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Title:
USER INTERFACE BASED IN PART ON EYE MOVEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2021/091888
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An apparatus having a wearable structure, a computing device, a display, and a camera. The wearable structure is to be worn by a user and connected to the computing device, the display, and/or the camera. The computing device can be connected to the wearable structure, the display, and/or the camera. The display can be connected to the wearable structure, the computing device, and/or the camera. The display is to provide a graphical user interface (GUI). The camera can be connected to the computing device, the wearable structure, and/or the display. The camera is to capture eye movement of the user. A processor in the computing device is to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement. The processor is to control one or more parameters of the display and/or the GUI based on the identified eye gesture.

Inventors:
YUDANOV DMITRI (US)
BRADSHAW SAMUEL E (US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2020/058690
Publication Date:
May 14, 2021
Filing Date:
November 03, 2020
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
MICRON TECHNOLOGY INC (US)
International Classes:
G06F3/01; G06F1/16; G06F1/329; G06F3/0484; G06F3/14; G06K9/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015094276A12015-06-25
Foreign References:
US20140333521A12014-11-13
US20180008141A12018-01-11
US20140267005A12014-09-18
US20170200296A12017-07-13
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
WARD, John P. et al. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus, comprising: a wearable structure configured to be worn by a user; a computing device, the computing device connected to the wearable structure; a display, the display connected to at least one of the wearable structure, the computing device, or a combination thereof, the display configured to provide a graphical user interface (GUI); a camera connected to at least one of the computing device, the wearable structure, the display, or a combination thereof, the camera configured to capture eye movement of the user; a processor in the computing device, configured to: identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement; and control one or more parameters of at least one of the display, the GUI, or a combination thereof based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from at least one of eyebrow movement, eyelid movement, or a combination thereof.

3. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured saccade of the eye of the user.

4. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured smooth pursuit movement of the eye of the user.

5. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured vergence movement of both eyes of the user.

6. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to increase or decrease brightness at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures.

7. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to increase or decrease at least one of contrast, resolution, or a combination thereof at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures.

8. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to activate or deactivate at least a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures.

9. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to dim at least a part of the display when eyes of the user look away from the display.

10. The apparatus of claim 9, wherein the processor is configured to turn off the display when the eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time.

11 . The apparatus of claim 10, wherein the predetermined amount of time is at least partially selectable by the user.

12. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to turn off the display when the eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time, and wherein the predetermined amount of time is selectable by the user.

13. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the processor is configured to put the computing device in a power save mode when eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time, and wherein the predetermined amount of time is selectable by the user.

14. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the wearable structure comprises a cap with a visor, and wherein the display is a part of the cap.

15. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the wearable structure comprises a wristband.

16. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the wearable structure comprises a neck strap or a necklace.

17. An apparatus, comprising: a cap with a visor, wearable by a user; a display positioned to face downward from a bottom surface of the visor or positioned in the visor to move downward and upward from the bottom surface of the visor; a computing device attached to the cap; a camera in or connected to the computing device, configured to capture eye movement of the user when the camera is facing a face of the user; a processor in the computing device, configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement.

18. The apparatus of claim 17, wherein the processor is configured to control one or more parameters of a display or a graphical user interface of a second computing device wirelessly connected to the computing device, based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

19. The apparatus of claim 17, wherein the processor is configured to control one or more parameters of a display or a graphical user interface of the computing device based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

20. An apparatus, comprising: a wristband; a computing device with a display, the computing device attached to the wristband, and the display configured to provide a graphical user interface (GUI); a camera in the computing device, configured to capture eye movement of the user when the display is facing a face of the user; and a processor in the computing device, configured to: identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement; and control one or more parameters of the display or the GUI based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

Description:
USER INTERFACE BASED IN PART ON EYE MOVEMENT

RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] The present application claims priority to U.S. Pat. App. Ser. No. 16/675,168, filed Nov. 5, 2019 and entitled “USER INTERFACE BASED IN PART ON EYE MOVEMENT,” the entire disclosure of which is hereby incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF THE TECHNOLOGY

[0002] At least some embodiments disclosed herein relate to user interface control based in part on eye movement or gestures.

BACKGROUND

[0003] Gesture recognition and control of computer software and hardware based on gesture recognition has become prominent. Gestures usually originate from a person’s face or hand. An advantage of gesture recognition is that users can use gestures to control or interact with computing devices without physically touching them. An abundance of techniques exists, such as approaches using cameras and computer vision algorithms.

[0004] Also, touchless user interfaces are becoming more popular and such interfaces may depend on gesture recognition. A touchless user interface is an interface that relies on body part motion, gestures, and/or voice without user input through touching a keyboard, mouse, touchscreen, or the like. There are a number of applications and devices utilizing touchless user interfaces such as multimedia applications, games, smart speakers, smartphones, tablets, laptops, and the Internet of Things (loT).

[0005] Sophisticated camera arrangements and simpler camera configurations can be used for capturing body part movement to use as input for gesture recognition via computer vision algorithms. Sophisticated camera arrangements can include depth- aware cameras and stereo cameras. Depth-aware cameras can generate a depth map of what is being seen through the camera, and can use this data to approximate three- dimensional (3D) representations of moving body parts. Stereo cameras can also be used in approximating 3D representations of moving body parts. Also, a simpler single camera arrangement can be used such as to capture two-dimensional (2D) representations of moving body parts. With more sophisticated software-based gesture recognition being developed, even a 2D digital camera can be used to capture images for robust detection of gestures.

[0006] A type of gesture recognition that is becoming more prevalent is eye gesture recognition. Eye gesture recognition can be implemented through eye tracking. Eye tracking can include measuring the point of gaze (where a person is looking) or the motion of an eye relative to the head. An eye tracker, which can use a camera for capturing images of eye movement, is a device for measuring eye positions and eye movement. Eye trackers can be used in research on eye physiology and functioning, in psychology, and in marketing. Also, eye trackers can be used in general as an input device for human-computer interaction. In recent years, the increased sophistication and accessibility of eye-tracking technologies has generated interest in the commercial sector. Also, applications of eye tracking include human-computer interaction for use of the Internet, automotive information systems, and hands-free access to multi-media.

[0007] There are many ways to measure eye movement. One general way is to use video images from which the eye position or orientation is extracted. And, the resulting data from image analysis can be statistically analyzed and graphically rendered to provide evidence of specific visual patterns. By identifying fixations, saccades, pupil dilation, blinks and a variety of other eye behaviors, human-computer interaction can be implemented. And, by examining such patterns, researchers can determine effectiveness of a medium or product.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0008] The present disclosure will be understood more fully from the detailed description given below and from the accompanying drawings of various embodiments of the disclosure.

[0009] FIG. 1 illustrates an example apparatus including a wearable structure, a computing device, a user interface, and a camera, configured to implement user interface control based in part on eye movement, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure. [0010] FIGS. 2 and 3 illustrate example networked systems each configured to implement user interface control based in part on eye movement, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0011] FIG. 4 illustrates a flow diagram of example operations that can be performed by aspects of the apparatus depicted in FIG. 1 , aspects of the networked system depicted in FIG. 2, or aspects of the networked system depicted in FIG. 3, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0012] At least some embodiments disclosed herein relate to user interface control based in part on eye movement or gestures. More particularly, at least some embodiments disclosed herein relate to control of one or more parameters of a display or a GUI based on captured and identified one or more eye gestures. Also, it is to be understood that some embodiments disclosed herein relate to control of one or more parameters of one or more user interfaces in general. For example, some embodiments disclosed herein relate to control of parameters of an auditory user interface or a tactile user interface. Parameters of an auditory user interface can include volume, playback speed, etc. Parameters of a tactile user interface can include pattern of vibration, strength of vibration, an outputted temperature, an outputted scent, etc. Embodiments described herein can include controlling parameters of any type of user interface (Ul), including tactile Ul (touch), visual Ul (sight), auditory Ul (sound), olfactory Ul (smell), equilibria Ul (balance), and gustatory Ul (taste).

[0013] At least some embodiments are directed to capturing eye movement and interpreting the movement to control operation of a user interface of an application or a computing device (such as a mobile device or an loT device). For example, a camera can be integrated with a wearable device or structure (e.g., a smart watch or a head-mounted device that is part of a hat). And, with such an example, a user can control one or more parameters of a user interface (e.g., control dimming or turning off of a display or control audio or tactile output of a user interface) by moving the focal point of the eye away from a certain object such as the user interface. Also, for example, the user can look at a point in a display; and the point can be zoomed in or focused on by a GUI in the display if a user makes a blink or another eye gesture. Or, for example, more audio information can be provided to a user regarding information at the point after a user makes a blink or another eye gesture. And, these are just some of the many examples of the human-computer interaction via the eye movement tracking disclosed herein.

[0014] Also, the wearable device can interact with a user’s tablet or smartphone or loT device. In some embodiments, the camera, the computing device, and the display or other type of user interface can be separated and connected over a communications network such as a local wireless network or a wide-area network or local to device network such as Bluetooth or the like.

[0015] At least some embodiments can include a camera that is used to capture the eye movement of the user (e.g., saccades, smooth pursuit movements, vergence movements, vestibulo-ocular movements, eye attention, angle, point of view, etc.). The eye movement can be interpreted as an eye gesture by a processor (such as a CPU) to control the operation of a user interface connected to the processor. For example, the rendering of content on a displayed or projected screen can be controlled by the eye gesture.

[0016] The camera can be integrated within a head-mountable user interface (such as a head-mountable display). The user interface can deliver content into the user eyes and ears, such as 3D virtual reality content with audio, or augmented reality content with visible (e.g., graphical), tactile, and/or audible content. For example, the user may control the dimming or turning off of a display, or the presentation of content, by moving the focal point of an eye away from a provided point of interest. For example, when the eyes of the user are looking away or looking elsewhere, the device can dim, lower volume, exclude tactile or haptic feedback, or turn off to save power. For example, the user may look at a point; and then the point can be zoomed in if a user makes a blink or another eye gesture.

[0017] The user interface and camera can be included with a watch or a cap (or hat), for example. A cap or a watch can include a small embedded camera that can monitor user’s eyes and can communicate with a smartphone or another type of device. With a cap, the cap can have a flexible screen embedded in a visor of the cap, or can have a transparent screen that can move up or down from the visor. Such examples are just a few of the many embodiments and implementations of the combination of the computing device, the user interface, the camera, and the wearable structure.

[0018] In some embodiments disclosed herein, an apparatus can have a wearable structure, a computing device, a user interface (such as a user interface including a display, audio input/output, and/or tactile input/output), and a camera. The wearable structure is configured to be worn by a user and can be connected to at least one of the computing device, the user interface, the camera, or a combination thereof. The wearable structure can be, include, or be a part of a hat, cap, wristband, neck strap, necklace, contact lenses, glasses, or another type of eyewear. In some embodiments, the wearable structure can be, include, or be a part of a cap and the cap can have a visor, and the display can be a part of the cap with the visor. Also, it is to be understood that the apparatus can include other structures besides wearable structures. For example, the apparatus can include or be part of an appliance (such as a smart appliance with a display) or television set (such as an enhanced LCD or OLED TV). Also, 4K TV or a TV with a higher screen resolution can benefit from the rendering enhancement. Also, GPU vendors that provide high end devices for gaming can benefit from the rendering enhancement.

[0019] The computing device can be connected to at least one of the wearable structure, the user interface, the camera, or a combination thereof. The user interface can be connected to at least one of the wearable structure, the computing device, the camera, or a combination thereof. The user interface can be a display, and the display can be configured to provide a graphical user interface (GUI) which is a type of visual user interface or another way of referring to a visual user interface. The camera can be connected to at least one of the computing device, the wearable structure, the user interface, or a combination thereof. The camera is configured to capture eye movement of the user.

[0020] A processor in the computing device is configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement. And, the processor can be configured to control one or more parameters of at least one of the user interface, the GUI, or a combination thereof based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

[0021] In some embodiments, the processor is configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from at least one of eyebrow movement, eyelid movement, or a combination thereof. Also, the processor can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured saccade of the eye of the user. Also, the processor can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured smooth pursuit movement of the eye of the user. Also, the processor can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured vergence movement of both eyes of the user.

[0022] In some embodiments, such as embodiments where the user interface includes a display, the processor can be configured to increase or decrease brightness at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, the processor can be configured to increase or decrease at least one of contrast, resolution, or a combination thereof at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, the processor can be configured to activate or deactivate at least a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. In some embodiments, the processor is configured to dim at least a part of the display when eyes of the user look away from the display. In such embodiments and others, the processor can be configured to turn off the display when the eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time. Also, the predetermined amount of time can at least be partially selectable by the user.

[0023] In some embodiments, the processor is configured to put the computing device in a power save mode when eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time, and wherein the predetermined amount of time is selectable by the user or identified by the device based on training and monitoring of a user’s activities and habits over time.

[0024] Although many examples refer to control of a display or GUI, there are many ways to implement the embodiments described herein including many different ways to control many different types of user interfaces.

[0025] Some embodiments can be or include an apparatus having a cap, a display, a computing device, and a camera. The cap can have a visor, and the cap can be wearable by a user. The display can be positioned to face downward from a bottom surface of the visor or positioned in the visor to move downward and upward from the bottom surface of the visor. The computing device can be attached to the cap. And, the camera can be in or connected to the computing device and configured to capture eye movement of the user when the camera is facing a face of the user or when eyes are in the camera’s detection range. A processor in the computing device can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement. The processor can also be configured to control one or more parameters of a display or a GUI of a second computing device wirelessly connected to the computing device, based on the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, the processor can be configured to control one or more parameters of a display or a GUI of the computing device based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

[0026] Another example of some of the many embodiments can include an apparatus having a wristband, a display, a computing device, and a camera. The computing device can include the display. And, the computing device can be attached to the wristband. The display can be configured to provide a GUI. The camera in the computing device can be configured to capture eye movement of the user when the display is facing a face of the user or when eyes are in the camera’s detection range. A processor in the computing device can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement and control one or more parameters of the display or the GUI based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

[0027] FIG. 1 illustrates an example apparatus 100 including a wearable structure 102, a computing device 104, a user interface 106, and a camera 108, configured to implement user interface control based in part on eye movement, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0028] As shown, the wearable structure 102 includes the computing device 104, the user interface 106, and the camera 108. The computing device 104, the user interface 106, and the camera 108 are communicatively coupled via a bus 112. The wearable structure 102 can be configured to be worn by a user.

[0029] The wearable structure 102 can be, include, or be a part of a hat, cap, wristband, neck strap, necklace, contact lenses, glasses, or another type of eyewear. For example, the wearable structure can include a cap with a visor, and the user interface can be a part of a cap with a visor. In such examples, the user interface can include a display that is part of the visor. And, the user interface in the cap can include audio output such as speakers or audio input such as a microphone. The display can be positioned to face downward from a bottom surface of the visor or positioned in the visor to move downward and upward from the bottom surface of the visor to be displayed in front of the eyes of the user when the cap is worn with the visor facing forward relative to the user. The speakers can be positioned in the cap proximate to a user’s ears when the cap is facing forward with the visor in front of the user. The microphone when included can be anywhere in the cap.

[0030] Also, for example, the wearable structure 102 can be or include eyewear (such as glasses or contact lenses) that can provide content to a user when the user is wearing the eyewear, such as the content being provided via the lens of the eyewear. The content can be communicated to the eyewear wirelessly and be received by one or more antennas in the eyewear. In examples where the eyewear includes contact lenses, the contact lenses can each include a microscopic antenna that can receive communications with content to be displayed within the contact lens for user perception of the content. In examples where the eyewear includes glasses, the frame of the glasses can include small speakers and a microphone. Also, a small vibrating device can be included in the glasses for tactile output. Another way to communicate content is via light waveguides by projecting a video light stream at waveguide input, and distributing it inside the eyewear using nano-waveguides. [0031] There are many types of wearable structures that can be used in embodiments. For example, any one of the components of the apparatus 100 could be integrated into a hair piece or hair accessory instead of a hat or cap. In other words, the wearable structure 102 can be or include a hair piece or a hair accessory. Also, the wearable structure 102 can include or be a wristband, a neck strap, a necklace, or any type of jewelry. The wearable structure 102 can also include or be any type of clothing such as a shirt, pants, a belt, shoes, a skirt, a dress, or a jacket. [0032] The user interface 106 can be configured to provide a visual user interface (such as a GUI), a tactile user interface, an auditory user interface, any other type of user interface, or any combination thereof. For example, the user interface 106 can be or include a display connected to at least one of the wearable structure 102, the computing device 104, the camera 108 or a combination thereof, and the display can be configured to provide a GUI. Also, the user interface 106 can be or include a projector, one or more audio output devices such as speakers, and/or one or more tactile output devices such as vibrating devices. And such components can be connected to at least one of the wearable structure 102, the computing device 104, the camera 108 or a combination thereof.

[0033] Also, embodiments described herein can include one or more user interfaces of any type, including tactile Ul (touch), visual Ul (sight), auditory Ul (sound), olfactory Ul (smell), equilibria Ul (balance), and gustatory Ul (taste). Embodiments described herein can also include neural- or brain-computer interfaces, where neurons are wired with electrodes inside or outside the human body, and where the interfaces are connected to external devices wirelessly or in a wired way.

[0034] The camera 108 can be connected to at least one of the computing device 104, the wearable structure 102, the user interface 106, or a combination thereof, and the camera can be configured to capture eye movement of the user. For example, in embodiments where the user interface is or includes a display, the camera can be in or connected to the computing device and/or wearable structure and/or the display and can be configured to capture eye movement of the user when the display is facing a face of the user or when eyes are in the camera’s detection range.

[0035] The camera 108 can be, include, or be a part of a sophisticated camera arrangement or a simpler camera configuration. And, the camera 108 can capture eye movement to use as input for gesture recognition via one or more computer vision algorithms. A sophisticated camera arrangement can include one or more depth- aware cameras and two or more stereo cameras. Depth-aware cameras can generate a depth map of what is being seen through the camera, and can use this data to approximate 3D representations of moving parts of user’s eyes or face. Stereo cameras can also be used in approximating 3D representations of moving parts of the eyes or face. Also, a simpler single camera arrangement, such as a single digital camera, can be used to capture 2D representations of moving parts of user’s eyes or face.

[0036] The processor 110 in the computing device 104 can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement captured by the camera 108. For example, the processor 110 can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from at least one of eyebrow movement, eyelid movement, or a combination thereof. Also, the processor 110 can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured saccade of the eye of the user. The processor can also be configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured smooth pursuit movement of the eye of the user. The processor 110 can also configured to identify one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured vergence movement of both eyes of the user.

[0037] The processor 110 can also be configured to control one or more parameters of the user interface 106 based on the identified one or more eye gestures. For example, the processor 110 can also be configured to control one or more parameters of a display of the user interface 106, or a GUI of the user interface, or a combination thereof based on the identified one or more eye gestures. In such an example, the processor 110 can be configured to increase or decrease brightness at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, the processor 110 can be configured to increase or decrease at least one of contrast, resolution, or a combination thereof of at least a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, the processor 110 can be configured to change or maintain a color scheme of at least a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures.

[0038] Also, the processor can be configured to activate or deactivate at least a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. The processor 110 can also be configured to dim at least a part of the display when eyes of the user look away from the display. The processor 110 can also be configured to turn off the display when the eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time. The predetermined amount of time can be at least partially selectable by the user or selected by the processor. For instance, processor 110 can determine an amount of time after the eyes of the user look away from the display as a factor for controlling the display, e.g., the processor 110 can determine an amount of time after the eyes of the user look away from the display as a factor for turning off the display.

[0039] In some embodiments, the processor 110 can be configured to put the computing device in a power save mode when eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time. In such embodiments, the predetermined amount of time can be selectable by the user or the processor 110. [0040] In some embodiments, for example, the wearable structure 102 of the apparatus 100 can include a cap with a visor that is wearable by a user. The user interface 106 can be a display and the display can be positioned to face downward from a bottom surface of the visor or positioned in the visor to move downward and upward from the bottom surface of the visor. The computing device 104 can be attached to the cap, and the camera 108 can be embedded within or attached to the computing device and be configured to capture eye movement of the user when the camera is facing a face of the user. The processor 110 can be in the computing device 104 and can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement. The processor 110 can also be configured to control one or more parameters of the display and/or a GUI in the display of the computing device 104 or a display and/or a GUI of a second computing device wirelessly connected to the computing device 104, based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

[0041] In some embodiments, for example, the wearable structure 102 of the apparatus 100 can include a wristband (such as a wristband of a smartwatch). The computing device 104 can also include the user interface 106 such as when the user interface is or includes a display. The computing device 104 can be attached to the wristband and can include a display, such that the wearable structure 102 can be a smartwatch having a display. The display can be configured to provide a GUI. The camera 108 can be embedded in or be a part of the computing device as well. The camera 108 can be configured to capture eye movement of the user when the display is facing a face of the user while the wristband is being worn by the user or not. The processor 110 can also be in the computing device 104 and can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement and control one or more parameters of the display and/or the GUI based on the identified one or more eye gestures.

[0042] In general, the examples of identifying of one or more eye gestures described herein and then the examples of subsequent control of one or more parameters of the user interface according to the identified gesture(s) described herein can be implemented through an operating system of a device, another software application, and/or firmware, as well as programmable logic such as field programmable gate array (FPGA) or an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC). [0043] In general, wearable structures described herein can each be considered multiple wearable structures. Computing devices described herein can each be considered multiple computing devices. User interfaces described herein can each be considered multiple user interfaces, and cameras described herein can each be considered multiple cameras. Such components can be part of an ecosystem controllable through eye gestures.

[0044] Also, in general, the parts of the apparatuses described herein can be connected to each other wirelessly or through wires or other types of communicative couplings.

[0045] FIGS. 2 and 3 illustrate example networked systems 200 and 300 each configured to implement user interface control based in part on eye movement, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure. Both of the networked systems 200 and 300 are networked via one or more communication networks. Communication networks described herein can include at least a local to device network such as Bluetooth or the like, a wide area network (WAN), a local area network (LAN), the Intranet, a mobile wireless network such as 4G or 5G, an extranet, the Internet, and/or any combination thereof. The networked systems 200 and 300 can each be a part of a peer-to-peer network, a client-server network, a cloud computing environment, or the like. Also, any of the apparatuses, computing devices, wearable structures, cameras, and/or user interfaces described herein can include a computer system of some sort. And, such a computer system can include a network interface to other devices in a LAN, an intranet, an extranet, and/or the Internet (e.g., see network(s) 214 and 315). The computer system can also operate in the capacity of a server or a client machine in client-server network environment, as a peer machine in a peer-to-peer (or distributed) network environment, or as a server or a client machine in a cloud computing infrastructure or environment.

[0046] Also, at least some of the illustrated components of FIGS. 2 and 3 can be similar to the illustrated components of FIG. 1 functionally and/or structurally and at least some of the illustrated components of FIG. 1 can be similar to the illustrated components of FIGS. 2 and 3 functionally and/or structurally. For example, the wearable structures 202 and 302 each can have similar features and/or functionality as the wearable structure 102, and vice versa. The computing devices 204 and 304 can each have similar features and/or functionality as the computing device 104, and vice versa. The user interface 206 and the user interface of the other components 316 can have similar features and/or functionality as the user interface 106, and vice versa. The camera 208 and a camera of the other components 316 each can have similar features and/or functionality as the camera 108, and vice versa. The controller 308 can have similar features and/or functionality as the processor 110. The buses 212 and 306 each can have similar features and/or functionality as the bus 112, and vice versa. And, network interface 312 can have similar features and/or functionality as the network interfaces 210a, 210b, and 210c, and vice versa.

[0047] As shown in FIG. 2, the system 200 includes a wearable structure 202, a computing device 204, a user interface 206, and a camera 208. The system 200 also includes the processor 110 (which is part of the computing device 204) as well as a bus 212. The bus 212 is in the wearable structure 202 and the bus connects the camera 208 to a network interface 210a. Both the camera 208 and the network interface 210a are in the wearable structure 202.

[0048] It is to be understood that although the wearable structure 202 is shown with the camera 208 in FIG. 2, in other embodiments, the wearable structure may only have the computing device. And, in other embodiments, the wearable structure may only have the user interface. And, in some embodiments, the wearable structure may have some combination of the camera, the computing device, and the user interface (e.g., see wearable structure 102 which has the camera, the computing device and the user interface).

[0049] The network interface 210a (included in the wearable structure 202) connects the wearable structure to the computing device 204 and the user interface 206, via one or more computer networks 214 and the network interfaces 210b and 210c respectively.

[0050] The network interface 210b (included in the computing device 204) connects the computing device to the wearable structure 202 (which includes the camera 208) and the user interface 206, via network(s) 214 and the network interfaces 210a and 210c respectively.

[0051] The network interface 210c (included in the user interface 206) connects the user interface to the wearable structure 202 (which includes the camera 208) and the computing device 204, via network(s) 214 and the network interfaces 210a and 210b respectively.

[0052] The wearable structure 202 can be configured to be worn by a user. The wearable structure 202 can be, include, or be a part of a hat, cap, wristband, neck strap, necklace, other type of jewelry such as ring, contact lenses, glasses, another type of eyewear, any type of clothing such as a shirt, pants, a belt, shoes, a skirt, a dress, or a jacket, as well as a ring, a piercing, artificial nails and lashes, tattoos, makeup, etc. In some embodiments, a wearable structure can be a part of or implanted in human body, interfaced with nervous system providing all sorts of user experiences. [0053] The user interface 206 can be configured to provide a GUI, a tactile user interface, an auditory user interface, or any combination thereof. For example, the user interface 206 can be or include a display connected to at least one of the wearable structure 202, the computing device 204, the camera 208 or a combination thereof via the network(s) 214, and the display can be configured to provide a GUI. Also, embodiments described herein can include one or more user interfaces of any type, including tactile Ul (touch), visual Ul (sight), auditory Ul (sound), olfactory Ul (smell), equilibria Ul (balance), and gustatory Ul (taste).

[0054] The camera 208 can be connected to at least one of the computing device 204, the wearable structure 202, the user interface 206, or a combination thereof via the network(s) 214, and the camera can be configured to capture eye movement of the user. For example, the camera can be configured to capture saccades, smooth pursuit movements, vergence movements, vestibulo-ocular movements, eye attention, angle, point of view, etc.

[0055] The processor 110 in the computing device 204, as shown in FIG. 2, can be configured to identify one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement captured by the camera 208. The processor 110 can also be configured to control one or more parameters of the user interface 206 based on the identified one or more eye gestures. For example, the processor 110 can also be configured to control one or more parameters of a display of the user interface 206, or a GUI of the user interface, or a combination thereof based on the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, embodiments described herein can include the processor 110 controlling parameters of any type of user interface (Ul), including tactile Ul (touch), visual Ul (sight), auditory Ul (sound), olfactory Ul (smell), equilibria Ul (balance), and gustatory Ul (taste), based on the identified one or more eye gestures. Furthermore, in some embodiments, the controlling of one or more parameters of the display can include rendering images or video with maximized invariance in quality of picture for the user in presence of disturbance. Invariance can include invariance to any disturbance, such as shaking, vibration, noise and other things that make the visual connection between the eyes and screen weak or broken. Also, for example, the screen output of the device can be invariant to external disturbance by adapting and reinforcing a visual connection between the eyes and screen, by making screen output stable with respect to any disturbance to the screen. This way the user can consistently and continuously receive undisturbed or less disturbed content. For example, this can be done by keeping the screen output at least partly constant in a coordinate system relative to the eyes of the user. This can be especially useful for a cap and visor embodiment, where the visor provides the screen. The cap and visor are expected to vibrate and move when worn (especially when the user is participating in some form of exercise or a sport).

[0056] FIG. 3 illustrates an example system 300 that can implement user interface control based in part on eye movement for multiple user interfaces of multiple wearable structures and computing devices (e.g., see wearable structures 302 and 330 as well as computing devices 304, 320, and 340), in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure. FIG. 3 also illustrates several components of the computing device 304. The computing device 304 can also include components similar to the components described herein for the computing devices 104 and 204. And, FIG. 3 also shows an example wearable structure 302 that includes the computing device 304. The wearable structures 302 and 330 can also include components similar to the components described herein for the wearable structures 102 and 202. As shown, the multiple wearable structures and computing devices (e.g., see wearable structures 302 and 330 as well as computing devices 304, 320, and 340) can communicate with each other through one or more communications networks 315.

[0057] The computing device 304, which is included in the wearable structure 302, can be or include or be a part of the components in the wearable structure 102 shown in FIG. 1 or any type of computing device that is or is somewhat similar to a computing device described herein. The computing device 304 can be or include or be a part of a mobile device or the like, e.g., a smartphone, tablet computer, loT device, smart television, smart watch, glasses or other smart household appliance, in-vehicle information system, wearable smart device, game console, PC, digital camera, or any combination thereof. As shown, the computing device 304 can be connected to communications network(s) 315 that includes at least a local to device network such as Bluetooth or the like, a wide area network (WAN), a local area network (LAN), an intranet, a mobile wireless network such as 4G or 5G, an extranet, the Internet, and/or any combination thereof.

[0058] Each of the computing or mobile devices described herein (such as computing devices 104, 204, and 304) can be or be replaced by a personal computer (PC), a tablet PC, a set-top box (STB), a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), a cellular telephone, a web appliance, a server, a network router, a switch or bridge, or any machine capable of executing a set of instructions (sequential or otherwise) that specify actions to be taken by that machine.

[0059] Also, while a single machine is illustrated for the computing device 304 shown in FIG. 3 as well as the computing devices 104 and 204 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2 respectively, the term “machine” shall also be taken to include any collection of machines that individually or jointly execute a set (or multiple sets) of instructions to perform any one or more of the methodologies or operations discussed herein. And, each of the illustrated computing or mobile devices can each include at least a bus and/or motherboard, one or more controllers (such as one or more CPUs), a main memory that can include temporary data storage, at least one type of network interface, a storage system that can include permanent data storage, and/or any combination thereof. In some multi-device embodiments, one device can complete some parts of the methods described herein, then send the result of completion over a network to another device such that another device can continue with other steps of the methods described herein.

[0060] FIG. 3 also illustrates example parts of the example computing device 304, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure. The computing device 304 can be communicatively coupled to the network(s) 315 as shown. The computing device 304 includes at least a bus 306, a controller 308 (such as a CPU), memory 310, a network interface 312, a data storage system 314, and other components 316 (which can be any type of components found in mobile or computing devices such as GPS components, I/O components such various types of user interface components, and sensors as well as a camera). The other components 316 can include one or more user interfaces (e.g., GUIs, auditory user interfaces, tactile user interfaces, etc.), displays, different types of sensors, tactile, audio and/or visual input/output devices, additional application-specific memory, one or more additional controllers (e.g., GPU), or any combination thereof. The bus 306 communicatively couples the controller 308, the memory 310, the network interface 312, the data storage system 314 and the other components 316. The computing device 304 includes a computer system that includes at least controller 308, memory 310 (e.g., read-only memory (ROM), flash memory, dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) such as synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) or Rambus DRAM (RDRAM), static random- access memory (SRAM), cross-point memory, crossbar memory, etc.), and data storage system 314, which communicate with each other via bus 306 (which can include multiple buses).

[0061] To put it another way, FIG. 3 is a block diagram of computing device 304 that has a computer system in which embodiments of the present disclosure can operate. In some embodiments, the computer system can include a set of instructions, for causing a machine to perform any one or more of the methodologies discussed herein, when executed. In such embodiments, the machine can be connected (e.g., networked via network interface 312) to other machines in a LAN, an intranet, an extranet, and/or the Internet (e.g., network(s) 315). The machine can operate in the capacity of a server or a client machine in client-server network environment, as a peer machine in a peer-to-peer (or distributed) network environment, or as a server or a client machine in a cloud computing infrastructure or environment.

[0062] Controller 308 represents one or more general-purpose processing devices such as a microprocessor, a central processing unit, or the like. More particularly, the processing device can be a complex instruction set computing (CISC) microprocessor, reduced instruction set computing (RISC) microprocessor, very long instruction word (VLIW) microprocessor, single instruction multiple data (SIMD), multiple instructions multiple data (MIMD), or a processor implementing other instruction sets, or processors implementing a combination of instruction sets. Controller 308 can also be one or more special-purpose processing devices such as an ASIC, a programmable logic such as an FPGA, a digital signal processor (DSP), network processor, or the like. Controller 308 is configured to execute instructions for performing the operations and steps discussed herein. Controller 308 can further include a network interface device such as network interface 312 to communicate over one or more communications network (such as network(s) 315).

[0063] The data storage system 314 can include a machine-readable storage medium (also known as a computer-readable medium) on which is stored one or more sets of instructions or software embodying any one or more of the methodologies or functions described herein. The data storage system 314 can have execution capabilities such as it can at least partly execute instructions residing in the data storage system. The instructions can also reside, completely or at least partially, within the memory 310 and/or within the controller 308 during execution thereof by the computer system, the memory 310 and the controller 308 also constituting machine- readable storage media. The memory 310 can be or include main memory of the device 304. The memory 310 can have execution capabilities such as it can at least partly execute instructions residing in the memory.

[0064] While the memory, controller, and data storage parts are shown in the example embodiment to each be a single part, each part should be taken to include a single part or multiple parts that can store the instructions and perform their respective operations. The term “machine-readable storage medium” shall also be taken to include any medium that is capable of storing or encoding a set of instructions for execution by the machine and that cause the machine to perform any one or more of the methodologies of the present disclosure. The term “machine-readable storage medium” shall accordingly be taken to include, but not be limited to, solid-state memories, optical media, and magnetic media.

[0065] FIG. 4 illustrates a flow diagram of example operations of method 400 that can be performed by aspects of the apparatus 100 depicted in FIG. 1 , aspects of the networked system 200 depicted in FIG. 2, or aspects of the networked system 300 depicted in FIG. 3, in accordance with some embodiments of the present disclosure. [0066] In FIG. 4, the method 400 begins at step 402 with providing a user interface (e.g., see user interfaces 106 and 206 and other components 316). Step 402 can include providing a GUI, an auditory user interface, a tactile user interface, any other type of Ul, or a combination thereof. The user interface can include and/or be provided by a processor and/or a user input/output component such as a display, a projected screen, an audio output device such as speakers, and/or a tactile output device such as a vibrating device. The user interface also can be provided by, connected to, or be a part of a wearable structure (e.g., see wearable structures 102, 202, and 302).

[0067] At step 404, the method 400 continues with capturing, by a camera (e.g., see cameras 108 and 208 and other components 316), eye movement of a user. The eye movement can include at least one of eyebrow movement, eyelid movement, a saccade of an eye, a smooth pursuit movement of an eye, vergence movement of both eyes, or any other type of eye movement, or a combination thereof. The camera can be connected to or be a part of the wearable structure (e.g., see wearable structures 102, 202, and 302).

[0068] At step 406, the method 400 continues with identifying, by a processor (e.g., see processor 110 and controller 308), one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement. Step 406 can include identifying one or more eye gestures at least in part from at least one of eyebrow movement, eyelid movement, or a combination thereof. Step 406 can include identifying one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured saccade of the eye of the user. Step 406 can include identifying one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured smooth pursuit movement of the eye of the user. Step 406 can include identifying one or more eye gestures at least in part from a captured vergence movement of both eyes of the user. In other words, step 406 can include identifying one or more eye gestures from the captured eye movement which can include identifying one or more eye gestures at least in part from eyebrow movement, eyelid movement, a saccade of an eye, a smooth pursuit movement of an eye, vergence movement of both eyes, or any other type of eye movement, or a combination thereof.

[0069] At step 408, the method 400 continues with controlling, by the processor, one or more parameters of the user interface based on the identified one or more eye gestures. Where the user interface includes a display, step 408 can include increasing or decreasing brightness at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, step 408 can include increasing or decreasing at least one of contrast, resolution, or a combination thereof at least in a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Also, step 408 can include activating or deactivating at least a part of the display according to the identified one or more eye gestures. Step 408 can also include dimming at least a part of the display when eyes of the user look away from the display. Step 408 can also include turning off the display when the eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time. The predetermined amount of time can be at least partially selectable by the user. Also, step 408 can include putting the computing device at least partly in a power save mode when eyes of the user look away from the display beyond a predetermined amount of time. The predetermined amount of time relevant to power save mode selection and the degree of power savings can be selectable by the user.

[0070] Also, the processor can be connected to or be a part of the wearable structure (e.g., see wearable structures 102, 202, and 302).

[0071] At step 410, the method 400 repeats steps 404 to 408 until a particular action occurs, such as at least one of the user interface, the camera, the processor, or a combination thereof shuts off.

[0072] In some embodiments, it is to be understood that steps 404 to 408 can be implemented as a continuous process such as each step can run independently by monitoring input data, performing operations and outputting data to the subsequent step. Also, steps 404 to 408 can be implemented as discrete-event processes such as each step can be triggered on the events it is supposed to trigger and produce a certain output. It is to be also understood that FIG. 4 represents a minimal method within a possibly larger method of a computer system more complex than the ones presented partly in FIGS. 1 to 3. Thus, the steps depicted in FIG. 4 can be combined with other steps feeding in from and out to other steps associated with a larger method of a more complex system.

[0073] Some portions of the preceding detailed descriptions have been presented in terms of algorithms and symbolic representations of operations on data bits within a computer memory. These algorithmic descriptions and representations are the ways used by those skilled in the data processing arts to most effectively convey the substance of their work to others skilled in the art. An algorithm is here, and generally, conceived to be a self-consistent sequence of operations leading to a desired result. The operations are those requiring physical manipulations of physical quantities. Usually, though not necessarily, these quantities take the form of electrical or magnetic signals capable of being stored, combined, compared, and otherwise manipulated. It has proven convenient at times, principally for reasons of common usage, to refer to these signals as bits, values, elements, symbols, characters, terms, numbers, or the like.

[0074] It should be borne in mind, however, that all of these and similar terms are to be associated with the appropriate physical quantities and are merely convenient labels applied to these quantities. The present disclosure can refer to the action and processes of a computer system, or similar electronic computing device, that manipulates and transforms data represented as physical (electronic) quantities within the computer system’s registers and memories into other data similarly represented as physical quantities within the computer system memories or registers or other such information storage systems.

[0075] The present disclosure also relates to an apparatus for performing the operations herein. This apparatus can be specially constructed for the intended purposes, or it can include a general-purpose computer selectively activated or reconfigured by a computer program stored in the computer. Such a computer program can be stored in a computer readable storage medium, such as any type of disk including floppy disks, optical disks, CD-ROMs, and magnetic-optical disks, read only memories (ROMs), random access memories (RAMs), EPROMs, EEPROMs, magnetic or optical cards, or any type of media suitable for storing electronic instructions, each coupled to a computer system bus.

[0076] The algorithms and displays presented herein are not inherently related to any particular computer or other apparatus. Various general-purpose systems can be used with programs in accordance with the teachings herein, or it can prove convenient to construct a more specialized apparatus to perform the method. The structure for a variety of these systems will appear as set forth in the description below. In addition, the present disclosure is not described with reference to any particular programming language. It will be appreciated that a variety of programming languages can be used to implement the teachings of the disclosure as described herein.

[0077] The present disclosure can be provided as a computer program product, or software, that can include a machine-readable medium having stored thereon instructions, which can be used to program a computer system (or other electronic devices) to perform a process according to the present disclosure. A machine- readable medium includes any mechanism for storing information in a form readable by a machine (e.g., a computer). In some embodiments, a machine-readable (e.g., computer-readable) medium includes a machine (e.g., a computer) readable storage medium such as a read only memory (“ROM”), random access memory (“RAM”), magnetic disk storage media, optical storage media, flash memory components, etc. [0078] In the foregoing specification, embodiments of the disclosure have been described with reference to specific example embodiments thereof. It will be evident that various modifications can be made thereto without departing from the broader spirit and scope of embodiments of the disclosure as set forth in the following claims. The specification and drawings are, accordingly, to be regarded in an illustrative sense rather than a restrictive sense.