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Title:
QUINONE BASED NITRIC OXIDE DONATING COMPOUNDS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/170262
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to nitric oxide donor compounds having a quinone based structure of formula (I), wherein R1 to R6, m, n and p are as defined in claim 1, to processes for their preparation and to their use in the treatment of pathological conditions where a deficit of NO plays an important role in their pathogenesis, such as pulmonary arterial hypertension, Sickle cell disease, systemic sclerosis and scleroderma, muscular dystrophies, Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and Becker's muscular dystrophy, vascular dysfunctions.

Inventors:
ALMIRANTE NICOLETTA (IT)
STORONI LAURA (IT)
RONSIN GAEL (IT)
MIGLIETTA DANIELA (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2014/057513
Publication Date:
October 23, 2014
Filing Date:
April 14, 2014
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NICOX SCIENCE IRELAND (IE)
International Classes:
C07C69/608; C07C203/04
Domestic Patent References:
WO2007088123A22007-08-09
WO1992004337A11992-03-19
Foreign References:
US20100209469A12010-08-19
EP0362575A11990-04-11
EP0451760A11991-10-16
US5591758A1997-01-07
EP1120419A12001-08-01
GB2349385A2000-11-01
Other References:
MENDOZA M.F. ET AL.: "Humand NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase type I (hNQO1) activation of quinone proprionic acid trigger groups", BIOCHEMISTRY, 2012, pages 8014 - 8026, XP002727800
SHIRAISHI M. ET AL.: "Quinones. 4. Novel eicosanoid antagonists: synthesis and pharmacological evaluation", JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, 1989, pages 2214 - 2221, XP002727801
WANG PENG GEORGE ET AL: "Nitric Oxide Donors: Chemical Activities and Biological Applications", CHEMICAL REVIEWS, AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, US, vol. 102, no. 4, 1 January 2002 (2002-01-01), pages 1091 - 1134, XP002487148, ISSN: 0009-2665, [retrieved on 20020226], DOI: 10.1021/CR000040L
DONATELLA BOSCHI ET AL: "NO-Donor Phenols: A New Class of Products Endowed with Antioxidant and Vasodilator Properties", JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 49, no. 10, 1 May 2006 (2006-05-01), pages 2886 - 2897, XP055078079, ISSN: 0022-2623, DOI: 10.1021/jm0510530
MUNZEL T; MOLLNAU H; HARTMANN M ET AL.: "Effects of a nitrate-free interval on tolerance, vasoconstrictor sensitivity and vascular superoxide production", J AM COLL CARDIOL., vol. 36, 2000, pages 628 - 634
CARPINO ET AL., J. ORG. CHEM., vol. 54, 1989, pages 3303 - 3310
BORCHARDT ET AL., J. AM. CHEM. SOC., vol. 94, 1972, pages 9175
T.W. GREENE; P. G. M. WUTS: "Protective groups in organic Synthesis", 2006, J. WILEY & SONS
CENA, C. ET AL., BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 16, 2008, pages 5199 - 5206
JURD; WONG, AUST.J.CHEM., vol. 33, 1980, pages 137
MITSURU ET AL., J. MED. CHEM. SOC., vol. 32, 1989, pages 2214 - 2221
BOSCHI D. ET AL., J. MED. CHEM., vol. 49, 2006, pages 2886 - 2897
CHEGAEV,K. ET AL., J. MED. CHEM., vol. 52, 2009, pages 574 - 578
CHEGAEV,K. ET AL., J. PINEAL RES., vol. 42, 2007, pages 371 - 385
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BARCHIELLI, Giovanna (Via Plinio 63, Milano, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A compound of formula (I)

or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

R2 is H or methyl;

R3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 and R5 are methyl and n is 1 , or

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethyl phenyl or para-methylphenyl and n is 2;

m is an integer from 1 to 10;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

2. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 wherein

R2 is methyl;

R4 and R5 are methyl and n is 1.

3. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 wherein

R2 is methyl;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl,

para-trifluoromethylphenyl or para-methylphenyl and n is 2.

4. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 2 wherein

Ri and R3 are methyl.

5. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 2 wherein

Ri and R3 are methoxy.

6. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 2 wherein Ri and R3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-.

7. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 2 wherein Ri is methyl and R3 is methoxy.

8. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 2 wherein Ri is methoxy and R3 is methyl.

9. A compound of formula (I) according to any of claims 4 to 8 wherein p is 0 and Re is H.

10. A compound of formula (I) according to any of claims 4 to 8 wherein p is 1.

1 1. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 3 wherein Ri and R3 are methyl. 12. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 3 wherein

Ri and R3 are methoxy.

13. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 3 wherein Ri and R3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-.

14. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 3 wherein Ri is methyl and R3 is methoxy.

15. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 3 wherein Ri is methoxy and R3 is methyl.

16. A compound of formula (I) according to any of claims 1 1 to 15 wherein p is 0 and Re is H.

17. A compound of formula (I) according to any of claims 1 1 to 15 wherein p is 1. 18. A compound of formula (I) according to claim 1 selected from:

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l ,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 1); 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 2);

6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 3);

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(3-methyl- 1 ,4-dioxo- 1 ,4-dihydro naphthalene-2- yl)butanoate (Compound 4);

6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa- 1,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 5);

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3 ,6-dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 6);

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3 ,6-dioxocyclo hexa- 1 ,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 7);

(5S,6R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)heptyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxo cyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 8);

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-4- phenylbutanoate (Compound 9);

5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl-3-methyl 3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 10)

5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4- dienyl)-3-methylbutanoate (Compound 11)

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3- methylbutanoate (Compound 12)

5 ,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3 ,6-dioxocyclo hexa- 1 ,4- dienyl)-4-phenylbutanoate (Compound 13)

5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa- 1,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 14)

(S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 15) (R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa -1,4- dienyl)butanoate (Compound 16)

(S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl-3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)-3-methylbutanoate (Compound 17),

and stereoisomers thereof.

19. A composition comprising a compound of formula (I) according to any of claims 1 to 18 and a therapeutic agent selected from non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs, a steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, an endothelin receptor antagonist or hydroxyurea.

20. A compound of formula (I) according to any of claims 1-18 for use as medicament.

21. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use as nitric oxide donating agent.

22. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension.

23. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use in the treatment of Sickle cell disease.

24. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use in the treatment of systemic sclerosis and scleroderma.

25. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use in the treatment of muscular dystrophies.

26. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use in the treatment of Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and Becker's muscular dystrophy.

27. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 18 for use in the treatment of vascular dysfunctions.

28. Pharmaceutical formulations comprising a compound of formula (I) and a pharmaceutical acceptable carriers and/or excipients.

29. Pharmaceutical formulations according to claim 28 further comprising a hypolipidemic agent.

Description:
OUINONE BASED NITRIC OXIDE DONATING COMPOUNDS

The present invention relates to nitric oxide donor compounds, to processes for their preparation and to their use in the treatment of vascular diseases and in particular in the treatment of pathological conditions where a deficit of NO function plays an important role in their pathogenesis.

It is known that NO plays multiple physiological roles in regulating numerous and diverse organ functions, defects in the NO pathway lead to the development of many different pathological conditions. These disorders include hypertension, atherosclerosis, coronary artery diseases, cardiac failure, pulmonary hypertension, stroke, impotence, vascular complications in diabetes mellitus, gastrointestinal ulcers, asthma, and other central and peripheral nervous system disorders.

Organic nitrates (esters of nitric acid) are proven medicinal substances for the treatment of dysfunctions of the circulatory system preferably cardiovascular and coronary dysfunctions. They display their effect both by relieving the heart via a reduction in the preload and after load and by improving the oxygen supply to the heart via coronary dilatation.

However, it has been found that the classical organic nitrates used in therapy, such as glycerol trinitrate, isosorbide dinitrate or isosorbide 5 -mononitrate, display, on continuous intake of high doses and within a short time, a distinct attenuation of the effect, the so-called nitrate tolerance or tachyphylaxis.

Nitrate tolerance develops despite an elevation in the drug plasma concentration reflecting a decrease in vascular sensitivity to previously therapeutic levels. This can be prevented or reduced by inclusion of a nitrate free period in the dosing schedule.

Nitrate-tolerant individuals are more susceptible to enhanced vasoconstriction whenever the plasma nitrate concentration is allowed to fall, the so-called rebound effect. This is reflected by increased sensitivity to a number of circulating vasoconstrictor substances such as catecholamines and angiotensin II. Clinically the rebound effect may be more important than is currently recognized. Evidence suggests that even intermittent nitrate patch therapy results in increased vasoconstrictor sensitivity during the patch-off period. [Munzel T, Mollnau H, Hartmann M, et al. Effects of a nitrate-free interval on tolerance, vasoconstrictor sensitivity and vascular superoxide production. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000; 36:628-634].

Organic nitrates also cause unpleasant important side effects that include headache, hypotension, flush and nausea. Headache is the most prominent side effect and is caused by cerebral vasodilatation.

The nitrate tolerance and the other side effects have restricted the clinical use and effectiveness of nitrates.

Therefore nitric oxide donor compounds which can produce extended release of NO and do not give rise to any nitrate tolerance are needed.

It is known that one way of reducing the tolerance of the nitrated organic compounds consists of introducing a thiol group in the molecule, for example by use of sulphur containing amino acids. Accordingly EP 0 362 575 and EP 0 451 760 claim compounds which contain sulphydryl groups and prevent nitrate tolerance or diminish a nitrate tolerance which has already occurred.

Patent application WO-A-92/04337 discloses organic nitrated derivatives of the thiazolidine ring with vasodilating activity and a reduced tolerance.

US Patent 5,591,758 describes an enormous amount of different nitrated organic vasodilating compounds, with reduced tolerance, of highly variable structures.

Patent EP 1 120 419 discloses isosorbide mononitrates wherein the free hydroxyl group is esterified with either carboxylic acids or with thioacids wherein said ester groups are in trans position with respect to the nitrate group.

UK patent application no. GB 2 349 385 A discloses antioxidant nitrate or nitrite ester for use as vasodilator agents in the treatment of pathological conditions associated with endothelial dysfunction, in particular heart diseases.

The disclosed compounds contain a superoxide scavenger moiety and a nitrate or nitrite group and the two parts are stably linked in order to reduce the degradation of the molecules under physiological conditions. The stable link increases the activity of the anti-oxidant scavenger that can avert reactive oxygen species-mediated NO consumption of further production of deleterious species.

Published studies disclose that concomitant treatment with antioxidants preserves the sensitivity of the vasculature to organic nitrates in different experimental models. However the use of antioxidants in clinical practice is limited by the fact that oral administration of antioxidants leads to low bioavailability of the antioxidants and consequently lack of efficacy.

The present invention provides new nitric oxide donor compounds having a better pharmacological activity in term of less tolerance associated with the use of organic nitrates and a longer duration of action than that of nitric oxide donors described in the art.

The present invention relates to compounds of formula (I)

or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

P 2 is H or methyl;

P 3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 , or

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ,

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6 most preferably

4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ,

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably

4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

R 2 is methyl; R 3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably

4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is selected from H, methyl, methoxy;

or Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably 4 or 6;

p is 1 and Re is H or methyl, preferably Re is H.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri, R 2 and R 3 are methyl;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 6, preferably 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

Re is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri, R 2 and R 3 are methyl;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 6, preferably 4 or 6;

p is 0 and R^ is H.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri, R 2 , R 3 , are methyl;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 6, preferably 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R^ is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri, R 2 , R 3 , are methyl;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 6;

p is 0 and Re is H.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as defined above or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as defined above or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as defined above or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

R 2 is methyl;

Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as defined above or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

R 2 is methyl;

Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 and Re is H.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

R 2 is methyl;

Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as defined above or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

R 2 is methyl;

Ri and R 3 together form -CH=CH-CH=CH-;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as defined above or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methyl;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methyl;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methyl;

R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methoxy;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methyl;

R 2 is methyl; R 3 is methoxy;

R4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R3 is methyl;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is O or l ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R3 is methyl;

R4 and R 5 are methyl and n is 1 ;

m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy; R 2 is methyl;

R 3 is methyl;

R 4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

p is 0 or 1 ;

R6 is H or methyl.

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) as above defined or stereoisomers thereof, wherein:

Ri is methoxy;

R 2 is methyl;

R3 is methyl;

R 4 is H, R5 is selected from phenyl, para-fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para- isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl and n is 2; m is an integer from 1 to 10, preferably m is an integer from 1 to 6, most preferably is 4 or 6;

Another embodiment of the invention provides a compound of formula (I) selected from the group:

(1)

and stereoisomers thereof.

After oral administration, the compounds of formula (I) increase the nitric oxide bioavailability and they are able to directly release NO and stimulate guanylate cyclase in the skeletal muscle.

The compounds of formula (I) have an antioxidant activity comparable to the antioxidant activity of well known antioxidant compounds like ferulic and caffeic acid or edaravone.

These two properties of the compounds of the invention, which are the NO- donation and the antioxidant activity, make them useful drugs for the prevention and/or treatment of pathology in which not only a deficit of NO but also oxidative stress play an important role in their pathogenesis such as: pulmonary hypertension, the treatment and/or prevention of dysfunctions of the circulatory system involving vasculopathies preferably pulmonary arterial hypertension, Sickle cell disease, systemic sclerosis, scleroderma, muscular dystrophies such as Duchenne's muscular dystrophy and Becker's muscular dystrophy, cardiac allograft vasculopathy, pathological conditions plays an important role in their pathogenesis, and/or tissue damage due to ischemia and/or due to ischemia-reperfusion.

The compounds of formula (I) can be used in combination with at least a therapeutic agent selected from non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroidal antiinflammatory drugs, endothelin receptor antagonists, hydroxyurea.

The pharmaceutical compositions may be administered by different routes. For example, they may be administered orally in form of pharmaceutically preparations such as tablets, capsules, syrups and suspensions, parenterally in form of solutions or emulsions, etc. They may also be administered topically in form of creams, pomades, balsams, and transdermically for example through the use of patches or bandages. The preparations may comprise physiologically acceptable carriers, excipients, activators, chelating agents, stabilizers, etc. In case of injections there may be incorporated physiologically acceptable buffers, solubilizing agents or isotonics.

The pharmaceutical compositions according to the present invention may further comprise a non steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), a steroid drug, a thrombolytic agent such as plasminogen activator urokinase, streptokinase, alteplase or anistreplase.

Alternately, the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention may further comprise a hypolipidemic agent preferably simvastatin, lovastatin, atorvastatin, pravastatin, fluvastatin, eptastatin, lifibrol, acifran, acitemate, glunicate or rosuvastatin.

The daily dose may be varied depending on the specific symptoms, the age, the body weight of the patients, the specific mode of administration, etc., and a daily normal dose for an adult person could be between 0.1 to 1000 mg, and could be administered as one dose only or divided into several doses during the day.

General synthesis

The compounds of formula (I) wherein R l s R 2 , R 3 , 5, m and p are as above defined, R4 and R 5 are methyl n is 1 can be prepared:

by reacting compounds (Va) with compounds of formula (VI) wherein 5, m and p are as above defined, in presence of coupling reagents such as DCC, EDC, HBTU, HATU, and of catalytic amount of DMAP or Sc(OTf) 3 in an aprotic/non polar solvent such as THF, DMF or CH 2 CI 2 or at temperature ranging from -80°C to 60°C as depicted in Scheme 1 ; or

by reacting compounds of formula (Vb), wherein Xa is an activating group selected from N3, F, CI, Br, or a group depicted in Formulas ((Xaa) or (Xbb),

(Xaa) (Xbb)

preferably CI or (Xaa), with compounds (VI) in presence of a base such as DMAP, pyridine or triethylamine or K 2 CO 3 , CS 2 CO 3 in an aprotic/non polar solvent such as THF, DMF or CH 2 CI 2 or at temperature ranging from -80°C to 60°C as depicted in Scheme 1 :

(Va) (Vb)

ON0 2

HO— (CH 2 ), (CH) p (CHR 6 )-ON0 2

(VI)

Compounds of formula (Vb) can be prepared by known method from the corresponding compounds of formula (Va). Compounds of formula (Va) can be generally prepared as depicted in Scheme 2 following the method described by Carpino et al, J. Org. Chem., 1989, 54, 3303-3310.

Scheme 2

Hydroquinones of general formula (III) are reacted with methanesulfonic acid and methyl 3-methylbut-2-enoate to obtain the lactones (IV) as described in literature by Carpino et al, J. Org. Chem., 1989, 54, 3303-3310.

Compounds of formula (Va) are prepared by reacting compounds (IV) with an oxidant such as freshly crystallized NBS or PDC according to conditions described by Borchardt et al, J. Am. Chem. Soc, 1972, 94, 9175 and Carpino et al, J. Org. Chem., 1989, 54, 3303-3310.

Compounds of formula (III) are commercially available or can be prepared by reduction of the corresponding quinones of formula (II), using reducing reagents such as, for example NaBH 4 in methanol (Scheme 3).

Quinones of formula (II) are commercially available or can be prepared by methods described in the literature.

(I I) (M l)

Scheme 3 Compounds of formula (VI) wherein m, p and Re are as above defined, are known in the literature or can be synthesized starting from the corresponding alcohols of formula (Vila)

OH ON0 2

PGO— (CH 2 ) m (CH) p (CHR 6 )-OH - HO— (CH 2 ) m (CH) p (CHR 6 )-ON0 2 (Vila) (VI)

wherein PG is a suitable hydroxyl protective group, preferably an ester such as a benzoic ester, and m, p and Re are as above defined by reaction with nitric acid and acetic anhydride in a temperature range from -50°C to 20°C, or by reacting with triflic anhydride/tetraalkylammonium nitrate salt in an aprotic polar/non polar solvent such as DMF, THF or CH2C12 at temperature ranging from -80°C to 65°C in the presence of a base as pyridine, lutidine, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylpyridine followed by the removal of the protective group by known methods (see for example: T.W. Greene, P. G. M. Wuts

"Protective groups in organic Synthesis", 4th edition, J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006).

Alternatively, the hydroxyl group of (Vila) is first converted to the corresponding mesyl or tosyl or triflate group and then nitrated using known methods, as for example tetraalkylammonium nitrate and sodium nitrate followed by the removal of the protecting group by methods well known in the art.

Alternatively compounds of formula (VI) wherein m and Re are as above defined, p is 0 can be synthesized by reacting the corresponding halogen derivative (Vllb) wherein Q is H or PG wherein PG is as previously defined and X is an halogen atom as CI, Br, I with a nitrating agent, for example, AgN0 3 in acetonitrile as known in the literature, followed by the removal of the Q protecting group, when present, by methods well known in the art.

Q-O— (CH 2 ) m (CHR 6 )-X ^ HO— (CH 2 ) m (CHR 6 )-ON0 2 (Vllb) (VI)

Compound of formula (Vila) wherein m is as previously defined, p is 1 and Re is H or CH 3 can be synthesized by reacting the corresponding alkenyl-alcohol of formula (Vlllb) with a dihydroxylating reagent such as ADmix a or Αϋιηίχβ or KMn0 4 , Os0 4 in a 1/1 mixture of protic/aprotic solvents like tBuOH, H 2 0, optionally in the presence of an activator like methanesulfonamide at temperature ranging from -20 to 30°C, optionally followed by a chiral separation of the diols (Vila)

(Villa) (Vlllb)

OH

PGO— (CH 2 ) m (CH) p (CHR 6 )-OH

(Vila)

Compounds of formula (Vlllb) are prepared from compounds (Villa) by protecting the free hydroxyl group with a suitable PG group already defined with known methods (see for example: T.W. Greene, P. G. M. Wuts "Protective groups in organic Synthesis", 4th edition, J. Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006).

Compounds (Villa) are commercially available or can be prepared from known compounds using known methods.

Alternatively compounds (VI) wherein m is as above defined, p is 1 and Re is H can be prepared by reacting compounds (Vlllb) with I 2 and AgN0 3 in acetonitrile as described in the literature (see Cena, C. et al in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 2008, 16, 5199—

5206.

Alternatively compounds (VI) wherein m is as above defined, p is 1 and Re is CH 3 can be obtained from compounds (Vila) as depicted in Scheme 4, according the following steps:

OH OH

PGO— (CH 2 ) m (CH) p (CH 2 )-OH PGO— (CH 2 ) m (CH) p (CH 2 )-OPG

(Vila) (IX) OPG, OPG,

I 2

PGO- (CH 2 ) m — (CH)— (CH^OPG, PGO- (CH 2 ) m — (CH)— (CH 2 )-OH

(X)

(XI)

OPG 2 CH 3 -D-Z OPG 2

PGO— (CH 2 ) m — (CH) p — CHO PGO— (CH 2 ) m — (CH) p (CHCH 3 )-OH

(XI II)

(XII) (XIV)

OH ONO,

I

I 2

PGO- (CH 2 ) m — (CH) p — (CHCH 3 )-OH

HO- (CH 2 ) m — (CH) p — (CHCH 3 )-ON0 2

(XV)

(VI)

Scheme 4

1) protecting the primary hydroxyl group of compounds (Vila)

2) protecting the secondary hydroxyl group to obtain compounds of formula (X) wherein PGi is the trityl group and PG 2 is TBDPS, TBDMS or TIPS.

3) removing the protecting group PGi and oxidizing compound (XI) to aldehyde with known methods to obtain compounds (XII)

4) reacting compound (XII) with compound (XIII)

(XIII)

wherein D is Zn, Mg, or Cu, preferably Zn; Z is R or a halogen, preferably CI, in the presence of a chiral amino alcohol catalyst such as (lS,2R)-(-)-(dibutylamino)-l- phenyl- 1-propanol or (lR,2S)-(+)-(dibutylamino)-l -phenyl- 1-propanol or an achiral catalyst in an aprotic/ non polar solvent such as toluene, THF or Et 2 0 at temperature ranging from -80°C to 65°C

5) removing the protecting group PG 2 by methods well known in the art to obtain compound (VI).

Compounds of formula (I) wherein R4 is H and R 5 is selected from phenyl, para- fluorophenyl, para-methoxyphenyl, para-isopropylphenyl, para-trifluoromethylphenyl and para-methylphenyl, n is 2 and Ri, R 2 , R3, 5 ni and p are as above defined, can be prepared: by reacting compounds of formula (XVIIIa) wherein R l s R 2 , R3 are as above defined, Rs is H, F, CH 3 O-, (CH 3 ) 2 CH-, CF 3 - or CH 3 -, with compounds of formula (VI) as above defined, in presence of a coupling reagent such as DCC, EDC, HBTU, HATU, and of catalytic amount of Sc(OTf) 3 or DMAP, as depicted in scheme 5;

by reacting compounds of formula (XVIIIb) wherein R l s R 2 , R3, Rs and Xa are as above defined, with compounds of formula (VI) in presence of a base such as DMAP pyridine or triethylamine or K 2 CO 3 , CS 2 CO 3 in an aprotic/non polar solvent such as THF, DMF or CH 2 C1 2 or at temperature ranging from -80°C to 60°C as depicted in Scheme 5:

(XVIIIa) (XVIIIb)

ONO,

HO— (CH 2 ) m (CH) p (CHR 6 )-ON0 2

(VI)

Scheme 5

Compounds of formula (XVIIIb) can be obtained using known methods starting from the corresponding compounds of formula (XVIIIa).

Compound of formula (XVIIIa) can be prepared by oxidation of carboxylic acids of formula (XVII) wherein R l s R 2 , R3 and Rs are as above described according to the procedure disclosed by Jurd and Wong, Aust.J.Chem. 1980, 33, 137, as depicted in Scheme 6.

Carboxylic acids of formula (XVII) can be prepared by acid-catalyzed coupl reaction between hydroquinone (III) and the commercially available γ-lactone (XVI)

Example 1

Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-

1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate (

Step 1 : Synthesis of 6-hydroxy-4,4, 5,7, 8-pentamethylchroman-2-one

A synthetic procedure similar to the one described by Carpino et al, J. Org. Chem., 1989, 54, 3303-3310 was used.

Methanesulfonic acid (20 mL) was heated at 70°C. In parallel, 2,3,5- trimethylbenzene-l,4-diol (2.0 g, 13.14 mmol) and methyl 3-methylbut-2-enoate (1.94 mL, 13.14 mmol, 1 eq) were added quickly and the reaction was heated for 2 h at this temperature. The reaction was then poured in water and, after cooling, was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were washed successively with water, saturated NaHC0 3 , water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was crystallized from 30% CHC1 3 in n-Hexane to give the title compound as a pale grey solid (1.86 g, Yield: 60%). Melting point: 185°C.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 4.63 (s, 1H), 2.54 (s, 2H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.18 (s, 3H), 1.45 (s, 6H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l- yl)butanoic acid (Intermediate

The reaction was performed according to conditions described by Borchardt et al,

J. Am. Chem. Soc, 1972, 94, 9175.

A stirred solution of 6-hydroxy-4,4,5,7,8-pentamethylchroman-2-one (2.0 g, 0.853 mmol) in 10% aqueous acetonitrile (100 mL) was added with a solution of freshly recrystallised NBS (1.6 g, 0.853 mmol, 1 eq) in acetonitrile (20 mL). The reaction was stirred for lh and then diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (3 x 100 mL).

The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was crystallized from Et 2 0/n-Hexane to give the title compound as a yellow solid (1.64 g, Yield: 77%>).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 11.08 - 8.78 (m, 1H), 3.02 (s, 2H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1.93 (s, 3H), 1.44 (s, 6H).

Step 3: Synthesis of 4-hydroxybutyl 4-nitrobenzoate

A stirred solution of 1 ,4-butandiol (3.0 g, 33.29 mmol, 1.1 eq) and 4-nitrobenzoyl chloride (5.56 g, 29.96 mmol) in EtOAc (100 mL) cooled to 0°C was added dropwise with triethylamine (4.6 mL, 33.3 mmol, 1.1 eq) and the reaction was stirred vigorously for 6h. The reaction was diluted with water and the organic layer separated, washed with HC1 0.1 M, water and brine. The organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was triturated in cold Et 2 0 and the solid filtered off. The filtrate was evaporated to give the title compound as a viscous oil which solidified upon standing

(2.86 g, Yield: 40%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.30 (d, J = 8.8, 2H), 8.22 (d, J = 8.8, 2H), 4.44 (t, J = 6.5, 2H), 3.76 (t, J = 6.3, 2H), 1.93 (dt, J = 14.4, 6.7, 2H), 1.75 (dt, J = 13.2, 6.4, 2H).

Step 4:

Concentrated nitric acid (1.9 mL, 45.15 mmol, 3 eq) was added dropwise to acetic anhydride (20 mL) cooled to 0°C. Then solid 4-hydroxybutyl 4-nitrobenzoate was added and the reaction was stirred at this temperature for 30 min then poured on ice. After melting, the organic oil was separated from the aqueous liquid and diluted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with NaHC03 (2x 30 mL), water and brine, dried (Na2S04), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 85/15 to n- hexane/ethyl acetate 75/25 during 8 CV) affording the title compound as a yellow oil (3.73g, Yield: 87%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.34 - 8.29 (m, 2H), 8.24 - 8.19 (m, 2H), 4.56 (t, J = 5.9, 2H), 4.44 (t, J = 6.0, 2H), 1.99 - 1.90 (m, 4H).

Step 5: Synthesis of 4-hydroxybutyl nitrate

A stirred solution of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-nitrobenzoate (2.13 g, 7.49 mmol) in a 3/1 THF/EtOH mixture (40 mL) cooled to 0°C was added with NaOH 1M (7.5 mL, 1 eq). The reaction was stirred at this temperature for 3 h then diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was separated, washed with water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 85/15 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 75/25 during 8 CV) affording the title compound as a colourless oil (0.48 g, Yield: 49%).

H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 4.52 (t, J = 6.5, 2H), 3.72 (t, J = 6.2, 2H), 1.87 (dt, J = 14.2, 6.5, 2H), 1.75 - 1.63 (m, 1H).

Step 6: Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 1)

A stirred solution of 4-hydroxybutyl nitrate (prepared in Step 5) (2.0 g, 14.8 mmol) and 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l-yl )butanoic acid (prepared in Step 2) (3.70 g, 14.8 mmol) in dry CH 2 C1 2 cooled to 0°C was added with EDC (3.12 g, 16.28 mmol, 1.1 eq) and a catalytic amount of DMAP (0.05g). The reaction was stirred for 5 h at this temperature and then washed with water, HCl 1M, water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage System, 2 SNAP Cartridge silica 340 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 85/15 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 during 8 CV) affording the title compound as a yellow oil (5.02 g, Yield: 92%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 4.45 (t, J = 6.2, 2H), 4.01 (t, J = 6.1, 2H), 2.98 (s, 2H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.94 (s, 6H), 1.82 - 1.62 (m, 4H), 1.42 (s, 6H). Example 2

Synthesis of 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 2)

Step 1 : Synthesis of 6-Nitrooxy-hexan-l-ol

,ONCL

A solution of 6-bromohexan-l-ol (2.2 mL, 16.6 mmol) in CH3CN (100 mL) was added with silver nitrate (5.95 g, 35 mmol, 2 eq). The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 3 days. The reaction was quenched by addition of a solution of brine. After 15 min of stirring, the solution was filtered, extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with H 2 0, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 80/20 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 50/50 during 12 CV) to give the desired product as a colorless oil (2.34 g, Yield:86%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) 4.47 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (t, J = 6.1 Hz, 2H), 1.77 (m, 2H), 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.48 (m, 4H), 1.27 (s, 1H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate

A stirred solution of 6-hydroxyhexyl nitrate (164 mg, 1.0 mmol) and 3-methyl-3- (2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l-yl)butanoic acid (prepared in Example 1 , Step 2) (250 mg, 1.0 mmol) in dry CH2C12 cooled to 0°C was added with EDC (202 mg, 1.1 mmol, 1.1 eq) and a catalytic amount of DMAP (0.02g). The reaction was stirred for 16 h from 0°C to rt. The reaction was washed with water, HC1 1M, water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 85/15 to n- hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 during 8 CV) affording the title compound as a yellow oil (286 mg, Yield: 72%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 4.44 (t, J = 6.6, 2H), 3.97 (t, J = 6.6, 2H), 2.97 (s, 2H), 2.12 (s, 3H), 1.94 (d, J = 10.4, 6H), 1.77 - 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.63 - 1.50 (m, 2H), 1.47 - 1.41 (m, 6H), 1.41 - 1.30 (m, 4H).

Example 3

Synthesis of 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 3)

Synthesis of 4-(2,5-dihydroxy-3,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4-phenylbutanoic acid

The reaction was performed according to conditions described by Mitsuru et al, J. Med. Chem. Soc, 1989, 32, 2214-2221.

Boron trifluoride etherate (0.25 ml; 1.99 mmol) was added dropwise to a mixture of trimethylhydroquinone (1.0 g; 6.57 mmol) and Y-phenyl-y-butyro lactone (1.1 g; 6.57 mmol) in toluene (70 ml) at 60°C during 10 minutes. The mixture was stirred for further 2 hours and then the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage system, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, EtOAc in n-hexane from 9% to 60% in 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.74 g; Yield: 36%) as an orange solid.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.39 - 7.07 (m, 5H), 4.72 - 4.25 (m, 3H), 2.74 - 2.25 (m, 4H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.08 (s, 3H), 1.98 (m, 2H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l- yl)butanoic acid

To a solution of 4-(2,5-dihydroxy-3,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4-phenylbutanoic acid (0.74 g; 2.33 mmol) in CH 3 CN:H 2 0 1 : 1 (50 ml), Ammonium cerium nitrate (3.3 g; 5.87 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred 3 hours at room temperature then was poured into H 2 0 (30 ml). Et 2 0 (20 ml) was added, the two phases were separated and the organic layer was extracted with Et 2 0 (2X20 ml). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried on Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated affording 560 mg of the title compound without any further purification.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.40 - 7.06 (m, 5H), 4.35 (t, J = 7.6, 1H), 2.77 - 2.25 (m, 4H), 2.15 - 2.03 (m, 3H), 1.97 (m, 6H).

Step 3: Synthesis of 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (compound (3))

To a solution of 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l- yl)butanoic acid (0.29g; 0.92 mmol) and 6-Nitrooxy-hexan-l-ol (synthesized in Example 2, step 1) (0.17mg; 0.92 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 ml), l-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (EDC) (0.29g; 1.38 mmol) and DMAP cat. were added. The solution was stirred 30 minutes at 0°C and 4 hours at room temperature then washed with a solution of NaH 2 P0 4 5% (5 ml), H 2 0 (5 ml) and brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SP1 instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 50 g, Hex/EtOAc 9: 1, 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.35 g; Yield:83%)

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.37 - 7.08 (m, 5H), 4.44 (t, 2H), 4.38 - 4.27 (m, 1H), 4.06 (t, 2H), 2.68 - 2.52 (m, 1H), 2.52 - 2.35 (m, 1H), 2.35 - 2.26 (m, 2H), 2.07 (s, 3H), 1.97 (m, 6H), 1.80 - 1.66 (m, 2H), 1.66 - 1.52 (m, 2H), 1.50 - 1.29 (m, 4H).

Example 4

Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(3-methyl-l,4-dioxo-l,4- dihydronaphthalen-2-yl)butanoate (Compound 4)

Methanesulfonic acid (30 mL) was heated at 70°C. In parallel, 2- methylnaphthalene-l,4-diol (4.75 g, 25.0 mmol) and methyl 3-methylbut-2-enoate (2.85 g, 25.0 mmol, 1 eq) were added quickly and the reaction was heated for 2 h at this temperature. The reaction was then poured in water and, after cooling, was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were washed successively with water, saturated NaHC0 3 , water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified flash chromatography (Biotage System, 2 SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 90/10 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 during 10 CV) affording the title compound as a pale yellowish solid (2.26 g, Yield: 35%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.90 (d, J = 8.3, 2H), 7.45 (d, J = 8.0, 2H), 3.88 -

3.67 (m, 2H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 1.56 (s, 6H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 3-methyl-3-(3-methyl-l,4-dioxo-l,4-dihydronaphthalen-2- yl)butanoic acid

A stirred solution of 6-hydroxy-4,4,5-trimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[h]chromen- 2-one (1.2 g, 4.44 mmol) in 10% aqueous acetonitrile (100 mL) was added with a solution of freshly recrystallised NBS (0.8 g, 4.44 mmol, 1 eq) in acetonitrile (20 mL). The reaction was stirred for lh and then diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with Et 2 0 (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 to n- hexane/ethyl acetate 50/50 during 8 CV) affording the title compound as a yellow oil (0.86 g, Yield: 68%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 12.11 (m, 1H), 8.06-7.99 (m, 1H), 7.87 - 7.78 (m,

1H), 7.70 - 7.58 (m, 2H), 3.02 (s, 2H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.44 (s, 6H).

Step 3: 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(3-methyl-l,4-dioxo-l,4-dihydronaphthalen- 2-yl)butanoate (Compound 4)

A solution of 4-hydroxybutyl nitrate (synthesized in Example 1, steps 1, 2 and 3) (150 mg, 1.11 mmol) and 3-methyl-3-(3-methyl-l,4-dioxo-l,4-dihydronaphthalen-2- yl)butanoic acid (303 mg, 1.11 mmol, 1 eq) in dry CH 2 CI 2 cooled to 0°C was added with EDC (234 mg, 1.22 mmol, 1.1 eq) and a catalytic amount of DMAP. The reaction was stirred for 6h at 0°C and then washed with water, HCl 0.1 M, water and brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 80/20 to n- hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 during 8 CV) affording the title compound as a yellow oil (268 mg, yield: 62%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.02 (dd, J = 6.1, 2.9, 1H), 7.89 - 7.80 (m, 1H), 7.70 - 7.58 (m, 2H), 4.36 (t, J = 6.3, 2H), 3.94 (t, J = 6.2, 2H), 3.10 (s, 2H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 1.67 (dt, J = 10.8, 6.1, 2H), 1.65-1.45 (m, 14H).

Example 5

Synthesis of 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 5)

Step 1 : Synthesis of 4-(2,5-dihydroxy-3,4,6-trimethylphi fluorophenyl)butanoic acid

The reaction was performed according to conditions described by Mitsuru et al, J. Med. Chem. Soc, 1989, 32, 2214-2221.

Boron trifluoride etherate (0.21 ml; 1.65 mmol) was added dropwise to a mixture of trimethylhydroquinone (0.50 g; 3.30 mmol) and Y-(4-fluorophenyl)-Y-butyro lactone (0.59 g; 3.30 mmol) in toluene (10 ml) at 60°C during 10 minutes. The mixture was stirred for further 2 hours and then the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage system, SNAP Cartridge silica 50 g, EtOAc in n-hexane from 9% to 60% in 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.48 g; Yield: 43%>) as an orange solid.

Step 2: Synthesis of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa- l,4-dien-l-yl)butanoic acid

To a solution of 4-(2,5-dihydroxy-3,4,6-trimethylphenyl)-4-(4- fluorophenyl)butanoic acid (0.48 g; 1.44 mmol) in CH3CN:H 2 0 1 : 1 (40 ml), ammonium cerium nitrate (2.04 g; 3.60 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred 3 hours at room temperature then was poured into H 2 0 (30 ml). Et 2 0 (20 ml) was added, the two phases were separated and the organic layer was extracted with Et 2 0 (2X20 ml). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried on Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated affording 430 mg of the title compound without any further purification.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.32 - 7.19 (m, 3H), 6.97 (m, 2H), 4.29 (t, J = 7.6, 1H), 2.70 - 2.25 (m, 4H), 2.10 (s, 3H), 2.03 - 1.89 (m, 6H).

Step 3: 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 5)

To a solution of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4 - dien-l-yl)butanoic acid (0.22g; 0.66 mmol) and 6-Nitrooxy-hexan-l-ol (synthesised in Example 2, step 1) (0.12 mg; 0.66 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (5 ml), l-Ethyl-3-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC) (0.19 g; 0.98 mmol) and DMAP cat. were added. The solution was stirred 30 minutes at 0°C and 4 hours at room temperature then washed with a solution of NaH 2 P0 4 5% (5 ml), H 2 0 (5 ml) and brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SPl instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 50 g, Hex/EtOAc 9: 1, 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.18 g; Yield: 58%)

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.36 - 7.17 (m, 3H), 7.05 - 6.88 (m, 2H), 4.44 (t, 2H), 4.28 (t, 1H), 4.06 (t, 2H), 2.67 - 2.33 (m, 2H), 2.33 - 2.22 (m, 2H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1.80 - 1.55 (m, 4H), 1.49 - 1.30 (m, 4H).

Example 6

Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 6)

Step 1 : Synthesis of 4-chlorobutyl 4-nitrobenzoate

To a solution of 4-Chlorobutanol (1.09 g; 10.04 mmol) and TEA (1.7 ml; 12.05 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (25 ml) cooled at 0°C, 4-Nitrobenzoyl chloride (2.23 g; 12.05 mmol) was added portionwise. The mixture was stirred 2 hours at room temperature then was washed with NaH2P04 (25 ml), H 2 0 and brine. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SPl instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 100 g, n-Hexane/EtOAc 9: 1, 10 CV) affording the title compound (2.48 g; Yield: 96%)

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.38-8.25 (m, 2H), 8.25-8.14 (m, 2H), 4.55-4.33 (m, 2H), 3.73-3.53 (m, 2H), 2.13-1.85 (m, 4H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-nitrobenzoate

To a solution of 4-chlorobutyl 4-nitrobenzoate (2.48 g; 9.62 mmol) in CH 3 CN (40 ml), Nal (5.77 g, 38.30 mmol) was added. The mixture was heated in a microwave apparatus (40 minutes; 120°C) then the salts were filtered off and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure. EtOAc (50 ml) was added and the solution was washed with a solution of Na 2 S 2 C"5 5% (50 ml), H 2 0 and brine. The organic layer was dried on Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in CH 3 CN (40 ml) and AgN03 (1.97 g; 11.54 mmol) was added. The mixture was heated at the mw for 15 minutes at 120°C then the salts were filtered off and the solvent evaporated under reduced pressure. EtOAc (30 ml) was added, the precipitate was removed again by filtration and the solvent was evaporated. This procedure was repeated three times then the organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SPl instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 100 g, EtOAc in n-hexane from 5% to 40% in 10 CV) affording the title compound (2.50 g; Yield:93%>) as a clear oil.

Step 3: Synthesis of 4-hydroxybutyl nitrate To a solution of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-nitrobenzoate (2.5 g; 8.76 mmol) in THF (30ml) cooled at 0°C, NaOH 2M (8.7 ml; 17.53 mmol) was added dropwise. The solution was stirred 4 hours at room temperature then was diluted with NaHC03 sutured solution (20 ml) and extracted with CH 2 CL 2 (3x30 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SP1 instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 50 g, EtOAc in n-hexane from 10% to 100% in 10 CV) affording the title compound (l .Og; Yield: 85%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 4.50 (td, J = 6.5, 2H), 3.70 (t, J = 6.2, 2H), 1.95 - 1.76 (m, 2H), 1.76 - 1.59 (m, 2H).

Step 4: Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 6)

To a solution of 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l- yl)butanoic acid (synthesized in Example 3, steps 1 and 2) (0.27 g; 0.86 mmol) and 4- hydroxybutyl nitrate (0.15 mg; 0.86 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (4 ml), l-Ethyl-3-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC) (0.25g; 1.30 mmol) and DMAP cat. were added. The solution was stirred 30 minutes at 0°C and 4 hours at room temperature then washed with a solution of NaH 2 P0 4 5% (5 ml), H 2 0 (5 ml) and brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SP1 instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 50 g, Hex/EtOAc 9: 1, 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.23 g; Yield: 62%)as an orange oil.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.38 - 7.11 (m, 5H), 4.47 (m, 2H), 4.34 (t, J = 7.7, 1H), 4.09 (t, J = 6.0, 2H), 2.73 - 2.52 (m, 1H), 2.52 - 2.23 (m, 3H), 2.07 (s, 3H), 1.97 (m, 6H), 1.89 - 1.65 (m, 4H). Example 7

Synthesis of 4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 7)

(?)

To a solution of 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4 - dien-l-yl)butanoic acid (synthesized in Example 5, steps 1 and 2) (0.19 g; 0.57 mmol) and 4-hydroxybutyl nitrate (synthesized in Example 6, steps 1,2 and 3) (0.10 mg; 0.57 mmol) in CH 2 CI 2 (4 ml), l-Ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC) (0.16 g; 0.86 mmol) and DMAP cat. were added. The solution was stirred 30 minutes at 0°C and 4 hours at room temperature then washed with a solution of NaH 2 P0 4 5% (5 ml), H 2 0 (5 ml) and brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SPl instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 50 g, n-Hexane/EtOAc 9: 1, 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.15 g; Yield: 59%)as an orange oil.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.35 - 7.15 (m, 2H), 7.06 - 6.87 (m, 2H), 4.47 (m, 2H), 4.28 (t, J = 7.7, 1H), 4.09 (t, J = 6.0, 2H), 2.68 - 2.22 (m, 4H), 2.08 (s, 3H), 1.97 (m, 6H), 1.86 - 1.65 (m, 4H). Example 8

Synthesis of (5S,6R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)heptyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,

Step 1 : Synthesis of hex-5-enyl 4-nitrobenzoate

At 0°C, a solution of 5-hexen-l-ol (19.4 mL; 161.54 mmol) in dichloromethane (513 mL), was added with p-nitrobenzoyl chloride (35.97 g, 193.85 mmol) followed by a solution of triethylamine (27.0 mL, 193.85 mmol) in dichloromethane (150 mL) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 21 hours, then washed with water, 1M aqueous HCl, brine. The organic layer was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage System, two SNAP Cartridge silica 340 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 90/10 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 50/50 during 12 CV) to give the title compound as a yellow oil (40.00 g, 99%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.30 (dt, J = 9.0, 3.0 Hz, 2H), 8.22 (dt, J = 9.0, 3.0 Hz, 2H), 5.83 (1H, ddt, J = 16.9, 10.2, 6.7 Hz), 4.95-5.11 (2H, m), 4.39 (2H, t, J = 6.6 Hz), 2.15 (2H, m), 1.84 (2H, m)1.50-1.66 (2H, m).

Step 2: Synthesis of (5S)-5,6-dihydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

To a vigorously stirred solution of commercially available "AD mix a" (112.5 g) in 1 : 1 water/t-butanol (822 mL), at 0°C, hex-5-enyl 4-nitrobenzoate was added (20.00 g, 80.23 mmol). The mixture was stirred vigorously at 4 °C (cold room) for 21 hours. The mixture was cooled to 0°C and ethyl acetate (450 mL) was added, followed by slow portionwise addition of sodium metabisulfite (33.1 g). The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 30 minutes, then at ambient temperature for 1 hour. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by filtration over a short pad of silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate, gave the title compound as an off-white solid (21.90 g, 96%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.30 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.21 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 4.39 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 3.80-3.62 (2H, m), 3.47 (1H, m), 2.59 (bs, 1H), 2.42 (bs, 1H), 1.90-1.75 (2H, m), 1.73 - 1.45 (4H, m).

Step 3: Synthesis of (5S)-6-triphenylmethyloxy-5-hydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

A solution of (5S)-5,6-dihydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (13.46 g, 47.53 mmol) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (123 mL), under N 2 , was added with triphenylchloromethane (14.57 g, 52.28 mmol), followed by triethylamine (7.29 mL, 52.28 mmol) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (581 mg, 4.75 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 23 hours. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with diethyl ether ( x 3). The combined organic extracts were washed with saturated aqueous NH 4 C1 and water, then dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by flash chromatography, eluting with 20% ethyl acetate/hexane to 50% ethyl acetate/n-hexane gave the title compound as pale yellow oil

(20.90 g, 84%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.28 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 8.20 (d, J

7.49-7.42 (m, 6H), 7.36-7.23 (m, 9H), 4.36 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (dp, J 1H), 3.21 (dd, J = 9.3, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 3.07 (dd, J = 9.2, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 2.36 (d, J = 2.9 Hz, 1H), 1.86 - 1.72 (m, 2H), 1.56 - 1.38 (m, 4H).

Step 4: Synthesis of (5S)-6-triphenylmethyloxy-5-tert-butyldiphenylsilyloxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

A solution of (5S)-6-triphenylmethyloxy-5-hydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (7.10 g, 13.51 mmol) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (65 mL), under N 2 , was added with imidazole (1.84 g, 27.02 mmol) and the solution cooled to 0°C. tert-Butyldiphenylsilyl chloride (7.03 mL, 27.02 mmol) was added and the solution stirred at 0°C for 10 minutes, then at ambient temperature for 15 hours. The mixture was poured into water and extracted with diethyl ether. The combined organics were dried (Na 2 S04) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by flash chromatography, eluting with 5% ethyl acetate/n-hexane gave the title compound as off- white foam (5.29 g, 51%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.28 - 8.20 (m, 2H), 8.19 - 8.09 (m, 2H), 7.67 - 7.53 (m, 4H), 7.48 - 7.11 (m, 21H), 4.22 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.97 - 3.87 (m, 1H), 3.15 (dd, J = 9.3, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (dd, J = 9.2, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 1.78 - 1.44 (m, 4H), 1.27 (m, 2H), 1.02 (s, 9H).

Step 5: Synthesis of (5S)-5-tert-butyldiphenyloxy-6-hydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

A solution of (5S)-6-triphenylmethyloxy-5-tert-butyldiphenyl silyloxyhexyl-4- nitrobenzoate (4.06 g, 5.32 mmol) in dichloromethane (15 mL) was added with methanol (157 mL) and p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate (202 mg, 1.06 mmol). The solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 17 hours. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 , water, then brine. The organic layer was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 340 g, eluent: n-hexane/ethyl acetate 90/10 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 during 12 CV) gave the title compound as a pale yellow oil (1.33 g, 48%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.32 - 8.26 (m, 2H), 8.20 - 8.15 (m, 2H), 7.73 - 7.66 (m, 5H), 7.48 - 7.35 (m, 5H), 4.25 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 3.83 (dt, J = 10.3, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.52 (ddd, J = 1 1.4, 5.9, 3.7 Hz, 1H), 3.58 (ddd, J = 1 1.4, 4.8, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 1.79 (bs, 1H), 1.70 - 1.46 (m, 4H), 1.36 (dd, J = 15.0, 7.4 Hz, 2H), 1.09 (s, 9H).

Step 6: Synthesis of (5S)-5-tert-butyldiphenylsilyloxy-6-oxo hexyl 4- nitrobenzoate

A 0.4 M solution of (5S)-5-tert-butyldiphenyloxy-6-hydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (9.29 g, 17.81 mmol) in dichloromethane (44.5 mL) was added with silica-supported TEMPO (307 mg; 0.178 mmol), followed by a 0.5 M solution aqueous KBr (3.53 mL). The mixture was cooled to 0°C and stirred vigorously. A 0.37 M solution of NaOCl (10- 15% active CI) (13.73 mL) in water (46.30 mL) was added and the mixture buffered with solid NaHC0 3 . The mixture was stirred vigorously at 0 °C for 3.5 hours The solids were removed by filtration and washed well with dichloromethane and water. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous extracted with dichloromethane. The combined organics were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure to give the title compound as crude pale yellow oil (9.09 g, 98%) for use directly without further purification.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 9.64 (d, J = 1.4 Ηζ,ΙΗ), 8.30 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.19 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 7.75-7.60 (m, 4H), 7.55-7.35 (m, 6H), 4.30 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.09 (td, J = 5.6, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 1.90-1.35 (m, 6H), 1.12 (9H, s).

Step 7: Synthesis of (5S,6R)-6-hydroxy-5-terbutyldiphenyl silyloxyheptyl 4- nitrobenzoate and (5S,6S)-6-hydroxy-5-terbuty diphenylsilyloxyheptyl 4-nitrobenzoate

5S.6R (major) ss,6S (minor)

A 250 mL schlenk flask (dried and flushed with N 2 ) was added with (lR,2S)-(+)- (dibutylamino)-l -phenyl- 1-propanol (3.28 g, 12.45 mmol, 1 eq) followed by a 2 M solution of dimethylzinc in toluene (37.35 mL, 74.7 mmol, 6 eq). The resulting yellow solution was cooled to 0°C and a solution of (5S)-5-tert-butyldiphenylsilyloxy-6-oxohexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (6.47 g, 12.45 mmol) in anhydrous toluene (40 mL) was added slowly. The solution was stirred at 0°C for 10 minutes then allowed to warm to ambient temperature and stirred for 18 hours. The solution was cooled to 0°C and slowly quenched by addition of saturated aqueous NH 4 C1 (75 mL). The mixture was allowed to warm to ambient temperature and extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organics were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by flash chromatography, eluting with 15% ethyl acetate/n-hexane to 25% ethyl acetate/n-hexane gave the title compound, a yellow oil (4.31 g, 65%>), as an inseparable mixture of the diastereoisomers 5S,6R (major) and 5S,6S (minor).

(5S,6R)-major diastereoisomer

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.29 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H). 8.16 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 7.75-7.65 (4H, m), 7.50-7.30 (6H, m), 4.20 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.83 (m, 1H), 3.72 (m, 1H), 2.09 (d, J = 4.9 Hz, 1H), 1.65-1.20 (m, 6H), 1.12 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 3H), 1.09 (s, 9H).

(5S,6S)-minor diastereoisomer:

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.29 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.16 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 7.75-7.65 (m, 4H), 7.30-7.50 (m, 6H), 4.20 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.71 (1H, m), 3.60 (1H, m), 2.21 (d, J = 6.1 Hz, 1H), 1.65-1.20 (m, 6H), 1.16 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 3H), 1.09 (s, 9H).

Step 8: Synthesis of (5S,6R)-5,6-dihydroxyheptyl 4-nitrobenzoate

A solution of (5S,6R)-6-hydroxy-5-terbutyldiphenyl silyloxyheptyl 4- nitrobenzoate (805 mg, 1.50 mmol) in diethyl ether (50 mL) was added with a 3% solution of HC1 in methanol, dropwise (made from addition of acetyl chloride (2.00 mL) to methanol (50 mL)). The solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 41 hours. Amberlite IRA 400 (OH) resin was added and the mixture stirred for 1 hour, with further addition of the resin until the pH = 7 / 8. The resin was filtered off and washed with ethyl acetate, then methanol. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue partitioned between ethyl acetate and saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 and the aqueous extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organics were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by flash chromatography, eluting with 10% ethyl acetate/hexane to 90% ethyl acetate/n-hexane, gave the title compound, a pale yellow oil (189 mg, 42%>), as a mixture of the diastereoisomers 5S,6R (major) and 5S,6S (minor). Diastereoisomeric excess (5S,6R) = 56.4%>.

The diastereoisomers were separated by preparative HPLC (conditions: column

Phenomenex Gemini phenyl-hexyl 100x21.2 mm/5 m. Mobile phase: A: water + 0.1% Formic acid; B: methanol + 0.1% formic acid. Flow rate: 25 mL/min.

Gradient profile: time 0 min: 45% AJ 55% B; 5.5 min: 40% Al 60% B; 5.6 min: 0% AJ 100% B; 7.6 min: 0% AJ 100% B; 7.7 min: 45% AJ 55% B. Detector: δ: 254 nm) to give compound H as a white solid (135 mg). Enantiomeric excess /diastereomeric excess = 72.1%.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.32 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.23 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 4.42, (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 3.84 (m, 1H), 3.66 (m, 1H), 1.42-2.0 (m, 8H), 1.19 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 3H).

Alternative deprotection procedure

A stirred solution of (5S,6R)-6-hydroxy-5-terbutyldiphenyl silyloxyheptyl 4- nitrobenzoate (2.96 g, 5.52 mmol) in acetonitrile (60 mL) was added at 0°C with borontrifluoride - diethyletherate (3.5 mL, 5 eq) and the reaction was stirred at RT for 6h. The reaction was cooled to 0°C before quenching with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) and the organic layer was separated, washed successively with water and brine (5 mL each), dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage System, 2 x SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: gradient n-hexane/ethyl acetate 35/65 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 30/70 during 7 CV) to give the title compound as a colourless oil (1.47 g, 90%>) as a mixture of the diastereoisomers 5S,6R (major) and 5S,6S (minor).

The diastereoisomers were separated by preparative HPLC (conditions: column Phenomenex Gemini phenyl-hexyl 100x21.2 mm/5 m to give the major diastereoisomer as a white solid (1.09 g, 66%).

Step 9: Synthesis of (5S,6R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)heptyl 4-nitrobenzoate A stirred solution of (5S,6R)-5,6-dihydroxyheptyl 4-nitrobenzoate (400 mg, 1.34 mmol), tetrabutylammonium nitrate (863 mg, 2.82 mmol, 2.1 eq) and 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4- methylpyridine (580 mg, 2.82 mmol, 2.1 eq) in dry CH 2 CI 2 cooled to -78°C was added dropwise with triflic anhydride (0.778 g, 2.75 mmol, 2.05 eq) and the reaction was stirred for lh at -78°C and left to turn back to rt. The reaction was then quenched with water and the organic layer was separated, washed with water and brine, dried on sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SP4, SNAP 100 column, EtOAc in n-hexane from 20% to 30% in 10 CV) affording the title compound as an yellow oil (406 mg, Yield: 77%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.32 (dt, J = 9.0 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.22 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 5.30 (m, 1H), 4.42 (td, J = 6.4 Hz, 1H), 1.95-1.55 (m, 6H), 1.43 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3H).

Step 10: Synthesis of (lR,2S)-6-hydroxy-l-methyl-2-(nitrooxy) hexyl nitrate

A solution of (5S,6R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)heptyl 4-nitrobenzoate (163 mg, 0.42 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (1.27 mL) and ethanol (1.27 mL), was added with a 1 M aqueous NaOH solution (546 μΐ,, 0.546 mmol). The resulting yellow solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1.5 hours. The solvent was concentrated under reduced pressure and the aqueous residue partitioned between ethyl acetate and saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 . The organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 and the aqueous back-extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organics were dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and the solvent concentrated to a small volume (2 mL). The product was carefully purified by flash chromatography (Biotage System, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: gradient n- hexane/ethyl acetate 75/25 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 50/50 during 8 CV) to give the separation of the two diastereoisomers and the title compound as a colourless oil (0.147 g, 90%). An optimal separation could be obtained using a Thar Investigator SFC system using the following conditions:

Column: CHIRALPACK IB 250x10 mm (5 μπι)

Cosolvent: n-Hexane/2-Propanol 1/1

Isocratic elution: C0 2 / co-solvent 90/10

Flow 10 ml/min T column: 40°C Injection volume: 80μ1 Detector wavelength:

210nm

Run time: 8.5 min Cycle time: 3 min Injected amount: 14-16 mg

(Sample preparation: 800 mg of crude compound were solubilized in 4 ml of MeOH)

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 5.25-5.34 (m, 2H), 3.70 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 2H), 1.47- 1.85 (m, 7H), 1.42 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H).

Step 11 : Synthesis of (5S,6R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)heptyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5- trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (compound 8)

A stirred solution of 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l- yl)butanoic acid (Prepared in Example 1, Step 2) (146 mg, 0.583 mmol, 1 eq) and (lR,2S)-6-hydroxy-l-methyl-2-(nitrooxy)hexyl nitrate (140 mg, 0.583 mmol) in dry CH 2 C1 2 cooled to 0°C was added with EDC (117 mg, 0.612 mmol, 1.05 eq) and a catalytic amount of DMAP. The reaction was stirred at this temperature for 5h and then washed with water, HCl 0.1 M, water and brine. The organic solution was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SP4 system, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, eluent: gradient n-hexane/ethyl acetate 80/20 to n-hexane/ethyl acetate 70/30 during 8 CV) to give the title compound as a yellow oil (210 mg, 76%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 5.32 - 5.17 (m, 2H), 3.99 (t, J = 6.2, 2H), 2.98 (s,

2H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.98 - 1.94 (m, 6H), 1.76 - 1.45 (m, 15H), 1.43 (s, 6H), 1.39 (d, J = 6.7, 3H). Example 9

Synthesis of (4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxo cyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)-4-phenylbutanoate (Compound 9)

Step 1 : Synthesis of 4-(2,5-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxy-6-methylphenyl)-4- phenylbutanoic acid

The reaction was performed according to conditions described by Mitsuru et al, J. Med. Chem. Soc, 1989, 32, 2214-2221.

Boron trifluoride etherate (0.23 ml; 1.59 mmol) was added dropwise to a mixture of 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene-l,4-diol(1.00 g; 5.49 mmol) and y-phenyl-y- butyrolactone (0.89 g; 5.49 mmol) in Toluene (55 ml) at 60°C during 10 minutes. The mixture was stirred for further 3 hours and then the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage system, SNAP Cartridge silica 100 g, EtOAc in n-hexane from 9% to 60% in 10 CV) affording the title compound (0.80 g; Yield: 42%) a pale yellow solid.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.44 - 7.10 (m, 5H), 5.42 (m, 2H), 4.49 (m, 1H), 3.99 - 3.81 (m, 6H), 2.77 - 2.47 (m, 2H), 2.47 - 2.29 (m, 2H), 2.10 (s, 3H).

Step 2: Synthesis of 4-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxo cyclohexa-l,4-dien-l- yl)-4-phenylbutanoic acid

To a solution of 4-(2,5-dihydroxy-3,4-dimethoxy-6-methylphenyl)-4- phenylbutanoic acid (0.40 g; 1.15 mmol) in CH 3 CN:H 2 0 1 : 1 (40 ml), Ammonium cerium nitrate (1.63 g; 2.89 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred 3 hours at room temperature then was poured into H 2 0 (30 ml). Et 2 0 (20 ml) was added, the two phases were separated and the organic layer was extracted with Et 2 0 (2X20 ml). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried on Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated affording 400 mg of the title compound without any further purification.

Step 3: Synthesis of (4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-4-phenylbutanoate (Compound 9)

To a solution of 4-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l-yl)- 4- phenylbutanoic acid (0.40 g; 0.57 mmol) and 4-hydroxybutyl nitrate (synthesized in Example 6, steps 1,2 and 3) (0.10 mg; 0.57 mmol) in CH 2 C1 2 (4 ml), l-Ethyl-3-(3- dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide (EDC) (0.16 g; 0.86 mmol) and DMAP cat. were added. The solution was stirred 30 minutes at 0°C and 4 hours at room temperature then washed with a solution of NaH 2 P0 4 5% (5 ml), H 2 0 (5 ml) and brine. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage SPl instrument, SNAP cartridge silica 25 g, Hex/EtOAc 8:2, 10 CV) affording the title compound (95 mg; Yield: 36%) as a red oil.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 7.38 - 7.15 (m, 5H), 4.49 (m, 2H), 4.35 (t, J = 7.7, 1H), 4.1 1 (t, J = 6.0, 2H), 3.98 (s, 6H), 2.74 - 2.52 (m, 1H), 2.52 - 2.25 (m, 3H), 2.09 (s, 3H), 1.89 - 1.66 (m, 4H). Example 10: In vitro Antioxidant activity (TBARS test)

The antioxidant properties of compound (1) (Example 1), its precursor (3-methyl- 3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien-l-yl)butanoic acid, (Intermediate 2) (Example 1 , Step 2) and reference antioxidant compounds were assessed after NADPH- induced lipidic peroxidation of membrane lipids in rat hepatic microsomes using the detection of 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) by visible spectroscopy.

Hepatic microsomal membranes from male Wistar rats (200-250 g) were prepared by differential centrifugation (8000 g, 20 min; 120000 g, 1 h) in a HEPES/sucrose buffer (10 mM, 250 mM, pH 7.4) and stored at -80°C. Incubation was performed at 37°C in a Tris-HCl/KCl (100 mM/150 mM, pH 7.4) containing microsomal membranes (2 mg prot/mL), sodium ascorbate (100 μΜ), and DMSO solutions of the tested compounds. Lipid peroxidation was initiated by adding ADP-FeCl3 and NADPH (Method A) or 2.5 μΜ FeS0 4 (Method B) (as described by Boschi D. et al, J. Med. Chem. 2006, 49:2886- 2897). Aliquots were taken from the incubation mixture at 5, 15, and 30 min and treated with trichloroacetic acid (TCA) 10% w/v. Lipid peroxidation was assessed by spectrophotometric (543 nm) determination of the TBARS consisting mainly of malondialdehyde (MDA). TBARS concentrations (expressed in nmol/mg protein) were obtained by interpolation with a MDA standard curve. The antioxidant activity of tested compounds was evaluated as the percent inhibition of TBARS production with respect to control samples, using the values obtained after 30 min of incubation. IC 50 values were calculated by nonlinear regression analysis.

The results reported in Table 1, showed that compound (1) inhibited in a concentration-dependent manner the generation of TBARS with a potency (IC 50 = 28 μΜ) that is comparable to well known antioxidant compounds as ferulic or caffeic acids, edavarone or melatonin. Table 1 : In vitro Antioxidant activity (TBARS test)

Antioxidant activity

Compound Method

IC 50 μΜ (CL 95%)

Compound (1) 28 (25 - 31) A

Intermediate 2 157(79-309) A

Ferulic acid 50.5 ± 0.4 a B

Caffeic acid 33 (32-34) B

Edavarone 17 (15-18) b B

Melatonin 476 (442-512) c B

Results are expressed as IC 50 of inhibition of TBARS production after 30 min incubation at 37°C

Method A: inhibition of rat hepatic lipid peroxidation induced by ADP-FeCl3 and NADPH.

Method B: inhibition of rat hepatic lipid peroxidation induced by FeS04 and ascorbic acid

a tested at ImM concentration;

bChegaev,K. et al. J. Med. Chem. 2009, 52:574-578:

cChegaev,K. et al. J. Pineal Res. 2007, 42:371-385

Example 11: Pharmacokinetic (PK) profile in rats

The absorption and in vivo NO-donating property of the compounds of the invention were assessed by the evaluation of blood 15 N-nitrite levels following oral administration.

Tested compounds:

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (1) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound (1)); 6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (2) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound 2);

6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (3) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound 3);

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 3-methyl-3-(3-methyl-l,4-dioxo-l,4-dihydro naphthalen-2- yl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (4) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N- Compound 4);

6-(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (5) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound 5);

4-(nitrooxy)butyl 4-phenyl-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (6) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound 6);

4- (nitrooxy)butyl 4-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclo hexa-1,4- dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (7) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound 7);

(5S,6R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)heptyl-3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl- 3,6-dioxo cyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate (which corresponds to compound (8) containing nitrogen- 15 ( 15 N-Compound 8);

5- isorbide mononitrate containing nitrogen-15 (5-ISM 15 N).

15 N-labelled compounds (l)-(8) were dissolved in a mixture of 1% aqueous methocel and DMSO 98 / 2 (v/v) and orally administered to cannulated male SD rats at a dose of 30 mg/kg. At each time point (5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 180, 360 and 1440 minutes) 100 μΐ, of blood sample were immediately protein crushed using using 300 μΙ_, of acetonitrile, vortex mixed and centrifuged 10 min at 4°C (3200g); The supernatant was transferred to a clean plate pending the nitrite quantification. The quantification is based on conversion of 15 N0 2 ~ to 15 N-naphthotriazole using 1 ,2-diaminonaphtalene in acidic conditions, followed by quantification by LC-MS/MS. A group of samples of rat blood freshly spiked with known concentration of 15 N0 2 " was added to evaluate the degree of conversion of nitrite to naphthotriazole.

A calibration curve (CC) for 15 N-naphthotriazole in mouse blood was prepared in the range 0.01 - 30 μΜ. To do this, working solutions (WS) of 15 N-naphthotriazole in DMSO were prepared by serial dilution of a lOmM stock solution to the following final concentrations:

WS (μΜ) 150 / 50 / 15 / 5 / 1.5 / 0.5 / 0.15 / 0.05

2 mL of mouse blood were protein precipitated using 6 mL of acetonitrile; 200 μΙ_, of deproteinized matrix were spiked with 10 of each working solution to create a calibration curve for 15 N-naphthotriazole in the matrix to the following final nominal concentrations:

CC (μΜ) 30 / 10 / 3 / 1 / 0.3 / 0.1 / 0.03 / 0.01

Four working solutions of Na 15 N0 2 in water were prepared by serial dilution of a 10 mM stock solution to the following final concentrations:

WS (μΜ) 250 / 25 / 2.5 / 0

693 μΙ_, of deproteinized matrix were spiked with 7 μΙ_, of each working solution to create spikes of 15 N-naphthotriazole in the matrix to the following final nominal concentrations:

CC (μΜ) 10/ 1 / 0.1 / 0

To obtain 15 N-nitrite to 15 N-naphthotriazole conversion, 200 μΐ ^ οΐ deproteinized blood samples or spiked samples were spiked with 10 μΙ_, of 1 ,2-diaminonaphtalene 10 " 3 M in HCl 0.5M and shaken for 20 minutes at room temperature. To stop conversion, 10 μΙ_, of NaOH 1M and 10 μΙ_, of DMSO were added to all the samples.

The analytical conditions were as follows:

LC system Agilent 1200 series

Column Synergi Fusion-RP 50 x 2.0 mm (2.5 μ) @ 40°C Mobile Phase A. water + 0.1% formic acid

B. acetonitrile + 0.1% formic acid

Flow Rate 0.5mL/min

Gradient profile

Gradient profile:

Time: 0.0 0.5 1.5 2.0 2.1

A(%): 95 95 0 0 95

B(%): 5 5 100 100 5

Injection Volume 2 μΐ,

Mass Spectrometer API4000

Ionization mode ESI positive

Acquisition mode MRM - m/z 171.10 / 1 15.00

The raw data (average peak area at each time point) were interpolated using Analyst 1.4 software to obtain the concentration of 15 N-naphthotriazole at each time point. The concentration of 15 N-naphthotriazole in each sample was corrected by the 15 N- nitrite-to- 15 N-naphthotriazole conversion factor (CF) to obtain the original 15 N-nitrite concentration in the samples. The CF for each concentration of the spiked samples was calculated as:

where [ 15 NAT]sp x is 15 N-naphthotriazole concentration in the samples spiked at concentration x

[ 15 NAT]SPO is 15 N-naphthotriazole concentration in the unspiked samples

Cx is the nominal concentration of 15 N-nitrite in the sample The 15 N-nitrite-to- 15 N-naphthotriazole conversion factor (CF) used is the average of the CF obtained at the three different concentrations of the spiked samples.

SigmaPlot 9.0 software was used to calculate the AUCs for the experiment using the extrapolated concentrations at each time point. In Table 2 are reported 15 N-nitrite blood levels following oral administration of SD rats with 5-ISM 15 N (30 mg/kg) or with 15 N-labeled corresponding compounds of the invention (30 mg/kg).

All the compounds are able to release nitric oxide after oral administration in a range (Cmax).

Example 12: Skeletal muscle NO-release measurement

To assess the in vivo NO-release at the skeletal muscle level, cGMP and labelled nitrites were measured in tibialis anterior muscle homogenates following a single oral administration with the 15N-labeled Compound (1).

Fasted male CD1 mice (25-35 g, n=9 per group), obtained from Harlan Italy (Correzzana, Milan, Italy) were orally treated with tested compound (100 mg/kg) or vehicle (DMSO/Castor Oil/Tween80/Methocel 1% 2/5/5/88 v/v) in a total volume of 5 ml/kg by gavage. For the measurement of 15 N-labelled nitrites animals were treated with 15 N-labelled compounds. Then, lh after oral treatment animals were sacrificed with a lethal dose of tribromoethanol (Avertin® 250 mg/kg), given intraperitoneally, and tibialis anterior muscles were harvested, snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen and kept at -80°C until analysis. At the moment of analysis frozen muscles were homogenized in 10% trichloroacetic acid followed by centrifugation. The cGMP content was measured in the soluble fraction by Cayman Chemical kit.

The results reported in Table 3 showed that compound (1) at the dose of 100 mg/kg significantly increases skeletal muscle cGMP compared to animals treated with vehicle, thus suggesting that the compound is able to release NO and stimulate guanylate cyclase in the skeletal muscle.

Data are presented as mean ± SEM, *p<0.05 vs vehicle, n=9-17 mice/group.

1 5 N-labelled nitrites were also quantified. The quantification is based on conversion of 15 N0 2 ~ to 15 N-naphthotriazole using 1 ,2-diaminonaphtalene in acidic conditions, followed by quantification by LC-MS/MS. A group of samples of rat skeletal muscle freshly spiked with known concentration of 15 N0 2 " was added to evaluate the degree of conversion of nitrite to naphthotriazole.

Skeletal muscles were protein precipitated using 300 μΙ_, of acetonitrile, vortex mixed and centrifuged for 10 minutes at 4°C (3200g).

A calibration curve (CC) for 15 N-naphthotriazole in mouse blood was prepared in the range 0.01 - 30 μΜ. To do this, working solutions (WS) of 15 N-naphthotriazole in DMSO were prepared by serial dilution of a lOmM stock solution to the following final concentrations:

WS (μΜ) 150 / 50 / 15 / 5 / 1.5 / 0.5 / 0.15 / 0.05

2 mL of skeletal muscles were protein precipitated using 6 mL of acetonitrile; 200 of deproteinized matrix were spiked with 10 of each working solution to create a calibration curve for 15 N-naphthotriazole in the matrix to the following final nominal concentrations:

CC (μΜ) 30 / 10 / 3 / 1 / 0.3 / 0.1 / 0.03 / 0.01

Four working solutions of Na 15 N0 2 in water were prepared by serial dilution of a 10 mM stock solution to the following final concentrations:

WS (μΜ) 250 / 25 / 2.5 / 0

693 μΙ_, of deproteinized matrix were spiked with 7 μΙ_, of each working solution to create spikes of 15 N-naphthotriazole in the matrix to the following final nominal concentrations:

CC (μΜ) 10/ 1 / 0.1 / 0

To obtain 15 N-nitrite to 15 N-naphthotriazole conversion, 200 μί of skeletal muscles samples or spiked samples were spiked with 10 μΐ ^ οΐ 1 ,2-diaminonaphtalene 10 "3 M in HCl 0.5M and shaken for 20 minutes at room temperature. To stop conversion, 10 μΐ ^ of NaOH 1M and 10 μΙ_, of DMSO were added to all the samples.

The analytical conditions were as follows:

LC system Agilent 1200 series

Column Synergi Fusion-RP 50 x 2.0 mm (2.5μ) @ 40°C

Mobile Phase A. water + 0.1% formic acid

B. acetonitrile + 0.1% formic acid

Flow Rate 0.5mL/min

Gradient profile:

Time: 0.0 0.5 1.5 2.0 2.1

A(%): 95 95 0 0 95

B(%): 5 5 100 100 5 Injection Volume 2 μΙ_,

Mass Spectrometer API4000

Ionization mode ESI positive

Acquisition mode MRM - m/z 171.10 / 115.00

The raw data (average peak area at each time point) were interpolated using Analyst 1.4 software to obtain the concentration of 15 N-naphthotriazole at each time point. The concentration of 15 N-naphthotriazole in each sample was corrected by the 15 N- nitrite-to- 15 N-naphthotriazole conversion factor (CF) to obtain the original 15 N-nitrite concentration in the samples. The CF for each concentration of the spiked samples was calculated as:

CR [ 15 NAT] SPX - [ 15 NAT] SP0 , 100

Cx

where [ 15 NAT]sp x is 15 N-naphthotriazole concentration in the samples spiked at concentration x

[ 15 NAT] SPO is 15 N-naphthotriazole concentration in the unspiked samples Cx is the nominal concentration of 15 N-nitrite in the sample The 15 N-nitrite-to- 15 N-naphthotriazole conversion factor (CF) used is the average of the CF obtained at the three different concentrations of the spiked samples.

SigmaPlot 9.0 software was used to calculate the AUCs for the experiment using the extrapolated concentrations at each time point.

The results reported in Table 4 showed that compound (1) (dosed as ( 15 N- Compound 1) at the dose of 100 mg/kg generates a good amount of 15 N-labelled nitrites, which is a demonstration that the compound is able to release NO in the target organs. Table 4: 15 N-labelled nitrites measurement in CD1 mice tibialis anterior muscles following oral treatment

15 N-labelled nitrites content

Treatment

(μΜ)

15N-labelled Compound (1) 0.51±0.19

Data are presented as mean ± SEM

Example 13

Synthesis of (S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 15; (S)-isomer of compound (10))

Step 1 : synthesis of (5S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

To a stirred solution of fuming nitric acid (7.7 mL, 91.8 mmol, 10 eq) in dichloromethane (60 mL) at -78°C, was added sulfuric acid (4 mL) and after 5 mins of stirring, a solution of (5S)-5,6-dihydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (prepared in Example 8 Step 2) (5.2 g, 9.2 mmol) in dichloromethane (30 mL) was added and the reaction stirred at this temperature for 30 min. The crude mixture was then poured on ice and the organic layer extracted, washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, evaporated to give the title compound as pale yellow oil (6.8 g, 100%). The residue obtained was used in the next step without further purification.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.32 (d, J = 8.9 Hz, 2H), 8.26 - 8.15 (m, 2H), 5.39

- 5.25 (m, 1H), 4.78 (dd, J = 12.9, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (dd, J = 12.9, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.46 - 4.35 (m, 2H), 1.97 - 1.77 (m, 4H), 1.77 - 1.49 (m, 2H).

Step 2: Synthesis of (2S)-6-hydroxyhexane-l,2-diyl dinitrate:

To a stirred solution of (5S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (prepared in Step 1) (6.8 g, 18.2 mmol) in a 1/1 mixture of ethanol /THF (30 mL of each) at 0°C, a 2M sodium hydroxide solution (9.1 mL, 2 eq) was added and the reaction was stirred for 2 h. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate and water (100 mL of each) and extracted. The organic layer was successively washed with water and brine, dried over sodium sulfate and evaporated. The oily residue was purified by column chromatography (SNAP 100, gradient system from 4/6 ethyl acetate/n-hexane to 60/40 ethyl acetate/n-hexane) to give the title compound as colorless oil (3.82 g, 93%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) δ 5.32 (qd, J = 6.7, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.77 (dd, J = 12.9, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.49 (dd, J = 12.9, 6.6 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 2H), 1.89 - 1.71 (m, 2H), 1.70 - 1.48 (m, 5H), 1.46 (s, 1H).

Step 3: Synthesis of (S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate

To a stirred solution of 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien- l-yl)butanoic acid (201 mg; 0.80 mmol) (prepared as described in Example 1, steps 1 and 2) and (2S)-6-hydroxyhexane-l,2-diyl dinitrate (181 mg; 0.80 mmol) (prepared in Step 2) in DCM (5 ml) cooled to 0°C, EDAC (137 mg; 0.89 mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were added. The reaction was stirred overnight at 0°C. The crude was then washed with water, HCl IN, water and brine, dried and evaporated under vacuum. The crude was purified by flash chromatography [Cy/EtOAc: 0% to 20% (1CV), 20% to 40% (7CV), 40% to 60% (2CV)] affording 246 mg of the title compound (Yield: 67.1%) as a yellow oil.

1H NMR (300 MHz, acetone) δ 5.49 (qd, J= 6.6, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 5.01 (dd, J= 13.0, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (dd, J = 13.0, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 4.00 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.95 (s, 2H), 2.13 (s, 3H), 1.94 (s, J = 6.3 Hz, 6H), 1.90 - 1.79 (m, 2H), 1.70 - 1.58 (m, 2H), 1.52 (dt, J = 8.0, 5.7 Hz, 2H), 1.43 (s, 6H). [a] D 2 °= + 2.24 (0.44% MeOH) Example 14

Synthesis of (R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)butanoate (Compound 16; (R)-isomer of compound 10)

Step 1 : Synthesis of (5R)-5,6-dihydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

To a vigorously stirred solution of commercially available "AD mix β" (112.5 g) in 1 : 1 water/t-butanol (822 mL), at 0°C, hex-5-enyl 4-nitrobenzoate (prepared in Example 8, Step 1) was added (20.00 g, 80.23 mmol). The mixture was stirred vigorously at 4°C (cold room) for 21 hours. The mixture was cooled to 0°C and ethyl acetate (450 mL) was added, followed by slow portionwise addition of sodium metabisulfite (33.1 g). The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 30 minutes, then at ambient temperature for 1 hour. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Purification by filtration over a short pad of silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate, gave the title compound as an off-white solid (20.5 g, 90.2%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.30 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 8.21 (dt, J = 9.0, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 4.39 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 3.80-3.62 (2H, m), 3.47 (1H, m), 2.59 (bs, 1H), 2.42 (bs, 1H), 1.90-1.75 (2H, m), 1.73 - 1.45 (4H, m).

Step 2: synthesis of (5R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate

To a stirred solution of fuming nitric acid (7.7 mL, 91.8 mmol, 10 eq) in dichloromethane (60 mL) at -78°C, was added sulfuric acid (4 mL) and after 5 mins of stirring, a solution of (5R)-5,6-dihydroxyhexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (prepared in Step 1) (5.2 g, 9.2 mmol) in dichloromethane (30 mL) was added and the reaction stirred at this temperature for 30 min. The crude mixture was then poured on ice and the organic layer extracted, washed with water, brine, dried over sodium sulfate, evaporated to give the title compound as a pale yellow oil (6.8 g, 100%). The residue obtained was used in the next step without further purification.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.32 (d, J = 8.9 Hz, 2H), 8.26 - 8.15 (m, 2H), 5.39 - 5.25 (m, 1H), 4.78 (dd, J = 12.9, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (dd, J = 12.9, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.46 - 4.35 (m, 2H), 1.97 - 1.77 (m, 4H), 1.77 - 1.49 (m, 2H).

Step 3: Synthesis of (2R)-6-hydroxyhexane-l,2-diyl dinitrate:

To a stirred solution of (5R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (prepared in Step 2) (6.8 g, 18.2 mmol) in a 1/1 mixture of ethanol /THF (30 mL of each) at 0°C, a 2M sodium hydroxide solution (9.1 mL, 2 eq) was added and the reaction was stirred for 2 h. The reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate and water (100 mL of each) and extracted. The organic layer was successively washed with water and brine, dried over sodium sulfate and evaporated. The oily residue was purified by column chromatography (SNAP 100, gradient system from 4/6 ethyl acetate/n-hexane to 60/40 ethyl acetate/n-hexane) to give the title compound as colorless oil (3.50 g, 86%).

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) δ 5.32 (qd, J = 6.7, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.77 (dd, J = 12.9,

3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.49 (dd, J = 12.9, 6.6 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 2H), 1.89 - 1.71 (m, 2H), 1.70 - 1.48 (m, 5H), 1.46 (s, 1H).

Step 4: Synthesis of (R)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)butanoate

To a stirred solution of 3-methyl-3-(2,4,5-trimethyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dien- l-yl)butanoic acid (237 mg; 0.95mmol) (prepared as described in Example 1 , steps 1 and 2) and (2R)-6-hydroxyhexane-l,2-diyl dinitrate (prepared in Step 3) (213 mg; 0.95 mmol) in DCM (5 ml) cooled to 0°C, ED AC (162 mg; 1.04mmol) and a catalytic amount of DMAP were added. The reaction was stirred overnight at 0°C. The crude was then washed with water, HCl IN, water and brine, dried and evaporated under vacuum. The crude was purified by flash chromatography [Cy/EtOAc: 0% to 20% (1CV), 20% to 40% (7CV), 40% to 60% (2CV)]affording 338 mg of the title compound (Yield: 78.2%) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 5.30 - 5.21 (m, 1H), 4.74 (dd, J = 12.9, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 4.47 (dd, J= 12.9, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (t, J= 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.98 (s, 2H), 2.16 (d, J= 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.96 (s, 6H), 1.81 - 1.69 (m, 2H), 1.66 - 1.56 (m, 2H), 1.52 - 1.31 (m, 8H).). [a] D 20 = - 2.3 (0.47% MeOH)

Example 15

Synthesis of (S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3-methylbutanoate (Compound 17; (S)-isomer of compound 11)

Step 1 : Synthesis of 2, 3- ene-l,4-diol

NaBH 4 (5.2g; 137.2mmol) was dissolved in 150 ml of water, and a solution of 2,3-dimethoxy-5-methylcyclohexa-2,5-diene-l,4-dione (Sg; 27.4mmol) in a mixture of 75 ml of Et 2 0 and 38 ml of MeOH was added at room temperature with stirring. After 15 min, the mixture was placed in a separatory funnel, and the layers were allowed to separate. The ether phase was removed and the aqueous phase was extracted twice with 50 ml portions of ether. The combined organic extracts were washed with brine and dried over Na 2 S0 4 . Solvent removal under reduced pressure afforded the title compound (9g; 88%) as red oil. It was used in the next step without further purification. Step 2: Synthesis of 6-hydroxy-7,8-dimethoxy-4,4-dimethylchroman-2-one

2,3-dimethoxy-5-methylbenzene-l,4-diol (obtained in Step 2) (9 g; 49 mmol), methyl 3-methylbut-2-enoate (7 ml; 58 mmol) and methanesulfonic acid (80 mL) were heated at 70°C with stirring for 90 min. Then the mixture was poured into ice then diluted to 600 ml with water and extracted with diethyl ether (3x150 ml). The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to dryness to afford a brown solid, which was crystallized from methanol to provide pure title compound (6.5 g; 50%) as yellow crystals.

Step 3: Synthesis of 4-nitrophenyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4

A synthetic procedure similar to the one described by Carpino et al, J. Org. Chem., 1989, 54, 3303-3310 was used, but 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid, even if described in the paper, proved to be high unstable, so it was converted in situ into its 4-nitrophenyl ester.

Lactone obtained in Step 3 (2 g; 7.51 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was added to a stirred solution of PDC (12.7 g; 33.7 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) at room temperature, and stirring was continued for 4h. The mixture was diluted to 300 mL with water and extracted quickly with diethyl ether (3x150 mL). The combined ether extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to about 10 mL. This solution was diluted in EtOAc (40 mL) and then p-nitrophenol (1.57 g; 11.2 mmol), DCC (2.31 g; 11.2 mmol; 1.5 eq.) and DMAP (cat) were successively added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16h, then it was concentrated to dryness. Purification by chromatography on neutral alumina (eluent: cyclohexane/AcOEt 8/2) led to the title compound (800mg; 26%) as an orange oil.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 8.24 (d, 2H), 7.20 (d, 2H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.32 (s, 2H), 2.19 (s, 3H), 1.55 (s, 3H), 1.53 (s, 3H).

Step 4: Synthesis of (S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)-3-methylbutanoate

In a 50-ml one-necked flask, 178.0 mg (0.45 mmole) of 4-nitrophenyl 3-(4,5- dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3-methylbu tanoate (obtained in Step 4) and 111.0 mg (0.50 mmole) of (S)-6-hydroxyhexane-l,2-diyl dinitrate (obtained in Example 12, Step 2) were added to DCM (1.5 ml). After a 10 minutes 55.0 mg (0.45 mmole) of DMAP were added. The solution was stirred for 18 hours to room temperature. The reaction was washed with water, dried with MgS0 4 , filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give red oil in a quantitative yield. The obtained red oil was purified by automatic column chromatography using silica gel Cy/DCM/MeOH (50/50/0 to 68/30/2) mixture as eluent to give 200 mg (91% yield) of the title compound as a orange oil.

MS: m/z = 489 [M+H] +

TLC: (Cy/DCM/MeOH 68:30:2) R f = 0.33

NMR (CDC1 3 ): 5.25 (m, 1H), 4.74 (dd, 1H), 4.50 (dd, 1H), 4.0 (t, 2H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 3.0 (s, 2H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.8-1.5 (m, 6H), 1.43 (s, 6H).

Example 16

Synthesis of (S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohex

the title compound was prepared as follow:

Step 1 : Synthesis of 2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-l-yl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-3,6- dioxocyclohexa- 1 ,4-dienyl)-3-

A synthetic procedure similar to the one described by Carpino et al, J. Org. Chem., 1989, 54, 3303-3310 was used, but 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3-methylbutanoic acid, even if described in the paper, proved to be high unstable, so it was converted in situ into its N-hydroxysuccinimido ester.

Lactone obtained in Example 14 Step 3 (2.5 g; 9.39 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added to a stirred solution of PDC (14.8 g; 39.4 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) at room temperature, and stirring was continued for 4h. The mixture was diluted to 300 mL with water and extracted quickly with diethyl ether (3x150 mL). The combined ether extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to about 10 mL. This solution was diluted in DCM (40mL) and NHS (1.29 g; 11.2 mmol) as well as EDC1.HCI (2.16 g; 11.2 mmol) were added successively and stirring was continued for 16h. The mixture was diluted with water and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated to dryness to afford the title compound (2.74 g; 78%) as an orange oil.

1H NMR (300 MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 3.28 (s, 2H), 2.88 (s, 4H), 2.16 (s, 3H), 1.55 (s, 3H), 1.57 (s, 3H). Step 2: Synthesis of (S)-5,6-bis(nitrooxy)hexyl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2-methyl-3,6- dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3-methylbutanoate (Compound 17)

A mixture of 40.0 mg (0.1 mmole) of 2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-l-yl 3-(4,5-dimethoxy-2- methyl-3,6-dioxocyclohexa-l,4-dienyl)-3-methylbutanoate, 28.0 mg (0.12 mmole) of (S)- 6-hydroxyhexane-l,2-diyl dinitrate (prepared in Example 12, Step 2) and DMF (1 ml) were mixed together under stirring. After 10 minutes 19.0 mg (0.1 mmole) of EDC*HC1 and 12.0 mg (0,1 mmole) of DMAP were added. The solution was stirred for 5 hours to 50°C. The reaction was washed with water, dried with MgS04, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a red oil in a quantitative yield. The obtained red oil was purified by automatic column chromatography using silica gel Versaflash cartridges with Cy/DCM/MeOH (50/50/0 to 68/30/2) mixture as eluent to give 14,6 mg (31% yield) of the title compound as a orange oil.

MS: m/z = 489 [M+H] +

TLC: (Cy/DCM/MeOH 68:30:2) R f = 0.33

NMR (CDCls): 5.25 (m, 1H), 4.74 (dd, 1H), 4.50 (dd, 1H), 4.0 (t, 2H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 3.0 (s, 2H), 2.14 (s, 3H), 1.8-1.5 (m, 6H), 1.43 (s, 6H).