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Title:
YARNS AND FABRICS SUITED FOR THE SHIELDING, BY REFLECTANCE, OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WEAVES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2003/102279
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Yarns and fabrics capable of shielding by reflectance the electromagnetic weaves, thanks to their special composition in metallic and textile fibres are described.

Inventors:
DE CAVI FRANCESCO (IT)
MONTINI LEONARDO (IT)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2003/005744
Publication Date:
December 11, 2003
Filing Date:
June 02, 2003
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
EOS S R L (IT)
PROTECH 1 S R L (IT)
DE CAVI FRANCESCO (IT)
MONTINI LEONARDO (IT)
International Classes:
D02G3/12; D02G3/44; (IPC1-7): D02G3/44; D02G3/12
Foreign References:
EP0383059A11990-08-22
US5617713A1997-04-08
US4064305A1977-12-20
DE3820127A11989-12-14
EP0290977A11988-11-17
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Gervasi, Gemma (Corso di Porta Vittoria 9, Milan, IT)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. Yarns comprising metallic and textile fibres, either natural or artificial.
2. Yarns according to claim 1 in which the metallic fibres comprise metals of the Vlil group or their alloys.
3. Yarns according to claim 2 in which the metallic fibres are iron fibres or fibres manufactured in iuron alloys.
4. Yarns according to the claims 13 in which the metallic fibres comprised in the yarns according to the present invention present a cut (length) measuring between 20 and 80 mm (preferably 3060) while the textile fibres, either natural or artificial, have a cut measuring between 50 and 100 mm.
5. Yarns according to the claims 13 in which the metallic fibres comprised in the yarns according to the present invention have a cut (lenght) measuring between 30 and 60 mm while the textile fibres, either natural or artificial, have a cut measuring between 60 and 80 mm.
6. Yarns according to claim 5 in which the metallic fibres section is between 0.1 and 1 mm, and the one of the textile fibres is between 0.1 and 2 mm.
7. Yarns according the claims 16 comprising between 2 and 15% (in weight) in metallic fibres and 9885% (in weight) in textile fibres.
8. Fabrics comprising yarns according to the claims 17 in which the said yarns are comprised both in the weave and in the warp of the same fabric.
9. Fabrics according to claim 8 in which the distance between the threads (both in the weave and in the warp) is between 0.1 and 3 mm.
10. Fabrics according to claim 9 consisting of polyester (90%) and stainless steel (10%) fibres.
11. Use of the fabrics according to claims 810 for manufacturing goods for the protection against electromagnetic pollution and for location through radar exploration.
12. Use according to claim 11 in which the said goods are suitable for decoration of rooms.
13. Use according to claim 11 in which the said goods are clothes.
14. Use of the fabrics according to claims 810 for the manufacturing of goods suitable to be used in water.
15. Buoys, lifeboats, life jackets and similar goods comprising or covered by fabrics according to the claims 810.
Description:
YARNS AND FABRICS SUITED FOR THE SHIELDING, BY REFLECTANCE, OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES

Field of the invention The present invention relates to fabrics and yarns having reflectance characteristics on electromagnetic weaves; therefore they are useful both for the protection of people and objects exposed to electromagnetic fields, and for the location of people or objects covered by or manufactured with these fabrics.

State of the art As known in the art, a very important problem in the environmental protection field is the shielding against electromagnetic radiation; in fact its effect, for example on human health, even if still not totally proven, does not seem to be negligible.

Many kinds of fabrics have been described in literature, usually comprising metallic threads (disposed randomly in the fabric or forming its weave or warp) the use of which is recommended as shielding agents against electromagnetic weaves, thanks to the so-called"Faraday effect"they present. However, despite the many solutions presented, until now none of them can be applied without earthing, and therefore they don't result to be convenient while, when they can be used without earthing, they do not reach effective results. it is therefore clear the need to develop new materials that allow to reach an effective shielding of electromagnetic weaves, centering the research on properties and principles different from the ones used to this end up to now.

Summary of the invention The present invention relates to yarns consisting of metallic and textile fibres, both natural and artificial, and fabrics consisting, both in their weave and warp, the said yarns manufactured according to the usual textile techniques used for obtaining various types of fabrics.

Brief description of the drawings Figures 1-3 report, in the ordinate, the shielding effectiveness (SE) measured in decibels (dB), and, in the abscissas, the electromagnetic radiation frequency measured in Mega Hertz (MHz) or Giga Hertz (GHz).

Detailed description of the invention The present invention allows to overcome the above mentioned problems, thanks

to yarns and fabrics consisting of fibres as defined above.

According to the present invention, with metallic fibres we mean metallic filaments, whereas with textile fibres we mean any kind of natural or artificial fiber used in the textile field.

Preferably the metallic fibres as defined above comprise metals of the VIII group or their alloys, more preferably iron or its alloys.

The metallic fibres forming the yarns according to the present invention have a cut (length) measuring preferably between 20 and 80 mm (more preferably between 30 and 60 mm) whereas the textile fibres, either natural or artificial, have a cut measuring preferably between 50 and 100 mm, more preferably between 60 and 80 mm.

The metallic fibres section measures preferably between 0.1 and 1 mm, while the textile fibres one measures between 0.1 and 2 mm.

The flocks of metallic and textile fibres are combined and spun according to the traditional techniques, i. e. adopting the usual, appropriate expedients (for example during the hackling phase) requested by the presence of metallic fibres, the so obtained thread present therefore the metallic fibres mixed with the textile ones.

Preferably a thread according to the present invention comprises between 2 and 15% (in weight) in metallic fibres and 98-85% (in weight) in textile fibres.

The thread so obtained (either bare or, if necessary, twisted with equivalent threads, or with traditional, natural or artificial textile fiber threads) is then woven using the usual weaving techniques according to the type of the definitive fabric desired.

The fabric according to the present invention therefore comprises both in its weave and in its warp only threads according to the present invention, as above described. Preferably the distance between the threads (both in the weave and in the warp) measures between 0.1 and 3 mm.

The fabrics according to the present invention allow an exceptional protection against the propagation of electromagnetic energy, thanks to the fact that the shielding takes place by reflectance of the electromagnetic weaves and not by "Faraday effect"as in the fabrics described in the state of the art; therefore, in its shielding function this system does not need any earthing.

The fabrics according to the present invention are therefore suitable for the manufacturing of goods for the decoration of of rooms (as for example curtains, <BR> <BR> wall boards, wallpaper and upholstery, etc. ) or for clothing (for example protective and safety clothes) for the protection against electromagnetic pollution.

In addition to their protective effect against electromagnetic pollution, as above mentioned, the fact that the fabrics manufactured according to the present invention have the characteristic of reflecting the electromagnetic weaves allows to use these fabrics also for the location (for example through radar exploration) of objects or people manufactured in, or covered by, these same fabrics; in this connection it should be noted that the fabrics according to the present invention preserve their characteristics also when they are wet: this makes them especially useful for covering objects to be used in water (buoys, lifeboats, life jackets and similar equipment) and which could require location in zero or poor visibility.

Obviously, the fabrics according to the present invention can be coupled to traditional fabrics or to other materials through the usual fixing systems (for example seams, sizing, buttons, clips,"Velcro", etc. ) Experimental data A fabric according to the present invention, comprising polyester fibres (90%) and stainless steel fibres (10%) has been subjected to some measurements aimed at characterising its shielding effectiveness (SE).

In particular, to execute the necessary measurements according to the MIL STD- 285 (Ed. 1956) reference regulations we used the SEMS (Shielding Effectiveness Measuring System), a small shielded room, measuring 1000x920x1100 8h mm, in soldered steel plate having a 12 mm thickness.

At the center of its rear side there is a 400x600 mm opening for the tests.

The closing panel and the frame used for the tests are in 10 mm thick aluminum.

The material examined acts as closing panel of the room's opening, while the signal is transmitted by an external antenna to the SEMS, and is received there by an internal antenna.

The test results have been reported in the three graphs here enclosed, in which we reported in the ordinate the shielding effectiveness (SE) measured in decibels (dB), and in the abscissas the electromagnetic radiation frequency measured in

Mega Hertz (MHz) or Giga Hertz (GHz).

As can be seen in the three graphs, in a frequency interval between 0 and 18 Ghz (in particular 0-30 MHz, first graph; 40-1000 MHz, second graph; and 2-18 GHz, third graph) the shielding effectiveness is never lower than 15 dB (with peaks near to 30 dB between 3 and 7 GHz).