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Title:
VIBRATION ISOLATION PLATFORM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1994/026145
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A vibration isolation platform comprises a shelf member (15) supported by two beam members (25). An acoustic isolation member (20) is located between the shelf member and each beam member. Support members (11) engage and support each beam member (25) at two points (28) in such a manner as to allow flexing of the beam member.

Inventors:
TURNER GARY JOHN (GB)
Application Number:
PCT/GB1994/000982
Publication Date:
November 24, 1994
Filing Date:
May 06, 1994
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TURNER GARY JOHN (GB)
International Classes:
A47B81/06; F16F9/30; G10K11/16; H04R1/02; (IPC1-7): A47B81/06; F16F1/36; G10K11/16; H04R1/02
Foreign References:
GB875513A1961-08-23
EP0520385A21992-12-30
DE4036538A11992-05-21
US5197707A1993-03-30
Other References:
J. ROBERTS: "At NASA, they're adapting Space R & D for industry.", PRODUCT ENGINEERING, vol. 33, no. 22, 29 October 1962 (1962-10-29), pages 76
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 16, no. 487 (M - 1323) 9 October 1992 (1992-10-09)
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 16, no. 359 (M - 1289) 4 August 1992 (1992-08-04)
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Claims:
Claims
1. A vibration isolation platform comprising a shelf member supported by two beam members, an acoustic isolation member located between the shelf member and each beam member and two support members engaging and supporting each beam member in such a manner as to allow flexing of the beam member.
2. A platform according to claim 1, in which the beam members are provided adjacent opposed edges of the shelf member.
3. A platform according to claim 1 or claim 2, in which recesses are provided in the shelf member to accommodate the beam members and the acoustic isolation members.
4. A platform according to claim 3, in which the recesses are formed in the edges of the shelf.
5. A platform according to claim 3, in which the recesses are formed in the underside of the shelf.
6. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the beam members are of laminated construction.
7. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the beam members are made from alumini¬ um, brass, stainless steel or M.D.F. or a combination of those materials.
8. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the beam members include an acoustic isolation material.
9. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the shelf is made from M.D.F., float glass, laminated glass, or CORIAN.
10. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the shelf has a mass of at least 2 kg.
11. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims , in which the acoustic isolation members are made from a material having a specific damping value of at least 50%, and preferably 55%.
12. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the acoustic isolation members have a thickness of at least 10 mm, and preferably 12 mm.
13. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which acoustic isolation materials are provided between the beam members and the support members.
14. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the support members comprise feet provided on the underside of the beam members.
15. A platform according to claim 14, in which the feet include acoustic isolation materials.
16. A platform according to any one of the preceding claims, in which the beam members and the acoustic isolation members are housed in a subassembly on which the shelf stands.
17. A vibration isolation platform, the platform being substantially as described herein with reference to, and as illustrated by. Figs. 3 and 4, or 5 and 6, or 7, or 8, or 9 and 10, or 11 and 12, or 13, or 14, or 15, or 16, or 17 and 18, or 19 and 20 of the accompanying drawings.
18. A cabinet for hifi equipment, including a vibration isolation platform according to any one of the preceding claims.
19. A cabinet according to claim 18, in which the support members comprise shelf supports.
20. A cabinet for hifi equipment, the cabinet being substantially as described herein with reference to, and as illustrated by, Figs. 1 and 2, or 3 and 4, or 5 and 6, or 7, or 8, or 9 and 10, or 11 and 12, or 13, or 14, or 15 or 16, or 17 and 18, or 19 and 20 of the accompanying drawings.
21. An article of vibration sensitive equipment includ¬ ing a vibration isolation platform according to any one of claims 1 to 17.
Description:
Vibration Isolation Platform

The present invention relates to a vibration isolation platform for use with hi-fi audio and other vibration sensitive equipment. It is recognised by many experts in the field of hi- fi equipment that for optimum performance, certain components of the equipment need to be isolated from vibration. This is certainly true for record decks, and it is also considered by many experts to be essential for other hi-fi components such as compact disc players and amplifiers and, in particular, valve amplifiers.

In an attempt to avoid interference from external vibrations, many owners of very high quality hi-fi equipment mount the vibration sensitive components of the equipment on a massive platform that is spiked directly to the floor. The platform provides a very rigid and stable surface for the equipment. Such platforms are, however, expensive as well as being very heavy, and they do not entirely isolate the equipment from vibrations transmitted through the floor.

Also available is a gas-damped vibration isolation platform, which is sold under the trade mark SEISMIC SINK. That device provides very effective isolation from vibrations, but it is too expensive for its use to be justified except with the most expensive hi-fi equipment. According to the present invention there is provided a vibration isolation platform comprising a shelf member supported by two beam members, an acoustic isolation

member located between the shelf member and each beam member and two support members engaging and supporting each beam member in such a manner as to allow flexing of the beam member. The shelf member and the beam members are designed to have very different resonant frequencies, so that vibrations which cause resonance in one of those com¬ ponents do not cause vibrations of large amplitude in other component. The acoustic isolation members that are located between the shelf member and each of the beam members absorb and dissipate most of the transmitted vibrational energy. The platform thereby provides very effective isolation from low magnitude vibrations.

The beam members may be provided adjacent opposed edges of the shelf member.

Recesses may be provided in the shelf member to accommodate the beam members and the acoustic isolation members. The recesses may be formed in the edges of the shelf or, alternatively, in the underside of the shelf. The beam members may be of laminated construction. The beam members may be made from aluminium, brass, stainless steel, M.D.F. or other materials, or a combina¬ tion of those materials.

The beam members may include an acoustic isolation material.

The shelf may be made from M.D.F., float glass, laminated glass, CORIAN or other materials.

The shelf may have a mass of at least 2 kg.

The acoustic isolation members may be made from a material having a specific damping value of at least 50%, and preferably 55%, as measured by dropping a 12 lb. sphere from a height of 6.5 feet, and as calculated using the equation: specific damping = energy lost x 4. χ 100% max. possible energy loss π

The acoustic isolation members may have a thickness of at least 10 mm, and preferably 12 mm. Acoustic isolation materials may be provided between the beam members and the support members.

The support members may comprise feet provided on the underside of the beam members. The feet may include acoustic isolation materials. The beam members and the acoustic isolation members may be housed in a sub-assembly on which the shelf stands.

The present invention further provides a cabinet for hi-fi equipment, the cabinet including a vibration isolation platform as described above. In the cabinet, the support members may comprise shelf supports.

The present invention yet further provides an article of vibration sensitive equipment including a vibration isolation platform as described above. Embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings, of which:

Figs. 1 and 2 are front and a cross-sectional side

views of a cabinet for hi-fi equipment;

Figs. 3 and 4 are partial cross-sectional front and perspective views of a first acoustic isolation platform;

Figs. 5 and 6 are partial cross-sectional front and perspective views of a second acoustic isolation plat¬ form;

Figs. 7 and 8 are partial cross-sectional front views of third and fourth acoustic isolation platforms;

Figs. 9 and 10 are partial cross-sectional front and perspective views of a fifth acoustic isolation platform;

Figs. 11 and 12 are side and partial cross-sectional front views of a sixth acoustic isolation platform;

Figs. 13, 14, 15 and 16 are partial cross-sectional front views of seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth acoustic isolation platforms;

Figs. 17 and 18 are plan and partial front views of an eleventh acoustic isolation platform, and

Figs. 19 and 20 are plan and partial front views of a twelfth acoustic isolation platform.

Figs. 1 and 2 show a cabinet for hi-fi equipment and recorded media. The cabinet comprises a rear panel 1, two side panels 2, a top 3 and a base 4. The upper part 5 of the cabinet, which houses the hi-fi equipment, is closed at the front by two hinged doors 6. In the lower part 7 of the cabinet there are provided two drawers 8 for storing tapes, compact discs and other recorded media.

The upper part 5 of the cabinet, which is divided from the lower part 7 by an internal shelf 9, contains four vibration isolation platforms 10 for receiving the hi-fi equipment. The platforms 10 are supported by shelf supports 11, which are hooked into apertures in two racks 12 provided on the inner surface of each of the side panels 2. The shelf supports 11 can be moved up or down the racks 12 to alter the positions of the platforms 10 within the cabinet. The construction of one of the vibration isolation platforms 10 is shown in more detail in Figs. 3 and 4. The platform 10 includes a shelf 15, which is manufac¬ tured from medium density fibreboard (M.D.F.) and has dimensions of approximately 515 x 360 x 18 mm and a mass of approximately 2.5 kg. A decorative groove 16 is formed in the front edge of the shelf. The shelf 15 has a laminated, sprayed or veneer decorative finish.

Rectangular rebates 17 are formed in the underside of the shelf 15 along each of its shorter edges 18. The rebates 17 extend rearwards from a point a few centi¬ metres behind the front edge 19 of the shelf 15 so that they cannot be seen from in front of the shelf.

Located within each rebate 17 and extending along its length is a strip acoustic isolation material 20. The material might, for example, be the visco-elastic polyurethane material sold under the trade mark SORBOTHANE. The strip 20, which has a thickness of approximately 12 mm, is bonded to the top of a laminated

beam 25 comprising a 3.2 mm layer of aluminium 26 on top of a 3.0 mm layer of M.D.F. 27. Two shallow rectangular notches 28 are cut in the bottom surface of the M.D.F. layer 27 to form engagement surfaces for the shelf supports 11.

The platform 10 is designed to prevent vibrations being transmitted from the cabinet to the shelf, and vice versa. The main features of the design are as follows. The beams 25 are slightly flexible and are supported by the shelf supports 11 in such a way as to allow them to flex when vibrations are transmitted to them from the supports 11. However, because the beams 25 and the shelf 15 are separated from one another by the strips 20 of acoustic isolation material, very little of that vibra- tional energy is transmitted to the shelf. Further, the shelf 15 and the beams 25 are designed to have very different resonant frequencies, so that vibrations which cause resonance in the beams 25 will tend not to cause sympathetic vibrations in the shelf 15. Furthermore, the shelf 15 has a large mass and is made of an acoustically dead material (M.D.F.) to prevent ringing and reduce vibrations at resonance to a minimum. Acoustically dead materials may also be used in the beams 25. The combina¬ tion of those features provides very effective acoustic isolation.

A free standing version of the platform is shown in Figs. 5 and 6. In this version, the shelf 15 and the beam 25 are very similar to those shown in Figs. 3 and 4.

However, instead of being suspended from shelf supports, two feet 35 are provided on the underside of each beam 25. Each foot 35 comprises a short upright cylinder 36 of aluminium on top of a disc 37 of acoustic isolation material.

Also shown in dotted lines in Fig. 5 is a variant in which the thickness of the shelf is increased to 38 mm and the height of the rebate 17 is increased to accom¬ modate a thicker strip 20 of acoustic isolation material. Two further free standing versions of the platform shown in Figs. 3 and 4 are shown in Figs. 7 and 8. In Fig. 7, a shelf 15 similar to that shown in Fig. 3 is supported at each edge 18 by a 12 mm thick strip 20 of acoustic isolation material on top of a 3.2 mm aluminium beam 25. Each beam 25 is supported by two aluminium feet 35 which stand on top of 16 mm pads 37 of acoustic isolation material.

The platform shown in Fig. 8 is similar to that shown in Fig. 7, except that the beam 25 is a composite of 3.2 mm aluminium 26 and 3.0 mm M.D.F. 27, and a pad 38 of acoustic isolation material is also provided on top of each foot 35.

Another free standing version of the platform is shown in Figs. 9 and 10. In this version, the rebates 17 are provided in the underside of the shelf 15, spaced inwardly by a few centimetres from the edge 19 of the shelf. A strip of acoustic isolation material 20 and a beam 25 are located within each of the rebates 17, each

beam 25 being supported by two feet 35. A decorative finish is provided by a strip of wood or other material being bonded to the edges 18 of the shelf 15.

A further free-standing version of the platform is shown in Figs. 11 and 12. In this version, the shelf 15 is not provided with rebates and the acoustic isolation material 20 simply engages the underside of the shelf 15. The beam 25, in this version, has a composite structure, comprising a 3 mm layer of M.D.F. 27, a 2 mm strip of acoustic isolation material 29 and a 1.6 mm thick aluminium layer 26. The feet 35 include pads 37, 38 of acoustic isolation material at both ends.

Further versions of the free standing platform are shown in Figs. 13 to 16. In each of those versions the platform is broadly similar to that shown in Figs. 10 and 11. In Fig. 13, the shelf 15 is made of 25 mm M.D.F. and the strip 20 of acoustic isolation material is 12 mm thick. The beam is a laminate of 3.2 mm aluminium 26 and 3.0 mm M.D.F 27. The foot 35 has a 3 mm top isolation pad 38 and a 2 mm bottom isolation pad 37. The version shown in Fig. 14 is similar, except that it lacks the upper isolation pad.

In Fig. 15, the shelf 15 is made of 18 mm M.D.F. and includes downward extensions 40 that serve to hide the beam 25. The strips 20 of acoustic isolation material, the beams 25 and the feet 35 are similar to those shown in Fig. 14. Fig. 16 is similar to Fig. 15, except that the beam comprises a 1.6 mm layer of aluminium 26 on top

of a 3 mm layer of M. D . F 27 .

In the platform shown in Figs. 17 and 18, the shelf 15 is connected by four cylindrical feet 42 to two rigid n-shaped beams 43. A strip 20 of acoustic isolation material is located within each rigid beam 43. The strip 20 is bonded to a flexible aluminium beam 25, which is supported by two feet 35 and their associated acoustic isolation pads 37.

The platform shown in Figs. 19 and 20 is similar in many respects to that shown in Figs. 17 and 18. In this platform, the shelf 15 is supported on the rigid beams 43 by four spikes 44, and the rigid beams 43 are connected to one another by a sub-chassis consisting of a web 45. The web 45 is cut away at its front and rear edges 46, 47 and includes apertures 48 adjacent the rigid beams 43 to reduce its weight.

In a further embodiment of the invention (not shown in the drawings) , the platform is incorporated into a piece of hi-fi equipment, the shelf 15 forming the chassis of the equipment. Such a piece of equipment would not then need to be placed on a separate vibration isolation platform. The platform may similarly be built into other pieces of vibration-sensitive equipment, such as sensitive electronic balances. Other modifications of the vibration isolation platform are possible. The shelf 15 may be made of other materials, for example float or laminated glass or a moulded material such as that sold under the trade mark

CORIAN. The use of laminated glass has been found to give a particularly favourable result, producing a consistent response across the frequency range.

Alternatively, the shelf may be made of a combina- tion of different materials: for example, it may be a laminated assembly comprising a layer of SORBOTHANE sandwiched between two layers of M.D.F.

The beams 25 may be made of M.D.F. or aluminium alone or may be laminated assemblies comprising those or other materials such as brass, stainless steel or glass fibre, and may include acoustic isolation materials such as SORBOTHANE. Additional strips or pads of acoustic isolation material may be provided between the beams 25 and the feet 35 or the shelf supports 11. The dimensions of the components, such as the thickness of the shelf 15 and the strips 20 of acoustic isolation material, may also be varied.

Furthermore, the strips 20 of acoustic isolation material may be profiled to reduce the contact area with the shelf and/or the beam. For example, the strips may include a number of V-shaped notches in their upper or lower surfaces.




 
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