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Title:
A TOWER SECTION FOR A TRUSS TOWER, A TRUSS TOWER, A TRUSS TOWER ASSEMBLY, AND USE OF SUCH SECTION, TOWER AND TOWER ASSEMBLY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/049945
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A tower section (10) for a truss tower. The tower section (10) comprises three or more elongated corner beams (20) arranged in parallel and spaced apart, and a plurality of transverse beams (22) connected perpendicular to adjacent corner beams (20), thereby forming respective three or more sides (S1, S2, S3). The transverse beams (22) are distributed along the sides (S1, S2, S3) so that the transverse beams (22) of one of the side (S1, S2, S3) are arranged offset to the transverse beams (22) of the other sides (S1, S2, S3).

Inventors:
TRYLAND TORE (NO)
HALVORSEN MAGNUS KJEPSO (NO)
Application Number:
PCT/NO2020/050223
Publication Date:
March 18, 2021
Filing Date:
September 03, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HYNDLA AS (NO)
International Classes:
E04H12/10; E04C3/08; E04H12/24; H01Q1/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO1994015041A11994-07-07
Foreign References:
US20100251634A12010-10-07
EP0407998A21991-01-16
US4745412A1988-05-17
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HÅMSØ PATENTBYRÅ AS (NO)
Download PDF:
Claims:
C l a i m s

1 . A tower section (10) for a truss tower (5a, 5b), the tower section (10) comprises:

- three or more elongated corner beams (20) arranged in parallel and spaced apart, and

- a plurality of transverse beams (22) connected perpendicularly to adjacent cor ner beams (20), thereby forming respective three or more sides (S1 , S2, S3), c h a r a c t e r i s e d i n that the transverse beams (22) are distributed along the sides (S1 , S2, S3) so that the transverse beams (22) of one of the side (S1 , S2, S3) are arranged offset to the transverse beams (22) of the other sides (S1, S2, S3).

2. The tower section (10) according to claim 1 , wherein the transverse beams (22) are distributed equidistantly along the sides (S1 , S2, S3) and with an equidistant offset between the sides (S1 , S2, S3).

3. The tower section (10) according to any of claim 1 and 2, wherein the transverse beams (22) and the connections to the corner beams (20) are configured to bear up the weight of a person.

4. The tower section (10) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the offset of the transverse beams (22) is configured to enable a person climbing the tower (5a, 5b).

5. The tower section (10) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the transverse beams (22) comprise friction enhancing surfaces (40).

6. The tower section (10) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the tower section (10) comprises a plurality of bracing beams (24) connected obliquely to adjacent corner beams (20).

7. The tower section (10) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the cor ner beams (20) comprise closed tubular profiles.

8. The tower section (10) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the transverse beams (22) comprise L-shaped profiles.

9. The tower section (10) according to any of claims 6-8, wherein the bracing beams (24) comprise L-shaped profiles.

10. The tower section (10) according to any of the previous claims, wherein at least one of the corner beams (20), the transverse beams (22) and the bracing beams (24) mainly comprise an extruded aluminium material.

11. A truss tower (5a, 5b) comprising a tower section (10) according to any of claim

12. The truss tower (5a, 5b) according to claim 11 , wherein the truss tower (5a, 5b) comprises two or more tower sections (10) connected at their end portions.

13. A truss tower assembly (1 ) for holding one or more transmission cables, wherein the truss tower assembly (1 ) comprises a first truss tower (5a) and a second truss tower (5b) according to any of claims 11-12, wherein the first truss tower (5a) and the second truss tower (5b) are configured to be supported spaced apart on a bearing surface (12), wherein the truss tower assembly (1) further comprises a transverse bar (15) arranged between an end portion of the first truss tower (5a) and an end portion of the second truss tower (5b).

14. The truss tower assembly (1) according to claim 13, wherein the transverse bar (15) is arranged extending parallel with a side (S1 , S2, S3) of a tower section (10) of the first truss tower (5a) and parallel with a side (S1 , S2, S3) of a tower section (10) of the second truss tower (5b).

15. The truss tower assembly (1) according to any of claims 13-14, wherein the transverse bar (15) comprises connection means for holding one or more trans mission cables.

16. Use of a tower section (10) according to any of claims 1-10.

17. Use of a truss tower (5a, 5b) according to any of claims 11-12.

18. Use of a truss tower assembly (1 ) according to any of claims 13-15. 19. Use of a truss tower assembly (1 ) according to any of claims 13-15 for holding one or more transmission cables.

Description:
A TOWER SECTION FOR A TRUSS TOWER, A TRUSS TOWER, A TRUSS TOWER ASSEMBLY, AND USE OF SUCH SECTION, TOWER AND TOWER ASSEMBLY

Introduction

The present invention relates to a tower section for a truss tower. The tower section com- prises three or more elongated corner beams arranged in parallel and spaced apart, and a plurality of transverse beams connected perpendicularly to adjacent corner beams. The transverse beams are distributed along the adjacent corner beams and thereby forming respective three or more sides.

The present invention also relates to a truss tower and a truss tower assembly comprising the tower section of the invention, and use of the tower section, the truss tower and the truss tower assembly.

Prior art

Truss towers are used in various applications, such as for high-voltage transmission tow ers, where the towers support transmission cables, such as 132kV three-phase alternating current lines as present for the Norwegian grid, or different voltage standards.

Firstly, a problem with prior art truss towers is the cost of installing the towers. Transmis sion towers often have to be transported to the installation site by helicopter, and the speed and cost of installation is highly related to the effectiveness of the helicopter trans portation. Weight determines transportation effectiveness, and a light-weight truss-based structure is desirable for faster and cheaper installation.

Secondarily, there is a need for improved health, safety, and environmental conditions in installation and operation of high-voltage transmission towers. Current solutions are po tentially hazardous to work with and to the environment (wood, fiber reinforced plastic), are dangerous to install (steel), or have limited recyclability (fiber reinforced plastic, steel). There are four known technologies: transmission towers built in wood, steel, fiber rein forced plastic, and simpler aluminum structures.

The wooden transmission tower has been known for decades, and has been widely used, particularly in challenging topography. While relatively low-weight and cost-effective, the material has to be treated with creosote, which is a toxic chemical whose use is banned within the EU. In addition, the material is not very scalable as cost escalates exponentially as the size of the tower increases.

The steel transmission tower has been known for decades, too, and is the most used so lution globally. Steel towers come as both tubular, one-piece solutions and truss-based solutions. While very cost-effective to procure, steel does not facilitate low-weight solu tions, both due to its specific weight, but also because it is difficult to make closed cross sections. Its usage is therefore not favored whenever transportation requirements are challenging.

The fiber reinforced plastic tower has recently appeared on the market as a light-weight alternative to steel and wood. However, fibre reinforced plastic towers are expensive to produce, potentially hazardous to workers and the environment when damaged, cut, or drilled, and not recyclable.

Aluminum towers have been used in to a small degree (e.g. Fairbanks, Alaska (USA), and Norway - once in the 60s, but more recently as tubular poles by Lena Metall AS), but only in simpler designs (open cross-sections or poles) which have had to rely on guys (wires) or limited size or loads to support cables in the 132kV range. Due to the lack of inventive ness in these solutions, aluminum has never been widely used previously.

Both fiber reinforced plastic and aluminum solutions also suffer from the difficulty in calcu lating their strength with traditional methods. Full utilization of their favorable properties thus remain out of reach for existing inventions.

Moreover, since fiber reinforced plastic- and wood solutions come in tubular shapes, and have poor strength in joints and smaller details, they require deep excavations to be dug so that they may penetrate the earth’s surface by several meters in order to achieve a suitable foundation. With metal material, more effective base connections may be de signed, so that simpler rock bolts may be used to fix the tower to the earth's surface. With metals, the excavation option may be used for loose soil surfaces, and the base connec tion option may be used for rock formation: whichever is more cost-effective. US4745412 discloses lightweight tower assemblies for antennas and the like.

Summary of the invention

The invention has for its object to remedy or to reduce at least one of the drawbacks of the prior art, or at least provide a useful alternative to prior art. In particular, an object of the invention is to provide strong lightweight tower sections for a truss tower.

This object is obtained by means of a tower section for a truss tower, wherein the tower section comprises:

- three or more elongated corner beams arranged in parallel or essentially in parallel and spaced apart, and

- a plurality of transverse beams connected perpendicularly to or essentially perpendicu larly to adjacent corner beams, thereby forming respective three or more sides.

The invention is characterized in that the transverse beams are distributed along the sides so that the transverse beams of one of the sides are arranged offset to the transverse beams of the other sides.

The corner beams are configured to be oriented in a vertical position during the use of the truss tower and are configured for bearing the axial load of the truss tower. The transverse beams connect the corner beams and hold the spacing of the corner beams fixed when the tower section is subjected to bending or torsion.

By means of distributing the transverse beams along the sides so that the transverse beams of one of the sides are arranged offset to the transverse beams of the other sides, the structural strength of the tower section in regards to bending or torsion is improved. Thereby, the dimensions of the transverse beams or the number of transverse beams used in the tower section may be reduced in order to reduce the weight of the tower sec tion. The reduced weight of the tower section facilitates installation and transport, such as by a helicopter.

The offset distribution of the transverse beams also facilitates a person climbing the truss tower using the transverse beams, such as for purpose of maintaining the truss tower, transmission cables or other connected components.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the transverse beams are distributed equi- distantly along the sides and with an equidistant offset between the sides. By means of an equidistant separation and an equidistant offset a homogenous strength of the tower sec tion is obtained along its length. According to an embodiment of the invention, the transverse beams and the connections to the corner beams are configured to bear up the weight of a person. The transverse beams are dimensioned for allowing a person climbing the truss tower.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the offset of the transverse beams is con figured to enable a person climbing the tower by shifting between sides of the tower. Ac cording to an embodiment of the invention, the transverse beams comprise friction en hancing surfaces. The friction enhancing surfaces comprise for example friction ridges or friction notches. By means of the friction enhancing surfaces, climbing the truss tower is facilitated using the transverse beams.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the tower section comprises a plurality of bracing beams connected obliquely to adjacent corner beams. The bracing beams are configured to further provide strength and stability to the truss tower. According to an em bodiment the bracing beams are further connected to transverse beams.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the corner beams comprise closed tubular profiles. The tubular profiles provide torsional stiffness while allowing for reduced weight of the tower.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the corner beams comprise fins for connec tion of the transverse beams.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the transverse beams comprise L-shaped profiles. The L-shaped profiles provide low weight for their use in the tower section, where low or no torsional stiffness is required.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the bracing beams comprises L-shaped profiles. The L-shaped profiles provide low weight for their use in the tower section, where low or no torsional stiffness is required.

According to an embodiment of the invention, wherein at least one of the corner beams, the transverse beams and the bracing beams mainly comprise an extruded aluminium material. In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the whole tower section mainly com prises aluminium. For example, attachment elements, such as bolts or similar may be of other material such as stainless steel. A further advantage with a light-weight metal truss tower, is that attachment to a fundament on the ground, such as plain rock, can be ob tained with simple brackets attached to the rock without the need to dig deep holes in the ground to support the truss tower. According to an embodiment of the invention, the tower section has a length in an interval 5 to 7 meters. According to an embodiment of the invention, the tower section has a weight in an interval 80 to 160 kg. According to an embodiment of the invention, the cor ner beams, the transverse beams and the bracing beams have a thickness in an interval 4 to 8 mm.

The above object of the invention is further obtained by means of a truss tower comprising a tower section according to any of above embodiments.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the truss tower comprises two or more tow er sections connected at their end portions. By connecting two or more tower sections the overall height of the truss tower is adjustable.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the whole truss tower is made of aluminium.

The above object of the invention is further obtained by means of a truss tower assembly for holding one or more transmission cables. The truss tower assembly comprises a first truss tower and a second truss tower according to any of above embodiments. The first truss tower and the second truss tower are configured to be supported spaced apart on a bearing surface, wherein the truss tower assembly further comprises a transverse bar arranged between an end portion of the first truss tower and an end portion of the second truss tower.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the transverse bar is arranged extending parallel with a side of a tower section of the first truss tower and parallel with a side of a tower section of the second truss tower. By means of arranging the transverse bar along two sides stresses subjected to the first and second towers from an entity connected to the transverse bar are preferable for the truss tower assembly.

According to an embodiment of the invention, the transverse bar comprises connection means for holding one or more transmission cables.

The above object of the invention is further obtained by means of use of a tower section according to any of above embodiments, use of a truss tower according to any of above embodiments, use of a truss tower assembly according to any of above embodiments, and use of a truss tower assembly for holding one or more transmission cables.

Brief description of drawings In the following is described examples of preferred embodiments illustrated in the accom panying drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1a discloses a truss tower assembly according to a first embodiment of the invention, wherein the truss tower assembly comprises two truss towers;

Fig. 1b discloses a truss tower assembly according to a second embodiment of the invention, wherein the truss tower assembly comprises two truss towers;

Fig. 1c discloses a connection between a spar post and a stay bar of one of the truss towers in fig. 1b;

Fig. 2a discloses a tower section according to an embodiment of the invention;

Fig. 2b discloses the tower section in fig. 2a in further details;

Fig. 3 discloses an example of a corner beam of the tower section in fig. 2a;

Fig. 4 discloses an example of a transverse beam of the tower section in fig. 2a; and

Fig. 5 discloses an example of a bracing beam of the tower section in fig. 2a.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1a shows a truss tower assembly 1 comprising a first truss tower 5a and a second truss towers 5b according to a first embodiment of the invention.

The truss towers 5a, 5b are comprised by a plurality of tower sections 10. In the disclosed example, for purpose of simplicity, the truss towers 5a, 5b are disclosed each comprising two tower sections 10. The two or more tower sections 10 are connected at their end por tions to form the truss towers 5a, 5b.

The first truss tower 5a and the second truss tower 5b are configured to be supported spaced apart on a bearing surface 12. The truss tower assembly 1 further comprises a transverse bar 15 arranged between an end portion of the first truss tower 5a and an end portion of the second truss tower 5b. The truss tower assembly 1 is for example used for holding one or more transmission cables (not shown) and comprises in such case connec tion means for holding the one or more transmission cables connected to the transverse bar 15. Fig. 1b shows a truss tower assembly 1 according to a second embodiment of the inven tion. The truss tower assembly 1 differs from the truss tower assembly 1 in fig. 1a in that the truss towers 5a, 5b further comprises the combination of a spar post 16 and a stay bar 18 obliquely connected to the spar post 16 via a bracket or hinge. The connection be tween the spar post 16 and the stay bar 18 is disclosed in further detail in fig. 1c. Locally connecting such a stay bar (18) obliquely to spar post (16) is particularly beneficial when the spar post (16) is at least partly formed by metal, as metal has a better local strength than composite or wood

The stay bar 18 has the function of supporting the vertical orientation of the spar post 16.

In the disclosed embodiment both the spar post 16 and the stay bar 18 are comprised by one or more tower sections 10.

Fig. 2a shows an embodiment of the tower section 10 used in the truss tower assembly 1 in fig. 1a-1c. Fig. 2b shows the tower section 10 in further details.

The tower section 10 comprises three elongated corner beams 20 arranged in parallel and spaced apart in an equidistant triangle form indicated by dashed lines. The tower section 10 further comprises a plurality of transverse beams 22 connected perpendicularly to ad jacent corner beams 20. Thereby, respective first side S1 , second side S2 and third side S3 are formed confining the space of the triangle form.

The transverse beams 22 are distributed along the sides S1 , S2, S3 so that the transverse beams 22 of one of the sides S1 , S2, S3 are arranged offset to the transverse beams 22 of the other sides S1 , S2, S3.

The corner beams 20 are configured to bear the axial load of the truss tower 5a, 5b. The transverse beams 22 connect the corner beams 20 so that the spacing between the cor ner beams 20 is fixed when the tower section 10 is subjected to bending or torsion.

By the offset configuration of the transverse beams 22 of different sides S1 , S2, S3 of the tower section 10, the structural strength of the tower section 10 in regard to bending or torsion is improved. Thereby, also the weight of the tower section 10 is reduced and the transport and assembly operation are facilitated. Such as transportation by a helicopter.

Preferably the transverse beams 22 are distributed equidistant along the sides S1 , S2, S3 and with an equidistant offset between the sides S1 , S2, S3, which provides a homoge nous strength of the tower section 10 along its length. The offset distribution of the transverse beams 22 also facilitates a person climbing the truss tower using the transverse beams 22.

In the disclosed embodiment, the tower section 10 further comprises a plurality of bracing beams 24 connected obliquely to adjacent corner beams 20. The bracing beams 24 are configured to further provide strength and stability to the truss tower 10.

The tower section 5a, 5b has for example a length in an interval 5 to 7 meters and with thickness in an interval 4 to 8 mm of the corner beams 20, the transverse beams 22 and the bracing beams 24. The tower section 5a, 5b has preferably a weight in an interval 80 to 160 kg.

In regards to the truss tower assembly 1 in fig. 1 , transverse bar 15 is preferably arranged extending in parallel with a side S1 , S2, S3 of a tower section 10 of the first truss tower 5a and in parallel with a side S1 , S2, S3 of a tower section 10 of the second truss tower 5b. For example, the transverse bar 15 is arranged extending along the first side S1 of the first truss tower 5a and correspondingly along the first side S1 of the second truss tower 5b. Thereby, the stresses subjected to the two truss towers 10a, 10b from an entity con nected to the transverse bar 15 are preferable for the truss tower assembly 1 .

In fig. 3 is an example of a corner beam 20 of the tower section 10 in fig. 2a disclosed.

The corner beam 20 comprises a closed tubular profile and is provided with fins 30 for attachments of the transverse beams 22 and the bracing beams 24. The corner beam 20 preferably comprises an extruded aluminium material.

In fig. 4 is an example of a transverse beam 22 of the tower section 10 in fig. 2a disclosed. The transverse beam 22 comprises an L-shaped profile with friction enhancing surface 40 for facilitating climbing the truss tower 10 using the transverse beams 22. The friction en hancing surface 40 comprises for example friction ridges or friction notches. The trans verse beam 22 preferably comprises an extruded aluminium material.

In fig. 5 is an example of a bracing beam 24 of the tower section 10 in fig. 2a disclosed. The transverse beam 22 comprises an L-shaped profile. The bracing beam 24 preferably comprises an extruded aluminium material.

It should be noted that the above-mentioned embodiments illustrate rather than limit the invention, and that those skilled in the art will be able to design many alternative embodi ments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. For example, it shall be understood that more than three elongated corner beams 20 may be used with increasing number of surfaces of the tower section 10, for example four, six or eight corner beams 20. It shall further be understood that the feature relating to the arrangement of the the transverse bar 15 parallel with a side S1 , S2, S3 of the tower sec- tion 10 of the first truss tower 5a and parallel with a side S1 , S2, S3 of a tower section 10 of the second truss tower 5b is independent to the feature of the offset arrangement of the transverse beams 22. It shall further be understood that the truss tower assembly 1 in fig. 1a-c preferably mainly comprises a structural metal, such as aluminium, and that truss tower assembly 1 made of a composite material or wood would be difficult to realize. In the claims, any reference signs placed between parentheses shall not be construed as limiting the claim. Use of the verb "comprise" and its conjugations does not exclude the presence of elements or steps other than those stated in a claim. The article "a" or "an" preceding an element does not exclude the presence of a plurality of such elements. The mere fact that certain measures are recited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measures cannot be used to advantage.