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Title:
SYSTEM FOR ALLOWING BUILDINGS EVACUATION IN CASE OF EARTHQUAKE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/183050
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention concerns a system (S) for allowing the evacuation of buildings (E) in case of earthquake or disaster in general, said building (E) having one or more compartments (C), such as an apartment, a corridor and the like, said system (S) comprising a remote control central unit (1), provided with transceiver means, one or more peripheral units (2), each one located in a compartment (C) to be monitored, said one or more peripheral units (2) being provided with wireless transceiver means and being connectable to one or more further peripheral units (2) and said control central unit (1), one or more doors (P) each one having one or more wings (21), each of said peripheral units (2) being housed in one respective of said wings (21) of a respective door (P), the overall arrangement of said door (P) being such as to allow the evacuation of any people from the respective compartment (C), in which it is installed and the protection of said peripheral unit (2) installed in the wing (21 ) in case of a possible earthquake or natural disaster in general, and detection and communication means (4), functionally connected to said peripheral unit (2), adapted to detect physical and biological data within the volume of said compartments (C) of said building (E), so that said peripheral unit (2) is capable to transmit them to said central control unit (1). The present invention also concerns a method for the operation of a system (S) to allow the evacuation of buildings in case of earthquake disasters or general disaster.

Inventors:
TERAMO CAROLA (IT)
TERAMO MARIA SERENA (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/IT2017/000069
Publication Date:
October 26, 2017
Filing Date:
April 06, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
DIARNET S R L (IT)
International Classes:
E04H9/02; E05F1/00; E05F15/72
Domestic Patent References:
WO2004040084A12004-05-13
Foreign References:
US20130169817A12013-07-04
US20060101721A12006-05-18
US4766708A1988-08-30
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
IANNONE, Carlo Luigi (Via Oratorio della Pace 3, Messina, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. System (S) for allowing the evacuation of buildings (E) in case of earthquake or disaster in general, said building (E) having one or more compartments (C), such as an apartment, a corridor and the like, said system (S) comprising

a remote control central unit (1), provided with transceiver means, one or more peripheral units (2), each one located in a compartment (C) to be monitored, said one or more peripheral units (2) being provided with wireless transceiver means and being connectable to one or more further peripheral units (2) and said control central unit (1), one or more doors (P) each one having one or more wings (21), each of said peripheral units (2) being housed in one respective of said wings (21) of a respective door (P), the overall arrangement of said door (P) being such as to allow the evacuation of any people from the respective compartment (C), in which it is installed and the protection of said peripheral unit (2) installed in the wing (21) in case of a possible earthquake or natural disaster in general, and

detection and communication means (4), functionally connected to said peripheral unit (2), adapted to detect physical and biological data within the volume of said compartments (C) of said building (E), so that said peripheral unit (2) is capable to transmit them to said central control unit (1).

2. A system (S) according to claim 1 , characterized

in that said wing (21) of said door (P) is hollow, so as to house the respective peripheral unit (2), and

in that said door (P) comprises buffer batteries (25), for supplying said peripheral unit (2).

3. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said wing (21) is formed by a steel section (21') and within it includes reinforcement transverse profiles (21").

4. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that each one of said doors (21) comprises at least an electromagnetic latch (24) automatically unlockable in case of earthquake or disaster in general.

5. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized

in that each one of said doors (P) comprises a support frame (22), coupled with the respective wing (21) by hidden hinges (23), and

in that each of said doors (P) comprises at least one longitudinal earthquake joint (22') and/or at least one transverse earthquake joint (22"), each arranged between said wing (21) and said support frame (22), said earthquake joints (22', 22") being adapted to prevent said wink (21) to block in case of deformation of said support frame (2), due to an earthquake or disasters in general.

6. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises

a septum (26), arranged between said wing (21) and the floor, on which said door (P) is installed, said septum (26) being capable to assume a rest position, in which it is lowered, and an operating position, in which it is raised, so as to get away in case of earthquake from said floor, on which said door (P) is installed, and

an actuator (26'), operatively connected to said septum (26), said actuator (26') being adapted to activate said septum (26) so as to pass it from said rest position to said operating position.

7. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said detection and communication means (4) comprise a counting devices group (41), adapted to detect the number of people within a compartment (C), comprising a plurality of sensor devices (41 '), fixed to the walls of said compartments (C) of said building (E), so as to detect the presence of any people occupying said compartments (C).

8. System (S) according to claim 7, characterized in that said sensor devices (41 ') are of optical and/or microwave type.

9. System (S) according to any one of claims 7 or 8, characterized in that it comprises one or more accelerometers functionally connected to said sensor devices (41'), so as to activate said sensor device (41 ') in case of they are subjected to an acceleration exceeding a predefined threshold.

10. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said detection and communication means (4) comprise a group of evacuation devices (43), comprising a plurality of devices housed in said doors (P), preferably housed in said wings (21), said devices being adapted to prevent the block of the doors (P) for the access to said compartments (C) of said building (E), so as to facilitate the evacuation of people.

11. System (S) according to claim 10, when dependent on claims 4- 6, characterized in that said devices of said evacuation devices group (43) comprise control means, such as a microprocessor or the like, adapted to allow the acquisition of data from said peripheral unit (2), and detection means, such as an accelerometer, for detecting the state of said building (E), said control means being connected to said actuator (26') and to said electromagnetic latches (24), so as to activate them when said detection means detect that the building (E) has been subjected to a stress greater than the predetermined one, said evacuation devices group (43) being wireless network connected for the transmission to said peripheral units (2) and/or to said control central unit (1), so as to minimize false activations due to local noise.

12. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said detection and communication means (4) comprise a group of detection devices of living people (44) in non- collapsed buildings, comprising a plurality of infrared and/or microwave sensors, which can be activated after an interval of time following a strong earthquake, to detect the number of living people, within one or more of said compartments (C), by the detection of one or more biological parameters.

13. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said detection and communication means (4) comprise a position detection devices group (45), comprising a plurality of acoustic detection devices and/or electromagnetic waves and/or microwaves detection devices and the like, connected via a wireless network among themselves and to said peripheral unit (2), adapted to identify the location of survivors in case of said building (E) collapses, identifying at least one of their biological or vital parameter, such as temperature, pressure, voice and the like.

14. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said detection and communication means (4) comprise a group of transmitter-receiver devices (46), connected via wireless network to said peripheral unit (2) and between them, for the connection of the respective peripheral unit (2) with said central control unit (1), so as to enable data transmission from said peripheral unit (2) to said control central unit (1).

15. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said control central unit (1) is connectable to rescue authorities (PC).

16. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises one or more networks of fixed cameras (31 , 32), connected by wireless connection with said control central unit (1), for the detection of pedestrians and emergency areas outside said building (E).

17. System (S) according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said control central unit (1) is implemented as a cloud system.

18. Method for the operation of a system (S) to allow the evacuation of buildings in case of earthquake disasters or general disaster, according to any one of claims 1-17, comprising the following steps:

- said counting subsystem (41) detects the presence of people within a respective compartment;

- in case of an earthquake, said devices of said network configuration detecting device group (42) detect the possible partial or total collapse of the building (E), transmitting a signal to said peripheral unit (2) and said peripheral units (2) communicating such information to other peripheral units (2) or to said control central unit (1);

- in case of lack of collapse or partial collapse of said building (E) and in case of presence of people in a compartment (C) of said building (I), activation by said peripheral unit (2) of said device of said subsystem escape (43), to prevent the possible blocking of the doors (P);

- detection of living people by means of said living people detection devices group (44); and

- comparison by said control central unit (1) of the total number of people in the building (E) with that of the people evacuated and with that acquired by said living people detection devices group (44).

Description:
System for allowing buildings evacuation in case of earthquake and operating method thereof

* ****

The present invention relates to a system for allowing buildings evacuation in case of earthquake and operating method thereof.

More specifically, the invention concerns a system of said type, configured to detect the presence of persons within a building or a compartment of a building, such as a room or an apartment, and allow that one or more accesses or doors through which persons can access said environment will not be blocked in case of a seismic event or disaster in general and to allow or ease the searching for people under the rubble of the possibly collapsed building.

As it is well known, at present, in the case of a building is heavily damaged or collapsed due to a seismic event, people within it may be in trouble to get out before the collapse in case of damage of the exit routes, and if they cannot actually evacuate in time, they may remain under the rubbles.

Finding people under rubbles by civil protection or similar safety authorities is often very long and difficult.

In particular, cases are not uncommon where deceased persons have been found in rubbles that, if they were found in time, could have been saved.

Today, to find alive people under the rubble, different systems are used, such as the employment of dogs or other types of technologic systems, which however take some time to achieve the purpose.

In addition to the above, a further unfortunately well-known problem is that if a building is damaged by a seismic event, those inside the building can often have objective difficulties in getting out from the various environments also due to the block of the doors or the exit routes in general from the interior of the building.

It is apparent that the above-mentioned problems are expensive in both economic and human lives terms.

In light of the above, it is an object of the present invention to allow persons in a building to evacuate in case of an earthquake.

Another object of the invention is that of preventing the accesses, such as the doors through which people have access into an environment of the building, can be blocked in the case of a seismic event.

It is therefore specific object of the present invention a system for allowing the evacuation of buildings in case of earthquake or disaster in general, said building having one or more compartments, such as an apartment, a corridor and the like, said system comprising a remote control central unit, provided with transceiver means, one or more peripheral units, each one located in a compartment to be monitored, said one or more peripheral units being provided with wireless transceiver means and being connectable to one or more further peripheral units and said control central unit, one or more doors each one having one or more wings, each of said peripheral units being housed in one respective of said wings of a respective door, the overall arrangement of said door being such as to allow the evacuation of any people from the respective compartment, in which it is installed and the protection of said peripheral unit installed in the wing in case of a possible earthquake or natural disaster in general, and detection and communication means, functionally connected to said peripheral unit, adapted to detect physical and biological data within the volume of said compartments of said building, so that said peripheral unit is capable to transmit them to said central control unit.

Always according to the invention, said wing of said door could be hollow, so as to house the respective peripheral unit, and said door could comprise buffer batteries, for supplying said peripheral unit.

Still according to the invention, said wing could be formed by a steel section and within it includes reinforcement transverse profiles.

Advantageously according to the invention, each one of said doors could comprise at least an electromagnetic latch automatically unlockable in case of earthquake or disaster in general.

Further according to the invention, each one of said doors could comprise a support frame, coupled with the respective wing by hidden hinges, and each of said doors could comprise at least one longitudinal earthquake joint and/or at least one transverse earthquake joint, each arranged between said wing and said support frame, said earthquake joints being adapted to prevent said wink to block in case of deformation of said support frame, due to an earthquake or disasters in general.

Preferably according to the invention, said system could comprise a septum, arranged between said wing and the floor, on which said door is installed, said septum being capable to assume a rest position, in which it is lowered, and an operating position, in which it is raised, so as to get away in case of earthquake from said floor, on which said door is installed, and an actuator, operatively connected to said septum, said actuator being adapted to activate said septum so as to pass it from said rest position to said operating position.

Always according to the invention, said detection and communication means could comprise a counting devices group, adapted to detect the number of people within a compartment, comprising a plurality of sensor devices, fixed to the walls of said compartments of said building, so as to detect the presence of any people occupying said compartments.

Still according to the invention, said sensor devices could be of optical and/or microwave type.

Advantageously according to the invention, said system could comprise one or more accelerometers functionally connected to said sensor devices, so as to activate said sensor device in case of they are subjected to an acceleration exceeding a predefined threshold.

Further according to the invention, said detection and communication means could comprise a group of evacuation devices, comprising a plurality of devices housed in said doors, preferably housed in said wings, said devices being adapted to prevent the block of the doors for the access to said compartments of said building, so as to facilitate the evacuation of people.

Preferably according to the invention, said devices of said evacuation devices group could comprise control means, such as a microprocessor or the like, adapted to allow the acquisition of data from said peripheral unit, and detection means, such as an acceierometer, for detecting the state of said building, said control means being connected to said actuator and to said electromagnetic latches, so as to activate them when said detection means detect that the building has been subjected to a stress greater than the predetermined one, said evacuation devices group being wireless network connected for the transmission to said peripheral units and/or to said control central unit, so as to minimize false activations due to local noise.

Always according to the invention, said detection and communication means could comprise a group of detection devices of living people in non-collapsed buildings, comprising a plurality of infrared and/or microwave sensors, which can be activated after an interval of time following a strong earthquake, to detect the number of living people, within one or more of said compartments, by the detection of one or more biological parameters.

Still according to the invention, said detection and communication means could comprise a position detection devices group, comprising a plurality of acoustic detection devices and/or electromagnetic waves and/or microwaves detection devices and the like, connected via a wireless network among themselves and to said peripheral unit, adapted to identify the location of survivors in case of said building collapses, identifying at least one of their biological or vital parameter, such as temperature, pressure, voice and the like.

Advantageously according to the invention, said detection and communication means could comprise a group of transmitter-receiver devices, connected via wireless network to said peripheral unit and between them, for the connection of the respective peripheral unit with said central control unit, so as to enable data transmission from said peripheral unit to said control central unit.

Further according to the invention, said control central unit could be connectable to rescue authorities.

Always according to the invention, said system could comprise one or more networks of fixed cameras, connected by wireless connection with said control central unit, for the detection of pedestrians and emergency areas outside said building.

Still according to the invention, said control central unit could be implemented as a cloud system.

It is further object of the present invention a method for the operation of a system to allow the evacuation of buildings in case of earthquake disasters or general disaster, as described above, comprising the following steps: said counting subsystem detects the presence of people within a respective compartment; in case of an earthquake, said devices of said network configuration detecting device group detect the possible partial or total collapse of the building, transmitting a signal to said peripheral unit and said peripheral units communicating such information to other peripheral units or to said control central unit; in case of lack of collapse or partial collapse of said building and in case of presence of people in a compartment of said building, activation by said peripheral unit of said device of said subsystem escape, to prevent the possible blocking of the doors; detection of living people by means of said living people detection devices group; and comparison by said control central unit of the total number of people in the building with that of the people evacuated and with that acquired by said living people detection devices group.

The present invention will be now described, for illustrative but not limitative purposes, according to its preferred embodiments, with particular reference to the figures of the enclosed drawings, wherein:

figure 1 shows a schematic diagram of the system for allowing the evacuation from buildings in case of earthquake, according to the invention;

figure 2 shows a functional diagram of the system according to the invention;

figure 3 shows a section of a door according to the present invention;

figure 4a shows a first section of a portion of the door according to figure 3;

figure 4b shows a second section of a portion of the door according to figure 3; and

figure 5 shows a transparent view of the implementation of a system to allow evacuation from buildings inside a building.

In the various figures, similar parts will be indicated by the same reference numbers.

Referring to figures 1 and 2, a system S to allow the evacuation from buildings in case of earthquake according to the present invention can be seen.

Specifically, in general terms, the system S comprises a central remote control unit 1 with respect to one or more buildings E to be monitored, a plurality of peripheral units 2 or concentrators each one arranged within a respective compartment C of a building E and to each one of which detection means 4 as defined in the following are connected, and possibly a plurality of external control units, generally indicated by the reference numeral 3.

The evacuation system S, in addition to the central control unit 1 , has a number of internal and external detection devices or sensors to said building E to be monitored, which will be better described below.

The central control unit 1 is implemented as a cloud system and it is equipped with wireless (no wire) transmission means that can connect to the civil protection PC control systems. If necessary, the central control unit 1 may also be integrated into the Civil Protection PC control systems.

Each peripheral unit 2, as said, is arranged inside or at a specific compartment C of the building E, as better described below, so that both the compartment C itself and the persons located within it during a catastrophic event can be monitored.

As said above, each peripheral unit 2 is equipped with detection and communication means 4, which are better described below, placed in each building and falling into a given area of the territory of interest for post-catastrophic data acquisition, which will be processed by said central control unit 1 , graphically represented on georeferenced urban fabric maps or on the floor planes of the monitored buildings E, and transmitted to the Civil Protection PC operators for the emergency management and the coordination of the rescue.

Specifically, the following detection and communication means 4 and the related data acquisition by the different wireless networks are disclosed, which are transmitted to said central control unit 1 , which, as said, is implemented on a cloud platform.

Said detection and communication means 4 include, in particular, a set of counter devices 41 for detecting the number of people inside a compartment C, comprising a plurality of optoelectronic and/or microwave sensing devices 41', actuated by accelerometers arranged fixed to the building E, for determining the number and the location of the people within a compartment C, which can be an apartment or predefined floor sections of said building E. Such sensing devices 41' are connected to said peripheral units 2 by wireless connection, i.e. by wireless network.

In case of a building E collapse, the accelerometers activate said sensing devices 41', which, upon detecting the presence and the location of persons inside the compartment C, transmit such data to said peripheral unit 2.

Said detection and communication means 4 also comprise a network configuration detecting devices group 42. Said network configuration detecting device group 42 is capable in particular of detecting variations of the configuration of a given wireless network, or of the networks cluster located in a building E, due to a partial or total collapse of the building itself.

Said detection and communication means 4 also comprise a plurality of evacuation devices 43, comprising a plurality of devices 43', possibly of different types (mechanical, electrical, electromagnetic.) contained within the wings of the doors P for accessing said compartments C, which, as it is better described in the following, have a high rigidity and are provided with suitable joints 22' and 22" in the frames anchored to the perimeter masonry. The devices 43' of said group of evacuation devices 43 are intended to prevent the block of the doors P for accessing the compartments C of the building E, so as to facilitate the evacuation of people from the building E.

In particular, said devices 43' comprise control means, such as a microprocessor or the like, adapted to allow the data acquisition from said peripheral unit 2, and the respective detection means such as accelerometric sensors or accelerometers in general, which allow the automatic opening of the wings 21 of the doors P, if there are people inside the building.

Said control means are connected to an actuator 26' (which is better described in the following) and electromagnetic latches 24 (also better described in the following), so as to activate them when said detection means detect that the building E has been damaged.

Said evacuation devices group 43 is wireless network connected for the transmission of said data to the outside of said building E and also to minimize false activation due to local noise.

In particular, in case of overcoming of a preset acceleration threshold, which is detected by said accelerometric sensors connected, as said, to said microprocessor of said control means, an actuator 26' is activated, which will be better specified below, and said electromagnetic latches 24 (also better described below), adapted to allow the opening of the doors P and the following evacuation of the persons of said building E.

Said detection and communication means 4 also comprise a group of detection devices of living people 44, comprising a plurality of sensors, in particular infrared and microwave sensors, which activate after a time period following a strong seismic event, to detect the number of alive people, even with reduced mobility, remaining within a compartment C of a building E.

The detection and communication means 4 also comprise a position detection devices group 45 comprising a plurality of devices of different type, electromagnetic, acoustic, microwaves and the like, connected to each other and to peripheral units 2 by means of a wireless network, designed to identify the location of any survivors involved in the partial or total collapse of a building E, identifying at least one of their vital parameters.

Said detection and communication means 4 also comprise a group of transmitter-receiver devices 46, also connected via a wireless network with the peripheral units, which allows the transmission to a certain cloud platform, and in particular the central control unit 1 , the data collected by the group (or cluster) of detection devices of living people 44, which are distributed in correspondence of single rubble layers of a building E (corresponding to single existing building E plans) using, as a communication element among the various rubble layers and the outside, the frames, the wings or the exoskeletons of the doors P, wherein the devices of said network configuration detecting devices group 42 are located in each compartment C of said building E, or in each apartment or in pre-defined floor sections of a given private or public building E.

The external control units 3 include:

- a first network of fixed cameras 31 , of course connected via wireless connection, located in suitable urban fabric areas, to assess the number and location of pedestrians on open public areas as well as people in cars at the time of the seismic event, involved in the collapse of buildings;

- a second network of fixed cameras 32, always wireless connected with each other and with said central control unit 1 , placed in this case in suitable urban fabric areas, which evaluate the feasibility and the use of emergency areas;

- a satellite broadcasting system 33 for emergency communications between the Civil Protection PC operators and citizens or people generally present in usable buildings E, located in significant urban fabric areas, emergency areas, with the support of specific devices, also of mobile type, as well as monitors and displays placed in suitable sites.

The peripheral units 2 are arranged in the entrance and exit doors, in and from said compartments C.

In particular, referring to figure 3, the arrangement of the peripheral unit 2 is observed within a wing 21 , which is coupled to a support frame 22 by means of retractable hinges 23. Said wing 21 , said support frame 22 and said retractable hinges 23 form said door P. The wing 21 is made of a steel section 21', so that it is resistant to wall deformations. Transverse profiles 21" are also inserted in the wing 21 , in order to obtain an overall stiffening of the same.

Said wing 21 is not provided with a lock, which could block in case of collapse of the building E but, as said, with high-strength electromagnetic latches 24, used in place of common mechanical locks, which can be easily automatically and electrically unlocked, in case of danger or in general if necessary.

Buffer batteries 25 are also provided inside said door 21 , suitable for feeding both the peripheral unit 2 and the electromagnetic latches 24 and the actuator 26'.

To prevent it from blocking, said wing 21 also includes a guillotine septum 26, which can take a rest position, where it is lowered, and an operating position in case of an earthquake, in which it is lifted. In particular, in case of danger, said actuator 26', made by means of a gear rack mechanism, allows said septum 26 to pass from said rest position, in which it is lowered, to said operating position, in which it is raised, so as to move away from the floor, on which the door P is installed and therefore prevent the block for a severe earthquake due to deformation. At the same time high-strength electromagnetic latches, 500-600 Kg each, will be deactivated by the microprocessor system, allowing opening of wing 21 of the door P in case of a major earthquake and where there are people inside the apartment . Said latches 24 will be located along the perimeter of the wing 21 , in a position very close to the retractable hinges 23; in the fixed part of the frame, parallel to the electromagnetic latch, a retaining self-aligning plate will be mounted. The group electromagnetic latch- blocking plate, preventing the door wing to open, will replace the normal lock, whose mechanism can easily block the opening of the door itself, due to the deformations of the frame and the wing 21 , caused by a severe earthquake or calamities in general. As it can be seen, also in figures 4a and 4b, the support frame 22, to which the wing 21 is coupled, is appropriately secured with anchoring members 27 to the wall of the building E.

It is considered that the support frame 22 and the door 21 of door P are made of steel. Said frame also includes, as said, a seismic joint 22' between the wing 21 and the support frame 22 of the door P, to prevent door P blockage, i.e. the opening of the wing 21 , due to the deformation of the supporting frame 22, following a strong seismic event.

This seismic joint 22' delimits the door wing 21 of the door P on the three sides and in particular in correspondence of the floor, on which the door P is located.

Said septum 26 and its actuator 26', are activated only after a seismic event.

Said door P also includes a further transverse seismic joint 22", which prevents the contacts between the wing 21 of the door P and the outer frame of the support frame 22.

In case of total collapse of the building E, the central control unit 1 receives from the different peripheral units 2 installed in the doors P of the compartments C, which the building E is divided in, by the wireless networks of the position detection devices group 45, whose devices (such as electromagnetic, acoustic, microwaves and the like) are preferably placed in the intrados of the building's attic, have the possibility to detect any survivors, between the layers of rubble corresponding to the various floors of the preexisting building E, identifying at least one vital parameter.

The operation of the system S for allowing buildings E evacuation in case of earthquake described above takes place as follows.

As said the system S provides clusters of different types of devices and sensors placed in each building E with a predefined area of the territory of interest, for the acquisition of post-disaster data, which can then be processed by a cloud platform, consisting of said central control unit 1 , so as to be graphically represented on georeferenced urban fabric maps or on planimetries of the monitored buildings, and transmitted to the Civil Protection PC operators for the emergency management and the coordination of assistance.

In particular, in the following it is highlighted the data acquisition sequence by the different devices networks forming said wireless detection means 4, which are transmitted to the central control unit 1 , implemented on a cloud platform, as well as the main operation activities and phases of the system S.

The counting devices group 41 is always active and continuously detects the number of persons in a compartment C of the monitored building E, by sensors 41', regardless of any earthquake or other catastrophe. This compartment C can be an apartment, an office, a hall or, in general, a predefined section of a floor of a building E. Referring to figure 5, with reference to a multi-floor building E having a plurality of flats arranged on the same vertical, a possible configuration of said optoelectronic and microwaves devices wireless network connected to each other, indicated by the numeral reference 41', which constitutes said group of counting devices 41, is shown.

Said devices 41' of said counting device group 41 are generally located on the walls of said compartments C of the building E to an appropriate height from the floor and with a capture angle consistent with the required functionality, i.e. detecting the presence of people in the compartment C.

The detection devices 41' of the counting devices group 41 of each floor communicate with each other and with the peripheral unit 2 located within the wing 21 of the door P at the entrance into the compartment C to be monitored. As said, said wing 21 will have suitable strength and stiffness characteristics to ensure an adequate level of protection and to prevent the risk of it to be opened in case of a catastrophe.

Following a strong seismic event, the network of network configuration detection devices 42 indicates the possible total or partial collapse of the building E.

In the absence of collapse or partial collapse of the building E, due to the presence of persons in a compartment C indicated by the counting subsystem 41 , by the proper transmission of a signal to a peripheral unit 2, the device of said group of evacuation devices 43 is activated by said peripheral unit 2, which automatically prevents the block of the access doors P by means of the control of said electromagnetic latches 24. By virtue of said wings 21 provided with said electromagnetic latches 24 instead of mechanical locks, it is possible to facilitate the fast evacuation of people from building E.

The central control unit 1 compares in succession the total number of people in building E, in correspondence with the strong seismic event, with that of the evacuated people and with that acquired by the wireless network of the group of detection devices of living people 44, and sends a communication (a signal) to the operators of the civil protection PC, with which it is connected by suitable transmission means.

Figure 5 shows a possible configuration and arrangement of said devices constituting a position detection devices group 45, indicated by numeral references 45'. Said devices of said position detection devices group 45 communicate with each other and with the peripheral units 2 or concentrators, each one of which is located inside a respective wing 21 of the entrance door P of the apartment or compartment C in general of a building E.

Figure 5 also schematically shows the flow of data the acquired by the clusters of the devices 45' of said position detection devices group 45 to said peripheral units 2, and subsequently transmitted to the central control unit 1 by means of said group of transmitter-receiver devices 46. The different groups of transmitter-receiver devices 46 are identified in figure 5, so as to indicate the floors of the building E, through which they transmit the data (particularly from the 2nd to the 3rd floor; from the 3rd to the 4th floor, from the 4th to the 5th floor), through the single layers of the rubbles of the collapsed building E, using the exoskeleton of the doors P themselves, that is, the frame 22 or the wing 21 , in which the devices forming the group of evacuation devices 43 as a communication element between the various rubble layers and the exterior are placed.

The possible presence of survivors is communicated by the central control unit 1 to the civil protection PC operators.

The external control units 3, as said, consist of clusters of different types of devices distributed outside the buildings E of the area of interest, for the acquisition of post-catastrophe data, which will be processed by said central unit control 1 , which, as said, is a cloud platform, and is transmitted to Civil Protection PC operators, for the emergency management and the co-ordination of the rescues.

The data acquired by webcam or cameras in general wireless networks of said external control units 3 transmitted to said central control unit 1 , implemented on the cloud platform are shown below:

- the first fixed cameras wireless network 31 carries out an assessment of the number of people in a given area of the territory (square, sidewalk, etc.), or within vehicles involved in the collapse of buildings E following a strong seismic event;

- the second fixed cameras network 32 carries out an assessment of the feasibility and use of emergency areas, also with regard to their suitability, already acquired through preventive and targeted investigations. In this respect, it should be noted that the extension of the area monitored by the fixed cameras 32 can be significantly extended by the data acquired by UAV equipped with suitable wireless cameras and transmitted by said central control unit 1 to the civil protection PC operators.

The satellite communication system 33, as mentioned above, allows any survivors to communicate with possible reliefs.

Verification of population distribution dynamics in the seismic scenario of the scenario damages is handled by said central control unit 1 based on the data acquired by said detection and communication means 4 and by said external control units 3 located at the monitored territory elements.

As said, the data are subsequently transmitted to the Civil

Protection PC operators and to the population, possibly by using displays distributed over the territory in suitable areas of the fabric urban.

An advantage of the present invention is to provide clustering of wireless networks of indoor and outdoor devices that perform differentiated roles in case of a strong seismic event, allowing the identification of persons involved in the building collapse and still alive, the evacuation of people from buildings by means of devices that prevent the block of access doors, the identification of people, even with reduced levels of autonomy, that remain within unbroken buildings, i.e. the number of pedestrians and cars involved in the collapse of buildings, practicability and the use of emergency areas in the context of the management of the population distribution dynamics following a strong seismic event.

The present invention has been described for illustrative but not limitative purposes, according to its preferred embodiments, but it is to be understood that modifications and/or changes can be introduced by those skilled in the art without departing from the relevant scope as defined in the enclosed claims.