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Title:
WADING VEHICLE WATER LEVEL DISPLAY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/080433
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A vehicle (100) comprising a wading information display (1020), a memory and a processor, the memory containing a program configured to run on the processor to calculate the maximum wading depth of the vehicle from the measured suspension travel, and to display the maximum wading depth on the display. The display may also show a dual wading depth, an advisory wading speed, and vehicle inclination.

Inventors:
TRAN THUY-YUNG (GB)
HOARE EDWARD (GB)
JONES ANTHONY (GB)
THOMSON SIMON (GB)
TOMAR ASHUTOSH (GB)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2011/072992
Publication Date:
June 21, 2012
Filing Date:
December 15, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
LAND ROVER UK LTD (GB)
TRAN THUY-YUNG (GB)
HOARE EDWARD (GB)
JONES ANTHONY (GB)
THOMSON SIMON (GB)
TOMAR ASHUTOSH (GB)
International Classes:
G01F23/00; B60W50/14; G01S15/931
Domestic Patent References:
WO2012080439A12012-06-21
WO2012080440A12012-06-21
WO2012080429A12012-06-21
WO2012080438A12012-06-21
WO2012080430A12012-06-21
WO2012080431A12012-06-21
WO2012080432A12012-06-21
WO2012080435A12012-06-21
WO2012080437A12012-06-21
Foreign References:
GB2356602A2001-05-30
DE19941126A12001-04-19
GB2356602A2001-05-30
DE19941126A12001-04-19
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HOLMES, Matthew William (Patents Department W/1/073Abbey Road,Whitley, Coventry Warwickshire CV3 4LF, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1 . A vehicle comprising a display and a processor, the processor being configured to calculate the maximum wading depth of the vehicle in dependence on one or more vehicle parameters, and to display the maximum wading depth on the display.

2. The vehicle of claim 1 , wherein the display comprises an elevation of a vehicle on which is superimposed a line indicative of maximum wading depth.

3. The vehicle of claim 2, wherein the position of said line on said elevation changes according to a selected ride height.

4. The vehicle of claim 2 or claim 3, and including a wading depth indicator, said display showing the current water level on said elevation.

5. The vehicle of claim 4, wherein maximum wading depth and current water level are simultaneously displayed.

6. The vehicle of any of claims 2 to 6 wherein the water level is displayed in increments which decrease as the wading depth approaches the maximum wading depth.

7. The vehicle of any of claims 4 to 6, wherein current water level is indicated by a colour wash.

8. The vehicle of any of claims 2 to 7, and further including a vehicle inclination sensor, said display showing said elevation at a real-time inclination with respect to the line indicative of maximum wading depth.

9. The vehicle of claim 8, wherein said display is adapted to indicate vehicle inclination in pitch and roll.

10. The vehicle of any of claims 2 to 9, wherein said display includes one of a side elevation and an end elevation of a vehicle.

1 1 . The vehicle of claim 10, wherein the end elevation displayed is the lower end.

12. The vehicle of claim 10 or claim 1 1 , wherein the side elevation displayed is the lower side.

13. The vehicle of any of claims 10 to 12, wherein said display includes both a side elevation and an end elevation.

14. The vehicle of any preceding claim, wherein the display is overlaid by an advisory speed selected according to one or more of:

i) water level through which the vehicle is wading,

ii) the pitch of the vehicle,

iii) the angle of the terrain on which the vehicle is travelling.

14. The vehicle of any preceding claim wherein a current wading depth can be provided to a vehicle control unit from a water level sensor, or by reference to topographical data and information about vehicle position, for example from GPS.

15. The vehicle of any preceding claim wherein the maximum wading depth may be adjusted depending on the movement and / or orientation of the vehicle.

16. The vehicle of claim 15 wherein the maximum wading depth is the height of the engine air intake, when travelling forward.

17. The vehicle of claim 15 wherein the maximum wading depth is the height of the bottom of the tailgate glazing, when travelling rearwardly at a negative inclination such as down a slipway.

18. A method comprising:

calculating the maximum wading depth of a vehicle according to the ride height thereof; and

displaying to a driver of the vehicle an image of the vehicle on which is superimposed said maximum wading depth.

19. A method according to claim 18, comprising the step of displaying on said image the actual wading depth of the vehicle according to information from one or more wading sensors.

20. A method according to claim 19 or claim 20, comprising the step of displaying on said image an advisory speed for the vehicle, said speed being determined according to the wading depth indicated by a wading depth sensor.

21 . A method according to claim 20, and including the step of adjusting said advisory speed according to the inclination of the vehicle indicated by an inclination sensor thereof.

22. A system for a vehicle comprising a display, a memory, and a processor, the memory containing a program configured to run on the processor to calculate the maximum wading depth of the vehicle from the vehicle ride height, and to display the maximum wading depth on the display.

23. The system of claim 22, wherein the display comprises an elevation of a vehicle on which is superimposed a line indicative of maximum wading depth.

24. The system of claim 22, wherein the position of said line on said elevation changes according to a selected ride height.

25. The system of claim 22 or claim 23, and including a wading depth indicator, said display showing the current water level on said elevation.

26. The system of claim 25, wherein maximum wading depth and current water level are simultaneously displayed.

27. The system of claim 25 or claim 26, wherein current water level is indicated by a colour wash.

28. The system of any of claims 22 to 27, and further including a vehicle inclination sensor, said display showing said elevation at a real-time inclination with respect to the line indicative of maximum wading depth.

29. The system of claim 28, wherein said display is adapted to indicate vehicle inclination in pitch and roll.

30. The system of any of claims 22 to 29, wherein said display includes one of a side elevation and an end elevation of a vehicle.

31 . The system of claim 30, wherein the end elevation displayed is the lower end.

32. The system of claim 30 or claim 31 , wherein the side elevation displayed is the lower side.

33. The system of any of claims 30 to 33 wherein said display includes both a side elevation and an end elevation.

34. The system of any of claims 22 to 33, wherein the display is overlaid by an advisory speed selected according to one or more of:

i) water level through which the vehicle is wading,

ii) the pitch of the vehicle,

iii) the angle of the terrain on which the vehicle is travelling.

35. A computer program stored on a memory device for execution on a processor, the program comprising:

calculating the maximum wading depth of a vehicle according to the ride height thereof; and

displaying to a driver of the vehicle an image of the vehicle on which is superimposed said maximum wading depth.

36. A system, a vehicle or a method constructed and/or arranged substantially as described herein with reference to and/or as illustrated by the accompanying Figures.

Description:
WADING VEHICLE WATER LEVEL DISPLAY

Technical Field

The present invention is concerned with a human machine interface for displaying the water level relative to a vehicle body. More particularly, but not exclusively, the present invention is concerned with display of the water level of a wading vehicle and providing such information to a driver of the vehicle. Aspects of the invention relate to a vehicle comprising a wading information display, a method and a system. Background

An off-road vehicle may be defined as a road vehicle having some off road capability - such as the provision of all wheel drive. Off road vehicles are often required to travel through water to reach their intended destination. Travel through deep water (typically over about 0.3m in depth) is known as "wading". Known off-road vehicles are designed to wade, and comprise suitably sealed closures to avoid ingress of water into the passenger compartment. The engine air intake is positioned at an elevated position (normally directly in front of and below the windscreen) to prevent water being ingested into the engine, and this intake will often dictate the maximum level of water relative to the body that the vehicle can wade through.

Prior art methods of determining if the water level is safe to wade through include referring to depth gauges, e.g. permanent graduated poles situated within the water in the case of fords and measurement of the depth by the driver using a partially submerged stick or pole. As discussed, the maximum wading depth is determined by the position of a point on the vehicle body (e.g. the engine air intake). Because the ride height of the vehicle is often variable (due to the variable height of the suspension system) the permissible absolute depth of water which the vehicle can wade through varies depending on the selected ride height of the suspension system.

The behaviour of the water around a wading vehicle is influenced by the vehicle's speed. The driver will typically want to travel as fast as possible (to reach a destination) but high speed travel whilst wading is not advisable. Waves from the vehicle may damage surrounding structures (and lap over e.g. flood defences) and excessive speed may cause waves to lap over the vehicle itself, entering e.g. the engine air intake. Evidently the maximum speed at which the wading vehicle can travel whilst avoiding these effects depends on factors such as water depth and pitch of the ground surface, but unless the driver is highly experienced in wading there is a significant risk that the maximum speed may be exceeded for a given set of wading conditions. Very low speed wading may be indicated in urban environments to avoid damage due to the vehicle's wash. An aim of the present invention is to at least mitigate the above mentioned problems, by providing better information to the driver.

Summary

Aspects of the invention relate to a vehicle comprising a wading information display, a method and a system as claimed in the appended claims.

According to another aspect of the present invention for which protection is sought, there is provided a vehicle comprising a processor and a display, the processor being arranged to calculate the maximum wading depth of the vehicle in dependence on one or more vehicle parameters and to display the maximum wading depth on the display.

In an embodiment, the one or more vehicle parameters comprises the vehicle ride height and/or the vehicle suspension articulation. In an embodiment, the vehicle includes a memory, the memory containing a program configured to run on the processor to calculate the maximum wading depth.

Thus, in embodiments, an accurate display of maximum wading depth can be displayed which accounts for variable height suspension. The driver can then make an informed decision on whether to enter or continue thorough water of a known depth (the depth being known from a roadside gauge, or measured by the driver or onboard vehicle systems).

The display may comprise a schematic representation of the vehicle such as a side elevation of the vehicle on which is superimposed a line indicative of maximum wading depth. The position of the line on the vehicle may change, for example dynamically, according to a selected vehicle ride height.

Alternatively, or in addition, the display may be arranged to provide a numerical indication of maximum wading depth, for example 0.5m, enabling the driver to directly compare the maximum wading depth with the depth of the water as indicated on a roadside gauge. In an embodiment of the present invention, the display may be configured to show the current water level through which the vehicle is wading. In one embodiment the water level is displayed in increments which decrease as the wading depth approaches the maximum wading depth.

Wading depth can be provided to a vehicle control unit from any suitably enabled sensor, or by reference to topographical data and information about vehicle position, for example from GPS. The decrease in increment size means that the display will provide increasingly accurate readings to the driver as the maximum level is approached. This is beneficial because the water level is far more critical as it approaches the permitted maximum. Displaying larger increments at lower depth levels prevents the display causing an unnecessary distraction with frequent non-critical updates, according to the refresh rate of the system.

The information may also be configured to advise the driver of the activation of relevant driving aids such as adjustment of ride height to a maximum, or activation of an off-road mode. It may also offer advice in message form, such as checking that the water exit is clear.

In one embodiment both maximum wading depth and real time wading depth are simultaneously displayed, for example by reference to a vehicle elevation. The elevation may be front/rear and/or from the side, and driver selectable or simultaneous. Optionally, current water level is indicated by a colour wash. The vehicle may include a vehicle inclination sensor, the display showing the elevation at a real-time inclination with respect to the line indicative of maximum wading depth. Optionally, the display is adapted to indicate vehicle inclination in pitch and roll. The display may include one of a side elevation and an end elevation of a vehicle. Optionally, the end elevation displayed is the lower end; the side elevation displayed may be the lower side.

In some embodiments the display includes both a side elevation and an end elevation.

The maximum wading depth may be adjusted depending on the movement and / or orientation of the vehicle. For example, when travelling forward the maximum depth may be the height of the engine intake. When travelling rearwardly at a negative inclination (e.g. down a slipway) the maximum depth may be the bottom of the tailgate glazing.

The display may for example show an elevation of the vehicle at the real time pitch or roll angle, with superimposed lines or colour washes indicative of maximum wading depth, and actual wading depth.

In an embodiment of the present invention, the memory contains a program configured to run on the processor to calculate an advised maximum wading speed of the vehicle from one or more of (i) the water level through which the vehicle is wading, (ii) the pitch of the vehicle and (iii) the angle of the terrain on which the vehicle is travelling, and to display the advised maximum wading speed on the display.

The provision of an advised maximum wading speed assists the driver in minimising any damage due to excessive speed.

The advised maximum speed may be displayed in a dedicated display area on the dashboard. Optionally, the advised maximum speed may be displayed or overlaid on the vehicle speedometer.

According to another aspect of the present invention for which protection is sought there is provided a method of displaying maximum wading depth to a vehicle driver and comprising the steps of calculating the maximum wading depth of the vehicle according to the ride height thereof, and displaying an elevation of a vehicle on which is superimposed said maximum wading depth.

By "elevation" herein is meant, without limitation, an image, picture or other representation.

Optionally, the method includes the step of simultaneously displaying on said elevation the actual wading depth of the vehicle according to information from one or more wading sensors.

The method may further include the step of simultaneously displaying on said elevation an advisory speed for the vehicle, said speed being determined according to the wading depth indicated by a wading depth sensor. According to still another aspect of the present invention for which protection is sought there is provided a system for a vehicle comprising a display, a memory, and a processor, the memory containing a program configured to run on the processor to calculate the maximum wading depth of the vehicle from the vehicle ride height, and to display the maximum wading depth on the display.

According to a further aspect of the present invention for which protection is sought there is provided a computer program stored on a memory device for execution on a processor, the program comprising: calculating the maximum wading depth of a vehicle according to the ride height thereof; and displaying to a driver of the vehicle an image of the vehicle on which is superimposed said maximum wading depth.

In embodiments of the invention the method includes the step of adjusting the advisory speed according to the inclination of the vehicle indicated by an inclination sensor thereof.

Within the scope of this application it is envisaged that the various aspects, embodiments, examples, features and alternatives set out in the preceding paragraphs, in the claims and/or in the following description and drawings may be taken independently or in any combination thereof. For example, features described in connection with one embodiment are applicable to all embodiments unless there is incompatibility of features.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Embodiments of the present invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying Figures in which:

FIGURE 1 is a schematic side view of a wading off-road vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention;

FIGURE 2 is a side view of the vehicle of Figure 1 wading with a first suspension ride height;

FIGURE 3 is a side view of the vehicle of Figure 1 wading with a second suspension ride height;

FIGURE 4 is a flow chart of a method according to the an embodiment of the invention;

FIGURE 4a is a view of a wading display of the vehicle of Figure 1 ; FIGURE 5 is a view of a wading display according to an alternative embodiment of the invention;

FIGURES 6a to 6d are views of the wading display of Figure 4a in a plurality of states of depth in accordance with the another embodiment of the invention;

FIGURE 7 is a flow chart of a method of calculating an advised maximum speed, in accordance with still another embodiment of the invention; FIGURES 8a and 8b are alternative views of a display in accordance with a further embodiment the invention; and

FIGURES 9 - 25 illustrate display formats for a driver display according to embodiments of the invention.

Detailed Description

Referring to Figure 1 , a vehicle 100 comprises a body 102, a left front wheel 104 and a left rear wheel 106. The wheels 104, 106 (and their counterparts on the right hand side of the vehicle 100) are connected to the body 102 via a suspension (not shown). Each of the wheels 104, 106 comprises a tyre.

The wheels 104, 106 can move relative to the body 102 to define a ride height R between the lowermost point of the tyres (where they contact the ground) and the lowermost point on the body. The ride height R varies with suspension travel and may be varied by the driver (for example to move from an on-road mode when R is small to an off-road mode when R is large).

The body 102 comprises a windscreen 108 and a bonnet (or hood) 1 10 covering an engine bay. On the body 102 between the windscreen 108 and the bonnet 1 10 there is defined and engine intake orifice 1 12. The orifice 1 12 is connected to an air filter and intake manifold of the engine (not shown). The intake orifice 1 12 is positioned at a height H from the lowermost part of the body 102.

The vehicle 100 is shown wading through water 120 at a water depth D from a ground level 130. The water depth D should be distinguished from the water level represented by L which is the level of the water 120 above the lowermost point on the body 102. It will be noted that although D can be measured (by a roadside gauge or a measuring stick); the distance L is generally unknown (as R can vary).

Turning to Figures 2 and 3, the vehicle 100 is shown having a first ride height R1 in Figure 2 and a second, larger, ride height R2 in Figure 3. Referring to Figure 1 , the maximum depth of water 120 until the intake orifice 1 12 becomes wet is Dmaxl = R1 + H. In Figure 2 it is Dmax2 = R2 + H.

The vehicle 100 comprises an onboard ride height sensor (not shown) of known type. Turning to Figure 4, a sequence of events according to an embodiment of the invention is shown. At step 1000 the vehicle ride height R is sensed using the known onboard sensors.

The ride height R is then added to the known height H of the air intake orifice 1 12 relative to the bottom of the vehicle 100. This represents a safe maximum depth Dmax which is communicated to, and displayed on a driver information display at step 1012. A display 1020 according to an embodiment of the invention is shown in Figure 4a. The driver can then use a measured depth D of water 120 (either by gauge or onboard depth measurement) to decide whether to proceed.

In an alternative embodiment there is provided a display 1500, as illustrated in Figure 5, in which the maximum wading depth Dmax is shown, as well as the current measured wading depth D (as measured by an on board water level sensor, e.g. a capacitive, resistive or hydrostatic sensor). Optionally, the display may also show the inclination of the vehicle 100 as measured by onboard tilt sensors. The driver then has an accurate depiction of the water level L at all positions on the vehicle 100. The actual wading depth D may be displayed alone.

Turning to Figures 6a to 6d, a driver information display 1020 is shown in varying states. The display 1020 is connected to a computer memory having software configured to control the display output when run on an associated processor. The software controls the display 1020 by showing the wading depth D at a series of discrete levels. Referring to Figure 6a, 50 percent depth is shown, 75 percent in Figure 6b, 80 percent in Figure 6c and 90 percent in Figure 6d. As will be noted, the increment between each level becomes smaller towards 100 percent. In this example, the display is configured to have nine discrete states- 25, 50 (Figure 6a), 75 (Figure 6b), 80 (Figure 6c), 85 (Figure 6d), 90, 95, 97.5 and 100 percent. Increments of 25 percent are suitable at low levels (the water level L is of little concern) decreasing to 2.5 percent at higher levels, where water 120 ingress is a risk. Turning to Figure 7, there is illustrated another embodiment of the invention which provides a process for calculating an advised maximum wading speed is shown. At step 2000 the water depth D is measured using an onboard water depth measuring system. At step 2002, the vehicle inclination A is measured using an inclination transducer. At step 2004 depth D and vehicle inclination A are used to determine an advised maximum wading speed Smax which is displayed to the driver at step 2006. The maximum wading speed Smax is calculated to decrease with increased depth D, and decrease with increased inclination A. In one embodiment, for negative values of inclination A (when the vehicle 100 is travelling uphill), Smax increases as the vehicle 100 leaves the water 120.

Referring to Figures 8a and 8b, an advised maximum speed display 2008 is shown.

The display 2008 is a speedometer displayed on a vehicle multi-function display. A wading indicator 2010 is provided which is illuminated if a wading event is detected. A safe speed range indicator 2012 is also illuminated which highlights a range of speeds (typically 0 to Smax) at which it is safe to travel without causing damage to surrounding objects or the vehicle 100 itself. In Figure 8a Smax is calculated higher than in 8b. The indicator 2012 is represented by an arc extending around the speedometer dial, at the tip of the speedometer pointer.

Figures 9 to 25 illustrate embodiments of the invention, in particular there is illustrated a driver display for use in a vehicle 100 when wading. Information for causing the display to appear, to change, and to show information is provided by the sensors which indicate wading and depth of wading D, in particular an ultrasonic sensor such as PDC (parking distance control) sensors. A suitable electronic control system can utilize the outputs of such sensors to control a vehicle display 1020, 1500 in a generally well-known manner.

Figure 9 shows a representation of a vehicle 10, a dotted line 1 1 indicating maximum wading depth; in the illustrated embodiment the maximum wading depth of the vehicle 10 is 0.7 m, and a text display 12 of maximum wading depth.

Figure 10 corresponds to Figure 9 and also illustrates an icon 13 indicating raised suspension, and a band 14 indicative of actual wading depth. The band 14 may comprise a colour wash. An icon 15, which may be of any desired form, intuitively demonstrates water level by appearing to float at the indicated level of water. Figure 1 1 shows a lower wading depth 14 corresponding with a normal height suspension setting, indicated by the icon 16.

Figure 12 shows a vehicle wading at a level indicated by the dotted line 17 with a colour wash below, for example a blue colour wash, and the icon 15. The line 17 raises and falls in real time according to actual water level. A caution icon 18 is also displayed.

Figure 13 illustrates a text indicator showing in text the percentage of maximum permissible depth of wading, in this case 80%, a dotted line at the 80% level, and a dotted line at the level of maximum permissible immersion.

Figure 14 shows a vehicle at maximum wading depth with the colour wash and dotted line 17 coinciding with the dotted line 1 1 . Figure 15 corresponds to Figure 13 and shows a vehicle at 90% of maximum wading depth.

Figure 16 illustrates a display for the vehicle driver upon detection of water at wading depth, and listing the following: Figure 17 illustrates a driver display with input from a vehicle inclination sensor, again showing actual depth 21 , and maximum permissible depth 22. A colour wash 23 indicates water. The vehicle representation is shown at the detected inclination.

Figure 18 shows a vehicle at a lesser slope than in Figure 17.

Figure 19 shows a vehicle reversing into water, for example on a slip way, and utilizing rear facing parking sensors.

Figure 20 shows a driver display having the usual speedometer 31 and rev counter 32. A vehicle representation 33, corresponding to Figures 1 to 1 1 , is shown in the centre with a text indication of 'Wade Aid' 34.

Four different terrain response icons 35 are shown below the vehicle representation; the mode which is engaged (left most) being illuminated.

Figure 21 shows the terrain response icons also in a separate panel 36. Figure 22 shows an enlarged portion of the speedometer, an icon 37 indicating descent, and a restricted speed range 38 as an arc around the outside of the speed graduations (in this case extending from 5-35 kph). Figure 23 shows vehicle representations from the side 41 and from one end 42, indicating water level corresponding to vehicle inclination fore and aft, and side to side. An arrow above the vehicle shows nominal deviation from vertical. The vehicle has greater immersion at the rear, and accordingly a rear vehicle view is illustrated. A front view is shown when the front has greater immersion. A lower strip of icons indicate the state of vehicle functions, and include raised suspension 43 and wading 44.

Figure 24 shows a standard no-wading vehicle driver display, and Figure 25 is a variation of Figure 20. The present application claims priority to UK patent application numbers filed by the present applicant on 15 th December 2010 having the application numbers GB1021268.6, GB1021278.5, GB1021272.8, GB1021297.5, GB1021295.9 and GB1027296.7, the contents of each of which are expressly incorporated by reference in their entirety. The present application is related to the PCT applications, and to UK Patent Applications, filed concurrently with the present application, by the applicant of the present application, which are listed below:

PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN and Edward HOARE filed 15 December

201 1 , entitled "System for a Vehicle 1" (agent Ref PW01 1 10716/ JLR10-042WO1 );

PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN and Edward HOARE, filed 15

December 201 1 , entitled "System for a Vehicle 2" (agent Ref PW01 1 10717 / JLR10- 042WO2);

PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE and Nigel CLARKE, filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Vehicle Control System" (agent Ref PW01 1 10718 / JLR10-043WO);

PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE and Nigel CLARKE, filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Wading Depth Estimation" (agent Ref PW01 1 10719 / JLR10-044WO);

PCT application to "Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE and Nigel CLARKE", filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Wading Vehicle Depth Measurement Apparatus 1" (agent Ref PW01 1 10720 / JLR10-045WO1"); 6. PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE and Nigel CLARKE, filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Vehicle Orientation Device and Method" (agent Ref PW01 1 10721 / JLR10-045WO2);

7. PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE and Nigel CLARKE, filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Wading Vehicle Depth Measurement Apparatus 2" (agent Ref PW01 1 10722 / JLR10-046WO);

8. PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE, Anthony JONES,

Simon THOMSON and Ashutosh TOMAR, filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Wading Vehicle Display 2" (agent Ref PW01 1 10724 / JLR10-047WO2);

9. PCT application to Thuy-Yung TRAN, Edward HOARE, Anthony JONES,

Simon THOMSON and Ashutosh TOMAR, filed 15 December 2011 , entitled "Wading Vehicle Display 3" (agent Ref PW01 1 10725 / JLR10-047WO3);

The contents of the above referenced PCT applications (and corresponding UK applications, filed concurrently and having the same ownership, inventorship and Title as the above listed PCT applications) are hereby expressly incorporated by reference in their entirety into the present application.