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Title:
A PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PYRYLIUM SALTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/155485
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to the process for the preparation of Pyrylium salts having the formula represented below. Present invention provide a simplified method of producing symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. The invention explores readily available starting materials with reaction conditions which are suitable for industrial scale applications. All the synthesized compounds were confirmed by various spectroscopic techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, 19F NMR spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray analysis. Mass of the compounds confirmed by HRMS analysis.

Inventors:
SOMAPPA SASIDHAR BALAPPA (IN)
SALFEENA CHETTIYAL THODI FATHIMATH (IN)
AJAYAGHOSH AYYAPPANPILLAI (IN)
Application Number:
PCT/IN2018/050898
Publication Date:
August 15, 2019
Filing Date:
December 31, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
COUNCIL SCIENT IND RES (IN)
International Classes:
C07D309/34
Foreign References:
GB1023377A1966-03-23
Other References:
H. J. T. BOS , J.F ARENS : "Addition of carbonyl compounds to alkynes under the influence of boron trifluoride", RECUEIL DES TRAVAUX CHIMIQUES DES PAYS-BAS, vol. 82, no. 9, 1963, pages 845 - 858, XP055725802, ISSN: 0165-0513, DOI: 10.1002/recl.19630820903
KADAYAT TARA MAN; SONG CHANJU; SHIN SOMIN; MAGAR TIL BAHADUR THAPA; BIST GANESH; SHRESTHA AARAJANA; THAPA PRITAM; NA YOUNGHWA; KWO: "ynthesis, topoisomerase I and II inhibitory activity, cytotoxicity, and structure-activity relationship study of 2-phenyl- or hydroxylated 2-phenyl-4-aryl-5H-indeno[1,2-b]pyridines", BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 23, no. 13, 28 April 2015 (2015-04-28), pages 3499 - 3512, XP029170465, ISSN: 0968-0896, DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2015.04.031
See also references of EP 3749657A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
REMFRY & SAGAR (IN)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A process for the preparation of salt having the general formula I,

I

Where X is oxygen; where R, R1 ; R2 represents phenyl radicals with various substitution, such as, CH3, OCH3, OH, Br, Cl, F,CF3;

R, R1 ; R2, represents heteroaryl radicals such as thiophene, furan etc containing a variety of substitutions;

R also represents bulky groups such as naphthyl radicals, R also contains fused substitutions like, fused cyclohexyl and octahydro naphthalenyl radicals;

R2 also represents phenyl radicals substituted with alkyl chain of three carbon atoms and Z- is an anionic function such as BF4-, OTf , CI04- etc; comprising the following steps of:

a) condensing substituted acetophenones with substituted aldehydes in the presence of NaOH to yield the a, b-unsaturated ketones; b) cyclization of substituted a, b-un saturated ketones obtained in step (a) by treating with phenyl acetylenes and BF3.OEt2 in cyclohexane at 60-70°C, and stirred for 3-6 hrs under the oxygen atmosphere; and c) reaction mixture was poured in to diethyl ether to precipitate the product, followed by filtered off washed with diethyl ether, dried in air and crystallised from ethanol to get the cyclzed cyclised product of pyryliumm salt formula 1.

2. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein in the halide substituted a, b-unsaturated ketones is selected from a group comprising of Cl, Br, F.

3. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the other than halide substitutions of a, b-unsaturated ketones is selected from a group comprising of CH3, OCH3, OH, CF3.

4. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises naphthyl substitutions.

5. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises of heterocycles such as furans and thiophenes. 6. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the b-unsaturated ketones comprising cyclohexyl and octahydro naphthalenyl.

7. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the phenyl acetylenes comprises of alkyl chain of three carbon atoms.

AMENDED CLAIMS

received by the International Bureau on 17 May 2019 (17.05.2019)

CLAIMS

1. A process for the preparation of salt having the general formula I,

Where X is oxygen; where R, Ri, R2 represents phenyl radicals with various substitution, such as, CFh, OCH3, OH, Br, Cl, F,CF3;

R, Ri, R2, represents heteroaryl radicals such as thiophene, furan etc containing a variety of substitutions;

R also represents bulky groups such as naphthyl radicals, R also contains fused substitutions like, fused cyclohexyl and octahydro naphthalenyl radicals;

R2 also represents phenyl radicals substituted with alkyl chain of three carbon atoms and Z- is an anionic function such as BF4-, OTf , CI04-; comprising the following steps of; a) condensing substituted acetophenones with substituted aldehydes in the presence of NaOFI to yield the a, b-unsaturated ketones; b) cyclization of substituted a,b-unsaturated ketones obtained in step (a) by treating with phenyl acetylenes and BF3.0Et2 in cyclohexane at 60-70°C, and stirred for 3-6 hrs under the oxygen atmosphere; and c) reaction mixture was poured in to diethyl ether to precipitate the product, followed by filtered off washed with diethyl ether, dried in air and crystallised from ethanol to get the cyclised product of pyryliumm salt formula 1.

2. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein in the halide substituted a, b-unsaturated ketones is selected from a group comprising of Cl, Br, F.

3. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the other than halide substitutions of a, b- unsaturated ketones is selected from a group comprising of CH3, OCH3, OH, CF3. 4. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises naphthyl substitutions.

5. The process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises of heterocycles such as furans and thiophenes.

6. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the arylidene ketones comprising the octahydro naphthalenyl substitution.

7. The process as claimed in claim 1 , wherein para substituted alkyl chain of three carbon atoms on phenyl acetylene.

Description:
A PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PYRYLIUM SALTS

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to the process for the preparation of Pyrylium salts. Present invention provide a simplified method of producing symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. The invention explores readily available starting materials with reaction conditions which are suitable for industrial scale applications. All the synthesized compounds were confirmed by various spectroscopic techniques such as Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, 1 H NMR, 13C NMR, 19F NMR spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray analysis. Mass of the compounds confirmed by FIRMS analysis.

BACKGROUND AND PRIOR ART

Figure 1

Pyrylium salts demonstrate wide spread applications in many fields, such as, photosensitizers [see Miranda et al, Chem. Rev., 1994, 94, 1063; Alfonzo et al, Org. Lett., 2017, 19, 2989], Qswitchers [see U.S. Patent No. 3,417,083 by Reynolds et al; U.S. Patent 3,462,706 by Ammons et al.], laser dyes [see Schafer et al, Phys. Lett., 1967, 24A, 280; Kotowski et al, J. Lumin., 1991 , 50, 39; Zhang et al, Dyes Pigm., 1995, 27, 263], and organic luminophores [ see Bonch-Bruevich et al, Opt Spectrosc., 2000, 89, 216; Nikolov et al, J. Photochem. Photobiol. A, 2000, 135, 13] etc. It is also mentioned that such salts enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of photoconductive compositions [see U.S. Pat. No. 3,938,994 by Reynolds et al; U. S. Pat.No. 3,615,396 by Gramza et al; and U. S. Pat.No. 3,250,615 by Van Allan et al].

Various methods are known for the preparation of pyrylium and related salts. Such processes are related to methods of preparing a larger class of substituted pyridines which contains the class of pyrylium salts. Among the numerous ways to prepare substituted pyrylium salts discussed in the literature [see Vanallan et al, J. Org. Chem., 1968, 33, 1 102; Dilthey et al, J. Pr. Chem., 1916, 94, 53; Dinculescu et al, Bull. Soc. Chim. Belg., 1991 , 100, 665; Dovey et al, J. Chem. Soc., 1935, 1389; Katritzki et al, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans., 1980, 1895; Bos et al, RECUEIL, 1963, 82, 845; Ning et al, J. Org. Chem., 2004, 69, 1432; Yang et al, Tetrahedron Lett., 2013, 54, 2967; Potts et al, US 4451659, Issued on 29.05.1984]

In general, the existing prior arts lead to the synthesis of either symmetrical or unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. And multiple steps are involved in the preparation of unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. Whereas, the disclosed invention is a simplified, a versatile direct synthesis of producing symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. The method produces those types of salts which have a displaceable substituent in the fourth position which allows the attachment of such salts, by displacement of this group to a variety of organic substituent or supports. The invention explores readily available starting materials with reaction conditions which are suitable for industrial scale applications. A notable features of the invention are, R, Ri, R 2 , can be of same substitution or of different substitutions, column chromatography free separations and Z- can be displaceable by BF 4 -, OTf , CI0 4 - etc.

In comparison with prior arts, the present invention discloses hitherto unknown and known pyrylium salts and a simplified method of preparation.

OBJECTIVES OF THE INVENTION

Main objective of the present invention is to provide an efficient catalytic two step process forthe synthesis of variety of symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a industrially viable and cost effective process for the preparation of symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts.

Yet another objective is to provide a notable versatility in the substituents incorporated into these pyrylium salts and at the same time provide a direct and efficient synthesis of these salts.

Still another objective is to provide a novel photosensitive system and which produce a marked increase in sensitivity at longer wave length of the visible light spectrum.

Yet another objective is to prepare those types of salts which have a displaceable substituent (X + and Z ~ ), which allows the attachment of such salts, by displacement of this group to a variety of organic substituent or supports. DETAILS OF ABBREVIATIONS

NMR-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance

HRMS-High resolution mass spectrometry

KOtBu- Potassium tert-butoxide

KOH- Potassium hydroxide

DCM- Dichloromethane

BF 3 .OEt 2 - Boron trifluoride diethyl etherate

SUMMARY OF THE PRESENT INVENTION

This invention relates to a convenient and practical synthesis of a variety of pyrylium salts of general formula I.

Figure 1

Where X is oxygen; R, R 1 ; R 2 , represents phenyl radicals with various substitution, such as, CH3, OCH3, OH, Br, Cl, F,CF 3 ; R, R 1 ; R 2 , represents heteroaryl radicals such as thiophene, furan etc, containing a variety of substitutions. R also represents bulky groups such as naphthylradicals, R also contains fused substitutions like, fused cyclohexyl and octahydronaphthalenyl radicals. R 2 also represents phenyl radicals substituted with alkyl chain of three carbon atoms and Z is an anionic function such as BF 4 -, CI0 4 - etc.

In an aspect of the present invention, where in the halide substituted a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises Cl, Br, F.

In another aspect of the present invention, where in the other than halide substitutions of a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises CH 3 , OCH 3 , OH, CF 3 etc.

In yet another aspect of the present invention, where in a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises naphthyl substitutions.

In still another aspect of the present invention, where in a, b-unsaturated ketones comprises of heterocycles such as furans and thiophenes etc. In another aspect of the present invention, where in the arylidene ketones comprising the cyclohexyl and octahydro naphthalenyl substitution.

In yet another aspect of the present invention, where in halide substituted phenyl acetylene comprises of Cl, Br, F.

In still another aspect of the present invention, where in the phenyl acetylenes comprises of alky chain of three carbon atoms.

In another aspect of the present invention, where in the acetylenes are substituted with heterocyclic thiophene.

In yet another aspect of the present invention, where in 3 equivalents of lewis acid comprises 3 equivalents of BF 3 .OEt 2 .

In still another aspect of the present invention, where in Z- is one of, BF 4 -, OTf , CI0 4 -.

In another aspect of the present invention, wherein present invention provide a novel photosensitive system which produce a marked increase in sensitivity at longer wave length of the visible light spectrum.

In yet another aspect of the present invention, all the products are subjected to purification by filtration, crystallization, distillation or extraction.

The various features of novelty which characterise the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming a part of this disclosure. For better understanding of the present invention, its operational advantages and specific objectives attained by its uses, reference is made to the accompanying descriptive material in which preferred embodiments of the invention are illustrated.

Technical problem to be solved by this invention is improved process through the four component, two-step process involving the synthesis of a-,b-unsatu rated ketones followed by the cyclisation of these a,b-unsaturated ketones with various substituted alkynes in the presence of BF 3 .OEt 2 will provide a pyrylium salts. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

Fig. 1 represents the general structure of the pyrylium ion

Fig. 2 represents the schematic diagram depicting the process protocol to prepare pyrylium ions

Fig. 3 represents the schematic diagram depicting the process protocol to prepare fused- pyrylium ions

Fig. 4 represents the library of compounds synthesized through the invented protocol.

Fig. 5 represents Single-Crystal X-Ray structure for compound B6 (CCDC 1574744)

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to the process for the preparation of Pyrylium salts. Present invention provide a simplified method of producing symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. The present process provide a notable versatility in the substituents incorporated into these pyrylium salts and at the same time provide a direct and efficient synthesis of these salts. Present invention provide a novel process of pyrylium salts preparation by condensing an acetophenone with aldehyde in the presence of NaOH, treating the resultant product with phenyl acetylenes or heterocyclic appended acetylenes in the presence of BF 3 .OEt 2 to form the cyclised product of pyrylium salts. Other strong bases like KOtBu, KOH etc may be used to generate the enolate of the methyl ketone for the reaction with aldehyde to form a,b- unsaturated ketones in a variety of solvents such as Ethanol, Methanol, DCM etc. In one of the embodiment of the invention, the process used is a four component, two-step involving the synthesis of a,b-unsaturated ketones (Examples shown in the examples section) followed by the cyclisation of these a,b-unsaturated ketones with various substituted alkynes in the presence of BF 3 .OEt 2 will provide a pyrylium salts of the formula (Figure 1 ).

In another embodiment of the invention, alternatively, after the preparation of a,b- unsaturated ketones, to the same reaction vessel BF 3 .OEt 2 and various substituted alkynes will be added to facilitate the cyclisation in one pot three component fashion. As generally shown in reaction (Figure 2).

In still another embodiment of the invention, acetophenones on condensation with aldehydes in presence of NaOFI in ethanol will yield the a, b-unsaturated ketones (A). The intermediate product A was added to an aryl or heteroaryl acetylenes and BF 3 .OEt 2 in dry cyclohexane at 60-70°C, and stirred for 3-6 hrs under the oxygen atmosphere. After the completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to diethyl ether to precipitate the product. The product is filtered off, washed with diethyl ether, dried in air and crystallised from ethanol to get the crystalline pyrylium salts (B). In yet another embodiment of the invention, novel process also illustrated for the preparation of fused pyrylium salts. Arylidene ketones (C) was added to an aryl or heteroaryl acetylenes and BF 3 .OEt 2 in dry cylcohexane at 60°C, and stirred for 3-6 hrs under the oxygen atmosphere. After the completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to diethyl ether to precipitate the product (D) and crystallised from ethanol to get the crystalline compounds (Figure 3).

In another embodiment of the invention, an added novelty of reaction is the use of three equivalents of BF 3 .OEt 2 in the formation of pyrylium salts which results in the column free isolation of the products by suppressing the side reactions. In this novel process of the pyrylium salts, two methods utilised. In the first method, a,b-unsaturated ketones are isolated prior to cyclisation and in the second method, without further purification or separation of a,b-unsaturated ketones, react with substituted alkynes insitu , which will be subjected to facilitate the cyclisation in the same reaction vessel.

In still another embodiment of the invention, , all the reaction steps of said process were monitored by chromatography and the crude products obtained were subjected to purification using crystallization to get the pure compounds in good yields. Further, all the resultant compounds/products were systematically characterized using various analytical and spectral methods.

WORKING EXAMPLES

Following examples are given by way of illustration and therefore should not be construed to limit the scope of the invention.

Example 1

General Preparation of 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B1]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (102.18 mg, 0.09 ml, 0.72 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (74 mg, 0.72 mmol), and Compound A1 (5- Chalcone), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.24 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (5 ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 62 mg (65%), m.p = 225 - 227 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3069, 2923, 1621 (-C=0+), 1592, 1468, 1272, 1 194, 1049, 986, 763; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO- d6): d 7.84 - 8.67 (m, 15 aromatic H), 9.24 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d6): d 115.1 , 128.8, 129.1 , 129.8, 129.9, 130.0, 132.4, 135.0, 135.2, 165.1 , 170.0; HRMS C 23 H 17 0 + ([M] + ) : 309.1284.

Example 2

Preparation of 2,6-diphenyl-4-(p-tolyl)pyryliumtetrafluoroborate [B2]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (102.18 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.72 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (68.63 mg, 0.67 mmol), and Compound A2 ((E)- 1 - phenyl-3-(p-tolyl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.22 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (95ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,6-diphenyl-4-(p-tolyl) pyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 65 mg (70%), m.p = 257 - 259 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 2920, 2851 , 1624 (-C=0+), 1599, 1491 , 1254, 1 195, 1060, 1027, 822; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 2.53 (s, 3H, -CH 3 ), 6.63 - 8.59 (m, 14 aromatic H), 79.41 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 21.4, 1 14.3, 128.7, 129.1 , 129.5, 129.8, 130.2, 130.6, 134.9, 147.0, 164.6, 169.7; HRMS for C 24 H 19 0 + ([M] + ): 323.1437.

Example 3

Preparation of 4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B3]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.07 ml, 0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (64.34 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A3 ((E)- 3-(4- methoxyphenyl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by (T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(4- methoxyphenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as red-orange crystals; 50 mg (56%), m.p = 218 - 220 °C; IR (neat, cnT 1 ): 3063, 2924, 2850, 1629 (-C=0+), 1576, 1442, 1246, 1 186, 1055, 836; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 4.01 (s, 3H, -OCH 3 ), 7.34 - 8.72 (m, 14 aromatic H), 9.06 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 61.5, 120.9, 129.6, 133.7, 134.5, 135.0, 139.9, 168.8, 171.1 , 174.1 ; HRMS for C 24 H 19 0 2 + ([M] + ): 339.1390.

Example 4

Preparation of 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B4]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (93.67 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.66 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (67.04 mg, 0.66 mmol), and Compound A4 ((E)- 3-(4- hydroxyphenyl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.22 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 6 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(4- hydroxyphenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as orange crystals; 62 mg (67%), m.p = 282 - 285 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3343, 2972, 1633 (-C=0+), 1596, 1491 , 1277, 1 188, 1 120, 1069, 844; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.13 - 8.65 (m, 14 aromatic H), 8.99 (s, 2H), 1 1 .41 (brs, 1 H, -OH) ; 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 112.5, 117.1 , 122.8, 128.3, 129.3, 129.7, 133.6, 134.5, 163.4, 165.7, 168.3 ; HRMS for C 23 H 17 0 2 + ([M] + ): 325.1239.

Example 5

Preparation of 4-(4-bromophenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B5]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (72.38 mg, 0.06 ml, 0.51 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (53.31 mg, 0.51 mmol), and Compound A5 ((E)- 3-(4- bromophenyl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.17 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(4- bromophenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 39 mg (48%), m.p = 260 - 262 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3057, 2920, 1617 (-C=0+), 1578, 1490, 1275, 1 193, 1065, 777, 683; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): 6 7.82 - 8.61 (m, 14 aromatic H), 9.19 (s, 2H) ; 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 115.1 , 128.8, 129.1 , 129.9, 131.6, 131.8, 132.9, 135.1 , 163.9, 170.2; HRMS for C 23 H 16 BrO + ([M] + ): 387.0384.

Example 6

Preparation of 4-(4-chlorophenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B6]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (87.71 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.62 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (63.12 mg, 0.62 mmol), and Compound A6 ((E)- 3-(4- chlorophenyl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(4- chlorophenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 45 mg (51%), m.p = 253 - 255 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 2921 , 1622 (-C=0+), 1587, 1492, 1248, 1093, 1047, 825, 778, 731 ; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.82 - 8.66 (m, 14 aromatic H), 9.19 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 115.2, 128.8, 129.1 , 129.8, 129.9, 131.8, 135.2, 163.7, 170.2; HRMS for C 23 H 16 CIO + ([M] + ): 343.0883.

Example 7

Preparation of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B7]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (94.09 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.66 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (67.71 mg, 0.66 mmol), and Compound A7 ((E)- 3-(4- fluorophenyl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.22 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(4- fluorophenyl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 59 mg (64%), m.p = 208 - 210 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3062, 2972, 1624 (-C=0+), 1493, 1269, 1 166, 1 120, 1036, 830, 777; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.68 - 8.75 (m,14 aromatic H), 9.16 (s, 2H) ; 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 114.9, 117.1 , 117.2, 128.8, 129.1 , 129.9, 133.2, 133.3, 135.1 , 163.8, 169.9 ; HRMS for C 23 Hi 6 FO + ([M] + ): 327.1 189. Example 8

Preparation of 2,6-diphenyl-4-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)pyryliumtetrafluor oborate [B8]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (77.07 mg, 0.07 ml, 0.54 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (55.47 mg, 0.54 mmol), and Compound A8 ((£)-1 -phenyl- 3-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.18 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air.

Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,6-diphenyl-4-(4- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl)pyryliumtetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 39 mg (47%), m.p = 245 - 247 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3109, 3077, 1622 (-C=0+), 1495, 1322, 1270, 1 171 , 1065, 1034, 836; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.59 - 8.52 (m, 14 aromatic H), 9.03 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 116.3, 126.5, 128.9, 129.9, 130.7, 135.3, 136.5, 163.7, 170.7; HRMS Calcd. for C 24 HI 6 F 3 0 + ([M] + ) : 377.1 1 59.

Example 9

Preparation of 4-(naphthalen-2-yl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluroborate [B9]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (82.17 mg, 0.07 ml, 0.58 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (59.15 mg, 0.57 mmol), and Compound A9 ((E)-3- (naphthalen-2-yl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.19 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(naphthalen- 2-yl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluroborate as pale red crystals; 50 mg (58%), m.p = 190 - 193 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3061 , 3029, 161 1 (-C=0+), 1579, 1492, 1273, 1223, 1 158, 777; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.76 - 9.35 (m, 19 aromatic H) ; 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO- d 6 ): d 115.0, 124.8, 127.8, 127.9,128.8, 129.2, 129.5, 129.8, 129.9, 130.3, 132.5, 132.6, 135.0, 135.8, 164.7, 169.8; HRMS for C 27 H 19 0 + ([M] + ): 359.1443.

Example 10

Preparation of 4-(furan-2-yl)-2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B10]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (107.72 mg, 0.09 ml, 0.75 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (67.04 mg, 0.75 mmol), and Compound A10 ((E)- 3- (furan-2-yl)-1 -phenylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.25 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 4-(furan-2-yl)- 2,6-diphenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as greenish black crystals; 69 mg (71%), m.p = 202 - 204 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3120, 3061 , 1626 (-C=0+), 1581 , 1495, 1377, 1266, 1063, 946, 766; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, CD 3 CN): d 7.06 - 8.38 (m, 13 aromatic H), 8.49 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, CD 3 CN): d 111.6, 117.5, 126.6, 129.3, 130.1 , 130.9, 136.1 , 149.6, 154.7, 170.9; HRMS for C 2I H I 5 0 2 + ([M]): 299.1 077.

Example 11

Preparation of 2,6-diphenyl-4-(thiophen-3-yl)pyryliumtetrafluroborate [B11]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (99.21 mg, 0.09 ml, 0.0.69 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (71.38 mg, 0.69 mmol), and Compound A1 1 ((£)-1 -phenyl-3-(thiophen-3-yl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.23 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,6-diphenyl-4- (thiophen-3-yl)pyryliumtetrafluroborate as black crystals; 63 mg (67%), m.p = 205 - 207 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3104, 3062, 1622 (-C=0+), 1579, 1492, 1270, 1221 , 1055, 775, 700; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.82 - 9.51 (m, 15 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO- d 6 ): d 113.9, 127.6, 128.5, 129.2, 129.9, 134.9, 136.1 , 138.2, 158.2, 169.7; HRMS. for C 2I H 15 OS + ([M]+) : 315.0849. Example 12

Preparation of 2-phenyl-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B12]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (90.01 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.72 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (64.36 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A12 ((£)-1 ,3-di-p- tolylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2-phenyl-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as orange crystals; 42 mg (48%), m.p = 214 - 216 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3124, 2923, 2855, 1624 (-C=0+), 1599, 1491 , 1228, 1 192 1055, 818; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 2.49 (s, 6H, -CH 3 ), 7.56 - 8.99(m, 15 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO- d 6 ): d 21.3, 21.4, 113.7, 1 13.8, 126.3, 128.5, 128.7, 129.1 , 129.5, 129.8, 130.0, 130.5, 130.5, 134,7, 146.3, 146.9, 164.2, 169.1 , 169.8 ; HRMS for C 25 H 21 0 + ([M] + ): 337.1597.

Example 13

Preparation of 2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-6-phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B13]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (80.90 mg, 0.07 ml, 0.57 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (58.23 mg, 0.57 mmol), and Compound A13 ((E)- 1 ,3- bis(4-methoxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.19 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,4-bis(4- methoxyphenyl)-6-phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as pale-red crystals; 43 mg (51 %), m.p = 245 - 247 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3161 , 3073, 2923, 1629 (-C=0+), 1589, 1467, 1246, 1056, 951 , 836; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 3.98 - 3.99 (m, 6H, -CH 3 ), 7.31 - 8.93 (m, 15 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 56.0, 56.1 , 11 1.9, 1 15.4, 121.3, 124.3, 128.1 , 129.3, 129.7, 131 .0, 132.7, 134.3,162.5, 164.8, 165.5, 167.5, 168.9; HRMS for C 25 H 21 0 3 + ([M] + ): 369.1496. Example 14

Preparation of 2,4-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-6-phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B14]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt2 (77.06 mg, 0.07 ml, 0.54 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (55.16 mg, 0.54 mmol), and Compound A14 ((E)- 1 ,3- bis(4-chlorophenyl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.18 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,4-bis(4-chlorophenyl)-6- phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 42 mg (50%), m.p = 243 - 245 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3070, 2922, 1621 (-C=0+), 1586, 1490, 1226, 1 121 , 1051 , 829, 723; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.81 - 8.64 (m, 13 aromatic H), 9.18 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 115.3, 127.9, 128.8, 128.9, 129.8, 130.0, 130.5, 131.1 , 131.8, 135.3, 140.3, 140.6, 163.7, 169.0, 170.3 ; HRMS for C 23 H 15 CI 2 0 + ([M] + ): 377.0509.

Example 15

Preparation of 2,4-bis(4-bromophenyl)-6-phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B15]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (58.33, 0.05 ml, 0.14 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (42.1 1 mg, 0.14 mmol), and Compound A15 ((E)-1 ,3-bis(4- bromophenyl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.14 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,4-bis(4-bromophenyl)-6- phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 27 mg (36%), m.p = 255 - 257 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3063, 2922, 1622 (-C=0+), 1581 , 1493, 1266, 1244, 1055, 821 , 722; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.82 - 8.61 (m, 13 aromatic H), 9.20 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 115.2, 115.3, 128.3, 128.9, 129.0, 129.5, 129.9, 130.1 , 130.5, 131.5, 131.8, 132.9, 133.0, 135.3, 163.9, 169.2, 170.4 ; HRMS for C 23 H 15 Br 2 0 + ([M] + ): 464.9489.

Example 16 Preparation of 2,4-bis(4-fluorophenyl)-6-phenylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B16]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (85.16 mg, 0.07 ml, 0.60 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (62.52 mg, 0.61 mmol), and Compound A16 ((E)-1 ,3-bis(4- fluorophenyl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.20 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound name as yellow crystals; 51 mg (57%), m.p = 190 - 192 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3068, 2923, 1626 (-C=0+), 1595, 1496, 1271 , 1 165, 1051 , 834, 774; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.66 - 9.15 (m, 15 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 1 14.7, 114.8, 117.1 , 1 17.1 , 117.2, 117.3, 125.8, 128.8, 128.9, 129.0, 129.8, 131 .9, 132.0, 133.2, 133.3,135.1 , 163.7, 165.1 , 169.0, 169.9; HRMS for C 23 H 15 F 2 0 + ([M] + ): 345.1092.

Example 17

Preparation of 2-phenyl-4,6-di(thiophen-3-yl)pyryliumtetrafluoroborate [B17]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (97.93 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.69 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (69.65 mg, 0.68 mmol), and Compound A17 ((E)- 1 ,3- di(thiophen-3-yl)prop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.23 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2-phenyl-4,6-di(thiophen-3- yl)pyryliumtetrafluoroborate as black crystals; 70 mg (76%), m.p = 219 - 221 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3106, 2964, 1622 (-C=0+), 1513, 1445, 1264, 1224, 1059, 889, 765; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.67 - 9.30 (m,13 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 1 13.1 , 1 13.8, 126.4, 127.5, 128.3, 129.0, 129.7, 129.9, 132.0, 134.6, 135.3, 136.1 , 137.7, 157.9, 165.6, 168.5; HRMS for C 19 H 13 OS 2 + ([M] + ): 321 .0412.

Example 18

Preparation of 2,4,6-tri-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B18] 3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of 4-Ethynyltoluene (73.18 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A12 ((E)- 1 ,3-di-p-tolylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,4,6-tri-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as yellow crystals; 54 mg (58%), m.p = 251 - 253 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3129, 3039, 2921 , 1624 (-C=0+), 1599, 1494, 1256, 1 191 , 1055, 817, 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO- d 6 ): 6 7.54 - 8.48 (m, 12 aromatic H), 8.94 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): 6 21.4, 21 .4, 1 13.3, 126.4, 128.5, 129.9, 130.4, 146.1 , 146.7, 163.9, 169.3; HRMS for C 26 H 23 0 + ([M] + ): 351.1749.

Example 19

Preparation of 2-(4-bromophenyl)-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B19]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of 1 -bromo-4-ethynylbenzene (1 14.05 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A12 ((£)-1 ,3-di-p-tolylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2-(4-bromophenyl)-4,6-di-p- tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as orange crystals; 50 mg (47%), m.p = 270 - 272 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3109, 3030, 2854, 1624 (-C=0+), 1598, 1498, 1230, 1 192, 1055, 1004; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.61 - 8.55 (m, 12 aromatic H), 9.09 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): 6 21.4, 21.5, 113.9, 126.2, 128.3, 128.7, 129.1 , 129.4, 130.1 , 130.2, 130.5, 130.5, 132.8, 146.5, 147.1 , 164.2, 168.0, 169.9; HRMS for C 25 H 2 oBrO + ([M] + ): 415.0645.

Example 20

Preparation of 2-(4-n-propylphenyl)-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B20]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of 1 -ethynyl-4-propylbenzene (91.21 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A12 ((E)-1 ,3-di-p-tolylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2-(4-propylphenyl)-4,6-di-p- tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as orange crystals; 53 mg (54%), m.p 252 - 254 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 31 14, 3039, 2928 (-C=0+), 2869, 1625, 1600, 1496, 1273, 1055, 818; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 0.95 (t, 3H, -CH 3 ), 1 .69 (st, 2H, -CH 2 ), 2.75 (t, 2H, -CH 2 ), 7.58 - 8.52 (m, 12 aromatic H), 9.00 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 13.6, 21.4, 21.4, 23.6, 37.2, 1 13.2, 1 13.3, 126.3, 126.6, 128.5, 128.6, 129.4, 129.8, 129.9, 130.4, 146.1 , 146.7, 150.4,

163.8, 169.3; HRMS for C 28 H 25 0 + ([M] + ): 379.2056. Found: 379.2055.

Example 21

Preparation of 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B21]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of 1 -ethynyl-4-fluorobenzene (76.19 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A, prepared by the method described by (T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as orange crystals; 41 mg (44%), m.p = 242 - 244 °C; IR (neat, cm-1 ): 2968, 2922, 1626 (-C=0+), 1599, 1492, 1348, 1 194, 1 165, 1055, 845; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.61 - 9.05 (m, 14 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 21.4, 21.4, 1 13.5, 113.6, 1 17.0, 117.2,

125.8, 126.3, 128.7, 129.4, 130.0, 130.4, 130.5, 131 .6, 131 .7, 146.3, 146.9, 164.2, 164.9, 168.1 , 169.7; HRMS for C 25 H 20 FO + ([M] + ): 355.1501 .

Example 22

Preparation of 2-(thiophen-3-yl)-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate [B22]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of 3-ethynylthiophene (68.46 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound A12 ((E)-1 ,3-di- p-tolylprop-2-en-1 -one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2-(thiophen-3-yl)-4,6-di-p-tolylpyrylium tetrafluoroborate as black colour crystals; 89 mg (98%), m.p = 232 - 234 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 3108, 2920, 2851 , 1625 (-C=0+), 1599, 1495, 1266, 1 193, 1057, 817; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 7.60 - 9.26 (m, 14 aromatic H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 21.4, 21.4, 1 12.9, 1 13.6, 126.3, 128.6, 129.5, 129.8, 130.4, 130.5, 132.1 , 146.0, 146.6, 164.1 , 165.2, 168.8; HRMS for C 23 H 19 OS + ([M] + ): 343.1 164.

Example 23

Preparation of 2,4,6-triphenylpyrylium trifluoromethanesulfonate [D1]

3 eq. of HOTf (108.06 mg, 0.06 ml, 0.72 mmol), is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (74 mg, 0.72 mmol), and Compound AI (E-Chalcone), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.24 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound 2,4,6- triphenylpyrylium trifluoromethanesulfonate as yellow crystals; 53 mg (48 %), m.p = 252 - 254 °C; IR (neat, cm 1 ): 2920, 2851 , 1622, (-C=0+), 1594, 1499, 1471 , 1254, 1 144, 1031 , 770, 641 ; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): d 7.79 - 8.94 (m, 15 aromatic H), 9.19 (s, 2H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d6): 1 15.7, 129.3, 129.6, 130.3, 130.4, 130.5, 132.9, 135.5, 135.7, 165.6, 170.6; HRMS C 23 Hi 7 0 + ([M] + ) : 309.1278.

Example 24

Preparation of 2,4-diphenyl-5,6-dihydrobenzo[h]chromen-1-ium tetrafluoroborate [D2]

3 eq. of BF 3 .OEt 2 (89.42 mg, 0.08 ml, 0.63 mmol), dissolved in 1 ml of cyclohexane is added to the mixture of phenyl acetylene (64.45 mg, 0.63 mmol), and Compound C1 ((E)- 2- benzylidene-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-1 (2H)-one), prepared by the method described by ( T. M. Kadayat, C. Park, K. Y. Jun, T. T. Magar, G. Bist, H. Y. Yoo, Y. Kwon and E. S. Lee, Bioorg. Med. Chem., 2015, 23, 3499) (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) in dry cyclohexane (2 ml) under the oxygen atmosphere. The solution was stirred for 3 hrs at 60 °C. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured in to 10 ml of diethyl ether, dissolving the residue in DCM (5ml), to precipitate the product. The product was filtered and washed with diethyl ether and dried in air. Recrystallization from ethanol afforded the compound name as yellow crystals; 43 mg (48%), m.p = 248 - 250 °C; IR (neat, cm-1 ): 3066, 2851 , 1612 (-C=0+), 1596, 1493, 1386, 1243, 1053, 881 , 728; 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 3.09 (t, 2H, -

CH 2 ), 3.25 (t, 2H, -CH 2 ), 7.59 - 8.55 (m, 14 aromatic H), 8.84 (s, 1 H); 13 C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): d 24.2, 25.7, 119.1 , 125.9, 126.8, 128.4, 128.4, 128.8, 128.9, 129.2, 129.3, 129.4, 129.9, 132.1 , 134.0, 134.7, 135.6, 142.0, 165.8, 166.6, 167.4; HRMS for C 25 H 19 0 + ([M] + ): 335.1435.; HRMS for C 25 H 19 0 + ([M] + ): 335.1435.

ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION

The various advantages of the present process are given below.

1. The present invention provides an industrially viable and cost effective process for the preparation of symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts.

2. In the present invention, we have developed a four component, two-step process for the synthesis of variety of symmetrical and unsymmetrical pyrylium salts. 3. The process is conducted under the oxygen atmosphere; there are no side products observed which apparently improved the yields of the products.