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Title:
SET OF PANELS WITH MECHANICALLY LOCKING EDGES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/058551
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A set of panels including first and second panels (1, 2). The first and second panels respectively include first and second edges. The first edge includes a locking strip (19) with a locking element (5) configured to cooperate with a locking groove (4) at the second edge for locking the first edge (17) to the second edge (18). The locking element (5) includes a first locking surface (31) at a first angle (101) from a plane parallel to the first panel surface (15) and the locking groove includes a second locking surface (32) at a second angle (102) from a plane parallel to the third panel surface (13). The first angle (101) is different from the second angle (102) such that the first locking surface (31) converges towards the second locking surface (32) at a cooperation part (104) in a locked position. The first locking surface (31) cooperates with the second locking surface (32) at the cooperation part (104).

Inventors:
NILSSON ANDERS (SE)
QUIST KARL (SE)
YLIKANGAS ROGER (SE)
BOO FREDRIK (SE)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2020/076547
Publication Date:
April 01, 2021
Filing Date:
September 23, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
VAELINGE INNOVATION AB (SE)
International Classes:
E04F15/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2018063047A12018-04-05
WO2014209213A12014-12-31
WO2018172955A22018-09-27
WO2018063047A12018-04-05
WO2014209213A12014-12-31
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ENGSTRAND, Ola (SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A set of panels comprising a first panel (1) and a second panel (2), wherein the first panel (1 ) comprises a first edge (17), a first panel surface (15) and a second opposite panel surface (16) and the second panel (2) comprises a second edge (18), a third panel surface (13) and an opposite fourth panel surface (14), wherein the first edge (17) comprises a locking strip (19) with a locking element (5) configured to cooperate with a locking groove (4) at the second edge (18) of the second panel (2) for locking the first edge (17) to the second edge (18) in a first direction (12) which is parallel to the first panel surface (15), wherein the first edge (17) is configured to be assembled to the second edge by a displacement of the second edge (18) relative the first edge (17) in an assembly direction (10), which is perpendicular to the first panel surface (15), to obtain a locked position of the first edge (17) and the second edge (18), wherein the locking element (5) comprises a first locking surface (31 ) at a first angle (101 ) from a plane parallel to the first panel surface (15) and the locking groove (4) comprises a second locking surface (32) at a second angle (102) from a plane parallel to the third panel surface (13), characterised in that the first angle (101 ) is different from the second angle (102) such that the first locking surface (31 ) converges towards the second locking surface (32) at a cooperation part (104) in the locked position, that the first locking surface (31 ) cooperates with the second locking surface (32) at the cooperation part (104) for the locking in the first direction (12), and that the difference (103) between the first angle (101 ) and the second angle (102) is in the range of about 5° to about 15°, or in the range of about 5° to about 10°, or about 7.

2. The set of panels as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the cooperation part (104) is closer to a strip surface (36) of the locking strip (19) than to an outer surface (7) of the locking element (5).

3. The set of panels as claimed in claim 1 or 2, further comprising a space (115) between the first locking surface (31 ) and the second locking surface (32) in the locked position, wherein the space is located between the cooperation part (104) and an outer surface (7) of the locking element (5).

4. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1-3, wherein the locking element (5) comprises a first guiding surface (20) at an outer surface and the locking groove (4) comprises a second guiding surface (22) at an opening of the locking groove (4), wherein the first guiding surface (20) is configured to cooperate with the second guiding surface (22) during assembling to guide the locking element (5) into the locking groove (4).

5. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1 -4, wherein the cooperation part (104) is positioned at a first distance (114) from a strip surface (36) of the locking strip (8), wherein an outer surface (7) of the locking element (5) is positioned at a second distance (115) from a strip surface (36) of the locking strip (19), and wherein a ratio between the first distance (114) and the second distance (115) is in the range of about 0.03 to about 0.3, or in the range of about 0.1 to about 0.2, 03, or about 0.15.

6. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1 -5, wherein one of the first edge (17) or the second edge (18) comprises a tongue (3) which is configured to cooperate with a tongue groove (6) at the other one of the first edge (17) or the second edge (18) for a locking in a second direction (11 ) which is perpendicular to the first direction (12).

7. The set of panels as claimed in claim 6, wherein the tongue (3) is a flexible tongue which is located in an insertion groove (8) at the one of the first edge (17) or the second edge (18).

8. The set of panels as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein the first angle (101) is in the range of about 90° to about °145, or in the range of about 100° to about 135°, or in the range of about 110° to about 125°, or about 120° and wherein the second angle (102) is in the range of about 80° to about 135°, or in the range of about 100° to about 115°, or about 110°.

9. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1 -8, wherein the first locking surface (31 ) and the second locking surface (32) are configured for a locking in a second direction (11 ) which is perpendicular to the first direction (12).

10. The set of panels as claimed in claim 9, wherein the first angle (101 ) is in the range of about 70° to about 90°, or in the range of about 80° to about 89°, or in the range of about 85° to about 89°, and wherein the second angle (102) is in the range of about 75° to about 85°, or in the range of about 80° to about 85°.

11. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1-10, wherein panels comprise a polymer material or a wood based material.

12. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1-11 , wherein a distance between the first panel surface (15) and the second panel surface (16) is in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

13. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1-12, wherein a distance between the third panel surface (13) and the fourth panel surface (14) is in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

14. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1-13, wherein the first panel surface (15) and the third panel surface (13) comprise a decorative surface.

15. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1 -14, wherein the first and second panels are building panels, including at least one of: a floor panel, a wall panel or a ceiling panel.

Description:
SET OF PANELS WITH MECHANICALLY LOCKING EDGES

Field of the Invention

Embodiments of the present invention relates to panels, such as floorboards, which are configured to be locked together by a vertical displacement.

Background of the Invention

Panels are known that are configured to be assembled by a vertical displacement and to be locked together in a vertical direction and in a horizontal direction. Such panels are disclosed in, e.g., WO2018/063047 and WO2014/209213. A tongue and groove connection locks a first edge of a first panel to a second edge of the second panel in a second direction. The first edge and the second edge furthermore comprise a locking element configured to cooperate with a locking groove for locking in a first direction, which is perpendicular to the second direction.

Embodiments of the present invention address a need to provide an easier assembling and/or an increased locking strength of the panels.

Summary of the Invention

It is an object of at least certain embodiments of the present invention to provide an improvement over the above described techniques and known art.

A further object of at least certain embodiments of the present invention is to facilitate assembling of panels configured to be assembled by a vertical displacement and locked together in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction.

Another object of at least certain embodiment of the present invention is to increase the locking strength by preventing or at least decreasing damage of edges of the panels, particularly parts of the edges that have a locking function.

The locking strength may also be increased by an improved configuration of locking surfaces at the edges of the panels.

At least some of these and other objects and advantages that may be apparent from the description have been achieved by a first aspect of the invention including a set of panels comprising a first panel and a second panel, wherein the first panel comprising a first edge, a first panel surface and a second opposite panel surface and the second panel comprises a second edge, a third panel surface and an opposite fourth panel surface. The first edge comprises a locking strip with a locking element configured to cooperate with a locking groove at the second edge of the second panel for locking the first edge to the second edge in a first direction which is parallel to the first panel surface. The first edge is configured to be assembled to the second edge by a displacement of the second edge relative the first edge in an assembly direction, which is perpendicular to the first panel surface, to obtain a locked position of the first edge and the second edge. The locking element comprises a first locking surface at a first angle from a plane parallel to the first panel surface and the locking groove comprises a second locking surface at a second angle from a plane parallel to the third panel surface. The first angle is different from the second angle such that the first locking surface converges towards the second locking surface at a cooperation part in the locked position.

The first locking surface cooperates with the second locking surface at the cooperation part for the locking in the first direction.

The converging locking surfaces may have the effect that a load in the first direction, e.g. from a force pulling apart the panels, is absorbed at a part with a shorter moment arm. A shorter moment arm may have the advantage that the locking strength is increased.

The converging locking surfaces may have the effect that the area of contact between the first and the second locking surface is decreased during assembling. The decreased area of contact during assembling may have the advantage that the friction during assembling is decreased and the assembling is facilitated.

The locking element may comprise a first guiding surface at an outer surface and the locking groove may comprise a second guiding surface at an opening of the locking groove. The first guiding surface is configured to cooperate with the second guiding surface during assembling to guide the locking element into the locking groove.

The size of the first guiding surface may be greater than the size of the second guiding surface which may have the effect that the guiding is improved. The first guiding surface may comprise an essentially planar surface.

The second guiding surface may have a rounded shape.

A ratio between a length of the planar surface and a radius of the rounded shape may be in the range of about 1 to about 5, or about 2 to about 4, or about 3.

The cooperation part may be closer to a strip surface of the locking strip than to an outer surface of the locking element.

There may be a space between the first locking surface and the second locking surface in the locked position, wherein the space is located between the cooperation part and an outer surface of the locking element.

An outer part of the locking element may be damaged during the assembling if the panel material is brittle or comprises imperfections. The space may have the advantage that it allows a desired locked position to be reached even in an event that an outer part of the locking element is damaged.

The difference between the first angle and the second angle may be in the range of about 5° to about 15°, or in the range of about 5° to about 10°, or about 7°.

The cooperation part may be positioned at a first distance from a strip surface of the locking strip, wherein an outer surface of the locking element is positioned at a second distance from a strip surface of the locking strip, and wherein a ratio between the first distance and the second distance is in the range of about 0.03 to about 0.3, or in the range of about 0.1 to about 0.2, 03, or about 0.15.

The first edge or the second edge may comprise a tongue which is configured to cooperate with a tongue groove at the other of the first edge or the second edge for a locking in a second direction which is perpendicular to the first direction.

The tongue may be a flexible tongue which is located in an insertion groove at the first edge or the second edge.

The first angle may be in the range of about 90° to about °145, or in the range of about 100° to about 135°, or in the range of about 110° to about 125°, or about 120° and wherein the second angle may be in the range of about 80° to about 135°, or in the range of about 100° to about 115°, or about 110°. The locking surface and second locking surface may be configured for a locking in a second direction which is perpendicular to the first direction.

The first angle may be in the range of about 70° to about 90°, or in the range of about 80° to about 89°, or in the range of about 85° to about 89°, and the second angle may be in the range of about 75° to about 85°, or in the range of about 80° to about 85°.

The panels may comprise a polymer material or a wood based material.

The distance between the first panel surface and the second panel surface may be in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

A distance between the third panel surface and the fourth panel surface may be in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

The first panel surface and the third panel surface may comprise a decorative surface.

The assembling may comprise a displacement in the horizontal direction.

The first and the second panel may be of a rectangular shape.

The first and the second panel may be building panels, such as floor panels, wall panels or ceiling panels.

The first edge and the second edge may be short edges of the first and the second panel.

The assembling may also comprise an angling motion along a long side of the first and/or the second panel. The angling motion may at the same time connect the long side of the first and/or the second panel to a side of a third panel by a mechanical locking device.

The first panel and the second panel may be resilient panels. The resilient panels may comprise a core comprising thermoplastic material. The thermoplastic material may be foamed. The thermoplastic material may comprise polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylate, methacrylate, polycarbonate, polyvinyl butyral, polybutylene terephthalate, or a combination thereof. The core may be formed of several layers.

The first panel and the second panel may comprise a decorative layer, such as a decorative foil comprising a thermoplastic material. The thermoplastic material of the decorative layer may be or comprise polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylate, methacrylate, polycarbonate, polyvinyl butyral, polybutylene terephthalate, or a combination thereof. The decorative foil is preferably printed, for example by direct printing, rotogravure, or digital printing.

The first panel and the second panel may comprise a wear layer such as a film or foil. The wear layer may comprise thermoplastic material. The thermoplastic material may be polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylate, methacrylate, polycarbonate, polyvinyl butyral, polybutylene terephthalate, or a combination thereof.

Embodiments of the invention may be particularly advantageous for panels comprising locking surfaces with higher friction.

The first and the second panel may comprise a wood-based core, such as HDF, MDF or plywood.

Brief Description of the Drawings

These and other aspects, features and advantages of which embodiments of the invention are capable of, will be apparent and elucidated from the following description of embodiments of the present invention, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, in which

FIGS 1A-1 C show illustrative embodiments of the set of panels in a locked position.

FIG 2A shows the illustrative embodiment in FIG 1A during assembling. FIG 2B shows the illustrative embodiment in FIG 1 B during assembling.

FIGS 3A-3B show the illustrative embodiment of FIG 1 B before assembling.

FIGS 4A-4B show the illustrative embodiment of FIG 1A before assembling

FIG 5 shows an enlargement of the locking element, the locking strip and the locking groove of the illustrative embodiments of FIGS 1 B, 1 C and 7.

FIG 6 shows an enlargement of the locking element, the locking strip and the locking groove of the illustrative embodiment of FIG 1A.

FIG 7 shows an illustrative embodiment of the set of panels in a locked position.

Description of embodiments

Specific embodiments of the invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art. The terminology used in the detailed description of the embodiments illustrated in the accompanying drawings is not intended to be limiting of the invention. In the drawings, like numbers refer to like elements.

Embodiments of the set of panels are according to the invention are shown in a locked position in FIG 1A-1 C and 7. The set of panels comprises a first panel 1 and a second panel 2, wherein the first panel 1 comprises a first edge 17, a first panel surface 15 and a second opposite panel surface 16, and wherein the second panel 2 comprises a second edge 18, a third panel surface 13 and an opposite fourth panel surface 14. The first edge 17 comprises a locking strip 19 with a locking element 5 configured to cooperate with a locking groove 4 at the second edge 18 of the second panel 2 for locking the first edge 17 to the second edge 18 in a first direction 12 which is parallel to the first panel surface 15. The first edge 17 is configured to be assembled to the second edge 18 by a displacement of the second edge 18 relative the first edge 17 in an assembly direction 10, which is perpendicular to the first panel surface 15, to obtain a locked position of the first edge 17 and the second edge 18 As shown for example in FIGS 3A and 3B, the locking element 5 comprises a first locking surface 31 at a first angle 101 from a plane parallel to the first panel surface 15 and the locking groove 4 comprises a second locking surface 32 at a second angle 102 from a plane parallel to the third panel surface 13. The first angle 101 is different from the second angle 102 such that the first locking surface 31 converges towards the second locking surface 32 at a cooperation part 104 (see, e.g., FIGS 5 and 6) in the locked position, and that the first locking surface 31 cooperates with the second locking surface 32 at the cooperation part 104 for the locking in the first direction 12. In illustrative embodiments, the cooperation part 104 is a point of intersection of the first locking surface 31 and the second locking surface 32. The converging locking surfaces may have the effect that a load in the first direction 12, e.g. from a force pulling apart the panels, is absorbed at a part with a shorter moment arm. A shorter moment arm may have the advantage that the locking strength is increased.

The converging locking surfaces may have the effect that the area of contact between the first and the second locking surface is decreased during assembling. The decreased area of contact during assembling may have the advantage that the friction during assembling is decreased and the assembling is facilitated.

FIG 5 shows an enlargement of the locking element 5, the locking strip 19 and the locking groove 4 of the embodiments of FIGS 1 B, 1 C and 7.

FIG 6 shows an enlargement of the locking element 5, the locking strip 19 and the locking groove 4 of the embodiment of FIG 1 A.

FIGS 5 and 6 show embodiments comprising a cooperation part 104 which is closer to a strip surface 36 of the locking strip 19 than to an outer surface 7 of the locking element 5.

The outer surface 7 may be an outermost surface of the locking element 5. For example, in FIG 5, the outer surface 7 may be an uppermost surface of the locking element 5.

The illustrative embodiments of FIGS 5 and 6 comprise a space 115 between the first locking surface 31 and the second locking surface 32. The space is located between the cooperation part 104 and an outer surface 7 of the locking element 5.

The difference 103 between the first angle 101 and the second angle 102 may be in the range of about 2° to about 15°, or in the range of about 5° to about 10°, or in the range of about 5° to about 7°, or about 7. If the difference is smaller than 2° the space 115 may be too small to accommodate dust or particles from parts of the panels that are damaged during assembling or transportation. A greater difference, e.g. greater than 5°, may be an advantage since it allows lower production tolerances. A difference greater than 15° may be a disadvantage since it may result in a weak edge at the opening of the locking groove 4 at the second guiding surface 22.

It shall be understood that the term “about” includes a margin for a measurement error of 1 °.

The cooperation part 104 is positioned at a first distance 113 from a strip surface 36 of the locking strip 19, wherein an outer surface 7 of the locking element 5 is positioned at a second distance 114 from a strip surface 36 of the locking strip 19, and wherein a ratio between the first distance 113 and the second distance 114 may be in the range of about 0.03 to about 0.3, or in the range of about 0.1 to about 0.2, about 0.3, or about 0.15. A short fist distance has the advantage of a shorter moment arm. The second distance may be long enough to allow for the first guiding 20 surface and to reduce the risk that the locking element slides out from the locking groove when a high load is applied to the panels which may cause the locking strip to bend away from the locking groove.

FIGS 1A-1 C show that the first edge 17 or the second edge 18 may comprise a tongue 3 which is configured to cooperate with a tongue groove 6 at the other of the first edge 17 or the second edge 18 for a locking in a second direction 11 which is perpendicular to the first direction 12. FIG 1A shows an embodiment comprising an embodiment of the tongue 3, which is a flexible tongue located in an insertion groove 8. The insertion groove 8 may be located at the first edge 17 or at the second edge 18. FIGS 1 B-1 C shows an embodiment comprising an embodiment of the tongue 3 which may be formed, e.g. by mechanically cutting, of a material of the panels. Embodiments which comprise a tongue 3 at the first or the second edge and tongue groove 6 at the other of the first edge 17 or the second edge 18 for a locking in a second direction 11 may comprise an embodiment of the first angle 101 which may be in the range of about 90° to about °145, or in the range of about 100° to about 135°, or in the range of about 110° to about 125°, or about 120° and an embodiment of the second angle 102 which may in the range of about 80° to about 135°, or in the range of about 100° to about 115°, or about 110°.

As shown for example in FIG 5, the embodiments shown in FIGS 1 B-1 C and FIG 7 comprise a first locking surface 31 and a second locking surface 32 which are configured for a locking in a second direction 11 perpendicular to the first direction 12. Embodiments of the first angle 101 may be in the range of about 70° to about 90°, or in the range of about 80° to about 89°, or in the range of about 85° to about 89°, and embodiments of the second angle 102 may be in the range of about 75° to about 85°, or in the range of about 80° to about 85°.

FIG 2A shows the embodiment shown in FIG 1A during an illustrative assembling. The second edge 18 of the second panel 2 is being displaced in an assembly direction 10 relative of the first edge 17 of the fist panel 1 to obtain a locked position of the first edge and the second edge. The assembly direction 10 may be perpendicular to the first panel surface 15. FIGS 4A-4B show the embodiment before assembling.

The flexible tongue may be compressed and/or displaced, during the assembling, in a direction 112 toward a bottom 9 of the insertion groove 8. The flexible tongue is configured to spring back when the first edge 17 and the second edge 18 have reached the locked position.

FIG 2B shows the embodiment shown in FIG 1 A during an embodiment of the assembling. The embodiments shown in FIGS 1 C and 7 may be assembled with the same method or a similar method. The second edge 18 of the second panel 2 is being displaced in an assembly direction 10 relative the first edge 17 of the fist panel 1 to obtain a locked position of the first edge and the second edge. The assembly direction 10 may be perpendicular to the first panel surface 15. FIGS 3A- 3B show the embodiment before assembling.

The locking element 5 may comprise a first guiding surface 20 at an outer surface and the locking groove 4 may comprise a second guiding surface 22 at an opening of the locking groove 4. The first guiding surface 20 is configured to cooperate with the second guiding surface 22 during assembling to guide the locking element 5 into the locking groove 4.

FIG 5 shows that the size of the first guiding surface 20 may be greater than the size of the second guiding surface 22 which may have the effect that the guiding is improved.

The first guiding surface 20 may comprise an essentially planar surface. A planar surface can provide a greater guiding length.

The second guiding surface 22 may have a rounded shape. The rounded shape can provide a smaller contact surface between the first guiding surface 20 and the second guiding surface 22 during the assembling which may decrease the friction.

As shown for example in FIG 5, a ratio between a length 21 of the planar surface and a radius R1 of the rounded shape of the second guiding surface 22 may be in the range of about 2 to about 5, or about 3 to about 4. The ratio mentioned above can be large enough to allow for an effective guiding over a relative great guiding length but not too large which may result in a sharp edge at the second guiding surface 22 which may break during assembling or transportation.

A transition surface between the first locking surface 31 and the strip surface 36 may have a rounded shape. The transition surface may comprise a transition radius R2. The transition radius R2 may be greater than the radius R1 of the rounded shape of the second guiding surface which may have the effect that the locking strength is increased and cracks may be avoided at the transition surface during assembling and when a load in the first direction, e.g., from a force pulling apart the panels, is applied.

A relatively smaller radius R1 of the of the rounded shape of the second guiding surface also has the effect that the cooperation part 104 is positioned closer to the strip surface 36 of the locking strip 19 which may have the effect that when a load is applied in the first direction, e.g., from a force pulling apart the panels, the load is absorbed at a part with a shorter moment arm. A shorter moment arm may have the advantage that the locking strength is increased. The locking element 5 may be turned away in a direction 111 from the first edge 17 during the vertical displacement, and may spring back when the first edge and the second edge has reached the locked position.

As shown for example in FIG 2B, a side of the locking strip 19 at the second panel surface 16 may comprise a space 41 , such as a recess or bevel, under the locking element 5 which may facilitate turning of the locking 5 during the assembling.

The second edge 18 may be provided with a calibrating groove 25 adjacent said locking groove 4. The calibrating groove 25 may compensate for floorboards having different thickness, especially any difference in thickness at the edges of the floorboards. The calibrating groove allows that the second edge may be pushed towards a sub-floor on which the floorboards are arranged. The calibrating groove 25 shown in FIG 2B is of a rectangular shape, however the calibrating groove may have other shapes such as a bevel.

The assembling shown in FIG 2A-2B may comprise a displacement which is parallel to the first direction.

The panels 1 , 2 may comprise a polymer material or a wood based material.

As shown for example in FIG 3A, a distance 116 between the first panel surface 15 and the second panel surface 16 may be in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

As shown for example in FIG 3B, a distance 117 between the third panel surface 13 and the fourth panel surface 14 may be in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

The locking strip 19 may protrude beyond a first joint surface 37, at the first edge 17, which is adjacent the first panel surface 15.

The second edge 18 may comprise a second joint surface 38 which is adjacent the third panel surface 13.

The first joint surface 37 may be configured to cooperate with the second joint surface 38 for a locking in a direction which is opposite to the first direction 12.

An edge surface 35 at the second edge may be configured to cooperate with the strip surface 36 for a locking in a direction which is opposite to the first direction 11. The edge surface may be positioned on the same side of the second edge 18 as the fourth panel surface 14.

The first locking surface 31 and/or the second locking surface 32 may be essentially plane surfaces.

The first panel surface 15 and the third panel surface 13 may comprises a decorative surface.

The first and the second panel may be building panels, such as floor panels, wall panels or ceiling panels.

The first and the second panel may be of a rectangular shape.

The first and the second panel may be building panels, such as floor panels, wall panels or ceiling panels.

The first edge and the second edge may be short edges of the first and the second panel.

The assembling may also comprise an angling motion along a long side of the first and or the second panel.

The embodiments described above may be resilient panels. The resilient panels may comprise a core comprising thermoplastic material. The thermoplastic material may be foamed.

The thermoplastic material may comprise polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylate, methacrylate, polycarbonate, polyvinyl butyral, polybutylene terephthalate, or a combination thereof. The core may be formed of several layers.

The embodiments described above may comprise a decorative layer, such as a decorative foil comprising a thermoplastic material. The thermoplastic material of the decorative layer may be or comprise polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylate, methacrylate, polycarbonate, polyvinyl butyral, polybutylene terephthalate, or a combination thereof. The decorative foil is preferably printed, for example by direct printing, rotogravure, or digital printing.

The embodiments described above may comprise a wear layer such as a film or foil. The wear layer may comprise thermoplastic material. The thermoplastic material may be polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyester, polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyacrylate, methacrylate, polycarbonate, polyvinyl butyral, polybutylene terephthalate, or a combination thereof.

The embodiments described above may comprise a wood base core, such as HDF, MDF or plywood.

Further embodiments of the invention are described below.

1. A set of panels comprising a first panel (1) and a second panel (2), wherein the first panel (1) comprising a first edge (17), a first panel surface (15) and a second opposite panel surface (16) and the second panel (2) comprises a second edge (18), a third panel surface (13) and an opposite fourth panel surface (14), wherein the first edge (17) comprises a locking strip (19) with a locking element (5) configured to cooperate with a locking groove (4) at the second edge (18) of the second panel (2) for locking the first edge (17) to the second edge (18) in a first direction (12) which is parallel to the first panel surface (15), wherein the first edge (17) is configured to be assembled to the second edge by a displacement of the second edge (18) relative the first edge (17) in an assembly direction (10), which is perpendicular to the first panel surface (15), to obtain a locked position of the first edge (17) and the second edge (18), wherein the locking element (5) comprises a first locking surface (31) at a first angle (101 ) from a plane parallel to the first panel surface (15) and the locking groove comprises a second locking surface (32) at a second angle (102) from a plane parallel to the third panel surface (13), wherein the first angle (101 ) is different from the second angle (102) such that the first locking surface (31 ) converges towards the second locking surface (32) at a cooperation part (104) in the locked position, and the first locking surface (31 ) cooperates with the second locking surface (32) at the cooperation part (104) for the locking in the first direction (12). 2. The set of panels as described in embodiment 1 , wherein the cooperation part (104) is closer to a strip surface (36) of the locking strip (19) than to an outer surface (7) of the locking element (5).

3. The set of panels as described in embodiment 1 or 2, wherein there is a space 115 between the first locking surface (31 ) and the second locking surface (32) in the locked position, wherein the space is located between the cooperation part (104) and an outer surface (7) of the locking element (5).

4. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1-3, wherein the difference (103) between the first angle (101 ) and the second angle (102) is in the range of about 2° to about 15°, or in the range of about 5° to about 10°, or in the range of about 5° to about 7°, or about 7.

5. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1-4, wherein the cooperation part (104) is positioned at a first distance (113) from a strip surface (36) of the locking strip (19), wherein an outer surface (7) of the locking element (5) is positioned at a second distance (114) from a strip surface (36) of the locking strip (19), and wherein a ratio between the first distance (113) and the second distance (114) is in the range of about 0.03 to about 0.3, or in the range of about 0.1 to about 0.2, 03, or about 0.15.

6. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1 -5, wherein one of the first edge (17) or the second edge (18) comprises a tongue (3) which is configured to cooperate with a tongue groove (6) at the other one of the first edge (17) or the second edge (18) for a locking in a second direction (11 ) which is perpendicular to the first direction (12).

7. The set of panels as described in embodiments 6, wherein the tongue (3) is a flexible tongue which is located in an insertion groove at the one of the first edge (17) or the second edge (18).

8. The set of panels as described in embodiment 6 or 7, wherein the first angle (101 ) is in the range of about 90° to about °145, or in the range of about 100° to about 135°, or in the range of about 110° to about 125°, or about 120° and wherein the second angle (102) is in the range of about 80° to about 135°, or in the range of about 100° to about 115°, or about 110°. 9. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1-8, wherein the first locking surface (31 ) and the second locking surface (32) are configured for a locking in a second direction (11 ) which is perpendicular to the first direction (12).

10. The set of panels as described in embodiments 9, wherein the first angle (101 ) is in the range of about 70° to about 90°, or in the range of about 80° to about 89°, or in the range of about 85° to about 89°, and wherein the second angle (102) is in the range of about 75° to about 85°, or in the range of about 80° to about 85°.

11. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1-10, wherein panels comprise a polymer material or a wood based material.

12. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1 -11 , wherein a distance between the first panel surface (15) and the second panel surface (16) is in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

13. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1 -12, wherein a distance between the third panel surface (13) and the fourth panel surface (14) is in the range of about 3 mm to about 15 mm, or in the range of about 5 mm to about 8 mm.

14. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1-13, wherein the first panel surface (15) and the third panel surface (13) comprise a decorative surface.

15. The set of panels as described in any one of the embodiments 1-14, wherein the first and the second panel are building panels, such as floor panels, wall panels or ceiling panels.

16. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 1-15, wherein the locking element (5) comprise a first guiding surface (20) at an outer surface and the locking groove (4) comprises a second guiding surface (22) at an opening of the locking groove (4), wherein the first guiding surface (20) is configured to cooperate with the second guiding surface (22) during assembling to guide the locking element (5) into the locking groove (4).

17. The set of panels as claimed in claim 16, wherein the size of the first guiding surface (20) is greater than the size of the second guiding surface (22). 18. The set of panels as claimed in claim 16 or 17, wherein the first guiding surface (20) comprises an essentially planar surface.

19. The set of panels as claimed in any one of the claims 16-18, wherein the second guiding surface (22) has a rounded shape. 20. The set of panels as claimed in claim 16 or 17, wherein the first guiding surface

(20) comprises an essentially planar surface and the second guiding surface (22) has a rounded shape, wherein a ratio between a length (21) of the planar surface and a radius (R1 ) of the rounded shape of the second guiding surface is in the range of about 1 to about 5, or about 2 to about 4, or about 3.




 
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