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Title:
ULTRASONIC COUPLING DEVICE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/261013
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An ultrasonic coupling device. The ultrasonic coupling device includes a foam having an aperture; a hydrogel wherein the hydrogel has a water content of at least 10 wt%, wherein at least part of the hydrogel locates in the aperture of the foam; and a near field communication device.

Inventors:
YOUNG ALEXI J (US)
JESME RONALD D (US)
GABRIEL NICHOLAS T (US)
Application Number:
PCT/IB2020/055414
Publication Date:
December 30, 2020
Filing Date:
June 09, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES CO (US)
International Classes:
B32B1/08; A61B8/00; B32B3/08; B32B5/18; B32B9/00; B32B27/06; B32B27/30; B32B27/32; B32B27/36; B32B27/40
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015130841A12015-09-03
WO2017058698A12017-04-06
WO2018183098A12018-10-04
WO2016160359A12016-10-06
WO2016109168A22016-07-07
Foreign References:
EP0800788A11997-10-15
US6048323A2000-04-11
US20160016338A12016-01-21
Other References:
DRTINA ET AL., MACROMOLECULES, vol. 29, 1996, pages 4486 - 4489
HARAGUCHI ET AL., MACROMOLECULES, vol. 36, 2003, pages 5732 - 5741
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HAN, Qiang et al. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. An ultrasonic coupling device comprising

a foam having an aperture;

a hydrogel wherein the hydrogel has a water content of at least 10 wt%, wherein at least part of the hydrogel locates in the aperture of the foam; and

a near field communication device.

2. The ultrasonic coupling device of claim 1, wherein the hydrogel is derived from an aqueous composition, the aqueous composition comprising:

a hydrophilic monomer capable of free radical polymerization selected from at least one of (meth)acrylate or (meth)acrylamide; and

an initiator of free radical polymerization.

3. The ultrasonic coupling device of claim 2, wherein the aqueous composition has a pH less than 9.5

4. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-3, wherein the foam is rigid or conformable.

5. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-4, wherein the hydrogel further comprises a particle with at least one dimension less than 100 nm.

6. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-5, wherein the near field communication device comprises an aperture and the hydrogel at least partially fills in the aperture of the near field

communication device.

7. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-6, wherein the near field communication device is in contact with the foam and/or the hydrogel .

8. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-7, wherein the near field communication device is attached to the foam and/or the hydrogel..

9. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-8, wherein the near field communication device comprises a memory with lockable usage information.

10. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-9, wherein the near field communication device comprises an antenna having a single loop.

11. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-10, wherein the near field communication device comprises an antenna aperture located symmetrically with the foam aperture.

12. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-11, wherein the near field communication device comprises a polymeric substrate.

13. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-12, further comprising an adhesive layer between the near field communication device and the foam, wherein the adhesive layer has an aperture.

14. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-11, further comprising a polymeric substrate having an aperture between the foam and the near field communication device.

15. The ultrasonic coupling device of claim 14, wherein the hydrogel is covalently bonded to the polymer substrate.

16. The ultrasonic coupling device of claim 14, wherein the polymer substrate comprises at least one of polyurethanes, polyamide, polyester, and polypropylene.

17. The ultrasonic coupling device of claim 14, further comprising a second polymeric substrate having an aperture.

18. The ultrasonic coupling device of any of claims 1-17, wherein the hydrogel has a water content of at least 20 wt%.

19. The ultrasonic coupling device of claim 1, wherein the hydrogel and the near field communication device is imbedded within the aperture of the foam.

20. A system for delivering ultasonic radiation to a subject comprising the ultrasonic coupling device of any of the claims 1-19 and an ultrasonic transducer with a probe, wherein the probe of the ultrasonic transducer is in contact with the hydrogel.

Description:
ULTRASONIC COUPLING DEVICE

BACKGROUND

Ultrasound has been used in the medical field for decades. Traditional larger instruments are used to image the progress of pregnancies or diagnose maladies of different tissues. Besides imaging, ultrasound has been studied for its therapeutic potential and for its ability to wirelessly power devices.

SUMMARY

Thus, in one aspect, the present disclosure provides an ultrasonic coupling device comprising a foam having an aperture; a hydrogel wherein the hydrogel has a water content of at least 10 wt%, wherein at least part of the hydrogel locates in the aperture of the foam; and a near field communication device

In another aspect, the present disclosure provides a system for delivering ultasonic radiation to a subject comprising the ultrasonic coupling device of the current disclosure and an ultrasonic transducer with a probe, wherein the probe of the ultrasonic transducer is in contact with the hydrogel.

Various aspects and advantages of exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure have been summarized. The above Summary is not intended to describe each illustrated embodiment or every implementation of the present disclosure. Further features and advantages are disclosed in the

embodiments that follow. The Drawings and the Detailed Description that follow more particularly exemplify certain embodiments using the principles disclosed herein.

DEFINITIONS

For the following defined terms, these definitions shall be applied for the entire Specification, including the claims, unless a different definition is provided in the claims or elsewhere in the Specification based upon a specific reference to a modification of a term used in the following definitions:

The terms“about” or“approximately” with reference to a numerical value or a shape means +/- five percent of the numerical value or property or characteristic, but also expressly includes any narrow range within the +/- five percent of the numerical value or property or characteristic as well as the exact numerical value. For example, a temperature of“about” 100°C refers to a temperature from 95°C to 105°C, but also expressly includes any narrower range of temperature or even a single temperature within that range, including, for example, a temperature of exactly 100°C. For example, a viscosity of“about” 1 Pa- sec refers to a viscosity from 0.95 to 1.05 Pa-sec, but also expressly includes a viscosity of exactly 1 Pa- sec. Similarly, a perimeter that is“substantially square” is intended to describe a geometric shape having four lateral edges in which each lateral edge has a length which is from 95% to 105% of the length of any other lateral edge, but which also includes a geometric shape in which each lateral edge has exactly the same length. The term“substantially” with reference to a property or characteristic means that the property or characteristic is exhibited to a greater extent than the opposite of that property or characteristic is exhibited. For example, a substrate that is“substantially” transparent refers to a substrate that transmits more radiation (e.g. visible light) than it fails to transmit (e.g. absorbs and reflects). Thus, a substrate that transmits more than 50% of the visible light incident upon its surface is substantially transparent, but a substrate that transmits 50% or less of the visible light incident upon its surface is not substantially transparent.

The terms“a”,“an”, and“the” include plural referents unless the content clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, for example, reference to a material containing“a compound” includes a mixture of two or more compounds.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The disclosure may be more completely understood in consideration of the following detailed description of various embodiments of the disclosure in connection with the accompanying figures, in which: FIG. 1 A is a top perspective view of one embodiemnt of an ultrasonic coupling device;

FIG. IB is a cross sectional view of device of FIG. 1A;

FIG. 2A is a top perspective view of another embodiment of an ultrasonic coupling device;

FIG. 2B is a cross sectional view of device of FIG. 2A;

FIG. 3A is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of an ultrasonic coupling device;

FIG. 3B is a cross sectional view of device of FIG. 3A.

While the above-identified drawings, which may not be drawn to scale, set forth various embodiments of the present disclosure, other embodiments are also contemplated, as noted in the Detailed Description. In all cases, this disclosure describes the presently disclosed invention by way of representation of exemplary embodiments and not by express limitations. It should be understood that numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art, which fall within the scope and spirit of this disclosure.

DETAIFED DESCRIPTION

Before any embodiments of the present disclosure are explained in detail, it is understood that the invention is not limited in its application to the details of use, construction, and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description. The invention is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways that will become apparent to a person of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the present disclosure. Also, it is understood that the phraseology and terminology used herein is for the purpose of description and should not be regarded as limiting. The use of“including,”“comprising,” or“having” and variations thereof herein is meant to encompass the items listed thereafter and equivalents thereof as well as additional items. It is understood that other embodiments may be utilized and structural or logical changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present disclosure.

As used in this Specification, the recitation of numerical ranges by endpoints includes all numbers subsumed within that range (e.g. 1 to 5 includes 1, 1.5, 2, 2.75, 3, 3.8, 4, and 5, and the like).

Unless otherwise indicated, all numbers expressing quantities or ingredients, measurement of properties and so forth used in the Specification and embodiments are to be understood as being modified in all instances by the term“about.” Accordingly, unless indicated to the contrary, the numerical parameters set forth in the foregoing specification and attached listing of embodiments can vary depending upon the desired properties sought to be obtained by those skilled in the art utilizing the teachings of the present disclosure. At the very least, and not as an attempt to limit the application of the doctrine of equivalents to the scope of the claimed embodiments, each numerical parameter should at least be construed in light of the number of reported significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques.

An ultrasonic coupling device is provided. As illustrated in FIG. 1A and IB, the ultrasonic coupling device 100 includes a foam 130, a hydrogel 120 and a near field communication device 110. In some embodiments, the foam 130 can have an aperture 132 and the hydrogel 120 at least partially fill in the aperture 132. In some embodiments, at least part of the hydrogel 120 locates in the aperture 132 of the foam 130. In some embodiments, the near field communication device 110 can have an aperture 112 and the hydrogel at least partially fill in the aperture 112. In some embodiments, the hydrogel can completely fill in the aperture 112 and/or 132. In some embodiments, the ultrasonic coupling device 100 can further include a polymeric substrate 140 between the near field communication device 110 and the foam 130. The polymeric substrate 140 can have an aperture 142 and the hydrogel may at least partially fill in the aperture 142. The near field communication device 110 can be attached to the foam 130 either directly (not shown) or through an intermediary polymeric substrate (140).

In some embodiments, as illustrated in FIG. 2A and 2B, the ultrasonic coupling device 200 can further include a polymeric substrate 240 between the foam 230 having an aperture 232 and the near field communication device 210. The near field communication device 210 can have an aperture 212 and foam 230 has an aperture 232. The hydrogel 220 may at least partially fill in the aperture 212 and the aperture 232. In some embodiments, the hydrogel can completely fill in the aperture 212 and the aperture 232. The ultrasonic coupling device 200 can further include a polymeric substrate 240 between the near field communication device 210 and the foam 230. The polymeric substrate 240 can have an aperture 242 and the hydrogel may at least partially fill in the aperture 242. In some embodiments, the hydrogel can completely fill in the aperture 242. The ultrasonic coupling device 200 can further include a second polymeric substrate 250 on the hydrogel 220. The second polymeric substrate 250 can have an aperture 252. The hydrogel may at least partially fill in the aperture 252. In some embodiments, the hydrogel can completely fill in the aperture 252. The ultrasonic coupling device 200 can further include an adhesive layer (not shown) layer between the near field communication device and the foam. The adhesive layer can have an aperture. The hydrogel may at least partially fill in the aperture of the adhesive layer. In some embodiments, the hydrogel can completely fill in the aperture of the adhesive layer.

In some other embodiments, as illustrated in FIG. 3A and 3B, ultrasonic coupling device 300 includes a foam 330, a hydrogel 320 and a near field communication device 310 contacing the hydrogel 320. In some embodiments, the foam 330 can have an aperture 332 and the hydrogel 320 and the near field communication device310 is imbedded within the aperture 332 of the foam 330.

Exemplary foam can include open and closed cell foams that are comprised of polyurethane, polyolefin, polyvinyl chloride, and natural sponges.

In some embodiments, the hydrogel can be covalently bonded to the polymeric substrate 240 or the second polymer substrate 250. In some embodiments, the near field communication device can also include a polymeric substrate. The substrates of the present disclosure are organic polymeric substrates, more specifically a polymeric substrate comprising an abstractable atom, typically, a hydrogen atom.

Exemplary polymeric substrates include polyamides such as nylons, polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyolefins such as polypropylene, and polyurethanes.

Hydrogels used in the current disclosure can include those described in WO 2017/058698 A1 (Y oung et al.) and WO 2018/183098 A1 (Y oung et al.). For example, the hydrogel of the present disclosure has a water content of at least 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, or even 50 wt%. The hydrogel can be derived from an aqueous composition having a pH less than 9.5 comprising a hydrophilic monomer, a water-swellable clay, and two different water-soluble photoinitiators.

In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the hydrogel disclosed herein, after absorbing exudate or sweat or other fluids, remains attached to the polymeric substrate.

The hydrophilic monomer is a monomer that is soluble in water and/or is soluble in mixed solution comprising organic solvents miscible with water, having water as the main component. In one

embodiment, the monomer has a lipophilicity index less than or equal to 20. As used herein, the term “lipophilicity index” or“LI” refers to an index for characterizing the hydrophobic or hydrophilic character of a monomer. The lipophilicity index is determined by partitioning a monomer in equal volumes (1 : 1) of a non-polar solvent (e.g., hexane) and a polar solvent (e.g., a 75:25 acetonitrile -water solution). The lipophilicity index is equal to the weight percent of the monomer remaining in the non-polar phase after partitioning. Monomers that are more hydrophobic tend to have a higher lipophilicity index; similarly, monomers that are more hydrophilic tend to have a lower lipophilicity index. Measurement of lipophilicity index is further described in Drtina et al., Macromolecules, 29, 4486-4489 (1996). Examples of non-ionic monomers that have a sufficiently low lipophilicity index include, but are not limited to,

hydroxyalkyl(meth)acrylates such as 2-hydroxyethylacrylate, 3-hydroxypropylacrylate, 2- hydroxyethylmethacrylate (e.g., LI is 1), and 3-hydroxypropylmethacrylate (e.g., LI is 2); acrylamide (e.g., LI is less than 1) and methacrylamide (LI is less than 1); glycerol monomethacrylate and glycerol monoacrylate; N-alkyl(meth)acrylamides such as N-methylacrylamide (e.g., LI is less than 1), N,N- dimethylacrylamide (e.g., LI is less than 1), N-methylmethacrylamide, and N,N-dimethylmethacrylamide; N-vinylamides such as N-vinylformamide, N-vinylacetamide, and N-vinylpyrrolidone;

acetoxyalky(meth)acrylates such as 2-acetoxyethylacrylate and 2-acetoxyethylmethacrylate (e.g., LI is 9); glycidyl(meth)acrylates such as glycidylacrylate and glycidylmethacrylate (e.g., LI is 11); and

vinylalkylazlactones such as vinyldimethylazlactone (e.g., LI is 15).

Hydrophilic monomers are known in the art and include vinyl monomers such as (meth)acrylates and (meth)acrylamides.

Exemplary (meth)acrylate monomers include: acrylic acid (3-sulphopropyl) ester (SPA) and salts thereof, N,N-dimethylaminoethylmethacrylate and salts thereof, [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3- sulfopropyl) ammonium hydroxide, [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]trimethylammonium chloride, 2- hydroxyethyl(meth)acrylate, hydroxypropyl(meth)acrylate, and polyethyleneglycolmono(meth)acrylate.

Exemplary (meth)acrylamide monomers include: N-substituted (meth)acrylamide derivatives, such as N -methylacrylamide, N-ethylacrylamide, cyclopropylacrylamide, N-isopropylacrylamide, N- methylmethacrylamide, cydopropylmethacrylamide, N-isopropylmethacrylamide, diacetone acrylamide, hydroxyethyl acrylamide, 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulphonic acid (AMPS) and salts thereof; and N,N-di-substituted (meth)acrylamide derivatives, such as N,N-dimethylacrylamide, N,N- dimethylaminopropylaerylamide, N-methyl-H-ethylacrylamide, N-methyl-N-isopropylacrylamide, N- methyl-N -n-propylacrylamide, N,N-diethylacrylamide . N -acryloylpyrrolidine, N -acryloylpiperidine, N - acryloyi-N’-methylhomopiperidme, and N-acryloyl-N’-methylpiperidine, N-acryloyl morpholine or a substituted derivative thereof, and N,N dimethylaminopropylmethacrylamide.

Conventional cross-linking agents (i.e., compounds which covalently-bond polymer chains together) are suitably used to provide the necessary mechanical stability and optionally to control the adhesive properties of the hydrogel. The amount of cross-linking agent required will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art such as from about 0.01, 0.05, or even 0.08% to about 0.5, 0.4, or even 0.3% by weight of the total polymerization reaction mixture. Typical cross-linkers comprise at least two polymerizable double bonds, and include tripropylene glycol diacrylate, ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, triacrylate, polyethylene glycol diacrylate (polyethylene glycol (PEG) molecular weight between about 100 and about 4000, for example PEG400 or PEG600), and methylene bis acrylamide. In one embodiment, the composition is substantially free (i.e., less than 0.001, or even 0.01 wt%) of conventional cross-linking agents as in known in the art and disclosed, for example, in Haraguchi et al. in Macromolecules v. 36 (2003) p. 5732-5741.

The hydrophilic monomers in the present invention are preferably interactive with the water- swellable day, when polymerized. Preferably, some of the hydrophilic monomers have functional groups which can form hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds, and coordinate bonds, and covalent bonds with the water- swellable clay. Examples of such functional groups include an amide group, an amino group, a hydroxy group, atetramethyl ammonium group, a silanol group, and an epoxy group.

Clay can be added to a hydrogel composition to enhance the mechanical properties in the composites comprising large amounts of water. The water-swellable clay of the present disclosure, is a day mineral capable of swelling and uniformly dispersing in water or a mixed solvent of water and an organic solvent. In one embodiment, the water- swellable clay is an inorganic clay mineral capable of uniformly dispersing in a molecular form (single layer) or level close thereto in water. More specifically, the water-swellable clay may contain sodium as an interlayer ion. Exemplary water-swellable clays include: synthetic hectorite , sapomte

, montmorillonite

laponite , monitrite, and synthetic mica.

The aqueous compositions of the present disclosure can comprise at least 0.1 %wt of the water- swellable clay versus the total weight of the aqueous composition. In one embodiment, the amount of water-swellable clay in the aqueous composition is at least 0.3, 0.5, or even 1 wt%; and at most 10, 15, or even 20 wt% versus the total weight of the aqueous composition.

The aqueous compositions of the present disclosure can comprise at least one of a type I or type II photoinitiator.

The aqueous composition of the present disclosure can in some embodiments comprise at least two different initiators: a first initiator, which is a Type I photoinitiator; and a second initiator, which is a Type II photoinitiator.

Photoinitiators for radical polymerization are classified in the art as cleavage (Type I) and hydrogen-abstraction (Type II) initiators. A Type I initiator, upon absorption of light, spontaneously undergoes“a-cleavage”, yielding the initiating radical immediately. A Type II initiator is a photoinitiator which, when activated by actinic radiation, forms free radicals by hydrogen abstraction from a second (H- donor) compound to generate the actual initiating free radical. This second compound is called a polymerization synergist or co-initiator.

Type I and Type II photoinitiators are known in the art. These photoinitiators may not however, have sufficient water solubility to be used in the aqueous hydrogel compositions of the present disclosure. To improve the solubility of the photoinitiator, as is known in the art, the photoinitiator can be derivatized with a (more) hydrophilic group, the counter ion can be adjusted to improve the compound’s water solubility, and/or a co-solvent can be used to aid the dissolution of the photoinitiator in the aqueous composition.

Examples of Type I photoinitiators are benzoin derivatives, methylolbenzoin and 4-benzoyl- 1,3- dioxolane derivatives, benzilketals, a,a-dialkoxyacetophenones, a-hydroxy alkylphenones, a- aminoalkylphenones, acylphosphine oxides, bisacylphosphine oxides, acylphosphine sulphides, halogenated acetophenone derivatives, and the like. Exemplary water-soluble Type I photoinitiators include: 4-[2-(4-morpholino)benzoyl-2-dimethylamino]-butylbenzenesulf onate salt, and phenyl-2, 4,6- trimethyl-benzoylphosphinate salt. Suitable salts include, for example, sodium and lithium cations. A commercial example of suitable water-soluble Type I photoinitiator is available from BASF SE,

Ludwigshafen, Germany, under the trade designation:“IRGACURE 2959” (2-hydroxy-4'-(2- hydroxyethoxy)-2-methyl propiophenone) . Examples of Type II photoinitiators are modified benzophenones, benzils, and thioxanthones.

Exemplary water-soluble Type II photoinitiators include: 4-(3-sulfopropyloxy)benzophenone and 2-(3-sulfopropyloxy) thioxanthene-9-one, and 2-, 3-, and 4-carboxybenzophenone.

In the present disclosure, the at least one Type I and the at least one Type II photoinitiators are both water-soluble, which means that at ambient conditions (e.g., 23 °C), the photoinitiator has a solubility of at least 0.01, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 5 or even 8 % by weight in water. If the solubility of the photoinitiator in water is too low, the photoinitiator will not be available for radical generation.

In one embodiment, the aqueous composition comprises at least 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, or even 0.5 wt %; and at most 1, 2, 4, or even 5 wt % of the first initiator, Type I based on the total weight of the aqueous composition.

In one embodiment, the aqueous composition comprises at least 0.01, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2, or even 0.5 wt %; and at most 1, 2, 4, or even 5 wt % of the second initiator, Type II based on the total weight of the aqueous composition.

Typically the weight ratio Type I photoinitiator: Type II photoinitiator is between 10: 1 and 1 : 10, preferably between 5: 1 and 1 :5.

In one embodiment, the addition of clay, monomers (or impurities therein), and/or additives (or impurities therein) employed can increase the pH of the aqueous composition. The aqueous composition can comprise at least 0.1% water-swellable clay.

Such additional ingredients are selected from additives known in the art, including, for example, water, organic plasticizers, surfactants, humectant, preservative, particles, polymeric material (hydrophobic or hydrophilic in nature, including proteins, enzymes, naturally occurring polymers and gums), synthetic polymers with and without pendant carboxylic acids, electrolytes, osmolytes, pH regulators, colorants, chloride sources, bioactive compounds and mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the additional ingredients may serve more than one purpose. For example, glycerol may serve as an organic plasticizer and an osmolyte.

Exemplary humectant can include glycerol, sorbitol, xylitol, maltitol, polyethylene glycol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, and urea. Exemplary preservative can include germaben II,

methylparaben, propylparaben, butylparaben, isothiazolinones, phenoxyethanol, or organic acid such as benzoic acid, sorbic acid, levulinic acid, and anisic acid. Exemplary particles can include those particles with at least one dimension less than 100 nm, scuh as silica, zirconia, gold, and silver nanoparticles as well as natural and synthetic clays.

The adhesive layer can include a viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesive. Viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives can include those described in U.S. Pat. App. Pub. No. 2016/0016338 (Radcliffe et al.), for example, pressure-sensitive adhesives (PSAs), rubber-based adhesives (e.g., rubber, urethane) and silicone- based adhesives. Viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives also include heat-activated adhesives which are non- tacky at room temperature but become temporarily tacky and are capable of bonding to a substrate at elevated temperatures. Heat activated adhesives are activated at an activation temperature and above this temperature have similar viscoelastic characteristics as PSAs. Viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives may be substantially transparent and optically clear. Any of the viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives of the present description may be viscoelastic optically clear adhesives. Elastomeric materials may have an elongation at break of greaterthan about 20 percent, or greaterthan about 50 percent, or greaterthan about 100 percent. Viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesive layers may be applied directly as a substantially 100 percent solids adhesive or may be formed by coating a solvent-bome adhesive and evaporating the solvent. Viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives may be hot melt adhesives which may be melted, applied in the melted form and then cooled to form a viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesive layer. Suitable viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives include elastomeric polyurethane or silicone adhesives and the viscoelastic optically clear adhesives CEF22, 817x, and 818x, all available from 3M Company, St. Paul, Minn. Other useful viscoelastic or elastomeric adhesives include PSAs based on styrene block copolymers, (meth)acrylic block copolymers, polyvinyl ethers, polyolefins, and poly(meth)acrylates. Adhesive layer can include a UV cured adhesive.

In some embodiments (for example as shown in FIGS. 1A-1B, 2A-2B, and 3A-3B), the hydrogel can be formed by curing the aqueous composition after the the aqueous composition is placed into the apertures.

The near field communication device used in the current disclosure can include those described in WO 2016/160359 A1 (Jesme et al). Such electronics includes Near Field Communication (NFC) tags that can be used, for example, for sensing, health monitoring, or authentication applications. A near field communication device may be configured to operate according to Near Field Communication standards as

, or other suitable standards include ISO/IEC 18092,

ECMA-340, or ECMA-352, ISO/IEC 15693, ISO/IEC 14443, ISO/IEC 18000-3, for example. A near field communication device may be configured to operate in the electromagnetic near-field based on its analog properties such as resonance frequency or quality factor.

In some embodiments, the near field communication device can include a memory with a cryptographic key. In some embodiments, the near field communication device can have a memory with a unique identification (ID). The near field communication device may have a memory with lockable usage information. The near field communication device can have an antenna having a single loop. Antenna includes electrically conductive trace forming a single loop. It has been found that near field

communication devices having only one loop or having only a few loops can provide improved and more consistent performance when disposed on or near skin or on or near other fluid-containing medium with varying level of hydration such as a hydrogel.

In some mdodiments, the near field communication device can have an antenna aperture located symmetrically with the foam aperture.

In some embodiments, the near field communication device includes a capacitor electrically in parallel with an antenna and an integrated circuit. The near field communication device can have capability to sense the hydration level of the hydrogel. The near field communication device can include a compliant segmented conductive shielding layer between its antenna and the hydrogel. The near field communication device can include a low-dielectric coating or spacing layer between its antenna and the hydrogel. For example, the aperture 332 of the foam 330 could be reduced to also partially isolate the near field communication device 310 from the hydrogel 320. The near field communication device can have one or more distinct non-adhesive regions as attachments to isolate stress from higher modulus portions of the near field communication device.

The near field communication device can have conductors described in WO 2016/109168 A3 (Gabriel et al.). The conductors can be elongated conductors centered on an axis along a length of the conductor such that the axis has a continuous first derivative with respect to a reference line, the reference line being parallel to an elongation direction of the conductor, and the first derivative is zero at a plurality of spaced apart first locations, In some embodiments, the axis has a second derivative with respect to the reference line discontinuous at at least one second location, and the conductor at each first location is wider than at each second location. In some other embodiments, the axis has a second derivative with respect to the reference line that is substantially zero at at least one second location, and the conductor at each first location is wider than at each second location. In some embodiments the at least one second location includes at least two second locations.

In some embodiments, the conductors can be centered on an axis along a length of the conductor and defining a plane of the conductor, the conductor having a width along a direction parallel to the plane of the conductor. The axis has a continuous radius of curvature and at a plurality of spaced apart first locations the axis has a local minimum radius of curvature and the conductor has a local maximum width.

In some embodiments, the local maximum width at each first location is greater than the width of the conductor at any other location that is not a first location. In some embodiments, a magnitude of a second derivative of the axis with respect to a reference line the reference line being parallel to an elongation direction of the conductor, is continuous along the length of the conductor.

In some embodiments, the conductors can be electrically continuous conductor elongated along a length of the conductor, the conductor having a substantially constant height, a varying width, and a varying radius of curvature along the length of the conductor. Along the length of the conductor, a greater radius of curvature of the conductor corresponds to a smaller width of the conductor and a smaller radius of curvature of the conductor corresponds to a greater width of the conductor. In some embodiments, along the length of the conductor, locations of substantially equal radii of curvature correspond to substantially equal widths.

In some embodiments, the conductors can be an electrically continuous conductor elongated along a length of the conductor, the conductor having a varying width and a varying radius of curvature along the length of the conductor. Along the length of the conductor, the width of the conductor increases with decreasing radius of curvature of the conductor, and the width of the conductor decreases with increasing radius of curvature of the conductor.

In some embodiments, the conductors can be an elongated conductor centered on an axis along a length of the conductor. At each of a plurality of spaced apart first location on the axis, a line tangent to the axis at the first location is parallel to an elongation direction of the conductor, and at each of the plurality of spaced apart second locations on the axis, a line tangent to the axis at the second location not being parallel to the reference line. The conductor is wider at each first location and narrower at each second location.

In some embodiments, the conductors can be an electrically continuous conductor elongated along a length of the conductor, the conductor having a varying thickness and a varying radius of curvature along the length of the conductor. Along the length of the conductor, a greater radius of curvature of the conductor corresponds to a smaller thickness of the conductor and a smaller radius of curvature of the conductor corresponds to a greater thickness of the conductor. In some embodiments, the conductor has a varying width along the length of the conductor, such that along the length of the conductor, a greater radius of curvature of the conductor corresponds to a smaller width of the conductor and a smaller radius of curvature of the conductor corresponds to a greater width of the conductor.

In some embodiments, the near field communication device can be in contact with the foam and/or the hydrogel. In some embodiments, the near field communication device can be attached to the foam and/or the hydrogel. In some embodiments, the foam aperture can have a cross section in the shape of a circle, oval, ellipse, or polygon (such as a 3-12 sided polygon). Some typical polygon shapes include square, rectangle, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, and octagon shapes. In some embodiments, the near field communication device has aperture. In some embodiments, the near field communication device aperture can be in the shape of a circle, oval, ellipse, or polygon (such as a 3-12 sided polygon). Some typical polygon shapes include square, rectangle, pentagon, hexagon, heptagon, and octagon shapes. In some embodiments, the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture have the same shape.

In some embodiments, the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture have the same shape and the same dimensions. In some embodiments, the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture overlap. In some embodiments, the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture have the same diameter. In some embdiments the foam aperture has a diameter of about 1 mm to 100 mm. In some embdiments the foam aperture has a diameter of about 5 mm to 75 mm. In some embdiments the foam aperture has a diameter of about 10 mm to 50 mm. In some embodiments the foam aperture defines an area of 1 mm 2 to 10,000 mm 2 . In some embodiments the foam aperture defines an area of 25 mm 2 to 5,625 mm 2 . In some embodiments the foam aperture defines an area of 100 mm 2 to 2,500 mm 2 . In some embodiments the foam has a second aperture opposite from the aperture. In some embodiments, the device contains an open channel between the two apertures and at least a portion of the hydrogel is in the channel. Insome embodiments, the distance of the channel between the two apertures is about 0.5 mm to 10 mm. In some embodiment a release film is attached to the device to cover the foam aperture. In some embodiment a release film is attached to the device to cover the second foam aperture. In some embodiments the foam aperture can be covered by a removable cap (such as a plastic cap).

In some embodiments, a system for delivering ultasonic radiation to a subject is provide. The system can inlcude the ultrasonic coupling device of the current application and an ultrasonic transducer with a probe. The probe of the ultrasonic transducer can be in contact with the hydrogel. The following embodiments are intended to be illustrative of the present disclosure and not limiting.

EMBODIMENTS

Embodiment 1 is an ultrasonic coupling device comprising a foam having an aperture; a hydrogel wherein the hydrogel has a water content of at least 10 wt%, wherein at least part of the hydrogel locates in the aperture of the foam; and a near field communication device.

Embodiment 2 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 1, wherein the hydrogel is derived from an aqueous composition, the aqueous composition comprising: a hydrophilic monomer capable of free radical polymerization selected from at least one of (meth)acrylate or (meth)acrylamide; and an initiator of free radical polymerization.

Embodiment 3 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 2, wherein the aqueous composition has a pH less than 9.5 .

Embodiment 4 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-3, wherein the foam is rigid or conformable.

Embodiment 5 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-4, wherein the hydrogel further comprises a particle with at least one dimension less than 100 nm.

Embodiment 6 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-5, wherein the near field communication device comprises an aperture and the hydrogel at least partially fills in the aperture of the near field communication device.

Embodiment 7 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-6, wherein the near field communication device is in contact with the foam and/or the hydrogel .

Embodiment 8 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-7, wherein the near field communication device is attached to the foam and/or the hydrogel.

Embodiment 9 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-8, wherein the near field communication device comprises a memory with lockable usage information. Embodiment 10 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-9, wherein the near field communication device comprises an antenna having a single loop.

Embodiment 11 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-10, wherein the near field communication device comprises an antenna aperture located symmetrically with the foam aperture.

Embodiment 12 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-11, wherein the near field communication device comprises a polymeric substrate.

Embodiment 13 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-12, further comprising an adhesive layer between the near field communication device and the foam, wherein the adhesive layer has an aperture.

Embodiment 14 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-11, further comprising a polymeric substrate having an aperture between the foam and the near field communication device.

Embodiment 15 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 14, wherein the hydrogel is covalently bonded to the polymer substrate.

Embodiment 16 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 14, wherein the polymer substrate comprises at least one of polyurethanes, polyamide, polyester, and polypropylene.

Embodiment 17 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 14, further comprising a second polymeric substrate having an aperture.

Embodiment 18 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-17, wherein the hydrogel has a water content of at least 20 wt%.

Embodiment 19 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 1, wherein the hydrogel and the near field communication device is imbedded within the aperture of the foam.

Embodiment 20 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-19, wherein the near field communication device has aperture.

Embodiment 21 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 20, wherein the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture have the same shape. Embodiment 22 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 20, wherein the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture have the same shape and the same dimensions.

Embodiment 23 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 20, wherein the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture overlap.

Embodiment 24 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 20, wherein the foam aperture and the near field communication device aperture have the same diameter.

Embodiment 25 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-24, wherein the foam has a second aperture opposite from the aperture.

Embodiment 26 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 20, wherein the device contains an open channel between the two apertures of the foam and at least a portion of the hydrogel is in the channel.

Embodiment 27 is the ultrasonic coupling device of embodiment 26, wherein the distance of the channel between the two apertures is about 1 mm to 100 mm.

Embodiment 28 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 1-27, wherein a release film is attached to the device to cover the foam aperture.

Embodiment 29 is an ultrasonic coupling device comprising a foam article with a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface; a first opening in the first surface and a second opening in the second surface; a hollow channel in the foam article that extends from the first opening to the second opening; a hydrogel with a water content of at least 10% that at least partially fills the channel; and a near field communication device.

Embodiment 30 is the ultrasonic coupling device of Embodiment 29, wherein the foam article is a rigid or conformable dressing.

Embodiment 31 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 28-30, wherein the near field communication device is attached to the foam article.

Embodiment 32 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 28-31, wherein tthe near field communication device is placed in the channel of the foam article. Embodiment 33 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 28-32, wherein the near field communication device contacts the hydrogel.

Embodiment 34 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 28-33, wherein the near field communication device is attached to either the first surface or the second surface.

Embodiment 35 is the ultrasonic coupling device of any of embodiments 28-34, wherein the near field communication device surrounds either the first opening or the second opening.

Embodiment 36 is a system for delivering ultasonic radiation to a subject comprising the ultrasonic coupling device of any of the embodiments 1-15 and an ultrasonic transducer with a probe, wherein the probe of the ultrasonic transducer is in contact with the hydrogel.

The following working examples are intended to be illustrative of the present disclosure and not limiting.

EXAMPLES

Unless otherwise noted, all aqueous compositions were prepared with 18 MW water from a water purification system (available under the trade designation“Milli-Q” from EMD Millipore, Billerica, MA).

An Orion 3 Star pH Meter equipped with an 8157 BNC Ross Ultra pH/ATC Triode electrode (Thermo Scientific, Waltham, MA) was used to measure pH. The pH meter was calibrated using a three point calibration that followed the vendor provided procedure with calibration standards at pH 4, 7, and 10 (BDH, Dubai, UAE).

Preparation of Aqueous Composition A glass jar (0.95 L) was equipped with an overhead stirrer (VOS PC Overhead Stirrer, obtained from VWR International, Radnor, PA) that had a 60 cm half-moon shaped impeller. The jar was charged with water (522 mL) and the overhead stirrer was set at 400 rpm. LAPONITE XLG clay (18 g) was slowly added and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. The resulting clear solution was charged with a solution that contained IRGACURE 2959 (300 mg) dissolved in N,N-dimethylacrylamide (62.4 mL). An aqueous solution of methylenebisacrylamide (3 mL, 2% by weight) was added next and the reaction was stirred for 30 minutes. An aqueous solution of citric acid (6 mL, 10% by weight) was then added and the reaction was stirred for 5 minutes. The mixing was stopped and the resulting aqueous composition was maintained for 15- 60 minutes in order to build the viscosity of the formulation. The pH of the aqueous composition was measured as 7.0.

Hydrogel Preparation

The aqueous composition (60 mL) was applied using a notched bar applicator (3.2 mm gap setting) to a clear PET release liner coated with a silicone release coating (51 microns thick, obtained from Dupont Teijin Films, Dupont Company, Wilmington, DE) such that the aqueous composition was in contact with the release side. A second clear PET release liner coated with a silicone release coating was used as a cover sheet. The cover sheet was positioned so that the silicone release coating faced the aqueous composition. Ultraviolet (UV) light initiated polymerization was conducted by irradiating the coated sheet for 20 minutes using a UV light stand (Classic Manufacturing, Inc., Oakdale, MN). The stand was equipped with sixteen 40 watt, 350 nm black light tubes [Sylvania RG2 L40/350BL/ECO tubes (117 cm long)] with 8 light tubes positioned in a row above the sheet and 8 tubes positioned in a row below the sheet. The light tubes in each row were spaced 5.1 cm on center and positioned 3.8 cm from the surface of the sheet following the curing step, the PET release liners were removed and the hydrogel was die cut into the desired shape.

Example 1. Ultrasonic Coupling Device

The foam component of an ultrasonic coupling device was prepared from a white, closed-cell, crosslinked polyethylene foam sheet (density = 2.0 PCF (32.04 kg/m 3 ), thickness = 3.2 mm) (obtained from the Rogers Foam Corporation, Somerville, MA). The foam was die cut to create a ring-shaped article with an outer diameter of 38.0 mm, inner diameter of 28.575 mm, and height of 3.2 mm. A circular disc of hydrogel (diameter of 28.575 mm and height of 3.2 mm) was die cut from the polymerized hydrogel sheet (described above) and placed to fill the hollow opening of the foam ring. The hydrogel film was secured in the opening of the foam by a friction fit. A 19 mm aperture was die cut in the center (plastic substrate portion) of a Smartrac BULLSEYE NFC tag (#3002646, Smartrac Company, Amsterdam, Netherlands). The tag was aligned with the outer diameter of the foam ring and the adhesive surface of the tag was adhered to the foam ring. Example 2. Ultrasonic Coupling Device

The foam component of an ultrasonic coupling device was prepared from a white, closed-cell, crosslinked polyethylene foam sheet (density = 2.0 PCF (32.04 kg/m 3 ), thickness = 3.2 mm) (obtained from the Rogers Foam Corporation). One side of the foam sheet was adhesively laminated with 3M 1509 double-sided polyethylene medical tape (obtained from the 3M Corporation, St. Paul, MN). The foam-tape laminate was die cut to create a ring-shaped article with an outer diameter of 38.0 mm, inner diameter of 28.575 mm, and height of 3.2 mm. A circular disc of hydrogel (diameter of 28.575 mm and height of 3.2 mm) was die cut from the polymerized hydrogel sheet (described above) and placed to fill the hollow opening of the foam ring. The hydrogel film was secured in the opening of the foam by a friction fit. A 19 mm aperture was die cut in the center (plastic substrate portion) of a Smartrac BUFFSEYE NFC tag (#3002646, Smartrac Company). The tag was aligned with the outer diameter of the foam ring and the adhesive surface of the tag was adhered to the foam ring on the foam surface opposite from the previously applied tape laminate.

Example 3. Ultrasonic Coupling Device

The foam component of an ultrasonic coupling device was prepared from a white, closed-cell, crosslinked polyethylene foam sheet (density = 2.0 PCF (32.04 kg/m 3 ), thickness = 3.2 mm) (obtained from the Rogers Foam Corporation). One side of the foam sheet was adhesively laminated with 3M 1509 double-sided polyethylene medical tape (obtained from the 3M Corporation). The foam-tape laminate was die cut to create a ring-shaped article with an outer diameter of 38.0 mm, inner diameter of 28.575 mm, and height of 3.2 mm. A circular disc of hydrogel (diameter of 28.575 mm and height of 3.2 mm) was die cut from the polymerized hydrogel sheet (described above) and placed to fill the aperture of the foam ring.

The hydrogel film was secured in the opening of the foam by a friction fit. A 19 mm aperture was die cut in the center (plastic substrate portion) of a Smartrac BUFFSEYE NFC tag (#3002646, Smartrac

Company). The tag was aligned with the outer diameter of the foam ring and the adhesive surface of the tag was adhered to the foam ring on the foam surface opposite from the previously applied tape laminate.

A 19 mm aperture was die cut through the center of a 1624W TEGADERM Film Adhesive Bandage (obtained from the 3M Corporation). The non-adhesive surface of the bandage was attached to the tape side of the hydrogel filled ring so that the aperture of the bandage was surrounded by the inner diameter of the ring.

Example 4. Ultrasonic Coupling Device

The foam component of an ultrasonic coupling device was prepared from a white, closed-cell, crosslinked polyethylene foam sheet (density = 2.0 PCF (32.04 kg/m 3 ), thickness = 3.2 mm) (obtained from the Rogers Foam Corporation). The foam was die cut to create a ring-shaped article with an outer diameter of 38.0 mm, inner diameter of 28.575 mm, and height of 3.2 mm. A circular disc of hydrogel (diameter of 28.575 mm and height of 3.2 mm) was die cut from the polymerized hydrogel sheet (described above) and placed to fill the aperture of the foam ring. The hydrogel film was secured in the opening of the foam by a friction fit. A 19 mm aperture was die cut in the center (plastic substrate portion) of a Smartrac

BULLSEYE NFC tag (#3002646, Smartrac Company). The tag was aligned with the outer diameter of the foam ring and the adhesive surface of the tag was adhered to the foam ring. A 19 mm aperture was die cut through the center of a 1624W TEGADERM Film Adhesive Bandage (obtained from the 3M Corporation). The adhesive surface of the bandage was attached to the surface of the NFC tag so that the aperture of the bandage was aligned with the aperture of the tag.

All references and publications cited herein are expressly incorporated herein by reference in their entirety into this disclosure. Illustrative embodiments of this invention are discussed and reference has been made to possible variations within the scope of this invention. For example, features depicted in connection with one illustrative embodiment may be used in connection with other embodiments of the invention. These and other variations and modifications in the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention, and it should be understood that this invention is not limited to the illustrative embodiments set forth herein. Accordingly, the invention is to be limited only by the claims provided below and equivalents thereof.