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Title:
SEALING APPLIANCE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1999/064837
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An appliance (1) for sealing elastic hoses (2) with a sleeve (4), which is plastically deformable and slipped onto the hose, has two jaws (8, 9) which are movable towards and away from each other. One jaw (8) has two straight bars (11) which project towards the other jaw (9) and extend transversely of the sleeve (4) to make two transverse indentations (12) in the sleeve (4) and the hose (2) when the jaws (8, 9) are moving towards each other. The same jaw (8) has a cutting edge (15) which projects towards the other jaw (9) and is directed transversely of the sleeve (4), the cutting edge making a substantially transverse cutting indication (14) in the sleeve (4) and the hose (2) when the jaws (8, 9) are moving towards each other.

Inventors:
AARTHUN NILS (SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE1999/000878
Publication Date:
December 16, 1999
Filing Date:
May 25, 1999
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NOVASEPTUM AB (SE)
AARTHUN NILS (SE)
International Classes:
B01L3/00; B23D21/00; B25B9/00; B29C65/02; B29C65/64; B29C65/74; G01N1/18; B29C57/10; (IPC1-7): G01N1/18; B29C57/10
Domestic Patent References:
WO1997016715A11997-05-09
Foreign References:
EP0508474A21992-10-14
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
AWAPATENT AB (P.O. Box 11394 S- G├Âteborg, SE)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. An appliance for mechanical sealing of hollow hoses (2) of elastic material with a sealing means (3) which is made of plastically deformable material and which is applied to the hose, said appliance (1) having two jaws (8,9), which are movable towards and away from each other and which, when moving towards each other, crimp the sealing means (3) against the hose (2) to seal the same, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the sealing means (3) has the form of a sleeve (4) which is slipped on to the hose (2), that at least one of the jaws (8 or 9) has at least one bar (11) which projects towards the other jaw (9 or 8) and which, when the jaws (8,9) are moving towards each other, makes an indentation (12) in the sleeve (4) and the hose (2) to reinforce the sealing thereof as well as the fixing of the sleeve on the hose, and that at least one of the jaws (8 or 9) has a cutting means (13), which projects towards the other jaw (9 or 8) and which, when the jaws (8,9) are moving towards each other, makes a cutting indication (14) in the sleeve (4) and the hose (2) to allow a sealing cutting of the hose (2).
2. An appliance according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that there are at least two straight bars (11) which are arranged substantially in parallel at a distance from each other and extend substantially transversely of the longitudinal direction of the sleeve (4) to make a corresponding number of substantially transverse indentations (12) in the sleeve (4) and the hose (2), and that the cutting means (13) extends sub stantially transversely of the longitudinal direction of the sleeve (4) and makes a substantially transverse cut ting indication (14) in the sleeve (4) and the hose (2).
3. An appliance according to claim 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the cutting means (13) has the form of a substantially straight cutting edge (15), which projects to a greater extent than the bar/bars (11).
4. An appliance according to claim 3, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the cutting edge (15) cooperates with an opposite recess (16) in the other jaw (9 or 8).
5. An appliance according to claim 3 or 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the cutting edge (15) is situated substantially halfway between two adjacent bars (11).
6. An appliance according to claim 3 or 4, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the cutting edge (15) is situated on one side of the bar/bars (11).
7. An appliance according to any one of the pre ceding claims, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that at least one of the jaws (8 or 9) has a fixture (17) to position the sleeve (4) and the hose (2) between the jaws (8,9).
8. An appliance according to any one of the preced ing claims, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the bar/bars (11) and the cutting edge (15) are situated on one jaw (8), and that the fixture (17) is situated on the other jaw (9), the bar/bars, the cutting edge and the fixture being mounted on or being made in one piece with the associated jaw.
9. An appliance according to claim 8, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the jaw (8) provided with the bar/bars (11) and the cutting edge (15) has the form of a die, which is fixedly mounted in the appliance (1), and that the jaw (9) provided with the fixture (17) has the form of a punch, which is movably arranged in the appli ance (1) and actuatable by a driving means (10).
10. An appliance according to claim 9, c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that it has the form of a pair of tongs (5) which is handoperated and has one fixed and one movable leg (6,7), the movable leg (7) actuating the jaw (9) forming the punch by means of a gear device, preferably an eccentric mechanism or the like, forming the driving means (10).
Description:
SEALING APPLIANCE TECHNICAL FIELD The present invention relates to an appliance for mechanical sealing of hollow hoses of elastic material with a sealing means which is made of plastically deform- able material and which is applied to the hose, said appliance having two jaws, which are movable towards and away from each other and which, when moving towards each other, crimp the sealing means against the hose to seal the same.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION In a prior-art sealing appliance of the type men- tioned by way of introduction, the sealing means in the form of a folded clip is applied to a likewise folded end of the hose. The clip is then crimped against the hose to seal the same, after which the hose is cut downstream of the clip by means of a pair of scissors or some other cutting tool.

As the relevant hoses have a relatively small diame- ter, say 5-10 mm, the clips are also relatively small and often difficult to apply in the right position on the folded end of the hose. Nor is it infrequent that the clip falls off the end of the hose, before the sealing appliance has managed to grip it for crimping against the hose with the ensuing risk of sealing not taking place.

The sealing appliance according to the invention is primarily to be used in the type of device which is in- tended for introduction and/or withdrawal of a medium in a container and which is disclosed and described in WO 97/16715. More specifically, it is intended for con- tamination-free sealing and cutting of the hoses which extend between the conveying means and the collecting vessels which are connected to the process container, so that the collecting vessels after being filled with a me- dium from the process container can be moved without any

risk of contamination to a laboratory or the like for sampling or analysis of the medium.

In the above use of the sealing appliance, which requires good hygienic conditions and contamination-free environment/surroundings, clips of the mentioned type are unacceptable. One reason for this is that they are diffi- cult to handle and often do not provide the desired seal- ing. Another reason is that there is in most cases at least a small portion of the hose left downstream of the clip containing a small quantity of the medium which leaks out to the surrounding area with an obvious risk of contamination.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION The main object of the present invention is to pro- vide a sealing appliance of the type mentioned by way of introduction, satisfying all the requirements for con- tamination-free transport of the relevant collecting ves- sels, which are filled with a medium, to the laboratory or the like.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION This as well as related objects are achieved in a simple and efficient manner in that the sealing means has the form of a sleeve which is slipped on to the hose, that at least one of the jaws has at least one bar which projects towards the other jaw and which, when the jaws are moving towards each other, makes an indentation in the sleeve and the hose to reinforce the sealing thereof as well as the fixing of the sleeve on the hose, and that at least one of the jaws has a cutting means, which pro- jects towards the other jaw and which, when the jaws are moving towards each other, makes a cutting indication in the sleeve and the hose to allow a sealing cutting of the hose.

In a particularly preferred embodiment there are at least two straight bars which are arranged substantially in parallel at a distance from each other and extend sub- stantially transversely of the longitudinal direction of

the sleeve to make a corresponding number of substan- tially transverse indentations in the sleeve and the hose, the cutting means preferably extending substan- tially transversely of the longitudinal direction of the sleeve and making a substantially transverse cutting in- dication in the sleeve and the hose.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS The invention will be described below in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a perspective view, seen obliquely from above, of an appliance according to a currently particu- larly preferred embodiment of the invention in an initial position for the sealing of a hose, Fig. 2 is a front view of a part of the appliance according to Fig. 1 in the initial position, Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the appliance corre- sponding to Fig. 1 in end position of the sealing, Fig. 4 is a view corresponding to Fig. 2, the appli- ance being in the end position, and Figs 5A and 5B are side views which show the sealed hose, partially cut open, in a position after sealing and in a position after completed cutting of the hose.

DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED EMBODIMENT As mentioned above, the appliance generally desig- nated 1 is primarily conceived for use in the type of de- vice which is intended for introduction and/or withdrawal of a medium in a container and which is disclosed and de- scribed in WO 97/16715. More specifically, it is intended for sealing and cutting the hoses in a mechanical and contamination-free manner, which extend between the con- veying means and the collecting vessels which are con- nected to the process container, so that the collecting vessels after being filled with a medium from the process container can be transported without any risk of contami- nation to a laboratory or the like for sampling or analy- sis of the medium.

Still, the appliance 1 can, of course, also be used in a number of other applications where good hygienic conditions and/or contamination-free surroundings and/or working environment are required to a varying extent.

Thus the appliance 1 is generally intended for mechanical sealing of hollow hoses 2 of elastic material, e. g. rubber or plastic, of a quality which is suitable for the purpose. The sealing is carried out with the aid of a sealing means 3, which is made of a plastically de- formable material, e. g. plastic or metal, having suitable plastic properties and which is applied to the hose 2. In the preferred embodiment shown, the sealing means 3 con- sists of a metal sleeve 4 which has been slipped on to the hose 2 in advance. The sleeve has a length of pre- ferably two or more multiples of the diameter of the hose 2, which in turn is typically in the range of 5- 10 mm.

As shown in Figs 1 and 3, the appliance 1 itself can have the form of a pair of tongs 5 which is hand-operated and which has one fixed and one movable leg 6 and 7 and two jaws 8 and 9 which are movable towards and away from each other. When moving the jaws 8,9 towards each other by manually pressing the legs 6,7 together and using a driving means 10, which will be described below, the sleeve 4 is crimped against the hose 2, thereby sealing the same.

More specifically, as best seen in Fig. 2, at least one of the jaws 8 or 9, in this case the jaw 8, has at least one bar 11 which projects towards the other jaw 9 or 8, in this case the jaw 9. In the above-described movement of the jaws 8,9 towards each other, this bar 11 makes a marked indentation 12, se Figs 4,5A and 5B, in the sleeve 4 and in the hose 2. In the preferred embodi- ment, there are two such bars 11, which are placed sub- stantially in parallel at a distance from each other and extend substantially transversely of the longitudinal di- rection of the sleeve 4. The bars 11 are preferably

straight and make two substantially transverse indenta- tions 12 in the sleeve 4 and in the hose 2 to reinforce the sealing thereof as well as the fixing of the sleeve 4 on the hose 2. If desired and if suitable, there may, of course, be more than two such bars 11 or bars which are differently placed/formed on said jaw 8.

Moreover, at least one of the jaws 8 or 9, also in this case the jaw 8, has a cutting means 13 projecting towards the other jaw 9 or 8 (see Figs 2 and 4). When the jaws 8,9 are moving towards each other in the described manner, this cutting means 13 makes a cutting indication 14 in the sleeve 4 and in the hose 2 to allow the sleeve and the hose to be cut in a sealing manner.

In the shown embodiment, the cutting means 13 is preferably formed as a substantially straight cutting edge 15. The cutting edge extends substantially trans- versely of the longitudinal direction of the sleeve 4 and thus makes a substantially transverse cutting indication 14 in the sleeve 4 and in the hose 2. As seen in Figs 2 and 4, the cutting edge 15 projects to greater extent than the bars 11 and suitably co-operates with an oppo- site, straight recess 16 in the opposite jaw, in this case the jaw 9. The depth, width and form of the recess 16 can vary, and the recess is suitably adapted to the form of the cutting edge 15 and to the qualities of the material of the hose 2 and the sleeve 4. In certain applications, the recess 16 can, if required or desired, be omitted.

Preferably, the cutting edge 15 is situated substan- tially halfway between the bars 11, if they are two in number, such as shown in Figs 2 and 4. If there are fur- ther bars 11, the cutting edge 15 is suitably placed halfway between two adjacent bars, preferably the ones situated closest to the middle. In a certain application, it is, of course, also possible to place the cutting edge 15 outside or on one side of the bar or the bars 11.

The cutting indication 14 mentioned above is pre- ferably such that the sleeve 4 and the hose 2 are not cut or broken directly when sealing by means of the appli- ance 1, such as shown in Fig. 5A, but at an optional point of time after that. Then the sleeve 4 and the hose 2 are separated along the cutting indication 14 by manual or mechanical bending back and forth, until the sleeve is divided by fatigue fracture, as shown in Fig. 5B.

Naturally, nothing prevents the sleeve 4 and the hose 2 from being separated along the cutting indication 14 directly in connection with the actual sealing.

To fix the sleeve 4 and the hose 2 in the intended position between the jaws 8 and 9 in the appliance 1 when sealing, at least one of the jaws 8 or 9, in this case the jaw 9, has a fixture 17. The fixture fixes and sup- ports the hose 2 and the sleeve 4 laterally, horizontally and vertically and can be formed in an optional manner which is not described in further detail.

For practical and other reasons, in the disclosed and described embodiment the bars 11 and the cutting edge 15 are arranged on one of the jaws 8 or 9, in this case the jaw 8, and the fixture 17 on the other, opposite jaw 9 or 8, in this case the jaw 9. The bars 11, the cutting edge 15 and the fixture 17 can be mounted on the associ- ated jaw 8,9 with the aid of suitable attachment means, which are not shown. Alternatively, one/some of or all these components can be made in one piece with the asso- ciated jaw. In the shown case, the bars 11 and the cut- ting edge 15 are made in one piece with the associated jaw, whereas the fixture 17 is mounted on the associated jaw, see Figs 2 and 4.

In the preferred embodiment, the jaw 8 provided with the bars 11 and the cutting edge 15 suitably has the form of a die which is fixedly mounted in the appliance 1 with the aid of attachment means (not shown), see Figs 2 and 4. In a corresponding manner, the jaw 9 provided with the fixture 17 has the form of a punch. This punch is mounted

in a slidable manner (not shown) in the appliance 1 and is actuatable by the previously mentioned driving means 10. The driving means 10 suitably consists of a gear gen- erally designated 18, which can be an eccentric mechanism or the like and which is suitably connected to and ac- tuatable by means of the movable leg 7 of the pair of tongs 5.

The invention is not, of course, limited to the em- bodiment which is described above and shown in the draw- ings, and can be modified in many different ways within the scope of protection according to the appended claims.

The appliance 1 does not, for example, need to be a manually operable pair of tongs, but it can alternatively be a separate tool or a tool which is included in a machine and driven electrically, pneumatically, hydrauli- cally etc according to need and desire. The jaws 8,9 with the associated components (bars 11, cutting edge 15 and fixture 17) can be attached to the appliance 1 in a replaceable manner and match the size of the hose 2 and the sleeve 4 and/or be mutually exchangeable etc.