I OH Mol. Wt. : 272. 01 F3C (s F3C- l'-CF AA16 ClsHl8F6N20 Mol. Wt. : 392. 34 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 130.15 40 mg 0.31 1 Cul 190.44 3 mg 0.05 K3PO4 212.5 128 mg 2 HO (CH2) 20H 1.13 62.07 0.1 mL 2 Isopropanol 1 mL AA Group: 0.31 mmol

AA20, AA21, AA22, AA23, AA24, AA25, AA26, AA27, AA28 Procedure: To a test tube, Cul and K3PO4 were added then the tube was back-filled with Nitrogen for 10 mins, and then rest of starting material were added, the reaction mixture was heated up to 65°C for overnight.

Library linkage : 0 /N O K or E, BB compounds 0 oN J OH Et3N, . N-i (OR CoHO, Mol. VU. : 216. 23 Starting material: 22 mg for each reaction K2, K90, K91, K92, K95, K96, K97, K100, K101, K102, K114, K117, E183, E184, BB3, BB5 Procedure: 0.1 mmol of starting material 0.15 mmol of Et3N 0.1 mmol of K and BB or E compounds.

The reactions were stirred for overnight.

Buchwald Reaction: Org. Lett., Vol. 2, No. 8,2000 Pd-Catalyzed Amination of Activated Ary Halides: , o C7H4F31 Mol. Wt. : 272. 01 O Ph/NH Phn Ot Ph-_j 1-4s 4 N N CF3 Pd (OAC) 2, Cs2CO3 Ph-_j 1-14-D Moi. Wt. : 296. 36 ntPh°s, 1, 4-dfoxane CHF3N Mol. Wt. : 440. 46

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 296.36 454 mg 1.6 1 Iodo compound 272 500 mg 1.8 1.2 Pd (OAC) 2 224.49 10 mg 0.016 0.01 Cesium carbonate 325.82 730 mg 2.24 1.4 Xantphos 578.63 14 mg 0.024 0.015 1,4-dioxane 3 mL Procedure: 1. A 10 mL Round flask was loaded with oxazolidinone, bromo compound, palladium (II) acetate, Xantphos and Cesium carbonate and flashed by N2 protection for 10 mins.

2.1, 4-dioxane was added and heated up to 70° C for overnight and then cool down to room temperature, diluted with dichloromethane.

Library linkage: O O K or unds N N N NJlO OH Et3N, CH2a2, rt. OR C1oH2oN2o3 Md. Wt. : 216. 28 Starting material: 22 mg for each reaction K2, K90, K91, K92, K95, K96, K97, K100, K101, K102, K117, E183, BB3 Procedure: 0.2 mmol of starting material 0.15 mmol of Et3N 0.2 mmol of K and BB or E compounds.

The reactions were stirred for overnight.

Alkylation: (By NaH) For G16, MaterialsMWWt/VmMol Equiv SM 359.42 50 g 139 1 G3 (d 2.28) 141.9 17 mL 278 2 NaH (60%) 24 10.3 g 257 1.8 THF 400 mL NaH was added into the pre-cooled (by dry ice and acetone) the THF and SM solution, then stirred for two hours. G3 were added after re-cooled the reaction mixture.

Deprotection: (G3) TFA 14 mL H20 4 mL CH2C12 50 mL Ether type of Linkages:

Library Design: Oxazolidinones : 25 mg (1.17 equiv) for each reaction.

M compounds: M1, M2, M3, M4, M5, M6, M11, M14, M24, M30, M34, M35, M37, M38, M39, M40, M41 (1 equiv) DIAD = 0.10 nM in THF (MW 202), 400 mg in 17 mL THF.

1 mL was taken for each reaction.

Ph3P-polystyrene 1 mmol/g 100 mg for each compound 0.1 mMol Procedure: 4. The vials were charged with SM and Ph3P- polystrene.

5. A solution of DIAD in THF was added into the reaction mixture.

6. The reactions were stirred for overnight.

CAN. J. CHEM. Vol. 61, 411 (1983) _ o (° 02N/ NVNH Moh Wt 3202 3 O O HONv VN/ N02 nu HO C4H7NO3 CH20, Ethanol, reflmc for 2 h C 5H20N405 MO. Wt. : 117. 10 Mol. Wt. : 336. 34 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 117.10 500 mg Nitro compound 207.23 884 mg 37% HCHO 0.6 mL Ethanol 6 mL

Procedure: A solution of SM, nitro compound and formaldehyde in 3 mL in ethanol was heated it up to 65° C for overnight. 0 CH 0 0-4 0-4, s HO NH o CH20, Ethanol, 60 C CyH6N CgHt6N2o3 C4H7NO3 Mol. VA. : 200. 24 Molt. : 117. 10 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol equiv SM 117 500 mg pyrrolidine 1 mL 37% HCHO 0.6 mL Ethanol 3 mL Procedure: A solution of SM, morpholine, and formaldehyde in 3 mL in ethanol was heated it up to 60° C for overnight.

Alkylation: (By NaH) For C18, <BR> <BR> Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 0.5 g 1.39 1 C18 (dl. 5) 120 0.2 mL 2.78 2 NaH (60%) 24 100 mg 2.57 1.8

THF 4 mL NaH was added into the pre-cooled (by dry ice and acetone) the THF and SM solution, then stirred for two hours. G3 were added after re-cooled the reaction mixture. alkylation: (By NaH) For C18, Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 0.5 g 1.39 1 C19 149 414 mg 2.78 2 NaH (60%) 24 100 mg 2.57 1.8 THF 4 mL NaH was added into the pre-cooled (by dry ice and acetone) the THF and SM solution, then stirred for two hours. C19 were added after re-cooled the reaction mixture.

Curtius Rearrangement: OH O Ph- OH Ph 0-1 Ph NHNH2 NaN02/H2S04 Ph- c19H27N3o2 50 C for2 h c, 8H20N2°2 Exact Mass : 329. 21 Exact Mass : 296. 15 Mol. Wt. : 329. 44 Mol. WL : 296. 36

Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 329.44 26 79 1 H2S04 98 9.2 mL 95 1.2 NaN02 69 8. 2 g 118 1.5 water 100 mL Procedure: 1). The hydrazide compound was dissolved in water (75 mL), and concentrated sulfuric acid (9. 2 mL) diluted in water (25 mL) and added into the stirred solution. The mixture was cooled in the ice bath and then NaN02 in water (20 mL) was added dropwise.

2). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for overnight. Then was put on the water rota-vap without vacuum to shake for 6 hours at 50° C.

3). The reaction was neutralized by sodium carbonate and extracted with EtOAc three times, brine and dried over Na2SO4.

4). The solvents were removed by water rota-vap to afford residues.

5). Column chromatograph to isolate the desired compound. Oh 0 0 OH O-V Ph-S) O Phs\NH PhJ NHNH2 NaN02/H2S04 PhJ c, 9H27N3°2 50 C for 2 h cH2oN202 Exact Mass : 329. 21 Exact Mass : 296. 15 Mol. Wt. : 329. 44 Mol. Wt : 296. 36 Materials d MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 329.44 4.5 g 1 H2SO4 98 1.6 mL 1.2

NaN02. 69 1.4 g 1.5 water 30 mL Procedure: 1). The hydrazide compound was dissolved in water (25 mL), and concentrated sulfuric acid (1.6 mL) diluted in water (5 mL) and added into the stirred solution. The mixture was cooled in the ice bath and then NaN02 powder was added directly..

2). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for overnight. Then was put on the water rota-vap without vacuum to shake for 6 hours at 50° C.

3). The reaction was neutralized by sodium carbonate and extracted with EtOAc three times, brine and dried over Na2SO4.

4). The solvents were removed by water rota-vap to afford residues.

5). Column chromatographed to isolate the desired compound.

300 mg of ZD3-75-2 500 mg of Pd (OH) 2 5 mL of THF 5 mL of MeOH The reaction was stirred at room temperature 10 mins (see new spot and starting material on TLC, new spot is more polar) and 40 mins (see one new spot, which is less polar than starting material, and only one spot shown on TLC).

300 mg of ZD3-75-2 500 mg of Pd (OH) 2 5 mL of THF 5 mL of MeOH The reaction was stirred at room temperature 10 mins (see new spot and starting material on TLC, new spot is more polar) and 40 mins (see one new spot, which is less polar than starting material, and only one spot shown on TLC).

To a solution of starting material in THF, Et3N was added then BB3 was added. The reaction was stirred for overnight. Isolated by parp-TLC (3/1= EtOAc/Hexane) Library: Oxazolidinone derivatives: SC1, H, SG3-N, RG3, RC3 (0.1 nmol CH2Cl2 solution except H in THF) Nitrobenzene derivatives: BB3, BB7, BB8, BB9 ( (0. 1 nmol CH2C12 solution except BB7 in THF)

Base: triethylamine (0.15 nmol) The reactions were set up in the usual way and kept for overnight. Isolated by parp-TLC (3/1 = EtOAc/Hexane).

Library New M compounds: Oxazolidinone derivatives: RG3, RC5, RC3 (0.1 nmol CH2C12 solution) Nitrobenzene derivatives: M42, M43, M44, M45, M46, M47 (0.1 nmol) DIAD = 0.10 nM in THF (MW 202), 1 equiv.

Ph3P-polystyrene 1 mmol/g 100 mg for each compound 0.1 mMol Procedure: 7. The vials were charged with SM and Ph3P- polystrene.

8. A solution of DIAD in THF was added into the reaction mixture.

The reactions were stirred for overnight.

The reactions were set up in the usual way and kept for overnight. Isolated by parp-TLC (3/1 = EtOAc/Hexane).

Alkylation: (By t-BuOK) For C18,

Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 0.5 g 1.39 1 C18 (dl. 5) 120 0.2 mL 2.78 2 t-BuOK 3 mL 2.57 1.8 THF 5 mL To a solution of SM and THF was added t- BuOK, then C19 was added. The reaction mixture was heated up to 60° C in sealed tube.

Alkylation: (By t-BuOK) For C19, Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 0.5 g 1.39 1 C19 149 414 mg 2.78 2 t-BuOK 3 mL 2.57 1.8 THF 5 mL To a solution of SM and THF was added t- BuOK, then C19 was added. The reaction mixture was heated up to 60° C in sealed tube.

Alkylation: (By t-BuOK)

For C18, Materials MW Wt/V mMol Equiv SM 359.42 0.5 g 1.39 1 C18 (dl. 5) 120 0.2 mL 2.78 2 t-BuOK 3 mL 2.57 1.8 THF 5 mL To a solution of SM and THF was added t- BuOK, then C19 was added. The reaction mixture was heated up to 60° C in sealed tube.

Library linkage: 0 0 /\N N ° KorE, BBcomp und O2Ne k.-/\-</\) 0---=-----CN- -N N P \=/OH Et3N. CH202."\/ OR C15H2oN405 Mol. V% R. : 336. 34 ZD4-55-1 Starting material: 22 mg for each reaction K2, K91, K92, K95, K96, K97, K100, K101, K117, E183, E184, BB3, BB7, BB9, BB5, K93, K98, K94, K106, AC2, AC3, ACS, AC7.

Procedure: 0.08 mol of starting material 0. 15 mmol of Et3N 0.09 mmol of K and BB, AC or E compounds.

The reactions were stirred for weekend.

Library linkage: 02N AC compounds 0 0 0 N AC co N N N/NO C15H2oN405 Mol. Wt. : 336. 34 ZD4-55-1 Starting material: 14 mg for each reaction.

AC1, AC4, AC8, AC9, AC10, AC11, AC12, MsCl Procedure: 0.04 mmol of starting material 0.15 mmol of Et3N 0.06 mmol of AC compounds.

The reactions were stirred for overnight.

While the present invention is described herein with reference to illustrated embodiments, it should be understood that the invention is not limited hereto. Those having ordinary skill in the art and access to the teachings herein will recognize additional modifications and embodiments within the scope thereof. Therefore, the present invention is limited only by the claims attached herein.